The Chinese believe that the gods themselves protect the growing of peonies. And, indeed, the flowers are unusually showy and original. Ugly pions simply does not happen. But some varieties are the most attractive. This group includes, for example, the luxurious peony Sarah Bernard. Description of the variety, planting and caring for this beautiful plant - we'll talk about all this later in the article.
History of creation
This peony was bred in the XIX century by the breeder Pierre Louis Lemoine. The garden qualities of the Sarah Bernard variety were recognized as outstanding at that time. No wonder this peony at the beginning of the century was awarded the prize AGM Award of Garden RHS. And still Sara Bernard remains a real legend in the world of ornamental garden crops.
Peony Sarah Bernhardt: variety description
This peony belongs to the group of late-ripened herbaceous. Its terry huge flowers (up to 20 cm in diameter) are distinguished by their pleasant juicy, uniform purple-raspberry-pink color. Each petal of Sarah Bernard is trimmed with a silvery border. Flowers of this grade amaze with riches of tones and half tones. This peony in the garden attracts attention not only by its truly luxurious appearance. The aroma of this variety is also very pleasant and rich. Sarah Bernhard blooms profusely and generously.
This peony grows quite high. But while the bush itself is durable. The color of the leaves and trunks of this variety have a rich dark green. They keep this pleasant color until late autumn. Stems in this variety are erect. The bush C ara Bernard looks very neat in this way. The advantages of this variety, among other things, include the fact that its stems never fall to the ground under the weight of flowers. No support is required when growing this flower.
For the first time, buds on the bushes of this variety usually appear in the second year after planting. These peonies bloom in summer, around the second half of June.
The color of the peony petals of this variety is thus pink. But in the gardens you can see such flowers as a very delicate shade, and darker and more saturated. Both this and the other species are considered to be the variety Sarah Bernard. Why did this happen, and because of what these peonies can have some difference in shades? This discrepancy is explained quite simply. At the beginning of the activities of the Peony Society of the USA, American fans of this decorative culture, unfortunately, mixed up the names of some varieties. This also affected such a popular variety at that time, like the Sara Bernard peony. Description of the variety, photos - all this was presented to the public incorrectly.
Later, at the request of members of the Pionovod society, the originator Desser tried to restore order in this matter. As a result, even varieties with 4-5 other names were identified. One of them was Sarah Bernard. Inaccuracies were eventually corrected. But unfortunately, some pionologists later found the results of Desser’s work unsatisfactory. As a result, confusion has again crept into the classification of variety names.
The controversy about how a peony should actually be C ara Bern r, does not abate so far. Own arguments lead as supporters of a rich color, and gentle. Most breeders are inclined to believe that the real Sarah Bernard has a dark color of petals. Pale pink flowers, according to pionovods, belong to a completely different variety, also very old - Eugenie Verdier.
How to plant
The Sara Bernard peony looks (the description of the variety was given in all the details above) is simply luxurious. But, of course, these bushes will be beautiful only if they are properly cared for. In growing a peony, Sarah Bernard is considered relatively unpretentious. Planted these flowers in the soil in the spring. The bushes should be placed in such a way that each of them had at least 1 m 2 of free space. The pit under Sarah Bernard’s peonies, since the bushes grow quite large and the root system is developed, it is made larger - 60 x 60 x 60 cm. The mixture for filling is prepared from the following components:
nutritious sod land
compost or manure,
superphosphate (200 grams per bush),
bone meal (400 gr),
potassium chloride (100 g).
Actually landing technology itself is as follows:
in the center of the pit pour a small mound,
put on it rhizome,
gently spreading the roots
fall asleep pit soil to the top.
Sarah Bernard should plant the pion in such a way that its buds are located at a depth of 3-5 cm from the soil surface. This condition must be met necessarily. Otherwise, later on, Sarah Bernard, like any other variety, may simply not bloom. Or the bush will not look too attractive.
Peony Sarah Bernard: variety description, care
At one place, these flowers can germinate up to 30-50 years. The variety is hardy and undemanding. However, in order for the bushes to bloom well, the owners of the site should observe the following recommendations when growing:
Peony should be planted in a well-lit place,
on the bush in the summer you need to leave no more than half of the flower sticks thrown out by them.
In the fall, the bush is simply cut, leaving 1-2 cm of the stem over the buds. Covering it for the winter is not necessary. Russian cold Sarah Bernard tolerates well. But for fidelity, the remaining “hemp” after cutting can be sprinkled with peat or humus.
How to multiply
Thus, we figured out what the Sarah Bernard ion represents (description of the variety, planting). Next, let's see how you can propagate these beautiful flowers.
In order to get a lot of new pions from one e-shop, you just need to divide the rhizome of the latter. Of course, this should be done only after the plant has gained enough strength - in the third or fourth year after planting. Thus, it is completely easy to propagate the Sara Bernard peony. The description of the variety, given in the article, makes it possible to judge it as rather unpretentious. These peonies are well received. However, to perform the operation to separate the roots is on time. Perform this procedure laid no earlier than August - September.
How to feed
Undemanding soil composition is what distinguishes, among other things, the Sarah Bernhard peony. The description of the variety, given to him in the compilation of old catalogs, makes it possible to judge him as one of the most enduring.
Feed Sarah Bernard too often is not necessary. Fertilizers introduced into the pit during planting, the plant lasts a very long time. In the first two years, no compositions should be used to improve the soil under these pions. In the future, for better development and abundant flowering, you can apply both organic and mineral supplements.
For the first time Sarah Bernard peonies fertilize in the spring. At the same time under the bushes usually make humus. You can also use urea in the amount of one matchbox per 10 liters of water. The second time the peonies are fed in the fall. At the same time use a complex composition intended for grassy ornamental crops, not containing nitrogenous components.
How to water the peonies
So, the culture is hardy enough - Sarah Bernhard peony. The description of the variety (planting and caring for these plants is simple), given above, makes it possible to judge this unequivocally. Sarah Bernard, for example, is not at all afraid of drought. But, of course, it is necessary to dampen the soil under these peonies. In hot weather, plants are watered about 1 time in 10 days. In this case, about 30 liters of water are poured onto each bush. To burns, these peonies are prone to a little. But still, it is desirable to conduct watering only in the morning or evening, often by the method of the root. In particular, this variety needs moisture during the budding period.
What diseases can affect
For all sorts of pests and pathogens, the Sarah Bernard variety is quite resistant. However, under adverse conditions, these peonies can still get sick. Most often, Sarah Bernhardt is affected by gray mold. For the prevention of this unpleasant disease, the landing of pions is desirable to be treated in the spring with a 5% solution of Bordeaux mixture. For each adult shrub, 5-6 liters of fertilizer should be used.
Also, a peony variety Sarah Bernard is sometimes prone to the disease of rust colors. For prophylaxis in this case, a good 6-7% solution of copper oxychloride. You can also use Bordeaux liquid.
So, the reader now understands how it looks and what features the Sarah Bernard ion differs from. Variety description, one ako, will be incomplete without mentioning its modern varieties.
Base Sarah Bernard, as we found out, has a dark crimson-pink color of the petals. However, today, if you wish, you can purchase modern variations of this peony of different shades. In addition to the dark crimson, the milky white peony White Sarah Bernhardt is very popular with lovers of garden ornamental plants. The description of the variety in this case (with the exception of color) is similar to the main variety. The shape of these flowers are rose-like. A distinctive feature of their buds, however, is the presence of rounded petals. White Sarah Bernard looks very impressive. Each petal of this variety, like that of the base form, has a pale silver border.
In addition to white peonies, on the basis of the Sarah Bernard variety, several other less popular variations were derived - a muted-lilac, pearl-pink, Ed. The latter variety differs from all other forms not only in a more saturated and dark color, but also in a smaller flower size (15 cm).
Instead of conclusion
So, we hope, we fully understood what Sarah Bernhard peony represents (description of the variety, cultivation). The flower is actually very beautiful and can decorate even the most accurate garden or yard. In the care he is unpretentious. However, he will still have to pay a little attention to the owners of the summer house during the summer season. Otherwise, Sarah Bernhard's pion will abundantly and regularly bloom.
The hole for the plant must be dug deep enough, since peony has a strong root. The pit should have the following approximate dimensions: 60x60x60 cm. Drainage is laid out at the bottom of the hole, and a mixture of compost, soil and wood ash is poured in from above.
Fertilizers are also applied to the soil:
- bone meal - 500 gr,
- double superphosphate - 400 gr,
- iron vitriol - 1 tbsp. spoon,
- ash - liter.
- If the soil is sour, more potash is added in the amount of 1 tsp.
Step by step description of landing:
- The seedling is placed on the bottom of the hole vertically with the budding of not more than 5 cm.
- The plant is sprinkled gently with earth and watered.
- Mulch the basal circle with a peat layer of 5-7 cm for a more favorable wintering of the pion.
The plant blooms for the first time two years after planting. And then it pleases with its beauty annually.
Find out how to care for a peony Sarah Bernard.
Peony Sarah Bernard needs additional food - only competent fertilizing will provide the bush with long and lush flowering. Fertilizers applied during planting are enough for the plant for the next 3-4 years, therefore, they begin to make additional fertilizing usually from the fourth year of peony life.
In order to actively develop the pion root system, potash-phosphorus supplements are required, and in the spring the plant needs nitrogen, which is useful for the formation of lush green mass.
Since Sarah Bernard grows best in permeable light ground, it is recommended to loosen the soil after watering the other day. At the same time remove the beds and weeds. As for mulching, the procedure will also not be superfluous, since it will allow moisture to linger longer at the roots of the plant, and it will save the latter from freezing in winter.
This plant is not afraid of winds due to its strong and durable stem. Therefore, peony does not need special protection from drafts.
Peony Sarah Bernard is recommended to water infrequently, but plentifully. Even in the heat of summer, the frequency of watering should be once every ten days. For the procedure for one adult bush consumes three buckets of water (30 l). Especially carefully follow the schedule of irrigation in the phase of active growth and budding - in July and August.
It is advisable to water the bush in the evening, so that the aggressive sunlight of the day does not provoke the appearance of burns on the delicate petals.
The most frequent disease that this plant has to face is gray mold. The disease affects mainly young bushes, expressed as a characteristic grayish bloom on the green part.
To avoid misfortune, it is recommended to carry out preventive treatment of pions with Bordeaux mixture (three liters of solution per bush). And if you are a naturalist, you can use garlic tincture for spraying (2 liters of water 1 ground head of garlic).
Sarah Bernard can also get sick with rust. This disease affects the decorativeness of the plant, leads to the fact that the foliage and buds are covered with brown spots. Usually, rust appears due to thickened landings and under the condition of cool, wet weather. To protect the peony from this disease, plant flowers at a distance of not less than a meter from each other and avoid watering in wet weather.
Sarah Bernardt peony is transplanted rarely and exclusively in the fall. As for pruning, it is carried out before the onset of cold weather. In the second half of October, the stems are cut off at the root - only small stumps 1-2 cm high remain. Thus, the plant overwinters.
It is also necessary to remove faded buds, since the dead inflorescences remaining on the plant can become a breeding ground for microorganisms and pests.
The plant tolerates the cold quite safely and in addition to cover it is not necessary. However, if the winters in the region are harsh and have little snow, shelter made of peat or compost will not prevent, which will help to preserve the roots of the plant. With the onset of warm days, the mulch must be cleaned, as the roots can ripen under it.
Sarah Bernhard Peony is propagated in three ways:
The first method gives good results and is used more often than others. The bush is usually divided in August-September: the bush is dug out with its roots, after which it is cut off from the root by about 10 cm. It is also important that the root has a continuation in the form of a stem. The root needs to be washed, after which it is removed to a dry dark place for drying and germination - then it is planted in the ground in the usual way.
Reproduction by layering is also popular - the method is simple and with a skillful approach gives quite a decent result. Only adult bushes that are already 3-4 years old are propagated.
Sometimes the seed method is also used, but it is too extended in time and is also rather complicated. Only experienced flower growers who are interested in preserving the species qualities of a particular variety use it.
Application in landscape design
The grassy peony of Sarah Bernard will look great in every corner of the garden - both in monoplants and combined ones. The plant will look great:
- as decoration of the alpine hills,
- in flower beds, flower beds,
- in pots near the buildings, on the porch of the house.
Sarah Bernard's peony combines perfectly with plants such as:
Against the background of barberry bushes or thuja thickets, hellebore will look like a luxurious peony especially decorative.
Ordinary gardeners, both amateurs and professionals, speak very positively about this variety of peonies. Celebrate the beautiful appearance of flowers, their huge fluffy hats. People like both the traditional variation of Sarah Bernard with a pink-silver color, as well as newer varieties of red and white with red and milky petals, respectively.
Of the minuses point out some difficulties in the reproduction of flowers. However, problems are usually associated with insufficient experience of the florist. In general, about these pions in the network solid rave reviews.
Sarah Bernhard Peony is a wonderful garden decoration with delicate, airy petals. This plant can make a picturesque, even an abandoned plot, but in a well-kept area it will look just like a king. By following simple guidelines for planting and grooming, you can grow this flower and fully enjoy its magnificence.
Peony History Sarah Bernhardt and his Modern Forms
This hybrid was created by the famous breeder Victor Lemoine, whose creations were numerous varieties of not only peonies, but also lilacs. History is silent about why the breeder gave him a name in honor of the celebrity. One can only assume that Victor Lemoine was so admired by the talent and beauty of the countrywoman that he decided to devote one of his best varieties to it.
Named after the actress, the flower is considered to be the standard of garden craftsmanship. Late-ripening peony variety even won the honorary English award AGM, which is presented by the Royal Horticultural Society.
The main characteristics of the pion Sarah Bernard:
- petals - dark crimson, terry or semi-double,
- diameter of the buds - 15-20 cm,
- bush height - 80-90 cm,
- aroma - strong and rich,
- leaves - openwork, dark green,
- flowering time - 1-1.5 months.
Сегодня можно отыскать и другие, более современные разновидности названного сорта. Так, были выведены пионы красного, жемчужно-розового и приглушенно-сиреневого цветов.
Significant distribution received a spectacular flower of milky-white hue. It has a rose-like shape and rounded petals with a silver border. Two or three buds can appear on one stalk at once. The value of this variety lies in its resistance to diseases and frosts.
Requirements for lighting and ground
Peonies grow best on well-lit areas of land, where a light shadow falls no earlier than noon. In the shade the flower will not be able to release the buds, although it will not die.
The best soils for these colors are loam, which have only a weak acid reaction. If planting is planned on clay soil, then it is worth adding sand. Soil with a high pH should be limestone for optimal acidity (300 g / 1 sq m).
Note!Peonies will not give good flowering on too acidic and marshy soils.
Description varieties "Sarah Bernard"
Among the many different flowers with lush flowering and unique color, peonies are very popular. Data herbaceous perennials represent a real treasure for not indifferent gardeners and flower growers who intend to grow a truly unique plant in their area. Currently there are about 5,000 varieties of peonies. Among them is the famous variety named "Sarah Bernhard" (Sarah Bernhardt).
History of origin
This peony is one of the most beautiful perennial hybrid varieties with a unique history of origin.
The famous breeder Pierre Louis Victor Lemoine worked on breeding the hybrid, and managed to bring out a huge number of varieties of lilacs and peonies - many of them are in great demand and are considered classics of floriculture to the present day.
Why the scientist used the name of a famous actress to create the name of pions, unfortunately, is unknown. Perhaps he managed to go to performances with the participation of this outstanding personality, where he was captivated by the beauty of the artist's play. However, this is just a guess.
Even if the plant is on a bed together with other flowers, it does not cease to remain the standard of garden art. Due to its unique decorative properties, the flower received the English AGM Award of the Garden Merit the Royal Horticultural Society (RHS), which caused an incredible plant popularity. Currently, many breeders and flower growers compare variety with exclusive pink varieties.
Attractive member of the peony family
Most an attractive member of the peony family belongs to the group of late-ripening plants - flower stalks are formed only after the completion of flowering, which, by the way, remains very abundant. The sizes of single flowers reach impressive 20 centimeters. Inflorescences are kept on meter stalks that retain their shape even when exposed to strong winds. Semi-double or terry petals give the pony "Sarah Bernhardt" a special decorative appeal.
The variety has a light pink color. with silver border. In addition, at present, there are hybrid individuals, the color of which is represented:
- as well as yellow tones,
The flowering period can reach one and a half months subject to the basic rules of care. The main advantage of home growing peonies in this class is the absence of yellowing of the leaves under the influence of any pests. This part of the plant retains its aesthetic appearance for the whole summer. Only in autumn the leaves turn red, but they do not lose their attractiveness. Like flowers, the leaves remain large, dissected and delicate. They are painted in dark green. The plant has excellent winter hardiness, and for its comfortable growth and development it is enough to carry out seasonal pruning.
When making landscape designs, peonies are placed in mixborders or ridges. They can be planted alone or in groups to create beautiful compositions.
Representatives unique variety characterized by excellent endurance and unpretentious nature. Experienced growers claim that even in the absence of special care, such a flower can grow around 30 years. By the way, some individuals "manage" to live and up to 80 years. However, in order for the decorative attractiveness of the plant to be at the highest level, it is important to take into account certain requirements and peculiarities of the upcoming action when carrying out planting events.
It is known that pions belong to light-loving plants. Because of this feature, when choosing a landing site, preference should be given to well-lit places, with a slight shade at lunchtime. When planting in the shade, the flower is unlikely to bloom normally and will lose its decorative effect.
The choice of soil composition should be taken responsibly. Cultivation in loams with low acidity is especially famous. With a large concentration of clay in the selected substrate, it must be diluted with high-quality sand, and vice versa. If the acidity values exceed the allowable, be sure to treat the soil with limestone.
Sarah Bernard Peony can be propagated in the following ways:
- using cuttings
- dividing the bush
- using layering
The most effective solution is to divide the bush, which is carried out in late summer and early autumn. For a successful event, you need to dig a bush, and cut it at a distance of 10 centimeters from the soil. It is important to wash the rhizome well with running water and move it to a dark area for further drying and germination.
When choosing a suitable planting material, preference should be given to delens with two or three buds and 10–15 centimeter root. Before being placed in the ground, it is important to thoroughly disinfect it by putting it in a container with garlic solution or potassium permanganate for 30 minutes. After performing this procedure, you need to move the delenka for 12 hours in a solution of Heteroauxin. It remains to dry the planting material and process the sections with charcoal. Only after such events, the planting material can be considered ready for the upcoming landing in open ground.
Having dug a hole of suitable size, it remains to lay out her sand. To do this, deepening deepened to such an extent that the distance between the kidneys and the earth was not more than 5 centimeters. If such a dimple is too large, it can cause problems such as the lack of flowering during the current season.
The next stage involves the sprinkling of the separated part of the bush soil composition with further watering. For the wintering to be successful, the ground should be covered with a layer of mulch, 5-7 cm layer of peat or other mulch material. In the springtime, the mulch is removed, since each Sarah Bernhardt peony is able to spread widely across the site, reducing the distance between the holes for planting.
Before transplanting a bush to a permanent place, you need to equip a cubic hole with dimensions of 60 × 60 × 60. A significant part of it is to fill the soil composition based on peat, earth, sand and humus. Each ingredient is taken in equal proportions. The first flower stalks should show themselves two years after planting.
Features care for the variety
Peonies do not need special care. Among the mandatory measures for home maintenance:
- moderate watering
- regular weeding from weeds,
- soil loosening
- fertilizer application
As mentioned above, the stalks of “Sary Bernard” are very strong, and they practically do not bend under the influence of precipitation. For this reason, to cancel from other varieties, they do not need to be tied up.
The intensity of irrigation should not be too great. It is enough to water the plant during the period of active growth, and even during flowering. In other cases, watering is reduced.
As a fertilizer, you should use a solution of mullein or bird droppings in the proportion of 3 liters per bush.
In the fall, the soil is fertilized with superphosphate (one tbsp per bucket of distilled water). One bush needs one bucket of feeding. In the spring, the soil is thoroughly mulched with a centimeter layer of peat or any other mulch materials. It is also important to add wood ash to the substrate.
Of the important measures concerning the care and maintenance of the flower at home:
- weed removal
- removal of flowering inflorescences,
- pruning of stems and leaves before wintering,
If it is late autumn outside, the leaves and stems are pruned, so as to leave 10–15 cm of hemp. Covering adult specimens is not necessary.
Struggle with difficulties
Like any other plants, this peony is exposed to various diseases, much of which are represented by the absence of flowering. In most cases, such troubles are associated with improper care or non-compliance with the rules of landing. Before finding a good solution for a problem, it is important to assess what it may be connected with.
The most common diseases are rust, gray mold, ring mosaic and other problems.
The first disease is caused by intensive growth of the beds and prolonged exposure to rainy weather. To gray rot leads to improper care of young plants. The disease is accompanied by damage to the leaves, stems and unblown flowers. First, a gray bloom appears at the base, which, soon, gets darker shades, softens, and then falls to the ground.
To prevent further progression of the problem or to protect the pion from its occurrence, it is important to treat the border zone with Bordeaux mixture in the proportion of 3 liters per bush. Not bad manifest themselves proven experience and time folk remedies based on garlic solution. Spraying is carried out in the spring, at the time of formation of new buds, as well as two weeks after the first procedure.
A very common disease of peonies is rust. Its symptoms are accompanied by the formation of brown spots on the leaves, which can cover them after the flowering period. To combat the unpleasant effects of rust, the infected part of the plant will have to be disposed of. Preventive measures remain the same as in the case of gray rot.
A dangerous viral disease is mosaic. This problem is practically not treatable and is manifested by the appearance of light green spots and yellow stripes on the leaves. Infected bushes are cut and burned.
Why does the Sarah Bernard peony not bloom?
There are many factors that determine the absence of flowering in peonies of the variety “Sarah Bernhardt”. Among them:
- wrong choice of landing site. To restore the flower to its former decorative character, it must be transplanted to a suitable place with the desired quality of the soil mixture,
- the use of too large delenok, which lack a well-formed root system and who can not cope with the task of feeding young shoots. The problem is solved by re-transplanting
- too frequent transplants. You can replant and divide a flower every four to five years. If you do it too often, the lack of flowering cannot be avoided,
- no transplant. As a rule, the problem is typical for adult bushes that have not been transplanted for a long time,
- lack of optimal amount of potassium in the substrate,
- improper watering
- attack of dangerous pests on the root system,
- the appearance of a viral disease,
Fight any of the above problems quickly and radically. Sometimes it is necessary to completely remove the infected plant to prevent infection of other individuals. True, this applies only to those cases where the flower is susceptible to some viral disease.
Otherwise, the peculiarities of care for colorful peonies “Sarah Bernhardt” does not require any special difficulties. Enough to observe the initial features of care and trust the recommendations of professional florists. When handled properly, the peony will thank you for an incredibly beautiful and lush bloom with decent duration.
Acquaintance with the peony "Sarah Bernard" begin with a description of the variety. is he late maturity - Flowers appear at a time when most of the varieties have already flowered. Blossoms "Sarah Bernard" abundantly. The flowers are large, with a diameter of 20 cm, single.
Kept on long (up to a meter in height) strong stems resistant to lodging. Petals in flowers semi-double and terry. The main color characteristic of the variety is light pink with a silver border. Today, also displayed copies of white, red, cream, yellow color. The duration of flowering peony is about a month and a half.
The peculiarity of this variety is that he does not turn yellow leaves, and remain beautiful throughout the summer, to the fall of the crimson. They are the same as flowers, large, dissected, openwork. In color - dark green. The plant tolerates winter cold. For its comfort and survival, it will only be necessary to cut the leaves in the fall.
In landscape design, Sarah Bernard peonies are used in ridges, mixborders. They are planted alone and in groups. Use under cut and in flower compositions.
Where to plant a peony
Peony is distinguished by its simplicity. It is said that it can grow without problems and special care for 30 years, and some centenarians generally up to 80. But in order to maximize the decorativeness of the grassy peony, it is necessary to observe certain requirements and satisfy the plant’s preferences during planting and care.
Lighting and location
Peony - a plant that loves the light. Therefore, for his landing should choose a well-lit area where the light shadow can fall only at noon. If you plant a bush in the shade, it will deny you the pleasure of admiring its flowers - it will simply not let them out.
The best soil for planting will be low acid loam. If clay predominates in the soil in which you plan to plant the grassy Sarah Bernard peony, then sand must be added to it. In the case of the predominance of sand you need to make clay.
Soil with a high pH level before planting a flower needs to be limestone in order to achieve optimal acidity (300-350 g / 1 sq. M). Moist, swampy, acidic soils, and close groundwater occurrence are taboos for planting pions.
Planting pattern and breeding rules
Peony is most often propagated cutting, dividing the bush and layering. The most simple and effective - the division of the bush, which should be carried out in August and September.
To propagate the pion in this way, the bush must be excavated. Then cut off at a distance of 10 cm from the root. Wash the roots well under running water and place in a dark place for drying and germination.
For landing you need to select the delenka, which has two or three buds and root up to 10-15 cm long. Before being placed on the soil, it will require disinfection. First you need to put it for half an hour in a container with garlic solution or a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
After that, the division for 12 hours should be placed in a solution of “Heteroauxin” (1 tablet / 10 l of water). After removing the planting material from the solution, it should be dried well, and the sections should be covered with charcoal. And only after that you can proceed directly to the landing.
At the bottom of the landing hole to put the sand. The delender is deepened into it so that the distance from the buds to the ground is no more than five centimeters (two or three fingers), too deep or too weak a recess may be the reason that the plant refuses to bloom.
Planting material sprinkled with earth and well watered. In order for the plant to successfully overwinter, it must be mulched with a 5-7 cm layer of peat. In the spring, when red shoots appear and grow a little, mulch can be removed. Since peony bushes tend to spread widely, the distance between the landing holes must be at least one meter.
When transplanting to a permanent place, a cube-shaped pit is prepared 60 x 60 x 60 cm. More than half of it is filled with soil mixture, which is prepared from peat, earth, sand, humus. All components are taken in equal proportions.
The pit is fertilized with bone meal (0.5 kg), double superphosphate (0.4 kg), iron sulphate (one tablespoon), wood ash (1 l), potash (one teaspoon). The empty part of the pit is covered with garden soil. Landing slightly compacted and plentifully watered.
The first flowers after transplantation should be expected two years later.
Proper care of the variety
Peonies require almost no care. The main activities that need to be carried out with them are watering, weeding, loosening the soil, fertilizer, cutting for the winter.
Since the stalks of “Sary Bernard” are strong, they do not fall, nailed with sediments. Therefore, unlike most other varieties, garter and support do not need.
How to water
Frequent watering pion is not needed. During periods when his buds are tied, active growth occurs, and it will be enough for the plant to receive water once a week during flowering. The rest of the time you can water less frequently.
Watering should be abundant - three or four buckets on one bush. It is advisable to water in the evening so that water droplets do not provoke burns on the leaves and petals. After irrigation should be loosening.
How to fertilize
If the plant is planted in the right soil in accordance with all the recommendations, then in the first year, and for several subsequent years, it does not need fertilizers.
В дальнейшем пионы нужно будет удобрять трижды в год: весной, летом и осенью. In mid-June, the bushes will need to be fertilized with a solution of mullein or bird droppings (3 liters per bush).
In early autumn, superphosphate will need to be applied to the ground (one tablespoon per bucket of defended water). One bush will require one fertilizer bucket. In spring, the soil should be mulched with a centimeter layer of peat or other mulching material and applied to wood ash.
Care activities will also be required. regular weed control, removal of flowering inflorescences and pruning of stems and leaves for the winter.
How to deal with difficulties
Of the difficulties that can be grasped by peony breeders are diseases and the absence of flowering. The main reasons, as a rule, lie in the wrong care or landing. Let's see what these problems may be related to.
The spread of the first disease contribute to thickened landing, combined with rainy weather. Gray rot usually attacks young specimens when they enter the active growth phase. It affects the leaves, stems and unblown flowers. First, a gray patina forms at the base of the stem. Later, it turns darker, softens and eventually falls to the ground.
In order not to allow this disease to its peonies, in early spring the bushes and the soil in the forest zone must be treated with Bordeaux mixture (3 liters per bush). You can also try to use folk remedies - treatments with garlic solution (one shredded head for 2 liters of water). Spraying should be carried out in the phase of the appearance of the kidneys and two weeks after the first treatment.
A rather serious disease of peonies is rust. Skip her symptoms will not succeed - it is brown spots on the leaves, which, as a rule, are formed after flowering. Such leaves will need to be cut and burned. Prevention will be in the same activities as with gray rot.
Mosaic - A viral disease that is not treatable. It is shown by light green spots and yellow stripes on the leaves. Infected bushes must be removed and burned.
The reasons for the fact that pions are missing flowering may be several:
- unsuccessfully selected landing site - you will need to transplant a shrub to a site that matches the preferences of the plant,
- planting too large delenok with a small number of roots that can not cope with the task of feeding shoots. You can solve the problem by new division and transplanting again,
- frequent transplantations and divisions - the plant should be transplanted and divided no more than once every four to five years,
- wrong landing - too deep or too shallow,
- The bush has a solid age - it must be divided,
- too sour soil
- insufficient fertilization,
- potassium deficiency in the earth
- gray rot infection or prolonged wet weather
- insufficient watering
- root damage by pest nematode or rodents - in the first case the plant is not subject to further cultivation,
- The plant has picked up a viral disease - it must be uprooted and burned.
Peony Variety Description Sarah Bernard
A detailed description of the pion Sarah Bernard suggests that this is a herbaceous plant. He has semi-double, dense flowers. Their exquisite and very beautiful inflorescences in diameter reach 20 cm. Each of them consists of many petals of the concave type. They are arranged correctly, resembling scales. This pink variety is filled with double-colored flowers of various shades. See also the article: What pink peonies should be planted to decorate the suburban area?
Perennial herbaceous peony Sarah Bernard is a real garden decoration. The plant belongs to the category of early crops, and therefore the flower will allow you to enjoy the fragrance and rich colors in spring and summer. Many-sided and semi-double flowers form a huge hat. They are located on small, but strong stems, which are a little drooping down. Peduncles feel great on the "basis" up to 90-100 cm high. Culture does not even need support. At the same time the bush perfectly keeps its shape, does not crumble in different directions and does not fall on the ground.
Features of flower culture
Variety description allows you to talk about its other features. On each bush are formed openwork and several dissected leaves. They begin to turn green in April, but the attractive appearance, richness and richness of colors persist until autumn.
The popular Sarah Bernhardt peony is popular with many gardeners not only for its amazing aroma. Florists are attracted by the saturation and diversity of the color palette of this plant. It is customary to distinguish such shades of this culture as:
Peony Red Sarah Bernard
Also, this culture may have flowers of muted-lilac and pearl-pink hue. Each of these species has its own individual characteristics. For example, Red Sarah Bernard's peony draws attention to itself with its rich and rich tint. In diameter, the flowers of this variety are somewhat smaller than their “brethren”: only 15 cm. Small and the bush itself. On average, its height is 85 cm.
But gardeners are attracted to this variety is a rich shade of terry flowers. They resemble a precious ruby with a purple-red color. Variety refers to the cultures of medium late flowering. A detailed description of the pion allows us to say that this plant is characterized by:
- the presence of a low bush,
- sweet but mild flavor
- brilliant, dark green leaves with an openwork structure.
Milky-flowering species and peony White Sarah Bernard
Dairy peony is the embodiment of love, tenderness, refinement and sophistication. This variety is rightly considered one of the most fragrant. The shade of the flower is pearl pink. Its modulations go to the lilac scale. Many gardeners often compare these lactic flowering hybrid peonies and roses in terms of rich aroma, refinement and tenderness.
Another species is the White Sarah Bernard peony, which resembles a snow-white cloud. A unique feature of this variety variety is the presence of cut and several rounded petals. They are as if trimmed with a refined border of a silvery shade. The flower literally fascinates with its sophistication and beauty.
The popular Sarah Bernard peony is white, like the other species in this group, unpretentious. Culture grows well on any land. But the most suitable for this flower is a soil enriched with nutrients and vitamin complexes. The plant requires almost no maintenance and is very resistant to low temperatures.
If the flower is planted in high-quality soil, then in the first few years of its development the substrate can not be fertilized.
Features of growth and planting flower
A detailed description of the peony variety Sarah Bernard suggests that the varietal qualities of the culture are optimally manifested only in the second and third years of flower growth. This culture is considered a real long-liver. It is able to actively grow and blossom for 30 years. But there are also unique cases when the life span of a variety has reached 8 decades.
Planting this culture also has some important features. So, it is necessary to take into account that the plant has a rather large and powerful root system. That is why for him you need to create an appropriate landing hole. The hole should be made deep. Before planting (several weeks) it is recommended to lay drainage on its bottom. From above it is necessary to pour a mixture created on the basis of ash, manure and compost.
A few words about the care of the plant
In the middle of autumn, when the frosts are stable, it is recommended to cut the peon stems. This period occurs around mid-October. After the cut, it is recommended to leave hemp over the kidneys not more than 2 cm high. Despite the fact that in winter the peonies feel quite freely and comfortably, it is recommended to close them with immature compost or with a layer of peat. If the plant is old, then you can do without shelter. When the soil begins to thaw in the spring, the covering material will immediately need to be removed. This will allow the kidneys to grow faster.
Despite the simplicity, to achieve optimal development and flowering of this culture can be subject to certain rules. If the peony does not bloom, then the landing site may be incorrectly chosen.
When a peony blossoms, it is also influenced by the depth of planting the flower. Kidneys should not be under a layer of soil. It is equally important to pay attention to the quality of the land. The optimal soil for this plant is loamy and clayey. Before planting the pion, the substrate is recommended to be further enriched with nutrients. The flower does not like sandy areas and wetlands. Then he just die. Another peony does not like peat, which he quickly grows old.
Peony compatibility with other cultures
Before planting, it is recommended to find out with what peonies are combined and with which plants they are next to nothing. Gardeners claim that these flowers are in perfect harmony with other plants. They can be used for decoration:
- rock gardens,
- landscape array,
- homestead and garden areas.
Most often, peonies are combined with other cultures, depending on the shade. The luxury of white varieties is spectacularly set off by poppies, irises, bells, honeysuckle bushes, daylilies and sage. Exquisite, royally gorgeous red flowers are recommended to be planted next to a decorative bow. Sarah Bernard Pink effectively fits into a composition with barberry bushes or an elegant thuja. You can combine it with freezers.
Using this variety of peonies, it is easy to create a luxurious garden of continuous flowering. Such a plot will smell and please the eye with rich shades from spring to autumn. To obtain a similar result, it is recommended to combine peonies with crocuses, irises, daffodils, zinnias, petunias, lilies, godecia, phloxes, chrysanthemums or asters.
Planting Sarah Bernard seedlings
When disembarking or transplanting to a permanent place, you need to respect the distance between the bushes of one meter and follow these rules:
- prepare a large enough pit (60x60x60 cm),
- fill it with a mixture of humus, earth, sand and peat,
- apply fertilizer: 0.2-0.4 kg of superphosphate, 0.5 kg of bone meal, 1 tbsp. a spoon of sulphate of iron, 1 liter of wood ash and 1 tsp of potash,
- fill the pit with garden soil,
- slightly condense and pour landing.
Note!Do not expect flowering in the same year. The first buds are likely to appear only next year.
How to care for peonies Sarah Bernard
These unpretentious flowers require minimal care:
- During the period of tying buds and flowering peonies need to be watered in the evening once in 7 days (2-4 buckets per bush).
- After proper planting, peonies do not need to be replenished for several years. Then fertilizer should be applied three times a year. In spring, you can mumble the soil with peat and add a little wood ash, in June you can water the flower with a solution of bird droppings, and in the fall you can fertilize with superphosphate (1 tbsp per bucket of water).
- Periodically clean weeds around the bushes, loosen the ground after watering, remove dried buds, and cut the stems for the winter.
Note!Faded inflorescences need to be removed on time, otherwise they can provoke infection of the flower by fungus.
Sometimes peonies suffer from such diseases:
- Gray rot - has the appearance of a gray bloom, most often affecting young bushes. In order to avoid this disease, it is necessary to process the bushes and the soil with garlic solution or Bordeaux mixture in the early spring.
- Rust - manifests itself as brown spots on the leaves. To prevent the disease from spreading, you need to cut and burn all the affected peony leaves.
- Mosaic - has the appearance of yellow stripes and light green spots on the leaves of peonies. This virus is not treated and requires the complete removal and burning of the bush.
Therefore, the Sarah Bernard peony is a luxurious flower that can decorate any yard or garden. If you adhere to the rules of planting and care, then every year he will delight the owners of the house with colorful and long flowering.