These charming flowers are very similar to miniature roses or poppies. For their appearance and unpretentiousness, florists of the whole world simply adore Ranunkulyus. In nature, you can find wild representatives of Ranunculus. The plant, which we are accustomed to see in flowerbeds of garden plots, is the fruit of the work of breeders.
Cultivation and care
- Herb plant low growth. The height of the stem barely reaches fifty centimeters.
- Trunk, branched and covered with leaves.
- The diameter of the inflorescences ranges from seven to twelve centimeters. The colors are bright, sometimes consisting of two colors.
- The leaves in their form resemble the foliage of dahlias.
- The root system is tuberiform.
Buttercup flowers are poisonous plants. Therefore, they should be kept away from animals and small children.
Although this flower is widely distributed in South America, Australia and China, East and, more precisely, Turkey is considered the birthplace of buttercup. It was from Turkey that the buttercup was exported to England, where it immediately gained unprecedented popularity. Wild buttercup not as attractive as its hybrid brother. His inflorescences are simple, non-double. You can meet them in many regions of Russia.
Many novices confuse them with other flowers, often mistaking them for peonies.
There are several varieties. Most popular for growing:
- Very similar in appearance to the peony African. The leaves are large, and the inflorescences are turned inward a little.
- Low Anemolist barely thirty inches tall. Grows in the form of a bush with bright, velvety inflorescences.
- Asian looks very similar to a rose. The height of the bush in this class is about thirty centimeters.
- High Aconitol blooms with white or yellow flowers. The height of the bush about eighty centimeters.
- Frost resistant caustic can be found in the wild. Blooms bright yellow shades and has healing properties.
- MulticolorIt also blooms in yellow, and the stem height is about fifty centimeters.
As a rule, beautiful flowering in buttercups lasts for five years, after which they are advised to update.
Planting and breeding
Buttercups are bred in two ways: by dividing the bush and seeds. Buttercups are both annual and perennial. When buying, consider this first.
It does not make sense to collect seeds for planting, as the result can only upset. Young buttercups will be different from the parent material is not for the better. Purchase seeds from a flower shop. Sow them prepared in advance soil consisting of parkland, peat and sand. Deepen them should not. As well as the seeds after planting do not water, but only moistened with a spray bottle. Top sure to cover them with glass or package.
Occasionally open the glass, wipe the condensate and spray the soil. Twenty days later, there will be already noticeable shoots. Capacity is transferred to a warm and bright place and grow further. The plant is transplanted into separate pots only when five leaves appear on each seedling.
Transplant using roots
Plant roots purchased in specialized stores, from trusted suppliers. This is the only way to get a beautiful and healthy flower.
The roots must be dried, without visible damage and mold. At home, be sure to soak them in a solution of manganese, only make the solution is not strong, but only slightly pink. It is enough to hold in the solution for no more than forty minutes. For another twelve hours, let the roots lie wrapped in a damp cloth in the refrigerator.
Instead of water, you can soak the roots for three hours in a growth stimulator. Thus, achieve a significant increase in the cones on the roots.
Once the roots are sufficiently swollen, proceed with the landing. Planted immediately in open ground, and the place for planting should be well protected from drafts. Buttercups feel great in warmth, surrounded by higher plants.
Soil these flowers prefer moderately moist and saturated with humus, and a good drainage of the soil should be a prerequisite. Buttercups are planted in the twenties of May, when warm weather will set. If you are unsure of the May heat, it is better to play it safe and plant flowers first in peat pots, and in early June, plant on a flower bed.
When planting, consider the distance between the flowers. It should be at least ten centimeters. Dig a hole not more than five centimeters deep. Watered immediately after planting moderately to prevent rotting of the roots.
These flowers just multiply well. Buttercups are able to grow throughout the flower bed with a rather short period. So, for the season you can get seven new babies from one adult shrub.
Buttercups try to plant alone, in separate glades or flowerbeds. Flowers are so beautiful and diverse in their shades that they are able to create amazing compositions.
For these flowers, watering should be in moderation. This plant is equally bad tolerates drought and overflow. When drought they begin to dry very quickly and it happens much faster than other colors. In case of overmoistening, the roots of buttercups are rotting. You can save them only by digging up the plant and drying the roots. In addition, be sure to hold the roots in a solution of manganese, to protect them from the fungus.
Garden buttercups look great in a vase and can be kept fresh for a very long time. They are usually cut at an angle of forty-five degrees.
Weeding and fertilizer
Buttercups are very demanding for good soil drainage. Without weeding and removing weeds in the care of buttercups can not do. These flowers love top dressing and the presence of nutrients in the soil, so in spring and early summer feed them with nitrogen-containing fertilizers. As soon as it starts budding period, let's buttercups potash fertilizer. Fertilize them once every two weeks, and in the fall all feeding is stopped.
Be sure to cut and remove dried inflorescences and leaves. Thus, you not only give the flowers a decorative look, but also protect them from diseases.
The flowering of buttercups usually lasts until the end of August. In early September, buttercups are carefully dug and folded into cardboard boxes. The soil from the roots should shake. Store them at room temperature, occasionally ventilated. If your region has warm winters, then buttercups can be left to winter in the garden. Usually they are covered with foil, and on top they are weighed down with branches or improvised means.
How to grow a buttercup room
This flower is grown with pleasure in indoor conditions. Compact small bush with bright flowers and attractive foliage, very much like flower growers, and simple care allows you to do breeding flower even for beginners. I pick up a small pot in which the soil mixture consisting of park earth, sand and humus is poured. Be sure to put an expanded clay pot on the bottom.
For each spine should take a separate pot. Feed them with nitrogenous and potash fertilizers. After the buttercup has faded, it is removed from the pot and the root is sent to a cool place for three months. After that they plant again.
In winter, when there is not enough natural light, they use a lamp.
Diseases and pests
Garden flowers are quite resistant, but they also have problems.
- These flowers are very afraid of waterlogging. In case of stagnation of water, the root begins to rot instantly. The plant buds fall off, and the leaves are covered with brown spots.
- For this reason, fungus can develop. Then buttercups dig out, dried and treated with a solution of manganese.
- Garden buttercups nematodes often attack.
- The leaves of the flower are very popular with butterflies.
To get rid of pests, use drugs - inteksidy. But, in general, buttercups are resistant plants and rarely get sick. The best variety for home breeding is Asian.
This plant is poisonoustherefore, it is impossible to cook broths or tinctures. Use the leaves of the plant exclusively for the preparation of rubbing for gout, scabies and pain in the joints. All parts contain saponins, tannins and vitamin C.
Description of a buttercup garden
The plant is a herbaceous perennial species. Branched bushes covered with leaves like dahlia grow small (up to 50 cm). The root has a tuber-like shape. The size of the flowers reaches 12 cm in diameter for specific species. Now there are many hybrid varieties of garden buttercup, for growing and caring in a regular garden, derived from wild types of buttercup. Under natural conditions, botanists have discovered about 600 types of plants. Among them:
- buttercup caustic
Near the water bodies, in the meadows, in the mountains of various regions of the planet, you can find a beautiful, tenacious plant. Aconitolous (borecellular) giant (height reaches one meter), covered with snow-white or yellow flowers, can be seen on garden beds.
The most ornamental and popular in the gardens is Ranunkulyus Asian, with flowers of varying degrees of terry and a variety of petals. Buttercup flowers resemble small roses, peonies, poppies. According to their form, the following types are distinguished:
- Talsoids (African). Dense flowers have the form of a ball with petals bent inside (very similar to peonies).
- French Semi-double view with a two-row arrangement of petals.
- Persian. The plant is short with simple, semi-double flowers.
- Peony. Flowers terry, large sizes. In the climate of central Russia (less demanding on weather conditions), the cultivation of garden buttercups of this type is most popular.
Representatives of the Blooming Valley series are among the best garden buttercups:
Growing garden buttercups
Beautiful bushes, suitable for cutting, blooming for 5 years, can be obtained by following the rules of growing technology, following the advice of experts. Among them are the following tips on how to plant buttercups, the stages of plant care.
Preparing a place in the garden
Buttercups are planted in spring in a porous, fertile soil with good drainage conditions.
Place landing buttercups should not be in the drafts, bright sun. The presence of wind, an excess of scorching rays restrain the flowering processes, the setting of seeds.
The soil is chosen loose with a slightly acidic, neutral acidity value. Before planting buttercups in the spring, it is recommended to make compost, humus. A good landing site is considered to be a plot with close surface waters, creating a (optimal) humid climate. Young shoots appear in 10 - 14 days. If threatened by frost, it is recommended to cover them. The time when planting buttercups in open ground is determined by the steady repetition of positive temperatures at night. Choosing a landing site, we must remember that buttercup flowers contain poisonous compounds.
Despite the fact that in nature buttercups grow well in wet conditions, before planting garden buttercups, you need to know that the flower responds equally badly to drought, waterlogging.
The tubers of garden buttercups quickly rot, dying with frequent, abundant watering. They save them by digging them out of the ground in time, treating them with potassium permanganate and drying.
Watering plants produce regularly, in small portions. For effective cultivation, it is advised to close them during heavy rains, to make high-quality drainage at the bottom of the planting pits. During flowering, watering is reduced. Care for buttercups after flowering completely eliminates watering. The signal is the disappearance of all buds, the appearance of yellow leaves. Watering is accompanied by weeding, loosening the soil.
Top dressing, fertilizer
Growing and caring for buttercups in the garden will not be effective without properly organized feeding, giving strength to the young plant. Especially responsible time are the periods of growth of seedlings, the formation of leaves, the appearance of the first buds.
Feed every 10 days using organic, mineral fertilizers.
Make maximum nitrogen in the period of active growth of bushes. Use a mullein solution when the buds appear, and then use phosphorus-potassium fertilizers.
Before feeding, it is advisable to carefully remove dry leaves, inflorescences.
Pest and disease control
The plant is resistant to many pests that attack flower beds. Excessive watering causes dampness and attracts cabbage moths. You can defeat them using chemicals, folk remedies, similar to the care of a vegetable garden bed.
The problem that leads to the death of tubers, are viruses that lead to the loss of decorative flower. Experts advise more often (no less than at 3.4 years old) to rejuvenate the plant with new tubers purchased in the store.
Preparing for the winter
Active flowering bushes occurs until the end of August. Next, the plant needs to organize the conditions of preparation for winter storage, the next growth season. In mid-September, the plants are dug up, dried, placed in cardboard boxes, covered with sawdust, peat or moss. Knowing how to store buttercups in the winter is of great importance for obtaining quality material for the next season.
Store the tubers should be at a temperature of + 4 + 6 ° C. Leave to spend the winter in the garden can be subject to warm winters. Landings cover with a film, close with spruce branches, other branches.
A useful agrotechnical technique (in the cultivation of garden buttercups), which keeps the bush decorative for a long time, is the correct pruning. Do it in the following cases:
- Remove shoots with dried buds. Bush blooms unevenly, it is always possible to see the branches, which are in different stages of development. Trimming maintains a beautiful view of the bush.
- Garden buttercups stand well in bouquets. Modern varieties of the Persian group of plants have long stems and remain decorative for about two weeks.
Cut the stems in the water (the cut must be oblique), remove all the leaves to the water level, constantly add water, tear off the withered buds, bud, do not keep the bouquet in a draft.
Reproduction of buttercups
Now it is easy to buy ready-made tuber, seedling and admire the new hybrid plant variety of any shade, shape. But if you want to go through all the stages of development (plant, perform care) buttercup garden seeds, you can use the following information:
- Seed propagation of buttercups is considered a difficult task. Especially if it begins with the collection of seeds of a garden buttercup on its own plot. It is recommended to remove them from the first strong flowers that most fully preserve the properties of the parent plant. A flower on a bush is tied with gauze and waiting for the seeds to ripen. In February (or in early March) they are sown in a container filled with soil consisting of peat, leaf soil, sand (the recommended proportions are 1: 1: 0.5). Planting depth of seeds is no more than 1 cm. Crops are carefully moistened with a spray gun. The box is covered with glass, placed in a room with a temperature of about + 12º C. Shoots will appear in three, four weeks. The container is transferred to a lighter, warmer place (temperature is not below + 20º C). Seedlings are transplanted in separate containers after the appearance of four true leaves. Then comes the time of planting, leaving buttercup in the open field.
- Growing buttercups from tubers. Buttercup roots are similar to small cones, planted in open ground in late April, early May. Before planting, they are soaked in a solution of any growth promoter. Put them "claws" to the bottom of the fossa at a distance of about 15 cm from each other. On heavy soils, the embedment depth is maintained at about 5 cm. On the lungs, it increases to 8 cm.
The process of growing buttercups garden is an exciting experience. The labor expended is rewarded with the beauty of an unusual carpet when a buttercup blooms, pleasing the hosts even on the most overcast day.
Varieties and types
Buttercup Asian (it is a garden buttercup, decorative ranunculus) is the most decorative of all species, wildly growing in south-eastern regions of Europe and in Asia Minor. The stem of this perennial plant grows only up to 50 cm in length, but the diameter of the flowers is larger than that of the caustic - 4-6 cm.
The variety of garden forms of Asian buttercup includes varieties with bright double and semi-double flowers, white, pink, red, orange and purple flowers.
- For example, buttercup rose bicolor - a variety up to 25 cm tall, with double white flowers with petal tips painted pinkish, which gives it a resemblance to a miniature rose,
- BUT Buttercup pikotti has white flowers with purple tips of the petals.
Buttercup varieties are conventionally divided into the following 4 groups:
- turbid buttercupshaving large spherical and dense flowers,
- persian buttercupshaving simple or semi-double flowers, short,
- french buttercupshaving only semi-double flowers,
- peony buttercups with dimensional double flowers.
In our climate, peony buttercups, which are less demanding in weather conditions, are especially popular. Forcing buttercups at home is a rather painstaking process, but for those who have the strength and patience, it is quite possible to take on this business.
Wild buttercup species
Лютик едкий - A typical representative of this genus, growing in Eastern and Central Europe, as well as in the Caucasus and Western Siberia. Perennial plant reaches 1 meter in height, may be slightly pubescent, with bright yellow flowers up to 2 cm in diameter, quite winter-hardy and not demanding to care (especially if you plant it on the bank of a stream or reservoir).
Buttercup creeping can be seen in various places, from Europe to Africa, mainly in the shaded parts of the shores of lakes and rivers, forest marshes, fields. Its height is about 40 cm.
Buttercup poisonous grows in swampy areas of Siberia, the European part of Russia and the Far East, covering the shores of reservoirs and ditches. Representatives of this species are either annual or biennial plants up to 45 cm high, with small (up to 1 cm in diameter) light yellow flowers.
Buttercup water - has small white flowers, yellow in the middle, rising 3-10 cm above the surface of the water. It grows on any ponds and streams. Shallow waters are also suitable for growing buttercup gmelincharacterized by small carved foliage and small yellow flowers.
Also one of those species that prefer wetlands, where it can reach 60 cm in height. Its yellowish or golden color is not grouped flowers, blooming on the tops of the shoots, along with other parts are widely used in medicine, and the tubers - in the manufacture of food additives.
Buttercup Kashubian - a long-term representative up to 50 cm high. It is characterized by the presence of round-bud-like or rounded basal foliage at the edges of the vegetative stems.
Buttercup multicolor relatively high (up to 80 cm), its stem and leaf stalks are pubescent. The diameter of bright yellow flowers is no more than 3 cm. Wild multi-flowered buttercups are ubiquitous in forests and meadows.
Buttercup is sulfur yellow (sometimes called “Arctic buttercup") Grows in Siberia, Arctic Europe, North America in the marshes of the tundra, near the snowfields. It is characterized by a height of not more than 25 cm. The flowers are arranged singly, rarely two, in diameter are 1.5-2.5 cm, their color corresponds to the name of the species.
Buttercup boretselistny (not officially - white buttercup) grows in the mountains of Central Europe as a perennial with pubescent shoots up to 60 cm tall. Its garden forms include varieties with dimensional double flowers of white and golden-yellow flowers. High winter resistance allows this species to withstand temperatures down to -29.
Buttercups garden planting and care
With the onset of mid-May, the likelihood of night frost returning is practically nil, and that is when the buttercups are planted. The best place for them is a sunny / half-shaded area with protection from drafts and sharp winds.
Each hole dug at a mutual distance of 15–20 cm is sprinkled with drainage material (sand or expanded clay aggregate), after which a seedling is placed in it. This should be done with a peat-humus pot or a clod of earth, if the seedlings were grown in plastic pots. The hole should be filled with garden soil, compact it and pour over the landing site.
Most likely the young will not bloom in the same year, but the next one can be expected. Caring for buttercups includes tracking their growth in order to prevent growth beyond the established limits and displacing other plants from the beds.
For a garden buttercup, overdrying is just as detrimental as excessive flooding, since in the first case its roots dry up and in the second they rot. In connection with this, the buttercup has gained fame as a capricious plant that requires an intuitive approach to watering.
This means that the need to water the plant can be judged only after palpating the ground with your hands. When flowering is over, and the leaves turn yellow, watering should be reduced.
Asian buttercups are extremely poor tolerate transplant. Therefore, it is better to pick up the optimal place for them before disembarking and not to disturb them later.
They are so fragile that they may even die due to this procedure.
Achieve abundant rich flowering buttercup without dressings will not work. When the vegetation phase begins, it begins to be fertilized with fertilizers with a large volume fraction of nitrogen, such as Kemira wagon.
When the buds appear, it is necessary to switch to fertilizing with phosphorus and potassium (Kemira Suite). Fertilization is carried out once every 2 weeks.
Pruning buttercup do at the end of flowering. After the withering of the peduncles, they are cut almost to the root.
Also, during the flowering period, it is recommended to cut the buds that have bloomed so that they do not interfere with the blooming of new flowers.
Buttercups in winter
If climatic conditions permit, by the winter, buttercups can be covered with foliage or spruce leaves, rather than digging them out.
If you keep the old rhizomes for the winter, they will make a less strong plant, so experienced gardeners recommend purchasing new tubers annually.
Growing buttercups from seeds
Garden buttercups need to be sown on seedlings early so that they have time to develop before the onset of frost - in February or early March. The substrate in the container / box should be leveled and scattered over its surface seeds, keeping a distance of 1.5 cm, then carefully cover them with sifted soil on top (depth should not exceed 3 mm).
After that, it is recommended to spray and cover the container with a film. Buttercups need a moist environment for germination, a temperature of 15-20 and bright lighting (for example, a well-lit window sill). Humidification is recommended to be carried out with the help of a fine spray dispenser, preventing the soil from drying out, and one should not forget to periodically wipe the glass for drying and ventilate the room.
The first shoots should appear in 15-20 days, after which the film should be removed, the temperature should be raised to 18-22 and start to make additional highlights so that the light day for the plant lasts at least 10 hours. Landing is carried out in the first year of cultivation.
Reproduction of buttercup root buds
In the summer, buttercup roots are overgrown with daughter root cones that can be used for breeding.
Digging up the plant at the end of the summer, they are carefully separated, sent for storage and planted next spring. Flowering "daughters" can be expected next year or two.
Garden buttercups: varieties and varieties
The charming flowers of buttercups are familiar to us from childhood. They are bright and beautiful, which is why they are often mentioned in songs, poems, and are also actively used in landscape design. Their toxicity gave impetus to the name, and breathtaking beauty influenced the caressing form of "buttercup".
Buttercups are perennials, the root system of which is represented by tubers. Their color range is very rich. You can find these flowers in white, orange, red, pink and even two-tone. There are two main varieties of these amazing plants.
- Asian or Persian. Asian buttercups reach a height of 40 cm. They have incredibly beautiful terry or simple flowers resembling roses, various colors, as well as small tubers instead of roots. It is in the tubers that they store nutrients for the winter period, during which the land part of these plants disappears. Garden buttercups are very fond of heat and sunlight, but they have learned to grow them even at fairly low temperatures.
There are many different types of garden buttercups:
- creeping etc.
The most common yellow-colored buttercups, they are often used in traditional medicine. Many species are used as beautiful ornamental plants.
Planting a plant
For planting garden buttercups, choose warm and sheltered places. They are not too whimsical to the soil, but they clearly fit the planting in a well-drained, heated, moderately moist and humus-rich open field. Let's take a look at how the plants themselves are made.
Landing of ranunculus in the open field is carried out in mid-May, when the weather is already warm. Excessively wet or cold land can cause the death of plants. If frost still occurs in your area in May, then first plant the buttercups in pots from peat or paper bags from a newspaper. You can leave the plants in the veranda or on the balcony, the optimum temperature for them will be 15-18 degrees. After the arrival of warming, planting buttercups in a flowerbed will become available.
Planting these plants in open ground, where further cultivation will take place, involves pre-soaking root nubs in warm water for 2 hours, sometimes using high-quality growth stimulants instead of water. After this procedure, the bumps will increase significantly in size.
It is necessary to dig a 5 cm hole in the ground and place the plant cones down in it. The distance between plantings should be at least 10 cm. Then, you can water the ground a little, but not abundantly, so that the plants do not start to rot. As you can see, planting buttercups does not involve any complicated manipulations.
Perennial garden buttercups are non-capricious plants. But in order for your buttercups to grow up healthy and to please the eye, you should stick to a few tips and provide them with the right care.
The root system of garden buttercups rather sharply reacts both to excessive moisture and to excessive drought. Therefore, special attention should be paid to proper watering. From time to time, test the soil, controlling its moisture level. If you feel dry, then it is worth a little to water the plant. To protect the buttercups from overflowing, drainage in the form of pebbles or expanded clay, poured to the bottom of the planting hole, will help, sometimes pieces of birch coal are added. By the end of flowering (August), watering should be gradually reduced.
Council In no case do not fill the ranunculus with plenty of water and do not water too often. Such an "obsessive" care can lead to the appearance of mold on the rhizome and rotting, from which the plant soon dies.
When the flower stalks and leaves die off (August-September), garden buttercups dig up. The root system of plants is shaken off the ground, dried and stored in boxes or paper bags. For storage, choose a place with good ventilation and room temperature. However, there are those who simply throws out the old rhizomes, and in the spring buys new ones for planting. In the southern regions, buttercups with a special protective cover can tolerate the winter relatively well.
Types and varieties
The botanical name of the garden buttercup is ranunculus, and only two main varieties of these lovely flowers are distinguished in floriculture.
- Asian or Persian. This variety of buttercups in height can reach 40 cm. The flowers are very beautiful, double, resemble roses. Their color can be very diverse. The plant has a corm instead of roots, which stores nutrients for the winter. In cold weather, the aerial part of the flower disappears.
- Talsoids or African. These buttercups have larger foliage, and their flowers are distinguished by unusual petals. In African varieties, they are strongly bent inward, so that the flowers are very similar to peonies.
Based on these two varieties, a huge number of various types of buttercups were bred. Among them are many-flowered, caustic, creeping, aquatic, burning and many others. Buttercups with yellow petals are common on our sites in culture. They are also often used to treat healers.
Plant growing from seed
Even in the middle band, you can independently collect buttercup seeds. To do this, leave the bush on the bush the very first color and wait until the seeds ripen. In their box can be up to 500 pieces.
After harvesting, the seeds are dried, sorted and put into a paper envelope, where the material is stored all winter. It is desirable that the temperature in the room was not higher than 15 degrees Celsius.
It is very important to use seeds only last year when sowing buttercups, because they very quickly lose their germination. For this reason, when purchasing planting material in a store, you should check the release date on the package.
About 1/5 of the seed during germination can give a completely unexpected color flowers. However, many flower growers like it when a bed of buttercups of various colors is blooming.
Garden buttercups are sown either in containers or directly into open ground. But it is desirable to have a mini-greenhouse above the flowerbed when sowing in the garden.
- The soil for sowing should be loose, necessarily, fertile, light.
- The soil before sowing should be shed with a weak solution of manganese to prevent contamination of the sprouts.
- Sowing in the garden with the first warm days.
Under the same conditions, buttercups can be sown with the arrival of the first sunny days in March. It is desirable, in regions with a cool climate to grow them through seedlings, so that before autumn digging the tubers have time to mature.
- For growing seedlings, the container is filled with the soil mixture and is well leveled.
- Optimally, if the seeds are laid out on the surface of the earth one by one. Between them there should be about 1.5 cm.
- After sowing, the seeds are sprinkled with a thin layer of soil and sprayed by planting from a spray bottle.
- It is important not to spill the soil before sowing. Water the seeds only after they are covered with soil.
- After spraying planting need to tighten the film to create the effect of a greenhouse.
Culture does not like heat, so the optimum temperature for seed germination is + 15ºС. The first couple of weeks it is desirable to keep the temperature around + 12ºС. In such conditions, seedlings appear a little later, but the shoots will be hardened.
For germination you need a lot of light, so the container must be kept in the sun. Daily landing air. It is very important to illuminate the shoots, as the buttercups need a long light day.
How to plant garden buttercups in open ground
When sprouts appear on a pair of true leaves, they dive into separate pots for growing. In the first year, with the onset of truly warm days, seedlings are transferred to the garden. Expect flowering in the same season from such plants is not worth it. They just grow all summer, in the fall they dig up the tubers, and next year the bushes will bloom.
How to plant buttercups properly so that they quickly acclimatized in new conditions?
- Usually in the middle lane flowers are planted in a flower bed in late May.
- When choosing a site for planting, it should be borne in mind that buttercups love high humidity, but they do not tolerate stagnant moisture at the roots. Therefore, the site should be on a hill so that all the excess moisture goes into the ground.
- Seedlings are planted in deep holes with drainage arranged at the bottom. You can transfer the flowers in a pot of peat, which grew seedlings.
- Leave the same level of burial, trying not to destroy the earthen clod around the roots when planting.
- The earth is immediately compacted and shed.
- If necessary, fill up the ground.
Buttercup (or Ranunculus) is a perennial herbaceous plant found in nature in Australia, Asia, North and South America, Africa, and Europe. Buttercup garden appeared through the work of breeders. It differs from its wild relative in size of a flower, a variety of colors.
Garden buttercup is a short, bushy perennial, from 40 to 100 cm high. Its stem is erect, tuberiform root. Flowers from 5 to 10 cm in diameter, simple, semi-double or terry, of various colors. The exceptions are blue and blue, which does not yet exist.
IMPORTANT. All buttercups are poisonous, so it is not recommended to plant them in the yard if there are children in the house.
The most popular varieties and varieties of buttercups with photos
There are two varieties of this flower. Which include several subspecies:
- Asian (Persian) - plants about 40 cm tall with double or simple flowers, similar to roses.
- Afrikan (turbid)- have larger leaves and petals bent inward. This variety looks more like a peony.
The most popular when growing in the garden are the following types of flower:
- Caustic - widely distributed in nature, grows in meadows and forests of Asia and Europe. It has healing properties. Blooming golden - yellow flowers in June. Winter-hardy, can grow in partial shade.
- Aconitolite (or borecellular) - A bushy plant up to 80 cm in height. Flowers are white or yellow.
- Anemoliferous - short, about 30 cm, yellow-flowered, rarely belotsvetkovy.
- Multicolor - from 40 to 80 cm in height. The flowers are yellow, shiny. It blooms from June to August.
- Hybrid varieties - derived from the Asian species. Have a variety of color and shape of the flower. There are even two-tone color.
IMPORTANT. Experienced gardeners advise every 3-4 years to change the varieties of buttercups in their area, acquiring new rhizomes, because over time they lose their decorative effect.
Time and place for planting buttercups in the open field
In the middle of May, buttercups are planted in open ground.
Purchase planting material is in February and March. Before planting, store tubers at 17 degrees of heat in a ventilated room. На рассаду лютик сажают в начале апреля. Но при этом учтите, что пересадку этот цветок не любит, поэтому нужно сажать его в торфяные горшочки или таблетки. Но целесообразнее сразу сажать цветок на улицу.
В открытый грунт лютики высаживают в середине мая, после наступления настоящего тепла. Это растение теплолюбивое и не может внести даже кратковременных заморозков.
For landing you need to choose a sunny place, but with a diffused sun or some penumbra. It is important to choose a place protected from drafts and gusts of wind. An ideal place would be near a bush, from which part of the day falls a shadow, or under a low, not too spreading tree.
IMPORTANT. If you plant a buttercup on a too bright, sunny place, then it will bloom for a short time and not much.
Neighborhood in flowerbed with other plants and flowers
It is not necessary to plant a buttercup next to bright flowers, on their background small bushes will be lost. The exception is the blue anemone, with her buttercup looks good.
IMPORTANT. Watch how the buttercup grows in the flowerbed. This flower is quite aggressive, and can supplant other flowers, capturing their space with its root system.
Tubers before planting soaked for 10-12 hours so that they are saturated with moisture. You can use a growth promoter or a solution of potassium permanganate. Swollen roots become like spiders. Once this has happened, you can start landing.
For planting prepare the wells, at the bottom of which lay drainage. Plant tubers should be 5 cm deep. Between plants leave a distance of 15-20 cm. Tubers planted down legs. Shoots appear in 10-14 days.
IMPORTANT. If after landing there is a threat of frost, buttercups must be covered with straw or a covering material.
Care for the buttercup flower in the open field
Buttercup - unpretentious plant
Buttercup is a rather unpretentious plant and does not require any special attention to itself. It is enough to carry out watering, but without waterlogging, and loosening the soil, to ensure air access to the roots.
For regular flowering important timely feeding every two weeks. At the beginning of the growing season fertilizing is carried out with nitrogen fertilizers. From the beginning of budding until the end of flowering, potash-phosphorus mixtures are introduced.
During flowering, remove all blooming and drying flowers. At the end of flowering dramatically reduce the frequency and abundance of watering. If this is not done, the roots may rot. As soon as wilting of foliage begins, watering is stopped.
IMPORTANT. In case of rainy weather, the landing place for buttercups needs to be covered with a film so that the roots do not over-humidify.
Storage of tubers
Buttercups do not tolerate frost, so they are dug for the winter. It is worth doing this in September, after complete drying of the aerial part. Dug up tubers cleaned from the ground, dried. It is recommended to store them in a dry room at a temperature of 19-21 degrees. To store them wrapped in cloth. You can also put the tubers in pots with dry peat.
What are buttercups
The plant is resistant to diseases, but still with the wrong care some problems may arise. Waterlogging can cause root rot. This can be avoided with the help of drainage and regular watering. If you notice mold on the leaves and flowers, remove them and immediately stop watering. Loosen the soil to wind the roots.
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Excessive hydration is also indicated by dropping the buds. Dry the soil, and the buttercup will come to life and continue flowering.
In cold damp weather, the plant can be affected by powdery mildew. For prevention and treatment, use special fungicides for this disease.
Plant pests and control
Nematode, a common pest on this plant
A frequent guest in the buttercup root system is a nematode. If you notice that the foliage is curled and the plant is behind in development, then it is affected by this pest. You can get rid of it by digging a bush and washing the roots in water at a temperature of 50 degrees with potassium permanganate.
The appearance on the foliage of yellow or silver spots indicates the defeat of a spider mite. The plant in this case must be treated with insecticide.
Methods of breeding buttercups
The easiest way to reproduce is to divide the roots. During the growth around the main tuber a lot of additional roots are formed, children, from each of them you can get an additional bush of a flower.
It's hard to get new plants from seeds.because their germination rate is rather low. Sowing is carried out at the end of February in boxes filled with a mixture of earth and peat or sand. In the soil make grooves, spread the seeds and sprinkle them with a layer of soil no higher than 2 cm.
The first two weeks, the boxes with crops are kept at a temperature of 10-15 degrees. The soil should be constantly wet, since even light drying will cause the seeds not to germinate.
After three to four weeks, the first shoots appear. Boxes must be moved to a warm, at least 20 degrees place. Sprouts need the brightest place, preferably on the south window. In cloudy weather, seedlings need lighting with special phyto-lamps. Seedlings can be planted in open ground by the end of May.
IMPORTANT. Buttercup, grown from seed, will bloom only in the second year.
Buttercup as decoration of a garden and a personal plot
Buttercup is perfect for decorating any garden.
The combination of buttercups of various shades is capable of creating real landscape compositions. In a flowerbed they are planted in the foreground in small groups. You can also create from these perennials bright color spots on the lawn.
These flowers look great in pots, flowerpots and patio containers. Beautiful combinations can be achieved when planting buttercups with decorative leafy plants, for example, with hosts. Perfectly this flower looks on an alpine hill in combination with stones. The densely planted bushes along the edge of the flowerbed also look impressive. In this case, they serve as a living curb.
Features of growing in a pot and at home
Buttercups feel great not only in the flowerbed, but also in a flower pot or flowerpot. For growing in pots used undersized varieties, up to 40 centimeters. If the plant is higher, it is necessary to use a support for it, and it immediately loses its decorative effect.
In the absence of a garden plot, you can grow a beautiful buttercup on the balcony. The main condition is a sufficient amount of light and heat. Just do not let the bush in direct sunlight.
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Capacity must be selected at the rate of 1 liter of land per bush. In one capacity, it is permissible to have up to three copies. The pot is filled with a mixture of leaf soil, sand and humus (1Х1Х05). When grown in pots, more frequent watering is needed, because the earth lump dries quickly.
After flowering and foliage drying, the pot with a buttercup for the winter is placed in a dark dry place for 1-2 months. This is the resting period of the rhizome, after which a new aboveground part will appear.
REFERENCE. Asian buttercup after the extinction of foliage in the open field can be put in a pot and transferred to the house. When landing in August by November you will receive a flowering bush in the apartment. Buttercup bloom, with enough light, will be all winter. It should be located on the south window.
Garden buttercups can decorate any area that literally transforms with their appearance. Give them a little attention, and they will give you a lush and quite long flowering.
And in the statement we recommend to get acquainted with the video material on this plant, we wish you a pleasant viewing.
Planting and care for buttercups (in short)
- Landing: planting seeds for seedlings - in early March, planting seedlings in open ground - in mid-May.
- Digging: in August and September.
- Storage: in a paper bag with perforation at a temperature of 4-5 C.
- Bloom: June August.
- Lighting: bright light, partial shade.
- The soil: neutral, fertile, drained and light, but not loamy.
- Watering: moderate, regular.
- Top dressing: during the growth of green mass - 1 time per 2 weeks with nitrogen fertilizers, and during the flowering period - potash-phosphate fertilizers.
- Reproduction: tubers, seeds.
- Pests: cabbage butterflies, spider mites, nematodes.
- Diseases: root rot, mealy dew, gray rot.
Flowers buttercups - description
The garden buttercup flower is a grassy perennial plant with an average height of 65 cm. It has a tuberous, fleshy rhizome, leafy stem, branchy, trifoliate leaves, similar to dahlia leaves, flowers of 8-10 cm simple, double or brightly colored, bright colors: purple white, salmon, pink, red, orange, cream, yellow - many shades, except for blue and blue, there are two-color varieties. Long remain fresh in the cut - at least a week. But, despite all these advantages, the buttercup flower is poisonous, so keep it away from children and pets.
Buttercup garden - growing from seed
Buttercups flowers reproduce by dividing the rhizome or by the seed method. If you decide to grow buttercups from seeds, you should know that planting material is best purchased in specialized stores or departments, because collecting the seeds of your own plants is difficult, and their viability is low. Buttercups seeds are sown at the end of February or early March in loose, light soil consisting of peat land (one part), leaf soil (one part) and sand (partly). On top of the seeds lightly sprinkled with soil, which is then moistened with a spray. Capacity with crops cover glass and contain at a temperature of 10-12 ºC, regularly airing and removing condensate from glass. Shoots usually appear after 2-3 weeks, and then the container needs to be moved to a warmer and lighter place (about 20 ºC), and most suitable for this is the southern window with shading from the direct rays of the sun. If necessary, arrange additional seedlings for the seedlings. In the 4-5 phase of true leaves, young plants dive into peat-humus pots.
When to plant buttercups.
In mid-May, when the last night frosts are left behind, the garden buttercup is planted. The best place for buttercups in the garden - sunny or semi-shady areas, protected from drafts and sudden gusts of wind. Soil buttercups prefer neutral or slightly acidic (pH 5.5-6.6), nutritious, permeable and light, as well as moderately moist, because in too moist soil the buttercup roots can rot.
How to plant buttercups.
At the bottom of each hole, dug at a distance of 15-20 cm from each other, pour a little drainage material - sand or expanded clay crumb, then place a seedling in the hole along with a peat-humus pot, and if you grew seedlings in plastic or ceramic pots, Pass the seedling into the hole together with the earthy clod, fill the hole with garden soil, compact it and pour the area. This year, unfortunately, buttercups from seeds are unlikely to bloom, but next year - for sure.
How to grow buttercups.
Care for the buttercups in the garden includes properly organized watering, loosening the soil, weeding, applying additional fertilizing, timely removal of wilted flowers and pest or disease control if the need arises. You will also have to follow to ensure that the buttercup does not grow beyond the limits that you set for it, and do not force other, not so aggressive plants out of the garden or flowerbeds. It is necessary to moisturize the area with buttercups regularly, not skipping watering and not allowing waterlogging of the soil, as buttercups are very sensitive in this matter. As you can see, planting buttercups and caring for them in the garden is a simple matter, which even a beginning gardener can do.
During the period of increasing the leaf mass, the buttercup every two weeks is fed with fertilizers containing nitrogen, for example, Kemiroy-universal, and when the process of bud formation begins, it is necessary to add potash-phosphorus fertilizer with the same frequency.
Pests and diseases of buttercups.
Growing buttercups has another advantage: with proper watering, you will not have to fight either insects or diseases, as buttercups are very resistant to diseases and pests. But if you overdone the area with moisture, the plants can be affected by root rot, which is why it is so important to put a layer of drainage into each well when planting. For the sake of justice, it must be said that sometimes, in a very damp summer, buttercups are affected by powdery mildew, the leaves of the plant can attract cabbage butterflies, and the roots can attract nematodes. If you find any pests, use bioinsecticides to control them.
Buttercups after flowering
When the buttercups ottsvetut, their watering is gradually reduced, and when the leaves turn yellow, they stop watering completely. In August-September, the buttercup tubers are dug, dried to clear the garden soil, laid out in a single layer in boxes and dried at 20 ºC, then laid out in paper bags with perforations and stored until spring planting. All manipulations are carried out very carefully, because the buttercup tubers are very fragile.
Buttercup (Ranunculus acris)
- only terry forms of the species are grown in culture with large flowers of different shades of yellow.
Of the wild species, the Kamchatka buttercup, the Illyrian buttercup, the sulfur yellow buttercup, the Haast buttercup, the Alpine buttercup, the Altai buttercup, the Pyrenean buttercup and Gray buttercup attract the attention.
Fertilizer and buttercup feed
If you want garden buttercups to grow healthy, bloom profusely and beautifully, then you need to periodically feed them. During the period of leaf growth, these perennials should be fed with special fertilizers rich in nitrogen. When buttercups begin to appear in buds, they require phosphorus-potassium fertilizer. Top dressing is best every two weeks. Such simple procedures will provide your buttercups with amazing growth and flowering.
The reproduction of garden buttercups can be done in several ways. During the summer their tubers form several daughter cones, which are neatly separated, dried and stored until the next planting. Here are just blooming these buttercups only a year or two.
In addition, the cultivation of garden buttercups accept seed reproduction. Due to the short viability, it is very difficult to obtain such seeds on your own. It is better to simply purchase them in a specialized flower shop. Seeds need to be planted in March, in a loose mixture of peat land and sand. Sprinkle the seeds with soil and moisten with water from the sprayer. As you can see, the breeding of buttercups is pretty simple.
Landing cover with a film, periodically air and maintain the temperature from 10 to 12 degrees Celsius. The first shoots should appear after 2-3 weeks. After that, the container is moved to a warmer place (with an air temperature of up to 20 degrees). Seedlings require a large amount of light, so it is best to place the container on the south window and provide it with additional lighting. Only in mid-May, seedlings can be planted in open ground for further growth.
Buttercups shrub garden: a combination with other plants
As it was said earlier, for the normal growth and development of buttercups, sunlight and relative shadow are necessary. These conditions can be achieved by planting other plants next to them.
For example, all varieties of garden buttercups give a great combination with arabis. So they will receive not only the necessary shade, but also a lot of nutrients. They will also grow well near trees and bushes. If your goal of cultivation is cutting, then nothing should hinder the growth of buttercups.
Buttercups shrub garden in landscape design
Luxurious perennial rununculuses are often used in landscape design. Their varieties are able to create a truly charming composition, original, stylish, extraordinary. Group and mass plantings of these plants will beautify the surrounding space with their presence (flowerbeds, alpine slides, rockaria), and in combination with other shrubs and flowers will create just an amazing flowerbed. They are also planted in pots or stylish patio containers, which looks very fresh in modern landscape design.
Garden buttercups are very beautiful, unpretentious and amazing plants. They are able to decorate with their appearance any piece of land, make it bright, unique, become indispensable attributes in landscape design. Their cultivation will bring you a lot of pleasure. Give them your care, love, warmth, give proper care, then they will reward you with their gorgeous flowering.
Varieties of buttercups: photo
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What do buttercups have come up (now November), maybe they should be transplanted into pots and put into a room. or cover and leave on the garden. Tell me
У меня тоже взошли кусты 17 ноября , я не знала что с ними делать , пришлось выкопать и с дачи домой привезти , в горшки посадила теперь на лоджии поляна зеленая .А что дальше будет с ними ?