Rosara potato is a very competitive variety, not only in the domestic market, but also in the world. It was obtained by German specialists in the field of selection, belongs to the early varieties and has great nutritional value. Resistant to diseases, gives a wonderful harvest even for inexperienced gardeners. It is cultivated in household plots, kitchen gardens, and on an industrial scale.
Characteristic varieties Rosara
Rosara belongs to the early varieties, the harvest begins at the end of summer. According to the description, you can collect an average of one bush 18 tubers weighing 100-150 grams each. If the growing conditions are favorable, the number of tubers can increase to 24.
The tubers contain a relatively small amount of starch, they are well stored. According to its characteristics, the plant itself is resistant to potato cancer, nematode, late blight.
Seed fund you can not change a very long time.
Rosary Tubers have red color of the skin, small eyes. Pulp with a yellowish tinge. It is thanks to the pink color of the potato is very easily recognizable among other competitors.
The shape of the tubers is oval, their size is about the same, there are rough spots on the skin.
Shrubs of this variety are rather compact, of small height and not sprawling. Flowers have a purple color with small yellow stamens. They are small, collected at the very top of the stem. The leaves are dark green color, egg-shaped.
What is unique
Rosara is primarily distinguished from other varieties with its unusual color: the skin can be painted either in a delicate pink shade or in dark red.
Tubers are used both in amateur kitchen, and professionals of the business. Their taste is very soft, not cloying. With long cooking does not fall apart.
It is also noteworthy that the Rosar variety very unpretentious in growingIt gives excellent harvest and is very well adapted for the middle band.
Potatoes are well transportable and resistant to storage.
Taste and commercial quality
The taste of Rosar's potato can be described as nice, soft and very gentle. It contains little starch, which eliminates excessive cloying and sweetness. The flesh is not watery. In cooking, it is also appreciated for the presence of a large amount of fatty acids.
Very good Rosara tolerates transportation, has a high resistance to mechanical damage. With one weave you can collect up to 500 kg ripe potatoes.
Rosara has already managed to catch the fancy of local gardeners and deserve some feedback from them. Not all are satisfied with very early ripening. In order for the soil not to be empty, it is necessary to adjust the dates and harvest two harvests or carry out a partial substitution for other, mid-season, varieties.
Not everyone likes the fact that to get a good harvest you need to plant seed weighing more than 50 grams. The opinion of practicing gardeners agreed on one thing: the variety gives stable, good yields suitable for long-term storage.
For planting fit only large seeds weighing 50 grams.
For growing potato varieties Rozara is recommended to select sandy soil with good drainagewithout stagnation of excessive moisture.
Before growing potatoes, it is advisable to plant on the site legumes, pumpkin plants, as well as corn, cabbage. But on the beds where solanaceous crops or sunflowers were planted before, it is very undesirable to plant potatoes.
Place for landing should be well lit. You can fertilize the site with manure, compost, potassium and phosphorus. In the spring, during the pretreatment of the soil, nitrogen fertilizers are applied.
Place for landing Rosaras should be well lit
Planting tubers is only when the land is already well heated and there is no chance of frost. Rosara is very afraid of hypothermia, so this requirement can not be neglected.
In the process of growing, planting potatoes require regular care. Germinating weeds should be removed as they appear on the garden.
If there is no rain for a long period, it is recommended to produce watering. Do it carefully, without much zeal, otherwise an overabundance of moisture can lead to rotting tubers.
As soon as the bushes begin to close the tops, and their height reaches 10-12 cm, spend cultivation. This helps not only to get rid of weeds, but also contributes to the penetration of oxygen into the soil. Hilling is later carried out, the aim of which is also to improve the penetration of oxygen into the soil.
An equally important step in the care of Rosar potato varieties is pest control. The main one is the Colorado potato beetle.
The main pest of Rosara is the Colorado potato beetle.
If not to take timely measures for its destruction, then the whole crop may perish. The market presents a huge number of drugs designed to destroy the Colorado potato beetle and other pests. Each of them has its own advantages and disadvantages.
Variety Rosara resistant to late blightHowever, overmoistening of the soil can lead to the fact that the plant will become infected with this ailment. It can be defeated only through the use of high-quality fungicides.
For successful storage it is very important that potatoes mature well. As soon as the tops are dying, all the necessary substances, including starch, are collected in the tubers. They give the variety its characteristic taste and aroma. Mature potatoes form a rather coarse skin with dry eyes.
Before storing your crop for storage, it must how to dry in the air. So that the tubers do not turn green during this time, they are sheltered from direct sunlight. After that, the potatoes are sorted and the selection of defective products. Material must be stored without mechanical damage.
Tubers with obvious signs of any disease should be immediately destroyed.
Before storage, the crop must be thoroughly dried in air.
Storage temperature maintained within + 2 ... + 4 degreesthat will ensure the best safety of the crop. Do not allow the humidity to exceed 70-85%. At the bottom of the repository is better to pour sand, tracing paper or rubble. They will absorb moisture and prevent the development of fungal diseases. Do not allow long-term illumination in the store, especially the ingress of daylight.
Used as storage containers wooden boxes. Also well proven mesh bags, providing the ability to control the safety of the crop.
Potato Rosara very well recommended not only for growing in private gardens or suburban areas. This variety is successfully cultivated on an industrial scale.
When harvesting this variety, few defective potatoes are obtained, it is resistant to diseases and mechanical damage. Thanks to this, the harvested crop is transported over long distances, does not lose its presentation and perfectly preserves its taste qualities until spring.
Light or dark red tubers of a root crop have a slightly rough thin skin with small eyes. The flesh of the vegetable in the cut is yellow. The oblong, sometimes teardrop-shaped forms of 80-150 gram potato tubers are adapted for long-term storage and can tolerate even long-distance transportation.
Read all about storing potatoes: timing, how to do it in the winter, whether it can be stored in boxes, in the refrigerator and what to do with the peeled roots.
The plant is a slightly sprawling low shrub with a moderately growing, large green tops and red-violet corolla.
Rosar's potatoes are adapted to tolerate drought and high humidity, a sharp cooling, so it can be grown in almost every climatic zone. Many gardeners and farms were convinced of the productivity of this variety.
On each bush usually grows from 12 to 15 tubers, and they are almost the same size. In a healthy environment, the yield is 350 - 400 kg per one hundred square. Special care helps to get higher yields.
You can compare yields with other varieties using the data from the table:
During 4 - 5 years, the crop yield is at the usual level, therefore does not require constant updating of the seed fund. Rosara refers to varieties with early ripening. Already in the second half of August, a full-fledged harvest is gathered from seeds planted in late May.
Potato lovers are attracted by excellent taste. It is weakly boiled soft, because the pulp contains a small amount of starch (up to 16%), so more often the vegetable is used boiled, used for cooking salads.
Root crop is widely used in industrial processing.
You can compare the starch content with other varieties in the table below:
Cultivation and care
Agrotechnics for this potato is not difficult. High-quality soil preparation and the right choice of landing site contribute to obtaining a rich early harvest. Rosara variety potatoes preferably planted in open open areas with sandy or light, medium loamy soils.
Landing site needs to be changed after 2 - 3 years of use. When choosing a new square, you should pay attention to the cultures that grew here in front of potatoes. Soil after cucumbers, legumes, root crops and cabbage are perfect.
Unsuitable for good growth of this vegetable will be land, where predecessors were solanaceous crops. To control weeds you can use mulching.
Autumn soil preparation has a positive effect on future yield. Experts advise composting, phosphate and potash fertilizers. When and how to apply fertilizer, as well as how to do it when planting, read additional articles.
Planted in the fall on the plot planned for potatoes oats will serve as a good way to clean the soil from fungal infections. Care should be taken to sort the seed. Landing is carried out after special preparation of seeds (germination, "hardening").
Read in detail about the use of fungicides, herbicides and insecticides.
Diseases and pests
Potatoes are highly resistant to various diseases. Rosara variety less exposed to late blightcommon and harmful disease of potatoes.
You can read about other common diseases in additional articles on our website:
However, he has a very dangerous enemy that can significantly reduce and even destroy the crop, the Colorado potato beetle and its larvae. To combat this pest used a variety of methods and means, both folk and chemical.
Rozar has a lot of advantages, so it is often chosen by both farmers and gardeners - owners of a modest summer cottage.
We also offer you other varieties of potatoes with different ripening terms:
As soon as the first shoots appear, the harvest is enough for 70 days to ripen. Observing all the rules of agricultural technology from a site the size of only one weave, you can collect about 350 kilograms of potatoes. The variety is not susceptible to such common pests as the golden nematode, and is also resistant to cancer and late blight. The characteristics of Rosar potato, which was compiled from research for growing for a long time, is only positive.
Consider the most complete picture of rosars in the description of the variety:
- The root is usually oblong, rarely round or drop-shaped. The skin of root crops has a dark red color, inside the potatoes are yellowish in color. Small eyes placed shallowly.
- By weight, root crops are from 80 to 115 grams, the starch content in them is from 12 to 16%.
- Bushes low, sprawling, inflorescences of pinkish-purple color.
- The harvest is able to be stored for a long time, perfectly tolerates transportation.
- This type of potato endures drought, periodic lowering of temperature, excess water in the soil.
Selection and preparation of seed material
For the cultivation of varieties, it is desirable to choose seed potatoes without the presence of defects and diseases. Usually pick up roots weighing from 30 to 60 grams. To plant any potato variety, it is recommended to buy certified seeds that guarantee the purity of the material. Characteristics of the quality of the variety is maintained for the next four years of cultivation, and after the variety is slowly degenerating.
This can be seen by decreasing the size of tubers and the yield of bushes. Therefore, it is recommended to update seed potatoes no more than once every five years. To prevent the defeat of various types of diseases, roots are immersed for some time in a solution of potassium permanganate.
To speed up the process of root formation, it is possible to treat the tubers with growth-stimulating drugs - Heteroauxin, Potitin or Corneumin. Pre-germination of seed reduces the time from planting to harvesting potatoes by 1.5–2 weeks. It also shortens the term of appearance of sprouts.
Germination produced in early March, placing the boxes of seeds in a bright room. The temperature in it should be around 17 ° C. To speed up the appearance of shoots on tubers with appearing roots, a layer of wet sawdust is placed four centimeters thick. You can decompose the seed in the light so that it starts to turn green - this will increase the yield of potatoes.
In addition, solanine, accumulating on the surface of tubers under the action of sunlight, accelerates the emergence of shoots and prevents damage to Rosar’s potatoes by pathogens of diseases and pests such as rodents and wireworms. If the roots are planted thin, it is advisable to cover planting non-woven material, for example, agrospanom.
Soil preparation and planting potatoes
Rosara grows well on loams and sandy loamy soil, as well as areas well lit by the sun. Suitable soil will also be the one on which all kinds of legumes, cabbage, pumpkin, squash, cucumbers, and corn used to grow.
It is undesirable to plant potatoes after tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, sunflower. In the fall, organic fertilizers are applied to the soil. To improve soil fertility, planting siderats, such as peas, alfalfa or mustard, is recommended. If you cut the greens of these plants before the formation of seeds, then over the winter it will decompose, providing the growing tubers with all the necessary minerals.
In order for the bushes to develop well, it is necessary to choose seeds with thick shoots. It is best to temper them before landing, putting in a cool place. The territory on the site dug to a depth of 20 cm. Seeds are planted at a depth of 10 cm. Approximate distance between the holes is 40 cm, the desired width between rows is 65 cm. You can add egg shells, straw, wood ash or rotten sawdust to the hole for planting. This will improve the nutritional value of the soil. After planting, the site is watered.
Potatoes should be watered in a timely manner, regularly loosen the soil and spud to improve air penetration. Vegetative parts and tubers should be protected from damage caused by pests and diseases. Fertilization contributes to the formation of the largest root crops and increase the yield of bushes.
Features care for potatoes:
- Shrubs that have emerged need to spud 2 or 3 times with an interval of 2 weeks to improve tuberization. Above the soil surface, you can leave only the tops of the stems, but if there is a threat of frost, it is better to completely fill the tops with the soil.
- Watering potatoes is moderate, and in dry weather the amount of water per bush can reach up to five liters.
- A good result gives the feeding of potatoes during flowering with an aqueous solution of mullein or bird droppings.
By treating the seedlings with a solution of copper sulfate, you will prevent the plants from being damaged by harmful insects and microorganisms. As the bush grows, it is advisable to dust the leaves with wood ash. With a significant amount of the Colorado potato beetle, you can try to treat kusy with an insecticide, for example, Aktelic or Decis.
Variety has such a good propertyas keeping quality. This means that the roots are storing during storage and retain their taste and healthy qualities. This potato variety is considered to be early, but it is stored no worse than other varieties. Only a few varieties have such quality. Rosary’s presentation is 91–99% - a very good indicator. Variety Rosara is one of the champions in the number of harvested crops. He beats records and the lack of sunlight and dry weather conditions.
The history of the appearance of potato Rosar
Rosara potatoes are imported to Russia from Germany. The variety was created by the breeders Saka Pflanzenzucht. The company is engaged in cultivation of potatoes, enters into the international group Solana. The organization supplies potatoes and seeds to 40 countries.
Rozara entered the variety trials in Russia in 1994. В 1996 была включена в Госреестр селекционных достижений с допуском к выращиванию практически во всех регионах России, включая Центральное Черноземье, Северо-Запад, южные регионы, Урал, Сибирь и Дальний Восток.
Картошка Розара — розовая красавица из Германии
Розара раннеспелый столовый картофель немецкой селекции. This variety is very popular for over twenty years. Resistant to adverse weather conditions and diseases. The bush has a semi-sprawling shape, a height of more than 50 cm, thick stems and red-purple corolla flowers. Berries are red and brown. With one bush you can get an average of 20-30 tubers of relatively small size.
Rosara - fruitful and grateful variety
The geography of growing this variety is quite extensive. This variety reaches maximum yield in the Oryol region.
Recommended regions for cultivation:
- Middle Volga
- West Siberian
- Central Black Earth,
- East Siberian,
- North Caucasus,
- Far Eastern.
Rosara, like all early varieties, effectively uses the water in the soil when planting, which allows it to quickly tie up the tubers. Harvest young potatoes can be harvested after 45–50 days after the appearance of friendly shoots. The second crop is harvested later - in 65–70 days.
Table: characteristic of the variety Rosara
The Rosara variety is distinguished by its excellent taste, a relatively low starch content - from 12 to 14%, due to which the potatoes are not boiled soft and are ideal for soups and salads. The index of starch content in potatoes speaks not only about the degree of its digestibility (the higher it is, the more tubars are boiled soft), but also the caloric content. According to the percentage of starch in Rosare, it can be concluded that this is a low-calorie variety. In addition, the potato is perfectly drying, well transported and suitable for long-term storage.
One of the cooking options for Rosaras is delicious boiled potatoes.
The yield index is determined by the quality of plant care during the ripening period: this variety loves water and heated soil. For this reason, the optimal criterion for planting potatoes in general and early ripening varieties in particular is the degree of soil warming - at least 10–15 ° C in Celsius. For different regions, landing times are naturally different. In the south it may be April - the beginning of May, and in the north - the end of May, the beginning of June.
Birch turned green - we are going to plant potatoes!
The variety is resistant to diseases: cancer and bacterial rot, is relatively resistant to potato nematode. Weakly prone to late blight and scab. Cold-resistant and not afraid of drought. But such endurance alone does not guarantee a high yield. Rosary foliage is attractive to the Colorado potato beetle. Therefore, it is necessary to immediately remove the larvae of beetles from the bush, because if the ground part of the bush is badly damaged, you can not count on a good harvest.
A good harvest is ensured by careful planting.
Features of growing potatoes from seeds
There are several ways to reproduce the variety you like:
Consider the method of reproduction of potato seeds, which gives good results. It is quite laborious and laborious, but it has an undeniable advantage: reproduction by seeds allows you to get material for seedlings that do not contain diseases. While tuber diseases tend to gradually accumulate.
It is permissible to use seed material that is offered in stores. And you can get the seeds of the beloved variety Rozara on your site. After the flowering of potatoes, small fruits ripen, from which good seed is obtained. Most often, at the time of harvest, these fruits have not yet matured, and therefore, after removal from the bush, they must be delayed to ripen at room temperature.
The fruits of potatoes are the source of new seeds
The criterion of maturity will be soft to the touch, perhaps some darkening of the color. Adequate ripening of fruits is a very important feature, because this is the only way to get good seed for further crops. The resulting mini-tubers are not eaten, but are landing next year.
Ripe soft fruit is cut in half, and the pulp with seeds is removed on a flat and clean surface, for example, a sheet of white paper. After the flesh dries, only the seeds will remain on the paper. This sheet can be signed by specifying the variety and date of harvest, folded in an envelope and left until mid-March of the following year. Seeds collected in this way can be stored for quite a long time - up to 10 years.
Video: collecting and harvesting potato seeds
When sowing small potato seeds, it is very convenient to use a toothpick: it is moistened in water, gently pick up the seed and spread on the soil surface. The soil does not fall asleep from above, as weak and small shoots can simply not break through the layer of earth.
The soil before sowing should be necessarily moistened. For this it is convenient to use the spray. After the potato seeds are sown, it is advisable to cover the planting with a transparent plastic box, for example, from under the cake: this will create a greenhouse effect.
Do not leave planting on the windowsill, since at temperatures less than 25 ° C they can freeze and the seeds will simply rot in cold and damp soil. It is necessary to provide a warm place until germination. In this case, it is advisable to lift the box daily and observe the process: as soon as the first shoots appear, you can replace the plastic box with a plastic bag and expose the shoots that have risen to the light. After all the sprouts have risen, the package must be removed and the seedlings placed under additional light — for this purpose they use a lamp.
Photo gallery: the main stages of obtaining seedlings of potatoes from fruit to sprouts
At the stage of the appearance of the third sheet is carried out picks. In order for the procedure to pass without loss for tender sprouts, it is necessary to shed the soil 20-30 minutes before the pick. Together with a clod of earth, the plant is transplanted into a separate container. After sufficient warmth of the soil, the ready-made seedlings are transplanted into the open ground and for the first time must be covered with film.
Useful tips and reviews about the potato variety Rozara
Planted the first year grade Rozara. I liked it very much. In the nest from 10 to 14 tubers, all large, smooth, without scab. Of the twelve nests of little things, there were only ten of them. There is nothing even to take away the seeds, it is necessary to leave large ones.
I live in Ukraine. I use several varieties of potatoes. I buy seeds on the market, most often I take Nevskaya, Rozara, Slavyanka. These are drought-resistant varieties, they have large, strong roots and a powerful, dense bush. It obscures the earth and prevents the evaporation of moisture. I plant them in early spring, which makes it possible to shoot two harvests of young potatoes.
For the planting of early potatoes should be purchased varieties Rozara, Sprint, Arosa, Feloks. This potato ripens in 60–70 days and if you plant it in the twentieth of April, then in late June - early July you will receive an early harvest.
My potato field is 18 square meters, 120 bushes. Planted on April 29th. Three varieties: Zhukovsky Early, Karatop, Rosara. They grew under arcs with non-woven. The non-cloth had to be removed, the tops did not fit. After a couple of days, as I took it off, the neighbors came in and found five striped beetles, which I had not seen for a hundred years. Yes, I found five more. He poured everything kindly on Fitoverm and covered it back with a non-wrap. Shove the knee with his knee. As part of the topper harvest notable. How will the potatoes - I do not know yet. Zhukov did not see it again, the larvae didn’t appear too. I wonder who caused more damage? Am I shoving the tops back or beetles?
Early ripe potatoes Rozara is very popular. This grade is distinguished by excellent consumer qualities: early ripening, high yield, resistance to diseases, unpretentiousness in care and good taste. Of course, which potato to choose, everyone decides for himself. But it is worth considering the already proven varieties, one of which is Rosara.
Planting and care
To get an early harvest, seed tubers one month before the expected planting date, transfer from storage to a warm room (+ 18 ... +20 ° C). Rinse them for the prevention of fungal diseases with a squander of copper sulfate - 10 g per 10 l of water and spread it out on germination.
Plant tubers in open ground when the ground warms to + 10 ... 12 ° C. In central Russia, the potato planting season begins on May 15, in the south - earlier, in the north - later. Landing plan for Rosara: 60–70 cm between rows and 25–30 cm between holes in a row. For protection against the Colorado potato beetle and wireworm, treat tubers and holes with insecticides: Taboo, Aktara, etc.
Both tubers and soil in furrows or holes are treated with insecticide for protection against pests.
Pre-germinated potatoes sprout in 5-7 days. If return frosts are still observed in your region, the sprouts that have appeared should be podokuchit loose soil, covered them with the tops. On a private plot, where potatoes occupy a small area, this crop can be provided with decent care and harvested a crop that cannot be obtained in field conditions:
- Water the bushes once a week, but plentifully. The earth should get wet 30 cm deep. The average water consumption is 3 buckets per 1 m².
- When the bushes rise to a height of 15–20 cm, make two preventive spraying: the first from the Colorado potato beetle — an insecticide, the second from diseases — a fungicide.
- In 2 weeks after mass sprouting, to increase the yield, feed Rosaru with nitrogen-containing fertilizers: mosque, ammonium nitrate, extract, mullein, litter or weeds.
- During budding and flowering, give one top dressing with a complex mixture for vegetables or special for potatoes. They are produced under the brands: BioMaster, BioGumus, Fertik, Agricola, etc.
- After each watering and rain, loosen the earth between the rows, before covering the rows, cover it with mulch.
Video: growing potatoes from seed preparation to harvest
As for hilling, it is believed that it only harms early sorts. The growing season is lengthened, the harvest will be ready for harvest later, because the potato stops its growth in order to lay new roots and tubers. When harvesting on the rounded bushes, potatoes of medium size are found, which could grow larger, and many small ones, laid down later, that took the juices from the already existing ones, but never had time to grow.
To dig potatoes, start when the tubers are ripe. To understand whether they are ready for harvesting, rake the ground under a bush, take out one tuber and rub the skin on the skin with a fingertip. If it is easily behind, then it’s too early to dig. Potatoes with immature peel will be easily damaged when digging and poorly stored in winter.
To preserve the productivity of Rosary for many years:
- seed seeds from the most productive bushes,
- every 5-6 years, update the planting material, growing it from mini-tubers,
- do not plant potatoes every year on the same plot, alternate its planting with cabbage, pumpkin, legumes, cereals,
- in the fall, fill the earth with manure, and in the spring - with humus and wood ash,
- for the improvement of the soil in spring, before potatoes, and in autumn, after harvesting, grow plants with phytosanitary properties: mustard, calendula, marigold, phacelia.
Rosara Potatoes: variety description
Rosara is an early variety, as the harvest takes place at the end of the summer. On average, one plant can be harvested up to 18 tubers, whose weight is 100-150 g. If the growing conditions are favorable, the number of tubers rises to 24. They contain little starch, and the crop can be stored for a long time and not spoil. Bushes firmly tolerate potato cancer, late blight and nematode.
The main advantage of the variety over the others is that it can grow in regions with different climates. Tuber pink skin, small eyes. The flesh has a yellowish tone. It is due to the pink color of the potato is very easy to distinguish from other species.
The shape of the potato is oval, and there is a roughness on the skin. The bushes themselves are compact, not spreading and not tall. The flowers are purple with yellow small stamens. All of them are collected at the top of the stem and are quite small. The leaf plate is dark green, has an ovoid shape.
The following positive characteristics of the potato variety Rozar can be distinguished:
- resistance to common diseases: late blight, potato cancer, scab,
- rapid adaptation to the climate and natural conditions, thanks to which Rosar can be grown both in the southern and northern regions, because it is resisting drought, waterlogging, heat and lack of sunlight,
- precocity: the variety is excellent for cultivation in the Urals and Siberia, where summer lasts a little,
- stable high yield and unpretentiousness in care: about 300 kg of root crops can be collected from 100 m2,
- the quality of tubers is maintained for several years by using their own material for planting, due to which Rozar does not need to be renewed every 2-3 years,
- the tubers have an attractive appearance: in combination with a good livability and transportability, the variety is interesting not only for amateur gardeners, but also farms,
- universal purpose: the pulp of root crops contains 12-16% of starch, due to which the tubers do not lose their shape during heat treatment, the pulp does not form a watery slurry,
- excellent taste.
In addition, Rosara variety, potatoes, has the following disadvantages:
- sprawling bushes: because of this, shoots start to nick early, which creates certain difficulties in care, especially when hilling,
- low resistance to late blight,
- Harvest is not particularly suitable for frying.
The place should also be well lit. Manure, phosphorus, compost and potassium may be applied to the soil. In the spring, during the pre-treatment of the soil, it must be saturated with nitrogen.
Landing activities should be carried out only after the ground has been properly heated and there is no probability of frost returning. The fact is that the Rosary is afraid of hypothermia. For planting, it is necessary to dig a recess, plant the planting material at a depth of 10 cm. It is necessary to have bushes at a distance of 60 cm, and the distance between the rows will be 40 cm.
The process of caring for potatoes is as follows:
- Watering. Use additional moistening bushes do not need. They will completely miss the moisture that formed after the rain.
- Weed removal. It is necessary to fight weed cultures regularly. The fact is that they will remove all food from the ground, as a result of which the yield will be low.
- Cultivation. It should be carried out when the height of the bush reaches 10-12 cm. It helps to get rid of weeds and saturate the soil with oxygen. Hilling can be done a little later.
- Fertilizers. The variety is demanding to feed the soil, therefore it is necessary to make nutrients 3 times for the entire vegetation period. Use for this compost, solution of mullein or solution of ash. It is important that the soil receives components such as magnesium, potassium.
- Crop storage. Before you send the crop to the place of storage, it must be thoroughly dried in air. To prevent the tubers from turning green, they should be covered to protect them from the sun.
If you fulfill all the requirements of agricultural engineering, a gardener will be able to collect up to 500 kg of high-quality, large, externally attractive fruits from one hundred. It is important that yield indicators will be maintained for five years, without a change in seed material. Weather conditions for the crop does not affect.
Variety Rozara gives the highest yield in mid-latitudes. Farmers engaged in cultivation in northern latitudes, note that even with a slight temperature difference, quality indicators do not decrease, the yield remains high.
The germination of tubers is a procedure that allows to shorten the short growing season of a variety by another 7-12 days. After the growth buds come to life, the tubers fall asleep with a 3-4 cm layer of wet sawdust. As they dry, they are sprayed with a solution of any biostimulator. The use of drugs such as Heteroauxin, Epin, Micon is recommended.
12-15 days before the tubers are planted in the ground, they are taken out in the sun to purchase a greenish skin. This increases the resistance to all kinds of pest attacks. Productivity after such a procedure increases significantly.
Growing tubers from seeds
Growing potatoes from seed is a good opportunity to cultivate a unique variety. Tubers, which the gardener will receive in the first year, will vary greatly in color, size, shape. The main task of the gardener will be the selection of the best of them.
Growing potatoes from seeds in open ground is possible only in regions with a warm subtropical climate.
How is the procedure performed:
- Gather the fruits of potatoes, resembling small green tomatoes. Leave for ripening, hanging in a gauze bag indoors with the penetration of sunlight. After shrinking and softening, the seeds are separated from the pulp and left to dry. После этого на полчаса заливают раствором марганцовки, высушивают и убирают в помещение, где они будут храниться до весны, поставив в герметично закрывающиеся стеклянные емкости.
- За неделю до высадки семена обрабатывают. Ночью прячут в холодильник, а днем в теплое место, к примеру, на батарею или подоконник, освещаемый солнцем.
- Заворачивают семена картофеля в мокрую марлю для появления проростков.
- Подготавливают легкий и питательный грунт. Используют готовый магазинный субстрат для рассады с добавлением Нитрофоски (2-3 г/л) или смесь дерновой обыкновенной садовой земли, торфяной крошки и крупного речного песка.
- За полчаса до посадки, семена замачивают в растворе любого биостимулятора.
- Fill small flat containers with sterilized soil, level, moderately moisturize.
- Seeds are planted in several pieces at a distance of 4-7 cm from each other. Between the rows, the gap should be at least 8-10 cm. From above fill up the seeds with a small layer of fine sand, gently condense. Cover containers with glass or plastic wrap.
- On the containers should get sunlight, the temperature is not below 25 degrees. It is desirable that the container is heated from below. Every day should be aired greenhouse, opening it for 5-7 minutes.
- After 7-10 days, the first shoots will appear. After sprouting two sheets, seedlings are carefully seated in pots with peat.
- As soon as the plants take root, a new leaf will form, the seedlings are fed, sprinkling with nitrogen fertilizer. 1.5-2 weeks before transplanting the garden, plants begin to harden, exposing them to the garden, to the veranda during the day. Gradually prolong the period of being in the open air.
Step-by-Step Landing Guide
Planted potatoes in a certain pattern. There is nothing difficult in this process. The main thing is to do everything right, then the potato will take root and give a good harvest. What to do:
- Before planting, plow the soil to a depth of at least 30 cm.
- Add fertilizer containing phosphorus and potassium in the wells.
- Holes should be 6 cm deep for loamy soil, 10 cm for sandy soil.
- The distance between the holes is 40 cm.
- After fertilizing, put the potatoes in sprouts upwards.
As a fertilizer use crushed egg shells with wood ash and onion peel.
I have this year Rozara 2-3 tuber on a bush! Delicious, but so little! I didn’t want to plant anymore, but then left the bucket on the seeds. Generally a strange variety. In the spring, I didn’t germinate and I planted it hard with tiny
Especially, in the other as last year, I was pleased with Rozara, all as if she were large and even, she was very worried about her, the tops were low and did not bloom at all, the only negative thing is that they love beetles very much, you need to plant more marigolds .
I live in Ukraine. I use several varieties of potatoes. I buy seeds on the market, most often I take Nevskaya, Rozara, Slavyanka. These are drought-resistant varieties, they have large, strong roots and a powerful, dense bush. It obscures the earth and prevents the evaporation of moisture. I plant them in early spring, which makes it possible to shoot two harvests of young potatoes ..
For the planting of early potatoes should be purchased varieties Rozara, Sprint, Arosa, Feloks. This potato ripens in 60–70 days and if you plant it in the twentieth of April, then in late June - early July you will receive an early harvest.
Dug Rosaru. Also good, the tubers are elongated, red, smooth, but turned out to be too small. She grew up near the raspberry, in the shade. At the root of 12-14 pieces.
who doesn’t like Neva and Zhukovsky, they won’t like Rozara either. Starch in these varieties is not enough.
Rosara! Wonderful potatoes! It combines unpretentiousness to different conditions, good yield of even and beautiful tubers, the highest content of carotene and vitamin C, and another feature of this potato is that with a relatively high content of starch, it is absolutely not boiled soft. That is why someone may not like it. The only drawback is that in damp years he always slightly dampens the place of attachment of the stolon. Now I don’t have this variety, but when I was, if all the varieties were cooked together, Rosaru was immediately chosen like hot cakes, especially children, and you won’t be fooled.
Rosara attracts both private traders and farmers with her ability to produce an early abundant crop, which is well transported and stored. This potato is not picky about agricultural machinery, therefore it is of commercial interest and is grown on an industrial scale. On a personal plot with dressings and watering, you can get results that far exceed the stated productivity.