Almost every person has a cottage. It doesn't matter whose she is grandmothers, grandfathers, parents, or her own. And every year at the same time everyone is in a hurry to grow crops of vegetables and berries. One of these crops is potatoes, the cultivation of which, everyone should know. How to plant potatoes tell further.
The optimal time for planting potatoes in the ground is end of april or beginning of may. Before this period, such an action cannot be done, because the culture may simply disappear into the cold earth. If the climate in your area is cool, then you should wait until the earth warms up. at least 10 degrees.
How to plant in the spring - a step by step process
In order to properly plant potatoes, you should follow the step-by-step instructions:
- A few weeks before disembarking should keep the tubers warm, then cover the boxes with some translucent material and leave in a cool bright place. When they release green shoots in the spring, it’s time to plant them in the ground.
- Disinfection with boric acid or manure solution.
- Preparation of soil for planting.
- Planting potatoes.
- Creating an optimal mode for growth.
Is it possible to plant potatoes in cold ground
Potatoes can not be planted in the cold land, because it can simply freeze in such weather and you will lose the entire crop, it is worth the time.
If you hurry and still take such a step, you need pay special attention to warming up and ensuring good living conditions for harvest.
What to use - large or small
Smaller tubers are called weight samples. up to 30 grams, medium - 30-80 gr, and large - more than 80 grams.
There are only 2 of the best ways of planting:
- Plant small tubers, but throw in the planting hole immediately several pieces.
- Plant cut from large tubers. But on such objects should be present at least three eyes.
Is it possible to plant fresh tubers
If someone believes that this method is unacceptable, then he is greatly mistaken. Use fresh potatoes when re-planting allows you to improve the harvest several times and to relieve the owners from problems with the storage of seed until spring.
This method is best used for those countries in which the period without frost is 180 days. This is observed in Odessa, Kherson, Poltava and other cities. For Irkutsk, this method will not work.
A distinctive feature of the landing of this type is that the new crop will grow slowly.
In what weather
Potatoes should be planted only when the frosts are over and the air temperature rises. up to 14-16 degrees. The earth should warm up at this time. up to 10 degrees.
There is a national sign, according to which, the root crop should be planted after the leaves on the birch become the size of a coin.
Potatoes can be planted only when the frost will pass
Landing with manure
It can be applied in 2 ways:
- Fertilizer land before the winter period. Submitted in the amount of 10 kg per 1 square meter.
- Fertilizer per well. When planting occurs, it should be after laying the tuber sprinkle it with manure.
Motoblock or shovel
You can plant potatoes by 2 methods:
- Manually using a spade. Among the advantages of this technology, you can highlight the simplicity: one person simply digs a deep hole, and the second throws tubers and fertilizer. When the second one completes the sowing, the first one falls asleep the finished hole. After the process is completed, the ground is leveled with a rake, which allows the water to remain in the ground.
- Using the tiller. The advantage of this method is the speed and low cost of manual efforts. The process begins with cutting furrows, after which germinated seeds are thrown there. After that, the wells can be instilled manually or using a cultivator.
What is green manure and what are they for?
What gives such a reception?
- Nitrogen enrichmentwhich makes up some of the plant nutrition.
- Soil loosening and structure improvement.
- Exclusion of erosion.
- Land Fortification nutrients and organic matter.
- Reduced weed growth.
- Elimination of pests and diseases.
- Earth protection against overheating.
Sprouting tubers and preparing the soil
For the cultivation of potatoes should be germinated tubers 2 weekswhile removing white sprouts. Lay out the material on landing need a thin layer on the floor in a bright place. Readiness can be determined by the presence of green sprouts on the potato, but without additional specks.
If we talk about the detailed preparation of the soil, you should start with its fertilizer even before the onset of winter. When it's time to land, you should ensure necessary moisture and soil loosening. Digging should be replaced with splicing using forks. This allows the earth to be enriched with oxygen.
Features of growing in the country
If you have your own dacha, then when you grow potatoes, first choose the variety.
After all, someone prefers a root vegetable with yellow friable pulp, and someone with a white one. After that you need determine the method of cultivationwhich there are now a great many. But do not forget about the fertilizer of the soil.
Hilling of potatoes should be carried out after the plant rises 10 cm above the ground. This will allow with the help of filling to provide the root crop protection from frost. And after the potatoes grow to 40 cm, you need to fully pile up the beds, well covered with land aisle.
Very often, leaves, branches or hay - organic materials can be added to the bedding mix. This will allow longer to retain moisture in the ground, as well as prevent weeds from sprouting for a long time.
Watering and care
It should be 2-3 times, if the summer is very hot, and if on the contrary, then 1 time is enough. But weeds need to be removed much more often, as well as to monitor the Colorado beetles.
Initially harvest need after 60 days after planting potatoes, but the main part should wait until the foliage is completely dried.
It is only necessary to remove the ready-made culture with forks in order not to damage the mounds. To grow crops in one place can only be 4 years, after which you need to give the earth a rest and move the plant to another place.
How to grow in a "double-yielding" way
In many southern countries, gardeners use any method to grow as much of the crop as possible each year. And so today a method of growing potatoes has been developed. Twice a year, given that only early varieties are used.
The features of the method are:
- Good potato samples need to be washed and cut, after which soak in a special solution for one and a half hours.
- Sprout culture 10 days on the bed, covering with a small layer of soil.
- After that, on July 10, you need to land the finished material in the ground and wait for the harvest.
Growing potatoes is a simple process if you follow a few basic rules:
- Compliance with the process of preparing the material for planting and soil.
- Creating an enabling environment for germination.
- Plant nutrition.
If you follow all the above rules, you can achieve a good result even with minimal effort.
How to choose seeds for planting
Of course, the most important factor in order to grow a good harvest, are the correctly selected seeds. That is why you should not miss the moment and start harvesting the seeds at the time when harvesting takes place in the fall. This time of year is the most favorable for the selection of material for planting. It is better to take it from the bushes that gave the most harvest. Thus, it is necessary to select the tubers, the size of which is four to five centimeters. However, it is noticed that if you plant larger potatoes, it ripens earlier and gives an excellent harvest. Some summer residents advise cutting large seeds in half. After that, they should be dried in the sun and sprinkle with ash the cut. Only for such a procedure should be warm and sunny weather. Otherwise, the entire planting material may simply rot in the rain.
So, it becomes clear what the main guarantee of a successful harvest is, and how to plant potatoes in order to get a good harvest will be described later.
Land, as well as seeds, should also be prepared in autumn. For this you need to harvest, remove all weeds, tops and other debris. Then you need to dig up the ground well. The better you do it, the more useful it will be for the next harvest. Next, you need to fertilize the soil with lime (one or two glasses per square meter), namely - sprinkle it. Having prepared the ground in autumn, you should leave it in this form until spring; there is no need to level the soil.
When spring comes, you can, at your discretion, choose mineral or organic fertilizers for the land in which the potatoes will be planted. Some gardeners believe that potatoes prefer the increased acidity of the earth, but today it has been proven that in such a soil it is, on the contrary, susceptible to diseases and the effects of pests.
When is it better to plant potatoes
Asking about how to plant potatoes, many are not interested in when it is better to plant. But this is a very serious moment in this process. It is necessary so podgadat landing time, so that the seeds are good began. Accordingly, there should be appropriate weather conditions, and the earth should warm up to 7-8 degrees at a depth of 10-13 centimeters. If you plant the potatoes too early, hoping to get an early harvest, you can simply destroy all the tubers. The fact is that if the land is frozen, the seeds will not be accepted. At the same time, a late landing can also play into the hands of summer residents. When picking up potatoes in the late fall, there is a risk to freeze it.
Thus, one should focus not on a specific date, but on weather conditions. In our climatic conditions, a more suitable period is the end of May. As a rule, at this time, many gardeners and gardeners begin planting the seeds of this wonderful vegetable.
How to plant potatoes
Having dealt with when and in what soil should be planted seeds, you should ask the most important - how to do it correctly. In fact, there are no difficulties. First of all, you need to dig up the ground so that you get even rows. Many gardeners ignore the fact that every year it is desirable to change the place for landing. This is explained by the fact that the earth tends to be depleted, and with time there are less and less nutrients in it. This negatively affects the quality of the crop.
So, how to plant potatoes? In the prepared soil it is necessary to place the tubers at a depth of 10 centimeters. It will not be superfluous to pour ash and humus into each well, so the seeds will be much better. The distance between the holes should be 80-90 centimeters. Such an arrangement is considered optimal for the growth and care of growing potatoes. After all the seeds are placed in the soil, it should be leveled. It is only important to ensure that the layer of surface soil is not too thick, otherwise the potato will sprout for a long time, it will not have time to ripen. Observing these simple tips, you can get a big harvest and then advise others how to plant potatoes.
You shouldn’t regret a place, making holes on each other, so no good will come of it. This vegetable loves a lot of light and heat. Having planted it in cramped spaces, you can see that it will simply deteriorate or give small tubers.
Potatoes under straw - how to plant?
In addition to the traditional planting of potatoes, there are also quite interesting ways that give good results. One of these methods is potatoes under straw. How to plant it in this case, consider below. First, I would like to list some advantages of such a fit:
- There is no need for digging the ground in autumn and spring.
- The soil becomes self-fertilizing - rotting straw will be the main fertilizer.
- It should just sometimes pour straw instead of hilling and loosening.
- Fruits are less exposed to various diseases, and the Colorado potato beetle is almost never.
- You can harvest without a shovel - just with your hands.
- At the end of the season the plot turns out already ready for the next landing.
- The most important thing is a great harvest!
So, how to plant potatoes in this way? It's very simple - just put the seeds of potatoes on the ground and cover them with straw. Periodically add it and water as necessary. The fact is that in too dry summer straw can burn out and, therefore, overheat the fruit. Watering it, you quickly get humus and healthy fertilizer for potatoes.
To say with certainty how best to plant potatoes, the ideal option would be to try different ways. So the summer resident will be able to decide for himself which option suits him better. The fact is that if the climatic conditions in one region make it possible to grow a good crop in one way, in another area nothing can grow at all. Thus, it is better to be guided by weather conditions, to observe simple requirements when landing, in order to get a good result in the fall.
Under the shovel
Planting potatoes under a shovel is a classic of the genre. It is also called a smooth fit. In the wells of 20–25 cm in depth, humus, ashes, and manure (rotten), in short, organic fertilizer, are poured first. Mezhgryadya leave up to half a meter, it will be easier to maintain the beds. Germinated tubers are laid in the wells with fertilizers and covered with earth. Now you can rake the ground.
- The simplicity of the way.
- Add. no materials required.
- Technique is also not involved.
- The yield is modest.
- Labor costs for landing and care.
- Potatoes are provided at the mercy of the weather.
- If the soil is heavy and clay, you will be left without a crop.
Regular watering, hilling and weeding with the destruction of pests - these are the three pillars in the care of potatoes. Sometimes they pour water into the wells themselves before planting. So you now know how to plant potatoes under a shovel.
One of the modern methods. He proved himself on different soils.
- Easy soil preparation.
- Good yields.
- Minimal care in the growing season.
- Improves the structure of the area.
- Compliance with crop rotation.
- Spying on the mulch.
- Weeding between rows.
Plant on narrow beds with large distances between them. With the width of the bed itself 70-80 cm between them it is necessary to leave at least one meter distance.
In the fall, the ridges are dug up and fertilized. Inter-row do not touch, only in case of removal of weed.
It is necessary to alternate and change the place of planting every year, and from vegetables it is best to exchange places with legumes.
If you think that weeds can be left between rows, this is not so. Weed roots grow very quickly and germinate on the potato beds themselves. In addition, the potatoes will have to share nutrients with their neighbors, and this is not necessarily the best effect on the harvest.
Weeds are usually fought like this:
The easiest of them is to use herbicides, but many are afraid of their harmful chemical effects on the soil. Spend a lot of strength, time and health on weeding. The electric mower will easily and quickly mow the tops of weeds, while the remaining roots in the ground, on the one hand, will give new growth, and on the other hand, will not allow new brethren to grow.
So back to the landing method. In the spring we make holes almost 30 cm and at a distance of 40 cm from each other. The holes must be staggered. At the end of the planting, the soil must be mulched. If for this you intend to use mowed grass, it must be treated with insecticides, it may contain the larvae of different parasites. Permanent beds are suitable for this method, the video shows how to do it better. Watering and processing plants from parasites - this is the main care with this method of planting potatoes.
Chinese potato planting also deserves your attention. Yes - yes, do not laugh, there is such a method of landing. It is also from modern. This is such a mixture of different methods and utilities that are used immediately and at once.
- High yield method.
- One variety of potatoes can be immediately and quickly propagated.
- Landings do not suffer from heat.
- Suitable for any soil.
- A rather laborious method.
- For the north is not suitable.
- It requires a decent level of agricultural technology.
- Not suitable for wet areas.
By planting begin to prepare in advance, in the fall. Right in the fall they dig a hole a meter by a meter. Various organic materials fall asleep to the bottom. Everything will do - foliage, grass, food waste, manure, etc. At one pit you need to add 2-3 cups of ash. Land from the pits just did leave in the hills.
In spring we look, if the edges of the pits have crumbled, then we deepen them in a new way.We are waiting for the soil to warm up to 7-8 degrees and begin to plant, before this, cultivating the ground from the bear.
Now we choose a hefty tuber of at least 200 g in weight and cut it transversely, the incision must be treated with an antiseptic to avoid rotting. Such a cut activates dormant eyes and sprouts then will turn out several times more.
We keep these tubers prepared in this way in the light and wait for their sprouts to grow up to 10 cm. Then we plant them in the pits, right on the bottom, from above we throw in the soil from the mounds that were left until autumn when digging out these pits. But this land is first mixed with sand ¸ sawdust, humus, ash. A layer of such land above the potatoes must be at least 30 cm.
With the advent of sprouts, we immediately process them with potash fertilizers, and add another 30 cm of prepared soil. Thus, we gradually fill the hole in several stages. Potassium and magnesium fertilizers alternate every week.
With this method, you just need a large amount of fertilizer, otherwise you will not get a good harvest.
But with nitrogen fertilizers, be careful, their large amount stimulates the growth of green mass to the detriment of the formation of tubers.
So, after filling the pit to the brim with earth, we wait for the sprout to grow by 30 cm, then bend them to the ground and fix, then we drop them. At the same time, the lower leaflets are deleted. The hill above the bushes is increasing along with the growth of the bush itself. And do not forget to fertilize.
Flowers removed immediately after flowering!
For the northern regions, this method is not recommended, because at a depth of 80-90 cm the earth practically does not warm up, and there will be many tubers, but at the same time one trifle.
Square - breeding method
Here we present you the ways of planting potatoes. The essence of the following technique is to provide as much space as possible for the tuber and its subsequent bush, and accordingly, more space for good nutrition.
- High yield from each tuber.
- Used on any prepared soil.
- Hilling is not necessary.
- Bushes do not throw a shadow at each other.
- Needs weeding.
- There is a lot of dust needed.
- Need and frequent watering.
- One bush takes a lot of space.
- Untrained soil is no good.
The entire plot is divided into squares with a width of 70-80 cm. Holes of 40x40 cm are made at the corners of the squares. In each of them, humus is first laid, then 1-2 potatoes are thrown.
With the growth of the tops of 20-30 cm, they are carefully diluted first to the sides, and then between them pour a pile of humus. With the growth of the bush, you need to repeat the process of pouring at least 3 times.
Humus practically does not retain moisture, so the soil moisture should be controlled by ourselves.
Planting potatoes in barrels also deserves your attention. And we will also tell you about it in great detail. A barrel for this purpose is better to choose without a bottom, so as to avoid stagnation of water, but if there is a bottom, make good drainage. The method is suitable for small areas, if it is impossible to plant a whole plantation with potatoes.
- Economical in terms of space.
- Gives good protection against pests.
- Early yields can be obtained.
- The problem of weeds is irrelevant - they simply will not.
- Not suitable for southern areas in the summer.
- Care with planting requires painstaking manual labor.
- You can easily re-moisturize the roots.
Soil must be prepared very carefully, do not regret it your time, everything will pay off a hundredfold. Soil should pass well water and air, not succumb to caking. Heavy and clay soil must be diluted with sand and humus.
Categorically you should not take the land from the former tomato, potato or pepper beds, there may remain phytophthora.
So, drain the drainage to the bottom of the barrel by 20-30 cm, then the same layer of soil, then lay the potatoes and cover with earth centimeters by 20. As the bushes grow, periodically fill the ground until the barrel is completely filled.
Out of care - watering and protection from pests.
In the case of unexpected frosts, you can easily wrap each such barrel in a film and save the harvest, on the plantation it will be impossible to do this.
Combs instead of beds
According to observations, more oxygen and heat are stored in the ridges, so it is perfect for the northern regions. But in the south, this method can overheat the landing.
This method has a lot of variations that take on new techniques. And in essence, they differ only in the methods of mulching, the distance between rows and the timing of fertilizer application.
- Suitable for wet soils.
- Suitable for heavy and clayey lands.
- Productivity is high.
- No need to dig at harvest.
- Early harvests are possible.
- Not suitable in the southern regions.
- Manual labor required.
- We need a well-prepared plot.
And it is necessary to cook it in the fall, having dug over not less than 20 cm. And immediately, when digging, we make fertilizer.
In the spring, beds are planned with a distance of 70 cm between them. For two-line beds, we increase the spacing by another 10 cm.
Sow tubers need for dry weather. Good ridges cannot be made from raw earth.
By spreading the tubers in a row and treating them with insecticides, you can cover them with earth before forming a small ridge. The plow or shovel will help in this.
Potash fertilizers (ash also applies to them) extremely improve the taste of potatoes, because they increase the starch content there.
With the growth of potato bushes, they periodically spud, for this we raise the land from the row spacing to the ridges. Hilling is carried out before sprouting up to 40 cm.
In order to save space, you can grow potatoes and grow them in 2 rows, then plant them in a checkerboard pattern with a distance of 20-25 cm between them. Comb in this case make one common.
The method of planting under the black film
If you are looking for the answer to the question of how to plant potatoes in order to get a good harvest, then modern techniques that are listed here should help you in this matter. The following method is suitable for any sites, but not with chronic stagnation of water. From autumn we dig up the ground, digging. Need a dry and sunny area. Suit even very overgrown with weeds. For this we need a black film, it will not allow them to develop and destroy all the weeds under them.
- Uncomplicated care.
- It will not be because of the peel.
- Weeds die by themselves.
- For regions with dry summer, this method is just a godsend.
- The soil is poorly ventilated.
- The film can damage any sharp object.
- Requires financial expenses.
- Need drip irrigation.
In the spring, plan the beds and impose on them a tape for drip irrigation. Outside the beds it is necessary to designate the boundaries of these tapes.
Particularly thoroughly clean the area of all sharp objects that can break through the film and negate the whole principle of this method.
On top of the tape impose a film and its edges are fixed. In places where they intend to plant tubers, make incisions cross-wise. A hole is dug in the hole and a tuber is dipped there, sprinkled with humus or earth. The edges of the film leave in the holes. Between tubers the distance is 20 cm, and between the rows - 40 cm.
We follow the plantings for the appearance of pests.
Soberly count your physical and financial capabilities, so that later you are not disappointed and do not give up everything. Indeed, with insufficient adherence to technology, it will be difficult not to be upset by a poor harvest.
The best option is to plant potatoes indented 90 cm between rows. In this case, and spud easier and tops work for the crop better. Keep in mind that the larger the planting material, the less need to plant. Whatever planting scheme you choose, you need to plant potato tubers at the same depth, and plant in even rows, leaving a layer of loose soil under the tubers. All this contributes to the creation of an optimal regime for plant growth.
Sprouting potatoes should begin about 20-30 days before planting. Before germination, the tubers should be washed in a solution of potassium permanganate. Then the planting material is decomposed into one (maximum two) layers in the boxes. Boxes should be kept at a temperature of 20–22 ° C in a bright place, avoiding direct sunlight on potato tubers. Usually, potatoes begin to germinate in the dark, so long weak sprouts appear, which can easily break off during planting. Ideally, the shoots should be green, strong and have a length of no more than one - one and a half centimeters. After two or three weeks, boxes of seed potatoes can be transferred to a cooler place with an air temperature of about 10–14 ° C, for example, on a glazed balcony.
Soil and site preparation
It seems that nothing is simpler, and all gardeners and gardeners already know how to plant potatoes. There is a lot of useful information on planting potatoes on the Internet, a huge number of magazines and books have devoted countless articles to this topic. Nevertheless, starting to plant potatoes yourself, you constantly discover something completely new and unexpected. The experience of planting potatoes is accumulated at the summer residents after each successful (or not so successful) harvest.With the passage of time, not only planting and care methods for potatoes will be improved, but also methods of tillage. One of these methods is the use of motoblock that will facilitate the cultivation of potatoes.
Thirdly, it is important to correctly determine the readiness of the soil. Ideally, if it is heated to 10 cm. At this time, birch leaves usually bloom. The optimum planting depth is 9-10 cm, the beds should be positioned from north to south.
Potatoes should be planted in sunny and open areas. You should not plant this culture in the shade, as well as in the lowlands, where there is a high probability of stagnant water and the formation of fog.
A prerequisite for a good harvest is the alternation of crops.
From the video you will learn which methods are most common when planting potatoes, and which of them bring the most beneficial results.
When choosing varieties of potatoes for your backyard, pay attention to the timing of their planting and ripening. Some gardeners believe that planting vegetables should be as early as possible, others insist on a later date. Even experts are not able to name a specific landing date, since the recommended dates vary depending on the area. But even in the same region, potato can be planted in different years not on the same day - much depends on weather conditions.
It would seem that all experienced and even novice gardeners know how to plant potatoes properly. But each time, carrying out this responsible process, you can learn a lot for yourself. In order to get a high-quality and rich harvest of potatoes, it is necessary to foresee and take into account all the nuances - take care of the availability of good planting material, carry out soil preparation and planting sites, and be sure to observe all the items of the vegetable crop planting technology.
- small-sized tubers, which are a first-year crop grown from super-super-elite tubers.
If desired, during planting potatoes, you can make a separate hole for each tuber and fill it with fertilizer, ash and humus, and only after that lower the potato there. After laying the tubers, the wells are covered with earth, leveling it with a rake.
During sprouting potato tubers need to be moistened, occasionally turning and sprinkling them. Tubers need to be sprayed every other day. For spraying, ordinary water, ash solution and mineral fertilizer solution are alternately used. This alternation of sprays reduces the risk of potato disease, stimulates its growth. The solution must be prepared immediately before spraying.
I think that it is not a secret to anyone that the fundamental factor in an excellent potato harvest is what seeds are used in planting it. And you need to start harvesting seeds in the fall during harvest. Why exactly fall? Fall for selection
Video "Ways of planting potatoes"
With it, you can greatly facilitate and accelerate the time-consuming process of planting potatoes. Today it is used even in small suburban areas.
How to plant potatoes correctly
And finally. If you have plenty of time left, you can fill each well with ash and fertilizer. Knowing how to plant potatoes, you may spend a little more time on it, but the harvest will be more abundant and early.
When planting potatoes in areas with closely located groundwater, need to plant tubers on the ridge. If planting is carried out in a dry area, then it should be planted in a trench.
How to get a rich harvest?
Potatoes are best planted in those places where legumes, cucumbers, squash or squash, pumpkin, cabbage or onions grew in the previous year. But on the site of potatoes next year it is better to plant pumpkin crops, that is, pumpkin, zucchini or cucumber.
Any plant requires careful study of its growing conditions and methods of care. It is logical that spending efforts on its cultivation, we want to get not wilted sprouts, but strong, strong shoots, developed plants that can then give a decent harvest.
Folk signs offer gardeners to plant a vegetable crop when the birch appears and blooms, and on the poplars - the leaves. You can also use the rule of "three dozen" - according to him, you can plant potatoes in the middle lane when at night the temperature stays at 10 degrees for a couple of days, the soil at the site at a depth of 10 cm will be heated to 10 degrees. The planting dates also depend on the potato variety - there are early-ripening varieties (the crop can be harvested after 50-65 days), middle-ripening (the crop should be expected after 80-95 days), late-ripening (you will be pleased with the harvest only after 110 or more days).
So, we have already decided that the experience in planting potatoes is accumulated at any summer resident as each successfully harvested crop. The first important factor directly influencing the achievement of results is the selection of a good material for planting. Seeds should be harvested when the autumn harvest is carried out. Planting material is advised to take from those bushes that gave the maximum amount of harvest. For the purpose of harvesting planting material, it is recommended to choose tubers, the size of which is about 4 - 5 cm, but the potatoes for planting can be selected and larger. As practice shows, if you plant potatoes from tubers of large size, then he is able to ripen earlier and give more root crops in a season.
Many gardeners, after a bad year, have to cut potatoes before planting in order to reduce seed consumption. To do this is not recommended. Cutting just one diseased tuber, using the same knife you will infect a few more potatoes. In this case, do not be surprised why then you will not have a harvest. If you still have to cut seed potatoes, do not forget to at least periodically disinfect the knife, dipping it in a concentrated solution of manganese or in a 5% solution of copper sulfate. Another nuance is that the tuber needs to be cut not across, but along. After all, the highest quality sprouts appear on the so-called apex of the tuber. By cutting the potato across, you will get two unequal halves, one of which will give good sprouts, the second one, on which the top “eyes” are completely absent, can germinate much later.
A good place to grow potatoes is greenhouse. Spread the potatoes on a straw sheet and cover with plastic wrap. So you will provide him with heat, light and sufficient moisture - excellent conditions for the emergence of sprouts.
We plant correctly
It is convenient and simple to use the walker in the process of planting potatoes:
- By following the simple rules for the care of potatoes, you will ensure a good harvest.
- Should I cut a potato? This is the right to choose every gardener. Some believe that if you cut a tuber, it will lose a large amount of nutrients. In fact, this is not the case, because in every potato there is a so-called “vershok” in which all the most powerful shoots are concentrated. Consequently, you can save planting material, while saving some of the potatoes for food.
- Two weeks before disembarking, transfer the planting material to a warm room with good lighting. So at the time of planting on the tubers sprouts appear. Before planting, it is necessary to disinfect the tubers, for which you should place the potatoes in a solution of boric acid. Keep the tubers in solution should be at least half an hour. This will prevent the development of pests that can spoil the crop. You can also increase the yield if you soak the planting material in diluted manure. To get a good result in this solution, potatoes should be left for two days.
- Many gardeners, despite the rather time-consuming process of caring for potatoes, still prefer to grow it on their own. Покупная картошка, возделываемая в промышленных масштабах, в большинстве случаев не отличается хорошими вкусовыми качествами, в отличие от выращенного в домашних условиях картофеля.
Если верить лунному календарю, посадку можно планировать во время третьей лунной фазы, то есть в течение 3 – 5 дней после наступления полнолуния.
Some gardeners traditionally prefer to plant potatoes that need to be cut beforehand, or they use sprouted eyes for this purpose. Experts say that if you cut the root crop, and then dry it in the sun and powder the cut with ash, you can achieve a good effect. But in order to pre-cut potatoes and then dry them, there must be warm weather. In the event that after planting the weather is cold and with precipitation, it may very well be that the potatoes that you decide to pre-cut to get planting material will simply bend. But experienced gardeners still prefer to cut the tubers, because most often when planting crops, they still germinate and give a good harvest. In any case, to cut or not cut the tubers before planting, you decide.
Cut or not?
- these are planting tubers, which are a crop of the second year, obtained from superelite potatoes. They are considered the most fruitful. It is recommended to use them for planting.
It is best to plant potatoes the size of a chicken egg. The smaller the planting material is, the weaker the bush will grow from it, respectively, and there will be less crop on it. So why not plant the largest tubers, because the supply of nutrients in them is much more? Yes, but it will not lead to a significant increase in yield, and the consumption of planting material will increase significantly. So it is best to stay in the middle.
Before planting, the potatoes must first be pickled, thus protecting it from the effects of aggressive soil conditions. At the same time, after processing the potato with special dressing preparations, a long-term protective film is formed on the seed material. Almost no one, by the way, does this, and then all gardeners unanimously complain of various infectious troubles. You do not need to be afraid of these "chemicals", they are not absorbed into the plants. For etching using a solution of 20 g of boric acid in 10 liters of water. Tubers in baskets or nets are immersed for a few seconds in solution, and then dried.
Is the most successful period. Planting material of potatoes should be taken from the bushes that gave the best yield. The size of tubers for planting material should be at least 4–5 centimeters. It is noticed that the larger the tubers of planting potatoes will be, the earlier it will ripen, and the yield from each individual bush will be higher.
How to plant potatoes
- A week after planting, begin to loosen the soil: this will destroy the weeds and give you the necessary access to oxygen. When the height of the tops reaches 15 cm, you need to spud the bushes for the first time, after another two weeks - the second.
- The negative point of the cut tuber is a high probability of infection of healthy potatoes. This can significantly reduce the yield. Therefore, if you cut the damaged part of the potato, periodically disinfect the knife in a solution of potassium permanganate or in blue vitriol.
- How to plant potatoes:
In order to get a rich crop of tubers, you need to know how to plant potatoes properly. Listen to the following tips:
How to grow potatoes?
Proper planting of potatoes today is not just a process of burying root crops in the prepared soil. The depth of planting potatoes depends on the type of soil, humidity, quality of planting material. The general requirements for planting are as follows - for marking the beds, markup should be made with a rake with three teeth located 80 cm apart - this will be the distance between the beds. The interval between the bushes can be measured in foot length. Potatoes should be planted at a depth of half a palm. Approximately 20-25 kg are planted per 100 square meter square tubers.
Tubers should be taken out of storage in mid-March, dipped in potassium permanganate solution and placed in boxes for germination. They need to be kept at a temperature of 20 - 22 degrees, and in a couple of weeks to move to a colder place. Tubers need to be moistened, turned over and sprayed - with the help of water, a solution of ash and mineral fertilizers that alternate.
Next come the categories of seed potatoes grown from elite tubers: the first reproduction, the second, etc. All these categories also give a good harvest, but they accumulate more and more various diseases from year to year. Potatoes after the third reproduction are only suitable for eating it.
Planting potatoes, as we have said, must be selected in the fall, and from the most powerful bushes, marked with pegs in advance. If you listen to this advice and select not the best tubers for planting, namely the tubers of the best plants, then for many years you will not need to buy seed potatoes, while the crop will remain stable. If the yield becomes worse over time, then you need to buy a new planting material. It is recommended to renew seed potatoes at least partially once every five years.
Very often, cottagers face a situation when planting potatoes are ready, but due to late spring it is not possible to prepare the ground for planting. In order to save the planting material, in this case, you can put the potatoes in the prepared in advance of the groove, filling it with humus, sawdust or ordinary earth. For insurance, you can cover the groove film. Tubers in such a groove without problems will lie for 1-2 weeks, after which it will be possible to plant them in a permanent place.
Some summer residents plant sprouted eyes of seeds or sliced potatoes. Indeed, sliced potatoes, after a brief drying in the sun and dusting the ash with a slice, can give a very good harvest. Only for this you need perfect wet and warm weather. But if the weather is rainy or cold after planting, then it is likely that the sliced potatoes will rot, and will not sprout, or will give very weak sprouts.
Then manually place the tubers into the furrow at a distance of about 20 cm from each other, and also with the help of a motor-block, the furrow with potatoes is filled up. And, having connected to the motoblock, a potato planter, you will completely save yourself from manual labor during planting.
Use the walker together shovels
To grow potatoes to achieve high yields, spend root dressing. It can be prepared, for example, from nettle: for 100 liters of water you will need 10 kg of nettle. The mixture is infused for about five days. Before use, the composition must be stirred and used in the amount of 1 l per bush.
If you plan to cut a tuber and plant both of its halves, then you should cut along. Otherwise, you will separate the potato "vershok", which in the future will bring you a harvest, and the second half will either give a small number of tubers, or will not bear fruit at all.
Place the ridges in the direction from north to south and plant the tubers according to the 80x35 scheme at a depth of about 10 cm,
- - planting potatoes is best at a time when the temperature of the soil at a depth of about 10 cm will be no lower than + 8 ... + 9 degrees. As a rule, the best dates for planting are the last days of April - the beginning of May. If you plant potatoes in the cold land, the culture will spend a lot of strength on germination,
- When the seedlings appear, they need to be sprinkled with earth three times as they grow - in order to get a powerful root system. There are three main options - a smooth fit, in the ridges and in the trenches.
In order to plant potatoes, they also begin to prepare the soil in autumn. From the site should be removed tops, remaining from the excavated root crops. To prevent it from overwhelming pests, it is recommended to burn the tops. It is necessary to dig up the soil and plow, the depth should be on the spade bayonet.
Planting potatoes is necessary correctly - then the result will be!
You should not grow the same variety of potatoes for more than 3-4 years, or you need to update all planting material after this period of time.Before you buy potatoes for planting, you should have an idea of what you are buying.We have already talked about how to plant potatoes with a walk-behind tractor, so today we will look at some general principles that should be followed when planting potatoes.
The best soil for growing potatoes are sandy loam, light and medium loam, cultivated and fertilized sod-podzolic and gray forest soils, as well as drained peatlands.
Quality potato seeds - the key to a good harvest!
The use of modern methods of planting potatoes will facilitate your work on the site and allow you to grow a tasty crop with minimal costs.You can use the infusion of cow or bird droppings, they should be watered around the bushes, preventing it from falling on the foliage.Obligatory point in the care of potato seedlings is hilling bushes. Changing day and night temperatures can be quite harsh, which has a detrimental effect on the root system of potatoes and can adversely affect the yield. Therefore, sprouting potato bushes should be spud so that only a 2-3 cm top of the head remains on the surface.
For each tuber you can additionally pour fertilizer, wood ash and humus,
Soil and its preparation
- Not every potato is suitable for planting. Planting material should have small eyes, while the potato should be of medium size and should not be soft (sluggish). To increase the crop yield, you need to pay attention to which varieties grow best on a particular type of soil. Tubers from those bushes that gave the maximum yield in the current year, it is better to select for planting in the next season,
Smooth or planting the traditional method "under the spade" involves raising the soil layer with a spade, laying the tubers that you previously decided to cut or not, in the prepared hole, and then covering the top with a layer of earth. This planting technique is well suited in the event that the plot is flat, the water on it does not stagnate, the sun's rays are warming up and illuminating the ground perfectly, and you have assistants - to plant alone this way is quite difficult.
Large clods are not necessary to grind, so that the earth could breathe. If the soil has not been fertilized for a long time, the well-known cow dung is used - it is humus. Phosphorus-potassium fertilizers have proven themselves, which must be scattered over the site before it is dug up. If the site is located in a hollow, it is necessary to make drainage grooves so that water leaves the garden.
Potato seed selection
In the cultivation of potatoes one of the most important moments is considered the choice of the correct and high-quality seed. Harvesting depends on how correctly the potato seeds have been identified and prepared. After all, from bad seeds, even with good and quality care, it is impossible to get excellent root vegetables.
Seed preparation should begin to engage in the autumn, at a time when there is a harvest of root crops from the fields. Some tips for preparing seed:
- High-quality sorting of root crops is considered an important condition for the selection of seeds. Smaller potatoes are selected for planting, and large root vegetables are left for food.
- It is desirable to choose planting material from those bushes in which the potato has grown in the greatest quantity.
- For sowing, tubers equivalent in size to a chicken egg of about 4–5 cm are selected. It is possible that the use of larger seeds will also occur, and the maturation of such tubers will be slightly earlier.
- Large potatoes are also used for planting, but in this case over-expenditure of root crops is possible. And some varieties, when sown with large seeds, give a lot of small root crops.
With a shortage of seeds of suitable size, perhaps the use of potatoes, cut into several pieces. To get a good harvest, they must be dried in the sun before planting. In this case, the weather should be dry and warm. It is also necessary to sprinkle the potato pieces with ashes to reduce the possibility of the surface without the peel to resist the pathogens. If this treatment is not carried out, the seeds will rot.
Weather during planting sliced seeds should be dry and warm to prevent rotting of planting material in the ground. Potatoes for planting can be purchased in special nurseries and shops. At the same time, it is not necessary to give particular preference to elite varieties, since to obtain the harvest, it will also require full compliance with the rules of agricultural engineering, which may not always be feasible in the conditions of a private farm.
It is important, during the purchase of seeds, to require a quality certificate from the seller. In case of its absence, there is an opportunity to purchase an infected product, which subsequently will negatively affect the quality of the harvest..
Some gardeners consider it possible to plant potatoes with germinated eyes of tubers. But this process is more time consuming and is used when there is a shortage of planting material.
Seed preparation for planting
Before planting, planting material must be germinated, i.e., to accelerate the formation of healthy, strong buds from buds on tubers. The germination process can be wet and dry:
- Dry way. For the formation in the seeds of solanine, which gives the resistance of the tuber to diseases and the effects of adverse conditions, will require appropriate temperature and good lighting. It is more convenient to germinate on the floor or in boxes, spreading the tubers in one layer. The temperature of the room in the first two weeks is maintained within 18–20 ℃, and then it must be gradually reduced to 10–14 so that the shoots do not stretch out.
- Wet way. In the case of a wet method of germination, it is necessary to pour the seed tubers with moist humus, peat or sawdust, and keep it at a temperature of 10–14, not pressing the substrate to dry. The time of sprouting potatoes in a wet way is about 2-3 weeks. If the time of planting is transferred for any reason, then it is necessary to lower the temperature in the room in order to slow down the development of sprouts.
- Combined method. Often gardeners use the combined method of germination, which includes wallpaper methods. First, the seeds are kept for three weeks in the light, and after the sprouts appear, the potatoes are placed in the wet substrate for 10 days, so that the roots grow faster at the base of the sprouts.
To awaken the eyes of the seed material, use the procedure of artificial drying. To do this, the seeds are kept for a week or two at a temperature of 16. During this period of time, the tubers get rid of excessive moisture, but accumulate enzymes that promote the awakening of the buds and accelerate the growth of shoots.
To accelerate the germination of seed material, it is necessary to use the warm-up procedure. It is necessary to put the planting material, a week before disembarking, to place for 2–3 days in a room with a temperature of 10–15, and then for 3-4 days the temperature is increased to 20–22.
To delay the time of potato sprouting, sprouts can be broken off, carefully, trying not to damage the eyes, while the germination of a new sprout will be slightly delayed by time. However, this operation can be done no more than two times.
Sometimes the sprouts themselves are used as seedlings. At the same time, when they reach a length of 4–6 cm, and they form roots, separate the shoots from the tuber and plant them in moist seedlings.
Preparing the landing site
For a large crop, it is necessary to determine the optimal place for planting and the composition of the soil in which the plant will feel comfortable. Light, loamy and sandy soils are best suited. As well as potatoes grows well on dried forest peat soils. But the heavy and acidic soils are not considered the most profitable option for growing potatoes. In this case, it will be necessary to improve the composition of the soil by adding manure to its composition.
When choosing a plot for sowing a certain crop, it is imperative to take into account crop rotation Growing potatoes in the same place can be no more than three years in a row. Vegetable crops prior to planting potatoes are considered:
- Leafy vegetables.
At the same time to obtain a good harvest, it will be necessary to prepare the soil itself. To do this, the composition of the soil need to make fertilizer. The first time fertilizers are added in the autumn, after harvesting and full harvesting of vegetation from the site. The best option is considered to be the introduction of humus, in a volume - 10 liters of rotted manure should be added to one square meter of surface. During digging add 50 grams of potassium phosphate fertilizers.
If the soil at the site is acidic, then for the excellent fruiting of potatoes, the soil must be lime. To do this, add 400–500 grams of lime or dolomite flour per square meter.
The process of preparing the soil for planting is carried out according to the scheme:
- Ещё в осенний период нужно очистить землю от остатков растительности. Собранную и высушенную сорную траву необходимо сжечь, чтобы исключить возможность распространения инфекции.
- Затем в почву вносят органическое удобрение, в пропорции на один метр квадратный площади вносят 3–4 кг навоза. В начале осени под картофельные грядки добавляют 13 грамм аммиачной селитры на квадратный метр поверхности. Селитру можно заменить мочевиной, гранулированным суперфосфатом или калийной солью.
- Further, it is necessary to dig up the ground well, which will allow to fertilize it well and prepare it for planting. It is not necessary to break large lumps of earth, they themselves will be washed away during rain and melting snow, while the soil will be soft and fluffy.
- In the spring, complex phosphorus, potash and nitrogen fertilizers are introduced into the soil. At the same time, not very deep (10 cm) digging of the soil is carried out.
Special attention should be paid to lowland areas during soil preparation. In such places, a drainage device should be provided to eliminate excess moisture.
Immediately before planting, it is also necessary to carry out some soil preparation activities:
- To form in a certain area of the hole or beds for planting.
- To enrich the soil with useful trace elements, as well as protect the roots from various pests, fertilizer should be applied to the bottom of each planting hole. To improve the yield often add one handful of humus or wood ash.
- Together with fertilizers on the bottom of the fossa is placed onion peel. Its smell frightens away from vegetables such pests as wireworms, dvuvostoku and Medvedka.
- After making all of these components, this composition is well mixed.
After quality preparation of planting material, the correct choice of planting site, you can proceed directly to planting seeds, while it is important to determine the right time for the planting process.
Choosing the right time for planting potatoes is one of the most important factors influencing a good and high-quality crop.. All efforts for the proper preparation of components for planting may be crossed out by adverse time for this operation.
The weather conditions of the terrain and the type of planting material directly affect the choice of the correct time for planting. But rush to work on planting potatoes is not worth it. We need to wait for the moment when the earth has already warmed up, but has not dried out. As they say, it is necessary to find a middle ground in this matter. Popular wisdom advises starting planting root crops when small leaves appear on a poplar or birch.
But professional gardeners consider the optimum time for planting when the earth warms to 10 ℃ ha 10 cm deep. It is necessary to take into account that the air temperature at night does not fall below 10.
To plant potatoes properly and enjoy a rich harvest, you need to adhere to a certain technology of planting material for planting. A potato plantation of 80 × 35 cm (where the first figure is the distance between rows, and the second is the distance between tubers) will be the key to a big harvest. Observance of such a distance will be considered sufficient for comfortable growth of bushes. More frequent planting of seeds can lead to shading of bushes with neighboring tubers, which eliminates good ventilation, and creates the conditions for the occurrence of blight. High-quality hilling conduct, with such a landing, it is very difficult.
If the plot is small in size, as well as when growing early ripening varieties, a slight reduction in the gap between the plants is allowed. Potato bushes of such varieties form a not very powerful and high greens, so you can plant seeds by reducing the distance between rows to 60 cm.
There are options for changing the gap and between tubers, so if you plant small potatoes, you can reduce the distance to 20 cm. For later varieties, this gap can be 30 cm, and for the early ones - 26 cm.
On heavy soils, potatoes should be planted at a distance of 45 cm from each other.
An important indicator of obtaining a good harvest is the depth of disembarkation of root crops. The optimum depth of seeds is 7–10 cm. But, depending on the size of the tubers and the nature of the soil, this indicator may vary:
- Small seeds are planted closer to the surface.
- Large tubers can be buried more.
- On dense and clay soils, plant potatoes to a depth of 5 cm.
- For light land, a depth of 10 cm will be normal.
After landing in the hole, the ground must be leveled, while the planting material is filled with soil.
Potatoes under the spade
The method of planting potatoes when using a shovel, is considered the most common among gardeners on small and hard-to-reach areas for equipment.. When using this method, they dig up the planting holes to a depth of 8–10 cm with a shovel, then tuber should be planted, added ashes or mineral complex fertilizers, compost or humus, after which it is necessary to patch up the well for planting. To prevent the possibility of loss of moisture, the surface of the site should be leveled using a rake. The main disadvantage of applying the method of planting potatoes under a shovel is the difficulty of further care for tubers.
The use of this method of planting is more time consuming, but it can double the yield, compared with the ability to plant potatoes with a floor shovel. In the autumn period, they begin to prepare a plot for planting in this way, for this, along the length of the whole bed, a trench is dug up to a depth of 50 cm. Then the prepared trench is filled with a mixture of manure, humus, straw and peat. In this form, the trench is left until spring. After the snow melts, the trench is covered with a black plastic film to speed up the process of warming the ground. When the earth warms to the optimum temperature, the tubers need to be laid in a trench and sealed with a mixture of turf and humus. Again cover with foil.
In two weeks time, sprouts will appear, which again fall asleep with a mixture of humus and earth and cover with a film. With the next appearance of germs, this operation is repeated one more time. Only when the sprouts appear for the third time, it is necessary to make holes for the sprouts in the film. All these stages of action allow you to retain moisture under the film, do not allow the development of weeds and completely eliminate the need for hilling the plant.
In the people, this method is called planting potatoes in the ridges. With this method, potato tubers are planted in ridges, which are located at a distance of 75 cm from each other. Land combs are prepared in advance, using technical means with a cultivator and a plow. During the growing season of the plant, it needs to be watered abundantly three times. A hilling operation is replaced by falling asleep tubers, the ground from the row spacing. The use of Dutch technology contributes to obtaining yields from one bush to two kilograms of tubers.
This method was developed by the American vegetable grower, and it is based on planting potatoes in the beds, about 50 cm wide, and the distance between the beds 75-100 cm. The process of plant care, with this method of planting, facilitated by good accessibility to each potato tuber. A shaft is arranged along the perimeter of the bed, which simplifies the process of weeding and watering the plant. During the growing season the plants feed and water it three times. Hilling bush is not required. Using this method of planting allows you to reduce the area of planting three times, while maintaining high yields.
Under the straw
This method was developed and introduced by the Russian vegetable grower Rytov almost a hundred years ago. A bed made for potatoes is slightly compacted and tubers are laid on it, while they are pressed down slightly. Potatoes are poured from above with chopped straw, up to 15–20 cm thick. Hilling of the bushes is not required, and if the layer thickness is increased to 25 cm and covered with an opaque film, you can completely get rid of pests and weeds. When the shoots begin to touch the surface of the covering material, it is necessary to make holes in it.
As can be seen from the article, the process of planting and growing potatoes is not very complex. A little patience and diligence and on the table will be delicious potato dishes, which are so dearly loved by many nations of the globe.
When to plant potatoes
To get a really big harvest you need to plant potatoes on time. Timely landing - the first, very important condition. It is time to start planting as soon as the soil is “ready”.
How to determine whether the soil ripened for planting potatoes? The "ripened" soil crumbles well, does not stick together when pressed by hand, warmed up to + 7 ° C to a depth of 10 cm (you can check it with an ordinary street thermometer). The air temperature at the same time (daily average) should be at least + 10 ° С, which usually in the Kuban region coincides with the last decade of March, and in the middle lane with the first decade of May.
In 2017 according to the lunar calendarthe most successful days for planting potatoes in Kuban on March 26-27. If these days are not lucky with the weather, then the days of the first decade of April are also suitable (except for 5.6 April - these are unfavorable days).
Novice gardeners often hesitate with planting potatoes, for fear of recurring frosts. But freshly planted potatoes are not afraid of frost. Since even if in April (in the Kuban) night temperatures can drop to -2-4 ° C, then by the time the shoots appear, frost does not happen. If, however, a strong cooling is expected, then with such a weather anomaly it is enough to cover the plantings with a film or covering material (spanbond, lutrasil, others), or to pile up the seedlings “with the head”.
On the other hand, a late landing is fraught with many troubles. By the end of spring and the beginning of summer, especially if the spring was arid or the winter was snowless, the soil catastrophically loses moisture reserves. Therefore, potatoes planted late, will grow small, it will be small due to lack of moisture.
Causes of poor potato germination
Is this the situation you are familiar with? Landing time honored. Frosts or droughts during flowering, the formation of tubers was not observed, and seedlings are rare or they do not last long.
The reasons may be different, but the main one is planting seeds with white shoots grown in the basement during storage. If you plant tubers with white sprouts, then get ready for the fact that they sprout twice as slowly.
The second reason for low germination is an elementary poor sorting of planting material. Seeds should be selective. Planting spoiled, slightly rotten, too “sluggish” potatoes or with thin sprouts is useless, even harmful - thus, it is very easy to spread an infection into the soil that can destroy the entire crop not only this year.
If you do decide to plant potatoes with sprouts sprouted during storage, then hold it in the light so that the white sprouts are stronger and greener.
Water or not
Many people ask the question - do I need to water the potatoes? How many times is it necessary to do during the growing season? Most of all dry hot weather is harmful to early potato varieties. Drought can cause tubers to be born a little. If dry weather lasts a long time, the outer tissues of potato tubers stop growing. Root crops remain small, stop growing. If, after a long drought, heavy rains begin, the tubers begin to grow intensively from the inside, which leads to cracking of root crops.
The greatest need for moisture in potatoes occurs during the formation of buds, flowering. If the summer is dry, then planting potatoes can be watered twice or two, so that stolons begin to actively form tubers.
Planting early potatoes
Early, ultra-early potato varieties can be removed 40 days after germination. In order for early potatoes to yield high yields, their own rules for planting must also be observed.
Larger tubers are selected for planting. They earlier sprout, form a powerful bush, and root crops ripen three weeks earlier, and their size will be large.
How is the selection of seeds of early potatoes for planting? In order not to plant diseased or damaged tubers, it is recommended to wash them with water at room temperature and dry well in the open air. Then carefully examine, reject the soft, diseased, cracked tubers.
Sprouting seed potatoes
Pre-germination accelerates germination, gives a good growth of early potatoes. To do this, from the beginning of spring, about 4-6 weeks before planting, potatoes should be taken from the storage (cellar), sprouted in diffused light at a temperature of + 16 ... 20 ° С. At higher temperatures, the tubers will sprout faster. If the indoor air is dry every day you need to spray the tubers with water. For better germination, they can be treated with a solution of potassium humate (in the proportion of 3 g per 1 liter of water).
Green tubers are preserved very well by spring. To do this, they must be held in the light for several days and then stored at a temperature of + 4 ... 6 ° C until planting.
How to plant potatoes - standard fit - under the spade
Before landing the wells are prepared. The depth of each is 10 cm. The distance between the holes is 25-30 cm, between rows 60-70 cm.
At the bottom of the hole, you can add a little well-rotted humus (compost), a handful of ash. Mix well with humus, ash, podpushit soil in the hole, plant potatoes to a depth of 8 cm. If the tubers are large, you can plant more deeply, but the layer of earth above the tuber should not be more than 5 cm. Do not add manure to the hole!
You can plant potatoes in the furrow "under the shovel." But for this it is necessary to have a uniform seed, as well as to accurately determine the depth of planting, which depends on the degree of warming up of the ground, the size of the tubers. Details on this landing method are described here.
How to plant potatoes with sprouts
Is it possible to get a good harvest of potatoes from parts of seed? Can. Cut off a third of the potato (the top with “eyes”), cut the powder with ashes, fold the potatoes in layers, cut down, into a box for vegetables. If the room is heated, and the air is not dry, the sprouts will develop well, actively. Planting slices should be smaller than whole potatoes in a warmer soil. Details on how to plant potatoes with eyes - here. And about growing potatoes from sprouts - here.
How to plant potatoes on a comb
This is not a standard way. But, like any other, has the right to exist. With this method, landing pattern, as in the usual. The difference is - we will plant potatoes as it were on the ridges.
First you need to prepare the combs. Chop do the groove depth of 10 cm. The soil must first be tilled or plowed. On the entire length of the grooves poured a layer of humus or compost (layer height 8 cm). Ash is poured over the top of the humus. We got a shallow groove.
The next step — we fill this groove with earth — we get, as it were, a “bed” for seed material. Here on this "bed" now we need to expand the tubers. And then on both sides we scoop up ridges 10 cm high so that the mounds on both sides of the “bed” in the section resemble the letter “M”. Our potatoes lie between the ridges, in the recess of the letter "M".
It is very convenient then to spud the potatoes: the mounds raked closer to the middle and that was all. In addition, the potatoes in the soil at first is at a minimum depth, so it warms up well, germinates faster. Hillocks of the earth on both sides retain moisture well, and the potato really needs it when hilling, when it blooms, it forms tubers. Accordingly, we get more yield.
How to plant in a ditch or trench
This method of planting potatoes is rather laborious, as it requires considerable preliminary preparation. Trenches or moats are prepared in advance, in the fall after digging or plowing the ground. Depending on your capabilities, moats or trenches can be dug by hand with a shovel or motoblock. The distance between the trenches is 70 cm. Then the trenches or moats are filled with plant residues - grass, straw. You can shed them with a solution of the drug Baikal EM, which contains live microorganisms that contribute to faster processing of plant residues into valuable bio-fertilizer. Laying potatoes on such a “pillow” contributes to an increase in yield of at least 30%.
How to plant in the ridge containers
Gardeners who have tried this method of planting, assure that the crop is doubled. But work will also have a lot, especially at first. The most time-consuming part of this method is the installation of container boxes. They can be made from different materials. It all depends on your material, physical abilities. Someone makes such ridges-containers of bricks, someone - from slate, and someone knocks out boards. The height of the beds is at least 30 cm. It is necessary to prepare such beds in advance - in the fall. The ridges-containers are first filled with organic matter — plant residues — mowed grass, thin branches. This layer should occupy at least 50% of the height - it should be taken into account that over the winter it will become thinner. Then a layer (5-10 cm) of rotted manure is poured on top of all this, a layer of compost is 10-15 cm. The very last layer is ordinary garden soil. From above, everything is plentifully watered with a solution of Baikal EM and the resulting bed is left so for the winter. In spring, if necessary, a mixture of soil and compost is added on top. You will do such complicated preparatory work once in 4-5 years - it will only be necessary to add compost from above on an annual basis. So much time it will be possible to successfully use such a bed not only for planting potatoes.
Схема высадки картофеля в такую гряду-контейнер — шахматный порядок. Расстояние между картофелинами – около 30 см.
Как сажать под черную пленку или нетканое укрытие
Сейчас среди огородников все более популярнее становится нетканый материал черного цвета, но черная пленка тоже применяется нередко. Чаще всего применяется для защиты грядок от сорняков, а также для более быстрого прогревания почвы рано весной. But now we will consider an interesting way of growing potatoes under a black shelter. First you need to dig up the future bed well, choosing all the roots of the weeds if possible. Then cover the ground with a black cover, securing the edges so that it will not be blown away. Then, cross-shaped incisions are made in the film or cover. The distance between them is small - 15-20 cm. The order of arrangement is chess. When you make cuts, be guided by the size of your small scoop - it should be convenient for them to choose some part of the soil through the cut holes. So, choose a scoop ground through the cuts, so that under the film or shelter there will be a hole 10 cm deep. Prepared seed potatoes are placed in this hole. The hole gently falls asleep, and the edges of the incisions are slapped on top of the palm - they should not be fixed. Everything, the potato is planted. Water it is not necessary, spud, too. The potato crop with this method of planting ripens a month earlier. After two or three weeks after flowering, it is possible to cut (mow) the tops, raise shelter, gather a rich harvest practically from the surface of the earth.
This method is similar to another - the cultivation of potatoes under straw. Only here a 15-20 centimeter layer of straw will serve as a shelter.
How to plant in a barrel
If you are a fan of garden experiments and, I would say, an adventurer, then this method will inspire you. I think it’s not difficult to find an old, rusty, inconvenient barrel for an avid gardener. An old tall barrel without a bottom is what you need. It is better if it has rusted holes in the side. This is even better, since if they are not there, you will have to “perforate” the walls themselves, so that the soil inside will breathe, and the excess moisture will find where to drain. At the bottom of the barrel stacked various small branches, planks. On top of this is a thick layer (about 30 cm) of compost, and on top there are several potatoes. The number of tubers depends on the diameter of the barrel. Sprinkle potatoes ten centimeters layer of soil. Only the first shoots appeared - again put several tubers, again on top of 10 cm of soil. Do this several times. The number of layers depends on the height of the barrel. It is advised that the total height of all layers does not exceed 1 meter. I read that if a barrel with a volume of 1 m 3, then you can get a harvest with a volume of a bag. Most importantly, do not allow the sprouts to form lush greenery, otherwise the plant will spend all the energy on the leaves, and not on the roots, tubers.
How to prepare for planting seed potatoes?
Before buying planting potatoes, be sure to ask for quarantine and variety certificates from the seller. In no case do not buy potatoes in the absence of such a document. Buying a cat in a bag, you risk bringing serious pests and dangerous infections to your site. For example, such a quarantine object as a potato moth comes very close to the Perm region. And the potato moth is at times more serious than the wireworm we are familiar with, since it eats away the entire tuber, which leads to a complete loss of the crop.
The following categories of seed potatoes are distinguished: super-super elite, super elite, elite, tubers of the first, second and third reproduction. The first three categories of potatoes are grown in nurseries.
First of all, pay attention to the choice of a place for planting potatoes. The most common mistake of most summer residents is that potatoes are planted for many years on the same beds. But we all know perfectly well that the place needs to be changed periodically. At the same time to obtain a good harvest, you must also fertilize the soil. If the earth contains a very small amount of sand, then the potatoes will grow poorly. In this case, the ground must be specially loosened with sand in order to ensure the supply of oxygen to the potato tubers.
Not so long ago, people believed that potatoes tolerate the increased acidity of the soil. It is now proven that potatoes growing on acidic soils are most susceptible to pests and diseases. Potatoes are in great need of nutrients, especially during tuberization.
Potatoes are very tasty root vegetables grown in all gardens of the country. But before you get a big harvest, you need to spend a lot of time and effort to plant potatoes. It is about
How and when to plant potatoes?
Everyone is confident that planting potatoes is the most elementary occupation at the dacha. But it is not so. In fact, not everyone knows how to plant potatoes. In this case, as in any other, there are some nuances. About them - just below.
Fall asleep with a layer of earth or sawdust,
- good results can be achieved if you plant potatoes from another region or at least exchange planting material with a neighbor,
With a high level of groundwater and in wet areas it is better to choose landing in the ridges. With the help of a hoe or a tractor, they make ridges about 15 cm high at a distance of 70 cm, into which tubers are then planted. You can also plant potatoes in trenches - in areas with a hot climate, on sandy and sandy soils. It’s like crests on the contrary - they need to be dredged into the soil in order to protect them from drying out and overheating.
With the onset of spring, when the soil warms well, the whole area should be dug up again. Only this time, one should not neglect the grinding of lumps of earth, as well as the removal of weed roots. Fertilizers on the surface should be prikopat. After that you need to level the soil so that it does not have time to dry out. There is a need for sand in the soil; then the root crop will grow and develop better. The beds should be located in the direction from north to south, and the seeds should not be lowered to a depth of more than 10 cm.
Do not forget to fertilize the soil properly before planting and periodically process potatoes from Colorado potato beetles, there is plenty of funds for this now!
What should be planting potatoes?
The most suitable period for planting potatoes is approximately the time when leaves begin to bloom on birch trees. At this time, the soil should warm up at a depth of about ten centimeters to 9 ° C. By the way, there is such a folk sign, according to which you should start planting potatoes when birch leaves become the size of a penny.
Start preparing the soil for planting potatoes for next year should be at the end of this summer. Fertilizers are applied for digging: 13 g / m² of ammonium nitrate or 10 g / m² of urea, 10–13 g / m², 30–40% of potassium salt, 15 g / m² of double granular superphosphate.
How to choose seed potatoes in retail outlets?
How to plant potatoes correctly
Getting the harvest requires from the owner a sufficient investment of labor in his plot. However, there is another method to grow potatoes: it is suitable for those who do not have enough time for traditional cultivation.
First, for planting you need to choose the right seeds. This is a guarantee of a good harvest in the future. From the autumn it is recommended to select the highest quality tubers for subsequent planting.Level the soil with a rake.
- should be planted potatoes of different varieties, while they must have a different ripening period. This contributes to long-term storage of the crop, as early-season varieties usually deteriorate rather quickly. Therefore, the first thing you need to eat early potatoes, and later can be saved for the winter.Unusual methods of planting potatoes include equipment under the straw - when the tubers are laid out on the plot and covered with straw, and as the tops grow, they are added to the rows and spud like during traditional planting, the containers in organic boxes are built in boxes, in which Tubers are placed in organic raw materials and planted; planting in barrels is placed in a container with drainage holes with a fertile soil layer of about 15-20 cm, potatoes are laid and powdered with soil.
When to plantWell, now you know how to choose the planting material and plant potatoes on your plot.
Is a seed of the highest class, grown from microtubers. It contains all the attributes of a variety and is free from all sorts of viral diseases.
Potatoes should be planted to a depth of 8–10 cm, with the beds should be located from north to south, the recommended planting scheme is 80x35 cm. You can plant potatoes and more often according to the scheme 60x60cm, but in this case, the stems will interfere with the growth of each other. Densely planted plants are not sufficiently blown, which increases the likelihood of late blight. High-quality hilling in this case will not work, so many tubers will be green, and such potatoes are not suitable for food.
Seed potato tubers selected for planting should be compulsorily planted in a bright place (under various sheds, in the shade of trees) so that poison of corned beef is produced inside the tuber, allowing the potato tuber to remain for a long time. At the same time it is necessary to avoid contact with the tubers of direct sunlight. We have already considered the issue of proper cleaning and storage of potatoes, so we will not repeat.
, We will talk in our today's article.
The method "under the straw" is as follows: germinated tubers are laid out on the soil that has not been dug up and covered with a layer of straw (about 20-30 cm), cut weeds or leaves are also suitable for this. No more work until the autumn is required: a layer of plant residues retains moisture well and protects against heat. The grown crop is harvested in the fall when the tops begin to dry: they remove the straw layer and collect the tubers.
Secondly, do not forget to prepare the tubers for planting. They must be heated after being removed from storage. It is desirable to germinate tubers. The beginning of preparation should occur in the end of March - the beginning of April. During the germination period, provide the tubers with a moisturizing and easy mineralization using common ash and mineral fertilizers.
Preparing for planting potato soil and its preparation
The best soil for growing potatoes are sandy loam, light and medium loam, cultivated and fertilized sod-podzolic and gray forest soils, as well as drained peatlands.
Not so long ago, people believed that potatoes tolerate the increased acidity of the soil. It is now proven that potatoes growing on acidic soils are most susceptible to pests and diseases.
Potatoes are in great need of nutrients, especially during tuberization.
Start preparing the soil for planting potatoes for next year should be at the end of this summer. Fertilizers are applied for digging: 13 g / m² of ammonium nitrate or 10 g / m² of urea, 10–13 g / m², 30–40% of potassium salt, 15 g / m² of double granular superphosphate.
Potatoes are ready for planting, but the earth is still not warmed up - what to do?
Very often, cottagers face a situation when planting potatoes are ready, but due to late spring it is not possible to prepare the ground for planting.
In order to save the planting material, in this case, you can put the potatoes in the prepared in advance of the groove, filling it with humus, sawdust or ordinary earth. For insurance, you can cover the groove film. Tubers in such a groove without problems will lie for 1-2 weeks, after which it will be possible to plant them in a permanent place.
To do this is not recommended.
Cutting just one diseased tuber, using the same knife you will infect a few more potatoes. In this case, do not be surprised why then you will not have a harvest. If you still have to cut seed potatoes, do not forget to at least periodically disinfect the knife, dipping it in a concentrated solution of manganese or in a 5% solution of copper sulfate.