Cleome or cleome (Cleome) - one-, biennial herbaceous plant belonging to the family Cleome. There are about 70 types of cleoma, they can be found in all corners of the world in warm and temperate climatic regions. Due to the peculiar form of flowering, in German the name of the plant sounds “spinenpflanze” - it means “spider plant”. It is impossible not to pay attention to the glue: its unusual inflorescences look like splashes of champagne, exude a peculiar aroma, flowering lasts all summer.
The root system of the plant is powerful. Stems are strong, upright, branching, reach a height of about 1.5 m, covered with down. The lower leaf plates are divided into 5–7 elongated lobes; they can be covered with small spines at the bottom, the apical leaves are small and solid. The leaves are alternately colored in light green.
Four-bladed corollas with long stamens gather in racemes at the top of the stem. Color is white, yellow, purple, all shades of pink. In place of flowers, single-nest multi-seedlings appear in the form of a pod about 3 cm long. The aroma of flowering will surprise you - in its natural habitat it attracts small bats as pollinators. But in the fresh air in the garden, he will not annoy you, so feel free to grow beauty-glue on the plot.
When to sow glue in the ground
How to sow glue in the ground photo shoots
- Sowing seeds in open ground can be carried out in the winter from the end of September to December (depending on climatic conditions). Depth of seeding is 2 cm. Gurgle the bed with a layer of humus.
- Spring sow in late April-early May. Seal the seeds to a depth of 1.5 cm. Pour liberally.
- Thaw sprouts, weed from weeds. For the prevention of disease 1-2 times spill a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
When to plant glue on seedlings
Seedlings of cleoma in peat tablets shoots photo
How to grow glue from seeds through seedlings? To do this, start sowing seeds in late February..
- Pre-hold the seeds for 12 hours on a damp cloth in a growth retardant solution.
- Planted with a toothpick in boxes with a mixture of 1 part of sand + 2 parts of garden soil and humus.
- You can plant seeds in peat tablets.
- Spread the seeds over the surface of the soil, sprinkle with a layer of earth 1.5 cm thick.
- Crops cover with a transparent film or glass.
- Regularly air the greenhouse, moisten the soil from the pulvellizer.
After a couple of weeks, shoots will appear. It is necessary to remove the shelter, move the tank with crops to a bright place, in the evening provide additional lighting with special lamps. Water so that it dries out between waterings.
When the seedlings are stronger, refuse additional lighting, water more abundantly. Add a solution of potassium permanganate in a low concentration.
With the advent of a pair of true leaves, dive and spread on peat pots. A couple of weeks after the picking, it is necessary to feed complex mineral fertilizers using half the dosage recommended by the manufacturer. To seedlings evenly developed, from time to time they should be rotated relative to the light source.
When and how to plant seedlings of cleoma in the ground
Planting a cleoma in the ground photo
Transplant seedlings into open ground in late May-early June. Pick up the site is sunny, outside the access of strong drafts.
Best of all, cleoma grows on fertile soils with a neutral reaction. If the soil is depleted, add 1 bucket of rotted manure and 2 tablespoons of granulated fertilizer for flowers per square meter of land for digging.
Planted in the landing holes along with peat pots. Keep a distance of 50-70 cm between plants. after planting, pour a solution of humate.
How to care for glue in the garden
Cleome flower photo seedlings when planted in the ground
Cleome absolutely does not tolerate an overabundance of moisture. Water only in strong heat plentifully, but not often. The soil surface is better to mulch, then the moisture level will be constant and sufficient.
- Every 2 weeks you apply complex fertilizers intended for flowers, vegetables and seedlings (for example, Fertika-kombi or Fertika-luxury). At 10 liters of water, dissolve 2 tablespoons of fertilizer.
- For spraying weak bushes, use a solution: for 3 liters of water 1 teaspoon of fertilizer.
- Before starting to set buds to stimulate flowering, spray the plants with this solution: 1 ml of Zircon per 1 liter of water.
Diseases and pests
The plant can be considered invulnerable. If during planting all agrotechnical conditions are observed, watering is moderate and there is no groundwater near, the glue is not terrible. With the appearance of root rot, it is necessary to remove the affected areas, to carry out the treatment with a fungicide. In advanced cases, it is better to dispose of diseased plants.
The peculiar aroma of cleoma protects it from pests. Aphid appears very rarely - wash insects with soapy water, treat with insecticide.
Cleome Hassler Cleome Hassleriana
Cleome the purple queen Cleome hassleriana ‘Violet Queen’ photo
Champagne splashes are a popular variety of Hassler's Cleoma. The bush reaches a height of 1.2 m. A spherical racemose inflorescence with a diameter of about 20 cm consists of large flowers (3-4 cm in diameter) of a milky or pinkish color.
Cleome Hassler Pink Queen Cleome Rose Queen - Cleome hassleriana photo
Interesting Queen series of various shades, the most popular forms are the Pink Queen, the Purple Queen and the Cherry Queen. The pink quin or rose quin varieties are all shades of pink.
Cleome Cherry Queen Cleome hassleriana Cherry Queen
Cherry Queen is the most popular variety. The height of the stem reaches 60 cm. Corollas of cherry shade are 2-3 cm in diameter.
Delicate shades of pink and cherry elegantly complement the aerial structure of the flower, literally soaring above the bushes on almost invisible peduncles.
Cleoma White Queen White Queen Cleome Hassleriana
The White Queen variety is no less graceful. The noble white has something in common with the thin filaments of the stamens diverging to the sides, and the virginal whiteness is effectively shaded by the deep-dark color of the green leaves.
Cleome Spiny Cleome Spiny
Cleome's Spiny Purple Queen Cleome spinosa ‘Cherry Queen’
Varieties of barbed cleoma:
- Hellen Cambell - white flowers,
- Rozakenigin - corollas are painted in a delicate pink shade,
- Golden Sparkler - a variety of short stature, yellow flowers,
- Giant Pink Kjusen - flowers large, dark pink color,
- Sparkler Lavender - inflorescences lilac,
Cleome in landscape design
Cleoma in landscape design photo of flowers
A tall cleoma plant is used as a hedge. Bright flowers are beautiful in solo plantings. In groups combine different shades, creating interesting floral arrangements. Cleoma's good neighbors are fragrant tobacco, laureate, lilies, marigolds.
Kleoma has strong roots, long, strong stems with short, hard portions. The plant reaches a height of 1.5 m. The leaves are bright green, alternately arranged, slightly pubescent on the reverse side with insignificant spines. The shape of the leaves of Cleoma resemble chestnut leaves, but more pointed at the ends.
The flowers are located in the racemes, which are about 20 cm in diameter. The flowers themselves are of regular shape, of various colors - white, pink, lilac, purple and even yellow. The stamens of the flowers are long, in appearance similar to the legs of spiders. Cleoma bloom occurs from June to late September.
The fruits of Cleoma are pods up to 5 cm in length, which are single-nested multi-seedlings. Outwardly, they look like thin pods on long legs, and absolutely do not spoil the decorative appearance of the plant. Seeds are round, dark gray, with a diameter of 1-1.5 mm.
The smell of Cleoma flowers is not very pleasant, but it is not felt in the open space of the garden. Its purpose is to lure bats that produce pollination of this plant, and it perfectly scares off a variety of harmful insects.
Types and varieties of Cleoma
Currently, there are about 70 species of Cleoma. They differ in color of flowers and stalk height. The most famous are Cleome Barbed and Cleome Hassler.
- The most common variety is Cleome barbed called "The Cherry Queen". The flowers of this variety have the original shape and color of white, pink and lilac, they have a pleasant aroma. The plant stems reach a height of 60 cm, there are no spines on them. Flowering period from July to mid-September.
- The most popular Cleome Hassler variety is called Champagne Splashes. The color of the flowers is white and pink, the height of the stem reaches 120 cm. The inflorescences are about 20 cm in diameter, they really look like champagne splashes, it is clearly seen in the photo. A feature of this variety is the long flowering period - from July to the very October frosts.
Other popular varieties with colors of various colors are also derived:
- white flowers - hellen campbell,
- purple flowers - Sparkler Lavander,
- inky purple flowers - Violet Queen,
- golden yellow flowers - Golden Sparkler.
The use of Cleoma in landscape design
Cleome is a rather tall plant, it looks great in mixed flower beds and mixborders. It is successfully grown in regions with warm and temperate climates. Landscape designers recommend planting Cleome against juniper and cypress, thuja and fir.
Cleome is perfectly combined with high cereals, castor-oil, zinnia, rudbeckia, phloxes and fragrant tobacco. Often it is planted in the background of flower beds and as a hedge.
Its original, airy inflorescences are next to floribunda roses when they are the same color. The flowers of roses are at the same height with cleoma inflorescences, they seem to float on their background, like clouds across the sky.
Nice flowers Cleomes in bouquets and compositions. If its peculiar smell seems unpleasant to someone, the bouquets can be placed on open verandas and loggias. Cut the stems better in the evening.
It is necessary to remove the thorns, and put the vase with flowers in a cool place for the night, then the bouquet will stand for about 10-12 days. Florists gladly use Cleoma in compositions, it gives bouquets an exotic openwork look.
Site selection and seat preparation
Ideally suited for planting Cleoma land, well lit, not blown by winds and drafts, located in a dry place, away from groundwater. For cleoma, soils are friable, fertile, with zero acidity.
Before planting the site must be cleared of weeds, dig with the addition of compost and special granular fertilizers for flowers.
Cleomes are grown from seed. They can immediately be sown in the beds in a flower bed, and you can grow seedlings indoors, and then transplant it into open ground.
Sowing seeds of cleoma in open ground
Sowing of seeds should be done in the last days of April - the first days of May, or in November. Sowing is carried out according to the following scheme:
- Loosen and level the previously fertilized soil in the selected area.
- Soak the seeds for 10-12 hours in a solution of any growth promoter.
- Make in the soil grooves 1.5-2 cm deep, at a distance of 20-25 cm from each other and shed them with water.
- Prepared seeds sow in the grooves, sprinkle with earth and again pour water.
- For quick germination of seeds, it is recommended to cover the bed with a film or a special agrofiber.
- Permanently remove weeds so that they do not overcrow the crops.
- As soon as 2 true leaves appear on the seedlings, they should be seated at a distance of 50 cm from each other.
Growing seedlings from seed
Sowing seeds for seedlings should be carried out in February, so that by the end of spring frosts, seedlings can be moved to a flower bed. The algorithm for growing seedlings is as follows:
- Make up the soil of two parts of garden soil and two parts of humus, add one part of coarse sand. It is recommended to sterilize it in a hot oven, then fertilize it with sodium humate.
- Soak seeds in a solution of growth stimulant for 10-12 hours.
- In a special box for seedlings fill the prepared soil, compact it, make grooves in it.
- Sow the seeds to a depth of 1.5 cm, cover them with soil and moisten.
- Cover the box on top with film or glass and put in a warm place.
- After the release of the first shoots, the box with the seedlings should be moved to the window sill, and the ambient temperature should be slightly lowered.
- If there is little natural light, artificial lighting will be required.
- Moisten seedlings as necessary, preferably once shed with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
- As soon as 2 true leaves appear at the seedlings, they should be seated in separate peat pots.
- Once every 2 weeks it is necessary to feed in the form of a solution of complex fertilizer, and turn the pots relative to the sun so that the bushes grow evenly.
Planting seedlings in open ground
As soon as the danger of spring frost has passed, the seedlings can be transplanted to a flower bed. Before planting, it is desirable to spray the seedlings with a solution of growth stimulant with micronutrient fertilizers. So she will take root soon.
Transplanted on a bed of seedlings with pots at a distance of 60-70 cm from each other. After planting, the land around the plants should be mulched with humus or rotted compost.
Rules for growing cleoma
Since Cleome is a very unpretentious plant, it is not particularly difficult to care for it. But if you want to get a lush and long flowering, you will have to make some effort.
Cleome should be watered as needed when the soil is dry. Reinforced watering is needed in drought. Bright sun Cleome transfers much better than waterlogging. With prolonged rains, the plant loses its decorative appearance. After each watering the soil is desirable to loosen and carefully remove the weeds.
For good flowering 1 time in 2 weeks it is necessary to produce additional fertilizing complex fertilizers. If a shrub slowly develops, you can spray it with a solution of “Fertica Lux” over the leaves. For early flowering, it is necessary at the beginning of the budding period to spray the plant with a solution of "Zircon".
Once Cleome has faded, it must be disposed of. If you plan to get seeds, then you need to leave a few inflorescences for the formation of seed pods.
Interestingly, when the pods with seeds ripen, they begin to burst, and the seeds fly out of them with a crash, scattering throughout the district. To prevent self-seeding, experienced growers recommend tying up gauze bags to the pods, and then the ripe seeds will get into them from the bursting pod.
The obtained seeds are sown in the soil in the usual way in November-December, without soaking them in a growth stimulant solution and not watering the soil. They simply bury the seeds by 1.5 cm, and cover them with fir branches. Seeds, wintered in the soil, begin to germinate with the onset of spring.
Fight against diseases and pests
Since Cleoma flowers have a specific aroma that drives off harmful insects, you can not worry about controlling them. Moreover, Cleome can be planted in the garden to deter pests from other plantations. Also this plant has a high resistance to diseases. And this is a big plus, because the gardener does not need to make preventive treatment.
Description and varieties of cleoma
Cleoma (lat. Cleome) - herb for open ground, which is used as an annual. It belongs to the Kapersovy family. Her homeland is tropical America.
Cleome is quite hardy and undemanding, tolerates sudden changes in temperature. It is grown mainly in gardens and at the dacha plots. Planting and caring for cleomers does not cause difficulties - it sets it apart from other plants.
Reaches in height about one and a half meters. The root system is quite developed, strong rhizome with numerous woody branches. Stalk powerful, erect and durable, slightly stiff at the base, more flexible at the top with a few shoots.
The top is decorated with colorful inflorescence. The leaves on the stem are alternately arranged. They are visually reminiscent of chestnut leaves. On the leaves and stems there are glandular villi. After the flowers bloom, elongated boxes on long steps form in their place.
The seeds are black, rather small. A single multi-seedling pod-like shape is a fruit. Reproductive ability - reproduction by seeds.
Intense bloom is observed from June to September. Cleoma - drought-resistant, poorly responsive to waterlogging. He loves light and heat, bears fruit well. Fertile neutral soil is preferred for planting.
There are about 170 species, but in the domestic market one can meet only barbed glue. It has long stems, at the base of each leaf there are thorns. The flowers are predominantly pink, white, purple with characteristic stamens that resemble the legs of a spider, for which in the common people the plant is called "spider".
The following varieties of cleoma are considered the most popular:
- Cherry Queen (Cherry Queen) - color carmine-pink,
- Брызги шампанского – цветки белого, бледно-розового или молочного цвета,
- Golden Sparkler (Golden Sparkler) - light purple or lavender color,
- Helen Campbel (Helen Campbel) - white,
- Violet Queen - inky purple,
- Gigant Pink Queen - flowers are big, color is dark pink,
- Colored fountains (Reine de Cerras) - a mixture of different shades.
Planting seeds is the only suitable method to grow champagne spray in our region. It is advised to prepare in advance the planting material, in order to then have a strong and healthy plant. As the grains quickly become unusable, it is advised to use the seeds collected this year. Planting seeds begins at the beginning of the spring season.
For sowing seeds it is necessary to prepare a container with soil containing peat and sand. Young seedlings make their way slowly and uncertainly. The impetus for growth in this case will be the soaking of seeds in a growth activator. The second way is this is a change in temperature for 14 days. To do this, put a pot with a flower in a sunny place during the day, and when night falls, put it in a cold place.
In a prepared container, shallow pits are made, at a distance of three or four centimeters from each other and the seeds are evenly distributed in them. Seedlings will break through twenty-five or thirty days. When the seedlings grow on two good leaves, they must be transplanted into separate containers with a volume of three hundred milliliters.
- We advise you to apply peat tablets, as with them you can plant a flower in open ground. Do not tighten with a transplant, because it will adversely affect the sprouts. When planting seedlings in the soil, place them deeper to the leaves.
Planting in open ground
In warm areas where a sufficient amount of snow falls a flower can be planted in open ground. This must be done at the end of November or December. Do not worry, because the cap of the snow creates an atmosphere of warmth. And in the springwhen the last snow melts and the day lasts, fresh shoots will appear. In most cases this happens in April. This technique protects the plant from a painful transplant, but in this case it will bloom one month later.
Cleoma saplings are planted in the open ground at the end of spring, when the frost is completely gone. Seedlings are very sensitive to the difference in temperature. The beauty of the flower depends on the chosen habitat, it must be protected from gusts of wind and sufficiently lit.
Before planting seedlings, the soil must be well loosened and leveled. And also need to fertilize the soil with compost. The roots of sprouts during planting should be treated with a solution containing epin. On the site, planting sprouts is recommended at a distance of thirty-five to eighty centimeters from each other. For a better and rooted growth of seedlings, we recommend after planting, pour a solution of humate.
The soil for the plant must be porous and airy. Most suitable soil, not too saturated with nutrients and acids. If the soil is too nutritious, then this will lead to weak flowering, and a large growth of the bush.
Rules of transplantation of cleoma to a permanent place:
- Transplant after frost (as it is a thermophilic plant).
- The distance between seedlings is at least thirty five centimeters.
- Prepare the soil in advance, pre-fertilize with fermented compost or special fertilizer in terms of two tablespoons per square meter of soil.
- To quickly strengthen the roots of seedlings, they should be treated with micronutrients or a solution containing epin.
- After transplanting into the soil, pour glue with humate, diluted with water according to the recipe on the package.
- It is recommended to choose a bright place for the habitat of the flower, windless and rather warm.
Peculiarities of care
Flower cleoma, non-capricious, so it is easy to carry out care, this is one of the advantages of this plant culture. Water it, it is recommended in moderation, as the cleoma does not like excessively moist soil. Often enough natural rainfall. In dry weather, the plant is abundant, but rarely moisturize.
When it is not floweringcan be fed with mineral fertilizers twice a month. It is necessary to carry out root dressing. For weakened plants, you can use the method of spraying. For example, a solution of cycron is suitable, it is used before the formation of buds. This method will accelerate the onset of flowering. Every time after watering, the soil must be loosened and weeds removed.
Tall bushes, should be tied to a support, as they can break the wind. To do this, at the edges of the flower bed, you need to drive in pegs and stretch the rope. Ripe pods Plants open independently, therefore it is necessary to have time to cut them in order to prevent spontaneous planting of seeds. The very first inflorescences, cherish for seed.
The flower is well tolerated by disease, and its sharp smell deters parasites. A damp and dark place is dangerous for this culture, as it can become infected with fungal diseases. Beautiful cleoma can protect other flowers from parasites; for this, the flower must be planted on a plot of land with other plants that require more careful care.
Use of cleoma
Gorgeous cleome decorate your front garden, flower bed and lawn. Tall plants it is advised to plant in the center, and small ones around to close the stems with prickles. Low grades are also suitable for the decoration of paths. All cultures can be grouped in the middle of the flower bed. And also can be used to create landscape design in a rustic manner.
Gorgeous bushes go well with green beds and conifers. A good commonwealth for cleoma will be: delphinium, echinacea, aster, marigold, Salvia, rudbeckia, gelenium and fizostegiya. But for the composition it is important to take into account the individual characteristics of each variety and its height. Cleome should be used as an individual bouquet or as part of ikebana.
Varieties and types
Cleome spiny - semishrub, we have growing as an annual. Its stem reaches 1.5 meters in height and strongly branched at the apex. On the shoot and foliage are sticky villi. The flowers are very peculiar - in the form of a spider, painted in pink and purple or white color, are collected in a brush.
Separate attention is given to the smell of cleoma, which will not please everyone, but this is no less important for the plant itself, because it attracts not only insects, but also small bats to pollination. Flowering - lush, begins in June and ends in September.
Of the most common varieties of barbed cleoma, the following should be highlighted:
- cleoma colored fountain with flowers of various shades,
- white cleoma with white flowers, including varieties Helen campbell and White Queen Queen,
- Sort of Cleome Champagne Splashes - typical representative Hassler's Cleoma 1.2 meters high, with white or pink flowers and a flowering period from mid-summer to the arrival of frost,
- Gnomes Snake Gorynych with pink flowers, low-branched, bred by Russian breeders,
- cherry cleoma includes the most sought after variety called “cherry quin", Short stature (up to 60 cm), with fragrant flowers of shade, corresponding to the name, and variety Cleoma victory with flowers of a paler shade,
- cleoma pink - these are varieties rose queen with pink flowers and cleoma lace with flowers from pale pink to dark pink shades,
- Cleoma lilac queen with pink, lavender and white 4-petal spider flowers,
- yellow cleoma represented by dwarf variety golden sparkler with yellow flowers
- cleoma purple with variety violet quinwhose inflorescences are painted in dark purple color.
Cleome planting and care in the open field
You need relatively little information about how to grow glue in their own flower garden. The most important thing is to choose the right landing time, which comes when the spring cooling is over. As usual, this period falls on the end of May - the beginning of June.
The optimal place for cultivation is a well-lit area that receives a large amount of sunlight, which is free of drafts. This heat-loving plant copes well with drought and is not recommended to be planted heavily - it is better to arrange the seedlings 50 cm away from each other.
Cleome likes neutral soils, it develops worse on wetlands. Immediately after planting, you need to clear the soil from weeds and mulch it.
Clema Flower: Description
The plant from the family of gluomes reaches a height of one and a half meters and is a straight, branched stalk at the top, which, together with shoots and leaves, are covered with sticky hairs. The light green leaves on long petioles have different sizes — rather large to the ground and very small at the top. They are dissected into 5–7 lobes and at the very base have stipules forming tough spines.
The name “champagne splashes” was not in vain for the flower. Four pink or white petals, located on the one hand, and stamens and pistil - on the other, create a very unusual look, resembling a splash of the smallest droplets. Recently, varieties with flowers of yellow and blue color have also been bred. The inflorescences are very large - with a diameter of up to 20 cm. The smell of cleoma is very peculiar and not everyone likes it, but it is of great importance for the plant: pollinating insects fly on it, it is especially attractive for bees. In its homeland in the tropics even small species of bats are pollinated by glue.
When the flowers wilt, in their place formed seed boxes, located on long legs and directed in different directions, due to which the plant becomes like a spider. In Germany and the UK, this plant is often called a spider-flower. The seeds are very small - in 1 gram you can count them up to 400 pieces. Bloom bloom long - from June to frost.
Bleeding of seeds exclusively by seeds. They are able to maintain germination up to 3 years. Gather the seeds in the fall when the pod ripens and opens easily when pressed. It is possible to determine the degree of maturity by color - it becomes darker. You can not overdo the testes on the plant, because the pods, ripening, burst, and all their contents are on the ground. To prevent this, you can put some of them in advance in bags of gauze. Then, when the pod is opened, the seeds will not fall to the ground, but remain in the bag.
Growing Cleoma from Seeds
Despite its tropical origin, the “spray of champagne” flower also grows pretty well in central Russia. Propagation by seeds involves planting them directly in open ground. But for the early flowering of this plant is better to use seedling method. To begin work on growing seedlings need in late February. Pre-seeds are soaked for 12 hours in “Epin” (2 drops per glass of water) and then sown in a prepared container with soil mixture, which is prepared from humus, sand and garden soil. With the same mixture they sprinkle them on top and cover the container with glass.
Seedling care and planting
After 2 weeks, when the first shoots appear, the container with the seeds is placed on a well-lit place, periodically aerate and moisturize the soil as needed. After the formation of the first pair of true leaves on sprouts, they can be dived into peat pots. “Champagne splashes” is a flower that loves light very much, so in order for plants not to stretch towards the sun, developing only in one direction, the pots from time to time need to be turned. Weak seedlings, the leaves of which are pale in color, can be fed with complex fertilizer by dissolving 1 teaspoonful of it in 3 liters of water.
Plants are planted in open ground after the end of frost, usually this is the beginning of June. A suitable site is selected, where there is enough light, which flowers like “champagne splashes” so much. Landing requires consideration and features of landscape design. When digging, it is recommended to add rotted compost to the soil with the addition of flower fertilizer at the rate of 2 tablespoons per 1 square meter. meter.
Before planting seedlings, it must be sprayed with a solution of "Epin." To ensure that plantings do not further thicken, contributing to the appearance of fungal diseases, pots with seedlings should be placed at a distance of at least 50 cm from each other. Planted plants watered with a solution of humate.
Use in landscape design
The flower of cleoma (“champagne splashes”) is widely used in the design of garden plots due to its ability to decorate any barriers and structures with the help of it, and to create all kinds of hedges. These flowers look spectacular against the background of bright green plants and among low-growing flowers.
It looks very beautiful cleome in composition with many plants - multi-colored phlox, rudbeckia, pink and white echinacea and other perennial and annual flowers. Due to the presence of spines, it is not recommended to plant it in the foreground in flower beds or along paths.
A bouquet of these flowers can stand in a vase for up to 15 days. For this, they are cut off in the evening and, having removed the spikes, are left in the water in the fresh air for the night and are only brought into the house in the morning. Kleoma will not only fill the room with a pleasant aroma, but also neutralize the air.
Room Cleome Flower
Usually this extraordinarily beautiful annual plant is planted in garden plots. But if you follow certain rules for the care of this plant, then the “champagne spray” flower room may well become the interior decoration. Compliance with simple agrotechnical techniques allows you to admire its amazing colors for several years.
To do this, it is necessary to bring the conditions of its content to natural. Considering that the homeland of cleoma is the tropics, it should be placed on the sunniest window-sills, and the air temperature in the apartment during the summer period should not fall below 20 ° C. In winter, coolness is required - about 15 ° C. Regular spraying will create the necessary moisture for a tropical plant.
The rest is quite unpretentious and hardy flowers "champagne splashes." Planting and caring for them does not cause any particular difficulties even for beginning flower growers. Enough to ensure regular watering and fertilizing the usual fertilizer for indoor flowering plants.
Features of cleoma
Cleoma has a very powerful root system. Branched strong shoots, on their surface there is pubescence consisting of short glandular hairs. Bush height can reach up to 150 cm. Greenish alternately arranged leaf plates in some species on the backside have small spines. The leaves can be simple or complex: they consist of 5 or 7 full-length elongated linear leaflets. Apical leaf plates are small and solid. Apical racemes consist of flowers with the correct form and purple, pink, white or yellow color. Flowers have relatively long stamens that look like spider legs. The fruit is a single-nest multi-seedling, which has the shape of a pod, it can be up to about 30 mm in length. Most amateur gardeners do not like the floral smell of cleoma, but in the garden area on the street it is completely impossible to sense it, but it can frighten off pests. This not quite usual fragrance is needed by such a flower in order to attract small bats, which are its pollinators, in the wild nature.
Seeding of clema
For reproduction of cleoma use seeds. They can be sown directly in open soil before winter (in November or December) or in spring time. However, experienced gardeners recommend growing such a crop through seedlings.
When do you need to plant seeds for seedlings? This plant has a relatively long growing season. If in the autumn you intend to harvest fully matured seeds, then the sowing of seedlings must be done in the last days of February. To make the seedlings appear faster, before sowing, the seeds need to be dipped into a solution of Appin or Zircon for half a day (12 hours) (2 drops of the product are taken for 250 ml of warm boiled water). For sowing, a not very deep container is used, which is filled with a substrate consisting of humus, a garden mixture and sand, taken in a 2: 2: 1 ratio. Seeds are spread over the surface of the substrate, and they should be sprinkled on top of them with a layer of the same soil mixture, the thickness of which should be about 15 mm. Capacity must cover the top with glass.
The transplant transports a plant very hard, in connection with which the pick must necessarily be carried out immediately after the appearance of 2 leaflets.
Children are planted separately to a considerable depth, for which cups are perfect.
Fertilizer for cleoma
The soil for cleoma should be fertilized before planting with a small amount of mineral and organic fertilizers. Then fertilizing is applied every 14 days, using complex fertilizers, such as Fertika Lux in the proportions of 2 tablespoons per 10 liters of water.
Особое внимание необходимо уделять ослабшим кустам клеомы, которые нуждаются в опрыскивании жидкостью, состоящей из чайной ложки удобрения, растворенной в 3-х литрах воды.
Pruning peduncles is recommended only when the flowers have withered, and the formation of the pods began, in order to avoid abundant self-seeding.
For the collection of seeds it is better to leave only a few inflorescences that bloomed first.
Cleome in winter
Since, in our climate, the cleoma grows as an annual plant, with the onset of frosts, it is time to dispose of it.
Sowing of seeds collected in autumn can be performed in November or December, planting them into the ground 1.5 cm deep and covering with spruce branches from above. Shelter is removed when spring comes, and the seeds that have passed through winter begin to grow.
Cleoma growing from seed
Cleoma seeds can be planted directly in open ground - as mentioned above, in spring in May-June or in autumn in November-December. But the standard method of cultivation has one major drawback, which is manifested in the fact that the new plant will bloom a little later.
For this reason, growers prefer to pre-grow seedlings.
What time to plant
After the springtime, the threat of recurrent frosts has passed, you can do transplantation of cleoma in open soil. As a rule, this time falls on the last days of May or the first - June. For the landing you need to choose a well-lit area, protected from strong drafts. The plant is undemanding to the ground, however, on a neutral nutrient soil with good moisture this flower develops much better than in the area with dry poor soil. If the soil at the site is depleted, before planting the cleoma, 2 large spoons of granulated flower fertilizer and 1 bucket of rotted compost per 1 m 2 must be added to it under the digging facility.
So that after the transplanting, the seedlings quickly and well take root in the new place, it should be treated with the stimulant solution epin-extra with microfertilizer cytovit (it is necessary to follow the instructions attached to the preparations). To plant seedlings in open soil, you must not remove it from the pots, while between the bushes you need to keep a distance of 0.5 to 0.7 m. will be very showy and lush. Planted seedlings should be watered under the root and use for this you need a solution of humate.
Growing glue in your garden is quite simple. Watering should be carried out only in hot weather, while it should not be carried out very often, but be abundant. Feedings are carried out 2 times a month at the root and for this purpose they use fertilizers such as Fertika-Lux or Fertika-Combi (a pair of large spoons of fertilizer is taken for 1 bucket of water). If the bush is weakened or affected by the disease, it must be fed in a foliar way, using a nutrient solution consisting of 3 liters of water and 1 small spoon of fertilizer. In order to approximate the beginning of flowering, before the formation of buds begins, the bushes must be treated with Zircon solution (1 milligram of water for 1 l of water).
If after planting the surface of the site was not covered with a layer of mulch, you will have to systematically loosen the surface of the soil, while removing weed grass.
Diseases and pests
Since the flowers of the clinoma have a fragrance that is not quite usual for flowers, pests try to avoid it. It can get sick with the wrong irrigation regime or when landing on a site with a high groundwater level. If you choose a landing site and take care of the plant correctly, then it will not hurt at all.
Since the glue can be grown only from seeds, experienced gardeners recommend collecting them in the autumn to produce sowing in the spring or in the winter. You can understand mature seeds or not by their appearance, so they must be round, reach one and a half millimeters in diameter, and the color may be brown or yellow depending on the flower of the flower itself. To avoid self-seeding and not to miss the moment when the seeds need to be harvested, it is recommended to wear bags of gauze over several pods.
In the middle latitudes such a flower culture is grown as an annual plant. In this regard, when frosts come, the bushes should be pulled out and burned. In November or December, the seeds collected in autumn are sown before winter. The seeds are sunk into the soil by only 15 mm, and the area is covered with laparic branches. In the springtime shelter should be removed and amicable shoots should appear soon.
Types and varieties of cleoma
Currently, gardeners cultivate only 2 types of cleoma, namely: Hassler's cleoma (Cleome Hassleriana) and prickly cleoma (Cleome Spinosa). Both of these species are tropical South American. They differ from each other only in color of flowers, in connection with this flower growers these species are called the same - prickly cleoma. Thanks to these species, several hybrids and varieties have appeared. The most popular are the following varieties:
- Hellen cambell. The color of flowers is white.
- Rozakenigin. The flowers are painted in soft pink color.
- Pink Quin and Rose Quin. The flowers are painted in different shades of pink.
- Golden Sparkler. On a dwarf bush yellow flowers open.
- Giant pink kyusen. Dark pink flowers have a relatively large size.
- Sparkler lavender. The color of the flowers is pale purple.
- Violet Queen. The flowers are painted in violet-ink color.
The most popular is the barb varieties Cherry Quinn. The bush is 0.6 m in height. Fragrant flowers are 20–30 mm in diameter, they have an unusual shape and are located on long pedicels. It also cultivates the Champagne Spray variety, created using a Hassler clema. Bush in height reaches 1.2 m. Cisiform inflorescence consists of pink or white flowers, reaching 30–40 mm in diameter. The diameter of the brush is about 20 centimeters. Flowering begins in July, and ends with the onset of frost.
They are grown as a single plant by the cleoma or in groups with annual plants such as fragrant tobacco or laureate. Since the cleome is quite high, it is used to create a hedge or grown as a background flower garden.