Lilies - the most beautiful and most exquisite garden flowers, while growing them in the country is quite simple. Like many species of bulbous plants like daffodils, this species is absolutely not picky about care and is resistant to adverse environmental factors. Lilies can be planted on any garden plot of a summer cottage, as the plants feel comfortable both in areas exposed to the sun and in the shade. In addition to the beautiful and long flowering period, which has a positive effect on the landscape design of the dacha, many plant varieties of this species have healing properties. Alcoholic tincture made from white lily petals accelerates the healing of wounds, cuts, burns, relieves tooth and muscle pain.
Varieties and groups of lilies
Recently, new beautiful hybrid varieties of lilies have been developed, which can be divided into several groups - Asian, Long-flowered, Marsh-colored, Snow-white, American, Tubular . The most sophisticated and beautiful varieties are considered Eastern and Asian hybrids lilies, but, at the same time, planting these varieties are most demanding to the conditions of care. As a result of the crossing of the Eastern and Asian varieties, a new group was developed - OA hybrids. Representatives of this group are unpretentious, cold-resistant and have unusual terry flowers of various colors.
When choosing the hybrid plant variety you like, it is necessary to clarify whether the climatic conditions of your region are suitable for its cultivation. You should not buy varieties with a late flowering period, because the bulbs will not have time to gain the necessary strength before the onset of the first cold weather, which will lead to the death of the plant.
How to grow lilies in the open field
Lilies - perennial bulbous plants, respectively, for planting in the country in early spring, you must purchase bulbs, preferably of small diameter. Lilies can also be planted in early autumn, as long as the flowers have managed to adapt to new conditions before the onset of the first frost.
The best soil for planting lilies is black soil or loamy soil, but sandy and clay soil is absolutely not suitable for garden types of flowers. The soil should be loose, nutritious and necessarily permeable. Immediately before planting the bulbs, you need to prepare the soil for several weeks - uproot the weeds, loosen the soil well and apply potash, phosphorus and nitrogen fertilizers, if necessary, add a small amount of sand and agroperlite.
The depth of planting of the bulbs is determined by the variety of lily and the diameter of the bulb itself. Large bulbs need to be planted in the ground fairly deep, smaller bulbs of plants - not very. The reference point is: the depth should be about three times greater than the diameter of the lily itself. The distance between the bulbs should be at least 25 centimeters. On garden plots it is best to plant flowers in small groups, not more than 5 pieces.
Dig out the bulbs with garden forks, trying not to damage the root system. Dug onions gently shake off the ground, cleaned from gray and brown spots, washed with warm water, then placed for a few minutes in a solution of karbofos.
To stimulate flowering, plants must be fertilized with nitrogen or phosphate fertilizers. For example, ammonium or calcium nitrate, but fertilizing with organic fertilizers is not recommended. If you regularly feed plants with wood ash - the flowers will get a brighter color and a larger diameter.
The flowering of lilies greatly weaken and thin the bulb. The recovery period can last from one to two months. During this time new roots grow and bulbs accumulate nutrients for the winter period. During this period, it is necessary to continue caring for flowers - weed, remove weeds and carry out treatment against pests with fungicides.
Every five years it is necessary to transplant lily bulbs to a new place, and if necessary, to divide them.
Bulbs overwinter in soil
For the winter, we do not dig out the dacha bulbs of Asian and Oriental lilies, despite the severe frosts and penetrating winds at this time of year. Before the onset of the first frost, it is desirable to slightly wrap the bulbs of the Eastern representatives. For this fit peat and lapnik. But the safety of the bulbs of OT and LO hybrids must be taken care of!
If you are interested in how to care for lilies, the first thing you need is find out the landing time:
- You can plant flower bulbs in the fall or spring.
- Before planting, store them in a place where negative temperature prevails.
- Be sure to shift the bulbs with sawdust or sand.
- If you store them in a package, from time to time the material should be moistened.
Caring for lilies in the garden or in the house should be regular. The soil is loosened, and the flowers themselves are fed and watered. Do not forget that the water regime of the soil should be optimal. Do not allow excessive watering, because it will destroy the plant. It will start to suffer from bacterial and onion type rot. If the bulb suddenly rotted, be sure to remove it.
Watch carefully for parasites that can live on flowers:
- Most often, you can find a lily beetle, who loves to feast on buds. This insect is red-orange in color.
- If the parasites are not too many, you can collect them manually, and do not forget in the future to care for the plant in this way.
- If the larvae and beetles multiply, you will have to spray the flower with special preparations.
- But remember that after spraying the plant will not look so attractive, because it will appear spots and other traces. For lilies, care must necessarily be based on the removal of pests if you want the flowers to delight with beauty.
If you plant lilies in a private area, they can be eaten by bulbs, wireworms, and the larvae of the May Beetle. These insects must also be fought with special compounds. The bulbs also love rodents. Be sure to take care of scaring pests in advance so that beautiful flowers do not die from their impact.
You need to feed the lilies in the event that they need high-quality cutting. These are nitrogenous and complex mineral fertilizers, the amount of which depends on the level of soil fertility. You can spray the flowers with special solutions that positively affect their growth. Calcium nitrate can be applied up to three times per season. This option allows you to protect the plant from diseases and improve the flowering of plants.
How to water and fertilize lilies?
Lily is an unpretentious plant that does not need complex care. You just need to water the flowers in a timely manner. You also need to take care of quality weeding. During flowering, and in other moments, you need to water the garden lily often. If the plant has faded, you can stop watering or reduce the amount of water to a minimum. Watering them must be at the root. If only sheets are moistened, then gray rot will appear on the colors.
Lily needs fertilizer and feedings:
- So, care implies the use of nitrogen.
- If it’s autumn, it’s worth giving up.
- Organic fertilizers are detrimental to the condition of the plant.
- That is why use chicken manure or cow dung.
- High-quality care for lilies in the spring necessarily implies a fertilizer, so that the whole season the flowers delight with beauty and fragrance.
- It is also worth making fertilizer when the plants are prepared in the winter at the cottage.
If the plant has flowered, then caring for it is a little different. It is worth remembering that the plant has not lost its charm. The main thing that you tied up the flowers, because in some varieties they are quite large. If there are too many buds on the stem, your flower may break. This can lead to the fact that the whole plant will die. It must be tied to a special rack of durable material.
If you need to cut flowers to decorate your room, the cut should be oblique. Be sure to wash the tool with soap to avoid infecting the cut. The stem should remain long enough, because it will not bloom again in a season.
If the plants have faded and dried, you need to carefully cut the buds. In this case, the plant will delight you with its unrivaled views in the next season. The characteristics of the slice are absolutely similar - the slice is made at an oblique angle.
Features of preparation for winter
If you have already made an autumn transplant of plants or cut a flower bed, then it must be insulated. This is especially true of those situations when very severe winters come to the region. In general, it is a heat-loving plant, so insulation is very important that lilies normally endure low temperatures.
Layer options are commonly used for cover.. For example, it can be leaves, fallen from pear or apple trees. From above they cover themselves with spruce branches or peat. You can also supplement this option with a film of polyethylene, which is securely fixed with the help of heavy stones. All this is simple to perform, but effective for the plant.
In particular, you should pay attention to the shelter of plants that belong to varieties of Eastern hybrids. If you live in the northwestern region, then give up the use of foliage. Here is appropriate layer of peat, the thickness of which is not less than 10 centimeters. From above, the material is covered with spruce branches.
If spring has come, you need to remove the film, as well as get rid of lapnik. However, peat and mulch are left in place. You can water your lilies with high-quality drugs that can positively affect the fertility of plants. In modern stores there are a lot of such compositions, each of which has its own characteristics.
It is very important that you take shelters on time. Lilies should not move into growth under layers of various materials. Otherwise, the shoots will break, so the flowers will not grow. Also, young growth can vypevat under heavy materials. Be sure to remember to prepare lilies for further growth after winter!
These are basic tips to help you properly care for luxurious lilies. Such flowers will be excellent decoration of your territory. They fill the air with fragrances, which is difficult to remain indifferent. That is why, if you planted plants in the ground, try to follow the rules of their carewhich are not so complicated!
Variants of lilies in the garden
Whatever garden design you have in mind, lilies will always be in place, because you can make a low border of compact varieties of lilies, plant high varieties in the background of a flower garden or in the center of a multi-level flower bed. A huge variety of shades of lilies (from pale pink to deep red, from golden to fiery red, from white to almost black) allows you to beautifully combine flowers in a flower bed. And if you skillfully choose varieties with different periods of flowering, lilies will decorate your garden with their lovely flowers from late May until the very autumn frosts.
Garden beds are usually not used on beds of regular geometric shape, they are best suited for mixborders in combination with annuals and perennials. Garden lilies blossom especially well alongside roses, which also benefit from this neighborhood. Many low-grade varieties look great in containers, vases and tubs, exposed during the summer to fresh air.
Garden beds are usually not used on flowerbeds of regular geometric shape.
Despite the fact that the lily tolerates shade, planting it under trees or in the deep shadow of buildings is undesirable - flowers will be uncomfortable, hungry and dry in such conditions. Planting garden lilies is recommended between low shrubs, because this is how plants feel better in the winter cold. In the summer, in order to prevent overheating of the onions, you can plant ground cover plants under the lilies.
Features planting garden lilies
In such plants as garden lily, planting necessarily involves preliminary soil preparation. Moreover, the composition of the soil for different types of lilies can vary significantly. Thus, the Dahurian and Tiger lilies normally tolerate acidified soil, a few wispy, monochromatic, white, and bulbarous lilies are more comfortable to grow on weakly alkaline soil, and for the vast majority of varieties they prefer the neutral soil.
In any case, sandy or clay soil is not suitable for garden lilies - the ground should be loose, nutritious and drained. If you have heavy ground on the plot, add sand, a little peat and humus 20 days before planting the lilies. Potash, nitrogen and phosphate fertilizers are also used for plowing the soil. They carefully dig up everything, level it, water it and leave it until planting lilies.
Sandy or clay soil is not suitable for garden lilies.
Suitable time and depth of planting bulbs are determined by the variety of lilies, as well as soil features. Moreover, it is desirable to plant garden lilies in the fall, then the bulbs will have time to root well. Having planted the bulbs in the pits with a single-line, two-line or three-line method, the beds are watered, mulched and left for the winter.
Garden lilies: care, transplanting, preparing for wintering
In addition to standard loosening the soil, removing weeds and watering, you will need to feed the plants three times: with urea and complex fertilizer during the emergence of shoots, then with potassium sulfate and superphosphate during budding, with a solution from liquid mullein and nitrophoska during the flowering period.
Water the flowers only at the root, as waterlogging of the leaves can lead to the appearance of gray rot.
Caring for garden lilies has its own nuances:
- watering flowers only under the root, since waterlogging of the leaves can lead to the appearance of gray rot,
- overheating and drying of the top layer of soil, in which the aerial roots of a garden lily are located, should not be allowed; for this, the ground is mulched with peat or humus,
- after heavy rains, coniferous litter is poured to the lilies in order to avoid bulb exposure,
- in the bush, grown for planting material, during the summer, cut the buds so that all the power was directed into the bulbs,
- cut flowers should be in the morning or in the evening, while it is cool, for normal growth of the bulbs when cutting, at least one third of the stem should be left.
It is not recommended to grow garden lilies in the same place for a long time - they need to be transplanted about once every five years (different types of terms differ). Thanks to the transplant, lilies are less likely to undergo diseases, bloom more magnificently and feel better. With the peculiarities of lily transplantation you can find in the corresponding article.
As for the wintering of garden lilies, everything depends on the climate in your area and on the variety of lilies. For example, the Dahurian lily, martagon, the Asian hybrids calmly tolerate Russian frosts without shelter. It is recommended to cover royal garden lilies. It is better to dig out gentle American, tubular and oriental hybrids in the fall from the ground and send them to the lower shelf of the refrigerator for wintering so that they can be planted in the ground with the beginning of the new season.
Where and how to plant a lily
This flower grows, blooms and develops for many years in the same place. Choosing a place for a garden lily, think about the fact that in the next 5-6 years the flower cannot be transplanted and disturbed. This flower grows well in the shade and under the sun. However, the quality of the soil is very important for it - the ground should be sufficiently loose and permeable.
- Lilies are best planted in early autumn, before the first frost. This is usually done in September. If you buy lily bulbs from hands, you need to pay attention to their condition. The bottom of an onion must be without damage, the onion itself must be in the husk - this indicates its quality.
- Choosing a place for planting lilies, do not forget that this is a tall plant. Best of all, it looks along a fence, in the center of multi-level flower beds, behind a trimmed shrub.
Lily Care - Watering
Lily, as such, does not require special care. All care consists in timely watering and high-quality weeding. Water the garden lily need to be quite often, especially during its flowering. When the plant fades, watering is reduced to a minimum or stops altogether. It is best to feed the plants under the root. Excessive leaf moistening can lead to gray rot.
How to fertilize the lily
Lily needs to be fertilized and fed, it is very important. In the spring, the plant is fed with nitrogen fertilizers, in the fall - without it. It is also important to note that organic fertilizers do not fit lilies, so you should not fertilize it with chicken or cow droppings. Usually, the lily is fertilized several times a year - necessarily at the beginning of the season, when the flower has not yet given young sprouts and at the end of autumn, when the lily is prepared for a dormant period.
Lily care during flowering
Кода растение цветет, оно требует некоторых дополнительных мер по уходу. Самое главное – это подвязка. Некоторые сорта имеют достаточно крупные и тяжелые цветы. А если на одном стебле несколько бутонов, лилия может сломаться. Поэтому ее подвязывают к небольшой стойке.
If you want to cut the flowers and put them in a vase, you need to make a cut diagonally. It is also very important to pre-wash the garden shears with soap, so as not to introduce bacteria into the section that can hit the flower from the inside of the cut stem. When cutting flowers, note that the stem should remain long, at least 2/3 of the entire length. Otherwise, it will not bloom again.
When the lilies have bloomed, the dried buds are carefully cut and removed.
We send a flower for the winter
Before the onset of winter, all the stems of the plant must be cut. Lilies are cut off almost at the root, leaving only small stumps at 10-15 cm. It is best to cut the lilies diagonally so that the rain does not fall on the cut and does not cause the stem to rot. After this, the place where the lily grew is covered from frost. You can cover the soil with sawdust, dry leaves, or just plastic wrap. However, remember, if you cover the ground with a film, it should be done on dry soil. If you cover the ground after the rain, in such a greenhouse the bulbs just rot.
If severe frosts are raging in your region and you are afraid that lilies will freeze over the winter, you can simply dig them up and plant them in a box with a small amount of soil. Keep the box in a cool place, and in spring transplant the bulbs in the open soil.
Transplanting lilies is not difficult. With pitchfork, loose earth is poddevyat, cleaned of soil and choose healthy onion. Some of them are left in the old place, while others are transplanted into a new ground. By the way, lilies grow best with short plants - bells, flax. This is due to the fact that the roots and onion lilies do not like to roast in the sun, and the flower, on the contrary, reaches for the sun's rays. Therefore, low "neighbors" shade the roots of lilies from overheating. If you want to see lily flowers growing in splendid isolation, the soil at the roots must be mulched, that is, covered with sawdust or peat, which will protect the bulbs from overheating.
Mentions of lilies are found even in ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs. Long since this flower was considered a symbol of hope, purity and freedom. Grow these delicate flowers to enjoy their incredible beauty and grace!
Growing lilies - planting, care, transplanting
If you have clay soil, you should not try to dig a hole and pour sand into it and plant a lily in that sand - water will accumulate in such a hole, flowing over the clay into the sand. And again, the bulbs will rot, freeze and rot.
I love lilies! In general, I love a lot of things, but I like lilies somehow not as much as cabbage, for example. Probably because they are more beautiful. Although the cabbage is also beautiful grows ... But with lilies easier.
Lilies work well in raised flower beds, on terraces that provide drainage for plantings. But they should not be placed close to the retaining walls of the southern and northern exposure.
OT-hybrid. Height is 130 cm. Flowers are bright red, with a wide pale yellow border around the edge, up to 21 cm in diameter, directed horizontally, fragrant. The variety is quite stable. Blooms in early August.
LollypopUse coniferous litter as mulch - it contributes to the preservation of soil looseness and supports the weakly acid reaction of the soil solution.OA (Oriental x Asiatic). Pretty unpretentious, viable plants. Bloom in July.
The end of flowering and fruiting. Shoots of plants lose their beauty, gradually acquire a yellowish or brownish tint.
When to plant lilies?
After digging, the bulbs are washed and pickled in a 0.1% solution of potassium permanganate for 20-30 minutes, then dried, pruned a little and re-planted in the previously prepared moist soil.
LA Hybrids - obtained by crossing long-flowered hybrids with Asian
Now about the landing site regarding light and shade.
To grow lilies in the garden, we need:
At one place without a transplant, lilies grow on average about 5 years. The exceptions are the Asian and LA hybrids, which require a transplant every 3 years, and slow-developing tubular and Martagon hybrids, which, up to 7 years or more, can develop in one place without a transplant.
Lilies after flowering.
East hybrid. Height 130 cm. The flowers are very large (27 cm), with a strong aroma, purple-red with dark purple specks, directed horizontally. Blooms in July.LandfillShare them more often
Once it was believed that the eastern lilies are too gentle and capricious for growing them in the middle lane, because due to late flowering they go into the winter poorly prepared and often freeze. But modern technology has made it possible to create many resistant varieties. Some bloom from the second half of July, even if they are planted fairly late in the spring (for example, after a purchase in the garden center or by mail).
Flowers from tubular to almost stellate, usually white, very fragrant. Bloom in July and August. Plants are not hardy, prone to viral diseases. Suitable for forcing and cultivation in pots. Amateur photos http://fotohlam.ru
For good growth lilies are best friable, nutritious soil. On damp, heavy, impoverished soils, lily bulbs can rot. Before planting, the soil must be made lighter and loose - make sand or other baking powder. When growing lilies do not need to use fresh manure. It causes increased growth of the vegetative system to the detriment of the formation of good bulbs, therefore the winter hardiness of plants decreases and flowering is weakened.
OT-Hybrids - obtained by crossing Eastern and Tubular hybrids
How to plant lilies
The roots of some varieties of lilies reach a depth of two meters, but still the plants need to be watered at the root, trying not to soak the leaves. The greatest need for watering occurs in early summer and after flowering, when the formation of new bulbs begins.
OA-Hybrids - a hybridization product of Oriental and Asian hybrids
They can always be planted, except for the time when nothing can be planted, that is, winter and late autumn. Lilies can be planted in the spring, when we in our stores have fun selling Dutch semi-dried bulbs. Lilies can be planted in the summer, when a cheerful private trader on the market happily sells you a pot with a flowering lily. You can plant in the fall, if you have something to plant. Because the merry private owner has already left the market, and the Dutch bags in the stores were sold at dumping prices, and half were thrown away at all.
• lily bulbs - to taste. The most trouble-free -
Asian hybrids can be repotted throughout the season, even in blooming condition. Just do it carefully, do not damage the roots! After transplantation, they need abundant watering and shading. It is better to immediately remove all the buds - in this case, the bulbs and roots will develop well, and next year the plants will bloom profusely.
East hybrid. Height 120 cm. The flowers are pale pink, with a brighter blurred border and wavy edges and sparse pink specks. Directed horizontally, the diameter of the flower is up to 27 cm. It blooms in August.
When buying a choice of Asian lilies for flower beds and container planting, pay attention not only to the height and color, but also to the location of the flower. More modest, exquisite appearance differ varieties with flowers, pointing down - they can be used even in natural flower beds. Low varieties will look good in containers, the flowers of which look upwards.
Overheating of roots and bulbs is harmful to lilies. To avoid it, use mulch. It is even better to place a planting ground for cover plants (planted directly above the bulbs), other perennials and especially low shrubs (planted nearby). Lilies look better if their lower part is covered, and next to the bushes they also winter better: snow accumulates here, and damage to sprouts by late frosts is less common.
The flowers are tubular or funnel-shaped, white or yellow, fragrant. Varieties of this group are susceptible to viral and fungal diseases. They need a safe shelter for the winter, a sunny location, well-fertilized, preferably calcareous, soil. The bulbs are planted in August, without deepening, because the hybrids do not have hilarious roots. In September, the plants form rosettes of wintering leaves, and the following year - flowering shoots.
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In the spring, before the emergence of sprouts, organic and mineral fertilizers are applied to the soil: a solution of fermented mullein in the ratio (1:10), a solution of ammonium nitrate (40-50 g per 10 l of water), nitrogen fertilizers, (1 tbsp per 1 sq.m. Due to the introduction of wood ash (100 g / m2), the flowers of lilies become larger, have a brighter color.
LO-Hybrids - a hybridization product of the Long-flowered and Oriental Hybrids
Mostly in the fall you can plant it or the fact that you will be given familiar gardeners, whose lilies multiplied, or if they themselves did the same thing for you, that is, they multiplied again.
Garden Lilies Flower Growing Tips
Tango-Asian hybrid. Height 110 cm. The flowers are bright orange with thick dark specks, merging closer to the center in solid brown "tan", directed upwards.
Novice flower growers and those who are not going to devote a lot of time to caring for flower beds should pay attention to unpretentious varieties of lilies. As a rule, they do not possess aroma, but their decorative qualities are at their best.
Oriental lily bulbs are recommended to be planted in August. Keep in mind that they do not tolerate drying. If planting material is obtained from dividing the nests in your area, plant lilies as soon as possible after digging, and if you buy bulbs in a store, make sure that they are not limp and wrinkled.
The flowers are fragrant and odorless, tubular, cup-shaped, stellate, turbid, very diverse in color. Bloom in August and September. For a long time they were considered unsuitable for cultivation in central Russia. But the modern range of replenished varieties that successfully bloom and multiply in the suburbs. Usually greatly affected by fungal diseases and viruses, but recently there are more and more new varieties that are resistant to infections.
After the appearance of the lilies of the buds, they repeat the feeding of ammonium nitrate and treat the ground part of the plants for diseases and pests, since healthy leaves and shoots determine the future of full bloom.
When choosing lilies for planting in central Russia, it is necessary first of all to find out which group the favorite variety belongs to. On this depends the characteristics of growing lilies.
Plant should be at a depth of 10-15 centimeters, but can be deeper, up to 40 centimeters. Attention! Plant deeply only if you need a lot of new onions, or if for some reason you want the lily to bloom later. Usually a depth of 15 centimeters is ample.
. Actually, I am writing about them ...
This is the most effective way, it is applicable to almost all lilies. The scales are removed over the course but it is best to do this in spring or autumn when transplanting lilies. Reproduction scales allowing multiply favorite variety, getting the right amount of plants for the flower garden.
OT-hybrid. Height 100-130 cm. The flowers are golden-yellow, with a brighter center, tubular shape, directed horizontally. The diameter of the flower is 25 cm. It dissolves in July.