Most often, this type of plant as curly honeysuckle planted for landscaping vertical arches and fences. There are many species and varieties of this plant. In this article we will talk about the most common of them. Decorative honeysuckle grow is not so difficult. The main thing for good growth and development of the plant is proper care and adding additional nutrients to the soil.
Honeysuckle breeding every gardener can carry out, even if he does not possess special skills for this.
If you want to grow a beautiful and graceful hedge in your garden plot, or to decorate a fence or a gate arch with plants, then decorative curly honeysuckle is exactly what you need. Such decorative items look very impressive and beautiful. Breeders number about two hundred species. But they are all divided into three categories. This separation primarily goes on the appearance of the plant.
Division into categories:
- First category - these include plants that grow to the size of a small tree.
- Second category - varieties that grow in the form of a shrub are attributed to this group of plants. But, despite the fact that this category is shrubs, plants can be creeping, and not only high.
- Third category - These are varieties that are called climbing. As a rule, they hang like creepers.
It is decorative curly honeysuckle that attracts more attention than other categories. Its flowers are extraordinarily beautiful, with a non-standard form. A color range spread over all colors of the rainbow. For example, in the garden you can find a plant that has:
- Cream color buds.
- White color of flowers.
- Ocher color with glitter lurex.
- Saturated crimson tones.
- Dark purple inflorescences.
Most importantly, it is worth noting that regardless of the selected variety and color of the buds, each area where decorative curly honeysuckle grows will become incredibly beautiful. You might think that we are praising this type of plant, but look carefully at the photos of the garden plots presented in our article and you will see everything written is true. As soon as the plant begins to bloom, your garden will be transformed and illuminated with bright rich colors.
But it is also worth mentioning that the berries that are formed on the honeysuckle bushes are edible. Loose buds exude a very strong pleasant aroma. Landscape designers like to combine different varieties in flower arrangements. With their help, they create:
- Alpine hills.
- Decorate the arbor.
- And close the fences.
Such common variety ranked in the third category, and that is curly and similar to the vine. In height, this plant variety can reach up to 400 centimeters. This is a fairly large plant. With proper care, the plant with each year of life can add about 100 centimeters extra.
Such a variety begins to bloom no earlier than mid-summer. Therefore, when planting such a honeysuckle, consider this feature.
The flowering period is July-September. The inflorescences of this plant are incredibly lush. The buds are slightly elongated tubular. Color gamma plants prevails in violet shades. The outer part of the buds is painted in an incredibly deep purple-red color, while the inner part is completely in the opposite direction, it has a cream color.
After the dissolution of the buds, on the site where Serotina's honeysuckle is planted, the enchanting aroma smells sweet. The foliage on the plant has an elongated shape. Pay attention to the photo, there you can see the beauty of this plant. Immediately after the buds wither, the berries begin to appear in their place. They can be eaten, all varieties of edible honeysuckle. A soil mixture, some kind of special is not required for this variety, but I would like to speak about the landing site separately. It must be in an open area, not shaded by other elements of the decor or country house. Serotina, loves the gentle sun rays.
This plant variety is a hybrid created by breeders. It turned out when crossing such species as:
- Hairy honeysuckle.
- Honeysuckle evergreen.
This variety also belongs to the third category, and that is, creepers of similar species. The plant is considered deciduous, or half with falling leaves. The buds of this plant have a rich attracting look color red, sometimes it can overlap with orange tones. The base of the flower is rather narrow, but long.
Such a variety as Brown's honeysuckle is very fond of heat. It grows beautifully and develops on those plots of land where it is given the brightest place in which it is heated in the sun. But a place that is too open should not be better if it is protected by a nearby building or building from the wind.
This variety is very capricious to the influence of cold climatic conditions.
As for the winter period of time, then, of course, brown honeysuckle should be wrapped as best as possible. Because this plant does not tolerate the winter period. This ornamental plant needs well-organized personal care.
In height, the plant can grow to 500 centimeters. Honeysuckle Brown begins its flowering at the beginning of summer. Blooming buds, pay attention to the photo, pale pink, flower petals bend back a little, exposing pistils with stamens. The aroma, as well as in the previous variety, is very rich and quite pleasant. Cover for the winter period should be very carefully. To do this, you can use the branches of the fir forest, and foliage.
Telman's honeysuckle variety
This is a very elegant decorative variety of honeysuckle. It can grow to a height of 700 centimeters. This is a beautiful green liana. Its flowering occurs in rather small flowers. The color tone is dominated by orange paint with a golden hint. In addition to the beautiful buds, you can notice the resulting yellow berries.
This variety blooms only one month. Buds begin to bloom in early summer, and this period ends in mid-July. The formation of fruits on the honeysuckle begins in mid-July, after the buds wither and ends only in mid-September.
This variety, like other types of honeysuckle, loves heat, so it is extremely poor in tolerating any frosts, and sudden changes in temperature. And also we shelter for the winter period with branches of a fir-tree, and foliage. This will allow the plant to survive the harsh winter. Proper care should include:
- Fertile soil.
- Timely watering.
- Drainage of the soil.
- The introduction of additional nutrients in the root system.
Planting and care for curly honeysuckle species
You do not need to have some supernatural skills in order to cope with the planting and care of this type of plant. First, look at your garden plot, and decide on the choice of landing site. We recommend planting such varieties near houses and garden arbors. The aroma from the plant will diverge around the perimeter of the site.
For abundant flowering, you need to provide the flower with good illumination.
But if you choose a variety of honeysuckle, which is ranked among forest varieties, pay attention to the fact that for them a large amount of light can destroy the plant. Plant such flowers under a spreading tree. These will be the best care conditions for the forest honeysuckle variety.
Since we talk about the cultivation of climbing species of honeysuckle, do not forget that they need to be fully supported and secured on some fences, arches and similar structures. Without support, you run the risk of seeing flowering not at the top, but below under your feet.
The soil for growing such flower crops must be nutritious, with the addition of organic fertilizers. But this plant does not like a very acidic soil at all. Before planting the flower seedlings, it is necessary to ensure the normal drainage of the soil. This will help the root system to not rot when overwetting. Too close to each other seedlings can not be planted. You can mix a good soil mix for this plant from equal shares:
If you do not like the way the seedlings take root or you see that the development is in one place, then you may want to change the place of planting a flower by replanting it to another place of residence. But pay attention to the important point, if the process of formation and opening of the buds has already begun, leave the honeysuckle to bloom in the same place. And as soon as it ceases to form the ovary of the buds, you can think about transplanting. Pay attention to the fact that when transplanting a plant, the rhizome of honeysuckle must be extracted very carefully. It is branched and very fragile.
After the plant begins to increase in volume, unnecessary branches and branches capable of taking root in the soil may appear, and thus multiply. If you do not need them and interfere with the composition, simply remove them, and sprinkle them with activated charcoal.
There are several methods for breeding honeysuckle:
- The division of the bush.
- Reproduction by layering.
- Growing seedlings from seed.
If you decide to engage in the reproduction of honeysuckle in early spring, then you are best suited method of dividing the bush layers. You just need to prepare a not very deep trench in the soil, and put there a branch of a plant, cover it with earth, do not tamp it. Do not forget to make regular watering. For the entire summer period, the layering will be able to take root and adapt to life without the main bush. Disconnect the branch from the main bush, and transplanted to the place of the main landing.
In order to propagate by cutting the honeysuckle you need to wait for the buds to wither. Cuttings are required to root in a soil mix with mineral additives. Cover with a can or polyethylene. Set the cuttings need in partial shade. As soon as you see the leaves on the handle, you can remove the jar and replace it in open ground, wrap it up properly for the winter so that they do not die.
Types and popular varieties
There are more than 200 species of honeysuckle, moreover, they can be in the form of climbing vines or decorative flowering shrubs. There are even edible jasmine varieties.
But Russian growers prefer precisely the climbing species. Since it is these creepers that have shoots with dense foliage, rising high up, and also have original flowers, most of which are fragrant. Bright fruits give the plant a special attraction, but, as a rule, they are poisonous in the curling decorative honeysuckle.
There are a number of honeysuckle varieties that are most popular:
- Curly honeysuckle capricole. This species is distinguished by early flowering. Lush flowers bloom closer to sunset, and their tart flavor spreads throughout the district. There is one more feature of honeysuckle - this kind of jasmine during the summer changes the color of its buds. And if at the beginning of flowering they are beloved or cream-colored, then by mid-July they turn dark almost brown. In addition, this variety is famous for its cold resistance.
- Brown is a North American type of climbing honeysuckle, which is not particularly frost-resistant, therefore it requires a certain shelter in winter. It has decorative leaves that are green on top, and on the inner surface of a beautiful blue-gray hue. Inflorescences are quite large and have a bright orange color. For example, the variety “Dropmore Scarlet” flowers have an unusual orange color.
- Tatar honeysuckle. The most enduring liana of all. Blossoms in small flowers, usually whitish or light pink. And in the variety “Amold Red” the flowers have a bright saturated red color.
- Korolkova - this variety is famous for its abundant color. Delicate pink inflorescences covered the entire shrub, so much so that you can not see any leaves or stems.
There are other varieties, but these vines are predominantly grown on Russian flower gardens. The fact is that these varieties are more resistant to the climatic conditions of the Russian regions.
Basic breeding techniques
Honeysuckle is no different from other garden crops and is propagated by the seed and vegetative methods. A more reliable and convenient option is grafting. To do this, it is necessary to cut a stalk from the main stem of the liana, on which several internodes are formed. Side stalks can also be used, but only if there is a heel on them, they also have a good survival rate.
An important condition for the preparation of planting material is that the cuttings must be cut during fruiting, when berries are formed on the vine. The fact that the shoots are ready for grafting can be understood by the characteristic cod during their bending, good cuttings are fragile and brittle.
After the cuttings are cut from the vines, they must be rooted immediately into the prepared soil. If it is not possible to plant the shoots in the greenhouse, then you can simply cover for the first time planting with plastic wrap. The same result will give a cut-off plastic bottle, which is pre-removed the cap.
If all the conditions of maintenance are met correctly, then the young cuttings will root for 10−15 days.
If a seed method is used, they must first be stratified. To do this, for three months the planting seeds are kept in a cold place where the temperature does not rise above +3 degrees. Then you can sow them, it is best to do it at the very beginning of spring. Seeds that have undergone stratification are distinguished by good and amicable germination, in contrast to their unstratified relatives. But with such a breeding, planting and care curly honeysuckle bloom only in the fifth year.
This method is not particularly good, since the honeysuckle during such reproduction loses its varietal characteristics and characteristics.
Preparing the plant for wintering, you can prikopat branches in the ground, it will give the opportunity to get excellent material for reproduction in the form of cuttings. In addition, in honeysuckle sprouts grow, which is also very often used for reproduction.
Planting, feeding and care
Honeysuckle decorative creepers are best planted on the south side of the country house. It gives a good and plentiful color both in well-lit areas and in the area where penumbra predominates. The plant will not die in a dark place, but in this case you should not expect abundant flowering. The fact is that it is bright light that contributes to the abundant and prolonged flowering of honeysuckle.
As for the soil, decorative creepers do not like sandy and clay soils, in the rest honeysuckle will grow beautifully, develop and bloom. But preferably for her loose and neutral substrates. A prerequisite for planting is laying a drainage layer, honeysuckle reacts extremely negatively even to minor stagnation of water.
Planting works are carried out at the very beginning of spring or at the end of summer. To do this, planting holes are dug, in which organic fertilizers and mineral compounds are added. In prepared for planting seedlings shortened root system. A seedling is laid in the planting hole, gently straightening its roots and covering the pit with earth, periodically ramming it.
The root neck of the plant should not be deeply buried, it should be on the same level with the ground. After planting honeysuckle thoroughly watered and mulch the area around it. Experienced honeysuckle razvodchiki advised to plant several varieties of vines. This contributes to better pollination, respectively, and the flowering of such vines will be much more abundant.
It is quite easy to care for planted honeysuckle, it is enough to carry out elementary events in the form of:
- watering works
- fertilizer required for honeysuckle,
- periodic mulching of soil.
And also it is necessary to regularly loosen the earth, moreover, it should be done quite deeply - about 20−25 centimeters. Remove all available weeds around the vine, it prevents it from developing. Periodically it is possible to conduct sprinkling, on decorative vines these activities act positively.
Honeysuckle can be cut off both in early spring and after the leaves are dropped. Lianas and sanitary pruning are carried out every year, while anti-aging pruning is done every 3-4 years. To do this, all old shoots are almost completely cut off from the vines, leaving only 3-5 young and strong trunks. Moreover, such a rejuvenation can be carried out at a time, but then the honeysuckle will not bloom this year, or it can be done gradually, annually updating one escape. Молодые побеги также необходимо укоротить, оставив им длину не больше 50 сантиметров.
Цветущие жимолости нуждаются в периодическом вносе удобрений. Хорошо удобренная земля во время посадки обеспечивает плетистую лиану питательными веществами на несколько лет вперед. Если при посадочных работах грунт был удобрен, то дополнительно подкармливать жимолость не нужно. If not, then you can fertilize the vines with complex dressings, but do it no more than once every 40-50 days.
If honeysuckle develops poorly, you can make foliar feed in the form of phosphorus-potassium compounds. And before wintering fertilize manure or wood ash.
Diseases and pests
If the care is carried out correctly and regularly, then the honeysuckle hardly gets sick. Mostly problems may arise due to weather conditions. For example, too rainy summer can cause fungus and phytovirus diseases. As a result, the foliage begins to become covered with specks, dry and fall off. Liana becomes naked and unappealing, respectively, and the flowers on it are missing.
Decorative honeysuckle: what kind of plant
Decorative honeysuckle must be distinguished from the fruit. Firstly, it blooms very differently. Secondly, she needs other conditions. Finally, the fruits of decorative honeysuckle are poisonous, they cannot be eaten!
In this article we will look at the decorative honeysuckle, which is actively used in landscape design. The liana is especially good in vertical gardening, it is as if specially created for decorating vertical structures.
This magnificent shrub can be used to decorate a fence, wall, arbor. Decorative honeysuckle does not like open spaces, it may even freeze or suffer from wind gusts.
Growing and caring for this beautiful liana is very simple - it grows quietly in the Moscow region, it blooms abundantly and does not require any special watering or constant fertilizing.
In the photo you see the capricole (honeysuckle), which grows in suitable conditions for it. This can be judged by the state of flowers and green mass.
Decorative honeysuckle love because of the presence of large, bright colors of unusual shape. And how they smell! Their delicate fragrance is another dignity of the plant.
Varieties and types
Decorative honeysuckle is divided into two large species. It may look like a separate bush, as well as a vine. Most often used creepers, but the bushes also look very impressive and grow well in the middle lane.
Varieties of bush plants:
Experts agree that the most attractive among lianas is a honeysuckle. It grows very long - up to 6 m. Interesting colors of the plant: the leaves can be either light green or red-violet. Begins to bloom in May-June: the flowers are very delicate, fragrant.
Fruits also have a decorative meaning: they are cute orange balls. Do not forget, they are inedible!
Landscape designers love to plant honeysuckle next to roses, with coniferous crops, other shrubs. Kaprifol is a light-loving plant, so if you want more flowers, put it into a lighted place. It grows for a long time, up to 50 years.
How to plant decorative honeysuckle
The plant does not like transplants. Choose a suitable site in advance, let the bush (or liana) grow there for health!
- Prepare a hole (of the same height, depth and width, about half a meter).
- Lay on the bottom of the drainage.
- Stir the soil with peat, add dressing for vines or shrubs.
- Place a seedling in the hole, pour the mixture into the hole, pour it over.
- Condense the ground, once again water.
Decorative honeysuckle does not like weeds. Therefore, an important condition for a beautiful shrub is to constantly carry out weeding, especially large weeds, perennial, that draw a lot of moisture and nutrients from the soil are especially harmful.
Also, decorative honeysuckle should be regularly watered. She loves water, especially if there is a stuffy, hot weather without rain on the street. During this period, you must be attentive to the condition of the shrub.
It is useful to trim the honeysuckle, it is important, as I said, not to overdo it. At the same time, if the plant is not pruned, then it can turn into something shapeless.
Pruning is good to carry out in the spring, immediately discarding weak stems, unnecessary directions. Leave only strong branches growing up, this will give your future liana more attractiveness.
Top dressing is made twice a year - in the spring and in the fall. If spring dressing is needed for better growth of the vines, then the autumn one aims to prepare the plant for winter. In the spring the bush needs nitrogen fertilizers, and in the fall - potash fertilizers.
Thus, to summarize the requirements for care:
- Regular watering.
- High light.
- Shelter from the winds.
- Regular pruning (within reasonable limits).
- Shelter for the winter of young plants.
- Regular feeding (twice per season).
Reproduction can be carried out by cutting, it is a simple and reliable way. Prepare material for breeding is necessary before the end of flowering. For this task, we need strong, mature branches - see if they are not cracking?
If you are convinced that they are really good, carefully cut them off (there must be at least two internodes on each cutting). The resulting material is planted in a greenhouse. Cuttings take root very well! The main thing - constantly spray them (three times a day). In about a month, young plants are ready for independent living!
Origin of Curly Honeysuckle
Climbing honeysuckle (Lonicera periclymenum) - climbing bush. The species Honeysuckle belongs to the Honeysuckle Family.
Karl Linnaeus, the famous botanist, gave the name to this type of shrub-lonicera. In memory of the German scientist Adam Lonitser living in the 15th century. The description of the plant first appeared in the works of Stepan Krasheninnikov, the famous Russian explorer of the 18th century. Honeysuckle has spread throughout Russia since the beginning of the 20th century.
Types of Decorative Curly Honeysuckle
In nature, there are many species of this plant. The following are popular:
- The most common honeysuckle is Kaprifol. From the middle of May it is covered with flowers, and by the end of the summer it dresses beads of bright berries. It is frost-resistant. Up to 6 meters high.
- Curly Honeysuckle has flowers of white, purple and pink. Flowers varieties "Serotina" crimson hue. The fruits are poisonous.
- Brown honeysuckle does not tolerate frosts. It has flowers of the original carrot color, and the Dropmore Scarlet variety is orange. The height of the bush is 5 meters.
- Honeysuckle Tatar the most enduring species. Flowers are white and pink. Red flowers at the variety “Amold Red”, “Morgen Orange”, “Elegant”. Bred in the Middle Volga, Kazakhstan, from Siberia to Altai.
- Korolkov honeysuckle is characterized by abundant flowering of lilac and pink hues. Unpretentious, loves the sun.
- Gerald-honeysuckle is frost-resistant, leaves are not shed for winter, flowers of yellow shade, fragrant.
- Type of Honeysuckle-Hekroth. Abundant bloom yellow-pink shade. The height of the bush is up to 4 meters. It blooms for a long time.
- Maak-honeysuckle frost-resistant. Large white flowers, pleasant aroma. Bushes up to 3-4 meters in height.
- Serotina honeysuckle blooms all summer. The aroma is delicate, like a linden scent. Flowers maroon-brownish, moth-shaped.
- Japanese honeysuckle. Differs originality foliage. The leaves are light green with yellow streaks. Afraid of frost.
- In the forests and groves of Russia grows Honeysuckle real. Or wolf berries. Differs white flowers and red berries.
- Honeysuckle Georgian and Caucasian Honeysuckle are known in the Caucasus. The flowers are purple. The fruits are red and black.
- Evergreen honeysuckle is the most frost-resistant species. All summer the vines are covered with flowers of crimson hue outside and yellow on the inside of the flower.
Description of Honeysuckle Caprifol
Most fond of gardeners decorative curly honeysuckle Kaprifol.
- Honeysuckle Caprifol (decorative inedible vine). Lonicera Caprifolium tolerates heat and cold. It blooms from the second half of May and during the month exudes an unusual fragrance. Call honeysuckle Kaprifol is a fragrant vine. Plant height reaches 4-5 meters. The branches are covered with flowers. The flowers are complex, unusual and change color when blooming.
- The name "Kaprifol" means "goat leaf." The appearance of the flower resembles the horns of a goat and originally grew in an area where goats walked.
- Shoots are bare, green. During the season they grow by 1-2 meters. The life span of a shrub with good care is 50 years. Old shoots with dense bark. On the branches there are suckers that are attached to the trellis or wall. The leaves of the vines are dense, medium in size, green. Oval or oblong. The leaves on the shoot grow together at the base.
- The shade of flowers from light pink to burgundy. Inside, yellowish, white, outside dark, purple colors. Unusual form. Stamens are long, far protruding, collected in bunches, placed at the base of the fused leaves.
- During flowering, from May to July, they produce a pleasant aroma. It intensifies in the evening.
Fruits are orange-red, small, round. A diameter of 6-7 mm, bitter, inedible.
- The stem is short, the berries are glued to the leaves. Bright berries look beautiful on the background of green leaves. This gives charm and sophistication to the garden. It grows preferably in sunny and warm places. It tolerates a light darkening and conditions of the city.
- The place should be as far as possible protected from drafts. Loves to curl on the wall, which is stretched trellis.
- Kaprifol tolerates frost and drought, undemanding to watering. Feels great on different grounds. It tolerates sour and salty soil. Does not lose appeal on stony ground.
- All kinds of curly decorative honeysuckle decorate the garden from spring to autumn. Give the site mystery and privacy. Curly creepers are used in landscape design to decorate a playground, decorate a gazebo, fencing from neighbors, decorate a shed or unpresentable wall. Often used for decorating pillars.
- Also, honeysuckle make out the entrances of offices, shops, clinics located on the first floor.
Planting decorative honeysuckle
The best time for landing is April, May. In the spring the plant wakes up. You can plant in the fall. The soil before planting must be freed from weeds. The earth must be rich in nutrients. Soil reaction is desirable PH 5.5-6.5. If the soil is acidified, add lime. Before planting add to the soil 200 grams of lime per 1 m2.
Honeysuckle seedlings buy in plastic containers with fertilizers. In this case, the root system is not damaged and will take root well. Saplings with bare roots are planted in autumn or early spring when the plant is sleeping.
For landing it is necessary:
- Two or three days before planting, dig holes at a distance of 2.5-3 meters.
- To lower a drainage in the form of expanded clay, crushed stone or another.
- Pour fertile soil. On 2 buckets of compost-50 grams of superphosphate and 1 kilogram of ash. For sandy soil, add clay.
- Liberally pour.
- Put the seedling in the center, on a small hill.
- They fall asleep with soil, the root neck is not buried.
- Water and pour the soil.
- The ground around the seedling is mulched.
It is watered frequently, covered with dry grass for the winter.
Honeysuckle does not require special care. Every spring it is necessary to make organic fertilizers and water with a solution of ash. In hot weather, it is advisable to abundantly water, loosen and cover the root system with mulch.
Adult plants in the spring feed with humus. In the summer, add mineral fertilizer or mullein infusion. It is better to produce until mid-July. Pruning and the formation of the bush is best done in the spring. When there is no living kidney.
In order that the honeysuckle does not suffer from aphids, insects and larvae, superphosphate, ashes or lime are sprinkled in the near-stem circle. Spray 5% urea solution for the winter. For prophylaxis use of the drug Bitoxibacillin or Lepotsid. With the onset of cold weather it is better to cover the vine from freezing.
Often you want to share a beautiful plant, give it to someone. Honeysuckle reproduces very easily. Breeding methods:
- division of rhizome,
For grafting, it is necessary to prepare a sand-peat mixture. Sprigs are cut into cuttings with three internodes. You can hold it in a solution of Kornevin or just dip it in powder. After this, the cuttings are instilled into the prepared mixture. The twigs take root. In the spring cuttings are planted in the ground.
For planting seeds need to take the seeds of the second year. Sow in spring. Remove seeds from the fruit, wash, dry, stratify. After that, sow on seedlings. Ready grown seedlings are transplanted in the summer for permanent residence.
Easy way of breeding Capricole - layering. To do this, a sprig of growing vines is added to the ground and fixed in several places with staples. On a twig pre-made a small incision. In the place of the incision grow roots. After that, the branch is separated and transplanted to another location.
In the fall, divide the rhizomes of the plant. The root is dug up and divided into parts. Parts of the roots are dripped, covered. In the spring grow young shoots.
To liana Kaprifol had a decent appearance, you need to arrange support. The support can be wooden, metal, made of strong mesh or twine. Shoots are distributed and create a color oasis. When the shoot has grown, it is shortened.
Cut off the top. After that, young lateral branches grow. Caprifoli has one peculiarity. Honeysuckle stalks are attached to the surface with roots and twist the support counterclockwise. Pruning gives shape to the bush and rejuvenates the plant.
If the soil is sandy or simply depleted, then organic humus from composted manure is poured under the roots of curling honeysuckle. Compost from food waste is also suitable. Organics promotes the multiplication of soil bacteria, improves soil structure.
It turns out the perpetual organic engine, which is served by worms. You can forget about expensive imported fertilizers. No need to fertilize plants with nitrates, which destroy the human body. Organic waste is an excellent fertilizer. In Europe, waste has long been sorted and used for its intended purpose.
Reviews and tips gardeners
- Advantages: Unpretentious, blooming and the most and favorite garden vine. For the northern regions, where in winter severe frosts, summer residents advise the bush to lay down on the ground and shelter. It is noticed that during transplantation and decoration on high trellis, the plant may bloom poorly and does not smell. Therefore, it is better to lower the vine to the ground and cover. You can make a removable grill or removable trellis. Long branches are pruned.
- Disadvantage: it is undesirable that the vine climbs along the wall. Suckers penetrate the masonry cracks and can destroy walls. If you tear off, the plant suffers.
- Advantages: blooms longer and more beautiful. From June to October. The flowers are bright, orange-red. The shape resembles fuchsia. The leaves are round. It prefers sunny places without drafts and fertile land. It reproduces beautifully by cuttings under a can. Pre-aged in Kornevin.
- Disadvantage: in the first years it develops poorly. Abundant blooms occur in the third or fourth year. In the early years, the root system is covered.
- Advantages: fast-growing, climbing vine. Grows in a year to 10-15 meters. Able to quickly decorate a building or wall. Blossoms until frost. In cold weather can freeze, but then reborn from the root.
- Disadvantage: - pruning and constant growth direction is required. Each branch is manually braided around the support in the right direction.
In the long warm summer evenings do not want to go into the house. It is pleasant to sit in the gazebo, twined with fragrant liana, drink tea with jam and have a leisurely conversation with loved ones. And I want it to last as long as possible.
Benefits of Curly Honeysuckle for Garden Design
The buds of this culture consist of 8-10 elongated yellowish-red petals, bent outwards. The cultivated varieties are grown in the central and southern regions of Russia. Due to the low rates of winter-hardiness in Siberian conditions, the bushes can freeze and become deformed.
Before other ornamental shrubs, curly honeysuckle has a number of advantages:
- Drought resistance, thanks to which the plant can withstand up to 6 days without watering at an average daily temperature of + 25 ° C.
- Unpretentiousness in leaving, the endurance allowing a plant to do without additional top dressings a long time. For the season climbing varieties lure 2 times. During the period of active budding, the soil under the bush is watered with a 10% solution of nitrogenous fertilizers. In the fall, the plant needs potash mixtures; for this, the ground in the hole is mulched with rotted horse manure.
Among the disadvantages of this type of honeysuckle emit low rates of frost resistance, due to which the plant freezes at temperatures below -25 ° C, even under a thick layer of snow. Gardeners living in the northern regions of the country can get flowerpots. Plants planted in them in the summer will decorate the site, and in the fall they can be sent to the veranda, wrapped in several layers of insulation. The best option for Siberian winters will be a heated greenhouse, in which low temperatures and gusty wind will not threaten the plants.
Vertical varieties of honeysuckle for landscaping
These varieties need additional support so that the shoots can climb to the maximum height. Without props, a plant lying on the ground will rot and lose its decorative properties.
Popular vertical grades:
- Голд Флейм – вертикальная жимолость с интенсивным медовым ароматом. Цветет с июня по сентябрь. Первые бутоны распускаются на растении старше 4 лет и только на побегах текущего года. Сорт привлекателен и в летнее время, и ранней осенью, когда на его ветвях появляются несъедобные алые ягодки. The color of the buds is yellow-crimson, the maximum diameter of the flower is 4 cm.
Ground cover honeysuckle varieties
Ground cover are stunted representatives, which, when growing, completely cover the soil. In the family Honeysuckle to the ground cover include the following varieties:
- Blanche Sandman is a spreading perennial, prone to the rapid recruitment and restoration of green vegetative mass. Prized for large cream-colored inflorescences. It blooms from June to July. It is unpretentious to the soil, it develops equally well both on fertile soils, and on acidified or saline.
- Brown - curly shrub with a decorative crown. His foliage has a noble green tone, and terry flowers are painted in a burgundy shade. Duration of flowering is up to 2.5 months, the buds begin to open in mid-June.
How and where to plant?
Honeysuckle climbing has a core system of rhizome, resulting in poor tolerance to frequent transplants. The place must be chosen with special care, following the direction of the wind. The direct gusts of the north-western winds deform the tender leaves and fragile inflorescences, so it is better to hide the seedlings behind the structures.
Planting and maintenance are quite simple:
- They prepare a planting pit 50 by 50 cm in size. Gravel and sand 10-15 cm thick are poured at the bottom, fertile soil prepared from humus, peat and 100 g of wood ash is placed on top.
- The distance between seedlings should be 2-3 m.
- After planting, the soil is compacted. The root neck should be at ground level.
- Immediately establish a suitable support.
- After compaction of the trunk circle, some soil is poured in so that the root collar does not become bare.
If you rooted 2-3 shoots annually, then in 4 years you will be able to create a veil of green 3-4 meters high.
A green waterfall serves as an excellent decoration of recreation areas; under its coverlet it is not difficult to hide unsightly outbuildings or a dull fence.
Video about the formation of a fence from a climbing vine.
Types of Honeysuckle Supports
Due to the fact that the vines lose their decorative properties on the ground, they are tied up with additional supports. Summer arbours, fences, terraces can be used as a basis. Among the traditional supports it is customary to distinguish the following types:
- structures for landscaping vertical surfaces are slats, guide cords, nets, added gratings, trellis,
- garden and architectural objects - pergolas, awnings, trellis, berso, arches,
- supports for single bushes - frames, gratings, mini trellis.
Popular supports for climbing honeysuckle are trellis, pergolas, lattice arches. Structures built in the form of a tower, a tunnel, a hanging garland, and a long arch are considered the most spectacular.
Further care and reproduction
A young plant needs a month to moisten the soil under a bush. Watering planting should be regularly. In areas with light soil make 1.5-2 times more water than heavy ones. In dry weather it does not hurt to spray the leaves for 20 minutes. The water consumption rates are given in the table.
Mineral dressing contribute 2-3 years after planting. Complex bait usually includes 3 main elements: nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium. Each of them is introduced by the root method 1 time as an aqueous 10% solution. Nitrogen - from May to June for the growth of greenery, phosphorus - in July for ripening fruits, potassium - at the end of August for better growth of the roots. For a season 2-3 times you can make complex fertilizers, such as nitrophoska. 10-20 g is enough for a bucket of water.
If you want to arrange a veil from prying eyes of greenery and flowers, you can multiply the shrub, having received several young, strong specimens for planting. To obtain layers, the lowest, strongest and healthiest stems of the vines are tilted to the ground. The top of the branch is cut off and treated with a corrective composition, after which the branches are sent to a previously dug hole. During the summer, it is watered, and at the first signs of rooting it is cut off from the mother bush. After 1 month transplanted to a permanent place.
If the layering is required to increase the thickness of the fence, they are laid along the supports, along which they will curl in the future. When young shoots grow to 10-15 cm, they are spud and abundantly watered (three times in the summer). Thanks to this technique, 20 new layers can be obtained from a single escape. In the spring of next year, the branch will be enough to break up into pieces to get a strong seedlings, which will begin to grow actively.
When harvesting cuttings select lateral shoots of the current season with 3-4 buds. Selected stems are cut to the trunk. The cut is treated with root, stimulating rooting. The cuttings are placed in water for a couple of weeks, and with the advent of the first roots are planted in open ground. Before planting honeysuckle in the soil, the well is fertilized with nitrogenous mixtures or peat.
A suitable time for transplanting cuttings into open ground is the end of August or the beginning of autumn. Layers are best harvested in the spring, from April to May.
If the vine is overly drawn and its length exceeds 3 m, the bush is pruned. The longest branches are shortened by ¼, and the cut sections are treated with garden pitch. The result is to create attractive hedges, curtains of greenery and flowers.
Like other vines and ornamental shrubs, honeysuckle propagates seeds and vegetatively.
The most reliable method of reproduction - grafting green shoots. The shoots of the current year are cut into cuttings with two or three internodes. Broken off side shoots with the "heel" is also well accustomed.
Important! Cut cuttings in the period when green fruit appears on the bush. The shoots, ready for grafting, are fragile and break with a crash when bent.
The cuttings are immediately planted in light ground for rooting in a shaded place. If there is no greenhouse or greenhouse on the site, where it is easier to maintain high humidity, the cuttings can be covered with cut plastic bottles without a cap.
Under optimal conditions, the cuttings will take root in 10 days.
Seeds necessarily stratified (kept at a temperature of up to + 3º a few months) and sown in early spring. Stratified seeds give amicable shoots, without this procedure, a smaller part of the seed germinates, and the seedlings develop slowly. Seedlings bloom after 5 years.
Important! Seed propagation does not preserve the varietal properties of the plant.
Knocking in the spring branches of honeysuckle, by the autumn you can get a good planting material - cuttings. Also, the honeysuckle produces shoots used for breeding.
Fertilization and fertilizing
Abundantly flowering plants require fertilization. Decorative honeysuckle is no exception. Well-fertilized soil during planting is able to provide the plant with nutrients for several years. In this case, additional feeding is not needed.
Subsequently, in early spring and after flowering under the honeysuckle, complex mineral fertilizer is introduced. If the development is weak, foliar dressing with phosphate-potassium fertilizers is possible. In the autumn under digging bring rotted manure or compost and wood ash.
Dangerous diseases and pests
Under favorable growing conditions, decorative honeysuckle is rarely affected by diseases and pests. However, in too rainy summer, the development of fungal and phyto-viral diseases, such as tserpo-speed, rust, powdery mildew, etc., is possible.
The following pests are dangerous for the plant: honeysuckle aphid and mite, scythe, whitefly, finger. The first signs of trouble should serve as a signal for spraying with special equipment.
Decorative curly honeysuckle is very loved by gardeners for its lush flowering and fragrant aroma. In cultivation, it is unassuming and is capable of decorating large areas in a short time, braiding an arbor or arch.
Decorative honeysuckle: description, types and varieties
Mostly liana species of honeysuckle are deciduous plants that are used for decorative purposes with a lifespan of 30-40 years. They have elliptical leaves, which are cast from below with a bluish tinge. The upper leaves grow together in a disk, creating the impression of a nearly round leaf strung on a skewer. There are varieties with variegated variegated leaf color (curled honeysuckle Herlequin). Young plants develop slowly. Then rush up, reaching from 2 to 6 meters depending on the species. Tubular flowers are collected in bunched inflorescences, located at the ends of the shoots.
Honeysuckle in garden design
Curly honeysuckle species are very good for decorating walls and fences. They are successfully used to create hedges, as with a haircut they can be given the desired shape. It is advisable to cut the haircut twice a season - it is a very lush plant. In our garden, they are located along the western side of the site, and in 5 years the planting has turned into a very scenic backstage protecting the garden from the westerly winds. Sparrows chirp with pleasure in it.
For landscaping recreation areas, the root zone of lianas must be additionally filled with flowers and shrubs, as over time the honeysuckle below becomes bare, actively increasing the upper tier, where the shoots get more light. Decoration of gazebos is not the only advantage of using lianovinic honeysuckle species in the recreation area. In the evening, during the flowering period, it gives off a wonderful aroma.
Ornamental shrubs are good for creating free-growing hedges. As a rule, they are chosen for landscaping arid zones, and they easily cope with such agricultural techniques. During the flowering period, they are very decorative, and in winter they become a haven for small birds.
Pleasant non-intrusive aroma, protection from the winds, beautiful flowering, unpretentiousness in agricultural technology - excellent qualities for decorating the garden and maintaining ecological balance in it. Planting and caring for decorative honeysuckle does not require special labor costs, it is quite unpretentious plant. All kinds of bush and climbing honeysuckles are very expressive during flowering, so find a corner in your garden for them.