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Sesame Seed - Benefit and Harm

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Sesame, sesame, is one of the most ancient Shrovetide crops and is increasingly cultivated as a unique plant, the seed of which is used in many areas of production.

But most of all it is valued in cooking and even in medicine for the tremendous use of sesame for the body, as well as the savory taste for various dishes.

From this article you will learn:

USEFUL PROPERTIES OF SAND SEEDS

  • Sesame seeds are incredibly rich in healthy vegetable oil, the content of which reaches 60% of the total seed composition!
  • Sesame is also recognized as an excellent source of protein, which occupies 20% of the seeds, as well as soluble carbohydrates (up to 16% of the seeds).
  • Sesame seeds are known for their high content of calcium and antioxidants (in particular, vitamin E and lignans - substances that harmonize the lipid balance in the body and prolong aging). However, in sesame seeds, oxalates and phytic acid were also detected, which impeded the full absorption of important trace elements of sesame. To reduce the content of these substances and improve the nutritional properties of seeds, it is enough to know some culinary tricks. But let's talk about this a little later.

The content of vitamins and caloric sesame per 100 g

However, in the process of cleaning seeds from the shell, the calcium content decreases sharply, and in 100 grams of the finished product only 60 mg of this valuable trace element remains.

Due to the high oil content, the caloric content of sesame is as high as that of most other seeds. In fact, sesame seeds are half fat, so their caloric content is 575 kcal per 100 grams of product. Of course, the caloric and nutritional properties of sesame depend on the initial size and quality of the seeds themselves.

healing properties of sesame for human health

Due to the presence of organic and polyunsaturated fatty acids in sesame oil, sesame seeds have long been at the top of the ranking of the most useful and nutritious seeds ever discovered by man.

Trace elements such as magnesium, iron, zinc, phosphorus and, of course, calcium, make sesame a unique vegetable source for strengthening and maintaining our health. In addition to a number of vitamins, sesame contains vital fiber (plant fibers for natural cleansing of the body), phytin - a substance that restores the mineral balance in the body and rare sesamin - the strongest antioxidant that reduces cholesterol in the blood and prevents the development of many chronic diseases (including oncology). Together with sesamin is involved in the regulation of cholesterol and a substance such as beta-sitosterol.

The benefits of sesame for women

Few of the seeds are able to have a beneficial effect on the female body, like flax and sesame seeds. Sesame is the product of beauty and health for women. It not only strengthens the hair and nails, improves skin condition, stimulates the internal processes of the body, but also has the unique property of replacing female sex hormones with natural phytoestrogen. That is why sesame is so useful for women after 45 years, as well as hormonal disorders.

Unfortunately, many older people and women in the period of menopause are known to have unpleasant symptoms of osteoporosis (weakened bone tissue), which also requires regular use of sesame seeds.

The benefits of sesame for men

In addition to the high content of nutrients in the sesame seed, sesame is also rich in phosterol, a substance that regulates the level of cholestenin in the body, thereby preventing the occurrence of excess weight and other age-related disorders.

Calcium in sesame promotes not only the good work of bones and joints, but also an increase in muscle mass, which is an important factor for athletes and men who strengthen the body with physical exertion.

The value and use of sesame in different areas

Occurred from India, today sesame is actively grown in the countries of Southeast Asia. In the countries of the Far East, people consume sesame in large quantities, adding seeds not only to desserts, but to many main dishes, so the benefits of sesame for the body are very much appreciated.

Sesame is widely used in several areas of production and is especially appreciated for its rich oil. More than 60% of sesame raw materials are directed to the production of oil. Even the cake obtained in the process of making oil is an excellent source of high-calorie protein and actively goes to feed for livestock.

In cooking

In cooking, sesame is best known as a seasoning: many bakery products are usually sprinkled with dried sunflower seeds. In Asian countries, sesame is cultivated as a good ingredient for desserts: based on sesame seeds produce such famous oriental sweets as tahini halva, kozinaki, hummus, etc. From the sesame seed soaked and crushed in water, they also produce a healing vegetable sesame milk that can fully replace dairy products of animal origin.

Sesame storage and preservation of its useful properties

In order for sesame seeds to give all their nutrients and beneficial substances, and not to lose them during processing, it is important not to expose them to long-term roasting, boiling down or steeping. It is recommended to lightly heat the seeds on a slow fire only to eliminate anti-nutrients that prevent the full absorption of calcium.

It is recommended to store sesame in unpeeled form in a hermetic and dry container (preferably in a dark place). If you decide to extend the shelf life of already cleaned seeds, they should be kept in the refrigerator. So sesame retains its properties up to 5-6 months. Sesame oil is stored much longer (the shelf life of the oil is approximately several years).

Contraindications or possible harm to sesame

According to statistics, in sensitive people sesame seed causes allergic reactions much more often than other types of seeds, so sesame should be used with extreme caution and in small quantities.

Sesame is contraindicated in persons prone to thrombosis, urolithiasis. Sesame is contraindicated for people with a high content of calcium in the body, as well as those who follow a diet with a minimum amount of fat in foods.

It is strictly forbidden to use sesame with substances such as oxalic acid, aspirin and estrogen derivatives. The combination of these products can lead to the deposition of insoluble compounds in the human kidneys, thereby causing dangerous diseases.

For healing sesame seeds to bring only benefit, remember a few basic rules for their use, as well as the measure of consumption and the quality of sesame itself.

Cheers and learn more about the healing properties of sesame from the articles on our site!

Try these sesame seeds, quality is a guarantee!

What is sesame

Sesame or sesame is a herb from the Pedalievye family, the main growing areas of which are India and Africa. The photo shows that tropical sesame has white and purple flowers. The most valuable oily plant of the genus is Indian sesame, which has taken its honorable culinary place. It is used to cook kozinaki, topping for bakery products, aromatic spices, sauces, and also tahini - a special paste, known in Arabic and Jewish cuisines.

Sesame seeds are used to prepare sesame oil, useful in the manufacture of cosmetics and medical ointments. There are 2 types of sesame - white and black. The latter type is much more expensive and more useful, since the crude black grains are not subjected to grinding. Sesame seeds taste like nuts. Peeled sesame seeds can be used for 6 months when stored in the refrigerator, and if frozen, then about a year. Shelf life of sesame oil - 10 years.

Sesame - Composition

The composition of sesame grains in addition to minerals, vitamins contains: water, proteins, fats, carbohydrates, dietary fiber (fiber), ash, antioxidants (sesaminol, sesamol). The vitamin complex includes beta-carotene (A), thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), niacin (PP), folic and pantothenic acid (B9 and B5), pyridoxine (B6), tocopherol and choline (E, B4). If we consider the mineral composition of sesame, then there are such macro-and micronutrients:

  • zinc,
  • iron,
  • selenium,
  • copper,
  • manganese,
  • phosphorus,
  • potassium,
  • sodium,
  • magnesium,
  • calcium.

Sesame Seed Calorie

Sesame seed has a large number of calories due to the fact that more than half consists of fat. The average caloric content of sesame seed per 100 grams is about 570 calories. What is useful sesame seeds? They are rich in calcium. A unique fact is that 100 grams of sesame can fill the daily need of the body in a particularly important macrocell. Calcium from sesame is better absorbed than dairy.

Sesame - useful properties

Sesame is endowed with antioxidant properties, serves as a prophylaxis against aging, helps with weight loss. The benefits of sesame seed in the cosmetic industry are moisturizing and softening properties. The contained substances make it possible to use the product in the production of creams and lotions from sunburn, since it does not transmit ultraviolet radiation. Sesame is used in medicine as a therapeutic agent, not only for osteochondrosis, but also for the prevention of other diseases:

  • oncology,
  • hypertension
  • fractures
  • shortness of breath
  • manifestations of asthma,
  • coughing
  • pneumonia.

Seeds are useful for diseases:

  • thyroid, pancreas,
  • the liver
  • gallbladder,
  • joint diseases
  • hearts,
  • vessels
  • digestive system.

What is useful sesame for women?

To alleviate the state of mastitis during breastfeeding (lactation), women need to apply compresses of vegetable oil, sesame powder to the inflamed areas. Sesame seed reduces the risk of breast cancer, and also promotes blood flow to the pelvis. When mixed with poppy or flax seeds, the product shows its hidden properties, acting as a strong aphrodisiac. The main use of sesame for women is in a sex hormone substitute, phytoestrogen, which is beneficial for the health of women after 45 years.

Harm sesame

Serious research in the field of contraindications to the use of sesame seeds has not been conducted, so there are only a few reasons for not eating a product. However, the fact that people have found benefit in sesame since ancient times is undeniable, so we can conclude that it has a high nutritional value. So what are the contraindications and harm of sesame seed, when its use does not benefit:

  • with individual intolerance,
  • if there are problems with the digestive tract, the seeds are digested for a long time,
  • during pregnancy (threatened miscarriage),
  • if you eat on an empty stomach (nausea occurs),
  • with increased blood clotting,
  • at the age of three years (due to the inability of the child's body to break down fats).

How to take sesame seed

Before you use the product, you need to make sure that it is of high quality. Sesame seeds should look clean and not bitter, and the defect indicates deterioration, then it can be harmful. The daily rate is 2 tsp. How to take sesame seed, depending on the disease:

  1. For health purposes, take sesame (20 g) in powder form 3 times to remove toxins from the body. It is better to drink it with water before eating.
  2. For digestive disorders 2 tsp. seeds need to grind, mix in a solution of honey (1 tbsp. water to 1 tsp. honey).
  3. How to take sesame seed with a lack of calcium: eat daily 1 tbsp. l sesame seeds.
  4. Sesame powder is taken for painful sensations in the lower back, neuralgic pains of the arms and legs. To do this: fry the seeds until the appearance of a specific odor, finely chop. Correctly take 1 time daily for 1 st. l together with 1 tbsp. l honey, washed down with warm water.
  5. Remove the symptoms of hemorrhoids can, if you pour 2 tbsp. l crushed seeds 0.5 liters of boiling water. Boil for 5 minutes, let the broth brew for half an hour. After cooling, drink in small sips.

Appearance

Sesame belongs to the group of herbaceous annuals and can grow up to 2 m in height. It is distinguished by upright branched felt-down stems. Green leaves have an unusual appearance, which are gradually sharpened and narrowed at the end. The leaves located in the lower part of the stem have an ovoid shape and reach a length of not more than 20 cm. The upper ones, on the contrary, are lanceolate in shape and can grow up to 10 cm.

During the growing season, horizontally planted and slightly hanging flowers, shaped like bluebells, grow in the axils of the upper leaves. They can have different colors from white to violet.

After the end of the flowering phase, seed ripening occurs. They are in flower-shaped boxes with four nests. On average, such a box does not exceed 3 cm. Sesame seeds may differ from each other in color, which is determined by the plant variety. Among them are the most common white, gray, brown and black shades. Sesame seeds are widely used in the food industry because they contain healthy oils and have a pleasant taste.

To date, approximately 35 species of sesame are known, of which the following are the most common:

  • white. By its appearance, it strongly resembles rice, is considered one of the rare and expensive spices,
  • the black. Its main highlight - rich aroma. It also contains many antioxidants,
  • brown. A plant of this variety ripens soft-tasting seeds containing less antioxidants than black.

If you choose from the presented varieties the best as a food additive, they will be black sesame, and you can put brown on the second place.

Among all the varieties of black sesame is the most useful.

Note that white sesame, which today can be purchased on supermarket shelves, is nothing more than culinary sesame, which has been previously dried and ground. It is undesirable to buy it, because as a result of such processing it loses many useful substances.

Organic white sesame is mainly used to make sesame milk and halvah. These foods are very rich in vitamin E and calcium.

Sesame milk is known for its healing properties. It is recommended to use for fractures, diseases of the spine, and the reason for this is the high content of calcium.

Where is growing?

Scientists have two versions to this effect. According to one, the sesame homeland is India, the second indicates that the first samples of this plant appeared in East Africa. Over the past century, sesame has managed to spread throughout the planet, however, it can only be found in the tropical and subtropical zones. Growing plants are actively engaged in Ethiopia, Egypt, China, India, USA. Cultivated this culture in our country - in the Crimea, Stavropol and Krasnodar Territory.

How to choose a spice?

If you want the dish after adding sesame seeds to it, not only gets a pleasant taste, but also brings maximum benefit, you need to be very careful when choosing this plant. To do this, you must remember the following:

  • if you need friable and dry seeds, look for sesame, which is sold in a transparent bag,
  • If you have such an opportunity, be sure to taste the seed. So, you can find out if it is sour, which will help you determine the freshness of the product,
  • in whatever package you buy sesame, make sure that the moisture does not get inside,
  • When buying seeds, be sure to smell them - they should not emit a sour or rotten smell, as this is a sign of the product's staleness.

Storage conditions

Raw sesame seeds are considered the most useful, although they have a short shelf life. If you purchased raw sesame seeds, remember that they should be stored for no more than 3 months in a cool room, regularly checking for bitterness before another use. When placing seeds in the refrigerator, you can increase the shelf life up to six months, and if you freeze the sesame seeds, they will not lose their useful properties for one year.

If you purchased unrefined sesame, it should only be stored in a sealed package in a dry and cool place. Peeled seeds quickly become bitter, so it’s best to keep them in the fridge or freezer.

A method of making spices

  • It is time to collect sesame seeds, usually in the first decade of September, when the leaves begin to fall off.
  • During the collection of seeds, plants need to be plucked completely. From each you can get about 50-100 seeds. However, this must be done very carefully, because at the time of harvesting there is a risk that the pod will open and the seeds will fall out.
  • When the plants are collected, they are tied up in small bunches and dried under the hot sun.
  • After the plants dry well, you need to remove the seeds from them. Для этого нужно аккуратно раскрыть каждый стручок, а после извлечения семян хорошенько очистить их.
  • Before the seeds can be used as an additive to food, they must be chopped.

Features

  • Sesame - This is a plant that does not have a pronounced smell.
  • The sesame seed has a soft, sweet, nutty flavor that becomes richer after roasting.
  • Plants begin to bloom in June-July, and the fruits begin to ripen in late August or early September.
  • The most valuable are sesame seeds and oil, which is widely used in the food industry.
  • The spice is very popular due to the fact that dishes with it acquire a particularly savory taste.

Beneficial features

Studying the properties of Sesame engaged in the XI century Avicenna, who was able to note the positive impact of this plant on the body, which is reflected in his treatise.

If you are going to use sesame seeds in the form of a dietary supplement, it will not hurt you to consider the following points:

  • if you want to extract maximum benefit from seeds, we advise them to soak or heat them before use,
  • seeds roasted and added to the dish turn into ordinary seasoning and lose their beneficial properties,
  • It is not recommended to subject sesame seeds to strong heat treatment, otherwise they will lose their unique qualities,
  • that the seeds have brought maximum benefit, they need to chew well. To make it easier to do, you can pre-soak them.

Sesame seeds are widely used in medicine. Today, the following positive effects of sunflower seeds on health are known:

  • regular use of seeds allows you to normalize lipid-fat metabolism, and also restore cholesterol,
  • unique components of the plant promote immunity,
  • using sesame you can cleanse the body of all harmful substances
  • sesame seeds are very rich in fibertherefore their regular use has a positive effect on the intestinal function,
  • To use this product to bring maximum benefit to your body, we recommend it before use. warm up a little in a skillet,
  • regular use of black sesame seeds will allow you to maintain a high immunity and avoid raising cholesterol levels.

Not all people this product may be equally useful. First of all, it concerns women during pregnancy, who should use it only with the permission of a doctor. Not everyone knows that sesame can negatively affect the development of the unborn child, sometimes it can lead to very undesirable consequences, causing miscarriage with frequent use of this spice.

Not recommended for people with high acidity of the stomach, as this seasoning can cause them even more irritation of the mucous membrane. You can not eat this product on an empty stomach, because in this case it can cause nausea and vomiting. However, it is easy to avoid all this if you roast the seeds before eating and add a little honey to them.

In medicine

If you want sesame seeds to bring maximum health benefits, they should be consumed little by little - no more than two or three teaspoons per day.

Sesame seeds contain a lot of useful substances, thanks to which a positive effect on the body is ensured:

  • sesamin has pronounced antioxidant properties, which allows the use of the seeds of this plant in the treatment of various diseases, including cancer,
  • sitosterol has the ability to change the level of cholesterol in the blood, lowering it,
  • phytin. Its positive effect is associated with the ability to restore the body’s mineral balance,
  • riboflavin necessary for human growth. This component also has a positive effect on blood composition,
  • thiamine. Helps to maintain the correct metabolism in the body, has a positive effect on the work of the nervous system,
  • calcium helps prevent osteoporosis, since it is the main component of bones and joints,
  • phytosterol. The maximum positive effect manifests in atherosclerosis and obesity, due to its ability to lower cholesterol in the blood,
  • phytoestrogen The greatest benefit can bring the female body after 45 years. It is an excellent alternative to female hormones.

Conclusion

Sesame, many know as one of the seasonings, which are widely used in cooking. The seeds of this plant can significantly improve the taste of any dish, make it more appetizing. However, not everyone knows that this plant can also be used to heal the body. This is due to the unique composition of seeds, which are especially rich in calcium and vitamin E.

However, to get the maximum benefit from the use of seeds of this plant, you need to eat them correctly. If you fry them a little in the pan, you can thereby increase the beneficial effect of the constituent components of this plant. But strongly heat treatment can lead to the opposite result and completely deprive this product of all the healing qualities, because of which it is so valued in medicine.

How sesame grows

Sesame, or sesame in Latin - Pancake plant up to 3 meters high, whose life cycle is 1 year. It begins to bloom in June, and after 2 months the fruits ripen. Duration of flowering is only 1 day. After withering, special boxes are formed, in which there are seeds.

This heat-loving culture grows in the tropics and subtropics. India is considered the homeland, then sesame began to be cultivated in the countries of North Africa and Pakistan. Over time, it became widespread in Asia and the Caucasus.

In our country, sesame can be grown only in southern latitudes. The plant is especially fastidious to the soil - only loamy soil is suitable for it. Amateur gardeners are trying to plant it in their own summer cottages, creating the necessary conditions. However, this idea is not always crowned with success.

Composition and calorie

Sesame seeds contain a large number of components:

  • vitamins A, B1 (thiamin), B2, PP and E,
  • mineral substances - iron, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus. And the amount of calcium in untreated seeds is especially large - 970 mg per 100 g. This is more than in cottage cheese and cheese,
  • phytin,
  • Sesamin - an organic substance that reduces the level of "bad" cholesterol and promotes weight loss,
  • alimentary fiber,
  • fatty acid.

Sesame seeds half consist of oil, so their caloric content is quite high - about 580 kcal per 100 g.

The benefits of sesame seed

Sesame seeds bring significant benefits to the body. Possible harm depends on the individual characteristics of a person and appears in rare cases.

They have a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect and are able to inhibit cancer cells. Beneficial action is expressed in the following:

  1. Sesame is involved in the replenishment of calcium, which is necessary for the proper formation of bone tissue. Fluorine and zinc contribute to its better absorption, so regular use of sesame seeds is an excellent prevention of osteoporosis.
  2. Sesamin normalizes lipid metabolism and promotes weight loss. In combination with fatty acids, it reduces cholesterol levels and prevents the appearance of atherosclerosis.
  3. Vitamins A and E slow down the aging process, helps maintain youth and beauty. They have antioxidant properties and protect the body from the negative effects of free radicals.
  4. Fiber and vitamin PP contribute to better digestion of food and cleanse the intestines of harmful substances.
  5. Thiamine is necessary for the normal functioning of the heart and blood vessels, supports the health of the nervous system, speeds up metabolism and improves the absorption of nutrients.
  6. Phytosterol strengthens the immune system. As a result, a person almost completely stops having a cold.
  7. Bodybuilders eat sesame for speedy gaining muscle mass, because protein makes up about 20% of the total seed mass. It is also eaten by supporters of vegetarianism, filling the lack of animal protein.
  8. Vitamin B2 accelerates growth, therefore sesame in small quantities is recommended to give to children.
  9. The benefits of sesame for women is a beneficial effect on the reproductive system and the health of the mammary glands. Lotions will help get rid of mastopathy. Daily use of seeds at the onset of menopause will help alleviate its symptoms.
  10. Floterin prevents the collection of extra pounds and the appearance of age-related disorders.
  11. The antibacterial effect of the seeds has a beneficial effect on the condition of the oral cavity.
  12. Improve the functioning of the liver, in particular, help alleviate the hangover syndrome.

However, roasted sesame, which is used in cooking, has no beneficial properties. All valuable components are destroyed during heat treatment (95%).

Black sesame seeds in Russia are less common, but they also have useful properties. They are used to treat skin diseases, osteoporosis, arthritis, improve the gastrointestinal tract and prevent cancer. In addition, the concentration of calcium in them is even higher than in whites.

How to store

In order for the seeds to bring maximum benefit, they must be carefully selected and certain storage conditions must be observed. They should be dry and crumbly. It is better to buy seeds in a transparent package or by weight. Then their quality can be visually assessed.

If til has a bitter taste, then it has gone bad. They should not be eaten.

Storage of sesame should be carried out in a dry place, which is not penetrated by direct sunlight. It must be poured into a sealed container. These conditions are suitable for uncleaned seeds.

If a shell has been removed from the grains, they must be placed in a refrigerator or freezer. So they will retain their valuable components for about half a year.

Harm and contraindications

Despite the enormous benefits of sesame seeds, in some cases they cause harm.

Their use for therapeutic purposes should be limited in the following cases:

  • with high blood clotting and thrombosis,
  • with a predisposition to the formation of kidney stones and sand in the urinary system,
  • with increased acidity of the stomach,
  • with the appearance of individual intolerance to the components.

During pregnancy, sesame should be eaten with extreme caution, because it can change hormones and cause miscarriage.

Knowledge of the beneficial properties and contraindications for the use of sesame seeds will help to apply them most effectively.

Sesame is a valuable oilseed plant whose seeds have a strong beneficial effect on the human body. They are part of the drugs used for the preparation of therapeutic drugs. With reasonable use, sesame will bring exceptional benefits to the body.

Sesame and its types


This plant, the photo of which is presented in the article, belongs to Shrovetide crops and can reach a height of about three meters. It blooms with white flowers growing from green leaves. It blooms only one day.

Sesame prefers to grow in warm climates and is usually found only in tropical zones. Grow it on the territory of Pakistan, Arabia, North Africa and India. In our country, this is problematic due to unsuitable climatic conditions.

Sesame seeds are black, brown, reddish, golden or white. The most common are black and white types of seeds. What is this seasoning for? Black sesame is usually used for marinades, and white is most often used in sweet dishes.


Sesame seeds have a high nutritional value - 100 g of the product contains approximately 600 calories. The composition of sesame includes many beneficial trace elements that a person needs for good health and health promotion. These include:

  • unsaturated acids,
  • calcium, phosphorus, iron,
  • vitamins of groups E, PP, B1, B2,
  • alimentary fiber,
  • monosaccharides, disaccharides,
  • carbohydrates, proteins, organic fats,
  • starch,
  • magnesium, sodium, potassium,
  • ash.

The composition of sesame includes phytin Is a unique substance that regulates the balance of minerals in the body, and phytosterol, helping to fight obesity and strengthen the immune system. Also very valuable sesamin. This rare antioxidant is used to prevent many serious diseases, including cancer, and also lowers blood cholesterol.

Healing properties of sesame

This plant has so many medicinal properties that it is difficult to somehow classify them. Sesame is used for many purposes, and it is used in two forms:

Broths of seeds are a wonderful expectorant. Children with asthma or pulmonary diseases should take sesame infusions that relieve cramps and ease breathing.

Widely used seasoning in cooking. Various pastries generously strewn with these small seeds, sesame halvah, bakery products with white or black seeds, gozinaki - all of them enrich the body with vitamins, valuable minerals and trace elements.

In cosmetology, sesame oils saturated with vitamins are used, which include in the composition of many creams. Rejuvenating uterus based on steamed sesame is very popular. Thanks to this plant, the skin becomes elastic and elastic, the nails and hair become healthy. The beneficial properties of seasoning help fight eczema and dandruff.

Benefits for men and women

Useful properties of sesame for men:

  • improves potency
  • increases libido,
  • helps build muscle mass
  • a positive effect on the level of male hormones.

Men should eat both white and black sesame. Both of these species are excellent aphrodisiacs.

Sesame is valuable for women:

  • fights mastopathy,
  • normalizes hormone levels
  • increases sexual desire
  • normalizes the menstrual cycle
  • supplements with calcium the body of the mother and child during breastfeeding,
  • improves the condition of nails, hair and skin,
  • eliminates vitiligo.

Sesame use

Sesame can be eaten in the form of seeds as a finished product. It is often used in baking as an additional ingredient. But you should know that it is necessary to use this spice after minimal heat treatment, so baked goods, generously covered with sesame, contain a small amount of useful substances. It is best eaten raw, steamed, boiled and heated.

You can not eat a lot of sesame per day, as it is quite heavy and high in calories. This seasoning is desirable to use in the composition of various dishes. In this case, it will enter the body in small quantities. For some diseases, eat one teaspoon of sesame. This is the daily consumption rate of a plant and cannot be taken anymore.

History reference

The plant was first seen in South Africa.

Later it began to be cultivated in the Far East, in Central Asian countries and India.

Interestingly, abroad, sesame has found a massive and diverse use, while in Russia it is used only for the preparation of sweet foods:

They are also sprinkled with buns and other muffins.

If the Russians had got acquainted with sesame closer, they would have used it not only in cooking, because it carries tremendous health benefits for the human body.

What does it contain

One sesame seed contains a lot of oil - half of the composition. In addition to oil, here is present sesamin - a substance that can protect against various diseases, including cancer.

Sesamin reduces the amount of cholesterol in the blood. This mission is also performed by beta-sitosterol, which is also abundant in sesame seeds.

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  • retinol,
  • tocopherol,
  • vitamin C,
  • B vitamins,

as well as chemicals:

  • iron,
  • potassium and calcium,
  • phosphorus and magnesium.

They contribute to the improvement of the body through the use of sesame in food. The seed contains:

The latter, normalizes the mineral balance, if it is disturbed.

Phytosterol is another beneficial substance. as part of sesame.

It makes the immune system resistant to the negative effects of the environment, as a result, a person is sick less often or not at all suffering from colds.

Thanks to phytosterol, the threat of atherosclerosis is significantly reduced. It also helps people who are overweight.

Thiamine in the composition of sesame normalizes the metabolic process, has a beneficial effect on the work of the central nervous system.

Vitamin PP ensures good digestion and uninterrupted functioning of the digestive tract. In one sesame seed contains 560-570 calories.

ethnoscience

Sesame is known as a medicine since ancient times.

Then the healers prescribed it to patients with a cold.

Today, the scope of the spice has expanded, and it is used to treat asthma and pneumonia.

Women's health sesame carries invaluable benefits:

  • have a positive effect on the urogenital system and genitals of the beautiful half of humanity.

Лекари с незапамятных времён советовали женщинам употреблять семечки кунжута в сыром виде – каждый день по ложке, тщательно, пережёвывая.

Молодым матерям семечки помогают поддерживать здоровье молочных желез, предотвращают риск развития мастопатии.

Sesame must be present in the daily menu of a woman who has overstepped the threshold of the 45th anniversary. It acts as an analogue of female hormones, and this is so important during menopause.

For the treatment of mastitis traditional medicine recommends applying ground sesame mixed with sunflower oil to inflamed mammary glands.

This prescription must be coordinated with your doctor..

If you use sesame with flax seeds (useful properties) and poppy, it acquires the properties of an aphrodisiac, and therefore extremely useful for women and men.

Oil application

Useful oil is squeezed out of sesame seeds. It is used for medical purposes - for the manufacture of healing adhesive plasters, medical ointments.

It is proven that it helps blood clot faster. It is also used as a laxative:

  • with it leave the body and harmful substances.

Oil moisturizes the intestines with a lack of moisture.

For cosmetic purposes, the oil is added to the means for the face and body, it is:

  • smoothes small wrinkles (how to make a face cucumber mask),
  • contributes to the preservation of youthful skin,
  • softens and moisturizes it.

The substances contained in the oil have a beneficial effect on the skin. They strengthen the protective system, eliminate redness. The complexion is evened out.

Sesame oil prevents the penetration of ultraviolet rays, so today they produce cosmetics for tanning based on this spice.

It is able to treat sunburn..
Use oil and massage. Women like cosmetic milk to remove makeup, which includes the described product.

Sesame oil enriches hair nutrients and maintains normal moisture levels in the roots.

Contraindications and harm

Along with the benefits of sesame seed can cause significant harm to the health of some people.

Its property to improve blood coagulability, by consuming sesame as food, is dangerous for those with clotting already high or diagnosed with thrombosis (vascular occlusion).

The mucous walls of the stomach are gentle and sharply react to everything that gets into the stomach. Excessive consumption of sesame carries incurable damage.

That is why doctors advise eating spice only in small quantities.

Adultif his health is in order, you can eat sesame in the amount of 2-3 small spoons per day.

It is not recommended to eat spice in the morning before meals:

  • sure to get nauseous and thirsty.

How to choose and store

When choosing sesame seeds, remember the following.

Sesame should be dry, crumbly.

Well, if the seeds are sold on the basis of weight, or at least in transparent bags.

If sesame tastes bitter, it speaks of poor quality or that it is flawed.

Acquired sesame can not be stored for years:

  • due to the presence of oil in the composition, it deteriorates in the coming months.

In its raw form and with the peel, the seeds are more useful and stored longer.

As such, put them in an airtight container and keep in a dry place where there are no high temperatures, and where the sun's rays do not penetrate.

These are the best storage conditions. spices 3 months.

If the seeds are peeled, then they should not be stored:

  • the taste will spoil, and the beneficial properties will soon disappear.

To preserve the taste of purified sesame Enjoyable, keep the seeds in the freezer or fridge.

There they will lie, without losing their properties, for at least a year or half a year, respectively.

But sesame oil has a longer shelf life.

For many years, the quality does not deteriorate, and the benefits remain the same.

There are no strict requirements for the storage of oil:

  • it does not harm even a room with a high temperature.

Watch a short video on the beneficial properties of sesame seed oil and oil.

The use of sesame for medicinal purposes

Due to its unique composition, sesame has a beneficial effect on the whole body. As mentioned earlier, the seed contains the necessary antioxidants - sesaminol and sesamin.

Interesting! The chemical composition of sesame seed oil can retain its beneficial properties for 9 years!

Let us now consider the rich medicinal properties of such tiny sesame seeds:

  1. Fight against viral colds. Sesame seed oil can be rubbed back and chest of the patient.
  2. Ability to relieve asthma attacks, shortness of breath and dry cough. Magnesium, which is contained in the grains, prevents the appearance of bronchospasms.
  3. Normalization of blood pressure, improving blood clotting and lowering cholesterol.
  4. Reduction of gastric juice secretion. Sesame is used to increase acidity.
  5. Calcium Conservationin the body - This property of sesame seed is especially useful for women at the onset of menopause.
  6. it most powerful aphrodisiacwhich equally affects both men and women. For greater effect, it is recommended to add a little poppy and flaxseed to sesame seed.
  7. Improving the digestive system, elimination of constipation and diarrhea.
  8. Cleansing the body of toxins. Seeds need to grind in a coffee grinder and take 3 times a day before meals, drinking plenty of water.
  9. Elimination of oral diseases. It is recommended to rinse your mouth with water, where 1 tablespoon of sesame oil is dissolved.
  10. The ability to heal sunburn, wounds and cuts. Many manufacturers produce patches based on sesame.

Important! In the presence of serious diseases, the use of sesame should always be coordinated with the doctor.. Otherwise, serious complications can occur.

Sesame seed during pregnancy and lactation

While waiting for the child, most women have a lot of discomfort and inconvenience. Sesame seeds help to cope with many of the unpleasant accompanying pregnancy, in particular:

  • help eliminate constipation
  • increase the immunity of the future mother's body,
  • solve problems with frequent urination,
  • help maintain healthy teeth
  • positively affect the nervous system, relieve anxiety,
  • maintain muscle in good condition.

Sesame can be used during breastfeeding. Eating seeds reduces the risk of breast inflammation and mastopathy.

Interesting! When mastitis can be applied to the chest gauze, which is dipped in sesame oil.

Sesame seeds for children

Due to the huge number of useful properties, children can also be given sesame seeds. Due to the nature of the child’s body, pediatricians recommend that sesame be administered in the diet. from 3 years old. For kids, 1 tsp per day is enough. Pure kids are unlikely to eat seeds, so they can decorate cereals and casseroles.

Sesame Milk Application

On the basis of sesame milk you can cook porridge, make smoothies and smoothies. Cake from the seeds is used to make muffins and pies.

Let's understand how to make sesame milk at home. The recipe is very simple.

So, for cooking will require:

  • 100 g sesame seeds,
  • 1 liter of drinking water
  • 2-3 tablespoons of honey.

Honey is used as a useful sweetener. Instead, you can also use Jerusalem artichoke or agave syrup, palm or coconut sugar, dates. A sweetener is required, otherwise the milk will be inedible and bitter in taste. But you should not get carried away, otherwise the drink will become cloyingly sweet.

To start sesame need to soak for 5-8 hours. After that, the water must be drained and the seeds washed in clean water. Put the washed sesame into a blender, add water and sweetener. Beat until a white milk with a full foam is formed. Strain the drink through cheesecloth. Sesame milk is ready! In the refrigerator it can be stored for 2-3 days.

Sesame oil application

Oil made from sesame seeds is widely used in medicine in the production of various emulsions, ointments and patches. It has long been proven that it helps blood clot faster. Sesame oil is also used as a laxative, it is capable of removing harmful substances from the body.

For cosmetology purposes, sesame seed oil is added to body and face care products. It smoothes fine lines, keeps skin young, moisturizes and softens it. Appears even complexion.

Use oil and massage. It is also added to hair masks, making them silky and strong.

Harm of sesame seeds

Sesame can bring not only benefit, but also harm. Contraindications include:

  • thrombosis,
  • allergic reaction,
  • urolithiasis disease,
  • hypercalcemia.

Also, do not eat sesame on an empty stomach. It can cause thirst and nausea. Those who follow a diet, too, it is better to refrain from sunflower seeds. Fats that are contained there, can only add extra weight.

Important! It is strictly forbidden to take sesame oil with aspirin, oxalic acid, any estrogen derivatives.

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