Wrinkled rose - very beautiful and undemanding to care a flower. Despite its rather unusual name, this beauty spectacularly Looks and is actively used in landscape design. The name of this flower in Latin sounds like “rosa rugosa” (reads like “rose rugosa”), in Russian it means “rose wrinkled”. Usually these flowers grow in the southern cities on the Black Sea coast, but with proper care, they will also take root in the northern regions.
Botanists combine several varieties of this plant into a common group called “rosa rugosa”. In Russia, the most popular variety is Rosalba Alba wrinkled. Also, many growers grow a wrinkled rubra rose. Rose rugosa propagated by cuttings. You can buy seedlings for planting on home plots in nurseries and specialized stores.
Rose wrinkled alba: key features
This is a perennial shrub. Outwardly, he is very reminiscent of the decorative dog rose, which grows in abundance in the gardens and parks of the Russian Central Strip. If the summer is hot and autumn is warm, with a long Indian summer, this flower pleases the eye with its wonderful flowers until the end of October - beginning of November. The main features of the plant:
- The plant has slightly twisted leaves, which is why it is called "wrinkled",
- In varietal rugoza, lush flowers with a pleasant sweet aroma. They are purple, light pink, fuchsia and decorative rose hips,
- Fruits of a grade of rugoz remind fruits of a decorative dogrose. This berries are slightly elongated, oval. They have a bright orange color and a characteristic dry “tail” on the end,
- In the absence of pruning, the plant grows rapidly and turns into a lush sprawling bush.
In Russia, this plant appeared a long time ago, in the nineteenth century. Domestic breeders have long struggled to make this elegant shrub at least a little resistant to the Russian cold weather. As a result, several breeds with different cold resistance and unpretentiousness in care were bred.
Wrinkled variety of roses: useful properties
It is not only amazingly beautiful, but also a useful plant. The fruits of this plant can be eaten both raw and in the form of jam or compote. It is also possible to brew tea from the dried fruits of the plant in much the same way that tea is made from rose hips. Fruits contain:
- High concentration of ascorbic acid,
- Other important vitamins
- Natural antioxidants are substances that slow the flow of oxidative reactions in the body that cause physical aging.
Petals can be cooked delicious jam. The main thing is that these should be petals collected in the garden plot, and not in the town square, where it is rather dirty and dusty. It is not necessary to use the petals that fell on the ground for making jam.
Due to the high concentration of natural antioxidants and ascorbic acid, the essential oil is actively used in the cosmetic industry. It is used to make cleansing lotions and anti-aging creams. Due to the subtle but bright aroma, the essential oil of rose rugoza is also actively used in the perfumery industry for the manufacture of perfumes, colognes and eau de toilette.
Fruits are used in traditional medicine. From the dried fruits of the shrub prepare tea, as well as decoctions and infusions with healing properties. These medicines are used to prevent acute respiratory infections, strengthen the immune system, restore the body's defenses. Fruits ripen together, and therefore it is very convenient to stock them for future use. It is not necessary to use for the preparation of medicinal raw materials the fruits growing on street bushes. If the bush grows near roads with heavy traffic, toxic substances gradually accumulate in its fruits and leaves. This is due to the constant contact of the rose with aggressive exhaust gases.
Features care and fit
Care rosa rugosa is quite simple. Landing is necessary in the warm season. The most important care activities are:
- Watering. Watering can be quite mild. The plant tolerates any drought perfectly, but an excess of moisture does not benefit her,
- Top dressing
- Combating diseases, pests and parasites,
- Soil loosening
Since this delicate plant is afraid of cold, for the winter it certainly needs to be covered. Without shelter, it is unlikely to be able to spend the winter, because winters in the Russian Central Belt are not comparable to winters on the Black Sea coast. As a covering material, you can use an ordinary dense fabric. Under reliable shelter shrub, as a rule, tolerates the winter cold and comes to life in the spring safely.
The variety grows quickly. In order for the shrub to have a beautiful, neat appearance, it must be periodically cut. Trimming is done with a pruner. It is necessary to carry out the procedure only with gloves in order not to get hurt about sharp spikes. Cut branches are usually burned or carried on a compost pile.
Sometimes flower growers notice that the rosebush begins, for no apparent reason, to turn yellow and fall off the leaves. It happens that brown spots of unknown origin appear on the leaves. All these are characteristic symptoms of fungal infections. Most often, the intensive reproduction of the fungus is associated with too much irrigation. Usually, as soon as the florist noticeably reduces watering, the situation changes for the better. In severe cases, however, it is necessary to resort to the use of industrial fungicides. If the measures are not taken, the fungus will gradually spread to the root system of the plant, and the flower may die.
It happens that the flowers quickly fall off, and the fruits become small, deformed, dry quickly. In this case, the most likely cause is not a disease, but simply a nutritional deficiency. At home, this shrub is used to fertile soils, and the soil of the Russian Center is significantly different from the soil of the Black Sea coast.
In order to solve this problem, you just need to feed it with organic or mineral fertilizers. You can also add compost or peat to the soil,
Rose bushes in landscape design
Rose bushes are very popular from landscape designers. Group planting roses rugoza often found in gardens and parks of southern cities, and single planting - at the entrances and in the front gardens of private houses. Look beautiful groups of wrinkled roses planted along the roads. In order to make it look beautiful, regular pruning is necessary. Shrubs of the same height, planted in a row and decorated with wonderful flowers, look unusually picturesque.
You can plant a wrinkled beauty with other shrubs of the pink family (for example, with the Canadian). She also looks good in the company of decorative rose hips. Many amateur flower growers plant rugosa in their plots as one of the plants forming hedge. Behind such a fence, you can easily hide your site from inquisitive neighbors.
The plant becomes especially beautiful when the first fruits begin to appear on it along with the luxurious flowers. Dried fruits can be used in a variety of floral arrangements.
You can plant a bush in the front garden, and in the town square, and along quiet park alleys. This shrub is very unpretentious, and therefore grows even where frequent watering is not possible, for example, in cemeteries. You can also plant a wrinkled rose in front of the administration building, before entering a school or kindergarten.
This plant unpretentious care, but sensitive to cold and temperature extremes. Plant it best on high ground and in the sunniest place. It is desirable that near a rose there should not be high fruit trees, with a powerful shadow obscuring the sun. Those who are going to use the fruits of the rose as a medicinal raw material should use aggressive chemicals of industrial production as little as possible when feeding the shrub. The most harmless fertilizer - divorced mullein. Excess minerals contained in commercial fertilizers may be deposited in the leaves, flowers and fruits of the rose, and this is completely unhealthy.
Inexperienced growers can easily confuse a wrinkled rose with a decorative rosehip. To distinguish these plants from each other can be quite easy. At first glance, they are very similar, but the leaves of a wrinkled rose cannot be confused with anything. No one plant of the pink family has such unusual, twisted and as if deformed leaves. And the fruits of the variety rugoza are slightly smaller in size than the hips.
Every florist can plant a rose rugoza on the plot. The main thing is to choose for the plant warm, well lit and, if possible, sublime. You also need to timely pruning, as this contributes to the correct formation of the crown. If properly care for the plant, it will be a wonderful decoration of the garden. And the fruits will bring great benefits in the treatment of various diseases. In order for the plant to develop well, it needs to be regularly fed and properly prepared for wintering.
Biological features and description of wrinkled roses
Rose wrinkled - type of shrubs from the genus Rosehip. The natural range of wild forms of the plant is the Far East, Sakhalin, Japan and Korea. Here shrubs can be found on sandy-pebbly soils, rocky shores and coastal meadows.
The area of the rose wrinkled covers subtropical and cold zones. Therefore, a plant with a genotype formed under such conditions, extremely plastic to any soil and climatic conditionsthat became the basis of its worldwide distribution.
Today, the wild form of wrinkled roses is introduced in the territories of Europe, North America and Australasia.
According to the description rose wrinkled (rose rugosa) - powerful, upright, rarely prostrate shrub in height from 1.5 to 2.0 m. The shoots are thick, greenish-gray color, covered with light felt and straight spikes.
The leaves consist of 5-9 leaflets, dense, bright green color with a corrugated surface. In the period of leaf fall, they get a bright lemon color.
Flowers are 6-10 cm in diameter, arranged singly or collected in 3-5 pieces. The main shades of flowers are purple-violet, pink, white. Aroma pronounced.
Rose wrinkled - remontant plant. The first wave of flowering begins in the third decade of May and lasts up to 20 numbers of June. After a short break, it resumes and continues until the first frost.
All about Rugoz:
Advantages and disadvantages of the form
The undoubted advantages of the form - regular yield and high productivity of bushes. Fruit ripening begins at the end of August and lasts 2-3 weeks.
The fruits of the plant are large, about 3 cm in diameter and weighing 8 g (maximum 16 g), fleshy, oblong, orange-red in color. The average productivity of one bush is 4 kg.
Have roses wrinkled high frost resistance (-40 ° С without shelter) and winter hardiness, resistance to all diseases and pests.
The plant is quickly restored after pruning, resistant to high humidity and plastic to the soil and climatic conditions.
Wrinkled rose is a valuable material for breeders, on the basis of which numerous hybrids and varieties are created.
Today, gardeners presented an extensive assortment consisting of a variety of specimens with individually characteristic. But invariable species are always present - this embossed leaves and large fruits.
Advantages of the type - yield, frost resistance, resistance to high humidity
Planting shrubs plan for spring in the period before bud break, after warming the soil to + 7 ° and in the absence of threats of return frost. You can plant a rose in the fall in the period from September 15 to October 15.
For a plant, a maximally illuminated area with a south or southwest direction is selected.
Rosehip wrinkled can develop on any soil, including with high salinity. It is attractive for planting around the perimeter of the site where the salt content is always exceeded.
One and two year old seedlings are distinguished by a better survival rate. with a powerful root system of at least 20 cm in length. The planting material should not have signs of rotting and damage.
Since the fruiting of the shrub depends on cross-pollination, several shrubs are planted.
Landing site prepared in advance. They dig it up to 30 cm, remove the remnants of the roots of weeds. When digging make organic: compost or humus (10 kg / 1 m2).
At the same time, a landing hole (50x50) and a substrate for its filling are formed. Plants are placed according to the scheme 3 X 1.5 m2.
To fill the pit, the top layer of sod land is mixed with:
- 20 kg of humus,
- superphosphate 200 g,
- ammonium nitrate 70 g,
- potassium sulfate 50 g
During planting, a mound is formed at the bottom of the pit, on top of which the roots of the seedling are distributed and sprinkled with soil mixture.
To root the neck after shrinkage was at the level of the surface of the earth, when backfilling it is placed 4-5 cm above. Thereafter sapling watered 10-20 liters of water, the barrel circle is mulched with peat or humus.
The shoots of the shrub pruned, leaving 1/3 of the length.
The characteristic of the rose is wrinkled - excessive formation of sprouts and aggressive roots on the surface of the earth. This causes the suppression of neighboring plants and the spread of thickets throughout the site.
Prevent the problem by creating a barrier to the roots of pieces of slate or roofing iron.
In the first two years, plant care consists of watering, weeding and loosening the soil under the bushes. Rose watered 3-4 times per season, the rate of water for one bush 10-20 liters. If during the fruiting dry weather is established, watering is done more often.
For full regular flowering and fruiting, the application of urea each spring (30 g / 1 m2) is sufficient.
Once every 3-4 years after the beginning of fruiting at the rate of 1 m2 make:
- compost 10 kg,
- superphosphate 60 g,
- potassium salt 20 g
The main efforts to care for shrubs associated with pruning. It can be carried out in the fall for 2-3 weeks before frosts or in the spring before bud break. The first pruning is carried out on season 3 after planting..
The bush must be cut in autumn or spring: the number of productive branches in the crown must be constantly rationed
During the procedure, remove weak, damaged shoots, root shoots, distant from the base of the bush. The remaining shoots are cut at a height of 15 cm, leaving 5-6 healthy annual branches.
Gradually, new shoots will appear on the stumps. After reaching 70 cm they need to be shortened by 1/5 part. In the following years pruning is to remove underdeveloped, damaged, sick and unproductive 5-6-year-old branches.
While growing roses wrinkled the number of productive branches in the crown must be constantly rationed.
In adult plants older than 6 years in the bush should be 16-20 shoots aged 1-4 years. Therefore, every year you need to change the 5-6-year-old branches for 2-3 escape replacement.
Maintenance work and winter preparation
Rose wrinkled It is highly resistant to almost all pests and diseases.. The defeat of the shrub can only occur with a gross violation of agricultural engineering and crop rotation rules.
However, it is important to carry out preventive protection work against pests and diseases annually.
Processing 1% Bordeaux liquid spend in the fall and spring before bud break. When pests are found, the shrub is washed with a soap-and-soap solution (400 g / 50 g / 10 l).
If a shrub is damaged by a large number of pests, early-spring treatments with chemical agents are carried out: Aktellik, Karbofos, Rogor according to the instructions of drugs.
In the conditions of southern and middle regions of gardening shelter is not required. In regions with more severe winters, young plants should be prepared for winter.
For warming shrubs near-stem circle is mulched 5-7 cm with a layer of peat, shoots are tied up with twine and spun around. In winter, snow is pulled up to the plant.
Almost all varieties of wrinkled roses have adopted frost resistance and disease resistance from the mother plant. Only a few varieties in the frosty winters can freeze the aerial part.
However, even in these cases, the plants quickly grow shoots of replacement and roses bloom in the current season.
The plant forms a compact bush with a height of 1.5-1.8 m. It has a special shape of flowers resembling carnation. The flowers are pink, grouped in groups of 7-15 pieces, the aroma is absent.
Shrub with a rounded crown upright shoots up to 1.5 m in height. The flowers are white, non-edible with a diameter of 5-8 cm, fragrant, gathered in inflorescences.
Alba Shrub is valued in landscape design for its simplicity as a contrast with brighter plants.
Высота кустарника 1,2-1,5 м, цветки темно-розовые с сиреневым оттенком и диаметром 6-8 см.
One of the hardiest varieties that can withstand temperatures as low as -42 ° C without shelter and ductile to the most unfavorable growing conditions.
Queen of the North
High shrub up to 2.5 m in height. Flowers terry, pastel-yellow with an amber shade, with a diameter of 7.5 cm, have a rich fruity aroma.
This color rare for roses is of interest for the design of the backyard area and park alleys.
In Russia, all hybrids and varieties of roses are wrinkled conventionally referred to as a group of park roses. Plants are able to withstand high pollution, practically do not lose their attractiveness after natural disasters, maintain a high decorative effect all season.
therefore they are popular with landscape designers and are included in virtually every greening project.
Rose wrinkled popular with gardeners. The particular endurance of the plant allows it to be cultivated in remote areas with a long absence of a gardener.
Medicinal and nutritional properties of fruits are used for culinary preparations and the preparation of phytomeans.
General description of wrinkled Alba rose
Alba roses are also called rugoz, which means their natural wrinkles. The foliage description fully corresponds to this characteristic: it is folded, looks like dark green parchment. Alba Meilandecor - white flower, symbolizing purity and purity. By the way, the word “alba” in translation from Latin means “white”.
The number of buds on one stem can vary from one to five, the smell is delicate, fruity, pronounced. Flowers of different sizes, from six to ten centimeters in diameter, the shrub grows as the average height (1 meter), and up to two meters. It is also distinguished by its pomp and enviable width, which reaches 180 centimeters. The variety is unpretentious, and to this day it has maintained high rates of resistance to such flower diseases as powdery mildew and black spot. The bush is always straight, there are a lot of thorns on it, the shoots are gray, and the flowers, as a rule, have five petals.
Among the numerous advantages of the variety, besides those that have already been mentioned, several more should be highlighted:
- frost resistance
- ability to adapt to any conditions
- simplicity to the soil composition,
- blooms long and continuously
- high decorative rates
- quickly recovering and growing rapidly after pruning,
- fruits that are formed after the end of flowering, can be eaten,
- grows well in difficult conditions of urban environment.
Of the minuses, it is possible to note "prickly" (due to the large number of thorns), as well as the ability to grow wild shrubs with a gradual capture of most of the site. That is why Alba should be grown where the area allows it.
If the gardener decides to plant it on a small piece of land, you will need constant monitoring of its growth. On the other hand, it is this wrinkled beauty that is ideal if you want to create a living impassable wall of thorny bushes.
Features of planting and caring for a white wrinkled rose
Rose wrinkled Alba, as a rule, is planted in the spring, when the soil is already warm enough. In areas of the middle belt and the south it can be planted in the autumn. Rosa Alba Meiyandekor prefers the following growing conditions:
- the southern side with copious amounts of sun, which does not harm it at all, but it will bloom profusely,
- the soil on the site is subject to preliminary drainage, in order to avoid a large amount of moisture,
- the landing hole should be fertilized with well-rotten compost (you cannot add fresh mullein),
- before planting, the material is placed in a root growth stimulator,
- after planting, the bushes are abundantly watered and mulched, and the branches are cut to a third.
Then you should regularly water the shrub and carry out sanitary pruning in the spring and autumn, removing overgrown and dried shoots. You should also time to clean the rose from the faded buds and weed out, and the soil around the mulch and loosen, which will contribute to good air exchange between the root system and the external environment. Top dressing is carried out in the first months of spring with nitrogenous compounds, and in the summer - with potassium and phosphates.
Since Alba is a frost-resistant species of roses, she may need a simple shelter for the winter, in the form of a usual peat embankment, whose height is 20 cm.
An unpretentious fast-growing shrub will not cause trouble to a gardener if he regularly monitors the process of its violent growth and finds decent and proper use on his plot.
Vintage roses, Alba rose:
Wrinkled rose or wild rose, rugoza - the name of the same plant, which belongs to the family of pink. In the wild form grows in North China, Japan, the Far East. Most often, this variety of roses can be found on the sea coasts, coastal meadows. Often found in nature reserves, conservation areas.
Externally, the plant is a spreading shrub up to 2.5 meters. The leaves are distinguished by a wrinkled structure, gray-green pubescence on the bottom of the leaf blade. Their length can be up to 22 cm in length. Flowering is possible on both young and last year's shoots, on which there are numerous spikes, folded down.
Flowers solitary or collected in inflorescences of 3-8 pieces. Fragrant buds are very large, painted in various shades depending on the variety. Blossoming is plentiful, it can last all summer, starting in June. Some hybrids may bloom twice in one season. At the end of the summer, large orange-red fruits with a diameter of up to 2.5 cm are formed. A wrinkled rose is winter-hardy, therefore it is often found in areas with a cold climate.
This is a large varietal group, represented by several varieties of park roses. They were bred by a Belgian breeder in a nursery in 1918, later varieties were obtained with a different color of buds. The height of the bush does not exceed 1.5 m, the plant is always upright. The leaves are typical of all wrinkled roses.
Of interest is the shape of the flowers, in whose honor the variety is often called the clove rose. Flowers solitary, but more often collected in small clove inflorescences n 5-20 pieces. Color varies from a particular variety, pink, white and raspberry petals are more common. Rose Grootendorst tolerates winter well, but in case of severe frosts, shelter is required.
Hybrid form of European breeding. The variety is represented by upright shrub up to 2 m. Flowering is possible only once per season, lasts up to 30 days. Shrub does not form fruit. The flowers are large, grow to 5-8 cm in diameter. The color of the petals is white or pink-white. Differs in frost resistance, resistance to diseases and pests.
Popular variety, often used to create a hedge. It is a low shrub growing up to 2 m in height. The buds are elongated, the petals are terry, painted in lilac color with a golden center. Flowering is possible all summer up to the most frost. Fruits resemble small tomatoes of red-orange color.
The queen of the north
Differs in high frost resistance and stability, and also fast growth rate of a bush. The plant can reach a height of up to 2 m, but in cold regions the rose is usually more compact. Flowering lasts almost the entire season from June to early September. The flowers are large, grow up to 12 cm in diameter. Color terry petals pink or white and pink. Fruits contain a large number of useful elements, due to which they can be used for the manufacture of jams and preserves.
The rose of this variety is a large sprawling shrub that grows up to 2.5 m. Flowering is possible all summer, in favorable conditions there are chances of re-formation of buds. The flowers are large, there are specimens up to 12 cm in diameter. Petals can be painted in a variety of shades of pink. At the end of the summer large orange-red fruits are formed. The grade differs in unpretentiousness, simplicity of leaving. Often used to create a hedge, landing in mixborder.
Site selection and conditions of detention
In general, a wrinkled rose differs from other members of the family in its unpretentiousness and adaptability to external conditions. The plant is often planted to create a hedge, so in order to achieve active growth and abundant flowering, you should competently approach the choice of place for cultivation.
Lighting and location
Rose rugosa is a light-loving plant. For planting it is best to choose a well-lit area with protection from the wind. The best solution is a southern slope or a flat area near the building, fence. Often, wrinkled roses are planted in the composition of the multiple mixborder, in this case it is not recommended to place the plant under the shade of large trees. If you follow the rules of care, the shrub is characterized by active growth, so you need to properly plan a place, especially when creating a hedge.
Almost all varieties of wrinkled rose hips are unpretentious to temperature conditions. The plant grows best in the range of 16-22 ° C, but it can tolerate and even severe frosts down to -40 ° C. It is recommended to protect young plants in the first two years of life from sudden changes in temperature, for example, in case of night frost threats in spring and autumn.
In addition, when grown in the northern areas, it is recommended to shelter the bush for the winter, since sudden temperature drops can lead to the death of the bush, young shoots. There is no need to protect a wrinkled rose in the southern and central regions of Russia.
Air and humidity
The plant prefers moderate moisture, with increasing levels of moisture in the soil may develop infectious diseases of the root system. Therefore, in the rainy season, it is recommended to reduce the amount of watering; additional procedures, for example, do not spray.
Wrinkled rose poorly tolerates drafts, so you need to correctly approach the choice of a place for planting. For adult bushes installation of a support is required in order to avoid breakage of branches, a stalk.
Garden roses of this group should preferably be planted in fertile and well aerated soil. It is desirable that the substrate retains water well, but does not accumulate it in large quantities. The best option is sandy or loamy areas with a neutral level of acidity. When grown in a dense substrate before planting, it is advisable to add river sand at the rate of 10 kg per 1 m 2 to enhance looseness and aeration.
Preparing for landing
Before planting, it is necessary to prepare not only seedlings, but also the soil. To do this, 2-3 days before the start of work, one should qualitatively dig up the area to the depth of the spade bayonet. Be sure to apply fertilizer. Plants respond well to organic matter, so making these compounds is necessary. For example, peat or humus is used at the rate of 8-10 kg per meter. In addition, it is recommended to add inorganic compounds - 10 g of superphosphate, 50 g of potassium salt per 1 m 2.
Seedlings need to inspect for the presence of deformation, damage to the stem and roots. The root system should be healthy and slightly hydrated. A few hours before planting, the seedlings should be soaked in a growth stimulant solution, for example, Kornevine or Epiné. The procedure itself is preferably carried out in the morning or afternoon, so that during the first half of the day the roots adapt to the temperature of the soil.
Planting wrinkled roses is permissible both in autumn and spring until the emergence of new buds. The optimal length between plants is 1.5 meters. For the formation of a hedge should observe planting density at the rate of 50-100 cm between plants, 50-80 cm between rows. Seedlings are planted in individual wells, trying not to damage the root system. During planting, you need to add a little wood ash to the bottom of the pit for the prevention of fungal diseases.
Immediately after planting the roses, they need to be cut to 1/3 the length of the shoots, pour water abundantly and carry out mulching. Already at this stage it is worthwhile to install supports to reduce the harmful effects of the wind. When planting in autumn, young plants are covered with spruce leaves or agrofibre in order to avoid hypothermia.
Rules of care and cultivation in the garden
Wrinkled roses when grown in a garden are very unpretentious to care. They do not need abundant watering, fertilizer need to be made less often than for other flowering plants. Consider the most important points of care for rugoz.
Like other members of the family Pink, wrinkled dogrose - moisture-loving plant. It is important to observe the mode of irrigation and the specifics of making water. Water the shrub only under the root, avoiding liquid on the buds and leaf blades. During the active growing season, the plant is watered no more than twice a week at the rate of 10-12 liters per bush. In the rainy season, watering should be reduced to a minimum or stop altogether. The roses are completely stopped from the beginning of September, in order not to influence the process of forming new shoots.
Roses respond best to organic matter, so it is worth making humus or a mullein solution at the root at least twice a season. The procedure is carried out in the spring and autumn after the planned pruning. Before the beginning of the growing season, the plant has a need for magnesium and iron, therefore it is recommended to use complex compositions containing all the necessary elements.
During the season, liquid compound fertilizers are used as top dressing. The procedure is best carried out immediately after the next watering. When slowing growth and budding, you can use special formulations for garden roses, which can easily be found in any specialty store.
The loosening procedure is carried out only in the first three years of plant growth, when the roots of the shrub are actively formed. Loosening is carried out 2-3 times per season, starting in early spring. During this it is necessary to carefully treat the soil over the entire diameter of the bush, trying not to damage the root system.
Mulching helps to avoid the active growth of weeds, to improve the process of water retention on the upper layer of the soil. As mulch it is best to use sawdust or dry foliage, the procedure is carried out up to two times per season after pruning, which simplifies access to the lower part of the bush.
Gathering, trimming, trimming
Pruning a bush is an integral part of working with wrinkled garden roses. The first forming is carried out not earlier than 2 years from the moment of landing, it is only sanitary in nature. As a rule, pruning is carried out at the end of April before the formation of young shoots.
It is impossible to shorten all parts of the plant completely; only deformed, diseased and old branches should be removed. It is desirable to cut the shoots to a length of up to 6 buds of growth, so as not to disrupt the flowering process. For rejuvenation, a full shaping is carried out, removing all parts of the bush for a length of 10-15 cm from the top layer of the earth.
A wrinkled dog rose responds well to pruning, so an annual decorative shaping is used to create a hedge. For this, the bush is given the necessary shape, leaving some of the young and old branches.
Like other types of garden roses, rugoza can live in one place for up to 20 years. Replant the plant should be in case of infection of the bush, reducing the intensity of flowering and growth. The procedure is carried out only in the fall immediately after full flowering and fruit formation.
First, the plant must be cut almost to the very root, and then, together with a clod of earth, be transplanted to a previously prepared area. Immediately after that, you need to make organic fertilizer in liquid form, plentifully pour the earth and carry out a shelter for the winter.
Wrinkled roses are best tolerated even by extreme cold, so they are often planted as an ornamental garden crop in cold regions. Additional shelter for the winter is required only when growing shrubs in the north, for plants up to 3 years of growth, as well as after another transfer to a new place.
During the preparation for winter, all the buds should be removed from the plant and the fallen leaves and fruits should be removed, and then the soil should be submerged to a depth of 20 cm. It is very important to prune and mulch the trunk part of the shrub. The upper part of the plant is tightly tied to a support, wrapped in craft paper or cloth, and then covered with lapnik. Shelter can be removed in the spring when there is no likelihood of strong night frosts.
Nuances and tips for growing
Wrinkled roses are the best option for landscaping the site in regions with adverse climatic conditions. There are a number of subtleties of cultivation, which will simplify the work with the bush:
- Rosa rugoza has a high resistance to diseases and pests, but as a preventive measure, it is recommended to treat the planting with insecticides and fungicides at least once per season. It is best to use complex chemical compounds with the highest efficiency,
- для увеличения объема посадки морщинистую розу можно не только размножить черенкованием, но и использовать самостоятельно собранные семена плодов. Они обладают высоким уровнем всхожести, долго хранятся,
- если у куста существенно снизился темп роста, а цветение менее обильно, то рекомендуется провести санитарную обрезку или пересадить растение на новое место,
- When buying planting material should pay attention to the photo and annotation on the package. Often under the varieties of wrinkled roses sell less decorative varieties of wild rose,
- Large and healthy fruits can be used to create blanks, jams and even medicinal infusions.
Wrinkled rose is a unique ornamental plant. It is highly resistant, immune and fast growing. Due to the attractive appearance of the shrub is often used in landscape design to create multiple compositions, creating a hedge. The plant can stay in one place for a long time, please with abundant flowering, even with little care.