Kalanchoe Blossfelda is a herbaceous succulent perennial. Belongs to the flowering plants of the Crassulaceae family. In the wild form grows in Madagascar. One of the most common types of Kalanchoe for indoor growing.
Description and features
Grows in the form of a small bush. The height usually does not exceed 30 cm. The leaves are small, dark, fleshy with a glossy smooth surface. Form compact sockets. Leaves no more than 7 cm long. Edges are crested, decorated with a reddish border.
During flowering, Kalanchoe Blossfelda produces long flower stalks. Multi-flowered inflorescences, composed of 60 or more buds. The flowers are small, tubular, of various colors, are simple and terry. Flowering is long - from spring to autumn.
What to look for in the store
It is recommended to buy any pot plants only in specialized stores. Choose them carefully, evaluate not only the overall appearance, but also the state of the plant. A healthy flower will take root faster and grow.
Kalanchoe Blossfeld is better to buy at the end of winter, when the plant has already released flower arrows, but the buds have not yet blossomed. By buds can determine the color of flowers, flowering will continue until the fall, provided proper care. When buying, pay attention to the following points.
- Ground The condition of the root system depends on the quality of the soil. If the soil is dense, there are signs of mold, salt deposits, the root system could suffer.
- Leaves and stems. Normal - uniform green color, elastic, without spots and signs of rot.
- Pests. A thin cobweb, whitish bloom, points on flowers and leaves - all this can speak about the recent defeat by pests. Perhaps the flower in the store was treated with insecticides, but it is weakened.
- The leaves are pale, reaching up. The flower was kept in low light conditions.
- The size of the bush. The bush is large, much higher than 30 cm. The foliage prevails, few flower stalks, inflorescences poor. This happens with an excessive amount of growth stimulants.
Care Kalanchoe Blossfelda after purchase
How to care for Kalanchoe Blossfeld after purchase? Kalanchoe Blossfelda easily adapts to new conditions of detention. But the intensity of its first flowering depends on the correctness of care after purchase.
- Quarantine. Immediately put next to other flowers Kalanchoe is not necessary. Watch him a little. With the purchase of a new flower, there is always the risk of bringing pests unnoticed at the store home.
- Transplant If the condition of the soil is unsatisfactory, you need to transplant the Kalanchoe Blossfeld immediately. Under normal soil conditions, transplantation is better to postpone until the end of flowering.
- Feeding. In the first month of fertilizer does not need to make. Before the sale, Kalanchoe received them in abundance.
- Watering The soil is kept barely moist. A period of mild drought facilitates adaptation and helps identify pests.
General rules of content
Growing Kalanchoe Blossfeld in a pot does not present much difficulty. All flowering species of Kalanchoe require approximately the same care. Enough to create favorable conditions and adhere to the basic rules.
- Lighting The light is bright, diffused, without a direct hit by the sun. In winter, you can keep on the southern windows, in the summer it is better to rearrange the east side. Considered a short day plant. Duration of daylight adjust artificially.
- Temperature . Heat and cold Kalanchoe does not like. The optimum range is from + 14 ° С to + 25 ° С. Raising or lowering the temperature beyond the specified limits adversely affects flowering and the state of the plant.
- Humidity Dry air kalanchoe tolerates calm. Spraying is needed only to remove dust from the leaves. Avoid moisture on the flowers, immediately after irrigation, the leaves are rubbed with a soft cloth. Content in high humidity conditions leads to the development of fungal diseases and decay.
- Watering Often water Kalanchoe Blossfelda is not necessary. The optimal irrigation schedule is twice a week in the warm season, twice a month in the cold. Before watering, check the soil moisture. Regular watering is allowed only when the upper layer of the soil dries out. The preference is given to the lower watering through the pallet. The remaining water from the pan is poured immediately after sufficient soil moistening.
- The soil . Planted in light soil with low acidity. You can use ready-made soil mixture for succulents. The soil prepared by the house is made up of leafy earth, turf, humus and sand. Follow equal proportions of the components.
- Transplant Strongly overgrown bushes transplant after flowering. Preference is given to the method of transshipment - the Kalanchoe is carefully removed from the old container, transferred to a new pot with a clod of earth. Free space is filled with fresh soil mixture.
- Feeding. Fertilizers are applied year-round, simultaneously with irrigation. In summer, the intervals between feedings are two weeks, in winter - a month. Use standard mineral complexes for succulents. With a weak formation of peduncles, you can feed phosphate fertilizer.
Kalanchoe Blossfelda refers to ornamental flowering plants. Non-compliance with the basic rules of care, unfavorable conditions of detention lead to inhibition of the formation of flower stalks. Regular flowering can be achieved by adjusting the mode of watering and lighting, stimulating the formation of peduncles, and proper care during flowering.
Why are there no buds ...
Kalanchoe Blossfeld does not bloom for various reasons. Sometimes a combination of factors immediately affects.
- Daylight hours . Too long or short. Kalanchoe Blossfeld will not bloom with a daylight duration of less than eight or more than 12 hours.
- Infringement of the mode of watering. Kalanchoe does not like prolonged drying, over-wetting of the soil, high humidity.
- Excess fertilizer. Frequent feeding, especially with a nitrogen content, leads to intensive foliage growth, lack of flowering.
- Pest damage. Insects weaken the plant, inhibit the tab flower buds.
- Spacious pot. In a large pot, Kalanchoe directs forces towards the development of the root system. Flowering is postponed.
... and how to stimulate
The first step to regular flowering is care adjustment. Normalize the irrigation schedule, choose a sufficiently lit place, in the summer whenever possible take out to fresh air. According to flower grower reviews, the only way that will surely cause Blossfeld’s Kalanchoe to bloom is to create a short daylight artificially.
Duration of daylight should be eight to ten hours. At five or six o'clock in the evening, Kalanchoe is covered with a cardboard box or put away in a closet. At seven or eight o'clock in the morning they return to the windowsill. You need to repeat this procedure until the appearance of flower stalks. Usually Kalanchoe releases floral arrows after one and a half months of artificially reducing daylight hours. This method can stimulate flowering at any time of the year.
Optimal conditions in the process ...
Care Kalanchoe Blossfelda during flowering practically does not change. To increase the duration of flowering experienced growers recommend to follow a number of rules.
- Temperature . Maintain a moderate temperature. Heat or cold can trigger flower drops.
- Watering. Regular, moderate, as the drying of the top layer of soil. Do not allow complete drying. Moisture should not fall on the buds and blooming flowers.
- Shaping. The timely removal of faded flowers stimulates the laying of new buds.
After the last flowers wilt, a period of peace comes - the Kalanchoe recuperates, prepares for a new wave of flowering. At this time, top dressing is temporarily stopped, watering is restricted, the pot of Kalanchoe is moved to a cool place.
It is important to properly cut Kalanchoe Blossfeld. All faded peduncles are completely cut off. Cuts deformed, strongly grown, ugly shoots. As new shoots grow back, they are pinched to form a lush bush.
Vegetative breeding methods
The reproduction of Kalanchoe Blossfeld is practiced in several ways. Seeds are sown only for new varieties. Existing plants are propagated by vegetative means.
- Leaf cuttings. For rooting, cut a healthy leaf or use newly fallen leaves. Wet sand is poured into the container, the leaflet is slightly deepened into it. The container is covered with a film, kept in a warm, shaded place until the roots.
- Stem cuttings. The best cuttings - the upper part of the stem. In water, Kalanchoe often rots even with the addition of activated carbon. Better rooting in wet sand or peat.
Growing kalanchoe from seeds is a laborious way. Seeds are sown on the surface of moist soil based on hardwood humus. Construct an improvised greenhouse - cover with film or glass. Keep in a dark, warm place until germination. In the process it is important to follow the four rules.
- Several times a day, shelter is removed for airing.
- Maintain stable soil moisture - do not allow overflow and drying.
- After the sprouts appear, the film is removed, the container is rearranged to light.
- Picks spend a month and a half after germination.
Kalanchoe Blossfeld does not require any special care at home. The soil needs of this flower, like the rest of the succulents are small.
Priming it is necessary to pick up a light one consisting of sand or perlite, peat or humus and soddy soil, which are taken in equal shares. At the bottom of the pot you need to put a good drainage.
Top dressing spend year round and combine them with irrigation. Bring them once every 2 weeks in the summer and once every 3-4 weeks in the winter.
If a Kalanchoe develops and blooms normally, it suffices to limit the standard fertilizer for succulents containing trace elements.
The weak formation of flower buds indicates a lack of phosphate salts, insufficient development of the leaf apparatus - a shortage of nitrogen nutrition.
Air humidity does not greatly affect the flower, although excess moisture harms him.
When humidity is more than 80%, spotting appears on the leaves and buds, they can die off. Dry air Kalanchoe tolerates well. Light spraying plant need only occasionally.
The optimum temperature of the maintenance of Kalanchoe Blossfeld is 17-20 during the cold season and about 25 in the summer. Unfavorable will be too hot days with temperatures around 30: the plant will transfer them without visible harm, but will lose a lot of strength.
Cooling is not so critical, but we must avoid temperatures below 4-6: such conditions can not survive from a Madagascar.
Light mode most important for Kalanchoe. Of course, the flower will grow at any level of illumination and day length, but flowering is tied to these conditions.
Perfect position - South window. In the summer of light it is necessary less and Kalanchoe rearranged to the window of the west or east. Important and lighting duration. The signal for budding is a short day.
Preparing to bloom in Kalanchoe begins after the length of the day becomes less than 12 hours. To stimulate flowering, it is necessary to reduce the duration of lighting.
To this end, in September the flower is covered with an opaque cap, creating a light day for him with a duration of 9-10 hours. In such conditions, it will bloom in time for Christmas and New Year, which makes it a wonderful gift for the holidays.
Peduncle cut as low as possible to the first large leaves. As a result, conditions will be created for laying new flowering shoots. Need pruning and the old stretched specimens. They cut the tops, which can then be rooted.
Kalanchoe Blossfelda photo:
Transplanting and caring for Kalanchoe Blossfeld is best done in the spring, when Kalanchoe begins active vegetation.
To do this, take a clay pot of 1-2 centimeters wider than the old. Earth lump try not to disturb.
The plant is rolled over to a new pot and a fresh substrate is filled around its circumference. Immediately after the purchase, you do not need to replace Kalanchoe Blossfeld: for him it can be stressful.
In addition, manufacturers select for plants the optimal composition of the soil, providing it with the most comfortable conditions.
Reproduction of Kalanchoe Blossfeld carried out easily by cuttings: stem or leaf. Cut the stem stem a couple of days dried in a shady place, and then placed in a substrate based on sand or perlite and peat soil (equally).
Placed in a warm place (22-25 degrees), cuttings root two weeks later. A leaf stalk planted in the ground is covered with a transparent cap, so “kids” are formed faster on it. Seed propagation is usually used for breeding purposes.
Diseases and pests
Pests infect the plant rarely. Sometimes it can suffer from aphids, which get rid of, rubbing the leaves with soapy water.
Diseases of the flower are also not frequent. Rot and mildew may develop when over-wetting. It is necessary to cut off the diseased parts of the plant and process it with any fungicidal agent permitted for indoor use.
What if u Kalanchoe Blossfeld leaves turn yellow or it does not bloom? This is due to improper care. The main reason is irregular and excessive watering.
Also, the tips may turn yellow due to too hot and dry air.
Observing simple rules for care, you can achieve a long plant life and lush flowering. And it will be for us an annual beautiful gift for the winter holidays.
Description of Kalanchoe Blossfeld
Kalanchoe Blossfeld (Kalanchoe blossfeldiana) belongs to the family of Crassulaceae. This flower was named after Robert Blossfeld, the breeder who brought this flower to Europe for the first time in 1925. It is an upright, branchy shrub about 30 cm high. The leaves are large, have wavy edges, sometimes with a red border. Natural color of flowers is bright red.
The flowers are small, collected in umbellate inflorescences. In one inflorescence can be up to 60 small flowers.
Varieties are bred with white, orange, pink flowers. In the wild, it is found on the island of Madagascar, where the plant comes from. At home, grown mainly because of their decorative qualities.
In addition, Kalanchoe Blossfelda has healing properties. The juice of the plant is used to treat wounds and burns, applying lotions and compresses to the affected area. For therapeutic purposes, this type of Kalanchoe is rarely used exclusively in traditional medicine. Official medicine is not recognized as a medicinal plant.
Care Kalanchoe Blossfelda at home
In room conditions, the Kalanchoe Blossfeld grows rather slowly. Does not require much effort and cost of care, so it is widely used in indoor floriculture.
Despite the fact that most species of Kalanchoe are light-loving plants, Blossfeld’s Kalanchoe is an exception and tolerates partial shade. But this may cause problems with flowering. In order to obtain abundant and long flowering, it is better to keep the plant on a well-lit window sill that faces the west or east side. At the same time the duration of the day should be about 12 hours. In winter, you can move the flower to the south window sill.
Comfortable for the plant is the air temperature from +18 to +25 ° C. Kalanchoe Blossfeld is sensitive to cold. At low temperatures, the flower hibernates, the formation of buds stops. The critical temperature is +10 ° C. If you are in a room with such a temperature for a long time, the plant may become sick or even die. Therefore, in winter it is necessary to monitor the temperature regime. Wintering in a cool and damp room, as well as cold drafts, is especially dangerous for a plant.
Kalanchoe Blossfelda, like other types of Kalanchoe, tolerates dry air and does not require spraying. It is possible for hygiene to periodically wipe the leaves with a damp cloth.
Being a succulent plant, Kalanchoe Blossfelda feels good even in dry soil. Excessive moisture can lead to rotting of the roots and stems. Therefore, watering should be carried out only when the soil dries in the pot: in the summer it is enough that the top 1/3 of the soil dries out, in the winter - 2/3 or even completely earthen room.
It is not necessary to transplant the plant immediately after purchase in the store. It is better to postpone it until the next spring. An adult plant needs to be transplanted once every two to three years after the end of flowering. Transplanted into any prepared soil for succulents. When transplanting, it is necessary to make good soil drainage (expanded clay, broken bricks will do).
The plant is recommended to feed during the flowering period - from the beginning of winter to the beginning of summer. Feeding is carried out weekly with minimum dosages, using ready-made fertilizers for succulents. При формировании бутонов удобрения лучше не использовать, т.к.the nitrogen they contain can cause increased foliage growth at the expense of flowering.
Kalanchoe Blossfelda, as they grow older, grow quite strongly. To return the plant to a compact and neat appearance, periodic pruning of too long shoots is necessary. It also allows you to get more inflorescences in future bloom.
Natural flowering begins in the period from late winter to early summer. It lasts about a month. Blossom is very abundant. Cut inflorescences placed in water remain fresh for more than a week.
For the flowering of Kalanchoe Blossfeld a certain light regime is needed first of all: the budding takes place when short light-days come. And if your Kalanchoe does not bloom, it means that it is not provided with a change of long and short light days, similar to what is happening in natural environmental conditions. Most likely, your flower lives in a room in which bright artificial light is constantly lit in the evenings.
To achieve flowering, you can begin to observe a certain light and temperature conditions.
How to achieve flowering?
So, for laying buds in Kalanchoe Blossfeld, it is necessary to change long and short light days during the year. Naturally this happens in the fall. And if a flower is placed in a room in which bright electric light does not light up in the evenings, then flowering can be expected by December.
Similarly, you can achieve flowering at any time of the year: it is necessary to withstand the plant for about one and a half months at a 10-hour light day.
By the end of this period, the first brush of inflorescences will appear. With a further smooth increase in daylight, the inflorescences will form more dense and compact, and the long-awaited flowering will occur.
But there is a nuance. If it is necessary to cause flowering of Kalanchoe in summer, then you need to monitor the air temperature - too high temperatures can destroy the budding of the kidneys. The entire period in which the short daylight required for budding is artificially maintained, the air temperature should be about +18 ° С. Temperatures above +25 ° C adversely affect flowering.
The problem with flowering may occur after buying a flower Kalanchoe in the store - within a short period of time, most flowers may fade. Do not be afraid of this and try to feed or treat the plant. It is enough to carefully remove faded buds and flower stalks and place the flower on a well-lit window-sill. Newly purchased plants have a good supply of nutrients and do not require additional feeding. It is enough to wait a bit and soon new flower stalks will appear on your Kalanchoe.
How to propagate Kalanchoe Blossfelda
Reproduction occurs by seeds and cuttings (stem or leaf).
The fastest and most common method is reproduction by cuttings. Use apical cuttings 5 - 7 cm long, which can be kept in the shade for 24 hours before being placed in the ground. The cuttings are immersed in soil consisting of a mixture of peat and sand in equal proportions. Sprayed. In the future, it is also necessary to regularly spray and maintain air temperature of about 20 ° C. The first roots will appear in two to three weeks.
During reproduction by leaf cuttings, a leaf is cut from an adult plant and placed in moist soil. Top it must be covered with a glass jar before the first roots.
Seed propagation is mainly used for breeding new Kalanchoe varieties. Seeds - small. They are sown on the surface of the prepared soil (peat substrate and sand in the same proportions) in rows, not powdered on top. After sowing, the box is covered with glass and placed on a well-lit window sill, avoiding direct sunlight. As soon as sprouts appear (usually it happens on the 10th day) the glass is removed.
When sowing seeds in late autumn or winter, seedlings need to provide additional lighting, simulating a 12 - hour daylight hours.
Kalanchoe Blossfelda - unpretentious, bright flower, capable of long flowering at any time of the year. So, it will please you both in cold winter and hot summer. It is necessary to make only a little effort - and on your windowsill a chic miniature bouquet in a pot will appear!
Externally, the flower looks very neat and compact. In natural habitat, the total size of the bush reaches 30 cm in diameter. The leaves are for the most part (in most varieties) saturated green. They are watery and dense to the touch. Flowers usually do not exceed 1 cm in diameter. Their natural color is mostly red. Gardeners also grew species with other colors - orange, pink, yellow, mixed with each other and others.
Scientificly speaking, it is a perennial herbaceous flowering plant of succulent type. In fact, this type may include completely different types of plants that are not related to each other or by any kind of affinity. It includes representatives of the flora, having "in the bosom" a supply of fluid and moistureto survive difficult dry times.
This, of course, does not mean that the plant can be brought to such a critical state. The flower will survive, but such unpleasant effects are possible as a reduction in the number of flowering inflorescences, drying out of individual parts of the bush, and so on.
The flowering time is at the beginning of spring, as is the case with most houseplants.
The plant is originally from the state of the island of Madagascar. It is located next to Africa in the Indian Ocean.
This name is familiar to many thanks to the cartoon series about funny animals that have fallen on this island.
The flower was first described by Karl von Pöllnitz in 1934. A German botanist and collector described the flower in an article published in the journal of the city of Berlin. The plant subspecies itself was named after the German enthusiast and breeder Robert Blossfeld.
To summarize, we can distinguish the following features of Kalanchoe:
- unpretentiousness in the care of the flower,
- miniature flowers,
- high density of flowers on one bush
- high adaptability to new conditions
- compactness and beauty.
The healing properties of the flower
One of the most common "House healers" Among the plants is Kalanchoe Blossfeld. He has a lot of medical properties, here are the main ones:
- accelerating wound healing
- removal of inflammatory processes
- positive effect on the mucosa,
- antiviral effect
- anti-aging effect
- moisturizing property
- antibacterial property.
All this vast spectrum allows to apply and use the healing properties of Kalanchoe in almost any incomprehensible situation of a painful nature. By utility the plant can be compared to the known plantain.
However, this is not all that a flower is capable of. If you look at more specific cases where a flower can help, then among them will be the following:
- irritation and inflammation of the eyes and gums,
- frostbite, necrosis and dry skin,
- stomatitis, gingivitis, ulcer,
- allergic cough
- damage to the stomach and liver,
- acne and warts.
As can be seen from the list, this plant is popular not only due to its beauty. If we compare the beauty and usefulness, then Kalanchoe claims to be the first place according to these parameters in the ratio of 1: 1. By the way, Kalanchoe juice is used for breastfeeding moms, as the solution promotes the healing of nipples and other microcracks on the body. The plant is actively used not only in traditional medicine, but also in large pharmaceutical companies. Kalanchoe is added to such types of drugs as creams, lotions, solutions, masks, ointments and even tonic.
How to care for a flower at home
Despite the general simplicity in home care for the flower, there are limits that it is better not to exceed for the sake of plant health and to save your own nerves. The appearance of Kalanchoe Blossfeld depends on such attributes as lighting, watering, soil and other things. Care at home begins with the adaptation to the new environment. To do this, "load" the plant and apply the rules of care must be fully applied, gradually (within 1-2 weeks) increasing the norm.
Lighting. Kalanchoe refers to those plants that love a lot of light. However, direct sunlight will cause the flower to burns in the form of red spots on the leaves. In other words - Kalanchoe Blossfeld needs a diffused, but quite bright light. With proper absence of natural lighting can use additional fluorescent lamps. This period usually occurs during the winter.
The required time spent under the light is 12 hours a day. It is not always possible to light the flower evenly. therefore periodically you need to move the pot around its axisso that all parts of the plant receive light in equal amounts as much as possible. You can change the position about once a week.
There is another feature - the afternoon for a flower does not matter much in terms of lighting. In other words - at this time the flower does not need an intense light, so it is best to move it into the shade. If there is no place for a pot, then the usual scarf will fall, which covers the plant.
Humidity and watering. Since this flower is a succulent plant, it does not need special care in watering and spraying. Due to its natural properties and the ability to tolerate heat, a plant can not receive water for a long time. This is due to the fact that Kalanchoe accumulates fluid in its stems. In addition, the villi on the stem, as it were, tighten moisture to themselves.
Moreover, spraying a plant can cause it to rot. This process begins immediately with the flower and the leaves, since water is not in the roots. In hot weather, spraying can be done only slightly and mostly in the morning or in the evening, when the temperature is below normal.
For irrigation suitable soft, distilled and distilled water. The procedure during the flowering period (spring-autumn) takes place twice a week. For the rest of the period, the watering frequency is reduced to two times a month.
Temperature conditions. Home flower feels great at temperatures and + 20 ° C and + 5 ° C, which can not but rejoice any gardener. However, this does not mean that one can go to extremes.
After all, if the bush for a long time will be kept at a low temperature, then this can turn into frostbite for the flower. In this case, the internal moisture will only aggravate the situation. At high temperatures (if it lasts a long time) the plant dries. As for the seasons, in winter the optimum average temperature is 17 ° С, and in summer - 23 ° С.
Flower growing soil
Before you put the main soil in the pot, you first need to prepare the "insurance" in the form of soil. So do for almost any home flower. The soil is a drainage layer consisting of solid materials - brick chips, charcoal, expanded clay, rubble and so on. In the absence of this layer, there are risks to “pick up” various pests and diseases, since a high concentration of moisture in the soil contributes to the development and reproduction of any unnecessary nonsense.
As the main nutrient soil using either the purchase mixture, or homemade. In the first case, everything is clear. In the second one, too, it is not particularly necessary to bother, it is enough to mix the following materials in equal proportions:
The latter material is responsible for abundant flowering and contributes to a better growth of the flower, so you can add a little more humus. The rate of soil oxidation is 5.5-6 pH (average). It is calculated using special test sticks and strips, usually sold in flower shops.
The bush does not need active feeding, it is enough to do this once every two weeks with a great need (if the flower develops poorly). Feeding is carried out with mineral and organic fertilizers. But in most cases it is necessary only once every couple of years, when it is time to transplant a flower or after the expiration date of the soil components.
Pests and diseases
The flower attracts not only gardeners, but also a large number of insects that are ready to “dance on the bones” of your favorite plant. The most dangerous of them are shield and aphid. Signs of insect damage can be seen in the appearance of the bush: yellowing and drying of leaves, gray patches of incomprehensible structure, sudden subsidence or absence of inflorescences, and so on. Adults can be seen with the naked eye.
How to deal with such a scourge? If there are more plants nearby, they must also be processed according to their own rules. As for Kalanchoe Blossfeld, then it is necessary to use a liquid based on potassium or alcohol solution. Before processing the plant, it is necessary to cover the ground so that the soil does not lose its beneficial properties, and the roots remain intact. In the process, the affected areas of the plant should be removed.
All this can be avoided, if you create all the necessary conditions for a home flower and follow the recommendations for caring for it. As for diseases, most often under these understand only a glut of moisture, as a result of which there are fungi that infect Kalanchoe. High-quality care of the plant and good soil will protect the bush.
Basic requirements for the cultivation of Kalanchoe Blossfeld, plant species
This is an unpretentious plant from the Crassula family. In total, more than 200 species of Kalanchoe are known, which are conventionally divided into three groups - decorative leafy, flowering and viviparous. Kalanchoe Blossfeld is a popular flowering species.
Many varieties with different colors and shapes of flowers have been developed:
- "Yellow" - with yellow flowers,
- "Singapore", "Red Star", "Scotty Don Juan" - with red flowers,
- "Leonardo" - with terry flowers,
- "Casablanca" - with white flowers,
- "Kalandiva" - with pink terry flowers.
Growing kalanchoe of various species is similar. The abundance of light has a favorable effect on their growth and development. The optimum air temperature in the room is + 20 ° C, in winter it should not fall below + 10 ° C.
Kalanchoe does not like waterlogging of the soil and stagnation of water in the pan. Between watering the ground in the pot should dry completely. For flowering plants need a special light mode and regular feeding.
Requirements for soil and pot
The soil of the plant loves light and permeable. Ready soil mixture for succulents, which is sold in flower shops. You can independently prepare the substrate of sand, turf and leafy land, taken in equal quantities.
The growing pot can be plastic, from fireclay, clay or wood.
- To the roots "breathe", it is best to choose a container of fireclay.
- At the bottom must be placed drainage to drain excess water.
- The volume of the pot must match the size of the root system. Too large will lead to stagnant moisture, slowing the development of the plant or its death.
Watering, fertilizing and fertilizer
Kalanchoe is watered as the top layer of earth in the pot dries. A little underfilling is better than waterlogging. Thick fleshy leaves accumulate moisture and tolerate its deficiency in the soil. In summer, Kalanchoe is watered 1-2 times a week, less frequently in winter. The requirements for irrigation water are the same as for other indoor plants. It should be at room temperature, preferably separated by spring or passed through a filter.
The plant cannot be watered with boiled water, it will die quickly due to the lack of necessary trace elements.
For good growth flower need fertilizer. They are added to water for irrigation 1 time in two weeks. Feeding designed for succulents, which are sold in flower shops. In the period of rest after flowering, Kalanchoe does not need fertilizers.
Location, lighting and humidity
Kalanchoe Blossfeld homeland is sunny Madagascar. Because the plant loves the sun, but grows well in light shade. They put a pot with a flower on the light window-sill, next to the windows facing south-east. South windows are also suitable for growing, but at noon, the plant must be protected from direct sunlight so that the leaves are not affected by burns.
The flower does not need spraying. Increased humidity is not needed. If the leaves are dusty, they are simply wiped with a damp soft sponge or cotton wool.
Flowering and pruning Kalanchoe
To bloom bright flowers between the dark green, glossy leaves, you must comply with special conditions. Kalanchoe is a short day plant, it needs lighting for 8–10 hours a day. To stimulate flowering during the day, it is covered with a box, a bucket or an opaque bag, and it spends the rest of the day in the dark. This regime will have to comply with 4 weeks before the flowers appear. If the plant is not covered, it can independently bloom from February to May.
When the Kalanchoe ottsvetet, dried buds cut and put the pot in a shaded place. The plant has a dormant period of 1 month.
During this period, it is not fertilized and not watered. A month later, again put on the sunny windowsill, where the flower forms a new lush shoots. The plant is fertilized 1 time in two weeks, so that the leaves are not depleted.
- засохшие цветоносы срезают,
- подбирают цветочный горшок немного больше по размеру, чем тот в котором растет цветок,
- на дно горшка помещают дренаж,
- насыпают грунт для суккулентов,
- пересаживают растение,
- почву слегка увлажняют.
It is desirable to replant young plants annually. If there is a plot of land with a garden and a flower garden, You can plant in May Kalanchoe Blossfeld in open ground on a plot shaded from the bright sun. The plant will get stronger, it will grow a lot of leaves, and in August, it must be dug up and moved to a room so that it will not die in the winter.
Reproduction peculiarities of Kalanchoe Blossfeld
Plant propagated by seeds and stem or leaf cuttings. Rooting of cut cuttings best of all takes place in the warm season. Seeds are sown in spring in a container with a light substrate. Cover it with glass and put in a warm, bright place. When sprouts appear, the glass is removed.
Reproduction cuttings are cut with two or three pairs of leaves, and the lower ones are cut off so that they do not interfere. Kalanchoe grows roots in water, but it is better to root it in the substrate. Freshly cut cuttings are dried for several hours in the air or treated with wood ash cuts from a burnt match. The substrate for rooting is chosen the same as for planting - light and nourishing, for succulents. You can mix it with sand or vermiculite.
- For rooting take small plastic containers with holes in the bottom.
- Drainage is poured at the very bottom, filled with primer and planted.
- The earth is slightly moistened with an atomizer, and the calanchoe is placed in a bright warm place.
- In the first week, you can cover the seedlings with a transparent cellophane bag, for better rooting.
Pests, diseases and treatments
Improper care of Kalanchoe can lead to diseases. The plant suffers from excessive soil moisture, lack of lighting, temperature fluctuations in the room or drafts.
A weakened shrub is more often affected by harmful insects, which spoil its appearance and even lead to death if you do not start fighting with them in time.
On the leaves and stalks of Kalanchoe you can find such pests:
To combat spider mites use the drug "Akarin" or "Vertimek". Against other insect pests, leaves and stalks are treated with insecticides: “Fitoverm”, “Aktellik”, “Intavir”, “Aktara”.
With the appearance of most rot the plant is difficult to save. Powdery mildew — characteristic white spots on the leaves — is treated by spraying fungicides. When blight on Kalanchoe visible brown spots or brown patina. The diseased plant is sprayed with a fungicide, transplanted into fresh soil and reduce watering.
In general, by following the simple rules of care, you can rejoice at the flowering bright colors of Kalanchoe on the windowsill every year.
History of discovery and selection of Kalanchoe Blossfeld
The spread of Kalanchoe Blossfeld was served by serious breeding work aimed not only at obtaining new shades, but also creating more unpretentious, suitable for home-grown varieties.
At the end of the last century, Dutch and Danish flower growers produced plants that were more compact and strong than wild plants. The leaves have become larger and brighter, and much has changed in terms of the quality of flowering. Since 1980, Kalanchoe plants with spectacular inflorescences of orange, white, pink, yellow and red tones have appeared at the disposal of amateur flower growers.
And already at the turn of the 20th and 21st centuries, an interesting mutation was discovered in Sweden, thanks to which today, in windows, besides the usual Kalanchoe Blossfeld, plants appeared not with four, but with three dozen petals. After a long work, the resulting group of varieties was named Kalanchoe Kalandiva and became a real sensation among gardeners.
The color of Kalanchoe flowers of this type is very diverse and includes not only the colors already mentioned, but also soft green, orange, as well as two-color and variegated combinations. If the usual Kalanchoe Blossfelda blooms up to 6 weeks, then Kalandiva pleases with bright inflorescences up to 2.5 months. At the same time, all the cultural varieties of this interesting plant are unpretentious, and reproduction of Kalanchoe Blossfeld and care for it, with a certain approach and knowledge, is not difficult.
How to make Kalanchoe Blossfeld blossom?
Most often a flowering plant enters the house with a small rosette of leaves, a luxuriant mass of flowers and a small supply of nutrients in the transporting pot. While Kalanchoe blooms, do not replant it or feed it. It is much more correct to choose suitable pots for the bush, which can reduce excessive evaporation of moisture and make plant acclimatization faster.
When the Kalanchoe Blossfeld begins to fade, the faded flower stalks are removed, which redirects the strength of the bush to the remaining buds. Mindful of the unpretentiousness of the plant and the uselessness of special care for Kalanchoe Blossfeld at home, many novice gardeners, after the last flowers wilt, transplant the bush into a permanent pot and put it on the windowsill, waiting for the imminent flowering. And here they are often disappointed.
To see the bright buds again, it is important to know and take into account the peculiarities of the life of the culture, as well as skillfully make the Kalanchoe Blossfeld blossom.
This culture has both pronounced periods of growth and rest seasons. This is the time that comes after the withering of all colors. The plant should recuperate, give a green growth and lay new flower buds.
In nature, Kalanchoe bloom in autumn, when daylight hours in the middle zone naturally subside.
To lay the future buds, the plant needs to be in the light no more than 10 hours a day, if the lighting is longer, then the plant perceives it as a signal for growth, starting to give new shoots and foliage, “forgetting” about flowering. Therefore, after the withering of the inflorescences, the Kalanchoe Blossfeld is transplanted, fed and necessarily cut to cause the emergence of new lateral shoots.
And then the plant is transferred to the short day mode, exposing the pot to the window in the morning, and after 10 hours removing it in a dark place or covering it with an opaque cap. In this case, in the middle of autumn or in winter the plant will bloom. What are the requirements of Kalanchoe Blossfeld for care, transplantation and reproduction?
Features of the conditions for Kalanchoe Blossfeld at home and care for him
Kalanchoe, like other indoor crops, succulents are extremely sensitive to light. Even with a short day regimen, the plant needs bright, but not direct sunlight.
- If the bush is under the scorching rays, its color fades, the leaves fade quickly, dried spots of burns appear on them.
- With a lack of light the leaves become shallow, the stems become weaker, lengthen and lean. And the inflorescences on such Kalanchoe are less dense, and there are fewer buds in them.
You can guarantee lighting conditions for Kalanchoe Blossfeld by taking care of the additional artificial light that will be needed in cloudy weather, on winter days, and when plants are located on the north windows.
No less than lighting, for Kalanchoe, the organization of irrigation is sufficient to maintain the growth and development of the plant.
Kalanchoe Blossfelda, especially during flowering and summer days, requires a lot of moisture. But here it is important not to overdo it, because stagnation of water in the ground often leads to the development of rot on the roots and stem, which causes damage to or destruction of the bush.
If the soil on the length of the phalanx is dry:
- Kalanchoe needs to be watered with separated water at room temperature,
- be sure to remove excess water from the pan,
- dry rub the bottom of the pot.
A sign of moisture deficit for Kalanchoe Blossfeld is considered to be lethargy of leaf blades, yellowing of the lower leaves and falling off of the buds.
When watering, make sure that moisture does not remain on the green parts of the plant, which can cause the development of fungal infections and mold.
For succulents, dry air in the room is not a critical factor. Therefore, at home care for Kalanchoe Blossfeld does not include spraying. "Water procedures" are required only for cleaning the foliage from dust.
Top dressing Kalanchoe is carried out in several stages after flowering. For fertilizer take ready-made mixture for succulents, which until the end of the summer is used every two weeks. When the plant picks up the buds, it is better to limit the amount of nitrogen it receives so as not to cause lush foliage growth at the expense of flowering. Sometimes this is enough to make Blossfeld’s Kalanchoe bloom.
But with a lack of nutrients not to avoid not only the rejection of bookmark buds, but yellowing, abscission of foliage. There are certain requirements for Kalanchoe and the temperature at which the plant would be comfortable:
- It is possible to prolong flowering and ensure the most sparing atmosphere of a bush by providing about 18–25 ° C during the day and 15–17 ° C at night.
- In the period of growth of Kalanchoe Blossfelda perfectly tolerates temperatures from 15 to 30 ° C, which makes it possible to carry out the pot culture in the garden or on the lighted veranda.
The plant should not be allowed to sit near heating devices or in a stream of cold air. For this species, the temperature below +4 ° C is detrimental.
But even with air cooling below 12 ° C or increasing the temperature above 30 ° C, it is impossible to avoid slowing down the development. At low temperatures, the plant hibernates, it does not form buds, reduces moisture consumption, so in this case, irrigation reduces or stops altogether. In the second year of life, the Kalanchoe Blossfeld bushes grow significantly and require pruning in order to maintain a compact neat shape of the plant and get the largest number of inflorescences.
Obtained when pruning cuttings from the tops of the shoots can be used for breeding Kalanchoe Blossfeld. This is the easiest way to get new, luxuriantly flowering plants on the windowsill.