Among tropical ornamental flowers that immediately attract attention, Clivia deservedly holds the first positions. This is the simplest explanation: it is captivating for its unpretentiousness, ease of care and a very lush, bright bloom at the end of winter, able to make its notes of positive in the cold season.
Caring for a home flower clivia by seasons
In the summerwhen the air temperature passes the mark of +20 ° C, the cleavia is exposed to the street, providing partial shade. As the substrate dries, it is moistened. Feed up twice a month.
Period from autumn to midwinter considered rest time. At this time, the best:
- put it on the window on the north side of the apartment,
- restrict the flow of light
- provide optimum temperature within +12 .. + 15 ° C,
- water 2 times a month
- do without dressing.
The second half of winter and spring require the most reverent attitude, because at this time there is a flower spike. To do this, the plant is transferred to a room with windows to the east or west, protected from direct sunlight, maintain the air temperature at + 20. .. + 25 ° C. Periodically watered the substrate to a slightly moistened state, make fertilizer twice a month. Humidity is not a vital indicator for the plant, especially it does not pay attention. Only occasionally wipe the leaves from dust particles.
Proper care of the bloom will give you beautiful flowers
Clivia flower photo home care
The simplicity of the flower allows flower growers to relax a little, to master only the rules of watering, feeding. And also a little plop, observing the necessary requirements during the autumn and winter dormancy.
How to water a cut
Clivia is extremely negative about soil moisture. Only the drying of the upper ground layer will remind you to start watering. In the case of overflow, when excess water enters the drain pan through the drain hole, it is immediately poured. Neglecting this procedure, it is possible to provoke root rotting.
- Dramatically reduce the amount of watering with the arrival of the rest period, it is autumn and the beginning of winter. At this time, it is enough to moisten the earth once a decade to compensate for the lack of water in the soil.
- With the formation of peduncle, regular watering of clivia is resumed. Water only if they notice that the top layer in the pot has dried a couple of centimeters.
If water for irrigation is taken from the water supply system, then they will certainly defend that the chlorine ions, which are sometimes present there, have time to evaporate.
It is proved that the state of the flower does not depend on the humidity of the air, so you should not put a humidifier next to it and once again spray the leaves. But if you wipe their surface with a damp cloth, the beauty will sparkle with new colors. Especially for clivia, in the hot summer, they are bathing under a warm shower.
In order for Clivia to develop normally, it becomes even more attractive in appearance, it needs to be fed. In the summer, in the first year of the plant’s life, as well as during flowering, organic and organic fertilizers for indoor plants are introduced alternately. Do it a couple of times a month.
Among organics, which is based on biohumus, are in demand such means as "Giant", "Ideal", "Breadwinner". For feeding take 1 tablespoon of any fertilizer, diluted in 2 liters of water. As for the mineral complexes, 2 grams of Ammophos (Nitrophoska) or Kemira diluted in 1 liter of water will compensate for the lack of nitrogen and phosphorus required for the plant. With the onset of autumn, feeding is temporarily stopped for the duration of the plant's rest.
Renew feeding with the appearance of the arrow of the peduncle. Experienced growers know that nitrogen-containing supplements contribute to a delay in the appearance of the peduncle, while potash plants stimulate flowering.
Care of the bloom during the flowering period
Home flower clivia care and cultivation photo
Clivia blooms are usually observed at the end of winter or with the arrival of spring. It lasts from 20 to 25 days. The arrow of the peduncle is hatching while the flower is in a cool room. As soon as the arrow reaches 10 cm, the plant is taken out of rest, moved to a warm place with good lighting.
They try not to move it anywhere else, not to move it, not even to rotate around the axis.
- During the flowering period, increase the frequency of watering. stimulate it through regular fertilization.
- Untimely watering affects the state of the peduncle (it will remain short and inconspicuous) and the flowering time may be shortened.
Why clivia does not bloom and what to do
Flowering clivia, obtained from seeds, is expected only in the 4th year of plant life. Clive, grown from escape, begins to bloom in the second year (sometimes in the third). Experts attribute the main reason for the delay in flowering to the lack of rest.
- In the autumn-winter period, the implementation of all recommendations regarding irrigation and temperature conditions will lead to the fact that in the second half of winter the plant will release the arrow of the long-awaited peduncle.
- Immediately after the appearance of the peduncle, a warm shower is given to the plant, more intensive watering is started and mineral potassium fertilizers are introduced. To do this, use the potassium salt, potassium chloride, sodium sulfate.
If in due time clivia refuses to blossom, then they resort to the following measures: the plant is left in a room with a lower air temperature of the order of 15 -16 ° C and weak illumination for 2-4 weeks.
The reasons why clivia does not bloom:
- A very wide, spacious pot is also becoming a frequent cause of delayed flowering. The only way out of this situation is to wait for the time when the roots of the plant completely fill its volume.
- Wrong care during the rest period (read above).
- Clivia has grown a lot, you need to divide it and put the children in separate pots.
Clivia after flowering. What to do when it has faded?
The period after flowering is conventionally divided into two halves. The first falls in the summer, when Clivia builds up a green mass, enjoying the natural warmth, light. The second half is a period of rest when the flower is carried out to a cool place. Most often the glazed loggia of a city apartment plays this role. It will not be superfluous to remind you that clivia dies at temperatures below +12 ° C.
The duration of the Clivia rest directly depends on its age. Young plants are enough for a couple of months (from September to November) to gain strength for flowering. Since the age of five, the plant is given a full autumn and winter rest from September to February. And only the emergence of the peduncle removes age-related cleavage from a sleepy state.
Clivia bloom twice a year: myth or reality?
When clivia ottsvetet, it is carried out into the open air, in a shady windless place.
The desire to get bloom the second time in a year makes flower growers resort to the following tricks:
- The plant is allowed to rest for 2-3 months, put in a dimly lit place, it practically stops watering (1-2 times a month).
- From these tough measures, its dark green leaves turn slightly yellow, but after approximately 1 month the appearance of the peduncle is observed.
Remember: to such experiments attract only adults, strong, healthy plants.
Frequent mistakes in care
Unpretentious clivia without any damage to itself carries any conditions of existence. But some circumstances can affect its appearance: the leaves of the leaves dry up on the plant, brown spots and yellowness appear on them. Knowing the cause of unpleasant external manifestations, you can take actions that will eliminate them. For example:
Clivia turns yellow, what to do?
Why clivia turns yellow Photos of damaged leaves
If clivia leaves turn yellow, this is due to:
- being in a draft.
- insufficient watering.
- natural aging and death of old leaves.
- lack of nutrients in the soil, need feeding.
- the impact of nutrients on the stem to the detriment of the leaves (need feeding).
- adverse effect of transplant.
- wrong choice of place for the plant.
- too high water hardness.
- root damage rot. It will only help transplant with complete removal of damaged areas of the root.
Fighting natural aging is pointless, as new leaves will grow to replace the old ones. The lack of fertilizers is replenished as follows: in the spring and summer, the culture is fed twice a month. So that the redistribution of nutrients does not affect the state of the leaf blade, each time the peduncle is cut off after the flowers wither.
If you follow the recommendations, do not touch the flower unnecessarily, then the problem with the influence of the transplant and location will disappear by itself.
The ends of clivia leaves are withered and brown.
The tips of the leaves of clivia dry photo
So the plant feels an overabundance of moisture. Reduce watering will help to avoid overmoistening. They make it more moderate and do not forget to pour the accumulated water from the bottom.
Leaf rot after transplantation
Among the measures to combat rot distinguish the following:
- for a long time stop watering,
- waiting for the land to dry out
- cut off the affected areas, monitor the condition of the plant, preventing the spread of lesions rot.
When the plant gets rid of the disease, gradually resume watering as usual.
Features of landing and transplantation
How to transplant the cut photo
Kliwiyu is completely uncomfortable with adverse conditions The only thing that is not pleasant is when she is disturbed. Stress plant is experiencing especially during transplantation. It is believed that as long as the roots do not seem outside the pot, it is worth refraining from this procedure. An adult culture is not touched for 2-3 years, and then transferred to a wider pot. Do it after flowering.
Only young women are subject to annual transplantation. Replanting, try not to harm the root system, rotting at the slightest wound. If the root is still accidentally damaged, the wound is treated with crushed coal.
A very old Klivia at the age of 10 years plus is no longer transplanted, annually updating the top layer of soil to a depth of 3-5 cm.
- When choosing a pot, they see that it is not spacious, but a little cramped for roots. Otherwise, clivia will not release the flower stalk until its roots fill the pot volume.
- When transplanting each subsequent pot should not exceed the width of the previous one by 3 cm.
- Drainage holes will help remove excess moisture and allow access to air for ventilation of the root system.
The bottom of the pot is filled with drainage to make it easier to manage the soil moisture. For it is suitable broken brick, small crushed stone, pebbles, collected on the banks of ponds or expanded clay purchased at a flower shop. On the drainage pour loose slightly acidic soil. Get it by mixing equal parts of turf, leaf earth, sand.
Young clivia needs loose earth. To satisfy her desire, use the following proportion of soil components: leaf ground + turf - 5 parts, sand (or perlite) - 1 part. If the soil is purchased in the store, then for this purpose it is better to choose the soil for growing orchids. This mixture contributes to the excellent development of clivia.
Before planting, the soil is processed to disinfect it. Disinfection is done in any of the ways:
- calcined in the oven for 10 minutes at 200 ° C,
- use a microwave, keeping the mixture for 2-3 minutes at maximum power,
- spill boiling water,
- treated with a weak solution of manganese.
With the help of any of these methods completely get rid of harmful bacteria, larvae pests. You should not get involved in the treatment of the soil, using fungicides - insecticides. They, together with parasites, kill all beneficial microorganisms for the life of the flora.
After processing, the soil is necessarily mineralized by adding fertilizers (in an amount of 30 g), which is based on phosphorus, for example, superphosphate or phosphate rock. This measure improves the nutritional properties of the soil.
Clivia transplant at home on video:
- The ground before transplanting is well moistened, left for 1-2 hours to facilitate extraction. Then they take out a bush together with a lump of earth. The roots of young plants are gently washed under running water.
- If there are putrid lesions - partly the root is removed, not forgetting to sprinkle the cut with coal (if there is no wood, it can be activated). Careful handling of the roots will help to prevent their accidental damage, which could lead to the death of the plant.
- Drainage from the bottom is raised to a height of 1/4 of the pot, then the ground is poured with a thickness of 3 cm, in the center is placed cleavia. Fill the remaining voids with earth. At the same time, they observe the immutable rule: it is strictly forbidden to bury the root neck deep into the ground This will cause the leaves to rot. The root neck should always be above the ground level.
Clivia breeding is not difficult!
For reproduction clivia use seeds or side shoots, which are called children. Most often resort to obtaining new plants with the help of lateral shoots. It is simple, besides flowering occurs much earlier in time. However, for the most experienced, scrupulous flower growers to grow a darling from seeds is not difficult.
Reproduction clivia shoots
This type of breeding, of course, easier, more productive. After flowering adult plants begin to transplant. At the same time, the children are carefully separated from the mother bush. Matted plant roots are separated with a knife. Place the cut immediately sprinkled with charcoal, dried for 30 minutes.
Children of Clivia are planted in small containers prepared in advance. Young shoots define a place on a bright, warm window-sill, as it feels the need for warmth, a little more light than adult plants. But she needs less water. After 2-3 years, they are expecting flowering.
How to get seeds
Usually clivia seeds are purchased in the store. The desire to have your seed from your pet pushes flower growers to take an extreme step: to get them themselves. Lovers of the flower does not stop the fact that the full ripening of the fetus takes a lot of strength from the plant, depletes it. But the landing material turns out to be excellent, immediately ready for disembarkation.
At the beginning, a flowering plant is artificially pollinated with a soft brush. Waiting for ripe fruits lasts up to 9 months. Full maturity will occur when the fruit (berry) changes its green color to red, and its rigid structure becomes soft. Planting seeds produced immediately, without delay. Clivia belongs to the group of plants whose seeds lose their germination every day. For this reason, you should prepare in advance for the collection of seeds, hurry up with their subsequent planting.
How to plant Kliviyu seeds:
Clivia of seeds Photo seedlings
- Fresh seeds are kept in water for 24 hours to swell.
- Mix the components of the soil in equal proportions and place it in a container. The soil is prepared two-component, consisting only of perlite with peat or three-component, representing a mixture of turf land, sand, peat.
- The distance between the seeds is at least 2 cm, but better than 5-6 cm.
- To create greenhouse conditions container covered with plastic wrap or glass.
- Every day, air in the continuation of 10-15 minutes and, as necessary, slightly moisturize.
- Picks are carried out immediately after the appearance of the first true leaflet. To do this, take small pots, fill them with soil formed from humus, hardwood soil, clay soil, and plant seedlings there.
Slow-growing seedlings are often a matter of concern, since the first 2 years it seems that they are frozen. Each year, the young Klivia together with a lump of earth is moved to a wider pot. The flowering plant obtained from seed will only fit 4-6 years of life.
Clivia diseases and pests
Phews are not often attacked by pests, but if this happens, it becomes necessary to stop their spread. It is not easy to cope with the brood brethren, and in neglected situations it is practically impossible. In extreme cases, will have to say goodbye to the plant. The most often found among the pests are mealybugs, scutes.
Shchitovka and mealybug are close relatives to each other, settle on leaves, buds and feed on juices, retarding plant growth. If the shield is covered with a wax protective shield, then the insects are covered only with a wax coating. The adult individual of the aphid is still, while its larvae move briskly through any part of the plant. Chervets (shaggy lice) form numerous colonies that are visible to the naked eye. Among the diseases often rot.
Pest and disease control measures
The shield looks like a dark spot on the leaves. To destroy it, the leaves are treated with a solution of soap. Для повышения эффективности средства, в раствор добавляют каплю керосина или денатурированный спирт. Неподвижную взрослую щитовку удаляют с помощью влажного ватного тампона. По окончании обработки растение опрыскивают «Конфидором» (инсектицид).
Появление на листьях «белой ваты» сигнализирует о подселении мучнистого червеца
Clivia affected by mealybug photo
If the pest is detected in a timely manner, then for disposal it is enough to remove it with a cotton swab. The cock has managed to create a colony - then not to do without the use of insecticides, such as "Calypso", "Fitoverm". Treatment is done once a week until the parasite disappears.
When absolutely all the leaves begin to turn yellow, slowly dying off - then this is a clear sign of the defeat of the root system rot. To avoid the spread of the disease, the cleavage is carefully dug, the roots are inspected, all damages are removed, not forgetting to make charcoal powder, transplanted into another soil.
A very frequent cause of the appearance of pests and diseases is the poor bacteriological condition of the soil, therefore, it is recommended to start each transplant with disinfection of the soil.
Reviews of many admirers of home beauty Clivia
- And my clivia loves when she is rearranged, although it is written everywhere that she cannot bear it. I strictly adhere to watering: twice a week in summer, once in winter without overflow. I use universal fertilizer for feeding. I believe that the dust that accumulates on the leaves is very harmful to the plant, besides it looks ugly, faded, so I often wipe them.
Klivia together with his mother planted 6 years ago. I have been enjoying its flowering for 3 years now, but it has not bloomed in my mother yet. I wonder why?
- Yes, it's just a universal flower! The flowers resemble bells and can be bright red, orange or delicate yellow-white. They do not grow alone, but in full buds of 30 pieces at once. Although they do not recommend spraying, I do it anyway. When blooming - I try not to touch. As soon as at least one spine gets out of the drainage hole, I immediately transplant.
- Girls! My sweetheart has blossomed - orange clivia! Like the sun in my house settled. It is located on my balcony. When it gets very hot in the summer, I bring it into the room. Blooms happy twice a year.
- 7 years ago I was given a birthday present. My friends knew my love for flowers, they gave beauty to the clique. It was not like other flowers from my collection. I had to develop individual rules for her care:
- watering is required only when the ground is dried,
- as soon as the peduncle appears, it will not hurt to water the flower twice with very warm water, with a temperature of +45 .. + 50 ° C, in order to strengthen it, to grow higher,
- after flowering, after 2 weeks, remove the peduncle and transplant it. When transplanting, slightly shorten the roots. This simple procedure will provide a second clivia bloom in a year.
- location plays an important role, I choose only the east side.
By the way, 2 times a year, for 20 - 25 days, my pet spoils with its flowering, plus a bunch of babies.
Due to the variety of varieties, the flowers are white, yellow, orange. This sweet shy does not require special conditions. Can do without the annual transplanting, moist air. If she has a permanent place with windows to the east, as well as an organized period of rest, she will delight you with a hat of bright colors every year.
In the name Clivia immortalized the name of a woman
The Duchess of Northumberland Charlotte Clive was so keen on floriculture that botanist John Lindley had the idea to encourage her whim. So the flower was named in honor of the governess of a noble person from the royal house, which later became Queen Victoria. In the middle of the century, Robert Garden, a major in the British Army, brought a completely new look to Europe. A little later he was dubbed Garden's clavia. Clivia is a genus of evergreens of the Amaryllis family. They all do not have a stem.
Basal leaves are so tightly woven that they form a false stem. Her belt-like long leaves are cast in dark green. At home, the height of clivia does not exceed 0.5 m, although in nature it reaches one meter in height. When the flowering period begins, a flower stalk appears. It contains umbrella-shaped inflorescences. The diameter of the head of the inflorescence reaches 20 cm. Its fruit is a berry. The subtropical zone of the wet forests of southern Africa is considered the birthplace of the flower. For indigenous people, the poisonous juice of the leaves is valuable as a drug. Without having knowledge in this matter, it is dangerous to engage in self-treatment with the help of deadly juice.
What is the difference between clivia and vallota?
Because of the similarity of the shape of the flowers and leaves, they are often confused with the wallet. Despite the fact that both belong to the same family, they differ in individual traits. If you take the root system, the rhizome of the wallota is more similar to the ovate-elongated bulb than the fleshy resemblance of a bulb in clivia. The fan-shaped leaves of clivia are longer and wider than the leaves of the vallota, darker in color, and have no longitudinal vein in the center. At the base of the leaves, the vallots are painted in a rich purple color, their end is rounded.
In Clivia, the tip of each sheet is pointed, and strokes are visible along the entire length. When a sheet is cut, the juice is yellow-orange in color, while the wallota does not have this feature.
On the same stem, the vallota has up to 5 flowers, they are red in color and rather large in size. The small flowers of Clivia have an orange color with a yellow middle, their number on one peduncle reaches 30.
Clivia Cinnabar Clivia miniata
Clivia Cinnabar Clivia miniata photo
Sometimes called surikovo-orange. Flowering occurs from February to May. Beneficial circumstances contribute to the re-ejection of the arrow. On the peduncle, 0.4-0.5 m long, in the form of a rosette, from 10 to 20 flowers bloom.
Clivia beautiful or noble Clivia nobilis
Clivia nobilis Clivia nobilis photo care and cultivation
Pleases the eye in the second half of winter. The number of flowers in the inflorescence varies from 40 to 60. The length of the peduncle is 0.3-0.5 m.
Among all species, clivia cinnabar was the most flexible in selection. Was used in the breeding of more than a dozen new hybrid varieties.
How to plant a plant at home?
Clivia, as the owner of a complex and intertwined root system, is difficult to undergo manipulations with a transplant, the risk of rotting of the root system is great. Replanting a plant is required to renew the soil and to expand the size of the pot in accordance with overgrown roots.
There are two ways to upgrade the soil and solutions to the problem of root fibers dislodged from the soil: transplanting and transshipment.
- Transshipment This is done once every two years immediately after the flowering period is completed, this is typical for the care of adult clevia. For young flowers transfer is done annually. When transferring the plant gently dumped from the old pot along with an earthy lump.
The pot is taken a little wider and the plant is rolled there, increasing the volume of the earth and not destroying the integrity of the soil coma that cling over the clivia roots. If we are talking about the first two years of the life of the plant, then add a little ripper in the form of sand or perlite to the upper layer.
The need for action is caused by the probable presence in the soil of harmful bacteria and larvae of insect parasites that cause diseases in plants. It is possible to disinfect the soil in four ways.
The first is when the soil is shed with boiling water. The second is when they do treatment with a solution with a minimum percentage of potassium permanganate. The third - the soil is heated in an oven at 250 degrees for ten minutes. The fourth method is roasting in the microwave for three minutes at the maximum temperature.
Sometimes they resort to the use of chemicals for the purpose of antiseptic treatment., but they destroy not only the harmful factor, the healthy soil microflora is also disturbed.
After the antiseptic part of the soil is enriched with nutrient fertilizers.
For young saplings, loose soil is more suitable; for this reason, perlite or sand is mixed into the soil for five parts of the earth, one part of the medium.
- Start the process 4-5 hours after watering.
- Prepare a litter for the plant, you can use a piece of oilcloth or the flooring of newspapers.
- Pour the soil from the bag into the basin, beforehand attend the presence of a scoop for putting soil into the pot. It is unacceptable to use sharp inventory, you can damage the roots.
- Wear rubber gloves to protect your hands.
- Carefully remove the roots from the pot. Perhaps this is the most responsible and tense moment of the whole event.
- If the plant is at least two years old and no more than eight, then clean the roots from the ground by washing with water at room temperature.
- Inspect the root carefully for lesions.
- In the presence of patients and rotten parts of the root system, you need to carefully cut off these areas and process the places of cuts. For processing should be pounded ordinary charcoal or pharmacy activated.
Powder sprinkled with damaged powder. It is unacceptable to use hookah coal or coal tablets for burning resinous incense, as additives are introduced there to alleviate the fire, which can cause serious harm to the plant.
The pH level should be about six units, as Clivia loves slightly acidic soil. Also an important indicator is the friability and lightness of the soil.
To achieve such standards combine the middle peat, turf and compost. Add to the soil charcoal or bark, or withers. You can take ready-made land for orchids, its composition corresponds to the vital needs of Clivia.
The required amount and grade of fertilizer for soil
Organic and mineral fertilizers are added to feed clivia into the ground every couple of weeks from spring until the end of the summer season. Mineral fertilizer is diluted with two grams per liter of water. Organic is sold in liquid form and is dosed according to the individual instructions for the product.
Nutrition organic and minerals produced alternately, through time. When transplanting, the soil is enriched with phosphates, and mineral or organic fertilizer is poured after some time, if the transplant coincides with the period of recommended organic-mineral replenishment.
From the beginning of October and until the appearance of the first flowering process do not feed. More as organics take a mullein, ashes, compost, sapropel.
As already stated A new container for a transplant should correspond to the volume of the braided earthy clod. Clivia began to need more space for its roots and before buying it, they estimate the approximate volume of a replacement flower pot for the old.
The shape of the vessel should be in the form of a cylinder, as clivia roots develop downwards. Tapering in the lower part of the pots are not suitable here, they will not allow the root system to gain growth and strength.
The height of the pot is calculated as follows - to the length of the earthen coma add five centimeters to the dirt pad and three to four to the drainage embankment. Also, two or three centimeters are added for the upper indent from the edge of the pot, that is, from the open part of the neck of the plant root to the edge of the tank. This open area without soil, can be sprinkled with expanded clay moisture regulator, which prevents the formation of mold on the ground during watering.
Receiving transfer material
Cleavage should be planted, both for overgrown pot plants and for purchased options. The roots of the purchased flower are in a specific temporary substrate and need to be transplanted for life and development. The technology of transplantation is exactly the same, with the only difference that the method of transshipment is impossible for a purchased plant.
Features and aftercare
The first three days the plant needs to create a zone of rest. For this it is necessary to place the switch in the shadow part of the room. After that, the pot is moved to a favorable place, with ambient lighting and temperature appropriate for the time of year.
It is known that Clivia loves coolness in the autumn-winter period and feels great when the temperature regime is 14-15 degrees. After transplantation, such a regime is not suitable, and it is placed in such conditions no earlier than in a month or two, waiting until the plant is fully strengthened and fully habitable.
Fertilizers begin to apply after the flower pick up the fortress, take root, finish. This is important because there is an intensification of the reserves of the forces of the plant itself, which requires a period of "independence", since the internal resources of the vital forces of a flower are revealed only in conditions without additional feeding. Prior to this, watered in normal mode with clean water.
The reason for this is mechanical injury to the root system or root neck penetration. When deepening, the plant thus normalizes the ratio of the above-ground and underground parts.
In case of mechanical injury, the process no longer carries a corrective effect, but goes as an indicator of a painful phenomenon. In this case, you can make watering means "Zircon". Concentrate from the extraction of echinacea, a powerful antioxidant, acts as an antimicrobial factor and biostimulant simultaneously. This drug is used only in cases of acute need.
Clivia flower - description
Clivia Evergreen differs basal xiphoid, elastic, dark green leaves, the length of which can be from forty to seventy centimeters. Leaf plates tightly wrapping around each other form a stem-like rosette. During flowering, a flower stalk is formed from twenty to forty centimeters high. It has ribbed edges and an umbellate inflorescence, which can form from twelve to thirty large-bell-like flowers. The diameter of each open bud is from fifteen to twenty centimeters. They bloom gradually, because of what clivia blooms for three weeks.
The most common plant in the home floriculturewhich in nature grows in the mountains and on the coast of South Africa. The height of clivia cinnabar grows to fifty centimeters, has wide, tapering to the end leaves and tubular large flowers of orange or scarlet-red color, the middle of which is yellow. The plant has an umbrella spherical inflorescence consisting of ten to twenty buds. They are located radially and directed in different directions.
Clavium blooms in spring. Depending on the variety, its flowers can be orange with a yellow center, red-orange, salmon with a yellow center, bright red, yellow, golden-green, sunny yellow, white, pinkish.
Clivia is variegated
The plant is a variety of Clivia cinnabar and has many varieties with buds of different colors:
- "Mopi hert" - a plant with delicate white flowers, the tips of which are pinkish petals,
- "Milk Ufyt" and "Snowball" are distinguished by snow-white buds.
- "Solomon Yellow" - a variety with yellow flowers.
- "Striat" - a plant with leaves in white or yellow stripes and bright orange buds.
- “Japan pastels” is distinguished by delicate flowers of white and cream color.
Home care for cleavage
The plant loves bright light without direct sunlight.. Therefore, it will suit the western, eastern or northern window sills. Clivia is unpretentious, but you need to know the rules of caring for her:
- In summer, the air temperature for a flower should be between +20 and +25 degrees.
- In winter, the plant requires a dormant period with air temperature from +12 to +15 degrees. Otherwise, in the spring it may not bloom. A dormant period begins, depending on the age of the flower. In adult plants, it occurs in October and lasts for five months. Young specimens begin to rest from September to November. In order to provide the plant with a comfortable temperature at this time, it is exposed to a glazed loggia. At this time, watering should be rare, and feeding stopped altogether.
- In the summer, a flower pot can be brought to fresh air by placing it in partial shade.
- В вегетационный период поливы должны быть регулярными, но умеренными. Поливают отстоянной, мягкой водой после просыхания верхнего слоя грунта.
- Влажность воздуха для кливии не важна. Но чтобы листочки выглядели красиво, их регулярно протирают влажной губкой или тряпочкой.
- In spring and summer, when the plant has a growing season, fertilizers are fed with mineral and organic fertilizers, in which there should not be a large amount of nitrogen. Otherwise, foliage will grow, not buds.
Special care Clivia needed at the beginning of flowering. At the end of winter or early spring, its floral arrow should reach a height of ten to fifteen centimeters. At this time, the flower pot is transferred to a well-lit, bright area, irrigation increases and fertilizer is applied. The duration of flowering depends on the number of peduncles that bloom one after another.
When the clivia picks up the buds and blooms, it cannot be moved from place to place and the pot is turned. Otherwise, the buds will begin to fall off. After flowering, a flower pot can be placed in a shady spot on the balcony or in the garden.
With proper care and placement clivia may bloom again. For this you need:
- after resting in the open air, place the plant in a room where there is little light,
- water only when the ground dries out completely,
- do not feed.
Under such conditions, the flower leaves will begin to turn yellow, and a new flower arrow may form. As soon as she grows up to ten to fifteen centimeters, the flower enters the bright room. But it should be borne in mind that young plants do not re-bloom.
Propagation side shoots
At home, the plant is quite simple propagated by side shootswhich are formed in an adult plant. When transplanting, when the flowering has already ended, the children are separated from the mother plant. This should be done carefully so as not to damage the fragile roots. Selected shoots with four or more leaves.
For kids prepared containers with diameters of seven centimeters. They are covered with sand, in which separated shoots are planted. When caring for them, the soil should be moistened so that it does not completely dry and at the same time is not too wet. Rooting should occur in a warm room. Young clivia will bloom in three or four years.
The culture has long, fleshy leafy plates that form a false stem, from the center of which a flower stalk emerges with buds that turn into beautiful bell-shaped flowers, gathered into one neat umbrella inflorescence.
However, in order to grow a beautiful and healthy plant, efforts should be made that will be rewarded with abundant flowering and extraordinary decorativeness.
Clivia: home care
Important! Clivia leaves and roots contain a toxin unsafe for health. Take care when taking care of the plant. Do not allow parts and juice of the plant inside the body. Keep it out of the reach of children and animals.
Lighting and temperature content
Where you put the clique is not particularly significant. The main thing that the lighting was bright enough, but without direct sunlight. You can put even at the south window, but at some distance, so that the burning rays do not fall on the plant.
The most acceptable temperature for growing clivia is from +20 to +25 degrees. But at the same time, for abundant flowering, she also needs a period of rest. It usually starts in the middle of autumn. During this period, you should try to provide her with cooler conditions within +12 +14 degrees. The emergence of a flower stalk will indicate the emergence of clivia from dormancy. Many growers - lovers do without this period. It does not harm the general condition of the plant, but flowering is poorer.
Note. The wintering period of Clivia depends on its age and size. Accordingly, the older and largest the flower, the longer the rest period.
In summer, clivia will feel much better not in the room, but in the open air, be it a window sill by the open window, a balcony, a loggia or a garden. The main thing to protect it at this time from the hot sun and strong wind.
Watering and dressing clivia
In watering clivia, it is necessary to observe moderation, but also not to allow the ground to dry out completely. Determine the need for watering is very easy. As soon as the top layer of the earth in the pot has dried up - it's time to water it. The exception is the rest period. At this time, it is possible not to water the water at all. Or, to avoid the loss of leaves - very rarely and moderately. After the plant leaves the state of rest, watering is resumed as usual. Clivia is not indifferent to the quality of water for irrigation. Do not use water directly from the tap, let it settle well. It will be very good if you soften it. Clivia prefers soft water. How to soften the water for irrigation read - here.
When choosing fertilizers for fertilizing, give preference to specialized fertilizers. Although suitable and any fertilizer for flowering plants. The main thing - that it does not contain a large amount of nitrogen, which will slow down the main flowering and prevent possible re-flowering clivia. A good result is the alternation of liquid organics and the complete mineral complex. For normal development of the plant, two supplements per month are enough in the period from the beginning of the growing season (exit from the state of rest) to the end of summer - beginning of autumn.
As for the humidity of the air, it is not essential for clivia. It can be limited to simply wiping the leaves with a damp sponge. And even then, it is rather a hygienic procedure.
Leaving after flowering
Clivia bloom relatively long. It can last up to a month. After its completion, you can safely transfer the flower to fresh air in light penumbra. At the same time it is possible to carry out transplantation, separation of children. Often the question arises - What to do with the flower stem? Cut the clitoria peduncle or not? My advice is do not be in a hurry. The peduncle is essentially a modified leaf and it plays its part in the life of the plant. It is also quite likely that clivia will give fruit and you will want to give it the opportunity to ripen to get seeds suitable for reproduction. In this case, cut the flower will have all the same, but the plant itself will tell you when to do it better. Gradually, it will begin to turn yellow and dry. Usually with the beginning of the wintering spike can be removed.
This plant reacts extremely negatively to the direct rays of the sun, therefore it needs to be tinted from them. It feels great on the window sills of windows located in the eastern or western part of the room. It can also be placed on the northern window-sill, but it is worth considering that there the growth of clivia will slow down and, most likely, the flowering will not come at all. In the warm season it is recommended to move the flower to the street and choose partial shade for its placement.
This flower feels very good at normal room temperature. During the growing season is best to ensure the plant temperature in the range of 20-25 degrees. During the rest period, which begins in October, the air temperature in the room should be reduced to 12-14 degrees. After the clive appears at the flower, it is placed in a room with an air temperature of 18–20 degrees.
This flower does not impose special requirements for air humidity.
Clivia species photos and titles
Clivia Cinnabar (miniat, orange) - is the most common type of plant. In Latin, the name of the culture is pronounced clivia miniata. At rest, almost all plant species look the same. The culture reaches a height of 70 centimeters and has a belt of prominent dark green leaf plates.
The inflorescences of the plant are large, reddish-orange. Flowering time falls on the period from February to March. Up to 20 inflorescences can be located on one peduncle. It was this flower that became the basis for the development of new clivia species.
Clivia Belaya - The plant reaches a height of 70 centimeters. It has long, fleshy dark green leafy plates of the belt type. On the elastic, high peduncle blooms up to 20 beautiful white-colored inflorescences, shaped like a bell. Culture blooms in early spring.
Yellow clivia - The culture has large, umbrella colors of yellow with a delicate aroma. They bloom on a long stalk that appears during the growing season. Flowering time falls in the middle of spring. In height the plant reaches 70 centimeters and has a rich green belt leaves.
Clivia Noble - variety bred in 1828 in Europe. In nature, the plant grows in Africa and reaches a height of up to 30 centimeters. The leaf plates are xiphoid, narrowed at the ends, long dark green. Peduncle reaches a length of 50 centimeters. It forms up to 60 wilted, tubular inflorescences of red or yellow-orange hue. Flowering time is in the second half of winter.
In length, the culture reaches from 30 to 50 centimeters. In the wild, it grows in the Cape Province. The leaf plates are long, dark green with a narrowed end. Peduncle is thick, elastic, not large, pale red inflorescences, gathered in an umbrella grow on it. Culture blooms in the second half of winter.
Clivia Gardena - The plant was discovered by Robert Garden, who first discovered the clique in the city of Quasal. Growing culture in the shady foothills. Its height reaches 50 centimeters, and the length of bright green, xiphoidal leaf plates up to 90 centimeters. Buds appear on a high peduncle, and blooming, turn into red-orange bell-shaped flowers. Flowering time is in autumn or the beginning of winter.
Clivia the Beautiful - is a miniature variety of a plant reaching a height of up to 30 centimeters. The leaf plates are dark green, sword-shaped with a pointed edge. Peduncle thick and long, may contain up to 60 tubular orange inflorescences of medium size. This species of clivia blooms in the second half of winter.
Clivia Citrine - this variety was bred in 1899. The culture reaches a height of up to 60 centimeters. It has a long belt with prominent leaf plates of a rich green color. Inflorescences of creamy yellow color with a pleasant aroma are located on a long peduncle. The flowering time of the plant lasts from February to March.
This plant variety was discovered in 1943 in South Africa. The culture is rather large, possessing an unusual stem, formed from the lower dried leaf plates. The stem has an air root system and the belt is prominent, dark green, smooth, long leaves. Inflorescences drooping, bell-shaped red-orange color. The plant blooms in spring or summer, but there are cases when it blooms in autumn.
Clivia Amazing - This variety was discovered in 2002 in South Africa. The plant reaches a height of 60 centimeters and has an unusual leaf-shaped xiphoid plate of dark green color with a white stripe in the middle and a maroon base. The inflorescence of the culture is medium, drooping, bell-shaped orange-red shade.
Clivia variegated - South Africa is the birthplace of the plant. Grows culture to 50 centimeters in length. Possesses a belt of prominent, smooth dark green leaf plates with a white stripe in the middle. On a high peduncle are located red-orange inflorescences of bell-shaped type. The flowering time of the plant falls at the end of spring-early summer.
Clivia Powerful - in height the plant reaches 180 centimeters and has long, sword-shaped leaves with a pointed end of a dark green shade. Inflorescences are average, bell-shaped, forming an umbrella bunch. Blooms culture in the middle of winter.
The plant needs moderate watering. If there is a surplus of moisture, it will lead to decay of the root system and the death of the culture. For watering should use only separated and warm water.
It is necessary to moisten the soil only when its top layer is completely dry. After the peduncle pasture and until all inflorescences are fully opened, the liquid should be added to the plant a little more. After flowering, watering should be reduced.
During wintering, watering should be carried out once a month to prevent the sheet plates from drying out. In winter, you need to carefully monitor the leaves. If they turned yellow and began to dry, it means clivia lacks moisture. In summer, the flower should be sprayed twice a day, and once a week, wipe its leafy plates with a damp sponge.
Soil for clivia
Dredges for plants can be prepared independently. To do this, you need to take the turf and leaf land in equal shares and mix them with a small amount of coarse, river sand. Before planting a flower should take care of the drainage layer, making it out of small clay.
If desired, the grower can purchase a substrate specifically for bulbous crops. But before planting, it is still necessary to mix with the garden and forest soil in the same proportions.
Capacity for planting culture should be about 3 centimeters wider than the previous one. The plant should be in it slightly closely, so you can increase the timing of clivia bloom.
When planting a flower in a large pot, the culture will not bloom until its root system completely occupies the entire capacity.
When choosing a pot for a plant, you should make sure that there are drainage holes in it, with the help of which air will be accessed by the crop and excess moisture will be drained away, allowing you to avoid rotting of the root system.
Feed the plant should be only during the growing season, which lasts from early spring to late summer. Fertilization should be carried out once a month.
You can use the “Ideal” complex organic fertilizer or use mineral fertilizer to dilute potassium nitrate, urea and superphosphate in the same proportions. Nitrogen supplements should be made to a minimum, otherwise the plant will have luxurious foliage, but the flowering will not appear.
Potassium fertilizer should be applied once in the winter season, when the plant has a flower spike. From the beginning of autumn to the beginning of spring, fertilizer cannot be fertilized.
The procedure for trimming a plant, or rather, its peduncle, is carried out immediately after flowering, cut it at the base.
However, if the florist wants to get the seeds of culture, the spike should be preserved until they mature. Also, to preserve the decorativeness, you can trim the tips of the leaf plates in case of their yellowing.
Preparing Clivia for Winter
In winter, the plant should be kept in a cool room, watering it only once a month as the topsoil dries. You must also ensure that the temperature does not fall below +12, otherwise the culture will die. The optimal temperature regime will be considered indicators from + 14 to +17.
When the peduncle appears, the temperature should be raised to 20 degrees. After flowering, it must again be reduced to +17 and maintained in this mode until spring.
Clivia breeding kids
The most common method of reproduction is the cultivation of a flower with the help of children, which are formed next to the mother plants.
For planting shoots at a permanent growth site, they should be very carefully excavated and separated so as not to damage the root system of an adult plant. On the shoots should be at least four leaflets.
Clivia of seeds at home
It is also possible to propagate the cliivia by the seed method. However, in this case, it should be noted that the young plant will begin to bloom only a few years later. Seed material can only be obtained from plants that are over eight years old. For the seeds to germinate, they must be planted immediately after assembly.
For sowing plants should prepare ground mix and pour it into a container with drainage holes. Then the seeds are distributed over the ground and gently press them into the ground mixture, after which they spray the earth with a spray bottle, then covering it with polyethylene.
The prepared container is removed in a bright and warm place, from time to time removing the film and airing the seeds, and if necessary, moisturizing. Sprouts will appear in a month. When young plants take root and grow up a little, they can be transplanted into separate containers for further growth.
Problems with growing clivia
When growing this unique flower, the following problems may arise:
- Short peduncle - this situation may occur as a result of low humidity or too low temperature readings.
- Slowing growth - A similar problem arises due to exposure to pests or lack of sunlight.
- Yellowing sheet plates - leaves may turn yellow as a result of sunburn, improper watering, lack of nutrients or after transplanting.
- No flowering - if the plant ceased to bloom, perhaps the rest period was not observed, it did not have enough light, or there was too high a temperature, which led to similar consequences.
- Dry leaves - Often the drying of the leaf plates occurs as a result of the over-wetting of the soil.
By eliminating all the defects in the care of a plant, the florist will be able to return to it its former beauty and healthy, decorative appearance.
Clivia omens and superstitions
Об этой яркой экзотической культуре существует множество поверий, в которые верят многие цветоводы. Также свое место занимает кливия и в восточной философии Фэн-Шуй.
Так как растение ядовито, оно создает вокруг себя прочную мистическую ауру и некую загадочность.
К приметам об этом цветке относят:
- Kliuviyu can not be put in the bedroom, as it will make the marital relationship of discord and quarrel. In addition, the strong energy of the flower can affect dreams and cause insomnia.
- The plant is an ideal option for decorating the living room and office. In these rooms, it will positively affect the environment and eliminate the negative. And if you put a few coins in her pot, it will attract wealth to the house and improve family well-being.
- If the flower has stopped blooming or has suddenly dried up, then this is a very disturbing omen, foreshadowing expenses, negative changes and non-material losses.
With proper care of the plant, the owner of clivia may not worry that any negative changes will occur in his life, everything will be exactly the opposite. The house will come wealth, joy and family well-being, and not everyone dreams about it?
Clivia by Feng Shui
According to ancient oriental philosophy, the flower should be grown in the south side of the house. Clivia can neutralize negative energy. It is a real find for travelers, can inspire its owner for new discoveries, achievements and profitable projects.
Since the plant is under the sign of the sun, it is able to harmonize the energy in the house and balance the energy fields of all living in it.
Culture has a beneficial effect on the life force and tone of its owner, so it will feel full of energy and ready for new challenges. The flower brings joy and love to the house and is ready to share its light and positive energy with others.
The seeds purchased in the store are soaked for a day in water, and then sown in a mixture of peat, sand and sod land. A mixture of perlite and peat can be used for sowing. The distance between the seeds should be two centimeters. They are placed at a depth of one centimeter and covered with plastic or glass on top.
The air temperature for seed germination should be within +22 degrees. Care of crops is to maintain the soil in a wet state and its daily ventilation. Approximately in a month and a half sprouts will appear.
As soon as the seedlings grow their first true leaf, they dive. In this case, you will need a more nutritious mixture, which may consist of leaf, humus and clay soil.
In the first year, only two or three leaves are formed on a plant grown from seeds. Clivia grows slowlytherefore every year no more than four new leaves will appear on it. Flowering occurs only in the fifth or sixth year.
How to water
Watering this plant should be moderate, while you should be careful that water does not accumulate in the pan. During the rest period, the flower is not watered at all, or it is rarely done. After the buds begin to form on the peduncle, they start watering abundantly to the clique and use extremely warm water for this.
It is necessary to feed the plant only during its flowering, as well as active growth. So, during flowering fertilizer should be applied to the soil 2 times a month. In this case, fertilizers are selected such that contain a small amount of nitrogen. This is due to the fact that nitrogen can cause the absence of a second flowering, but foliage will grow very well.
Features of the rest period
Clivia necessarily need to provide a rest period, because it is a guarantee of regular and very good flowering. As a rule, its beginning falls on the month of October or November. The duration of this period is 2-3 months. In order for the plant to pass into a dormant period, it must not only be placed in a cool room in the autumn, but also significantly reduced watering.
Fertilizers cannot be applied to the ground at this time. The recommended temperature in a room that contains clivia is 10–12 degrees. However, if there is no such possibility, then at normal room temperature the rest period proceeds quite well. In the event that the plant begins to fold the leaves, it must be urgently watered (quite a bit).
While the plant is young, its flowering occurs only once a year. After the flower becomes an adult, it will bloom twice a year (but that is if it is completely healthy). At the end of the dormant period, a flower arrow forms at the clivia and after it reaches a height of 10–15 centimeters, the flower is moved to a room with normal room temperature and provides abundant watering. This plant is not recommended to touch until such time as the flower arrow does not grow fully, it is allowed only to water it at this time (infrequently and a little). It should be borne in mind that a sharp change in temperature can cause a halt in the development of buds. In the case when the flower in the period of rest was at room temperature, he just needs to increase the watering. In this case, you need to water the plant with warm water in order to activate the growth of the peduncle. It is forbidden to move the flower pot during the budding and flowering period.
When flowering is over, do not stop watering and fertilizing the flower. In the last summer months may bloom again. In the case when the peduncle does not appear, the plant can be provided with an artificial rest period. To do this, it is moved to a dark and cool place, not fed, and watering is performed extremely rarely. After a few weeks you will be able to see that the clivia has formed a peduncle.
It is worth knowing that flowering can occur without a period of rest, and all because this plant is extremely unpretentious. It can adapt to almost any conditions, and at least once a year clivia will bloom. It is noteworthy that flowering occurs every time at different times.
You can get seeds from a plant, but it uses artificial pollination. Green fruits acquire a red-orange shade only after a year. At the same time you need to know that during fruiting the plant should be regularly fed. Seeds can be collected only after the fruits become soft.
How to transplant
Transplantation is carried out only when absolutely necessary, for example, when the roots no longer fit into the pot. It is better to limit the handling, in order to protect the roots from damage that may lead to rotting of the root system, especially if the soil is too wet. The pot should be taken a little more than the previous one.
How to multiply
Propagated by lateral children and seeds. The lateral babies detach from the adult flower during transplantation, and they must have at least four leaflets. For planting use small pots filled with a mixture of sand and leaf soil. Watered moderately. Flowering occurs in 2 or 3 years.
Seeding is done shortly after they mature. For sowing using a mixture of sand and turf soil. Seedlings will appear in 1–1.5 months. Transplant is carried out after the appearance of 1 leaf. Growth is very slow, and such clivia will bloom only in 3 or 4 years.
The mealybug can live or scythe. To destroy them, wipe the plant with a sponge moistened with soapy water and treat with an actellic solution.