Garden hydrangea is a very decorative and unpretentious flowering shrub. Despite the fact that this plant is quite thermophilic, it can be grown in different climatic zones.
So, in the conditions of the mountainous Urals, it feels great and blooms profusely. With the right landing site and proper care, hydrangea perfectly tolerates the harsh climate of the Urals.
In the article you will learn in detail about the cultivation of hydrangeas in the Urals.
Features of the climatic conditions of the Urals
The climatic conditions of the Urals are different for all its areas. So, in the north - in the circumpolar and northern Urals - summer lasts no more than 1 month, and the average July temperature is no higher than 6ºС. But in the middle and southern Urals the climate is much milder. Here in summer the temperature rises to 20 and even to 28 ºС. The average winter temperature is -20 ... -22ºС, although it can drop to -35ºС. In these regions it is possible to grow frost-resistant varieties of hydrangea.
The climate of the Urals is characterized by an uneven distribution of precipitation. The ridge retains large air masses. For this reason, the pre-Urals average annual precipitation is much more than in the Trans-Urals. The humidity of the air in these areas also varies.
In the western part of the Urals, the climate is moderately continental, while the eastern part is characterized by continental climatic conditions. The difference between summer and winter temperatures in the Pre-Urals is 38-42ºС, and beyond the Ural ridge, this figure is much higher. Here in the winter frosts keep to -45ºС. Therefore, even when growing the most frost-resistant varieties of hydrangea bushes must be carefully covered for the winter. Without shelter in these harsh conditions, the plant does not survive.
Choosing a place for planting hydrangea
When choosing a place for planting a hydrangea, it is necessary to take into account its illumination, protection from wind and soil moisture. It is also important to know the composition of the soil at the landing site, in order to fill the planting hole with an optimal soil mixture for the plant if necessary.
In some areas of the Urals, summer is quite hot and sunny.. When planting hydrangeas need to choose a place with diffuse lighting. The sun's rays should not fall on the leaves of the plant in the afternoon. Only in the morning hours is possible illumination by direct sunlight. Therefore, hydrangea is better to plant under the canopy of trees.
Hydrangea must be placed in a quiet place. She does not like the wind, in open spaces it grows poorly and blooms. It is better to plant a bush near a solid hedge or wall of a house so that it is reliably protected from wind gusts.
Moisture-loving hydrangea can not be planted in a dry place. It is desirable that the soil was well hydrated and not dry. Otherwise, for good flowering this plant will need to be watered often.
But stagnant water in the ground is as harmful for it as drying out. In swampy places should not be planted hydrangea. From excess moisture begins rotting the roots, the bush quickly dies.
Slightly acidic soil is necessary for the proper development of hydrangea.. In the Urals, such soils almost never occur. Here podzolized and leached chernozems, sod-podzolic and gray forest soils predominate.
They have a neutral or alkaline reaction; therefore, it is impossible to grow hydrangea on natural soils in many places. When planting a plant in a planting hole, peat is added to acidify the soil.
Suitable Hydrangea Varieties for the Urals
Many gardeners of the Urals grow up hydrangea. But not all plant species are suitable for this region. Many varieties of hydrangea can not survive the harsh winters, even with careful shelter. Here only paniculate hydrangea and tree hydrangea are grown. It is recommended to choose the most winter-hardy varieties of these species.
The following varieties of hydrangea paniculate are popular in the Urals region:
- "Dart’s Little-Dot",
- "Limelight’ Pieter Zwijnenburg ",
- "Vanille Fraise",
«Dart’s Little-Dot"- low-growing compact variety not exceeding 80 cm in height. Flowers - milky white, collected in large inflorescences.
Over time, they change color to pink. It blooms from mid-July to late August. Maintains frosts to-29ºС without shelter. In the photo on the left.
«Limelight ’Pieter Zwijnenburg"- a large plant, reaching a height of 2.5 m. It has cream-white inflorescences with a slight green tinge. It blooms from mid-summer to late September. Winter hardiness of this variety is high.
«Kyushu"- Another variety of panicle hydrangea with high winter hardiness. The plant forms very large bushes, the height and diameter of which reach 3 m. White fragrant flowers are collected in long inflorescences. Flowering is very long, ends in mid-October.
«Vanille fraise"- a small flowering plant, whose height is rarely more than 1.5 m. Forms large florets of creamy white flowers. By the end of flowering inflorescences become dark red. It blooms until mid-September. Maintains temperature to-29ºС without shelter.
«Unique"Is a fairly large plant, the height of which often reaches 2.5 m. It blooms with white inflorescences, which eventually acquire a pinkish hue. Maintains winter frosts to -34ºС without shelter.
Ways of breeding hydrangeas in the garden
Also on the territory of the Urals, many varieties of hydrangea tree are successfully grown. Such varieties are especially popular:
«Annabelle"- frost-resistant variety, blooming until mid-September. Its height does not exceed 1 m. Abundantly blooms with white flowers, collected in large round inflorescences. In the photo on the right.
«Sterilis"- a variety with long flowering. It usually blooms from mid-summer to late October. Young inflorescences have a light greenish tint, over time the flowers become pure white. Blooms profusely. Fairly cold-resistant variety for growing in the harsh conditions of the Urals.
«Hayes starburst"- a frost-resistant variety that withstands temperatures of -34ºС without shelter. This is a compact plant, not exceeding in size 1.5 m. It has white terry flowers, collected in large inflorescences.
Basics of hydrangea care in the Urals
The frequency of watering hydrangeas depends on weather conditions in the region. If it rains regularly and the land is constantly wet, it is not necessary to water the bushes. But very often, especially in the Trans-Urals, summer is quite hot and arid. At this time, hydrangea must be watered as the soil dries out, but it must not be allowed to dry out completely.
To better develop the bush and bloom every year, it is recommended to acidify the soil on which it grows. This is done twice a season. Hydrangea bush is watered with an acidic solution. You can use whey. Good results gives the juice of 1 lemon, diluted in 5 liters of water.
In late spring and early summer, the plant is fed with complex fertilizers with a large number of nitrogen-containing substances. This will allow you to quickly increase the leaf mass and prepare for flowering.
In the middle and at the end of the summer hydrangea is fed with complex fertilizers for flowering plants with a predominance of phosphorus and potassium. This will support flowering and inhibit the development of new shoots that do not have time to mature before the onset of cold weather.
Each frost-resistant variety of hydrangea has its own temperature range at which it can winter without shelter. But usually in the winter in the Urals the temperature drops much lower and the shoots of the plant freeze out. Therefore, even the most frost-resistant varieties of hydrangea when grown in the Urals must be carefully covered.
Before the first autumn frosts begin to prepare the bush for the winter. Leaves, except the top, on all the shoots are removed. Bush tightened with a rope and wrapped with covering material.
Then it is gently bent to the ground and fixed with bricks or stones. From above, the plant is covered with sawdust and spun with lapnik, and to protect it from moisture, it is covered with film or roofing material to protect it from moisture.
You can use the frame and method of shelter. At the same time the plant does not bend down to the ground. A framework of metal mesh is built around it, which is filled with dry leaves and sawdust. On top of the whole structure is covered with a film or roofing material.
With the onset of spring warming, hydrangea is carefully and gradually released from the shelter. But completely open the bush only after the spring frosts.
In the first 3-4 years of life, hydrangea is not pruned. Then spend the annual spring forming and autumn sanitary pruning plants. Sanitary pruning is carried out to remove excess and dry parts of the plant, which interfere with its growth and are a medium for the development of infection. Formative pruning is necessary to make the plant decorative and ensure annual flowering.
In the autumn, dry inflorescences are cut from the bush.. Remove all leaves, except the youngest on the tops of the shoots. Dry branches are also cut out so that they do not become a source of infection during wintering. After that, the bush can be covered for the winter.
Spring carry out the forming pruning. Remove broken, frozen, weak and thin branches, as well as shoots growing inside the bush. Very thick and overgrown bushes need to be thinned out, cutting out some of the oldest branches.
Popular types of hydrangea in the Urals form inflorescences on the shoots of the current year. Therefore, to form a beautiful crown, all long branches are cut to 1/3, which stimulates branching. The pruning procedure is carried out with a sharp garden pruner.
Terms and rules for landing in open ground
In the Urals, hydrangea is transplanted into the ground at the end of spring, when the earth is already well warmed. Planted bushes in the fall in this region is impossible. They, as a rule, do not have time to take root well and die from hypothermia, even with careful shelter.
Before disembarking, it is necessary to prepare a landing pit. Its size should be at least 50x50x50 cm, even if the seedling has small dimensions. It is necessary to provide in advance the necessary amount of soil for the development of the root system of the bush. At least 3 buckets of water are poured into the prepared hole to moisten the surrounding soil well. A day later, embark on a landing.
Natural soils of the Urals have a neutral or alkaline reaction, which is unacceptable for the development of hydrangeas. Therefore, for planting it is necessary to prepare an optimal earth mixture. Its structure should include: humus, leaf and coniferous soil, peat, sand. All components are taken in equal parts. At the bottom of the pit lay a layer of sand or gravel, and on top of it is filled with the prepared soil mixture.
Now you can plant a hydrangea bush. It should not be deeply buried so that the root collar remains at ground level. After planting, the soil is crushed, and the plant is well watered. The ground surface is mulched to preserve moisture. Peat is useful as mulch. Sawdust fruit trees will do.
Basic cultivation mistakes and their solution
Often, inexperienced gardeners plant hydrangea, not taking into account the acidity of the soil. For the Urals, this is unacceptable, since most of the natural soils of this region are unsuitable for growing hydrangeas.
To grow a healthy and regularly flowering shrub, the soil for planting must have an acidity of 5.0-5.5. If the soil is neutral and this indicator is in the range of 6.0-7.0, the soil should be slightly acidified. On soils with an alkaline reaction (acidity in the range of 8.0-9.0) hydrangea dies quickly.
Determine the acidity of the soil - the main task of the gardener who wants to decorate his garden with blooming hydrangea. With a neutral soil reaction, it can be used for planting, but to fill the landing pit, this soil must be mixed with peat or coniferous soil. Alkaline soil for planting hydrangeas do not use. Planting pit filled with soil mixture for hydrangeas, and the plant is fed monthly iron sulphate (5 g per bucket of water).
Improperly selected landing site is another common mistake. when growing hydrangeas. It should not be planted in too dry places. Often, even intensive watering does not help.
Also, you should not place the bushes in the lowlands, where water stagnates. If it is not possible to choose another place, you need to prepare a deep landing pit, and put a thick layer of drainage from rubble on its bottom.
Often in the summer months, hydrangea bushes infect pests, which leads to the fall of flowers and the drying of young shoots. Hardest plant suffers from aphids, which can multiply on its shoots in large quantities. Also on the bushes may appear red spider mite. There are other garden pests.
It is not necessary to struggle with harmful insects by national methods. They allow only partially to destroy them, but the pests soon multiply again. It is necessary to apply only purchased pesticides, with the help of which it is possible to completely destroy pests and save the plant.
Reproduction of hydrangea
- Sowing seeds
- Reproduction by layering
- Reproduction by offspring,
- The division of the bush.
Cutting - the most productive method of obtaining young hydrangeas. Cuttings cut in mid-July. They are rooted in pots in a mixture of peat and sand under film. For rapid rooting, they are treated with a root growth stimulator. Rooted cuttings are grown for at least 2 years as pot plants and only then they are planted in open ground.
In order to obtain a layer, the bark of the lower branch of the bush is incised and it is added dropwise at the incision site. This is done in late spring. Usually, before the fall, the layers already take root. But it is separated and transplanted to a new place only next year. Also scions are transplanted - the lower rooted shoots of the bush.
Hydrangea bushes are divided only during transplantation, therefore, it is rarely possible to obtain a new copy in this way. However, delenki are fully formed plants that can bloom next year. Shared hydrangea bushes in the spring.
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There are about 70 types of hydrangea in the world, and not all of them will take root in regions with a cold climate, early winters, and short summers. That is why we have compiled a list of hydrangea varieties that are best suited for growing in the Urals, and which are listed below:
These three varieties will be able to successfully settle down on the territory of the Urals, and with the right content, give their owner a lush flowering, and huge inflorescences. As for other stable hydrangeas, this may include the following varieties:
- Hortensia serrate,
- Hydrangea pink,
- Hydrangea pedicle,
- Large hydrangea.
These varieties can also be grown in the Urals, but not recommended. The fact is that these varieties require a slightly larger amount of sunlight, unlike the first 3 colleagues, and are also highly susceptible to the negative effects of temperature drops, which almost always happens in the Urals in spring and early autumn.
First of all, you should decide on the place where you plan to plant hydrangea. Here, one should definitely give preference to solar areas, which is relevant for all climatic zones, and it is simply vital for the Urals. The fact is that all varieties of hydrangeas are light-requiring, and develop more slowly in the shade.
And if in the conditions of a warm southern climate, growth in the shade can still be compensated for by the duration of the warm season, in northern latitudes this will inevitably affect growth, development, and an abundance of flowering. In addition, large hydrangea inflorescences can damage strong gusts of wind, which is also important for the Urals, which means they should be planted along walls, fences and fences, so that they serve as a natural shelter from the wind.
When to plant hydrangea
Now you should decide on the landing time. It's all very simple. If you are going to plant large and formed hydrangea cuttings, it is recommended that you plant them at the very end of summer, but on condition that you organize a winter shelter 1 month before frosts, we will talk more about this later in the article.
It is important to note that in the Urals frosts may occur at the beginning of autumn, and therefore, based on the climatic features of this area, it is recommended to carry out the “autumn” planting of the cuttings of hydrangeas in the middle of summer. This method is good in that the perennial cutting can bloom as early as next spring.
As for the other breeding methods of hydrangea (seedlings, cuttings, offspring), they must be made only in early spring. The harsh climate of the Urals will not allow tender and young plants to survive the winter if they are planted in the fall. Moreover, planting material is desirable to grow at home for at least 1-1.5 years, ensuring their cool wintering, in order to gradually strengthen the growth in the open field.
Not to mention in what soil should be planted hydrangea, regardless of the variety. So, it is necessary to strictly avoid soil with lime impurities, because hydrangea simply does not tolerate this element, and in the soil with abundant content it will not last even a season. As for the other parameters, the preference should be given to a soil with a high acidity index, since it is in this soil that hydrangea grows best.
Идеальным грунтом для любого сорта гортензии будет являться почва богатая торфом, либо имеющая в себе большие примеси глины. Soil with abundant sand content is not suitable for hydrangea, since such a substrate does not trap fertilizer, and when wetted it does not allow air to pass through.
Planting hydrangeas in the open field is a fairly simple process that even a beginner can handle. To carry out planting it is enough to adhere to the following points:
- Prepare the very pit for planting planting material, in our case, the cutting (we recommend in the conditions of the Urals to propagate the hydrangea with cuttings). Preparation should be done 2 weeks before landing. So, two weeks before planting, you should dig a hole 60 cm deep and 30-40 cm in diameter (not important). Fertile soil is poured into the pit, the necessary composition of which we have described above, after which it is diluted with peat, in an amount of about 2-3 kg. If desired, sawdust can be added to the mixture, in the amount of 500 grams, which will also contribute to an increase in acidity. Having done all these actions, the pit is left for 2 weeks (no need to water)
- We proceed to the choice of cuttings. Here, everything is also simple, besides the fact that the stalk must be whole and have full-fledged foliage, without admixture of yellowness, one should pay attention to its root system. The main part of the roots of the stalk should be in a soil coma, and only in this form should be purchased planting material. By purchasing a cutting without a land coma on the roots, you will not only increase the survival period in the open field, but you will not be able to store it for more than a few days,
- During the cutting itself, dig a hole prepared in advance to a depth of 60 cm, put a cutting in there, spread the roots in such a way so that they look around, do not bend or lift up, then fill them with dug earth, add new ones if necessary. . Properly tamp the ground so that in the future it will not subside. Remember, the root neck should be at a depth of no more than 2 cm, otherwise the hydrangea will lag behind in growth,
- Water the cutting with water so that the soil becomes wet at a depth of 50 cm, you can even more. One such watering will take about 30 liters of water,
- Tie the strap to the peg so that the wind does not damage it. The landing process can be considered complete!
Cultivation and aftercare
Once you have planted a hydrangea in your yard, you should proceed to some simple rules for caring for it, more about which we will discuss below:
- Hydrangea cuttings are watered once a week, while trying to maintain a balance, and prevent the soil from drying out exactly as its excessive moisture. As for the seedlings planted in spring, they should be a little, but they should be watered regularly every day until it grows, after which it starts to be watered about 3 times a week. Remember, in the cold climate of the Urals, the hydrangea will survive the summer even without frequent watering, but in winter this plant can freeze to death even in shelter,
- There is no need to feed the cuttings planted in the autumn, as he will soon be preparing for hibernation. Upon the arrival of spring, the overwintered stalk is fertilized with nitrogen fertilizers, from May to June they are applied with organic fertilizers, during the period of ripening of inflorescences, the hydrangea is fed with fertilizers based on potassium and phosphorus. In general, hydrangea should be fed at intervals of 2 weeks, but given the severity of the climate in the Urals, as well as a short summer, feed them at intervals of 10 days.
Some gardeners feed hydrangea in a slightly different way, as indicated below:
- In the spring they fertilize with urea, superphosphate, or sulfuric potassium (only one preparation),
- During the ejection period, the buds are fed with superphosphate or potassium sulfate,
- At the end of the summer season up to 10 kg of compost or humus are brought under the shrub.
The first method of feeding is better to use in cases where a short and cold summer is expected. The second method is suitable in cases where it is supposed to be hot and bole long summer.
Loosening and mulching
Regular loosening of the soil under a bush is not a strict necessity, but it favorably affects the flow of oxygen into the soil, which means that, if possible, this procedure should be carried out at least once a week. Mulch the soil should be a thick layer, and as a mulch, you should use a mixture of manure and straw (can be sawdust). Mulching can be neglected when grown in warm climatic zones, it is strictly necessary in the Urals!
Preparing for the winter
All varieties of hydrangeas in the Urals should be prepared for winter, and this is done in the following way:
- At the end of summer, mulch the soil with a thick layer, and in the fall, after the plant has thrown the flowers, gently bend the branches, pin them to the ground, and cover with a blanket or cloth. Along the perimeter of the bush, 4 rods are installed, which are connected with a net or a thick film, thus forming a protective framework (see photo). A thick layer of leaves is poured inside the frame, so that they completely cover the bush and form a thick layer (50-60 cm) on top of it,
- Next, the resulting structure is covered with polyethylene, secured with scotch or wire, and left until spring. Remember, the frame should be at least 10 cm above the bush itself.
Hortensia is susceptible to powdery mildew, as well as raid aphids. To combat these troubles, follow these steps:
- In 10 liters of water, add 25 grams of foundationol, and spray the powdery mildew plant,
- In 10 liters of water, add 250 grams of grated garlic, and let it brew for 2 days, then flush 50 grams of laundry soap into the liquid, and spray the plant from the aphids at 7-day intervals.
If the hydrangea leaves turn sharply yellow and the bush is limp, perhaps the hydrangea is sick with chlorosis. For treatment, it is necessary to dissolve 1 tablet of citramonon per 5 liters of water, and water the bush with such solution once a month, before the onset of autumn.
Where to find planting material
The best option for obtaining planting material is to purchase seedlings of zoned varieties in the nursery. Diligent sellers will never offer you a bush with bare roots. Hydrangea does not tolerate even short-term drying of the underground part, buy plants only in containers filled with soil. Remove the bush from the tank, inspect the soil and the root system. If you notice mold or rotted shoots, give up the purchase.
Sapling must be healthy without damage. When purchasing a flower with already blooming leaves, check that they are fresh bright green. If the foliage has lost elasticity or has acquired a brownish shade, it is likely that the hydrangea is infected with some kind of infectious disease. You can purchase a plant in the summer, when the inflorescences have already blossomed, in this way there are both pros and cons. You can choose a bush with the most beautiful buds, but hydrangeas will have less time for rooting and gaining strength before difficult wintering in the Urals.
You can separate part of the bush or take a cutting from the neighbors in the country. In the spring, several shoots with a part of the root system are separated from the overgrown flower with a shovel and planted in a new place. When breeding cuttings, it is desirable to process the cut with special stimulants and stick into the ground. In less than a month, hydrangea will take root and start developing in a new place.
In warm regions, hydrangea is planted in spring, in summer, and in autumn. In the harsh Ural climate, it is necessary that by winter the plant is well rooted and mature. If you plant bushes immediately, as soon as the spring frosts end, during the warm season they will take root well and will be ready for the cold weather.
The site should be well lit and protected from strong winds. Determine from which side the area is blowing the most intense air currents, plant a flower, to be protected by buildings, fences and dense bushes. Hortensia likes fertile soils with a high content of chernozem or peat. If the earth is clay, you can fertilize it with humus or compost. Add coarse sand for looseness and drainage. PH should be in the range of 5-6 units. If it is too low, add peat or needles, and if it is low, add lime.
Dig pits with a depth and a diameter of 0.5 m at a distance of one and a half meters from each other. Put gravel on the bottom for drainage and 2-3 spits of humus or peat. The roots of the hydrangea branching strongly, gently flatten all the processes, place in the hole so that the root collar is at ground level. Pit the pits with fertile soil, water well and grind with peat or needles, the layer thickness must be at least 6 cm.
When planting hydrangeas, install it so that the root neck is several centimeters above the ground. When you put a layer of mulch, it will be in the right place, and you do not have to rake peat from the stems.
During the warm period, growing and caring for hydrangea consists of the same operations that are used to grow other flowering shrubs.
- Watering as the soil dries in 1-2 buckets per bush. During the summer, water the shrub with an acid solution twice: add juice from one lemon to 5 liters of water.
- Top dressing by complex fertilizers in the spring, at the beginning of summer and during formation of inflorescences.
- Weeding and loosening the soil. With good mulching, there is no need for these procedures.
- Crop. In the spring, remove all damaged, frozen, sick and weak shoots, as well as branches that grow into the bush. In the fall, remove dried flowers and shoots that did not have time to woody. To rejuvenate aged plants you need to leave 5 strong and healthy trunks, and cut the rest.
Hydrangea does not tolerate excess calcium. When feeding, avoid preparations with a high content of this component and do not use ash and lime.
At the cottages common cultivation of hydrangea in the form of a bush. If you plant the plants at a short distance from each other, you can make green screens, divide the site into several zones with hedges or create a maze. Small trees near the house or in the flower garden look original. In order to give the hydrangea a stab form, it is necessary to carry out for several seasons forming pruning on one trunk, and remove the remaining shoots.
If the bushes are high, the tops of paniculate and tree varieties can be left for the winter without shelter or wrapped with a nonwoven fabric. All other species in the Urals must be fully insulated or used in large tubs and transferred to the greenhouse or winter garden during the cold season. Lean low shoots to the ground, secure and cover with spruce branches or other insulating material. Put a layer of mulch not thinner than 10 cm on the ground. After the snowfalls, throw a big snowdrift on the bushes so that it protects the shoots from frost.
Diseases and pests
Even in an unusual climate, hydrangea is very rarely sick. To avoid such trouble with your flower, purchase planting material only in reliable nurseries. When you dig up shoots or take cuttings from neighbors, carefully examine their bush. If you see that it looks depressed, the leaves dry or change color - do not take it, why should you carry the infection to your site. Much depends on you. Plant plants at a sufficient distance from each other, do not allow the crown to become too thick. With good living conditions and proper care, the plant will be strong and able to withstand infections and pests.
Most often the bush affects chlorosis. It arises from a lack of iron or an excess of lime in the soil. If you notice that the leaves become brighter and get a yellow tint, first of all pay attention to the water for irrigation, it should be soft, preferably rain. Sick plants water with water with the addition of potassium nitrate or iron sulfate at a concentration of 40 g per bucket.
Hydrangea can become infected with fungal infections.
- White rot. The leaves darken, rot, they appear white bloom.
- Gray rot. On the leaves appear watery spots, which are then covered with a gray bloom, similar to cotton wool.
- Downy mildew. Oily spots appear on the aerial parts, which gradually darken.
- Mealy dew. Leaves form yellowish, gradually turning brown spots. From the inside, a gray or purple patina appears.
If a bush is affected, treat it with copper chlorine or other fungicides.
With a strong humidity or too thick landing on the bushes snails can attack. They eat young shoots and buds. If you do not destroy the pests, they will winter down under the ground in the roots, and in the spring they will gnaw the buds and young leaves. The main methods of struggle are the manual collection of mollusks and poisoned bait. Spider mites and aphids also affect the bushes. If insects are noticed, treat the plants with appropriate insecticides.
Not only residents of the southern regions can admire the magnificent hydrangea, thanks to the selection work this flower grows in Siberia and the Urals. When buying seedlings, please note that not every species can tolerate extreme cold. Acquire varieties of local breeding, and when buying, specify whether it is permissible to grow in open ground, or this variety can be bred only as an indoor plant.
Zoned varieties can withstand severe frosts, but it is better to help the plant survive the cold winter. Shoots that did not have time to wood out are sure to freeze, it is better to remove them in the fall. To prevent the bush from releasing new branches by the autumn, do not feed it with nitrogen fertilizers in the second half of the summer. Cover the ground around the trunks with a thick layer of mulch, and warm the above-ground part whenever possible. Hortense asks not a lot of attention from you, and she will surely pay back for her care with beautiful lush clusters of flowers.
What grade to choose for the frosty district?
The Ural climate is not suitable for all types of plants. If you wish to grow stalked, oak-leaved or large-flowered varieties, you should provide a reliable shelter for the bushes.
After all, they can die from extreme cold. For novice gardeners, an excellent solution would be to choose a tree or paniculate culture.
In order to grow such hydrangeas in a harsh climate, it is necessary to use processes from the local area, since purchased seedlings from other regions may not take root in the Ural edges.
The most popular tree variety Anabel, which was obtained in the United States.
This is an ornamental shrub with a loose and spreading crown. The height of the plant is about 1.5 m, and the diameter is 3 m.
Leaves have a large oval-shaped culture with notched edges. In the summer they have a light green tint, and in the fall they are yellowish.
The plant blooms every year, starting in the second half of July and until September. The shrub is able to withstand up to -39 ° C.
Hortensia Anabel prefers a light shade and tolerates small droughts well. It is imperative to protect the culture from the winds.
Throughout the flowering season, you need to loosen the soil around the bush and fertilize with a solution of potassium permanganate.
If dwarf varieties of hydrangea were chosen for the Urals, then they are allowed to completely cover the winter with snow.
This will allow the plant to tolerate cold. You can choose other varieties of hydrangeas that feel good in a harsh region:
- Darts Little Dots. This is a dwarf variety of culture, whose height is 0.8 m. The buds have a milky-white shade. The flowering period is from mid-July to the end of August. Winter hardiness is possible down to -29 ° С.
- Vanille Fraise. Shrubs reach a height of 1.5 m. They have large, creamy white buds, and then turn pink a little and turn dark red by the end of summer. The variety has excellent resistance to frost.
- Unic. Plants reach a height of 2.5 m. The buds are white with a pinkish tinge. The flowering period begins from the 2nd half of July until the 1st decade of September.
You can grow hydrangea in the Urals as a seed and seedlings.
How to care for shrubs in a harsh climate?
Regardless of the variety, hydrangeas love moisture, so in the absence of rain it is necessary to constantly water the bushes.
Experienced florists advise to carry out such a procedure with the addition of potassium permanganate (2 - 3 g per 1 l of water).
Thanks to the manipulations, it will be possible to get a good flowering. It is very important to give beautiful forms to bushes.
This requires regular pruning of the plant. In the fall, be sure to get rid of all the extra inflorescences.
In the spring, after the appearance of sap flow, a tree hydrangea should cut off the shoots, leaving 3 - 5 buds.
For a beautiful form of frost-resistant varieties of culture is required to observe a few more rules:
- get rid of old and weak pagons, undeveloped shoots,
- shorten the stems that formed on the branches,
- leave some buds.
Since the climate in the Urals is characterized by severity, it is necessary to carefully prepare hydrangeas for wintering
To do this, arrange special shelters for shrubs. Around the plant it is necessary to lay out the material to preserve heat.
To do this, pour a peat layer (height about 20 cm), and then put a film or pieces of slate. Hydrangea stalks are required to bend to the ground and hide.
Also, for additional warming you need to create a special frame around the bush.
To do this, put dry leaves from trees near the roots of the hydrangea. Когда выпадет снег, его тоже можно использовать в качестве укрытия. Такое решение еще и обеспечит дополнительный уровень влаги.
Подкормка и борьба с вредителями
Чтобы вырастить гортензию в суровом климате, необходимо регулярно вносить удобрения. To enrich the soil used liquid manure and mineral fertilizer.
Usually, 25 g of a substance is used for 10 liters of water. It is recommended to carry out fertilizer of hydrangea at least 4 times a year.
But this should not be done chaotically and haphazardly. Should follow a certain pattern:
- start feeding immediately after the start of sap flow,
- then re-enrich the shrub at the time of budding,
- 3 times the process is performed in the 2nd half of July,
- The last feeding is carried out during the preparation for the winter.
Hortensia - shrubs, which are well perceived unusual fertilizers. Often used for this kefir or yogurt.
Such enrichment of the soil can be carried out at any time and many times. Only dairy products must be diluted with water (1: 2).
Sour bread is also often used for this purpose. It is soaked to a state of gruel and instilled into the upper layers of the soil under shrubs. To fertilize hydrangeas, you can apply lemon juice (freshly squeezed).
In the Urals, it is necessary to protect the culture from pests and various diseases. Most often, flowers are affected by peronosporosis.
This leads to the appearance of oily spots on the leaves of shrubs. To get rid of the problem, it is necessary to apply copper sulphate and green soap (10 liters for 20 and 130 g, respectively).
The resulting solution must be carefully sprayed plants. Do this procedure better after sunset.
Another 1 disease that affects hydrangeas in the Urals is chlorosis. It is formed as a consequence of an excess of lime. To overcome the disease, it is necessary to irrigate the bushes with potassium nitride (40 g of the substance will be needed for 10 liters of water).
The most common hydrangea pest is aphid. You can deal with the problem of garlic. To do this, you need to take 200 grams of vegetable, put it through a meat grinder, pour 3 liters of water, insist for 2 days, then inject 45 g of rubbed soap into the solution.
Cooked means you need to spray the plants until the parasites completely disappear.
If you comply with all the conditions for growing hydrangeas in the Urals, you can get attractive buds of this amazing shrub, even in harsh climates.
Features of agricultural engineering in the Urals
If you are going to grow hydrangea on your plot, you should provide it with all the necessary conditions for growth. Shrubs prefer to grow in the penumbra. Fences or other structures in the garden can act as sun protection.
Important! Long-term exposure to direct sunlight will harm the bushes - they will simply begin to fade.
For the growth and flowering of hydrangea, it is important that the soil contained a large percentage of peat. If the soil is depleted over time, then black soil is poured into the ground. If the soil is poor, then when planting peat or black soil is added to each well.
Chernozem to the roots of the flower
Humidity and watering
In order for the plant to bloom and look beautiful, it is important to organize sufficient watering throughout the season. If you ignore this moment in a hot time, then it is highly likely that the roots of the plant will simply freeze. The first days after planting, the bushes are watered with each laziness, as the plant is rooted, the watering is reduced and carried out as the soil dries.
Important! You can water from a watering can, and you can arrange automated watering or drip irrigation.
Planting in open ground
In order for the plant to take root and delight the owners, it is important to observe certain conditions during planting. It is possible to plant a bush, both in the spring, and in the fall. But preferably in the Urals, planting spring hydrangeas in the open ground.
Initially, the preparation of the soil. When planting, the rules of agrotechnology of this culture must be observed:
- The hole digs a depth of at least 30 cm, the distance between the bushes is about 1 m.
- To fertilize the soil in each well poured about 5 cm peat.
- Before placing the seedlings, the roots are shortened by 2 cm.
- After placement of the sprout, it is not recommended to deepen the root collar.
- In the spring sprouts, age 1 year, shortened by 3 buds.
- After planting, the plant is carefully watered and the root zone is covered with a layer of peat. This will help keep the base warm.
On a note! It is not recommended to plant hydrangea in the Urals in the autumn, because due to the Ural climate, the plants will not have time to adapt and take root.
After winter, the bushes feed up. In the first year, peat is poured into the soil, and a little later fed with nitrogen-containing compounds. To enhance flowering, fertilizer is applied twice a month.
At the beginning of the formation of colors, you can use urea, superphosphate, sulfuric potassium. After the buds appear, superphosphate or potassium sulphate should be added under the root.
Hydrangea Flower Formations
At the end of the summer period, 10 liters of humus or compost are introduced into the soil under each bush.
How hydrangea breeds
Choosing the right type of hydrangea for growing in the Urals does not guarantee that the flower will grow and delight its owners. It is important to properly care for shrubs. If you carry out timely pruning of bushes, water the soil, feed hydrangea, then a beautiful abundant flowering can be obtained in 4 years.
You can plant bushes with seedlings or propagate in other ways. Dilution of hydrangea at home is possible:
On a note! Hydrangea blooms only 4-5 years after planting. Although today there are many varieties that give flowers for the first year of life. You should not get too carried away with them, especially in the conditions of the Urals, since such species are afraid of frost and may simply not survive the winter.
Begin to form the layouts should be in early spring. Near the plant, the soil is dug up, and radical paths are made, up to 2 cm deep. One sprout is laid in each track, pinch them with pieces of cut wire. From above sprouts are covered with earth.
Note! By the end of the summer, rooting of sprouts will take place, when new ones appear on the surface, it is necessary to let them grow stronger and take root, and then divide the bush and plant the cuttings to a new place.
Reproduction by cuttings begins in the early spring. It is at this time that the sprouts are separated from the mother bush and planted on separate beds or in pots. Before the onset of cold weather plants are placed in the basement. After winter, in the spring, the pots are again brought out to heat. Green branches are removed from new sprouts, the resulting bones with roots are planted in a permanent place. The branches should be positioned so as to resemble a fan. Young bushes of hydrangea must always be mulched before winter, so that the plant itself can bear the winter.
Seed cultivation is a more laborious process. They are planted in separate pots at the beginning of March and covered with film or glass. Until germination, the temperature is maintained at about +22. At the same time, the ground should be wet, and there should always be light in the room. After 35-40 days, shoots will appear. Two weeks they do not touch, and then carried to fresh air, constantly increasing the time spent. When the growth of a small hydrangea reaches 10 cm, it can be planted in a permanent place.
Fertilizer for hydrangea garden
On a note! You can grow hydrangea in any of these ways, but still the most reliable is reproduction by cuttings.
How to choose a hydrangea variety
To grow hydrangeas in the difficult climatic conditions of the Urals, it is important to choose the right variety of plants. Total read about 300 species of this shrub, but not all of them will turn out to grow. The most resistant species are:
- Hydrangea pedicle,
- A variety of pink,
- Large leaf view
- Sawtooth bluebird.
Some of them are better to grow in softer regions of Russia. It is preferable to carry out the cultivation in the Urals hydrangea tree, paniculate or Sargent. Traditional garden hydrangea is less resistant to frost, planting and care in the open field in the Urals will be a little more difficult. It is very important to carefully cover and protect it from the winter cold.
To each year the adult plant pleased beautiful inflorescences, it is important to carry out the constant formation of the bush. Trimming is carried out regularly. Spring carry out sanitary pruning. At the same time 6-10 strongest branches are left, which are shortened by 2-3 buds. If you leave only two buds in the lower part, the result will not be very many flowers, but they will be large.
In the absence of regular pruning, the plant will very quickly acquire a neglected form, the flowers will first shrink and then disappear altogether.
Important! Most often, the plant does not cope with the abundance of its flowers, so when forming the buds, you can order them so that the others are strong and beautiful.
As you can see, you can even grow in the Urals such a thermophilic plant, like hydrangea. For a beautiful shrub with an abundance of flowers should properly care for the bush. The result will be a beautiful well-kept shrub that will delight for a long time.
Planting is done in spring or autumn. In a very cold climate, like in the Urals, cuttings are recommended to be planted in the spring, so that they get used to the cold.
There are a few main landing rules:
- After fertilizing the substrate, peat is poured into the planting pit, and the roots of seedlings are slightly shortened.
- The diameter of the planting pit should be 30 cm, the distance between seedlings - not less than 1 m.
- The plant is placed on the lawn in single bushes or small groups.
- After fertilizing the soil, peat is poured into the hole, the roots are shortened in seedlings. When placing the cutting in the pit, it is not necessary to bury the root neck.
- When disembarking in spring, annual shoots are better to shorten by three buds.
- After planting, it is necessary to carefully water the bush, cover with a layer of humus or peat, to keep the stem base warm.
Hydrangeas garden planting in open soil in the autumn is not the best option, because young seedlings do not have time to get used to the climate of the Urals.
Before planting the cuttings, the soil is enriched with organic and mineral fertilizers. At the initial stage of growth, the plant is fertilized with humus and minerals. Over time, nitrogen fertilizers or ready mixes may be added.
For frequent and abundant flowering in the Urals, when growing in a month, you need to do two dressings.
That the bush blossomed long and lushlyRegular feeding is conducted.
At the beginning of the growth of seedlings are made of a mixture of such fertilizers:
During the appearance of the buds:
At the end of the summer it is recommended to fertilize with rotted manure or compost. About 15 kg of fertilizer is applied under each bush.
Forming a bush
Trimming is carried out for aesthetics, improvement of hydrangea and its flowering.
When cultivating a paniculate garden variety, planting and care in open soil include the formation of bushes - periodic pruning of a shrub. Without pruning, a shrub can initially become very thick and run. Because of this, it can begin to bloom worse, and the inflorescences can noticeably chop.
Pruning will keep the original shape and improve the condition of the flower. As a rule, leave 6-10 strong shoots, shortening a few buds. If you leave at the bottom of the tree only two buds, the flowers will be more rare, but larger at the same time. Dry inflorescences are removed.
With the beginning of abundant flowering, branches can not withstand the weight of inflorescences. In order to avoid a break of branches, the plant is tied up to the metal or wooden racks installed nearby.
Pruning before winter is important. The branches of the tree and panicle hydrangea are shortened by half or a third.
Bushes can also be cut in early spring.. Many gardeners are convincedthat these varieties cut better in the spring to the first full bud. After wintering, the adult plant must be thinned, weak branches are removed, as well as growing inside the bush and creating excessive thickening. Frozen stems better cut to the place of the beginning of healthy wood.
Sometimes even rooted cuttings bloom. To avoid this, all the “beauty” is removed to fill the young shoots with force.
The main problems with growing
The main reason for unsuccessful cultivation may be a negative reaction of the soil. If the soil at the site does not have the necessary acidity, it is acidified. For this purpose, sour peat, bark or litter is used. You can also pick up ready-made fertilizers, which are sold in specialized stores for each kind of flower.
If the soil contains a large amount of lime, the hydrangea growing in it will suffer from a lack of iron, which is necessary for it for normal life. If so, the soil is spilled with a solution of ferrous sulfate. After applying the solution and fertilizing need to monitor the state of the leaves and the trunk, because you can make a mistake with the cause of wilting. If the condition does not improve, it is necessary to look for another cause of deterioration. Perhaps this is caused by a lack of moisture or pests, the appearance of which is not always immediately noticeable.
Having understood the intricacies of growing in the harsh conditions of the Urals, you can organize a lush garden where a wonderful hydrangea will bloom!
Flowers - How to grow hydrangea in the Urals
How to grow hydrangea in the Urals - Flowers
Many gardeners are interested in growing hydrangeas in the Urals. Cold -40 ⁰ and below there are not uncommon, even cold-resistant cultures sometimes freeze. Breeders are trying to make the life of northerners more beautiful and comfortable, in the Siberian and Ural gardens pears, plums and even grapes ripen. You can decorate the site and lush hydrangea bushes, just do not take the first favorite variety, pay attention to the zoned species. It is not easy for a southern plant to live in a northern climate, provide him with proper care, and your cottage will be full of flowers.