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How to grow flowers golden ball in the garden?

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Rudbeckia flowers - golden balls, were the decoration of the lawns of each Soviet court. They gained their popularity due to frost resistance and rich foliage, with bright yellow flowers. In this article we will look at how to propagate, plant and care for gold balls.

Types of rudbeckia

In Eurasia, the seeds were brought from North America. This is a perennial herb with inflorescences in the form of baskets of spherical shape, with a diameter of up to 10 cm and a powerful root system.

They belong to the family of Asterovs, grow to 3 meters. The leaves are oval or ovoid. The flowering period from mid-July to autumn frosts. Well tolerated winter in central Russia, do not need digging and weatherization of the root system.

Rudbeckia - beautiful decorative ornament not only city courtyards, but also garden plots. At present, plant hybrids have been obtained by breeding. New varieties have densely budded buds, with a convex dark core.

Buds have various colors, pale pink, purple, brown and have a large diameter (up to 20 cm).

  • hairy (gloriosa daisy),
  • purple (Echinacea),
  • cherry brandy
  • brilliant
  • dissected (golden balls),
  • goldwell

Now Rudbeckia purple carry to a separate genus - Echinacea, with the same species characteristics.

Gold ball hybrids bloom from June to October. Well in tune with the dense greenery of garden bushes. The plant is planted under a fence or along the walls of country houses. To the golden balls did not turn into thickets, their thin out once a month.

Reproduction of flowers golden ball

It is possible to plant a plant by a vegetative method (by dividing a bush), or by seeds through seedlings.

Vegetative method. Before breeding, the stalks of rudbeckia are cut, leaving 5–10 cm, then carefully dug. The rhizome is cut into several parts, 3-4 fragments should remain on each fragment.

Then the bushes are planted in open ground. The wells are covered with substrate - humus, peat, garden soil and watered with warm water. For successful rooting, the vegetation of the bush is carried out in early autumn (before the onset of frost).

Seed method

Breeding rudbeckia seedlings is a more time consuming and complex process.

  1. At the beginning of autumn, ripe seeds are extracted from the fruits of the golden ball and stored in a dry dark place until spring.
  2. In mid-March, sown in containers with nutrient friable soil. Water and cover with polyethylene or glass.
  3. In two weeks, the first shoots will appear. Saplings require weekly airing. To do this, remove the film from the container and leave it in the open air.
  4. We can not allow the land to sprout dry.
  5. Closer to the summer, for hardening, flowers are exposed on the glassed-in balcony.
  6. After the weather has settled, the resulting seedlings are removed along with a clod of earth on the roots and planted in open ground.
  7. Compost with sand is applied to the bottom of each well. You can add ash and peat to make the flower grow better.
  8. The distance between the sprouts is at least 30 cm. The depth of the fossa is 5 cm.
  9. Each well sprinkled with earth and tightly tamped. Then watered with separated warm water.
  10. So that Rudbeckia takes it well and does not die, open sunny places are chosen for seedlings.

Care rules

  • Rudbeckia does not require additional watering, the plant has enough natural rainfall. To inflorescence is not rotten, after a heavy rain, you should shake off excess moisture from the baskets.
  • In early June, a small dose of mineral fertilizer is applied under the main stem. Fertilizing flowers golden ball, do every year.
  • For the formation of new buds, you need to periodically conduct the formation of the bush. Old withered inflorescences are pruned, and the plant itself is thinned.
  • So that Rudbeckia does not stop blooming, it is transplanted to a new place every 4 years.
  • In the autumn, pruning is done at a level of 10 cm from the ground surface. The root system is mulched with sawdust or humus.

Diseases and pests

  1. The main enemy of Rudbeckia is the nematode. As a result of the disease, the leaves are covered with brown spots, collapse and die. Dead leaves should be removed and burned. All parts of the shrub need to be treated with insecticides (Nemagon, Bazamid).
  2. At defeat by mealy dew, on stalks and leaves white scurf appears. In this case, do the spraying of a solution of copper sulfate (1%).
  3. If the plant is attacked by larvae and caterpillars, prepare a garden pitch. Treat the flower to the golden ball, and the parasites will not disturb the plant throughout the summer season.

Rudbeckia in traditional medicine

Gold balls (rudbeckia dissected) have excellent healing properties. A decoction of the dried plant is used to rinse the throat with a cold, for washing the sinuses with sinusitis.

Cooking broth. Take 30 grams of dry grass, carefully crushed and pour boiling water (0.5 liters). Put for 20 minutes on a slow fire, making sure that the liquid does not boil. Cover with a lid, cool and filter.

Rudbeckia purple (Echinacea) has the ability to enhance immunity. Syrup from a plant is taken orally on an empty stomach (1 tbsp. L.). is he helps strengthen the body in the autumn-winter period and copes with viral diseases. From the roots, preparations are prepared for the treatment of the urogenital system: inflammation of the uterus and prostatitis.

Superstitions and speculation. Among the villagers there was the opinion that the golden balls growing near the house attract family happiness. Baskets of plants used as a charm against accidents.

From the evil eye, in the cradle with a newborn child must have put a few dry inflorescences of the golden ball. Wives secretly sewed in the inner lining of her husband's pocket, petals of rudbeckia. It was believed that the ritual protects against adultery.

Botanical description of the species

Rudbeckia dissected refers to perennial herbaceous plants, whose height can reach three meters. However, bushes are most common, the average height of which is 70 cm. They have a fibrous root system and a horizontal, highly branched rhizome. Often it promotes the formation of plant colonies.

The foliage has a dark green color, there are practically no hairs on it. Its lower part is pale green in color and has a moderate body hair.

At the end of the stem there is a simple or complex umbrella. The inflorescences are represented by large baskets, the diameter of which is about 10 cm. The shape of the receptacle is convex, after a time it takes on cylindrical outlines and sharp bracts. Barren reed flower has a bright yellow or orange color.

The flowering period begins in July and ends in mid-October. The fruit is represented by an oblong seed with a crown consisting of small teeth.

Lighting and location

Despite the fact that rudbeckia prefers open sunny areas, it can grow normally and in a not very shaded place. Ideally, if the area where you plan to plant a flower, will be illuminated by sunlight 6-7 hours a day.

The flower is not particularly demanding of the soil, but it will feel much better in a nutrient, light soil. If you plan to plant in clay soil, you need to mix it with sand and compost, add ash and sawdust. It is important that the soil is rich in nutrients - if they are not enough, it is worth fertilizing it with humus, peat or compost.

Landing rules

If you decide to plant gold balls on your plot, it is important to know how to plant and care for this plant properly. Consider the ways in which you can land a rudbeckia.

Seedling method

The reproduction of the golden ball with this method is best done in late March - early April. First, the seeds are sown in special boxes for seedlings, a little above them should be covered with earth and moistened with a sprayer.

Capacities must be covered with foil and left in a room with a temperature of 20-22 ° C. After 10-14 days you will notice the first shoots. During this time it is important to slightly moisten the ground, to conduct airing of the crops.

When the first two pairs of leaves appear on the seedlings, they are transplanted, giving them space. After they take they are hardened - carried to the balcony daily for a couple of hours.

If the air temperature is already quite high, the flower will take root quickly, but if the nights are still cool, it is recommended to cover the seedlings with agrospan until they are accepted. Rudbeckia can grow in one place up to 5 years, so if you do not plan to replant it - spend the mulching of the 8 cm section of the compost.

Direct seeding

Sowing seed method is usually carried out in June. The advantages of this method include the fact that the landing is made immediately into the ground, so you do not have to spend time on growing seedlings. And the cons of seed sowing is that Rudbeckia will only bloom next season.

The principle of sowing is very similar to the cultivation of seedlings. In the ground it is necessary to make small grooves, put seeds in them and lightly sprinkle with earth. After this bed neatly irrigated. The first sprouts should slip in about 10-14 days. After emergence of shoots it is necessary to properly care for the plant, and how to do it, we will tell in the next section.

Care for perennial flower

If you want flowers golden balls to delight you with their beauty, you need to properly cultivate and care for them:

  • Watering. The flower does not need frequent and abundant watering, it is quite enough and rain irrigation. However, if the weather is dry for a long time, it is still worth wetting the soil every 3-4 days. After the rain, it is necessary to ensure that there is no water left on the leaves, as the plant may break under its weight.

  • Top dressing. It is recommended to flower the flower every year. However, do not make too large doses - limit the minimum amount of organic and mineral substances. Mineral dressing should be made at the root of the plant.
  • Pruning. In order to give the opportunity to develop new buds, it is necessary to periodically form a bush. In the autumn, pruning of tall stems is carried out, leaving only 15-20 cm above the ground. Also carry out mulching of the root system with compost and sawdust.
As you can see, there are no particular difficulties in caring for a flower, even a not very experienced florist will be able to master it.

Pests and plant diseases

Flower quite rarely affected by diseases, but sometimes powdery mildew can attack it. It has the appearance of white bloom on foliage and stems. To cure a flower, it is worthwhile to carry out spraying, for which a one percent solution of colloidal sulfur or a solution of blue vitriol is used. The optimal proportion is 80 g per 10 liters of water.

In rare cases, a leaf nematode attacks on rudbeckia, which is characterized by brown spots on the foliage, leading to their thinning and death. To cope with the scourge will help such drugs as Basamid, Nemagon and Nemaf. It should be used according to the instructions, while it is better to remove and burn the affected areas of the flower.

A variety of pests also attack the flower, one of which is aphid. To prevent damage to plants, it is necessary to carry out preventive treatment of the bushes with the help of special preparations.

Rudbeckia dissected or golden ball is a beautiful plant that will harmoniously fit into any flower bed at the dacha. Thanks to easy care, even beginning flower growers can plant it.

Description and application of rudbeckia

The scientific name of the flower, popularly known as the golden ball - Orudbekia and its birthplace is North America, from where it was successfully brought to the territory of European continents only in the 17th century.

The flower itself is referred to the Astrov family, being an Asteraceae, and is quite high, reaching a height of more than 2 meters, a plant that is unpretentious and quite hardy, perennial and gives a lot of golden flowers on the bush.

The stem of the plant itself is straight, strongly branched and very densely covered with pinnately dissected leaves that have bright green, saturated color. The plant itself Rudbeckia gives a lot of flowers, flowering plentifully and long enough, when the latter resemble a golden ball, from which came its popular name.

Its inflorescences are quite large in diameter and have a rich yellow color, although some varieties dye them in purple hues and tones.

The flowering period is from mid-summer to the first autumn frosts, perfectly carrying the rather severe Russian winter and without needing shelter and warming the horse system for the winter.

The use of the golden ball is very wide, although the plant itself does not look good as a tapeworm - it is it that perfectly complements floral arrangements, combining with other colors.

It can be successfully used for landscaping and gardening by the edge of a vegetable garden or garden, planting it under a fence. At the same time, the golden ball looks great against the background of dense greenery of gardens and bushes, as well as decorating the walls of the house, gazebos or benches.

Her flowers are in perfect harmony in a bouquet and if we talk about how much this cut plant in a vase will stand for - then more than a week. If you don’t thin out the ore beck, the bushes can create real thickets, whole plantations of dense forest of golden balls. The plant itself can be found both at the reservoirs and growing on urban motherwort and landfills, which indicates its simplicity and unpretentiousness to the conditions of growth.

The reproduction and cultivation of flowers golden ball

By its nature, the golden ball has a highly branched rhizome and a strong root system, large flowers, giving a lot of seeds, and therefore can multiply as a division of the bush, and sowing through the seeds.

If we consider the process of its reproduction by dividing the bush - the procedure itself is optimally carried out in early autumn. In September, before the onset of cold weather and ground frost.

For the very process of division and reproduction, it is first necessary to trim the bush of the golden ball to the height of its branches at 5-7 cm, then with a sharp knife or with a pruning shear to divide the rhizome itself into several parts, leaving at least 2-3 stems on each. Further, such small bushes are planted in the wells to a depth of about 8–10 cm and sprinkled with soil from the garden mixed with humus, then compacted and abundantly watered each bush with water.

Breeding a golden ball with seeds is not as easy as it may seem. For this:

  • At the very beginning it is worth sowing seedlings of rudbeckia for seedlings in mid-April in a nutritious and loose ground mixture.
  • The flowerpot with seeds is covered with glass and periodically aired, watered, preventing the earth coma from drying out.
  • The obtained seedlings are planted at the end of May, after the last spring ground frosts pass, keeping the distance between the holes - 20–25 cm.
  • By planting seedlings, the wells are made shallow, by planting seedlings, while picking them up from the pot in such a way as not to disturb the earthen coma and sprinkle with earth, easily tamping it down with plenty of water.

Suffice it to say that the seeds themselves can be planted directly into the ground - they are sown in mid-May, making a shallow trench, at the bottom of which a little mixture of humus and ash is added. To do this, it is enough to sow the seeds in a prepared trench, to a depth of no more than 3–4 cm, sprinkle with light earth and water abundantly.

For the first time, it is recommended to sow the seeds covered with polyethylene in order to protect them from possible spring ground frost.

Speaking of planting plants by sowing seeds immediately in open ground, it’s enough to emphasize - the plant prefers open, sunny areas and therefore it’s appropriate to choose a place for sowing.

Although the flower itself is a golden ball and is not picky about the soil, but like any plant it feels better on nutritious, light soils — by virtue of this, if the earth is clay, it is optimal to deposit sand and compost, ash and sawdust for sowing, making it easier and nutritious. If there are not enough nutrients in the ground, add humus, peat and compost to it, having dug and afterwards plant orebeckia on the prepared flowerbed.

It is not for nothing that Rudbeckia is called a sun globe, but in order for the plant itself to delight you with its flowering, take into account some of the rules of planting.

  1. When choosing a place for planting, give preference to the sunny part of the garden or vegetable garden, given that for this plant its best sun illumination is for at least 6-7 hours.
  2. The soil itself at the site of planting seedlings or sowing seeds should be fertile and loose, which perfectly passes moisture.
  3. Watering the plant itself after planting should not be plentiful - water should be in moderation, since the golden ball does not tolerate stagnant water.
  4. As it grows, the plant itself should be tied to supports — pegs made of wood or reinforcement, so that the stems do not break. In this regard, it stands around the bush to put 3-4 pegs along improvised bushes and pull the cord over them, creating such a ring around the bush, giving them support.

Plant Care

Весь уход за этим непритязательным растением весьма прост и состоит из нескольких основных моментов. А именно:

  1. Полив этого растения не приносит садоводам особых хлопот - the thing is that precipitation is quite enough for it, but in a dry time it is still worth periodically watering the plant every 3-4 days. But after the rain the plant itself requires attention - with a golden ball, its leaves and flowers, it is worth shaking off excess moisture so as not to break the plant under the weight of water.
  2. Feed the plant with fertilizer every year before flowering - doses of organic matter and mineral complexes should be minimal when the latter are applied directly under the root.
  3. It is also sufficient to know that the plant needs to be formed when faded buds are pruned, which helps stimulate the forcing of new buds. After the onset of autumn, the tall stems of the plant are cut to a level of 15–20 cm above the ground and the rhizome is mulched with the help of compost and sawdust.
  4. Speaking of pest control, it is sufficient to note that rudbeckia most often affects leaf nematodes. - the disease manifests itself in the form of ground leaves that fall. In this case, the plant should be treated with special insecticides.

Bright yellow lush flowers Rudbeckia - a beautiful perennial decoration for the garden. The plant, the most popular variety of which is also called Golden balls, blooms in open ground from July to October. A common feature of rudbeckia is the ease of planting and caring for the culture. Experts share recommendations that you need to know about growing this flower.

Description: varieties and varieties of rudbeckia

Rudbeckia is a genus of flowering plants discovered by Karl Linna. In Europe, these flowers were brought from the Atlantic. In the wild nature of the culture there are several types:

  • dissected
  • hairy,
  • brilliant
  • glossy.

Rudbeckia dissected and became the basis for the most sought-after decorative varieties Goldball or Golden Ball.

This is a perennial plant with a height of about 2-2.5 m. How it looks can be seen in the photo:

  1. Leaves - strongly dissected, green.
  2. Inflorescences are dense, spherical, about 10 cm in diameter. Consist of tubular petals in the center and reed - around.
  3. Flowers terry. Color - bright yellow.

There is another variety - Goldquelle, which is popularly also called the Golden Ball. Its difference in height: the herb grows only to 0.8-0.9 m. Breeders have eliminated a significant drawback of the Goldball variety - the tendency of high shoots to deviate in different directions under the weight of inflorescences. This feature harms the beauty of a flower bed or flower garden.

Golden balls: planting plants

Rudbeckia is a viable plant, even without proper care. Golden balls normally grow in partial shade, although they will still feel better on the sunny site. Before planting, dig the soil 20-30 cm and remove all the weeds. Then add compost or humus (about 5 kg per 1 sq. M.) And complex mineral fertilizer.

The best time to land this way is May. The plant will bloom in the same season. Landing is as follows:

  • make a hole on the ridge with an interval of 30-50 cm,
  • deepen and prikopite sapling
  • irrigate
  • ram the soil is not necessary.

Attention! Regular watering the young plant will be needed until it takes root and takes root in the ground.

Cultivation of orebeckia is also possible with the help of seeds. The soil should be light, preferably slightly acidic or neutral. Seed planting is carried out in the second half of June.

Flowering variety Golden balls

Seeds are placed in the garden, without deepening, at a distance of 15 cm between them. Top sprinkle them with a thin layer of soil and thoroughly moisten. In the autumn, small bunches of greenery will grow on the site, and next spring they should be seated by 40-50 cm.

Attention! With the seed method of reproduction, the plant blooms only in a year, but earlier than the Golden Orbs planted in a vegetative way.

Care, fertilizer and fertilizing Rudbeckia. Diseases and pests

Features care for the Golden Balls in the open field:

  1. Rudbeckia is considered a drought-resistant perennial. But in the heat it is better to increase the intensity of watering. Otherwise, the plant will lose its attractiveness.
  2. In November, after the end of flowering, cut off the entire above-ground part, leaving 8-10 cm from the stems.
  3. In the open ground, orebeckia is growing rapidly and can inhibit neighboring cultures. Provide this feature at the planting stage: dig a root barrier around the plants or pick up a distant place.
  4. About once every 5 years the flower needs thinning. Delete everything that you see fit.
  5. The plant does without winter shelter.

Fertilizer under the golden ball is recommended to be applied twice a season:

  • in May, before flowering,
  • at the end of summer or the first days of autumn.

Rudbeckia grows well

Use any mineral fertilizer complex for growing flowering plants. Top dressing will make flowering more lush and bright.

To pests and diseases, orebeckia is completely resistant. In a very neglected form, the plant can be struck by powdery mildew - a white deposit on the green. Care in this case consists in spraying with liquid copper sulphate (8 g / l) or colloidal sulfur. Brown spots on foliage - a sign of infection with a leaf nematode. In this case, spray bushes with Bazamid or Nemafos.

Golden Balls: Plant Breeding

Rudbeckia and without human intervention will grow in the open ground self-seeding. For cultural reproduction, you can buy ready-made seedlings in the store. And you can get it yourself. If you plant seeds in pots in March, you will see flowers in the same year:

  1. 3 weeks prior to landing, stratify. To do this, place the material in the refrigerator for 3 weeks, and then a couple of days, keep the room warm.
  2. As a substrate, use a combination of ordinary garden soil with humus and sand.
  3. Seal the seat material 3 mm deep. The distance between the seeds - at least 10 cm. Cover with foil or glass.
  4. Lightly pour. Air and moisten the soil until seedlings appear.

Wait for seedlings by the end of the second week. Care of them consists in:

  • maintaining the moisture of the topsoil,
  • providing abundant lighting,
  • hardening in fresh air at t not lower than +15 ° C.

Rudbeckia unpretentious care

Upon reaching a height of 20 cm, the seedlings are ready for transplanting into open ground. If you have a ready-made adult plant, you can get a few full samples from it. Reproduction by division is carried out in spring or autumn:

  1. Dig a bush.
  2. Use a sharp tool to divide the rhizome into parts. If it is visible badly, shake the ground and rinse.
  3. For all parts to be viable, each must have at least 2 adult shoots.
  4. In the new place, deepen the plant by 9-10 cm. Add a portion of humus to the soil.
  5. Ram the ground and thoroughly water the transplanted bush.

Attention! Rudbeckia, which has been bred in this way, will also bloom next season.

Rudbeckia: combination with other plants

The golden ball will delight with beautiful flowering in one place for many years. In the open field it is planted where the flowerbed is not updated every season. Its decorating properties are used when disembarking:

Rudbeckia Golden balls perfectly decorate every corner of the garden

  • against the green corners, areas with tall shrubs,
  • near benches and arbors.

Tip If it is windy in your area, tie tall stems to a support.

Golden ball looks great in combination with bouquet flowers. More often - as an additional touch. In the solo version, the cut flower will retain its beauty in a vase for more than a week. Rudbeckia dissected is a good material for those who do not have the opportunity to spend a lot of time on caring for a flower garden and decorating their plot. The long flowering period and ease of cultivation made the Golden Ball one of the most sought-after crops among domestic gardeners and summer residents.

Golden balls: video

Flowers golden ball, planting and care that does not cause much trouble, very popular. A beginner gardener will easily grow a wonderful plant in his plot. The big advantage of a flower is its unpretentiousness.

Homeland plants is North America. Wild relatives of the flower grow there in abundance. Herbaceous and dwarf shrubs, annuals and perennials, tall - up to 2.5 meters and very low - 25 centimeters. Among them stood out the article and lush blooming rudbeckia dissected. The immigrants from Europe missed their homeland, and called pretty plants with a thick black center and bright yellow petals "Black-eyed Susanna" or "Sunny Hats".

In the 17th century, the plant was brought to Europe, and it quickly took its place in the gardens.

Reference. Karl Linney himself took up the description and systematization of a foreigner. He really wanted to perpetuate the name of his friend and teacher, Olof Rudbek Jr., and his father, also a botanist - Olof Rudbek Sr. So the plant became known as rudbeckia.

The plant blooms very plentifully - a healthy strong bush in the flowering season looks like a living mountain of gold.

Types of plants with photos

Golden ball at first glance rustic. On stems, slightly ribbed and high, up to 2 meters, terry inflorescences of bright yellow color are randomly located. They are not very large - 8-12 centimeters in diameter. The leaves of the plant are medium-sized, deep-cutted, divided into 3-5 lobes. This feature of the golden ball inherited from dissected Rudbeckia - its ancestor with non-double buds.

Along with gold balls, flower lovers grow other types of rudbeckia.

Rudbeckia dissected

This is a wild ancestor of gold terry balls. The name is given in the form of a sheet. It has a deep feathering form. This is a perennial herb up to 2 meters tall. Inflorescences up to 10 centimeters in diameter. The middle is dark green, almost black, surrounded by a bunch of dark stamens. It blooms from July to October.

Location selection

Golden balls - perennial and choosing a place for it, it is necessary to take this into account. The plant feels great without a transplant from 3 to 5 years, which is worth remembering when planning the site.

Golden balls are not demanding for soil fertility. But in the event that the soil in your area is too poor, during planting you need to make humus or compost. Your plants will be stronger, flowers larger and brighter.

Golden balls feel great in well-lit areas. A little shading doesn't harm them. The quality of the inflorescences does not suffer from this.

Rudbeckia makes a light blackout without problems

Vegetative

With the vegetative method (parts of the rhizome, shoots, leaves) breeding all signs of the mother plant are preserved. It is very important to preserve the variety.

Help. Most often, to obtain new plants using parts of the rhizome - this method is the most simple and reliable. You can get down to business in spring and autumn.

Choose plants for breeding need during flowering. In the fall, the bushes are cut to a height of 10 to 20 centimeters. The rhizome of a large size is cut into 3-4 parts, small for 2.

Perennial care golden balls

Golden balls - unpretentious plant. It tolerates drought. Watering often does not require. It is enough to feed it once a year before flowering. Do not forget that in plants overfeeding is worse than underfeeding. The main work - weed control. In areas open to all winds, the plant must be tied up.

In autumn, the plants need to be cut to a height of 20 centimeters and a little sprinkled with humus. Golden balls winter great outdoors.

Golden ball winters without shelter

Pests, plant diseases and control

Like most garden flowers, the golden ball sometimes becomes the target of parasites and diseases that can not only deprive a plant of health and beauty, but also destroy it.

The plant may attract the attention of the mite, insect larvae, leaf beetles, but this rarely happens. Very few people like tough leaves. More often the golden ball damages the sheet nematode settling in soft tissues. Brown spots appear on the leaves. Leaves gradually turn brown completely and crumble.

In case of damage by insects or mites, treatment with insecticides or acaricides such as Actellic, Apollo, Omayt is required. The plant infected with nematodes should be treated with Nemafos or Nemazol. But the fight against these parasites is often unsuccessful. In this case, the damaged bush must be excavated and burned, and the soil should be shed as a solution of anthelmintic drugs.

The plant is fairly resistant to pest damage.

The golden ball is rarely sick, but in wet weather a fungus can appear on it: powdery mildew. Stems and leaves are covered with white bloom, deformed, fade.

The plant should be sprinkled with a solution of copper sulfate at the rate of 8 grams per liter of water. Suitable for processing and Bordeaux liquid.

The combination of gold balls with other colors

The yellow flowers of the golden ball go well with most of the garden flowers.. They look especially bright and expressive with marigolds of different heights and colors. Tall perennials harmoniously create a second plan for them. Astra of artistic type forms shaggy inflorescences of various colors and shades. There is where to roam fantasy. The combination with any kind of cereals will remind the historical homeland of the golden balls - the North American prairies.

Flowers in landscape design

Tall perennial widely used flower growers to create bright compositions. Autumn golden balls - flowers, giving a special romantic flavor to gardens and parks. They make gazebos. Anything that does not please the eye, it is easy to hide behind the dense bright plantings.

Golden ball goes well with other garden plants

They will cover the unsympathetic fence. Revive the brick wall. Will serve as a reliable second plan for a bed. A group planting of a beautiful flower is good in itself.

For all its undemandingness, the golden ball looks very rich, and generously thanks the host for the care with abundant flowering.

We offer you to get acquainted with the features of the cultivation of rudbeckia. Enjoy watching!

The Golden Ball is the most famous variety obtained as a result of breeding Rudbeckia dissected. This is a perennial herbaceous plant, growing in one season up to 2 m in height, and in some cases even more. Terry bright yellow flowers have a spherical shape, so the variety is called the Gold ball (or golden ball). For some time, the plant has not been used in landscape design, but with the return of country style to fashion, it reappeared in flower gardens and front gardens of expensive cottages, private houses and summer cottages.

Rudbeckia golden ball in garden design

Rudbeckia dissected planted in flower beds, the assortment of which does not change from year to year. Its powerful root system is able to grow rapidly, not giving a chance to weeds. But this feature is not acceptable everywhere, therefore, to limit the spread of the golden ball, a metal or plastic border is used that is driven into the soil.

One of the advantages of the golden ball is its habit, therefore the plant is used to mask unattractive outbuildings and fences, as well as to create a background for less high plantations. For example, in the mixborder, the gold ball is used in the background or as an intermediate plant between deciduous trees and the main part of the flower garden.

Beautifully look golden balls near any architectural structures for decorative purposes: gazebo, pergola, well. They can also be planted at the porch, near the gate. Solid planting of the golden ball is grown as a summer hedge for garden zoning.

Features rudbeckia golden ball

The popularity of gold balls is largely due to the duration of flowering, which lasts from the beginning of July until the onset of autumn frosts. Long blooms as a separate flower, and the plant as a whole, constantly releasing all new buds. In cutting the flowers, too, are very long.

Of the advantages can also be distinguished resistance to diseases and pests. Rudbeckia dissected does not attract insects, except as pollinators of plants, and is not susceptible to fungal and other diseases.

The disadvantage of the variety is the instability of the stems. Under the weight of inflorescences, foliage and their own weight, they lean, the bush falls apart and requires a garter. Breeders solved this problem by breeding a new variety whose shoots are only 80 cm tall. It is called the gold source (Gold guelle) and is distinguished by the compactness of the bushes, as well as by abundant and long flowering.

Reproduction rudbeckia dissected

There are two ways of breeding orebeckia gold balls: rhizome and seed. The easiest way is to dig up a part of the root in the spring and transplant it to a new place, so this method is used most often.

From seeds, orebeckia is grown when it is impossible to obtain planting material. In March, seeds are sown in boxes with a wet substrate, which after emergence of shoots are moved to the sunny window sill. The soil during the cultivation of seedlings is maintained in a moderately humid state, and when the air is dry, spraying of plants is carried out from a sprayer. When the air temperature is around 150 ° C outside the window, the seedling of rudbeckia dissected is hardened in the open air.

Interesting. Under favorable weather conditions, rudbeckia propagates by self seeding. Выросшие из упавших на землю семян побеги выкапываются и высаживаются на постоянное место.

Посадка рудбекии золотые шары

Растет рудбекия на освещенных солнцем или слегка затененных участках. К составу почвы растение не притязательно, но перед посадкой землю нужно хорошо перекопать, удалить остатки сорняков, а в бедную почву внести перепревший компост. The dug up area is well leveled with a rake, holes are made in the soil at a distance of 40 cm from one another and watered. The seedlings in the box are also watered, the plants with a lump on the roots are removed with a narrow spatula, and one seedling is placed in each well.

Planting by dividing the bush is carried out in April, when the first shoots appear from the soil. With the help of a sharp shovel, a part of the root with several shoots is separated, and together with a clod of earth it is placed in a watered hole. The remaining empty space is covered with earth.

Gold Ball Care

Rudbeckia is drought resistant and tolerates hot weather, so watering is rare, only in dry seasons. Planted in open ground sprouts and transplanted parts of plants need plenty of watering.

Every 5 years, updated flower garden. Old bushes are separated, the excess shoots, thickening planting, are removed. During this procedure, organic fertilizers are applied, due to which the plants become stronger and resume growth.

In October, the peduncles lose their decorative effect, so they are cut at a distance of 10 cm from the soil surface. Adult bushes of rudbeckia easily tolerate the most severe frosts under the cover of snow, and young plants additionally shelter with spruce branches.

In the spring, as soon as the sun warms up the soil, new shoots appear. Minimal care will give its results: many large inflorescences of bright yellow color will appear on the bushes.

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Description: varieties and varieties of rudbeckia

Rudbeckia is a genus of flowering plants discovered by Karl Linna. In Europe, these flowers were brought from the Atlantic. In the wild nature of the culture there are several types:

Rudbeckia dissected and became the basis for the most sought-after decorative varieties Goldball or Golden Ball.

This is a perennial plant with a height of about 2-2.5 m. How it looks can be seen in the photo:

  1. Leaves - strongly dissected, green.
  2. Inflorescences are dense, spherical, about 10 cm in diameter. Consist of tubular petals in the center and reed - around.
  3. Flowers terry. Color - bright yellow.

There is another variety - Goldquelle, which is popularly also called the Golden Ball. Its difference in height: the herb grows only to 0.8-0.9 m. Breeders have eliminated a significant drawback of the Goldball variety - the tendency of high shoots to deviate in different directions under the weight of inflorescences. This feature harms the beauty of a flower bed or flower garden.

Golden balls: planting plants

Rudbeckia is a viable plant, even without proper care. Golden balls normally grow in partial shade, although they will still feel better on the sunny site. Before planting, dig the soil 20-30 cm and remove all the weeds. Then add compost or humus (about 5 kg per 1 sq. M.) And complex mineral fertilizer.

The best time to land this way is May. The plant will bloom in the same season. Landing is as follows:

  • make a hole on the ridge with an interval of 30-50 cm,
  • deepen and prikopite sapling
  • irrigate
  • ram the soil is not necessary.

Attention! Regular watering the young plant will be needed until it takes root and takes root in the ground.

Cultivation of orebeckia is also possible with the help of seeds. The soil should be light, preferably slightly acidic or neutral. Seed planting is carried out in the second half of June.

Seeds are placed in the garden, without deepening, at a distance of 15 cm between them. Top sprinkle them with a thin layer of soil and thoroughly moisten. In the autumn, small bunches of greenery will grow on the site, and next spring they should be seated by 40-50 cm.

Golden Balls: Plant Breeding

Rudbeckia and without human intervention will grow in the open ground self-seeding. For cultural reproduction, you can buy ready-made seedlings in the store. And you can get it yourself. If you plant seeds in pots in March, you will see flowers in the same year:

  1. 3 weeks prior to landing, stratify. To do this, place the material in the refrigerator for 3 weeks, and then a couple of days, keep the room warm.
  2. As a substrate, use a combination of ordinary garden soil with humus and sand.
  3. Seal the seat material 3 mm deep. The distance between the seeds - at least 10 cm. Cover with foil or glass.
  4. Lightly pour. Air and moisten the soil until seedlings appear.

Wait for seedlings by the end of the second week. Care of them consists in:

  • maintaining the moisture of the topsoil,
  • providing abundant lighting,
  • hardening in fresh air at t not lower than +15 ° C.

Upon reaching a height of 20 cm, the seedlings are ready for transplanting into open ground. If you have a ready-made adult plant, you can get a few full samples from it. Reproduction by division is carried out in spring or autumn:

  1. Dig a bush.
  2. Use a sharp tool to divide the rhizome into parts. If it is visible badly, shake the ground and rinse.
  3. For all parts to be viable, each must have at least 2 adult shoots.
  4. In the new place, deepen the plant by 9-10 cm. Add a portion of humus to the soil.
  5. Ram the ground and thoroughly water the transplanted bush.

Attention! Rudbeckia, which has been bred in this way, will also bloom next season.

Rudbeckia: combination with other plants

The golden ball will delight with beautiful flowering in one place for many years. In the open field it is planted where the flowerbed is not updated every season. Its decorating properties are used when disembarking:

  • against the green corners, areas with tall shrubs,
  • near benches and arbors.

Golden ball looks great in combination with bouquet flowers. More often - as an additional touch. In the solo version, the cut flower will retain its beauty in a vase for more than a week. Rudbeckia dissected is a good material for those who do not have the opportunity to spend a lot of time on caring for a flower garden and decorating their plot. The long flowering period and ease of cultivation made the Golden Ball one of the most sought-after crops among domestic gardeners and summer residents.

Glossy rudbeckia

Perennial plant up to 2.5 meters in height. The leaf has an oval shape, its surface is smooth. Flowers are large - 14 centimeters in diameter. Middle greenish. Blossoming is plentiful and long, from July to October.

Hairy rudbeckia

Perennial, but does not tolerate severe frosts. Because of this, it can be grown as an annual. Plant up to a meter. The leaf has an oval shape, covered with short villi. Inflorescences are large, up to 12 centimeters. Petals are bright yellow, the center is purple.

How best to propagate?

Rudbeckia is propagated by seeds and rhizomes. The simplest and most reliable method of reproduction is root division.

It is better to divide the “Golden Ball” root at the end of summer - in the autumn, before the onset of frost on the soil:

  1. Cut the entire bush, so that 10-20 cm above the ground remains - the stem,
  2. The plant is completely dug out, the root is separated with a sharp knife or pruner,
  3. The main bush is planted in the same place, organic substances are added under the bush,
  4. For a new root, a hole is made - a depth of 20-30 cm, a layer of sand (1-2 cm) and drainage (1-2) is poured at the bottom, so that after winter and the snow melts, the roots will not rot. You can make fertilizer in the form of manure or phosphate-potassium fertilizer,
  5. Hole sprinkled with soil, which add sawdust and wood ash,
  6. With the onset of constant frosts, the plant is covered with spruce, peat, hay or dry grass.

For reproduction and growth of Rudbeckia, special care and fertilizers are not required. If the gardener wants to get abundant and long flowering, then it is better to apply fertilizer under the shrub 2-3 times per season.

Reproduction by seeds of the “Golden Ball” is a more troublesome business, especially if the seeds were harvested on their own, and not purchased in a specialty store. Although it happens that the purchased seeds do not always sprout well. Seeds are sown in open ground and in special containers (pots, container, boxes).

Seedlings obtained from seeds, bloom in 1-2 years, because the plant must first gain strength to grow the roots.

  1. Seeds are harvested in late autumn before the first frost. The seeds must be ripe and dry,
  2. Seeds are stored until March in a paper bag in a dry ventilated place.
  3. Beginning-mid-March is suitable for planting in a container. Prepare the soil, disinfect and add some sand, peat and ash. Day container with the soil should be in a warm place, at a temperature of 20-22 degrees,
  4. The next day, in a container, they moisten the soil and make several 3-4 cm deep furrows and scatter the seeds, which are then sprinkled with earth,
  5. The container is placed in a well-lit and warm place with a temperature of 18-20 degrees. Cover with glass or polyethylene.
  6. As required, the container is opened for irrigation and ventilation,
  7. At the end of April - at the beginning of May, seedlings are taken out to the fresh air during the day for hardening,
  8. Planting seedlings is better in early June - late May, before the onset of dry weather,
  9. For seedlings prepare a place in advance, disinfect, make fertilizer. Make a shallow hole 8-10 cm and planted plants one by one.

For sowing in open ground, the air temperature should be at least 18-20 degrees, the soil should be heated and without excess water. The soil is treated with manganese, fertilizers are applied, seeds are sown shallowly, covered with polyethylene (at the edges, press polyethylene with stones).

The most common variety of terry Rudbeckia, from which the popular name "Golden Ball" - "Goltbal" originated. Often inexperienced gardeners confuse Rudbeckia’s Golden Balls with Craspedia’s golden balls; they also belong to the Astra family, but are more whimsical in cultivation.

What care is needed for abundant and early flowering?

The main and important task of the gardener in the care of the "Golden Balls" is moderate watering, loosening the soil, cleaning the weeds, fertilizing and preventing diseases and pests, supports for the plant.

  1. Watering should be moderate, in case of heavy rains from the plant make grooves for water drainage. In dry weather, the flower is watered in the evening,
  2. Loosening and removing weeds is carried out as needed, but better once a week,
  3. Fertilizer. Spend 3 times in the summer-autumn season:
    • At the beginning of summer - phosphorus-potassium fertilizer is applied, as well as fertilizers containing iron, magnesium, calcium - for growth and abundant flowering,
    • During the formation of buds - make fertilizers that contain potassium, boron, nitrogen, copper,
    • In the autumn before frosts - fertilizers containing nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, potassium - which will increase the frost resistance of the plant.
  4. The main pests and diseases of the Golden Ball flower are powdery mildew, caterpillars, spiders, nematodes. So that the plant does not hurt and does not become infected with pests, weeds and diseased plants should be removed at the site, and the soil should be treated in spring and autumn with a weak solution of manganese. If the plant is sick, then it is treated with a special remedy for diseases and pests,
  5. Support and garter plants should be carried out when its height reaches more than 1 m. To a powerful, branched plant does not break from rain and wind, it is better to tie it with a soft rope to the support or near growing trees or to the fence.

For comfortable growth, "Golden Balls" is better to plant next to asters, echinacea, craspedia, marigolds, phlox, verbena, delphinium, heliopsis. With such neighbors will be less likely that the plant is infected with diseases and pests.

In the autumn after cutting the flowers and preparing the plant for the winter, you can create a unique bouquet of rudbeckia, which will stand in a vase for 1.5-2 weeks. To prolong the life of the bouquet will allow a daily change of water and pruning the limp edge of the stem with a sharp shears every three days.

The flowers of the plant "Golden balls" are used in traditional medicine, although they do not officially belong to medicinal plants. Many gardeners use flowers in broths to rinse their throats and to eliminate cracks in their arms and legs.

The reproduction and cultivation of flowers golden ball

By its nature, the golden ball has a highly branched rhizome and a strong root system, large flowers, giving a lot of seeds, and therefore can multiply as a division of the bush, and sowing through the seeds.

For the very process of division and reproduction, it is first necessary to trim the bush of the golden ball to the height of its branches at 5-7 cm, then with a sharp knife or with a pruning shear to divide the rhizome itself into several parts, leaving at least 2-3 stems on each. Further, such small bushes are planted in the wells to a depth of about 8–10 cm and sprinkled with soil from the garden mixed with humus, then compacted and abundantly watered each bush with water.

Breeding a golden ball with seeds is not as easy as it may seem. For this:

  • At the very beginning it is worth sowing seedlings of rudbeckia for seedlings in mid-April in a nutritious and loose ground mixture.
  • The flowerpot with seeds is covered with glass and periodically aired, watered, preventing the earth coma from drying out.
  • The obtained seedlings are planted at the end of May, after the last spring ground frosts pass, keeping the distance between the holes - 20–25 cm.
  • By planting seedlings, the wells are made shallow, by planting seedlings, while picking them up from the pot in such a way as not to disturb the earthen coma and sprinkle with earth, easily tamping it down with plenty of water.

Suffice it to say that the seeds themselves can be planted directly into the ground - they are sown in mid-May, making a shallow trench, at the bottom of which a little mixture of humus and ash is added. To do this, it is enough to sow the seeds in a prepared trench, to a depth of no more than 3–4 cm, sprinkle with light earth and water abundantly.

For the first time, it is recommended to sow the seeds covered with polyethylene in order to protect them from possible spring ground frost.

Although the flower itself is a golden ball and is not picky about the soil, but like any plant it feels better on nutritious, light soils — by virtue of this, if the earth is clay, it is optimal to deposit sand and compost, ash and sawdust for sowing, making it easier and nutritious. If there are not enough nutrients in the ground, add humus, peat and compost to it, having dug and afterwards plant orebeckia on the prepared flowerbed.

Plant Care

All care for this unassuming plant is very simple and consists of several main points. Namely:

  1. Watering this plant does not bring much trouble to gardeners - the thing is that precipitation is quite enough for it, but in a dry time it is still worth periodically watering the plant every 3-4 days. But after the rain the plant itself requires attention - with a golden ball, its leaves and flowers, it is worth shaking off excess moisture so as not to break the plant under the weight of water.
  2. Feed the plant with fertilizer every year before flowering - doses of organic matter and mineral complexes should be minimal when the latter are applied directly under the root.
  3. It is also sufficient to know that the plant needs to be formed when faded buds are pruned, which helps stimulate the forcing of new buds. After the onset of autumn, the tall stems of the plant are cut to a level of 15–20 cm above the ground and the rhizome is mulched with the help of compost and sawdust.
  4. Speaking of pest control, it is sufficient to note that rudbeckia most often affects leaf nematodes. - the disease manifests itself in the form of ground leaves that fall. In this case, the plant should be treated with special insecticides.

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