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Flax plant: its history, description and use

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The plant has long been used for the manufacture of tissue and dietary oil. It should be noted that clothing made of flax is characterized by high strength and durability, not to mention the high hygroscopic properties, thermal conductivity and environmental safety. Flax seeds have long been used in medicine for the treatment of many diseases. Flaxseed oil is a dietary product. It is for the body a source of fatty acids that are not synthesized by the body independently.

Plant description

Flax is a type of plant that is annual. It is very interesting and has long been used by people. If we talk about which plant flax belongs to, then this family is Flax. This genus has more than one hundred species. For example, Alpine, white, capitatum, large-flowered, longish and thin-leaved.

Of course, the most common flax ordinary. It is also called spinning. So what is remarkable flax? Plant height reaches 60 centimeters. The leaves are small and narrow, and the flowers, as a rule, are blue, occasionally pink folded into inflorescences, called a false umbrella. The fruits of the plant are boxes in which there are no more than ten seeds.

Flax - a plant that blooms from June to August. The fruits ripen in September. Biologists believe that the plant was once imported from India, because it was there that the first flaxen fabrics appeared. However, this fact is very controversial. In fact, there are no exact facts about the origin of the plant. Flax as a plant is known for a long time, and it grows in Canada, the USA, Northern Europe, Turkey, India, and Transcaucasia.

Forty varieties of flax are grown only in Russia. But the most common flaxen and flaxen flax. The first type is grown exclusively for the production of fabrics, and the second - for oil.

Useful properties of the plant

Flax (a plant, the description of which we gave earlier) has a number of very useful properties. It contains nutrients and dietary fiber in which fatty acids are present. Flax is a source of natural plant-derived protein, vitamins and trace elements. That is why it has a healing effect on the human body. Here is an interesting culture of flax. What other plant can boast such a wide use in everyday life?

Where is flax used?

The plant is, in fact, unique. It is widely used for medical purposes. Also, it is actively used by the food and textile industries and cosmetology. For example, you can use flax masks to restore your skin.

In addition, it should be noted that flax is used in cooking. It enriches dishes with healthy organic substances and vitamins. Oil is made from grass seeds, which is recommended for use in hypertension and heart and vascular diseases. Another oil used in atherosclerosis and include in the composition of various diets.

Broths from seeds used to treat rheumatism and gout. For its preparation, two tablespoons of seeds are poured with a glass of water, heating for ten minutes. Then filtered, and then take a spoon (dining room) five times a day.

For chronic constipation, it is recommended to drink a glass of infusion prepared at the rate of a spoonful of seeds per cup of boiling water. The drink is prepared immediately before use.

For ulcers and gastritis take the mucus of mature seeds. It has anti-inflammatory and enveloping action.

In addition, decoctions are used for urinary disorders and inflammations of the bladder. To do this, three tablespoons of seeds poured half a liter of boiling water. A quarter of an hour the mixture is heated on the fire, and then, after cooling and filtering, take.

Linseed oil is used for disorders of fat metabolism, constipation, as well as for the treatment of wounds. Well helps with boils crushed flax seed.

How to store and grind seeds?

Ground seeds are convenient to use in recipes, it reduces the time for making infusions and herbs. Ground seeds are good to add to different dishes and salads, it increases the value of food. Sometimes golden flax is put in flour for baking. This prevents rapid staling. In Canada, for example, this has long become a standard procedure.

Ground grains, which are sold in stores, have no useful properties, as they are packed in transparent packaging and are exposed to light. For health more useful will be the grains that you independently grind at home, for example, with a blender, combine, coffee grinder. Best of all, of course, an electric mill will cope with such a task; it will quickly prepare the necessary portion. And you can crush the seeds in the old way in a mortar.

Whole seeds keep their properties for up to 12 months. The ground will not be stored so long, they need to be re-cooked each time. Therefore, if you have prepared and did not calculate the right amount, then the extra portion should be stored in a dark jar in a cool place or frozen.

Kukushkin flax

What is this plant kukushkin flax? We all heard about him, but few people remember what it is. It is logical to assume that it belongs to the flax family. But in fact this is a deep misconception.

The name itself is confusing. Kukushkin flax is a genus of green mosses. At the moment, there are more than one hundred species that are distributed throughout the world. In the form of pillows flax is found in forests, mountains, tundra, in swamps. Plants of this genus take part in peat formation.

Official pharmacology does not use this plant, but in folk medicine it is used as a laxative, diuretic, enveloping, anti-inflammatory agent.

Flax ordinary

This is the most common type of flax in the world. In Latin, it is called “Linum usitatissimum”, in the people it is called flax, flax, cultivated or cultural. Latin name comes from Greek "Linos" - "thread", "usitatissimum" - "extremely useful". This is due to the appointment of the plant - the raw material for yarn production.

More than 20 plant varieties belong to the genus of flax. It is an annual herb with a short, whitish-green stem that branches at the end. It grows up to 120-150 cm - the hotter the climate, the higher the plant. The leaves are numerous, arranged spirally, up to 3 cm long. The flowers are small, up to 2.5 cm in diameter, few in number, located at the top of the stems. Color blue and blueoccasionally white, pink or red-purple. The fruit is a yellowish box with a diameter of up to 6-7 cm, spherical or egg-shaped, flattened on one side. Inside the box there are about a dozen seeds, sometimes smaller, light brown or dark brown, sometimes with a greenish or yellow tinge.

Depending on the purpose, 2 varieties are bred mainly:

  1. Dolgun: high stem with a small number of branched inflorescences, used for yarn,
  2. Curly: low and branched, suitable for seeds.

Economic value of flax

Flax as a plant is of great importance in many areas:

Natural linen clothes still remains the "favorite" of many people, especially in the heat. The advantages of fabric include:

  1. Environmental friendliness
  2. Durability and wear resistance
  3. High heat and air conductivity
  4. Weak electrified.

In the heat of the linen sock, it can reduce the temperature of the human body by about 3-4 degrees compared with other fabrics. Flax is comfortable, durable, beautiful, does not wear out and allows you to feel comfortable even in the heat.

Care for linen clothes not difficult:

  1. White and unpainted fabric can be washed at 90 degrees and boil additionally. However, boiling can have a bad effect on the form, and therefore you should not do this,
  2. Colored fabrics wash at 40 degrees
  3. It is necessary to dry in the straightened form, without folds, otherwise the fabric will be difficult to straighten,
  4. Iron flax with a steamer or wet.

Canvas production occurs in several stages:

  1. The plant is harvested, getting straw,
  2. Linen straw is soaked: it is scattered across the field and left for 15-20 days to get wet under the dew,
  3. The resulting mass is dried, crumpled and tweaked,
  4. After spinning begins and getting the yarn itself: combing, creating a ribbon, after - getting a thin twisted ribbon,
  5. The yarn is transferred to another factory, where the manufacture of the fabric itself begins,
  6. At the end, the fabric is bleached and dyed.

Depending on the raw materials obtained after the first 3 points, the purpose of the fabric is also different:

  1. Combed and prepared flax more thin and soft. It is used to produce towels, linen, clothing, canvas,
  2. Bat (short fiber) and bast go to the creation of coarse fabric: canvases, bags, linen.

Waste is used as fuel in the production of partitions on walls, furniture and flooring under the parquet.

In medicine Flax seeds are used: they remain from the processing of the stems. Seed production is carried out in Russia, Ukraine, Poland, France, Germany and other European countries. In recent years, production has been concentrated in Russia, China, India, Canada and Argentina. Harvesting begins in the yellow phase of the plant. The stems are cut, tied into sheaves, dried and threshed. The separated seeds are dried again in the sun and stored in a dry place.

Flax seeds consist of:

  1. Saturated omega-3 fatty acids, 6 and 9. More of them than in fish oil, the acids themselves are important for the growth and development of the whole organism, especially the young. Also, omega-3 helps to prevent vascular and heart diseases, blood thinning,
  2. Fiber: helps digestion and cleansing the system,
  3. Potassium: necessary for harmonious work of the whole organism, especially for cellular metabolism,
  4. Selenium: reduces the risk of developing oncology and cardiovascular diseases,
  5. Vitamin A: helps prevent myopia and strengthens blood vessels
  6. Vitamins of groups B: help to avoid the development of depression and mental illness,
  7. Vitamin K: participates in the bloodstream.

Flax seeds used in the treatment a number of diseases:

  1. Constipation, especially chronic: in the seeds there is cellulose, which helps to clean the intestines, restore the mucous and remove toxins,
  2. Diseases of the digestive system (ulcers, gastritis, intestinal diseases): for this purpose use kissel,
  3. Inflammation of the genitourinary system, liver and gallbladder,
  4. Diseases of the throat and respiratory system: use a decoction of seeds - they drink it or rinse the throat,
  5. "Poisoning" parasites: flax allows you to clean the intestines and get rid of parasites,
  6. Some skin diseases
  7. For the female body, flax is useful in having plant analogues of female hormones in the outer layer of seeds. This helps to fight the manifestations of menopause, to prevent breast and uterus oncology, to restore hormones.

Apply seeds can be in the form:

  1. In its raw form, adding to drinks or food,
  2. Broth: pour a tablespoon of 0.5 liters of boiling water, boil for half an hour, then cover with a towel and leave to cool,
  3. Present: 3 tablespoons fall asleep in a thermos and pour a liter of boiling water, leave for 3 hours and strain,
  4. Kissel: a tablespoon of seeds is poured 0.5 liters of boiling water and infused overnight.

Linseed oil - pretty popular option of eating seeds. It retains all the beneficial properties of the plant.

Linseed oil can be consumed:

  1. On an empty stomach in a tablespoon,
  2. Add to food, for example, fill salads,
  3. Masked for the face, hair and body.

In cosmetology, flaxseed oil is used for:

  1. Nutrition, softening and moisturizing,
  2. Increase elasticity and elasticity
  3. Anti wrinkles,
  4. EliminateI have inflammation and irritation, minor cuts and injuries.

Decorative meaning

As an ornamental plant flax practically not used: Gardeners find it difficult to grow and obsessive. Flax quickly spreads around the site like a weed, if the conditions satisfy the flower. But nevertheless flax is found in some gardens: there are several popular varieties, including those that bloom red flowers.

In addition to the beautiful appearance, flax is a source of seeds. It is important to remember that the flowering of the plant runs all day: use the grass in bouquets will not work.

Flax has long been symbol of simplicity and modesty. However, it is not only a beautiful flower, but also a useful plant from which weave fabric, make seed oil and use it in traditional medicine. Oil is also used in folk recipes of beauty.

On the plants of Russia for younger students. Linen. The world

In Russia, more than 40 types of flax are known. To obtain fiber and seeds, flax is grown, which is divided into two groups - flax and flax-flax. Lyon - an annual plant up to 120 cm high. Leaves oblong. Blossoms in June and August. The fruit is a spherical box.

Flax has a little branchy stem, gives good fiber, but few seeds. Flax-curly stem has a high-branched stem, many oily seeds, but not very good fiber. Dolguntsy bred in the northern regions, curls - in the south.

The inhabitants of ancient Russia wore clothes made of flax: it quickly absorbed moisture and evaporated it just as easily, warmed it at night, and in the scorching midday it heated the body that was hot.

Flax's homeland is South Asia, Persia, India and the Mediterranean coast, where wild-growing flax can be found even now.

In Russian villages they knew how to weave and more elegant canvas - batiste. With its softness, subtlety and brilliance, it resembled expensive overseas silk. For this he was nicknamed the northern silk. Russian laces were also famous - light, airy. All of them were made from the same plant - flax.

Flax fibers have many “professions”. For centuries, sailors served sail. They were sewn from durable linen fabric. She was called - canvas. Now sailing ships do not build. And the canvas is still appreciated. She goes to tourist jackets, pants, tents and car covers - wherever we need water resistance. From a more dense linen fabric - tarpaulin - sew clothes for fishermen, make fire hoses.

Flowering flax just three days. Then begins to enter a mature time. Then, on the tops of its stems, box-shaped fruits grow. In the boxes - the seeds. Once they ate, as now nibble seeds. Then they learned how to squeeze butter out of them. If flaxseed oil is cooked for a long time, it thickens - it turns into drying oil. The paint prepared on it is not afraid of salty sea water. Therefore, it is painted ships.

Since ancient times, flax is highly valued by many nations. But nowhere has he caught on like in Russia.

Use and application

Since flax refers to fibrous plants, its main use is the creation of yarn. In the textile industry, this plant is important. But flax is also grown for the extraction of oil, which is in its seeds. Flaxseed oil is very useful, and therefore sometimes used in cooking and medicine.

In general, we can conclude that flax is a very useful fibrous plant cultivated in many countries of the world.

Cotton
Cotton is a fibrous cultivated plant.

Ginseng
Ginseng is a stimulating cultivated plant.

Plant care: basic rules

If it is reasonable to organize all stages of the care of flax, they will not be so difficult and tedious. The main thing is to create a plant with all the conditions for successful growth, to provide appropriate care and care, and the results will exceed all expectations. Mainly in the garden plots there are problem soil types that need regular agrotechnical measures for improvement.

Soils containing a large amount of sand warms up quickly, have excellent ventilation, water permeability, due to its granular structure, which provides high-quality breathing of plants. But sandy soils contain scant nutrients. It is extremely important not to forget about the good fertilizer of the soil. Sandy soils almost do not retain water, dry quickly because of its granular structure. Therefore, the pores formed between the sandy particles must be filled.

The introduction of compost into the soil, which, mixed with mulch materials (for example, sheared grass or other organic waste from the garden plot), sprinkles the earth with mineral fertilizers, as well as drilling flour can significantly improve the soil structure. Clay soils not badly retain moisture, not allowing it to quickly pass through layers of soil or erode. Also, clay soils have a sufficient amount of mineral and nutrients that are weakly washed out of the soil. Weak places of clay soils: poor natural ventilation and water permeability, since the soil contains few hollow spaces that can be filled with water or air. Clay soils do not warm up well, they can easily become compacted, which makes it difficult for water and air to circulate, which is why stagnant overmoistening of the soil often occurs, causing plants to rot.

The most important event to improve the quality of clay soils is giving them a more loose lumpy structure, adding sand, compost, mineral fertilizers. Ideal for growing garden plants is loamy soil. Суглинистая почва обладает пористой рыхлой структурой, что обеспечивает ее высокую теплопроводимость, водопроницаемость, естественную вентиляцию.It is rich in nutrients and minerals, which, when dissolved in water, easily reach the plants. Flax grows well on moist, loose, loamy soils of medium density. On sandy soils grows worse. Heavy clay and acidic soils are not suitable for growing flax.

Flax representatives are unpretentious, endure frosts withstand, and are fairly resistant to diseases and pests. In regions with severe winters, flax can be safely grown, which is why Russian flax is a traditional export product.

Flax is sown in spring, in April, sowing depth up to 3 cm, soil temperature 7C. Lowering the temperature of the seeds does not harm, they can germinate at a temperature of 2C. The site for future planting is prepared in advance, make humus. If sown in early spring, the seeds use the maximum amount of soil moisture, and the plants are less affected by the disease. Moisture stagnation is harmful to the plant, therefore drainage is necessary. The landing site is protected from strong winds.

Water the plant regularly, moderately, the ground should always be wet. If there is no confidence in the degree of soil moisture, then it is necessary to plow the soil a little at irrigation sites. Experience shows that spring should limit watering, compared with the summer months. Plants are best watered early in the morning so that they can dry off in the evening. Plants that are forced to stand wet for a long time at night are more susceptible to fungal diseases.

Rainwater is often used for irrigation. Rainwater is softer than tap water, when heated, it heats up, becoming an ideal water for irrigation. To reduce the amount of harmful substances and dirt in rainwater, it should be collected in the designated barrels, after cleaning the roof (this is especially important to do after a long dry period). Dirt and dust are removed, the danger of water blooming is significantly reduced. The barrels are best covered with something, since along with the dirt and foliage applied by the wind, the larvae of various midges willingly settle in the barrel with rain water, which can later cause great harm.

In the summer, the plant is watered once every three days, the frequency of watering depends on the degree of aridity. In the autumn, watering is canceled, the plant is given time to dry out, after which the dry shoots are cut. Feed the culture with complex mineral or organic fertilizers up to 3 times per season, applying them to the soil or spraying. In winter, the curtain is covered with a layer of humus or compost.

To prevent thickening of plantings, dry peduncles are pruned, as flax is prone to self-sowing. The timely collection of dry wilted flowers accelerates the renewal of the plant, prolongs the flowering period, makes it more luxurious and beautiful. Lyon also needs regular weeding, the plant has a rather deep, straight root, so you can not be afraid to touch it.

When flax seeds are almost ripe, the plants are watered with special preparations. After half of the bolls become brown, they are cut, then dried. After seven days, when the shaking boxes rustle with seeds, they can be threshed. A small number of boxes are kneaded manually, if there are many raw materials, they are wrapped in a tarpaulin and threshed, tapping with a stick. Wet seeds are dried, excluding direct sunlight, in a ventilated room. After this procedure, the seeds are collected, dispelled in the wind. The flowering of flax depends on the length of daylight; the longer the day, the sooner the flax will bloom. Too hot weather will reduce the yield of fibers and seeds. At the same time, a small amount of light will cause a large number of small boxes with a tiny number of seeds. Flax has a period of sensitivity to a decrease in the intensity of light, this is the time when pollen begins to form in the flowers of the inflorescence.

How does flax grow?

Flax does not have high demands on growing conditions, which greatly facilitates the choice of a suitable place for its planting. However, in order for it to grow and develop within the normal range, it is necessary to prepare for its planting an open sunny area, on which the shadow should not fall either from shrubs with trees or from various structures.

Flax prefers to develop on moist loamy soils of medium density. The land should be loose and water flowing. After some time after planting, the plant begins to attract views, surprising with how flax, cornflower, scarlet, pearl flowers grow in different parts of the garden. Due to the various color palette of shades of this plant, the plot of land becomes bright and original, which induces flower growers to plant flax on alpine slides, flower beds, and flower beds.

Where does flax grow?

Plant growth is determined by various factors. These include, first of all, temperature, light, precipitation, harmful factors such as, for example, acid rain, toxic substances. Of great importance for the normal growth of plants are the composition of the soil, the presence and supply of nutrients. The composition of the soil is determined by mineral components, such as sand, clay, as well as water and oxygen supplied to the roots.

For the successful cultivation of crops it is necessary to understand where flax grows best. Those who aim to grow flax in their garden should take into account that this crop has a sufficiently developed root system, therefore it should be planted in a separate spacious plot. As a preventive measure, keeping crops in a healthy state, alternating them, maintaining a crop rotation throughout the year, as well as choosing varieties are of great importance.

Inquisitive flora fans know that flax should not be planted in the place where corn or other flax varieties were its predecessor - this reduces the yield, better if melons or winter crops were planted before.

Diseases and pests

The main pests that plague the crop: flax trips, butterflies, flax flea, use special drugs to combat them. It is almost impossible to completely abandon the use of chemicals in the garden; therefore, there are certain criteria. Means allowed for use:

  • should not be poisonous
  • should not be a danger to bees,
  • should not be applied in protected water areas
  • must have a shelf life of no more than 21 days.

Chemical protection should be used only if there is a threat of pest invasion. You must follow all instructions for use. Before using chemical agents, establish exactly the disease or pest. It should be noted that already many gardeners and owners of small garden plots severely limited or even completely abandoned chemical remedies.

To reduce the occurrence of serious diseases, it is necessary to observe the basic agronomic rules:

  • Flax is grown on one site no more than once in 7 years,
  • For planting use proven seeds,
  • Fertilize the soil as recommended
  • Use disease-resistant breeding varieties of flax.

If there is an excess of nitrogen in the soil, this fact reduces the resistance to disease. Lack of potassium impairs the quality of fibers, increases the development of diseases in plants. Sufficient zinc, boron, copper and manganese content in the soil helps to fight diseases.

Planting and breeding

A simple and effective way of breeding flax is seed. In the middle regions of Russia, flax cultivation begins with planting seeds in a tank. From the seeds grow large-flowered flax, oilseed, undersized, and many others. A warm, bright room will give the opportunity to ascend seedlings within 20 days. If the climate allows, the stage of growing seedlings is passed. Seedlings do not tolerate short-term night frosts, so they wait for the stabilization of the temperature of the air and the warming up of the soil. May - July is the safest time.

Agrotechnical sequence of actions is as follows:

  • Ground up digging, lay drainage of rubble or sand. The optimal layer thickness is 10 cm,
  • From above distribute land with humus,
  • Bring in 1 tbsp. l mineral dressings: superphosphate, potassium sulfate,
  • Spacing between the bushes 5 cm.

It is advisable to plant the culture in groups, as single specimens without support lean toward the ground. Thick bushes are seated: from the base they break off a part with the presence of at least one developed kidney on it. Hard-giving shoots are dug and cut, then seated separately. Sometimes flower growers risk planting seeds immediately in open ground before winter, at a depth of 2-3 cm. Perennial species only bloom next year. If you plant flax in early spring in warm weather, flowering occurs in summer.

In addition to growing flax from seeds, they also use the method of propagation by cuttings. The process of grafting is carried out from April to August. Young and strong shoots with a length of at least 20 cm are separated from the central specimen and planted into the soil to the level of the first leaf. The top is cut to 5–7 cm. The top is covered with a film or glass. At the permanent place the stalk is planted in the autumn or spring of next year. Any breeding option is not bad, but, based on the experience of gardeners, from the seeds grow more lush and spectacular plants. Perennial culture representatives grow in one place for about 4 years. Transplantation is bad, so it's best not to disturb them once again.

Sowing seeds in the ground

Before sowing seeds of flax seed, the soil should be carefully leveled and rolled. Six months before planting, flax seeds are pickled, after which in spring, when the topsoil warms up, flax is sown. The earlier you plant flax, the sooner it blooms. The best depth of sowing flax seeds is from 1.5 to 3 cm. Flax is sown in rows, the distance between rows is about 20 cm. During sowing, seeds are scattered rarely, at a distance of about 5 cm between plants or more often, but followed by thinning. Alternative sowing allows you to create a more dense and dense planting.

Usually flax comes up very amicably. Before planting, the land is improved, necessarily compost or other organic fertilizers are applied to the soil. Young flax seedlings are sensitive and fragile, to prevent their damage by cold or wind, they harbor cover, protecting the planting. Over time, the seedlings will get stronger, the plants will be invulnerable to adverse conditions.

Flax flowers do not like transplants and do not tolerate them well. Transplantation is ineffective, almost not used by growers.

The use of traditional medicine flax seeds is very diverse. You can read more about this in this article.

Application in landscape design

Masters of landscape design have long and successfully used many types of flax in their work: perennial flax, flax long-linen, large-flowered flax, yellow flax, decorative flax and many others. In the home garden flax looks elegant and cozy, group plantings of flax draw up curbs. New Zealand flax, growing near garden paths or stairs, will give the garden a solemn look and is ideal for creating a tropical or Spanish garden.

For fans of bouquets of wild flowers, set in a vase linen - an amazing addition to the interior, able to please the eye for up to five days. Unlike other flowers for making a bouquet, flax is not cut, but dug with roots. In the budding stage, they are placed in water, and soon disclosure takes place. The best neighbors for flax will be wild flowers: chamomile, poppy, bluebell.

Every flora lover dreams of his own garden, where you can escape from the city noise and dust, where you can lovingly cultivate every plant with your own hands, awaiting the fruits of your labor with trepidation. Flower growers dream to create their own corner of nature to their liking, where everything will meet the desires and needs. If there is a desire to see on your site something completely new, different, unusual - flax is planted.

Plant Flax

Flax is an annual herbaceous plant, the height of which does not exceed 60 cm. The straight branched stem has alternate narrow lanceolate leaves with three veins. Blue flowers of the correct form are collected in the cyst. The flax fruit is presented in the form of a spherical seed box. The shiny smooth seeds have a light brown tint. This plant blooms from June to August, the seeds appear in September.

Useful properties of flax

Flax is a unique source of trace elements, vitamins, high-grade vegetable protein and fiber. From this plant prepare various medicines, cured of all sorts of diseases. The presence of a mass of nutrients and organic compounds causes the tremendous value of flax seeds. Some medicines, based on flax, can significantly slow down the division of cancer cells. Eating components of flax in food will help reduce the level of cholesterol in the blood. Along with this, the general healing effect of flax is confirmed when exposed to the human body. Flax seeds are used as antitussive and expectorant drugs.

Flax application

It is known that a decoction of flaxseeds has anti-inflammatory and enveloping effect. It is often used as a mild laxative for chronic constipation. A decoction of flax seeds is a great tool for poisoning, gastritis and ulcerative ailments. In addition, this plant is effective in inflammatory processes and dry cough. If there are stones in the bladder, a medicine containing a decoction of flax seeds can also be prescribed. Flaxseed oil is used as a diabetic product in patients with atherosclerosis. In case of throat diseases, rinsing is prescribed. For external use, the pharmaceutical industry produces special products for compresses.

Flax seeds

Unique flaxseed is rich in carbohydrates, fatty oils, vitamin A, organic acids, as well as enzymes. The mucus and linamarin, which are in the seeds, determine their therapeutic activity. Flax seeds can be taken 2 teaspoons at a time with water half an hour before meals at least three times a day to normalize the gastrointestinal tract. To make a compress at home, it is necessary to mix the seeds with water until a homogeneous slurry is obtained. Such a slurry is applied to gauze and applied to a sore spot, which is covered over with a warm scarf. Keep the compress until it is completely cool.

Flax for weight loss

Such a unique plant as flax is famous for its mild effect on the digestive system. It is not by chance that in folk medicine flax is used as an easy and safe means for losing weight. It perfectly copes with the removal of toxins and unavoidable slags from the body, and also significantly improves the immune system, overall skin condition and well-being. The body is cured due to the fact that there is an incredible amount of important organic compounds and beneficial nutrients in flax.

Growing flax

This plant is difficult to grow in the garden. It is quite aggressive and able to capture all the free land. Flax can reach 30 cm in height. Flowering continues for three summer months. In winter, such a plant does not withstand severe frosts, and therefore requires uprooting. When watering, it does not like a strong overmoistening. To prevent fungal diseases, flax must be treated with fungicides. This plant prefers sufficiently loose soil, where there is drainage.

White flax affects the content of polyunsaturated fatty acids, which help reduce the risk of developing such a dangerous disease as atherosclerosis. This plant has a beneficial effect on the condition of human hair and skin. White flax seedlings are indicated for hypertension and thrombophlebitis, as well as for varicose veins. In addition, the plant is able to restore the work of the cardiovascular system. By consuming white flax, you can activate a complex metabolism and in a short time to solve problems with overweight.

Flax flax

Flax is an annual grass with whole alternate leaves. Five flowers have interesting teeth. The fruit in the form of a box is divided into two halves, where the oily seeds are. Flax has a strong upright stalk, which is covered with a special wax coating. As a rule, in field conditions, the height of the grass does not exceed one and a half meters.

Flax Recipes

When coughing folk medicine recommends this remedy: mix 3 tablespoons of seeds with 300 grams of boiling water and shake well. After 10 minutes, add 1.5 teaspoons of anise to flax liquid, then 5 teaspoons of licorice and 400 grams of honey, and then again mix, boil the mixture for about 5 minutes and strain. To get a quick effect, take 50–70 grams three times a day before meals.

Chronic constipation можно без труда вылечить, если использовать такое средство: 1 чайную ложку семян залить 200 граммами кипятка, укутать смесь и дать настояться не менее четырех часов.Ежедневно рекомендуется выпивать перед сном по одному стакану настоя, не процеживая.

При поносе можно сделать эффективный отвар.Для этого необходимо 1 столовую ложку семян льна смешать с 1/2 стакана достаточно горячей воды, а затем прокипятить на слабом огне в течение 15 минут. After straining the decoction is used once for one enema.

Flax for gastritis. With such a serious disease as gastritis, you can use an unusually effective remedy. It is necessary to pour about 20 grams of flax seeds with one liter of water., Insist about 5-6 hours, and then strain. Take this tincture is recommended for half a cup before a meal.

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