It belongs to the ivy family It is a very beautiful climbing vine. Sometimes evergreen ivy is also called heder. One of the features of this plant is that its whips are not limited in growth. Indoors, they can reach a length of 6 meters, and in gardens - sometimes even 30 m.
Most often, as an ornamental plant in Russia, ivy is grown garden evergreen ordinary (H. helix). The flowers of this main form are small and are collected in racemes. The leaves of ordinary ivy are leathery, shiny, five- and three-lobed. In nature, this plant climbs the surface of walls or trees through aerial roots.
Ivy leaf, depending on the shape, can have a variety of shades. In gardens and in rooms varieties of this decorative culture both dark and light green are grown. Very beautiful are also varieties of ivy with variegated leaves.
What are the forms of plants
In addition to the ordinary, in the home and in the gardens are grown and other types of ivy garden. Especially beautiful forms for lovers of ornamental cultures are:
Both of these varieties are valued by gardeners primarily for beautiful large leaves. Like ordinary ivy, Canarian and wax grow very quickly. They also do not require too much personal care.
Wax ivy: description
In gardens, most often grown ordinary form of this decorative culture. In room conditions, the most common is hoya (wax ivy). Is it possible to keep this plant at home? This is the question many gardeners are asking. The fact is that this beautiful form of ivy is often referred to as mujegon. It is believed that this flower, among other things, is able to bring financial well-being to the family. However, at the same time, as some superstitious people believe, he also expels men from the house.
But be that as it may, the plant is actually very beautiful - hoya (wax ivy). Is it possible to keep this form at home? Each hostess must, of course, answer this question for herself. In Asia, ivy wax, in contrast to Russia, for example, is not considered to be any perezhdegon. There, this decorative form is grown everywhere. Moreover, in Asia, many people believe that ivy wax, on the contrary, brings family happiness.
It is also a very beautiful and popular plant among gardeners and gardeners. Liana at Canary ivy on the street can reach a length of 20 cm. The main distinctive feature of this form is the unusual color of the leaves. The record itself is green with a silvery shade. At the same time on the edge of each leaf is a white stripe. The dimensions of the three-lobed leaves of Canary ivy are large and look really very impressive.
How to grow indoors: pot preparation
Ivy is a plant that has long lashes, but it is also not a very well-developed root system. Therefore, it is not necessary to use a very large pot for this decorative culture under room conditions. For ivy is quite suitable capacity of medium size. In order for a plant to develop well, its pot should be filled with soil mixture of such composition:
All these components need to be taken in equal quantities and mix thoroughly. Stagnant water ivy garden evergreen, like most other indoor plants, does not like. Therefore, at the bottom of the pot should be sure to put broken shards or expanded clay.
Garden ivy: planting and care in room conditions
Plant ivy is considered to be tine-resistant. But you need to place it nevertheless closer to the window (south or east). Direct sunlight at the same time on his scourge should not fall. Heat ivy, although it is a southern plant, does not like. In summer, the optimum temperature for it is 17-23 C, in winter - 13 C. Draft is not afraid of this plant at all.
By choosing a place for ivy should immediately come up with maximum responsibility. The fact is that this plant does not like movement. To carry the pot with this liana in the future it will be possible only in the most extreme case.
Ivy is a plant that requires regular, but at the same time moderate watering. Stand water in a pot with him should not. However, the drying of the soil while it can not be allowed. The soil in the pot under the ivy should always remain slightly damp. In the summer, this plant is usually watered twice a week, in the winter - one.
In the warm season, ivy, among other things, it is also desirable to spray. To carry out such procedures is when the temperature of the air in the room rises above 20 C.
You can fertilize ivy with an ordinary universal dry mixture for houseplants. Make such dressing should be at intervals indicated by the manufacturer on the package.
Garden ivy care
Homeland garden ivy is Northern Europe. And so the plant is quite hardy. However, the climate in Russia, unfortunately, is still more severe than in Europe. Therefore, in our country, ivy can be grown on the street mainly only in the southern regions. For the middle band are suitable only some varieties of ivy ordinary. And they can be used in this case mainly only as ground cover.
The place for this plant in the garden is chosen depending on the color of the leaves. For the dark green ivy and half-shade is quite suitable. Forms with variegated leaves in need of bright light. Water this decorative in a garden approximately on the same technology, as in room conditions. Ivy leaf of almost any variety is actually very beautiful and has the main decorative value of this plant. Therefore, it is better to water the vines in the mornings or evenings by sprinkling. Thus, it will be possible not only to moisten the soil under the ivy, but also to wash off the dust from its lash.
Feed this decorative culture can be ordinary rotted manure. Very good this plant responds to the ashes. Ivy of any variety, of course, is primarily an ornamental plant. Liana is hardy and unpretentious. But sometimes it happens that ivy lashes slow growth, and its leaves turn pale. In this case, the plants should be fed with urea (a matchbox for a bucket of water 10 liters).
Dilute this decorative culture on the site or in indoor conditions is completely simple. Ivy is propagated most often by cuttings. Cutting planting material in the spring or summer. The length of the selected cuttings should be approximately 10 cm. Cut branches should simply be stuck into the moist soil. Rooting ivy cuttings very easily and quickly. Keep in the water before planting them completely optional. You do not need to process them and any means that stimulate rooting.
Grow new long scourge of cuttings very quickly. After a year on the site you can see lush independent plants.
If desired, garden evergreen ivy, you can try to propagate not cuttings, and shoots. This is also a very simple and fast way. Shoots for breeding ivy take not too long - with 8-10 leaves. This planting material should be pressed into the wet sand. Only leaves should remain on the surface. After about two weeks, the sprout will take root. All this time the sand should be kept wet.
The twig that has taken root is to be dug out of the ground and cut into several parts so that each of them has a leaflet and a spine. Next, planting is carried out in the usual way - in pre-prepared beds or pots.
Description of ivy and cultivated species
In nature, there are half a dozen species of ivy. All of them are perennial climbing shrubs with long shoots that cling to the soil, stones, other vegetation and walls with the help of numerous adventitious roots that form on the adult part of the stem.
The leaves, depending on the type of garden ivy, can be either split, three or five-fingered, or whole. The leaf plates of most garden ivy are dense, leathery with a smooth surface and radial veins. In addition to plants with monophonic, green foliage, even in the wild, you can see variegated specimens.
If long, reaching 30-meter-long shoots and decorative foliage of garden ivy, are immediately evident, then the flowering of this genus sometimes goes unnoticed. Collected in capitate or umbrella inflorescences greenish flowers are very small and do not represent decorative value.
The small rounded fruits of dark, almost black color formed after pollination look much more interesting.
Only a few of the most cold-resistant species are grown in Russia:
Planting and maintenance of garden ivy
Ivy is considered to be a shade-tolerant crop that easily adapts to life as a groundcover. Settling under the canopy of large trees in the southern regions, it hibernates well. But the farther north, the higher the risk of freezing, not only because of low temperatures, but also because of high humidity, insufficient shelter.
To protect the plant and facilitate the care of garden ivy, planting is carried out on elevated, protected from the wind places. The first few years, the culture does not grow too fast, so young ivy plants are planted in the spring, so that the seedlings mature and grow better during the warm season. For reproduction of ivy choose healthy shoots not older than 2-3 years. In this case, they will take root well, they will not have to be seriously injured when transferred to a new place.
Garden-friendly ivy is not too capricious and well adapted. To make this happen faster, a moisture-absorbing, breathable substrate with a high organic content is prepared for planting. The main part of ivy roots is located at a depth of 20 cm, so the planting pit is prepared a little deeper. At the bottom necessarily provide a drainage layer.
After planting garden ivy care is in watering, fertilizing and simple tillage. Very accurate loosening will help increase the permeability of the soil to air and moisture, and mulching will be able to save moisture and protect plants from the first frost by winter.
The soil is loosened to avoid the formation of a dense crust after rain, trying not to harm the shoots and their adventitious roots, which are formed closer to the nodes and quickly penetrate into the substrate as they grow.
Mulching with leaf humus, peat, or other porous organics prevents the soil from drying out, and in wet years from rotting. The mulch is poured gradually, in a thin layer in several steps so as not to affect the foliage located on the ground. By the autumn, the layer is increased, so that with the arrival of the cold, to conduct full-scale insulation and shelter of plants.
The north, the greater the likelihood of plant freezing used for vertical gardening. This fully applies to ivy for hedge, decoration of arches and walls of houses. Ground cover specimens, especially those additionally covered with snow, winter better.
After the snow melt in the spring, you should not hurry with pruning the victims of frost or other shoots. It is better to remove them at the beginning of summer, when the active movement of juices will end. Sections on large stems are treated with garden pitch.
Watering ivy throughout the season should be regularly, but moderately, monitoring the soil moisture under the plants.
Reproduction of evergreen ivy
Most species suitable for growing in a garden form adventitious or aerial roots. This makes it quite easy to root the cuttings cut in the spring and summer months.
For reproduction of ivy, half-woody shoots are suitable with visible buds or already real adventitious roots. If you cut a very young, green growth, the process of rooting takes much longer. And under adverse conditions, for example, in a cool stalk, it can completely rot.
For reproduction of evergreen ivy, it is better to use apical cuttings, but if there is no such possibility or you need to get a lot of young plants, the shoot is cut into 10 cm fragments, with at least one healthy node.
Rooting cuttings can be in a street greenhouse, landed a few pieces in a loose light soil, or in plain water. When a sufficient number of roots appear on the stems, the plants are transferred to the future residence. Considering the growth of the ground cover shrub and the particularities of garden ivy care, the planting is carried out at a distance of at least half a meter from each other.
Description of varieties and varieties of evergreen ivy
Biologists know many varieties of this perennial plant, carpeted mountains and plains. Ivy has a large number of long roots, with which it clings to everything that comes its way. The leaves have a rich dark green color, there are variegated species. Determine which ivy is better to have for your plot, you can, having considered the photo.
Gardeners plant evergreen ivy on their plots near houses and gazebos. The following cold-resistant plant varieties are more common.
- Common ivy - planting is possible in home and natural environments. It grows slowly. Leaf plates are small, openwork. In the open ground often planted for the decoration of tracks, artificial ponds, glades.
- Colchis (Caucasian) ivy is planted in gardens near buildings. He, clinging, grows up and beautifully closes all the walls and supports. As they grow, the leaves become large, change their shape and color. Can grow up to 30 m long. Care is not troublesome.
Proper fit and care for a young culture
Ivy is not demanding and not capricious. He perfectly tolerates shade, loves the sun's rays, is afraid of low temperatures and high humidity. If you leave it without shelter for the winter in the cold, the culture may die.
So that the young plant successfully wintered in the open ground, it is planted on an elevated site, where the wind does not walk, there are no drafts. Until ivy gets stronger, it grows slowly. Planting should be done in early spring so that the culture over the summer period should grow enough and gain strength for wintering.
Ivy is planted as follows:
- prepare a well-hydrated substrate, air-tight, rich in organic fertilizers,
- Dig a hole that will be slightly larger in depth than the main ivy root,
- pour drainage to the bottom
- plant culture, covered with substrate pit, pour.
After planting ivy in open ground, the first time should monitor the condition of the topsoil. It is important that air enters the ground and penetrates moisture. This requires proper care and periodic careful loosening of the earth, it is possible to produce mulching with any organic material of porous nature.
Attention! During cultivation, the soil should be loosened after rains to prevent the formation of a dense plot of land, which prevents the penetration of moisture and air to the root system.
Watering ivy growing in the open field is too often not worth it. If rain is not a frequent occurrence in a particular region, then watering should be done 1-2 times a week in the summer, and in the fall, additional moisture is reduced to the soil.
In winter, evergreen ivy, planted outside, should be covered. To do this, gardeners are advised to use plastic wrap, burlap. In the spring, when the snow melted, it is not necessary to immediately take up fertilizer and begin to cut frozen and weak shoots. Pruning is recommended in June, when the running of juices is over.
Plant propagation methods, necessary fertilizers
Diluting ivy is very simple. Gardeners recommend doing this in the spring or early summer. For reproduction choose the apical branches, which began to woody. If you take a young shoot, then its rooting and subsequent growth will take longer, while not always the plant takes root.
Slicing cuttings for reproduction (approximately 10 cm in length), it is necessary that there are healthy nodes on each process. First, they are planted in greenhouses, using very loose moistened soil, or for some time immersed in water until the root grows. After you can be transplanted to a permanent location in the open ground. Each stalk after breeding sits at a distance of a meter from the neighboring plant.
You can propagate ivy with the help of a whole shoot. To do this, you must perform several actions:
- take an ivy sprout on which at least eight leaves grow and lay it slightly on the sand, so that all the leaves remain on the surface,
- moderately watered during cultivation, do not allow sand to dry,
- in 7-10 days, the aerial roots in the sand will turn into underground,
- carefully remove the ivy and cut the sprout so that each cutting has its own leaflet
- plant sprout in open ground or in a pot, do not forget about fertilizer.
Чтобы плющ садовый радовал своего хозяина, каждые две недели весной и несколько раз за лето необходимо растение подкармливать. Лучше это делать после полива. For feeding, gardeners are advised to use mullein, coupled with water, or mineral fertilizers for ornamental plants, which can be purchased at a specialty store.
How to recognize the disease and notice the pests. Combination with other plants
Ivy is considered an unpretentious plant, but it can get sick or be captured by pests at any time. It is important to recognize in time that the plant needs help and take all measures to cure it.
- If the leaves began to turn yellow and fall off - the reason should be sought in dry soil. Having received enough watering, very soon ivy will get a new foliage.
- If the stems lose their green leaves and quickly grow bald, ivy does not like the air. Usually such a phenomenon can occur in a hot summer in the fall. Therefore, the gardener is recommended daily to arrange your plant water procedures.
- A bad sign, if the motley and bright green leaves suddenly faded. The root cause - the plant receives little light. The problem can be solved only by landing on a new, more lighted place.
Ivy growing on open ground does not protect against pests. Aphids, shchitovka, mites are carried by insects, wind. Having found out on leaves, stalks of parasites, it is necessary to begin fight at once. In order to overcome them, it is necessary to ivy and all closely growing crops to spray aktellik diluted with water, or karbofos. After the first spraying completely get rid of pests may not work. In this case, the procedure should be repeated after a few days.
This plant is often planted near the fence, near the house, around the arbors. Photos of buildings, overgrown with ivy, can be seen in magazines. Ivy, if, as it grows, to direct the branches along the supports, will become a worthy decoration of the backyard. He is not afraid of any number of growing neighbors, but not all plants are combined with ivy and can live with him in the same area.
Comfortable next to ivy will be coniferous, deciduous trees, ornamental shrubs. Landscape designers, give the idea of a combination and recommend this creeping plant to be planted in a garden with roses. Dark or variegated green ivy beautifully accentuate the foot of the queen of flowers.
Garden ivy, when growing and gaining strength, becomes very beautiful. When planting such a plant, one should be prepared that in order to give a neat aesthetic form, the plant should be cut regularly. Especially if it stretches up the supports, walls of the house, hedge. The rest of the care for the plant is simple. By choosing the right place on the site, having organized watering, timely feeding and testing the plant reproduction in practice, after a season you can become the owner of an incredibly beautiful garden ivy.
Garden ivy - planting and care
Numerous species of vines are in demand and popular in landscape design, and the variety of types and varieties of garden ivy best suits the plot, especially in the English style.
Varieties like Thorndale and Modern Times are fast growing. Their use in vertical landings allows you to completely cover a fairly large surface. Clinging to the walls of the facade of buildings houses, they create magnificent carpets of green foliage. In addition, ivy is often used as a ground cover plant, simply by blowing a vine into the ground.
There are several forms of these climbing perennials that form lush bushes. At the same time they can be used both in vertical gardening, and when grown in pots. These varieties include Sally, Deltoidea and Tripod. They are able to develop quickly enough and form dense solid living fences up to 2 meters high.
Compact species are great for growing on alpine slides. Various shapes and colors of the leaves will decorate the rock garden and give it a special unique style. For these purposes, Dealbata, Henriette, Jubilee and Very Merry are commonly used. Varieties that are grown in rock gardens, you can make an unusual way. For example, make for them a small support in the form of a ball or a cone, on which a compact plant can curl. The unusual element of the hill will look spectacular against the background of traditional plants.
Planting and Care Tips
Ivy can be divided into two groups according to preferences for growing conditions and care. Creepers possessing monophonic green foliage, perfectly tolerate shaded areas. For young shoots direct exposure to sunlight is highly undesirable. Leaves can simply “burn”.
Variegated varieties and species tolerate brighter lighting and even become much more saturated color. It is worth noting that all the same, and they do not like direct sunlight. As a rule, ivy with colorful leaves are the fruit of the work of breeders. Virtually all artificially bred varieties are more thermophilic than their solid relatives.
Ivy care is not complicated. Virtually all species prefer fertile soils, where they will develop intensively. Loam is also great when providing sufficient moisture. But in clay soils it is better not to plant them. Creepers quickly begin to die, because the roots will not have access to oxygen. In addition, the clay is able to retain moisture for a long time, and an excess of moisture and waterlogging are not permissible in the cultivation of ivy.
For the development of a rich crown perennial must be fed several times over the summer. For the development and growth of stems, fertilize with nitrogen. It stimulates the formation of new shoots and greatly affects the appearance, and accordingly the decorative vines. From the middle of summer it is worth making fertilizer with a high content of potassium and phosphorus. These trace elements will strengthen the young shoots of the plant and give them more resistance to cold.
Ivy care includes regular pruning, which will help create the necessary shape. The procedure contributes to the development of lateral shoots on the stem, due to which the vine is gradually increasing in volume and becomes much thicker. All dry branches are pruned as they form.
Many of the ivy species are able to hibernate in open conditions. Climbing varieties in the southern regions do not need to be removed from the support and insulated, but in the central ones, it is worth laying on the ground and slightly covering. Too warming should not be, as the branches can snatch. Plants that have reached a large size, you can try not to shoot, but to warm only their base. Miniature ivy on the alpine hills will winter well under a small layer of snow. But to cover them with fir branches is still worth it. In early spring, garden ivy is opened and re-placed on supports.
When there is insufficient lighting, the stems of the plants begin to bend, the leaves are rarely located on the shoots, lose brightness. In too hot conditions and insufficient air humidity brown spots may form on the leaves. After long-term exposure to adverse conditions, perennial perennials may even begin to drop foliage.
With excessive moisture, ivy can be affected by the fungus. Get rid of this ailment is problematic. Remove diseased leaves or stems whole, use fungicides.
In the open field, these vines are less susceptible to various diseases, but non-compliance with the recommended growing conditions also threatens to be attacked by various insects, such as the spider mite and whitefly.
This plant of the Araliaceae family is distributed throughout Europe and Asia, on the Azores and Canary Islands, in Japan.
Ivy is an evergreen vine, on the shoots of which there are sucker roots that allow the plant to climb high cliffs and trees and braid them with a thick carpet of green leaves. Older ivy stems lignify over time.
Different types of ivy shape and color of the leaves can be very diverse. The shape varies from solid to deeply dissected; there are leaves with smooth edges, curly or wavy. There are variegated species.
In the summer it is necessary to feed the plant with liquid mineral fertilizers every week, in the winter period - every month. Ivy is not sensitive to drafts, so the room should be aired regularly.
Common houseplant - Ivy (Hedera helix) - an ornamental plant with dark green leathery lobed leaves decorated with silver veins. On the shoots form inconspicuous small yellow-green flowers, collected in umbellate inflorescences. At the end of flowering fruits appear - round black berries.
Garden ivy is an evergreen plant. Planting and care rules, culture reproduction
In the summer, it is recommended to grow it at a temperature of 25 - 30 ° C. In winter, the room should be cool - about 10 ° C. However, it is not necessary to cool the room too much - this can lead to slower growth of the plant.
Watering: in the hot season, the plant is recommended to water frequently. During the rest period, watering is sharply reduced, making sure that the earth does not dry out.
Humidity: If the air temperature in the room exceeds 20 ° C, the plant should be sprayed frequently.
Transplant: adult plants need to be transplanted once every 2 - 3 years, young - annually.
Reproduction: ivy multiplies in a vegetative way. Apical cuttings or parts of shoots are cut in July - August. Submerged in water or wet sand, cuttings root quickly, especially in a room with high humidity.
If the air is dry, the sandbox should be covered with plastic wrap and spray 1 - 2 times a day.
Ivy garden evergreen, landing and leaving
Garden ivy or heder refers to perennial winding vines. It is appreciated for unpretentiousness, fast growth and decorative leaves of the different sizes and a color.
The leaves are green, variegated color with red stripes, yellow splashes, white border. Shoots reach a length of more than 3 meters. The flowers are greenish-yellow color, gathered in inflorescences - umbrellas. The flowers attract the attention of insects, including bees. Flowering is not of interest, but the fruits in the form of berries give ivy even more decorative. There are 15 species in the genus, but only a few species are common in the culture.
Types of ivy
Ordinary - evergreen vine with shiny leaves of different shapes. It develops slowly, reaches a height of about 1 meter, is distinguished by varietal diversity.
Colchis - fast-growing evergreen vine with large (about 25 cm long) leaves of different shapes. Shoots reach a length of 30 meters (in nature).
Care and cultivation of garden ivy
Liana grows best on well-drained soils rich in humus and containing lime, but in general the plant is not demanding on the composition of the soil.
It prefers to grow in a shaded place, but species with variegated leaves need good lighting, otherwise the leaves will become green in color.
Garden ivy needs moisture, so the plant provide abundant watering. The soil should always remain wet, but remember that an excess of moisture has a detrimental effect on the plant. In the fall, watering is reduced.
Complex mineral fertilizers are applied from March to August, 1-2 times a month. The plant responds well to rare infusions of mullein. The excess fertilizer leads to a loss of decoration.
For vertical gardening, garden ivy is planted next to a support or planted in containers, which are then placed on the top of the wall, if possible. For example, at the top of the wall of a brick fence, decorative fencing, canopy, in other words, where you can put a container with ivy. In this case, the shoots will gracefully hang down.
Most species are characterized by rapid growth, therefore, to control growth, as well as to maintain a neat appearance, shoots are pruned every autumn. In the autumn, weak and dry shoots are removed.
Garden ivy requires light winter shelter. As a covering material using dry fallen leaves. Some varieties do not differ in winter hardiness; therefore, in autumn, valuable varieties with unusual foliage, as well as plants grown in regions with cold winters, are transplanted into containers and transferred to a room. Plants are kept in a bright and cool place until spring. Watered occasionally. A couple of weeks before spring planting in the open ground, the plants are hardened.
Garden ivy is often used for landscaping the walls of houses, farm buildings, tree trunks, decorative arches, arbors, fences.
In some cases, garden ivy is used as a ground cover plant for masking bare areas of the garden, stony hills.
The plant is ideal for landscaping decorative elements of the garden, such as columns, vases, sculptures with a touch of antiquity.
The plant has medicinal properties and is used in medicine.
On a note
Ivy refers to poisonous plants, a poisonous substance found in all parts of the plant. In contact with skin, the poison causes irritation, itching, swelling. However, not all people are sensitive to ivy poison. You should not touch the plant with your bare hands, it should be remembered that the poison can get on the skin if you accidentally touch clothing or other objects that have come into contact with the plant.
Ivy garden evergreen ordinary. Description, application
1 Cut long young shoots from the mother plant (do not take old and hard shoots). It is better to cut off the whole shoots than to leave short unsightly hemp on the mother plant, this can contribute to the appearance of diseases.
2 Cut the sprout in several cuttings with a sharp knife. Ragged and rough cuts heal for a long time and do not give roots. Cut with light movements over each leaf node, leaving pieces 3.5-4 cm long.
3 Using a small peg (or pencil), make holes in the compost with a depth of 15-30 mm. Strengthen each cutting, do not plant them closer than 2 cm from the edge of the pot: in this place the compost dries faster.
4 Place in a warm and slightly shaded place.
Planting, care and reproduction of ivy garden
When young shoots develop from leaf nodes, check which cuttings have roots. Remove the plastic bag and let the cuttings be in the open air.
5 Seed rooted cuttings in pots with potting compost. Plant 1, 3 or 5 cuttings in each pot - this is how a fluffy, bushy plant will turn out faster.
What is ivy?
The plant is very beautiful, it is a beautiful climbing vine. Listed in ivy family There are situations when evergreen ivy is called "Hedera". There is such a feature of this evergreen plant, as unlimited growth, its whips inside the premises grow to six meters in length (height), and if you grow it in the garden, sometimes the result reaches thirty meters. This evergreen beautiful plant is grown as an ornamental.
You can highlight such features of this evergreen plant:
- Small sizes of flowers.
- Flowers are in racemes.
- The leaves have the appearance of leathery, they shine, which gives a special beauty to the leatheriness.
- The shape of the leaves is five and three-bladed.
- This evergreen plant has aerial roots, it allows him to climb up, be it a wall or a tree.
- There are various shades of color of leaves of ordinary ivy, of which it is dark green, light green, and even different shades and combinations with brown color. Many people especially recognize ordinary ivy with a brown shade of leaves, but this is a matter of taste of each person separately.
What forms does ivy have?
This plant, which is considered both garden and indoor, has different forms. Garden, or as they call it, ordinary has the following varieties:
Both species are a success with gardeners, as they have large, very beautiful leaves. Ivy “Canary”, exactly like wax, grows almost equally quickly, and care for them is not very complicated, rather, to say simple.
What are the features of wax ivy?
Waxy ivy is the kind that is called ordinary, grow most often. This is the usual form of this ornamental plant. For the cultivation of this crop in the home is considered the most suitable form of ivy "Hoya", this variety is also called "Wax ivy". Previously, florists often asked about the possibility of growing this crop at home. These questions were related to the fact that this plant, besides its main name, had the name "Muzhegon". There is a belief that this culture affects in a positive way the financial condition in the house where the plant grows. But, at the same time we believe, there is a second, which says that this ivy expels a man from the house.
Belief - this phenomenon is not proven, so you should not take everything closely. The culture is very beautiful, and each owner will decide for himself whether to keep it at home or not. If we talk about Asia, then the situation with the belief is quite the opposite. There it is believed that ivy wax in the house will bring happiness and harmony in the family. Growing up and caring for him in Asia is almost everywhere where there is a place, be it a street or premises inside.
What is known about Canary ivy?
Плющ Канарский также очень красив, имеет высокую популярность у многих садоводов, которые с удовольствием осуществляют за ним уход, а также у любителей комнатных цветов. Лиана такого вида плюща при определённых обстоятельствах может вырасти в длину около двадцати метров при оказании определённого ухода за ней, а порой и без него. Отличается тем что имеет необычную окраску листьев. It has a plate with a special silvery tint, which is especially impressive for lovers. Each leaf on the edge has a white strip. Canary ivy has very beautiful leaves that are rightly of high popularity.
Growing conditions in the room
With whips of high length, the root system is small, it is not very developed. This gives a fan of planting this crop an advantage in the sense that it is not necessary to incur costs for a large, voluminous pot. In this case, a medium-sized pot will be sufficient for planting.
For proper and good development of the plant, this soil composition is sufficient:
Having purchased such components, you need to take each of them in the amount of the same mass, then mix thoroughly. This plant is recommended to know that it does not like water stagnation. In order to prevent possible stagnation of water, it is necessary to place shards of unnecessary dishes, which were previously broken, or simple expanded clay, on the bottom of the pot, then fill the pot with the mixture. Now you can proceed to landing.
Ivy - Tine-resistant plant, but it is better if it is located closer to the window on the east or south side. We must take care that the direct rays of the sun did not fall on the plant. Culture is considered southern, but you need to know that it does not like the heat. The optimum temperature for ivy is 17–23 C, in winter it is enough 13 C. As for drafts, the culture is not at all afraid of them.
It is necessary to choose a landing site responsibly, since culture is afraid of movements. After landing, and for some time it was in the pot, in a certain place, the subsequent movement in the pot to another place will be taken painfully. Carry need only with great need.
Watering should be moderate and regular. It is necessary to ensure that the water in the pot with the room does not stand, since this will affect the development negatively. And also you need to know that you can not allow the soil to a state of drying. The best option is when the soil in the pot is constantly wet. It is believed that you need to water in the winter once a week, and in the summer twice a week.
It is believed that in the summer or in the warm season it will be useful to spray the plant. Such care should be carried out at an ambient temperature of more than 20 C. To fertilize ivy, you can use a dry universal mixture, which is intended for indoor crops. The frequency of feeding will be indicated on the packaging.
How to care for ivy in the garden?
The homeland of this plant is Northern Europe. This plant is pretty hardy. But in Russia, the climate is harder for this plant, and the plant should preferably be grown in the southern region. Some types of plants suitable for the middle band. In this case, ivy can mainly be used as a ground cover. Based on the color of the leaves of the plant, you can choose a place in the garden to grow it. The dark green plant can be planted in partial shade, and the plant with a variegated color of foliage should be planted in the place where the lighting is the brightest.
Watering culture occurs adhering to the same rules as in indoor growing. All plant leaf varieties are beautiful and unique, their decorative value is essential. Creepers of a plant should be watered by sprinkling, this will cause soil moistening at the same time as washing off dust from the plant.
Feeding culture needs to produce rotted manure. The plant also responds very positively to the fertilization of the soil with ash. In general, the plant is considered unpretentious and hardy, but sometimes there are situations when growth slows down, the leaves turn pale. In such cases, it is recommended to feed the plant with urea, it will be enough to take 10 milliliters, dilute them in 10 liters of water.
How does reproduction occur?
With regard to the breeding of this culture, it is easy both at home and in the garden. Often breeding is carried out by cuttings. Material for planting a length of 10 cm is cut in the spring, it is possible in the summer. Cut branches just need to stick in the wet ground, ivy cuttings will root quickly. No special hydration is required, and fertilizing with special products is also not necessary.
And also it is possible to plant ivy shoots with 8–10 leaflets. Stick in the sand the beginning of the shoot, and leave the leaves at the top. After two weeks, the roots will be started up, and the plant will continue to grow. You just need to keep the soil moist. The same branch, which started up the roots, can be cut into pieces, which will have one leaf each, and in the same way be planted in the right places.
More about varieties and types of indoor ivy can be found here. As for the garden, the arch for ivy can be arches, arbors, trees, fences, the wall of the house. It is this the ability to cling tenaciously to almost any object combines numerous varieties this outdoor plant.
In Russia, more often, preference is given to four types of evergreen vines, more frost-resistant than their counterparts.
Garden ivy ordinary
Hedera helix or common ivy is a type often encountered.
- The creeper has brilliant leaves of dark green color, which are decorated with white veins. Roots in the form of suckers help curling shrubs to cling to trees and other supports.
- The length of the creeper can reach 30 meters, it is good to use in vertical gardening. Apply ordinary garden ivy and as a groundcover.
Hedera colchica is Colchian ivy, also called Caucasian. There it is found in its natural habitat. This liana is powerful, strong, capable of climbing up to 30 meters in height.
Decorative leaves give large plantswhich can reach a length of 20-25 centimeters, and in width - from 17 to 20. Sheet plates are often more solid, three-lobed form is less common. The leaf color is mostly green, but there are spotted varieties.
Colchis ivy is faster than ordinary growth, but it is more afraid of frosts. Liana loves penumbra and fertile soil.
More common are the purple, tree and jagged forms of the plant.
This is also a liana - tree, lush and thick. It can reach a height of 20 or even 30 meters.
Liana is particularly decorative, looks great if decorate with it arbors, high hedges and fences. Especially picturesque looks ivy on the house - with the onset of autumn leaves from dark green turn into orange and red.
Boston is peculiar frost sensitivity. The lighting he needs is scattered, the plant suffers from the direct rays of the sun. The growth rate of vines is good, during the season the shoot grows by 3-4 meters. Propagate the plant can be seeds.
Crimean ivy - a plant quite unpretentious, resistant to drought and frost-resistant. But at the same time it likes moist soils, as well as shaded places.
Crimean ivy is an evergreen strong vine, the trunk of which in a circle can reach up to 1 meter. The length of the vine itself reaches 30 meters.
In the Crimean ivy leaves are usually dark green in color, glossy, of various shapes - from whole to arrow-shaped five-lobed.
The flowering period of this honey plant is from September to October. Inflorescences in the form of spherical umbrellas emit a sweet to cloying aroma. By winter, fruits ripen, which will decorate ivy right up until next summer.
For propagation of creepers, cuttings and seeds are suitable.
How to plant ivy
The plant is planted as follows:
- they prepare the soil - they take a universal substrate or make up a mixture, which includes equal parts of the earth (turf and leaf), sand and peat,
- digging a hole a little deeper than the seedling root,
- the bottom of the hole fall asleep drainage
- plant a liana, fill a hole with a soil mixture or substrate,
- watered planted culture.
How to get rid of ivy?
Sometimes the gardener also faces such a question, because the plant is able to quickly flood the entire territory in the country or in the garden.
It will be necessary to cut the vine with shears at the base, fully dig up the roots. Remove shoots so that they do not take root again. If, however, there will be young shoots, apply herbicides.
The bush is very effective in garden and country design and provides an open space for creativity. They are well decorated not too nice looking facade of the building. A tree covered with ivy, green arbors, arches and columns will decorate any part.
A hedge is a great way to demarcate territory.
As a groundcover, the vine creates dense green carpets. A neighborhood with roses will be particularly spectacular, shading the greatness of these flowers.
And this video shows a gazebo of ivy grown over 4 years:
Apply perennial and in the design of alpine slides. Beautiful look varieties with small leaves.
Gardeners knowingly looked at this plant to decorate their plots. With proper care, ivy grows beautifully and will long please the eye on the street, on the wall of the house or on the fence with its decorative look.