By the middle of summer, delicate fragrant hydrangea clouds appear on the summer cottages. They are painted in soft pastel colors, which gives the shrub even more airiness and charm. Although hydrangea is a heat-loving inhabitant of the south, selection made it possible to obtain quite a few varieties that can grow in a harsh climate. This article will tell about plant hydrangea in Siberia planting and care, especially growing, breeding, the best frost-resistant hybrids. This information will be useful to beginners who have decided to cultivate a heat-loving crop in unusual climatic conditions. A detailed description of the process of preparing the bush for the winter will help you to protect the gentle southerner from severe frosts.
Hortensia: description, photo
Hydrangea is a genus named after the sister of the Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, who bore the beautiful name Hortensia. From the Latin language, the botanical name is translated as "a vessel with water." And it is not surprising, because the main property of the plant is an increased love for moisture. Homeland hydrangea is Asia, mainly China and Japan. Japanese people culture called Adzai, which means "flower, like the purple sun."
No matter how they call the luxurious representatives of the genus Hydrangea, they have many faces. Some species are represented by shrubs, others are dwarf trees, and some are lianas that can climb up to a height of 30 m. In total, the genus includes 70-80 species, of which about a dozen representatives are used in culture.
Attention! All parts of the exotic contain glycosides, which, when disintegrated, turn into the strongest poison - hydrocyanic (cyanide) acid. Be alert, do not allow children and animals to this plant.
According to the botanical description, most of the hydrangea is deciduous or evergreen shrubs with upright stems. Plant growth from 1 to 4 meters, but there are more compact forms. At the ends of the shoots by the middle of summer large caps of inflorescences are formed. Form paniculata, velinusnaya, shield. What looks like flower petals visually is actually an overgrown colored sepal colored sepals. There are 4 such false petals for each bud. The fruitful flowers are very small and inconspicuous, concentrate on the top of the inflorescence, sterile larger, located on the edges.
Most inflorescences are painted in white and cream tones. But large-leaved hydrangea has a unique feature to change the color of the sepals depending on the pH of the soil on which it grows. At high pH, the buds turn pink and lilac, and on the acidic substrate the heads turn blue due to the absorption of aluminum compounds.
The period of decorative continues until the end of the season. In varieties with fertile flowers, seed boxes ripen into 2–5 chambers. Seeds are numerous, have a good percentage of germination.
On a note! The introduction of aluminum salts into the soil contributes to the production of blue and purple inflorescences. If you add a solution of aluminum sulfate unevenly (from different sides of the bush), you can achieve the appearance of multi-colored heads.
Apply oriental beauty for the formation of bright groups. It is perfectly combined with other shrubs, low conifer. With the help of exotic, you can create a luxurious blooming pillow on a green lawn or a beautiful hedge, to decorate the central part of the mixborder, the background of the alpine slide. Ornamental shrubs - rhododendron, holly - will become good neighbors for the southerner. From herbaceous plants it is perfectly combined with periwinkle, hosts, ferns, decorative cereals.
What types and varieties of hydrangeas are suitable for Siberia
The love of tropical exotic heat does not allow to fully grow most species in Russia. This is especially true of regions with harsh climatic conditions - Siberia, the Urals. But gardeners do not despair, because there is a great opportunity to decorate the site with luxurious hats of treelike and paniculate hydrangeas. Both cultures are hardy, but they winter only under good shelter.
Hydrangea paniculata (paniculata) . It is found on light edges, in the undergrowth and oak forests of the Far East, China, Japan, Sakhalin Island. Wild shrubs or small trees do not grow higher than 10 m, cultivated varieties do not exceed 3.5 m. The rounded crown consists of a large number of oval leaves 8–12 cm long. The plates are green, have an edge that is especially pronounced on the lower veins. The bush produces large broad-pyramidal panicles with dense pubescence. The length of such a flower pyramid is up to 25 cm. The inflorescence is composed of small fertile flowers and large ones up to 2.5 cm in diameter, sterile. Blossoming petals are painted white, but during flowering they change color to pale pink.
Know! During flowering, lush panicles of hydrangea attract many pollinators, the plant is a honey plant.
The period of decoration begins in mid-June and lasts until October. The fruits are small boxes filled with very small seeds. Their germination is 95%. Perfectly propagated by green cuttings, frost resistance is high, it blooms for 4-5 years. Shows increased requirements for the composition of the substrate and its moisture content. Due to gas resistance, it is successfully used in the design of hedges. Life expectancy exceeds 60 years.
Hydrangea aborescens (tree) . It grows in the east of North America. It is a short shrub, not exceeding 1 m in height. Only occasionally there are individuals that can stretch up to 3 m up. In contrast to the relatives of this species, not plates are pubescent, but shoots. The size of the plates, forming a rounded crown, 6-20 cm. The shape of the ovoid, to the petiole becomes heart-shaped. The edges of the plates are jagged, the surface is green, the underside is painted a gray shade.
It blooms in the first decade of July by large shields, 12-15 cm in diameter. Combined inflorescence contains fertile and sterile flowers. Barren buds up to 2 cm in diameter, few, collected interspersed with fertile flowers. Abundant flowering occurs in the 4th year of the growing season. It grows quickly, is demanding on the composition and structure of the soil, carries a neutral environment.
On a note! If your tree-tree grows cold during the harsh winter, it will easily recover with the arrival of spring, and even bloom.
Varieties of panicle hydrangea
Consider the characteristics of the most popular cultivars Hydrangea paniculata:
- Kyushu. The height of the bush is 2.5–3 m. The crown is thick, fan-shaped, with a diameter of up to 3 m. On hard, straight reddish-brown branches there are glossy dark green leaves with a red petiole. Fragrant white buds are collected in a large long inflorescence. The variety is decorative from mid-summer to the end of the season.
- Pink Diamond. The most popular cultivar is about 2 m tall. The foliage is elongated, with a rough surface, dark green, jagged edges. Peduncles narrow, pyramidal, drooping. Petals change their color from pink to purple with a purple tint. Blooms in late July.
- Limelight The height of this variety is 1–1.5 m. Crohn is rounded with oblong leaves of green color. Inflorescences conical, composed of small lemon buds, changing color to pink. Flowering begins in late July.
- Silver Dollar. A shrub with a height and a diameter of about 2.5 m. The buds are large, white, turning pink by the end of the season, gathered into a pyramidal whisk. Decorative since the end of July.
- Phantom. Cultivar growth of 2 m with a lush crown and the largest panicles. Petals are painted in cream tones, alternating with light pink hues.
- Tardiva Tall shrub up to 3 m tall with cream petals. Blooms later than other varieties - in mid-August.
- Matilda. Growth bush 2 m, girth of the crown 3m. The leaf plates are large, dull green. Large beaters when blooming cream color. As it grows, the color changes to white, pink, and by the end of the season, red with a greenish tint. Panicle up to 25 cm long.
- Pinky Winky. One of the most unpretentious hybrids growth of 2 m. In the fall green bushes dress up in a reddish caftan. They are decorated with large cones from July to September. The color of the petals is white, rolling in pink.
- Vanilla Fries. The height of the cultivar is 1.5 m. The panicles are white, later turn pink, and by the end of the season wine-red.
Tip! Despite the frost resistance of these crops, be sure to cover them for the winter and strictly follow the rules of cultivation.
Reproduction of hydrangea in Siberia
The reproduction of hydrangea is carried out in 3 ways:
When using the first method to grow a mature plant is problematic - it will be possible to get a flowering hydrangea to decorate the garden only a few years later. If we consider this method in the conditions of Siberia, then this process is not very feasible. First you have to germinate seeds, then for about 3 years to grow them at home before planting in open ground. That is why 2 other ways are preferable.
Harvest cuttings from last year's shoots, which are already stiff, or cut green cuttings in summer. After that, they are planted in open ground or a greenhouse, carry out additional shelter with a film in order to create a mini-greenhouse.
For the successful development of the cutting for the winter it is dug with a lump of earth and transplanted into containers, which are removed in a cool room for the winter. Already in spring they land on a permanent place. After 2 years the hydrangea will bloom.
Reproduction by layering
Although the most popular method of reproduction is cutting, reproduction by layering is possible. The procedure is carried out as follows:
- Choose a healthy lower branch.
- Cut the bark.
- The incised place is dripped.
- In a year rooting occurs.
- Layers removed from the parent plant and put in its place.
One of the ways of breeding hydrangeas is growing from seeds. The climatic conditions of Siberia do not have to it, but you can still get a good plant in this way.
At the initial stage, the seeds are germinated, the bottom of the flat plate is lined with cotton, the seeds are placed on it and again covered with a layer of loose cotton. Moisten with water and leave for 2 days. If after the expiration of the seeds formed roots, or they swelled, you can sow them. If signs of germination are not observed, and cotton is covered with mucus, the seeds are washed and repeat the procedure.
The prepared seeds are sown in containers with the prepared soil mixture. The height of the container should not exceed 15 cm. This is done as follows. Boxes fall asleep on 2/3 of the earth mixture and make grooves for seeds. Spread the seeds, watered and covered with foil. If necessary, water, preventing the drying of the soil. At emergence of shoots the film is removed.
You can sow the seeds and directly into the ground. To do this, prepare a well-lit plot at the cottage and sow the seeds in the same way as in containers.
Description of hydrangea
Homeland hydrangea is Asia, mainly Japan and China. The plant genus includes 60–70 species, but only about ten of them are used for gardening. Some species are shrubs, others are stunted trees. There are even hydrangeas in the form of weaving lianas that can climb on a support to a height of 25 meters.
The main part of the plants are ordinary or evergreen shrubs, from 1 to 4 meters high. Their stems are straight, covered with green leaves of elongated shape. At the ends of the shoots in the summer inflorescences are formed quite large. Their shape may vary depending on the variety, it may be round, conical, pointed. Most colors are white and cream. The flowering period lasts from mid-July to November.
The plant is used for gardening and decoration of squares, parks and grounds near municipal buildings. Many owners of private houses are happy to grow hydrangea to decorate their plots and decorate hedges.
Types and varieties of hydrangea, suitable for Siberia
For the cultivation of this crop in cold climatic conditions, mainly two species are used, which are able to withstand the low temperatures of Siberia, it is Paniculata and Tree hydrangeas. Both specimens are frost-resistant and can well winter through a good shelter. Thermophilic varieties do not withstand very low temperature, they are suitable for planting in open ground only in summer.
Homeland plants - the eastern part of North America. This is a flowering shrub of small size, up to 1 meter in height, but sometimes there are instances above 2.5 meters. Flowering is very abundant, occurs 4 years after planting. Round and bulk inflorescences, with a diameter of 12-15 cm, have a white color. With good care, hydrangea grows quickly, but rather demanding on the composition of the soil. Widely used for landscaping and decoration of gardens and streets.
With the help of hydrangea tree, breeders have created many famous varieties, which, thanks to elegant blooms, quickly gained popularity among fans of flora. Here are the most frost-resistant ones that can be successfully grown in Siberia:
- Anabel. A small shrub, about 1.5 meters high. The diameter of the crown reaches 2.5 meters. Large and spherical peduncles are white.
- Invincibelle. The plant has a strong immune system, increased frost resistance. The petals of rather large inflorescences have a bright pink shade, their blooming is distinguished by its duration.
- Grandiflora. The bush of this variety has a small height and a very lush volume. The flowers are grouped into a round shape, their color is cream. Flowering continues from June to September.
- Sterlis. Differs in long and plentiful flowering. The inflorescences are round, white and very heavy. The plant looks very beautiful and spectacular.
A very famous type, greenish-white balls of its inflorescences can often be seen on the alleys of parks and in the courtyards of their own houses. This plant can be found in the Far East, in Japan and China. All varieties of Panicle Hydrangea are winter-hardy, ideal for growing in Siberia and other localities with a harsh climate.
In the wild, shrubs reach 10 meters, but varieties intended for planting in gardens and parks usually grow no more than 3 meters. The crown has a diameter of 7–12 meters. The leaves are green, oval-shaped, covered with velvet fluff. Inflorescences of large size, spherical shape, white and pink color. With proper care, flowering can continue from June to October.
Popular varieties of panicle hydrangea:
- Pink Diamond. The most sought-after variety of paniculate plants. The growth of the bush - 2 meters, the leaves are elongated, green, with notches along the edge. Peduncles rather narrow, in their form resemble a pyramid. Flower petals change their shade from pale pink to red-lilac as they mature.
- Limelight. The height of this sort of Paniculate Hydrangea does not exceed 1.5 meters. The leaves are long, green. The inflorescences of the cone form initially have a yellowish color, which subsequently changes to pink. Flowering continues from July to October.
- Tardyva. Shrub reaches 3 meters in height, the petals of its flowers have a cream color. Blooms in late summer and continues to bloom until early November.
- Matilda. The plant has a height of 2 meters, the diameter of the crown of the bush about 3 meters. The leaves are long and light green. The buds are gathered in round inflorescences of white color, the color of which subsequently changes to pink first, and then becomes red-green.
- Silver dollar. This representative paniculate, rather sprawling bush, having a height of about 2 meters. Coniferous peduncles are initially painted white, then the color of the buds changes to pink. Flowering lasts from July to November.
Hortensia in Siberia - planting and care
In order for the plant in the harsh regions of Siberia to grow well, to develop properly and to enjoy abundant flowering, first of all, you need to correctly choose the place of its planting and pick up the soil, saturated with useful substances.
Hortensia needs light, but the direct rays of the sun are extremely undesirable for it, so you can plant a young bush near large trees that can provide the plant with diffused light that is ideal for it. And also you need to take care that the bush was reliably protected from the cold wind, affecting its growth. For this seedling should be placed near the high fence.
When choosing a soil, it should be borne in mind that paniculate and tree varieties prefer it to be fertile, with a lot of moisture. The composition of the soil for planting should include the following components, taken in equal quantities:
Seedlings must be purchased at the age of five, such plants take root better in cold conditions. При покупке молодого растения надо обратить внимание на то, чтобы ком земли, находящийся на корнях, был обязательно влажным. Посадку надо проводить поздней весной, в конце мая.
Вначале надо подготовить яму, она должна быть размером 50х60 см и около 40 см в глубину. Then it is necessary to pour 3 buckets of water into the pit to moisten the soil, and on the next day fill it with a special soil containing nutrients. After that, the seedling is placed in the center of the pit and sprinkled with soil, which is subsequently slightly compacted. During planting, care must be taken that the plant is not too deeply immersed in the ground.
Then you need to plentifully water the bush with water and cover the surface of the earth around it with needles or leaves.
Care frost resistant plant
When caring for hydrangea, you must perform a number of the following actions:
Flowering bushes are very moisture-loving. Dry air is not tolerated, therefore regular spraying is required. If the plant is contained in insufficiently moistened soil, it can stop blooming, dry out and even die.
Hydrangea must be watered 2-3 times a week, each bush requires 50 liters of water. A day after watering, the soil around it should be loosened, since fresh air is very useful for the roots of the plant. Sometimes manganese can be added to the water to disinfect the soil.
To bloom was beautiful and lush necessarily every year to pruning. This is best done in the spring before the formation of the kidneys or in the fall. First, remove all dry branches and old inflorescences. Then pruned shoots, leaving 3–4 buds at the Treelike hydrangea and 2–3 at Paniculata.
Full care includes regular feeding, which should be done 3-4 times a year. The first time you need to make organic fertilizer before the formation of kidneys. Then, during the formation of buds and during the beginning of flowering. It is recommended to use complex feeding, designed specifically for hydrangeas. Before the onset of winter, fertilizer containing phosphorus must be used to feed the roots during the cold period to feed the soil.
Reproduction of hydrangea in the Siberian conditions
There are several ways to grow a garden plant:
- Seeds. Prepared seeds need to be sown in boxes with the ground, they do not need to be deepened. Then it is recommended to cover the seedlings with a glass or polyethylene bag. Be sure to moisturize the soil as needed and ventilate it. Sprouts will appear in 3 weeks, they will need to be grown for 3 years and only after that they will be transplanted into open ground. It should be noted that this method is not suitable for hybrid varieties, since they do not preserve all the aesthetic signs to the full.
- Cuttings. This method is the most common among florist. Before the formation of buds, in the early morning it is necessary to cut off the shoots, on which there are leaves and buds. Divide the shoot into several parts so that each of them contains 1–2 leaves. After that, for 2-3 hours, place the cuttings in a glass with a solution that stimulates root growth. Then you can plant the plants in wet ground. With proper care, the growth of new leaves will begin in 30 days.
- Layering. For this type of breeding, you need to make grooves in the soil under the bush, put the lower shoots in them and fix them securely. If this is done in early spring, the young shoots will appear in late August.
- Dividing bush. During plant transplantation, you need to separate the roots from the ground, carefully divide the bush into 2-3 parts and immediately plant in the prepared holes. This breeding method is not suitable for panicle varieties of hydrangea.
Diseases and pests
The following diseases and pests can affect hydrangea:
- Mealy dew. It is characterized by the appearance of a sticky mass on the leaves, which subsequently begin to turn yellow and dry out. It is possible to treat by spraying, adding 30 grams of foundationol for 10 liters of water.
- Aphid. Small insects that parasitize in the plural on the leaves of plants. Insecticidal agents should be used to kill the pest.
- Spider mite. A very small insect feeding on the sap of young shoots. The presence of a web on the leaves may indicate its appearance. Mite appears on plants mainly in hot and dry weather. In order to completely get rid of it, it is necessary to treat the foliage of hydrangea with toxic chemicals.
Grade selection rules
The correctness of the choice of variety depends on whether the shrub engraves in the harsh Siberian conditions or not. There are about 30 types of hydrangeas, most of which will never grow there. And local gardeners will have to admire them only in the photo. Here are the best types of hydrangea for Siberia:
- Tree varieties Strong Annabell, Annabell, Grandiflora, Invincibelle. These are shrubs with large white inflorescences that bloom on the shoots of the current year. Inflorescences have a spherical shape. The shoots are thick, grow from the ground. Plant height is 2−3 meters. Propagated by layering and do not need special care.
- Panicles Silver Dollar, Phanton, Vanille Fraise, Pinky Winky, Lime Light. Unlike tree varieties, paniculate hydrangea has fewer shoots. Each shoot contains 2−3 branches, at the top of which there are flower stalks. The shape of the inflorescences is elongated. The shrub has the ability to change the color of the inflorescences. The height of paniculate shrubs varies from 1.5 to 2.5 meters.
There is a possibility that weaker plants will be able to withstand temperatures down to -35 degrees and you can try to plant them. But you need to know that if they survive the frost, such plants can no longer bloom.
To preserve a weak-looking shrub, it is dug in the fall, stored for the entire winter, and planted back in the open ground in spring.
Growing hydrangeas in cold climates
If you follow the procedure for the cultivation of hydrangeas in Siberia, planting, care and reproduction will be simple. The first steps to be taken is to choose a sapling, as well as a suitable time and place for planting. Work order:
- Selection of seedlings. For planting shrubs choose good quality seedlings. Five-year seedlings take root best. Since hydrangea loves moisture, its roots should not be over-dried, otherwise it will not take root. Therefore, when buying a sapling, first of all inspect its roots.
- Place for landing. Hortense loves space and is afraid of drafts. The more mature the plant, the more it grows. Therefore, choosing a place for planting, take into account the future growth and diameter of the shrub. Most often it is planted along the fence, as this place is protected from gusty winds and drafts. For landing fit and other closed places. Hortensia does not tolerate daytime heat, but at the same time the area where it grows should be well lit. Prefers poorly or moderately acidic soil, and in alkaline soil, it starts to hurt. The composition of the soil should include peat with sand, turf ground and leaves.
- Time to land. In Siberian conditions, hydrangea is better to plant in spring. When the severe frosts are gone, the soil thaws well, then you can start planting.
Soil preparation and planting
The plant begins to be planted in the ground after the seedling and the place for planting were chosen. Hydrangea will grow quickly, and a small sapling will become a huge bush, so you need to properly prepare the pit for its planting. Planting is carried out as follows:
- For a small seedling, a 50 x 50 cm hole is prepared; for a large seedling - 80 x 80 cm. The pit is dug up to the depth, depending on the volume of the root system, approximately 40–60 cm.
- Since hydrangea loves moisture, the prepared well is moistened. To do this, pour 3 buckets of water into the pit. During the night, the soil is well soaked with water.
- Then the pit is filled with earth mixture and fertilizer. The soil is mixed with peat, sand, humus (in the ratio of 2: 2: 1: 1). Superphosphate is used as fertilizer - 65 g, urea - 25 g, potassium sulphate - 25 g.
- Pine and spruce needles added to the mixture will make the soil more acidic.
- Extra shoots are removed from the seedling, and the rest are pruned to 6 buds. The roots are slightly shortened.
- Then the seedling is set in the hole so that the radical neck is located flush with the surface of the earth. Roots fall asleep and once again watered.
- In order to keep the moisture longer in the ground, a ready mix of peat, needles and leaves is poured around the trunk.
To the seedling caught on, make protection from the sun and wind. It is important to know that the plant will die if lime gets under the roots.
Hydrangea can be propagated in four ways: by seeds, cuttings, layering and dividing the bush. In practice, most often used cuttings and reproduction by layering. Since during seed propagation, varieties bred by breeders lose their aesthetic qualities, this method is rarely used. Breeding process:
- Seeds. Seed propagation is a very long and laborious process. In the tank pour the earth and sow the seeds. At the same time the seeds are not buried. To create a greenhouse effect, the container is closed with a glass or plastic bag. The soil is regularly ventilated and moistened. The first sunrises will appear in 3 weeks. Planted in open ground can not be. Sprouts are grown for 3 years at home and only then planted in a permanent place.
- Cuttings. For cuttings use shoots with leaves and three buds. The procedure is carried out in the spring with the appearance of the first buds. Escape will retain moisture and stay alive if cut off early in the morning. To escape not withered, it is installed in the water and carry out cutting cuttings. It is divided into 2-3 parts, leaving several leaves on each. Leaflets located on top, pruned, and the bottom completely removed. Before planting, the cuttings are set for 2 hours in a solution to stimulate root growth. Then carefully moisten the soil and plant cuttings in it. New leaves will appear in 30 days.
- Layering. The procedure is carried out in early spring. The ground under the bush is carefully leveled and made small grooves. The shoots located below are placed in the grooves and secured with brackets. Young shoots appear by the end of August.
- The division of the bush. To multiply the hydrangea in this way, you need to dig up an adult bush. Its roots are cleaned of earthy coma and divided into 2-3 parts, which are immediately planted in the ground.
Care of a plant in severe conditions
In order for the shrub to bloom, special care is not required. Growing a hydrangea paniculata in Siberia, planting and caring for frost-resistant varieties, includes pruning, feeding and preparing for winter. Since the plant is very fond of water, flowering quality may deteriorate due to the dryness of the ground. Plant care:
- Watering. The soil should always be wet. After each watering, sprinkle it with sawdust or leaves.
- Crop. Trimming hydrangeas do in the fall or early spring before the appearance of buds. The shoots are shortened, leaving 5 buds on each. Inflorescences that have bloomed, pull out all the vitamins from the plant, so they are also removed. Thanks to pruning the bush becomes more magnificent and takes on a beautiful shape. To rejuvenate, the branches of the bush are cut to the root, leaving 8 cm of hemp. Of them, new shoots will grow after a while.
- Top dressing. Thanks to top dressing the plant will bloom longer and more abundantly. Organic and mineral fertilizers are used as feedings. The plant is fertilized 4 times a year: in early spring, during the swelling of the kidneys, in July and late autumn. From organic substances it is better to choose liquid manure. But since in large quantities it can harm the plant, it is used carefully and in small quantities. You can buy in the store ready mineral fertilizer. Its composition is completely balanced. Fertilizer is added to the water, thoroughly stirred and watered the plant.
Any frost-resistant plant needs a special shelter that will protect it from severe frost. To hydrangea easier wintered, it must be prepared for this. Around the bush set the frame and cover it with a film. This will protect the plant from cold winds. The roots are insulated with manure, on top of which a layer of leaves and spruce branches is laid.
A good insulation is snow, which not only protects the plant from frost, but also moistens the soil. Snow is laid under the bush with a thick layer.
How to choose a variety of hydrangeas for Siberia
The world knows about 30 species of a perennial plant, but there are many varieties that can withstand severe frosts. To plant pleased with abundant flowering, it is better to buy seedlings grown in local cold conditions. It is recommended to acquire seedlings from experienced gardeners, in which not for the first year hydrangeas are blooming on plots. Based on their advice, we can definitely say that frost withstand tree and paniculate plant species. Hydrangeas for Siberia, Limelight, Magic Flute, Pink Diamond, all of these varieties of varieties have their own color gamut and inflorescence size.
If the flower is grown in a small area, suitable "Sanday" and "Vinyl Fresh", which reach a height of 1 m. There are small varieties that germinate up to 65 cm. They take root well in cold conditions.
Features of landing in a cold climate
Seedlings best take root at the age of 5 years. In order for hydrangea in Siberia to get accustomed and grow well, planting should be done in a special way, taking into account the climate of the area. For this, a special microclimate is created: seedlings need to be protected from the wind and planted in medium-acidic soil, which includes sod, sand, leaf soil and peat. This provides suitable lighting.
When a variety is already selected, it is necessary to determine its further place of residence. In Siberia with a harsh climate, you need to carefully approach the issue of planting hydrangeas. To begin with, protect the future plant from the wind - plant seedlings near the solid hedge.
Hortensia loves the light, but it does not tolerate the direct rays of the sun very well. It is better to choose a shade for the flower.
To properly plant hydrangea, you must follow the instructions and recommendations:
- prepare a place in the spring, for planting you need to allocate areas of 0.5 × 0.5 × 0.5 m,
- the distance between the bushes should be 2.5 m,
- cut the roots, shoots, leaving a few buds,
- you can not deepen the roots of the plant, it is necessary to water abundantly and cover the soil with mulch.
Preparing a pit for planting
When you have dealt with the landing site, you need to prepare a hole:
- The soil and dimensions are taken into account: small flower seedlings grow into large bushes, therefore the fertilized pit must be sufficiently large - 50 × 50 cm or more.
- For large seedlings, a pit is made 80 × 80 cm, up to 60 cm deep. It all depends on the size of the roots.
- 3 buckets of water are poured into the pit and left overnight to soak the earth. Peat and humus with sand and fertilizers are added in the morning (proportion: 2: 1: 1: 2). Organic fertilizers and minerals are also added there. Pine needles are suitable for extra acidity. The mixture completely fills the hole.
- Hortense does not like lime and dies because of this.
- The last stage of preparation - pruning shoots and roots. The roots are shortened, and the shoots are pruned to 6 buds.
Seedling planting scheme
According to the scheme you need to perform the following steps:
- seedlings are planted in a suitable place, dripping with garden soil,
- the neck of the root of the flower is on a level with the ground, it is not necessary to bury it, and it is also undesirable to leave it open
- for good development, after planting, it is necessary to water once, after pouring on the ground a mixture of needles, leaves, peat - such a pillow retains moisture for a long time,
- after planting, before the seedling has taken root, it is necessary to create comfort and protection of the flower.
Terms of care for cold-resistant hydrangeas
Flower after rooting unpretentious in the care. Hortensia, planted in Siberia, requires the same care as other flowers, but with some peculiarities. Another name for the plant is “hydrangia”, which means “vessel for moisture”. This speaks of the love of the plant to water procedures, so watering comes first.
Features trimming hydrangeas
That the bush is well formed, the plant must be trimmed in time:
- in the fall, cut off all the flowering inflorescences,
- in the spring at the tree flower cut off the shoots, leaving 5 buds. The paniculate variety is cut a little differently: the main shoots are cut to the desired height, and 3 buds are left on the side shoots.
Watering, fertilizer, dressing
The flower loves moisture, so the ground should never be left dry. In addition, potassium permanganate can be added to the water and regular soil mulching with sawdust and leaves under the shrub can be carried out. This method perfectly retains moisture for a long period.
Top dressing promotes long and plentiful flowering. Liquid manure will be moderate in quantity, mineral balanced fertilizers - 25 g per 10 l of water during irrigation. For an adult bush use 3 buckets.
During one season, 4 additional feeding occurs: at the beginning of sap flow, during the blooming of buds, in summer in July and in autumn, preparing the plant for wintering.
There are 5 methods of breeding bushes: seed, grafting, layering, offspring, dividing the bush. The best is the cutting method, which is common among gardeners. Зеленое черенкование происходит в момент цветения бутонов. Рекомендуется нарезать черенки с молодых гортензий. Если у вас старый кустарник, осуществляется омолаживающая обрезка. Важным моментом также является сохранность влаги в тканях, поскольку от этого зависит успешное укоренение.
Features of plant conservation in winter
Siberian frosts are famous for their strength, so the hydrangea hides under a safe shelter. Roots need warming: they are covered with rotted manure. You can also create a pillow of peat and dry leaves, which is placed in a thick layer up to 20 cm.
After the snowfalls, you can additionally warm the hydrangea with snow, filling a large layer under the shrub. This not only warms the shrub, but also nourishes it with moisture.
Major diseases and pests affecting the plant
Each flower is prone to attacks of parasites and diseases, and hydrangea is no exception. To prevent the bush from dying, you should cure the flower in time. What diseases are dangerous to the plant first? Mealy dew is a common disease for all varieties. When spraying is performed: add a base in the water with proportions of 30 g of substance to 10 liters of water. Another method - 80 g Bordeaux mixture per 10 liters of water.
Aphid also attacks the plant. The flower is cut as follows: in 300 g of purified garlic, 10 liters of water are poured, after which 50 g of laundry soap is added. Sprayed the plant until full recovery.
Varieties for cultivation in Siberia
Decorative hydrangea, the climate of Siberia seems rather harsh. However, created varieties that can grow here and give beautiful flowers. When choosing varieties should dwell on those that are bred in the northern regions. The most hardy are paniculata and tree.
Especially for a cold climate, frost-resistant hydrangea varieties have been developed:
- Pink Diamond,
- "Magic Flame",
- "Magic Fire."
In small garden areas you can grow a low-growing variety “Bobo” or dwarf “Vanilla” and “Sanday Fresh”.
The nuances of growing flowers
In the harsh climate, plants require special care. One of the most important conditions is a properly chosen landing site. This culture does not tolerate cold northerly winds, but bright sunshine will also not allow it to develop properly. The composition of the soil in which the hydrangea is planted is also important.
A good place for landing will be the southern or eastern walls of buildings or the perimeter along the fence.
- Soil will require medium acidity. The presence of peat and last year's leaves is well reflected in the growth of the shrub. Alkaline environment is unacceptable - in it the plant simply will not develop.
- It is important to carry out abundant watering culture. Moist should be the soil around the plant. It is good to add potassium permanganate (1 g / l) to the water for irrigation - this disinfects the soil.
- Grouch the ground under the bush. This will help preserve moisture and allow watering less often.
- Moisten the soil and let the water soak it.
- On the plant you need to leave 5 - 6 buds.
- Dry and broken roots trim.
Then the seedling is planted in the center of the pit, straighten the roots and sprinkle them with earth. The earth is slightly compacted, mulched with dry foliage or pine needles.
It is important to remember that the hydrangea root collar is not buried, it is placed at ground level, preventing elevation above the soil.
The success of growing hydrangeas in Siberia depends largely on the correctness of the chosen season for planting it. This is usually done after a constant positive temperature has been established, if there is no danger of return frost.
This procedure includes:
- fertilizer application
To hydrangea developed well and blossomed, it is fertilized 4 times. To this end, make organic and mineral mixtures. From organic dressings, manure or bird droppings will be good. Mineral compositions should include nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, trace elements.
- The first feeding is done in the spring at the beginning of the movement of the plant's juice. It should include all the useful elements.
- When the flower buds appear, the complex fertilizer should be reintroduced, alternating it with organic additives.
- In July, when the flowering of the shrub begins, it is fed with a composition with a predominance of phosphorus and potash elements.
- After the leaves fall, it will be necessary to water and fertilize to provide the plant with vital forces for the winter. At this time, the nitrogen in the composition is not present.
Hydrangea develops well only in wet soil. However, water stagnation is also undesirable. The water used is non-rigid. Tap water is best defended. To reduce the evaporation of moisture from the soil surface, mulching is used. Watering is useful to combine with dressings.
To get a neat beautiful bush, the crop is cut.
- In hydrangea, paniculate spring, young shoots are cut, on which three buds are left.
- The main branches cut dried tops.
- The tree leaves 6 buds.
There are the following ways of breeding hydrangea:
- The division of the bush.
- Green cuttings.
The first method is carried out by dropping a side shoot. His pressed to the ground and fasten. By next spring it will be a bush with its own roots. It is enough to chop off the shoot and plant a new plant.
You can multiply the hydrangea and seeds, but it will bloom in a few years, and besides, the seeds do not always germinate. Varietal features with this method may not be preserved.
Professional gardeners consider using cuttings to be the best way to grow plants. With this method, all characteristics inherent in the variety are preserved.
The action is as follows:
- In the morning, when the shoots still retain moisture, they cut off a branch with developed buds. Escape immediately placed in water.
- In the future produce cutting cuttings. Everyone should have 3 pairs of leaves. The top is not used. The lower leaves are cut off, leaving penends, and at the top leaves half of the leaf.
- The resulting cuttings are placed in a solution of root for 2 hours.
- Next, the future seedlings are planted in pots. The soil in them should consist of 1 part of sand and 2 parts of peat. She is kept wet all the time. For the best rooting of the seedling the pots are covered with a transparent jar.
That's all the difficulties. If you approach this process responsibly, you can independently get planting material without spending much money on it.
In order for the hydrangea bush to take root well and wintered, you should acquire zoned plants grown in your region.
You should know that the bush reaches its peak in 5 years. Then he becomes resistant to cold and can tolerate the Siberian winters.
The most cold-resistant is paniculate hydrangea. It can withstand frosts of –35ºС; it suffices to cover the root system with mulch (tree trunk circle). Young landings cover more carefully.
- For this purpose, fir paws, lutrasil and other covering materials are used.
- As a shelter used rotted manure, peat, dry grass and leaves.
- After the snowfall, the bushes fall asleep with snow. In addition to heat, such a shelter will provide the plant with moisture after melting snow.
- Before weatheating a shrub, its sanitary pruning is performed. Remove dry inflorescences and broken branches.
Protection against diseases and pests
Most often, hydrangea is affected by powdery mildew. Of pests dangerous aphid.
When powdery mildew appears, the bushes are treated with the “Fundazol” solution - 30 g of powder per 10 liters of water. Well proven use of Bordeaux liquid. These means make spraying of a plant in the evening or in a cloudy windless weather.
In order not to appear aphid on the site, it is necessary to destroy the ants. They are the main peddlers of aphids. For the fight using various fungicides. More sparing methods - the use of folk remedies. This is an infusion of garlic or hot pepper. Soap is added to the solution to better adhere it to the green part of the bush. It is useful to use biological agents - "Fitoverm", "Fitosporin".
The harsh Siberian climate is no reason to abandon the cultivation of ornamental shrubs. The main thing is to carefully consider the choice of varieties and comply with the requirements for the care of the bushes. Then you will get a luxurious plant for your garden, which will delight with its flowering for a long time.
Selection should be stopped on tree and panicle varieties. About 20 varieties of hydrangea paniculata grow well in Siberia. So, these include Limelight, Medical Flute, Pink Diamond and others.
More miniature varieties: Sanday Fresh and Vanilla Fresh, can be planted even in small areas. There is also a miniature Bobo variety, whose height is slightly more than half a meter. It can be grown in Siberian flower beds.
You can grow other varieties, but even with a good winter, the plant may not bloom. After all, it is for this that hydrangea is grown.
Selection of seedlings
When choosing a seedling, attention is paid to the root system. Roots must be in the ground. At the same time the soil should be wet. With overdried soil, the plant may not settle down, as hydrangea is demanding of moisture.
Plants are planted in the spring, after the earth is warm enough, and frost will no longer be predicted.
The choice of the place and time of landing
After the plant is selected, it is necessary to determine the place of planting, for successful cultivation it is very important. Siberia is characterized by a not very hot summer, so the plant will need protection from the wind. A good option is to create a flower bed near the building, which will serve not only as protection from the wind, but also from the scorching midday rays.
Before growing planting pit is prepared, the size of which depends on the size of the seedling. It is filled with 2 buckets of water and in this state is left for the night. The next day, the hole is filled with soil for hydrangea. It consists of a mixture of fertile soil, peat, sand and humus, taken in a ratio of 2: 2: 1: 1. The soil is ready for planting.
Note! Loves plant and moisture, so in winter, at the place of growing hydrangea should be abundant snow cover, which when thawing will saturate the soil with moisture.
For the Siberian region, a suitable landing time is the end of May and the beginning of June. Plants from containers, as in other regions, can be planted from the time the soil warms up until autumn. Apply for this method of transshipment.
Note. At the time of planting the plant for the acidification of the soil is added to the soil colloidal sulfur. Take 1 tsp. on the plant. Additionally, after planting, hydrangea is treated with an immunostimulant and the ground is mulched.
Types and varieties of hydrangeas for Siberia
For cultivation in the harsh Siberian climatic conditions using only tree and paniculate hydrangeas. Thermophilic varieties of large-leaved hydrangea can not withstand the winter frosts. They can be planted in open ground only in the summer.
Hydrangea tree - flowering garden shrub. This is a fairly large plant, reaching a height of 3 m. Its homeland is the east of North America. Used for gardening gardens in single plantings and shrub compositions. It blooms from mid-summer to late autumn.
Tree hydrangea gave rise to many popular varieties. Its most spectacular cold-resistant varieties suitable for cultivation in Siberia:
- "Anabel" - a low shrub, reaching 1.5 m in height. The crown diameter of this variety is up to 3 m, it has large white inflorescences,
- "Grandiflora" is a low sprawling bush, inflorescences are white with a cream shade, blooms throughout the summer,
- "Invinsibelle" - different large dark pink inflorescences.
Hydrangea paniculata - a very popular type for decoration of gardens and parks. Its numerous winter hardy varieties can be used in regions with a harsh climate. It is a shrub up to 10 m tall, blooming until mid-autumn with large paniculate inflorescences.
Winter-hardy compact varieties of paniculate hydrangea, suitable for cultivation in Siberia and the Urals, are very popular:
- "Vanilla Fraze" does not exceed 2 m in height, its inflorescences change shade from white to bright pink, and then turn purple-red,
- “Bobo” is a low-growing shrub whose height does not exceed 70 cm. Its inflorescences are greenish-white first, then they become creamy.
The choice of location and soil for planting
To hydrangea grew well and bloomed in the harsh conditions of Siberia, it is necessary to choose the right place for it and prepare the optimal composition of the soil.
The plant needs a bright diffused light, but does not tolerate direct sunlight. Therefore, it should be planted in a place protected from the sun under the protection of tree crowns. However, too close to large trees should not be placed bush. Hortensia loves wet soil, you need to choose a place that moisture is absorbed as little as possible by the roots of trees.
Hydrangea bush grows poorly in a windy place. To reliably protect the plant from the wind, you need to find a quiet area for it, preferably near a solid fence.
Soil for the bush should be slightly acidic. Alkaline soils should not be used. Even a small amount of lime, which fell under the roots, can cause the death of the plant. The soil for hydrangea should be fertile, contain peat and pine needles for acidification, as well as sand.
The best soil composition for planting is as follows:
- Leafy ground
- Turf ground,
- Coarse sand.
All ingredients are taken in equal parts.
When and how to plant
A newly acquired hydrangea sapling is planted in late spring. In the Siberian regions, this can be done not earlier than mid-May, when the earth has already completely thawed and warmed up. Before planting, you need to prepare a landing pit and fill it with an earthen mixture.
The landing pit, even for a small seedling, should be at least 50x50 cm in size and at least 40 cm deep. Then there will be enough space for the growth of the root system of a young plant.
The prepared pit must first be shed with water. 3 buckets of water are poured into it, so that the soil around it is soaked with moisture. The next day, the pit is filled with an earthy mixture for hydrangeas.
After that, the plant is placed in the center of the pit and the earth is added, the earth is compacted. It is not necessary to deeply deepen the seedling, its root neck should be at the level of the soil surface.
After planting the bush is well watered. The surface of the earth around it is covered with a thick layer of mulch, which helps retain moisture in it.
Watering and feeding
Hortensia of any kind loves wet soil. It does not tolerate dry air and requires regular spraying of the leaves. With a lack of moisture hydrangea fades, does not bloom and dies. And since the summer in Siberia is dry, watering the plant should be given special attention.
With the onset of warm weather, it is necessary to provide the plant with regular watering so that the earth around the bush does not dry out. And in hot summer with a lack of rain and increasing solar activity, you can water the bush daily.
Feed the plant only in spring and summer. With the onset of warm weather, hydrangeas are fertilized with nitrogen fertilizers to support the growing season.
In summer, during the flowering period, as well as at the end of August, they are fed with potash-phosphorus fertilizers for flowering and ripening of shoots.
Today, flower shops sell special fertilizer for garden hydrangeas. It can be used twice a month throughout the entire feeding period.
Hydrangea formative pruning bushes spend in early spring to give them the desired shape and stimulate growth and flowering. Young plants are not pruned due to abundant sap flow at the beginning of the growing season. Pruning is carried out only with 3-4 years of age.
Winter-hardy types of hydrangea, blooming in the Siberian regions, form inflorescences on the shoots of the current year. Therefore, all well-developed shoots are shortened by 10 cm.
Remove dry branches, thin and underdeveloped shoots. In old plants with a very dense crown, it is recommended every year to remove 2-3 branches growing inside the bush.
Pests and control of them
In summer, hydrangea often suffers from pests of garden plants. Usually, hydrangea affects spider mites and aphids.
Spider mites are small arachnids that feed on plant sap. You can see the tick only under a magnifying glass. On the shoots affected by the pest you can see a web that weaves the youngest leaves.
Reproduction spider mite contributes to hot weather and low humidity. If the plant is affected by a tick, it is necessary to treat it with toxic chemicals as soon as possible for the complete destruction of the pest. To do this, use drugs: acaricides or insecto-acaricides.
Aphids on hydrangeas multiply in large quantities, which leads to drying out of the affected young shoots. With this pest only insecticides will help.
How to prepare the bush for the winter and protect from frost
Hortensia in Siberia requires necessarily shelter for the winter period. Even the most frost-resistant varieties that can withstand temperatures down to -30ºС do not tolerate the winter cold of this region without a reliable shelter.
The plant is prepared for winter, not waiting for the first frosts. From the beginning of September, watering is completely stopped, and the lower leaves are removed, so that the shoots begin to turn wood. Then, before the first frosts, all the leaves except the topmost ones are removed from the bush, and the branches are gently pulled off with a rope.
The bush is wrapped with covering material in several layers.. It is bent to the ground and fixed with stones or bricks, and the top is covered with spruce branches and covered with dry foliage.
Очень популярны каркасные укрытия. Куст стягивают веревкой и оборачивают укрывным материалом. Вокруг него делают каркас из проволоки или сетки.
Он должен быть выше растения на 10 см. Каркас заполняют сухой листвой, а сверху накрывают водонепроницаемым материалом – рубероидом или пленкой.
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Subsequent activities on the cultivation of hydrangea in the Siberian region are not much different from growing in other regions. The main care is timely watering, feeding, weeding, pruning and tying up the plant.
For season fertilize the bushes 4 times
During the season, the bushes are fertilized 4 times: in spring, in June, in July and before winter preparations.
For moisture-loving large-leaf plants watering is necessary. But at the same time, the water should not stagnate. It is best to water with acidified water.
For good growth, spring pruning is performed, in which diseased and weakened shoots are removed, dried inflorescences and pruned tops. In panicle hydrangea, 3 buds are left, in tree - 6.
If you properly care for the hydrangea, then it pleases its owners with abundant and long flowering. At the same time the plant itself can break under the weight of large spherical flowers, so it is tied up. To do this, either use a special grid, or install a support near the bush, to which the plant is tied.
Compliance with these simple rules will allow you to grow a beautiful flowering plant - hydrangea, even in the harsh Siberian climate.