Medinilla is a perennial plant that grows in the natural environment in the form of a grassy bush, vine or small tree. In room conditions grown in the first form. Plant height varies from 30 cm to 2 m. Stems are ribbed, can be smooth or bristly. The leaf plates are thickened, solid, have 3-9 brightly marked veins, are painted green, are located oppositely or are collected in whorls.
Beautiful flowers attract the most attention. They appear in the spring at the tips of the shoots or in the leaf axils. The corollas of the bell-shaped or tubular form are collected in thick racemes. They are surrounded by large bracts, falling some time after the beginning of flowering. The core is lush, consists of elongated anthers and ovary. Blossom color can be white, pale pink, purple, salmon.
How to care for medinylla at home
Medinilla magnifica flamenco medinilla magnifica flamenco photo
The homemade flower of the medinilla loves light: the lighting is necessary bright but diffused:
- Direct sunlight can cause burns.
- Lack of lighting also adversely affects the plant: flowering does not occur at all or medinilla drops buds.
Provide additional lighting (fluorescent lamps or phytolamps) when located on a north window. The best place for a plant will be windows of east or western orientation. When located on the south side, shading from direct sunlight is required.
During the warm season, maintain the air temperature at 20-25 ° C. In order for the plant to rest, in the period December-January, lower the air temperature to 16 ° C. Medinilla does not like drafts and sudden changes in temperature. Do not place the plant pot near air conditioners or heating systems.
Watering and humidity
During the period of active growth, water moderately. Between irrigation, the top layer of soil should dry out slightly. In December and January, reduce watering: the top layer of soil should dry by 2-3 cm. In February, reduce watering even more: water when the soil dries by 3-4 cm.
As a resident of the tropics, medinilla requires high air humidity (about 75%). Spray the leaves several times a day, but avoid water on the buds and flowers. Periodically place the plant pot on a tray with wet moss, expanded clay or pebbles. Next to the plant it is useful to arrange an aquarium or a regular container with water, you can use special humidifiers. When the air is dry, the leaves of the plant shrink, resistance to diseases and pests decreases. Dust accumulates quickly on large leaves — wipe them regularly with a damp sponge or soft cloth. Sometimes bathe under a warm shower, but water should not fall on the flowers and in the soil.
Indointile flower room photo
It is important to feed the plant regularly. Every 10 days, fertilize for flowering plants. During the summer feed organics, but not more than 3 times. Autumn and winter need not be fed.
After flowering and during transplantation, prune too long shoots, remove yellowed leaves, faded inflorescences.
How to transplant a media quark photo
Young plants will need an annual transplant, which is best done after flowering. Then repot every 2-3 years into a slightly larger pot. Roots are located close to the ground surface, so choose a low wide container, preferably from ceramics. The roots can be carefully removed from the old soil and transplanted into fresh soil, gently straightening the roots so that they do not bend, gradually spilling the soil from the sides.
Planted plant with preservation of the level of the root of the neck, slightly compacted soil and well watered. After transplantation, it is necessary to monitor the humidity of the earth: not to allow it to dry out, and to drain the surplus from the pallet. Do not expose the plant to bright light, do not allow high air temperatures.
The soil requires a loose, fertile, weakly acid reaction. You can buy in the flower shop a universal substrate for epiphytic plants, perfect mix ready for orchids. If possible, prepare a soil mix: take 2 parts of leafy, sod land and 1 part of humus, peat, sand. So that the moisture in the pot does not stagnate, be sure to lay a drainage layer on the bottom of the planting tank.
Growing medinilla from seed
Medinilla seed from seedling photos
Medinilla can be propagated by the seed method and cuttings.
- Sowing seeds spend in February and March.
- Sow in bowls with a mixture of turf and sand.
- Moisten the soil, sprinkle the small seeds less often on the surface of the substrate and moisten with a pulvelizer.
- Grow in greenhouse conditions: cover crops with glass or film, keep the air temperature at least 25 ° C, regularly ventilate, moisten the soil.
- With the advent of shoots, you can remove the shelter.
- When 2 true leaves grow, dive down the mini-dice in separate cups.
- Grown up plants are transferred to a permanent pot and look after as an adult plant.
Reproduction medinyla cuttings
Rooted stalk medinykly photo
Reproduction by cuttings spend from January to May. To propagate the medinyls by cuttings, wait until the end of flowering: this is the best time to trim a plant. Extra and too long shoots are cut, and if desired, used for rooting and reproduction of domestic flower.
- For grafting, cut the shoots of medinilla with leaves: each cutting must contain 3 buds of growth.
- Pretreat the cuttings with a growth stimulator by holding them in the root solution for 24 hours.
- Root in the sand. Cover with a jar, plastic cap or film.
- Maintain air temperature at 25-30 ° C.
- The roots will appear in about 1.5 months: transfer the new seedling into a suitable container with the substrate as for adult plants and take care of it in the usual way.
Medinilla leaves dry
Medinilla dry leaves photo What to do
Botrytis (gray rot) - a fungal disease that occurs when excessive soil moisture. On the stems and leaves appear gray spots. It is necessary to remove the affected areas on the leaves and roots, transplant in clean soil and carry out the treatment with a fungicide: sprinkle and spray the phytosporin solution. Repeat 2-3 times in 10 days.
Medinilla venous medinilla
Medinilla venous Medinilla venosa photo
A semi-epiphypitic plant originally from Malaysia. Rounded in cross-section shoots are covered with pubescence. The elliptic leaf plates reach a length of 9–20 cm, their width is 5–9 cm. The flowers are small, gather in racemes, white or cream color.
Medinilla gorgeous or beautiful, Medinilla magnifica magnifica
Medinilla gorgeous or beautiful, magnifika Medinilla magnifica photo
A resident of the tropics of the island of Java and the Philippine Islands. It is a semi-shrub 1.5 m high, the shoots are thick, pubescent. Leaf plates are large (length reaches 35 cm, width - 15 cm), egg-shaped. They are leathery, painted in dark green. Bracts white and pink color framed small flowers bell-shaped. It is grown in greenhouses and room conditions.
Medinilla sort Trezor Trezor photo
- Dolce Vita - bloom has a bright pink color, narrow bracts, large brush of flowers,
- Trezor - bracts are absent, flowers are white and blue, consist of 4 petals of a triangular shape,
- Belo - a dense raceme is painted in a bright pink color.
Medinilla Cuminga Medinilla cummingii
Medinilla Cuminga Medinilla cummingii photo
Epiphytic shrubs come from the tropics of the Philippines. Sheet-shaped plates of elliptical shape are about 30 cm long, their width is 20 cm. The flowers are large (diameter is about 5 cm), they are assembled into erect brushes, painted in pink color.
Medinilla Mirianta or Malaysian Orchid Medinilla myriantha
Medinilla Miriant or Malaysian Orchid Medinilla myriantha photo
The leaves of this flower are somewhat similar to plantain, and dense paniculate inflorescences do not have large bracts, which is very similar to a bunch of grapes, drooping flower stalks, why the plant looks very elegant.
The species is remarkable for racemes drooping inflorescences of bright purple color, no bracts.
Medinilla Waterhouse medinilla waterhouse
Medinilla Waterhouse medinilla waterhousei photo
This is a woody endemic liana with dense thickets on the tips of the shoots. Inflorescences are found on stalks or in combination with leaves. The flowers are very bright with white petals and pink anthers, yellow basal slices and branches of the inflorescence and bracts with scarlet or dark red color. Requires pruning in room conditions.
Temperature conditions . Thermophilic indoor plant and prefers during the growing season is at a temperature of 18 to 27 ° C. In the winter months, you can provide a cool rest period in a room with a temperature of about 16 ° C. Do not expose the plant to temperatures below 13 ° C. temperatures, when at night the temperature drops to 12 - 14 ° С, and in daytime rises to 22 - 24 ° С. In the presence of such drops, the plant forms more flower buds.
Medinilla at home - lighting . Well lit place with bright reflected sunshine. Bush can receive direct sunlight only in the early morning and before sunset.
Care . The plant is very impressive, however, its maintenance causes a lot of trouble and far from every florist. This plant appreciates high humidity and warmth. After flowering, the long stems are cut to half the height to maintain a compact form. When pruning, leave at least 2 leaves on each shoot, otherwise it will die. During the flowering period, the plant throws out long flower stalks with large buds - they can break too weak shoots - provide support for the shoots at this time. It has no clearly defined rest period and can be kept at room temperature all year round.
Substrate . Nutritious, loose soil with good drainage and high content of organic substances, pH slightly acidic - from 6.1 to 6.5.
Top dressing. In the spring, the plant begins to be fed with liquid fertilizers with a high phosphorus content every 2 weeks. In the fall feeding stop.
Purpose . Inflorescences that hang over the edge of the hanging basket look very impressive.
When Medinignal Blooms . May to August
Air humidity . At least 60% of the air must be particularly humid during the formation of flower buds and during flowering. Spray the leaves daily with water at room temperature or place an indoor humidifier next to the plant. Also, to increase the humidity, you can surround the pot with a layer of wet sphagnum moss or place the pot on a tray with wet pebbles. High humidity helps prevent pests such as the red spider mite. Medinilla room does not tolerate cold drafts.
Soil moisture . Water regularly during the growth period, keeping the soil evenly wet, but not marshy. For irrigation, use softened rainwater or bottled water. During the rest period, if the air temperature drops, the frequency of watering should be reduced. Medinilla tolerates a short-term drought due to moisture reserves stored in thick, large leaves.
Medinilla transplant . Transplantation is carried out in spring or after flowering, only when necessary, since the plant has thin, fragile roots that are easily damaged. Keeping in a slightly cramped pot will help keep plant height under control. For large tubular specimens, the top layer of soil about 5 cm thick is changed every year to fresh annually. Only transplanted plants for 1 - 2 weeks do not feed and cover from the scorching rays of the sun.
Medinilla breeding . Semi-matured stem cuttings that appear after pruning. Remove the lower leaves from the cuttings and immerse the base in rooting powder. Young plants cover with glass to maintain uniform humidity and placed in a warm place with a temperature of at least 24 ° C. Rooting takes 2 to 3 months. Reproduction is not always successful. It is possible to obtain a media quill from seeds - they are sown in spring in a loose, well-moistened, nourishing soil. Crops should be covered with transparent plastic or glass to maintain uniform humidity - even a small overdrying can ruin young plants. Daily crops air for several minutes. The container with shoots should be located in a warm room with a temperature of 18 - 25 ° C from a place where there is no access to direct sunlight. The period of germination is not fast - it can take from 1.5 to 3 months. Young plants develop slowly, feeding them in the first 3 months with a solution for hydroponics. Picks are carried out when the medins reach a height of 4 cm.
Medintilla pests and diseases . The plant reacts to any sudden changes in the environment - it will reset the foliage. With each change of conditions acclimatize the plant gradually. The leaves begin to turn yellow when watering untreated tap water, or when there is a lack of light. Direct sunlight on the leaves on summer days can cause sunburn. The plant sheds leaves when the soil is too dry. The tips of the leaves dry out with insufficient air humidity. Mealybugs, red spider mites, aphid.
Note . The plant will be many years to please you with flowering only with proper care. Medinilla is included in the register of poisonous plants of the Malay Peninsula.
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Plant selection and preventive measures. Photo flower medinilla.
It is best to make a purchase immediately after delivery of the plant to the store. So gentle medinilla minimally suffer from dry indoor air and will not have time to catch diseases from other plants. When choosing, carefully inspect the lower surface of the leaves. Most often, the medialnil is affected by a mealy worm. In this case, found a white, similar to lumps of wool, plaque. Later, small sticky droplets may appear. Refrain from acquiring an infected specimen - it is very difficult to get rid of the worm.
The roots of the plant should be in a special plastic container, which is removed during transplantation. For prophylactic purposes, immediately after purchase, the plant should be treated with a systemic remedy for mealybugs.
A resident of the tropics is better to withstand for several weeks away from other domestic plants, in quarantine.
The choice of the location of the flower and lighting
An ideal place for medinilla is a warm winter garden. But with good lighting, you can keep the plant in the living room. In the summer, a glazed loggia or balcony is suitable, and in winter - a bright window sill. Do not forget that when exposed to direct sunlight leaves get burned. In winter, not enough diffused light, so you need to use a special fitolamp or regular fluorescent. Additional lighting will provide a 12-hour light day, as in the tropics. Medinilla does not like frequent changes, especially during flowering. Capricious beauty can throw flowers even from turning the pot.
Optimum temperature, watering and humidity
Medinilla - this plant is demanding to high humidity
In spring and summer, the air temperature should reach 22-24 degrees, but not higher. From autumn, the temperature is gradually reduced, reaching 17 degrees in winter. At this time, it is worthwhile to remove the culture further from heaters and radiators - it may not be able to withstand sharp fluctuations in temperature.
An adult plant consumes a large amount of water, quickly draining an earthen ball. Young medinilla watered moderately. Between irrigation, the ground should dry out, but not completely dry. It is enough to check the top layer of soil - it is time to water when the earth has dried to a depth of 3-4 cm. Be sure to use soft, boiled or distilled water at room temperature. It is very important for melastomas that water does not contain lime.
Medinilla requires high humidity all year round. It is more effective and easiest to put a household humidifier next to the flower. If this is not possible, then regular air spraying with filtered water will do. It is necessary to irrigate carefully, so that droplets do not fall on the flowers and leaves. If this happens, you need to blot the drops with a paper napkin. Also for moistening, you can use pallets with expanded clay or gravel. Optimal for medinilla 70-80% moisture can contribute to fungal diseases. Therefore, the room is regularly aired.
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Удобрения, пересадка и требования к почве
После покупки мединиллу пересаживать нельзя
В период роста лучше применять универсальные удобрения, используя в два раза меньше дозы, указанной на упаковке. During preparation for budding, it is worth switching to special fertilizers for flowering plants, watering them 2-3 times a month. In winter, with the beginning of the rest period, it is better to stop feeding.
Immediately after purchasing a tropical beauty can not be transplanted. Only after a couple of weeks of adaptation to the new conditions, you can carefully transplant, and it is better to cross the plant. The roots of the media tin are few, arranged superficially, so you should choose a low and wide ceramic pot. Young plants are transplanted annually, large - as they grow, every few years. When transplanting conduct pruning, if the need arose. Cut off wilted buds and long branches. This is done to form a neat bush and prevent the plant from “pulling out”. In the conditions of a winter garden, without pruning, the medinilla can reach two meters in height.
The choice of soil for medinykly fit individually.
In nature, medynilly epiphytes, but at home it is worthwhile to provide it with more fertile soil. For transplanting, a ready sub-acidic soil for flowering plants is suitable.
You can prepare a mixture for medinilly yourself. For the base you need to take 2 parts of sod and leafy ground and mix with 1 part of coarse sand and peat. And air permeability will ensure the addition of coconut fiber and sphagnum. So the soil for an epiphyte will be rather rich, but friable.
However, some flower growers successfully grow medinilla in an orchid mix. If the acquired flower was originally well grown in the pine bark, then you should not replant it in the sod land.
Propagation Methods of the Medignilla Flower
Medinilla can be propagated by seed and cuttings.
For cuttings suitable only half-lightened stems with three buds. In early spring, cuttings are cut and planted in a mini-hothouse with sand. Mandatory heating to 25-28 degrees and regular processing phytohormones. Rooting should occur by the end of the month.
Harder to get a new copy of the seed. At the end of winter, they are sown in flat boxes of sand, providing constant heat. Seedlings are transplanted into separate pots and kept in a greenhouse. In order for the young medinilla to get stronger and form a bush, it is necessary to do the pinching of the top. Flowers from a seedling should wait only for the fifth year.
Diseases and pests at medinilla houseplant
In the photo a sick plant
The most common pest is a mealybug. Preparations acting superficially do not completely destroy the worm. Therefore, the use of systemic drugs is imperative. For example, Aktara or Konfidor.
Botrytis gray - a severe fungal disease of the melastomus. Manifested in the form of black spots on the stems and leaves. The affected parts should be removed immediately by treating with a base-based fungicide.
Spider mite leaves yellowish spots on leathery leaves. It is removed by rubbing with alcohol or soapy water. If the problem is common, then it will be necessary to treat it with an insectic acaricide, for example, Aktellik.
Green or black aphids are very fond of the succulent leaves of Medinilla. You can try to get rid of her plant with a solution of liquid soap or tincture of garlic. In case of failure, you will have to buy medicine containing permethrin.
Shchitovku easily recognize the specific "shell". To combat it, it is also advisable to use Confidor and Aktar. It is important to treat the space around the flower to avoid the spread of parasites.
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- Does not bloom or gives a weak, deformed buds - low light or humidity, low temperature.
- Dropped the buds and leaves - a frequent change of place, drafts.
- Young leaves are thin and small, and the old twisted - lack of moisture in the air.
- After spraying the leaves and flowers were covered with brown spots - water droplets fell.
- Dark leaves - waterlogging.
Medinilla really requires a lot of attention and patience, but its magnificent flowering will more than pay off any efforts.
Types of medinillah
Of the enormous diversity of species grown at home, only Medinilla gorgeous (Medinilla magnifica) a native of the Philippines. It is a large epiphytic shrub capable of growing on the ground, reaching a height of 2.5 m in natural habitat. Leathery, oval leaves, sometimes with a point at the end and a wavy edge, up to 30 cm long. The upper side of the leaf plate is dark green , with light streaks, lower - more light.
The bloom time comes in April - May and lasts up to 10 weeks. The flowers are pink, cupped, with 5 oval petals, collected in large racemes-brush, reaching almost half a meter in length. Together with the still not revealed pale green buds, they form a common two-color tender palette.
A distinctive feature of this species are large greenish-pink bracts collected in multi-row whorls. Like the leaves, they have a pronounced venation, and their shape is close to the heart-shaped.
In autumn, after flowering, numerous blue-purple fruits ripen, resembling bunches of grapes.
In addition to the main specific form of Medinilla gorgeous popular and its hybrids, in particular:
- ‘Dolce vita’- flowers have a richer pink color and a lot of narrow and relatively small bracts, evenly distributed throughout the floral brush,
- ‘Belo’- flowers are bright red, inflorescences are short and dense, large red bracts are collected in a single whorl at the very base of the inflorescence,
- ‘Tresor’- flowers bluish-white, with four wide-triangular petals, collected in small neat inflorescences, bracts absent.
Owners of terrariums and florariums can be recommended also Medinillo sesomolistnuyu (Medinilla sedifolia), originally from Madagascar, - dwarf species with creeping or drooping shoots, the length of which does not exceed 15 cm. Stalks are straight, with short internodes. The leaves are dark green, smooth, leathery, almost succulent, with a faint central vein. The leaf plate is rounded in shape, with a diameter of just over 0.5 cm. The flowers are axillary, single, 5-petal, bright pink, with white long stamens, blooming along the entire length of the young shoot. Their diameter reaches 1.5 cm. Bracts are absent.
Home Care Media
This tropical beauty, accustomed to the moist warm forests, can not be called a plant for beginners. She is very whimsical and requires special conditions of detention, preferably greenhouse. The climate of an ordinary city apartment is unlikely to appeal to her, and she is likely to die. Although on the Internet you can sometimes find stories of flower growers who managed to tame a capricious plant without much difficulty.
Location. During the growing season and flowering medignyle poorly tolerates any changes and reversal of the pot relative to the light source. And it can react to changing one’s position by dropping buds, flowers and leaves. Therefore, you should pay particular attention to the choice of place for this plant, take into account the convenience of watering, ventilation, aesthetic requirements and other nuances.
Lighting. Throughout the year, the plant needs a bright light, but reacts negatively to direct sunlight and to a lesser extent in partial shade. It can be placed on the windowsills of the east or west side of the house, but the best option would be artificial lighting with sufficiently strong fit lamps, capable of providing about 6000 - 7000 lux.
Temperature. Medinilla prefers moderately warm summer temperatures, feeling comfortable in a rather limited interval, ranging from 20 to 25 ° C. At the same time, short-term exceedances of limit values are still permissible, and lower values, especially sharp jumps, will affect the plant detrimental. Medinilla does not tolerate drafts at all, although it prefers to be outdoors in the summer, in the garden or on the balcony.
In winter (approximately from November to February), the plant needs to create a dormant period, ensuring its cool content at 15 - 16 ° C, but not lower. This relative cold is necessary to stimulate the budding of flower buds. It should be remembered that the warmer the medinille in winter, the more scarce its summer bloom will be.
Watering. In the period of active growth and flowering requires consistently moderate watering, without prolonged desiccation and flooding of the soil. In order not to be mistaken here, one should be guided by the condition of the soil, as soon as its top layer dries out to a depth of 2–3 cm, the plant should be watered abundantly, but not allowing stagnation of water in the pan.
During the rest period, watering is reduced somewhat and returns to summer mode only after the appearance of the first flower buds. It is believed that a sharp transition from a cold “dry” state to a warm “wet” state gives a powerful impetus to lush flowering.
The quality of water for irrigation is another point that the gardener needs to pay special attention to. Medinilla does not tolerate chlorinated hard water and requires either its filtration or the use of thawed or rain water.
Air humidity. The plant is very critical to air humidity, which should not fall below 70%, otherwise it will not bloom. In order to increase the local humidity, it is recommended to regularly spray the medial needle, preferably two or three times, not once a day. And it is better to place a household steam generator next to it, not to mention florariums and greenhouses with a specially selected climate.
Pruning. After completion of flowering, flower stalks are carefully cut off at the very base, since fruiting medinilla at home is very difficult to achieve. If there is a desire, at this time it is possible to carry out and formative pruning, shortening shoots and giving the plant a more compact look.
The soil. Medinilla needs a nutrient, slightly acidic, breathable substrate. For its cultivation is suitable ready soil for azaleas, in which you should add a little baking powder, for example, perlite or vermiculite. You can prepare the soil mixture and independently, taking for it two parts of deciduous and humus soil and one part of peat and coarse-grained river sand. For the prevention of rot in the soil, it is desirable to add a little crushed charcoal, and at the bottom of the pot it is imperative to pour a good drainage layer of expanded clay, which will help to avoid stagnant water.
Top dressing. Medinilla is very demanding on the nutritional value of the soil, but quickly depletes the substrate in which it grows. Therefore, she needs frequent regular feeding. During the growing season they are carried out weekly, using a concentration of about half less than that indicated on the package. In the fall, they begin to gradually increase the intervals between the introduction of the nutrient mixture, and in winter they do not feed at all.
For medinilla, you can use any fertilizer suitable for plants that prefer acidic soil. In particular, mixtures for rhododendrons and azaleas have proven themselves well.
Transfer. The medial is transplanted either before the beginning of active growth, in February, or after flowering, in early autumn. But this procedure is carried out not every year, but only if necessary, when the plant becomes too closely in the pot, since it reacts negatively even to the slightest trauma to the roots.
When transplanting, the root system should be very carefully removed from the old pot along with a clod of earth and, trying to disturb it as little as possible, rearrange it into a new pot of larger diameter, carefully filling the free space with fresh soil. At the same time, it is necessary to ensure that the root neck remains at the same level as before, and is not buried in the ground.
Planting pots. For the cultivation of Medinilla splendid it is recommended to use high narrow pots in which her drooping flower stalks will not touch the surface. For larger instances, suitable vases or special stands.
Medinilla Sedomolistnuyu used as an ampelnaya plant, planting it in hanging pots.
Breeding. At home, medinilla virtually does not reproduce. But you can try rooting cuttings remaining after pruning the plant. They are preliminarily lowered into the phytohormone solution for several hours, and then planted in a mini-greenhouse with heated soil (up to 25 - 30 ° C), in which they maintain high humidity and bright ambient light.
Pests and diseases. The most common pests are spider mites and mealybugs. At the first signs of infection, the leaves should be sprayed with insecticidal preparations of a corresponding action, for example, Aktellik or Fitoverm.
Diseases and death of medinilla most often caused by improper care. Thus, it can shed leaves (not to mention buds and flowers) by changing its location, falling into drafts, with insufficient air humidity, lowering or raising the temperature, watering with hard water, etc. In addition, it can develop root rot with excessive watering, especially in the cool season.
Popular plant species
Despite the abundance of species, only a few of them are very popular in the culture.
- Medinilla Zhilkovataya. Stems in this species are rather thin, rounded and have a coating in the form of fine hairs. Leaves up to twenty centimeters in length, with pointed edges and veins. Inflorescences are formed from small flowers of a light yellow color.
- Medinilla Kuminha. The flowers are formed on erect racemes and painted pink. The leaves are quite wide - up to twenty centimeters, have pronounced veins.
- Medinilla the Magnificent. Sometimes found under the name Medinilla Magnifica. The plant can reach a height of one and a half meters. The inflorescences are large, can reach a length of fifty centimeters, are formed from a variety of flowers of pink or red color. Oval-shaped leaf, up to thirty centimeters in length. Medenila Magnificent begins to bloom in mid-spring, the flowering period can last a couple of months.
- Medinilla Yavanika. The look is remarkable for the relative unpretentiousness. A small shrub can feel quite comfortable even with low humidity in the premises. Small inflorescences, formed from flowers of purple color.
The flower is very moisture-loving and the main problem of care is to maintain the humidity in the room not lower than 70%. During the day, sprayings are recommended from a fine atomizer, but try not to fall on the flowers. Water should be warm and pre-settled. A good option would be to place pallets with water or wet pebbles near the flower. You can use room fountains or humidifiers. In winter, it is imperative to protect the flower from the effects of heat heating systems. Batteries can be covered with a damp sheet or towels. With a lack of moisture, the plant is severely slowed down in development, the leaves lose their decorative appeal and begin to shrink.
During the active growing season The plant needs regular moderate watering. Focus on the state of the top layer of soil in the pot, it should have time to dry about two or three centimeters. With the arrival of cold weather, water is watered less frequently, and when moving into a period of rest, it is watered only after a good drying of the ground.
Water is watered with soft distilled water, the temperature of which must be several degrees higher than the temperature in the room. Experienced florists are advised to use filters for cleaning. It is important not to overfill the plant, especially in cool conditions. The root system is very sensitive and prone to rotting when waterlogging.
The flower needs regular fertilizing, but only in the period of active growth. In the summer you can use organic fertilizers a couple of times, but preparations for ornamental flowering plants should form the basis of top dressing. The frequency of application should not exceed two or three supplements per month. It is not necessary to feed in the cold season, especially it is not recommended to apply fertilizer during the rest period of the plant.
Young flowers are transplanted every year., adults enough transplant every couple of years. The soil should be quite loose and nutritious. You can use purchased soil mixtures for epiphytic plants, but experienced florists recommend preparing the soil yourself. For self-preparation use equal ratios of peat, large river sand and humus soil. In the prepared soil it is necessary to dilute with twice a large amount of leaf and sod land. The bottom of the dishes must be equipped with good drainage. Rapid removal of excess fluid - a pledge of a healthy plant root system.
The unusualness of medinilla begins with its name. The name of the flower, whose homeland is the Philippines, was named after the governor of one of the islands in the Pacific Ocean, Jose de Medinilla and Pineda. The plant lives in tropical forests, where it is always warm and humid. Interestingly, the Europeans did not immediately recognize its true habitat. Некий британский натуралист, будучи в 1850 году в исследовательской поездке на Филиппинах, наткнулся на вечнозеленую экзотическую красавицу и, разумеется, привез домой. Но по каким-то причинам объявил, что доставил ее из Индонезии. Истина открылась гораздо позже.It turned out that over two hundred different species of this plant inhabit the jungles of the Philippines! Now medinilla is under threat, as rainforests in the Philippines are subject to active logging.
The flower of the medinilla belongs to the family of Melastomovs, whose representatives live mostly just in the tropics. In addition to the Philippines, is found in Africa, Australia, Madagascar, as well as in the south-east of America. It happens in the form of shrubs and even grows like trees on trees.
Medinilla is capable of reaching two meters in length, there are also some three-meter specimens, but this is rather a rarity. The shrub, as a rule, has bare branches, however, sometimes they are covered with a small bristle. Stems greenish-brown. The leaves of the medallium are glossy, large, reaching 30 centimeters in length, dark green with lighter veins. This in itself is beautiful, but the greatest charm of the plant lies in its flowers, which are in the leafy sinuses. Collected in brushes or panicles, usually pink, red-pink, white or purple hues, they unfold in the spring and represent a truly fascinating spectacle. The description of the medinilla gives the key to understanding why the botanists called one of the species of this plant "magnificent."
The best time to buy a medinilla is spring or summer. It is not worthwhile to acquire a plant in the fall and winter, since a sharp temperature drop can cause a fungus in it. When selecting a mediantil, it is necessary to check whether it is healthy, in what state the leaves are, whether they are stained, yellowed or damaged. If there is, it is a sign that the plant does not have enough light or is susceptible to attacks by pests, which means it hurts.
It is necessary to transport a median also with care. This is a very fragile plant, sensitive to almost everything. Therefore, the future owner of the flower must take care of a special packing sleeve, which will hold it tightly.
How to water?
Watering a flower depends on the season and, accordingly, flowering. The buds are formed at the end of winter; during this period, the median is actively moistened, often in large quantities. The soil should always remain slightly wet. Since autumn, watering the flower is reduced, and in winter, when the plant is in a state of calm, it can be watered even less often, only to prevent leaves from drying out. The water needed is clean and warm, without mixing in lime.
If the climate is humid or the water is too stagnant in the soil, the leaves of the medinsilly can go stained, the roots rot. Therefore, it is necessary to closely monitor this.
What to fertilize?
Feed the plant twice a month with liquid mineral compounds. Orchid fertilizer is excellent, but supplements are possible for other indoor plants. It is necessary to do this procedure from March to September. In addition, in the summer it is allowed to apply organic fertilizers to the leaves of plants (not more than 3 times).
When to transplant?
If the flower is young, transplanting is done every year. An adult medialla is less frequently disturbed - once every two or three years. They do it immediately after flowering, not forgetting to form the crown of the plant - pruning contributes to the appearance of shoots. It is important to check the roots for damage, if any - to remove these areas. In the new pots (they should be a little more than the old ones) you should definitely drain the drain to the bottom.
Pests and diseases
Like any other plant, medinilla has pests. The most common are different types of tick and worm. They appear with an excess of heat and stuffiness. To get rid of them, the leaves must be wiped with a suitable solution or alcohol.
If the plant began to throw off leaves or even buds often, it means that it was disturbed by changing its location. Medinilla does not like this. It can also affect this draft, which is also harmful to the flower.
Medinilla can have fungus. Brown and / or black spots on the stalk indicate its occurrence. This escape will have to be destroyed, and the rest of the plant treated with a special preparation. A fungus can appear due to non-compliance with the temperature, low humidity or poor light near the medincil.
Care at home for this flower is quite a laborious and responsible task. But this can be said about any plant! And "afraid of wolves - do not go to the forest." Medinilla will repay its owner with exotic beauty. And surely among your friends there will no longer be the owner of such a rare flower!
The origin, appearance medinyla, complexity of care
Medinilla is a typical representative of tropical flora. In nature, it lives in the humid, warm African and Asian jungles, is common on the islands of the Indian and Pacific Oceans: Madagascar, Sri Lanka, the Philippines and the Malay Archipelago. There are about 400 species of bushy plants and vines in the genus of medininy. These evergreen shrubs often lead an epiphytic or semi-epiphypitic lifestyle. That is, they are able to grow in complete or partial separation from the earth.
Medinilla lives in a humid and warm tropical rainforest atmosphere
The plant got its name in honor of the governor of the Spanish colony de Medinilla.
Medinilla is the largest epiphytic shrub, in its natural environment its growth can be more than 2 meters. Ribbed or rounded shoots of most varieties are smooth, but may be slightly pubescent. On large oval leaves, streaks are well traced, they are lighter in color and seem to be dented. Sheet plate is dense, harsh and shiny by nature.
All media have bright large foliage, but grow them for the sake of pretty inflorescences, they can be directed upwards or wilted.
But the main decoration of the medinilla is gorgeous flower clusters. In spring or summer, flower stalks appear at the ends of the shoots. They consist of long (about 45 cm) paniculate brushes. Each one holds a multitude (up to fifty) of small initially bell-shaped flowers, which, gradually dissolving, acquire a stellate form.
On the same brush are a few dozen flowers
Their petals are pale pink, white, red, lilac or light violet, and the stamens are usually yellow. At the most decorative variety of medinilla, beautiful or magnifica, the brush on top is covered with lush leaves of bracts, they are the same shade as the flowers. As the fans of the plant say, medinilla in bloom is phenomenally beautiful. And it dissolves for a long time, up to 2 months.
The wonderful flowering of medinilla will not leave anyone indifferent
However, to grow such beauty is difficult. More recently, medinilla almost never met in home collections. She allowed herself to start only the owners of winter gardens or greenhouses. Now they have learned how to grow the beautiful medinilla in ordinary apartments. The appearance of new, more patient varieties contributed to this. But with this fastidious plant novice gardener is hardly able to cope.
New varieties of medinillah are more adapted to home life, but they will not let the grower get bored
The flower requires high humidity, even, but abundant lighting, special temperature conditions and attentive watering. Medinila reacts negatively to abrupt changes. It can stop flowering, stop growing or get sick. Nevertheless, these difficulties do not frighten lovers of beauty, even having lost a flower because of errors of care, they are trying to make friends with the medinilla again. And as a rule, new attempts are more successful.
European flower growers got acquainted with medilla in 1850. The plant with spectacular flowers was presented to the public by the owner of the greenhouse and the naturalist Mr. Veitsch. Began acquaintance with intrigue. Veitch for commercial gain hid the true origin of the plant. He said that the tropical beauty’s homeland is Indonesia, and in fact brought it from the Philippines. The Royal Society of Gardeners awarded the owner of the wonderful plant a silver medal. But in Indonesia medinyla not found. And only years later the deception was revealed.
Medinilla's hanging clusters of flowers look very impressive, but such beauty should be carefully looked after.
Indoor species and varieties
Of the numerous types of medinill, only a few were able to settle down at home. The most common variety is the beautiful magnifica and its varieties. Less popular are veins, cumming and Javanese. The latter has a more appeasable temper, but its hands are devoid of bright bracts of petals.
- Medinilla veins is a half-epiphytic shrub. Rounded thinish stems covered with fibers. The leaves are large (up to 20 cm long) in the shape of an ellipse with a sharp end. They are dark green with well defined veins. Inflorescences resemble umbrellas, flowers are white-pinkish rather small.
- Medinilla kuminga - a small branched bush, grows more often as a semi-epiphypitis. The leaves are oval-concave, large (about 30 cm), with natural gloss. Pink-lilac flowers form not a drooping, but a vertically standing brush.
- Medinilla Javanese can be a tall bush, at home up to 1 meter. On dark green leaves there are five light veins. Brush of small lilac-purple flowers wilt gracefully, but there are no beautiful upper bracts on them. Java medinilla is becoming increasingly popular in the indoor floriculture. This plant has a less capricious temper, it is better tolerate low humidity.
- Medinilla Theisman is very much like the magnificent Medinilla (magnifica). It is characterized by a greater width of the sheet plate. And its apical buds grow upward and not hang down. The flowers are white with pink markings.
- Medinila beautiful (magnifika) - a bush in an adult state above one and a half meters, originally from the Philippine Islands. At home, most often grown this kind of. Oval large (35 cm) leathery leaves sit on tetrahedral stems. The internodes are tufts of bristles. May produce several flower stalks at once. On the drooping long (50 cm) racemes, delicate pink or coral-red bracts and many tiny (less than 1 cm) flowers. They hold about 10 weeks. Medinilla magnifics is demanding in conditions of detention and care.
On the basis of the beautiful Medinilla, varieties were created that are suitable for indoor cultivation:
- Dolce Vita is a compact variety that is distinguished by massive brushes of rich pink inflorescences, narrow bracts,
- Zadore Trezor is another low-growing variety with white-purple or bluish unusual flowers, they are gathered in a loose drooping brush without bracts,
- White - miniature variety, its inflorescences form a short, but densely stuffed brush, bracts and flowers of bright coral shade.
Conditions for medinillah
Medinilla is luxuriously blooming and the conditions for itself require luxurious by our standards and rather ordinary by tropical ones. The plant needs a favorable temperature regime, without drops, humid air, diffused, non-burning sun. This beauty will not tolerate neglect and forgetfulness, open in the cold season window, a hot battery near his pot.