Potted flowers and plants

Where jacaranda grows, a tree with purple flowers

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Jacaranda is a very original and beautiful indoor plant. During flowering, it is covered with an abundance of lilac-purple flowers, exuding a pleasant honey aroma. For this they called her a violet tree. You can buy a sapling in the store or master the cultivation of jacaranda seed at home.

Barrel smooth gray. On young twigs bark reddish. The crown is spreading, fluffy, wide. Some specimens in nature grow to 30 meters. The leaves are large, vaguely resemble fern. The size of the sheet reaches half a meter. Each sheet consists of smaller leaves.

Flowers tubular form, small. The largest specimens reach 5 cm in length. Color lilac-purple. Inflorescences - lush panicles. In each broom up to 30 flowers. It blooms twice a year - in spring and autumn. In the spring - plentifully, in the autumn - modestly. Flowering lasts up to 2 months. One of the varieties of jacaranda blooms with white flowers. After flowering, fruits are formed - light brown round pods with black seeds inside.

Homeland plants - Brazil, South America and Argentina. The streets, planted with jacaranda, during the flowering period are an incredible sight. Flowering at home is almost impossible to achieve. Only adult plants bloom. By this time, they grow so large that it is not possible to keep them at home. In apartments, Jacaranda is grown as an ornamental leafy plant. Professionals are sometimes used in the art of bonsai - this is the only option when you can see the blooming jacaranda at home.

Varieties for growing in the apartment

In nature, there are about 50 species. For the apartment adapted only two types. Houses hold young plants.

  • Jacaranda jasminoid. In another way it is called fluffy. The tree is tall, spreading. The foliage is light green in color, similar to jasmine leaves. Under natural conditions it reaches 15 meters, it blooms with purple flowers.
  • More common in the home mimosoliferous jacaranda. The apartment usually grows no more than 2 meters. The leaves are elongated, the flowers are purple, resemble bells. Breeders deduced several interesting varieties adapted for cultivation in the apartment. The most popular varieties are Jacaranda Delta and Magdalena.

Subtleties of care

To preserve the decorativeness of the tree, attentive, quality care is organized. Where Jacaranda grows, it is always warm, sunny and humid. Creating conditions close to the natural habitat is an ideal approach to growing a plant.

  • Lighting. The brighter the light, the better. There are different opinions about direct sunlight. Some flower growers recommend slightly pritenyat tree in the midday hours. Others - advised to put it directly under the sun. If you decide to follow the second option, then accustom the plant to the bright light gradually. The jacaranda tub is systematically turned by the other side to the light so that the crown is formed evenly and the trunk is straight.
  • Temperature. During the entire warm period, the temperature should not fall below 22-24 ° C. The rest of the time - 18-19 ° C. Jacaranda does not like coolness.
  • Watering. Oriented to soil moisture. Drying the top layer a few centimeters indicates the need for watering. In winter, as well as in early spring, when there is a natural change of leaves, watering is limited. Full drying earthen coma is not allowed.
  • Humidity. Room Jacaranda demanding moisture is not less than its wild relatives. The tree is sprayed daily, placed near the tank with water.
  • Top dressing. In spring and summer, feed moderately. Once a month is enough. They try to restrain growth, and fertilizing stimulates it. In winter and autumn do without dressings.
  • Crop. For the formation of a beautiful compact crown in the spring pinch all the ends of young shoots. Out-of-shape branches can be cut more strongly.
  • Transfer. Transplanted infrequently, as the tub is filled with the root system. The optimal time for transplantation is spring. Soils are used loose. Suitable substrate of humus, sand and peat. Drainage is required!

Growing and breeding

The main method of cultivation and reproduction of jacaranda - seeds. Seeds germinate well, seedlings grow quickly. As capacity for landing use boxes. They are filled with light, well-drained soil. Seeds are not buried deep.

Conditions for the rapid germination of seeds - greenhouse, stable temperature of 20-25 ° C, daily ventilation for 10 minutes. Watering is replaced by spraying soil from a spray bottle. The appearance of the first shoots wait in 2-4 weeks.

Jacaranda propagated by cuttings. Cuttings about 8 cm long are cut in summer from semi-woody shoots. On the day put in a solution heteroauxin to accelerate root formation. Planted with a slope of 45 degrees in a mixture of peat and fine sand. Cover with foil, keep the temperature at least 24-25 ° C. 3-4 shanks are planted in one pot.

What problems can you encounter?

With proper care, problems with a tree usually do not arise. It is resistant to pest attacks, rarely gets sick.

Jacaranda will be a bright decoration for a spacious apartment. Despite the lack of flowering in artificial conditions, its beautiful foliage makes a worthy competition to the most popular decorative leafy plants.

Description and places of growth

Jacaranda (lat. Jacaranda) is a genus of trees and shrubs of the Begnoniev family. It has several names: violet, rosewood, fern tree. The land of Jacaranda is South and Central America, but today the tree is found in many countries where it migrated with time. Growing jacaranda can only in regions with a warm climate - where the temperature does not fall below - 7 degrees Celsius, therefore, in other places it is cultivated solely as indoor culture.

In open ground, the violet tree reaches 20 m in height, and at home it does not exceed 3 m. Sprawling tree with a lush crown. Tubular bisexual flowers, resembling the shape of bells, are collected in lush paniculate, axillary or apical inflorescences of 30 or more. The length of the inflorescence can reach 40−50 cm.

The color of the flowers is purple, bluish, purple and white. The leaves of Jacaranda are pinnate, like those of a fern, arranged oppositely. The plant blooms twice a year: abundantly - in November-December and less luxurious - in March.

The tree is half leafy: it drops the leaves for the winter only if the mark on the thermometer drops to 0 degrees Celsius. A distinctive feature of flowering is that flowers begin to appear on the branches earlier than the leaves. Jacaranda fruits are dry and hard pods of a light brown shade and almost round shape. When the fruits are cracked, black seeds fall to the ground.

Australians call jacaranda a lilac panic, and that's why. In Australia, which is considered the second homeland of the tree, there is a tradition to plant jacaranda on the territory of all educational institutions. Such a custom is a tribute to the legend of South American Indians, according to which the daughter of the Moon once descended to people, and sitting in the shade of a tree with purple flowers, called Jacaranda, gave mortals their wisdom and knowledge. Therefore, jacaranda is also called the tree of knowledge and is considered a symbol of enlightenment, and among students it will have several signs associated with it.

Since the flowering of the tree falls on the examination time, in Australia it is considered that it is necessary to prepare for the exams until the Jacaranda has flowered: when it blooms, it will be too late. Also, students believe that a bunch of jacaranda, which has fallen on the head, or its flower, caught on the fly, will surely bring good luck and help to pass the exam perfectly.

With luck, the tree is associated not only with students: Australian residents like to plant it at home after giving birth to a child, believing that it will bring happiness to a little man. There was a time when in Australian maternity hospitals they even gave out a sapling of a violet tree at the birth of a baby.

In Grafton, the love of rosewood is so great that in honor of him the colorful Jacaranda Festival is held every year, with a procession around the city and various traditional events. Jacaranda is also worshiped in Argentina: there it is widely used for decorative decoration of streets, squares and squares.

In the South African Republic, jacaranda is the main decoration of the capital, Pretoria. That is why the city is often referred to as Jacarandastad. In some African tribes, it is believed that where the Jacaranda grows, the Blue Spirit lives, which helps people to successfully resolve contentious situations and render fair verdicts, so the elders judge the guilty only under the shadow of these trees.

Useful properties of jacaranda

In addition to the aesthetic function, rosewood is valued for its dense sound wood. It has a pronounced violet aroma, light gray tint and straight fibers. When polished, the core takes on a noble color - from red-brown to chocolate brown with a purple tint.

Due to its rather soft structure, wood lends itself well to processing and dries easily. It is widely used in the manufacture of luxury furniture, parquet, souvenirs and luxury goods - carved and metal-encrusted cups and bowls, bowling balls, as well as musical instruments. In Brazil, for example, acoustic guitars are made of it.

South American folk medicine actively applies jacaranda for the treatment of various infectious diseases. Aqueous extract from the leaves, fruits and flowers of the plant destroys E. coli and staphylococcus more effectively than antibiotics, besides the natural medicine has no side effects.

Types of Violet Tree

There are about 50 species of violet wood. Some of them are well cultivated at home. Here are some popular varieties of jacaranda:

  1. Fluffy (tomentosa). Comes from South America. It is also called jasminoid and felt. Reaches 15 m in height, has complex green leaves, consisting of 4−5 feathery lobes, egg-shaped. The flowers are purple, represented paniculate inflorescences.
  2. Pointed leaf (acutifolia). The plant is originally from Brazil. Blue tubular flowers are gathered in beautiful panicles. Reaches 15 m in height. The erect branched trunk is dotted with graceful fern leaves with pointed stipules.
  3. White (alba). A tree with white flowers originally from Australia. Australians associate the blooming of white jacaranda with the approach of Christmas, and even invented a Christmas song about it.
  4. Mimosalus or blue (mimosifolia). These are tall trees growing on the shores of Argentina, southern Brazil, and Bolivia. It is also called the oval-shaped and round-leaved, and in its homeland, Black Pui. The trunk of the tree is straight, unbranched. Large feathery leaves are located at a considerable distance from each other and form a luxurious bright crown. The leaves have a lanceolate elongated shape with a pointed upper part and a narrowed base. Blue with white spots flowers gathered in panicles.
  5. Magdalena mimosolist. The view comes from the tropics. The fast-growing plant loves moisture and heat. Often grown in greenhouses and winter gardens, and also very popular in gardening offices, kindergartens and as a home culture.

Growing at home

Under room conditions, the Jacaranda grows much smaller than its “street” relatives - no more than 3 m in height. Indoors, it blooms extremely rarely - only if it creates a greenhouse for it. Therefore, it is used most often as a decorative leafy plant.

For the cultivation of the house is suitable only mimozolistnaya Jacaranda, the best - varieties Magda and Delta. In room conditions, only young plants are bred - then they continue to be grown in a greenhouse or transplanted into open ground.

When growing room Jacaranda should follow the principle of the golden mean. A tropical guest loves heat and light, but direct sunlight is harmful to her. Just bought a plant should be taught to the sun gradually. To place a pot with a plant, it is better to choose a western or eastern window. The lack of lighting can deform the crown, so periodically you should turn the pot with the plant from different sides to the light. The plant should be protected from moisture and drafts.

In summer, the tree feels good at a temperature of about 20−25 degrees Celsius. In winter and at the beginning of spring, jacaranda has a dormant period: it drops leaves, therefore, 16–19 degrees Celsius is enough for it.

Watering year-round, moderate. Jacaranda will withstand easy drying of the upper layer of the soil, but the stagnation of water, even minimal, can lead to rotting of the roots. For this reason, the plant needs to provide high-quality drainage. But it is also impossible to overdry the earth bed. Water needed for irrigation at room temperature, soft, settled. During the dropping of leaves, watering is slightly reduced, and after the formation of new leaves increase to the previous norm.

In warm, dry weather, Jacaranda responds well to daily spraying from a spray bottle. You can also put a pot with jacaranda in a tray with wet clay or peat.

Jakaranda needs to be fed in spring and summer once every 3-4 weeks. Complex fertilizers are well suited for top dressing. In winter, in the fall and during the period of dropping the foliage, the plant does not need fertilizers.

How to prune

Pruning will depend on the room in which the plant is grown. If it is intended to decorate a greenhouse or a winter garden, then a gentle side pruning should be carried out, which will form a central shoot and allow the tree to quickly stretch to a height. If the room is small, then in order to form a compact crown in the spring, all shoots should be cut off.

Features transplant plants

It is necessary to replant a violet tree in the spring, in process of growth of root system on all space of a pot. For transplantation, it is necessary to prepare a soil mixture from the following components:

  • light sod earth (2 parts),
  • humus earth (part 1),
  • peat (1 part),
  • sand (1 part).

The following substrate will do the trick:

  • 1 part of turf land,
  • 2 pieces of leafy ground
  • 1 part peat,
  • 1 part of humus,
  • 0.5 parts of sand.

When transplanting at the bottom of the pot must be laid good-quality layer of drainage.

Reproduction by seeds and cuttings

In spring, the seeds of jacaranda should be pre-soaked - wrap in a damp cloth and put in a warm place for a day. Then the seed material is sunk into the ground by about 1 cm and watered.

In terms of minitling (at a temperature of 22−25 degrees Celsius), the seeds sprout in 14−20 days. After the emergence of shoots lighting should be increased by placing the container in a place with a bright diffused light.

Seedlings need to dive into separate pots with a diameter of about 7 cm. For the substrate use: 1 part humus soil, 1 part peat, 2 parts light sod and 1 part sand. Older plants are rolled over to pots with a diameter of 9–11 cm.

From late spring to mid-summer, it is possible to reproduce with stem stem cuttings, rooting them in a sand-peat mixture, after having processed the sections with a growth stimulator. The cuttings should be 8 cm, without lower leaves. Keep them in greenhouse conditions, and after rooting - seedlings in separate pots.

Diseases and pests

Jacaranda can be called an unpretentious plant. However, with care errors, it may be affected by spider mites and shields, less often with whitefly and aphids. Therefore, for preventive purposes, it should be sprayed with special preparations. Whitefly larvae attach to the underside of the leaves and are clearly visible. Such leaves are best removed. Shield can be removed manually.

With a spider mite that entangles the leaves with cobwebs, causing them to turn yellow and dry, as well as when the aphid gnaws at the shoots and leaves, the plant must be treated with an insecticide, such as Confidor.

Other potential problems with growing jacaranda include:

  1. Root decay. To solve the problem should adjust the drainage layer.
  2. Leaf chlorosis The disease indicates insufficient soil moisture.

In general, growing a violet tree at home is easy. The reward for minor efforts will be a beautiful lush plant that will not only decorate the interior of the house and give it a tropical accent, but also, according to omens, will bring wealth and well-being to its owner.

Description of the species

Violet tree trunk reaches a height of 30 meters. Sometimes there are branches on it. At the top is a spreading crown. С поверхности серого цвета кора, но молодые побеги могут иметь красноватый оттенок. Листья овальной или яйцевидной формы. В верхней части они заострены, а у основания сужены. По конфигурации напоминают листву папоротника или мимозы. Длина их составляет 45 см , а окрас ярко-зеленый. Растут они в отдалении друг от друга,

Especially beautiful violet tree during flowering. The flower corolla has a tubular form 5 cm long. After opening the five petals, they diverge, forming a diameter of 3 cm. Color of flowers can be varied - purple, lilac or purple. They are located in the form of inflorescences with a total length of 40 cm. Jacaranda blooms in spring and autumn, lasting up to two months. Flowers have a honey smell.

After flowering fruits are formed on the tree, 5 cm long. These are brown colored pods, inside which are black colored seeds. As a rule, their number reaches 4 pieces.

If a flower grows in indoor conditions, then its height can be no more than 3 meters and flowering does not occur.

The wood of this plant is very much appreciated. Due to its strength and hardness, it is used in the manufacture of expensive furniture or musical instruments.

Species of jacaranda

This species has the following varieties:

  • Mimosalum. It is usually grown at home.
  • Fluffy. Also called jasmine jacaranda. The trunk of the tree rises to 15 meters. Leaves formed by 8 units. Only young specimens are planted in room conditions, because over time, the jasmine look loses its decorative effect.
  • Small flowers. Growing up in Argentina, at an altitude of 500 meters above sea level. Characterized by small buds. The foliage has a saturated green color and at the edges small teeth. Flowers lilac color with blue. They are used in folk medicine, where cough medicine is being prepared from them.
  • Pointy. Such a species grows in Brazil and the tree reaches 15 meters. The trunk on the sides forks, the leaves resemble a configuration like that of ferns. Flowers are blue.
  • Fern. The height of the tree trunk can vary from 8 to 15 meters. The leaves have a feathery outline and are 45 cm long. The tubular flowers are 5 cm long, and the blossomed inflorescences reach 45 cm.

Jacaranda mimosalous

Jacaranda mimosalous still has the name jacaranda oval-shaped or round-leaved. Grows in Brazil, Bolivia and Argentina. It can grow at an altitude of 1500 meters above sea level. When growing it in indoor conditions, the height of the tree will not be more than 3 meters. The trunk grows without side branches. From above the magnificent krone is formed. The leaves are located at some distance from each other and are mounted on the cuttings. After a while they droop down. The upper part of the leaves is pointed, and the bottom is narrowing. It is because of them the species received the name Jacaranda mimosalous.

Flowers form a blizzard inflorescence. Petals have a blue or purple hue.

Growing jacaranda at home

To grow such a plant at home you need to follow certain rules:

  • Lighting. You need to have a flower on the east or west side. The plant loves light, but it must be scattered.
  • Humidity in room conditions should be high. To do this, the flower must often be sprayed with a spray. In the midst of the summer heat, a flower pot is placed on a tray, on the bottom of which a moist clay block is laid.
  • Watering. Moisten the soil in the pot year-round. In the summer months, watering is more abundant. As soon as the soil in the pot has dried, but has not turned to dust, it should be moistened. Excess moisture in the soil is harmful. This leads to stagnant fluids in the pot. The horse system begins to rot, and the leaves go down.
  • Fertilizers beginning to be applied from April to the end of summer. This alternation of organic and mineral substances. An important condition - they should not contain calcium. They are introduced into the soil often, but in small doses. The period of application is once every 2 weeks. Use of complex drugs is allowed. In winter, fertilize the violet tree is not necessary.
  • As soon as the root system has exhausted all the nutrients in the pot, the ground should be changed. However, the dimensions of the capacity do not increase. A large amount of soil leads to the growth of the root, which has a bad effect on the growth of the tree trunk. The first 3 years the potted land changes once a season. At other times, only the top layer is removed. It is possible to transplant the whole flower once every 3 years. The substrate is selected from turf and leaf soil with the addition of sand and peat. Everything should be taken in equal proportions.

Jacaranda: growing from seed at home

Flower breeding passes by planting seeds or grafting. To grow a flower from seeds, they should be soaked for a day beforehand, putting them in a damp cloth. Sowing time is in spring. They sit in a container with the ground, in which there are sand and peat. After spraying from a spray bottle the container is covered with glass or film. The temperature of seed germination should be in the range of 22-25 degrees. At times, shelter should be opened for the purpose of airing. Sprouts appear after 3 weeks.

After that, you can increase the level of illumination, but avoid direct sunlight. As soon as the second leaflets appear, the flower can be transplanted into a separate container. The soil in it can be more saturated. The diameter of the pot is 7 cm. The soil is formed from the calculation - humus, peat, soil, sand in proportions: 1: 1: 2: 1. After growing up, young plants are removed from the pot and sit in another with a diameter of 11 cm.

In addition to growing jacaranda from a seed, cutting can be used. 8 cm long cuttings are cut from the side shoots. Peat soil is prepared, where cuttings are stuck. From above they are covered with a film. You can use plastic bottles as shelter. The temperature should be maintained at 25 degrees. At times, the soil with cuttings should be ventilated. After rooting branches, they are planted in a separate pot of 4 pieces.

If properly cared for at home jacaranda, then it will decorate any greenhouse. Despite the fact that flowering can take place only in natural conditions, the peculiar jacaranda room foliage will compete with any home plants.

What a violet tree looks like

Trees with a smooth smooth trunk, a wide bulk crown, gray bark, which is slightly shaded red in young branches, grows in nature to 30 m. Large leaves of complex shape up to half a meter look like ferns. Lilac-purple flowers with a soft honey aroma resemble bells or tubules about 5 cm long, combined into inflorescences.

Jacaranda blooms twice a year, especially lushly - in spring and autumn. You can admire such a delightful sight for two months. Flowering ends with the formation of dry, dense to the touch brownish fruits of rounded shape, inside which are black seeds.

An elegant plant with fluffy leaves under room conditions blooms extremely rarely and grows about 1 m tall. Sometimes it reaches 2-3 m, if you follow all the rules for growing and provide a favorable environment. Only the mimosoliferous jacaranda is suitable for living indoors, which is valued for its delicate leaves.

In its homeland, violet wood is used to create expensive luxury furniture, luxurious furnishings, and decorative elements inlaid with precious metal and stones. Due to its excellent strength, ease of polishing is suitable for the manufacture of musical instruments, flooring, carpentry. In alternative medicine, native edges are made from flowers and ripe fruits a decoction, which has no contraindications and side effects, for the treatment of intestinal infections.

Jacaranda - an ornamental plant. In countries with favorable weather conditions, it is planted to decorate a park area, squares, streets, halls of hotels, often used by florists to compose compositions with flowers.

How to grow a tree from seed

If you want to grow Memozolist jacaranda at home, consider, she loves warmth. A window on the east or west side with a bright diffused light will do. It is extremely undesirable to put a plant in the sun, in a draft, in a cool, damp room.

Attention! Direct sunlight for a whole day can cause burns on jacaranda leaves, and they will begin to dry and crumble.

Under room conditions, jacaranda shoots are rather thin with delicate leaves that stand almost horizontally, very much like a fern. Seeds before planting is recommended to stand in water for a couple of hours. A loose, soft soil with a high content of peat fertilizers is best for planting, but it is permissible to use a universal mix that is sold in any flower shop. At the bottom of the pot must lay a layer of drainage. The soil can be prepared independently, adhering to such ratio:

  • turfy ground - 2 kg,
  • sand - 1 kg
  • humus - 1 kg,
  • peat - 1 kg.

For seeds, a small hole is made with a depth of 1 cm. You can speed up the germination process by building a mini greenhouse for your jacaranda. The pot is covered on top with glass or film, put in a warm place with a temperature not lower than 20 ° C.

On seed packages, germination time is indicated from 2 to 4 weeks, in practice this usually happens faster. In spring and summer, the most suitable temperature is between 22-25 ° C, in winter - 16-18 ° C. When it is too cool, little light, the plant sheds leaves. There is no need to worry about this, with the arrival of spring, Jacaranda will update its appearance.

Features care for mimosalum jacaranda

Violet tree quite unpretentious, requires a minimum of care. It should be watered with soft, settled water, in spring and summer is moderate, in winter - when the earth in the pot begins to dry out. Bulk foliage needs regular spraying from a sprayer. Frequent introduction of organic fertilizers in small portions from mid-spring until the end of summer will ensure rapid growth of the plant. Beneficial effect on the development of mimosolist jacaranda fertilizing mineral mixtures without calcium.

Flowering at home is very difficult to achieve. It is believed that if after 7-8 years after planting the seeds the tree did not bloom, it is better to stop hoping for it. In any case, the plant itself is very beautiful.

Propagation is possible by seeds and cuttings. Mature hard shoots are treated with special phytohormones that stimulate active growth, for example:

  1. Kornevin - cream-colored powder, a small amount used in dry form, suitable for dipping the tip of the cutting when transplanting for better rooting or rapid development of the roots.
  2. Heteroauxin - the main plant hormone that promotes active metabolism, prevents rapid leaf fall. According to the instructions for the preparation, a working solution is prepared, the plant is treated to accelerate the formation of the root system, and if it is damaged, it is watered around the trunk.

In the season of rapid growth, in spring and summer, the cuttings are planted 2-4 pieces in pots with prepared soil.

Jacaranda diseases

When growing a violet tree, you may encounter such problems:

  • Yellowing and twisting the leaves is most likely due to poor watering and dry air, low temperature, drafts. In addition, the state of jacaranda may indicate the appearance of pests. Therefore, it is necessary to increase the watering, the temperature of the room, treat with insecticides.
  • Chlorosis of the leaves - weak watering, an excess of lime in the soil, lack of iron, sulfur, zinc, magnesium. The plant grows poorly, the leaves turn yellow. To eliminate the problem, the ground is taken for analysis and the content of elements is adjusted.

  • Root rotting occurs due to the absence or poor drainage, excessive soil moisture, and its poor aeration.
  • Spider mite - appears in a dry room, transmitted from infected plants. It is recommended to treat the shoots with special insectoacaricides, regularly sprinkle the violet tree with clean settled water.

Caring for the proper care and creation of favorable conditions for the mimosolith jacaranda contributes to the growth of a healthy beautiful plant. Perhaps one day she will delight you with her amazing lilac flowers.

Why violet tree?

Due to its unusual appearance, jacaranda is called violet, as well as a fern tree. Explain why. The maximum height of the tree is 20 m. The leaves are fern-shaped: pinnately dissected, arranged oppositely.

The flowering of jacaranda is extraordinarily beautiful. Large tubular flowers are collected in axillary or apical inflorescences. They are five-member, dioecious. Color - various shades of blue, lilac, lilac, there are white and purple.

Jacaranda tree that gives beauty and brings good luck. Blooming Jacaranda photo

Jacaranda tree gives not only aesthetic pleasure, but also brings benefits. It is an excellent honey plant, wood is also valuable: various kinds of parquet, expensive furniture, souvenirs, various luxuries and even musical instruments are made from it.

Care jacaranda home

Jacaranda room photo

In our latitudes jacaranda is grown as an indoor tree.

The lighting should be bright, diffused, exposure to direct sunlight for 2-3 hours per day, but not in the noon time. Eastern or western windows will be the best place. On the south side it is necessary to shade from the scorching rays of the sun. After a long overcast weather, after transplantation or purchase to the sun should be taught gradually. With one-sided lighting, crown deformation will begin.

Watering should be regularly throughout the year, focusing on the drying of the topsoil. In the spring or winter, the plant discards old leaves and releases new ones - then reduce watering a little, not allowing the earthen clod to dry out.

Air humidity

It is important to maintain humidity like a rainforest. Indoors, it should be at least 60%. Spray the plant daily (it is necessary to water and spray it with settled water at room temperature), periodically place the jacaranda pot on a tray with wet peat or expanded clay, place the aquarium next to you or just containers filled with water.

Air temperature

From spring to October, it is necessary to maintain the air temperature at 22-24 ° C. Then lower it to 17-19 ° C, the lowest permissible temperature is 15 ° C. During the leaf drop (whether in winter or spring), ensure that the air temperature is within 17-19 ° C.

In the spring and summer, it is enough to make complex mineral fertilizers every 3-4 weeks to maintain a healthy plant. In the fall, in the winter, and also during change of a sheet cover, it is not necessary to feed up.

How to make bonsai from jacaranda

Bonsai from jacaranda photo

It is not at all easy to form a jacaranda tree in the bonsai style: they form a central trunk and several main branches, which are bent with the help of tethered weights and thick wire. Bend the trunk and branches, using your own imagination, remove excess shoots, pinch the tops, when the branches grow large enough. After waiting for lignification of the shoots, remove all auxiliary materials - and the bonsai is ready! It remains only to maintain its shape in the future, not allowing the tree to grow.

Jacaranda transplant

As required (when filling the pot with roots) make a transplant. Better to do it in the spring. The following soil compositions will do:

  1. Take 2 parts of sod land and add 1 part of humus soil, peat and sand.
  2. To 1 part of sod land add 2 parts of leaf, 1 part of humus soil, 1 part of peat and 0.5 parts of sand.

Be sure to place a drainage layer, preferably of broken brick, on the bottom of the tank.

Growing jacaranda seed

Jacaranda seeds photo

Perhaps seed reproduction and grafting.

  • Sowing of seeds produced in the spring, in March-April.
  • Before sowing, the seeds must be wrapped in a damp cloth and held for a day in a warm place.
  • Seal the seeds 1 cm, it is better to plant one by one in cassette cups, pour it well.

Jacaranda seed photo shoots

  • Cover the crops with a package, put in a shaded place and maintain the air temperature within 22-25 ° C.
  • Expect germination of 14-20 days.
  • When all the seeds have risen, the shelter can be removed and the sprouts gradually become accustomed to a brighter light.

Jacaranda growing from seeds at home photo

  • Planted seedlings are planted by transferring to individual pots with a diameter of not more than 7 cm. Substrate: one part of humus, peat land and sand with the addition of 2 parts of turf land.

Reproduction jacaranda cuttings

Reproduction of jacaranda cuttings photo

Cuttings are carried out from late spring to mid-summer. Cut the apical or stem cuttings about 8 cm long, process the root. Land in a wet peat-sand mixture, cover with a cap and maintain the air temperature of at least 25 ° C. Plant rooted cuttings in separate containers.

Jacaranda cuttings in water photo

The cuttings of the jacaranda root well in the water: hold them for the first day in the root solution, and then place them in clean water. Soon there will be roots. With a root length of 1-2 cm, plant new seedlings in separate pots.

Jacaranda fluffy Jacaranda tomentosa or Jacaranda jasmine-shaped Jacaranda jasminoides

Жакаранда пушистая Jacaranda tomentosa или жакаранда жасминовидная Jacaranda jasminoides фото

Представляет собой дерево, вырастающее до 15 м в высоту. Листья перистосложные, состоят из 4 пар листовых пластин, которые разделены на 4-5 лопастей яйцевидной формы. Purple flowers are collected in paniculate inflorescence. In room conditions it is possible to grow only young specimens.

Traditions and beliefs associated with Jacaranda

In Australia, they love the Jacaranda tree.

October-November - the time of the end of the school year on the mainland and the flowering of the fern tree are closely associated with the student culture. Students even call it an examination tree, because it is believed that if the blooming jacaranda panicle falls on its head - success in the exams is guaranteed. It is believed that the tree brings good luck.

An interesting tradition is to plant a plant with the birth of a child. In the 30s-40s in the city of Brisbane they even officially issued Jacaranda seedlings in maternity hospitals. In Grafton every year in October a festival is held, dedicated to this beautiful tree.

Plant description

Jacaranda or in Latin Jacaránda is a genus of the Bignoniev family. Its homeland is a strip of tropics and subtropics - South America and Brazil. It has spread in Bolivia, Mexico and Zimbabwe. Under natural conditions, it can be found both on the flat and in the highlands. It is considered a perennial plant with different life cycles.

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In room conditions, you can grow only mimosolith jacaranda. It is better to keep it in rooms with high ceilings, since it reaches a height of two meters. Before growing jacaranda must be cut. More suitable for greenhouses and "winter gardens" than for a standard room in a Russian apartment.

It is non-toxic, does not affect air purification, does not emit any harmful substances. Not classified as poisonous, not harmful to children, adults and pets.

Externally, it is often compared with sakura, jasmine and lilac. But in the indoor environment, you will hardly find any flowering, so it resembles a regular plant with a beautiful stem and graceful leaves.

How does bloom?

In wild Jacaranda conditions it grows up to 15 meters, it has a lush crown and wide feathery leaves, which have elongated plates of bright green color. The tree has large inflorescences with five dozen purple or bluish flowers with toothed cups and curved bell-shaped corolla, which are slightly lowered and bent.

In the mimosaline jacaranda, the inflorescences are purple-bluish with small cups. The plant with flowers can be seen more often in October and early November. In room conditions, it blooms twice a year: in spring and autumn. For cultivation are also used varieties of this species Magdalena and Delta.

Signs and superstitions

Jacaranda is believed to have a strong magical effect, so keeping it at home is extremely beneficial for the family. This is a tree that gives beauty and brings good luck. He has a number of properties that cleanse the aura, fill the space with positive energy.

She brings prosperity and well-being. Violet tree purifies negative thoughts, settles harmony and tranquility in the soul. However, some people lead to apathy and drowsiness.

According to Feng Shui, putting jacaranda is better in wide spaces next to the windows. It is undesirable to place next to the bed and a place to rest, in the kitchen or in the office.

Common and signs associated with the flowering of the violet tree. This process promises well-being, brings prosperity into the house and may indicate that the family will soon be replenished.

When buying plants pay attention to your interior. Jacaranda can not be in tight and narrow space, it needs space. Do not forget in hot weather it is necessary to rearrange it in the shade, otherwise the leaves may soon turn yellow.

When buying, pay attention to the leaves - if they are yellowish at the edges, and the leaves themselves are slightly bent, then this plant may soon wither.

Choose a violet tree with bright green leaves that give a glossy shine.

Is Jacaranda suitable for bonsai formation?

The plant is used for growing using Japanese bonsai technology. This allows you to control the growth of the crown and leaves, as well as create your garden in miniature. There is even a separate bonsai blue jacaranda variety that does not reach more than 75 centimeters in length. For cultivation, you must comply with the following conditions:

  • in the first year you can not trim it,
  • in the second year, trim to 10 cm and wait for the side shoots to appear,
  • then pinch the jacaranda, pruning the leaves and crown,
  • To form a crown, you can use soft wire, which must be removed after 3 months,
  • all large leaves are best cut,
  • Jacaranda will branch worse when it stands in the shade.

Home care

In the summer it is unpretentious and easily adapts to the absence of the sun, and in the heat it practically does not dry out. It is recommended to keep it at a temperature of - 13 ° C. In winter, it needs a cool room, with a temperature of about 7 ° C. No abrupt temperature change is allowed, as the plant is in hibernation.

High humidity of not less than 60% is desirable, daily spraying with soft water at room temperature is required. In winter, you need to water less frequently, up to once every 3-4 weeks.

The violet tree loves light, so it can be put on the window all day. Young plants can exist in conditions of light penumbra. In winter, additional light sources are needed.

For planting suitable large clay pot. Jacaranda should be spacious, it is necessary that there is room for further growth. If the tree grows strongly, then it needs to be transplanted into a larger pot. It is recommended to use containers from natural materials (clay, ceramics).

The cost of a flower - from 50 p. For seeds will have to pay from 15 to 150 p. per pack. The ready tree costs around 3 thousand r. You can buy in the botanical markets, shops, online or with it.

Immediately after buying a flower, it is necessary to transplant it into a comfortable pot, to ensure proper care - pruning and watering, do not forget to feed with substances for active growth.

The soil needs rich, based on humus with the addition of sand and peat. To prepare the soil yourself, you need to take two parts of sod, one part of coarse grain of sand or perlite and part of peat, mix with one part of humus and leaf soil, and also mix with a piece of coal. You need to make a good drainage - the bottom layer is brick, and the top one is sand.

To prepare jacaranda for transplanting you need:

  • process the leaves with a protective spray and trim them,
  • prepare a new pot and soil
  • add fresh humus to the soil,
  • phosphate the earth.

Transplantation may be necessary:

  • after the purchase,
  • because the flower has grown and the pot is small,
  • because of the wrong soil,
  • due to flower diseases.

Transplantation during flowering is undesirable, but is possible only if the plant is attacked by pests and begin to approach the root system.

What you need to do for good seed germination?

  1. Growing from seed requires good soil.
  2. It is necessary to choose a suitable soil with proper drainage.
  3. Use small ceramic pots.
  4. The temperature during germination should be up to 30 ° C.
  5. Through the drainage you need to stretch the small cotton wicks and lower them into a container with water.
  6. From above drainage need to fill up the soil and put in the center of the seed.
  7. Seed must be sprinkled with a small amount of soil.
  8. The pot should be placed in a transparent plastic container with a lid or grown in greenhouse conditions.
  9. It must be put on the light.

It is necessary to spray as the soil dries with a spray. Shoots appear after 2-4 weeks.

Reproduction by cuttings

  1. Cut the stalk.
  2. Dry it for several days in a closet or in another dry dark place.
  3. On the day put in a solution of heteroauxin to accelerate rooting.
  4. Add a wet substrate to the landing site.
  5. Plant cuttings at an inclination of 45 ° C, adding peat and fine sand to the mixture.
  6. Cover with foil and keep at 25 ° C.

Fertilizer and dressing

The best "nutrient" substances are fertilizers based on phosphorus and superphosphate. It is also recommended to use lime, but it cannot be combined with acidified soil and alkaline fertilizers. It is better to use fertilizers in a dry form, but you can add a little concentrate.

Botanical description of jacaranda

Under natural conditions, the tree can reach up to 30 meters in height, has a powerful, spreading crown, which during flowering is covered with tubular flowers of lilac color, gathered in large inflorescences. There are cultivated varieties with white flowers.

Despite the fact that in natural conditions there are many ornamental types of jacaranda, a tree in Russia can be grown only in conditions of covered arboreta and botanical gardens of the Crimea and the Krasnodar Territory. At home, amateurs cultivate mostly jasmine-like or mimosolist varieties of this plant, namely the delta variety, which most easily adapts to the apartment's microclimate. Jacaranda room even under very favorable conditions does not grow high and almost never blooms. The plant has:

  • The barrel is smooth, thin, brown. On young shoots bark with a reddish tinge.
  • The leaves are long, opposite, resemble fern leaf.
  • Flowers - large, tubular, lilac color, collected in bulk inflorescences.
  • Seeds - flat, winged, arranged in a pod formed on the site of fallen flowers.

Under natural conditions, the jacquard tree blooms twice a year, in spring and autumn. Flowering lasts up to two months. In places with a favorable climate for landscaping parks and squares, street decorations are often planted precisely jacaranda.

Growing from seed at home

In most cases, lovers cultivate mimosolith jacaranda. Violet tree at home to grow will not be difficult, if you follow a number of rules:

  • Placing jacaranda in a well-lit place free from drafts at the same time, direct sunlight can damage the plant.
  • The air temperature in the room where the violet tree is kept must be in the summer from 19 to 30 ° C in the winter not lower than 17 ° C.
  • Before planting, seeds are soaked in water for 1-2 hours, after which they are planted in a pot, to the bottom of which a drainage is laid out. It is necessary to take into account that jacaranda loves peat soil.
  • The pot is covered with polyethylene until sprouts appear, which sprout 3-4 weeks after planting.
  • Sprouted seedlings are diving at the age of 3-4 months, it is necessary to take into account when planting seeds, choosing a fairly spacious container for germination.

Care and reproduction of plants

The best place for jacaranda in the apartment will be the windows of the east and west side. The lighting must be uniform, otherwise a distorted crown may form in the plant. Watering should be moderate, because the violet tree equally badly tolerates both drought and excessive moisture.

Jacaranda is home to tropical rainforests, so the plant needs high humidity. In an apartment setting, where in most cases the air is dry, the plant must be sprayed daily with water at room temperature. It would be nice to place an aquarium in the vicinity of the jacquard or to put containers with water.

Twice a year, in spring and summer, the jacaranda room should be fed with complex mineral fertilizers. In winter, the plant drops the leaves and at this time does not need any additional feeding. The foliage begins to grow again with the arrival of spring.

Given that jacaranda is characterized by rapid growth, it is desirable to form a compact crown by pinching young shoots. In this case, it will be possible to slow the plant from dropping the lower leaves and exposing the trunk, which will give the Jacaranda a decorative look.

As the tree grows, it is transferred to a larger tank. Usually transplantation is carried out in the spring. A drainage layer is also placed on the bottom of a larger pot in order to protect the roots of the plant from waterlogging and rotting.

Violet tree at home can be propagated both by seed and grafting, which is carried out in late spring and early summer. To do this, cut cuttings are treated with root preparation, placed in moist peat soil and covered with a can or polyethylene, which helps create a favorable microclimate for the development of the root system of the future plant. Not bad roots develop and when placing the cuttings in the water.

Mineral

They are considered excellent assistants in the treatment of plants, strengthen it and provoke rapid growth.

  1. Potash.
  2. Phosphoric.
  3. Complex mineral fertilizers.

You can buy a mixture of peat and sand, compost, and various mineral fertilizers. Among them: "Superphosphate", "Ammophos", "Urea" and others.

Kornevin - cream-colored powder, a small amount used in dry form, suitable for dipping the tip of the cutting when transplanting for better rooting or rapid development of the roots.

Heteroauxin - the main plant phytohormone, which promotes active metabolism, prevents the leaves from falling off quickly.

You can cook fertilizer at home by mixing natural ingredients with minerals.

It is necessary to feed during growth once in 2 weeks. For jacaranda it is very useful to apply organic fertilizers, alternating them with mineral fertilizers even in the dormant period.
Watering

Water jacaranda restrained, because she does not like excessive moisture. In abundant watering it needs a moment of active growth - from spring to autumn. Water should be at room temperature and mild, it can not be watered with cold water, as the violet tree can "get sick". In winter, it is necessary to water less frequently, and in particularly cold months up to once every 3-4 weeks.

White fly

On the underside of the leaves are visible green larvae. After them are sugary discharge. Foliage twists, turns yellow and falls. Pest - small white midge. Once every 3 days they are sprayed with insecticides. The drugs "Inta-vir", "Aktellik", "Fufan" have proven themselves well.

Primary lesions are found on young leaves, the very tips of the shoots. The affected parts of the plant twist, become sticky, and the jacaranda gradually fades away. Recommended spraying drugs "Derris", "Aktellik", "Fitoverm." With a small number of insects, you can try to do by treating the plant with soapy water.

Spider mite

Notice the appearance on the underside of the leaves of a thin cobweb. The reason - infection from another plant, dry air. The tree is treated with insecticarobacaricides, regularly sprayed with water, maintain high humidity in the room.

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