Apple trees are considered one of the most common fruit trees. They are very beautiful in bloom, and also bestow generous harvests. There are many varieties and varieties of this crop that need an individual approach to the cultivation technology. There are also certain conditions that require observing some distance between apple trees when planting.
Before planting an apple tree, any gardener should make sure that the young plant will be comfortable on its territory. The rules to be followed when planting a seedling consist of four main points:
- no sharp winds
- good light,
- better if there are no large trees near
- It should be planted at the same time several seedlings, preferably different fruiting seasons, so that pollination takes place (an apple tree is necessary for good growth of the fruit).
In such conditions, the apple trees should be planted in the spring. The distance between the trees must also be taken into account.
Gaps between cultures
Apple trees are varied: small, medium and large. The correct planting of the plants and the distribution of their further residence will depend on the final formation and size of the crown.
You can make a presumptive calculation of the distance between apple trees:
- bush trees - the best landing in a single line at 1-1.5 m between plants, between rows - 3-4 m,
- among weakly growing apple trees between seedlings should be 3-3.5 m, and between rows 5-5-5 m, and also on dwarf rootstocks between lines 4 m, in beds between apple crops 2.5 m,
- middle-growth and vigorous - the intervals are observed from the surrounding trees 4-5 m, and between rows - 5-6 m,
- colonic - their ideal placement is one line with a distance between neighbors for dwarf - 0.6 m, medium growth - 1 m, strong-growing - 1.2.
This is how approximately the planting of apple trees should be planned. The distance between the trees is first of all a prepared plan and following it. This scheme will help not only to ensure a good flow of sunlight to the future garden, but also to protect it from the active invasion of pests and reduced immunity.
What can take the intervals between seedlings
The distance between the apple trees during planting remains in sufficient quantities in order to use it enterprisingly. Gardeners plant small bushes and vegetable crops in the gaps. In particular, it is repeatedly produced in the initial period of the garden site, when the plants are still very young. Of the bushes are most often planted gooseberries, currants, and strawberries.
The so-called aisle can be filled with vegetables when the apple trees are planted. The distance between the trees allows you to plant such cultivated crops as root vegetables, various vegetables and potatoes. These plants are ideal in that since the beginning of spring, their formation lasts relatively slowly, and the time when they most need moisture, just falls on the second part of the summer season. The need for water during this period in fruit trees is reduced. Also tilled crops help the garden to get rid of weeds.
It does not really matter what plants were chosen for the free space in the garden plot, it is important to ensure that they do not completely deprive the soil of useful minerals by taking them from garden trees. In this regard, it is impossible to plant any third-party crops in the near-stem circles of young seedlings.
The distance between the columnar apple when landing
Such trees can be planted in rows, as it is very profitable and does not take up much space. In the column between cultures, you should keep a distance of 50 cm, at least 30-40 cm (in this case, it will not be very comfortable to care for apple trees). The spacing between rows should be kept 1 m or even more.
On 10 acres it is quite possible to arrange up to 200 seedlings with the usual planting pattern. Walking along the rows is not difficult, and the trees have enough space due to their shape. It is also necessary to remember about the distribution of varieties: summer can be combined, but not planted near the winter. This is determined by the various agrotechnics of plants; therefore, the time of spraying, feeding and trimming is different. If we take into account the distance between apple trees when planting and correctly combine crop varieties, then we can significantly save money on growing such seedlings.
How to properly plant apples and pears on the site
These fruit trees are the most popular garden plants. Pear with apple can be grown in almost all European countries. The exception is the northernmost regions.
Apple culture is frost resistant enough, likes a neutral light soil enriched with microelements and humus. It is difficult to withstand the land with a high level of groundwater (less than 1 m) and wetland soil. Another important thing to take into account the distance between the apple when planting, which is calculated in advance.
In pears, frost resistance is much higher, especially in zoned varieties, however, this plant gets wet faster than apple trees. And in this regard, fruit seedlings on the marshy lands should be planted on a mound (it is pre-poured), and not in the planting recess.
When planting pears and apples for such a hill, any soil that is available on the site, as well as sand, compost and peat, are used as the primary material. Small stones, broken red bricks, fragments of ceramic tiles and slate often serve as the basis for wetlands. Then they can lay out chips, cut large branches, twigs, debris and cutting boards.
The distance between apple and pears when planting
To plant such crops, one must first of all determine the terrain for their disembarkation and the intervals between them. You also need to take care of the quality of seedlings. It is better to buy them in nurseries, preferring zoned varieties grown in containers, no more than 3 years old. Such plants more easily tolerate transportation and transplantation, and purchasing them in a hotbed provides a guarantee that the seedlings are bought exactly the sort that is needed.
If the groundwater is located nearby, then the hill is filled up in the same way as in the first example, but before that the upper layer of the earth is removed. The same material and pieces of slate are laid on the bottom of the created pit in order to eliminate root spreading in depth.
The gap between pears and apple trees when seated must be at least 5 m and from other trees or structures. If it is a dwarf stock - not less than 4 m.
Fruit crops are usually planted for 20-25 years. As a rule, seedlings of pears and apples after planting begin to produce crops at the age of 5 years. In order to get good fruiting, it is necessary to take very seriously the question of choosing a planting site and a selection material.
What distance between apple trees when planting choose, now everyone knows. So you can safely get down to business!
Competently place all the trees can be even in a small area. Proper garden planning is one of the most important conditions for obtaining good yields and maintaining apple trees in a healthy state.
Depending on the climate of the region, the shape and size of the crown, as well as the size of the garden, the distance between the apple trees during planting may vary.
Apple trees on semi-dwarf rootstock
Unlike dwarf varieties, half-dwarfs have a more powerful and high crown. When planting, the seedlings are separated by at least three meters, the aisle is approximately 5 m.
If the garden is large, the trees are planted "card". For example, on a 50x100 m plot there are 10 rows, 5 row spacing between the trees, and 3.5-4.5 m between trees. This placement greatly simplifies further care of the apple trees, and the garden itself will not turn into a dense forest over time.
If the site needs to plant no more than ten semi-dwarf seedlings, the distance between them and the rows is best done at 4.5 m. This will provide garden equipment and owners free movement around the site.
The distance between vigorous apple trees should be increased to 5 or 5.5 m, and between rows 5-6 m.
Staggered apple trees
This placement of trees contributes to a more complete and better use of not only the site, but also the sun. Gardeners recommend the following distance between apple trees when planting a garden:
- Dwarf varieties - between seedlings about 1.5 m.
- Semi-dwarf apple trees - at a distance of 3-3.75 m from each other.
- strong-growing apple trees on seed rootstocks - between trees from 5 to 5.5 m.
- dwarf trees - from 3 m,
- tall trees - up to 5.5 m.
Also, the chess arrangement of landings is often used in gardens “on supports”. The second row of trees is planted opposite the free space between the seedlings of the first row. The aisle distance is 4 m, between apple trees in a row - 2 m.
What is the distance between apple trees when planting depending on the strength of growth?
Apple trees are planted so that when they grow up they fill the whole space of the garden and at the same time do not interfere with their growth. The required distance between the rows and in the row depends on the final height of the adult apple. The lower the tree, the less space it takes in the garden. For example, dwarf varieties can grow close together.
Perhaps the question of placing fruit trees in the garden is the most important, because their yield and lifespan depend on the correct choice of the distance between them. Every gardener wants his garden to bring as much harvest as possible and pay for the effort.
In order to properly place the apple trees in the garden plot it is necessary to draw up and adhere to the planting pattern. This pattern may vary depending on the climate conditions in which it will grow. Also, planting options may vary depending on the shape of the crown. The distance between the trunks directly depends on this parameter. The planting pattern is calculated taking into account the minimum distance between the trees. This indicator is determined based on the characteristics of a particular variety, nutritional requirements, the level of water supply and soil characteristics.
Failure to disregard or disregard the distance for a tree has the following consequences:
- decrease in yield,
- reduced crop quality,
- nutritional deficiencies
- lack of sunlight on fruits and leaves
- reduced immunity
- fungal disease,
- stimulating the reproduction of pests and pathogens.
The distance is also determined by taking into account the possibility of pruning the crown and comfortable fruit picking.
What is the minimum distance between apple trees should be when planting? It depends on such factors as the size of the tree and the maximum dimensions it can achieve during its growth. For example, if you plan to plant low-growing varieties in your garden, on a dwarf rootstock, then the optimal distance for them will be 4 meters between the rows, at least. But the distance between ordinary apple trees must be at least 2.5 meters in order for them to be in comfortable conditions.
When planting classic and low-growing species, the grafting of which was carried out on the basis of wild rootstocks, the minimum distance should be not less than 3.5 meters, and the distance between rows should be about 5 meters.
For tall and tall species, the minimum distance requirements will be different. The distance between the rows is about 6 meters, and the minimum distance between the trunks themselves must be at least 4 meters.
In the case when an apple tree in the garden sits alone or in a pair, the distance to other trees or shrubs must be at least 4 meters around the perimeter or radius.
Determining the distance between trees
All the above methods of placement on the garden plot are traditional and, accordingly, they are suitable for classical and simple varieties.
However, today there are many new fruit varieties that may differ significantly from others. Therefore, in relation to them, apply and new landing techniques. For example, for a columnar apple, which in its appearance more resembles a poplar or cypress, use the method of cultivation in the form of a column. But even among the columnar species there are several options: vigorous, dwarf and semi-dwarf.
Power-growing and semi-dwarf columnar apple trees should be planted at a distance of 1.2 meters from each other (the smallest permissible value). And for the dwarf varieties will be quite enough, and 60 centimeters.
When planting several seedlings, the minimum distance, as mentioned above, is calculated from the maximum crown volume in adulthood.
Vigorous varieties must be planted at a distance of 3-4 meters from the adjacent trunk. If they are planted in rows, the distance between them should be about five meters. This type of accommodation is suitable for the following varieties: Striped Autumn, Antonovka ordinary, Cinnamon New, Moscow Grushevka.
Low-growing species are best planted so that to other trees was at least 3 meters. A gap between the rows should be at least 4 meters. This scheme is suitable for varieties Spartan, Melba, Lobo, Welsey.
The vigorous varieties have the following planting pattern: the distance between the rows should be at least four meters, and between the trunks - up to 2.5 meters.
For medium-sized and vigorous rocks on clonal rootstocks have a distance of one meter.
If the variety is not known or it is problematic to determine it, then the minimum distance between them during planting should be calculated on the basis of the geometric shape of the crown (i.e., the maximum width of the crown). This value must be doubled - this will be the minimum distance. For example, with a maximum crown width of 4 meters, the minimum delimitation index will be 8 meters.
Adhering to the planting scheme can not only achieve a beautiful design of the garden, but also increase the fruiting and extend the life of apple trees. Compliance with all the above rules will help you most effectively organize the garden space.
In order to most efficiently and correctly implement the planting of apples, you should know some of the nuances:
- the distance between adjacent trees should be optimal for both. They must have enough nutrients, otherwise one may flourish at the expense of the other,
- when planting apple trees near other plants or trees, their relationship must be taken into account. Otherwise, you risk getting a "conflict" or one plant will absorb the nutrients of another. In this case, there may be spaces next to apple trees where less hardy plants will die,
- must choose the right place for landing. This type of fruit tree should be closed from blowing northern winds,
- should be considered winter hardiness of rocks,
- For different species, a different planting pattern should be applied to maximize yield,
- it is necessary to take into account the biological characteristics of certain varieties and fruit species, to know whether it will fit this soil,
- The environmental conditions in which the apple tree will grow should be taken into account.
Also, when placing fruit trees on your land plot, it is not at all useless to know the norms that are written in the legislation. For example, it is necessary to know exactly at what distance to the adjacent site plantings can be organized, so as not to disturb the neighbors with falling apples or foliage, and also so that the branches do not give them any inconvenience. So you can save good-neighborly relations and your own nerves.
The layout of plantings on the site
Knowing the plantations of apple trees and the minimum distances between them can significantly increase the yield, as well as properly form plantings not only trees, but also other garden vegetation.
Distance between trees when planting
Before talking about planting apple trees it's worth deciding on their types. Most of the previously cultivated varieties are large, tall trees. If they were carried out competent care, the crown of trees sprawling and occupies a large area.
For the full nutrition of the tree, it requires soil in the required amount. The duration of fruiting and the yield of an apple tree will depend on all this. Before you purchase seedlings, it's worth deciding at least not with the varieties, but with the types of trees. Among which are:
What threatens a small distance for trees
The question at what distance to plant apples, pears and other fruit trees takes many. Moreover, the non-observance of the minimum size between seedlings will subsequently lead to unpleasant consequencesamong which can be noted:
- drop in yield,
- the quality of the fruit is below due,
- nutrient deficiency in the soil,
- недостаточность солнечной освещенности,
- подверженность болезням,
- увеличение грибковых поражений,
- увеличения количества разного рода вредителей и патогенных возбудителей.
Для правильного и рационального размещения яблонь на приусадебном участке стоит следовать рекомендациям не только тем, которые указываются к непосредственному выведенному и продаваемому растению, но и тем в каком климатическом регионе они будут произрастать.
Схемы посадки зависят от:
- климатических условий,
- crown shapes
- maximum dimensions
- soil type
- groundwater approach
- mineral needs.
Example. Having bought saplings of medium-growth varieties with a dwarf rootstock, it will take at least 4 meters to plant them in the spring. Between the trunks of classic undersized varieties should be at least 3.5 meters. When planting several seedlings in rows, the distance between these rows must be maintained about five meters.
So, the table shows the dimensionswhich approximately need to be maintained when planting cultivated varieties of apple and pear trees.
These are inconclusive meanings. The market comes a lot of new varieties and varieties of already known. There are kolonovidnye, semi-dwarf, vigorous and others.
Do not forget about the neighbors and distance from the roadway. If from the road to the trees - it is necessary to maintain the maximum possible distance, then plant near the neighboring site, guided by the regulations of the laws and adopted acts. Their observance is a pledge of friendly relations with neighbors.
Remoteness from other garden crops
Joint, close-living apple trees with other crops (pear) has a bad effect on fruiting. But doubling the distance of removal is unwise. This is the loss of usable space.
Dimensions of removal from the apple:
- to a pear - 4.5–5 m if the variety is not more than average, 9 m; to pear if it is tall,
- to cherry - if it grows with a tree, then it is about 6 meters, if with a bush 3.5 meters,
- to plum - about 5 meters to medium apple trees and up to 8 meters to high,
- sweet cherry - at low varieties of 4 m, and at high 6.5 m,
- to currant - 1.2-1.5 m and 2.75-3 m, respectively,
- to species of conifers - 9-12 meters,
- to the birch - more than 4.5 meters, and the seed is desirable to remove by 8 meters,
- to apricot - 5-6 meters,
- to the lilac - 5-7 meters,
- to the barberry - its landing is not recommended at all,
- to roses - 5.5-7 m,
- to raspberry - 3-4 m,
- to potato and vegetable beds - 1-1.5 m.
Dimensions removal from buildings:
- from the house - 4 m,
- from the shed - 1 m,
- from the fence - 4 m,
- from the edge of the plot - 2 m if undersized, 4 m for medium height, 6 m for tall and 9 m not subject to pruning.
Planting apple varieties
When planting apple trees in the spring. The distances between trees of the same variety must be maintained the following (most common):
- Royalty - 4 meters,
- Golden - 4 meters,
- Melba - 3.5 meters
- Spartan - 4.5 meters,
- Antonovka - 5 meters,
- Colonic varieties - 3 meters.
Some tips from experts in the care of fruit trees.
It is not recommended to plant a row of apple trees if, as they grow, they will prevent the sun from penetrating the entire area. The same applies to pears.
The distance should be maintained on the basis of trimming, rootstock and fertilizer soil.
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If you need detailed information about how to grow a healthy, beautiful, productive and ecological SAD, how to grow vegetables, gorgeous flowers and other plants you like, then you are on the right track!
It is in your power to create the garden of your dreams, which always gives us a wonderful festive mood and spiritual comfort. After all, when we say the word "SAD", we immediately present the sun, summer, magnificent aromas, natural beauty and the divine taste of the fruits that have just been plucked from the branch.
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In the sections of the site (My Garden, My Flowers, My Garden, Seasonal Works, Useful) you will find answers to all your questions on agricultural technology of the most common fruit, berry, flower and vegetable crops.
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The plantation of apple orchard
Before planning a planting pattern and calculating the distance between apple trees, it is necessary to assess the terrain: the location of the garden, the condition of the soil, climatic features. The type and type of trees are also important.
If there is a nearby plot, you should know that by law tall trees can be planted at a distance of not less than three meters from the neighbor fence. If the tree grows too close to the fence, it can cast a shadow on someone else's land, and its roots can harm other plants or buildings (house, shed, arbor).
At what distance to plant apples from each other
Buildings and apple trees must be at a distance of about 5 meters, otherwise the trees will be in the shade. In addition, branches may eventually rest against a wall.
The place for landing should be chosen light, not shaded, preferably without wind.
Important! The absence of strong winds and drafts in the summer period will have a positive effect on fruiting - the presence of bees and other insects in the garden will ensure good pollination.
It is necessary to make sure that the ground water does not pass too close to the surface, otherwise they will wash the roots, which will lead to a stalling.
The pit for spring planting is prepared in autumn. For autumn - in 2-3 weeks. There is no clear answer at what time it is better to plant young trees. Each gardener has his own opinion on this. In the spring you should not hurry - you can plant it not earlier than mid-April. In the autumn you need to catch up to the first frost.
In the southern regions, they prefer to plant trees in the autumn months; in the south, autumn is quite warm. Planted in the fall, the seedlings will be fed with rain and snow; in the spring they will certainly grow well. Trees planted in spring are at risk from drought.
Do not plant an apple tree in spring
In the middle zone of Russia and in the north, along with spring heavy rains come, so there is almost no drought in the spring, the seedlings take root well.
The pit can be round or rectangular. The size of a rectangular pit is about 80 * 80 * 80 cm, depending on the volume of the roots - more or less. If the pit is round, it will be 1 m in diameter or slightly smaller. The depth of the pit - 80 cm.
When they begin to dig a hole, the top layer of earth (up to 30 cm) is removed, mixed with fertilizer: peat, ash, manure or superphosphate. The ground mixed with fertilizer is poured to the bottom of the pit.
Important! Sapling roots should not come into contact with fertilizer particles, it will damage them.
Autumn rain and snow melt water will moisten the pit and make the ground settle. Stones at the bottom of the pit should be laid out only if the ground is clay. It is also possible to add river sand or peat to the clay soil. And if the soil is sandy, you need to add humus or clay.
Usually for planting used annual and biennial seedlings. First of all, a stake is placed in the middle of the pit - it is needed for support and garter of a young tree. Tie a tree in two meters - near the root and crown. Next you need to inspect the roots - if there are damaged or dried, they are immediately removed. Immediately before planting, the ground is slightly loosened.
Then the seedling is set in a hole, gently straightening the roots, making sure that they lie down freely. The roots should not twist and make their way through the ground to the top. After that, the roots are covered with earth and gradually tamped down the ground. When the entire fossa is covered with earth, you need to well tamp the earth again and make a shallow hole so that the water is held.
Deep wells with good drainage layer
Now you need to pour the apple tree with water.
Note! Water should be warm!
On one seedling you need to pour about 3 buckets of water, but not immediately, but gradually, as it is absorbed. The next 2-3 months, the seedling also needs to be watered only with warm water. First water the apple tree once a week, then once a month.
Attention! If planting occurs in the fall, such intensive watering is not required. Autumn rains will moisten the soil well (provided that autumn is not arid).
If the seedling reaches a height of 70 cm, it must be cut. In the annuals, the tops are clipped, and in the biennials, the lateral branches. This is done to form the correct crown.
To feed young saplings for the first 2-3 years is not necessary and even dangerous, their roots are too sensitive and can get burned.
At what distance to plant different types of apple trees
When planting apple trees in spring, you need to keep a distance between the trees. About 20-30 years ago there were only tall varieties of apple trees, they were planted 6 meters apart from each other. Now gardeners prefer modern varieties on a dwarf rootstock - these are low, compact trees, which take up little space, but bring a good harvest.
At a distance of 3-4 meters
Tall apple trees should be planted at a distance of 3-4 meters, and rows should be in 5-6 meters. These include apple varieties Grushivka, Antonovka, Cinnamon New, Autumn striped. Between trees of average height should be left 3-3.5 meters and 4.5-5 meters between the rows. Middle-varieties: Welsey, Lobo, Spartan, Melba.
Low-growing apple trees are planted in 2-2.5 meters in a row. 4-4.5 meters can be left between the rows.
Important! On one fruit tree should be approximately 10 sq.m.
Landing is made both in linear and staggered order.
If the apple avenue grows along a pond or a cliff, the distance between the trees can be safely reduced to 1.5 / 2 meters. This is due to the fact that trees receive light not only from above, but also from the side.
What trees and plants can be planted with apple trees
Pear. The distance between pear trees should be about 5-6 meters. Pear seedlings should be planted according to the 2 * 3 m scheme. The distance between the pear and the apple tree should be 4-5 meters. If the varieties are dwarfed, the distance is reduced to 3-4 meters.
In the free space between the apple and pear for the first 3 years you can plant low plants: tomatoes, zucchini, radish, carrots, eggplants, beets, potatoes, radishes, onions, peppers, beans, spinach. Planting berries is not recommended.
After planting, young apples and pears are watered every 7 days for a month, then every 20 days another 3-4 months.
Cherry. Cherry trees are recommended to plant in the fall, but in the spring you can plant biennial plants.
If the cherry variety is self-pollinated, you can plant the plants at a distance of 3 meters from each other. If the variety is cross-pollinated (the plant has both male and female flowers), plant at least 4 trees.
Dwarf and semi-dwarf cherries are planted according to the scheme 2 * 2.5 m, tall - 2.5 * 3 m.
Important! Apple with cherry get along well only if they do not grow in close proximity to each other. Otherwise, the apple tree may suffer.
The distance between the apple and the cherry trees should be 10 meters, provided that both trees are short. If the trees are tall, then at least 15 meters. Some varieties of apple trees perfectly coexist with a cherry at a distance of 5 meters. Cherry prefers the same soil and growing conditions as an apple tree. However, the apple tree loves coniferous neighbors, but the cherry does not tolerate. Unlike apple, which can grow well in the shade, the cherry tree does not like dark places.
Cherries do not tolerate the neighborhood with strawberries, blueberries, tomatoes, peppers, raspberries, black currants, eggplants. It is also not recommended to plant cherries with trees that have a strong root system (spruce, oak, poplar, linden, pine, birch). But it gets on well with plum, honeysuckle and sweet cherry.
Apricot. The southern fruit is not particularly fond of neighbors, an apple tree should be planted no less than 10 meters from it. Apricot does not like almost anyone. This plant should be planted separately from all.
Apricot trees are planted according to the 3 * 5 or 5 * 5 m scheme. The interval between the trees is 3-4 meters. The distance from the fence or buildings to apricot - at least 3 meters.
Plum. Like an apple tree, plum loves sunny places, a soil without close ground water. The best landing time is spring.
It is recommended to maintain a distance of 3 meters between medium-length plums, and 4-5 meters between tall ones. Plums are planted according to the 2 * 4.5 m scheme.
The distance between the plum and the apple should be at least 10 meters. Good neighbors, these plants will not. Also does not make plum neighborhood with pear, black currant, raspberry. But the black elder and maple perfectly get along with it and even increase the harvest.
Many people plant a juniper under the apple tree and close to it, believing that this coniferous plant and garden will decorate and will bring benefit. An apple tree lives really well in proximity with conifers, but juniper, both ordinary and creeping, can infect fruit trees with rust, which is difficult to get rid of. Juniper dries, turns brown or brightens, and orange and red spots appear on the apple tree, shoots, fruits, leaves disappear, in severe cases the bark cracks and dries out. But despite all this, juniper can not be the cause of mass disease and the death of fruit plants.
Features of the cultivation of colon apple
Since the columnar apple has a weak root system and grows close to the ground, they need special preparation. The pit for such seedlings is advised to dig up a cylindrical shape, 60 cm deep, 80 cm in diameter. They are advised to be planted from late September to mid-October or mid-April. 5-10 days before planting the soil is fertilized: 50 g of superphosphate and 50 g of potassium per hole.
Crown-shaped apple trees at planting are arranged mainly in rows, keeping a distance between seedlings of about 1 meter (80-120 cm).
Tip! If the apple trees are dwarfed, you can leave only 60 cm between them.
The timing and characteristics of planting apple trees depend on many factors - weather conditions, the location of the site, already growing trees. Observing all the recommended standards, you can achieve excellent yield.
Apple tree planting schemes
How to plant trees on the site, it is important to know every gardener. This applies to both distance and general culture care.
The most common fruit plantings are, perhaps, apple trees. There are many varieties of these crops that need individual cultivation technology.
When planting trees, observe the following requirements:
- Choose a plot with good lighting and the absence of strong winds.
- The soil must be properly fertilized and moistened.
Apple trees can be different in size and shape of the crown. The distance between them is necessary to choose the optimal, depending on the type:
- stunted are planted in a single line at a distance of 1 m, and the aisle is made up to 4 m, respectively (sometimes the distance is reduced to 3.5 m),
- for high varieties with a lush crown, the landing distance between the lines and rows can reach 5 m,
- the columnar apple trees are placed depending on the size: dwarf - at a distance of 0.7 m, the rest are planted two meters from each other.
How to optimally plan the space
Some gardeners recommend free space between seedlings can be partially filled with currant bushes, gooseberries, or even plant strawberries, the main thing is to leave free trunks circles. But, on the other hand, if you fill the place under the fruit trees, then they will have less food and harvest harder.
When planting summer and winter varieties of crops, you need to place them away from each other, as each of these plant species requires different care for feeding, pruning and spraying.
It is necessary to do planning at the dacha in accordance with the parties of the world and zoning rules. If you correctly carry out this process, you can provide a plot of sunlight and protect the garden from wind and drying of the soil. It is necessary to plan the neighborhood of fruit trees and shrubs in advance, before buying crops - this will allow us to make the planting symmetrical, beautiful and beneficial to plants.
Важно предусмотреть то, что кроны разросшихся саженцев не должны доходить до соседнего участка, поэтому располагать их нужно на приличном расстоянии от границ участка. Иногда посадка отдельных саженцев осуществляется прямо в огороде, но это не очень удобный вариант, поскольку и овощи будут затенены, и плодовому дереву будет некомфортно, и собирать урожай сложно.
Proper placement of seedlings allows not only optimal use of the place, but to get a good harvest from all types of crops.
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Medium tall apple trees
The standard height of medium trees with improper pruning is up to 6 m and width up to 4-5 m. If the apple trees are pruned, they make a distance of 5 m between the rows, 3.7–4.5 m between seedlings. The medium-sized trees grafted on seed stock, cut in the form of "cups", planted, as a rule, in a checkerboard pattern at a distance of 6 m in and between the rows. This provides apple trees with a comfortable life and easy care for gardeners.
If the saplings of medium-sized forms are placed on a small plot, the trees will often have to be carefully and carefully cut, otherwise the garden will turn into an impassable forest.
If, in addition to seed stocks, seedlings are no longer present, then in this case only their proper planting will be able to provide the gardener with a bountiful harvest of apples. It used to be that in order to get full-fledged illumination, trees should be located far from each other (up to 9-13 meters between apple trees).
Since the height of apple trees can reach up to 8-11 m, if they are not pruned, they should be planted randomly at a distance of 9-12 m. If tall trees are pruned, they will grow no more than 5 m. They are recommended to be planted in staggered order after 7 m between seedlings.
Particular attention should be paid to columnar varieties. They are also divided into semi-dwarf, dwarf and vigorous. How is the planting of columnar apples? The distance between apple trees of dwarf forms is from 70 cm. For the other two species, planting at a distance of more than 2 m is best.
How far is the sapling from the old apple tree?
Sometimes it becomes necessary to plant a young apple tree close to the old one. For example, if it is an old garden, which is a pity to uproot, but there are large gaps between the apple trees themselves or there are lunges in the plantings themselves. Here you should know its type of branching, variety and period of fruiting.
In order to choose the correct distance between the trees, the apple trees should be planted taking into account the following points:
- It is better to plant trees that are similar in growth and fruiting capacity (this does not apply to small country gardens).
- It is impossible to plant a new tree in the same place (+2 m around), where the apple tree used to grow.
- In the horticulture of the northern regions, the distance in the row should be: for tall trees - 5-7 m, medium - at least 4-5 m, and for dwarf trees - about 3 m. In the south, these indicators should be added 2 m.
Number of apple trees per hectare
Each gardener wants to get a harvest as much as possible, so many of them are interested in the number of apples that can be planted per hectare. Landing density depends on many factors:
- the fertility of the land on the plot
- intensity of care for plantings,
- types of cuttings
- root system size and crown.
If it is strong and medium-grown varieties, up to 400 seedlings can be planted on one hectare of the plot. Dwarf or kolonovidnyh trees here can be positioned about 800.
It should be noted that when using a compacted planting scheme for 1 ha, several thousand dwarf cuttings can be planted. But ordinary gardeners are not recommended to use such a tight fit, because only with the use of special agricultural equipment it is possible to ensure proper care of the garden.
So, we looked at the distance between the seedlings. Planting apple trees in the fall and spring should be done according to a pattern, taking into account the specific features of the particular garden and the size of the trees. If the apple trees are positioned correctly on the plot, they will be pleased with active growth and excellent fruiting.