Vegetables

Technology of growing and caring for pumpkin

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Most pumpkin varieties are sown when the soil warms up to 12-13 ° C at the depth of seed placement, since the seeds begin to germinate at this temperature. In cold soil, they can quickly rot.

The seeding depth for medium loamy soils is 5-6 cm, for light soils - 8-10 cm. The distance between the holes should be about 1 meter. To reduce the risk of damage to seedlings by night frosts, many gardeners sow seeds thickly at different depths. If the early shoots fall from frost-covered seeds under frost, the later shoots will survive and time will not be lost. If there is no frost, the later shoots are simply removed.

By the time of sowing seeds in the soil, moisture in the soil is often not enough. This can lead to a delay in the emergence of shoots and their slow growth. Therefore, it is necessary to pour 1.5-2 l of warm water with a temperature not lower than 50 ° C to each well. After it is absorbed, the seeds are put into the ground and the wells are covered with nutrient mixture. After sowing, the wells should be mulled with humus or peat chips. Due to this, the field germination of pumpkin seeds increases dramatically.

How to choose the right sort of pumpkin, read the article "Pumpkin Varieties".

In order for seeds to germinate faster, gardeners often cover the wells with foil, sprinkling its edges with earth. When shoots appear, holes are made in the film above the plants or they are pulled over the wire frame installed above the holes. Many gardeners clean the film when shoots appear, but this should be done in warm weather.

Pumpkin seedlings under normal conditions appear 6-7 days after sowing. After the formation of one or two true leaves, the seedlings are thinned, leaving one strong plant for a large pumpkin and two plants for a solid and nutmeg. After the appearance of 4-5 leaves and in these varieties, weaker plants pinch. They should not be dug out, since the root system of the remaining plants will be badly damaged.

There is another original pattern of growing pumpkins, in which plants are grown in a cucumber greenhouse, and the crop is harvested outside. To do this, in the southern end of the greenhouse, two holes are made close to the wall and filled with nutrient mixture. Sowed pumpkin seeds are sown in these wells. Care pumpkin - fertilization, watering, etc. - is carried out simultaneously with the care of cucumbers. When the plants reach a height of 50-60 cm, the film is lifted or cut and guided to the open field. Pumpkin roots (and they are located in the soil well below the cucumber roots) remain in the greenhouse, developing and supplying the nutrients to the plant. With this method of growing pumpkins can be cultivated in direct culture, and the seeds sown 7 to 10 days earlier than in open ground.

When growing pumpkins in the conditions of the Non-Black Earth region, covering the soil with a film gives a great effect. After the emergence of shoots on each plant in the film make cuts up to 10 cm in length to improve ventilation. At the end of the danger of spring frosts, the incisions increase to 15 cm in diameter, through them the plants are released from under the film, and then they creep along the film. This creates extremely favorable conditions for the development of plants, since the soil temperature is 4-5 ° C higher than normal, and the evaporation of moisture from the soil decreases sharply.

Cultivation, care

Pumpkin is a moisture-loving plant. It has a large root system and “pumps” a lot of water from the soil, which evaporates into the atmosphere through the leaves. It consumes a lot of water during all periods of growth, but especially needs it in the period of mass flowering and fruit formation. Therefore, in case of prolonged dry and hot weather, before the start of the blooming of female flowers and during the pouring of the fruits of the plant, it is necessary to water it abundantly with a temperature not lower than 20 ° C. You cannot take water for irrigation from a well or from an artesian well, because you will destroy the plants.

At the same time, thanks to a strong pumpkin root system, it is easier than cucumbers to tolerate short dry periods.

Watering is usually timed to remove weeds and loosen the soil. Initially, the soil is loosened by 8-10 cm, and then 5-6 cm, so as not to damage the roots of the plant.

To get large fruits, plants need to feed. The first time this is done with the formation of three to five leaves, the second - at the beginning of the formation of lashes. It is best to use nitrophoska for this - the first time 10 g, the second - 15 g per plant. In wet weather, fertilizers can be applied in dry form, in dry form - dissolved in water. Top-dressings with ash (1 cup per plant) and mullein solution (1: 8, 1 bucket for 5 plants at the beginning of growth and 3 plants during the fruiting period) are very effective.

Plant formation

To get a good pumpkin crop, plants need to be formed - usually in one or two stems.

When forming in one stem all side shoots and excess ovaries are removed immediately after they appear. On the scourge leave two or three ovaries. After the last ovary leave 3-4 leaves and immediately pinch the point of growth (top). If you leave the ovaries more or do not pinch the tip, you will not get large fruits. After that, it is necessary to mercilessly cut off all the flowers that have appeared - both male and female.

When forming in two stalks two fruits should be left on the main whip, and one on the side. On each whip after the last fruit, you need to leave 3-4 sheets and pinch the tops.

Mandatory agricultural practices for growing pumpkins is lash powder. When they reach a length of more than a meter, they are unraveled, laid in the right direction and covered with earth in several places. If this is not done, then the wind easily turns over and twists the lash, while the leaves break off, and this negatively affects the development of the plant. But the most important thing is not this. On all the internodes of the scourge, especially in the places of the powder, strong roots are formed, which additionally nourish the plant. This should not be forgotten when watering plants.

Receiving fruits

When growing pumpkins you can often see rotting ovaries. This is due to the fact that the female flowers are not pollinated. The reasons can be very different, especially as often happens in inclement weather, when insects fly less. This is very disappointing, especially when growing large-fruited late-ripe pumpkins.

To avoid this, it is necessary to do artificial pollination of flowers. To do this, early in the morning in the south and in the first half of the day, for the middle and northern regions, when blooming female flowers, male flowers are collected, petals are removed from them, and two or three anthers are alternately pressed to the stigma of the open female flower.

Male pumpkin flowers. Bloom early in the morning, and in the evening already fade.

Women's pumpkin flowers. Have a pestle in the middle. Without pollination wither the next day.

If you have pumpkin lashes covered with a fence or a gazebo, in order for them not to tear under the weight of the crop, ordinary nets are suspended from the fence and a growing fruit is placed in them.

Pumpkin giants need to be protected from soil moisture, otherwise they may rot. To do this, put four stones on the ground, a wide board or slab on top, and a pumpkin on it. But it is necessary to do this while it is small, because by overloading a giant fruit, it is possible to break the stem.

Useful properties of pumpkin

  • Pumpkin seeds in traditional medicine are dried, then oil is made from them. Pumpkin seeds are rich in glycosides and steroids, vitamin E, trace elements of potassium, copper, zinc, manganese, selenium, etc., plant proteins and sugars.
  • Pumpkin pulp contains peptide fibers that contribute to the normalization of the stomach and the removal of toxins from the intestines.
  • It is recommended to use pumpkin for people suffering from overweight: a low-calorie vegetable, vitamin T contained in a pumpkin helps to speed up the metabolism and the rapid absorption of food, the diuretic property of pumpkin ensures the elimination of excess fluid from the body.
  • For kidney disease, pumpkin is recommended as a diuretic.
  • Pumpkin is rich in beta-carotene and lutein, which have a beneficial effect on human vision.

Features of growing pumpkins

Pumpkin can be sown immediately in the soil, and can be planted through seedlings. Best of all, it grows in well-warmed sunny areas. Preparing the soil for planting pumpkins begins in the fall. After harvesting the pumpkin precursors, the soil is freed from weeds and plant residues.

After the soil is loosened with a mill or hoe, in two or three weeks they dig up to 25-30 cm in depth. During digging, the roots of dandelion, thistle, wheatgrass, larvae of the cockchafer and wireworm should be carefully removed from the site.

Fertilizers are introduced into the soil simultaneously with its digging. Due to the high rate of growth of aboveground and underground organs, pumpkin has an increased need for nutrients.

Organic fertilizers (on heavy soils) or 15-20 cm (on light soils) are buried up to a depth of 10-15 cm. With a limited amount of organic fertilizers, they can be applied immediately before planting the crop directly into the well.

The day before pumpkin sowing, they dig up the soil, nitrogen fertilizers are applied for digging at the rate of 15-20 grams of fertilizer per 1 sq. Meter. After digging the area is leveled with a rake and start planting seedlings or sowing seeds.

The most common pests of fruit trees.

Recommendations for the care of the garden here.

We plant pumpkin seeds

For planting pumpkin seeds, it is best to select full-weight seeds that need to be heated at a temperature of 60 degrees (2-3 hours). This is necessary for a friendly germination of seedlings. To ensure early germination, to acquire resistance of the culture to adverse environmental conditions, seeds before sowing are placed for a day in a solution of one of the growth stimulants:

  • Krezacin solution - one tablet of stimulator per 100 ml of water,
  • a solution of potassium humate - dilute 4 ml of stimulator in 200 ml of water,
  • Epine solution - 2-7 drops of a stimulant per 100 ml of water.

If you do not have these drugs, you can use wood ash to treat pumpkin seeds: for 1 liter of warm water, take 2 tablespoons of ash, insist one day, periodically stir the solution, then filter and dip the seeds in a gauze bag into it. After that, the seeds are washed with water.

After the seeds are soaked, you can begin their seeding or germination. You can germinate pumpkin seeds in an apartment by wrapping them in a damp cloth for this and placing them in a saucer.

On the site you can germinate pumpkin seeds in a box with scalded sawdust. Spread paper wipes on the sawdust (wet) in 23 layers, on them - pumpkin seeds, then again napkins, then warm sawdust and cover everything with a film. The box is left in a warm place.

Pumpkin seeding time

Depending on the biological characteristics of the pumpkin variety, as well as on the climatic conditions of the region, there are different terms for planting culture. Planting of a douche and large pumpkin begins when the soil has warmed to 10 degrees (at a depth of 10-12 cm), and the air temperature is 15 degrees. Earlier sowing time should provide the plant with heat from biofuels, as well as protection from frost film.

Planting pumpkins in open ground

When planting a douche and large pumpkin seeds in open ground, they must be embedded in the soil to a depth of 5-8 cm (on light soils) or 4-5 cm (on heavy).

Seeds of long varieties of culture are sown in a row (the distance between the holes should be about 1.5-2 meters, and between rows - 1.4 - 2 meters).

Pumpkin varieties of pumpkins can be planted square-breeding method according to the scheme: 80 * 80 cm or 1.2 * 1.2 m. The distance between pumpkin seeds should be 3-4 cm. After the seeds are laid out in the wells, they should be watered with a mixture humus and soil in equal quantities.

Planting pumpkin seedlings in open ground

The process of ripening pumpkin since sowing is quite long, especially for late-ripening and thermophilic varieties of culture. The process lasts 120-140 days. In order to get an earlier harvest pumpkin, you can grow its seedlings. The window sills in the apartment are suitable for this, it is desirable that the window sills be well lit.

Also, seedlings are grown in greenhouses, greenhouses or under the film frame. Seeding is best done in the last decade of April or early May. This ensures that the plant will be ready to be transplanted into open ground.

Sowing pumpkin seedlings

As containers for seedlings, you can use milk bags or peat hollow pots with a diameter of 10-15 cm. Ready peat soil is poured into the containers. Independent preparation of nutrient soil: take humus and sod land in the ratio of 4: 1. Add 4 grams of potassium salt and ammonium nitrate to the bucket of the mixture, as well as 5 grams of superphosphate. After the mixture is moistened and thoroughly mixed (preferably 3-4 times). This mixture is poured into prepared containers and slightly compacted.

During sowing, the soil in the containers is watered with warm water, in the center they make a depression of 2-3 cm, in which one pumpkin seed is placed. The process of preparing seeds is the same as when sown directly in open ground. The pots on top cover with plastic wrap and put them on the window sill for germination.

Eggplant: growing and care - an informative article for gardeners.

Pumpkin care

After sowing pumpkin should maintain the air temperature in the range of 18-25 degrees. As soon as the first shoots appeared, the film is removed and the temperature is reduced by 3-5 degrees (this is done within 4-5 days). In the apartment this can be achieved by airing the room. This ensures the seedlings are protected against stretching.

If the seedlings are still stretched out, then on the eighth or tenth day after the emergence of shoots, turn the subflora knee into a circle and lay it on the ground, covering them with earth to the cotyledon leaves. The field of this pumpkin seedling is grown at a daily temperature of 20-22 degrees, and at night 15-18 degrees. Watering pumpkins should not be plentiful and frequent. Excess moisture can lead to "pampering" of the culture.

Feed the plant should be twice. The first feeding is carried out on the eighth or tenth day after the emergence of shoots. Growing seedlings in a greenhouse will be better if you take 100 ml of slurry, chicken manure or mullein and 5 grams of garden mixture for 1 liter of water, mix everything thoroughly and pour the area with this solution.

The second dressing is done with any complex mineral fertilizers at the rate of 3-4 grams of fertilizer per 1 liter of water. It should be done immediately before planting the plant in open ground.

A few days before transplanting, it should be hardened. In ready-to-transplant plants, the stem is low and stocky with short internodes, and there are also 2-3 well-developed leaves of dark green color.

Planting seedlings in the soil is carried out a little deeper than she sat in a pot, sprinkling it to the cotyledon leaves. This contributes to the formation of additional roots. When planting roots are compressed by soil, while avoiding the formation of voids.

In order for the resulting pumpkin fruits not to rot from soil moisture, they should be protected from this as follows: 4 stones are placed on the ground, on top of them is a wide slab or board, on which the pumpkin is laid. They do it only when she is still small.

Note to a good gardener - Cucumbers: growing and care.

As the ripening of individual fruits produce harvest. Immediately before the onset of frost, you should remove all the fruits of the pumpkin.

Pumpkin must necessarily be present in the diet of each person. Remember this! We hope that thanks to our advice you will grow a large and sweet pumpkin, from which you will prepare the most useful dishes.

Proper cultivation of pumpkins in the open field

Water, fertilize and weed. In general, as for all other plants.

Pumpkin seedlings under normal conditions appear 6-7 days after sowing. After the formation of one or two true leaves, the seedlings are thinned, leaving one strong plant for a large pumpkin and two plants for a solid and nutmeg. After the appearance of 4-5 leaves and in these varieties, weaker plants pinch. They should not be dug out, since the root system of the remaining plants will be badly damaged.

  • Dedicated to a separate article. After the fruit has been enlarged, the leaves must be removed in order to provide better sun access. Basically, pumpkin harvesting starts when the first frost occurs. The fact that the fruit is ripe, said hardened skin. The maturity of the fetus can be determined in a simple way by pressing a fingernail on the skin - if it is impossible to push through, then you can start harvesting. Fruits are stored the longest without damage at a temperature of not more than + 8 ° C. Go
  • Compost preparation in more detail
  • Pumpkin seedlings are planted in the ground only when there is no threat of frost. Planting holes must be watered with warm water. Ко времени высадки растение должно иметь не менее двух хорошо развитых листочков на низком толстом стебле. Высаживают растение вместе с горшочком или, если использовались коробки, их аккуратно разрезают, чтобы не задеть корни, и вынимают рассаду с комом земли.​
  • ​Всем известно, что тыква всегда хорошо растет на компостных кучах. Если таковых не имеется, то осенью или рано весной копают круглую яму, глубиной примерно 40 см и шириной 80 см. Before planting, fill it with manure, which is well trampled. From above add 20 centimeters of humus. A hole is made in the middle, where pumpkin seeds are placed, and when there is no threat of frost, seedlings. The distance between such pits should be not less than two meters.

It is most convenient to plant a pumpkin on the south side of the buildings, where it will be less harmful to cold morning performances, and there is enough light. Ancestors can be: potatoes, cabbage, root vegetables, onions, or any legumes. But to plant a pumpkin with potatoes, as well as zucchini - not recommended. Potato tops and wide pumpkin leaves will overshadow each other and hinder development.

Pumpkin is an annual plant with a strong root system. The main taproot goes into the ground more than 2 meters. But the most active part of the roots is located in the upper part of the arable layer. Growing pumpkins in the open field in cold summer conditions will require artificial acceleration of the formation and ripening of fruits. To do this, limit the number of shoots, leaving a maximum of 3. After the formation of 5 ovaries,

Forming depending on climatic conditions.

Pumpkin is a genus of annual plants belonging to the Pumpkin family. The root system is pivotal. Stems well branched, creeping, with prickly pubescence. The leaves are large, long-petiolate, five-fold, with hard villi. Flowers solitary, yellow-orange, same-sex. You can distinguish them by the length of the pedicel: in female flowers it is short.

Why? Imagine that your courtship bore fruit and you went to the registrar with her, but you just laugh, and the church still will not be allowed. And if without a wedding, then ... it would be a sight! It does not require special care - the main thing is sun, heat and watering.

Growing pumpkin in open ground to avoid drought. Watering should be abundant. The fact is that the pumpkin has large leaves and moisture evaporates a large amount. Watering a pumpkin should be with the emergence and until flowering. Also, moisture is needed during the period of intensive growth of the fruit. To fruit better tied, reduce the number of watering. Now for feedings. Pumpkins are good for organic and mineral fertilizers. The first feeding is done three weeks after sowing the seeds. As a fertilizer, you can use slurry or chicken manure, which is diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 4. More frequent feeding will accelerate growth and fruiting. You can also use wood ash for dressing - 1 tbsp. 10 liters of water. That's actually the whole process of growing pumpkins in the open field and care for her.

. Immediately before planting pumpkins with seeds in open ground, the soil is again digged to a depth of 15 cm and fertilizers are applied, such as ammonium sulfate (20 g), superphosphate (15 g) and about 12 g of potassium salt per 1 m². If planting is done on poor soils, then the following should be added to each well: 2 tbsp. wood ash, up to 3 buckets of organic fertilizers and 50 g of superphosphate. All components are mixed to a depth of 20 cm.

During the growing season, further care is to remove weeds, sufficient and regular watering and feeding.

Pumpkin: growing and care.

In the southern areas of the pumpkin can be grown on a flat surface. But in the more northern they use insulated ridges. How to prepare such a bed? In the middle part of the groove make a depth of about 30 cm, make there manure, compost or humus. If nothing is not, then you can take and plant waste, and just household garbage. From above, it is all covered with earth previously taken out of the groove. All this organic matter, decomposing under the action of soil microbes, generates heat, which will contribute to the rapid growth and development of plants.

To get a full harvest, the soil under the pumpkin must be prepared very carefully. A bed is dug up on depth not less than 0,5 meters, on each square meter bring on a bucket of the rotted manure or compost. On heavy and clay soils, it is desirable to add additional loosening materials - chopped straw or sawdust treated with a solution of urea. In addition, in each well must be made on a tablespoon of phosphate and potash fertilizers. Acidic soils need to preliminate.

Pumpkin stems creeping, strongly branched. They consist of a main shoot and several side ones. These side branches can grow over 6 meters long. The plant has a very large leaf surface, which evaporates a lot of moisture, especially in the first half of the growing season. In large specimens, the total surface of the leaves can reach 25 square meters. Hence the increased need for pumpkin in water.

Reached 15 cm in diameter, the main stem should be pinched when the 7th leaf grows after the last fruit.

Under the landing of pumpkins you need to take a well-heated and lit area. The soil needs to be dug up to a depth of about 30 cm and added to 1 square meter. m. up to 8 kg of decomposed compost or manure, about 20 g of potassium-containing and 30 g of phosphorus-containing fertilizers.

Among the many kinds of pumpkins, the best in quality and taste is the nutmeg pumpkin. Growing it for a long time (up to 140 days), and requires high temperatures, which somewhat limits its mass production.

And how to take care of it. To sow, weed when the weeds begin. And let it grow. Can water if drought. But pumpkins and zucchini are not cucumbers, they have better roots, they don’t dry like cucumbers.

In addition, I propose to watch an interesting video about pinching a pumpkin

Pumpkin can be grown seedling or direct planting seeds in open ground, depending on the region of cultivation and variety. Pumpkin seeds in open ground are planted, usually in late May - early June. Since the plant belongs to the heat-loving, then with insufficient heating of the soil (minimum +15 ° C), the seeds simply can not grow. In addition, you must prepare the seeds themselves. To do this, they are heated for 9 hours at a temperature of +40 ° C. After that, they need to be wrapped in wet gauze for 12 hours. At the same time, gauze must be constantly moistened for the indicated time. The wetting solution consists of 2 tablespoons of ash per 1 liter of boiling water. Planting pumpkin seeds in open ground can be performed after their swelling and germination. With regards to warming the soil has already been said. In areas that have prepared in advance, make holes. Their size depends on the type of soil: light soils - 8-10 cm in depth, loam - 5-6 cm. 2-3 seeds are placed in each well, but not all in one pile, but separately. When planting, one should adhere to the following scheme: the distance between the rows should be 2 m, and 1 m between the plants. Alternatively, you can grow a pumpkin in a checkerboard pattern.

The first time the pumpkin is fed with the appearance of 3 or 5 leaves, preferably with a solution of mullein or fermented chicken manure at the rate of 1:10, adding 50 g of superphosphate to the bucket. The second is that the lashes will hardly begin to form, using the same infusion of mullein with nitrophoska — a tablespoon per bucket. The third feeding is carried out already in the period when the fruits are poured. Pour over the solution of mullein with potassium sulfate - 2 tablespoons per 1 bucket. Instead of potassium fertilizer, you can take a glass of wood ash. A bucket of such feeding is enough for 5 plants. If there is no organic fertilizer, you can apply the mineral, in dry or diluted form. In case of cloudy weather, foliar spraying with urea is also useful - 1 teaspoon is spent on a bucket of water.

Another way is to grow pumpkins not on beds, but on small heaps of spherical shape, consisting of shredded weeds in layers, manure, rotten sawdust and kitchen waste. It is advisable to pour such a pile with a weakly diluted solution of fertilizers and cover the garden soil from above.

Seeds for sowing is desirable to germinate before sticking. To do this, a few days before planting, they are dipped for 2 hours in warm water with a temperature of about 50 ° C, and then wrapped in a damp cloth and kept at room temperature.

Most often, they grow two types of pumpkin - hard and large-fruited, they are the most cold-resistant. Muscat gourd is still common in the south.

If there is a desire to grow large pumpkins, then the bush varieties need to leave 3 ovaries, and climbing ones - 2. It should be noted that the most delicious pumpkins are of medium size, moreover, they are easier to tolerate. Above the grown fruits should remove the shading leaves to open them to the sun.

The technology of growing pumpkins begins with the formation of seedlings. Seeds need to be heated for 3 hours at a temperature of 600C, and then germinate in a damp cloth. Each seed that germinated should be planted in a separate pot with a diameter of about 15 cm, filled with nutrient mixture. It is necessary to germinate in room conditions, and at

Successful cultivation of pumpkins in the open field depends on many components:

No way :) Watering does not forget on time.

Soil manure or compost before planting

The seeding depth for medium loamy soils is 5-6 cm, for light soils - 8-10 cm. The distance between the holes should be about 1 meter. To reduce the risk of damage to seedlings by night frosts, many gardeners sow seeds thickly at different depths. If the early shoots fall from frost-covered seeds under frost, the later shoots will survive and time will not be lost. If there is no frost, the later shoots are simply removed.

To stimulate plant growth, the area is covered with polyethylene. Basically, the pumpkin rises a week after planting. As soon as the seedlings appear, the strongest sprout should be left in the case of planting large-fruited pumpkin and a couple when growing nutmeg or a solid. In the latter case, with the development of plants up to 4-5 leaves, the weaker sprout must be pinned. To seedlings where to grow, the film should be lifted. Go

To get a good harvest, the top of the scourge must always be illuminated by the sun. Scourge in the shade, fruit is noticeably worse. No more than 3 fruits are left on one plant, the rest are removed. Under each fruit, to protect them from rotting, enclose a plate or a flat stone. In autumn, ripe pumpkins are harvested along with the stalk, cutting them off before the onset of night frosts.

Sometimes gardeners plant pumpkins inside the greenhouse, bringing the lash out. For what, in one of the ends, holes are made near the wall and prepared seeds are placed in them. When the sprouts reach a sufficient height, the film is raised and guided the lash out. It turns out that the roots of the plant remain in the greenhouse and do not interfere with cucumbers, because they are located in the soil far below their roots. This way you can grow pumpkin without seedlings about a week earlier than usual.

Soil preparation for planting

Pumpkin - a thermophilic plant. In cold soil, its seeds can simply rot. The lowest temperature of the soil, providing seed germination - 12 ° C, and the optimum - over 25 ° C. When the night temperature falls below 14 ° C, the formation of fruits in the pumpkin sharply slows down, because they grow mainly at night. The slightest frost destroys the whole plant.Growing pumpkins in the open field can be carried out on the trellis or fence. In this case, the fruit should be placed in bags or nets and tied to a support. If the pumpkins lie on the ground, then under them should be placed boards to eliminate the process of decay.Emergence of temperature will need to be reduced to 140C. Watering seedlings should be moderate, but not often. In the seedling period, you need two additional fertilizer fertilizer. Young plants are planted on the prepared bed at the end of May.

How to care for a pumpkin

About once a month to go to the hairdresser, if it hurts - drink painkillers, but do not abuse, do not interfere with alcoholic beverages. Here are the basic rules. Yes, even in the cold season to wear a hat. ))By the time of sowing seeds in the soil, moisture in the soil is often not enough. This can lead to a delay in the emergence of shoots and their slow growth. Therefore, it is necessary to pour 1.5-2 l of warm water with a temperature not lower than 50 ° C to each well. After it is absorbed, the seeds are put into the ground and the wells are covered with nutrient mixture. After sowing, the wells should be mulled with humus or peat chips. Due to this, the field germination of pumpkin seeds increases dramatically.If summer was cold in the middle lane, the process of formation and ripening of fruits must be accelerated artificially. This will require the plant to prune the shoots, leaving a maximum of three. After the main stem is formed, it is pinched and left to no more than five ovaries with a diameter of 15-17 cm. If you wish to grow large pumpkins, you need to leave no more than 3 ovaries for the bush varieties and no more than 2 for climbing plants. In addition, you need to pinch the stalk for 6-7 leaf after the last fruit. But it’s worth to know and remember that medium-sized pumpkins have the best taste. Pollination - this process needs attention. In the absence of male flowers for pollination, you can take, for example, zucchini.

How to water and how to feed

Today it will be a question of growing pumpkins in the open field, because it is a popular vegetable among summer residents and gardeners. The pumpkin contains a large amount of trace elements and vitamins. And it is appreciated in it, as seeds, and pulp. If you want to grow a pumpkin on your plot, regardless of the region of residence, then it will be enough to make not so much effort.

A similar effect can be obtained by using another trick. When the seeds are already sown, the beds are tightly covered with foil. After the emergence of seedlings, cross-sectional cuts are made in it, through which the whips, growing, go outside and begin to crawl along the film.

When to plant a pumpkin in open ground

Pumpkin southern melon culture which requires space for growing. He likes sunny areas with an optimal growth temperature of +25 degrees. At +14 degrees the pumpkin stops growing.

Any soil is suitable for growing pumpkins, but fertile land is needed to produce large fruits. Apply mineral and organic fertilizers to the plot.

Just before sowing, ash, humus and superphosphate are added to the wells. Very good pumpkin suitable fresh manure.

Such seeds are sown directly into the ground or planted with seedlings.

This type of nutmeg is grown only with seedlings.

Pumpkin grows best in areas where beets, eggplants, carrots, peppers, beans, cabbage, potatoes, tomatoes, and onions grew.

Are not suitable areas where they grew zucchini, cucumbers, squash.

Planting pumpkin seeds in the ground

Before sowing, carry out the preparation of seeds, warm at a temperature of +40 degrees for 9 hours. Then soak the seeds in a solution of ash and water. To do this, wrap the seeds in several layers of cheesecloth and dip into the solution.

Prepare a solution: on 1 liter of hot water add 2 tbsp. l wood ash. Insist 12 hours. So the seeds will quickly hatch and sprout. It is possible and not to prepare the seeds before sowing, but the period of emergence of shoots to increase

Planting pumpkins step by step:

Mark the rows in the area between the rows of at least 2 m,
Make the holes about 30 cm in size and the distance between them at least 1 meter, shed with water. Some gardeners plant pumpkins in a staggered manner,
In each well put 3 seeds at a depth of 5-6 cm.
Sowing seeds in warm weather, you can cover the area before germination,
When you form a crust, be sure to burn it,
After sprouting, leave no more than 2 plants in each well, the rest are pinched in order not to injure the root system.

Pumpkin - growing from seedlings

Most seedlings are grown nutmeg pumpkin.

Sowing of prepared seeds is produced in a fertile mixture of soil at the end of April.

It is better to sow immediately in separate containers with a volume of 0.5 l. Water with warm water.

After 30 days, pumpkin seedlings are planted in a greenhouse or under a film with a distance of 1 m between the plants.

When you save the night frost be sure to cover the film.

In regions with a cold summer, in order to obtain a harvest earlier, it is necessary to form lashes. On the plants leave 2 ovaries, pinch the rest 50 cm above the fruit.

Types and varieties of pumpkin

There are many different types and varieties of pumpkin. Today we consider the main 3 species often grown in the garden. It's a pumpkin ordinary, nutmeg, large-fruited.

Pumpkin ordinary (hard)

The fruit is large, round in shape, usually yellow. The main time of ripening is September. Sunflower seeds with a dense white or yellowish skin 3-4 cm long.

The most common varieties are pumpkin spaghetti, orange bush, Altai pumpkin 47, mushroom bush 189.

The variety is early ripening, it takes 2 months from germination to harvest.

When boiling the pulp of this variety of pumpkin, it breaks down into fibers, so the variety got the name spaghetti. Consume both cold and hot.

Bush Orange Pumpkin

Variety with fruits of bright orange color with fruits up to 5 kg in weight. The flesh is soft and sweet. Хорошо сохраняется всю зиму.

Грибовская кустовая 189

Раннеспелый сорт, очень популярен при выращивании. Растения растет кустом с 2 плодами по 6-7 кг. Плоды каплевидной формы с ярко-оранжевой окраской с зелеными вкраплениями. Толстая, сочная и сладкая мякоть ярко-оранжевого цвета.

Тыква алтайская 47

Раннеспелый сорт универсального назначения. От появления всходов до сбора урожая понадобится 2 месяца. Orange-yellow fruit with light yellow, light brown stripes. Fruits weighing from 2 to 5 kg with a hard skin.

The pulp does not have a pronounced sweetness, fibrous. The variety has good yields, is hardy to low temperatures, is not afraid of transportation and lays well all winter.

Heat-loving kind of pumpkin, but one of the most delicious.

They are planted mainly in the rassadny way, the species combines the properties of ordinary and large-fruited pumpkin. The shape of the fruit is different, with different colors.

On the peel there are longitudinal light spots. The flesh is orange or bright orange, dense and tender, with a special taste and smell.

Fruits with small seeds of gray-white color with a dark appearance on the edges. The species has a powerful and strong root system up to 2 meters long.

Pumpkin Variety Muscat

Late pumpkin variety with fruit weight 4-6 kg. The flesh is orange, juicy, dense, and sweet.

Late-ripening variety, fruits are dark green. Very juicy, orange pulp. Fruit weight up to 7 kg.

Late-ripening variety with dark green fruits and an orange strip. Fruits weighing up to 7 kg. Bright orange flesh.

This type in comparison with previous has the biggest fruits. Coloring pumpkin can be gray, white and pink.

Fruits of spherical shape. The pulp is fibrous, soft and friable. Often used as feed on farms. Sunflower seeds large cream or white with a barely noticeable appearance.

Late-ripening variety with pumpkins of gray, spherical or slightly oblate shape. Juicy, dense pulp of orange color. Stored about 7 months. Very productive variety.

Mid-season grade with flattened pumpkins of light gray color. Fruits weighing 10 kg or more. Dense pulp with sweetish taste, egg-yellow color.

Variety gives good yields and perfectly preserved throughout the winter.

Harvesting and storing pumpkins

The best place to store pumpkins is the cellar. The temperature should be +3 +15 degrees, humidity 75-80 percent, the cellar with ventilation is mandatory. Store on shelves, pallets, but not on the ground.

Fold the pumpkins with the stem up at a distance from each other so that they do not touch each other. No stem pumpkins need to be cooked first, so don’t fold far.

Hard and large pumpkin - the period of harvest begins in the autumn, after the stem dries out. After harvesting, it is necessary that the pumpkin lay in the warm for evaporation of excess moisture and accumulation of sugar content.

But they begin to clean the pumpkin in September. Harvesting is carried out in sunny weather. Also left in a warm, bright room for a few days for ripening.

Presowing seed treatment

Growing pumpkin in the open field begins with the preparation of seeds that are soaked in water, preferably in sodium humate or potassium humate, for a day. After taking the seeds out of the water, cover them with a damp cloth or gauze for two days, leaving in a shaded place at a temperature of up to + 23 g. Celsius. The fabric is constantly moisturized. Taking seeds from the crop of the year before last is not recommended - there may be poor germination.

Sprouting pumpkin seeds

For the treatment of diseases, the seeds are immersed in a 30% solution of common salt (2 tablespoons of salt per 100 ml of water). Healthy and strong specimens will sink to the bottom, and the weak ones will float and be rejected.

After germination, the sprouts are placed in plastic cups or pots in diameter up to 10 cm, with prepared soil: peat mixture mixed with sand and garden soil (1: 1: 1).

Growing pumpkin seedlings and caring for them

Transplantation and cultivation of pumpkins in the open ground in the Moscow region occurs after the appearance of three full leaves. On average, the age of seedlings should be about a month.

Site selection and soil preparation

Plot allocated for the cultivation of pumpkin, choose away from upright growing crops, with a flat surface and good access to sunlight. The land is previously fertilized: per 1 sq.m. Take 2 buckets of humus, 0.5 buckets of wood shavings, 1 liter of wood ash and 200 g of nitrophoska. The soil is dug up to 50 cm and form beds up to 70 cm in width.

Preparation of beds for planting pumpkins

Pumpkin seeds or seedlings are planted in the heated soil since mid-May, the air temperature should exceed the average daily plus 10 oz. Celsius. If the seeds are planted earlier, they will not be able to properly develop and rot.

Growing pumpkins in the open field on the site where before growing potatoes, melon, sunflower or watermelon is not recommended. At one place the pumpkin is planted with a break of five years. Under pumpkin cultivation sandy, light and medium loamy soils with neutral Ph 4.5-5 are most suitable.

Pumpkin Planting Technology

The wells for seeds or seedlings are made along the whole bed at a distance of 0.9-1 m from each other and to a depth of 5-7 cm. At least 2 liters of water are poured into each well, the temperature of which should not be lower than plus 50 g. Celsius, and then proceed to planting.

Sowing pumpkins in open ground

Top mulch with sawdust, straw or peat. Growing pumpkins in open ground in Siberia is slightly different: it is recommended to sow 2 seeds per well. After their germination, choose a weaker plant and remove it.

Pumpkin seedlings after planting in open ground

Agricultural technology of growing pumpkins in the open field includes an additional cover of the planted seeds with a film, which is carefully fixed along the perimeter of the bed. Covering material creates greenhouse conditions and helps protect seedlings from possible frosts.

After the shoots have reached 50 cm in height, the film is lifted, pulling it onto the wire frame. In mid-June, the material is removed.

A frameless film left on the garden bed can be used instead of mulch, which will help facilitate the care of the pumpkin during growth. In this covering material, cruciate cuts are made for the seedlings.

Pumpkin growing and care - film mulching

Fertilization

Feed should be made no more than once every 2 weeks. Feeding pumpkins in open ground with minerals is carried out twice: when five sheets appear (10 g nitrophoska per 1 plant in a dry form), when lashes appear (15 g nitrophoska per 10 l of water under each bush).

Feeding pumpkin with wood ash (1 cup per 1 plant) and mullein (1 liter mullein per 10 liters of water) is also effective. Bring a mullein at the beginning of the growing season (1 bucket for 6 plants) and during fruiting (1 bucket for 3 bushes).

Top dressing of a pumpkin in an open ground

All top dressings are brought in a ring-shaped ditch, increasing as the pumpkin grows, the depth is from 8 to 15 cm. At the seedling stage, a recess is dug at a distance of 15 cm, after 2 weeks it is increased to 40 cm.

Watering pumpkin

Before watering, the soil is loosened by 10 cm, trying not to hook the root, and cleaned of weeds. Watering the pumpkin in the open ground is carried out only with warm water, 50 gr. Celsius, do not use cold artesian or water from wells.

Especially important is the timely and abundant irrigation during flowering: moisture is necessary for the formation of female inflorescences. Water consumption in this period is about 30 liters per plant.

During fruit ripening, the amount of water during watering is reduced, as excessive moisture reduces the shelf life and reduces the sugar content of the fruit.

Pumpkin Lash Shaping

Formation of pumpkin during cultivation allows you not to spend forces on extra ovaries and shoots, due to which larger fruits with better taste characteristics grow. While the main stem has reached a length of 1.5 m, it is pinched. Leave only 2 side shoots in length up to 70 cm. On each of them ripens on a fruit.

Pumpkin Lash Formation Scheme

To speed up the fruit loading, shoots are pressed to the ground, sprinkled with a small layer of soil at a distance of up to half a meter from the main shoot for rooting. Under each forming pumpkin, they put a piece of plywood or glass to protect against fungal diseases that begin to develop on the fruits from the dampness of the soil.

Mealy dew

When the first symptoms of fungal disease on pumpkin leaves are detected, they are sprayed with a solution of 3 g of potassium permanganate or 2 g of copper sulfate dissolved in 10 liters of water. They are treated with 1% bordeaux liquid during the formation of ovaries and leaves. For prevention, regular watering is carried out, crop rotation is observed and the remnants of diseased plants are destroyed.

Mealy Dew on Pumpkin Leaves

Harvesting and storage conditions pumpkin

So that the pumpkin does not start to spoil in the garden, you need to harvest in time. The moment of ripening can be recognized by the following features:

  • The stem becomes rough and rough,
  • Foliage and lash turn yellow and dry,
  • The skin becomes coarse and acquires a typical sort of pattern.

It is necessary to reap a crop before steady frosts. Pruning of the pumpkin occurs with a stem up to 6 cm. The cut fruits are put in a dry warm room. For a week, pumpkins ripen, and the cutting dries.

Storing pumpkins in a heated room

When frosts occur, immature unbroken pumpkins mulch with straw or agrofibre.

Compliance with all the conditions and rules of pumpkin care will allow you to grow a rich harvest. Tasty and healthy vegetables are well kept until the New Year without any processing. Pumpkin can be used to prepare main dishes, desserts, soups, canned, or make it a lantern for Halloween.

Common varieties

There are about 800 varieties of pumpkin. True, only 35 of them are cultivated in country houses and kitchen gardens and are sweet.

  • Group of early ripe varieties. These include the Muskatnaya variety with a period of ripening for 90 days, the Butternat variety (ripening 100 days), Therapeutic pumpkin (100–115 days). Indicators of sugar content of these varieties are at around 5.5–9.0%,
  • Mid-season varieties with high yields. Among these varieties: Pumpkin Almond, Marble and Barn. They are very sweet and unpretentious in terms of the choice of conditions of detention. Sugar content is kept at around 7–13%,
  • Late ripening varieties. In the group of late ripening varieties Zarya Vostoka, Winter Sweet, Gribovskaya Winter and others. The ripening period reaches 160 days, and the sugar content is 7–13%.

How to grow a pumpkin. Preparation of beds

Growing a pumpkin in the garden is quite simple. It is enough to study the basic subtleties of such an event and use the recommendations of professionals.

Maximum yields are seen when growing a culture in loose substrates with a high nutrient content and abundant lighting. It is better to choose places on elevations, excluding marshy soils and lowlands.

Provide a comfortable environment that will resemble greenhouses, easy. To do this, plant a plant along the fence and walls on the south side. In this case, the culture will be under reliable protection from wind and cold, obtaining the maximum amount of warming sun.

Good yield is seen when growing pumpkins after other garden plantings, namely after:

The preparation of the beds should be started in the fall, in the process of which organic fertilizers should be applied to the soil in the form of manure and humus. Also does not hurt to feed the soil superphosphate in the proportion of 0.2 kilograms per square meter. Potassium chloride (0.1 kg per square meter) shows itself well. In spring, the land is fertilized with ammonium nitrate.

The next stage of preparation is seed treatment. Viable seedlings appear after the daily stay of the planting material in the “sodium humate” fertilizer. It is important that at this stage the air temperature in the room is within + 22–23 degrees Celsius.

Novice farmers often use old, untested seeds for planting, and then ask the question: “Why do not shoots appear?”. But there is no point in wasting time and hoping that good seedlings will emerge from inappropriate individuals.

Growing pumpkin seedlings

Currently, gardeners use two methods for growing seedlings:

Naturally, high priority must be given to the second method.

For a successful planting, you need to pick up suitable containers with a diameter of 15 centimeters and fill them with a mixture of turf, humus and peat in a ratio of 1: 2: 1. Approximately 21 days before the expected landing in open soil, sprouted specimens are sown in pots and sprinkled on top with a small layer of mullein and ash. As soon as the first shoots seem out of the ground, the seedlings can be taken into a room with temperature indicators + 13-14 degrees Celsius.

It is known that seedlings develop normally with moderate watering and balanced dressings. In the preparation of fertilizers you need to take 20 grams of double superphosphate, 15 grams of potassium sulfate and saltpeter, as well as 50 grams of garden mixture and stir them with 10 liters of water. One plant accounts for about 0.5 liters of the mixture. As soon as the seedlings are covered with three true leaves, you can begin planting in open ground.

Before planting seedlings in open ground, in the garden equip individual wells for each plant. Their depth is 10 centimeters at a distance of a meter from each other. Row spacing - 2 meters.

It is important to add 2 kilograms of compost to the wells and pour them with warm water. When the planting is successfully implemented, the well should be covered with dry soil to prevent the formation of a crust. First week of care It is considered the most responsible, because in this period the culture requires reliable protection from aggressive climatic influences. In this case it is necessary to use paper caps or cut five-liter plastic containers.

Often, farmers produce seedlings in plastic cups. However, before moving the finished seedlings into the open ground, problems and risk of damage to the fragile root system can occur. When extracting seedlings you need to be extremely careful, otherwise you will have to forget about a good harvest.

Agrotechnics growing pumpkins. Outdoor culture care

After successful picking of seedlings on a bed, it is necessary to follow some agrotechnical rules. In fact, growing a crop is very simple, so some difficulties will be excluded.

Few people know that tropical regions are the birthplace of pumpkins. Just look at how the pumpkin grows, and everything becomes clear. Leaf development occurs very intensively and much faster than the development of fruits. In the cold season, the plant needs to provide some conditions for successful ripening.

An important feature of care is pruning all shoots, except for the strongest. On the main stem, only 3–5 ovaries with a diameter of 15 centimeters can remain. By the way, the less the ovaries remain on the pumpkin, the higher the yield indicators. And the most delicious and tender flesh is the lot of relatively small fruits.

There are cases that the number of male flowers on a pumpkin is very small, or they are completely absent. With such a problem will have use manual pollination with the help of other pumpkin crops, including squash or squash. However, seeds of such hybridization are not suitable for further planting.

Upon reaching the optimum size of the fruit, all the leaves present must be broken off. Otherwise, access to the light source will be poor. Under the fruit enclose the board, which will prevent rotting.

Also one of the key features of care is a balanced watering. Even if the drought was short, it can lead to fatal consequences. It is known that pumpkin is significant leaf surfacewhich quickly disposes of moisture. Given this feature, it is better to treat watering responsibly. The special intensity of the procedure is necessary during the growing season and during maturation. It is reduced only by flowering.

Pumpkin needs a fertile and loose soil composition, with abundant fertilizers. Feed chart is as follows:

  • first feeding implement immediately 10–13 days after transplanting. If we are talking about growing from seed, then after 21 days. The process uses organic fertilizer in the form of a slurry, which is diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 4,
  • following feedings held at intervals of 2-4 times per month. Here you need to apply 50 grams of garden mixture or a glass of wood ash in a 10-liter bucket of water.

Diseases and pests

To get the maximum yield from the independent growing of pumpkins in the garden, it is necessary to provide the culture with reliable protection against diseases and pests, which, by the way, are very numerous. We will deal with the most important of them:

  • Bacteriosis. The problem is accompanied by the appearance of dangerous sores on the fruits and leaves. Such formations are represented by brown or dark markings, which increase in size as the disease progresses. Favorable conditions for the development of the virus - sudden changes in temperature and high humidity. To combat the problem you need to apply the Bordeaux mixture or zinc sulfate solution,
  • White rot. This disease causes a dangerous fungus that can harm the entire plant. It manifests itself in the form of white bloom, which covers all the fruits and leaves. The greater the degree of damage, the faster the rotting of the culture. To solve the problem, it is necessary to sprinkle the beds with lime lime, copper sulphate or crushed charcoal,
  • Root rot appears due to abundant watering of beds with cold water. Также она поражает культуру при непредвиденных скачках температуры или продолжительных осадках. Дальнейшее прогрессирование неприятной ситуации приводит к гниению и потере урожая.To overcome the trouble, it is enough to tear off the rotten roots and sprinkle the shoots with earth to quickly form a new root system,
  • Mealy dew. The first signs of powdery mildew are represented as a white bloom on the leaves. The more such formations, the faster the culture dries out. If you do not take drastic measures, it can completely dry out and become unviable. The fight against powdery mildew is to use a solution of colloidal sulfur or isophene. It is also necessary to get rid of all the affected parts of the plant,
  • Spider mite. This pest forms a thin web on the back of the leaf plate. For the fight enough to spray the plant with garlic solution or infusion of onion peel. Also, daily spraying with plain water with proper dosage will not interfere.
  • Gourd Aphid. Manifested in the form of twisting and further drying of the leaves. To overcome the trouble, it is enough to treat the bed with 10% solution of karbofos. We also need to remove the weeds.

Cleaning pumpkin

When the pumpkin fruits are fully ripe, they can begin to collect. In most cases, a similar procedure is carried out in September, until the first frost. Pumpkin is considered mature in the case when pressing on the skin, it continues to maintain integrity and does not break. When harvesting, you need to be careful, otherwise there is a risk of damage to the fruit by careless movements. Any damage adversely affects the further storage of the culture in the basement.

The crop should be stored at a temperature of 4–8 degrees Celsius. It is known that individual hybrid varieties retain their freshness and consumer qualities for a long time, even if they are stored in room conditions.

That's all, now you know how to successfully grow pumpkins in the open field. Follow the rules and you will be pleasantly surprised by the end result.

How to grow and care for a pumpkin

To protect plants from frost, the wells are best done on the mounds, up to 15 cm high. So the earth will warm up faster. With the same purpose they can be covered with a film or a special covering material.

Pumpkin is extremely light-requiring, it does not tolerate both shading and excessive planting density. At the same time, plants can be inhibited, delay the ripening of fruits, reduce the yield and its taste. Most of the sun pumpkin is required during the flowering and ripening of fruits.

Cleaning pumpkins should be carried out after the first freeze. You can determine maturity by pressing on with your fingernail: if the bark is not pressed, then it is time to collect. Pumpkin in honor of its usefulness, you can sing the praises, so it is worth growing.

Given that the pumpkin is cross-pollinated, for a guaranteed harvest, it makes sense to conduct pollination manually. To do this, use a soft brush to gently hold the anthers inside one flower and transfer the pollen to the stigma of another, or gently draw the flowers, connecting the anthers and the stigma.

Meet the pumpkin!

Pumpkin is a well-known annual plant with a strong root system, wide leaves, long, durable stems. The taproot can penetrate the depth of the soil by three meters, and the side roots spread over the territory up to four meters in search of moisture and nutrition.

The stem of the plant "crawls" from the base of more than seven meters. Pumpkin has large flowers of yellow or yellow-orange color, which are arranged singly (a dioecious plant). Fruits are formed on the main stem, starting from the tenth leaf and beyond.

Pumpkin dining Yum

What does a pumpkin like?

Pumpkin loves heat, does not tolerate cold, combined with dampness.

A place to grow a pumpkin should be sunny

Important! The temperature that pumpkin seeds need for germination is up to + 30 ° C. At lower temperatures, they will germinate very long and slowly. And with less than + 10 ° C, they will not ascend at all.

The whole vegetation period for a pumpkin takes place at an optimum temperature of + 25 ° C. In this case, it increases the flesh of an intense orange color, fragrant, dense but juicy, and a wide leaf apparatus (up to 40 m² per plant).

Pumpkin in the garden

Pumpkin loves moisture, without a sufficient amount of which the largest fruits are not formed. If at the beginning of flowering pumpkin suffered a drought, the flowers may fall, and the ovary is not formed.

Pumpkin - light-loving culture. It must be grown in sunny and windless areas (ideally - bahcha).

How to grow a pumpkin seed

To grow pumpkins, the easiest way is to use the traditional seed method of sowing. Only seeds for planting must be prepared.

Choosing pumpkin seeds

It all starts with the selection of seed materials. Take only the largest seeds of selected quality for sowing. Thin, frail, dry, not full need to reject. Calibrated seeds begin to prepare for sowing.

We take only the best seeds

Seed preparation

The best way to prepare for sowing pumpkin seeds is to germinate them. This process continues until the seeds are full. For germination, pumpkin seeds are immersed in water with a stable temperature of + 40 ° C (valid up to + 50 ° C, it cannot be below forty). In this state, the seeds should spend at least three hours.

How to germinate pumpkin seeds

Tip! How to achieve this temperature? put a bowl with germinated seeds on a battery or other heating device, put it in a yogurt maker or a slow cooker in the Yoghurt mode.

Then the swollen seeds are wrapped in a well-moistened cotton cloth and left at the living room temperature until they peck. The fabric needs to be checked all the time and moistened again so that the seeds do not dry out.

Since the pumpkin is a heat-loving plant, it is recommended, especially in the middle climatic zone, to increase the cold resistance of seeds before sowing. To do this, after pecking, they must be kept in a damp cloth, but in the bottom drawer of the refrigerator for three to five days.

Because of the heat-loving need not sow the seeds in open ground, first it is better to grow pumpkin seedlings.

Soil for seedlings

Pumpkin seeds are sown in the usual fertile seedling soil consisting of peat and sand. No special additives are required. Fertilizer in the soil is also not necessary. If you grow seeds in peat pots, just fill them with soil. When growing in plastic containers, sprinkle 3 cm sawdust on the bottom.

Sowing seeds

Germinated in the manner described above and hardened seeds are sown in pairs in pots. Later, a weak seedling can be removed by simply pinching off the stem. Sowing depth - 2 cm. Seeds are covered with peat. Watering is done before and after sowing.

During the first three days after sowing, the temperature should be + 25 ° C ... + 30 ° C.

Seedling care

Shoots seedlings pumpkin

Shoots should appear on the fourth day. After that, the temperature should be reduced and maintained within + 18 ° C ... + 25 ° C for a week, then again reduced to + 15 ° C ... + 18 ° C. It is necessary that the pumpkin seedlings do not stretch, grow sturdy and squat .

Watering seedlings is carried out regularly, but it should not be excessive. Stagnant water is prohibited. Perfect soil moisture and air humidity will contribute to the formation of resistant and abundantly fruitful pumpkin plants in the future.

Pumpkin shoots regularly

Two weeks after sprouting, fertilizing is carried out. To do this, mullein must be diluted in a ratio of 1:10 with water and poured into each pot, or under each plant in the greenhouse with 100 ml of nutrient solution after watering. If there is no mullein, top dressing is carried out according to the instructions.

Willingness and disembarkation

Properly grown seedlings are as follows:

  • low stem, thick and sturdy,
  • short internodes
  • Three well-developed true leaves that have a rich green color.

In this state, pumpkin seedlings can be planted in open ground for temporary film shelter on the 22nd day after sowing with germinated seeds in pots.

Before planting the wells watered with hot water. If the seedlings are in a peat container, they do not need to be removed, only slightly destroy the walls and bottom of the pot.

After planting, the plants are watered with warm water and protected with a film cover until the onset of consistently warm weather.

Growing pumpkins in a greenhouse

Soils suitable for growing pumpkins

This plant is most suitable fertile soil, which has a rather loose structure, well heated. It is on this land pumpkin fruit reached record sizes.

Important! Worst of all the pumpkin will grow on damp and clay soil. Acidic soils are not categorically suitable for the plant - they must be treated with lime (liming under the precursor) or wood ash is added.

When growing pumpkins in the dacha, try to meet the following requirements.

  1. Landing on the south side of the house along the wall or fence. The structure and the fence will protect from the wind during the day and give the plants the heat accumulated during the day at night.
  2. Scourge pumpkins may well be sent to the wall of the house, the fence, the roof of the barn. Towards the sun the fruits will ripen better.
  3. If there is a compost pile on the south side, it is ideal to plant a pumpkin near it, sending a whip there.

Growing pumpkins on a compost pile

Vasily Alibabaevich

In order for seeds to germinate faster, gardeners often cover the wells with foil, sprinkling its edges with earth. When shoots appear, holes are made in the film above the plants or they are pulled over the wire frame installed above the holes. Many gardeners clean the film when shoots appear, but this should be done in warm weather.

As with the planting of many garden plants in the first place you need to prepare the soil. Pumpkin loves areas that are well lit and warmed by the sun's heat. The southern slopes are better for its landing. With regards to the composition of the soil: sandy soils are most preferred, light loamy neutral soils with a sufficient amount of organic fertilizers. After the crop of the previous crops is removed from the site, the soil is dug up to 30 cm depth and manure or compost is applied to 1 m². In addition, about 30 g of phosphate and up to 20 g of potash fertilizers will be required. If interested you can find out about

Yuri Semykin

But in the northern areas to get a high yield, you have to grow pumpkin through seedlings. Seeds are sown in special peat pockets of sufficient depth. This is necessary because the pumpkin is extremely difficult to tolerate the transplant. Pots can be replaced with high cardboard bags from under dairy products or juices - the main thing is that the plant can be easily removed from them along with an earthy clod without damaging the roots. Seedlings require very good lighting and special temperature conditions. Before germination, the air temperature should be around 25 ° C. As soon as the shoots seem, it should be reduced to 15 - 20 ° C during the day and not higher than 15 ° C at night. If it is too warm, or not enough light, the seedlings can stretch very much.

Practice a lot of different ways to grow pumpkins. Consider only some of them.

Andrey Kim

In order to get a good pumpkin crop, the choice of planting location, soil type, feeding system and fertilizer will be crucial. It can be grown both in seedlings and in a seedless way. But in any case, good growth and development require fertile, medium loamy or light soils rich in organic matter. You should not expect a pumpkin to grow well on heavy, sour and damp earth.
Pumpkin is one of the most common vegetable plants from a fairly large pumpkin family in our gardens. Her homeland is Mexico, where pumpkins were grown for two thousand years BC.

Nikolay Svintitsky

This plant has a huge leaf mass, evaporating a lot of water, so the cultivation of pumpkin in the open field requires frequent and abundant watering. Even a short-term drought can greatly affect the outcome. During the flowering period, the number of waterings should be slightly reduced, so the fruit will be fastened better. Feed should be regularly, preferably every week, starting from 10 days after transplanting.

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