In gardening, you can often find a huge variety of plants. Among which, celosia comb is popular, it has more than 50 species.
It belongs to the family of amaranth, has velvety, bright inflorescences.
When to plant
Before you begin to sow the seeds, their pre soaked in Appin solution for 5 hours. Sowing begin in March in prepared boxes of fertile land.
Comb Cellosia Seeds
Since the seeds are too small, they are not sprinkled with earth, but are placed on its surface, slightly thickened. Watering is carried out with a spray, so as not to wash them. The first shoots appear in a week.
Planting seedlings in open ground is carried out after spring frosts in late May, early June. For sowing, choose a plot well lit by sunlight, protected from winds and drafts, with fertile soil.
The process of planting celosia
Sowing seeds can be grown on seedlings in separate cups, so as not to dive it. And also in the boxes, with further picks.
It is better to start sowing in March and early April in boxes, the seeds are not sprinkled with earth on top. It is good to spill boxes from a spray, to cover from above with a film or glass. They are placed sunny location, with an optimum temperature of 25 degrees.
Daily open the film for airing and moisten the soil. It is necessary to equip additional lighting for the rapid development of strong shoots.
If sowing was carried out in boxes, then pick should be done twice. The first time dive seedlings, when they have 3 leaves. The second time they get stronger. To do this, they are transplanted into deeper pots, together with an earthy clod, so as not to damage fragile roots.
Planted in open ground begin in May, June. If planting was carried out in peat pots, it is better to plant the seedlings right in them.
When planting should be considered distance between bushes. If the stunted variety, adhere to the interval of 20 cm, if tall, then a distance of 30 cm will do.
Departure after landing
Care for tselozia special difficulties does not deliver. It includes the following steps:
- Providing sunlight.
- Watering and irrigation in dry weather.
- Monthly top-dressings with fertilizers.
- Loosening the soil around the flower.
- Weed removal.
- Protection from winds and drafts.
Planted celosia in open ground need after being passed frost. Water the plant only in drought, if it ceased to gather flower stalks or the leaves turned yellow. Feed fertilizers need once a month, otherwise the flower may stop blooming.
How to multiply
Cellosia propagates mainly by seeds. In the fall from the dried bush it is necessary to collect seeds. And in the spring begin sowing. Before propagating celosia, do the following:
- Soak the seeds in warm water, so that they quickly ascend.
- Start sowing in late February, early March.
- Prepare boxes with fertile, loose soil to allow moisture and air to pass easily.
- Seeds are poured on the surface, slightly thickening with a finger.
- Watering is carried out using a spray bottle so as not to wash the seeds.
- Top boxes cover with foilby forming a greenhouse.
- Ventilate the seedlings daily, removing the film for a few minutes.
It is allowed to plant celosia seeds in separate cups in order to avoid picks. With this method, seedlings will be stronger.
But can be propagated by cutting. With this method, the plant can lose its decorative properties and not inherit special qualities from the main bush.
Diseases and pests
Like many plants, celosia, with improper or inadequate care, may be subject to diseases and pests.
The most common problems are:
The fungus that is in the ground, he begins to eat the stem of the plant. Because of what it can die if time does not take action.
At the slightest detection of this disease should stop watering, to gouge the earth and fertilize the flower with wood ash. If the plant is severely affected, it should be removed so that other bushes do not have time to become infected.
Fungus on celosia
Can strike the plant aphid, which is located both on the shoots, leaves, and on the peduncles. In the fight against it, it is necessary to spray various insecticides.
Iron deficiency can cause chlorosis. For prophylaxis should use drugs containing iron.
How to collect seeds
In order to independently collect the seeds from the flower, you need to cut off the dried inflorescences in the fall and put them in pots without adding water. After they are completely dry and begin to crumble, shake them over a piece of paper.
Seeds should be stored in a paper or cotton bag. You can hang shoots with inflorescences over a newspaper or paper. When they dry, they will begin to crumble on the sheet.
Celosia is an unpretentious plant that requires minimal maintenance. Under sufficient growing conditions, it is able to please gardeners with its flowering and variety of colors throughout the growing season.
The most common and famous species is comb celosia. This species is most often used in gardening, is a perennial, but mainly grown as an annual.
Flowers reach a height of 50 to 70 cm. Small flowers are collected in inflorescences, in appearance similar to the cockscomb. Hence the name of this plant.
Celosia can be of various colors:
Leaves can also be: green, red, purple, burgundy, bronze.
This type of plant is many yearsIt grows in warm countries. In our country, the most popular dwarf species are used to decorate the garden and premises.
Inflorescences comb or appear as panicles. They may have a different color from pale yellow to bright red.
One year old plant, the second most popular, after comb. Flowering begins in July, the duration of which is several months, before the first frosts. Flowers appear in the form of bright paniculate inflorescences.
The type of feathery celosia is divided into subtypes:
- Tall, capable of reaching a height of 1 meter.
- Mid-height up to half a meter.
- Dwarf grow no more than 25-30 cm in height.
View of the grassy plant "Silver" is one year old, grows up to 70 cm. Also there are green leaves of an egg-shaped form. Inflorescences have a rich red color in the form of a ridge.
Flowering lasts several months. This type is used to create flower beds and flower beds. The homeland of growth is Asia.
Ornamental plant, amaranth family, up to 70 cm in height. Its homeland is the tropics of Africa and Asia.
Cockscomb or cockerel, has powerful egg-shaped leaves. Is an photophilous and heat-loving plant, prefers well-lit landing spots.
Flowering begins in June and lasts until frost.
The view of the coral garden represents one year old a plant that has upright shoots, leaves and inflorescences of different colors. In height bushes can reach from 30 to 50 cm.
Sowing should begin in February on seedlings in boxes or a greenhouse. Before planting, seedlings need to dive twice. Planting of seedlings in open ground is made after spring frosts, in late May, early June.
Flowering begins in July, and lasts until the frosts themselves.
Brief description of cellosia comb
Like many types of plants there are differences. Comb celosia differs from other species by its characteristic features:
- inflorescence form,
- colors of flower and leaves
- plant length
Many gardeners grow this flower not only because of its decorative qualities. Celosia is widely used in traditional medicine. It is used to treat various diseases:
- restores eyesight
- treats diseases of sight
- ulcers and diseases of the mouth,
- oncological diseases,
- removes worms and pinworm eggs.
Used for the treatment dry leaves, inflorescences, shoots.
Celosia - garden flower
For cultivation in home and garden use the following types and varieties:
The flower can be annual and perennial. In our climate, it is grown as an annual plant. Grow such a spectacular flower from seeds. Cold it does not accept. It looks great in various garden compositions and can decorate any area, making it even brighter and more spectacular.
Its stems are branched and straight. The flowers are collected in inflorescences of various shades. The fruit is a box-mnogosemyanka. The flower can have the following shades:
Along with garden celosia can be grown and pot. Celosia in a pot is an incredible decoration of loggias and window-sills.
The flower can grow in as a plant and as a shrub. Stems are green, can be with a reddish tinge. Inflorescence in shape are:
Celesia comb - cultivation from seeds
Cultivation and care will be under the power of any novice gardener. The plant prefers to be on non-acidic land and in a sunny place, where there is a minimum of wind. Before planting, you can make humus. To a permanent place from the nursery plant should be transplantedwhen it's warm.
Dwarf plants are seated in a club at a distance of 15 cm, and large ones - 30 cm. It is allowed to transplant in open ground in early June, provided that the weather is stable and warm. In the cold time of day the flower dies.
In general, the reproduction of celosia is presented only with the help of seeds. When cutting, the decorativeness of the flower disappears.
In March-April, seeds are planted in a greenhouse and covered with foil. Before sowing, the seeds must be kept in water for several hours. Sown rarely and in moist soil. It is allowed to transplant in pots, and when it comes to heat, then to a permanent place of growth. The first shoots emerge in about 5 days.
The soil for continuous growth is better to choose loose and non-acidic. The place should be windless, sunny and relatively wet. During the growth is necessary careful watering of seedlings. Feeding is done every 10-15 days.
Seedlings should be grown at room temperature of 17-20 degrees Celsius. Shoots should be covered from direct sunlight. The roots of seedlings can rot from over-saturation with water, so watering should be within a reasonable, moderate.
At the beginning of the summer you can plant a flower from the pots to a permanent place. This should be done in the usual way for all colors. It is necessary to carefully consider the roots of the plant, because they have not yet strengthened and require careful planting.
Flowering continues from the end of June to the first frost. All this time, the flower will delight households and guests with its bloom.
With fertilizing with mineral fertilizers once a month, the flower will bloom even more magnificently and more effectively. Nitrogen is often not worth processing. It is necessary to periodically loosen the ground and pull up the weeds. On very hot days it is necessary to water plenty of celosia.
Thus, the cultivation of this culture is an easy task. Propagation is mainly carried out from the seed. The flower pleases the eye with its flowering for a long enough period.
When the plant ottsvetet, it is necessary to cut the inflorescences and put them in a container in a dark place. When the bouquet is completely dry, it should be shaken over a newspaper. Spilled seeds should be collected in a box.
After flowering, before winter frosts, celosia is destroyed. And next spring seated again. It should be remembered that a dry bouquet of celosia is ideal for herbaria. It is necessary to dry the bouquet of celosia and put it in a vase. Throughout the winter, the bouquet will delight with its bright appearance. And in the spring you can plant new flowers.
When a seedling has just risen, it can overtake such disease like a black leg. Most often, it arises from frequent watering. Signs of this disease is the blackening of the stem. After the discovery of this disease in the plant, it is necessary to loosen the soil and sprinkle it with a small layer of ash. It is recommended not to water the flower for a while.
Occasionally, it can attack aphid. When aphid is detected, the flower should be sprayed with a solution that contains:
- Two glasses of water
- 2 teaspoons of liquid soap
- A glass of vegetable oil.
Processing produced in the evening. No other disease was found on the plant. Similarly, no insects harm her anymore.
Another view is the spikelet. This variety is not particularly popular with gardeners. The name of such a plant was due to its flowering, resembling spikelets.
The color of this flower is varied: from white to purple. Green leaves, elongated and narrow.
Plant height can reach up to one and a half meters.
This flower is good suitable for herbarium, for growth in flowerbeds, in vases, in pots, perfectly decorate the loggia and window sill.
Its value lies in the decorative and brightness of flowers.
Celesia cirrus is another of the representatives of celosia. The second name is paniculata. The flower grows up to 100 cm. Very lush. Before frost, the flower will not lose its decoration. Blossoms for many months.
It's pretty showy flower. The inflorescences are rather long and perfectly harmonize with the leaves and create a beautiful aesthetic appearance.
There are three varieties of celosia plumose:
- Tall (Grade: Thomson Magnifica),
- Medium (Grade: New Onion),
- Dwarf (Grade: Goldfader).
In this case, the first reach a length of 90 cm, the second - up to 50, the third - up to 30 cm. The color of this flower can be very diverse. Flowering lasts from July to October.
Varieties and types
The most famous is the view silver celosia, to which celesium comb and pinnate are attributed (the latter is also called paniculate and plumose.)
Celesia comb, known here as "cock scallop". The height of the flower is about 50 cm, but there are lower varieties. The color of the leaves in different varieties is different, it may be green, dark red, gold, cast in bronze. Inflorescence bright red like a comb.
Celesia Cirrus can grow to almost a meter, but there are also dwarf varieties. The leaves, in addition to green, are pink and scarlet. The color of the flowers ranges from orange to shades of red.
If you purchased seeds with Target mix, then you will grow a mixture of multi-colored varieties.
Among the popular varieties emit celosia caracas, pamsam and glorius. Caracas has a bright purple color, and the color of the Glorius variety is predominantly pink, but there are other colors. Also attractive is the pampas variety, which has large fluffy inflorescences of orange and red hues.
In addition, celesia can also be grown not only in the garden, but also in indoor conditions, such as variety carmine.
Celosia spikelet still little is grown in our countries, but still the demand for it has recently increased. Both high (over a meter) and low (about 20 cm) varieties have been developed. Flowers resembling spikelets, the color of which, in addition to the main colors of the inflorescences, is white.
Celosia planting and care in the open field
The time to plant celosia in open ground comes with the final arrival of heat and leaving night frosts.
The growing area should be well lit and not blown by the wind, it is important to install drainage there. The soil should not be too sour, if so, then it must be treated with lime.
There is nothing difficult in planting or performing transplantation of celosia. The main thing to be careful with the roots of the plant, especially the young, for greater caution you can use transshipment.
If your seedlings were in peat pots, then you should plant along with them. For low varieties, the gap between plants should be at least 15 cm, and between high 30.
Caring for the celiac is quite simple. The most important thing is that in the spring it does not suffer from frost. Young plants are extremely vulnerable and cannot withstand low temperatures. Another weakness of the plant is excessively wet soil. Watering a flower should be carried out only on hot days.
Also tselosii important feeding, which should be carried out once a month. But do not overdo it, otherwise the flower will grow too large leaves and will not bloom. The soil around the plant needs occasionally to fluff and remove weeds. The main shoot of tselozii need to pinch.
If you have indoor celosia, then it should also receive a lot of light, but diffused. A suitable temperature for growing in a room is 15-18 degrees. Watering should be carried out with water at room temperature. Neither excessive soil drying in the pot, nor excessive moisture should be allowed. Once every two weeks the flower requires fertilizing with mineral fertilizers (but not nitrogen fertilizers). Basically, the flower is grown as a single year and get rid of it after flowering.
Seeds are harvested from dried flowers. The inflorescence simply frightens the paper and the seeds pour out themselves.
Before sowing, they should be immersed for three hours in a solution of epine and zircon (drop by drop into 200 ml of water).It is better to sow celesium in March into a mixture of vermiculite and humus earth. It is necessary to sow rarely, without falling asleep the seeds with earth, you should simply press them down and sprinkle with water. Next, the container is covered with glass and kept in good lighting conditions (diffused) and temperatures close to 25 degrees. Airing is performed from time to time. In the interval from a week to ten days, shoots appear.
If a lot of seeds are sown nearby, then a pick should be made into shallow containers (depth up to 5 cm). When the seedlings take root, you need to start fertilizing with a mineral fertilizer solution (but you need to dilute more than indicated on the label). When celosia grows up a little and gains strength, then it can be seated in permanent pots. After some time, after the second picking, when the plants have already taken root, you will need to start fertilizing again.
Diseases of celosia
Among the diseases of celosia, the most common is the "black leg". To prevent disease, the soil for the landing needs to be processed. This disease is contagious and in case of illness, the plant must be disposed of immediately.
A sign of it is blackness on the stem of a flower. This fungus forms plugs in the vessels of celosia and it begins to turn yellow, the leaves curl and the flower dies.
Celesia Cirrus: description of the plant
This graceful annual plant comes from Asia: it was first discovered in India and African countries. Currently, it is most often found in small gardens and greenhouses, where gardeners carefully grow this beautiful flower.
Celosia is a flower with a fairly powerful stem, about 0.3-0.9 m tall. The plant is well leafy, the leaves are green in different shades (depending on the variety) with distinct veins. In some varieties there is decorative foliage.
There are two main types of celosia. One has bright flowers, resembling a cockscomb and presented in yellow, burgundy and other shades. The other has flowers that are very soft to the touch (like bird feathers), painted in scarlet, golden or dark red.
In the world there are about 60 species of this plant, but the most popular are three: comb, pinnate (paniculata) and spikelet. As for the feathery tselozii, it is very popular among gardeners around the world because of its bright appearance. This type is distinguished by its high “height”: it can sometimes reach a height of 1 m, although there are also dwarf varieties. The plant has a straight thick stalk, at the top of which there are bright panicles of yellow, orange and red shades. Leaves can have not only green, but also red, and even pink color.
The best varieties for growing
Among the most popular for cultivating varieties of feathery celosia are the following:
- Golden Fleetz. A very popular variety, reaching 0.8 m in height. The tops are decorated with lush inflorescences of orange-golden hue.
- Feuerfeper. Quite an unusual appearance, dwarf variety with bright red inflorescences, surrounded by luxurious green foliage with burgundy veins.
- New Bow. Another dwarf variety with very beautiful yellow-orange inflorescences and purple foliage.
- Thomson Magnifica. Almost "classic" variety, reaching 0.8 m in height. The plant is decorated with burgundy inflorescences and foliage of soft green color.
- Torcheshine. The plant has almost the same "growth" as Thomson Magnifica, but panicles are colored bright red.
Council When choosing a variety of feathery celesia suitable for home cultivation, remember that this plant needs a lot of solar heat and light, so choose the warmest room, the maximum amount of time lit by light.
Planting a plant
As mentioned earlier, celosia grows only with enough sun, so the room for its cultivation should be just that. Particular attention should also be paid to the choice of soil for planting. The best option - a soil mixture, 2/3 consisting of loam, 1/3 - from leafy humus. It is also advisable to add some sand and rotted manure. Do not forget to properly drain the soil.
Before planting seeds, the soil should be slightly moistened with warm water. It is better to disembark at the end of winter, and even better at the beginning of spring - March-April. At the bottom of the tank for planting a small layer of sphagnum moss is laid out, then the soil mix is poured. Do not load the ground to the edge - leave a couple of centimeters empty.
Seeds are immersed in a container with a soil substrate at a shallow depth. You can even just spill the seeds on the surface, because they are very small. Do not tamp the ground at the top of the seed: they may simply not grow. It is better to slightly push them into the soil.
Be sure to cover the seedlings with a film or glass. At least once a day, the protective coating must be removed to remove condensate and ventilate. If the soil is too dry, it is lightly sprayed with water. After 5-7 days, the first shoots will appear. The film can be immediately removed.
Subtleties of care for seedlings
When the germs reach 3 cm in height, you can pick them down into separate pots and move them briefly to a very warm room. After some time, you can remove the plant in a cool environment and stop watering so that the soil is completely dry. Thereby you actively stimulate the flowering of celosia.
After that, you can safely transplant young shoots in the main pots and return to a warm place. Further care for tseloziey very simple, but it must be regular. Remember, the plant can be ruined only in two cases: if the temperature is not observed (no cold, the temperature is above 20 degrees) and when the soil is too wet.
Speaking of moisture. Celosia likes wet soil, so watering should be regular and generous enough, but do not overdo it if you do not want its root system to rot. It is better to carry out watering on the hottest days or when the flowers fall a little.
In the autumn-spring period, this plant is especially needed for top dressing, so try at least 1 time in 3 weeks to apply nutrient mineral mixtures diluted with water (at the rate of 15 g of fertilizer per 5 l of water).
Cirrus celesia is quite rarely “sick”, but sometimes this happens, and, mostly at a “young” age, which is still quite fragile. Speech in this case about the black leg, which can appear when the soil is excessively wet. Therefore, try to water the plant very carefully, early in the morning and only when the sun is shining. If you miss a moment, and the plant is sick, immediately loosen the soil, dust it with ash and stop watering for a while.
As you could see, on the whole, celesia is pinnate - the plant is not particularly fastidious and with all the requirements for its cultivation, it will delight you with its luxurious flowering for a whole year. Good luck!
Description and main characteristics
Celosia is a representative of the Amaranth family, although not so long ago such a plant belonged to migrants from the Marevy family. From Greek, celosia is translated as “burning”, “glowing”, which very well describes the color of flower buds and a form that looks more like flames.
Such velvety, exotic, curly flowers and unusual bright foliage can fully decorate any flower bed on the territory of the summer cottage, and will also look good in a flowerpot, a separate container, a cache-pot, a mixborder, in a dry bouquet.
Low flowers are used in the design of balconies, hanging pots, flower beds, carpet beds and drawers.
Tall varieties are used to decorate larger flower beds, rabatok, mixborders, flower beds, different landscape compositions in combination with decorative stones, shrubs and perennials.
The stems of such a flower are branched, erect, the leaves are alternately linear-lanceolate, ovate-lanceolate, ovate. The small buds of the plant are collected in paniculate, spike-shaped or comb-shaped inflorescences of different colors - orange, red, yellow, pink, and also scarlet. The fruit looks like a box with a lot of seeds.
The plant does not tolerate exposure to cold temperatures.. For this reason, in regions with cold winters, it is customary to grow such a flower as an annual, although there are also perennial shrubs.
Main species and varieties
Cellosia genus includes about 60 species. All species can be divided into feathery (celezia paniculate, spike-shaped, and also comb varieties. Cultures can be dwarf (20-30 cm), medium-sized (30-40 cm), and also tall (up to 130 cm).
- Celosia spikelet (Hatton)plant growth varies from 20 to 130 centimeters in height. Inflorescences are more like an ear. Flower color is most often yellow, white, orange or red. Some varieties are painted in bright coral inflorescences.
- Cellosia It looks like a compact bush of the pyramidal type, with a total height of 20 to 100 centimeters. The species includes medium, tall and dwarf plants. Stems are kept straight at all stages of growth. The flowers are large, more like a whisk. Coloring buds: orange, yellow, a large number of red shades. The leaves are bright, purple or pink hue. Some varieties are distinguished by their unusual silver-yellow flowers.
- Comb variety refers to perennials that are grown as an annual. The height of the flower reaches 65 centimeters. The leaves are painted in bronze, golden, red, burgundy and green. The color of flowers is yellow, red, pink, purple and orange.
There are more popular varieties of celosia. These include:
- Comb "Coral Garden" refers to the annual. The culture is considered drought resistant. The flower is distinguished by its unusual and bright colors. The stems are very often accrete, thick and juicy, the total height of the plant is 30−40 cm. The leaves are oval and pointed, motley. The flowers are small in size, the perianths are colored cream, yellow, pink and orange. Flowers create velvety inflorescences with large and medium, deep bends from the top edge that look more like cock combs.
- The Pampas variety is distinguished by its decorative appearance and beautiful buds. Stems are upright, and the height reaches 55 centimeters. At the ends of the stems are feather-shaped inflorescences. The gamut of colors is quite extensive, from rich yellow to light purple hue.
- Celosia spiny Flamingo has unusual inflorescences. Stems straight type, fused, the height of the bush reaches 80 centimeters. At the end of the stems there is a fluffy tail-tuft of a delicate shade.
- The variety Argentia belongs to perennials and has upright shoots with a total height of 100 centimeters. The optimal height of the culture varies from 30 to 65 centimeters. The foliage is dark green, the inflorescences are more like tongues of flame. The flowers are medium-sized, painted in crimson, white, pink, orange, red and yellow.
- Spike celosia. This plant has bright flowers, reaches a height of 1.3 meters, the flowers have many colors - from pale yellow to bright red. The most interesting is that celosia, in addition to its decorative features, also has healing qualities. Decoctions and tinctures of such a culture are actively used in traditional medicine. It is believed that such a culture can suppress many diseases of the inflammatory type. Such a beautiful plant can perfectly decorate the garden or at home. If you buy seeds of different colors and show a little enthusiasm, you can create a unique flower bed or a whole mixborder.
- Circular celosia. The second most popular flower is an annual, whose height reaches one meter. Culture has a particularly lush flowering, which lasts for months, before the onset of cold weather, it is noteworthy that during this period of time the decorativeness of such a plant is not lost. Groups of cultures of different varieties of celesia feathery create small bushes with a large number of inflorescences.
Recommendations for picking
Since the light day is still too short at this time of the year, it is necessary to create a special highlight for 4-6 hours for the seedlings. To get strong plants, shoots need to dive twice:
- After the appearance of two or three true leaves, the seedlings should be seated apart at a distance of five centimeters and deepened into the soil by 4–5 centimeters, the composition of the soil remains the same. After the seedlings that have been planted take root in the new place of cultivation, they must be fed with special fertilizers with mineral composition for flowering plants, the solution in this case should have a weak concentration. This is best done with watering.
- After the seedlings become stronger and more resilient, you need to carry out the second picking and transplant them into a deep tank with a peat substrate. It is best to use individual pots in this case. This will help in the future to implement a painless transplant without damaging the rhizomes. Once the plant is fully established, you need to re-apply fertilizer.
Transplant into the ground
When choosing a site for planting crops, it is imperative to remember that celosia prefers places protected from wind and sunlight with slightly acidic and loose soil. If heavy soil prevails on the territory of your garden, you need to add a small amount of sand to make it more friable. Regardless of the composition of the soil before planting a flower, it will be better to add some humus to it. Fresh organic fertilizer is prohibited.
It must be remembered that for young plants will be disastrous even mild frost. That is why it is possible to transplant silver silt into the ground only after the final warming outside (this happens, as a rule, in early June).
Plants are preferably transplanted by transshipment, so as not to accidentally touch the rhizomes of the plant. If the seedlings were grown in peat pots, then they can be planted in the ground right in them. The distance between the plants of tall type - 25−30 centimeters, dwarf - 15−20 centimeters.
After planting the plant in open ground, it needs care, which involves regular watering and fertilizing.
Since the seedlings of celosia die when the soil dries out, it is necessary to regularly maintain the soil moisture. An adult plant with insufficient watering does not bloom. Watering plants should be in the morning and quite often. But it is also not necessary to allow waterlogging, as this may eventually lead to the defeat of the roots by rot.
To feed the culture, it is necessary to use complex fertilizers with minerals that are applied every three weeks (with fifteen grams of fertilizer to be used for five liters of water). It is not necessary to make an excessive amount of nitrogen in the soil, otherwise the foliage of the plant may develop excessively, but the flowering process will not start.
On particularly hot days, the culture should be well watered. Also, be sure to regularly clean weeds and loosen the soil.
Possible plant diseases
The main pest for a young plant is considered to be a chenillus. The disease is formed due to the strong moistening of the soil mixture.
If you see that the bases of the stem of the crop have begun to turn black, you need to stop watering for a while, thoroughly loosen the soil and sprinkle it on top with a layer of wood ash.
In some cases, the plant infects aphid. To combat it, you need to create a special solution of liquid soap (2 teaspoons), vegetable oil (one tablespoon), and also water (two tablespoons) and spray the plant well. Such processing plants should be carried out in the evening and once every few days. To all other diseases and harmful insects celosia manifests resistance.
How to collect seeds
To collect the seeds you need to select and cut the most beautiful flowers that have already begun to fade. Such inflorescences are placed in a jar (or vase) without water and left in a dark room.
After complete drying of the inflorescences, they should be slightly shaken over a sheet of paper. All the spilled seeds need to be dried and poured into a special paper bag for storage. Seeds stored in a cool place.
Experienced gardeners recommend that you always remove all fading flower stalks to prevent self-seeding. Certainly, celosia is a beautiful flower, but it can also become an undesirable weed.
Brief Description of Culture
Comb celosia (Celosia argentea f. Cristata), which is also called "cock comb", is a member of the Amaranth family, numbering about 60 species. This is a small plant (about 45 centimeters in height, although there are less tall species) with small flowers gathered in large inflorescences. The inflorescences themselves, by the way, in their form resemble an orange or purple cockscomb, hence the name of the culture. The flowering period begins in mid-summer and ends around October.
Silver celosia comb, photo
Листья средних размеров могут быть золотистыми, зелеными, бронзовыми либо бордовыми (все зависит от конкретного сорта).
Целозия серебристая гребенчатая карликовая
К популярным сортами целозии гребенчатой относится:
- Импресс (растения с темно-зелеными листьями и красными цветками, стебель достигает 20-25 сантиметров в высоту),
Among the whole family of Amaranths, flower growers distinguish precisely celosia, mainly due to its unusual shape and coloring.
Stage one. Choosing the right place
For flowers, it is important to choose the right landing site.
So, first choose the best place. This may be the area, sheltered from the wind and well enough illuminated by the sun. The soil must be loose, with low acidity and not very heavy, otherwise the plants will develop poorly and sooner or later will die. If there is no black soil on your plot, then preliminarily add a certain amount of sand to the soil.
Celosia responds well to humus, so you can add it during preparation or directly during planting. Humus can be applied to the soil of any type, as this fertilizer is not able to adversely affect the plant. When the site is selected and properly prepared, you can begin planting seeds.
Use of humus will favorably affect raasthenii
Stage Two. Preparing and sowing seeds
Due to the fact that celosia is extremely gentle, it is recommended to grow it as a seedling. If you live in the city, you can use for this purpose various containers made of any material (they will be installed on the window sill). Here it is necessary to maintain the temperature balance and not allow the soil to overheat / overcool.
Immediately before sowing, prepare the seed - hold it in a solution of zircon and epine (add 200 ml to a drop of each preparation) for three to four hours - this will help to soak the dense seed coat.
Biostimulants "Epin" and "Zircon"
Sow seeds in March-April into the furrows previously made (the distance between the latter should be approximately 1 centimeter). Do this not too thickly, after sowing, do not sprinkle the seeds - just press them onto the soil and sprinkle with water using a spray bottle.
You can sow flowers in the snow
Note! There is another way of sowing seeds - we are talking about their uniform scattering over the entire area of previously loosened soil. This method is more convenient, especially since it takes much less time.
After that, cover the containers with glass or film and put it on the window sill, but not under the direct rays of the sun. The temperature in the room should be 22-25 degrees. Ventilate the room regularly, moisten and dispose of condensation. By the way, if you don’t want to spend time on picking in the future, you can plant seeds in small individual pots.
The container with seeds is covered with cling film.
After about eight days, the first shoots should appear.
Care of crops
Stage Three. Picking
During the growing of seedlings take care of additional illumination - about five to six hours a day (the fact is that in these months the length of the day is still short). If the seeds are sown in groups, rather than in individual pots, you will have to double pick.
- Spend the first picking when there are two or three true leaves on each plant. Transplant seedlings in the same soil in small containers (no more than a centimeter deep) at a distance of five centimeters from each other. As soon as the seedlings take root, add a solution of min. fertilizers (intended for flowering crops) complex type.
- Spend the second picking when the seedlings are strong enough. Move them to a larger cassette or, alternatively, carefully remove them along with a clod of earth and place them in individual pots (it is advisable to give preference to peat-humus). When the seedlings are taken, conduct the same feeding as after the first pick.
Stage Four. Planting cellosia comb
When the heat is finally established, and the threat of frost at night is over (as a rule, this is the end of May), you can start transplanting seedlings into open soil.
Step one. If the selected site was not prepared in advance, then start with its preparation. Dig up the earth, then add humus and some sand (if it is heavy), mix everything thoroughly and leave for seven days or more. A couple of days before transplanting, pour the area with a weak solution of manganese - this will protect the plants from pests.
Prepare the soil in the flowerbed
Note! If the acidity of the soil is increased, then two or three days before transplantation, spend liming.
In addition, we should not forget that fresh organic matter cannot be introduced into the ground under celosia, since the culture simply does not tolerate it.
Step two. After that proceed directly to the transplant. Young plants are very fragile, so try not to damage them in the process. At the selected site, make holes for flowers (the distance between the plants should be about 30 centimeters, and 15 will be enough for dwarf varieties).
Planting seedlings in the ground
Step Three. Using a special spoon, remove the first plant along with the soil from the container, and place it in the hole. Carefully distribute the roots. Do the same with the remaining seedlings.
Step three. Pit fall asleep palm, and gradually. Do not tamp the soil too much, but do not leave the "bump" at the same time (the latter will prevent watering).
Seal the soil with your hands around the stem, as shown in the photo.
Note! In case of high groundwater level at the site, drain the planting site before starting work.
Stage Five. Further care
Care is nothing complicated; the main thing is to know about the weak points of the crop: the plant in open soil can die even with minimal frosts, moreover, it does not tolerate excessive moisture. There are a number of important rules that will help you.
Table. Rules for the care of comb ridge