The phytocarpal (Physocarpus) is a deciduous shrub. It belongs to the Pink family. Distribution - North America and East Asia. In the genus, there are 14 species. In the wild nature of Russia only 2 species grow.
This unpretentious plant has spectacular decorative qualities that it does not lose during the entire growing season. Growth rates are fast. It is often used in landscape design.
The branchy branches of the clamshell form a spherical crown. The height does not exceed 3 meters. Its leaves visually resemble viburnum leaves. Simple small flowers of white color form inflorescences, which are distinguished by abundant and numerous inflorescences. The diameter of the inflorescence can reach 7 cm.
In culture, only two types of culture are used. Among them are several varietal varieties. They are very attractive for flower growers and landscape designers due to their decorative properties and unpretentiousness.
Types and varieties
Among the species of the bladder clade, two types have become widespread in the culture of Russia:
Amur bladder claw (Physocarpus Amurensis) - This is a shrub whose homeland is East Asia. Differs spherical crown. Its height does not exceed 3 meters. Smooth shoots are brown with a reddish tinge color. In old bushes, the bark peels off in longitudinal stripes. Leaves are three-lobed or five-lobed. The length of the leaves can reach 10 cm. Their upper side is dark green, and the bottom is covered with felted hairs of a grayish color.
Up to 15 small white flowers form inflorescences. Flowering lasts up to three weeks. This species is frost resistant. I was cultivated in the second half of the 19th century. Used for group and solo plantings, as well as distributed to create hedges.
Kalinolistny (Physocarpus opulifolius) - very popular in Russian gardens shrub. This is an unpretentious and very decorative plant. Differs in special pomp thanks to the sprawling branches forming a crown in the form of a sphere. Corrugated leaves are large. The height of the bush - about 3 meters. Small flowers have reddish or pink stamens. They form an inflorescence. Leaves can also be three-lobed or five-lobed.
This type of bubble is very widely used in floriculture and landscape design. Ideal for creating hedges. Its spread in the culture of Russia received in the second half of the 19th century.
Varieties of Californium Bubble Fruit
Golden Nugget- a popular variety in floriculture. Very decorative due to its bright foliage golden color. Its height usually does not exceed 2.5 meters. The crown is wide and spherical. The flowers are white or pinkish color. The beginning of flowering usually occurs in June. This varietal variety is undemanding to soil, drought tolerance and frost resistance. The plant does not tolerate excess moisture and stagnant water. Golden Nugget is magnificent in a variety of floral arrangements, landscaping and creating hedges.
Red Baron (Red Baron) It has spectacular decorative properties. The variety is very popular due to the dark red color of the leaves. Height - about 2 meters. It has a spherical crown. In the shade, the leaves are not as red as in the sun, and in the autumn period of time they become bronze. Growth is fast. The variety is soil resistant, drought resistant and winter hardy. He loves the sun. It is used in bright flower arrangements, as well as in the creation of hedges. Often used in landscaping the city and gardens.
Diablo (Diablo) - Another red variety of blister (you can see it in the title photo). Leaf color more saturated than the Red Baron. Height can reach 3 meters. Thick and dense crown has a hemispherical shape. Pinkish flowers are collected in corymbose inflorescences. Flowering begins in mid-June. The foliage has a red color with a violet shade. If the shrub grows in the shade, then the color of the foliage is not so red and saturated. The variety is different decorative and unpretentious. Diablo is ideal for landscaping cities and gardens, as well as great for creating hedges that are bright and dense.
Lady In Red - spectacular decorative variety, which was bred in the UK. Red-brown shoots grow up. The color of the foliage is bright red. Small pink flowers are collected in lush dense inflorescences that begin to bloom in June. Shrub grows to 1.5 meters. This variety is not afraid of winds and drought. Also resistant to frost. Lady Ying Red loves the sun. In the shade its foliage is not so red and saturated.
Summer Vine (Simmer Wine) - two-meter compact shrub. Saturated red leaves may turn green in the summer, especially if the shrub grows in the shade. White-pink small flowers are collected in corymbose inflorescences. Summer vine begins to bloom from late spring. The variety is decorative due to its red-wine foliage and pink inflorescences. This unpretentious and light-loving variety is often used in the creation of hedges and compositions of coniferous and deciduous shrubs and trees, as well as flower beds of perennial flowers.
Luteus ideal for landscaping parks and gardens. The golden foliage of this shrub cannot go unnoticed. Sunny variety is very unpretentious and not picky about the soil. The bush can be used in a variety of landscape compositions, in the decoration of buildings and streets. The shape of the crown - hemispherical. The height does not exceed 3 meters. The shrub has numerous white flowers that form a shield.
Darts Gold (Dart`s Gold) is an improved form of Luteus variety. Golden shrub has numerous white flowers, gathered in corymbose inflorescences. Flowering begins in mid-June and lasts for three weeks. This yellow variety loves the sun, but grows in shaded areas, however, it loses its color saturation. The variety is resistant to drought and slight frost, but does not tolerate stagnant moisture.
Aurea (Aurea) - a beautiful shrub, whose height can reach 2.5 meters. Bright yellow foliage gorgeous against white inflorescences and reddish fruits. The beginning of flowering occurs at the end of June. The variety is drought-resistant, winter-hardy and not demanding on soils. It can grow in the shade, but prefers sunlight. Used in gardening gardens, creating a variety of compositions and hedges.
Little Devil (Little devil) - one more red-leaved bubbleberry. The red devil has a small stature (about 1 meter). Shoots grow up, forming a hemispherical crown. Pour have a red color with a purple hue. In the shade the foliage becomes green, so it is advisable to plant it in sunny places. Numerous flowers have a pale pink color and form inflorescences that bloom in mid-June. This unpretentious and sun-loving variety is often used in decorating gardens and urban avenues and buildings. Also used to create borders.
Andre - This is a variety of Caliphen bladder with wide spherical crown. It grows up to 2.5 meters. Foliage has a purple-red color. In the autumn time takes on a bronze tint. In early June, spherical inflorescences of small white or pinkish flowers bloom. The variety is resistant to drought, winds and urban conditions. Andre prefers moist soil and sunshine. Andre is beautiful in landscaping gardens and parks, and is also used in the creation of multi-contrast compositions.
Plant propagated cuttings, layering and dividing bushes. For propagation by cuttings, it is necessary to use green shoots that have grown this year. Cutting them is required in the spring until the moment when the culture begins to bloom. The length of the shoot should not be more than 20 cm. The leaves of the shoot are removed. Leaves are left above, but shortened a little.
Cuttings must first be soaked in a solution that stimulates the formation of roots. Suitable "Kornevin." For planting, use either river sand or a mixture of sand and peat. After planting the cuttings, it is desirable to cover with plastic wrap. Also suitable for shelter bottles with cut necks. Before winter, cuttings are required to be periodically aired and moistened.
Also the plant multiplies layering. it relatively uncomplicated and efficient method. As a layer, a strong and healthy shoot is used. All but the upper leaves are removed. The shoot fits into a hole about 15 cm deep and pinned to the ground. It is necessary to do this at the beginning of spring, so that during the winter the layers can be rooted in the soil.
In dry times, soil moistening is of great importance. In late autumn, young bushes are required to be separated from the mother bush and covered for the winter period.
Planting seeds with seeds is undesirable, it is much better to buy young seedlings with a closed root system. This is due to the fact that when planting seeds, the original coloring of the foliage is not transmitted to all offspring.
Bushes can be planted in summer, autumn or spring. The hole for planting seedlings should be about half a meter in depth and the same diameter. At the bottom of the pit, it is desirable to put a little humus or peat substrate. Sapling should not be deepened by more than 5 cm. After planting it is required to water plentifully. It is also advisable to use the solution "Kornevina".
Place for planting should be sunny, as in the penumbra or in the shade the leaf color becomes less saturated and bright. There should be no lime in the soil, and there must be good drainage.
An efflorescent is different with unpretentiousness, however, you still have to follow some rules of care. The irrigation regime depends on the age of the plant, temperature and climate. If it is very hot in summer, then it is necessary to water from the end of spring until the onset of the autumn period. Watering should be done at least once a week. For an adult tree it takes about 40 liters of water. If the soil is heavy loam, then there is a great danger of overflowing the plant.
In spring and autumn, the culture needs feeding. In the springtime, nitrogenous fertilizers act as fertilizing, and in the autumn - mineral fertilizers. In the spring you can use fertilizer, which consists of:
- 10 liters of water
- 0.5 liters of mullein,
- 1 tbsp. ammonium nitrate,
- 1 tbsp. urea.
As an autumn fertilizer, dilute nitroamofosku (in the size of a matchbox) to 10 liters of water. On one adult plant about 15 liters of top dressing are necessary.
Transplant and pruning
Trimming culture is necessary. There are two types of trimming: sanitary and shaping. The first exercise in the spring, when frozen and broken branches. And for the shrub to grow as needed, it is necessary to carry out formative pruning. It is necessary both in spring and autumn. Pruning also provokes accelerated and correct growth of shoots. That the bush was wide, escapes are cut off on half a meter. And so that the bush was in the form of a fountain, all thin shoots at the base are cut, and the remaining shoots are shortened.
The plant is transplanted if necessary. Before transplanting it, the excess and diseased shoots are removed. Transplantation is carried out in the spring. The shrub is transplanted along with a large earthy clod.
After transplantation, the shrub needs to be poured with plenty of water and a solution of "Kornevina". Also need to handle foliage. For this fit "Epin."
Application in landscape design
This decorative culture is very popular with gardeners and landscape designers. Her juicy colors and numerous blossoms attract the attention of anyone, even the most sophisticated lover of flowers.
Blower is used in group and single plantings. It is used in the design of the garden, city parks. They decorate the building.
But most often the culture is grown to create hedges and borders.
In the photo above, a hedge of red-leaved caliniformes. Such a fence is dense, bright and beautiful.
What is the combination of the bubble?
The Luteus variety of golden color will look great with varieties such as Red Baron and Diablo red. For Darts Gold, barberry and white turf are ideal.
In the photo, different green varieties of Bubbles are ideally combined with spirea and barberry for landscaping squares and squares.
Culture also looks good in combination with such cultures:
Dwarf varietal varieties are well suited for planting in vases and flowerpots. These include, for example, Nana. It belongs to the Amur variety of culture. Another undersized variety is the Little Devil.
Dwarf green leaf and red leaf varieties in flowerpots.
Opulifolius Tiny Wine.
Зы Summer Wine ’and Spirea‘ Ogon ’
“Diabolo” phylopepod, peonies, large-leaved hydrangea and “Anna Bella” hydrangea.
Varieties and types
Bubbleplug "Diablo" or purple attracts the attention of foliage dark burgundy shade and is an excellent solution in garden design.
Bubbleplug "Red Baron" the leaves of this species are slightly narrowish, in contrast to Diablo. The sheet plate on the surface is decorated with flashy streaks of scarlet. Plant in height can reach two meters in height. Blossoming not long, but with pronounced pink flowers.
Bubblegut "Kalinolistny" has several varieties. Bush in height can reach up to 3.5 meters with delicate fragile stems and not durable bark, which showered with trunks. The shape of the leaf at the blister resembles an ellipse and with serrations along the edge. This species has white or pink flowers.
Bubblegum "Krasnolistny" popular in growing. This species is experiencing a good winter, not demanding to care. The foliage is medium in size with edging. The shade of leaves in the spring of scarlet color, and with the onset of cold weather takes a burgundy shade. The flowers have a delicate pink shade. The design of the garden looks bright in the form of a living fence.
Bubbleplug "Nugget" has fragile shoots that stretch to the top. This is a hybrid variety that changes the shade of the leaves from the pores of the year. At first, the foliage has a sunny shade, by autumn it turns green.
Bubble "Darts Gold" in this variety, the leaves first have a yellow tint, and over time with the onset of cold weather turns into fiery. Inflorescence has a light shade.
In appearance resembles a grape bush. Plant height reaches 2.5 meters. The shade of the leaves in this variety is yellow, but with time passing into light green. The leaves are elliptical and edging along the edge. This variety does not tolerate excessive moisture in the soil.
Golden bubble tree or yellow. The leaves of a plant of a saturated sun shade at the beginning of the season, and with the onset of cold weather becomes golden. The height of the bush is about 1, 5 meters, and the diameter of the bush is about one meter.
Bubbleplate "Lady in red" plant height about one and a half meters, and in diameter about 1.2 m. The stems grow upwards, the surface of the shoots has a chocolate shade. The leaves are glossy at the beginning of a scarlet shade, and in the fall they become fiery chestnut.
Bubbleplug "Amber Jubili" This variety was named after Queen Elizabeth for her anniversary. Plant height is about 2 meters, diameter is about 1.5 meters.
The stems of this variety grow up ultimately forming a spherical shape. The hue of the leaves that passes at the beginning has a sunny shade, and ultimately a light lemon with a greenish tint. Inflorescence white shade.
Bubbleplug "Tini Vine" This variety belongs to the dwarf form, and its length can reach only up to 1.2 m. The leaves are bright and charming with a burgundy shade. In spring, the plant pleases the eye with its flowering. The flowers have a delicate pink shade.
With the onset of cold weather, the leaves of the plant become scarlet fire shade. This species is quite unpretentious in the care and well going through the winter and summer heat.
Blower landing and care in the open field
In the care of the plant is not quite whimsical, and does not require special attention. But if we give the bubble to the appropriate conditions of detention, the plant for the period of active development, that is, over the summer can add up to 40 cm in height. But for the formation of the desired shape your shrub should prune shoots. This procedure also stimulates the emergence of new stems.
When watering should take into account the composition of the soil. If the soil is friable, then it dries out quickly, so it needs frequent and abundant watering. The amount of water depends on the size of your shrub.
If the soil is clay, then the need to ensure that there is no stagnation in the soil, as it threatens to be contaminated with powdery mildew, because of this plant gradually dies.
Top dressing for blister clad is produced in spring and late autumn. In early spring, this procedure is carried out with fertilizers with a nitrogen content, and with the onset of cold weather, the plant needs mineral fertilizers.
In the spring, you can fertilize cow droppings in a ratio of 10 liter bucket 500 grams of litter and a spoonful of saltpeter containing ammonia.
The plant needs pruning for medicinal purposes and for the beautiful formation of the bush. Pruning for medicinal purposes in early spring until the plant has not buds. It is necessary to remove broken, dry and frozen ends of the branches after winter.
Pruning of the bolliface in summer occurs forced, if dry branches have appeared on the plant and it is necessary to remove dried-off inflorescences.
How to trim a bubble in autumn
If you want a strong and large shrub, you need to prune at a height of about 50 cm. This type of pruning will help form many new shoots. But if you want to give your bush a certain fountain shape. It is necessary to cut off all thin branches from the bush and leave only the most dense and stable shoots.
Rejuvenation of the plant should be made about the sixth year after planting. To do this, cut all the shoots to the ground.
Transplantation of the bladder
Plant transplantation is made in spring or transplanted to the bladder tree in autumn, after shedding the leaves.
Before transplanting the stems of the plant should be cut centimeters 40, depending on the height of your plant. This is necessary to make it easier for the plant to adapt to a new place.
The bush must be dug together with a large earthen clod and transplanted to a new place. Moisten the roots with a solution with root growth stimulator.
Meet the bubble
Bladder - It is an ornamental shrub, the main advantage of which is rapid growth, unpretentiousness, as well as attractive appearance, which persists throughout the growing season. The bubble player looks spectacular when creating compositions in landscape design, since even hedges are excellent from it.
Externally, the shrub is characterized by the presence of sprawling branches, which, under its own weight, drift slightly to the ground, forming a spherical crown. In its full bloom, the bubble can reach 3 m in height and about the same in diameter.
With its leaves and buds, the bubble tree resembles viburnum. However, depending on the type and variety, this shrub may have a different color of leaves and flowers.
It is distinguished by its height - about 3 m, as well as by the ideal smoothness of reddish-brown shoots, the bark on which only in old age begins to peel off almost perfectly flat longitudinal stripes. It has rather large leaves - up to 10 cm with a heart-shaped base, a dark green top and a grayish bottom covered with hairs.
In the inflorescence of this species of blister, 10-15 flowers can be counted, each 1.5 cm in diameter. Their flowering lasts for 3 weeks, after which fruits appear that eventually acquire a red color.
This shrub is resistant to even the coldest winters, and is also able to safely take root in group plantings. The most popular varieties of Amur bubblegrape, which can be seen in the beds of summer residents, are:
- Luteus - shrub with bright yellow leaves, which closer to the fall acquire an attractive bronze tint,
- Aureomarginate - different dark golden border on the leaves,
- Nana - This is a dwarf Amur bladder with a monophonic dark green leaves, but very attractive flowers.
It is also a fairly tall shrub with a thick spherical crown. Its leaves can have from 3 to 5 blades and cloves along the edges. The top of them is also darker than the bottom.
The flowers of caliniforus blisters are smaller, only 1.2 cm in diameter, but they may have not only a white color, but also a pinkish one with red stamens. Fruits redden as they mature. Planting this type of shrub in the group version is also possible. Its most popular varieties are:
- Darts gold - shrub, the maximum height of which is 1.5 m. It is distinguished by the density of shoots and yellow leaves, which over the summer slightly green. May have both pink and white flowers.
- Red Baron - 2-meter shrub with large (about 7 cm) leaves of a dark red color and a narrow shape, which makes them particularly spectacular. Flowers in this variety are large - up to 5 cm, have a pink tint. Fruits are red, consist of 3 or 5 pointed sacks. This variety is valued among gardeners the most.
- Lady in red - differs in height of bushes in 1,5 m and bright red leaves. True, over time, the leaves darken. This variety blooms with soft pink flowers.
- Diablo - krasnolistnyy blister stem up to 3 m with purple or dark red leaves.
Leaving the bubble is necessary in order for the plant to reach maximum levels of its development - both in growth and in flowering. And although, in general, this shrub is not demanding to care, every gardener should know about some features.
Choosing the right place and landing
Planting a bladder clade is a very important task, since it involves not only choosing a good place for a bush, but also preparing the soil for it, saturating it with essential minerals. Practically all varieties of Bubbyfondnik perfectly take root both in sunny areas and in completely shaded ones. The fertility of the soil for him has almost no value, the main thing is that the groundwater should not come to the surface, and the ground itself should not be oversaturated with lime.
Planting a bubble can be done at any time of the year, except for winter, but the most effective will be transplanting a bubble in the spring, since this is the right time to root the bush in a new place. For planting, you can use the most standard set of fertilizers, or just black soil.
Bladderwood is a deciduous shrub of the Pink family. From the Latin language name "Physocarpus"Translated as" the fruit in the form of a bubble. " The shrub grows in mixed forests, valleys and on the banks of rivers in the US and East Asia. The plant was brought to Russia in the middle of the XIX century.
The shrub can reach 3 m in height. It is characterized by white wood and a wide brown heart. The dense spherical crown of a bush is formed from sprawling drooping branches. The bark of adult specimens, flaking strips, has a brown or brown tint. Shoots grow with noticeable ribs coming down from the oblong-ovoid buds. The leaves have a rounded ovoid or rounded elliptical shape with serrate-toothed edges, which makes them very similar to the leaves of viburnum. In the fall, three-five-lobed leaf plates usually change from green to purple to golden.
Simple flowers have many stamens. Inflorescences of the corymbose form can be white or pink in color.. Attractive red fruits consist of several swollen leathery leaflets. Blossoms of the jelly from June to July. Small bright flowers look very beautiful against the background of corrugated leaves.
Bubbleplay: landing and care
Beginners are advised to purchase plant seedlings, as the shrub from the seeds will grow and develop for quite some time.
Landing datesand the bladder stem depends on the type of root system of the seedlings to be acquired. Saplings with an open root system should be planted in spring or autumn, and samples with closed roots can be planted in any season except the winter season. Experienced gardeners recommend planting an octopus exactly in the fall.
The plant grows well and develops in an open sunny area. Near the shrub trees should not grow large trees. Varieties with green foliage can tolerate partial shade. The soil is picked up well drained and without lime. The rest of the composition of the substrate can be any, but the more lush, elegant and bright look of the bushes can be achieved if you plant a barn in a friable and fertile land with loam.
For saplings of bubblegrass A fertile substrate should be prepared, the basis of which is humus or peat. Dimples should be dug 2 weeks before planting. During this time, the soil will have time to settle. Fertilizers when planting do not add.
- The hole is dug 50 cm deep.
- At the bottom of the recess pour out part of the fertile soil.
- A seedling is placed in the pit with a lump of earth from the pot with which it was purchased. Transplantation into the open ground is always performed by the transshipment method in order not to injure the root system of the shrub.
- The hole is filled with the remaining substrate so that the root neck of the shrub is flush with the soil surface.
- Moisture the soil thoroughly with warm water mixed with a solution of Kornevin.
- The soil around the seedlings is mulched using peat, humus or dry soil.
The main care for the bubble is regular watering, fertilization and pruning of the bush.
Because the plant is bado tolerates drought; care must be taken to ensure that the soil does not dry out. Usually the shrub is watered once a week, using 30–40 l for each specimen, but on hot days the procedure should be used up to two times a week. Watering should be done in the morning or in the evening so that the bladder does not get burns from the sun. Moisturize the plant so that the moisture is not on the foliage and flowers of the bush. Clay areas can not be poured heavily, since an excess of moisture can lead to rotting of the root system of the plant. If the soil was not cultivated after planting, then the soil should be loosened with each irrigation. By autumn, watering is reduced.
Fertilizer for blister is applied twice a year. The first feeding make spring. For this purpose, nitrogen-containing agents are used. To prepare the solution will require:
- 500 ml mullein,
- 1 tablespoon of ammonium nitrate,
- 1 tablespoon of urea.
All components are diluted in 10 liters of water.. For one adult bush use 15 liters of the prepared solution.
Autumn top dressings should consist on the basis of mineral fertilizers. 2 tablespoons of nitroammofoski diluted in 10 liters of water. The volume of autumn dressings for each shrub is the same as in spring.
Sanitary pruning bush spend in the spring. During the procedure, patients, frozen, weak and dried branches, as well as shoots growing inside the shrub are removed. Formative pruning is carried out in spring or autumn. For the next year, a wide bush should be cut branches at a height of 0.5 m. The shape of the fountain can be achieved by trimming all thin shoots at the base, leaving 6−7 strongest branches, which should only be shortened slightly. Anti-aging pruning occurs when the plant is 6 years old. Thick shoots are shortly cut with the subsequent processing of cuts using garden warrior.
Preparing winter bladder
In autumn, the shrub should be prepared for wintering. First, sanitary pruning is carried out with the removal of excess and weak shoots. If the plant is grown in a region with harsh winters, then shelter should be created for it. The soil around each bush is mulched with peat, the layer thickness of which should be 6–9 cm. Young specimens are covered with lapnik branches. Adult bushes twine and cover with a cone of roofing material. Lutrasil may be used, which should be loosely wrapped around the plant.
Diseases and pests
Bubbyplodnik rarely gets sick. The shrub has a high resistance to various diseases and pests.
The opportunity to get sick with chlorosis appears in the plant due to a lack of nutrients. The disease is expressed in the yellowing of young foliage and drying of the upper branches. In this case, the blister should be watered or sprayed with Anti-Chlorosis or Ferovite, which contain iron. These tools help the shrub to quickly recuperate.
With the stagnation of moisture in the soil the plant can become sick with powdery mildew, which is manifested in the darkening of the edges of the leaves. In this situation, reduce the degree of watering..
Bubby oracle is an ideal option for landscape design. Plant culture is perfectly combined with chubushnik, honeysuckle, barberry and other shrubs. With proper care and favorable conditions, the plant will delight lush crown, abundant flowering and bright berries.
Features of the bladder
A branchy bush of the bamboocup consists of drooping branches that form a lush, spherical crown. In an adult shrub, peeling of the bark occurs, with wide stripes. In height, it can reach 300 centimeters. Three-five-lobed leaf plates resemble viburnum leaves. White flowers have a lot of stamens. They are part of the inflorescence hemispherical shape, which in diameter can reach 5-7 centimeters. Lush flowering occurs at the beginning of the summer period. The fruits of such a plant also look quite impressive, they are bloated leaflets that turn red when ripe. Cultivated only 2 species of blisters, while there are several spectacular varieties, leaf plates which have a different color.
What time to plant
If in a nursery or garden center you managed to buy seedlings with a closed root system, they can be planted in open soil at any time of the year (not only in winter). If the acquired seedlings have an open root system, then for their planting one should choose spring, and best of all autumn. For planting such a plant will suit a well-lit, open place, next to which large trees will not grow. In the event that the variety of leaf color plates is green, then such a shrub can grow normally in the shaded area. The clamshell is not demanding to the ground, but it must be well drained, and lime must be included in its composition. If you want it to have the most decorative appearance, then you should choose a loose loamy earth, rich in nutrients.
How to plant
When preparing the planting fossa, it should be remembered that its size should be such that it can fit a layer of soil saturated with nutrients (or ground mix consisting of peat, sod, soil and sand), while the seedling should have a root neck after planting level with the surface of the site. In this regard, it is recommended to prepare a hole by digging it and pouring fertile soil into it a fortnight before the planned planting day, in this case the soil will have time to settle well. The seedling is placed in the planting hole together with an earthy clod, while remembering that it is not necessary to fertilize the soil during planting, as the young plant is simply not able to assimilate it normally. Then it will be necessary to fill the hole with soil mixture (the composition is described above) or with a soil saturated with nutrients. Planted shrubs need abundant watering. If the land settles after watering, you will need to pour it. The first days should be monitored to ensure that the near-stem circle of the bladder clad is constantly slightly damp. The surface of the plot should be covered with a layer of mulch (humus or peat).
Caring for the bladder
When caring for such a plant, it is very important to water it in time, as it reacts extremely negatively to drought. When watering, make sure that the liquid does not fall on the surface of leaf plates and inflorescences, because this can lead to burns. In this regard, this procedure is recommended in the early morning or in the evening. In the summer, during the hot period, watering will have to be carried out about a couple of times a week, and 4 buckets of water should go to each bush at a time. Observe the condition in which the leaves of the bubble are found, because not only the drought, but also the overmoistening of the soil can harm it. In the event that the plot is not filled with mulch, then each time after the shrub is watered, it is necessary to loosen its surface and weed.
Feed the plant should be a couple of times a year (in spring and autumn). In the springtime, the plant should be fed with the following nutrient mixture: a five hundred gram can of mullein is taken for 1 bucket of water, as well as 1 large spoonful of urea and ammonium nitrate. For 1 adult bush 1.5 buckets of such a solution are taken. In the autumn, under each bush should be poured one and a half buckets of nutrient solution, consisting of 10 liters of water and 2 large spoons of nitroammofoski.
This shrub requires systematic sanitary and formative pruning. In springtime, it is necessary to make pruning for sanitary purposes, for this purpose, all injured, diseased, frost-affected stems and branches, as well as those that grow inside the bush, are cut off. By cutting the bubble in autumn, you are preparing it for the upcoming winter. Pruning to form a crown can be done in the fall, but experienced gardeners recommend doing it in the spring. In order for the bush to have the shape of a fountain, it is necessary to cut off all the thin stalks at the base, leaving 5 or 6 of the most powerful, which should be slightly shortened. If you want the bush to be wide, it should be cut at a height of 50 centimeters. When the shrub is 6 years old, produce a rejuvenating pruning on the stump. On thick stems, cut areas should be smeared with a garden pitch.
В некоторых случаях возникает необходимость в пересадке данного растения, к примеру, вам необходимо перенести его на другое место. Если кустарник уже взрослый, то пересадить его следует в начале весны, до того как набухнут почки, либо в осеннее время, когда окончится листопад. The shrub is transplanted with a fairly voluminous earthen clod, while at first it is pruned, during which the injured, diseased and thickening stalks are cut, and the rest should be shortened to 0.2–0.3 m. weaker because during adaptation it will be extremely difficult to feed an adult plant. Transplantation is almost the same as landing, but it should be noted that the bladder pole in this case is already an adult. The transplanted shrub must be watered using Heteroauxin or Kornevin's solution, and the leaf plates should be sprayed with Epin or Ecogel-antistress.
Diseases and pests
Planting and growing a bladder pole is quite simple, and the gardener will be pleased that he has a very high resistance to pests and various diseases. However, in the event that the soil does not get nutrients, then the plant develops chlorosis, which causes the apical stems to shrivel and the young leafy plates turn yellow. If you have noticed the signs of this disease, you should spray the foliage or water the bush itself under the root with a solution of Ferrylene, Anti-Chlorosis, Ferovita, but experienced gardeners recommend using Iron Chelate. As a rule, after this procedure, the bladder cavity recovers very quickly.
Procurement of cuttings should be made before the bush blooms. To do this, cut off the green shoots of this year. The length of the cuttings can be from 10 to 20 centimeters, and on each of them there should be 2 or 3 internodes. All leaf plates located at the bottom of the cutting must be cut, and those that are located at the top - shortened by ½ part. Prepared cuttings should be immersed in a solution of a root-stimulating agent (for example, Kornevin). Then they are planted in an educational bed in the ground mixture consisting of peat and sand. Produce their watering and cover with polyethylene film. To care for the cuttings is very simple, they need to be watered in time and systematically aired. In winter, rooted cuttings need shelter, and in the spring they can be planted in a permanent place.
How to propagate by layering
This breeding method is the most simple and effective. In springtime, the most powerful and absolutely healthy shoot should be selected, which must grow outside. From it it is necessary to tear off all sheet plates, leaving only growing at the very top. Then this stem fits into a previously prepared groove, the depth of which should be about 12 centimeters, then it is fixed using a wood brace (you can take hairpins), then the groove must be filled with soil. Throughout the growing season, cuttings will need timely watering, weeding and loosening the soil surface. By the onset of the autumn period, the otvodok will have to give roots, and it must be separated from the parent bush and sheltered for the winter.
How to propagate by dividing the bush
By dividing the bush it is best to propagate the clawberry. Produce this procedure in the spring or autumn. However, if you have experience and certain skills in this matter, then you can divide the bush in the summer. In order for this procedure to end successfully, it must be carried out very quickly, because the root system, which turned out to be in the open air, should in no case dry up.
In the autumn, this shrub looks particularly impressive, because it is at this time that the foliage is painted in different colors. It has a relatively high frost resistance and in winter, as a rule, only those branches that do not have time to mature freeze. But it should be noted that rooted cuttings as well as young specimens need shelter for the winter.
Preparing for the winter
In that case, if weather forecasters foreshadow a very frosty winter, then adult bushes of the bubbleplot should also be covered. To do this, gently pull the shrub with a string, and then "put" on it a cone of roofing material or loosely wrap it with lutrasil. However, for the beginning it is necessary to cover the surface of the trunk circle with a layer of mulch (peat), the thickness of which should be from 5 to 8 centimeters. Young shrubs should be cut, zamulchirovat their near-stem circle, and then covered with spruce branches.
Amur bladder beetle (Physocarpus amurensis)
This species in nature can be found in North Korea, North China and the Far East, while it prefers to grow in mixed forests. The height of such a shrub with a spherical crown is about 300 centimeters. Young stems are brownish-red and smooth, while on old trunks the bark is exfoliated by longitudinal strips. The three-five-bladed sheet plate has a heart-shaped base and is about 10 centimeters long. The front surface of them is dark green, and the wrong side is whitish-gray, because it has star-shaped felt hairs. Inflorescences of corymbose form consist of 10–15 white flowers with a diameter and a half centimeters. Flowering lasts about 20 days. The fruit is a bloated leaflet that becomes red when ripe. This species is highly frost resistant. It is used to create hedges, as well as in group and single plantings. Cultivated since 1854. The most popular forms:
- Luteus. In the summer sheet plates are painted in rich yellow color, and in autumn they become bronze.
- Aureomarginate. On the leaf plates there is a fringing of a dark golden color.
- Nana. This dwarf shrub dark green monochromatic leaf plates.
Caloniferous bilipad (Physocarpus opulifolius)
Homeland of this type is the eastern part of North America, while it prefers to grow in the underbrush and on the river banks. This bush with a hemispherical lush crown in height can reach 300 centimeters. Elliptical three-five-blade leaf plates have an elongated large middle lobe and a jagged edge. Their front surface is green, and the purl is colored a paler shade, sometimes it can be pubescent. Small (diameter about 1.2 cm) flowers have a pink or white color, and red stamens. The fruit is a swollen team of pale green leaflet, which when ripe becomes red. This type can be used to create a hedge, as well as in single or group plantings. Cultivated since 1864. The most popular varieties:
- Darts gold. The height of a dense and wide bush can reach up to 150 centimeters. Yellow leafy plates become greenish yellow in the summer. Crusiform inflorescences consist of white or pink flowers.
- Diablo (red leaf). The height of the bush about 300 centimeters. The color of its foliage is purple or dark red. If the bush grows in a shaded place, then its leaves will be green with a purple tint, and when grown in a sunny place, they have a red color. In autumn, the color of the foliage does not change. This variety is the most popular.
- Red Baron. The height of the bush about 200 centimeters. Bare oval three-five-bladed leaf plates in length reach 7 centimeters and have a jagged edge. They are draped in deep red and narrower than the diablo blister. Umbrella inflorescences consist of white flowers with a pink tint, 5 centimeters in diameter. Also, the fruits of red color, which include from 3 to 5 pointed sacks, look quite impressive. This variety is among the most valuable.
- Lady in red. The bush in height can reach 150 centimeters. This variety is bred from England. Leaves of rich red color gradually darken. Color delicate flowers white and pink.
Brief description of the plant
The shrub grows from 1.5 to 3 m in height and has a magnificent spherical crown. Leaves oval or elliptical in shape consist of 3-5 plates and reach up to 4 cm in length. On top of the leaf blades are green, and below they are slightly lighter. In autumn, the leaves become golden in color. The root system of the plant is located shallow to the surface of the soil. In mid-summer, white or pink flowers bloom, gathered in corymbose inflorescences.
The fruit is a complex leaflet.which consists of bare or pubescent parts. Brilliant seeds have a firm skin. The plant adapts well to urban conditions, perfectly tolerates smoke and air pollution. In culture, the caliniforus bollipoplodnik, which has golden and purple foliage, is grown in sunny areas, as in the shade the leaf color becomes less bright.
Popular types of shrubs
The name of the plant was due to the specific shape of the fruit, like a bubble. The species of this genus includes more than three hundred varieties. Most Popular:
- The lupus euphorus resembles that of a grape bush, reaching up to 2.5 m in height. Yellow leaves gradually acquire a light green color. This variety tolerates a dry period and does not tolerate too wet soil.
- Diabolo has a very thin barrel, not reaching even one centimeter in diameter. The leaves have a burgundy color at the ends, which turn yellow in autumn. In the summer flowers bloom, resembling the inflorescences of mountain ash.
- From a cross between diabolo and nanus, they got a variety - summer wine. White flowers with a pink tinge are located along the length of all branches, which gives the bush a special appeal. The plant tolerates winter frost.
- Red Baron is considered the most common type of bladderfly. Planting and caring for this plant are carried out in order to create a hedge. This is facilitated by the standard height of the shrub, which is equal to one meter.
And also it is worth noting the following varieties: Golden Arrows, Kapertinna, Aureya, etc. All these varieties are successfully used for decorative decoration of garden plots.
Growing from seed
This method consists in growing seedlings from seeds at home. To do this, in a specialized store, gardeners purchase soil for seedlings and planting material. Planting seeds begin in late winter or early spring. A drainage layer of expanded clay or small stones is poured into the prepared containers. Then they are filled with soil and watered abundantly. Seeds are planted, deepening them by 2 cm. Landings are once again moistened and the containers are covered with plastic wrap with ventilation holes.
Seedlings cleaned in a bright and warm place. As soon as sprouts appear, the film can be removed. For the full development of seedlings in the short light days, you can add artificial lighting. To do this, usually used fluorescent lamps. When there are 2-3 leaves, pick picking seedlings. With the onset of warm weather, hardening of seedlings is carried out. To do this, a calypod for a day is brought to a loggia or a glazed balcony. Planting and care in the open field is carried out in the fall.
Cutting is most often used by gardeners to grow shrubs. To this end, in the beginning of summer, blanks of 10–15 cm long are cut from young branches. The upper part of the cutting is cut exactly, and the lower, where the root system will be formed, obliquely. From the bottom of the workpiece completely remove the leaves, and cut them in the top half. An oblique cut can be treated with a root growth stimulator. Usually for this gardeners use the drug Kornevin.
Next, prepare a mixture of sand with peat and fill the prepared container. And also you can use the soil for seedlings. The soil mixture is abundantly moisturized and cuttings are planted in it. Capacity covered with a film, and then removed in a bright and warm place. When rooting of cuttings occurs, it can be determined by the development of sprouts, they are planted in separate pots with fertile soil. Planting in the open ground is carried out the next spring.
Cutting and dividing the bush
Often gardeners grow bladder with the use of layering. To do this, choose the bushes with long branches. A groove 10–15 cm deep is drilled near the bush and the selected shoot is laid into it. It is fixed with wire and covered with fertile soil. In places of planting the soil is abundantly moistened. At the end of the season, when the root system strengthens, the layers are planted in a permanent place.
The method of dividing the bush is used much less frequently. This is due to the fact that it requires great physical effort. To do this, take an adult bush, dig it together with its roots and divide it into 4-6 parts. Then each seedling is planted in a permanent place.
Planting seedlings in open ground
Before planting, first of all, you should choose a favorable place for seedlings. These plants grow well in the sun and in the shade. However, in the long absence of sunlight, the bushes lose their decorative appeal. Blower doesn't like too wet soiltherefore it is best to choose a place on a small hill.
Having chosen a place, they start preparing the soil cover. If the landing is single, then the soil can not dig up. For group plantings target purpose carefully dig up the soil. Under each bush a hole is dug, commensurate with the size of the root system of the seedlings. Instead of the selected soil, prepare a fertile mixture of peat, sand and humus.
Previously at the bottom of the hole lay out a drainage layer of broken brick or rubble. Then pour a layer of fertile mixture and carefully lower the seedling. Free space is filled with the remaining soil, lightly tamped and watered abundantly. And also mulch can be piled around the trunk of a young plant.
The calinifolia bubble is considered an unpretentious plant and, with proper and proper care, can add up to 40 cm both in height and width in a year. Under the care means the following activities:
Regular watering is required only for young plants, and adult bushes should be watered moderately. If it rains periodically, you can not carry out watering. Then it will be enough to loosen the soil in the area of the root system. If the season is dry, then once a week it is necessary to pour 40 liters of warm water under each bush. Feed plants spend twice a season. In the spring make nitrogen-containing fertilizers. To do this, use a mixture of urea and ammonium nitrate. In the fall, the plants are fed with mineral fertilizers.
A big role in the care is trimming shrubs. It is carried out both for sanitary purposes and for the decorative formation of bushes. In early spring, dried and damaged parts of the plant are removed. A little later, until the buds have dissolved, they begin to form a crown. Decorative pruning can be carried out in the autumn. The plant tolerates pruning, so do not be afraid to carry it out.
Diseases and pests
An octopus is considered resistant to diseases and pests of the plant. Sometimes, especially with insufficient care, it can be affected by chlorosis. This disease appears when there is a lack of iron, and the leaves of the bushes begin to turn yellow and fall off. For treatment, the treatment is carried out with the following drugs: Antichlorosis, Ferovit, iron chelate.
Improper watering can lead to root rot. The first signs of this disease are: slower growth of the shrub, drying of the leaves and the appearance of brown spots on them. There are almost no treatments for this disease. In this case, the plant is dug and burned, and the ground is treated with copper sulfate solution.
So, we can conclude that the bubble is best and easiest to propagate by grafting. And also it is necessary to carry out a full-fledged care for the plant and to pay special attention to decorative trimming so that the bubble garden really becomes an ornament to the garden plot.
How to multiply the blister blade
Reproduction of bladder clad by cuttings can be done in spring, summer and autumn. The stalk needs to be cut from an adult and strong plant. The length of the cutting is about 10 cm and with several distinct buds.
From the cutting, it is necessary to remove the lower leaves to process it with a growth stimulator and to deepen it in the soil with the composition of peat and sand. Seedlings should be covered with foil. Care should be taken with the help of humidification and airing of the collected condensate. After rooting, they must be transplanted to a permanent place.
Bubblepipe breeding division bush
To do this, you must dig up the plant and divide it into fragments with full-fledged shoots and root system.
This procedure must be carried out during the warm summer season. Just need not give the opportunity to dry the root system.
Regular watering and dressing
The waterbubble loves water very much and may die during drought. Therefore, an adult bush in the hot summer is recommended to be watered twice a week, using about 40 liters of water. Also note that the water in any case should not fall on the leaves and inflorescences of the bladder tree - this can cause burns. Also, watering should be carried out either early in the morning or late in the evening.
After each watering, the soil can be mulched, but if you do not do this, then at least remove the weeds under the bush and burn it. Что же касается целенаправленных подкормок, то они проводятся единожды весной, и единожды осенью:
- In spring, 250 g of mullein, 1 tablespoon of saltpeter and 1 tablespoon of urea are dissolved in 10 liters of water and this solution is used to water the bushes. Just keep in mind that one adult bush requires about 15 liters of such fertilizer.
- In the fall, 2 tablespoons of nitroammofoski are diluted in 10 liters of water and watered around the stem. The amount of fertilizer required is the same as in spring.
Pruning of the blister must be done regularly, which will allow to form the correct shape of the bush. Formative pruning is recommended to do in the spring, while if you want to get a wide bush, all its shoots should be shortened to 1.5 m, if tall and fountain-like - remove all thin shoots and leave in the middle 6 of the strongest.
But besides this, every spring, the bladder pole needs sanitary pruning, which involves removing the shoots broken and affected by various diseases. Also note that there are no branches in the bush that grow inwards, not outwards. If there is - they should also be removed. For sanitary purposes, the bubbleframe is trimmed even before winter, so that the tops of the young shoots are not frozen.
Every six years, the bush requires a rejuvenating pruning, in which all shoots are removed under a low stump. After such pruning, all thick shoots will need to be treated with a garden warder to protect the plant from diseases.
This is the easiest way to reproduce the bladder, because it involves just digging a bush from the soil and dividing it into several parts. After that, each part is buried separately, which will soon allow it to grow to its original size. It is very important to perform all actions as quickly as possible in order to prevent the roots from drying out.
This breeding method is the least acceptable for a garden bladder., as grown seedlings do not always get the same varietal characteristics as the bushes from which the seeds were taken.
However, if you still decide to multiply the bubble fruit with seeds, then they should be collected in the fall and be sure to stratify it - expose it to winter conditions, that is, put it in the refrigerator for about a month. You can sow them both in spring and autumn.
The use of the bladder needle for medicinal purposes
The prevalence of blister in folk medicine is associated with a large number of useful properties of this plant, therefore, bioadditives are often made from its leaves. The presence of coumarin in them can affect the human body as a weak sleeping pill.
The leaves of the bladder cavity also contain phenol carboxylic acid, which has a bactericidal effect. In the food industry it is used as an antiseptic.
General information, features and varieties of bladder
Bubbyplodnik received an unusual name because of the fruits in the form of a bubble. The plant is mainly represented by shrubs. Features of appearance and general characteristics:
- department angiosperms,
- drooping branches,
- bark color - brownish brown, white wood,
- average height not more than three meters,
- prone to proliferation in width, at a distance of more than 4 m,
- fast growth,
- roundly ovate foliage of green color, with a smooth and terry surface,
- the color of the fruit in the mature state is red,
- color predominantly white or pink,
- flowering period up to 25 days,
- flowers with a diameter of 15 mm are collected in inflorescences,
- cold-resistant, easily tolerates winter,
- not whimsical in care
- not demanding of sunlight, soil composition,
- easily tolerates drought.
Sort of Diabolo
Diablo is considered the most common representative of the family and stands out for the brightness of the foliage. In the period of flowering variety resembles mountain ash. The appearance of the sheets differs burgundy border on the pointed ends. The bush blossoms at the beginning of summer - June. Shrubs begin to cover the white clusters of spherical shape, the duration of flowering - two weeks. Pink stamens add a feeling of lightness and fluffiness. Trunks rarely exceed the thickness of 1 m. Like most members of the family, the Diablo variety is stress-resistant and easily tolerates heat and cold. Fruits of a bush are exposed with a violet-red color in a mature condition.
Sort summer wine
A representative of the Rosaceae family was created through the work of breeders and the crossing of Diablo and Nanus shrubs. The hybrid is distinguished by a rich purple foliage color and compactness. Plant height rarely exceeds two meters. Ease of formation made it frequent guests in the garden-dacha plots. Branches pliable, flexible, up to 1.5 meters long. In the spring the bush is covered with flowers of pink color. Stress resistance allows cultivating Summer Wine in different climatic zones.
This variety reaches a minimum height of 1.5 meters. The bush is littered with a large amount of crimped foliage of dark red color. The diameter of the crown is on average two meters, the size is modest. The young processes, the completion of the crown, differ in red. The color palette of foliage depends on the contact with the sun. With frequent contact with him, the foliage becomes red, in the shady area they are green with a touch of red. The plant stands out for rapid growth. When grown for decorative purposes, it is necessary to regularly trim the crown.
Light-loving plant reaches a maximum height of three meters. The variety has a yellowish color foliage. Many gardeners choose plants for landscape design because of the correct spherical shape of the crown. The plant tolerates adverse weather conditions and will help to raise the mood of the owners on an overcast day.
Dart’s Gold Grade
Dart’s gold grade
The fast-growing plant is often chosen to decorate the summer cottage. Well suited for urban environments due to resistance to exhaust gases and pollution. The shrub retains its yellow color throughout the summer. Often used to create natural fences that are dense and bright. Shrub flowers are white in color and are collected in flaps up to five centimeters in size.
In the natural environment is found on mountain slopes, single, in small groups or on individual bushes. The grade belongs to the reserved plants protected by the state. The Amur bubble is distinguished by flaky bark in the adult state. The length of the foliage of green-gray color reaches 10 centimeters. During the flowering period, white flowers look spectacular in small inflorescences with a single flower with a diameter of 1.5 centimeters. Duration of flowering on average is 20 days.
Plant Breeding Options
The key point when planting a plant is the choice of the method of reproduction. There are four options for a member of the Pink family:
- By seed material. The rarest method of reproduction due to inefficiency. Of the seeds planted, it is difficult to get the desired shrub; most will have simple, green foliage and will not inherit parental attractiveness. The main drawback of the method is the loss of decoration.
- Reproduction by cuttings. The method is considered the most popular and simple. Cutting shows rapid survival and consistently positive results. At the beginning of the summer season you need to pick up the twigs - the green shoots of the beginning of the season. It is necessary to cut cuttings with a minimum length of ten centimeters. Each planting material must have a minimum of three leaf growth points. The base of the cutting is completely cleaned of leaves. Some gardeners recommend scratching the stalk, this will accelerate the emergence and germination of new roots. Planting material is placed in a moist soil - a mixture of sand and peat.
- Reproduction by layering. The popular technique is distinguished by simplicity, convenience and high guarantees to get a new plant. The main drawback was the quantitative limitation. This method allows you to get no more than three new bushes. To start the procedure, you need to find a side, young branch. It should be of sufficient size and easy to bend down to the ground. From the branch, the leaves are completely cut off and a maximum of ten pieces are left at the tip of the top - no more than 10 centimeters. The prepared branch is immersed in a small groove with a depth of up to 15 centimeters. The bald part of the branch is immersed in a hole, without removing it from the mother plant. It is important to pinch the otvodka staples - this will help the plant to settle down and securely fix it in the ground. Part of the foliage can not be immersed in the ground, it should be tied pegs - it will become the detector of a new bush and will report the results.
- The division of the bush. The event is not among the most popular and requires physical effort. The disadvantage of the method was the limited number of young bushes obtained. The maximum number of new shoots, six pieces, can only be obtained from a large, adult plant. The optimal time for the breeding procedure division - the beginning of spring. Planting pits should be prepared beforehand - this will help increase the chance for the plant to take root in a new place. An adult blister is excavated from the soil, the lobe root system is suitable for complete extraction. Gardener divides the bush into several parts, each must be at least one twenty-centimeter branch. All parts are promptly immersed in the previously prepared soil and watered with plenty of water. Topsoil is mulched to save the young bush from death in the cold season.
The optimal time and place for planting calypod
To select the planting time, you need to focus on the root system of the plant. Having bought a shrub with a closed rhizome in a specialized nursery, there are no serious restrictions on planting time, any time of year except winter will do.
Copies with an open root system are preferably planted in the autumn. Plant frequencies take root and planting in the spring. You should choose an open area. Neighborhood with tall trees is undesirable; shadow refers to adverse factors for the species. For planting varieties with low ornamental fit and place in the penumbra. Bright areas will be the best choice and allow the plant to show all its beauty.
Temperature and humidity
The plant is cold resistant. Low temperatures, sharp frosts in the late autumn will not be able to harm the bushes. In winter, severe frost can weaken a representative of the plant kingdom. The optimal temperature for the bubble is from 17 degrees Celsius. Increased or decreased air humidity will not have a negative effect on the Reservoir. Culture will show consistently good results and delight in appearance.
Soil for planting bladder
Caloniferous bladder beetle does not differ from its counterparts. A fertile, loose soil is better suited for growth. In the absence of opportunities to organize black soil should not be upset. Successful growth will require two main components: the soil must have a good drainage layer and not be oversaturated with lime. Under these conditions, the plant will look great even under conditions of poor soil.
Planting procedure, preparation of Califolia
Planting a plant is one of the most important stages. The future of a bush depends on correctness. The procedure consists of several steps:
- Preparation of the pit. The recommended depth and width is 50 centimeters. When forming the pit, it is necessary to take into account the root system of the plant, the value should take into account the volume required for the introduction of nutrients and drainage.
- Less than half of the hole filled with humus. In the absence of the latter, it is replaced with peat soil.
- Preparatory work begins to carry out 15-20 days before the estimated date of landing. In a few weeks the ground will settle down. Do not feed directly on the day of planting. The plant will not be able to absorb nutrients.
- Sapling carefully removed from the container (you can not prevent damage to the root system). In case of any mechanical damage, the chance to successfully settle down will be reduced. The shrub is immersed in a prepared pit along with an earthy clod.
- Shrub sprinkled with a small amount of soil for fixing, deepened.
- After planting is complete, produce abundant watering of the plant with water. If desired, the processing biostimulant - "root".
- The final stage is mulching of the root part. Dry mulch, spruce branches, and humus are suitable as mulch. The procedure improves the aeration of the root system, increases the access of oxygen, as it prevents the formation of a crust. On the other hand, the technique helps to retain moisture and nutrients at the roots of the bladderfly, ensuring rapid growth.
Caring for bladders
Planting and caring for a calypod is a simple set of activities, but requires some knowledge. The representative of the family Pink, like any plant, has certain nuances that must be observed by the gardener during cultivation. If the recommendations are observed, it is possible to observe how rapidly the caliniferous bladder grows, adding annually up to 40 centimeters in width and height. Mandatory care activities include:
- shrub trimming,
- watering plants
- introduction of top dressing.
Conducting timely trimming of the shrub is one of the fundamental factors for the rapid growth and health of the plant. All species and varieties of Buboplodnik positively respond to care activities. In addition to practical significance, pruning helps to form a dense, neat crown of the desired shape and allows the representative of the plant kingdom to become a worthy adornment of the dacha, successfully performing a decorative function.
Sanitary pruning is carried out in the spring. If necessary, the event is performed in summer and autumn. The signal to the beginning is the appearance of the shrub. In the presence of broken or damaged branches, they must be promptly removed.
The molding procedure is carried out only after the flowering period. It is permissible to reduce the length of the branches to a maximum of half the size of the crown in the first year of the plant's life. In the subsequent period, the removed area is increased to 2/3 of the total length.
When forming and maintaining a decent hedge, it is necessary to cut the crown several times during the growing season. The frequency may vary depending on the condition of the shrub. The first procedure for the formation of a fence is in the middle of spring and lasts until the beginning of the flowering period.
Organization of the irrigation mode
For proper irrigation of a representative of the plant kingdom, it is necessary to take into account the peculiarities of the cultivation area - soil composition and climatic conditions, shrub age.
When growing a califolia in arid climate with hot summers and high average temperatures, watering will have to be given more attention. Sandy or loamy soils will require regular watering throughout the growing season. It is recommended to carry out an irrigation measure from two times in 7-10 days in the amount of 40-50 liters of water. Watering should be at the root. If moisture gets on the foliage, the risk of burns is high. In order to avoid injury to the plant, watering should be carried out in the morning or twirling hours.
When cultivating plants in clay soils or on lawns, caution should be exercised. The regularity of the procedure is significantly reduced. It is necessary to strictly observe the measure. Excessive amount of water will lead to powdery mildew and subsequent death of the bladder mole.
Blower requires feeding twice a year. Events are held in September or May. In the spring, nitrogen-containing compounds should be added to improve growth rate. The following substances are suitable as nutrients:
- ammonium nitrate,
- mullein organic,
To prepare the feed you should mix a kilogram of organic matter, 10 liters of plain water, 1-2 tablespoons of a mixture of nitrate and urea.
Measures for the care of caliniformes in the winter
Special attention deserves the winter period. In anticipation of severe frosts, cover the shrub tied with string with sheets of roofing material. As a wrapping material suitable lutrasil. It is first necessary to carry out mulching of the soil, cover the ground under the bush with peat - the minimum thickness is 5 cm. For young shrubs, it is sufficient to use mulching and subsequent covering with spruce leaves.
Dangerous pests and diseases of the bush
Caloniferous bladderwood - a plant unpretentious and resistant to most diseases. It is practically not subject to attack by pests. In rare cases, young shrubs affect chlorosis - the disease is expressed by yellowing of the foliage and drying of the upper shoots. The problem is related to the lack of nutrition representative of the family of pink. Additional care measures will help to cope with the disease. Treating the lack of nutrients will help the treatment of leaves or watering with solutions of Ferrylene or Antikhloroz. Лучшим средством для решения проблемы является Хелат железа. После восстановления питательного баланса кустарник быстро приобретет здоровый, привлекательный вид.
Избыточный полив может вызвать гниение корней растения. To eliminate the problem, it is necessary to stop the abundant watering of the shrub, if the measure does not help, then you need to dig up the bladder. Affected roots are mechanically removed and treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. After the rescue operation, the plant is planted in a new, prepared place.
Cutting of the shrub.