Verbena will become a real decoration and harmonious addition to any garden or flower garden. This unpretentious plant features a bright flower and a long flowering period. Perennial varieties are actively used in the field of landscape design.
What types of vervain are the most popular? How to care for a flower? We find out interesting and necessary facts.
Detailed characteristic of plant species with a photo
The birthplace of the flower is North and South America. This is an annual or perennial plant with different variations of names. (blood of Mercury, iron grass, tears of Juno, sorcerer plant).
In our country, the flower is usually grown for 1 season (cultivated as an annual). The height depends on the particular variety: from 25 cm to 1.5 m.
The plant is characterized by jagged leaves in the form of an elongated oval and bright inflorescences (1 can contain up to 50 small flowers). The color is expressed in a wide range of shades: from delicate pastel to rich dark.
Specific external characteristics depend on a particular variety. Among the common characteristics note:
- stems are straight or creeping,
- flowering period from early summer to October,
- each flower has 5 petals (corolla shape),
- heat-loving character
- the seeds are small in size and ripen in small boxes.
Ideas for use - decoration of flower beds and flower beds, the creation of decorative elements (pots), planting in hanging baskets.
Buenos Airesca Verbena
This is an unpretentious subspecies, which is distinguished by purple inflorescences and straight stems. The diameter of the inflorescence is not more than 5 cm. Their smell and brightness attract bees. Verbena Buenos Ayresskaya quickly adapts and takes root with any other varieties of flowers. In warm climates it is used as a perennial, in a cold one - as an annual (planting of seedlings).
Initially, the subspecies grows in 1 stem, then processes are formed from the lateral sinuses and the main stem is woody. The height of the bush is 120-130 cm. The shape of the leaves is lanceolate, elongated, cloves are visible along the edges. Mass ripening and flowering occurs in September.
It is a semi-shrub with a direct stem, whose height reaches 100 cm. The subspecies has a wide distribution in the field of decorative floriculture. The foliage of emerald green and openwork forms, flowers are collected in dense umbrellas.
The predominant color of inflorescences is purple. In our country, Bonarskaya Vervain is grown as an annual (reproduction through seedlings). Sow the seeds in the soil mixture should be in early March, and ready seedlings to be planted in open ground no later than the end of May.
Important advantages of the subspecies - resistance to slight autumn frosts and the lack of careful maintenance. It is enough to plant the plant in a sunny place where the soil is fertile and drained. As a result, a dense lilac mist of bright flowers will envelop the flower garden, attracting bees and butterflies. The subspecies also remains fresh for a long time in a cut form.
Below is a video about Bonarskaya vervain:
Vervain home variety is popular for indoor cultivation. This is a low annual (up to 50 cm), with a flower of a regular round shape, unlike in Buenos Aires Verbena. Among other characteristics, there are:
- shoots tetrahedral and branched,
- leaves are triangular, the surface is rough,
- shoots covered with tight hairs,
- pleasant aroma of inflorescence,
- a variety of colors (verbena pink, red, blue with a white eye or the same type).
At home, the subspecies grows on the shores of rivers and lakes, preferring moist rich soils. Winter in the soil can only in Europe. The plant is distinguished by its graceful appearance, stem height (up to 1.5 m), inflorescence in the form of a spear.
Common colors are blue, purple. Also, vervain is spear-like - it is a great honey plant, it emits a fragrant, rich aroma. Flowers can crumble quickly, but even a half-crumbled inflorescence retains the original and beautiful appearance.
The peculiarity of Canadian Vervain is a low stem (not higher than 20 cm). The stem is tetrahedral in shape (not like a Bonar variety), around it are carved leaves in pairs.
Buds are collected in bunches. Among the possible color options for flowers are pink, white, pale lilac.
This is a voluminous small bush with elongated leaves. The shoots of verbena are yellow creeping, small inflorescences are placed on their tops.
Leaves are down, the surface is hard. Differs variety variety of colors.: From pale blue to deep purple.
General rules of care
The process of disembarkation and further care does not require excessive effort. When performing several simple actions, you can extend the period and the abundance of flowering. What is care?
- In the first 7 days after planting in open ground infrequent moderate watering is obligatory.
- During the flowering period, watering does not end, it should be stopped only at the end of fruiting (closer to autumn).
- After moistening the soil should be loosened.
- To save water in the ground will help the mulch. Both leaves from neighboring trees and decorative mulch are suitable for this.
- To bloom was abundant, you need to timely cut the faded inflorescences.
- 2-3 times per season should be made mineral dressing. An overabundance of such elements in the soil will entail an active growth of leaves, not flowers.
It is possible to achieve the colorful effect of flowering of vervaina during mass planting of seedlings. You can dilute the plantation with marigolds, asters, decorative varieties of cereals - this will add to the flower garden of originality and uniqueness.
Verbena of any variety is an unpretentious and beautiful plant, which in our country is mainly grown for 1 year (annual). Small and bright inflorescences will occupy a worthy place in any garden and will decorate it before the first autumn frosts. This is especially true varieties of Buenos Aires and Bonarsky.
Planting and breeding
Verbena should be planted in areas with good access of light, but with moderate protection from wind and drafts. The soil is suitable for plants permeable, moist, light, fertile. Better if it is loam with the addition of coarse sand.
Verbena Buenos Aireskaya is wonderfully bred by sowing seeds. In warm climates, seeds can be planted immediately in open ground. In the northern zones, seed is first sown in seedlings. In February-March, vervain is sown in prepared containers, the temperature should not fall below 21 ° C. The substrate should be light, loose. Before sowing for the fastest effect, the seeds can be soaked for a day in water. Seeds can not be buried in the soil. They must be evenly distributed over the surface of the soil. The substrate should not dry out, it is necessary to water it often, but fractionally. Shoots appear in 3-4 weeks. After the emergence of seedlings wait for the time when the threat of frost will pass. This is somewhere in the middle of May.
For breeding verbena seeds, they must be collected from the already dried brown boxes. It is necessary to cut the inflorescences with boxes, spread out on paper or on fabric, allow to dry. Periodically it is necessary to turn over so that the boxes are not moldy. Then shake out the seeds from the shell. Put in a box, paper bag or jar. But it is worth considering that the verbena from such seeds will not retain the characteristics of the parent plant. Therefore, it is better to buy seeds in a specialty store.
You can still propagate stem cuttings. They are well rooted in water. The cuttings are usually carried out in the spring, but it is possible at other times of the year if you want to decorate the greenhouse more. It is necessary to carefully cut the tops of the twigs. Each of them should have 4-6 pairs of sheets. The cut is treated with crushed coal. The lower leaves are removed, only a few at the top remain. Then the cuttings are placed in containers with a mixture of peat and sand. Deepen to the level of the lower leaves. Capacity is closed with a film. It is necessary to maintain a sufficient level of humidity. Within a month, the plants will form strong root systems. It is necessary to water with care. Excess moisture will destroy young shoots.
With a favorable climate, verbena can grow self-seeding. From the sown seeds in spring sprout strong shoots that bloom by the end of summer. Such shoots are much sturdier than those produced by seedlings.
What should be care
Verbena is a Buenos non-frost resistant plant. Its index of cold resistance in the climatic zone is 7. It can survive the winter at a temperature not lower than -7 ° C without shelter. In order to preserve the plant in winter, it must be mulched. As mulch is used wood bark, dry leaves, sawdust, straw.
It is also possible to preserve the queen cell. To do this, before winter, it is necessary to cut off the entire stem, then dig up the root together with the breast of the ground and determine it in a suitable container. The container with the plant placed in the basement with a temperature of 5-7 ° C. Watering during the winter is rare.
With the onset of spring at the beginning of the growing season, the old stems of verbena are cut off. At the same time at the bottom of the main stem leave from 2 to 4 new shoots. Older branches are better to cut after wintering, and not in the fall, because these stems protect the whole plant during the cold season. After pruning, verbena requires additional feeding. This can be done with any fertilizer.
The plant is quite strong, the buds and leaves do not fade for a long time even under the rays of the sun.
The plant is very rarely infected with viruses, and almost never attacked by harmful insects. This can be prevented by moderate watering. To the land is not moldy, it is better to plant is not very thick.
Weeding is carried out during the entire growing season. Constant weed control is required for single-planted plants. If a group is planted, then weeds should be removed only for the first time.
Occasionally it is necessary to loosen the ground. On hot days after heavy irrigation, it is recommended to flood the soil to improve the circulation of oxygen.
Watering of adult plants should be regular in the first half of summer, during flowering, active growth and development. By the end of the summer, the number of procedures can be reduced.
Feed up once a season. This is quite enough for the normal development of the plant. With abundant saturation with nitrogen, the stems and leaves will grow. In turn, the flowering will be scarce. As a top dressing use mineral or organic fertilizers. This manure, compost, humus. They must be comprehensive.
Since in the cold regions of Verebna, Buenos Airesskaya is grown as an annual plant, it is destroyed every autumn, the plot is dug up.
In the flower bed planted in groups of at least 10 copies. Bottom is better to cover with other low ground cover plants. These strands perfectly complement any garden. Perfectly combined with decorative cereals. Verbena looks great in a company with high roses of yellow, mother-of-pearl shades.
Botanical description of vervain
The main botanical characteristics of vervain include:
- strong, branched rhizome,
- the stems are most often erect (there are lodging), in the upper part they branch, covered with a hairy green skin,
- the height of the flower shoots is 0.2–1.5 m, along the whole length of the flower there are short branches,
- oval-shaped leaves with dissected or jagged edges, the surface between the veins is swollen, with the presence of a short nap.
In July, corymbose or paniculate inflorescences of 30-50 buds appear, blooming alternately. Five-bladed small beaters reach a diameter of up to 25mm. Flowers are:
Some varieties have two-colored petals or different colored flowers in one inflorescence. Verbena blooms long, before the onset of cold weather. On the plant after pollination, prefabricated nuts of light brown color appear. They ripen and break up into 4 parts, releasing the elongated small seeds of a grayish tint.
Verbena Buenos Airesca
This is a herbaceous perennial plant, reaching a height of 120 cm. It blooms from mid-summer to October. Attracts with its beautiful purple inflorescences located on straight stems, and smell. Can decorate any design composition. Easily take root with numerous garden plants.
This variety is also called Argentine verbena or Bonar. It can grow in cold areas, but as an annual.
The Ayres plant has straight, resilient stems. Despite the fact that they are quite high, they do not require fastening. This plant blooms with small purple or purple funnel-shaped flowers, gathered in inflorescences. Paniculate small inflorescences, in turn, are collected in a large inflorescence - a complex umbrella.
Verbena first forms one stalk., then smaller branches will move away from its lateral sinuses, and the main stem will woody.
Veronena Bonar propagates by cuttings and seeds. The second method is more common, since annual plants grow in most gardens. Seedlings are grown from seed, planted in March in boxes with a light, loose substrate. Seeds are harvested from dried brown boxes, which are cut, laid out on a cloth or on paper and allowed to dry. So that the boxes are not moldy, they must be turned over periodically. Then shake the seeds out of the shell and fold them into a paper bag or box. It should be noted that the verbena from such seeds does not always preserve the characteristics of the parent plant, therefore it is better to purchase them in a specialized store.
Seeds should be soaked in warm water for 1-3 days. After evenly spread over the surface of the soil, pour and cover with foil.
The greenhouse must be kept in diffused light at a temperature of + 18-20 ° C. It is important to daily spray the soil and remove the condensate. After three to four weeks, shoots will appear. The box after that must be moved to a cooler place. Monthly seedlings are seated in separate containers and fertilized with nitrogen-containing fertilizer. To stimulate branching, after adaptation, the plant is pinched. Verbena is planted in open ground when warm, stable weather is established.
You can propagate Buenos Aires Vervain and cuttings that are well rooted in water. Usually grafting is carried out in spring., but you can at other times of the year. For this
- carefully cut off the tops of the twigs with four to six pairs of leaves on them,
- process the cut with crushed coal,
- remove the lower leaves, leaving a few pieces on top,
- the cuttings are placed in a container with a mixture of sand and peat, deepening to the level of the lower leaflets,
- Capacity covered with a film to maintain a sufficient level of moisture.
The plant has a strong root system for a month. It is necessary to water very carefully so that excess moisture does not destroy the young shoots.
In a favorable climate, Bonar Verbena grows self-sowing. In spring, quite strong plants sprout from the seeds, which bloom by the end of summer. Such shoots are much more stable than those produced by seedlings.
Caring for bonarska vervain is very simple. He does not require special skills. The plant is well tolerated by the direct rays of the sun. Watering requires moderate, regular. In the spring, when the seedlings are not strong enough, it is watered more abundantly and more often.
Several times during the season, vervain should be fed with mineral fertilizers. Manure as a fertilizer does not give the desired result. It only contributes to the abundant growth of green mass without flowers. Excess fertilizer can lead to poor flowering.
At the initial stage of growth you will need to periodically loosen the soil. When the plant grows, instead of weeding, you can use mulching, using rotted leaves as mulch.
The positive effect for abundant flowering throughout the summer is trimming wilted buds.
This plant is practically not affected by pests and diseases. A rare invasion of aphids or spider mites can be suppressed by insecticides. With regular bogging of the soil and in intense heat, root rot, powdery mildew, or other fungal diseases can develop. Sulfur-based products save them.
Since Bonar Vervain is a heat-loving plant, she will not be able to overwinter in the open field. In the fall, dry grass should be cut, and the plot to dig. Only in the south of the country it is possible to keep the bushes under a thick layer of dry leaves, after cutting the stems, leaving 5-6 cm above the ground.
The use of flower in landscape design
Low-growing varieties of vervain in landscape design are used as a green border. Combining this plant with camellias can decorate the tracks and create a catchy element when zoning the front garden.
Due to the long flowering and variety of colors, this flower will be a great decoration. The greatest effect is achieved during mass landing. You can dilute it with echinacea, marigolds, asters, decorative cereals.
This herb contains a large amount of flavonoids, glycosides, vitamins, essential oils and trace elements. Ее собирают, сушат и используют в приготовлении настоек и отваров.The drugs have a diaphoretic, choleretic, disinfecting effect. They are used in the fight against muscle spasms, fever, inflammation and colds. Tea with a sprig of verbena will help to cope with fatigue, insomnia, nervous overstrain, hysteria and depression.
Lotions are widely used to cure scabies, boils, rashes and eczema.
Verbena is contraindicated in pregnant women, as the grass increases muscle tone, which can cause miscarriage. A nursing mother, also without consulting a doctor, should not take drugs with verbena. Care should be taken drugs for people prone to allergies.
What is this plant?
Verbéna - belongs to the verben family, in nature there are about 124 species of this plant. It was originally noticed and as a result is considered the birthplace of verbena - South and North America. Height varies depending on the type of vervain: from 20cm to 1.6 meters. A plant with a tetrahedral stem, upright, sometimes you can find a creeping species. The leaves have an elongated oval dissected form, rich green color.
The flowers of this grass are small, with a diameter of 1 to 2.5 cm collected in inflorescences (up to 50-55 flowers per inflorescence). Their color is very diverse: pink, white, blue, red, etc. depending on the species.
Basic rules of care
- Verbena can be planted in open soil when the air temperature no longer allows frost to appear.
- Do not plant plants close to each other. Leave between them a distance of about 25-30 cm, so they will not grow fully.
- If the soil is dry, you should immediately loosen it.
- Verbena loves moist soil, but it is important not to pour it.
- In the case of a flower composition of several plants, weed vervain is needed until it grows. If vervain grows apart, then care is required throughout its life cycle.
- Comprehensive feeding one - two times in 30 days, will provide unsurpassed appearance and growth of the flower. But one should take into account the fact that organic-based fertilizers are applied to the soil once, so as not to create an excess of nitrogen.
- Do not forget about the dried inflorescences. In order for verbena to please flowering for a long time, dried flowers must be cut off.
- Vervain seeds need to be collected at the moment when they change their color. Boll of brown seed indicates readiness for collection. You will learn about the proper collection of seeds, as well as the subsequent cultivation of verbena from them or cuttings, in this article.
A variety of types, colors and sizes allows verbena to grow on the site of each gardener or simply in the apartment of a flower lover. Its incompetence in growing attracts so much attention that I want to plant on each flowerbed. Verbena has a wide range of beneficial properties. It is used not only as a flower for decoration.
A short video about the care of the plant, and its possible diseases:
All esoteric practices pay attention to vervain, perfumery, cosmetology, aromatherapy, medicine and even cooking. resorts to such a delightful plant. If you once planted a verbena in your flower garden - this is a sign that she will be a regular guest on your site, because it is impossible not to fall in love with her.
The greatest love gained views Bonar or Buenos Aires. It is also called Argentine, tall, beautiful. In central Russia, it is considered an annual plant with beautiful buds that look like an air cloud, although in natural growing conditions it is a perennial. Verbena Bonarsky arrived to our country from the tropical climate of South America.
Verbena-grown Buenos Aireskaya grown by seedlings can reach a height of one and a half meters. Looks great in plantings on the background of conifers or in the background together with cereal ornamental herbs or beautiful tall perennials.
Choosing the seeds of Verbena Bonarskaya plant, the photo on the bag can show the height of the shrub and the beauty of the flower that blossoms during flowering.
When grown, it forms thin long shoots. Despite the height does not need support or tying up, tetrahedral stems are so strong and stable. During flowering in the upper part of a complex umbrella. During the budding period it has a dark purple color, the open flowers have a pleasant lilac color.
Mostly in demand, in the selection of varieties, verbena Bonar Lilac rain. Although there are many varieties of other varieties, but the gardeners liked this for its unpretentiousness.
Verbena Bonar Lilac Rain can convey the beauty and elegance of a photo perfectly if someone wants to admire this plant and choose it for its suburban area.
Verbena Bonar Lime Rain
Planted in open ground in May, the type of vervain, well can survive a slight drop in temperature, even a slight frost. But you need to plant plants grown seedlings.
Other varieties and types of vervaina also differ in their excellent resistance to changes in spring temperatures:
- Verbena hybrid is a whole species of family. The most popular varieties: the red-flowered Cardinal, an unusual light purple Julia, large-flowered Pink Fairy, multi-colored ampelnye varieties,
- Verbena Buenos Aires attracts varieties of Laylek, Finesse who love bumblebees, butterflies, and bees for an indescribable fragrance during flowering,
- Vervain tough attracts creeping stems. It tolerates wintering in the southern regions of the country. The most popular variety is Polaris, characterized by unusual bluish flowers.
Bonar Verbena: growing from seed
Most often, this plant is grown from seed, seedling method. With all the conditions of germination, you can get excellent plants that are planted in open ground in the first half of May.
To improve germination, before sowing Bonarskaya Vervain, seeds at the end of February are placed in a refrigerator for several days, wrapped in a damp napkin. At the same time, prepare the substrate for planting. This can be a purchased soil or a mixture prepared from autumn consisting of equal parts of sand and peat.
To disinfect the composition, it must be steamed in a water bath or heated in an oven, then watered and left for several days for the development of microorganisms.
The cultivation of the seeds of Buenos Aires vervain starts from the first days of March. Since the seeds are very small, they are simply scattered on the surface of the prepared soil, lightly sprinkled with earth.
Verbena Buenos - Iresskaya
The upper layer is sprayed with water from a spray bottle and covered with glass or a transparent film. In this form, the container is placed in a warm place for germination. The seeds of the Bonarskaya vervain are tight, so seedlings can appear only after one and a half to two weeks.
All this time, you need to ensure that the top layer is wet, sprinkling it occasionally with water, but without fanaticism, otherwise the seeds can simply rot in the soil.
As soon as the first loops of seedlings appear, the glass is removed and the container is transferred to a well-lit place. It is periodically turned, for uniform illumination of seedlings. At the same time, until these leaves appeared, you can feed the plants a couple of times with Kornevin for better root development.
In a month, there should be two true leaves on the seedlings. At this time, the seedlings is better to pick out in separate pots or cups. Soil for decimated seedlings is taken the same as when sowing seeds, but to improve the nutritional properties it is recommended to add humus and ash.
For the first few days after transplantation, the plants should be put in the shade, and after a week, the seedlings should begin to harden, bringing them to a balcony or veranda during daylight. After the appearance of the third pair of true leaves, the tops of the shoots are pinched in order for the plant to begin to bush.
Transplantation to a permanent place in the open ground is carried out in mid-late May, depending on the climatic zone of cultivation.
Transplant to a permanent place
No matter how unpretentious Buenos Aireskaya's vervain is, its cultivation must be in a well-lit place, otherwise flowering may begin late, and the brightness of the flowers will not be the same as in the sun.
Often you can see that gardeners grow vervain as a pot. This will allow them to be transplanted to a permanent place much earlier and to choose a well-lit area, transferring the pot with the plant.
When transplanting into open ground, a drainage should be added to the well (sand, expanded clay, crushed stone or sand-gravel mixture), since verbena does not tolerate stagnant water at the roots. They can rot and the plant will die. Furrow heart-shaped Strig is perfect for forming holes for planting.
Vervain is usually planted in several plants per well (from 7 to 10). The distance between the landings should be at least 25-30 cm.
Photo of Bonars Verbena
Types of Vervain
A rather diverse genus of verbena includes more than 200 species. However, only a few of them are used in gardening. Preference is given to decorative hybrid varieties.
Verbena officinalis. Herbaceous perennial with well-developed rhizome, which goes deep into the soil. Ground shoots grow to 30-60 cm in height. Erect, tetrahedral stem slightly pubescent along the edges. Opposite short branch leaves closer to the ground have a feathery, carved form with large, blunt teeth along the edges. Closer to the top, the leaf plate becomes more solid, and the petioles disappear. Small flowers are collected in small paniculate inflorescences. They bloom on the tops of branched shoots and in the axils of the leaves. A light purple or purple halo with a cylindrical tube peeks out of the hairy toothed calyx. Flowers bloom in June and July. In August and September, linear or oval wrinkled brown or brown nuts appear.
Verbena Buenos Ayresskaya. The herbaceous perennial has a high (up to 120 cm), but slender shoots. Hard upright stem at the top of the branch, and in the lower part is covered with lanceolate elongated leaves with jagged edges. From the middle of summer dense umbrella-shaped inflorescences bloom. They consist of many small tubular flowers with 5 petals, painted in amethyst color. From mid-September, fruits ripen.
Bonar Verbena. Semishrub with upright stems 100-120 cm in height is common in ornamental floriculture. Lightly branched shoots with emerald openwork foliage are completed with dense umbrellas with small purple flowers.
Lemon Verbena The fragrant perennial shrub grows to a height of 1.5-2 m. Its brown-olive stalks branched from the base are covered with whorls of whole lanceolate leaves of bright green color. When rubbing the leaves, there is a spicy aroma with notes of citrus, mint and lemon balm. In the axils of the apical leaves in the beginning of July small spike-shaped inflorescences of a pinkish-lilac shade appear.
Verbena hybrid. In this group are combined garden varieties with high decorative properties. Here are some of them:
- Amethyst - vegetation up to 30 cm in height dissolves beautiful dark blue flowers,
- Crystal - strongly branched shoots up to 25 cm high are completed with snow-white inflorescences with large (up to 6.5 cm in diameter) haloes,
- Etna - a shrub up to 0.5 m high is covered with emerald openwork foliage, it blooms in May with bright red flowers with a white eye,
- Cardinal - a compact shrub 40 cm high blooms dense buds with bright red corolla.
- Verbena ampelnum is a separate and very popular subgroup. It differs branched, lodging stems, therefore, suitable for planting in flowerpots and pots. Grades:
- Image - thin flexible shoots up to 0.5 m in length in summer are covered with hemispherical violet-purple inflorescences,
- Moon River - branched stems form a spherical bush, and their ends hang from the pot. In summer, the crown is covered with large lavender buds.
Verbena can be propagated by seed and cuttings. Seed propagation is more common, as most of the domestic gardens are decorated with annuals. Seedlings are pre-grown from seeds, so it is possible to see lush inflorescences earlier. Crops are made in March, in boxes with sandy-peat soil. Pre-seeds for 1-3 days soaked in warm water. Bonar Verbene needs cold stratification in the fridge for 5-6 days. Then the seeds are buried to a depth of 5 mm, moistened and covered with foil.
Greenhouse contain at a temperature of + 18 ... + 20 ° C and diffused light. Condensate should be removed daily and sprayed. Shoots appear in 3-4 weeks. After that the box is moved to a cooler place. A month later, the seedlings are diving in separate pots and fed with nitrogen-containing fertilizer. After adaptation, the plants are clamped to stimulate branching. Verbena seedlings should be planted in open ground when stable, warm weather is established.
Highly decorative and valuable varieties are propagated by cutting. To do this, even in the fall, the mother bush is dug out and transferred to a room with low but positive temperatures. Spring cut cuttings from the tops of the shoots. Everyone should have 4-6 pairs of leaves. The lower cut is done at a distance of 1 cm from the node. On the cuttings leave only the top pair of leaves, and the rest are completely removed. The twigs are planted in pots with perlite or sandy-peat soil to a depth of about 1 cm (up to the first bud). Plants are watered and covered with a package to maintain high humidity. After 3 weeks, roots will appear and buds will begin to develop. Planting cuttings in open ground is planned for May-June.
Bright greens of open leaves, over which the heads of fragrant flowers tower over several months, serve as a wonderful decoration of the garden. Verbena is used in a mixed flower garden, as well as in group plantings along the curb, walls and fences. You can plant flowers in flowerpots and pots, decorating their balconies, terraces or verandas. Ampel varieties form a beautiful cascade. Combination of varieties with different colors is allowed.
In a flowerbed, verbena is combined with marigolds, asters, echinacea and cereals. Use in bouquets inflorescence is not worth it. After a couple of days, the bright buds will start to dry and fall off.