Melotra rough is a climbing plant of the pumpkin family, originally from Africa.
Fruits of feline are very similar in appearance to cucumbers and are edible. Often this plant is used as an ornamental to decorate a gazebo, a balcony or a dacha flowerbed.
Many have been using melodria as an exotic decoration for a long time and have appreciated its yield and undemanding care.
In this article we will consider the benefits and harms of this plant, as well as the description and features of growing an exotic crop at home.
Melotria rough - Annual climbing plant, vines which can reach three meters in length. The leaves of this plant are triangular and have a small down. The flowers are yellow like bells. Flowers are opposite-sex and you can visually distinguish male from female. Men are collected in bunches, and women grow one by one.
Harvest can be collected in early July. Fruits are small, striped, similar to oval-shaped watermelons up to three centimeters long. They taste very similar to ordinary cucumber, but have a slightly sour taste.
The composition of the fruit of metotrii contains a lot of fiber, protein, fat and carbohydrates. They contain magnesium, calcium, iron, potassium, phosphorus and sodium, vitamins of groups B and C, therefore they are very useful.
Growing this crop is very similar to growing ordinary cucumbers. Since this plant is from hot countries, it is natural that it is thermophilic and plant it in the ground can only be strong seedlings.
In order to grow seedlings, you need:
- Disposable cups filled with fertile soil.
- Well water the soil.
- In order for the plant to be warm and the entrances to grow faster, the cups need to be covered with foil.
- Cups of seeds need to be put on a sunny place.
- Four days later, the first shoots will appear, after which you need to remove the polyethylene from the cups and carry out regular loosening and watering the soil.
- After the seedlings grow to five centimeters in height, you can open the window for a while in order to accustom the plants to fresh air.
- Planted seedlings in the ground can be in the middle of May.
Choosing a landing site
Since the melotriya is rough - a thermophilic plant, the site for planting, of course, must be sunny and windless. It is very good to plant them in the place of last year’s growth of onions, peas or tomatoes. At the site of the growth of pumpkin, cucumbers and zucchini melodria cannot be planted because of similar diseases and the risk of infecting the plant with them.
After landing in the ground, in case of a fall in temperature or heavy rain, the plant should be covered.
Possible planting of seeds, but it is very much delay the period of fruiting plants. Most often, this method of planting is used for the cultivation of decorative footage, which is decorated with balconies and gazebos, and when receiving fruits is not the main goal.
In general, feline is a fairly undemanding plant and does not require special care.
This culture loves moisture, so watering should be regular and abundant. But one should not over-moisten the soil, as this can provoke fungal diseases.
The soil around the plant should be carefully loosened so as not to form a crust. Very good to promulcate the soil.
Sure to need to feed the plant phosphate and potash fertilizers. If melotriya is grown as an ornamental plant, it is better to use nitrogen fertilizers to actively grow the green part.
During the period of active growth of vines felts need to be tied up. If you plan to arch, then you need to create an appropriate framework on which the plant will trail.
You can create a frame in the form of a pyramid and circle the felting around. This will create a beautiful landscape composition.
In order to protect the plant from powdery mildew, it needs to be twice a year. wash with soap.
The first fruits appear twenty days after transplanting to the ground. The main period of fruiting occurs in July, and the crop can be harvested until the very first frost.
Pick cucumbers need a little underripe, because if you overlook a little, they will overripe and become soft.
To taste the fruits are soft and similar to cucumber, and the skin is firm and gives sourness.
If you follow all the rules of care, from one bush it will be possible to collect up to six kilograms of minke whales.
- This product is very rich in vitamins and fiber. Its constant use in food strengthens the cardiovascular system, normalizes blood pressure.
- Excretes harmful substances from the body.
- Lowers blood cholesterol.
- It causes a quick feeling of satiety, which is very good for those who want to lose weight. You can cook salads from melotriya and arrange fasting days with it.
- Differs in small caloric content. Only fifteen kcal per 100 grams.
- It has an immunostimulating effect on the body.
- Tones and is an anti-inflammatory agent.
- Improves the gastrointestinal tract.
- Rough flesh is used in cooking, for pickling with other vegetable crops, as well as with sweet cherries.
Harm of feline and contraindications
- People suffering from gastritis and peptic ulcer disease, as well as high acidity, it is better not to eat this product.
- Overripe fruits can not be eaten for people with cardiovascular diseases, as well as problems with the liver, hypertension and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
- Pregnant women do not need to use fines in saline form.
Application for decoration of arbors and beds
The plant can decorate fences, arches, arbors, it is possible to make various landscape compositions from it. To make it easier for the plant to cling, it is better to fix the net in the place of the planned weaving.
Melotia grows very quickly and by the end of the summer will cover the entire required area.
It is also grown on the balconies and decorates the windows with it.
Meloria Rough - very useful and beautiful low-maintenance plant. Its fruits contain many beneficial trace elements and vitamins. They perfectly satisfy hunger and give a quick feeling of satiety.
Basically, flesh is rough consumed raw and in the form of fresh salads. Also her can marinate and preserve alone or with other vegetables. These fruits are very well suited for meat dishes as decoration.
But it is important to remember that this is an annual plant that will grow only one year. Therefore, before each season will require new planting from seedlings or from seeds.
Composition and useful properties
The value of the fruit of flesh is due to the high content of fiber and minerals. In addition, there are proteins, fats and carbohydrates, vitamins C and B9 in the fruit. Like cucumbers, small watermelons are rich in water, which is why they are especially appreciated by nutritionists.
Regular use of rough flesh has a positive effect on health:
- Arterial pressure is normalized, the work of vessels and heart muscle is improved.
Experienced gardeners recommend not to pick berries at once, as they appear, and wait 2-3 days. In this case, the fruits accumulate the maximum amount of nutrients and will be more pleasant to the taste.
- Reduced risk of formation and development of cancer.
- The body will be cleansed of harmful cholesterol, excess bile, toxins and free radicals.
- Despite the low calorie content (only 15 kcal per 100 g of the product), rough fines can give a feeling of satiety. It helps not to overeat, which contributes to maintaining or even losing weight.
- The plant is famous for its tonic and anti-inflammatory properties. It also helps strengthen the immune system.
It is very easy to achieve all the results listed above; all you need to do is to include the fruits of the frivolous melotry in your diet. It is better to eat them fresh, but you can also make marinades and pickles. Chopped fruits can decorate meat and fish dishes. They are also good as a component of vegetable salads.
Melotria as a means to lose weight
Decorative mini watermelons are very effective in the fight against overweight. The best option nutritionists consider the course, including fasting days based on small watermelons. The bottom line is that at least two meals should consist of light meals that include miloth. The best option is a vegetable salad of tomatoes and oguts, seasoned with nonfat or low-fat kefir.
Only 1-2 days a week, and the weight will start to go smoothly, without causing a deficiency of vitamins and minerals in the body. The only thing to remember is that vegetables and berries should be thoroughly washed, and their abuse can cause diarrhea.
Adhering to a tasty and uncomplicated diet, in a couple of weeks you can remove a significant amount of excess fluid from the body. Then begins the process of splitting fat. By the way, this property of the berries will be very useful for people suffering from edema. The load on the kidneys at the same time is insignificant, and yet you should first consult with your doctor. An additional plus of melodrius rough is that it improves intestinal motility, relieving constipation.
Harm and contraindications
High-quality and thermally unprocessed product will not bring harm, even if used in large quantities. There are only a few points that you need to pay attention to before you enter the fruits in your diet:
- With increased acidity of gastric juice, the presence of an ulcer or gastritis, the product should be discarded. It can increase the severity of unpleasant symptoms.
- In fresh form, you can eat freshly ripened fruits. If the berries have ripened, and their skin is thickened, it is better to twist them in jars.
- Any pickles and marinades, including those with milotria, are contraindicated for people with hypertension, atherosclerosis, diseases of the digestive system, liver, kidneys, and heart. It is recommended to refrain from such dishes and lactating and pregnant women.
It is noteworthy that the plant edible, not only berries, but also tubers. It tastes like a cross between a cucumber and a radish. Only they must be eaten immediately after collection, these parts are not subject to storage.
Rough flesh - useful properties of cucumber
Understanding what useful properties has rough fang or, as it is also called, mini-cucumber, it should be mentioned that its regular use has a positive effect on the work of the pancreas. This mini cucumber can be attributed to low-calorie foods that are not only allowed, but also recommended to add to the diet for people who are watching their own figure or wanting to lose weight.
Speaking about what is the use of rough melotrii, it is necessary to mention its ability to remove excess fluid from the body. If you take into account these properties, then to eat such a product is recommended for people who have a tendency to puffiness. It was noted that the constant consumption of such a product helps to normalize blood pressure.
These fruits also have a considerable amount of fiber in their composition, which contributes to the removal of toxins from the body and helps to clean the vessels of harmful cholesterol. Also, African cucumbers can be an excellent tool in the fight against constipation, helping to improve intestinal motility.
Harm and contraindications
Eating such a product can bring not only benefit but also harm. So, for example, this vegetable can be dangerous for a person suffering from hyperacidity. Salted and pickled fruits are not recommended for eating in case of kidney and liver diseases.
It should abandon this product and people with diseases of the cardiovascular system and gastrointestinal tract. You should not eat melodria and those who have gastritis or gastric ulcer, so as not to cause aggravation.
Melotria rough - A plant of the pumpkin family. It is common in equatorial Africa. This is an annual plant, its stems reach a length of 3 m. The leaves are in triangular-shaped melotria, with a slight pubescence. The flowers of the plant are small, bright yellow, funnel-shaped, opposite-sex. Men are collected in bunches, and women grow one by one.
Bring yield crop fills in July. Its fruits are small, up to 3 cm, oval-shaped, green with a speckled pattern. Edible. To taste like a cucumber, but have a sour taste.
It is recommended to collect the fruits on the second or third day, then they will be tastier.
Fruits of melotriya contain a lot of fiber. They are rich in proteins, fats and carbohydrates. They also contain minerals such as:
In addition, the composition of African cucumbers include vitamins B9 and C.
Fruits of melotriya are consumed raw, pickled or salted. Fresh mini cucumbers are prepared with salads, with the addition of tomatoes and pepper. Also, African cucumbers are very good for decorating meat and fish dishes.
But not only fruits, but also tubers are edible. They taste like cucumber and radish at the same time. You need to use the tubers immediately after digging them, because they are stored very badly. From the tubers of melotriya, you can cook salads and vegetable stews.
The North American gift of the vegetable garden tastes very piquant due to the mild sourness that “hides” in the skin. Some dishes of the national cuisine include unusual fruits. But you can add them to the table only if their seeds have not yet become hardened.
Eat mini-watermelon is allowed not only after heat treatment. They are consumed raw or soaked in marinade. If the hostess has conceived to make salted cucumbers or to preserve green tomatoes in a barrel, then add an atypical additive to the pickle is allowed at all at all times.
If you apply the salty melodies to the table as a snack for alcohol, then inexperienced guests will wonder for a long time what the specific coloring of olives is. In addition, canned billet is perfectly combined with winter salads and can even serve as an element of decoration of the main dish, canapés.
Having risked growing a guest from faraway Africa in their own backyard, gardeners will be able to replenish the diet with a juicy, light-colored tuber at the end of the harvest season. It tastes like radish. It is better to eat it fresh, or adding to salads with other vegetables. The only precaution is the rules of proper storage, as the root must be eaten immediately after digging. Even a deep freeze will not save him, as the nutrients evaporate quickly.
Experimenters who have started growing often leave testimonials indicating another application of the plant. It is often exploited by landscape designers, creating cozy green hedges, which are famous for unpretentious care.
For decorative purposes, an atypical bindweed can simply be planted in flowerpots, placing them on the balcony window-sills. A few years later they will make a real natural fence, creating a good shadow without unnecessary trouble for the owners.
In public institutions, shoots are allowed just along the wall of the hall, making for them a “web” of ropes for secure attachment. It turns out the original decoration that does not require special care. It is enough to periodically feed the soil with organic fertilizers.
Indications and Contraindications
The benefits and harms of the spices presented go hand in hand, as hard work with eating too many fruits can negatively affect the work of the digestive tract. But with the observance of the dosage it is possible to achieve stabilization of the pancreas functioning.
Another positive quality is called low calorie content. Due to this, many adherents of a healthy lifestyle, as well as losing weight can freely include it in the daily diet. And thanks to the structure of the African cucumber, it is easily digested without replenishing the body's toxins.
Other positive features include:
- removal of excess fluid, which is suitable for people suffering from persistent swelling,
- blood pressure stabilization
- elimination of toxins along with bad cholesterol.
The last item was made possible by fiber, which has a beneficial effect on the general cleansing of the body, which is especially important after waking up from hibernation. The hidden trump of greenery was the prevention of constipation.
But there are several significant contraindications, including:
- increased acidity of gastric juice,
- stomach ulcers.
To get the maximum benefit, it is better to use only young fruits. If the skin they have time to stiffen, it is better to send such a billet for subsequent conservation. But pickled fruit is better to postpone those who suffer from disabilities in parts:
- gastrointestinal tract,
- of cardio-vascular system.
Despite positive changes in blood pressure with regular consumption of such an additive, patients with hypertension and atherosclerosis should avoid eating it.
Pregnancy is considered to be a classic of contraindications of pickled African cucumbers. Здесь речь идет больше даже не о составе плодов, а о повышенном содержании соли, что может привести к увеличению отечности.
Любители экзотических яств давно научились готовить как клубни мелотрии, так и «арбузики». Roots that look like sweet potatoes are readily added to vegetarians on the menu.
But one thing when the novelty settled in the garden or window sill, and another - when you have to buy it with it.
In order not to make a bad choice, it is necessary to pay attention to the appearance of the vegetable. Each copy should be not only firm, but also smooth. To maximize the preservation of all biologically active components, it is necessary to choose only fruits without mechanical damage.
If you want to fully enjoy the taste characteristics, then you need to choose instances with the clearest pattern on the skin. It is believed that they have the sweetest taste.
After the purchase you will need to follow the rules for safe storage of the purchase. Keep the additive to the traditional table is only in a special section of the refrigerator. And leave the purchase there is no more than a week.
If the hostess got around to preserving the billet, then you can successfully stand the winter delicacy in a sterilized can for about three months.
Since the plant is perfectly combined with dishes of meat and vegetables, before lovers of healthy food offers many opportunities for its use in the kitchen. Experiments are welcome.
Exotic in the garden
You understand that Melotria is a distant relative of our garden pumpkin plants, when you learn the second name of the exotic - mouse melon. It is a vine that grows wild in Africa. Melotria is part of the pumpkin family, likes the humidity of the tropics. Our gardeners have learned how to grow African cucumber in the conditions of greenhouses, apartments, open ground.
Liana is covered with triangular leaves, their color is saturated, bright green. Africans can reach a length of 3 meters, which is impressive. Melon fruits are miniature from 1.5 to 2 cm. The oval shape resembles miniature cucumbers, covered with a hard sandpaper with bright stripes.
Council Collect mini cucumbers every 2–3 days. Hanging on the whip, they are made sweeter.
On Melotrii there are male and female flowers of small size, shape in the form of a funnel, the color is yellow. Female flowers are single; male flowers are grouped in bunches. Melotriya happy fruits in July. Taste of a mouse melon reminds a cucumber, but sour.
The decorative qualities of the mouse melon make it attractive for landscape designers. Liana decorates not only apartments, but also offices. Productivity Melotrii high. The collected fruits are eaten, they successfully treat various diseases. The benefit of cucumbers is determined by their chemical composition.
Description of the composition
In the composition of the sour pulp Melotrii found many useful trace elements. The cucumber has all the substances we need:
In the melon pulp, scientists have found vitamins important for the human body (B9, PP). Nutritionists considered the caloric content of exotic cucumbers, it is 14 kcal per 100 g of the product.
Reference. An interesting fact - Melotry pulp is very watery, but its protein content exceeds the classic cucumber.
African cucumbers included in the menu during the fasting days. Other useful properties of cucumber are used for the prevention of disease.
Melon pulp contains fiber, which is useful for the intestines and cardiovascular system. It is necessary to use a mini-melon daily to feel the healing effect. There is some benefit and certain harm from Melotray rough:
- the flesh of striped African cucumbers is eaten for cancer prevention,
- prolonged use of the fruit leads to the normalization of blood pressure,
- people with gall bladder problems have easier bile flow.
The main direction of the use of Melotrii rough- fight with excess weight. With its help, you can keep your weight normal. Mouse melon fruits quickly cause a feeling of satiety, it helps to avoid overeating.
During the diet melon can be safely included in the diet, it contains few calories. In a week, nutritionists advise to do two fasting days. During these days, the diet may consist of African cucumbers, red peppers and tomatoes. For dressing salads recommend using kefir, but low-fat. After fasting days, swelling is reduced, the gastrointestinal tract improves, and constipation does not suffer.
There are fresh fruits Melotrii rough can not all. People with a sore stomach, they are contraindicated. Young African cucumbers are eaten fresh. Mature fruits make harvesting. Do not recommend eating marinated melon to people:
- with a sore heart,
- with liver pathologies,
- kidney disease
- with atherosclerosis
- with hypertension.
Eating pickled exotic is forbidden for pregnant women.
Features of growing
When planning to grow Melotria rough, they follow the usual rules of caring for classic cucumbers, the agricultural practices of these two cultures are similar. Melon thermophilic, in the open field it is propagated only through seedlings.
For sowing seedlings take glasses, a volume of 200 ml. Nutrient soil mixture is used as a filler. Moisturize the soil, the seeds are not deeply embedded, they are very small. The thickness of the earth above the seeds does not exceed 0.5 cm.
We create greenhouse conditions for better germination of seeds of Melotia:
- box with melon covered with foil,
- we put in a warm place
- we select solar windows.
Within 3-4 days, the first shoots of melon will be projected. We remove the film and when the sprouts reach 5 cm, we begin to harden the seedlings. To do this, airing using vents. At home, melon seedlings live until mid-May.
Particular attention is paid to the choice of the site for the mouse melon. Its characteristics are important:
- the presence of drafts,
Focusing on sunny places without drafts. Vegetable crops from the list are considered good forerunners of the African cucumber:
Bad predecessors for the African cucumber: zucchini, cucumbers, squash, pumpkin. Some gardeners sow seeds Melotrii immediately on the ridge. Plus from this only one - saving time for growing seedlings.
More minuses: late fruiting, developmental lag. If Melotriya will be used as an ornamental plant, it is possible to propagate by seeds into the soil. In a temperate climate, a hybrid of Melodrius rough - Hummingbird F1 is grown, the actions during planting are:
- when disembarking on a ridge, adhere to the 40x40 cm scheme,
- immediately install the supports in the form of a trellis,
- cucumbers pour.
Further care as a classic cucumber.
To water the Melodria with an interval in 2 days. Pour at least 1 bucket on one bush. The next day, loosen the ground. The absence of a crust on earth improves the nutrition of the roots. All summer you need to monitor the status of cucumbers. If signs of the disease is treated with soapy water.
From fertilizing in the summer using urea. Nitrogen supplements increase the growth of green mass Melotrii many times. The first cucumbers will be formed 14 days after transplantation. At the age of the week the fetus can be removed. If the harvest is delayed, the crop will lose its commercial value. African cucumber overrides quickly.
Reviews best characterize new, unusual plants. After reading them, decide you need such exotics as Melotriya in the garden or not.
“I was surprised when I met the seeds of an exotic plant, Melotia rough, in an ordinary flower shop in our city. Seeds bought. The goal was - decoration gazebos. The result was worth the labor of growing mouse melon. Arbor all summer was in bright green. "
“Friends strongly recommended planting an African cucumber. Planted melon in round holes. Cared for cucumbers. Fruits grew a lot, but small. I did not like the taste, I ate mini cucumbers on fasting days. They write the truth about weight loss, I lost weight. ”
“I planted an African seed in a hole near the post. Pillar wanted to decorate and a piece of the old fence. All the seeds sprung up. He didn’t do any special care: he watered and loosened. Fresh melons did not like at all. I added them to marinades, they turned out well. A neighbor ate raw melons and praised. "
The use of flesh rough
Regular inclusion in the diet of the fruits of African cucumber:
- restores blood pressure
- lowers blood cholesterol
- removes excess bile from the body,
- tones up
- improves intestinal motility,
- It has anti-inflammatory and immunostimulating effects.
Fruits of melotriya can cause a feeling of fullness with its low calorie content (15 kcal), which makes it indispensable in the diet kitchen. From African cucumbers prepare summer salads, arrange fasting days, adding red peppers and tomatoes to them, filling them with nonfat kefir. Such fasting days will be useful not only for those who want to lose weight, but also for those suffering from puffiness, since feline pain relieves the body of excess fluid.