Volkhov is a middle-ripening variety of honeysuckle breeding Pavlovsk Experimental Station VIR (St. Petersburg, Russia).
Bushes are vigorous, tall (more than 2 meters), with a dense squat oval crown. Shoots are thick, straight, with a rare hairiness. The leaves are large, dense, rich dark green color.
The variety can be used in garden design.
The berries are medium to or slightly below the average size (weighing 0.6 - 0.8 grams, up to 1.7 cm in length), they are oblong-oval in shape, with a blunt tip. The skin is strong, medium in thickness, in color - bluish-blue. The flesh is very good sweet taste (almost without acid), moderately fragrant, with a delicate strawberry flavor. Tasting assessment of taste qualities of the variety - 4.7 points. Variety of universal use.
By chemical composition, the fruits contain: the amount of sugars (8.5%), acids (1.9%), vitamin C (56.3 mg / 100 g).
Volkhov's honeysuckle is self-infertile. For pollinators for it is recommended to use the following varieties: Nymph, Azure, Pavlovskaya, Amfora, Gidzyuk Memorial.
The variety has an average ripening period: the berries ripen from June 17th to 22nd. Under the conditions of Moscow, maturation occurs 5–7 days later, in comparison with the honeysuckle varieties of the Moscow selection. The degree of fallability of ripe berries is weak.
Yields are good: from one bush can be collected from 1.5 to 2.5 kg of berries. On fertile, well-moistened soils, the yield can reach 3 kg / bush.
The grade is frost-resistant, well transfers sharp temperature drops during the winter period. Disease resistance is high. Leaves and shoot tips may be slightly affected by pests.
The main advantages of Volkhov honeysuckle: berries with dessert flavor, low shedding, frost resistance.
Disadvantages: medium-sized berries, leaves and shoots may be slightly affected by pests.
A bit of history
This plant belongs to the product of Leningrad selection. In Soviet times, the variety was developed by agrotechnics of Pavlovsk Experimental Plant Plant Plant VIR them. Vavilova, which is located in St. Petersburg. The basis became the seeds of the plant variety of the species Pavlovsky. The plant reached the register of achievements of selectors in 1999.
Honeysuckle plant belongs to the shrub family and sprouts exclusively in the northern part of the globe, where there is a moderate type of climate or continental. In East Asia and the Himalayas, especially on the Pacific coast, up to 150 plant species can be found.
Volkhov's honeysuckle has thick green foliage and juicy bluish berries
Volkhov’s honeysuckle is classified as a self-fruitless plant species, so when planning planting it is important to alternate it with Amfor, Pavlovsky, Azure and others bushes when planning crops and pollination. Bumblebees and other flying insects act as a pollinator.
On a note. An interesting fact is that bees will not participate in pollination of the plant.
The main feature of this variety are increased characteristics of frost resistance. The plant can withstand up to 40 degrees of frost without additional shelter.
The description of the Volkhov honeysuckle variety will not be complete without the main characteristics:
- the life of the plant is from 20 to 25 years,
- bush has a large abundance of leaves, oval crown,
- plant height reaches 1.5-2 m,
- leaves are strongly growing, broadly oval, dark green color,
- young shoots are quite thick with a light slightly visible edge,
- fruits are edible berries, differ in a slightly bumpy surface, there is a pointed tip, are painted in bluish, slightly bluish color,
- berry weight can reach grams, diameter - 2.2 cm, and length - 1.2 cm,
- the berries have dense juicy flesh with thin skin, taste is distinguished by a strong sour-sweet aroma,
- The bush belongs to the plants of medium ripeness, the fruits ripen around June 10-17, and in some northern areas 5-7 days later, for example, Moscow or Moscow region.
Fruits ripen in summer and do not crumble for a long time.
The fruits of the plant are very helpful. The berries contain a lot of vitamin C (56.3 mg / 100g.), Various organic acids, sugar. There is magnesium, it is much more than in other similar berries.
If we consider the fruits in terms of chemical composition, in them:
Honeysuckle varieties Volkhov - a plant whose fruits can be consumed not only raw. Hostesses for the future cook jams, compotes, jellies, juices, jam and more. The plant has a fairly high yield. With proper care from one bush, you can collect up to 2.5 kg of berries.
Interesting fact. Often the honeysuckle Volkhov used for industrial cultivation. With such shrubs can be harvested mechanically. Berries are well stored and transported.
Many site owners very often use the honeysuckle of this variety in garden design, creating beautiful landscapes with the participation of this shrub.
Features of growing
The most acceptable period for planting is considered the end of summer - the beginning of autumn. The transplant is carried out until mid-September, since it is during this period that the plant ceases to grow intensively, future apical buds are laid. They become the basis of the harvest next year. But it should be understood that the seedlings after planting will give the first harvest only in the third year.
Preparing a growing area
Honeysuckle bushes prefer terrain with good lighting, the lack of the necessary amount of light affects the taste of the berries afterwards. To protect the plant from wind and drafts, experienced gardeners recommend locating bushes along fences and fences. Both young saplings at the age of 3 years, and plants of advanced age (six-year) are suitable for change.
Scheme planting honeysuckle bush
The soil before planting requires preparation:
- the site where the planting will be carried out is carefully watered,
- dug a hole for a plant
- at the bottom of such a well stack composition consisting of 70 grams. potassium salt and 15 gr. superphosphate
- if planting of six-year-old saplings is planned, then the volume of fertilizer should be doubled,
- if the soil is heavy, then peat and sawdust are additionally placed at the bottom of the hole;
- If water stagnates periodically at the site, then good drainage should be carried out.
When installing the roots of seedlings gently spread over the surface of the earth and covered with soil. After planting, the plant is watered again. Pristvolny soil to preserve moisture around the roots of the plant, mulch. But still, professionals recommend planting seedlings that have been specially grown in boxes for planting. Their most important advantage is that they easily roll over to a new location without damaging the root system.
Care during growth
In general, the honeysuckle variety Volkhov - a plant that does not require complex care. Pristvolny plot should be regularly loosen and remove weeds.
Worth remembering! Such procedures should be carried out very carefully, as the roots are not too deep, and any damage to them will affect the growth of the plant.
Watering needs moderate, depending on the drying of the soil. Careful watering is needed only during periods of drought and a long lack of rain. Abundant watering is important during the growth of the fruit. It should be controlled so that moisture stagnation does not form - the roots quickly rot, which, respectively, leads to death.
During flowering the plant requires careful watering.
Interesting. If during the formation of the bushes to provide abundant irrigation, the harvest will be sweet and very juicy. In general, as practice shows, even under not very favorable conditions, the berries of this variety are not bitter.
Planting honeysuckle require regular feeding:
- after the snow has melted, it is necessary to fertilize the bushes with a fertilizer dominated by nitrogenous components,
- after the appearance of the first foliage make organic-based formulations,
- during the period of active flowering and the beginning of the formation of berries, watering with ashes is required,
- top dressing with potash and phosphorus compounds is carried out in the autumnal season.
To increase the yield, you should regularly prune the bushes, removing old, damaged and dried branches. Pruning is carried out once every 2-3 years. Often cut the plant is not worth it, because it is long overgrown.
The scheme of rejuvenation of the bush
It is important to know! The first time honeysuckle should be cut off after reaching the bush 2-3 years. For a young plant, such a procedure can be very stressful.
An old plant can be gradually rejuvenated by removing old branches. At one time, you can not delete many branches, it can lead to the death of the entire bush. You should not remove the tops of the plant, because it is on them that the main part of the flower buds are located, which are responsible for the harvest.
Propagation can be carried out by cutting or dividing an adult bush.
Preparing for the winter
The Volkhov honeysuckle variety is the most resistant to harsh winter conditions. Winters with temperatures up to -40 degrees are not terrible to the bushes, and young spring shoots and flowers withstand late frosts to -8. But in too cold winters, mulching is necessary so that the plant does not die in the spring. If the winter is snowy, then the ground around the bush should be covered with additional snow. This method is acceptable for healthy adult plants. The first two years, while the bushes have not yet strengthened enough, additional cover should be carried out in order to maintain planting. Using humus, old leaves, spruce branches, cover pristvolnuyu part of the soil. The layer should be at least 15 cm. Mulching is carried out at the establishment of cold weather + 3 ... -3 degrees.
Pests and plant diseases
The peculiarity of the Volkhov honeysuckle is good resistance to most garden diseases and pests. Most often, problems arise with young bushes - they can be attacked by aphid or honeysuckle goldfish. The main reason for the invasion is non-compliance with the rules of agricultural engineering. Also often infection can occur from neighbors. The pest control is carried out using special insecticides, as well as mixtures prepared according to popular recipes.
If the defeat occurred with gold, the branch is cut as low as possible and then burned. After harvesting, it is better to process the bushes with special insecticides, which will be a preventive measure to protect the plant from damage by these insects.
Advantages and disadvantages
Volkhov honeysuckle are common shrubs, as with a large number of advantages has a small number of disadvantages.
The berries are not showered, so you can immediately collect the entire crop from the bush
Among the most important advantages stand out:
- frost resistance
- high yield
- ripe berries are not showered for a long time, which makes it possible to collect them less often, but in large volumes,
- Honeysuckle variety Volkhov unpretentious in the care,
- the fruits have a pleasant aftertaste and are used for fresh food, and also proved to be excellent when preparing for the winter,
- ability to use when creating garden design.
Shrub can be used in the design of the garden
As the main disadvantages of the plant should be noted:
- small fruits,
- late fruiting (first fruits appear 3-4 years after planting).
- young bushes can be affected by diseases and pests.
Volkhov's honeysuckle is one of the most common varieties of shrubs that bears fruit well even in harsh winter climates. Frosts are not a barrier to them, in order to please their owners with a tasty and healthy harvest.
The honeysuckle bush of Volkhov reaches a height of 1.5–2 meters. It consists of thin but numerous branches and has an oval shape. The branches are densely covered with wide flat leaves of dark green color. Due to its dense structure, honeysuckle bushes are valued not only for tasty healthy berries, but also as a decorative element and hedge.
Volkhov berries are bluish-gray in color, oblong, with a blunt tip. In size they are classified as medium or slightly smaller. They are about 2 cm in length and weigh about 1 g. The skin and pulp are of a dense consistency, which facilitates storage and transportation.
It tastes sweet, almost sour, with a slight strawberry shade and bright aroma. Such fruits are called dessert. The fruits of Volkhov were quite appreciated by tasters - 4.7 out of 5.
Honeysuckle Volkhov unpretentious and does not require special care. It is frost resistant and can tolerate cold up to -40 ° C. Among the main advantages of the variety, gardeners note that ripe berries almost do not crumble, which means they can be collected less often and in large quantities. The annual yield per bush is 1.7–3.5 kg. Volkhov honeysuckle is also suitable for use in the agro-industrial sector. It can be planted on large plots and collected by technical means. Fruit cultivar universal use. They can be eaten fresh, or processed for jams, compotes, etc., or dried. Honeysuckle berries are also widely used in traditional medicine.
The variety is immune to diseases and pests, but in rare cases it can be affected by aphids or honeysuckle goldfish. Volkhova is also a samobferlny plant. This means that for a fruitful harvest as pollinators, it requires the help of other honeysuckle cultivars. The ideal option would be to plant in the neighborhood a bush of one of the following varieties:
Planting and care
Seedlings of honeysuckle Volkhov best planted in early autumn. Like any plants, they need a sunny place, sheltered from the wind. The soil must be wet, but excessive moisture is not welcome, otherwise the roots will begin to rot. The landing place should be provided in advance with drainage and fertilizer.
This plant, in contrast to the same Violets - it is quite large shrubthat grows taller than a human being, therefore the pits for seedlings should be located at least 2 meters from each other.
A mixture of 1 kg of ash, 50 g of superphosphate and 2 buckets of compost is suitable as a fertilizer. Before planting, the ground must be moistened. And directly during planting - pay special attention to the roots. They need to be carefully straightened, and only after sprinkle with earth.
Plant care standard. Water it needs a moderate amount of water to maintain the average humidity. It is necessary to increase the level of moisture only in the hot summer and during the flowering period, so that the berries become even sweeter. Weed regularly to weed and loosen the soil. Sprinkle mulch earth near the trunk. With proper care, the bush will begin to bear fruit 3 years after planting. And before that, the plant must be insulated for the winter. It is enough to put humus or leaves under it. Adult shrub does not need warming.
In 3 and 6 years, honeysuckle can be transplanted. But before that, it is necessary to cut it to 50 cm. In the new pit for shrubs, you must put humus, 15 g of superphosphate and 70 g of potassium salt. For a six year old plant fertilizer weight should be increased by 2 times.
Pruning can be done to the bush over 3 years. Younger plants are best left alone. Pruning is carried out in the autumn, no more than 1 time in 2–3 years. A more frequent procedure will reduce yield.
In order that the honeysuckle was even healthier it should be fed with fertilizers. In the spring, when the plant comes out of hibernation, it requires nitrogenous fertilizers. After the buds unfold, organic supplement will do. When the flowers bloom and the berries begin to germinate it does not hurt to sprinkle the earth with ashes. And in the fall, the bush needs potassium and phosphorus.
a brief description of
The variety is traditionally samozheplodny. Mixed planting with bushes of Pavlovskaya, Amfora, Lazurnaya varieties is necessary for pollination. Bumblebees and other insects pollinate the plant. Bees are not.
Winter hardiness of the Volkhovs is very high. The plant tolerates frost down to -40 degrees without additional shelter without any problems, which is why it is recommended as a material for further selection for winter hardiness, yield, large-fruited.
Cultivation and care
Planting honeysuckle seedlings optimally undertake in late August - early September. At this time, the growth of the plant completely stops, and new apical buds are laid. The first fruits will appear at 3 years after planting the seedling.
You can replant three-and six-year-old plants after pruning to a height of 50 cm. Humus, 70 g of potassium salt and 15 g of superphosphate are added to the bottom of the pit for a 3-year-old plant. For a 6-year-old sapling, the proportions are doubled.
Heavy loamy soils must be mulched with peat, sawdust and coarse sand. Loosening is regularly carried out and the mulching material is poured into the barrel circle.
Honeysuckle roots do not tolerate an excess of stagnant moisture, rot. The whole plant is sick in the absence of sufficient sunlight. To watering increased requirements only during the flowering period.
Autumn pruning is carried out only for bushes older than 6-8 years, once every 2-3 years. More private pruning will significantly reduce yields, as the Volkhov grows slowly.
Propagated by cuttings of green shoots and dividing the bush. Shrub not grafted.
Ягоды Волховы осыпаются менее интенсивно, чем у прочих сортов, что позволяет собирать урожай реже, большими партиями. Judging by the reviews, this is the main advantage of the variety.
Honeysuckle will be much sweeter, the berries are larger and without bitterness, if during the flowering and the formation of berries it is watered abundantly. However, the Volkhov berries and in less favorable conditions usually do not taste bitter, they have a noticeable strawberry flavor.
It is very resistant to diseases, but young shoots may be slightly affected by aphids.
Honeysuckle Volkhov - variety bred by Leningrad breeders. Cultivated from seeds of the variety Pavlovskaya by agrotechnicians of Pavlovsk Experimental Plant Plant Industry VIR them. Vavilov in St. Petersburg. In 1999 entered into the register of selection achievements of Russia. The name comes from the river Volkhov, which flows in the Leningrad region.
This variety differs from other varieties in the amount of nutrients, yield, frost resistance, low flaking, etc. Berries contain about 9% sugars, about 2% acids and 56mg / 100g of vitamin C. In comparison with other berries, it contains the highest amount of magnesium. The yield is average, up to 3-3.5 kg per adult bush. The bush is frost-resistant, withstands temperatures up to -40 ° C in winter. Flowers, buds, green ovaries stand in the spring to -8 ° C.
Honeysuckle Volkhov - a valuable culture and in terms of agronomic. It is suitable for planting in large areas. Berry can be harvested by a combine. Due to the dense skin, easily tolerates transportation. For enterprises processing berries - an excellent product for jams, jam, stewed fruit, juices and jelly. Dried berries are also prepared for sale.
Where to plant honeysuckle?
Honeysuckle - unpretentious plant. When planting seedlings need to choose a place protected from the wind. The soil should be fertile, moist, in a place that is well heated by the sun. But there is one feature: the lower branches should remain in the shade. The soil should be wet, but not wet. The culture does not tolerate wetlands, places with close groundwater, sandy soil. Seedlings are best planted in the fall in a well prepared soil.
Pit for planting varieties Volkhov, because it is high growing, placed 2-2.5 m apart. Do not forget that next to plant varieties for pollination. The pit should have good drainage, fertilizer (a mixture of 1 kg of ash, 50 g of superphosphate and a pair of compost buckets). You need to water the ground well in advance.
Very carefully with the roots, they need to be straightened, only then sprinkle with earth. Liberally pour. To mulch the ground so as not to evaporate moisture.
Watering and soil care
Honeysuckle need to weed regularly from weeds, gently loosen the ground. Do not forget that the roots of the plant are located very close to the surface, therefore, care for the soil and watering is very important. Abundant watering is necessary only in hot weather and in the formation of berries, and so - moderately, as the soil dries.
In early spring, as soon as the snow melted, nitrogen fertilizers should be applied for each bush, after the appearance of the leaves - organic. During the flowering and the formation of berries can be poured ash. In the autumn it is necessary to make potash and phosphate fertilizers.
Honeysuckle trimming is not recommended in the first two years after planting. This is stressful for the plant. Pruning should be done in the autumn, in any case not in the spring.
At the same time, first of all, remove the dried up and dried up branches. Inside the bush - branches thin out to avoid thickening. To rejuvenate the plant, it is enough to cut all the old branches, young shoots will grow quickly.
Pest and disease control
Volkhov's honeysuckle is resistant to diseases and pests, but there are always exceptions to the rules. Sometimes you will notice that the plant languishes. We must examine the bush. Most likely, the plant is affected by aphids or honeysuckle goldfish. Means to combat these pests are many.
If you noticed honeysuckle goldfish, you need to cut off the damaged shoots as low as possible and burn them. In order to have no doubts about the pests, it is necessary to carry out a preventive spraying once a year after harvesting.
Should I cover for the winter?
Frost-resistant culture. But this concerns only mature plants. The first two or three years after planting the plant must be protected from the cold. For this fit the fallen leaves, spruce branches, humus. We insulate only the lower part of the plant after the onset of stable cold weather, from + 3 ° to -3 ° С.
If you decide not to warm the plant itself, then you can at least warm the root system with a layer of mulch at least 10-15 cm. Mature plants do not need warming. The best conditions for wintering - snowy winter. If the base of the bush does not fall asleep, manually fill it.
Main species: Honeysuckle edible
Description of the plant:
Honeysuckle edible 'Volkhov' - a variety obtained in the All-Russian Research Institute of Plant Industry named. N.I. Vavilova. In state testing since 1998.
Included in the state register in 1999.
Size and shape of growth:
Bush with straight, thick, pubescent shoots of green color.
Flowers and fruits:
Honeysuckle berries edible 'Volkhov' medium size, weight 0.8 g, elongated-oval in shape with a pointed tip, bluish-blue color. The peel of the fruit is of medium thickness. The flesh is very good, sweet taste with a delicate aroma.
Skoroplodnost, ripening, yield:
Medium ripening. The average yield is 0.3 kg / m². The variety needs a pollinator, requires a sufficiently moist and fertile soil.
Variety 'Volkhova' resistant to diseases. Affected by pests to a low degree.
Other varieties "Honeysuckle edible"
"> Honeysuckle edible 'Amphora'
"> Honeysuckle edible 'Bazhovskaya'
"> Honeysuckle edible 'Bakcharskaya'
"> Honeysuckle edible 'Berel'
"> Honeysuckle edible 'Vasyuganskaya'
"> Honeysuckle edible 'Wiliga'
"> Honeysuckle edible 'Viola'
"> Honeysuckle edible 'Sorceress'
"> Honeysuckle edible 'Gerda'
"> Honeysuckle edible 'Gzhelka'
"> Honeysuckle edible 'Gzhel late'
"> Honeysuckle edible 'Gzhel early'
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Site selection and preparation for planting
Honeysuckle prefers well-lit, sunny places, lack of light can cause deterioration of the taste of berries and slow growth of the bush. Experienced gardeners recommend planting honeysuckle bushes along fences or hedges that will protect them from wind and draft.
Replant both three-year and six-year-old seedlings. The last ones are cut to a height of 50 cm before planting. The soil before this must be prepared:
- plenty of water,
- humus, potassium salt (70 g), superphosphate (15 g) are added to the bottom of the planting hole. For six-year-old saplings all proportions are doubled
- peat, sawdust or coarse sand are additionally added to heavy soils to make it more air- and moisture-permeable,
- if there is a risk of stagnant water on the site, a drainage layer is necessarily made in the landing pit.
When planting the roots of the seedling need to gently straighten, and then sprinkle with earth. Immediately after planting, it is watered, and the trunk circle is mulched to retain moisture in the soil. Choosing saplings of Volkhov honeysuckle, it is better to give preference to those that were grown in containers or boxes, as in the photo:
Seedlings grown in pots or containers, take root faster in a new place
Such seedlings are easy to “pass” on a permanent place of residence without damaging the root system. As a result, they will take root faster and will not get sick. The main thing is that the seedlings are really grown in a container, and not planted there for sale.
Important! Honeysuckle flowers pollinate bumblebees and other insects. Bees do not participate in pollination!
Volkhov's honeysuckle is a self-productive variety, therefore it is necessary to plant several bushes of other varieties next to it, which will allow you to harvest a sufficient harvest. For cross-pollination using varieties Pavlovskaya, Amfora, Azure. The distance between the seedlings should not be less than 2-2.5 m, since Volkhov belongs to tall shrubs and with a more dense planting the plants will interfere with each other.
Like most other varieties of honeysuckle, Volkhov is picky in care. The stem of a plant regularly weed away weeds and loosen the soil. This should be done very carefully, as the roots are located quite close to the ground and are easy to damage.
Most of the time watering honeysuckle need moderate - as the soil dries. Abundantly the plant is watered only during periods of drought and extreme heat, as well as during the formation of berries. It is very important to ensure that honeysuckle bushes do not form stagnant water - they do not tolerate it, the roots can easily rot, which will lead to the death of the whole plant.
Honeysuckle bushes fertilize several times a year:
- in the spring, after the snow has melted, nitrogen-rich fertilizers are added to the honeysuckle,
- after the leaves appear, the bush is fed with organic fertilizers,
- during flowering and the formation of berries, bushes are watered with ashes,
- in the fall they use potash and phosphate fertilizers.
To increase the yield of the bush, it is regularly cut, removing old, dry or damaged branches. The first pruning can be carried out not earlier than two years after planting, since this is quite a lot of stress for a young seedling. In the future, pruning is carried out every 2-3 years, be sure to fall, in the spring it is not recommended. Often, the Volkhov honeysuckle bushes should not be cut as it grows slowly, so the yield may decrease.
Honeysuckle bushes do not form by trimming the tips of the branches, as this reduces their yield.
You can also rejuvenate old bushes with pruning. For this, over the course of several years, the oldest branches are gradually removed, which stimulates the growth of young shoots. Cut at once many branches can not be, as a result of a bush may die. Also, do not prune the tops of the branches - it is on them that the bulk of flower buds are concentrated, which ensures the yield of the bush.
If you need to propagate the variety, you can use cuttings or dividing the bush. For cuttings choose young green shoots that root in any usual way.