Aloe is a very useful plant that can be grown right on the windowsill. This flower is very often used in traditional medicine recipes and that is why its leaves can be consumed very quickly.. And so that stocks never run out you need to learn how to propagate aloe. Let's talk more about how to grow this medicinal plant at home.
This method is very often used to rejuvenate and give new life to the old plant.. Also, this method is quite interesting and unusual, because few plants can be propagated using the green part.
For reproduction, Aloe needs to break off a healthy leaf from the base, dry it with activated carbon and leave it for a couple of days in the dark.
The algorithm of action on the reproduction of aloe using the sheet is as follows:
- at the base of the stem with a neat, sharp knife cut off a healthy, fleshy leaf,
- then it is laid on gauze, bandage or cotton wool and placed in a dark place. This is necessary in order to increase the germination of a future seedling,
- after the cut point dries, its treated with crushed charcoal,
- then necessary prepare a wet substrateconsisting of a mixture of sand, garden earth and vermiculite,
- leaves are planted in the substrate at a depth of about 3 centimeters,
- the basic rule for the care of the rooted leaf will be abundant and daily watering, because without it a sapling can dry out.
After the developed roots appear on the sheet, it can be planted in a separate container for permanent residence.
Cutting is one of the most common ways to reproduce many horticultural crops and plants. In most cases, breeding cuttings ends in success. The main thing is to fulfill all the requirements correctly and not to lose sight of any details.
Aloe is propagated by cuttings, usually in spring or summer, when rooting works best.
For propagation by cuttings, lateral branches of the plant are used, which are located along the stem. Before starting work, they are carefully cut off and placed in a closet, bedside table or any other dark place with a humidity of about 50% for about a week. This procedure is necessary for the cut to dry.
As a substrate, a mixture of:
After the cutting is ready for rooting, the following steps are taken.:
- The base of the cut planting material treated with crushed coal,
- The soil is laid out in low containers. or cassettes and water thoroughly,
- Between individual instances should be maintained a distance equal to 5-7 centimeters,
- During landing cuttings slightly deepen into the ground, only 1-2 centimeters,
- Constant soil moisture is the key to successful breeding. In addition, experienced gardeners recommend increase the amount of watering with the advent of the first roots.
Aloe vera develops very quickly and the cutting does not stop growing need to be transplanted into a container with larger sizes. Prerequisite will be the presence of drainage holes with a diameter of not less than 1 centimeter.
In order to properly decontaminate the container, it is necessary to consider the material from which it is made.:
- pottery is placed in a hot oven for 10-15 minutes,
- clay is treated superphosphate solution,
- plastic container can wash under hot water using laundry soap.
Aloe apex breeding is the fastest way, which is also very simple for beginners, because rooting takes place in water and you can always easily see how this process proceeds. Work carried out, adhering to the following rules:
- The top of the flower is cut off so that it leaves at least 7 healthy sheets,
- Then the bottom of the planting material for half an hour soaked using growth hormone,
- Prepared top placed in a container with warm water,
- As soon as the first roots appear, seedlings are planted in a prepared pot. As a soil, you can use a mixture of clean sand and leafy ground, which must be carefully moistened.
This method has several names - children, sleeping buds, appendages or root shoots. This method of reproduction is the easiest, it occurs naturally.and all that remains is for man to separate the seedling from the mother plant. The main disadvantage will be a long period of waiting for the formation of new appendages.
Reproduction Aloe underground shoots (kids) that grow around the potted plants
The breeding process is as follows:
- To start flower is taken from the pot and carefully considered, determining the degree of maturity of the roots of "kids",
- The appendages and the main plant share with the help of a sharp garden blade, while in no case can you damage the root system,
- Then the plant separation planted in separate containers with a sandy substrate and watered daily.
This work is the most difficult and lengthy, to get aloe from seeds you need to spend a lot of time and effort. The algorithm of such actions is as follows.:
- First prepare the substrate. You can buy it in the store (soil mix for indoor plants) or you can cook it yourself from grain sand, leaf and sod land,
- In the prepared container pour the soil and deepen seeds by 2-3 centimeters,
- Then the container is covered with foil or glass,
- As soon as the first shoots appear shelter can be gradually removed,
- The grown seedlings are moved to a new, separate containerwhile the composition of the soil should remain the same.
In a year, a small but already mature plant should form.which needs to be transplanted again using the largest container.
Since aloe is an indoor plant, can multiply at any time of the year, the main condition will be to maintain a stable temperature regime.
But experienced growers say it is best to carry out such work in early spring. It is during this period that natural processes are activated, and rooting occurs much faster.
If you follow all the above recommendations, the reproduction of aloe vera will always end in success. This plant is well rooted and getting young flowers is available even for a beginner grower.
The easiest and fastest way - rooting babies
As the aloe grows, it not only drives the stem and grows the leaves, but also gives rise to offspring. In the root zone overgrown with time. Small bushes do not yet have thorns and have delicate smooth leaves. But they have a small, but their own root system. If you separate such a baby, you can get a ready, formed, aloe. He will quickly take root in a separate pot, there he will be free and the aloe will begin to build up the deciduous mass almost immediately.
Aloe grafting: which part of the plant can I use?
Cuttings plants take root no worse than kids. You can get planting material from an adult bush, cutting off from him:
- top (it should be at least 7 sheets)
- the so-called “branch” —that is, the lateral branch extending from the central stem.
Regardless of what part of the bush will be used, before planting it is necessary that it has increased the roots. To do this, the cutting is dried and placed in a container with water.
Breeding features of aloe leaf
Aloe vera well roots, including on the leaves. For reproduction, it is better to use developed and healthy leaflets of medium size. They should be carefully unscrewed at the very stem. At the same time, you should try not to damage the plate so that the juice does not flow.
A torn sheet must be put for five days in a dry and dark place. During this time, the cut dries out and drags on with a thin film. If you plant immediately, it may rot.
Dip a dried sheet cut in crushed activated carbon. Now he is ready for rooting. At first, the leaf stalk is better not to water, but to spray.
How to propagate aloe seeds at home?
The seed method is used quite rarely. It is more laborious and time consuming, but also effective and suitable for this flower. Sowing seeds is best in early spring. Capacity should be shallow, because the roots of aloe superficial. It is filled with a mixture of earth and sand in equal shares. Seeds are laid out on the surface and sprinkled with a thin layer of sand. For the first time, the pot is covered with a film or glass.
From the moment of sowing the seeds to the formation of a young bush, it takes at least 2 years.
It is possible to dive rastishki in separate small pots when they have a pair of true leaves. They will grow in them for the first year, and the next season the grown aloe can be transplanted into a more spacious container.
Aloe - a guest from the southern countries. There, the plant is accustomed to grow in sunny conditions, on dry, clay, sandy soils and be content with scarce precipitation. Therefore, the conditions for growing aloe in the home should be as close to natural as possible.
In a hot climate, even with the complete absence of water and soil, the plant not only grows, but also gives new shoots for reproduction. The nutrients needed for growth and development, this plant receives from its own leaves. Therefore, fresh aloe leaf juice - a storehouse of energy and nutrients.
The soil for aloe should have water and air permeability. Therefore, in planting aloe Often, washed, coarse sand, gravel, brick chips or coquina are often added. Regular soil from the garden mixed with one of the listed baking powder.
Aloe will feel good on a bright and warm window, facing the south or east side. The plant loves fresh air, so the location under the window in a small clay or plastic pot will be comfortable for him.
How often do I need to water aloe?
Aloe fine without moisture but water it is still needed. How often - we read in the reference book "Healing Plants":
- Summer Aloe requires intensive or moderate watering: once a week is enough,
- In winter watering rare, produced as the soil dries: 1-2 times per month.
- Aloe is not sprayed.
- Pour aloe can not, otherwise the roots will begin to soak and rot.
- Water the plant with water at room temperature.
3 ways to propagate aloe
The best time for breeding aloe: spring or July-August.
Three popular ways to propagate aloe:
- basal shoots (kids, formed at the base of the shoots),
- cuttings (pieces of leaves),
- tops (parts of the stem with one or more leaves).
Aloe seeds are also propagated, but rarely. This method is more difficult.
1. Most often aloe is propagated by root shoots - children. The young process is pinch off and placed in a glass with water to grow roots.
About a week through 2-4 escape gives powerful roots. This means - it's time to repot in the pot.
2. Another common way how to propagate aloe - cuttings.
Cut a piece of aloe leaf with a length of 10-12 cm and "podvyalivayut" in air for 24 hours. Slice sprinkled with crushed charcoal. The cuttings are planted in the sand to a depth of 1 cm. If the cuttings are many, they are arranged in rows and the distance between the plants is 3-5 cm. The cuttings are watered, but rarely. After the roots appear, they are transplanted into pots.
3. If the plant has a lot of stem shoots, you can cut off a part of the stem with leaves and place it in a glass with water.
This method is also relevant for the rejuvenation of old plants, which have cut off all the lower leaves. The old plant is cut off the tip, placed in the water for the growth of roots. And then the plant returns to the pot in fresh soil.
The landing technique is as follows:
- In a separate container, the soil is prepared: you can mix the usual ground from the garden with river sand.
- A ready-mixed soil mixture is poured into a small pot; a recess of about 1 cm is made in it.
- Aloe dipped into the hole, making sure that the roots are freely located in it and do not rest on the bottom of the pot.
- The plant is sprinkled with earth and watered.
This is an amazing way, because plants rarely give in to such breeding methods. But aloe is so unpretentious creation that by cutting off only one leaf, you can safely count on the fact that a new bush will grow out of it.
To do this, you just need to tear off a leaf from the bush, sprinkle the damaged place with crushed coal and remove it for a day or two in a dark place.
The sequence of actions is as follows:
- cut a thick, sturdy leaf with a sharp knife,
- planting material is placed on a suitable fabric (gauze, cotton wool, bandage, etc. can be used),
- seedling is left for a couple of days in the dark to increase survival,
- dried place cut pollinate crushed coal
- in the prepared and well-moistened soil mixture planted cuttings, deepening by 2-3 centimeters.
Caring for a plant will be in the indispensable daily watering, without this nothing happens - the leaf dries. After rooting, the seedling is determined in a separate pot.
Regarding whether to engage in rooting such cut pieces in a jar of water, then there are conflicting opinions. There are gardeners who insist on this method of growing cuttings. Dropping it into the water, you should definitely wait for the roots. Opponents of this method are sure that the cutting, standing in the water, will simply rot, there is no use for such a method.
In any case, you need to choose yourself. But I want to say that agave grows so quickly that such experiments will not affect its population in any way, and reproduction can be repeated in another variation.
Propagation by grafting
This path of breeding aloe - the most commonly used growers. This, in my opinion, is the most accessible, most successful method. Here it is important that the rules be followed - albeit simple, but indispensable.
To use this method of breeding aloe is best in the spring and summer, so that rooting is the most quickly and successfully.
You need to choose the side shoots, growing on the main trunk. Cutting off and preparing the planting material, it is put in the pantry or bedside table. This should be a suitable place in which the humidity is maintained at 50% and there will be no light. These manipulations are needed to dry the cut on the handle, which is made with a sharp and disinfected knife or other suitable tool.
For cuttings prepare soil mixture, breathable enough, which includes:
After that, when all the manipulations are done, you can proceed to rooting. For this:
- The cut is processed by dusting it with coal dust,
- Fill the substrate with a suitable container and spill the soil with water,
- If several plants are planted, the gap between them should be at least five centimeters,
- When planting, the plant is buried only one and a half to two centimeters.
Caring for cuttings is proper and regular watering. The experience of florists says that the frequency of watering should be increased from the moment the roots appear.
So that the flower does not stop in development, it should be transplanted into a larger pot as it grows. When transplanting, you should not forget that the pot should have fairly good drainage, and the drainage holes should be at least a centimeter in diameter. Do not neglect the disinfection capacity when planting cuttings. This will protect the immature plant from the adverse effects of various pathogens.
How to root the tops
This method of reproduction is suitable even for the most inexperienced novice florist. It is completely unpretentious, and the rooting process can be observed, since the tops are in an aqueous solution.
Here everything is extremely simple:
Cut off the top, on which there are five or seven leaves,
Planting material is treated for half an hour in a root formation stimulator,
Dipped in a jar of water and waiting for the appearance of the roots.
After waiting for the formation of the root system of the plant, it must be transplanted into the soil. To do this, you can cook the sheet earth, adding to it fine sand, not forgetting to ensure that the soil was constantly wet.
How to hold rooting babies
Reproduction with the help of babies, and they also say - with the help of sleeping buds or root processes. In this case, no effort at all will have to be applied, because it is a natural process of division. It remains only to pick up the finished process, separating it from the main bush. But there is only one drawback - the process is uncontrollable. Wait for new shoots until they appear near the uterine bush, it will take quite a long time.
- Carefully spill the soil in a container with a willow bush to make it easier to get it,
- The plant is removed from the container and study the roots of the children, determining visually their maturation,
- Cut off the necessary shoots using garden tools, trying not to touch the roots of the main bush,
- The removed seedlings are transplanted into new containers with the prepared soil mixture, not forgetting about the daily watering.
The process should be buried in the soil to the bottom leaflets. The soil is slightly pressed down and watered. In the future, care for a young agave is the same as for an adult. The plant quickly enough and takes root in a new place.
Aloe Breeding with Seed
This breeding method is not suitable for florists who need instant results. Because in this case you have to be patient, spending a lot of time and effort.
The process is as follows:
- Prepare the soil mixture independently of humus and sand, or acquire store,
- Fill the prepared container with the substrate, spill water and sow the seeds a couple of centimeters deep,
- The container is covered with a film to create the greenhouse effect,
- Before the appearance of seedlings, the room is trying to keep the temperature above +22,
- Emerging shoots open, and waiting for the appearance of leaves, transplanted to a permanent place in a new pot, without changing the composition of the soil.
And only next year you get a new, full-fledged plant. It will be still very miniature, it will have to be re-transplanted into a slightly larger capacity.
When is it best to breed aloe?
We have aloe - it is exclusively a houseplant. Therefore, you can breed new bushes at any convenient time. But among experienced flower growers there is an opinion that the best time will be the beginning of spring, when all nature wakes up. Since the beginning of spring, all vegetative processes occur much more actively. Consequently, the plant can take root easier and faster.
Agave - completely unpretentious, but some rules in caring for him is still there. Bush can grow on the sunny side, and on the shady one. It does not matter to him. But, falling under the scorching sun, the plant risks getting a severe burn, from which it can even die.
Do not just too flooding the plant with water. For agave enough watering every 10-15 days, but spraying bush loves
Growing conditions at home
Aloe belongs to succulents, and therefore has the general properties of this group of plants:
- the ability to endure drought for a long time due to the accumulation of moisture in its leaves and stems,
- love of light
- the difference in care requirements in summer and winter,
- ease of engraftment during transplantation and reproduction.
In winter, aloe is enough to water once a monthIts temperature should not exceed 12-14 degrees. Otherwise, the plant will stretch, and at close proximity to heat sources (batteries, stoves, stoves) can begin rot from the roots.
In the spring a gradual awakening of aloe is recommended. increased watering (up to 1 time per week), making a brighter light. But do not forget that abrupt change of conditionth environment can be destructive for aloe.
In the summer, especially in extreme heat, aloe needs spraying. Young and actively developing plants are subject to transplantation once a year, and after they reach the age of 5 years once every three years. The optimal time for transplanting is from February to deep autumn. Later, aloe will be in a state of rest or winter rest, and you should not touch it.
When transplanting, it is better to choose a low but spacious container. Give preference to pots of natural materials. For example, clay. Since in the wild, aloe grows in heat and dryness, then you should take care not to destroy the flower with excess stagnant water. For this, the bottom of each pot must be filled. drainage material (expanded clay, tile or brick chips).
If the soil in the transplanted pot is very dry, then it should be watered in a day or two. After transplanting aloe vera and slightly thickening the soil, you should not get involved in watering. Tumble dry land and leave alone for 5-7 days. To learn how to plant properly, read here.
How to multiply at home?
If you use aloe juice for medicinal and cosmetic purposes, then you have to cut off the lower leaves. The plant loses its decorative appearance, and therefore there is a need to have several such plants. You can, of course, buy ready-made flower in the store, but aloe is enough unpretentious and transplanting and reproduction, if you do not make serious mistakes.
Should know and abide by fundamental rules, and then it’s easy to create a new plant with your own hands:
- from cuttings
- from the process,
- from a separate sheet,
- from seeds.
At home, aloe blooms rarely and get the seeds from it in a natural way is quite difficult. But well afford to buy a bag of aloe seeds in the flower department.
One of the fastest ways to get an adult matured plant is reproduction by cuttings. The stalk that you plan to plant for breeding aloe should be about 10 cm. Long. It is more convenient to cut it off from the main plant with a sharp one (so as not to mash the cut plant tissue), but with a short knife in order to reduce the risk of grazing adjacent stems and leaves.
The resulting cutting is powdered at the site of the cut with coal dust and dried (infused) for 2-3 days at room temperature, avoiding bright light. Then, in an already prepared container with light, loose soil at the bottom (3/4 of the height) and wet sand from above (1/4), they are planted to a depth of 1 centimeter slightly tilted. If there are several cuttings, then the distance between them should be 4-5 centimeters.
With moderate soil moisture and light loosening along the edges of the aloe root and it can be a month or a little more carefully transplanted to a permanent place in another pot.
The method of growing aloe from seeds is the longest, but plants can immediately get the whole plantation. It is recommended to take dishes for germinating seeds flat and low. Time to plant is better to choose spring and summer. In this case, it will be possible to put the dishes for germination in a greenhouse and not to spray to maintain constant humidity.
The seeds are laid out no closer than 1.5 cm from each other, slightly pressing into the ground. The soil itself is necessarily pre-sanitized by heating or a solution of potassium permanganate and consists, as in the case of cuttings, of sand and barren land. Wet soil with seeds sprinkled on a centimeter of dry clean sand. Sufficient temperature for germination of aloe seeds - 22-25 degrees.
The first shoots will appear in 2-4 days. In the future, the sprouts dive and transplanted into more bulk capacity. But be prepared that the adult plant will have to wait. about 2 years.
We multiply shoots
A healthy adult plant will certainly give young shoots coming from the bottom of the rosette. Such shoots thicken aloe and will soon weaken it, taking away food and living space. But in the new place they will take root well and form an independent plant.
It is desirable that when separating the already formed "kids" as possible less damaged their roots. Carefully clean the base of the aloe from the ground, try to do without a knife, only with your own fingers. If this succeeds, then all that remains is to plant such an escape into a separate place.
If the "baby" firmly attached to the parent plant, then carefully cut it off, trying to save its roots. The open cut is sprinkled with coal powder, similar to propagation by cuttings, and after aging for 2-3 days they are planted in a moist (not wet!) Substrate, trying to fill the voids. About planting and transplanting aloe, read here.
Watered a little bit a week. It will be possible to feed the young individuals only when they finally take root and give new leaves.
Even when the young sprout is completely detached from the roots, it is able to survive and grow. For this, planting methods that are similar to planting by cuttings are applicable (dusting with coal, drying for several days and subsequent planting).
How to grow aloe leaf?
The most problematic is to apply the method of breeding aloe from his leaf. But it happens that the whole plant is so damaged that there is nothing left except for individual leaves. It is possible to try and get good results.
The lowermost leaves are usually cut off from a capable plant. If there is no choice, then any one will do. The cut is clean and even. It is made with the help of a knife. Then it is possible to process the cut-off areas with coal (dust, powder) and slightly press the sheet. Follow the same recommendations as when planting cuttings, but plant in the substrate deeper - 2.5-3 centimeters. It is sometimes advised in the case of individual leaves to cover with a glass jar to maintain humidity and temperature. And protect from direct sunlight until it finally takes root.
How to propagate aloe apex?
It happens that aloe starts due to excess moisture or drafts rot below the trunk. It would be more reasonable to save the crown and try the following method of reproduction - cutting with the tip. The main condition - how can cut off the wet and rotten part faster, preventing the disease from spreading to the healthy top of the plant. It is best to make it a few inches taller from the site of the lesion. Then the treatment with coal powder, a short drying and planting in another place with a healthy, moderately moist soil, followed by engraftment.
Peculiarities of care after reproduction
After you have planted the seedlings in separate pots, and they have pleased you with new leaves, you can pamper them with fertilizers. Now the usual watering can be done more often (once a week). But Do not forget about the moderation of moisture in order to avoid rotting and death of the plant. We wrote about plant diseases in this article.
It is better to cultivate aloe in spring or summer so that the flower has enough sun and heat for full recovery and subsequent care for winter rest.
Having not only a beautiful plant on your windowsill or on the balcony, but a pharmacy for rejuvenating and healing the body is rarely refused. Care for your aloe, please him the right care and it will grow to your joy.
See more photos below:
How to propagate aloe vera?
In the wild, most often aloe vera propagation occurs by seed or basal shoots. If in their natural environment flowering occurs regularly, a long stem with tassels of flowers of various color is formed on the succulent, then at home the emergence of the peduncle and seed ripening can be expected for several decades. Does aloe vera help with acne?
Therefore, at home, the reproduction of aloe is not only performed by seeds, it can be propagated in other ways:
- developed sheet
- young basal shoots (kids),
Flower reproduction by all means gives a good result, subject to the recommendations of the plant successfully takes root. It is useful to know, for example, how to propagate aloe at home in two ways: leaf and seed.
Aloe Vera is best propagated by young shoots.
How to grow from a leaf?
To propagate the plant in this way, planting should be done in spring or early summer. How to grow aloe leaf correctly? Preferred for successful breeding:
- use old plant
- a healthy, sturdy leaf pinch off at the very base,
- place a detachment on a flower to powder with previously crushed wood or activated carbon.
Reproduction of aloe with the help of leaves at home does not involve the use of a knife or scissors. Planting material is pinned off by hand. After the material has been pinched off, it is necessary to prepare it and the soil for further planting.
The torn sheet should be placed in a dark place, away from the light, and kept until the slice dries, on which a thin crust should naturally form. It takes about 5-7 days. Dried slice should be treated with activated, charcoal or ash.
In order for the reproduction of aloe leaf to pass successfully, it is necessary to prepare high-quality sand-soil mixture, to which peat is added:
- put a drain on the bottom of a small pot,
- about 2/3 of the capacity to fill the soil of the same composition as that of the parent flower, or the acidified cactus mixture purchased from the store,
- for the remaining 1/3 of the pot pour the sand.
The resulting soil mixture should be moistened. Now it can be propagated by aloe vera.
In a moist soil prepared for breeding, stick a leaf, kept away from light for 5-7 days, to a depth of no more than 2-4 cm for rooting. Until the roots appear, water constantly.
How to grow aloe from the scion to make it strong, healthy and well tolerated transplant? Multiply aloe by this method is possible under several conditions. The room in which the pot is located should:
- be well lit
- regularly aired,
- have an optimum air temperature: + 25 ° C.
After the leaf has taken root (after about 2 weeks), the surviving process must be transplanted in order to propagate. Young plant water.
Reproduction from seed
How to grow aloe from seed at home, on the windowsill? Reproduction of aloe - rather time-consuming and lengthy process. But to multiply it in this way is convenient if you need to get a lot of young plants at once. Seeds are sold in specialized stores. On their packaging is usually printed instructions on how to properly grow aloe, what you need to do to reproduce it.
For breeding aloe seeds, it is best to sow in late February - early March. The capacity to use is shallow, with holes at the bottom. Soil should consist of:
- a mixture of rotted leaves and sod - 1 part,
- clean river and steamed sand - 2 parts.
To propagate the plant by seed, you must perform the following steps:
- pour 1 part of the mixture of leaf and sod soil to the bottom of the tank,
- spread the seeds on the soil surface
- sprinkle seeds with 2 pieces of sand,
- Moisten the soil - lower the container for a few minutes in a bowl of water,
- then remove the seedlings into a bright room (but not under direct sunlight) with an air temperature of + 20-22 ° C,
- moisten the soil periodically with a spray.
After 1 or 2 leaves appear on the appeared shoots, the plants dive into small pots. Soil is used the same composition as when sowing seeds. After 1 year, the grown up seedlings are planted in separate large pots.
Features of growing at home
Despite the fact that the cultivation of aloe in the home is not something difficult because of the amazing simplicity, its reproduction requires the implementation of certain rules of courtship. To propagate a flower, not allowing it to wither or even die, it is important to pay attention to:
- proper accommodation
- selection of optimal climatic conditions
- useful dressings,
- timely pest and disease control,
- correct watering.
It is useful to know how to grow aloe at home with these rules in mind, what are the features of the reproduction process.
The basis of a strong, healthy plant, obtained as a result of reproduction, is the following:
- Aloe vera is a fast growing plant. When breeding it should be transplanted into a larger container (shallow, wide, with drainage holes) 1 time in 2 years. You can understand that the cultivation of aloe occurs in too cramped dishes by the following signs: the flower stopped growing in the process of reproduction, the leaves exceed the diameter of the container at least 2 times, and instead of the soil there is an entangled clot of roots. Ceramic capacity during reproduction of aloe is preferable, since ceramics removes excess moisture. To propagate a flower in it, the container must first be soaked for 1 hour in a superphosate, washed with warm boiled water and soap, calcined in an oven for disinfection. If you decide to propagate the flower in a plastic pot, you just need to wash the pot with hot water and soap.
- The soil. With each transplant it needs to be updated. Aloe vera must be propagated in slightly acidic and moderately fertile soil. It is either bought at the store, or it is prepared by itself: a mixture of sod and leaves - 60%, humus - 15%, coarse sand - 15%, charcoal - 10%. Pour a drainage layer 2 cm high (gravel, fine-grained granite) on the bottom of the pot for excessive moisture outflow.
- Top dressing. During the breeding season, aloe is fertilized once a year in spring. More frequent fertilizing will only damage plant reproduction. Most often, to propagate a flower, fertilizers are used with markings 10-40-10.
- Remedies for pests. The main enemy, which prevents the plant from propagating, is the insect shield, drinking its juice. Way of struggle: wipe the leaves with soapy water or a weak solution of vinegar. Another pest is the spider mite. Prevention, increasing the chance to multiply the plant healthy: using a spray bottle aloe spray infusion of tobacco.
- Placement Aloe is a light-loving plant, therefore, in order to multiply it successfully, it must be maintained in an apartment on the south, southeast side, but not under the direct rays of the sun to avoid burns. Приучать к яркому освещению в процессе размножения растение нужно постепенно – на некоторое время выставлять его на подоконник, балкон, улицу, затем убирать под тюль, марлю. Зимой переносить в светлое, прохладное помещение с температурой 12-15°C.
In the process of reproduction in the winter, it is not bad to provide aloe vera with additional artificial lighting. With a lack of light to multiply the plant more difficult - it stretches, pales. During the winter, the flower wears away from the bright light, so in the spring you need to repeat the procedure of teaching it to aggressive lighting.
How often to water?
How often to water the aloe during reproduction? Succulent has fleshy leaves, as well as roots that accumulate water, so it does not require frequent and abundant watering during the breeding season. Excessive moisture and stagnant water can lead to rotting of the roots, will not allow aloe to multiply. It is necessary to make sure that the ground in the tank is dry, and only then wet the top layer.
How to water aloe in summer and winter to successfully multiply it? In the summer, enough once a week. In winter, the need for moisture is significantly reduced. They reduce both the amount of water (2 times) and the frequency of irrigation: 1 time per month is enough
How to water aloe at home, so as not to cause him harm, multiply successfully? It is most effective to immerse the pot in water for a few minutes. With normal watering, you must ensure that moisture does not fall into the aloe outlet. To propagate the plant, to avoid rotting, pour water at the root.
For young aloe should prepare the soil, which has the following characteristics:
- Loose. Non-moisture and well breathable.
- Neutral or slightly acidic.
- Contains a lot of iron.
The mixture should include turf and leaf soil, humus and sand. Sod soil take two times more compared to other components. Add a little charcoal to the soil for disinfection and some small stones to give looseness. It is best to buy a special blend for succulents and cacti.. This substrate contains all the nutritional components necessary for the development of a young plant.
Growing from leaf without roots
How to plant aloe tree without leaves? This is a very practical method, it is necessary for it:
- Pinch off the adult fleshy leaf at the very base.
- Sprinkle a slice of activated carbon powder.
- Dry planting material for three to five days.
- Place a drain in the tank, top soil mix.
- Pour a layer of coarse sand on the ground.
- Dip the bottom of the sheet into the wet substrate to a depth of five centimeters.
- Cover with a glass jar.
- Spray sand regularly as it dries.
- A week later, when the first roots appear, connect the watering.
- When the leaf begins to grow, transplant a young aloe bush into a pot filled with soil for succulents.
How to get a new bush from a scion?
Kids aloe - young underground shoots that grow at the base of the root. These processes have their own root system. Their other names are appendages, root shoots. The main advantage of the method is lightness. Children are formed naturally, you only need to carefully separate them from the main plant. With this method you can grow several bushes.
How to grow a bush from a scion? First of all, remember that the formation of new appendages takes a lot of time. It is better to carry out reproduction in the process of transplanting the main plant.
Selection and separation of babies:
- Moisturize the soil in which the aloe grows.
- Remove the plant from the pot and inspect.
- Determine the degree of maturity of the roots of shoots.
- Sharp garden spatula to separate appendages from the parent plant. Prevent damage to the root system. Leave damaged processes to dry for several days.
- Prepare containers.
- Place a drain on the bottom.
- Pour a special substrate.
- Moisturize the soil.
- Half an hour after watering, when excess water is drained, plant the shoots. To do this, deepen them into the ground by one centimeter.
- The first 10 days of daily watering.
How quickly can you root aloe? Usually rooting occurs within a month and then new leaves appear.
We recommend to watch a video about breeding aloe babies:
Reproduction by cuttings
In most cases, reproduction of aloe cuttings ends in success. But given that the young cuttings are not strong enough, they can be the object of attacks of various diseases and pests. The main thing is to follow the instructions.
Preparation of cuttings:
- Choose a healthy maternal plant.
- Take a razor or sharp knife. Disinfect.
- Inspect the plant. Find the lateral branches that are located along the stem. Only direct shoots are suitable.
- Carefully cut cuttings about 10 centimeters long. Each shoot must have at least three pairs of leaves.
- Keep cuttings in a dark place with 50% humidity for a week. The cut must dry out.
- Cut the cuttings on the cuttings with crushed charcoal.
- Place the drainage layer in low containers.
- Pour the prepared soil and pour water.
- Plant cuttings at a distance of five to seven centimeters from each other, deepening them into the soil by one to two centimeters. The lower leaves should barely touch the surface.
- For stability, the stalk can be poured over the ground a little fine gravel.
- Put the container in a warm bright place.
- Roots are formed within two to four weeks. It is important not to overwet the substrate. If gravel is poured on top, it should be watered even less often.
- When leaves appear, transplant young plants into pots.
How to plant seeds?
At home, aloe rarely blooms. It is quite difficult to get seeds, so they are best purchased at a specialty store.
Cons of the method:
- High level of difficulty. It takes a lot of effort.
- Long duration of the procedure. It takes a year to get a new plant.
- The method allows you to simultaneously get a lot of new instances.
- The percentage of plant survival is much higher than during cutting or reproduction by processes.
The procedure is carried out in late February - early March.
- Prepare the soil corresponding to this type of plant.
- Cover the soil in a low container.
- Moisturize the soil.
- Place the seeds on the surface, sprinkle with a layer of sand with a height of no more than one centimeter.
- Cover the container with film or glass.
- Maintain an indoor temperature of at least + 21 ° C. Moderately and regularly moisturize the soil, preventing drying.
- With the advent of the first shoots gradually remove the shelter. Sprinkle sprouts with a sprayer.
- When the seedlings will be three to four leaves, transplant them into containers no more than five centimeters high.
Using flower tops
The method has several advantages.:
- This is the fastest way to grow aloe.
- Available even for beginners florist.
- You can control the rooting process, because it takes place in the water.
How to propagate aloe tree at home, using the top of the plant?
- Cut off the top of aloe that contains at least seven healthy leaves.
- Place the lower end for 30 minutes in the growth hormone.
- Put the tip in a container with warm water.
- When the first roots appear, plant in a prepared pot with moistened soil.
Departure after landing
- Immediately after planting, aloe should be placed in a cool place, protected from the direct rays of the sun. Then transfer to the sunny windowsill.
- Water once or twice a week, waiting for the topsoil to dry. Use warm distilled water.
- To remove accumulated dust, wipe the leaves with a damp cloth. Do not spray.
- Maintain indoor temperatures not lower than + 20 ° C in spring and summer and at least + 14 ° C in winter.
- Regularly air the room where the flower is located.
- If a special ground for succulents or cacti was used when planting, it is not necessary to feed in the course of eight to nine months after planting.
- Inspect a young agave for pests or diseases. When detecting scutes or aphids on leaf plates, wipe them with a piece of cotton dipped in alcohol. Or spray tincture of garlic.
How to take care of agave at home is described here.
What to do if you don’t survive?
The reasons that a young plant does not take root may be several. Consider them.
- Poor quality planting material. If the leaf or stalk was taken from a patient aloe, it is unlikely to take root.
- Incorrectly picked up ground. It is necessary to change the substrate: make the right soil mixture or buy ready-made. Suitable land for special cacti.
- Improper care. Probably, there is a waterlogging of the soil. Aloe does not tolerate excessive watering. It is necessary to moisten the substrate only after drying.