Related articles1 part anhydrous ferrous sulfate.Mosses are very undemanding to the growing conditions, they are not damaged by insects, bacteria and fungi. They can safely endure and long - for a month - drying out. At the same time, they lose visible signs of life, they look dead, but once they get a few drops of water, they easily come to life and reproduce again, not only by spores, but also vegetatively.
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Too short grass on the lawn can also cause moss activation. Try to mow lawn grass to a height of 5.5 cm every week. This increases the airing of the ground and reduces its humidity.
Aeration. Prevents excessive soil compaction. As a rule, aeration is done with special tools, but if you need to treat a small lawn, you can replace them with simple forks.
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These methods of dealing with moss are used quite rarely, since the periodic use of chalk or limestone can cause irreparable harm to the lawn. Even having coped with the problem, you can encounter a number of others, among them the spread of weeds, the infection of plants with fungus, the deterioration of grass quality, the appearance of earthworms. The fight against nutrient deficiencies is carried out by complex fertilization of the soil. If the lawn is too dark, the best remedy is to replace lawn grass with plants that are more resistant to shade, for example, red fescue or meadow bluegrass.
Most often, moss appears under trees and bushes, where there is almost always a shadow. Mosses on the lawn are not uncommon. By themselves, they can in no way harm the lawn. A strong, healthy lawn easily replaces these tender creatures. However, where the lawn for any reason weakened or died, mosses occupy the vacant place. Moss is a great indicator of problems. Too dense soil, too low mowing, lack or excess fertilizer, non-optimal lighting - this is not a complete list of the reasons that lead to the fact that the lawn gives way to moss. It is especially noticeable in the fall, when moisture is in abundance, and the lawn is already “dozing” before winter dormancy. Anhydrous iron sulphate can be searched in the chemical reagent store or you can do it yourself by drying the iron vitriol on low heat to a light gray color, then rub it to a powdery state. All components should be mixed well. Store ready "lawn sand" must be in a dry place. Sprinkle "in dew" in the amount of 150 g / m2 3-4 times per season. http://www.greeninfo.ru/landscape/lawn_care.html/Article/_/aID/3103 The beds on the site are covered with moss for two reasons: the soil is acidic or excessively moist. Moss is suitable for decorating paved paths. It looks beautiful not only in the intervals between the tiles, but also in the frame of the lateral parts of the paths. If the moss steadily settles in these places, it will relieve the owners of the garden from the hassle of cleaning the weeds. Lack of nutrients is another reason for the growth of moss. In early spring, you need to conduct a comprehensive feeding mineral nitrogen fertilizers. After it, the plant may itself disappear. Fertilizer soil. This increases the resistance of plants to diseases. The use of fertilizers with a high nitrogen concentration is recommended in early spring. Increased acidity of the soil is neutralized by liming. Herbicides can be used to remove moss. Back to table of contents Often moss appears in shady places, for example, under trees or bushes, in places with high acidity of the soil and where the grass is mown too low. Anhydrous iron sulphate can be searched in the chemical reagent store or you can do it yourself by drying the iron vitriol on low heat to a light gray color, then rub it to a powdery state. All components should be mixed well. Store ready "lawn sand" must be in a dry place. Sprinkle "in dew" in the amount of 150 g / m2 3-4 times per season. It is very important to carefully examine your lawn before the onset of winter and note the places where moss occurs. Dry and chill. If everything is normal with the acidity of the soil at the site, it means that there is something wrong with the water-air regime. Apparently, the soil floats, the air does not penetrate well and excessive moisture lasts for a long time. More often it is observed on dark-colored soils - humus. In the landscape design of the garden area, moss-covered surfaces of stone walls and hills, garden partitions, concrete fences, curbs and stairs, as well as large boulders, covered with moss, look very natural. Skillful transfer of moss to new concrete and stone surfaces gives the garden naturalness and some mysterious abandonment. Unpretentious plant can live in the shade and in the sun, not afraid of cold and drought. Breeders have brought many types of hosts. There are light and dark green leaves, as well as foliage with light stripes and edging. There are vigorous species (up to 80 cm) and dwarf (not higher than 5 cm). Hosta blooms in mid-summer with bells of pink, white and lilac flowers. A variety of hosts allows you to link it with other perennials for flowerbeds or mixborders. Miniature flower beds, hosts do even in containers, they can be put in any place convenient for you. If the lawn is contaminated with moss in places where you can not increase the illumination (near the walls of the house, near the fence, etc.), gardeners are advised to sow this sector with shade-tolerant grasses: red fescue or meadow bluegrass. Do not mow the lawn too low. Granulated herbicides for moss have a selective effect, they are usually mixed with fertilizers. Method of application is similar to the use of granular or powder dressing. Just like sand for a lawn, they should be used in warm weather. A couple of days after application, the lawn should be watered. For three to four days, the grass cannot be cut to allow chemicals to penetrate the soil. It is not recommended to use these funds on lawns of less than two years old. If there are a lot of weeds on the lawn, you will have to use chemical agents. The appearance of the moss will allow you to more accurately determine the cause of its appearance on the lawn. If the moss has a green top and a brown bottom, and the shoots are upright, then this is a sign of dry soil with high acidity. Creeping mosses usually grow in the shade and in places with poor drainage, and a carpet of densely growing shoots appears when the lawn is cut too low.Dmitry Lyanguzov These potential problem areas should be the focus of attention next year. Something else can be done this season: to determine the acidity level of the soil, to conduct aeration (perforation) of the lawn, sanding. In any case, it is important to remember that the fight against moss is not an end in itself. The main task is to correctly identify and eliminate the cause of its occurrence. Pour a weak solution of chicken manure !!
1 part anhydrous ferrous sulfate.
Use of herbicides
Mosses on the lawn are not uncommon. By themselves, they can in no way harm the lawn. A strong, healthy lawn easily replaces these tender creatures. However, where the lawn for any reason weakened or died, mosses occupy the vacant place. Moss is a great indicator of problems. Too dense soil, too low mowing, lack or excess fertilizer, non-optimal lighting - this is not a complete list of the reasons that lead to the fact that the lawn gives way to moss. It is especially noticeable in the fall, when moisture is in abundance, and the lawn is already “dozing” before winter dormancy.
Anhydrous iron sulphate can be searched in the chemical reagent store or you can do it yourself by drying the iron vitriol on low heat to a light gray color, then rub it to a powdery state. All components should be mixed well. Store ready "lawn sand" must be in a dry place. Sprinkle "in dew" in the amount of 150 g / m2 3-4 times per season. http://www.greeninfo.ru/landscape/lawn_care.html/Article/_/aID/3103
The beds on the site are covered with moss for two reasons: the soil is acidic or excessively moist.
Moss is suitable for decorating paved paths. It looks beautiful not only in the intervals between the tiles, but also in the frame of the lateral parts of the paths. If the moss steadily settles in these places, it will relieve the owners of the garden from the hassle of cleaning the weeds.
Lack of nutrients is another reason for the growth of moss. In early spring, you need to conduct a comprehensive feeding mineral nitrogen fertilizers. After it, the plant may itself disappear.
Fertilizer soil. This increases the resistance of plants to diseases. The use of fertilizers with a high nitrogen concentration is recommended in early spring. Increased acidity of the soil is neutralized by liming.
Herbicides can be used to remove moss.
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Often moss appears in shady places, for example, under trees or bushes, in places with high acidity of the soil and where the grass is mown too low.
Anhydrous iron sulphate can be searched in the chemical reagent store or you can do it yourself by drying the iron vitriol on low heat to a light gray color, then rub it to a powdery state. All components should be mixed well. Store ready "lawn sand" must be in a dry place. Sprinkle "in dew" in the amount of 150 g / m2 3-4 times per season.
It is very important to carefully examine your lawn before the onset of winter and note the places where moss occurs.
Dry and chill.
If everything is normal with the acidity of the soil at the site, it means that there is something wrong with the water-air regime. Apparently, the soil floats, the air does not penetrate well and excessive moisture lasts for a long time. More often it is observed on dark-colored soils - humus.
In the landscape design of the garden area, moss-covered surfaces of stone walls and hills, garden partitions, concrete fences, curbs and stairs, as well as large boulders, covered with moss, look very natural. Skillful transfer of moss to new concrete and stone surfaces gives the garden naturalness and some mysterious abandonment.
Unpretentious plant can live in the shade and in the sun, not afraid of cold and drought. Breeders have brought many types of hosts. There are light and dark green leaves, as well as foliage with light stripes and edging. There are vigorous species (up to 80 cm) and dwarf (not higher than 5 cm). Hosta blooms in mid-summer with bells of pink, white and lilac flowers. A variety of hosts allows you to link it with other perennials for flowerbeds or mixborders. Miniature flower beds, hosts do even in containers, they can be put in any place convenient for you.
If the lawn is contaminated with moss in places where you can not increase the illumination (near the walls of the house, near the fence, etc.), gardeners are advised to sow this sector with shade-tolerant grasses: red fescue or meadow bluegrass.
Do not mow the lawn too low.
Granulated herbicides for moss have a selective effect, they are usually mixed with fertilizers. Method of application is similar to the use of granular or powder dressing. Just like sand for a lawn, they should be used in warm weather. A couple of days after application, the lawn should be watered. For three to four days, the grass cannot be cut to allow chemicals to penetrate the soil. It is not recommended to use these funds on lawns of less than two years old.
If there are a lot of weeds on the lawn, you will have to use chemical agents.
The appearance of the moss will allow you to more accurately determine the cause of its appearance on the lawn. If the moss has a green top and a brown bottom, and the shoots are upright, then this is a sign of dry soil with high acidity. Creeping mosses usually grow in the shade and in places with poor drainage, and a carpet of densely growing shoots appears when the lawn is cut too low.Dmitry Lyanguzov
These potential problem areas should be the focus of attention next year. Something else can be done this season: to determine the acidity level of the soil, to conduct aeration (perforation) of the lawn, sanding. In any case, it is important to remember that the fight against moss is not an end in itself. The main task is to correctly identify and eliminate the cause of its occurrence.
Pour a weak solution of chicken manure !!
If you have correctly established the cause of the appearance of weeds on the lawn and have taken appropriate measures, then the moss should disappear within two weeks.
As for the use of liquid herbicides, they are poured directly on the moss from a watering can or sprayed.
If the weeds have spread over a large area, you will have to resort to the use of special chemicals. Often these are specialized lawn mixes that are made on the basis of ammonium sulphate, sand without lime and iron sulphate. It is best to handle the lawn in the morning, in windless and warm weather. After a couple of days, if it does not rain, the lawn should be watered. After about two weeks, the moss will turn black and it will need to be carefully collected with a rake. If the moss hit the lawn hard enough, you will need to re-process. A little later you can sprinkle some grass on the moss-torn places to hide the appeared bald spots. It is better to use fast-growing varieties.
- To get rid of moss, you can weed it manually. But if you do not get rid of the reasons for which it appears, then it will be a meaningless struggle. If the lawn is poorly leveled, recesses are formed on its surface, in which water begins to accumulate, which creates favorable conditions for the formation of mosses. Therefore, the first thing you need to carefully align the lawn by grounding special mixtures.
- (According to the materials of the magazine "Stylish Garden", № 11, 2004)
- Recipe "lawn sand"
- This indicates a high humidity, density and acidity of the soil. Add some loosening material (compost, manure, leaves, sawdust with saltpeter, chicken litter with bedding). When planting, add ashes to the wells, and in the fall, produce ash. Loosen more often. My husband made a very convenient loosener just for breaking the ground: the tips of the forks about 5 cm long bent at an angle of 90 degrees. Now after winter it’s easy to loosen the ground.
- After the soil is improved, you need to apply the usual methods of weed control - weeding, digging, loosening and thus gradually get rid of moss. When weeding, weeded plants should be removed from the beds so that moss spores do not fall on them again. http://1k.com.ua/225/details/11/5
Beautiful flowerbed instead of moss
Moss removal methods: raking and using a lawnmower with a special blade.
The impact of moss on the grass.
Most often, moss grows in the shade, so you need to get rid of the shaded places on the site.
Carefully follow all instructions on the package and do not forget to wash out the watering can or sprayer after work. Liquid herbicides are best suited for small areas.
Sand is used not only to kill weeds and moss on the lawn, it is also a fertilizer. It remains on the moss and leaves of weeds, and iron sulfate kills them. For narrow leaves, it is not dangerous, they can temporarily turn black from contact, but will quickly recover. At this time, ammonium sulfate penetrates the soil and stimulates accelerated grass growth.
The composition of earth mixtures for lawn need to add sand, which improve drainage.
Most often, weeds appear on newly planted lawns. For rolled lawns, this threat is much less, and old and unwashed lawns may be altogether made up of weeds. Mosses on the lawn are not so uncommon. Usually this weed does not give joy to the owners of beautiful lawns, and if it is not part of the design idea, then you will want to get rid of it as soon as possible.
- anti-moss on the lawn (according to Dawson)
How to naturally fit the moss in the garden design?
There is a special drug against moss, ask in a good store, it is in granules for sprinkling.
Recipe "lawn sand" - anti-moss on the lawn (according to Dawson)
Sometimes nature dictates its conditions, when some plants do not want to leave these or other places of the summer cottage. You can fight for years with moss, and he repeatedly returns to its original place. However, there are times when mosses fit perfectly into landscape design solutions and decorate a garden.
Another way to use the overgrown moss is to fit it into the landscape design of the reservoir. The gaps between the stones on the shore of the pond instead of creeping ground cover plants can be decorated with velvety moss. If the coastal part of the reservoir is planted with moss, a view of the swamp appears. For this purpose, using perennial sphagnum. This moss has species of various colors (from pale gray to purple). Moss is a good design solution when decorating artificial dry streams, waterfalls and pools.
If you are not helped by the listed methods of dealing with moss, try to act differently. For example, break in the moss-infected sector flower beds of perennial flowers. This flower garden will save you from the annual problems with planting plants to create a beautiful flower bed, will be a wonderful decoration of the garden or pond. Perennial flowers for the flower bed are chosen so that some species alternate with other plants in their flowering. Then during the entire summer season there will always be various flowers in your flower bed. Under their dense foliage the moss will disappear or it will not be visible.
A few more tricks
You must follow the tips:
Point herbicides perfectly cope with individual weeds that grow among the grass. The moss should be processed from a sprayer or smeared with a brush. The fight may take several attempts, which is why this type of herbicide is not very suitable for large lawns. For moss growing apart, special herbicides are suitable for spot treatment, which do not need to fill up the entire lawn. Such mixtures are expensive, but they are very convenient to use.
Herbicides can be treated individually plants or spray them all over the lawn. If you choose the second option, then in parallel with the treatment of herbicides, fertilize the soil. This is to ensure that the grass as quickly as possible filled the voids that are formed after the death of weeds and did not allow new plants to appear.
It is necessary to add sand to the composition of earth mixtures, which will help to improve soil drainage. But to improve it much stronger and create conditions for root ventilation, aeration will be needed. For this, small holes are made in the turf, which have a positive effect on gas and water exchange. If you have a small area, then forks are suitable. Lawns of a large area are more convenient to handle with special devices - aerators.
The lawn is the "face" of the landlord, which is why it is necessary to carry out constant care for it.
20 parts of dry fine sifted sand,
The moss grows on acidic and damp soils. Greenhouse is well ventilated and treated with ashes or dolomite flour and beds must be made a little higher if you have a wet area.
20 parts of dry fine sifted sand,
Very easy - to chaff! No lime - sprinkle with ashes until the moss is completely gone. Very good way. http://www.cofe.ru/garden/ubb/noncgi/Forum4/HTML/000695.html
With the help of moss can be artificially aged small architectural forms and large sculptures. Brand new designs instantly fit into the garden in the retro style. Moss is an integral part of a Japanese or oriental rock garden. Oriental minimalism support flat vases with moss. They will become gentle islands among the gravel paths and stone structures.
Looking through the catalog of perennials before buying, pay attention to the place of growth (sunny or shady), the flowering period, the color of leaves and flowers, the requirements for the soil and other features. Choose plants suitable for your climate. The flowering of perennial representatives of the flora is not as long and rich as in annual species. But skillful selection and combination guarantee you an ever-changing type of flower bed that will not have time to get bored. To quickly see the result, it is easier to plant perennials with ready-made seedlings, not seeds.
Moss loves dimples and bumps in a moist soil. In the lowlands, water is better retained, which creates favorable conditions for it. Level the area, add sand to improve drainage.
To prevent moss from appearing on your lawn, you must periodically perform the following work:
The combination of herbicides and fertilizers gives a better effect than the use of herbicides alone. However, if you need to treat a large area with weeds, you should not use top dressing, as this can stimulate their growth.
When moss appears due to the increased acidity of the soil, liming is carried out. Before this, check the soil acidity level and only if the reaction rate of the solution is below 5.5, treat the lawn with lime. Also, the acidity of the soil can be increased by using herbicides or by adding a small amount of peat to the mixture for spring mulching.
The appearance of moss is often caused by such factors as insufficient drainage, poorly organized water flow, increased soil density, insufficient nutrients.
3 parts ammonium sulphate and
Этот мох надо собрать с грядки и сжечь. Потом произвестковать почву, добавив керамзит или крупный речной песок.
Recently in the landscape design have become popular hosts, that is, flower beds created from the hosts. Khosta is a decorative ground cover plant with beautiful heart-shaped leaves that can quickly cover large areas.
Moss prefers solid soil, so it is afraid of airing the root system. After introducing sand into the soil, it is advised to pierce the turf to a depth of 10 cm to increase aeration. Manual and mechanical aerators are used for large lawns.
Combing rake. This accelerates the penetration of water into the soil, improves the ventilation of the plant root system and removes dead grass from the lawn.
Why does moss appear
Moss is a perennial plant that has neither roots nor flowers. It is spread by spores, ripening in the so-called box. But for its appearance requires certain favorable conditions. The main reason for the appearance of moss is the acidity of the soil and its high humidity. Because of this, the grass dies, thus making room for moss.
Therefore, before you start fighting with moss, you need to:
- find out what affected the lawn grass,
- check if the lawn area is too dark,
- determine the level of acidity and soil moisture,
- stop mowing grass too short.
To find out the exact cause of the appearance of moss, you should pay attention to the plant itself, its color, etc. It is necessary to select the method of its destruction. For example, if the lawn does not receive enough moisture or there is increased acidity in the soil, then the moss will be bright green. The bottom layer will turn brown. If the lawn grass is deficient in sunlight, the moss will surely spread along the ground. If the grass is cut too short, the moss will grow for generations, rapidly growing and absorbing the grass.
Moss destroys grass cover almost immediately after its appearance. Over time, expanding, this plant-parasite begins to inhibit the growth of grass, blocking her access to the air. In addition, it absorbs all the nutrients and moisture from the soil. This leads to the rapid death of lawn grass and the spread of moss.
Ways to get rid
There are several methods of dealing with moss, and they all involve physical or chemical effects on the plant. This is natural, because it must be completely destroyed, otherwise the lawn grass will die. Physical removal of moss is the removal of moss using scarification. For this it is best to use a rake.
On a small lawn, you can manually scoop up moss by carefully removing moss and other organic materials. On a large lawn, manually cleaning moss can take a very long time. Therefore, it is better to use for this purpose a special blade for a lawn mower. In this case, the teeth of the blade should only slightly touch the soil, otherwise it is possible to damage the grass. It is imperative to treat the lawn in this way before using chemical agents to destroy moss.
All chemical preparations for moss removal come in the form of solutions and in the form of granules or powder. Liquid herbicides lawn is treated with a watering can or sprayer. They are used to destroy plants in small areas. To use herbicides in powder or granules, they are mixed with any fertilizer and sprinkled on the grass. Then after 1-2 days the lawn is watered. Cutting grass for several days is not recommended. Also, this method cannot be applied to grass that grows less than 2 years.
One of the most effective means for the destruction of a parasitic plant is a glyphosate-based herbicide. This substance is absorbed by plants and transported to the soil. Glyphosate has a good effect on moss, but it should be used if nothing grows except moss and grass on the lawn. Before use, it is important to read the instructions.
A sulfate-based herbicide can be used for this purpose. They are not so popular but, nevertheless, effectively destroy moss. It is best to use products based on ferrous sulfate, copper or ammonium. The composition is diluted in proportion to 90 ml of herbicide per 20 liters of water. This amount will be enough to treat a lawn of 300 square meters. m
Often soap is often used as a universal remedy against moss on a lawn. This chemical solution is used infrequently, as it does not give a lasting effect. However, it can destroy small areas of a plant. It is best to use this soap during the drought.
With high acidity of the soil, it is necessary to carry out the so-called liming. At the same time it is better to take lime on the basis of calcium immediately in order to achieve a quick result. It is necessary to use this tool if the pH of the soil does not reach the figure of 6. When this indicator is above 7, then this is an alkaline medium, and not an acidic one. In general, the norm for lawn soil is from 6 to 7.
The procedure is as follows. Lime should be thoroughly mixed with sand and scattered on top of the affected areas. All this is done exclusively in dry weather, in autumn or winter. But often it is not necessary to use this method, since an excess of lime can cause irreparable harm to the grass.
Prevention of moss
Having got rid of the moss once, it is necessary to do everything so that it does not grow anymore. There are many ways to do this:
- Leveling the lawn. After the moss is removed, care should be taken to eliminate the causes that provoked its occurrence. First, the lawn needs to be leveled by means of land or mulching in order to prevent the accumulation of water.
- Adding new grass. It must be sown on empty areas left over from the destruction of moss. You can sow bluegrass, fry or fescue.
- Top dressing. It is necessary if the lawn grass is weakened. Fertilizers must contain nitrogen. The procedure is best carried out in the winter when there is still snow on the grass. There are also special fertilizers for lawn grass containing ferrous sulfate and nitrogen. They are created not only to feed, but also to combat moss.
- Increase the amount of sunlight. This is also one of the methods of dealing with dark areas. Therefore, it is necessary to try to clear the territory of the backyard plot. Other plants and bushes should not be planted too densely, firewood or bricks should be moved to another place, and it is better not to build new buildings next to the lawn.
The fight against moss requires constant attention and some effort. If the cause of a lawn infection with moss has been identified correctly, using these methods one can achieve complete destruction of the parasitic plant. It takes about a few weeks. As soon as it turns black and dry, it should be gently raked, and in these areas sow new grass. After that, it will only be necessary to apply preventive measures and then the moss will not start on it.
The main causes of moss
This weed usually grows in places with high humidity and a clear lack of sunlight. In this regard, those lawn places that are mostly in the shade of a house during daylight hours are particularly susceptible to overgrowth with moss. The damp climate and frequent rainfall also contribute to the intensive growth of this weed. Moss is a rather tender plant, therefore it does not pose any danger to healthy crops, since the planted herbs will be able to stop its development rather quickly.
In the case of a disease of growing grass, the weed can dominate the land and completely suppress the growth of weakened grass. Regular implementation of lawn care activities will help to preserve the health of the planted grass and prevent the growth of mosses.
Moss on the lawn can appear for the following reasons:
- lack of sunlight
- increased moisture in the soil,
- imbalance of nutrients in the soil,
- excessive cutting of grass,
- increased acidity of the soil.
It is possible to speak about what circumstance caused the appearance of moss, having carefully studied the appearance of the weed itself. With excessive dryness or acidity of the soil, the weed has a vertically directed shoots, which are distinguished by a rich green color, while the lower part of the moss will have a brown tint. In case of poor drainage and lack of sunlight, the moss begins to creep along the ground. Moss pillows from thick shoots arise when grass is cut too low.
How to get rid of it
Autumn is a season of the year when, due to constant precipitation, the moisture level in the soil increases significantly, and the lawn grass reduces its activity, passing into the stage of winter sleep. At this time, there is usually increased growth of various mosses. Before the onset of the winter season, it is necessary to carefully examine the entire territory of the lawn for the presence of areas overgrown with moss and mark areas where the weed shows increased activity. With the arrival of spring in these areas will need to produce enhanced tillage in order to prevent the development of moss spores.
Some manipulations on the destruction of moss can be carried out immediately after its detection.
In the autumn, you must perform the following procedures:
- make sanding infected areas,
- feed the soil,
- aerate the soil.
Lawn aeration procedure
Lawn owners often have to deal with a situation where, with seemingly proper care, the grass has a painful appearance and grows very poorly, while less whimsical weeds feel great and suppress a seeded crop.
In order for the grass planted on the lawn to develop well, a certain amount of oxygen must be present in the soil, which is involved in the processes of oxidation of mineral substances and promotes the decomposition of organic elements. The aeration procedure allows you to saturate the soil with the necessary amount of oxygen and get rid of the carbon dioxide formed, which prevents the full development of plants.
Over time, under the influence of excessive moisture and constant growth of plants, the upper layer of the earth inevitably condenses. The root system of plants loses the ability to penetrate into the deeper layers of the soil and cannot fully develop, which negatively affects the health of the planted crops. Aeration will help to cope with this problem.
The main idea of this event is to dig the soil to the required depth, due to which voids appear in the ground, filled with air. To check how necessary the aeration procedure is for the current moment, you need to cut a piece of sod about 15 centimeters thick and check the depth of root penetration. If the grass roots penetrate the soil, not more than 5 centimeters, the lawn definitely needs aeration.
The time of the aeration procedure depends directly on the type of grass sown. If we are talking about a plant that develops better in cool conditions, then it is better to carry out aeration in the fall. Thermophilic plants should undergo this procedure at the beginning of the warm summer months when they are growing intensively. If you dig up the soil at an unfavorable time for the grass, for example, in a strong drought, the plants may die.
Lawn aeration measures are usually carried out no more than once a year, but a number of reasons may arise that require additional work.
Re-aeration is required when:
- overly dry climate
- increased precipitation
- trampling down topsoil.
The tools used to aerate the soil can be quite varied: from ordinary forks and rakes to modern technical units. The choice of instrument depends on the total area of the lawn and the material wealth of the person.
Herbicide control with moss
If you know how to deal with moss on the lawn with the help of herbicides, the lawn will always have a beautiful view and delight its owner.
Herbicides are a chemical substance created to get rid of weeds. There are two main types of herbicides: the first type refers to substances of general effect and is used in practice quite rarely, since it can destroy not only weeds, but also a healthy crop. The second type includes selective action tools that are used to eliminate limited plant species.
Chemicals of this class should be handled with utmost care, without using herbicides to treat newly planted, non-grown crops. It is possible to cut the grass no earlier than 4 days after treatment. When using chemicals of a local spectrum of action, it is necessary to ensure that during the spraying of a weed, the tool did not fall on the growing near plants.
Herbicides are a very effective tool in the fight against moss, the main thing that needs to be taken into account when using them, is the type of plants planted on the lawn and carefully read the attached instructions.
Other effective ways to fight
It is important to understand how to deal with moss on the lawn, without causing harm planted cultures. There are several ways to protect the lawn from weeds:
- A sown piece of land may have some irregularities and depressions in which rainwater will collect, which will lead to an enhanced development of mossy spores. To solve this problem, it is necessary to perform a land plot procedure with combined mixtures of earth, which should include sand, which will significantly improve the drainage of the surface soil layer,
- with a deficiency of micronutrients in the soil, it is necessary to fertilize the lawn with specialized mixtures containing nitrogen. These works should be carried out in late March and early April, while snow has not yet melted on the lawn,
- To prevent the growth of moss in shaded areas, it is necessary to plant a lawn with such varieties of plants that do not need an abundance of sun and will be able to withstand the growth of weeds in the shade.
From moss it is desirable to get rid immediatelyas soon as his appearance became noticeable. If all the circumstances that contributed to the emergence of moss are set correctly, and measures to eliminate it were held in compliance with all regulatory requirements, the weed will die within a crescent. You should not leave the dead plant on the lawn, you need to carefully collect it using a rake and, if possible, without trampling the grass. After that, it is necessary to process these areas and sow them with a new high-quality culture.
Adding an article to a new collection
If the site, despite all your efforts, instead of a chic lawn grows moss, it's time to determine the root cause of its spread and get rid of it once and for all.
There are several ways to get rid of moss on the lawn. Which of them to use is the personal choice of each owner of a private house.
It is necessary to determine the pH and nutrient content in the soil. If this is not possible, then there is no doubt that the presence of moss in itself is an indicator of the high acidity of the soil. It is desirable that the lawn grass competing with the moss tolerates an alkaline environment well. A healthy lawn will require soil liming and top dressing organic fertilizer, compost, manure or other organic matter. It is necessary to make lime 2 times during the growing season.
The second step is loosening of compacted soil. The moss has small roots, to rake it will not be easy. Rakes need to vigorously remove moss over the entire surface of the lawn, it will improve aeration. A rake with frequent teeth or a lawnmower blade is perfect for this kind of work.
Mechanical moss control can be replaced by chemical. Any suitable glyphosate-containing herbicide, and ferrous sulfate or ammonium. The working solution is prepared at the rate of 90 ml of iron sulfate per 20 liters of water or from 60-150 ml of copper sulfate to 16 liters of water. About 300 sq.m. can be treated with this solution. Many to combat moss use a solution of soda, soap, or dishwashing detergent. To do this, dissolve 200 g of baking soda in 2 liters of warm water and spray it on the area. But this method will give only a temporary effect.
Fighting excessive soil moisture - Another way to get rid of moss on the site. Perhaps there is a drainage problem in the area. In such areas, water, as a rule, slowly seeps through clay soils. In this case, the soil needs to be loosened and improved its structure by adding sand and humus.
To prevent the appearance of moss after mowing the lawn, you need to immediately remove the straw. A thick layer of straw can interfere with the penetration of water through the soil and the evaporation of water from its surface. Also, do not over-water the lawn. Watering should especially be avoided at night, at the beginning of autumn or in spring, the moss grown during this period is the most resistant.
Another opportunity to forget about the moss on the lawn - elimination of excessive shadow Location on. To do this, you can choose shade-tolerant grasses (hellebore, fern, hydrangea, brunner), and you can provide more sunlight (for example, remove a tree or a sprawling bush).
For top dressing lawn need to use fertilizers with a high content of nitrogen, potassium and iron.
Мох может вырасти на голых участках газона, где плохо растет трава. Если есть такие участки, значит, для газона была выбрана трава недостаточно устойчивая к тенистым условиям. Решение проблемы может быть в замене произрастающей растительности. Healthy grass will crowd out weeds and moss.
On a plot free of moss, it is better to sow a mixture of lawn grass seeds containing ryegrass, fescue and bluegrass.
Causes of moss formation
- Low permeable soil, high groundwater. It is most difficult to remove mosses appearing on downed, low-permeable soils (for example, clayey) in areas with high groundwater levels. Under these conditions, the grass has a problem in the development of long roots that would reach deeper soil layers.
- Increased soil acidity. The origin of moss-like plants on the lawn - inadequate soil level - mosses grow well on acid soils, pH below 6. To measure the acidity, it is necessary to analyze the soil, for example, using a soil acid meter.
- Improper mowing, insufficient turf care is too rare, low grass mowing.
- Improper care - irregular raking of the remains of dead plants, leaves.
- Lack of fertilizer leads to nutrient deficiencies, poor grass growth.
- Excessive grass shading.
- Excessive moisture.
- Too sparse lawn (bare squares).
- The weakening of the lawn after illness, freezing.
How to prevent the appearance of moss?
- On tight, compacted soil - before sowing grass seeds you need to loosen the soil by mixing the top layer of soil with sand.
- In places with flooding, puddles. In places where puddles are easily formed, it is worth considering the possibility of underground drainage (with a drainage system) or surface drainage (with a layer of gravel or expanded clay under the soil on which the lawn will grow).
- On soaking soils, shaded, located from the north areas, you should think about using the correct mixture of seeds. Suitable varieties slow-growing, resistant to shading of the grass, creating a dense turf, difficult to move mosses.
- On the finished lawn, it is necessary to loosen the soil, sprinkle a thin layer of sand, gravel, and regularly aerate. Due to the piercing of the lawn with garden forks, the moisture content of the substrate is reduced, preventing the growth of mosses. It is necessary to perform scarification 1-2 times every year - vertical cutting of the sod, removing dead plant parts from the lawn, the grass becomes better nourished and stronger.
After the lawn scarification, it is necessary to scrape the remains carefully to remove mosses and dry grass. Effective aeration - saturation of the sod with oxygen. The treatment is intended to improve the physical properties of the soil, due to which fertilizers, water, and air reach the roots better.
Aeration of the turf promotes better grass growth, compaction of the lawn. On a healthy, dense, compact lawn, mossy are rare.
Proper lawn care includes the following activities:
- The lawn needs to be mowed regularly (once a week), in shaded areas it is necessary to cut the grass at least 5 cm in height, not too often water it.
- It is necessary to fertilize the sod 3-4 times a year using appropriate means for fertilizing lawns.
- Purification of turf is extremely important, especially in autumn, when leaves fall from trees, bushes, broken dead parts of other plants.
- To get rid of moss, it is necessary to ensure proper underground or surface drainage.
In case of drought, moss-like plants do not develop well, in a humid environment their development is gaining momentum, therefore it is necessary to water the lawn less often, but more abundantly, and not often enough. As a result, water will penetrate into the deeper layers of the soil, from where it is used by grass, short rhizoids of bryophytes will not get access to moisture. The same applies to the effects of the sun - in the sun bryophytes dry quickly, grow well in the shade.
If an automatic irrigation system is installed, it is worth investing in a rain sensor that regulates water supply. Thanks to the sensor, when the amount of precipitation is high enough, there will be no over-wetting of the plot.
How to fight moss on a lawn with chemical methods? On the lawn where the moss appeared, you can regularly (every few weeks) use specialized herbicides, for example, dichlorophen. Effective preparations containing iron sulfate. This component weakens the growth of bryophytes, fights moss, leads to its elimination, prevents its occurrence in the future. In order for the products to be effective, it is necessary to mow the lawn, thanks to which the herbicides reach the moss growing on the ground.
You can spray the moss with an aqueous solution of iron sulphate or sprinkle it in powder form and pour it with water. Detailed information on the method of use, dates of repetition of operations, doses of substances is given on the label of specific products.
Attention! Contacting fertilizers containing iron compounds with concrete or stone garden elements can make it difficult to remove rust stains.
Compounds with iron sulfate are produced by many manufacturers (Aquachim, Dr.Klaus, Fasco, Etisso, Agrecol, Biopon, Pokon, Substral). It is preferable to use drugs in the spring, in the fall (detailed doses, dates are indicated on the packaging of products).
Only a regularly fertilized lawn looks bright green, healthy. On the "healthy grass" bryophytes are rarely found, they simply have no place. Not only iron sulphate products are available on the market, but also fertilizer for lawn with moss, in which this substance is one of the components. In addition to ferrous sulphate that suppresses the growth of moss, these compounds contain the following nutrients that have a positive effect on grass growth:
The use of fertilizer for lawn with moss gives a double effect:
- helps remove moss
- strengthens the grass, improving the turf, making it thicker, stronger.
To keep the effect constant, fertilizer and ferrous sulfate should be applied regularly in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions on the product label.
Fertilizer lawn should be preceded by soil analysis (composition, acid reaction). Then you can reliably determine which fertilizers to use, in what doses. The use of fertilizers "by eye" can lead to soil oversaturation with nutrients, inhibition of plants.
It is advisable to use granular mineral fertilizers with an extended period of action (nutrients released from the granules within 3 months).
Acid Soil Problem
Moss often appears on lawns located on acidic soils with a pH below 6. When fighting, it is worth checking the soil pH. The test is performed using the following means:
- special electronic soil tester (acid meter),
- litmus paper,
- ready tests for soils.
If the result indicates sour soil, moss appears on the lawn, it is worth doing liming. The operation changes the pH of the soil to alkaline, helps to remove mossy plants. For liming it is better to choose:
- lime in the form of ground chalk or dolomite, wood ash,
- Calcium-magnesium fertilizer is dispersed on the surface of the lawn, delicately watered with water.
Dolomite flour is a fertilizer formed by grinding calcium-magnesium rocks. Dolomite flour fills the soil with micronutrients, changes the soil reaction to a more favorable. Dolomite allows you to raise the alkaline reaction, is used after the end of the growing season, in late autumn, even in winter on snow. Water will accelerate the dissolution of dolomite, it is quite a long process. Dolomite works slowly, but after a month of the growing season there are noticeable beneficial effects of its use.
Plain wood ash from the fireplace will help fight moss. Among gardeners, there is a known method when the areas overgrown with mosses are sprinkled with sieved wood ash and then moistened. This is a simple home method of dealing with moss, the reviews about which are quite good.
Note. Used ash from burning unpainted wood. Ash from coal or ash from wood burned with the addition of cardboard, printing paper, fabrics, plastics, is not suitable for fertilizer!
Why use wood ash? Ash has a crushed structure, so plants do not have problems with getting minerals. Ash works slowly, unlike other mineral fertilizers, has a fairly balanced composition. The reaction of ash varies in the range of pH 11-13, perfectly reduces the acidity of the soil. Due to its natural composition, wood ash is used in organic farming.
Shadow is a mossy lawyer. The shade of a large tree building is an ideal place to grow bryophytes. For the grass to grow magnificently, it needs a lot of sun. If it is not possible to provide appropriate lighting conditions, it is worth planting cover plants in shady places. Popular cover plants:
Mosses belong to pioneer plants capable of living in almost any environment. These are resistant weeds that are difficult to fight. In gardens, they appear on concrete, stone driveways, in pots, on a lawn. The fight against them is difficult, time consuming, requires the use of several methods at the same time. The easiest way to remove moss from a lawn is to remove it mechanically by raking it off the ground with a regular rake. In the spring it is better to make a mechanical removal. At the same time, old grass, sticks, and leaves are removed.
Chemical plant protection products are effective, but do not give long-term effects. Spraying should be repeated systematically (every few weeks). Moss plants grow rapidly, so chemical protection should be combined with agrotechnical measures and prevention methods described above.
Causes of moss
Understanding the causes of moss on the site will help get rid of the weed. To understand what caused the growth of moss, analyze the conditions of the lawn on the site. The appearance of moss is always associated with violations in the care of the lawn.
- Lack of nutrition weakens the grass, which leads to the lawn being caught by weeds.
- Lack of lighting, shaded area - a favorite place for moss.
- Excess moisture in the soil leads to the emergence and spread of moss. This category of problems includes unsuccessful location of the site (in the valley), and excessive watering of the lawn.
- Violation of the acid balance of the soil provokes the appearance of moss.
- Too short grass mowing as an additional factor leads to a weakening of the grass.
Moss is a small plant that has stems and leaves, but does not have a strong root system. Moss breeding occurs quickly and everywhere, with the help of certain spore substances.
The plant is very resistant to drought, bacteria, rot and other pests.
What are the causes of the appearance of moss on the site?
Sources of appearance
Before you determine how to get rid of moss in the garden, you should find out the causes of its occurrence. They are very simple and casual:
- Strong soil moisture. Frequent and abundant watering make the soil a suitable breeding ground for moss. If the site is located in a lowland, if underground water is not deeply buried, if the soil is swampy and watery, the presence of this pest cannot be avoided.
- Permanent shading of a specific area. The continuous shade of tall trees and buildings contributes to the appearance of moss on the ground surface.
- Insufficient amount (or surplus) of fertilizers and plant feeds. If you do not feed garden crops with organic and mineral fertilizers, then they will weaken and become more susceptible to pests. In the process of dressing, it is necessary to find a middle ground, since an overabundance of additional substances negatively affects both the crop itself and the soil.
- Increased land acidity. To determine this will help us inspect the appearance of moss. If it has long straight processes of different color (the upper part of the shoots is bright green, the lower part is dark brown), then most likely there is increased acidity in the area. Litmus paper and careful examination of the soil itself will also help to identify the acidity of the soil. With increased acidity, it looks dry and fruitless.
It is very important to identify the causes of the pest. This will help not only to learn how to get rid of the moss in the garden plot, how to deal with the enemy and defeat him, but also show what preventive measures should be taken to prevent the occurrence of a parasitic plant.
However, the logical question that arises is whether moss is as dangerous as it seems? Let's find out.
Moss, like other aggressor plants, has its pros and cons. First, let's discuss its useful properties:
- eliminates some harmful insects,
- serves as insulation for trees that are not adapted to frost,
- used to increase the acidity of the soil during the cultivation of certain crops on it,
- helps the soil to get rid of fungal manifestations,
- used as a decorative coating for soil and other surfaces.
On the other hand, it should be remembered that moss always acts as an invader. Its property of global growth is based on the fact that the plant is able to spread with lightning speed, striking the soil, beds, other plants and even buildings with its spores.
What is danger this pest?
First of all, the moss on the site contributes to the oppression and death of garden and garden crops. This is due to the fact that it absorbs the maximum amount of useful substances intended for the cultivation of useful plants: moisture, mineral salts, carbonic acids, etc.
Moreover, moss disrupts the internal processes occurring in the soil, thereby significantly reducing the quality of the soil and its fertility.
Also, the plant-pest acidifies the earth and bogs it, which adversely affects the development of cultivated plants and their yield.
Do not underestimate the aesthetic harm caused by mosses. Because of their growth in the suburban areas, the territory and the beds can look untidy, unsupervised and wild.
So, on the site grew moss. How to get rid of it? And what is needed to do?
Primary methods of pest control
First of all, remember that if you simply tear up the moss and destroy it, the result will be short. Spores of this weed are able to save for a long time on various surfaces, after which they can manifest and grow.
Therefore, to combat the plant-aggressor should apply more effective methods and methods.
There are several effective ways to get rid of moss in the garden. First of all, it is recommended to nourish the soil with useful substances and elements. This can be done by piercing the ground with forks, which will contribute to the penetration of life-giving oxygen into the soil.
Then you need to begin to eliminate the cause, due to which the appearance of moss.
First, if the cause of the pest is excessive soil moisture, the soil must be dried. This can be done very simply: add a certain amount of sand to the topsoil and mix it with the ground. Next, dig a small ditch to drain excess fluid, and also make sure not to moisten the soil artificially. To this end, it is recommended to minimize regular watering and irrigation.
Secondly, if increased acidity has become the basis for the growth of the aggressor plant, then it will be necessary to enrich the soil with lime mortar or a dry mixture. This can be done in the spring, having calculated fifty kilograms of this substance for one hundred square meters of land. In the autumn, instead of lime, you can use dolomite flour or wood ash, abundantly sprinkling (or wetting) the affected areas with it. This procedure should be applied in not rainy, calm weather.
How to get rid of moss in the garden, if its appearance was provoked by a constant shadow? First of all, in this place you can plant plants that do not like sunlight. Over time, they themselves will eliminate the moss and its disputes. If the shadow does not come from a tall building or a substantial building, but from a large pile of unnecessary materials, then it is necessary to move them to another place or dispose of them.
How can you fertilize the soil, if it was found that the lack of feeding triggered the appearance of a pest? First of all, it is recommended to use minerals rich in ferrous sulfate, nitrogen and others. It is very important to ensure that phosphorus and similar elements are not part of such feeds.
And one more tip: it is very important to carry out regular weed control, since such tall plants as wormwood, winch, nettle and sedge can contribute to the appearance of moss and other pests. Systematic weeding and full utilization of weeds will help not only to end the green aggressor, but also to prevent its occurrence.
So, we have disassembled simple, but effective ways how to get rid of a moss on a personal plot. А сейчас давайте коротко обсудим методы устранения этого вредителя с территории теплиц и оранжерей.
Как спасти огород под стеклом
What are the reasons for the appearance of the moss family in covered garden complexes and greenhouses? First of all, it is the absence of ventilated openings or their inefficient functioning. It is important to remember: regular airing of the room will help get rid of moss in the greenhouse. How is this best done?
It should be systematically, night and day, for a fairly long period of time, open the vents and doors to enrich the soil with ozone and oxygen. In addition, in large production greenhouses, in the presence of electricity and the necessary funds, it is recommended to install a thermal actuator that will automatically monitor the temperature in the greenhouses, mechanically opening and closing the air holes.
There are other ways to get rid of the pest in the greenhouse:
- Remove thirty centimeter topsoil and destroy it.
- Wash with soapy water all hard surfaces in the greenhouses.
- Sprinkle the soil with wood ash, dolomite flour, limestone, and so on.
- Do not be zealous with watering.
But what should you do if a harmful plant appears in the trees? How to get rid of moss in the garden, planted with apples, plums, apricots and so on?
Moss on tree bark
You can manually save the tree from the growth of the pest. You need to take an iron scraper or a metal brush and remove the moss layer along with a thin layer of bark. After this site, the lesion should be treated with a 3% solution of copper sulfate.
But what to do if all of the above benign methods are ineffective, and the moss continues to amaze cultures and spread?
Radical measures. Method 1
How to get rid of moss on the site, which is not amenable to simple means of destruction? This can be done in two effective ways.
The first of these is the mechanical elimination of moss. To do this, using a specialized device, remove the top layer of soil (three to five centimeters high) and dispose of it. Then dry lime is poured on the remaining surface and leave the soil for a day. Then the earth is moistened with water, then left for another two or three days. After seventy-two hours, a new layer of fertile soil is applied to the corrected area.
Radical measures. Method 2
The second way to eliminate intractable moss is due to the use of chemicals and drugs. Herbicides can thoroughly burn out moss growths, as well as its spores and invisible processes, but they should be used in calm weather, using a protective mask and long mittens. It is recommended to treat the affected area with a sprayer, and after two days the ground should be thoroughly rinsed with water.
What can be part of chemical drugs? First of all - glyphosate, iron, copper or ammonium.
As you can see, moss is an unpleasant pest that can cause many problems and concerns to gardeners and summer residents. However, this annoying aggressor can be defeated if preventive measures are systematically carried out, and if we proceed to its destruction correctly and in a timely manner.
And yet, starting to combat the parasite, you should think about the options for its use to your advantage and your backyard.
For example, moss can be used during decoration or landscape design. This green plant will look very impressive at the bottom of artificial ponds, in the recesses between the road plates, on the surfaces of flower beds or sculptures.
There are many different ways to decorate the dacha with moss. However, this is a completely different topic.