Sugarloaf is a late-ripening variety of White Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. Capitata), developed by specialists from Cedek (Moscow). In 2008, it was added to the state register of the Russian Federation for the West-Siberian region (Altai Republic, Altai Krai, Kemerovo, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tomsk and Tyumen region). Suitable for commodity production. The period from germination to technical ripeness is 140 - 150 days. Authorship is assigned to I.N. Dubinina, S.V. Dubinin and A.N. Lukyanenko.
The leaf rosette is raised, powerful, spreading, with a diameter of 80 cm. Plant height - 40 cm. Leaves slightly bubbly, round, large size, light gray-green color, with a waxy coating above average intensity, the leaf edge is slightly wavy.
Heads equalized, rounded, partially covered, juicy, crispy, whitish on the cut, sweet (sugar content is very high), high density - estimated at 4.1 points. The average weight of the head is 2.5 - 3.5 kg, the maximum is 6.5 kg (Altai Territory). The outer stump is of medium length, the inner one is short. Marketable yield is 398 - 551 kg / ha, which is 60 - 110 kg / ha higher than the standard varieties Kolobok and Krümon. The maximum yield recorded in the Altai Territory was 564 centners per hectare. The output of marketable products - 93%.
Sugar loaf is great for fresh consumption, salting and souring. It is advisable to harvest the crop after frosts (at least two days of night frost), so that the cabbage gets sweets. If, after harvesting, this cabbage is bitter, then you need to wait a month or more to make it rest and become sweet. Eat and salt too preferably a month after removal. There is no bitterness in the roast and in the soup.
This cabbage is resistant to diseases such as fusarium, kila and bacteriosis. Heads are suitable for long-term storage - if properly maintained, they are stored until spring - early summer (May - end of June).
Advantages of a grade: good and excellent tastes, unpretentiousness, stable productivity, resistance to diseases, long storage.
Among the shortcomings of the Sugar Loaf it is worth noting: the harshness of sauerkraut, the tendency to cracking, some gardeners complain about seeds - in the package, in addition to the original seeds, there are seeds of other types of cabbage.
Description and Characteristics of the variety
This grade of cabbage enjoys deserved popularity among summer residents and gardeners. It belongs to the family of Cruciferous, late-ripening white-toed varieties. The Sugar Loaf variety was selected by specialists from the Moscow-based Zedek company in 2008. Suitable for both large-scale production, and cultivation in personal plots.
A mature plant has a wide spreading rosette, reaching a diameter of 80 cm, height - up to 40 cm. The growing season and maturation from germination to full technical ripeness - an average of 130-160 days. Weight of ripened cabbage heads from 2 to 4 kg (maximum - up to 6.5 kg).
Cabbage grade sugar head
The leaves are light green with a strong waxy bloom of a gray tinge, round shape, large size, slightly bubbly with a slightly wavy edge. The leaf of a ripe head is very juicy, soft (there are no pronounced hard streaks), crisp and sweet (the content of organic sugar is much higher than in all known varieties of cabbage), with a high content of vitamins and microelements.
The head of the Sugarloaf has a smooth rounded shape, partially covered with a sheet, in the section it is a sparkling white color, the flesh is very dense (the density estimate is 4.1 points on a 5-point system). Inside the stump is short (up to 7 cm), outside it is of medium length.
It is best to eat and salting the vegetable one month after harvest - the cabbage improves its taste, becomes completely sweet and does not taste bitter.
Main advantages and disadvantages
Cabbage Sugar Loaf has a lot of advantages and useful qualities:
- great taste qualitiesthat fully justify the name of the variety - sugar,
- high content of vitamins and trace elements - B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin), B9 (folic acid), C, PP, iodine, phosphorus, fluorine, sodium, potassium, calcium, iron, manganese,
- excellent keeping quality - it is stored until May-June, without being subjected to rotting, retaining useful properties, improving (!) Taste indicators,
- well preserves the presentation, as cabbage heads are resistant to cracking,
- grade resistant to such common diseaseslike keel, fusarium, bacteriosis,
- has a good seed germination.
Among the shortcomings can be noted only not the highest yield - about 6 kg per square meter.
Soil preparation and seedling cultivation
Growing crops produced through seedlings. Sowing seeds of late ripening varieties is best done in the beginning - middle of April. Place the seedlings on the windowsill or sow directly into the open ground under the film. The soil for seed germination should warm up to 15-17 degrees, sowing density - 5x5 cm. Seeds before sowing need to soak for 12 hours in a solution of potassium humate, then rinse and lightly dry.
Cabbage Seed Treatment Before Planting
The soil should be well fertilized with humus, urea, potash fertilizers. For growing seedlings at home, you can prepare containers with special mixtures:
- 20-25% turfy ground, 70% peat, 5% sand,
- half of the composition - turf, up to 45% - humus, 5% sand.
In open soil, seedlings are planted after the appearance of 4 leaves, approximately in late May - early June.
Growing cabbage Sugarloaf in the open field
In order to plant cabbage seedlings in open ground, it is necessary to prepare it well and follow some simple rules:
- Cabbage should not be planted at last year’s landing site, predecessors should be potatoes, legumes, onions, pumpkins,
- suitable soil composition - weakly acid or neutral.
The sugar head likes well-lit, sunny places to grow. In the autumn, the bed for cabbage needs to be dug up, and in the spring - to loosen and apply organic fertilizers (per 1 sq. M - 10 l + 2 glasses of wood ash). In each hole you can fill up 2 tables. spoons of superphosphate and 1 spoon of urea. Seedlings should be removed from each other not less than 60x60 cm, buried in the ground before the first sheets and pour 0.5 liters of water into each well.
Peculiarities of care
In the process of plant growth, it is recommended to feed organic fertilizers 2-3 times (manure + water in a ratio of 1: 5). After the appearance of 10-12 leaves, cabbage need spud, this will strengthen the root, will contribute to the emergence of new lateral roots.
Cabbage seedlings Sugarloaf in the period of active growth intensively consumes nutrients
Watering the sugar head is better not very often. - 1 time in 20 days, but plentiful. The soil should not dry out, but you should not over-moisten. The most abundant watering - during the formation of the head. After watering or rain, the soil should be loosened, weeds removed. 3-4 weeks before harvesting, watering is stopped to avoid cracking the heads of the cabbage.
Diseases culture, methods of struggle and prevention
The cabbage variety Sugarloaf is resistant to many common diseases, but in the case of improper growing methods, adverse weather conditions, there is the possibility of infection.
Fungal disease, for the prevention of which it is necessary to observe crop rotation remove weeds, in the soil before planting to make lime, infected specimens destroy.
Yellowing of the leaves between the veins, on the cut usually staining is visible brown in color. Affected plants need to be removed, as a preventive measure, process the soil with copper sulphate, spray it with Agat-25, Immunocytophyte.
The veins of the leaves turn black, the edges turn yellow, the affected leaves die off. Well helps spraying seedlings drug Fitolavin 300, culling infected and weak copies.
As already mentioned, Sugar Loaf should be collected after 1-2 frosts, in late September - October (depending on the climatic conditions of the growing area). For storage, select healthy cabbages, without cracks and damage. Trim the outer stump, leaving about 4 cm. Store in a dry place, on shelves, racks or in wooden boxes at 0 degrees. In such conditions, your cabbage will remain until the end of May.
Compliance with the simple rules of agricultural technology will allow you to get a rich healthy harvest of the wonderful vegetables. All winter you can enjoy dishes and salads from a delicious, sweet, very healthy and dietary garden crop.
Description of the variety from the photo of the plant
This type of plant belongs to the family of Cruciferous, late-ripening varieties. The fruit of the ripened plant has dimensions: 80 cm in diameter and 40 cm in length. The ripening time from planting to harvesting is 170– 190 days, while the weight of one head is about 5 kilograms.
The sugar content in the presented vegetable is much higher than in other varieties.. For this quality the plant got its name. Inside the pulp is very dense. The size of the stump reaches 8 centimeters.
Difference from other species
The variety of cabbage "Sugar Loaf" has a number of differences from other species:
- high content of vitamins
- efficiency in cosmetology procedures; cabbage leaves are added to the composition of various face masks,
- accelerates tissue healing,
- stimulates the function of the thyroid gland,
- removes toxins from the body,
- used in the prevention of various diseases,
- infusions from the cabbage variety “Sugar Loaf” are used as mouth rinses,
- contains almost all trace elements of the periodic table: phosphorus, iodine, sodium, potassium, calcium, iron,
- the composition contains such beneficial substances as thiamine, riboflavin, folic and ascorbic acid,
- low calorie,
- The presented cabbage variety can be stored for 9 months.
Advantages and disadvantages
The advantages of the “Sugar Loaf” cabbage variety include the following:
- taste qualities,
- can be eaten raw
- large size
- Great for pickling,
- cabbage is resistant to temperature and pressure in the environment.
Sugar Loaf is suitable for both pickling and pickling.. This, of course, is another advantage of the vegetable. Thanks to this cabbage can be harvested for the winter and get a huge amount of vitamins from it during the cold season.
It has one drawback: at any stage of ripening, heads may crack.
Step-by-step instructions for care and landing
To do this, follow a number of rules:
- The soil must be prepared. Namely, heated to a temperature of 15-17 degrees.
- Seed preparation. To do this, soak large cabbage seeds in a solution of potassium humate for 15 days, then rinse and dry. After that, the seeds need to be heat treated to get rid of pests.
- Before sowing seeds, the soil should be fertilized with manure, humus and nutrients.
- After sowing the seeds and the emergence of 3-5 leaves on the seedlings, it's time to transplant the seedlings into open soil.
- Landing should be sunny and constantly warm. You can not plant a plant every year at the same place.
- The transplant is worth doing at the end of May. If you did not have time, it is possible at the beginning of June, but not later.
- During the growth of cabbage, you need to periodically fertilize the soil with manure.
- It is necessary to spud the plant regularly, especially after watering and if it has rained.
- Watering the cabbage is necessary several times a month (2-3).
- Constantly should loosen the ground.
- 5 weeks before harvesting, completely stop watering and preferably cover with transparent material from the rain.
Cabbage seeds can be purchased in stores and markets of the city of Moscow. The average price for one package of seeds is 20 rubles. You can order through the official website on the Internet. But this type of purchase will cost a little more, as the delivery will be taken into account.
It is worth picking cabbage when it is fully ripe. It is easy to check, it is enough to touch the head, if it is dense, it means that it is ready for collection. Cabbage harvesting usually begins in early November; by this time, the plant has fully gathered nourishing juice and is full of vitamins.
In order to properly collect the cabbage, it is necessary that the weather was dry and sunny, you need to meet in one day.
Diseases and pests
For malicious pests should include:
- Spring cabbage fly.
- Common scoop.
- Typical clicker.
All of them are the first enemies of cabbage. They cause enormous damage to the plant. Eats leaves, females lay eggs inside the cabbage, the larvae feed on the roots of the culture.
To prevent the occurrence of diseases and pests on cabbage, control and prevention methods must be present:
- Spraying cabbage with burdock tincture.
- Water a decoction of tansy 2 times a week in the evenings.
- Weed out beds more often.
- Try to catch pests yourself.
- In the autumn period to produce hilling soil.
- To do inside root dressing.
When caring for cabbage, be sure to remember that it does not tolerate strong soil moisture. therefore care must be taken that water does not stagnate in the soil.
Seedlings should spend more time under sunlight, because it loves heat more, you need to grow it at a temperature of 7-8 degrees. When transplanting into the soil, the distance between crops should be 30-40 centimeters. The transplant itself, should best occur in cloudy weather. Watering the plant immediately does not need, it is best to do it every other day.
Watch out for pests.. When they first appear in the culture, it is best to collect them in a jar. It is desirable that on the place where the cabbage will grow, eggplants grew last year. They will leave behind fertile soil.
Among all the cabbage varieties, the most respected is the sugar head variety. This variety is very like hostesses, they add it to salads in raw form. The beneficial properties of cabbage keeps itself longer than other varieties. It is also famous for its storage. It is very important to properly care for her and know all the details of the landing. This knowledge will help the plant accumulate more beneficial vitamins and delight your taste on the table.
What is this vegetable
Among a large number of varieties of this garden crop cabbage "sugar head" is most popular. Taste and agrotechnology reviews she deserved for good reason. This variety is a typical representative of the Cruciferous family, having very dense and large fruits. Their weight can reach 4 kilograms.
This is one of the very first vegetables that man began to cultivate. In many historical sources you can find information about the beds of cabbage, which appeared before our era. Her homeland - the northern shores of the Mediterranean. In the modern world, cabbage is grown everywhere. But among the huge number of species of this vegetable the most important role in terms of nutritional qualities is assigned to albumen. It is eaten both fresh and as part of all sorts of culinary delights.
What is the therapeutic benefits of white cabbage?
This vegetable has found great use not only in cooking. It is widely used in folk medicine. Most often for this purpose, a variety of white cabbage "sugar head" is used. What properties make it possible for such use? For the most part, the following can be distinguished:
- Cabbage leaves contain a very large amount of biologically active substances and vitamins. This makes it the most effective means for the treatment and prevention of many diseases.
- It is known that this vegetable has the ability to remove from the body the "bad" cholesterol and foreign proteins, as well as accumulated slags.
- It is also used to prevent the development of malignant neoplasms.
- Cabbage received good reviews as well as a means that stimulates the functions of the thyroid gland, adrenal glands and kidneys, the blood formation processes.
- She noted and excellent opportunities for growth and healing of tissues.
In addition to all of the above, fresh cabbage juice is very effective for cosmetic purposes. It is used as a basis for various masks, as well as a rinsing agent.
The chemical composition of cabbage
Virtually everyone from childhood knows how useful cabbage "sugar head". Reviews, left by fans of this vegetable about its magnificent properties, which are manifested mostly due to its chemical composition, leave no doubt about the benefits of this garden diet miracle.
In the composition of the cabbage can distinguish the following components. Of the macro- and microelements of white cabbage varieties "sugar head" contains almost all useful for the body elements of the periodic table. It has the necessary fluoride, manganese, potassium, calcium, iodine, phosphorus, sodium, iron for the smooth running of the life processes. And this is not the whole list. Therefore, the regular use of cabbage is able to fill up in the body all often with our ecology drying up stocks of trace elements.
Vitamin number of this magnificent vegetable is also quite wide both in taste and in the benefits brought by the human body and is represented by such groups of these substances as:
But the calorie in cabbage is very small, and this makes it possible, without any fear to use it in the dietary diet that contributes to the burning of extra pounds.
The advantages of the variety "sugar head". Reviews of summer residents
Not to find such a summer cottage, where cabbage would not have been allotted to one of the places of honor. Many species of this tasty vegetable are grown, but more preference is given to white. And the best, both in fresh taste and after culinary processing, are the autumn, the latest varieties. A special place among them is occupied by the cabbage variety "sugar head". Reviews about him are as follows:
- It is very large and dense, and the taste is fully consistent with the name - sugar.
- She has a great lezhkost. Under appropriate conditions (basement, caisson) can be stored, without losing their taste and not rotting until May.
- No special conditions for its cultivation are required, the whole agricultural technology is the same as that of the other varieties of cabbage.
- It has good resistance to various diseases.
In addition, such a garden magnificence as white cabbage "sugar head", the seeds have a very good germination, which guarantees the farmers a wonderful harvest. To do this, you should make only small efforts and properly grow and root the seedlings (white cabbage is always grown by seedlings).
Why do customers like this brand?
The cabbage variety “sugar head” has earned reviews about itself due to its advantages not only from the huge number of summer residents who prefer to grow it mainly on their plots, but also from those who prefer gardening to buy vegetables in stores.
Such a love for this variety arose among consumers for good reason. Everyone, when choosing a vegetable for his table, strives to ensure that it meets all the requirements. For cabbage, the best characteristics can be considered as such:
- Excellent taste, thanks to which this name was obtained - cabbage "sugar".
- Good preservation of heads in the fresh.
- Suitability to fermentation and conservation.
It is such a variety as the "sugar head" that is most advantageous in this respect. The heads of cabbages are round and rather large. One is enough for cooking several dinners.
This variety is distinguished by dense pulp and sparkling whiteness on the cut. And the quality that it contains a large amount of sugar makes it the most suitable of most varieties for preparing fresh salads. Yes, and for processing this variety is ideal.
What can be cooked from cabbage?
Due to the fact that this vegetable, in addition to low calorie content, has a large amount of fiber, it is a very valuable product that is used in the diet. Cabbage "sugar head" received a majority of reviews for the fact that it can be used in various diets. And in general, in cooking, it is very popular. Dishes made from it have a delicate aroma and great taste. This variety can be combined with many products, and is also able to quickly saturate the body.
Ways of cooking cabbage has a lot. It is good fresh, as a component of all kinds of salads, it makes great side dishes for fish and meat, and you can not even talk about borscht and cabbage soup. Probably, there is not a single person who would be indifferent to the great taste of these first courses familiar to everyone since childhood.
The recipe for sauerkraut for every taste
Very popular cabbage "sugar head" in fermented form. And not only for the excellent taste, which manifests itself well in both everyday and festive dishes, this preparation is appreciated. To all this, it has a lot of useful properties and contains a large amount of vitamin C. Yes, it is very simple to cook and also save not only in rural, but also in urban settings.
Thinly shredded cabbage kneads until juice appears with a small amount of salt and the “filler” that most tastes. It can be not only a carrot, but also a cranberry, sweet pepper, garlic. The prepared product is left for a few days for fermentation, and then pleases both the owners and their guests with their excellent taste.
How to keep the heads of this class
Cabbage "sugar head" received feedback and for its excellent ability for long-term storage. The best place for this will be a cool room in which the temperature is never below 0 degrees. Before heading off for storage, they should be checked for damage. All cracked vegetables are best to be recycled, and the rest, without removing the top green leaves from them, shift them with old newspapers and put away for long-term storage.
Caution! There are contraindications!
But the cabbage range, which includes the cabbage "sugar", has a number of contraindications that should be paid attention to before preparing a salad or cabbage soup from this vegetable. The main ones include the following:
- Tendency to spasms in the intestines or bile ducts.
- Increased acidity of the stomach.
- Enterocolitis and pancreatitis.
But despite this, dishes from this vegetable remain the most preferred by most people. Therefore, for all those interested in this vegetable, it should be said that the seeds of white cabbage "sugar head" are enough to buy in any store that deals with the distribution of seed. And by their own grow no problems.
Late ripening cabbage varieties, their advantages
Late cabbage is grown for its properties:
- rich in vitamins and sugars
- not afraid of frost
- long retains its taste,
- increases its taste due to the transformation of sugars during maturation.
Varieties of cabbage for long-term fresh storage and fermentation for the winter have been derived. The growing season of cabbage lasts from 115 to 140 days. You can grow it in open ground or in a greenhouse, depending on the growing region.
Late cabbage for fresh storage
If you want to get cabbage for storage in order to eat it during the winter, then you need to know that it should be consumed two or three months after harvest. First, forks give off bitterness. But then become juicy, sweet.
These types of vegetables include Valentina cabbage F1. A hybrid after 140-180 days gives dense heads of cabbage, reaching a weight of three to five kilograms. From above forks it is covered with dark green leaves with a bluish wax bloom, and inside is white. Cabbage Valentine is not afraid of frost even below five degrees. Feature of the variety is:
- cracking resistance,
- portability of transportation
- safety of forks for seven months,
- high yield.
Variety loves moisture, sun, demanding of the soil. In order for Valentine's cabbages to produce good yields, it is necessary to create conditions for growing a late hybrid.
If you want to get big heads and keep them until April, then you should pay attention to the description of the cabbage variety Stone Head. The cabbage derived by breeders from Poland Stone head gives cabbages weighing up to six kilograms. For more than twenty years, summer residents have preferred this variety of white-vegetable. Thin streaks on light green leaves are so gentle that in the winter you can use cabbages for cooking cabbage rolls. Cabbage Stone head has several advantages:
- gives great harvests
- different sugar taste
- resistant to disease
- does not crack
- has juicy white flesh inside.
In winter, different dishes are cooked from forks, which are very tasty, despite the harshness of the leaves.
From the Dutch varieties can be distinguished such as cabbage Atria F1. To the large hybrid headings, place on the shelves of shops and markets.
Heads of up to ten kilograms grow. Atria cabbage does not spoil, being even in adverse conditions. Until the next harvest, the hybrid retains its taste, juiciness. No wonder farmers choose a variety for growing in the fields. Valentina cabbage grows well there. A cabbage Stone head is selected by farmers as the most productive. No wonder the reviews about cabbage Stone head, Atriya only positive. Vegetable growers note an improvement in the taste of the vegetable as the laying time increases. In the spring there are more sugar and vitamins in the heads than after harvesting.
The cabbage varieties Extra are famous for their excellent keeping quality. Let them be small, but the taste is no worse than other hybrids. Forks reach maturity faster with proper care. And the yellowish middle of the heads is tasty in salads and borscht.
The Dutch hybrid Languedacker has similar properties. No wonder this cabbage is called winter. She, like cabbage Stone Head, has an excellent presentation, cabbages that do not crack and reach a mass of five kilograms. In the Langedaker variety, there are oval dense forks that reach maturity after 145-160 days. Langedaker is grown in the open field, harvesting crops in September-October. Recommended to grow a variety seedling way.
A hybrid of the new generation is called drugs. Appreciate rounded heads for long storage. During the winter, the realization of small heads with a mass of two or three kilograms with a snow-white inner texture always goes well with success. Not without reason, many farmers choose cabbage LS 251 F1 for growing in the fields. Delicate vegetable pulp is juicy, suitable for salads, soups, main courses.
Popular varieties for pickling
It is necessary to choose the best varieties for canning, taking into account that the heads are juicy, sweet. The Dutchman Langeaker is also suitable for this, but there is still much bitterness in him after the harvest has been harvested from the fields.
But from the late sorts of vegetables for pickling those sugary are suitable:
- Characteristics of the Kolobok Hybrid include excellent taste, high content of useful elements, vitamins, and long-term keeping quality of the hybrid. On top of the cabbage Gingerbread man is covered with dark green leaves, like those of the variety Langeaker, which fit snugly together. And the average weight of forks, a little over four kilograms, is convenient to cut into pickling. Cabbage Kolobok yields up to ten to twelve kilograms from one square meter.
- Late Moscow cabbage has been popular since the thirties of the 20th century. Dense round cabbies can reach ten kilograms if weather conditions and proper care allow. The variety grows beautifully in any climate, enduring steeply sharp temperature drops. Thanks to the sweetness and juiciness of the leaves, this variety is chosen for fermentation.
- Variety Moscow Late has 9 similar characteristics. But the plugs are slightly smaller - weighing up to four kilograms. Lead on them is much more convenient than large ones. Therefore, for canning choose this kind of Moscow late.
- Hurry sauer the cabbage Sugar head is not worth it. She is a little bitter when the cleaning is over. But after a month the forks are gaining sweetness, and the time for canning is good. Reviews of cabbage Sugarloaf say that it is one of the sweet late cabbage varieties. There is no bitterness in it, a lot of ascorbic acid. When growing, the output of marketable products is more than ninety percent. Thanks to the cabbage reviews, Sugarloaf is the most common variety among summer residents.
- Of the later varieties, one can not fail to mention the Krumon cabbage, which reaches technical maturity 120-130 days after the emergence of shoots. It is important to note the advantage of small heads in the high content of calcium, iron salts, vitamin A and C. It is these substances that the human body lacks in winter.
Varieties of late cabbage are chosen by gardeners in order to provide themselves with vitamins for the whole winter.
When to plant and how to care for late varieties
Cultivation of late cabbage differs from the cultivation of other types of vegetables with early ripening. To get ready-made dense cabbages, you must plant cabbage on time. From the day of emergence of shoots to technical ripeness, a lot of time passes - more than three months. Therefore, it is necessary to plant varieties of late ripening as early as possible. And here will help the seedlings of vegetables, which begin to cook in April.
Terms of planting cabbage for seedlings is determined by the length of the growing season of a particular variety. Usually this is the end of February - the beginning of March. Plants planted later will be more difficult. They may not mature, be weak.
Before sowing a vegetable, seeds go through a stage of calibration, disinfection in hot water. To accelerate seed germination can be growth stimulants. In the solution is placed a bag of seed for ten to twelve hours.
Place the seeds in the soil, prepared in advance. For containers, both individual cups and boxes are selected. The soil is chosen friable, nutritious. The substrate may consist of turf land and peat. It is better to add some wood ash to the ground. For soil disinfection use treatment with a solution of potassium permanganate or Trihofit.
Depth of vegetable seeds into the ground by two centimeters. The distance between the holes should not be less than five centimeters. For the rapid emergence of shoots, the container is closed with a film after abundant watering. You can land immediately in the greenhouse ground. How is the preparation and planting the plants correctly, you can see on the video.
After germination, the film is removed, and the seedlings require competent care in the form of:
- regular watering
- top dressing
- organizing lighting,
- compliance with the temperature regime.
Before the cabbage is transported to the open ground, the seedlings should be strong, have an age of sixty days. It is better to carry out the transfer of seedlings to the open ground by seedlings at the end of June - July according to the scheme 60x60.
Planting and care in the open field is carried out according to the rules of vegetable farming:
- Before placing the seedlings in the hole in the ground make five hundred grams of humus, two or three - ammonium nitrate, five - superphosphate, four grams of potassium salt.
- Depth of planting seedlings - to cotyledons.
- All seedlings are not planted, leaving a few bushes to replace the dead.
- Water the plants profusely, wetting the ground forty to fifty centimeters deep. For every bush there are two or three liters of water.
- It is necessary to feed a vegetable every ten days.
- Cleaning of heads is made as they mature, not later than mid-October.
Good yields of vegetables are obtained only with proper care. The grown cabbage will be stored for a long time, only enhancing its useful qualities throughout the winter, until spring.
How to feed a vegetable
When it comes time to harvest, often the heads of cabbage are characterized by lethargy, low density. This happens from a lack of plant nutrition.
Late vegetable varieties require constant nutrient input into the soil:
- Ten days after planting, they will organize the first feeding, the rest - in two or three weeks.
- From organic fertilizers, mullein is suitable, diluted 1: 7 for the first time, then 1: 5. Vegetable bushes are also fed with bird droppings, but the concentration of the solution is weaker - from 1:17 to 1:15.
- Mineral fertilizer for vegetables includes ammonium nitrate (forty grams), superphosphate (twenty grams), potassium salt (fifteen grams). The amount of fertilizer is taken per ten liters of water.
- During the summer, cabbage, planting and care of which went well, gets sixty grams of ammonium nitrate and forty potash salts each. This will be enough to get the heads of class extra.
During the growing season, the late cabbage will receive feeding three or four times. How to feed a vegetable, prompts video.
When to harvest
Depending on where the heads of cabbages go, they also choose the time when to clean them. For winter storage, remove the plug in mid-late October.
Choose to clean a dry day after the start of the first frost. It is not necessary to leave heads in the cold for a long time, otherwise they will begin to rot.
For storage dense forks lay in the basements or cellars, where the air temperature will be within zero degrees, and humidity - 85 percent. Have the heads of stalks down in boxes of rails. You can hang forks on the poles. How to keep the cabbages later varieties, you can see on the video.
If all the stages of vegetable cultivation were successful, then the harvest will be collected on time. Mature cabbages will long remain juiciness and taste, and dishes from them will benefit the person.
Description and characteristics of the variety
The Sugar Loaf cabbage depicted in the photo was bred in Moscow by the Zedek agrotechnical company. Culture entered in the state register in the West Siberian region. This is a mid-late variety, ripening which is 135-150 days. The hybrid is recommended both for cultivation at the large agricultural enterprises, and on private personal plots.
Для взрослого растения характерна приподнятая пышная розетка диаметром до 80 см. Её высота достигает 40 см. Листья очень крупные, слабопузырчатые, изумрудного оттенка с плотным восковым налётом. Форма листовых пластин округлая, края слегка волнистые.
Кочан диаметром 23–25 см снаружи светло-зелёный, а внутри – почти белый. Форма круглая. Головки отличаются высокой плотностью. Наружная часть кочерыги среднего размера, внутренняя – короткая. Средняя масса кочана составляет 2,5–4 кг.
Reference. Самую тяжёлую головку вырастили в Алтайском крае, её вес достиг 6 кг.
Characteristic varieties of cabbage Sugar Loaf:
- yield - 400-550 centners per hectare,
- heads storage period is 6–10 months,
- heads density is estimated at 4.1 points,
- taste excellent, this variety contains an increased amount of sugars.
The sugar head is suitable for fresh consumption, its leaves are not too hard, crispy and juicy. The variety is used for pickling, cooking side dishes and added to the soup and borscht.
Attention! Gardeners recommend harvesting after the first frost or letting cabbage lie for 1 month before eating it fresh. Then the heads of cabbage completely lose their bitterness and get a sweetish aftertaste.
The variety of sugar cabbage is grown by the seedling method and direct sowing of seeds in open ground. The first method is applicable in the regions of the middle band. Culture demanding on the composition of the soil. The soil should be nutrient neutral or alkaline. Cabbage responds well to top dressing and needs regular watering. Reviews indicate that plants are attacked by aphids and caterpillars, so it is important to pay attention to the prevention of pest attacks.
Growing cabbage seedlings Sugar Loaf
Sowing of seeds for seedlings is usually performed in the first or in the second decade of April. You will need a seedling box or separate containers with perforations at the bottom for the outflow of excess moisture. The container is filled with soil prepared from components taken in equal proportions:
Attention! Heater ashes are added to the soil mixture, and then disinfected by any method - by heating in an oven or using a pink solution of potassium permanganate.
Planting material also needs to be prepared for sowing. Seeds are calibrated in saline solution, selecting the most promising - heavy and large. Then they are soaked in a solution of Fitosporin, and then - in hot water (50 degrees) for 20 minutes and cooled.
Sowing is done in a wet substrate, in shallow furrows, located at a distance of 5 cm from each other with a step of 3 cm. The box is covered with a film, which is removed after emergence. Seedlings protect from direct sunlight, otherwise they will die.
The box with seedlings is left in the room where the thermometer does not rise above the mark of +15 degrees. Seedlings should receive a lot of light. Its lack leads to lengthening of stalks. Moisten the soil every 3 days, preventing drying and the formation of a dense crust on the surface.
Attention! Too frequent and abundant watering is harmful to seedlings - it leads to the development of black leg disease and the death of plants.
2 weeks after the emergence of seedlings, the seedlings are picked, if they have been sown in a general container. Strong and developed plants are transferred to individual cups. It is best to use peat, as in the future you will not have to once again disturb the root system of cabbage when transplanting into the ground. Cabbage Seedlings Sugarloaf need to be fed with complex mineral fertilizer when 3 leaves are formed on the stems. 2 weeks before landing on the garden, the plants begin to gradually accustom themselves to external conditions, leaving containers in the open air.
Transplantation of plants in open ground
In late May or early June, the seedlings are ready to be transplanted to the garden, if they have reached a length of 20 cm, and 5 leaves have developed on the stems. The bed is dug up, loosened and made holes according to the scheme 60x80 cm, as the cabbage Sugar head forms wide spreading sockets.
A teaspoon of urea, 15–20 g of superphosphate and a couple of handfuls of ash are poured into each hole. Fertilizers are mixed with the earth, after which the wells are well shed water. Seedlings deepen to the level of the lower leaves. The soil around and the plants themselves are sprinkled with wood ash to protect against insects that have already awakened from winter sleep.
Outdoor culture care
Sugar head demanding irrigation. In the first days after transplantation, the bed is moistened daily, if there is no natural precipitation. Later, the plants are watered every 6–7 days, pouring 6–8 liters of water under each bush. The next day, the soil is loosened and weeds are removed.
Hilling is done twice per season or as needed. For the first time this is done 3 weeks after planting the seedlings in the garden. The procedure is aimed at maintaining a thin stem and stimulating the development of a powerful root system. When the heads are tied, Sugar head cabbage is spud again. Ridges should not exceed 30 cm.
Culture needs additional feeding 3-4 times per season:
- In the first half of the growing season, twice at an interval of 2-3 weeks, infusion of bird droppings diluted with water and complex fertilizer with minerals are applied.
- The third dressing is necessary during the formation of head buds. At this time, an increased dose of phosphorus and potassium is introduced, and nitrogenous fertilizers are not used.
- The fourth feeding is aimed at improving the index of lezhkost. It is recommended to spend 2 weeks before harvest. Potash fertilizers are used at this stage.
Attention! Cabbage will not crack if watering is reduced to a minimum of 3-4 weeks before harvesting begins.
Possible diseases and pests of the variety
Cabbage variety Sugar head is resistant to some diseases - keel, mucous and vascular bacteriosis and Fusarium, according to reviews of gardeners and so says the manufacturer. However, this does not mean that we can neglect preventive measures to protect against diseases. These include:
- presowing treatment of planting material and soil for seedlings,
- timely harvesting of plant residues from the garden in the autumn,
- observance of recommendations on crop rotation,
- pest control.
This variety of cabbage is attacked by insects - aphids, whiteflies, bedbugs and flea beetles, as well as caterpillars, all of which are carriers of infections.
Immediately after planting the seedlings in the garden, you need to take measures to protect against pests. To do this, the soil and the bushes are powdered with ashes. You can prepare liquid formulations for spraying plants on the basis of natural components that repel insects, for example:
- acetic acid or ammonia solution,
- soap-ash solution
- infusion of garlic,
- decoction of valerian roots with tobacco leaves.
Attention! If the pests have already settled on the bed with cabbage, you should resort to using biological or chemical insecticides. The last drugs are long removed from plant cells, so they are not used at the final stage of the growing season.
Cabbage Sugar Loaf is removed from the garden in October, after 130–145 days from the moment of emergence. Gardeners, who have experience in growing it, are advised to wait for the first frosts. The cold contributes to the accumulation of sugars, which makes this variety even tastier and juicier.
They keep the cabbages in a well-ventilated cellar at a temperature of 0 ... + 5 degrees and a humidity of about 95%. The heads carefully inspect for damage and are laid by a stump in the sand or suspended. The main thing is that they do not touch each other.
Reviews gardeners about cabbage Sugar Loaf
Summer residents well respond about this hybrid of domestic selection. They like the taste of heads and the fact that they are stored for a long time. The undoubted advantage of the variety is its resistance to diseases. That's what gardeners write.
Marina from Barnaul is delighted with cabbage Sugar Loaf: “In the Altai Territory, this variety grows well. He planted it for 4 years in a row, the harvest is good, the heads of cabbage are large, flat, tasty. Suitable for fermentation. Cabbage is not sick, but caterpillars are very worried. It is difficult to fight with them, because the leaves are very voluminous, lush, the larvae hiding under them so that you will not find them. In the last year, it covered the landing with a net, which is an ideal solution for protection against pests. ”
Galina Ivanovna from a suburb of Novosibirsk says: “The variety is good, tasty, hard-boiled, the seeds sprout together, the seedlings grow normally. There is one drawback - it takes up a lot of space, too large sockets, besides, for the salad, the cabbage is a bit stiff, but if it is wrinkled, it will fit. ”
Characteristic varieties Sugar Loaf distinguishes culture from other hybrids. This cabbage is sweeter and juicier, and its nutritional value is higher. When growing it is necessary to strictly follow the rules of crop rotation and planting scheme, taking into account the size of the rosette of an adult plant. Also, the gardener must take measures to protect the seedlings from pests, properly water and feed the cabbage in a timely manner.
Planting and growing
Planting of seeds, especially late-ripening varieties, should be carried out. in the beginning of April. Seedlings should be placed on the windowsill or immediately sown in open ground, but be sure to cover with foil. Earth at the time of landing should be at least 15-17 degrees. Sowing should be done with a density of 5x5 cm
Before planting, it is best to leave the seeds in a solution of potassium humate for 12 hours, and then rinse well and dry a little. In the soil humus should prevail, but, in addition, add urea and potassium fertilizers. With the appearance of 4 leaves, seedlings can already be planted on open territory, this should be done in late May or early June.
Before planting the plant in open ground, it should be prepared, adhering to some rules:
- you should not plant cabbage in the old place, it is better to plant in the territory where potatoes, pumpkins, onions or legumes grew,
- the soil must be neutral or slightly acidic,
- should be planted in a sunny place
- in the fall, they dig up the soil, and in the spring they apply organic fertilizer.
While the seedlings are growing, it must be fed with fertilizers at least 2-3 times per season. When sprouts of 10–12 leaves appear on the soil, it is necessary to pile up the soil, this will help strengthen the root system and give impetus to the formation of lateral roots. Watering the plant is often not worth it, it is enough 1 time in 20 days, but at the same time watering should be abundant. When the head of the cabbage begins to form, watering should be done more often, and after each watering the soil needs to be loosened and the weeds removed. About a month before harvesting, it is better to stop watering, otherwise the head of the cabbage may crack.
Diseases and Prevention
Sugar loaf is considered a resistant variety to many diseases, but if the cultivation is done incorrectly and the weather conditions are bad, there is a risk of infection with some common diseases.
Quila - This is a disease that infects the cabbage root with fungi, and for prevention it is necessary to adhere to crop rotation, remove weeds, and feed the soil with lime. If the foci of infection were found, then these copies must be immediately destroyed.
Fusarium characterized by wilting cabbage leaves. The affected cabbage should be immediately removed, and for prevention, the soil should be treated with copper sulphate and spray the remaining specimens with an Immunocytophyte or Agat-25.
Bacteriosis - leaf veins are affected, they begin to turn black, and the edges of the leaves turn yellow. Gradually the leaves begin to die off. The drug Fitolavin 300 copes well with the disease. It should be sprayed with plants.
The main condition for the cultivation of cabbage of this variety is compliance with all the rules relating to crop rotation, as well as timely and proper care. Thanks to this, you can get a big and healthy crop of healthy vegetables.