Crop rotation is very important for all crops, not only for grain crops and not only in cases when it comes to large areas of crop. Often we neglect this important component when we sow or plant small beds of onion in our small garden or dacha, and most often we do it in the same pattern from year to year.
Meanwhile, for this vegetable, as well as for the others, special conditions, correct predecessors, soil and care are needed.
Can I plant onions after onions?
Correct crop rotation when planting onions - after harvest, the bed should rest 3 years before the same crop is re-planted. The reasons:
- soil fatigue
- habitual pathogens and pests.
Each plant chooses from the soil those elements and substances that are necessary for its growth and maturation. If you plant onions in bows, the soil is significantly depleted, and no richest fertilizer will replenish the stocks of useful components that are “sucking” onions from the soil.
Visually, this can be determined by the fact that the yield in the beds becomes lower, and the bulbs themselves become shallow, their taste qualities deteriorate and the content of useful substances decreases. This phenomenon is called soil fatigue.
Like all cultures, onions have their own pests and diseases:
- downy mildew,
- fusarium rot,
- pink root rot,
- onion fly
- onion thrips, etc.
Pathogens and pest larvae hibernate in the soil (they remain in small quantities there even after the most proper treatment for the winter) and wait for “their host” - a culture by which they can eat and reproduce. With the annual sowing of onions on the same bed, the mass of harmful microflora rapidly approaches the critical one.
What to plant after the onions next year?
Grow well on beds where onions a year ago were planted:
- pumpkin (cucumber, pumpkin, zucchini, squash, zucchini, and also melon),
- legumes (beans, peas, chickpeas (lamb peas), soy),
- solanaceous (tomatoes, potatoes, hot peppers, sweet peppers),
- root vegetables: carrots, turnips and beets.
These garden crops are immune to "onion" pests and diseases, and the soil after onions in its composition satisfies all the needs of these plants in nutrients. But this does not save gardeners from the need to cultivate the soil from weeds after harvesting and before planting and to feed crops with fertilizers, both organic and mineral.
Interestingly, legumes and turnips, which grow well in areas after onions, when they are planted next to them, do not feel well.
After what crops can you plant onions?
Planting onions is recommended in those beds where crops were planted with pre-feed of the soil, as well as in areas after growing green crops (annual grasses, winter wheat, etc.)
But the late varieties of bulb onions are very well developed where previously ripe crops were grown.
Then what is best to plant onions?
The predecessors, under which the soil was abundantly filled with soil, have the best effect on the germination of onions, its health and yields. It:
- early varieties of cabbage and other crucifers,
- early potato varieties,
- sweet pepper.
You can take a break and instead of vegetables, sow cereals, green manures (rye, wheat), mustard, or marigolds in general: these flowers will not only decorate the site, but also the "doctor" for the soil, for its structure.
- Onions well react to the soil where carrots were grown before.
- By the way, these cultures grow well, if their beds are side by side: they destroy each other's pests. The same applies to dill.
- Onions coexist well with watercress, basil, mint, and grow well after them.
If we talk about winter onions, then seedlings are best planted before winter after cereals, tomatoes, beets, early varieties of cabbage and radishes, cucumbers.
Planting is done if the crop was harvested from the beds before the beginning of August: the bed should dry out a little and rest.
What can not be planted after the bow?
After the onions, the representatives of the onion family do not grow well:
- shallot, etc.
If these crops are planted after onions, they will be extremely unstable against pathogens and pests. The beds, on which more than two years alternated planting of onion crops, will need a 2-year rest and restoration measures.
It is necessary not only the introduction of humus and organic matter into the soil, but also the use of potash fertilizers, ready-made mixtures. It is also necessary to dig up such beds and get rid of weeds.
The same applies to colors such as amaryllis, hyacinth, etc. They on the former onion beds will grow poorly.
After which vegetables can not plant onions?
All members of the onion family are bad predecessors for each other, so they do not plant onions on former garlic beds, after sowing other types of onions (shnitt, leeks, shallots) and where the amaryllid and liliaceae were grown.
If the onions are early varieties, you should not make a bed where in late autumn any vegetables of the later varieties were harvested, even those earlier varieties of which have a favorable effect on the growing season of onions - for example, late cabbage. In this case, the soil will not have time to recover.
It is not recommended to plant onions in the place where celery and sage grew, as well as asparagus.
Onions and strawberries
Their relationship with the onion family is not only with vegetables, but also with berries. Such a popular garden crop as strawberries (strawberries) is very friendly to all types of onions. These crops can be planted in neighboring beds: they will protect each other. You can plant strawberries after onions.
It is better not to do the immediate predecessor for onion strawberries, but to take a one-year break. Strawberries have deep roots, and after a strawberry bed has been dug over, it is better to plant there legumes or pumpkin, the same cucumbers and squash with their shallow root system. And already after the harvest of these crops is removed, they plant on the garden in a soil enriched with nitrogen onions.
What soil and conditions are needed for onions?
Onion loves the beds to warm up, so it is planted with a seedling in sunny areas or slightly shaded. The optimal soil for this crop is obese loam, not sour, moderately moist, with good breathability. You can not plant onions:
- in the lowlands
- in places of high standing of ground water (will rot),
- in cold soil,
- in sour soil.
The last moment can be corrected, but not on the eve of sowing: the acid is removed by means of liming, and they do it 2 years before planting onions.
Garden beds, where the spring will be sown onions, in the fall are dug up on a bayonet of a shovel with careful removal of weeds and fertilization. At 1 m 2 you need:
- 5 kg of compost mass (or manure, but not necessarily stale!),
- 1 kg of ash.
Fresh manure as a fertilizer for onions is destructive: one should refrain from planting the crop even in cases where the bed was fertilized with such manure a year earlier. You can use ready-made mineral fertilizers for onions.
Spring reclamation works include only a slight loosening of the bed with the help of a rake; when the soil is weighted, you can slightly dig up the upper layer. Deep digging disrupts the soil structure formed over the winter and speeds up the volatilization of moisture. In the spring, fertilizers are applied to a shallow depth so that the short roots of the onion can easily get the substances needed for nutrition.
Although it is a fairly cold-resistant plant (adult onions tolerate ground frosts up to -5 ° C), it grows best in the temperature range from 12 to 26 ° C. Therefore, the optimal time for planting - the first decade of May. Depending on the variety, the vegetative period of onions ranges from 3 months to six months.
- In normal warm weather, watering onion beds is sufficient once a week, and weed and loosen with the same frequency.
- In hot and dry weather, you can make more frequent loosening (2 times a week), so that the soil is not taken crust.
- You need to look at the onion feather: if the tips start to dry out, additional watering is necessary.
- To avoid the accumulation of excess moisture in the soil and rotting of the roots, look closely at the color of feathers: if they have become pale green - there is a lot of water in the soil, you can wait a little with irrigation.
The subtleties of planting onion sets: video
Crop rotation should not be disturbed when growing onions, as this can lead to crop degeneration, lower yields and rooting of pathogens and pests on this soil plot. It is unacceptable to try to rectify the situation by applying an excessive amount of fertilizer and more intensively processing the bed with pesticides. All crop rotation rules are the same for all types of onions and members of the onion family.
The bow has been known for a long time and grows on the beds of all summer residents. Rare garden does without it. Plant this plant, both on turnip, and on a feather. At the moment, a huge number of varieties, differing in size, color, composition, methods of consumption in food and agricultural engineering. Hybrid forms are extremely resistant to pests and diseases, but it is very fruitful and unpretentious in the care.
A special feature of onions of any kind is that it is picky about the presence of minerals in the soil. The exception is calcium and phosphorus - to their low content culture is less susceptible. In the process of growing onions, the earth is fertilized with nitrogen fertilizers. Then, after some vegetable crops can be planted different varieties of onions, should be considered when planning plantings.
If the onion is planted in the spring, the ground is prepared from autumn. Garden beds are digging up and adding organic matter, for example, humus. After waiting for the winter to pass, and the site is being cleaned. The second thing to do - feeding mineral substances. You can also dig the soil, if necessary. Fertilizer is usually a mixture consisting of potassium chloride, urea and superphosphate. Disinfection of the soil is performed when exposed to copper sulfate. The solution is prepared as follows: a tablespoon of the drug is dissolved in a full bucket of water. Watering this mixture is made a week before the planned landing.
For sowing, seeds or small onion seedlings, grown from last year from seed, are used. Planting material in any case must be disinfected in a solution of potassium permanganate. You can also carry out the treatment with growth stimulants so that each head gives the maximum result. It is important to think in advance, after which you can plant onion sets in the spring. Sowing is mainly carried out in open ground.
Spring planting is carried out in the first days of May, provided that the soil is already well warmed up. The secret is that if as soon as possible, sometimes even at the very end of April, plant small bulbs, up to 1 cm in size, they will not give the arrows. A little later, they sow sevka from the main lot, the size of such onions is 1.5 cm on average, but not more than 2 cm. If you plant sevka of this size earlier, then arrows are formed and the harvest will decrease.
For planting in the fall, they take sets as small as possible, not exceeding 1 cm. Such heads will still disappear until spring, they can shrink and lose half the mass. When sown for a couple of weeks before the start of frost, he will spend the winter well. In addition, the shoots in the spring will appear quite early, it will not go to the arrow and give a bountiful harvest.
Autumn planting has several advantages:
- there is no need to store sevok until spring,
- in spring, spring onions are ahead of the development of weeds,
- The winter onions will be harvested two weeks earlier than those planted in spring; this is a beneficial factor when grown for sale.
Interesting. Sharp onion varieties are more frost resistant.
Onion can withstand quite severe cold, and its seeds germinate at 6 ° C. It should be borne in mind that the colder it is on the street, the later the onion will begin to emerge. If you wait for warming to 18 ° C, then after a week the plants will begin to germinate.
The most popular varieties are:
- Onion Distributed in many regions with different climates. Unpretentious care, for what we love gardeners,
- Chives. Widely used in cooking, distributed in the North Caucasus. It tolerates frosts. Early begins to give feather and requires regular removal of leaves, for further growth of greenery,
- Tiered. The leaves form several rows, for which he received the name. It has the most pronounced bactericidal properties. Not cold-resistant, but a slight cooling is able to endure
- Onion slizun. It is named so because of the large amount of mucus that protrudes when the pen is cut. The taste is not tart, but more tender, and the smell is more like garlic. It is recommended for anemia,
- Leek. The intensity of taste is similar to onion slizunom. Contains a lot of nutrients
- Shallot. It has a sweet-sour taste, contains ascorbic acid and phytoncids,
- Mongolian. A culture with beautiful flowers, but with healing properties. You can often see how it is grown on the windowsill.
The impact of crops on the ground
Optimization of landings will be particularly useful for small areas. If the same crops are grown in one place for a long time, then the soil is depleted, because they take the same nutrients from year to year. Also accumulated remains of plants with diseases and pests on them. It has long been proven that some crops have a beneficial effect on others when alternating planting or growing next to each other. But there is a harmful influence of plants on each other.
When growing vegetables in the garden, various fertilizers are used. They can be organic or mineral, depending on the needs of a particular culture. Thanks to this, after the ripening of the fruit and the harvest, the soil loses some nutrients and is oversaturated with others. Accordingly, when growing the same vegetables on the same bed, this situation is aggravated. If you alternate planting crops, following the rules of crop rotation, you can avoid this problem. In addition, the composition of the soil will become more diverse, will not require replacement for a long time and it will be easy to grow healthy plants.
Important! Vegetables belonging to the same family should not replace each other in the rotation.
The alternation of planting vegetables warns against the development of diseases and attacks of pests. Perennial cultivation of the same crop without a change in location leads to the accumulation in the soil of pathogens of common diseases and larvae of harmful insects. With the help of some plants, you can disinfect the soil by planting them on the bed. This is achieved due to the bacteriological properties of certain types of crops. Such vegetables include, for example, onions. It cleans the earth from bacteria and fungi that adversely affect other plants, and whatever vegetable is grown after it, the result will be good. But it also cannot be cultivated for several years in a row in one place, it must be understood, after which the onions are planted for its high yield.
The basic rules for crop rotation are as follows:
- do not cultivate crops in one place that are prone to diseases of the same type or attacked by the same insects,
- it is not necessary to plant early ripening crops after the late-ripening crops the following year, because the soil does not have time to recover quickly,
- not planting plants after each other that consume the same elements from the soil,
- It must be borne in mind that, in addition to the consumption of substances from the soil, the root system of vegetable crops also releases various chemicals there that may adversely affect other plants,
- when harvesting early harvest, it is recommended to plant siderats in the same year to improve the quality of the soil — plants that act as fertilizer when they are embedded in the soil after the growing season.
The forerunners of the onion, as well as he himself, must land in a sunny place, it is necessary to open the access of light and air to the garden. Although onions are considered undemanding in care, they should not be planted on soils with high acidity and lack of potassium and phosphorus.
Interesting. Experienced gardeners advise planting a turnip not at the end of spring, but in July, after harvesting early varieties of potatoes, for better harvest.
Before him, it is better to plant the same fast-growing and early maturing crops. Such vegetables best preserve the nutrients required by the onion. The most successful of them:
- Carrot. Its smell will scare away the onion fly, thereby helping to preserve the harvest. It is recommended to make beds with these crops nearby,
- Tomatoes They will also grow well after the bow,
- Potatoes. They are often planted together, it helps to scare off various harmful insects,
- Peas. Practically does not pull nutrients from the ground. It is completely tolerated as a forerunner of onions,
- Cabbage. This vegetable, however, impoverishes the soil after itself, but this will not affect the productivity of onions.
Посадка гороха перед луком
Что влияет на рост и урожай лука
Если лук выращивают на перо, то перед ним можно посадить редиску, шпинат или укроп, а после сбора урожая в этом же году опять высадить другую культуру. After green onions, legumes give a good harvest, and if onions, cucumbers or carrots. If there is any doubt, after which it is necessary to plant onions on a turnip, then the best option would be potatoes. The onions themselves are recommended to be moved to areas where frequent feeding was carried out, and a supply of substances useful for growth and development remained. As already mentioned, after the onion can be planted almost anything, because it disinfects the soil.
Important! The shoots of clover and buckwheat are recommended to be plowed into the ground and next year they plant a bow, the crop will be abundant.
Also taken to plant onions after sideratov. These are cultures such as phacelia or mustard. Siderats - rye and barley are not suitable as precursors for onions. Nearby you can plant coriander and calendula. Although onions are well planted after legumes, its proximity to them in one season will negatively affect the development of turnips.
Can I plant onions after beets, cucumbers, zucchini? To answer this question, it is necessary to consider the impact that these cultures have on the ground:
- Beet. It also likes well-lit areas and is sensitive to soil acidity, like onions,
- Courgettes or pumpkin. These crops do not greatly deplete the soil with nutrients, even if a large squash harvest was obtained. In addition, onions will also disinfect after them,
- Cucumber. Allowed as predecessor. This culture is demanding on the composition of the soil and significantly depletes it during the growing season. After they plant less demanding crops.
Therefore, it is possible to plant onions after these vegetables, the harvest will be quite good.
After which crops can not plant onions
It is not recommended to plant onions after garlic and sunflower and after the onions. Corn will also be an unfavorable predecessor. Crops that deplete the soil should not be planted if you plan to plant onions next year on this bed.
Around garlic is debated among the gardeners: some plant it near the onion to scare away the weevil and onion flies, while others do not risk doing it, because the crops require similar food. With such planting, there may be competition between vegetables, soil depletion, feathers will start to turn yellow, and the bulb will grow small.
Carrots are also an ambiguous predecessor - some sources do not recommend using it, but as a landing neighbor, it is perfect.
What is the problem of crop rotation
Each garden crop has its own preferences regarding soil composition and a set of nutrients. Each has its own pests and diseases. Therefore, there are tables of crop rotation, telling about what each vegetable favorite predecessors, after which it will grow poorly, in what order to change crops in the beds.
The tables give the recommended sequence of crop changes in the beds
The bow in this regard is a low-problem culture. In addition, it also disinfects the soil, killing many pathogens. Onions are specially planted in many vegetables as a protector.
What can be planted after the onions next year
When growing onions make a lot of potash fertilizers, which eventually alkalize the soil. The onion itself during its development consumes a lot of nitrogen, but calcium and phosphorus takes in minimal quantities. Based on the balance of nutrients, it is possible to choose optimal cultures that grow well after onions. Usually the following year they prefer to plant onion beds:
- cabbage and other crucifers (radish, turnip, cauliflower, etc.),
- pumpkin crops (zucchini, pumpkins, cucumbers),
- beets, carrots.
As for carrots, it is an inseparable companion of onions: they are perfectly adjacent to the beds, and replace each other. Onions drive away a carrot fly, and carrots drive away an onion.
Alternating plantings of carrots and onions - garden classics
What should not be planted after onions
Almost no vegetables are grown in one place all the time, and better - they change their location every year. This also applies to onions: soil can be depleted, onion nematode and other pests can accumulate. It does not matter what kind of onions are in question. After any varieties (onions, chives, bats, leeks, etc.) you should not plant any of them.
Even chives for decorating the plot is better not to plant after the bow
In the same row, onion-related garlic: they have common requirements for the soil and, in general, the same problems. For other vegetable crops planting ban does not exist. But they try not to plant various greens, physalis and bulbous flowers (tulips, daffodils, grouse, etc.) in this place.
To quickly rid the soil of accumulated harmful components, use of green manure seed. Sown mustard, clover or lupine are buried in the ground before flowering.
Onions - a representative of a small group of vegetables, after which you can plant almost everything. Do not plant only onion plants and related vegetables.
Features of the vegetable
Onion is a very popular and demanded product. Although the onion is not considered to be a particularly capricious plant, for a successful harvest you will still have to follow some rules regarding planting and care. For example, the culture loves loamy soil, the acidity level of which ranges from 6.5 to 7.9, but is afraid of places where water is collected that can cause rotting of the plant. Land should also be properly loosened. When planning to plant a turnip on the open ground, it is important to ensure that the beds are sufficiently lit. In the spring, while the primary growth of the culture takes place, it should be irrigated abundantly, but when the heads begin to form, significantly reduce the volume of liquid and water the beds only during drought and too hot days. Onions are quite resistant to temperature fluctuations culture. He is not afraid of frosts, but the temperature of the soil for planting should still reach +10 degrees.
It should be recalled that onions belong to the subfamily Onion families of Amaryllis. It is grown everywhere, as a rule, for the sake of vitamin green, which strengthens the immune system. Sowing onions in the fall, the crop can be harvested in the spring, but also spring planting will quickly pass. In Russia, most often grown variety with the name of the bulb. It is rich in protein, sugar, vitamin D, potassium, sodium and other useful elements.
Essential oils containing sulfur are responsible not only for unpleasant odors, but also for antimicrobial abilities. This vegetable is very healthy. It has a beneficial effect on the digestive system, works as a diuretic and even soothes the nerves. The kidneys are also affected, as well as the intestines and oral cavity. It is not surprising that such a product is actively used in medicine. Of course, do not forget about cosmetology, and about cooking, where onions can be found in every other dish.
Crop rotation rules
All gardeners should be aware of one important rule - it is impossible to plant the same crop in the same place year after year. The fact is that vegetables tend to take nutrients from the soil, so the next year it may be poor and unsaturated. This will result in a decrease in the amount of the crop and the quality of the fruits of the followers, or, in general, the inability to plant any plant. To avoid such a situation, it is necessary to follow the crop rotation. Even top dressing in this case will not work - the devastated soil is restored within two or three years.
In addition, when planting the same crops on the same bed in the ground, spores of characteristic diseases and insect larvae begin to accumulate. Some of them can survive the winter without any problems, which means they can infect newcomers. The gradual accumulation of pests and diseases eventually leads to the immediate destruction of both the root system and the fruit. If after the onions in the garden there is a plant suffering from the same problems, it will be immediately infected or susceptible to attack. It turns out that you can plant only those cultures that are not afraid of them. Finally, the third argument is the possibility of allelopathy. The bottom line is that the root system of one plant will start releasing chemicals into the ground that will negatively affect the root systems of other plants — the “neighbors on the garden” or the followers.
In short, crop rotation is based on the following rules:
- Plants that are attacked by the same insects and prone to the same diseases should not be planted on the same bed,
- if the plant has ripened late, the soil will “recover” for a sufficient time. As a result, you should not plant early-ripening crops next year,
- inefficiently alternating plants that consume similar elements from the soil,
- it is important to take into account the chemicals secreted by the root system,
- if the harvest was early harvested, in the same year one can plant a green manure on the bed, since they improve the condition of the soil.
The best predecessors
The forerunners of the onion should be on a bed that is well lit and not hidden by a shadow. In addition, the soil should be rich in potassium and phosphorus. Then the grass plant itself will remain satisfied. Usually these are the same fast-growing and early-ripening plants, like the onion itself, among the most successful predecessors are peas, pumpkin, tomatoes, cabbage and green manure. The latter include phacelia, rye and mustard, cucumbers, zucchini and squash work well. Although, according to the rules, turnip onions are planted at the end of spring, gardeners believe that planting will be extremely productive in July after picking early potatoes.
As for the plants, after which the onion can not be planted, they include garlic, cucumber, carrots and, of course, onions. Regarding garlic, it is necessary to clarify separately: it is a bad predecessor, but there is no consensus on the neighborhood issue. Some growers planted it next to the onion, so that the smell frightened off the weevils and the onion fly. Others do not run the risk of doing so, bearing in mind that both vegetables feed on the same nutrients, which can cause competition and impoverishment of the soil. If fertilizer is not enough, then the feathers will begin to turn yellow, and the fruits will become smaller. The same should be said about carrots - its neighborhood is able to protect against the appearance of onion flies.
Strawberries, cabbage, carrots, lettuce and radishes will be good neighbors. The same can be said about the planting of beets and spinach. On the contrary, beans, beans and peas will negatively affect the development of onion turnips. Surprisingly, sage and chamomile will play a similar role. Onions are advised to plant next to coriander, beets, tomatoes and calendula.
It is important to remember that the onion loves the soil supplemented with organic matter, therefore you should not plant it after or near those crops that deplete the soil.
On the features of planting a number of onions and carrots, you will learn from the video below.
If onions are grown only in order to eat feathers, then you can first sow radishes, dill or spinach, and then, after harvesting, immediately plant another crop, not waiting for the next year. After green onions, it is recommended to plant legumes, and onions - alternate with cucumbers and carrots. By itself, onions cannot be sent to the same bed more than three times in a row. And changing the place of residence, it is better to send to those areas whose crops need to be fed, and as a result, a supply of nutrients remains in the soil. After onions, you can plant almost anything, as it acts as a natural disinfector of the soil. If you properly fertilize the soil, then, in fact, you can plant a crop next to any "neighbors."
As mentioned above, the future bed should be placed on a well-lit, and most importantly - ventilated surface. Such a choice will contribute to a better development of the plant, and the prevention of fungi, and protection from rot. Ideally, the soil should have a slightly acidic or neutral environment, but in the case when the figures are not normal, the soil is fertilized with dolomite flour, lime, ash or chalk powder.
It is important to remember that the simultaneous introduction of lime and other fertilizers is not recommended, because the amount of nitrogen in the soil will decrease. Even in the fall, the earth is being dug up, and after it is fertilized with humus - about 5 kilograms of organic matter should fall on one square meter of soil.
In the spring, the plot is cleaned, fed with mineral fertilizers and, if necessary, dug again. A mixture of superphosphate, potassium chloride and urea is used as feedings. The bed must be disinfected using a solution of copper sulphate. As a rule, one tablespoon is diluted in a bucket of water; with this solution, the ground will need to be watered about a week before planting. Sevok deserves preliminary preparation - it is a small onion grown from seeds. It is usually kept in a solution of potassium permanganate or copper sulphate, then dried for 20 days in a warm room, after which the heads are sent to a forty-degree temperature for strengthening. In addition, it is useful to process seeds with growth promoters.
Does the land need rest after the bow?
Planting vegetables in one place leads to depletion of the soil, deficiency of mineral components, and a decrease in crop volumes. Top dressing will not change the structure of the depleted land, which needs to be restored for at least 2 years. Depletion of the soil will prevent crop change. Other vegetables will not be damaged by onion diseases; they will help level the microflora of the soil. To increase the fertility of the soil, it is necessary to apply mineral-based fertilizers and organic useful components.
What can be planted after the onions next year?
Planting after onions the following year in a greenhouse or open field you can:
- pumpkin (zucchini, pumpkin),
- melons (watermelons, melons),
- legumes (peas, chickpeas, beans, soy),
- siderata (gentian, clover, mustard).
Experts recommend preparing a layout for planting in the garden, taking into account the planting periods of vegetables and herbs. It is forbidden to grow as followers plants belonging to the same family, due to the presence of similar diseases. In drawing up the planting scheme, it is necessary to take into account harvest periods and replace vacant areas with quickly ripening crops.
Strawberries grow rapidly and fructify on weakly alkaline soils. Seedlings of garden crops will take root in the place of bulbous, nutrients in the soil will increase the yield of berries. However, when placing it is necessary to consider the remoteness of strawberries from tomato, cucumber beds, mounds with legumes. Crops can reduce the growth of strawberry bushes. From blackberries and raspberries to plants can be transferred mite.
From slugs, berries will help protect onions and garlic planted nearby or between bushes. Onion cultures have bactericidal properties, disinfected soil will positively affect the growth of bushes.
Strawberries are not used as a precursor for onions. Strawberry bushes that have a deep root system must be removed from the ground; a section must be kept for at least 1 year. It will be necessary to carry out the digging put on several times before sowing onions. After digging strawberry plantations, it is recommended to occupy the site with crops with a shallow root system (pumpkin, beans, zucchini, cucumbers).
The soil after onion crops is suitable for rooting and fruiting Victoria strawberries. The characteristics of the land are optimal for the development of the berry variety. However, when planting, it is required to provide for the compatibility of strawberries and neighboring plants. To prevent infection by weevils, it is not recommended to plant tomatoes and potatoes near the bed with strawberries. It is optimal to sow nearby areas with garlic, cabbage, carrots, spinach, radish. On the mound, you can place calendula, herbs (parsley, celery, dill).
Beet and carrot
Abundant harvest will be planted after removal from the garden of onion root vegetables (carrots, beets). Seeds must be sown in advance. Planting of tomatoes, spinach, green beans, and peas stimulate the development of fruits. It is necessary to provide distance from the beds with beets and carrots potato plantations, anise, corn, parsley, celery. These types of plants slow down growth, reduce the amount of yield. In the distance must be placed tomatoes, peas, spinach.
Cucumbers and tomatoes
The soil after harvesting onions is suitable for the cultivation of tomatoes and the location of cucumber beds (in open ground or greenhouse). Cultures are unpretentious in care, not exposed to insect pests from onions. To increase the yield required mineral fertilizers and complex additives.
Tomatoes and cucumbers must change their location on the site annually, so the crops tolerate the proximity to other growing vegetables. Increase growth, favorably affect the microflora of cucumber and tomato plantings nearby beet and carrot beds.
Что посадить после лука
Наилучшим вариантом после лука будет посадка корнеплодов:
Хорошо себя будут чувствовать после лука:
После уборки лука в июле
Можно уже в августе получить урожай зелёных культур:
И другие растения, не требующие большого светового дня и более холодоустойчивые, если выращивать в открытом грунте.
If there is a place left on the garden and the gardener has planted enough greenery, then you can fill the emptiness with green manure to improve the soil. You can also plant flowers - they will also benefit both the quality of the land and the person himself.
You can use rye, phacelia, mustard, and marigolds are an excellent match for flowers.
What crops to plant after different types of onions
As it has already become clear, almost all types of onions are quite unpretentious and get along well with other plants, both in the garden, and are excellent predecessors, with a few exceptions. But each species and variety still has its differences and preferences for its neighbors.
Consider each type of onions separately:
- Leek most often found in the store, which is strange, since it has a lot of useful properties and qualities. It is more fruitful than onions, it has more white and green parts. It deters scoop caterpillars and belongs to a separate vegetable crop, so after it or near it you can plant celery, tomatoes, potatoes, carrots and cabbage.
- Green onions The pen is widely spread due to its beneficial properties and the ability to use it all year round, planted in a greenhouse or on a balcony. In the open field after it is better to plant lettuce, basil, spinach, cucumbers, tomatoes, pumpkins and zucchini.
- Perennial onionsAs a rule, it is planted on greens, which can be obtained in early spring, which is extremely important for the health of each person. After it, you can plant strawberries, roots (potatoes, carrots, beets) and greens.
- Onion batun refers to perennial plants, but in this article is highlighted separately, as it has gained great popularity among gardeners because of its unpretentiousness, the ability to grow as a one-year crop, its usefulness and taste (it tastes softer and sweeter than fresh). After it they plant potatoes, tomatoes and cabbages, they will also be good predecessors for the onion itself.
Companion onion plants
Useful neighborhood. Many recommend planting garlic next to strawberries, but the onion will be an excellent neighbor for her. And he also feels well and does not interfere with almost all vegetable crops and greens.
Exceptions are legumes and sage. For them, onions are a bad neighbor.
What vegetables can be planted next
Features of growing onions
Onion is a rather unpretentious plant, but it also has its own requirements for growing and planting.
Best of all, loamy soil with a pH of 6.5 to 7.9 is suitable for it. The land should be loose, and the plot - with good sunlight. The soil moisture level must be maintained, but it must not be over-wetted. Abundant watering is necessary only at the initial stage of growth, and during the formation of heads, on the contrary, watering is carried out only in hot dry weather.
Best neighbors, what to plant next?
Combined planting is often used if the area is small and you want to use each piece of land efficiently. This technique allows you to use the bed as much as possible. Even with one small bed you can get several types of vegetables, if you know how to do it correctly. Popular with gardeners enjoy joint planting of onions with radishes, parsley and carrots.
First, onions are planted onion beds in 4 rows, with a distance of 10 cm between the bulbs. Radishes are planted between the onions, for it will be enough space for it. Then three rows of carrots are planted on the same bed and two parsley. The first to remove the radish from the beds, after it dug onions. The remaining carrots and parsley will continue to grow and develop, and in due time will delight a good harvest.
The second variant of the combined bed provides for the simultaneous cultivation of onion seedlings, tomatoes, cress, carrots, spinach and chives. Tomatoes are planted in the middle of the ridge, and on both sides of them - more low-growing crops. Spinach and watercress will ripen first in the garden, then the turn of chives will do. Soon after that, onions are removed. After picking the tomatoes in the garden it remains to ripen the carrots. Such cultivation is beneficial to all crops. For example, onion flavor perfectly frightens a carrot fly.
On a note! Perennial bows better planted away from the bulb counterpart.
The alternation of crops that plant on the garden after the bow: video
The use of crop rotation allows to achieve two important goals - to obtain a good harvest and preserve the quality of the soil. After all, planting the same crop even for two years in a row significantly impairs the fertility of the soil and contributes to the accumulation of pathogenic microflora in it. It is not difficult to follow the recommendations on the order of cultivation of crops and the result justifies itself.
Cabbage and pumpkin
Among the followers of bulbous crops can be different varieties of cabbage (white cabbage, kohlrabi, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts), as well as plants of the Pumpkin family. Cultures do not disturb crop rotation. After gathering onions on the allotment, pumpkin seeds and squash seeds quickly emerge.
Nutrients remain in the soil after the bulbous plants, so less fertilizer is required. To increase the yield and volume of pumpkin crops recommended the use of mineral fertilizer components. Promotes good development of cabbage and pumpkin neighborhood with tomatoes, garlic.
Can I plant garlic?
Experts do not recommend planting garlic on the beds after collecting bulbous crops. Species are similar in nutritional components necessary for the development of rhizomes, structure, length of roots. The fertile soil layer after bulbous plants contains larvae of pests that are dangerous to garlic.
The forerunners for garlic crops should be cereals. Optimal planting of garlic in the beds after picking tomatoes, squash, cucumbers. Eggplants, potatoes, and radishes are located near the growth of garlic. Banned carrot and beet beds next to garlic.
Planting vegetables after onion crops in July
Planting vegetables after bulbous in July is possible to prepare the crop from early ripening varieties. According to the scheme of crop rotation, it is possible to sow a free area with asparagus beans, peas. Allowed to sow early cabbage, carrots, radishes, beets, turnips. Plants planted in summer are less susceptible to pests and diseases. Harvest can be collected after the second half of September. It should be borne in mind that early ripening varieties are not intended for long storage.
What should not plant?
After harvesting the bulbs, experts advise against placing bulbs in the garden beds (vegetables and ornamental varieties).
- wild garlic,
- shallots, etc.
After onions, similar plants are exposed to pests. Onion crops can be planned in the same area only after 2 years of standstill, subject to soil treatment, weeding and the cultivation of another vegetable. In addition to humus compositions and organic components, it is required to saturate the soil with potassium fertilizers.
Some types of flowers (hyacinth, amaryllis) after onion crops can chop or bloom for a long time. It is forbidden to take a bed of garlic because of the similar characteristics of the variety. Experts do not recommend sowing Physalis after bulbous varieties. Ornamental plants (tulips, hazel grouses) are not suitable for planting. For the rapid restoration of the soil layer, it is optimal to plant siderats, in which quality mustard and clover are used.
Combined Bed Planning
The combination of different vegetable and ornamental crops in a single territory requires competent planning. Charting the beds allows you to effectively use the space of the site, taking into account the temperature regimes, the requirements for watering, lighting, and the need for fertilizers of different garden crops.
They are well combined and developed on the same bed or on the neighboring embankments of onion, carrot, radish, parsley. Sevok onion is located in 4 rows with an interval of up to 10 cm. Radish with early germination and ripening is located in the aisle. 3 rows with carrots and 2 with greens (parsley, dill) are also created on the embankment. After ripening, radishes are removed from the plot, then the onions. Carrot and parsley root crops will continue to grow on the site and will get more space for the formation of the crop.
Another common option for combining crops involves sowing bulbs, carrots, tomato and greens (chives, spinach). Tomatoes must be placed in the center of the bed, low plants are sown on the sides of the embankment. After ripening spinach, lettuce, chives grow onions. In the middle of summer, the bulbs are removed. After harvesting the tomato carrots can ripen.
The combination of vegetable crops makes it possible to form a microclimate favorable for the development of vegetables; bulbous ones deter pests from carrots and tomatoes. However, it is necessary to take into account that beans and turnips do not take root next to the bulbs. Experts do not recommend planting onions and garlic nearby, because plants slow down the growth of other crops.
Onions and cabbage are well combined. Onions have a positive effect on planting strawberries and strawberries, protecting the fruits from insects. Bulb cultures are combined with potato beds, it is recommended to arrange the tubers along the edges of the plot.
Harmoniously combined beets, cucumbers, radishes, watercress and onions. Savory and chamomile located on the edges will protect crops from pests and pathogenic microbes.