Growing cucumbers in a greenhouse in some cases is almost the only way to get a quality crop. Considering that at present many different greenhouse options have appeared on the market, allowing the use of various covering materials, such facilities have become available to most gardeners. Understanding how to grow cucumbers in a greenhouse is not too difficult, but you should consider any little things.
It may seem to many that the purchase of a greenhouse and the planting under the covering material of the selected seeds are sufficient for obtaining a quality crop. But it must be remembered that the agrotechnology of growing cucumbers in a greenhouse has certain subtleties regarding the plan for planting seeds or seedlings, preparing the premises and the soil, caring for plants, etc. Using tips on growing cucumbers from gardeners with such experience, you can quickly figure out how to plant cucumbers.
The best varieties and hybrids for greenhouse cultivation
Many inexperienced gardeners make a big mistake by planting cucumbers in a greenhouse that are not designed for this. Specially adapted for planting varieties and hybrids of cucumbers can grow well in greenhouse conditions in April and bear fruit from late spring to August-September.
If the planting of seeds and cucumber seedlings is carried out in the spring, when the air temperature is already sufficient for the appearance of pollinating insects and there is a possibility of opening the structure to ensure their access to the plants, it is possible to use cucumber varieties. Planting cucumbers in the greenhouse in this case will require additional measures for insects to enter the greenhouse.
As a rule, certain early and mid-ripening varieties of cucumbers that can be pollinated by bees are used for planting in the greenhouse. Such pee-pollinated cucumber varieties used for growing in a greenhouse include:
Given that these plants have two sexes, pollinators should also be replanted. In the greenhouse about 10% of all plants should be male. If desired, you can use as a male plant varieties with a mixed type of flowering.
Hybrid varieties of cucumbers, which are labeled with the F1 marker, have proved particularly good, because they often do not need pinching and carrying out a number of other procedures, which greatly facilitates the cultivation of cucumbers in the greenhouse.
The most popular hybrid varieties of this type include:
- Hercules F1.
- Emelya F1.
- Annushka F1.
- Dynamite F1.
- F1 athlete.
- Marinda F1.
- Buyan F1.
- Ant F1.
- Murashko F1.
- Bidretta F1.
- Twixy F1.
The ability to self-pollination in greenhouse conditions is an extremely necessary property, since it is only in this case that the likelihood of color falling out in the absence of pollination is excluded. If you choose the right cucumber seeds, growing vegetables in a greenhouse will be more efficient.
If you want to get early cucumbers for fresh consumption, and not for preservation, you can plant the following varieties in the greenhouse:
- Vicenta F1.
- Martha F1.
- Courage F1.
- Sunny F1
- Fawn F1.
- White Angel F1.
Other varieties of cucumbers often used for growing under greenhouse conditions include Spotresistance, Willow, Russian, Regatta, Moscow, Relay, Crystal, etc. Using in practice some tips on growing cucumbers and acquiring suitable seeds for planting in a greenhouse, you should pay attention to their expiration dates, as well as whether they have undergone the necessary processing and testing.
How to prepare seeds for planting
What is the technology of growing cucumbers in the greenhouse? Cucumber seeds should be prepared for planting in the greenhouse, since only in this case you can get a good early harvest of these vegetables. It is possible to plant cucumbers in the greenhouse both with germinated seeds and seedlings.
The germination of cucumber seeds begin about 2-3 weeks before planting. How to prepare cucumber seeds for planting?
- Soaking cucumber seeds is carried out in a shallow plate, in which you need to put a paper napkin.
- Next, laid out the seeds of cucumber.
- Then they should be covered with a second napkin. In the tank with the seeds you need to pour a little warm water, but do not allow the seeds to be completely covered with water. Proper preparation of cucumber seeds is a pledge of their quick shoot.
- The container should be placed in a plastic bag and left on the windowsill, since the access of light at this stage of plant development will significantly accelerate the process of their germination.
- Immediately before sowing should be hardened. To do this, you need to move the seeds in the refrigerator for 48 hours, the temperature should range from 0 to -2 ° C.
Some experienced gardeners believe that if you want to get a good harvest of cucumber, seedlings of plants should be prepared in advance.
First, seeds are sown in plastic pots, which are filled with nutritious soil. In 1 pot or plastic cup with holes made at the bottom, you can sow 2 seeds at once. Since it is easy to grow cucumber seedlings, many people prefer this way. Keep the pots in the greenhouse should be at a temperature of from 22 to 28 ° C until germination.
For the cultivation of cucumber seedlings it is quite possible to use peat tablets or a coconut substrate. The seedling of cucumbers in this case will form a strong root system.
Since you can grow seedlings on the balcony, and not just in the greenhouse, you can get it quite early.
It is very important that the plants have enough light during the germination of seedlings in the greenhouse, which often requires the installation of additional sources of illumination. Stretching seedlings is a bright indicator of insufficient lighting in the greenhouse. After germination, the temperature in the greenhouse should be lowered to 18-20 ° C. From the moment the seeds are planted in pots until the seedlings are obtained in the greenhouse, it usually takes from 3 to 4 weeks. After the cucumber seedlings are formed and 1-2 true leaves appear, it can be transplanted into the greenhouse soil.
Greenhouse and soil preparation
The technology of growing cucumber in the greenhouse involves the proper preparation of both the premises and the soil. It is worth noting that before growing cucumbers in a greenhouse, it is very important to carry out all preliminary work, because only in this case it is possible to reduce the risk of plant damage by pathogenic bacteria and create the necessary conditions for growth, ovary and the formation of vegetables.
Preparing greenhouses for planting cucumbers should begin to engage in the fall. It is necessary to remove from the greenhouse all the remnants of plants that were grown last season. It is necessary to sanitize the walls of the greenhouse or the structure itself, if film is used as a covering material. Before planting cucumbers should prepare the ground.
The soil for planting in the greenhouse must have:
- high fertility,
- excellent absorbency
- neutral acidity.
Properly compiled soil mixture is a crucial point in the cultivation of cucumbers.
The optimum is a mixture of fresh humus and turf soil. The soil mixture needed to grow cucumbers in a greenhouse can consist of 50% peat, 30% from humus, and about 20% from field soil. Such a substrate can be diluted in a 1: 1 ratio with sawdust of coniferous trees. The substrate diluted with sawdust differs in increased fertility.
Before applying the fertilizer to the substrate, necessary for the normal growth and development of cucumbers, it is necessary to disinfect it, for which a 7% solution of copper sulphate is used. Before disinfection, the soil mixture should be carefully dug to a depth of 25 cm and loosened with a chopper to eliminate even the smallest lumps. Approximately 1 month after treatment, about 2 kg of potassium sulfate, 3 kg of superphosphate, and in addition, 0.4 kg of ammonium nitrate per m³ are introduced into the soil intended for growing cucumbers in the greenhouse.
Fertilization is especially important when planning the cultivation of cucumbers from seedlings, since during the transplantation the plants must be provided with all the necessary nutrients. After such preliminary preparation, the soil will be saturated with various substances necessary for the cultivation of cucumbers, but at the same time it will differ in porosity, which will provide the necessary oxygen to the roots.
Subtleties of care
After obtaining high-quality planting material, it is necessary to thoroughly understand how to properly plant cucumbers with seeds and seedlings and carry out further care of them. It is very important to understand in advance how to plant seeds or seedlings in the greenhouse. The scheme of planting cucumbers in a greenhouse depends largely on the area of this room. Usually the landing of planting material is carried out in the second decade of April.
The correct scheme of planting cucumbers in the greenhouse plays an important role, because if the plants are planted too close, they will begin to compete with each other. It is advisable to make long ridges, the gap between them should be at least 75-100 cm. The height of the ridges should be at least 22-25 cm. On the ridges sprouted seeds or cucumber seedlings are planted 25-30 cm apart.
Considering that cucumbers in a greenhouse should grow vertically, you should immediately attach the trellis to the greenhouse ceiling. Twine is tied to this trellis, which should be carefully fixed at the base of the grown cucumber. Tying is done after the plant reaches 20 cm in length. Grow cucumbers in the greenhouse until the garter should be constantly checking to see if the plants clasped to each other with antennae. With this arrangement, cucumbers tendrils begin to cling to the splits and grow vertically. There are other ways of growing cucumbers in the greenhouse, but they are suitable, as a rule, for a room with a large square. Since it is better to grow cucumbers, providing them with the possibility of vertical growth, the majority of gardeners prefer the formation of vertical beds. Caring for cucumbers is not too complicated.
Watering cucumbers in the greenhouse is carried out with warm water at least 2 times a week. If the weather is hot, watering should be done every 2 days. In addition, once a month should carefully loosen the soil, so as not to damage the weak roots of plants. The greenhouse should be regularly aired, especially after the onset of warm weather.
Fertilizers and fertilizing
Planting and caring for cucumbers is not all that they need in the process of their growth and development. Agrotechnika growing cucumbers involves the proper conduct of dressings. If desired, you can use fermented fermented chicken manure tincture or soaked herbs, such as nettle, as a fertilizer. Regardless of whether cucumbers are in the garden or in the greenhouse, they need to be fed as they need a large amount of nutrients in the process of forming the ovary. It is advisable to feed the cucumbers at least once a month.
If desired, you can use special mixtures of mineral fertilizers, which are designed for plants from the pumpkin family.
As a rule, such fertilizers are applied at the beginning of flowering. It is best to apply the fertilizer solution to the soil at a distance of about 5 cm from the stem. During the period of formation, cucumbers are fed 3-4 times more with mineral fertilizers. Knowing some of the secrets of growing cucumbers from seedlings or seeds and observing the irrigation and fertilizing patterns, you can get a good harvest in the greenhouse.
Even if cucumber seeds were treated before planting, for example, with potassium permanganate, and the soil is decontaminated, there is still a risk of developing a number of diseases dangerous for cucumbers. The most common diseases affecting cucumbers are peronosporosis and powdery mildew.
If cucumbers are affected by peronosporosis, the leaves of the plant may become covered with specific oily spots of yellow or green color, which later turn brown. If you find signs of disease, you should stop watering the plants and feeding, and then treat the cucumbers with copper chlorine or polycarbacin.
With the defeat of plants with powdery mildew, a characteristic white bloom appears on the leaves, after which they begin to turn yellow and shrink. If signs of disease are found, the plants should be sprayed with a solution of potassium permanganate, a sulfamide paste or a mullein paste. In addition, to cope with powdery mildew helps pollinate plants with ground sulfur and special preparations. If the plants are properly treated with chemicals, grown vegetables will not be adversely affected.
Terms of sowing seeds for seedlings
For normal development, cucumbers require, above all, heat. If the seedlings are planted in the unheated land, it will stop growing, it will take a long time to take root, and you will get a very mediocre crop. And if you overdo the seedlings in cups, the result is even worse - the plants will stretch and weaken before planting. With late sowing, you will receive the first fruits when the cucumber market is already full. That is why it is so important to learn how to independently determine the time of sowing for your climate zone.
Cucumber growing conditions and recommended dates for planting seeds on seedlings
For the root system of cucumbers, the optimum soil temperature is 15-20 degrees. In an unheated greenhouse, the earth warms to this temperature around mid-April in the south of the country and about three weeks later in the Central Belt. For the north-western regions, the dates of planting seedlings in the greenhouse fall at the end of May. At the same time, it is necessary to take into account the weather conditions: if the spring is late, with snow and frosts, then the greenhouse warms up longer.
Wait until the greenhouse warms up and spend spring processing
Seedling age when planting should not exceed three weeks. As practice shows, seedlings aged 14-20 days take root best. It takes 2-3 days to germinate seeds, another 3 days to germinate. Now, in order to calculate the sowing time, it is necessary to approximately determine the date of planting in the greenhouse (considering your region and weather conditions), and then count back 20 days (14 + 3 + 3).
Example: the greenhouse is in the Central zone, the estimated date of planting cucumbers - May 10. We count back 14 days to grow seedlings, 3 days to germinate and 3 days to process and germinate seeds. It turns out on April 20.
Calculating the date of sowing seeds
Growing cucumber seedlings
Growing cucumber seedlings
Cultivation of cucumber seedlings has its own secrets, without which it will not be possible to achieve maximum yields. There is nothing difficult, and any novice gardener will be able to apply this knowledge on his site.
Varieties of cucumbers for greenhouses
Greenhouse cucumber varieties
Parthenocarpic cucumber varieties that do not need to be pollinated by insects should be selected for the greenhouse. Seeds remain viable for 6–8 years, but three-year-olds are best for sowing. In plants from such seeds the largest number of female flowers, of which the ovary develops. This applies to seed that you collected yourself. As a rule, many non-conforming seeds come across during harvesting, and therefore it is necessary to reject before sowing.
First, from the total mass choose seeds with defects and too small. Then prepare a strong salt solution (a teaspoon in a glass of water) and pour the remaining ones there. After a few seconds, all the empty ones will float to the top, and suitable for sowing will sink to the bottom of the glass.
Cucumber seed culling procedure
Next, carry out the disinfection and germination of seed:
- prepare a solution of potassium permanganate (2 g per glass of water) and seeds are soaked in it for 25-30 minutes,
Treatment of cucumber seeds in the solution of potassium permanganate
The higher the temperature, the faster the sprouts appear, but they are not worth overheating. At 30 degrees, the seeds hatch through the day, at 20-25 ° C, it takes no more than three days, and if the temperature is below 15 ° C, the seeds can rot. Sprouting only accelerates the emergence of seedlings and does not affect the fruiting of cucumbers, so you can do without it. In this case, only one minus - individual seeds can not ascend. To eliminate this possibility, you need to sow 2-3 seeds in each cup, and then just cut off the extra shoots, leaving the strongest.
Preparation of cucumber seeds for sowing: germination
Tip! Seeds from reputable agrofirms are sold already calibrated and coated with protective compounds, and therefore they do not need to be disinfected or soaked so as not to wash off a thin layer of antimicrobial agents. The same applies to granulated seeds, which are additionally covered with a layer of nutrients that promote rooting of sprouts.
Sowing on seedlings
Cucumbers do not respond well to transplantation, and the seeds are immediately sown in individual cups of about 300 g.
How to make a container for cucumber seedlings
Почва для рассады должна иметь такой же состав, как и тепличная, что позволяет растениям быстрее адаптироваться к новым условиям после высадки в теплицу. Как правило, это дерновая земля и перегной в равных частях. For soil looseness, steamed fine sawdust is added (10-15% of the total substrate mass). It is very important that the soil be neutral, since the sour cucumbers develop poorly and bear almost no fruit.
Step 1. Take the pots for seedlings and in each of them make holes for the flow of water. Then they fill the containers with a soil substrate, leaving a rim at least 2 cm high. This will allow, if necessary, to pour in the ground.
How to sow the seeds correctly
Step 2. Seeds alternately spread in pots and sprinkled with earth for 1.5-2 cm. Watered with warm water and cover the container with a film.
In the photo sowing seeds
Step 3. For convenience, all the pots can be put in a wide and shallow pan and placed in a warm place. The optimum temperature during this period is about 22 degrees.
In such conditions, the shoots appear around the third day. If the seeds were sown not germinated, but dry, you will have to wait about a week for seedlings. Be sure to monitor the humidity of the substrate, if necessary, moisten it. When sprouts appear, the film is removed from the pots and the seedlings are moved to the window sill from the south or west side. The window should be slightly shaded so that the direct rays do not fall on the delicate leaves.
Potted cucumber seedlings
Seedling care rules
Seedlings need to ensure proper watering, temperature and lighting. Watering is necessary so that water does not fall on the leaves, especially in the evening. If the air in the room is too dry, periodically the plants should be sprayed with water at room temperature, which must be separated (ideally rain or thawed). Spraying is carried out only in the morning, so that the moisture can evaporate by the evening. Water moderately, every 3-4 days.
At this time, seedlings are very susceptible to the "black leg". Even a brief overheating or overcooling of seedlings in combination with excessive moisture can provoke its appearance. At the first signs of the disease, the affected plant must be removed along with the container, since it will no longer be possible to save it, and all other sprouts should be immediately treated with a fungicide.
The temperature at this time should be no higher than 20 degrees, to avoid pulling seedlings. During strong frosts, it is better to remove the plants from the window, since it becomes colder on the windowsill. Avoid sudden temperature changes and drafts. A week before planting, the temperature must be reduced by a couple of degrees in order to prepare the seedlings for the new conditions.
If there is not enough space on the windowsill, or the window is not too well lit, the seedlings need to be arranged with a backlight. You can use ordinary fluorescent lamps or special fitolampa for seedlings. In cloudy weather, the lamps should be turned on all day, in a sunny one, it is enough to illuminate the plants for 2-3 hours in the morning and the same in the evening. As the seedlings grow, the distance between the cups gradually increases, otherwise the plants will shade each other leaves.
Tip! If, despite all efforts, the seedlings began to stretch, it is necessary to reduce the temperature to 15 degrees and leave the lamps on 24 hours a day.
Cucumber seedling in cups
With this care, seedlings are practically not affected by diseases and quickly grows. If the plants have short, strong stems, at least two or three true leaves and a rich green color, they are ready for planting in the greenhouse.
The scheme of filling of soil with the growth of seedlings
Ready to transplant in soil
Planting cucumbers in the greenhouse
Before planting the soil in the greenhouse loosened and leveled. Prepare the holes: mark the rows for cucumbers and make marks in the soil grooves at a distance of 30-40 cm from each other. Over the rows, wire trellis is tensioned, so that later it is convenient to tie up the stalks of the plants. If the seedlings are bush varieties, the trellis is not needed, and the distance between the holes in the row can be reduced to 20-25 cm.
Starting the landing, pour the wells with a weak solution of potassium permanganate (0.5 l per well), and then with clean warm water. The cups are neatly cut from one side, the plant is very carefully taken out so as not to hook the roots, and put it in the hole. Earthen clod should rise above the ground about a couple of centimeters. Next, pour the ground on the sides, compacting hands, watered again. When water is absorbed, the soil around the plant is sprinkled with dry earth - this will reduce the evaporation of moisture and prevent the formation of a hard crust.
Planting potted seedlings in the ground
Stretched seedlings are planted a little differently. A prerequisite is a well-heated and loose soil. Plants are removed from the pots and buried in the ground to the cotyledon leaves. After planting, it is not necessary to water the seedlings, since overmoistening may cause the rotting of the weakened root system. If individual seedlings managed to bloom before planting in the greenhouse, you need to remove all the flowers and unblown buds. Such plants begin to bear fruit a little later, but the rest of the bushes quickly catch up and do not yield to them in yield.
Cucumbers. Top dressing
For adaptation the plants need 5-7 days. After that, you can form bushes and tie shoots to the trellis. As a rule, greenhouse cucumbers are formed into one stem - it is easier to care for them, and plants get more light. Now it only remains to water the bushes regularly, periodically feed them and wait for the harvest.
Soil preparation and seed selection
- But when germinating seeds and forming seedlings, each novice vegetable grower must understand that during the first selection more than 1/3 of all seeds are sifted out. Consequently, the amount of material must meet the needs of the grower.
- Cucumbers in a greenhouse are usually formed in one stem. Therefore, for 4-5 days, you can make a garter plants to the wire pre-stretched over a number. Grown stalk plants will have to constantly twist around the string. To stop the branching and excessive growth of the plant, nip the plant. The head should be pinched no earlier than the stalk will outgrow the wire trellis by 20-30 cm. But the lateral sprouts are pinched like this: the lower shoots are completely destroyed, as they are rarely fruitful, and if they bear fruit, they are ugly vegetables. Starting from the fifth shoot, pinching will be made on the first leaf. Shoots in the middle part of the stem pinch over the second leaf. And here is the upper part, at the wire, above the third sheet.
Cucumbers require constant attention. Care is the following manipulations:
Cucumbers in the greenhouse quickly go into growth, and very soon their stems begin to need different additional support. For this purpose, trellis made of cord or wire is most often used, which is pulled along each row at a height of 150-200 cm. Twine is fixed to each trellis to the trellis, and the culture is carefully tied at a height of 10-15 cm above the ground with a free loop. In addition, there are other ways to grow cucumbers vertically.
- Cucumber is a favorite vegetable of many, which is not only tasty, but also very healthy. It is not surprising that many gardeners are ready to grow this crop year-round, using a greenhouse and greenhouse. In order to achieve an excellent harvest, you need to know a few important rules: what is the best choice of seeds, when to plant cucumbers and how to properly care for them.
- Consists in tying lashes on supports (trellis), feeding with ash and other potash fertilizers, pruning or pinching (depending on the
- Simply burned. Thermometers for measuring the temperature of air and soil installed in
- Place fresh manure in a high elongated bed in
- Soaked cucumber seeds in the photo
- As soon as the cucumbers in the greenhouse zaplodonaut, the fruit will need to be removed every day to prevent over-ripening and overloading of the entire plant.
- Fortunately, there are a large number of those at the moment. As a rule, gardeners choose one or another plant variety, based on several requirements: the shape and size of cucumbers, fruiting time, taste, further economic use of the fruit, the location of the ovaries.
- Regular watering
- Remove the first cucumbers quickly - it stimulates fruit formation.
- Cucumber seeds, like almost all others, are best processed before sowing.
Greenhouse with cucumbers
- Cucumber greenhouse
- To start planting cucumber seeds in the greenhouse you need to know the timing. To plant germinated seeds initially you need to separate small containers filled with nutrient soil, the sprout will quickly develop and after a few weeks the stalk system will begin to develop. If the earliest cucumbers are planted in the first days of March, then the seeds should be planted two or three weeks before.
- The range of cucumbers for greenhouses is very wide, besides, breeders are not going to stop and continue to bring new varieties. That is why it is difficult to list them all. But you can select the most popular varieties that are best suited for the domestic climate.
- Fertilizer application
- After making the listed components, the beds are raked.
- The formation of the bush begins after the appearance of 8-10 true leaves. At this time, produce "blinding" - pinching in the lower nodes of the new lateral shoots. In the following nodes (usually 5-6 nodes) shoots pinch on 1 cucumber and leaf. After that, the side shoots pinch on 2-3 leaves or fruit. After reaching the growth of the tapestry, the main whip is twisted around it a couple of times, tied up and pinched.
- The land in which they will plant cucumbers must meet such requirements as:
- ) Pest and disease control
- As well as regular daytime airings
- . The width of the beds - 1 m, length - as you like. Place a layer of fertile, loose soil on top of the bed - at least 25 cm. Water it copiously.
- Planting cucumbers in the greenhouse in the form of seeds should not be, because the root system is still poorly developed and the probability of "survival" is incredibly low.
Avoid drafts in the greenhouse. It is recommended to open a greenhouse only if the temperature in it exceeds +30 ° C, and only on one side.
Balagan. This is a whole group of varieties, which includes some of the most popular self-pollinated hybrids: Urban Gherkin, Kolibri, Calendar, Balcony, Machaon. These varieties are very hardy and tasty, can be intended for preservation and for eating in raw form.
Ways of arrangement of beds
Planting cucumbers in the greenhouse is carried out either with the help of seeds, or with the help of seedlings. Gardeners willingly share their experiences in various forums, so
Planted cucumbers in the greenhouse need very careful care. For watering use warm water. In winter, it is recommended to water the crop on a sunny morning. With the onset of warm days, watering is done 2 times a week, and on sunny days it is increased to 3-4 times. Soil moisture should be at a level of 60-80%. In addition, it is necessary to make a shallow loosening. This will maintain the air permeability of the soil and prevent root rot. The greenhouse must be regularly ventilated. After establishing stable warm weather, leave the greenhouse open for the whole day.
CucumberGreenhouse and greenhouses
If the greenhouse is made of polycarbonate, then the planting of cucumbers from seeds should be carried out in cleaned and fertilized soil. In order to see how the whole process of planting cucumbers takes place in a greenhouse, you should familiarize yourself with the video material proposed below.
The soil should not be very wet otherwise the cucumbers in the greenhouse will die.
- Garter and bush formation.
- It is easy to choose the most suitable method of landing
- As a feed you can use ready-made mineral fertilizers or use infused infusion of nettle, chicken manure and mullein. During the whole season, this culture is recommended to be fertilized no more than 5 times.
Excellent absorption and throughput.
- And harvesting. We wrote in detail about
- Help maintain an optimal temperature. This temperature is for
- Cucumber seeds (hybrids and cucumber varieties for greenhouses
- Direct preparation of cucumber seeds for planting in greenhouse conditions requires extensive experience. It will not be so easy for a young vegetable grower to do it on his own. It will be necessary to conduct a number of preparatory moments. Remember the nutritional feeding and the time and period of planting seeds in the ground. Read the review of what kind of cucumber most productive for the greenhouse.
Do not plant plants too thickly.
Forming a bush, care and pest control
This self-pollinated cucumber variety is precocious - the first fruits can be harvested at 44-47 day.
Water cucumbers in the greenhouse can only be warm water.
For your site.
Close to neutral reaction.
Choosing a place for the greenhouse
, See below), evenly distributing
Attention! To plant cucumber seeds in the greenhouse should use the first half of the day. And the best time for this will be from 8 to 11 o'clock in the afternoon.
Correctly form cucumbers in the greenhouse.Courage is resistant to many diseases and gives a fairly high yield. The sizes of a fruit reach 14 cm.In winter, watering is done in the morning.
Each method has its advantages and disadvantages. If you sow the seeds immediately, there is a risk of getting a large number of barren flowers. Such plants in the future will not give fruit.
The main problem of greenhouse cucumbers is peronosporosis, powdery mildew, wireworms, mites, aphids, ants, thrips and germs of the germ fly. To combat them, there are many ready-made effective drugs and products prepared according to popular recipes. Also, timely preventive measures will be used to protect the crop from dangerous pests and diseases, due to which cucumbers grow healthy in greenhouses and give a rich harvest."Ganata".Experts believe that the best soil for a greenhouse or greenhouse will be a mixture of fresh humus and soddy soil.
In a special article: Cucumbers. Cultivation, care, problem solving.
Ranges from + 18-30 degrees.4 plants per square meterSometimes it happens that seeds that have been thoroughly dried and prepared in advance, for some reason, “refuse” to sprout. There are many reasons for this, but the main ones are:
Regularly remove the fruit.
- Connie. Excellent for film greenhouses and greenhouses. Cucumbers have a cylindrical shape and excellent taste characteristics, so the fruit can be used for fresh salads and for pickling. Also, this variety boasts a good yield - 16 kg / m2.
- And only on sunny days. If it's a warm season outside, the cucumbers are watered twice a week. If the weather is warm and sunny, then it is done every other day. At 1 square meter will need 7 liters of water.
- To grow seedlings, you have to spend more time and effort. But there are more chances to get a good harvest.
Nothing is easier than growing cucumbers in a greenhouse. This is not only an interesting lesson, but grateful. It is so pleasant to have fresh cucumbers on the table in winter or in early spring.
For sowing, choose the largest seeds to ensure 100% germination.
- For growing in
- "Burning" manure
- . Soak and germinate
How to grow early cucumbers in cold regions? In the Middle Belt or in Siberia in April, and sometimes in May, it is still too cold to plant cucumbers in open ground. A greenhouse with a hot bed will come to the rescue. This technology will allow to get a high yield of cucumbers at the earliest planting.
Time and method of planting cucumbers
In order to get a high yield of cucumbers in the greenhouse, no special and complex actions are required. The main thing is the desire, attention and care for your greenhouse.Berendey. This choice is perfect for those gardeners who prefer srednepletistye plants. Externally, the fruit can be described as cylindrical, lumpy, length reaches 10-14 cm. Planting cucumbers in the greenhouse is made by seed, but since Berendey is well accustomed and in the shade, it can be grown even on the balcony or window sill of the apartment.Sometimes loosening is carried out. It should not be deep. This is done with the aim of air penetration to the roots. So they will develop better and eliminate the risk of decay.
If the greenhouse is equipped with polycarbonate, then any method can be used. Negative external influences will be minimized.
In the greenhouse, cucumbers produce a much better crop than those grown in open conditions. In addition, the fruit itself is larger, juicier. To better understand the process from start to finish, it’s best to see how to grow cucumbers in a greenhouse video.
In addition, for the greenhouse and greenhouse, you can pick up early varieties, self-pollinating, separately for lettuce or salting. Также специалисты советуют присмотреться к некоторым голландским сортам, которые превосходно себя чувствуют в пленочной теплице и дают раннее дружное плодоношение.
В качестве субстрата подойдет смесь торфа, перегноя и полевого грунта. К нему можно добавить опилки хвойных деревьев, что только положительно скажется на урожайности огурцов. Технология подготовки почвы очень простая. После уборки урожая и его растительных остатков проводится обеззараживание почвы. Для этого можно использовать 7% раствор медного купороса. Before the procedure, the earth is dug up to a depth of 25-30 cm. In addition, it is desirable to enrich the land with any nutrients before planting. Fertilizer can be purchased ready-made in specialized stores or to use the most affordable for many summer residents - ordinary manure.Protected groundBeds with cucumbers
Cucumber seedsSee also: Cucumbers. Cultivation, care, feeding, problem solving,The photo shows cucumber seeds for planting in the greenhouse.
If the greenhouse is located in a shady area, and you do not have enough time to ensure proper care of the plant, you should try to grow these varieties of cucumbers and hybrids like Home, Regatta, Willow, Relay or Marfinsky - they are unpretentious in care, painlessly tolerate irregularities in irrigation schedule and lack of sunlight.
Periodically the greenhouse is ventilated. While work is underway on watering or loosening, the panel slightly lifts. If the day is warm and windless, then you can open the greenhouse for the whole day.
Caring for greenhouse cucumbers
Approximate scheme of planting seeds.
- Well proven:
- Hybrid varieties of cucumbers for greenhouses
- Heating greenhouse
With many years of successful experienceThe first involves the purchase of seedlings in the agricultural or horticultural market,It is believed that Zozulya more than fruitful: on a square meter you can collect up to 45 pounds of cucumbers. That is why he was so fond of gardeners.
Even in winter, cucumbers in greenhouses love a large number of dressings. Good manure.
. Planted seedlings in pots can be at the end of January, when the temperature will reach 23 degrees Celsius. And it can be transferred to the soil when the plant forms at least 4 leaves. In the greenhouse the temperature should be maintained at 25 degrees.
The area should not blow the northern and eastern winds. Fully protect the greenhouse from all the negative factors is unlikely, therefore
In cold regions it is customary to plant cucumbers on “hot” beds. For this, manure or compost is introduced into a greenhouse or greenhouse. Fresh manure is placed in a special elongated high bed, the width of which is about 1 m. Above the manure loose soil is poured, and everything is plentifully watered."Fawn F1".(F1). Advantage of these
Then the temperature begins to gradually decrease. These factors, as well as the presence of artificial lighting in
Not required. If you do not trust seed germination, put 2 seeds in each well, then you will have to cut a weaker plant under the root. Better not to thicken
Growing early cucumbers in greenhouses and greenhouses in Siberia and a review of cucumber varieties for greenhouse
- The second option involves self-germination of seeds. This process can take a significant amount of time, but it will significantly save on biomaterial.
- April variety - these cucumber seeds used for greenhouses and the greenhouse can be sown in open ground. Fruits differ in rather large sizes: one fruit can reach 300 gr. April cucumbers perfectly tolerate cold and are resistant to various diseases. By combining several varieties on the site, you can get the necessary crop for both daily consumption and conservation.
- Both mineral and organic supplements are used.
- Regarding the winter cultivation of cucumbers in the greenhouse, we can note the following. Cucumbers will grow in the winter only in a polycarbonate greenhouse. Varieties for this are selected self-pollinated. Also when choosing a grade
It is better to build a fenceSow seed culture, spreading them evenly over 4 plants per 1 m². Soak and sprout cucumbers before this is not necessary. It is better to plant 2 seeds in one well. After sowing the beds are covered with a film or any light material that is stretched over the arcs. Get a kind of greenhouse in the greenhouse. Such actions are necessary for additional heating of the culture."Emelya F1".
Planting cucumbers with seeds and sometimes seedlings in the open field or greenhouse is always concerned with a large number of gardeners, gardeners, because these vegetables are cultivated almost everywhere. This culture is characterized by excellent yield, active development of shoots, rapid maturation. That is why many people who start gardening are confident in their success, but they end up with a small crop, and sometimes they cannot grow these vegetables at all.
With apparent simplicity, the cultivation of cucumbers is not an easy task. The final result, expressed in fresh and canned fruits (one salad for the winter of these vegetables is worth something!), Is influenced by various factors. Many people, to avoid planting with the use of seed, use a more reliable method of growing - seedling. This choice is due to the fact that when receiving cucumbers from seeds, adverse factors can generally ruin all the plantings. This can occur in open ground and in the cultivation of vegetables in the greenhouse. In order to avoid such a nuisance, one should learn the basic rules for planting seeds with cucumbers (here are their best varieties) and seedlings in open ground and in the greenhouse.
Insufficient soil moisture
Since cucumbers are very fond of water, they need constant watering. Some people sow the seeds in the soil and, having watered them a couple of times, rely on friendly shoots of vegetables. When cultivating this vegetable in the open field, as well as in the greenhouse, it needs moist soil. When it dries, the cucumber sprouts sometimes cannot even break through the dried soil.
Soak and preparation of solutions
To grow strong seedlings, use this method. This procedure helps to increase the percentage of germination and stimulates the active growth of young plants. For soaking use different versions of aqueous solutions.
The amount of active ingredients counting on 1 liter of water. To prepare the solution, we take (at your choice): methylene blue (300 g), zinc sulphate (2 g), boric acid (20 mg), baking soda (5 g). Seed material is soaked in any of the above solutions for 24 hours. Then we dry them and produce sowing in open ground.
A positive result is obtained when pre-treatment of seed. This procedure is required as a preventive measure to prevent diseases and the appearance of pests. We disinfect cucumber seeds in advance or right before seeding. Apply a choice of drugs such as Fentiuram (3 g / 1 kg) or TMTD (4 g / 1 kg).
In a dark pink solution of potassium permanganate for 30 minutes, this action favors the appearance of amicable shoots. After this treatment, the seeds are washed in clean water, dried and sown in open ground. Potassium permanganate is a strong oxidizing agent that kills spores and bacteria.
Popular reception. We place them in a small container in a damp cloth (gauze) and leave in a warm place, covered with glass. A few days later, cucumber seeds will swell and germinate. As required, pour water into a container with soaked material to prevent them from drying out. And it should be at room temperature. After 1-2 days, the seeds of vegetables will swell and the tip of the spine will break through.
The strongest specimens of plants are obtained from the seed that hinges first. They provide the opportunity to obtain a bountiful harvest of fruits. Sprouting cucumber seeds also allows you to get a friendly seedling, in need of the same care. The only serious problem of seed germination is the difficulty in maintaining the temperature at the same level. Also, in case of untimely planting of crooked seeds, entanglement of stems and roots of shoots may occur, which leads to their breaking off. When working with germinated seeds, use tweezers, so as not to damage the tiny plant with your fingers.
Cucumber seeds for greenhouse and greenhouses - do without bees
Shared our reader Ksenia Yuryevna.In order to get the opportunity to eat fresh vegetables all year round, many arrange greenhouses made of polycarbonate or film. Read the cucumber care instructions in the greenhouse on this page.
- In the spring, we all acutely feel a lack of vitamins and a desire to eat fresh vegetables. And cucumbers, which are in demand all year round, become the most frequent and desirable vegetable on the table in spring. We also marinate and salt them with pleasure, therefore, in the presence of a land plot, there is a great opportunity to grow them ourselves. But in order to become the owner of an early harvest and save the seedlings and the crop itself from spring frosts, the best option would be to grow cucumbers in a greenhouse. How to plant cucumbers in the greenhouse and how to achieve the best results of the harvest, these questions ask themselves all novice gardeners. What is necessary for this?
- That bring from the beginning of flowering until the harvest. During the period of growth they need to make at least 5 times.
Need to pay attention that they must withstand the lack of sun and low humidity
Which will protect the design.
Cucumbers are distinguished by a superficial tender root system, therefore the ground for their planting should be special - lightweight, nutritious, moisture absorbing and well breathable. This soil can be prepared from equal parts of humus, peat and garden soil.
To get the harvest as early as possiblegreenhouses are filled with dung beds that are made warm. These beds are made as follows:
- In the greenhouse you need to make a high bed, on which manure is placed on top.
- Preparing a fertile soil, which manure covers. The soil layer must be at least twenty-five centimeters.
On a warm bed, the seeds are heated, and shoots appear in three to four days. The downside to growing cucumbers on manure is that when the temperature of the air is high, the organic material gets very hot, and the plants can burn. Therefore, you need to monitor the temperature of the air, which in the greenhouse should be from +18 to +30 degrees.
For indoor use are selected hybrid varieties of vegetables. They are self-pollinated, start to bear fruit earlier and are resistant to various diseases. These hybrids include:
- New F 1 - a variety with good taste, from which fifty days after germination, you can get a harvest. Seeds are sown from each other at a distance of forty-five centimeters.
- Annie F 1 - disease-resistant, pollination-free high-yielding cucumbers, which are recommended for salting.
- Dynamite F 1 - high-yielding variety that does not require pollination for planting and growing in greenhouses. Sowing of seeds is made in increments of fifty centimeters.
- Emelya F 1 - self-pollinated cucumbers, ripening forty-five days after emergence. Each fruit weighs up to one hundred and fifty centimeters.
- Hercules F 1 - disease-resistant, shade-tolerant, late-ripening variety. When planting on a bed, the distance between plants should be at least fifty centimeters.
In addition to hybrids, cucumbers can also be grown in greenhouses, which gardeners have grown for many years. These include varieties:
When to plant cucumbers in the greenhouse? Sowing seeds directly into the ground can be practiced only after the soil in the greenhouse warms up well. If you use your ownrather than purchased planting materialbefore sowing it is processed:
- To select seeds suitable for planting, they must be placed in a saline solution for a few minutes. Pop up seeds are thrown away.
- Soak the planting material in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for a few minutes, then rinse it under running water.
- Wrap the seeds in gauze, pour warm water and leave for a day to swell.
Before sowing in the greenhouse, beds are prepared that need to be shed with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Cucumber seeds should be positioned so that no more than four plants per square meter. Seeds are buried in the soil for two or three centimeters, sprinkled with soil and watered. From above beds you can cover with a film that will hold moisture and will not allow the soil to dry up. It will need to be cleaned every day for a while in order to air the plantings and, if necessary, moisten the soil. As soon as shoots appear, the shelter is removed.
If cucumbers were planted on a warm garden bed in a greenhouse, in the daytime in warm weather, plantings must be aired and covered only for the night. In regions with a warm climate, compost can be used instead of manure for arranging a warm bed.
When shoots appear, transplanting tanks are placed on a well-lit place where there is no direct sunlight. The air temperature for seedlings during the day should be within +22 degrees, and at night - about +16 degrees. To young plants do not stretch, they must be provided with additional lighting. For this you can use fluorescent lamps.
When caring for seedlings it needs to be watered regularly. Watering should be abundant. Water the shoots should be about once a week so that the soil in cups it was moistened completely. Excess water from pallets must be drained.
After the two true leaves appear on the seedlings, they are fed with nitrophoska. A teaspoon of fertilizer is pre-diluted in one liter of water.
Two days before planting cucumber seedlings in the greenhouse, it is fed with a mixture of mineral fertilizers. For its preparation in ten liters of water dissolve:
- superphosphate - 40 g,
- potassium fertilizer - 10 g,
- urea - 15 g
Ten liters of nutrient solution is used to feed two square meters of soil.
If cucumbers were planted in boxes, then when they appear on these two true leaf, the plants are planted in separate pots. Before picking, the ground in which the seedlings grow is well spilled. With the help of a special spatula or fork each plant comes from the soil. This should be done carefully not to shake off the ground. The seedling is placed in a container filled with soil, its roots are sprinkled with earth and watered. Plant picking delays harvest for about a week.
Before planting seedlings in a greenhouse or greenhouse, it is recommended to treat the plants with a solution of Epin or Immunocytophyte.
Caring for cucumbers in the greenhouse
The first time after planting in the soil it is necessary to shade the plants from the sun and often water it. In the afternoon, in warm weather, greenhouses and greenhouses open and ventilate. In cold weather and at night they should be closed.
Before flowering, cucumbers are watered once every five to seven days. From three to six liters of water is poured into each square meter of soil. During flowering and budding frequency and abundance of irrigation increases. A square meter of soil is watered with six to twelve liters of water every two to three days. Watering is recommended in the evening or early in the morning.
Watering cucumbers should be at the root, so that water does not fall on the leaves. After watering, the soil must be carefully and not very deeply loosened, otherwise you can damage the surface root system of plants.
Water cucumbers should be so that the soil was wet, but not wet. Excess moisture in the soil can lead to the defeat of plants fungal diseases. However, if the cucumbers do not have enough moisture, the fruits will grow bitter.
For a season, plants should be fed six to eight times. To do this, you can use a solution of mullein or bird droppings. The first time the plants are fed during flowering, and then once every two weeks. The nutrient solution is applied only in a moist soil and so that it does not fall on the leaves.
As soon as the antennae appear on the bushes, they are tied up with ropes or supports prepared in advance. As plants grow in the first four sinuses, lower leaves are removed. This is done so that the landings are not too thick.
If self-pollinated hybrids are grown in the greenhouse, the side shoots are not pinned. The bushes themselves are formed into one, two or three stalks.
Knowing all the rules for planting seeds and caring for cucumbers in a greenhouse, you can grow a good harvest of vegetables on your land plot and make salads or harvesting for the winter.
Popular varieties - choose the appropriate
The first shoots usually appear after 4-5 days. During the day they need to be ventilated. It is necessary to closely monitor the temperature of the soil and air. Even on a cool day, but in the bright sun the plants can “burn”. The optimum temperature for the growth of young cucumbers is + 18- + 30ºС. The dung bed itself “burns” for about a month, after which its temperature gradually decreases. This factor must be taken into account when calculating the time for arranging beds and sowing seeds.
- "Annushka F1".
- In their, It is necessary to take into account, calculating the time of the device dung beds andIt will reduce
- In cold regions for
- Polycarbonate greenhouses have a high level of reliability and durability. They can serve more than one year. Единственно, что следует помнить при их использовании – это то, что почву в такой теплице регулярно нужно обновлять. Она быстро теряет свои питательные свойства.
Для теплиц без режима – когда мало времени
Схема высаживания огурцов в теплице с обогревом.
Желательно делать корневые и внекорневые подкормки. Корневые делают в солнечную погоду, внекорневые в пасмурную. Good plant responds to trace elements. The leaves can be sprayed with the following solution: 10 liters of water, 8 g of potassium salt, 10 g of superphosphate, 5 g of nitrate.
Even before planting cucumbers, the planting scheme and the mode of watering vegetables are calculated. The landlord must know at what level the groundwater is deposited. For cucumbers, they should be at a depth of about 1.5-2 meters.
Proper planting of cucumbers in the greenhouse, greenhouse
For those who, for whatever reason, cannot or do not want to deal with manure, there is a worthy alternative - garden compost. It may include last year’s foliage, sawdust, tops, and any organic material. The more fresh and green waste is in the compost, the “warmer” the bed will be. The principle of the creation of beds is similar. It is recommended to plant cucumbers in compost already germinated. Further care is also no different from the care of cucumbers grown on manure. The only thing to consider is that the temperature in this case will be somewhat lower. Therefore, this method of growing cucumbers is more suitable for warm regions. Cold regions can use it only for planting seedlings after spring warming.
Sowing seedlings of cucumbers for the greenhouse
, And also in low labor costs (they do not need cutting / pinching). On sale there are special
. Do not firmly cover the bed with a film or light covering material stretched over the arches, arranging
Planting, care and the formation of cucumbers in the greenhouse
Use dung or compost beds (so-called "hot" or "warm" beds), which are arranged in the spring inSuch cultivated plants are the most resistant in type. Guaranteed to bring a good amount of harvest. It should also be assumed that the varieties of this type, with proper care will only give fruits with high taste. Review of fertilizers for cucumbers in the greenhouse here: http://kakteplica.ru/rasteniya-v-teplice/ovoshhi/ogurcy/obzor-udobrenij-dlya-ogurcov-v-teplice.html.
From the very beginning, it is necessary to remove residues from the previous harvest and remove the top layer of soil, about 5 cm. This is done because it is in this upper layer that the disease residues accumulate, which will subsequently lead to diseases, and possibly to the death of the seedlings. If your greenhouse is wooden, then you need to treat all wooden surfaces with copper sulphate, and the solution should be strong enough to be disinfected. If the greenhouse of metal structures, then they are best painted.
Cucumbers in greenhouses may encounter the following parasites:
In winter, you need to take care of the formation of the aerial parts of the plant. To successfully develop a cucumber, it is tied up.
Conditions for high yield
- Use ordinary plastic wrap
- From early February, planting cucumbers in greenhouses begins in greenhouses and spring gardens equipped with “hot” beds. In a greenhouse with technical heating and on a single biofuel, you can plant cucumbers as early as April, but in ordinary film greenhouses, on a simple solar heating plant is planted no earlier than May.
- "Annie F1".
- Greenhouse cucumber varieties
- If it is not possible to get fresh manure, you can collect a warm garden bed from last year’s foliage, tops, sawdust, shavings, vegetable waste from the table and other organic material that usually goes into garden compost. Principle of creation
Greenhouse in the greenhouse for cucumbers
Greenhouse or greenhouse
Today, about 60 varieties of cucumber are bred that are suitable for growing on greenhouses. They all differ in the methods of care (watering, planting, fertilizers, fertilizing, as well as stading and garter - everything is carried out individually for each class). For one season should be planted several varieties of cucumbers - this is called a combination.
- Organic and mineral fertilizers are added to the soil, as well as lime, after which the soil is dug up. An approximate calculation of fertilizer per 1 m² will be as follows:
- Root rot,
The following varieties are suitable for growing cucumbers in the greenhouse:
Which is pulled at an angle of not more than 20 degrees. The best option is to equip a polycarbonate greenhouse.
When to plant?
- for additional heating.
Arranged on the site. This
- The picture shows the seeds of different varieties of cucumbers
- The scheme of growing cucumbers in the greenhouse.
- Powdery mildew,
Cucumbers often infect parasites, especially they are sensitive to powdery mildew. For this reason, you need to change the soil to fresh before each new planting.
You can plant cucumbers on the usual beds, but better on the ridges. The scheme is simple - 120x30 cm. Thus the best aeration of the soil and its heating is achieved.
Here is the same as in compost production: the more fresh and green waste, the warmer the bed will be. You can add manure (if any) or special preparations to accelerate the production of compost (they help to increase the temperature) in mixed with garden and vegetable waste. Above - 20 centimeters of good ground and you can
Temperature on the hot dung in
Many experienced gardeners prefer to plant cucumbers in the form of seeds in a greenhouse, bypassing the process of growing seedlings on the windowsill. In this case, the most favorable period for planting cucumbers in the greenhouse will be the third decade of April. The soil for seeds must be prepared in the autumn, covering it with leaves. So that the moisture does not evaporate, the holes with the planted seeds are covered with plastic or plastic cups.
Unrepaired manure (it is best to use cow) - 20-25 kg,
Additional information about cucumbers - useful to read.
Attention: notes to the last tip. 1. Thoroughly rinse and drain the shell - so that you do not have a disgusting smell of decomposition. 2. The method requires exceptional dexterity due to the fragility of the shell.
Cucumbers as a food culture are known from a prehistoric civilization and during this period of time they managed to conquer almost the whole world: from the sultry south to the cold north.
Cucumbers love almost everyone
The famous vegetable is not overlooked by breeders. The vegetable market offers a wide range of varieties and hybrids, whose fruits (called berries by biological classification) are used for salads (salad), for winter harvesting (canning) and universal, which in the hands of skilled housewives turn into unforgettable snacks.
What flowers do fruits come from ↑
According to the biological structure, cucumbers belong to the group of monoecious cultures and develop separately female and male flowers on one plant. Yellow, actinomorphic, they attract insects that gladly collect honey bribes and instead carry pollen to the stigma of the pistil. After their merging, a berry begins to develop, usually in all shades of green. The ovary, growing into a berry, can be from a few centimeters to 0.5 meters or more.
Insects and parthenocarpic ↑
Cucumbers by the type of pollination belong to the insecticide plants, since pollen, sticky and heavy, alone, even with the help of the wind, cannot always get on the stigma of the pistil. Insects (bees, bumblebees) perfectly cope with this work. Indoors, without the help of pollinators, most often the flowers remain unpowered, and the plant does not form the long-awaited harvest. The situation can be corrected by a pair of hives in a greenhouse or artificial (manual) pollination. However, breeders have derived for the hothouse conditions parthenocarpic type of cucumbers that do not require pollination, forming mainly female flowers.
Growing cucumbers in the greenhouse
What type of cucumber to choose for growing in a greenhouse ↑
In the protected ground with the same success can be grown parthenokarpiki and bee-pollinated varieties of cucumbers. Harvesting depends on the type of greenhouse, its area, environmental conditions (lighting, heating, the presence of pollinators, irrigation, temperature, etc.). If any of the listed technological requirements is missing, then it is better to grow parthenocarpic. Before cultivated cucumbers, they have several advantages:
- more resistant to stressful situations when grown,
- fruits are leveled in size,
- there is no bitterness in the fruit,
- suitable for winter processing (pickling),
- differ in long storage,
- tolerate long-term transportation,
- Parthenocarpic form seedless fruits (no fertilization), which excludes the appearance of a yellow color of ripening berries. They preserve the density, juiciness, great taste, even after storage.
Partenocarpika form only female flowers
If it is decided to grow varietal cucumbers, the formation of bushes is necessary, otherwise everything will flood the abundant vegetative mass. From varietal cucumbers, we can recommend the varieties Domashny, Moscow greenhouse, Relay, Russian, Zarya, Regatta, Marfinsky and others.
Remember that pollinators (bees) are necessary for high-quality cucumbers. If it is not possible to attract them to the greenhouse, artificial pollination is necessary, which is carried out until 11 o'clock in the afternoon the whole period of flowering of cucumbers.
Partenocarpic hybrids for greenhouse ↑
Parthenocarpic hybrids offered below can grow in any conditions: open, closed ground, temporary shelter. Resistant to the main fungal root and leaf lesions, form abundant yields due to the formation of several berries in one node. Resistant to stressful weather factors. Most of them belong to ultra early, early, early ripening hybrids, giving the first crop at 40-43 days from germination. Taste is very high and does not change when used in any form.
Dutch selection ↑
Many greenhouses prefer Dutch parthenocarpic Marcella F1, Masha F1, Pasamonte F1, Christina F1. They are unpretentious in leaving, differ in productivity, high tastes.
Popular hybrid Masha F1
Hybrids that do not require formation ↑
Beginning greenhouses are usually afraid to carry out the formation of cucumber bushes, especially if you need to cut off relatively large lashes. They can use short-leaf or single-stalk partkarpik. These hybrids have a powerful central stem, and the lateral no more than 2 internodes. These are hybrids Sarovsky F1, Valdai F1, long-fruited Northerner F1, Izhorets F1.
Preparatory work ↑
In greenhouse conditions, you can grow vegetables year-round, replacing crops according to crop rotation, or choose compatible development and care and grow 2-3 cultures at the same time. If the greenhouse before planting cucumbers was used for other crops, then the best precursors would be tomatoes, peppers, cabbage, salads.
Preparation of planting material ↑
Cucumbers can be sown with seeds, both dry and germinated or seedlings. Use for planting better seeds of cucumber 2-3 years old. Freshly harvested have low germination. Before planting, the seeds are divided into light and full-bodied in salt water (50-70 g / l of water). Selected seeds are washed with salt water and placed in a disinfecting solution. The easiest is a 1% solution of potassium permanganate. Seeds in solution incubated for 20-30 minutes. Washed. Dry at room temperature and sow in prepared wells in a layer of 2-4 cm. After germination, remove the weaker.
In recent years, before sowing, seeds began to germinate, believing that this technique contributes to higher yields. For germination, seeds are soaked in a solution of boric acid or another stimulator for 10-15 hours, without washing, shifted to wet gauze and placed near the place with a temperature of +20 .. + 22 ° C. Hacked seeds are sown.
With the planting of germinated seeds of cucumbers should not be delayed
Growing seedlings and transplanting to the greenhouse ↑
In addition to sowing seeds cucumbers planted seedlings. The root system of cucumbers does not tolerate transplants, so the seedlings are grown without picking. You can use special seed cassettes, but at home, the best containers are peat pots, paper thermopacks (cut before transshipment). The containers are placed on common trays, filled with a nutrient mixture consisting of humus, peat of forest or sod land 2: 1: 2. To the ground mix add (10-12 kg) add nitrophoska (50-60 g) or Kemira in the same rate and 1-2 cups of ash. The mixture is thoroughly mixed, stuffed containers, watered without stagnant water.
Cucumber seedling in the greenhouse
Seeds are sown in containers of 1-2 seeds in 1 cm layer. After germination weak remove. Cover the tray with a film and place in a warm (+20 .. + 25 ° C) place. Sprinkle cucumbers for 4-5 days. With the advent of shoots, the film is removed, the seedlings are placed in a lighted place. The temperature is reduced in the first week to +15 .. + 17 ° С, in the subsequent period it is maintained within +18 .. + 20 ° С. Watered moderately. If necessary, feed up with a solution of Kemira or crystal, it is possible nitrophoska (no more than 30 g of fertilizer on a bucket of warm distilled water). In the greenhouse, seedlings are planted when the seedlings form 3-4 leaves.
When to plant cucumbers ↑
In warm regions, seedlings are planted at the end of March, and on average a month later - at the end of April.
Sowing of cucumbers with seeds in greenhouses with heating, in greenhouses without heating on “warm” beds, start from the first decade of February. In the south, cucumbers are sown in April in biofuel-heated greenhouses in April, and under film shelters and in greenhouses without heating, the culture is sown not earlier than the last spring month - in May.
Cucumber planting schemes
When grown in heated greenhouses in the middle lane and in the north, you can make three turns a year round and have an excellent vitamin snack on the dining table — a salad of fresh cucumbers.
Ambient temperature ↑
For cucumbers, the optimum temperature is +20 .. + 25 ° С. Reduced to +15 ° C slows down plant growth and stops the formation of ovaries. At temperatures above optimum, the pollen of male flowers becomes sterile and loses the ability to fertilize. At night, it can be reduced to +18 .. +19 ° C. Cucumbers do not tolerate air drought. Therefore, in greenhouses humidity is usually 75-80-90%. In hot and dry weather, plants and paths moisten through small lenses of moisture.
Optimum for cucumbers is constantly wet (not wet!) Soil. Pour cucumbers 1-2 a week before the first fruit harvest. Then go to a more intensive irrigation 2-3 times a week. Water under the root, not on the leaves of the culture. Irrigation water should be warm. After watering the soil is mulched every time. Mulch helps to retain moisture, creates a humid-thermal microclimate at the root system, retards the growth of weeds, which ultimately contributes to obtaining a quality crop from healthy bushes.
Under optimal conditions, cucumbers bear fruit for up to 3 months. Forming large yields, the culture needs feeding, and they need a balanced diet. The number of empty flowers has sharply increased - it means that the culture was overfed with nitrogen. Excess nitrogen causes a delay in the entry of phosphorus and potassium into plants. Deficiency of phosphorus and potassium reduces the quality and appearance of cucumber fruits. Therefore, it is better to feed cucumbers with complex fertilizers - nitrophosphate, Kemiroi, organic fertilizers in the form of solutions, ashes, infusions of herbs.
Just spend 3-4 dressing.
- First 2 weeks after disembarkation. Top dressing is better to perform a solution of organic matter. 0,5 l jar of slurry per 10 l of water, mix and deposit gently with a watering can without a nozzle under the root. Water and grind.
- For the second dressing, you can use the ashes and after 5-6 days foliar dressing with Kemira solution (15-20 g / 10 l) or other fertilizer with microelements.
- The third dressing can be done with nitrophosphate or azofoska (40-50 g / sq. M) or with a solution of "Gumi". 2 spoons per 10 liters of water, bring under the root.
- If plants continue to vegetate, you can make 4 dressing in a week in the form of ash extract. Insist a glass of ash in 5 liters, strain, add another 5 liters of water and sprinkle the plants.
Here is what cucumbers look like in a greenhouse with proper cultivation.
The combination of root and extra-root dressings significantly prolongs the vegetation of plants and increases the total yield of cucumbers.
A good result in the cultivation of cucumbers in greenhouses and open ground gives hardening of the seed before planting. Wrapped in a wet cloth, vegetable seeds are placed in the refrigerator for 2-3 days. Soak we produce immediately before hardening. The optimal temperature for this procedure is about 0 degrees. Then the seeds are planted in pots or open ground.
Hardened seed is more resistant to cold weather and very strong shoots emerge from it. This procedure has advantages and disadvantages. On the one hand, plants grown from hardened seed will be more resistant to the influence of negative environmental factors, and on the other hand, inexperienced gardeners may wrongly carry out this procedure and destroy them. The leaning seeds are not placed in the refrigerator, as the seedlings often die from the cold.
These vegetables grow well in store soil prepared on the basis of peat. You can make a good substrate yourself. Для этого берём землю с дачного огорода, опилки и перегной (1:0,5:0,5). Перед посадкой посевного материала подготовленный грунт поливаем бледно-розовым раствором перманганата калия.
Как посеять семена
В открытом грунте огурцы возделываем и без заранее выращенной рассады. В мае на вовремя подготовленные огородные грядки высеваем семена овощей. В каждой лунке их должно быть по 2, по желанию, - 3 штуки. Заделываем семена в почву на 2,5 см., расположив их на небольшом расстоянии друг от друга. After the emergence of seedlings, the weakest and most unnecessary of them are removed by pinching off the ground and leaving 1 copy, leaving a distance between them at least two feet.
As the vegetables grow, we already nip the plants themselves to stimulate fruiting. Completely remove shoots from the first four or five sinuses. In the next 3-4 leave the tips to 15-20 cm, the rest is pinching. On the next 3, the length of the whip should be a maximum of 40 cm. Further, if desired.