Any gardener seeks to collect as much crop as possible from his country site. As a rule, in order to grow vegetables, fruits and berries, it takes a huge amount of time, effort, love and effort. Of course, their own products from the garden much tastier and healthier than the store. However, sometimes all efforts are reduced to zero, when uninvited guests appear on the site. Slugs are among them.
It is not difficult to determine that mollusks bred at the dacha. Slugs adore eating cabbage leaves and strawberries. At the same time, they leave huge holes of irregular shape on the foliage and leaves. In addition, on the leaves you can find the characteristic unpleasant mucus.
In addition, slugs love to feast on the fruits and flowers not only of garden plants, but also of ornamental ones. In addition to such unpleasant consequences as mutilated cultures, they contribute to the development of helminths. That is why it is necessary as soon as possible to start applying means against slugs in the garden.
Why uninvited guests wind up on a country site?
In nature, there is a certain equilibrium system, according to which there are pests, ordinary animals and other species of the living world. Slugs breed in suburban areas on the condition of a rainy autumn, warm and early spring, large accumulations of fallen leaves. They adore compost pits, dark and wet areas.
Also slugs are frequent guests of the cellars and basements. They do not like dry and hot places that are in direct sunlight, they also do not tolerate high temperatures. However, before you decide on the means of dealing with slugs in the garden, you should pay attention to some interesting nuances.
Winter rye and wheat bring the most harm to slugs. Parasites devour seedlings that have just appeared, and even sown grains. In addition, mollusks spread a huge number of fungal infections that affect crops. For example, the potato may appear late blight, and cabbage will be covered with unpleasant spots.
Also, choosing the most effective remedy for slugs in the garden, it is worth considering one of their unpleasant features. The fact is that they are absolutely resistant to pesticides. In the same way as snails, slugs are not susceptible to aggressive drugs. These creatures emit a huge amount of mucus, which is covered by their bodies, respectively, any chemical means can not have on them any negative impact.
Therefore, the most common aggressive means of snails and slugs in the garden will be inactive. Nevertheless, there are several options that will help to repel intruders.
What chemicals can help?
To forget about unpleasant neighbors forever, you should use metal hydride. This remedy for slugs in the garden is a granule, which is enough to scatter on the beds. Slugs will not stand and eat them. As a result, unpleasant pests will get intestinal poisoning and die rather quickly. Also this remedy is sold in the form of a powder, which also causes dangerous poisoning in shellfish.
Also, in the fight against slugs, ground iron and sulphate showed rather well.
In addition, you can try to mix 1 part of bleach and 4 parts of furnace ash.
However, treating the beds with hazardous chemicals, you should make sure that pets do not accidentally eat them, and you also need to warn children that the pellets scattered around the suburban area are not toys at all.
Before you use dangerous tools from the slugs in the garden, you should pay attention to many other ways to get rid of unpleasant neighbors.
Slugs and snails do not like unnecessary obstacles. Therefore, it is possible to make life very difficult for them if something is roughened around the plants, for example, coarse sand or crushed, egg or walnut shells. Also sawdust suitable for this purpose.
Such means of dealing with slugs in the garden are absolutely safe both for people and for the plants themselves. At the same time, young seedlings of culture will remain protected.
However, in this case, it is necessary to ensure that in a rough surface there are no passages through which slugs can penetrate to the plant.
Fighting Pests with Beer Traps
No matter how surprising it sounds, these creatures are "avid alcoholics." German gardeners have long proved that these parasites love dark beers. It does not matter if it was bought just that or has long been exhausted. In order to get rid of unpleasant guests, it is enough to fill several glasses of beer and bury them in the ground near the plants. Pests quickly find a source of alcohol and will certainly begin to drink it.
At the same time, some of the parasites will get food poisoning and will die, while other pests will elementarily drown in beer. This remedy for slugs in the garden is enough to use only 2-3 times in 4 days, after which the nasty mollusks will disappear.
We fight with biological pests
There are a huge number of methods by which you can quickly and efficiently send unwanted neighbors from the suburban area.
Biological means of slugs in the garden in the summer can be very effective. Phasmarhabditis hermaphrodite is considered the best of them. This substance is harmless to the environment, people and animals. To quickly get rid of parasites, you need to dilute a small amount of this component with water and spray the resulting mixture of beds for a week.
Hedgehogs, toads and birds just love to feast on annoying clams. To attract these animals to your garden, it is enough to make small ponds on the site. Hedgehogs are very greedy for dog food, so you can scatter it around the garden. However, before this is to make sure that the neighbors do not have animals that can also get into the habit of walking on the site. If you build bird feeders, they will often arrive in the garden and eat not only the delicacy prepared for them, but also pests.
To combat the slugs in the garden with folk remedies, it is enough to use spices such as sage, parsley, lavender or rosemary. They are recommended to be planted near the beds, which most often become a “feast” for slugs.
In addition, a special solution prepared from mustard, pepper and garlic will help. Gastropods also hate such a cocktail.
Use of polyethylene
This method of dealing with slugs in the garden by folk remedies can be attributed rather to mechanical. However, getting rid of slugs by this method can be quite simple and effective. For work you need only cellophane, which need to cover the beds at night. In the morning all the slugs will gather under the film, believing that this is a kind of shelter. However, under the rays of the morning sun, they all die, as the mollusks simply do not tolerate the heat.
Every gardener knows that ash mulch significantly improves the condition of acidic soil. In addition, it is a very useful fertilizer. However, few people realize that this component simply does not like mollusks, which immediately leave the site as soon as particles of ash begin to adhere to their body. Because of this, it becomes very difficult for slugs to move, and they prefer to move as far as possible.
It is recommended to pour ashes on the ground in clear weather, as in this case the components will be dry enough to stick to the uninvited guests. It is recommended to cultivate the land with such composition no more than once a week.
If you put a thick layer of needles on the beds, the mollusks will not be able to move on the surface. Therefore, this remedy for slugs in the garden is considered very effective.
It is best to use for this pine or spruce needles. Besides the fact that it will help get rid of uninvited guests, it will also be an excellent fertilizer. Similarly, sawdust can be used.
Mustard is considered absolutely safe for plants, animals and people, but gastropods simply do not tolerate it. Therefore, deciding how to remove slugs from the garden with folk remedies, you should definitely use spicy seasoning.
Powder can be scattered around the bushes, both in liquid and in dry form. The optimal composition - 150 grams of dry mix diluted in 10 liters of water. After that, the liquid must insist a couple of hours and spray planting in the garden. Processing is best done in the evening.
To get rid of parasites before the end of the season, it is enough to spray the plants 5-6 times.
Soda and salt
If there are slugs in the garden, how to fight folk remedies with parasites, it is easy to decide. There are a lot of recipes.
Table salt is an excellent tool that will help get rid of shellfish settled on the compost heap. As you know, they love to feast on rotting plant debris. To get rid of them, it is enough to scatter the components on the compost pit in the evening. It should be borne in mind that the soda must be calcined.
To prepare the solution for spraying, just mix 50 grams of soda and 12 liters of water.
To combat unwanted guests, perfect ordinary table vinegar. For 1 bucket of water, 50 milliliters of this component is sufficient. The resulting liquid is necessary to process the leaves of plants, as well as apply it for spraying.
However, it is worth being very careful not to allow acetic acid to fall on the roots of plants. Often it is not recommended to process vegetable crops in this way.
If you dilute a small amount of ammonia in water and shed the places where mollusks accumulate, they will rather quickly get very dangerous chemical burns and will die. However, it is necessary to be extremely careful and in no case to prevent the ingress of this tool on the foliage or root system of plants.
To get rid of pests for a long time, it is recommended to organize an improvised fence around the perimeter of the entire plot or around trees, bushes and beds.
As a material for its construction it is recommended to use small and large crushed stone or crushed egg shells. You can also create sand fences that will be mixed with copper sulfate or soot. Such barriers will not allow slugs to crawl to plants.
The peel of watermelons, oranges and other citrus or melon crops is an excellent assistant in the fight against slugs in the garden. Folk remedies can permanently get rid of these pests.
In order to get rid of mollusks, it is necessary to cut the crusts in half and make small holes in the center in the resulting improvised cups. Ready baits are installed on the beds so that the holes are on top. Slugs will crawl through the holes inward, but they will not be able to get back.
The next day, you just need to collect pests and throw them away.
In order to prevent the appearance of slugs, it is recommended to plow the entire plot in the summer and spring periods. It is also worth removing weeds and decaying foliage, as these components are an excellent habitat for annoying mollusks.
If the soil is sufficiently dry, then it definitely will not live slugs. On the perimeter between the beds you can plant mustard, parsley, garlic or lavender.
How to protect the cabbage
The fact is that most often slugs attack this particular vegetable crop. To protect the cabbage from their invasion, it is necessary to spray it with hot water, the temperature of which is 40-45 °. Such a liquid will be enough for the parasites to die.
In addition, it should be borne in mind that caffeine is a detrimental effect on slugs. Regular instant coffee should be diluted in a proportion of 1 tsp to 250 milliliters of water and spray the resulting mixture of the beds. Broths based on leaves of wormwood, tobacco, marigolds or walnuts also perform well.
It should be borne in mind that slugs are a great danger to plants. Therefore, do not delay and get rid of annoying mollusks as soon as possible. All the methods described above are also great for snails. These pests have a similar body structure and body features. In order for the fruits and vegetables in the garden to grow well, it is necessary to get rid of parasites in a timely manner. To do this, it is best to use natural ingredients, rather than harsh chemicals that can harm a person. The fight against slugs in the garden with folk remedies is considered the most effective and safe.
Fighting Slugs and Snails
To get rid of these types of pests can be several effective ways that have long been invented by the people. The first thing to do is reconsider all possible habitats of a potential pest: basements, piles of fallen leaves or brushwood, piles of mowed grass or branches, damp soil under old piles of garbage or hemp, and the like. With the arrival of autumn, slugs begin to climb in cottages and sheds in the country. It will be very unpleasant if you accidentally step in the dark on such an uninvited guest.
There are several ways to deal with snails or slugs in the garden:
- hand picking is the most laborious and least enjoyable method,
- special barriers
- extermination of mollusks with chemicals
- planting repellent plants,
- with the help of representatives of the animal world.
Prevention is not considered a control method, however, if you correctly follow preventive measures, you can reduce the number of pests on the site several times.
For this it will be necessary to destroy all potential places where mollusks can dwell. Starting to get rid of pests should be from the collection of all pruned branches and foliage and remove them away from your garden. Remove all stale piles of debris and old boards that have been under heavy rains for more than a month now.
If there is a compost pit at the site, one should expect large slug squads to appear in it. If you once laid between the beds in open ground pieces of old linoleum or boards for ease of movement, you should definitely look into what is happening under them: most likely, more than a dozen pests have settled in such a “cozy house”.
It is recommended to constantly loosen the earth around the perimeter of the entire plot.. In the spring and autumn, be sure to dig or cultivate the whole vegetable garden with a motor-cultivator so that, along with a layer of earth, to raise the eggs of slugs and other pests in the soil. Slugs lay their offspring at shallow depths in the ground, or do it in their favorite shelters. In addition, stones and huge blocks of earth will be an excellent “shelter” for those who like to enjoy your harvest.
The use of folk remedies
Since the struggle with slugs by environmental methods in their area is not always effective, it is customary to use traditional preventive drugs with them. After planting seedlings in open ground, it is necessary to periodically process the plants. a solution of vinegar and ammonia (proportions for dilution 6: 1). The concentrate of such a means must be diluted in water and treated to them all the plants with which the slug loves to eat, at the site of the spray.
You can also get rid of pests well by using 5–6 tablespoons of mustard powder, diluted by about 10 liters of water. Some gardeners recommend the use of strong instant coffee to fight slugs, sprinkling them with cabbage or cucumbers.
Spraying slugs - a very effective and low-cost method, however, it is necessary to remember the golden rule that it is necessary to process the leaf plate of any plants necessarily from both sides and in dry weather. If after treatment, it suddenly rains, the procedure must be repeated. It is also useful to spray the soil around the plants, because it is often where most of the mollusks are located.
Perhaps the most common way of dealing with slugs in the garden, which was time-tested, is sprinkling soil with wood ash, hydrated lime or dry mustard to 30 grams of substance per 1 square meter of the plot with the planted culture. Parasites do not tolerate such sites, because the listed substances acidify the soil, and slugs try to avoid these places.
Several popular recipes
- You can leave for the night near the plot with plants wet pieces of ruberoid or burdock leaves, на которых под утро соберутся слизняки. Избавляться от слизней следует ранним утром (от 5:00 до 6:00 часов) с помощью пинцета и в перчатках, поскольку отмыть слизь с кожного покрова будет достаточно тяжело, а в ней в больших количествах содержатся различные болезнетворные бактерии.
- Смертельным лакомством для любого моллюска является кукурузная мука, which is also actively used as a means of dealing with slugs in the garden. Flour is poured into a jar (preferably with a wide neck, so that the pest could get inside without obstacles) or a mayonnaise bucket, after which the container is placed on its side. In the morning it remains only to collect traps placed on the site with already dead slugs and throw them away from the site.
- To get rid of slugs, you can use the smell of fermentationwhich most mollusks love so much. Many summer residents simply pour kvass or beer into wide tanks, preferably dark varieties. The easiest way is to use plastic bottles, cut at the bottom by 1 cm. 100–200 milliliters of bait are poured into such containers, after which they are placed throughout the entire territory with planted crops. Traps must be periodically cleaned from mollusks inside.
- Pests love to feast on fresh berries, but it is impossible to cultivate the crop during the fruiting period, how can we proceed? In this case, to fight with slugs, for example, on strawberries, you need only protective methods. To do this, it is necessary to apply the dressing between rows, and the beds themselves should be mulched with pine needles, shells, small pebbles or ground eggshell. Such a mulch can damage the body of a slug, and salt perfectly destroys the mucus along with the dangerous bacteria that slugs carry.
Some materials for mulching the soil can impede the free movement of slugs over the seedling site or simply scare them away. One of these materials is sawdust. They stick to slippery mollusks, making life difficult for them in every possible way. It is clear that slugs also do not favor coniferous mulch. If you do not have the opportunity to mulch the beds of plants with needles, you can lay out several spruce twigs around them.
Gastropods also do not like nettle mulching. A thick layer of plants should be located in between the rows, which will not allow slugs to get close to the culture. However, mulching works well only if this procedure is carried out regularly. And sawdust, nettle, and needles gradually compressed, rot, dry and leave to the soil, after which the path to appetizing pest cultures is again open. To avoid this, the layer of mulch should be constantly updated and maintained in good condition.
Chemicals against slugs
You can fight with slugs on your site with the help of chemicals. Especially effective against mollusks is considered metaldehyde. To get rid of pests, you just need to scatter the chemical pellets around the bed. Slugs love to eat them very much, as a result of which they get intestinal poisoning and then die.
Powder metaldehyde can be poured in the place where slugs (wet burdock leaves, roofing felt, under heaps of garbage, etc.) most often accumulate. In this case, the substance simply penetrates their skin and causes the same poisoning.
In addition to metaldehyde, to combat slugs, you can use wet iron sulphate or lime. A mixture of 4 parts of furnace ash and 2 parts of chlorine blends effectively. Often, tobacco dust is used to get rid of planted crops from annoying mollusks, which should be evenly distributed over the bed. Treatment with such agents will need to be repeated after the clams have discarded the poisoned mucus.
Natural enemies of mollusks
It is possible to get rid of this pest, without making special efforts. Slugs have a lot of enemies in their natural habitat.
A prominent representative, for example, is hedgehog. In no case will mollusks disturb you if there are a lot of thorny helpers in your garden.
However, the most serious opponent of slugs is considered green and gray toad. Some summer residents mistakenly accuse these amphibians of eating strawberries, strawberries, and even very tough cucumbers. In fact, they eat only those that are able to move. If you accidentally saw this amphibian creature next to the half-eaten strawberry, you should not hurry to chase this useful assistant. The toad does not feed at all on your harvest, but on the contrary, it gladly helps you in protecting the delicious berries, tracking down the real culprit who brought all the damage - the slug.
Based on this, the answer to the question of how to deal with slugs in the garden with the help of natural enemies is quite simple: you do not need to get rid of the toads that live on your site, on the contrary, you may even need to catch a couple of amphibians somewhere your garden or vegetable garden.
Interesting facts about the pest
Slug looks not very attractive. Very few people decide to take it in hand. The main aversion comes from the mucus that this mollusk gives off to protect your body from dust and drying.
The mucus also helps the clam move along the ground and leaves. It performs another very important function - protective. Some varieties of these soft-bodied mollusks have mucus, which has an unpleasant odor and is even poisonous. This contributes to scaring the natural enemies of the slug.
Soothes the fact that pests who live in their gardens in central Russia cannot boast of such protection. Because of this, the fight against them is greatly simplified. Garden slug will appeal not only to toads and hedgehogs, but also to moles, storks and raccoons. However, they still have a shell of slugs, but it is rather rudimentary, inherited from the common with snails of the ancestor.
Habits of slugs
These mollusks move with the help of wave-like movements that they perform with the help of a muscular leg. They cannot boast of a special speed, therefore, in the fight against the pest, this is only good for us. If a person noticed several slugs on the garden bed, they are unlikely to have time to run away somewhere, even while the gardener walks with tweezers or gloves. Day-to-day living mollusks are fairly calm, hiding somewhere in a shaded and damp place, and in the evening they crawl out of hiding places and begin to devour everything that they turn up:
- root crops protruding from the ground
- plant leaves
- flowers, etc.
If you carefully monitor your crops, you can completely get rid of pests even manually. Molluscs need to be collected in any container, then throw them in kerosene. It is also recommended after this to treat the plants from mucus to prevent fungal diseases.
Harm and benefits of slugs in the garden
Slugs are nocturnal, so notice that the beds visited clam can only be on the silver trail of dried mucus on the leaves and damaged plants and fruits.
- young greens and sprouts of any seedlings,
- fruits of fruit trees,
- strawberries and strawberries,
- cabbage, cucumbers, peppers.
Slugs in the garden can feed on lichens, mushrooms, fallen leaves, perform a kind of cleaner role and help in the processing of organic matter. Fishermen can use them as bait, and some gardeners are specially bred to feed chickens.
Fighting slugs in the garden
However, when eggs are found on the beds, the fight against slugs in the garden should be a priority. They spoil not only the appearance of the crop, but also significantly reduce its quality and keeping quality. In addition, slugs carry the spores of fungi and parasitic worms, which can infect both plants and domestic animals.
Slugs in the garden - the struggle with environmental methods
It is necessary to minimize the number of dark wet areas, remove debris, organic residues, weed out. In the fall, do a deep soil digging, this precaution will help destroy the eggs not only slugs, but also many other pests on the site, as they freeze out in winter.
Slug eggs can be found in a damp and cool place.
Attract natural enemies of slugs: birds, frogs and hedgehogs. For birds, build birdhouses, for frogs - a small pond, for hedgehogs - to establish a house for wintering, and lay out the bait, feed them with milk.
Fighting slugs in the garden attracting hedgehogs
If there are slugs in the garden, how to fight - nature will tell. The most economical and ecological way to protect against the appearance of slugs on the site - the use of fragrant herbs, which they do not like. Along the perimeter of the beds planted garlic, sage, rosemary.
Folk remedies to protect the site from slugs
Since it is not always effective to deal with slugs in the garden with ecological methods, they use traditional prophylactic agents together with them. After planting the seedlings periodically spray the plants with a solution of ammonia, vinegar: the dilution ratio is 1: 6 with water.
Also used for processing mustard powder 5-6 tablespoons per 10 liter bucket of water. Some gardeners recommend spraying with strong instant coffee.
Treat all parts of the plant (sheet plate on both sides) and the soil next to it in the evening in dry weather. After the rain, the procedure is repeated.
How to get out of the garden slugs - soil deoxidation
One of the popular methods of how to deal with slugs in the garden is sprinkling with dry mustard, slaked lime or wood ash (30 gr. Per 1 square meter), which deoxidize the soil. Parasites do not like such sites and avoid them.
Fighting slugs in the garden with folk remedies
At night, you can leave the wet leaves of burdock or pieces of roofing material, which will gather mollusks. In the early morning, slugs in gloves or with tweezers, as it is hard to wash the mucus, and it can contain pathogenic bacteria.
Cornmeal - an excellent remedy for slugs in the garden
Cornmeal is a deadly delicacy for shellfish, used as an effective remedy for slugs in the garden. Flour poured into a jar and put it on its side. In the morning, they collect dead slugs and snails, which they take away from the site.
How to deal with slugs in the garden with the help of beer traps
Slugs attract the smell of fermentation, so gardeners use traps, pouring beer or kvass in containers, preferably dark varieties. The bottoms of plastic bottles cut by 1 cm are most often used, placing them on the territory. Periodically, traps are cleared from mollusks that have fallen there.
How to get out of the garden slugs using mulching
Pests often damage the berries, but chemical treatment during the fruiting period is impossible, so the fight against slugs on strawberries is possible only with protective methods. Sprinkling of beds between salt beds and mulching with ground egg shells, small pebbles, shells or pine needles is used. Salt destroys mucus, and mulch damages the body of the slug.
The fight against slugs in the garden with the use of special means
In extreme cases, 21 days before the crop is ripe, a chemical granulated remedy for slugs in the garden (Thunderstorm, Meta, Ferramol, Anti-Slug) is used, which is spread between the rows between 15 grams. on 5 sq.m.
Ferramol - a chemical remedy for slugs in the garden
The active substance metaldehyde attracts mollusks and scares away birds, but is dangerous for domestic animals and can accumulate in fruits. After applying these special tools, harvest it thoroughly washed in hot water.
Fighting slugs on cabbage
Cabbage is the most favorite delicacy of slugs and snails. Early varieties can be completely destroyed by mollusks even in the period of growth and the formation of a head of cabbage.
Slugs on cabbage, fighting them
In order not to start slugs on cabbage, the fight with them begins with the correct fit. Seedlings are planted from each other at a distance of up to 50 cm so as not to create thickened, moist and shaded areas for the favorable development of mollusks.
Each plant can wear a ring cut from a plastic bottle. The edges are notched unevenly with nail scissors, inside the neck, threading the cabbage seedlings. The sharp edges of the plastic will damage the delicate body of the slug if he chooses to eat a plant.
Plastic bottle protection for cabbage seedlings
When the emerging cabbage grows lower leaves in contact with the ground, they are cut off to restrict access. Also for the protection of cabbage used folk remedy from slugs in the garden - nettle leaves or wormwood, which are laid out under the heads of cabbages, changing them every day. Nettle burns and wormwood discourages its unpleasant smell.
Additionally, for the cabbage used such methods of control as evening watering with hot water (plus 50 degrees Celsius) of unopened leaves. Plants can withstand this temperature without getting burned, and slugs die.
Cabbage damaged by slugs
Spraying a solution of bitter pepper, for the preparation of which 100 gr. Is ground, is widespread. capsicum red pepper. It is soaked in 1 liter of water and insist 2 days, then boil and insist 24 hours. One hundred grams of the resulting infusion is diluted in 10 liters of water, adding soap chips there. Store the solution in a dark cool place.
Get rid of slugs in the garden is not so difficult. Sometimes it is enough to remove access to favorable conditions and wet areas. With the observance of timely preventive measures and proper care of plants, the question of how to destroy slugs in the garden will not be disturbed, since pests will not appear on the site.
The fight against slugs in the garden plot and the garden by means of traps does not require significant material and labor costs:
- Beerhouse. Trim a 2-liter plastic bottle on ¼ at the side of the neck. On the third fill it with beer. Bury the bottle on the site with a large accumulation of pests - so that its edges are at ground level. The smell of beer attracts gastropods, they crawl into the tank, and can not get out of it. Every evening you need to clear the trap from the pests that have accumulated in it and bury it at night with a new batch of beer.
- Sour milk. Excellent bait for catching slugs are sour milk and whey. It is necessary to act as described above, only instead of beer pour fermented milk product. In the garden traps can be hung in the trees, in the vineyards - to the support.
- Cabbage sheets (beets, potatoes). In the evening, lay out the leaves of the mentioned crops. In the morning beneath them it will be possible to detect accumulated slugs. The effect will increase if the leaves are moistened with beer, dairy products, sour fruit. Collect and remove pests.
- Spread pieces of wood, slate, plywood around the garden so that the clams can climb under them. In the morning, you can collect pests hidden under cover.
- Perfect bait are citrus peels, melons, watermelon. Clayed on the remnants of mollusks plant is easy to collect and destroy.
Installing obstacles in the garden, insurmountable for gastropods, you can protect the vegetable beds from the voracious "guests". Effective remedy for slugs in the garden:
- Plastic gutters installed along the perimeter of the beds and filled with water.
- 20 cm wide walked paths around a section of crushed eggs and nutshells. Pests fear the sharp edges of surfaces due to the possibility of injuring the belly. Protective effect for plantings and has spread out on the garden dry nettle.
- Slaked lime piled up in the aisle will burn the delicate bodies of gastropods. For greater effect, you can sprinkle the drug grown plants.
- A mixture of 0.5 kg of wood ash with ground pepper, mustard, salt (1 tablespoon spoon) sprinkle vegetable beds.
- By covering the plantings with polyethylene in the evening, you can protect them from slugs that are active at night.
Slugs come out of their shelters in the evening, so the sprinkling of garden crops with folk remedies is carried out at sunset. Recipes of solutions for processing of cultivated plants (the dosage of substances is indicated per 10 liters of water):
- 2 tbsp. spoons of ammonia,
- 150 g of mustard powder,
- 100 g soda ash,
- 65 g 9% vinegar,
- vial of pharmaceutical greens.
Brief description of the pest
Slugs have an elongated body, whose length can vary from 25 mm to 30 cm. Painted in a pale brown shade, but sometimes there are brighter specimens: scarlet, red-orange. The line of the head merges with the body, on the back of which there is a kind of mantle covering the genitals. On the right side there is a pulmonary orifice.
In those individuals that hatched from overwintered eggs, the color is predominantly pale, and body length does not exceed 6 mm. The first 14 days they live at the expense of eating soil humus, and only then begin to eat the plants, causing great damage to gardeners.
It is for this reason that many gardeners who do not know where such pests came from on their site, are interested in how to get rid of slugs in the garden by folk and traditional methods. Experts say that their appearance contributes to wet and mild weather in spring and autumn. In addition, the pests are very fond of stagnant soil and a large accumulation of wet fallen leaves, these are the places slugs are used for overnight. Справиться с такой ситуацией поможет только комплексный подход и тщательное соблюдение определённых правил.
Если садовод или огородник стал замечать на лиственной части овощных и плодовых культур различные дырочки, вокруг которых заметен след прозрачного или желтоватого цвета, значит, на участке завились слизни. It is worth noting that in addition to the deciduous part, this category of pests eats the vegetables themselves: cucumbers, caput, tomatoes, peppers, eggplants. But most of all they love sweet strawberries and strawberries.
To notice the pests is quite simple, because these are ordinary snails that are devoid of a shell. There are many ways to deal with them, but in any case, this situation requires the immediate intervention of a gardener. The main danger lies not only in that slugs can destroy the whole crop, but also in that they still carry dangerous viruses.
Harming vegetable crops
The most favorable conditions for the reproduction of slugs are considered to be wet weather, when the temperature is in the range of +14 to + 18С. If the climatic conditions correspond to their living conditions, then they can destroy the entire crop of potatoes, tomatoes, legumes, cabbage, cucumbers and strawberries. During the season, one individual can lay up to 500 eggs, which only worsens the situation in the garden and in the garden. By eating or simply biting the fruit, pests reduce the shelf life of vegetables and spoil their product quality.
The appearance of slugs at the site almost always leads to the fact that cultures also attack ordinary snails. The fight against slugs in the garden plot should be effective, since these pests are considered to be carriers of dangerous spores that provoke the development of gray rot, powdery mildew and other dangerous diseases in vegetable crops. In addition, parasitic worms that infect livestock and poultry can be found in their bodies for quite a long time.
Effective folk remedies
Experienced gardeners and gardeners always have at hand the most effective recipes of folk remedies, with which you can remove all slugs from the site. The main advantage of such methods is that they are completely safe for both soil and planting. Many of them do not even harm the mollusks themselves, but simply scare them away from the plants, reliably protecting the culture from possible damage.
Experts say that it is slugs that can cause the greatest damage to crops. You can fight these clams with the help of such means as:
- ordinary hydrated lime,
- pine branches, pine needles,
- plants that produce a specific aroma,
- wood ash,
- crushed shells and eggshell,
- natural mustard powder,
- vinegar and soda,
- ammonia (ammonia).
It is important to remember that all these tools can only be used in combination with preventive measures, which include loosening the soil periodically, thinning plantations, weeding, and cleaning the area from weeds and accumulated debris. Only in this case can you safely expel pests from your site.
Natural mustard powder is absolutely harmless to plants, but slugs themselves die from it. That is why this method of dealing with shellfish is considered one of the most effective. The gardener can treat the plantings with the prepared solution or simply sprinkle the powder around the bushes. To prepare the solution, you need to perform a few simple steps: dilute 150 grams of mustard powder in 10 liters of cold water. The tool should infuse for several hours.
For processing the most suitable quiet and calm evening weather. There should be several such procedures; there must be an interval of 4 days between them.
This tool does not like garden slugs. The control of shellfish according to this recipe is considered to be very effective, since all pests die. To prepare a quality solution you need to take a bucket of cold water and 70 ml of vinegar. The resulting tool is not only sprayed all the leaves of cultivated plants, but also abundantly watered places of mass accumulation of pests. But in this case, you need to adhere to one rule - the solution from vinegar should not fall into the root system of crops. In addition, it is necessary to take into account the characteristics of cultivated plants, since some varieties may not tolerate such treatment.
This simple ingredient, which is found in every kitchen, helps to get rid of many varieties of slugs. But excessive salinization of the soil is extremely undesirable, but on conventional compost pits this product can be used without any concerns. Experts say that it is the rotten plant residues that attract mollusks from the entire site. If you sprinkle salt with absolutely all the paths that remain after the pests, you can get rid of them.
We should also take into account that it is best to do this after sunset in calm weather, otherwise salt crystals will simply dissolve from moisture or will spread throughout the area.
When such pests overwhelmed the entire plot, the gardener must fight with them. Slugs in the garden are easily eliminated with ammonia (ammonia). To prepare the solution, you need to take 10 liters of pure water and dilute 1 liter of ammonia (25%) into them. The resulting tool needs to fill the cracks in the ground, where the slugs are supposedly hiding. If it is necessary to carry out a continuous tillage, then in a bucket of water, 2 liters of ammonia are sprinkled and all the vegetable beds are sprayed with the resulting liquid.
Separately, it should be noted that the prepared solution should not fall on the leaves of plants, as this can cause severe burns on their surface. As practice shows, this recipe helps to preserve the entire crop in the garden and in the garden with excellent marketable qualities.
Experienced gardeners claim that the annual mulching of the soil with a thick layer of fragrant needles helps to prevent the appearance of slugs. Sharp needles prick unprotected mollusk bodies, because of which they cannot move. In addition, the peculiar smell of this tree frightens off pests. Also, rotted needles serve as a good fertilizer for plants. If it is not at hand, then you can use pine or spruce branches, which is also very good. In some cases, it is simply impossible to get such material for mulching, and therefore oak and tobacco leaves, as well as sawdust can be used.
Adding an article to a new collection
Rainy weather contributes to the fact that our suburban areas flooded groups of slugs and snails. These pests, despite the apparent slowness, very agile in the destruction of the crop. We tell how to deal with slugs in the garden and garden.
Slugs - the common name for gastropods, in the process of evolution have lost their shell. Since they, unlike snails, do not have natural protection (shells), slugs are forced to hide from the sun's rays in the shade and avoid dry places, preferring high humidity.
Slugs on cabbage: what to do?
One of the most favorite delicacies of slugs is cabbage. Moreover, these mollusks are not picky at all and equally popular are all the popular types of cabbage: Peking, broccoli, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts and, of course, cabbage. Let's talk about how to treat the cabbage from slugs.
Fighting slugs in the garden begins with prevention. The appearance of the pest is much easier to prevent than to deal with the consequences. So:
- Plants should not be planted too close to each other. The optimal distance between seedlings is 50 × 50 cm,
- regularly destroy plant debris in the garden and garden: slugs love shady places and hide in the heaps of garden trash during the daytime,
- systematically mow grass and get rid of weeds - this is also an excellent shelter for harmful mollusks.
A reliable remedy for slugs on cabbage is the treatment of plantings with drugs developed specifically for the control of mollusks: Thunderstorm (Meta), Slyneed, Ferramol, Bros and others.
If the number of pests on the site is not too large, or you prefer folk remedies for slugs, use the methods described below.
Trap for slugs
The fight against slugs of folk remedies is based on identifying the weak points of the pest and correctly striking a blow. As mentioned above, during the day the slugs hide in shady places, and at nightfall they leave their shelters in search of food. Build a trap to lure the mollusks and then get rid of them. It is very easy!
Beer as bait
Take disposable cups and dig them in several places on the garden bed so that the edges of the glass do not rise above the soil level. Pour some beer into each glass. Slugs are big fans of this intoxicating drink, despite the fact that it is destructive for them. By morning, you will find dead pests in cups, and all you have to do is to get rid of the bodies (some feed them to chickens). This trap needs to be set up in the late afternoon, and in the daytime cover it so as not to destroy the beneficial insects, which are greedy for bait.
Cabbage beds can be watered with warm water (40-50 ° C). But be careful - this method is applicable only for cabbage! Other crops can damage this temperature.
Instead of beer, you can use other liquids that slugs are also not averse to profit: fermented compotes, juices, syrups. If there are no cups, use flat containers with low sides.
And here is another remedy for slugs in the garden. Smear the wooden board with kefir or other fermented milk product and set it on two bricks or low stones with the smeared side down. Slugs give a pleasant scent to them and crawl over to the bait overnight. In the morning under the board you will find a large number of pests.
You can lay out pieces of roofing material, linoleum or other material in the garden so that slugs could crawl under cover. By the morning in this trap a lot of individuals will gather.
How to get rid of slugs in the greenhouse
Slugs in the garden live not only in the open field, but also in the closed. In greenhouses and greenhouses, experienced gardeners are advised to deal with slugs as follows. In between the rows lay the tops and leaves of different plants (it is better to choose those that like the pests: tomatoes, leaf lettuce, cucumbers). Slugs crawl to the bait to enjoy and at the same time hide. In the morning, the "traps" are gathered together with the clams and destroyed. By the way, this way you can get rid of wood lice.
Slugs do not tolerate the smell of some plants: lavender, santolina, laurel, thyme, sage, parsley, rosemary, etc. Plant them next to vegetable crops to protect the vegetable garden.
There is another good way to protect various cultures from the invasion of mollusks. The belly of a slug is sensitive to a rough, rough or sharp surface. Put fine gravel, crushed egg or nutshell around the plant, and slugs will not be able to get close to the treat. If possible, use shell fragments for the same purpose - their sharp edges will scare away the pests, moreover, such mulch will last for a long time.
Plants can literally be shielded from slugs: for this purpose, use rims with a bent edge (can be cut from plastic bottles or bought), which are installed in the soil around the cabbage trunk (or other culture).
Slugs in the garden
Unfortunately, the range of gastronomical predilections of slugs is quite wide, which means that the insidious shellfish are not limited to the garden. Some garden crops are also subject to slippery pest attacks.
Small black slugs on cherries or pear leaves are not slugs at all, but larvae of cherry mucous sawfly. To get rid of this pest, the plants are sprayed with preparations of Iskra-M, Karate, Detsis, etc.
The larva of the mucous sawfly
Slugs on flowers
You ask: "What do slugs eat in the garden?" Harmful mollusks are not averse to feast on the tender flesh of ornamental plants. Especially often you can find slugs on the hosts: the mollusk gnaws the base of the leaf (petiole), and it falls to the ground, well, and the pest receives both shelter and provisions. If time does not pay attention to the damaged leaves of flowers, the whole flower garden can be significantly damaged.
In general, protection from slugs in the garden is no different from fighting a pest in the garden. Flowers can also be treated with preparations such as Thunderstorm, Anti-Litter, apply water traps. It is important to tie up sprawling flowers, so as not to make slugs "house" under the branches. A good cure for snails and slugs is mulching of the soil with sleeping tea, coffee, peat, ash, sand. These substances scare away mollusks.
How to get rid of slugs in the cellar and basement
Those who have constantly high humidity in the basement or cellar are forced to wonder how to remove slugs. This neighborhood is not very nice, besides pests can destroy vegetable reserves. The most effective and safe option is to arm yourself with a flashlight, a bucket of water and in the dark go to the cellar to manually collect pests. Slugs are thrown into the water and then destroyed.
This treatment will help from slugs: the room is free from food, and then powdered with a mixture of wood ash and chalk. The use of sulfur smoke checkers is also effective.
We hope that our tips and advice will help you get rid of slugs forever. About what other pests lurk in the garden and the garden and how to deal with them, read in our materials:
Slugs and snails. Control and struggle with gentle methods
Slugs and snails are great pests of gardens! In hot and dry weather, they hide in secluded areas of the garden, where it is always dark, cool and humid. And at night, when dew falls, or on rainy days, slugs and snails crawl out into the garden to hunt, sometimes completely destroying the leaves of young garden plants and the mature harvest.
Slugs and snails prefer fruit and vegetable crops, in which they willingly devour not only leaves, but also stems, flowers, and fruits. Snails and slugs are not disdained by many ornamental plants.
All this, not to mention the appearance of the plant spoiled by snails. Undoubtedly, snails and slugs are malicious garden pests. However, the ecosystem of the garden is very extensive and diverse, and each representative of the fauna in it plays a role.
Not always this role is strictly negative or positive, and the animal itself can without a shadow of a doubt be categorized as pests or helpers. So, slugs and snails perform an important sanitary function in the garden, processing dead or damaged plant residues.
Therefore, an organic approach to horticulture involves soft measures to combat them, primarily aimed at strengthening plants and restricting access of slugs and snails to vulnerable plants.
And the chemical destruction of snails and slugs, even with the help of the so-called. “Soft” pesticides, the most extreme, forced measure of control, which is applied to a point in short periods of time.
The very first preventive measure of protection from slugs and snails is competent gardening:
- technologies for improving fertility and soil structure,
- correct selection of plants
- timeliness of all garden works,
- maintaining garden hygiene,
- the attraction of birds and other beneficial fauna for natural control of pests (in this case, lizards, frogs, toads, fireflies and some other beetles, as well as hedgehogs),
- the right combination of plants
- rotation of vegetable crops and much more.
All these measures contribute to the strengthening of plants, because strong plants can much better resist attacks of garden pests and diseases.
Means of mechanical control
Such gutters are filled with water, which serves as a mechanical obstacle for snails and slugs.
Any dry porous materials, as well as fine gravel, crushed shells and eggshells are unpleasant for slugs and snails, therefore they are well suited as a filler between the rows. It should be borne in mind that in rainy weather, their effectiveness is significantly reduced.
There are also wide plastic rims with a bent edge, which are fixed in the ground around the plants and do not allow snails and slugs to the plant.
Plant vegetables on raised ridges or in containers, in time tie up legumes, tomatoes and pumpkin to supports, use transparent plastic caps (for example, lower half of large plastic bottles from water) and film covers for young vulnerable plants - all this makes the desired plants for snails slugs are physically less accessible.
You should not put live slugs and snails in a cold compostarium, as in favorable conditions, adults will lay eggs. Special traps for slugs and snails are a bowl covered with an umbrella-roof.
The trap is installed so that the entrances are at ground level. Piala is filled with beer, fruit juice or other bait (the delicious smell attracts snails and slugs), the roof prevents rain water and debris from entering.
The distracting maneuvers include old leaves scattered among the plantings and the tops of plants loved by snails and slugs (lettuce, tomatoes, cucumbers, comfrey, etc.).
Этот метод лично я успешно применяю в теплице, где он помогает держать в узде не только улиток и слизней, но и мокриц: увлекшись поеданием этих отходов, они уже не доползают до растущих овощей. Периодически листья с поедающими их вредителями сада можно собирать, заменяя новыми.
Средства электрического контроля
В садовых центрах имеются сделанные из меди самоклеющиеся ленты, ободки или укрывной материал с медным покрытием (торговая марка Shocka).
Contact with copper gives the clams a small electrical shock, so they do not want to cross the copper barrier. Recently, headbands with a small battery, which give snails and slugs at the intersection of a small electric shock, are on sale.
Biological control means
The use of the product is possible from spring to autumn (the temperature of the soil should not be below +5 C), it is most effective in wet weather.
The advantages of this biological "killer" of slugs and snails are in their duration, effectiveness, absolute safety for people and the environment, as well as ease of use. Microorganisms should be diluted with water, and then pour the necessary plantings from the watering can.
Within a week, slugs and snails die; one irrigation lasts for a month and a half, according to the manufacturer. The inconveniences are in the short life of the product (3-4 weeks from the moment of release, because the microorganisms are “preserved” in the living state), and also in the need to keep it in the cold all the time.
The plants that don’t like slugs and snails and try to avoid include primarily garlic, as well as many (but not all!) Aromatic plants (lavender, sage, santolina, thyme, rosemary, laurel, etc.) that they never touch.
Garlic is used by manufacturers of special phyto-infusions, scaring slugs and snails. Infusions of garlic, bitter pepper and mustard are well-known folk remedies for slugs and snails.
Metaldehyde granules are on sale (sold in Russia under the trademarks Thunderstorm and Meta), an effective agent that attracts and kills slugs and snails. On the packaging it is said that the remedy is poisonous for pets and people if it gets into their digestive system.
Manufacturers claim that when used correctly, the product is completely harmless to people, domestic animals and the environment, however, there are often warnings in the gardening press. Metaldehyde should be stored and used with great care.
Wash vegetables and greens especially carefully, if you used metaldehyde in the garden, make sure that the granules do not remain hidden in the salad greens. I scatter blue granules exclusively around the hosts and only in the early spring, when young leaves are shown out of the ground and are especially vulnerable to slugs and snails.
Caffeine against slugs and snails?
Caffeine in the form of an aqueous solution introduced into the soil or on the leaves of plants frightens off and kills slugs and snails, presumably destroying their nervous system. This conclusion was made by Hawaiian scientists from the US Department of Agriculture as a result of a series of experiments, as reported by the publication Nature.
Description, features, life cycle
The slug is a relative of the snail, but without a shell. This is one of the most common pests on the backyard area. The gastropod mollusc is moved by muscle contraction. To determine its presence can be eaten by leaves, holes in tubers, heads of cabbage and fruits.
Moving on the surface, he leaves behind a shiny dried pearl path, as his body is abundantly covered with mucus. On the head there are tentacles in the form of horns, here are the eyes. The parasite's appetite is excellent. Mouth in the form of a sickle, as well as a tongue with many tiny teeth, called a grater, it is able to scrape food from various surfaces.
Ruthlessly cracking down almost all garden crops, he causes irreparable harm to leaves of cabbage, lettuce, devours cucumbers, tomatoes, all berries, many types of ornamental plants, with great pleasure destroys stocks of fruits and vegetables harvested for the winter.
Just knowing how to get rid of slugs and prevent them from spreading, you can protect the crop from pests. Its rapid reproduction is promoted by increased humidity and relatively low air temperature.
Dry years significantly reduce the activity of slugs: pests produce less offspring, feed worse, and therefore do less damage. An adverse period the slug waits, turning into a cocoon. But during the rains, he feasts in the gardens and, which is especially dangerous, simultaneously spreads fungal and viral diseases throughout the plants.
Getting rid of slugs in the area is more difficult than preventing them from spreading. What to do?
- In early spring, it is necessary to treat the soil with great care and diligence. Simple actions will help to significantly reduce the number of overwintered eggs.
- In the summer, watering the garden many times over, it is necessary to loosen the ground often and deeply, throwing out hummocks and roots. It is in them that these parasites often hide.
- Planting should be carried out, following the recommended intervals. The most favorable conditions of existence are created for the pest in shady dense places. For the same reason, the inter-row spacings and the whole territory should be kept especially clean, and also wet areas should be dried.
Preparations, chemical and biological agents
Much to the happiness of amateur gardeners, there are many ways to deal with slugs. Special preparations from slugs (Meta, Thunderstorm, Slyneed, Bros) containing metaldehyde have a destructive effect on them.
The poison is effective even after two weeks of rain. But in wet weather it is better to abandon its use as an ineffective means.
- On the contrary, it is only in a humid environment that the biological remedy for slugs “works” containing microscopic nematodes Phasmarhabditis hermaphrodit (in the photo on the right). It operates at positive temperatures (above + 5 ° C), but is still more common in Europe.
- Visually similar to powder, this remedy for slugs does not harm the surrounding nature and man. The disadvantage is the short shelf life of the drug - no more than 20 days, and certain conditions - only in the refrigerator. Safe modern tools help get rid of slugs.
- These include, for example, biological preparations containing iron phosphate. They cause dehydration of the body of the slug, after which the pest dies underground. The substance itself eventually decomposes into iron and phosphate, which are organically present in the soil.
- Tillage under cultivated plantations with superphosphate or crushed, mixed with sand, copper sulphate helps to get rid of slugs in case of a large accumulation of pests.
Also, slugs of plants treated with copper-containing preparations (Bordeaux liquid, copper hydroxide, cuproxate, copper oxychloride, cupritotox, abigac-peak, cupricole, curavite, cuprox, river) do not attract slugs.
Copper-soaked strips and covering materials protect plants from the voracious mollusk. But such funds from slugs are rarely found on the market. On sale there are traps for snails and slugs with a special bait in a set.
Mechanical methods, improvised and folk remedies
You can get rid of slugs in other available ways. Folk remedies for slugs tested over the years and are also effective. Not excluded and mechanical collection. To this end, on the territory where different crops ripen, it is necessary to lay out boards or large leaves, which will serve as shelter for parasites during the day.
In the evening they will be easy to collect and destroy. The method will be effective if it is repeated several times in a row. You can sketch bait from melon, watermelon, pumpkin. Slugs are nocturnal. At this time of day, they crawl out to fish, so they can also be defused at dawn.
Do not forget that the heat causes damage to slugs. To combat them, you can apply the mulch plantings using a film, under which there is always high humidity. In the dark there are gathering parasites. During the day, being inside, they can not withstand the temperature under the scorching sun.
A destructive measure is considered to be watering with hot water heated to +40 ° C. This tool is applicable only to protect the cabbage. Along the perimeter of the beds you can dig the grooves in which ash mixed with the same amount of tobacco dust is poured. The procedure is repeated in two weeks.
The perfect effect has the creation of artificial barriers. Slugs do not like to crawl over coarse sand, crushed shells, nuts and eggshells, sawdust, lime, pine, and spruce needles, because all these objects cut the abdomen. Kitchen salt, soot just eats them. Through such an obstacle, they just will not go.
- Cut off a plastic bottle or a special bezel with a bent edge will become an insurmountable barrier to the crawling pest. Install them near the coveted plants (kaput, hosts) or around the entire planting, they will help get rid of a large number of slugs.
- Do not like the slugs of coffee grounds, use it in the fight against the pest.
- A good effect gives a solution prepared from 1 liter of water and 2 tablespoons of ammonia. Spraying is done in the evening when the pests leave the shelters.
- Spraying tincture of water and pods of bitter pepper is considered a proven popular method.
It is impossible not to note the great love of monsters to beer. Two simple, but quite original ways of its use are worthy of attention:
- Large fresh leaves of burdock should be placed in a bowl of beer and soaked, and late in the evening evenly spread across the garden. By morning, all the leaves will stick over slugs. It remains only to collect them and neutralize.
- A cut-off plastic bottle with a small amount of intoxicating drink digs into the ground. Slugs fall directly into it or are nearby, 2-3 such treats will allow you to forget about the pests for the whole season.
How to do no harm
Their complete destruction with the help of chemicals is an extreme and undesirable measure. It is much more useful to use folk remedies or the plants themselves.
Do not forget that parsley, dill, garlic, as well as lavender, sage, peonies scare some pests. No less effective measure can serve as a small pond, attracting snails and slugs.
The pest is also eaten by crows, jackdaws and poultry. To save garden plants, all measures are good, but the best thing is to try to avoid using chemicals and try to get rid of slugs by folk remedies or biological ones.
Folk methods of dealing with slugs
Agree, slugs - quite unpleasant to attack. At first they spoil, almost every strawberry berry. Then they systematically move to tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants, gnawing holes in the fruit, and sometimes even settling in them.
The same slugs damage cucumbers and cabbage, eating indentations in carrots and beets. Is there no escape from this? Fighting slugs will have a complex, and the best tool - this is prevention.
In principle, it is quite enough in the nature of enemies in gastropods, but they are not often found in our gardens. They are very pleased to eat hedgehogs, frogs and toads. However, in the conditions of our sites, quite often these natural enemies simply have no place to stick, and therefore they bypass the gardens.
Slugs are not overlooked and overgrown with grass, where you can hide from the destructive sunlight for them. Therefore, as a preventive measure, timely removal of weeds and mowing grass on the edges of the plot is recommended. Make their life rough!
Slugs and snails do not like a rough surface. It is necessary to fill insurmountable bands of coarse sand, crushed eggs and nutshells around those plants where gastropods were seen, creating a kind of thorny barriers.
But here you need to regularly monitor that no gaps are formed in the wall through which a cunning and gluttonous enemy can penetrate. Shredded river shells with sharp edges, which are scattered with ribbons between the beds, are considered to be an excellent means to scare away slugs.
- If there is an opportunity, then mulching your plantings with coniferous needles will give truly phenomenal results (this is especially true of spruce needles). Slugs will immediately begin to avoid encroaching on plants protected by thick coniferous carpet.
- Under the plants of tomato, pepper or eggplant, to which slugs are great lovers, you can lay out dried nettle plants. Slugs are afraid of them, and if the nettle is quite a lot, they will prefer to bypass this place side. Get a beer!
- Slugs and snails can not resist beer, even exhausted (they are true connoisseurs of this drink and, according to German gardeners, prefer its dark varieties). You can use this predilection for them by breaking glasses into the ground and half-filling them with beer.
- Especially immoderate people simply drown in beer, the more abstinent ones “fall off” next to the “life-giving source”. The way is original and, as it said, very effective - two or three such “feasts” and you can forget about slugs until the end of the season.
- Instead of glasses fit other containers. For example, in the lower parts you can install a whole basin, or you can do with glasses made of plastic bottles. Or take a whole plastic bottle, pour a little beer and put it flat on the ground, slightly crushing one side so that the bottles become flat and don't roll.
It is worth noting that such substrates as ash, superphosphate or lime, mollusks are especially avoided. Superphosphate by today's standards is a thing, of course, expensive, so it is easier to stay on ash or lime.
Perhaps the simplest thing is to sprinkle lime between the rows after rain or watering, when the slugs begin to move actively. Falling on a strip of lime, they burn their abdomen and die. You can not take pure lime, and mixed with ash or tobacco dust (1: 1).
In the absence of rain, the soil is treated in this way late in the evening or at night, when the slugs are on the soil or on the plants. Tillage periodically repeated (after 7-15 days), which leads to a gradual death of mollusks.
The main thing when carrying out this procedure is to successfully select places for the dispersion of drugs in order to block the main roads of their movement for the slugs. It should be borne in mind that filing is effective when the slugs are “grazing” - that is, after sunset.
To protect garden strawberries, it is recommended to sprinkle the ground with fir or pine needles or put a layer of fir or pine feet on the soil. Needles themselves crumble to the surface and will protect against slugs.
In addition, protect the soil from drying out and then serve as fertilizer. And the skeletons of spruce and pine feet will serve as support for the berries, protecting them from contact with the ground. For dessert - grapefruit.
- American gardeners recommend a very original way of catching slugs using grapefruit; it is enough to take a half of the grapefruit rind, cut a small hole in it and install this dome-shaped trap.
- Attracted by the smell, gastropods for the night will gather under the peel, and in the morning they will only have to collect them and eliminate them by placing them in boiling water or in a concentrated solution of common salt. However, in our conditions, it is easier to catch slugs in more accessible (and most importantly - traps available on any garden plot).
- As the latter, the usual trimming of boards, pieces of slate or roofing material, wet rags and sackcloth, linoleum, watermelon rinds, cabbage leaves, etc., are quite suitable. Slips like to crawl into such shelters for a day. And all you need to do is just to arrange all these items in the evening in suitable places, and with a wreath go through and collect the mollusks hiding in the traps.
Among the chemical preparations for dealing with slugs, thunderstorm and metaldehyde are most known. The tool is very effective, but quite expensive. It is a multi-colored granules, usually blue.
But with gluttonous slugs, this "feed" is destroyed with pleasure. It is not necessary to pour granules in groups - it is more efficient to lay them at a distance of 10-15 cm from each other. To gastropods this quite suffices, and you essentially will save.
Bare slugs and control measures
Bare slugs are very widespread. They live in the soil, under turf and stones, in foliage and in other similar places. Bare slugs prefer to settle in places with moistened soil.
Both adults and juveniles harm. Bare slugs especially damage clover, cabbage, swede, beets, carrots, potatoes, and especially the shoots of winter crops in autumn; sown grains.
They feed on naked slugs at night, and during the day only in cloudy weather. With an increased amount of precipitation in the summer and autumn, the following year is usually characterized by the mass reproduction of bare slugs. With a dry spring and high summer temperatures, the number of slugs drastically decreases.
The release of young eggs from naked slugs occurs two to three weeks after laying eggs. Sixty days later, on leaving the eggs, the slugs become sexually mature. Naked slugs overwinter predominantly in the egg phase.
У обыкновенного полевого голого слизня гладкое тело, желтовато-белого или серовато-розового цвета. Длина тела 30-60 мм. Обитает в лесу и часто на открытых местах. Серьезный вредитель овощных культур.
Слизень бурый арион имеет тело с плотной туго натянутой кожей, каждая сторона покрыта 24 рядами неглубоких морщин. Тело желто-оранжевой или красноватой окраски, у спины бурой, к подошве желтовато-белой, две темные боковые полосы с нечёткими контурами.
Body length 50-70 mm. This species is especially widespread: in the north, these bare slugs inhabit right up to the shores of the northern seas, and in the south to Kiev and Kharkov. But the bare slug brown arion is less harmful than previous slugs.
Measures to deal with bare slugs
The fight against slugs should start with a thorough tillage, drainage of roadside ditches, ravines, puddles and other wet areas, cleaning and processing of sod and stones. The fight against slugs is not a simple matter, for this it is necessary to destroy the weeds, especially on the steam fields.
Remove from the fields tops, cabbage leaves, swede and other plant crops. In the fight against slugs, the treatment of the site with ash with the addition of 25-30% lime at a dosage of 200-250 kg / ha, superphosphate - 300-600 kg / ha, spraying the crops with 10% aqueous solution with table salt is effective. Spraying produced at night when the slug goes to feed.
What to do in this case?
Method one. The good old folk method of dealing with slugs is a bait device. To do this in the evening (at 20-21 o'clock), when the slugs begin to get out of the shelters, trays with kvass, juice, beer or diluted with yeast jam are added next to the cabbage patch. You can dampen old rags or burdock leaves in a “drink” and spread them along the furrows. All night the slugs will crawl into smell, and in the morning you can take pests with your bare hands.
The second way. Spread the mustard powder between the cabbage. Slugs can't stand it.
The third way. Prepare a solution of 40 ml. ammonia for 5-6 liters of water and pour water from the watering can directly on the leaves and heads of cabbages. After a few minutes, go back to the garden and repeat the procedure: by this time all the slugs will pop out of the ground and out of the cabbage, and the liquid ammonia solution will “strike directly at the enemy.”
Fourth method. Tear and lay nettle leaves and stalks. For nettle slugs to your cabbage will not climb. True, it dries quickly, so nettle protection needs to be updated every day, but this is rather a plus than a minus, because you are simultaneously struggling with slugs and mulching the plant with wonderful organic material.
The fifth way. Chopped eggshell scattered around the cabbage will be an insurmountable obstacle for mollusks. But where to get so much shell? Save up all winter! What else to save in the winter, then to use in the country.
The sixth way. Spray the soil on a cabbage patch with bitter pepper infusion. To make it, you need to grind 100 grams of pepper, pour a liter of water and leave for two days. Then bring to a boil and insist for another day.
Then squeeze the pepper and strain the infusion. Half a cup of pepper infusion is diluted in a bucket of water and, as usual, a spoon of liquid soap is added before spraying. The remaining concentrate can be stored in a tightly closed container in a dark and cool place.
The seventh way. The beds, where slugs rage, are shed with a solution of ordinary green stuff (1 vial per bucket of water). Slugs go off.
The best folk remedy against slugs
There is a simple method from slugs that does not require complicated actions. But like any reliable means of struggle, it requires a gradual and careful implementation. You only need the usual plastic film. You can take any packages, the remains of transparent polyethylene from last year's greenhouse, and even black film.
Therefore, proceed as follows: already at the stage of planting, put pieces of film on the night in between rows, lightly sprinkling them with earth or pressing them with a stone so as not to blow away the wind. It is not necessary to smooth out packages, they may be crumpled.
In the morning, remove and rinse the films in a basin of water, washing away all the slugs and other snails gathered under it. Repeating this way day after day, you will certainly get them out of your garden in a few weeks.
Some of them will already die before your arrival - they will not tolerate high temperature under the heated film. It is even better to use this method even before planting, having previously reduced the “livestock” of pests in the soil.