Everything, tulips are planted, now they should be protected from frosts. To do this, throughout the autumn, all the fallen snow from the nearby territory should be moved to the tulip planting site. Do not forget about the edges of the future flower bed: the snow should cover it not less than a meter from the edge. Do I need to cover the bed with a covering material? You can cover, but only so, through which the leaves of tulips can make their way, for example, with hay or straw, they, by the way, will help to accumulate snow. In no case do not cover with plastic wrap, roofing felt or something similar, tulips germinate under the snow and such shelters will only hinder them.
Existing varieties of tulips
Thus, you can grow a wide variety of tulips, the cultivation and care of most varieties is no different. Just imagine how beautiful you will be in the spring in the country!
Also experienced gardeners highly recommend changing the place every two years for growing a flower tulip bed and sowing meadow grass next to them in small strips. They are mowed and prepared from them nutrient fertilizer. Tulips are planted in place on the spot, mulching the soil. Growing close to the meadow grass tulips normalizes the composition of the soil, fertilizing it and filling it with almost all the nutrients, and in an acceptable eco-form. This principle is used in many research botanical and experimental gardening centers.
In spring, onions at our dachas “wake up” very early. Sometimes they look out from under the melted snow. As soon as all the snow melts and the sun dries the ground a little, it is advisable to immediately loosen the soil around the sprouted tulips. This should be done carefully, without touching the bulb with the sharp edges of the rake or notched baking powder.
How is planting and growing tulips in the country?
For proper storage of bulbs, a shed or other dark room is best suited. Bulbs should be checked from time to time for any defects or diseases. Under optimal growth conditions and proper storage of these flowers more than once will delight its beautiful flowering.
The main ways to combat fusarium is to remove the affected parts of the plant and disinfect the soil using the thermal method. The soil can be fertilized with water (1 l) with ammonium carbonate (100 g), and copper sulphate (10 g), which must be dissolved in water.
The main component of care for such elegant flowers is watering, the frequency of which will directly depend on weather conditions and the degree of moisture of the site.
The best time for planting tulips is the autumn period of time (end of September and beginning of October). However, we should not forget about the weather and recommendations for the cultivation of a particular variety that has been selected. Most often, the optimum soil temperature for good root development is 6-8 ° C.
Each of the varieties has its own distinctive characteristics. However, there are signs that suit almost all representatives.
Tulips occupy an honorable place in the family of lily plants. These charming flowers are frequent guests at various holidays, city streets and suburban areas. From the aroma and beauty of tulips in a large number of people the mood rises. Huge variety is of particular interest. In this regard, many people are interested in planting, caring and growing tulips.
Necessary conditions for growing flowers in the cottages
As soon as the snow melts and the top layer of the earth dries out a little, the ground around the tulips must be burst and fed with fertilizer for the bulbous plants.
Growing tulips at home
Tulips are the harbingers of spring, sunny mood and the opening of the summer season. Bouquets of flowers became a symbol of the main women's holiday on March 8. Summer residents have a special love for these flowers, it’s so nice to see on your site in early spring how various types of tulips bloom.
Cultivation of beautiful full buds requires that the flower bud of the bulb is well-ripened. Before spring planting, if planned, many people recommend keeping the bulbs in a cool place or even in the refrigerator.
The depth of the hole should correspond to three heights of the onion. With a deeper planting, small plants can grow, and the flowers will be small, and over time the variety can degenerate. For example, from two-color fringed to ordinary red, with striped - in single-color and with a dimmer color. In August, they are dug, dried and laid in a dark and cool place. And in late September, they can already be planted. Allowed landing postponed for the spring season. Who practices as at his dacha.
3) Onion root mite. The most common insect pest is this type of tick. It can be identified fading yellowing leaves and a strong suspension of growth of these flowers.
The maximum required amount of water will need to use during the flowering period. If it does not rain, then a few buckets of water may be needed for 1 m². Depending on the variety, tulips should be watered after flowering for several weeks.
Before planting the tulip bulbs, it is necessary to clear the husks, then inspect the appearance and integrity, soak half an hour in a solution of potassium permanganate.
What care is needed for tulips in the country?
Tulips are flowers with an erect stem, the height of which is 20-90 cm. The leaves are most often smooth or wavy in shape, have a soft green color. Tulip flowers in most cases have the form of bells or funnels of various shades (even black). The fruit of the flowers is a box with ripening flat seeds inside.
During growth and flowering tulips need abundant watering and fertilizing with mineral fertilizers.
In the case of a sharp decrease in temperature, it is desirable to cover the tulips with a film or a covering material using a temporary frame. At night, the temperature below it is 2 to 3 degrees higher. During the daytime, it is necessary to ensure that the temperature does not rise above 25 ° C, tulips do not like hot weather, they quickly fade and dry out.
Recently, the cultivation of tulips at home has been very popular. Just imagine, there is snow and frost outside the window, and real beauty reigns in your room, and all because tulips blossomed. Growing and caring in the indoor environment is not very difficult, and you can see for yourself.
Existing diseases and parasites
Currently, there are more than three thousand different types and varieties of tulips, however, only about 100 species are most popular. It is important not only to love, but also to be able to propagate tulips correctly. Growing and caring for them is not such a difficult task, but, like in any other business, it requires some skills. Today we will talk about how to grow these delicate flowers on the site and at home.
Subzero temperatures are one of the factors that gives a mature, formed kidney.
The main assortment of tulip bulbs in garden centers is offered precisely in the autumn period: at this time there are a lot of them. You can choose a variety of varieties and mixes for flower beds, and, importantly, have the time to order it all. In addition, almost all varietal abundance "is available." By the spring of this is usually not observed. Even in February, you can catch something interesting and of high quality, since both private owners and organizations are already massively planning to plant flower beds, beds, plots, streets, etc.
Tulips are great flowers that need some attention. However, at the same time, they are able to satisfy human needs for beauty and brightness.
With such a tick, you must begin to fight immediately. For example, you can treat the soil with steam. This type of tick is afraid of infusion of onion peels. For its preparation will need approximately 8 g of husk and 1 liter of water. Insist should be about 5 days.
Be sure to take care of the tulips before the winter period. It is advisable to fill the beds with compost, straw or peat with the onset of frost. Such mulching can not only create an optimal atmosphere for the bulbs, but also close access for most parasites.
Bulbs with suspected diseases or other disorders will need to be immediately separated from the general mass: they sit elsewhere.
Growing tulips in the country should begin with a selection of good healthy bulbs of the same size. It is recommended to buy seeds and fertilizers in organizations that have a good reputation. It is worth noting that the size of tulip bulbs is an excellent indicator of variety and quality.
Today there are a large number of varieties of tulips. Among gardeners, cultivation of the Cardinal variety is widespread, which is distinguished by the brightness of pink and red hues. This variety due to early flowering is often used in the case of the spring holidays.
At daytime temperatures of 18 - 20 ° C tulips bloom and delight with beauty for about ten days (in bulk). If you want to prolong their flowering, then consider this when planting. Part of the bulbs planted where the sun is well illuminates the area, and some in partial shade. If during the flowering is hot weather, to prolong the flowering of tulips should be protected from direct sunlight and sprinkle with water.
If you want to enjoy the beauty of these flowers as early as February, then choose early low-growing varieties for planting. Before planting, hold the bulbs for some time in the fridge so that shoots appear. Then drop them in a long box in one or two rows. Of course, the soil should be well fertilized. Make sure that the plants do not fall into direct sunlight, and there are no open drafts. Indoor tulips do not like dry air very much, therefore their leaves should be sprayed with warm water several times a day. Watering is moderate, depending on how quickly the earth dries. After flowering has ended, the bulbs should be dug out, and their subsequent planting should be carried out only in open ground, since they will not bloom again in room conditions. Be sure to dry the bulbs and store them in a cool place until autumn.
Bulb digging process
Growing tulips in the open field
. And our cottage, of course, will be beautiful in the spring if we plant proven onions with ripe buds, and they all give beautiful buds.
Planting and cultivation of tulips in the open field, in principle, simple technology. Many advise shaded places, but the best option is sunny, well-ventilated places where the flower will be protected from dampness and air stagnation, as well as be able to please the whole flowerbed or front garden.
In the Netherlands of the 17th and 18th centuries, our favorite tulips would be worth a fortune - equivalent to a collection of paintings or several land plots. The people who owned the tulip collections and grew these beautiful flowers in their garden were very rich. And tulips were then considered “status items”, like today “Lexus” or yachts. They were decorated with ballrooms, living rooms and bedrooms of lovers. In Turkey at the same time, the tulip flower was a symbol of one of the royal dynasties (for example, like a lily in France), in a sense, even a symbol of the Turkish empire of those times.
In the process of growth is not excluded spraying tulips. This method will protect plants from various infections.
Tulips in our country
Everyone knows that graceful flowers like not only people. There is a considerable number of diseases and pests of flowers of this type. The most unpleasant of these is the infectious nature of most diseases. Some of them should be considered, as well as possible ways to combat these diseases.
Immediately after the prevention is carried out, the bulbs must be planted in the holes. In each of them it is necessary to pour a layer of sand in 2-3 cm. Then they gently press down the bottom. The bulbs will need to be sprinkled with wood ash, a final layer of soil and a layer of sand.
The next step is to choose the place that is most suitable for planting data of elegant colors. Such flowers like moisture and light sandy sandy soil. In addition, the landing site must be reliably protected from cold winds.
Planting and cultivation of tulips in the open field
There are also terry tulips. The most common variety in this case is Murillo. These flowers most often delight their dazzling white with a pink tinge. Murillo contains many petals in the bud, which adds to it more charm and interest.
In Siberian conditions, it is better to dig out tulips from the ground every year, otherwise the flowers for the next year will be smaller, planting thickens, some of the bulbs are damaged by pests and die. Dig up tulips when most of the foliage is dry. In the conditions of Siberia, it happens in early July. Choose a good, sunny day. Dug tulips should be dried a little so that the ground has flown around the bulbs and, without taking the leaves, put them in a cardboard box for storage in a cool place. There they let them lie before landing.Tulips, the cultivation and care of which you will carry out correctly, will give you a truly spring beauty. Having tried to grow them once, you are unlikely to give up this idea.When choosing a place for planting flowers, pay attention to the following: flowers do not like direct sunlight and strong drafts. Low places subject to flooding are also unsuitable for landing. Having decided on the place, make sure that the soil was well fertilized, if necessary, do it about a week before planting the bulbs.
Early digging of tulips will lead to inadequate bulbs and, as a consequence, to a reduced quality of the decorativeness of the flower, later - to a loss of the harvest, since small children will remain in the ground.
The soil, however, requires sufficient and thoughtful fertilizer. Nutrients provide both mineral fertilizers and ordinary manure. Then the flowers will grow to fame - large and bright.
Tulips are one of the most popular flowers that are given for the main women's holiday of the year. This is due to the fact that tulips are not picky about the temperature of the environment, when grown.
Beautiful tulip garden: how to achieve perfection
The depth of planting will directly depend on the size of the bulbs. In this case, there is a simple rule: after instillation, a layer of soil should remain above the bulb, which is equal to 3 bulbs in height. Accordingly, determining the exact location is quite simple.
Tulips are a perennial plant. However, it is not recommended to grow them in one place for more than 4 years. The first time you need to plant these flowers in place of onions, cucumbers or asters.
A pleasant and harmonious combination of colors and shades can please the variety "Triumph" or "Telescope". They are distinguished by a high height (50 cm).You should think in advance about what you will grow in a flowerbed after digging out tulips. Several options. You can plant on a bed already flowering plants, for example, marigolds, they easily tolerate transplanting, or dig boxes with flowering plants into a bed. It all depends on you and your imagination.The beauty of tulips is well known. They are pleasing to the eye and soul in the early springtime, when the leaves on the trees have not yet fully opened, and the grass is green here and there. In Siberian conditions to grow tulips is quite difficult. This is due not only to the freezing of the ground to a meter or more in severe frosts, but also to returnable frosts to minus 12 ° C in the springtime. Tulips have just appeared out of the ground, and at this time snow falls on them, frost occurs in the morning, and often the temperature is negative all day. Therefore, if you decide to grow tulips in Siberia, then be patient, hardworking and start! Your works will pay off the beauty of flowers and the admiration of the people around them!
Tulip bulbs are planted in the fall when the temperature drops to 6-100C. This is about the end of September - the beginning of October. Before planting, selected healthy bulbs are soaked for 30 minutes in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. The distance between the rows should be about 15 cm, and between the bulbs about 10 cm. Departure after this is practically reduced to zero. True, if the autumn is dry, then the bulbs should be watered, and to protect frostbite with fir paws. Throughout the winter, the bulbs will be at rest, thus preparing for the flowering period.
With insufficiently mature buds, tulips can only give a leaf rosette or not bloom at all in the planned spring-summer season. В этом случае можно посоветовать пересадку в другое место на даче, с более питательным грунтом и хорошим инсоляцией территории, достаточную подкормку компостом и минеральными компонентами, а также обязательно осеннее выкапывание для просушивания и дозревания. Тогда выращивание тюльпанов на нашей любимой даче даст ожидаемые результаты.
Компост должен быть хорошо перепревшим. Of the target fertilizers use "Bioton", "Kornevit", "Kemira wagon" or other similar.
In today's life of ours, a tulip is one of the most inexpensive and pleasant flowers adorning the garden of almost any person. Bright colors, delicate honey aroma, a symbolic component of spring and spring holidays, especially on March 8 - all this indicates the enduring popularity of tulips in our lives. And the desire to join the beauty of nature, to be filled with its aromas and to color the world around makes us plant whole tulip fields. They bloom about two to three weeks, but the joy brings a huge amount and positive charge for the whole year. Color therapy with multi-shaped buds and variegated varieties gives emancipation, warmth and warmth and immersion into the world of natural colors and smells, reminding that we are all children of nature.
It is necessary to apply means which suit a specific variety of tulips, for example fentiuram. It is necessary to make the tool fall both on the underground and on the above-ground part of the plants.
Tulips. Cultivation and care in the open field and at home
Gray rot, which is quite common. Its main symptoms are: browning or darkening of all parts of the plant. There is the possibility of rotting the root or stem. On the petals of flowers, this may form a gray patina.
The density of planting will also depend on the size of the bulbs. Large specimens will need approximately 50 per 1 m², and smaller ones - from 75 and more. Most often, tulips are planted across the garden rows in rows with a distance of approximately 20 cm.
Before planting tulips, it is advisable to fertilize the soil for better root development.
There are also green-flowered tulips, parrot, fringed and others.
What varieties of tulips can be grown in Siberia? Experience shows that all varieties grow and bloom successfully if you do not have permafrost. In permafrost conditions, tulips can also be grown if you apply a little trick. A bed with tulips should be placed where the heating main passes or a septic tank is located. Tulips grow better if it is also a sunny place protected from the wind.
A very important point when growing tulips is their planting. It is necessary to plant in time for the tulips to take root to constant frosts, then they will more easily endure the winter. In Siberia, the best landing time is autumn, or rather, the last decade of September. It is best to plant tulip bulbs immediately after the first frost down to minus 3 ° C.
When spring comes, the tulips will start sprouting, and after a couple of weeks they will bloom. At this time it is necessary to conduct two dressings: as soon as the buds appear and when the flowers fall off. Be sure to monitor the soil moisture, as well as periodically loosen it.
Do not forget: to grow beautiful flowers, you need to remember the constant loosening and ventilation of the soil after abundant watering. After rains, it is also recommended to raise the leaves of a tulip rosette above the ground in a way of loosening and forming a circular shape holding the rosette, otherwise the leaves and buds may begin to rot.
The first shoots of tulips appear in early spring, sometimes it happens during the first snow melt.
The planting of tulips takes place in autumn, at the end of September. The temperature at this time is not as hot as in summer, which is suitable for growing tulips.
After enjoying the flowering of these flowers it is necessary to prepare for their early digging. Do not wait for them to wither. The term of digging can be determined by yellowing stalks. Each bulb must be carefully removed and cleaned of excess soil.
To fight the gray rot, you will need to plow up the ground, after which you should add a tool that is recommended for a particular variety of tulips. Preventive measures can be considered meeting the deadlines, proper storage and care of the bulbs.
Approximately at the end of August or the beginning of autumn, it will be necessary to thoroughly dig up the area that was planned for planting. In the process it is necessary to apply mineral fertilizers. The best option is potassium salt (about 40-50 g per 1 m²) and potassium magnesium (80-90 g per 1 m²). It is recommended to complete all the preparatory work with the soil a week before planting.
The scheme of greenhouses for flowers.
From tulips and other plants, you can plan various flower arrangements to decorate your garden. Very well they are in harmony with ornamental shrubs, with forget-me-nots, which by this time are also beginning to bloom. Use creativity in growing these beautiful flowers, and they will thank you for their beauty!
Now about how to plant tulips. It is very important that the planted bulbs are at a depth of about 25 cm. With a less deep planting, the bulbs can freeze out in a harsh winter, and with a deeper one, tulips will have a lot of strength to grow and flowers will be smaller. At the bottom of a trench prepared for planting bulbs, it is advisable to pour 2–3 cm of clean river sand, place the bulbs at a distance of 15–20 cm from each other (small ones are closer, larger ones are farther), sprinkle them with rotted manure, slightly moisten them, Autumn is dry and covered with earth. Do not compact the ground, just flatten it with a rake.
When the leaves of tulips turn yellow, it is time to dig out the bulbs. After they are removed from the ground, they should be dried on the open air in the shade (1-2 days). After that, the bulbs are placed in boxes and stored in a dark, well-ventilated area.
Some people, when cultivating for many years, are advised to lay out decorative granite of various but large shapes, or sandstone, or other stones, which today are actively used in landscape design of homestead territories, near a strip or a row of tulips for this purpose. The stones protect the flowers from the wind, keep the sun warm, and provide tulips with natural support, while at the same time creating a beautifully decorated modern flower bed for our summer cottage. And the cultivation of flowers, and care for them, and thoughtful design will then deliver a sense of joy and satisfaction. Because the summer took place if the tulips were in bloom!
Growing these flowers makes it necessary to dig out tulips once every two years. Some, however, do it every year - in August. The ripening takes place in a separate hole or in a prepared cool place. Otherwise, the bulb with long-term "experience" in the ground will begin to shrink and degenerate, and the cultivation of varietal flowers will not make sense. If you plan to winter the tulips in the ground, it is better to sprinkle them with a layer of sawdust or cover. Especially if winter snow cover - an infrequent weather phenomenon in your latitudes.
Typically, planting this floral joy occurs in the fall - in the third decade of September. The temperature is no longer as hot as in summer, and 10 degrees of heat are optimal for tulips, since higher temperatures do not allow the onion flower to root well
Bulbs from tulips must be divided into varieties: for example, in plastic boxes with a mesh bottom. Next, they will need to stand under a canopy for several days. Flowers are recommended to be dried in a room that has good ventilation, while taking into account the temperature conditions.
Fusarium After the spring snow has completely melted, fusarium can appear, which can be determined by the mass rotting of young shoots. Multicolored rot with a strong odor can form on the bulbs. This disease causes tulip fungus Fusarium.
Tulips in the garden will be sunny, protected from strong winds place. The soil is desirable loose, crumbly, best of all sandy. Acidic soils are suitable only after liming.
About 60 days before planting, they prepare the soil. Her dig and fertilize with organic and mineral fertilizers.
The planting of tulip bulbs at the cottage is carried out in September, so that they take root before the cold. As soon as the soil freezes, the area with tulips should be mulched with peat (layer thickness 5-7cm).
During the growing season, flowers need a uniform and abundant watering, after which weeding and loosening the soil are necessary. Around the beginning of July, when the leaves of the tulips begin to turn yellow, the tulip bulbs are dug up.
For the multiplication of flowers take bulbs nests, where the young tulip bulb has become more maternal.
Store the bulbs in a well-ventilated and dark place. Periodically, they need to inspect for the culling of diseased and spoiled copies.
Under growing tulips flat, sunny open areas, with deep processing, with slightly alkaline or neutral soil, and necessarily protected from strong winds.
These flowers grow very well on lightly loamy and sandy soils. If the soil for growing tulips is sour, it needs to be limed (200-400 g of lime per 1 square meter).
In the sandy light soil make manure, compost, humus. In the heavy add clean river sand (from 5 to 10 kg per 1 sq. M.).
The best predecessors for growing tulips is any flower or vegetable culture, except solanaceous and bulbous.
Growing tulips can be carried out in ridges up to 100 cm wide. Rows with tulips in the ridges are located at a distance of 20 cm from each other, the distance between the bulbs, depending on their size, is 5–8 cm.
They are planted carefully submerging them in loose soil, so as not to damage the root cushion, press them in with force and cannot be screwed.
Planting depth about 3 bulb heights tulip. After planting it is good to add nitrogen fertilizer 10 g per 1 sq. M.
History and features
These perennial bulbous plants, which belong to the family of liliaceae, were imported from Central Asia in the XIV century. They are unpretentious at cultivation, they like heat and light. Currently, about 110 species of these plants are known, and varieties are impossible to even count. Varieties differ in flower and petal shape, in bud color.
The stem of a plant can reach a meter in height, it is upright, cylindrical in shape. The leaves are lanceolate, elongated, green with a bluish tinge, they have a waxy coating. Each plant has a separate flower - with the exception of a few varieties it is bisexual, the perianth has 6 free leaves, 6 stamens.
Most flowers of natural origin come in 3 colors: yellow, red, white. Thanks to the selection obtained even green tulips.
The shape of the inflorescence can be:
- cup shaped
Bulbs oval, small can be flattened. They are used for vegetative reproduction. If you look at the onion, you can see that it is the bottom, which is an underground plant, with fleshy leaves of a modified form.
The root system goes deep into the soil up to half a meter, it is sufficiently developed. The fruit is a triangular box, it contains many seeds.
It is possible to plant tulips in the country for your own pleasure and for sale. This process is not expensive, special care breeding of these plants does not require.
Place for planting flowers
For planting tulips should choose a well-lit place on the summer cottage with drained soil. Only you can not plant flowers where previously planted onions and nightshade. For later varieties of shade should be more, otherwise they bloom early.
Mandatory landing area is required to protect from the north and east winds.
Culture prefers a slightly alkaline sandy loam soil, therefore, in the presence of clay, river sand should be added to it. In addition, when arranging the beds, an additional 2 cm layer of sand is placed on the bottom of the furrow before planting the bulbs.
The fertile layer must be at least 30 cm.
How and when is it better to plant tulips in the country? It is preferable to do this in the fall. The bulbs are best planted in September, expecting so that the air temperature was about 10-15ºC.
The depth of the hole is important - it should be about 3 sizes of the bulb in height.
Shallow planting - the plant can freeze until spring, very deep - the variety degenerates, the flowers are crushed.
Some florists, in order not to risk, planting tulips in the spring.
Before planting the bulbs, it is desirable to process them with a strong solution of manganese or basezol. In manganese they need to be placed for 2 hours, in fundanazole - for 25 minutes.
The furrows must be separated from each other by a distance of 20 cm. Their direction is from west to east. Between the bulbs in the furrow is necessary to leave a gap of 10-20 cm, depending on the size. Donets sent down.
Fertilizers must be applied before planting flowers in the soil.
From the ready you can recommend:
Consolidation of flowers to manure and compost, only the compost should be well repainted. Fertilizing culture is carried out only when the soil is wet, after rain or watering.
Care for tulips planted in open ground
As soon as the budding of plants has begun, special attention will have to be paid to watering. Flowers can not be poured, the root system immediately begins to rot.
Watering is done once a week - 10 days, depending on the natural weather conditions.
The mulch is not removed from the soil, only the spruce branches are removed, and even if early varieties were planted in the fall.
The first feeding is made only after the appearance of sprouts. It depends on what fertilized the soil when planting in the fall. For example, in the fall superphosphate was added. In the spring it is not necessary to add. At choice, the soil is fed with ammonium nitrate, urea 0.15%, nitrophosphate or ammonium sulphate 0.2-0.25%.
The second feeding is carried out taking into account the previous one when budding.
If the tulips were planted in the spring, then it is better to feed them with slurry, bird droppings or mullein.
Arid soils require the addition of boron and zinc.
Care for flowers and flowering period. If it was not envisaged to cut them off, then it is not recommended to wait for independent falling off of the petals. The bud needs to be plucked as soon as the flower begins to wither, otherwise the pathogenic flora will invade the fallen petals and the bed will be infected.
It is important to know not only how to grow tulips and care for them in the country, the "harvest" must also be collected correctly.
Cut flowers in the stage of colored buds either in the early morning or in the evening. Leaves must be left on the stem - no less than 2. A tool after cutting tulips is always treated with a solution of soda or manganese for the purpose of disinfection.
If you dig out the bulbs every year, then the planting material will be of high quality. It is very important to know the exact time of digging.
This is determined in the case of early varieties according to the following signs: the leaves turned yellow, the bulb scales became light brown. When working with late varieties: the top of the stem softens, the leaves just begin to turn yellow, the bulb turns brown.
First, early varieties are dug, then later ones. The bulbs are immediately brought into a closed place, cleared of earth and scales. In the first 30-40 days after collecting the bulbs, the storage temperature should not be higher than 25ºC and lower than 22ºC, then it is very important to keep them for a week at a temperature of 15 to 18ºC. Then the storage temperature is reduced to 12ºC.
It is not recommended to mix varieties during storage. Dampness in the storage should not be, but in dry air, they will not remain. Approximate humidity in the room is required to maintain about 70%.
The nuances of working with culture
If you have to grow tulips in the open field, then in the country it can be done every 2 years, but not less often, otherwise the variety will start to degenerate. But the bulbs remaining in the ground must be sprinkled with spruce branches or multi, otherwise they will freeze over the winter.
As soon as in spring the overwintered bulbs begin to germinate, it is necessary to loosen the soil around them. After heavy rains, the tulip rosette needs to be lifted above the ground, loosening the soil and forming a circular circular earthen shell to prevent rotting of the plant.
Typically, experienced gardeners for this purpose along the row of tulips spread decorative strips of stones. This helps protect the flowers from rotting and creates a unique flower bed design. In the spring tulips in the country make the garden luxurious.
When choosing a site for growing tulips, please note that the plant likes humus, light, sandy soils. Heavy soils and soil from pure sand are not used when planting flowers.
Tulips grow well in areas covered with light from cold and strong winds. Varieties that bloom late are placed in partial shade, where they bloom much longer. On areas that are very shaded in plants very much, shred bulb. It is necessary to choose non-relief platforms, without depressions, moisture often stagnates in these depressions and bulbs rot.
There are many indications in the books the need for constant standing of groundwater with a well-ventilated topsoil. В Голландии, родине тюльпанов, например, очень высокое количество подземных вод, так что во время вегетации растение поддерживается природным путём.
При очень глубоком расположении подземных вод развитие тюльпанов задерживается и крупные луковицы, получается в малом количестве. Хотя в слишком влажном грунте со стоячей водой луковички могут заболеть грибковым заболеваниям или, вообще, погибают. In order to reduce the level of standing groundwater, they are digging drainage ditches at a depth of 40-50 centimeters.
Soil preparation and fertilizers
On clayey and loamy soils which are little cultivated for some time before planting tulip bulbs, several activities are needed.
- In the clay soil need to intervene large river peso.
- Peat, sod soil, and humus should be mixed in light sandy soil.
Application of rotted manure even in small doses directly under the bulb will lead to the death of the entire root system of the tulip. The bulbs that turned out in such areas are completely unsuitable for reproduction. Plowing of siderates and compost has a good effect on the development of onions, and it must be disinfected beforehand.
After the introduction of manure into the ground, the land is plowed deep. Such plowing helps to produce developed plants and large bulbs and facilitates the cultivation of tulips.
To prepare the soil in flowerbeds, make a well decomposed humus 5-6 months before planting onions.
Planting tulips in the ground
The best time to plant the bulbs is the autumn period from September and October. But much depends on climatic conditions if the south is later, and the north is later. To properly determine the timing of planting tulips, need to know the temperature of the earth. Soil temperature no deeper than ten centimeters should be ten degrees of heat and now you can start planting bulbs.
If the soil is still warm, the onion will germinate until the winter cold, and with the onset of spring heat the flower will not bloom. Late landing is also unpleasant. In this case, the onion will not have time to take roots before the frost and the bulb will not be able to take root. It is necessary to monitor weather forecasts.
Autumn planting of tulips gives excellent results: sprouts are well received and bloom for a long time. Still, the landing of tulips in late February or early March is possible, but it is less fruitful.
The bulbs planted in the soil, under the rules, are taken very well, most importantly, the temperature did not fall below ten degrees during the day.
Why is landing in the spring is not as successful than in the fall. The spring onions planted in spring begin to bloom much later than those that the summer resident has landed before the winter cold. In order for the culture to sprout quickly, it takes time to cool the bulbs. Only after cooling in the bulbs begins to form a substance that is needed for development and a quick start for intensive growth.
Most often, tulips in the wild begin to germinate immediately after the snow melts. In home greenhouses and flower gardens, flower growers try to create similar conditions for the flowers of the cultivated varieties. If, for all sorts of reasons, there was no planting of tulips during the autumn period, the planting should be done in late March or early February. Landing is allowed in December if there is no frost. In this case, it is necessary to cover the bed with dry leaves or spruce leaves and over it is covered with a layer of snow so that the bulbs do not freeze.
Planting tulip bulbs in the spring can give good results if a few days before planting put planting material, previously wrapped in paper, in the refrigerator. Then put the tubers for a few minutes with a weak pink manganese solution. After such events, the flowering period should come faster.
When planning the planting of tulips in the autumn, it is necessary to purchase planting material in the summer and properly store it until planting. The question arises and how to save the bulbs before planting, it is central to most beginner gardeners. As a rule, the acquired tubers are laid loosely in boxes placed in a cool, dry and dark place. The ideal temperature is considered to be fifteen degrees of heat.. Suitable cellar or basement. The only condition in the room used should not be high humidity.
If you prefer planting your own tulips that have grown in your garden, you must follow these steps. In mid-June, you need to dig up the tubers. After that, they should be well dried in an open area with airing. At the same time covering from direct sunlight, not the onions will dry up. Next, remove all husks from planting material and carefully separate full-fledged children. Place in a dry, dark and cool place. So, store tubers of tulips before planting.
Successful planting tulips
We will study how to plant tulip bulbs in the country, at home and in the greenhouse. And how to properly care for them.
When selecting a place you need to consider which plants grew in this place. Very good if vegetables and flowers grew on this place. And if earlier the nightshade or bulbous grew, it is better to pick up another area, because there is a big risk of getting viral diseases. When a place is chosen, where the planting of tulips will be held, pre-events are held. The following. In early spring, organic fertilizers are digged into the ground, they slowly decompose. Especially good fertilizer manure, rotted or composted.
For landing only healthy and quality tubers are suitable. You need to carefully inspect the bulbs for damage, infection. Selected material soaked in a solution of manganese about 30 minutes.
Preparation of beds
- The beds are cut with a width of about one meter with longitudinal or transverse grooves. The length of the grooves, maybe any.
- Nodules very gently as if pressed into the grooves. But at the same time Trying not to damage the onion root system. Depth of indentation depends on the size of the bulb and the type of soil. When the soil is light, the planting is made deeper, but if the earth is heavy, then the depth is less. The distance between the rows is about 20 centimeters, the distance between the tubers is 10 centimeters.
- On top of the tubers sprinkled with a small layer of earth, which is not pressed.
Modern flower growers tulips are often grown using a tube. This technique gives very good results. To implement a pipe technique, you must take a metal tube whose diameter should be 5 centimeters. It should be with a piston that can be fixed, dig a small hole and put an onion with a tube. Piston push it into the ground.
Proper care of tulips
With the advent of spring heat, it is time to care for tulips that grow in the open field, the first shoots appear. All onions that do not sprout need to dig, because they can disappear and infect healthy tubers. When forming and blooming buds, they are watered plentifully and often. Irrigation is a very important part of care. For 15 days, water plentifully and until the end of the flowering period.
The soil needs loosening or weeding the soil.. This will keep the moisture for longer. All weeds need time to pull out. Weeds deplete the land and can infect tulips with fungal diseases. Buds that are wilted must be cut. Leaves cut flatly impossible. The more and longer the plant remains green, the more bulb will receive nutrients, nutrients.
Tulips can be seen in parks, on window sills, suburban areas and even in city apartments. This is a flower that symbolizes spring and femininity. Possessing extraordinary beauty and unpretentiousness in leaving. Of course, to get a beautiful flowering plant you need to know the rules for selecting and planting bulbs and caring for them. This article provides several recommendations. And following them, breeding and planting will not be difficult for you and will surely meet your expectations.
Varieties of tulips: what just not!
In the color of tulip flowers there is the whole color spectrum: from pure white to almost black. In addition to varieties with simple flowers, there are representatives with terry and fringed, and even terry-fringed. It should be noted that exotic novelties cost a lot, moreover, they are not so stable in culture - they are more “gentle”, often fall out and are more often prone to various diseases. Therefore, if you really wanted to buy such unusual varieties, then try to create the most favorable conditions for them: pick the best place in the garden, make sure you have good drainage when planting, and if you have rodents on the site, then take appropriate measures.
How to choose a place for planting tulips
Tulips do not tolerate stagnant water, acid soils, as well as fresh organic fertilizers. Place for their landing you need to choose the sun. At such sites, tulips thrive, show themselves in all their glory, they increase resistance to various diseases. This is especially true for tall Darwin hybrids, in which, with a lack of light, the stems become twisted and may even lie down. You cannot plant tall varieties in windy places.
Owners of low plots should take care of the arrangement of bulk beds 15–20 cm high.
Preparing the soil for planting tulip bulbs
The soil for planting tulips is desirable to prepare for the month. The site is well digged, making complex granular fertilizers, for example, Kemira autumn. If the soil is heavy, then when digging it is necessary to add river sand.
Before planting, tulip bulbs are examined again. Reject all sick, puny and withered. For the prevention of fungal diseases, they are pre-treated with a 0.2% solution of Fundazole (a broad-spectrum systemic fungicide).
After wet processing, the tulips do not dry, but are immediately planted. Planting place watered, it contributes to the rapid formation of roots. Keep in mind that if the root system of these plants is damaged, no new roots are formed on the damaged areas.
Terms of planting bulbs directly depend on the climatic conditions of a particular region. Landing is carried out in such a way that before the onset of frost resistant bulbs have time to root well. The optimum temperature is + 5-7 ° C, at a higher temperature (+ 10 ° C and higher) rooting occurs more slowly, the bulbs are more often exposed to various diseases. Tulips usually take root for 2-3 weeks.
Planting bulbs, under the bottom you need to pour the river sand, that is, to arrange a "sand pillow." In this way, I plant all varieties of tulips, and especially the valuable ones, I also add sand to them from above, and only then fall asleep with earth.
Too densely planted is not necessary, especially varieties with large leaves. The distance between the largest bulbs should be 7-9 cm, between the rows - 20-25 cm. The distance between smaller bulbs should be equal to their diameter. The more spacious your plantings are, the higher the multiplication factor will be.
Tulips planted, based on the rule: planting depth is equal to three times the height of the bulb. Therefore, it is better to plant large specimens and babe separately.
The bulbs are gently placed on a sandy pillow or loose soil, but they are not pressed in or screwed in, as this may cause damage to the root roller, and cover it with soil. After landing the place is leveled. The height of the soil above the planting material should eventually be equal to the height of two bulbs.
Rules for the care of tulips
Spring care for planting tulips begins early enough. Immediately after the snow melted, with the appearance of the first shoots on the flowerbeds, the fallen leaves are removed, the soil is loosened, the shoots are examined. Sick tulips and those with twisted stems are immediately dug out with a clod of earth and removed to protect others and to prevent mass infection and the spread of fungal infections.
The first time you need to feed the plants after the snow melt, with the advent of the first shoots. Use nitrogen fertilizer - urea (carbamide). With the advent of the first buds, the second dressing is carried out with phosphate fertilizer, for example, superphosphate. When comes the massive flowering of tulips, use the drug Bud (universal natural growth stimulant, flowering and fruit formation). At the end of the growing season, a month before digging, fertilizing with potassium-containing fertilizer (for example, potassium monophosphate) is obligatory. This contributes to an increase in the size of the bulb and the accumulation of starch in it.
If there was not enough snow in the winter, and there was little moisture in the soil in the spring, then the tulips must be watered. They are especially sensitive to the water regime in the budding phase.
After each watering the soil is desirable to loosen. The soil crust is an obstacle for oxygen, which is so necessary for the roots. Because of this, the bulbs will not mature well.
In order for the tulips to form large bulbs and actively expand their children, immediately after flowering, their flowers break off. In young plants, flowers are broken off 2-3 days after they open, so that you can identify the variety and determine if they are not infected with the variegation virus. You should not use scissors, as the juice of diseased plants (signs may not yet appear) may fall on healthy slices.
When you need to dig tulip bulbs
Digging tulip bulbs
Tulips need to dig up every two years. If this is not done and left without digging at all, the soil will gradually tighten the bulbs deeply, over time they grind.
It is better to dig up new varieties every year, as they are more susceptible to diseases, especially in hot and rainy summer. Sick and damaged among them must be immediately rejected. The remaining onions, after they dry up, for prevention, need to be treated in a solution of potassium permanganate or Maxim.
It is necessary to dig out the bulbs in a timely manner: not too early, but also not to delay this process. When digging early, the bulbs do not have time to ripen and then wither, become flabby and die. When it is late, it will be difficult to pick out babies from the ground and you can easily lose even an adult onion.
The signal for digging is the completely yellowed top two sheets, the bottom sheet becomes gray-green. Dig up tulips in dry weather. Leave them to dry for 3-6 days in the shade under a canopy together with the stems. When the nests of the bulbs dry out, proceed to the division. Carefully separate the stem, the bulbs are freed from the scales, and the replacing bulb is separated from the rest of the peduncle.
Tulip Bulb Storage Modes
The first month of tulips is stored at a temperature of + 23-25 ° C. At this time, flower buds are laid in the bulbs. Fringed varieties prefer a higher temperature (+ 25-27 ° C). This will positively affect the quality of the fringe - it will become lush and longer. Too high temperature (more than + 30 ° C) is harmful, since, on the contrary, the flower bud may not develop or its development will occur with deviations. A month later, the storage temperature is reduced to + 18-20 ° C.
All tulips are propagated by baby bulbs. Adult bulbs are planted for flowering, and small ones are planted separately for rearing and reproduction.
The replacement bulb, which will bloom next year instead of the mother bulb, is not suitable for this, as it inherits all the physiological features of the mother and accumulates signs of aging. For breeding varieties suitable for medium size, young, strong bulbs rounded.
Seed tulips in amateur floriculture do not propagate. This method is used exclusively for breeding purposes, and the flowering of plants from seeds occurs only after 4-5 years.
❀ By the end of the growing season, the mother bulb dies off completely and in its place a whole nest of the daughter is formed. The largest of them becomes substitute. The rest of the onion bulbs (1st and 2nd generations) will need to be expanded over a period of 1-2 years.
Diseases and pests of tulips. Treatment
Unfortunately, tulips are subject to various diseases and have numerous pests. Let's get acquainted with the most common and learn to deal with them.
Botrytis or gray rotIt is most pronounced in rainy and cool weather. On the first stockpiling scales, bulbs form roundish and irregularly shaped spots. They are clearly defined, yellow-orange or brown, reaching 1 cm in diameter or more. The bulbs shrivel, turn black.
In the years when spring is long or cold, the disease appears on the leaves and even on the flowers as brown spots. Affected bulbs produce weak shoots and develop poorly, leaf blades break, deform and turn brown. Plants are charred, covered with gray bloom. The infection is transmitted through infected bulbs and soil.
They do not allow plantings to thicken, weeds are harvested in time and loosen the soil.
When planting avoid low areas. On heavy soils make sand.
Resistance of plants to the disease increases fertilizing with phosphate and potash fertilizers, as well as containing trace elements.
Before planting the tulip bulbs need to be placed in a 0.2% solution of Fundazole for 30 minutes.
From the moment of emergence, prophylactic treatments of plants with a 0.4% solution of copper oxychloride, 0.2% solution of Fundazole, 1% Bordeaux mixture, and a 0.2% solution of the drug Scor.
Строго соблюдают режим хранения луковиц.
При выкопке тюльпаны сразу же обрабатывают одним из перечисленных фунгицидов.
Тифулез является одной из разновидностей белой сухой гнили. Тюльпаны всходят позже, их листья не развиваются, побеги остаются свернутыми в трубочку, приобретают красный цвет. With a low degree of infection, when there are no obvious signs of decay of the bottom, the plants have a depressed appearance, do not bloom or give out “blind” buds, their root system is not viable.
Low positive temperatures contribute to the development of the disease, so typhoid fever is more common after warm winters and high humidity in the fall and spring. The infection persists in the soil, on weeds and is transmitted with a bulb. Infected bulbs during storage serve as a source of disease.
Weeds are removed from the site in a timely manner, carefully inspected and the bulbs rejected during storage.
The area after digging up tulips must be deeply dug up with the turnover of the reservoir, since the spores of the fungus do not germinate at great depths and die over time (after 70-80 days).
Bulbs dug from the area where there was a defeat with typhulosis, it is desirable to process in 0.5% solution of manganese-acid potassium.
Before planting, the bulbs are treated with this solution: 10 g of potassium permanganate and 3 g of boric acid are dissolved in 10 liters of water.
Fusarium usually appears by the end of the growing season, causing a significant lunge of tulips. Sometimes plants die in early spring, after the snow melts. Large tulips are stunted, their flowers become small and faded, the peduncles are short and thin. Sick tulips are easily pulled out of the soil.
The likelihood of infection increases when the weather is damp and hot. A wet white rot forms on the bulbs, covering the bottom, the scales lag behind, large light brown spots with a red-brown border are formed during storage, and a pink patina appears between the scales. Subcutaneous tissues soften, darken and acquire a sharp peculiar smell. Ultimately, the bulb turns into dust.
Measures to combat fusarium are the same as with the defeat of tulips by botrytis.
The variegated virus changes the color of the flower. Depending on the initial color of the variety appears differently. Thus, in pink, purple and lilac varieties, the color of the flower becomes non-uniform: streaks appear on the edge of the petals against a white or yellow background, and asymmetrically arranged stripes against the background of the original color of the variety appear in the middle of the petal. Tulips of red, dark red and purple stains on the background of their own color appear strokes and stripes of darker tones. It is difficult to recognize the presence of a virus in varieties of white and yellow color, as the hatching on the flowers is not very noticeable.
On the stems and leaves, too, sometimes there are strokes and faint bands of pale green color. But do not confuse such specimens with varieties of tulips, in which striped leaves are a varietal trait.
Plants infected with the virus are weaker, the flower stem becomes shorter, the weight of the bulbs decreases. Such tulips will continue to bloom and grow for a long time, but at the same time the variety gradually degenerates - the disease destroys the main features inherent only in this variety.
The variegated virus is incurable and spreads with the sap of diseased plants; various insects (aphids, bedbugs, thrips) carry it. In a relatively short time, you can lose the entire collection of varieties. Since the mass appearance of insect vectors is observed in the second half of May, it is mainly varieties of medium and late flowering that are affected by the variegation virus. Early-flowering varieties, Kaufman, Foster and Greig’s tulips are also susceptible to this virus, but by the time the aphids appear, the aboveground part of them is already dying out and the infection becomes almost impossible.
In order to avoid transfer of the virus from diseased plants to healthy ones, it is impossible to use one knife to cut flowers and remove buds. I just break off the flowers with my hands, but so that the broken stem does not touch my fingers. To do this, tightly wrap a flower or bud and remove it.
After use, the instrument should be disinfected with alcohol, in a solution of potassium permanganate or baking soda.
Diseased plants need to be ruthlessly gouged out and destroyed before the flower is fully revealed. Usually on the second day of coloring the petals it is already clear whether the tulip is sick or not. In no case do not throw such plants into the compost pile, ideally they should be burned.
To prevent the disease next to tulips, you should not plant lilies, which can be affected by the virus without showing signs of illness, and planting tulips after lilies is simply unacceptable.
Most varieties of tulips baby immune to the virus, so it is best to grow tulips from it.
Since the main carriers of the virus are aphids, it is important to monitor their appearance on the tulip plantings and to deal with them in a timely manner.
Onion hover - it is a greenish fly up to 1 cm long.
But the main damage to tulips is caused not by herself, but by her larvae, which appear in June and September (second generation).
The larvae penetrate into the tulip bulb through the bottom and make moves in it. The affected bulbs do not give peduncles, the leaves turn yellow and wither ahead of time, and with a strong lesion the plant may die. Fly larvae overwinter in bulbs, soil and storage.
Affected plants are removed during the growing season.
It is possible to destroy the larvae in the bulb if the infected bulbs are kept in hot water (no more than + 43 ° C) for 2 hours.
An effective method is a deep autumn digging of the soil with a reservoir turnover.
Reduces the distribution of the onion hoverfly by mulching the soil with peat, which prevents the laying of eggs.
It is useful to plant around the perimeter of flower beds with tulips plants that produce volatile production: marigold, calendula and others.
Planting tulips watered infusion of wood ash (500 g per 10 liters of water) at the rate of 5 l / m2.
Root Onion Mite - the most dangerous pest. It penetrates between the scales of the bulb, bites into its tissue. It quickly decays and can no longer germinate. If it nevertheless germinates, then during the growing season the growth of tulips is delayed, the leaves turn yellow and die prematurely, the quality of flowering deteriorates. Such plants are usually affected by other diseases and quickly die.
The bulbs can be damaged by a tick during storage if the pest remains on the old scales and roots. It reproduces especially well at a temperature of about + 25 ° C and a humidity of over 70%. The outer surface of the scales is gradually covered with brown dust, the bulbs rot and dry.
Thoroughly inspect the bulbs when digging and storing and discard the affected.
Prior to storage, planting material must be treated with acaricide (Aktellik, Fitoverm and others).
You can pour the bulbs with chalk or ash, they stick to the body of mites that die from the withers.
An effective way to combat - heat treatment of the bulbs. Affected bulbs are immersed for 5 minutes in hot (+ 35-40 ° C) water and planted on a separate bed.
If the tick is found on tulips during the growing season, it is possible to treat the plantings with an acaricide solution, but still it is better to dig them up and destroy them.
With the preventive purpose after digging tulips (and other bulbous ones), plants resistant to this pest are planted on the plot: marigolds, feverfew, tomatoes, radishes.
Wireworms damage tulip bulbs in the period of their active growth, making moves in them. The bulbs easily rot and are affected by other diseases. Wireworms are the larvae of a click beetle, similar to pieces of copper wire, from which they got their name. Beetles lay eggs in the soil near the root collar of plants. Favorable for laying places, overgrown with weeds, especially grass and chaff, is the favorite food of wireworms.
Weeds are removed in a timely manner and the soil is loosened.
Pests prefer to live in acidic soil. Therefore, it is recommended to add lime, chalk, dolomite flour or ash as a deoxidizing agent.
Lay out the bait (potato pieces, beets) and sow bait plants (wheat, oats, corn, barley).
Ammonium sulfate or ammonium nitrate is introduced into the soil in an amount of 20-30 g / m2, creating unfavorable conditions for the reproduction of beetles, which leads to a reduction in the number of their larvae.
Medvedka causes significant damage to plants, gnawing their stems and roots. The bulk of the moves is located at a depth of 2-4 cm, the deeper pest goes only for wintering and for laying eggs. The Medvedka destroys all the plants around its nest so that the nest warms up well (it is usually located at a depth of 10-15 cm) - this serves as a good guide for searching and destroying its nests. It is possible to detect the presence of a bear on a plot by the numerous holes and passages in the soil, which become especially noticeable after rain or watering.
Medvedok nests are destroyed during deep loosening of the soil.
Starting from spring, traps are laid out on the plot: sheets of plywood, slate, iron, under which insects creep up to bask. It remains only to regularly look at traps and destroy pests.
At the beginning of autumn you can arrange bait pits to a depth of 0.5 m. They are filled with manure. Insects are arranged in such pits for wintering. With the onset of frost, manure is thrown from the pit and the pests die.
A similar option - for the beginning of spring. Small heaps of manure are laid out on the plot, in which the shepherds arrange egg-laying. Periodically, once a month, groups look at and collect pests.
You can catch the bear and with the help of water traps. To do this, the banks are buried in the ground, filled with water so that it does not reach the edges by 8-10 cm. Once in the water, the pest cannot get out of it.
Nematodes - These are roundworms that live in the soil. They penetrate the root system. As a result, shoots become shortened, have blooms. The roots quickly rot, the plant loses its turgor and dies.
Conduct heat treatment of the bulbs before planting.
Plant defenders affect nematodes in different ways. For example, marigolds for nematodes are destructive, only it is necessary to plant varieties of marigolds rejected and thin-leaved with a strong smell. Calendula root excretions expel nematodes. The roots of gaillardy, rudbeckia, and coriopsis emit substances that nematodes do not tolerate.
Aphids damage young shoots and leaves, causing their deformation and discoloration. Sucking the juice, the aphids emit a sweet substance - a drop that attracts other insects. That is why you can often see ants eating sweet and aphid secretions near aphids.
Do not overfeed with nitrogen fertilizer plants, because it is fresh young greens that attracts aphids.
The most popular remedy against aphids is soap dissolved in water (it is more convenient to use liquid) and vegetable oil. The viscous consistency of the solution envelops the body of insects and prevents their breathing.
Inta-VIR, Alatar, Fitoverm and others can be used from chemical preparations.
Growing a tulip from a bulb is the easiest method
There are three known methods of growing garden tulips: from seeds, from a bulb, and from "babies."
- The method of growing from seeds is complicated and laborious. The faded floral arrow is tied up and the seeds are ripening on it. Then they are harvested and stored in a dry and dark place until sowing on a flower bed in September-October. Densely sown seeds are carefully covered with earth. They usually germinate after the snow melts. The formation of the bulb takes place in several stages, starting with the appearance of a single leaflet. In the spring of the fourth year, the finished onion is dug out, laying it on the summer drying. In the fall, they plant it again, waiting for another year or two to get a full color of the flower.
- The easiest way to grow is from an onion. Its quality is crucial. The bulb should not be damaged, dense. It is better to choose for planting at least three centimeters copies of the bulbs. They are planted in three pieces into a mixture consisting of three parts of sand, just as much earth and four parts of humus. The bulbs which are not touching each other, thus should not be completely in the earth. Plants do not freeze and slip in if the air temperature is kept at 12 degrees Celsius. Water them with settled water.
- Tulips are called "little children" by small onions. They rarely get sick, because not damaged when disembarking. The depth of disembarkation must be at least three bulbs in height. Trenches with planted plants are fed with humus or manure. In the spring of the first year, the soil is loosened three times, weeded, and fertilized the plants. If the soil is clay, then in order to avoid bulb rotting, it has to be dug up in the fall until the next spring. Therefore, for these plants is preferable sandy soil, in this case, the young bulb overwinters in a flower bed. In the spring of next year, large "babies" finally have flowers. This method of growing bulbous is best for large arrays of flowers, because significantly saves money on the purchase of planting material.
"Kids" tulips - small onions
Technology of growing tulips from the bulbs in the garden
Tulips do not require complex care, are very unpretentious, but to grow beautiful and large flowers, you must follow a number of rules common to all plant varieties:
- In early spring (it has not yet melted snow) it is necessary to start feeding them with fertilizers used for garden flowers in the amount of one and a half to two and a half dozen grams per square meter of bed. The following feeding takes place when the flowers are budded, and the last - after their flowering.
- The appearance of the plants determines which nutrient deficiencies they experience. For example, with a lack of nitrogen, its leaves become narrow and slope. The color of the stems and leaves at the same time changes to reddish. The deficit of potassium and phosphorus is manifested by the appearance of a bluish border along the edges of the sheet.
In the spring under the tulips need to make fertilizer
In the spring, it is necessary to completely remove ill plants, capturing the soil adjacent to them. This place is disinfected with a very hot solution of potassium permanganate.
In winter, tulips need to be protected from frost.
At the beginning of autumn tulips can be planted in the ground. Trenches up to three dozen centimeters wide and up to two dozen centimeters deep are fertilized with superphosphate. Landing begin with large specimens placed bottom down. They are a little sprinkled with earth. Smaller specimens are planted between the first layer of plants, sprinkling them too. “Children” are placed at the end, and the trench is covered with the remains of the earth.
Technology digging plants
Among florist specialists there is no consensus on the need for annual tulip digging. This process unambiguously contributes to the high quality of the bulbs, however, this is a troublesome and time-consuming business.
It is better to dig out tulip bulbs every few years.
Therefore, everyone decides for himself whether to dig out plants every year, or do it at intervals of a couple of years, while providing extra care for bulbs hibernating in the soil.
Those who consider it necessary to dig up tulips every summer should heed a few tips on this:
- Carried out ahead of time digging threatens underdevelopment of bulbs, and, consequently, affects the quality of flowers. With a delay in terms of possible losses in the number of bulbs. A signal to start digging early varieties of tulips are completely yellowed leaves. Оптимальные сроки для выкопки поздних их сортов — начало пожелтения листьев. В это время луковицы становятся светло-коричневыми, а верхушки стеблей — мягкими. Происходит это для разных сортов растений с конца мая до конца июня.
Луковицы удобно хранить в пластиковом бутыле с отверстиями
Plant Enemies - Diseases and Pests
Fusarium tulips, damaged bulb
Tulip bulbs are susceptible to various diseases, spreading as a result of their mechanical damage or with the help of garden pests such as ticks, the bear, beetles, and others.
If the upper part of the plant turns yellow, dries out, and the bulb dries, darkens, germinates by spores or decays and disappears completely, then there is a defeat of the plant with fusarium or penicillous rot.
When a plant damages an onion mite, causing bacteriosis, the bulbs turn brown and rot, emitting a foul odor.
The manifestation of an unusual decoration on flowers in the form of various spots, specks, stripes, streaks is a symptom of a very common and dangerous viral disease - “variegation”. It is characterized by the defeat of the plant as a whole with changes in its metabolic processes.
In order to avoid the spread of infection to the entire flower plot, it is necessary to immediately destroy all diseased plants.
Garden tulips are one of the most common floral plants, known for their beauty, variety and unpretentiousness:
Tulips on the plot is very beautiful
most often they are grown from bulbs,
Incredible beauty - yellow, white, red, orange and other flowers in color - give joy to those who receive a colorful bouquet as a gift, and reward all the efforts of the amateur gardener.