Watering a cactus is not such a simple process as it may seem at first glance. The need for water depends on various conditions of detention, type and other things. But there are several specific rules that must be strictly followed.
Watering should be carried out only in warm and sunny weather.
In cold and rainy weather, watering is strictly prohibited, because you can get unpleasant results.
In particular, this applies to desert cactus, which can easily rot in the case of hypothermia.
In Russia, thorny flowers should be watered in the morning. In the evening, watering should be abandoned because of the night cooling, which is inherent in the current climate. It is also not necessary to overfill water. Watering should be done at a positive temperature of at least 10 degrees Celsius. If you refrain from these rules, the cactus will die.
The gravy period for each species is special. During its maturation, the cactus feels the lack of moisture. How to calculate the required amount of water? First of all, you should pay attention to the variety of cactus. There are varieties:
- Desert view
- Tropical view
Desert view unpretentious to moisture, regardless of the weather. In the summer, water should be watered about two to three times in one month, and in winter it should not be watered at all.
Tropical view more whimsical to moisture. In the summer time of the year, they should be watered depending on the drying of the land, and in winter it is enough just two times a month.
Susceptibility to light
An important role is played by the place where the cactus is located. When you find it on the southern and eastern side, you should water more often, and if the western and northern side, then watering should be done much less. Also plays a special pot, which is a cactus. In a ceramic pot watered much more often than in plastic.
Young plants, unlike mature ones, need a much larger amount of moisture, so they should be watered more often. However, if your cactus is not growing, watering should stop.
Water feature and top dressing
Like most plants and flowers, water the cactus should be filtered water. You can also dilute this water with vinegar, in a ratio of one to nine.
The plants themselves are specific plants, therefore, feeding should be the same. It is extremely undesirable to buy ready-made mixtures that are used for flowers, or even completely banned due to the presence of a large amount of nitrogen in them, in which your plant can instantly die. Excessive amount of nitrogen in the fertilizer leads to bursting skin and a soft stalk on the plant. However, a small amount of nitrogen can be consumed only at the very beginning of their growth, i.e. in the spring.
In addition to ready-made mixtures, should be used as a feed. mineral dressingThe content of which includes calcium, phosphorus and potassium. Before adding fertilizer to the plant, it is first dissolved with boiled water. Feed the plant should be only in the evening. On the day when top-dressing occurs, you must also ensure that the soil is moist throughout the day. And the next day, the plant should be wetted with warm water. Thanks to this feeding, there will be no need for annual transplanting of the plant.
How to water a cactus
In total there are only two correct ways to water the plant:
First way It is universal and is to preserve the quality of the land, while not fling it. Due to this, all the additives in the ground are saved. This method is suitable only for experienced gardeners who know exactly how much water to pour and at what time. Most gardeners are not big fans of this watering method.
The second method of watering is how much water was consumed. Unlike the first method, the second one helps to wet the earth completely, but at the same time it helps to flush out the necessary fertilizers from the upper part of the ground, which is a big minus.
How often to water the cactus
The duration of life of any kind of cactus depends on the frequency of its watering.. Most of the plant species originates from African territories, where dry lands have become excellent conditions for their livelihoods. Such plants are able to keep moisture in themselves constantly, while using it evenly. This quality makes them susceptible to rare watering. However, frequent watering can cause them great harm.
In addition, there are other varieties of cactus, which, on the contrary, susceptible to more frequent watering. In particular, these are forest and tropical plant species. In this case, you need to take into account the watering feature of each particular type.
How often do you need to water the cactus in the winter time?
In winter timeEach cactus should be placed in the place in the house where the temperature does not rise to 20 degrees Celsius. You need to choose a cool place, for example, put on the window sill. It is also a great place to have a weak amount of light, but at the same time the place should be cool. It is also worth considering that the place should not be ventilated.
A cold place for a cactus is necessary so that the moisture in the plant does not evaporate quickly, and the cactus itself did not dry out. Provided that the cactus is in such a place, it should be watered about once a month, but no more. If the plant is watered more often, the place where the plant is located does not have enough light, then the cactus will stop blooming and its trunk will be deformed.
With the beginning of spring watering the plant is made only from the end of April, after warm weather has normalized. Adaptation to warm weather can be done with frequent watering. Two watering a month will be enough.
The need of cacti in moisture is predetermined by many factors, among them:
- conditions of detention,
To date, the varieties of cacti are very many. There are among them varieties that can do without water for a very long time, because they accumulate water reserves in themselves (for example, plants come from Africa). But at the same time there are cacti for which a prolonged drought is simply destructive (tropical and forest species). Therefore, it is important to consider the origin of a particular species.
As for the conditions of detention, everything is quite simple - the lower the temperature, the less should be watering.
And, of course, it is necessary to take into account the general recommendations regarding the frequency of cacti irrigation depending on the time of year. In winter, the length of daylight is significantly reduced, which affects the growth rate of flowers. In this regard, the irrigation schedule for most species of cacti looks like this:
In order for water to quickly penetrate to the roots and not to stagnate in the pot, drainage should be laid at the bottom of the pot, and the correct soil should be used (a mixture of peat, sand and universal soil).
How to water the cacti?
Most gardeners water the cacti right in the pot. This can be done, but it must be borne in mind that water should not fall on the cactus itself.
For watering in this way it is better to use a watering can.
But there are more advantages to watering cacti in the pan when water comes to them from the bottom through drainage holes. Firstly, the soil in the pot is not washed away and there is no risk of wetting the root neck, and secondly, the moisture to the roots comes faster because they are closer to the bottom of the pot.
Thus, when caring for your cacti and watering them, you must take into account not only their appearance, but also the time of year, as well as the conditions of their maintenance.
Features watering cacti
Frequent and abundant soil moistening is harmful for succulents: water displaces the air and prevents the roots from breathing. Excess moisture, lack of oxygen in the ground provokes the appearance and reproduction of putrefactive infections. An exception to this rule is the Schlumberger cactus (zygocactus), which likes abundant watering and does not grow in a dark room. The conditions of detention, weather, variety, season, affect the amount of water needed by the plant. So, if a small pot is in a sunny room, then the soil dries quickly, and the flower needs abundant watering.
In summer, the cactus is actively growing, developing, so the soil must be watered every morning, and on sunny days it is also necessary to spray. It is important to direct the flow not on the plant itself, but on top of it. Exceptions - prickly pears and epiphytic cacti, whose leaves can be washed under running water. In cloudy and rainy weather the air is humid, so it is better to refuse water treatments. On cold autumn days, the frequency of watering should be gradually reduced.
In winter, it is important to ensure a homely flower rest: take care of sufficient lighting of the cactus, fresh air and minimal watering. It is better to place the pot in a cool place with an optimal temperature of 5–10 ° C. Watering cacti in the winter should be kept to a minimum: for large varieties, moisten the large varieties 1-2 times, for small varieties, once every 2 weeks.
Watering cacti at home
The key to successful growth of any plant is the right care. Regular watering cacti at home is not as simple as it may seem the first time. There are many nuances that need to be taken into account when moistening the substrate: what water to water, how often, in what way, what to do during the flowering period of the cactus, how and in what amount to feed.
Florists allocate several methods of watering a houseplant: through a pallet or from above. A comparison of these methods is presented in the table:
nutrients remain in the substrate longer, the earth is not eroded
difficult to determine the required amount of water
the usual method, the surface of the soil is completely wetted, the flow of water is visible
nutrients are washed out of the top layer of soil, the risk of water entering the stem
For watering prickly plants thawed or rain water is suitable. For those who do not have the opportunity to collect it, it is recommended to use separated (not less than a day) or warm boiled water. The use of hard water is undesirable: it is better to soften it with peat or pass it through a filter to remove chlorine. Otherwise, a white bloom will appear at the base of the stem - calcium salts will be deposited. This will not only spoil the appearance of the spine, but also harm the plant.
Remember the basic rules:
- the moisturizing procedure should be carried out in the morning or in the evening, the main thing is not a hot day,
- warm water should be used (not lower than 12 ° С),
- take care of drainage to avoid stagnant water
- pour a thin stream of water along the edge of the pot to wet only the soil, but not on the plant itself,
- it is better not to pour out than to pour
- when flowering, the plant does not overly moisten: the buds will grow into processes,
- at low temperature and high humidity rare irrigation is required (water from the ground evaporates slowly), and vice versa
- when the flowers appear, do not move the pot, do not turn it over, otherwise the buds will fall off,
- some varieties, for example, Cereus, when flowering need to be sprayed with warm water.
There is no single point of view on cacti fertilizer. These peculiar plants require special feeding. Thus, the mandatory components of power include:
- Nitrogen. For ordinary plants, the chemical element is necessary for growth. Desert flowers grow slowly. If the soil is highly enriched with nitrogen, it will negatively affect the plant: the stems will become watery and loose, the skin will burst, scars and wounds will form, and cactus kids will not be able to fully develop. You should not use a lot of this organic element as a top dressing, but you shouldn’t completely exclude it so that nitrogen starvation does not occur. The exception is fast-growing, epiphytic cacti.
- Potassium. A vital element regulates growth, forms a dense skin, stimulates ripening and flowering. Its deficiency may give the succulent a bronze tint.
- Calcium. An indispensable building material for spines, hairs and bristles. With its lack of root system becomes weak, spines - soft, and the plant itself - fragile.
- Phosphorus stimulates root growth, affects seed viability and fruit ripening.
Organic fertilizers flower growers are rarely used. For dressing suitable liquid solutions that are easier to dose. It is important to observe the concentration - 1 g of salts per 1 liter of water. Fertilize the soil 2 times a month from March to September, in the rest of the period cacti are not fed. If the weather is rainy for a long time in summer, then the amount of top dressing should be reduced. Metabolism slows down and the plant no longer needs a lot of nutrients. When transplanting fertilize the soil no earlier than 20 days.
How to water a cactus
In addition to the frequency, you need to know about other features of watering cacti:
- Use for irrigation water with a temperature of 36-40 ° C.
- Water from the tap need to defend for at least a day or pass through the filter. Ideally use thawed or rainwater.
- To irrigate the top or bottom, each grower decides individually. Do as you prefer, remembering the peculiarities of each method (watering from above is more convenient, but nutrients are washed out of the soil faster; when watering through the pan, make sure that the water reaches the roots of the cactus).
- Excess water is more detrimental to succulents than its deficiency.
- Flowering cactus is usually required to be watered as the soil dries.
- You can water in the morning or in the evening, but in no case a hot day, this is especially true for plants located in the light.
How often do you need to water the cacti at home
The vast majority of cacti are watered only during the growing season. Most of the species - in late spring - early summer and late summer - early autumn. Here it is necessary to briefly describe the seasonal cycle of the main mass of cacti in European collections. In winter, the dormant period, from mid-spring, the beginning of the growing season, in the second half of the summer, a short summer dormant period and a new growing season at the end of the summer - early autumn. But there are groups of cacti and other succulents (in the first place, aizonovyh), whose life cycles are fundamentally different, and this must be taken into account when caring for them.
Even knowing how to water cacti correctly, keep in mind that many blossoms do not coincide with the growth period! And here there is a problem: to water or not to water a plant that blooms during the period of rest, for example, in winter. Solving it, it is necessary to take into account a number of circumstances. An adult strong plant can normally bloom without watering. But on a sunny day, when the air temperature rises significantly, it can be watered. A young or weakened copy of the forces for flowering without watering may not be enough. It is safer to relocate it to a warmer and lighter place (for example, a greenhouse) and then water it. Or accept the fact that the flowering will have to admire in the following years. It is more confident to water the vaccinated plants during the rest period, and it is wiser to refrain from watering “difficult” or vulnerable ones.
But even during the growing season, cacti are watered carefully. The basic principle is that it is better not to water than to water excessively. In cool, wet weather, watering is unnecessary, even if the earth lump dried out completely (except for seedlings and rooting plants). In dry hot weather, the earthen mixture should be constantly wet, but the stagnation of water in a pot or tray should not be allowed. (Close to optimal drip irrigation, but it is, especially in room conditions, technically difficult.)
Watering a cactus depending on its location
Also, much depends on the place where your cactus stands and the material from which the pot is made. If the window is oriented to the south or east, sunny and hot - should be watered more often, if the window is shaded or oriented to the north or west - less often. If the cactus grows in a ceramic pot, then it is watered more often, in a plastic - less often. Young, fast-growing cacti also require more frequent watering than adults. During the rest period, when cacti do not grow, they are watered very carefully, or they are not watered at all.
Watering cactus during flowering
Many flower growers do not know how to properly water the Zeilman cactus during flowering and do not inject, so they make many mistakes. Even at the stage of budding, caring for the plant becomes as careful as possible to prevent over-wetting of the soil. Indeed, as a result of this, the flower will throw off its flowers or turn them into processes. Therefore, the condition of the soil should not change. In most cases, buds and processes are formed from the shadow side. Turn the pot, rearrange the plant with buds to another place is prohibited, otherwise the flowering will not come.
During flowering, the plant is in the awakening stage after hibernation, and after this process is completed, a period of active growth begins. After the flowers bloom, they are often watered, because flowering requires a lot of strength from the elongated cactus. And if succulent does not help, he will not have enough strength during this period, he will be very sick. В некоторых случаях цветок опрыскивают, однако желательно проводить данную процедуру после цветения.
Ведь от прохладных капель воды кактус сбрасывает бутоны. Даже теплая, комнатная вода, проходя через пульверизатор, становится прохладной. Данный аспект следует учитывать во время ухода за цветущим кактусом. По завершению цветения, все увядшие цветы удаляют, но если необходимо вырастить семена, то сухой цветок оставляют. Since the flower petals of the plant are quite fleshy, they can easily rot and infect the entire cactus. Therefore, the flower needs constant monitoring. Desert varieties of large cacti after flowering require replacement of the soil and the pot, so they are immediately transplanted.
It is this basic rule that beginners cacti are neglected. Alas, with all the consequences.
Watering cactus during transplantation
The first watering (if it is not winter), after three days, it is necessary so that the roots damaged during the transplant will not rot. We do the first watering of cacti with hot water, but moderately, not until water flows out of the drainage, and only after five more days we water it more thoroughly. Cactus takes time to “smell” the water and push the absorbent roots.
This is a normal transplant when the cactus is healthy. If during the transplant many roots were removed or signs of fungal lesions were found on them, then the first watering should be postponed for at least 7 to 10 days. During this time, the thorn can be sprayed a couple of times with hot water. Cacti transplanted in winter are not watered at all, but kept for 3–5 days in the heat, then sent back for the winter. With the content on the usual, warm window-sill, the cactus will even have to be watered a little, even in winter, so that it is not too exhausted. With spring - summer transfers, do not put the cactus right in the sun and in the heat, such as a solar loggia, where the temperature can rise to 40 degrees. This will lead to severe burns and slow down the survival rate, young, small cacti in such conditions can simply die. So it is better to keep it in the shade before the first watering and the growth of the cactus. The fact that the cactus has got accustomed is not difficult to determine, it becomes noticeably thicker, flabbiness and wrinkles disappear, the crown will become brighter in color.
The main mistakes when watering cactus
Among the mistakes made when watering cacti, the following are the most common:
- frequent watering, the soil does not have the ability to dry to the bottom,
- insufficient water, if watering is carried out in small doses, the roots do not have time to get the required volume of water,
- use of hard water
- watering overwintering plants in a cool room, which causes the roots to rot.
Proper care of cactus
One of the most common mistakes is the belief that cacti are cared for, like other house plants. And in most cases it is very harmful to the plant. Cacti need to be watered, but in moderation, and if you make a watering schedule for plants, for a cactus you need to make it separate.
If the cactus becomes sluggish and shriveled, this is a sign that you water it too much, but if it starts to dry, it means that there is too little water. Cactus can be watered only if the plant is completely healthy. After transplanting to another pot or after an illness, it is better not to water the plant for some time. Only absolutely healthy roots absorb water.
How to find the optimal irrigation regime for cactus is a very difficult question, and most often it can only be learned with time and experience. Since under different conditions, the requirements of the plant are also different. The most common method of care is the imitation of the natural environment for the plant, depending on the season.
Cactus must be watered when spring comes - the temperature rises, it becomes longer than light day, and the plant begins to wake up after wintering. In this case, you must not hurry, but carefully observe the plant. To wake the cactus, do small sprays in the early morning. Condensate will drain to the base and give a signal to the plant when the spring approaches. After new needles or small buds appear, you can water the soil well. In this case, you can not save, as the first watering should be good, however, provided that the drainage of water works well. If water remains in the soil for a long time, this will lead to rotting of the roots.
In the spring you need to carefully monitor the air temperature, because if you pour plenty of cactus at a low temperature (less than + 10 ° C), the plant may die.
In summer, the cactus can be watered more often, while observing a simple rule - never water wet or even wet land. You can water both through the soil and through the pan. Both methods have their advantages and disadvantages, therefore, if the plant responds well to both methods, it is better to combine them.
With the arrival of autumn, the cactus must be watered less and less and the amount of water reduced. The plant should be prepared for winter. By November, the soil should be already dry. Winter is a period of calm for a cactus, and if you gradually reduce its watering, then the plant will tolerate for several months without water. Important conditions for this is the opportunity to find a cool place for the cactus, where the temperature will not be above + 18 ° C, so it is better to remove it from the window sill.
The importance of proper watering
Any plant needs the necessary amount of light, heat and, of course, moisture. The correct combination of all these factors, together with useful fertilizers, will be the guarantor of the long life of the plant, its flowering and a healthy look to the joy of all household members.
With respect to cacti, it is important to exercise extreme caution during watering., because these desert spines are very sensitive to excessive moisture that can ruin them. It is necessary to try to create for this plant the microclimate in which it would grow in its natural environment, and these are rather arid and hot places, such as deserts. At the same time, they should be protected from excessive aridity, especially tropical and forest species.
What parts of the plant (organs) in which moisture is stored and permanently stored? Saving water from them goes in their thick stalkwhere there are special fabrics for stock and moisture retention.
Ways and features of the procedure
The volume of water for irrigation of this plant species varies depending on the season, the ambient air temperature and the state of the cactus itself: after transplantation, during flowering, diseases, especially related to the rotting of any part.
For example, on hot days, when water evaporates quickly enough, it is necessary to water this plant every day, whereas on cool days you can skip this procedure.
What water to water:
- The most suitable water for irrigation and spraying is thawing or rainwater, but in the absence of such water, simple filtered or settled water from the tap will be quite suitable. It is necessary to defend the water for at least 24 hours in a place protected from light.
- Water should not be too hot or cold - room temperature is best suited.
- Watering is more expedient to carry out in the morning or evening.
Approximate schedule for proper watering:
- Summer. In summer, these desert thorny plants need to be watered once every 5-7 days, if necessary, having missed watering on the coolest and rainy day. The higher the temperature in the room, the more the plant needs moisture and watering in the summer, and vice versa.
- In the winter. During the heating season, when the indoor air becomes very dry, you need to take care of choosing a suitable place for the plant, making sure that it is protected from drafts and at the same time it is cool enough, away from light. The cactus will have a rest at this time therefore it is necessary to water it only a couple of times a month, and sometimes even less often - once a winter. It depends on the general condition of the plant.
- Spring and autumn watering. In spring and autumn, watering the cactus should be done approximately once every 10 days or once every two weeks, depending on weather conditions: on a sunny warm day, the plant will need more moisture.
- After transplanting. Immediately after transplanting with irrigation, it is better to wait and start it no sooner than after a week. During this period, the plant will come to its senses, and the sensitive roots of the plants damaged during transplantation will be tightened and overgrown. After the first watering, which should be abundant, you must wait until the soil is completely dry and then wait another 5 days until the next watering.
- During flowering. How many times a week do you need to water the plant during flowering and should you do it at all? During the period of bud formation, it is better to leave the plant alone, and during the flowering itself, water as usual or slightly less frequently, strictly as the soil dries out, that is, about once a week.
It is best to check the dryness of the soil not just by pressing a finger on the top layer, but with the help of a long thin wooden stick, gently sticking it into the ground until the very end, after which you can evaluate the degree of drying of the entire soil.
How to carry out the procedure correctly:
- First of all, you will need to take water into the bottle for watering and, without closing the lid, put in a dark cool place to stand for 24 hours.
- The time of settling can be increased, but in no case can be reduced - the water should be defended for at least a day.
- The amount of water depends on the size of the cactus.
There are two types of cacti watering: it is possible to water traditionally from above, but it is possible from below.
In the first case, you should try to avoid getting water on the plant itself and especially on its stem. It is important to moisten only the root system.
When watering from the bottom, the water is not poured into the cactus tank itself, but in its panwhere then put a pot with a plant. With this method, the pot, of course, must have holes in the bottom and have a good drainage system.
The meaning of this type of irrigation is as follows: since the roots of the cactus are at the very bottom of the soil, they are fed with moisture not from above, when the water passes through the entire soil, but directly from below. Thus, the roots get the moisture they need, and the stem of the cactus remains dry. This is considered the most convenient way to water this type of plant.
Feed added to water
It is important to remember that to feed a cactus in the winter, during its rest, it is not recommended, as well as in the case of illness or damage to any part of the plant. What can water the plant? Mineral fertilizers are used as standard for feeding: salts of potassium, calcium, phosphorus and nitrogen, which are dissolved in warm, soft settled water. These fertilizers can be purchased in specialized stores.
Next you can see the photo of the cactus:
- Bay Too frequent watering, or too much water can adversely affect the health of the cactus, triggering decay. This exotic desert thorn plant will tolerate a little more aridity than excessively abundant watering.
- Bad water. Water should be soft, free of chlorine or any other chemical inclusions. Water does not hurt to filter the usual home filter.
- Moisture on the stem. With the top irrigation method, water is poured on the stem itself, which should be strictly avoided.
- Water temperature. Watering with too cold or too hot water can cause illness.
What will happen if you do not follow the rules?
In the case of a cactus bay, rotting of its root system can occur, which is often the cause of the death of the entire plant. How to save the cactus, if you flooded it: what to do? If such an error occurs and the plant has received an excessive amount of moisture, do the following:
- Carefully inspect the cactus and cut away all rotting, leaving only a healthy place, even if it is a small tip of the plant.
- Sprinkle with a cut, sulfur, crushed activated charcoal or ash and dry for about 2 weeks.
- Then gently plant in the ground, suitable for cactus and leave there without watering for a couple of weeks.
- Throw out the rotten part of the soil, and rinse the pot thoroughly with soda.
Compliance with the simple, but very important for the plant watering rules will help to maintain its blooming and healthy appearance, becoming a real decoration of any room. Cacti are pretty unpretentious, so all that is required for their care is to check the level of soil moisture and, of course, a suitable place with enough light, fresh air and heat.
Irrigation rules depending on the season
How often to water the Blossfeld cactus in the spring at home and how many times? At this time, the plant begins a period of active growth, in its place of growth appear light green spines. Succulent is poured over this period once a week and only at room temperature. When the buds appear on the succulent, watering is stopped for a week or makes it minimal. Since because of the overflow flower can throw off the buds.
How to water a cactus in the summer at home and how many times? In summer, the plant is watered every 4-5 days, but watering should be sufficient, that is, until the soil is completely wetted. During irrigation water should not fall on the cactus, otherwise its stem may rot. On the hottest days, the succulents are sprayed. There are some types of flower that require a certain indicator of moisture, otherwise they will not bloom. For this, the plant is satisfied with a warm shower or sprayed, which is very important on hot, hot days. By the end of August, the flower is watered every other day. Succulents varieties and names choridocactus, phyllocactus, copyia and some species of Chilean cacti are alone in the summer, so they are less watered.
How often to water the cactus in the fall at home and how many times? In the autumn period, water is watered as the humidity increases or decreases. Usually watering in the autumn no more than once a week. When the cold comes, watering stops altogether or reduces to once a month. However, in the fall, you need to be as attentive as possible, since the ground above can be dry, and inside it is wet. As a result, there is a danger to pour the plant and its stem.
How often to water spiny cactus in winter and how many times? When cacti grow indoors in winter, the most optimal temperature for wintering them is 8-10 degrees Celsius. Many varieties of watering is generally not required. Young specimens and seedlings must be watered once a month. It is very important to keep track of young proliferative cacti in winter. If necessary, they are put in a warmer place and monitor the condition of the soil, as drying is also dangerous.
Watering after cactus transplantation
All young cacti are transplanted once a year in spring.
Adult individuals are transplanted less frequently, crossing the trunk together with the earth lump once every 2-3 years. For planting choose spacious and deep enough pots. More process can be viewed on the video. It is important to take into account that old plants do not tolerate transplantation well, so many of them can be left alone for 4-5 years or more. During flowering transplanting is undesirable, but if it is necessary, the work is done, not shaking off the ground from the roots. This will help not to injure the plant.
How often to water a home cactus bokasana after transplanting? Usually after this the plant is not watered for 3-4 days, and the largest of them for several weeks. At this time, the cactus passes the adaptation period and requires rest. It is advisable to rearrange the flower after transplanting to the southeast or east side. Also suitable shaded balcony or a small greenhouse. A few days after transplantation, the flower begins to water. At this time, it is actively growing, so the cactus must be taught to sunlight. To do this, every day the pot is taken out for a few minutes, and then hours in a lighter place.
What should be the water?
How to water a home cactus, and what water? Usually for irrigation water is used at room temperature, but not immediately from the tap, but settled and softened. In the winter, watered with warmer water. To soften the water from the tap, it adds a little peat and defend one day. It is important to bear in mind that watering epiphytic cacti species depends on the season, light intensity and size of the plant. For example, in the summer in sunny, hot weather, succulents are watered almost every day. They do watering only in the morning so that the earth can dry out in the evening.
Watering Mammilyaria Cactus and Mix
How to water the home cactus mammilaria? When growing this variety, you need to know signs and that over-wetting of the soil is detrimental to it, otherwise it begins to rot. Water the flower as the soil dries. In winter, it does not kvlazhnyayut. During the warmer months, you can spray it with warm, settled water. Every two weeks in the ground make a liquid dressing and take out the cactus on the street. And if watering and care is right, then in the spring this succulent pleases with its beautiful flowering. Flowers appear at the top of the stem, they are large or small.
Mummily is planted in the ground with a good drainage layer so that the water in the pot does not stagnate. Therefore, during watering, you need to ensure that excess water goes into the pan, and does not remain in the pot. If a young mammilaria is purchased, then immediately after the store it is transplanted into a new pot, but not watered for several days after that. The planting pot should not be deep and wide enough with sufficient drainage holes.
How to water the cactus so that there are red needles?
Many saw in the shops beautiful, young succulents with bright needles, as in the photo. Nature did not give such beauty to the plant, all this is the work of man and paint. Существует два способа сделать иголки на кактусе разноцветными: при помощи крашенного грунта и окрашенной воды. Как поливать домашний цветной кактус, чтобы иголки были красными, синими или желтыми? Чтобы иголки суккулента приобрели нужную окраску, его поливают окрашенной водой. Для этого подходит обычный пищевой краситель. Постепенно грунт накапливает краску и передает ее цветку.
In the second case, how to paint a cactus, coarse sand mixed with a dye is poured over the ground. As a result, green succulent looks spectacular on the bright sand, which gradually give their color to the thorns. Over time, the paint will wash out, and the cactus of the trumpet will acquire a natural color. On average, staining of spines takes 3-4 months. A lot of useful information in the article: How to water the orchid at home in different situations?