In the question of digging flowers, the opinions of summer residents are divided. Fans never take ephemeroids from the earth, believing that they are better not to touch, so as not to damage.
However, without digging, the onions become shallow, with each season they go to a greater depth, the plantings thicken and start to hurt. As a result, the flowers deteriorate and fade.
Dutch tulips, whose bulbs are being delivered to our stores in large quantities, shrink and turn pale without transplanting especially quickly. So, because of ignorance or lack of time, you can lose valuable beautiful variety.
Even “non-pure” red tulips, growing in each front garden, if they are dug up annually become large at the sight, and their underground parts delight with a clean healthy surface and heavy weight.
It is recommended to dig up tulips after flowering every 2-3 seasons. Without this operation, they will go to such a depth that they do not have enough energy to ascend.
Some cultivars lose their decorative characteristics if they are not kept warm and dry in summer. Without digging out of such bulbs next year, corollas will appear of a completely different degree of terry, and sometimes of a different color. Information on the need for annual digging is always indicated in the description of the variety.
Capricious Dutch beauties, without digging, a year after planting, can only throw out leaves without a flower stalk that, if nothing else, feeds and dries, without throwing out a single bud.
The need to dig by type:
So, digging tulip bulbs after flowering is necessary to:
- divide and spread the nest
- select healthy plants, reject weak and damaged,
- give the onions the opportunity to warm up in the summer in the air and lay flower buds,
- process the flowerbed - dig up, fertilize,
- transplant flowers more finely
- eliminate rotting in the ground in rainy summer.
When to dig out tulips
In determining the terms follow the rules - you can begin to dig when the upper third of the leaves will turn white. At this time, the intergrowth of the bulbs is preserved intact, not yet broken up into children, and it can be completely removed from the soil. In Moscow this time comes approximately in the First half of summer.
If this feature is not enough, you can try to twist the stem on the finger. If it does not break, but curls easily into a ring, then it’s time to dig.
Sometimes in dry weather the soil is hard to handle. But even in this case, the tulips can not be left in the ground. If you are late, in the heat of the onions will ripen and disintegrate especially quickly. Then, to select everything you need from the soil, you have to sift the soil.
If the rains are charged it is not necessary to wait for the leaves to dry. The bulbs should be dug in advance and dried well so that they do not rot directly in the flowerbed. The first to dig early-ripening varieties, faded in April. When the latest varieties fade, the plants are fed with phosphate-potassium fertilizer, and in two weeks they dig.
The onions prematurely extracted due to the prolonged rain can be dispensed on the surface:
- Leave the above-ground part intact on the bulbs.
- Make a box in a bridge way.
- Cover with dry sand.
- Leave in a warm place.
How to dig tulips
Ideal to dig onions when the earth has optimum moisture content, crumbly and soft. Digging is carried out with forks. After removing the bulbs to the surface, they are shaken off the ground and put in any container. Leaves and peduncles do not need to be cut off immediately - the nutrients will pass from them into the bulbs.
If digging was carried out in the rain, the bulbs need to be cleaned from dirt, and then inspect. On ripened scales will be dense, yellowish or dark brown. If mold or rot is found, the planting material should be held in a pale solution of potassium permanganate or in a foundation. The bulb is disinfected for 30 minutes, then dried and stored.
How much and how to store before planting
Well tolerated summer only properly dried onions. Before drying, they are laid out in varieties and disassembled in size. Dry in a single layer, spread out in a light shade. You can put them in nylon nets from under vegetables or old nylon stockings.
It is better to place the bulbs to dry in the attic or under a canopy.
On drying lay healthy onions without spots and rot. Suspicious lay aside. Perhaps they will continue after treatment with fungicides.
Dry leaves are separated only after drying. When calibrating, follow the rule - the larger the bulb, the better. The optimal diameter is from 4 cm. Trifle also needs to be planted, but it is possible that it will not bloom in the first year.
Extremely important storage temperature. From this indicator depends on the tab flower buds.
For reference. In the first month after digging, future flowers, daughter bulbs and leaves form. After 2 months from the beginning of storage stamens and pistils are formed.
When deviating from the temperature regime, blind buds form without pistils and stamens, which dry out without opening.
Sometimes in the literature there is a recommendation to overestimate the storage temperature, but in fact it all depends on the needs of the variety. Parrot and fringed cultivars are stored at a temperature of about 30 degrees, the rest at 22-25 degrees.
Before planting in the autumn, the bulbs can be folded at home under the bed or on the mezzanine. You can not pour tulips in unventilated containers, where they can not breathe and overgrown with mold. It is better to leave them at the cottage under a canopy.
In August, the temperature naturally decreases, which contributes to the formation of kidneys. September is getting cooler. The street is set 15-16 degrees - this is what you need for tulips. It is this interval that is kept in Dutch greenhouses, in which technologies are calibrated to a degree.
The bulbs are stored until mid-October. When the temperature drops to + 9 ... + 12 degrees, they are planted in the soil.
Why dig up tulips
Quite a lot of gardeners, especially beginners, are interested in one rather interesting question: why and when to dig up tulips? After all, it would seem, you can already carry out planting (or transplanting) the bulbs, grow tulips and a few years forget about any manipulations with plants. They themselves will grow well, bloom, bloom, watch your rest and so on.
Well, as often happens, not everything is as simple as it seems at first glance. Of course, tulips - this is one of the most unpretentious flowers, but you must always take into account some points to preserve their varietal characteristics for a long time. Of particular importance is the conservation of varietal characteristics for varietal tulips.
It often happens that a florist buys some incomprehensible variety, gives him a decent amount of money, plants, gets incredible and amazing blooms in his first season, and then problems and questions start to appear. Flowers to the next bloom becomes smaller, theirIt is less in quantityOngi lose their color, losing their original luxurious color, and after a year or two, the flowers do not appear at all, and only one grass and foliage grows. Yes, and those far unpresentable view. And you have to start again: dig up everything, carry out transplantation and so on. Is that what gardeners want? Of course not.
It is thanks to these situations that gardeners and flower growers form similar stereotypes about the flower industry, according to which flower growers constantly cheat and sell fake products to customers. Allegedly enticed by beautiful imagesnashpigovyvayu planting material incomprehensible stimulants. Once the flowers appear, and after all the landing have to weed out and burn. Subsequently, novice gardeners will think more than once - whether to get involved with these flowers.
However, the real reason is wrong care for tulips. Varietal flowers of this species are much more demanding than so popular and common in modern gardens unpretentious simple varietieswho have long adapted to local conditions. Therefore, it is necessary to comply with agricultural practices, to study all aspects at each stage of storage and cultivation of tulips. If you do everything right, you will not have to endlessly transplant flowers and change flower beds.
So, the question remains: why and when to dig up tulips - after flowering, before, after? And why is it necessary to repeat this procedure every year?
Tulip bulbs should be dug for several reasons:
- For the sake of providing the most comfortable conditions to bookmark the buds of young tulips. When the bulbs remain deep in the soil, they immediately begin to be exposed to excessive moisture, insufficient temperature levels, infections and so on. All this prevents the normal maturation of viable replacement bulbs. From this arises the grinding of their own and future buds, leading to a weakening and even death of planting material. It is no longer a question of flowering.
- To correctly sort the sick and weakened bulbs from full and healthy and thereby prevent the occurrence of disease-causing elements in the soil.
- To prevent mass grinding, choose to transplant the largest, strongest and most developed, capable of providing abundant flowering. This issue also needs to be approached very responsibly, because not every large onion is capable of forming the same large substitute. From small rhizomes, you must immediately get rid of, to rid the flower garden from clogging of illiquid material.
If planting in one place remains for several years, grows in cramped, then the bulbs begin to quickly become shallow and form a lot of children, who, in turn, are intensively diving into the soil and turn into a real disaster, because dig them up over time it becomes everything is more problematic. Thus, the actual blockage of the plot occurs. Annual and regular digging and able to maintain the soil in the desired condition, because the tulips need loose and fertile soil.
In the soil hardened and littered with children, full of remnants of old scales and other things, tulips are extremely difficult to fully develop and especially to bloom. However, the more nutrition and fertilizer per one bulb, the better and larger the flower will eventually grow.
Preparation of tulips for digging after flowering
Estimate, when you can dig up tulips can be on yellowing leaves that become brittle, the stem becomes elastic, bends, but does not break. All this says that the flower is ready. Too early digging adversely affects the development of the plant and the process of dividing the bulbs.
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Delaying the process is fraught with rotting, freezing of the bulbs during rainy weather. The landing site is lost, the rhizomes in the ground are a breeding ground for infections. Many gardeners are concerned about the process of proper digging, the need for preliminary preparation, pruning.
The best guideline is the external signs of the plant. They allow to determine the readiness for digging. The stem is better to cut, leave only two leaves, which will ensure the full maturation of the bulbs. Immediately after pruning, it is necessary to produce abundant watering. For watering, distilled water is used at room temperature. Tulips love enough moisture, but it’s not worth swamping the soil.
It is very convenient to dig grooves between the rows with a depth of no more than 7 cm. Then it will be more convenient to water. Each plant requires approximately 0.5 liters of water. After watering, cover the grooves with soil to maintain moisture.
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Directly immediately after flowering need feeding. It will provide the plant with high disease resistance. You can feed complex mineral fertilizers:
These products contain a balanced composition of nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus, which will ensure the favorable development of tulips.
Watch the video! When and how to dig tulips
How to store planting material
Consider the methods of processing bulbs, especially their storage until the next planting. After the successful digging of flowers you need to take care of the material for planting. The bulbs are palletized to provide them with good ventilation. With good dry weather, boxes should be carried out for the whole day.
Removing the bulbs in the room, the excess scales are removed, remove contamination, washed with saline. It is prepared as follows: 1 tbsp of l dissolves in 1 l of water. salt. The solution provides protection from pests and diseases during storage.
Planting material layers placed in special containers.
The best place to store tulip bulbs is a dark room with good ventilation. The place is prepared and disinfected in advance. Of great importance for tulips is temperature and humidity. The first month of storage is necessary to maintain the temperature of 21-25 degrees. Humidity should not exceed 65%. Regular airing of about 3-4 hours is very favorable, which is held every 3 days. These measures provide a comfortable environment, prevent rotting, the formation of mold.
A month later, the temperature must be lowered to 19 degrees, and by September it should be about 16 degrees.
A decrease in storage temperature is accompanied by a reduction in ventilation time. Normal temperature regime provides the best formation of buds, leaf buds.
Tip! It is necessary to review the planting material regularly in order to reject bad, diseased bulbs in time. Timely removal of dysfunctional bulbs will prevent infection of the rest.
Rejection and processing of bulbs before transplanting
Before planting tulips are sure to sort out, because not all bulbs can withstand storage. Some specimens are infected with diseases, such as:
- Gray rot
- White rot,
Diseases manifest as gray-green sporulation or reddish spots that form on the surface of the bulbs.
Infected bulbs are visible visually. All of them are subject to disposal, incineration. Sometimes you can take certain measures to cure the tulips. The damaged area is carefully cleaned with a sharp knife, then sprinkled with pounded charcoal. After the procedure, the bulbs should dry out for several days. Immediately before disembarking disinfection is performed. The bulbs are dipped in saline, in the calculation of 1 tbsp. l on 1 liter of water. This allows you to increase the resistance of tulips to disease, to protect against pests.
Buying new varieties of tulips, daffodils, lilies is easy. What matters is the size of the bulb. It determines the development of the plant. The bulbs should be dense, free from rot and smell of mold.
Transplanting time after flowering
The time of transplantation is determined by the climatic features of a particular area. For the cultivation of tulips one place can be used no more than 3 years. It should be sunny enough, have loose, light soil. The bulbs are planted in the hole to a depth of 10 cm.
Tulips are planted in each region depending on weather conditions. Planting bulbs in open ground should be completed a month before the first frost (from September 15 to October 5). The plant must take root, it takes him 25 days. The weather should be cool, but the temperature can not fall below 10 degrees Celsius. If rooting does not happen, there will be problems with nutritional deficiencies, that the plant will develop poorly.
Compliance with all the recommendations will ensure complete success; the flowerbed will be covered with luxurious tulips. Experienced florist easy to determine the optimal time of digging. The main thing is to follow the recommendations presented in the article.
Watch the video! How to dig and store tulips
When do you need to transplant?
The period of tulip transplantation depends on the climatic features of the areas where the plants grow. The main condition for planting tubers in the soil is the temperature of the soil at 10 ° C. Planting material is dug out and prepared 2 months before planting in the soil. In this case, the digging of tubers should be carried out in favorable weather, which should be windy and dry.
The procedure must begin when a plant passes certain life cycles:
- the end of flowering
- yellowing of the bulb,
- no rooting onions.
After the end of flowering at the tulips begins a period of rest. In this state, the plant being prepared for transplanting is not recommended to be watered. By the time of the procedure, the leaves should turn yellow and the stems dry out a bit.
Tulips are unpretentious flowers that do not require special care, which is an annual transplant in order to:
- separation from the bulbs grown on them "kids",
- calibration of planting material
- selection of diseased tubers to prevent infection of all plants,
- changing the place of growth of flowers
- fertilizer soil.
Digging up tubers is recommended. в период окончания цветения растения и пожелтения листьев и стебля. There are many varieties of tulips, differing from each other in the appearance of the flower and the timing of flowering. Early varieties fade away at the end of April, so the preparation for the next season in the form of digging up tubers can be started at the end of May. The tulip bulbs of mid-early varieties are dug out in June, and the late ones - in early July.
Terms of planting bulbs in the ground depend on weather conditions and the area of growth of the flower depend on weather conditions and the area of growth of the flower.
Some growers practice transplantation in early spring. However, in this case you should not hope for flowering this season.
Also, if necessary, you can transplant a tulip during the active phase of flowering. In this case, save the buds and flowers will not succeed.
How to transplant?
After digging up the tubers, it is necessary to produce:
- disinfection in a solution of potassium permanganate prepared at the rate of 1 g of the drug per 10 liters of water,
- drying in a well-ventilated place in the absence of direct sunlight,
- cleaning of the earth, roots and scales,
- sorting according to grade and size,
- ensuring storage in a room with air humidity indicators of 70% and a temperature of 24 ° C.
For abundant flowering next year, you must advance:
- Make a choice of landing site, the main requirement for which in the absence of flooding the area in early spring after snow melt. If it is impossible to allocate such a plot for tulips, it is recommended to raise the bed a little, pouring earth into it.
- Prepare the soil, making it fertilizer. Pre-plant fertilizer soil is to make it fertilizer components:
- shredded grass
- ash, in the case of acidic soil.
After preparing the landing site, fertilizing the soil and reducing the soil temperature to 10 ° C, proceed directly to planting the tubers of the ornamental crop:
- Make grooves 2 times deeper than the height of the tuber.
- Place the tubers in the grooves.
- Sprinkle them with a small amount of earth.
- Cover beds with dry grass or fallen leaves to protect planting stock from severe frosts.
It should be borne in mind that, first of all, small onions are planted, and it is recommended to take up large tubers only in a week. With good fertilizer soil can be planted tulips for several years at the same place.
The process of caring for tulips consists of annual procedures:
- digging bulbs
- calibration of planting material in accordance with its size,
- rejection of sick and weak tubers,
- disinfection work
- drying tubers
- storage of planting material in appropriate conditions
- if necessary, the selection of a new landing site,
- fertilization in the soil,
- waiting for weather conditions that are favorable for planting,
- planting tubers
- their covering with the warming material, for the purpose of a guarding of a landing material from frosts.
Care after transplant
After the autumn planting, the first shoots will appear after the snow melt, in late March or early April, depending on the climatic conditions of the region.
After the emergence of sprouts, you should follow certain rules for optimal plant growth, ensuring its long-term flowering with bright and beautiful flowers:
- If the fall was carried out mulchingthen in the spring material should be removed immediately after the snow melts for a better warming of the ground. The earlier the earth warms up, the faster the sprouts will appear and the sooner the delicate petals of beautiful flowers will open.
- It is not necessary to water tulips plentifully before the appearance of buds.
When sprouting tubers should pay special attention to diseased plants, which are characterized by underdevelopment or damage to sprouts. Such flowers are to be dug up and removed so as not to infect healthy specimens.
Flower buds must be laid in the first month after the bulbs are removed, at this time the best temperature for the main number of varieties ranges from 20-25 degreesHowever, for fringed tulips, plant experts recommend an increase in temperature to 25–27 degrees.
In the future, before planting, it will be possible to limit to 18-20 degrees. Heat above 30 degrees is undesirable because it can have a depressing effect on the development of the bulbs.
As a result, the laying of the buds of the flower will be broken, the bulbs will be dehydrated. Therefore, it is better to store the bulbs in cool places.
Illumination and humidity
The optimum humidity of the atmosphere in the place where the bulbs are stored should not exceed 60–70%. Illumination is desirable to ensure as low as possible, since in nature plants of the onion family spend their rest period, being immersed in the ground, that is, in total darkness. Suppose a weak diffused light. If this condition is not met, then the physiological and chemical processes inside the bulbs will be disrupted.
Not necessarily, but it is very desirable to carry out the annual digging of tulips. An exception can be made for group compositions of these colors. But then it will be necessary to leave them in one place for two or three years, and after that it is imperative to proceed with the update. However, some species and their varieties, for example, tulips of Greig, Kaufman, Vvedensky and so on. do not imply an annual calculation and can grow without any damage for the upcoming flower crop and its decorative qualities in one place for several years.
Do I need to cut the tulips after flowering?
When to cut tulips after flowering photo
When to cut tulips after flowering? First of all, cut off the flowering stem: cut off the flower stalks after all the petals have crumbled. If you leave flower stalks, the bulb will give nutrients to the formation and maturation of seeds. If you cut off the ground part completely, the bulb will also not receive the necessary amount of nutrients, so be sure to leave the leaves. When the leaf plates are yellowed and dried up on their own, the bulbs are ripe and can be dug out.
When to dig tulip bulbs after flowering?
When to dig up tulips after flowering in Siberia and Moscow region? Dig up the tulip bulbs when the leaves turn yellow and dry. Adhere to the following order:
- To dig out the bulbs, it is better to choose a warm sunny day so that the onions can dry out normally,
- Use a shovel to work gently so as not to damage the roots and bulbs of tulips,
- After digging carefully inspect the bulb. Painful, rotten throw away,
- If you have to dig out the bulbs in rainy weather, wash them and dry them in a warm ventilated room.
- If there are signs of disease (fungus, spots, dots), treat the bulbs with a fungicide, then store them separately from the total mass.
When to replant tulips after flowering
When to dig and plant tulips after flowering? Repotting tulip bulbs that have just faded is not worth it. It is necessary to wait until the ground part will turn yellow and dry up (it is advisable to cut off the flowering peduncles immediately after shedding the leaves). By this time, all the nutrients pass into the bulb, and it will be ready for the new growing season. Tulips are planted after flowering, either in June, immediately after digging, or in mid-September to mid-October.. In regions with severe winters (for example, in the Urals), many flower growers plant tulips in the spring.
Tulip transplant after flowering in June
The leaves should heal and dry, then proceed to transplant. It is quite simple to do this: dig out the bulbs and plant less often, keeping the same level of planting. You can not dry the bulbs specifically, and plant immediately after digging. To cut dry tops can be after transplanting, it is more convenient to control the depth of planting. But if you are sure that you cannot go wrong, you can trim the leaves right away.
How to store tulips after flowering
How to store tulip bulbs after flowering? After the dug tulip bulbs are dug, dried and sorted, proceed to the storage. It is best to use mesh boxes, the bulbs can be laid in 1-2 layers, so they do not rot. In addition to sorting and unfolding properly, an important temperature component is an important component of the proper storage of the bulbs. So:
- In July, store at a temperature of 24-26 ° C,
- In August, lower the mark to 20 ° C,
- From September you will need a temperature of 17 ° C, if you are planning a spring landing,
- In the following months (until planting in the spring in the open ground) store at a temperature of 12-15 ° C.
It is very important to maintain the correct temperature when storing the bulbs, because during this time buds are formed, leafy plates and peduncles are laid.
Store the bulbs in a dry, ventilated area. Periodically look at the bulbs, spoiled (rotten) throw away, so as not to destroy all the planting material.
Additional care recommendations
To grow a large bulb or propagate a variety, on the 4-8th day of flowering it is necessary to cut off the flowering head. This measure helps to increase the mass of the bulb.
Remove loose petals from the garden bed, yellow leaves - they will rot, which contributes to the development of pathogens on the site.
To greatly facilitate the work of caring for tulips, plant them in plastic baskets (for this there are special containers). After flowering, dig out the container with the bulbs and move to a secluded place for ripening the bulbs.
How to understand that a tulip bulb is ripe? Dig out one of them and carefully inspect. The ripe onion has superficial scales of a pleasant saturated brown color, with a slight glossy shine.
Compliance with all the above recommendations for the care of tulips after flowering - a pledge of gorgeous flowering next season.
Tulip care after flowering
When the petals of a tulip wither, it is necessary to cut off the flower, so as not to waste energy on tying the seeds. The leaves should not be cut, they are involved in photosynthesis, providing food. Now the main thing is to create conditions for the development of a young replacement bulb, because the old one dies after flowering.
It is better to break off, and not cut flowers with shears. Tulip diseases, such as the variegated virus, are easily transferred by the latter method.
After flowering, only the head of the flower breaks off;
In order for the onion to be larger, the plants after fertilization fertilize to choose:
- daily infusion of ash,
- potassium nitrate.
Top dressing is made on wet soil. At this and other growth stages, it is not recommended to fertilize spring flowers with manure or fertilizers with a high nitrogen content. This can lead to rotting of the bulbs.
Do not forget about soil moisture. As long as the leaves are green, it is necessary to water the plants abundantly once a week if the spring has stood out arid.
Watering tulips, you need to soak the soil to the depth of the roots: 35–40 cm
So that the flowers do not grow smaller, and the bulbs do not hurt or degenerate, any types of tulips are dug out every year. This is usually done at the end of June - beginning of July. The exception is the children of tulips, they are dug out 1 time in two years. Experienced growers advise:
- hold the event in dry weather,
- immerse the shovel deeper than the bulb was planted, they deepen as they grow,
- destroy all diseased specimens,
- pickle the excavated planting material in the disinfecting solution.
Too early digging leads to underdevelopment of the bulb and the kids. In addition, the decorativeness of future colors will decrease. If you dig up late, when the shoots dry out, there is a risk that the bulb will have time to catch the fungus or the protective covering scales will crack. This may cause damage to the planting material during storage.
When yellowing and withering leaves try to wrap the stem on the finger. If the escape did not break, turned plastic, dig a control copy. If the onion scales become light brown, the digging time has come.
Do not tear off the stems of dug tulips, let them wither, and the nutrients go to the bulb
Once I was presented with a dozen peony tulip bulbs. Blooming stunning double flowers lasted a long time due to cool weather. But after yellowing the tops, I forgot to dig them up. The following spring, not one came up. Neighbors say that they also have rare new varieties that degenerate and do not sprout if they are not harvested annually.
Drying and disinfection
Dug tulips laid out under a canopy in 2 layers for two days. After this time, bulbous nests easily break up. The bulbs are cleaned of dead roots and husks and disinfected in 0.5% potassium permanganate solution for half an hour. The procedure will destroy the causative agents of rot and feed the tulip with microelements. Then the bulbs are again dried, sorted by size and placed in open wooden boxes or baskets, preferably in a single layer.
In order not to get the bulbs one by one, it is convenient to disinfect them by placing them in a gauze bag
During summer storage, the bud and buds of future bulbs are finally formed. In order for the aging process to proceed correctly, they are first kept at a temperature of about 25 ° C in a well-ventilated room for a month. Optimum humidity - 60–70%. In August, the temperature is lowered to 20 o C, in September and further to 15 o -17 o C. If these rules are not followed, tulips may not bloom or give “blind” buds.
Periodically, planting material is inspected and discarded sick or moldy. Most often stored tulips are affected by gray mold and fusarium. At the first disease of the bulb covered with a gray bloom and gradually rot. At the second - brown spots with a brownish rim are formed, the bulbs emit an unpleasant odor and also decompose. If the lesion is small, the rot is cut with a sharp knife, pickled the bulb, as usual, then powdered with ash and dried.
Poorly dried and not decontaminated bulbs are often affected by gray mold.
Landing in the ground
Ideally, tulips are planted in the fallin late September - early November. Practiced and spring disembarkation, in April. But then the tulips will bloom much later, because they will need about three weeks for rooting. It is advisable to change the planting site every year so that the pathogens do not accumulate in the soil.
Where spring flowers will grow, moisture should not stand. The future flower bed is prepared in 2 weeks so that the earth evenly settles. The bed is dug up to the depth of a spade bayonet and introduced into compost, ashes or superphosphate. If necessary, lime. Peat is welcome on clay soils. In the absence of rain, the site is shed with water.
Before planting the bulbs are again sorted and disinfected in a solution of potassium permanganate. The depth of planting bulbs - its three heights. For large specimens, the distance between the bulbs is 15 cm, for medium ones - 10 cm, small ones - 5 cm. 25–30 cm is left at the aisle.
Advanced flower growers plant tulips in special bulbs for bulbs, they are very easy to dig
Do not cover beds with organic flowers, so as not to attract rodents. When unforeseen frosts occur, an agrofiber is spread on the flowerbed, which is pressed against the boards.
On the advice of an experienced grower, when planting I put a handful of sand mixed with ash in the hole. On this “hill” I place an onion and fall asleep with earth. Now the loss of tulips from a variety of rot on my heavy loam is minimized. And the bulb comes out larger due to the fact that the sand loosens the soil and the roots develop freely.
Top dressing immediately after flowering, decontamination of bulbs and warm storage, followed by a decrease in temperature - these are the three whales of the grand spring flowering of tulips.
Causes transplant tulips to another location
- help preserve varietal traits
- delay the rapid growth,
- returns decorative landing.
Under natural conditions, tulips grow on the mountains, and each time the bulb deepens deeper and farther under the ground with sewage, which leads to the death of tulips. The garden plots also occur; the tulip bulb buries itself, so after a few years, you most likely will not be able to find it in the ground. This again indicates that the flowers require annual transplanting.
Когда лучше пересаживать тюльпаны?
Для пересадки тюльпанов ждут характерных признаков, немалую роль играют соответствующие условия:
- цветы должны отцвести, это примерно период с 20 июня по 10 июля,
- чешуя луковиц становится желтой, но не твердой,
- happy wind dry weather.
Dug onions with foliage transferred for about 2.5 months in a dry room. The temperature of the air where tulips are stored cannot exceed 30 degrees. This is due to the fact that the bulbs must be fully formed in order to grow beautiful flowers from them in the future.
The bulbs do not tolerate exposure to ultraviolet radiation, so the roots should be protected from direct sunlight. Light may cause burns. After the specified period, the leaves of tulips are obliged to dry completely, the bulbs ripen to replant.
How to grow more crops?
It is pleasant to any gardener and summer resident to receive a big crop with large fruits. Unfortunately, it is not always possible to get the desired result.
Often plants lack nutrition and minerals.
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When and how to dig the bulbs?
Each region has its own time of planting flowers. There is no definite number. To determine the time of transplanting focus on the appearance after flowering. The stem should be quite strong and sweaty, and the leaves should turn yellow.
First, dig up no more than three onions of a tulip, then look around.
And then it will be very difficult to find the place where the tulip sat. To prevent damage to the bulbs and the resulting children, it is worth working forks.
Dug-out flowers are placed in a warm, well-ventilated place for two to three days, after shaking off the ground that has been carefully kept on them.
Sunlight should not fall on the bulbs, otherwise they may get burned.
After a few days, shake off the remaining ground, cut off the stem and roots, and remove unnecessary scales. Carefully study the tulip bulbs for damage.
Sort the bulbs:
- Large and healthy.
- Small and healthy.
- Damaged In case a portion of the healthy bulbs disappears and the patients can be saved.
If it was not possible to carefully dig up the onion of tulips and mechanical cuts were formed, then the damaged areas are sprinkled with crushed coal. The damaged area should be cut out, placed in a solution of potassium permanganate for about twenty minutes, then dried and anointed with a disinfectant.
Place sorted tulip bulbs in separate containers. Keep should be in a ventilated and warm place, without exposure to sunlight.
How to transplant tulips?
Tulips are bulbous plants, transplant them regularly. If you follow certain methods of cultivation, plant them not close to each other, then you can forget about transplanting for several years. When planting tulips kids and adult bulbs sit separately. Next year, adults will bloom, and kids only in a year.
Tulip planting rules:
- Planted onions in the hole at a depth of at least ten centimeters. Sand is poured into the recess, and the bulb is located vertically, otherwise the tulip will grow into the ground.
- Fill the onion follows ground mixed with wood ash.
- Large tulips are seated at a distance of ten centimetersthe smaller ones are slightly smaller.
- Small tulips sit on the edges of the flower beds., and large in the middle. So that the large ones do not block the light with small ones.
- Children transplanted to a separate bed or flower bed. Since this year they will not give color, but will only grow to a large bulb.
- When plants are replanted, you should put a label in order not to forget their location over the winter.
- Cover with nakryvnym material, after the onset of cold weather cover with additional material.
For maximum results, take into account several main factors:
- Choosing the right place. Tulips are sun-loving plants. And they must be protected from strong winds. Therefore, the place chosen prudently, this will veil the appearance. Pay attention to the irregularities and slopes, as well as the soil layer must be permeable to water.
- Soil preparation. The soil should be moisture-absorbing and loose. The level of air capacity is very important. These factors play a big role in how your flowers will look. Stock up on the necessary fertilizer for tulips, as the soil should be maximally provided with nutrients. If the soil is clay, then increase the permeability. To do this, dilute this soil with river sand, at the rate of one square meter of soil per twenty kilograms of sand.
- Choosing the right fertilizer. It is necessary to fertilize the soil at least once a year. If you plan to transplant tulips in the spring, just now you can add fertilizer. The fertilizer is calculated as follows: one square meter of soil per ten kilograms of fertilizer. It is not recommended to use fresh manure, for this you should wait about six months. Do not forget about minerals, they should be added to the transplant in about 4 weeks. Mineral substances include superphosphate and potassium salt.
At observance of the rules set forth above, you will create favorable conditions for change and for good further development.
Before transplanting the bulbs prepare:
- You must carefully select the bulbs, at the same time to separate the diseased from healthy.
- The selected onion bulbs are placed in a solution of potassium permanganate for an hour or use special antifungal substances.
- Dry thoroughly bulbs.
Stories of our readers!
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Fertilizer really gives a more intensive growth of garden plants, and they bear fruit much better. Now you cannot grow a normal crop without fertilizer, and this dressing increases the amount of vegetables, so I am very pleased with the result. "
To tulips pleased with the beauty in May, they are planted in the fall. Tulips begin to transplant late fall about a month before frost.
For this, they are determined with the time of transplantation and follow a few simple rules:
- Region of residence:
- Replace the inhabitants of the southern strip towards the end of October.
- Residents of the middle lane to replant from mid-September to early October.
- Residents of the northern strip to replant in early September.
- Temperature condition:
- Air temperature - not more than ten degrees heat. Thus, the bulb will have time to take root well, and the frost will not be terrible.
- If transplanted into the heated soil, they can begin to sprout, and the sprouts will die from the first frost.
And to find out that a tulip is ready for replanting, there are several factors:
- The bulb has acquired a yellow-brown color.
- Flowers bloomed, and the top of the stem dried out.
Features transplant spring
Gardeners do not advise replanting tulips in the spring, because the bulbs have little time to settle down.
But there are ways to preserve flowering:
- The onion is dug up with a large piece of land.without damaging the roots, then transplanted to a new place.
- Digging bulbs and preparing for transplanting in summer, for the winter is placed in a container. The depth of the box is not less than fifteen centimeters.
- Spring bulbs with sproutscarefully dig up from the container and transplanted into the prepared soil.
Tips for future transplants
Gardeners may have a question - how often are tulips transplanted? In theory, tulips are transplanted every year to preserve varietal qualities.. But practice shows that gardeners have learned to save flowers, and not replanting.
There are different varieties: some need an annual transplant, and some do not. Nature is very intelligent and cunning at the same time. Therefore, consider the scientific approach, and every gardener will have to decide for himself how and when to plant tulips.
Is it possible to transplant blooming tulips?
Often there are situations when there is an urgent need to transplant an already flowering plant. For example, when forming a new bed or when changing the design of a garden design.
When transplanting a flowering plant, you must dig it out with a clod of earth
For a successful event, you must observe the following rules:
- pre-cut the flower, leaving the stem with 2 lower sheets.
- you should dig a plant with a bayonet spade along with a clod of earth, trying to minimally disturb the root and tuberous system of the flower.
Transplanting tulips during their flowering period has a huge advantage in that it is possible to decorate your home with beautiful floral elements.