Planting Lawson's cypress Elwood usually does not cause difficulties for amateur gardeners, but caring for this evergreen shrub involves knowing some of the plant's characteristics. The cypress family includes 7 species of trees and shrubs, reaching 70 meters in height in nature. Cypress is often confused with cypress, but they are different plants. They can be distinguished by branches - at first they are smaller and look flatter. One of the species - Lawson's cypress - includes a huge number of varieties, including Elwoodi, which, in turn, comes in several forms: Gold, Pijmi, Snow White, Pillar.
How to plant Lawson's Cypress Elwood
Plants have a beautiful conical crown and an unusual shade of needles. In the wild, they grow in the forests of North America and can grow to 60-70 meters. When planting in central Russia, the shrub can reach only 2 meters in height. In the varieties of cypress Lawson Elwood, the bark is red-brown in color, and the ends of the shoots are drooping - as a result, an unusual crown can be formed. The branches are bluish-green, the bumps are small, of a bluish tint. It looks very decorative and is able to decorate any garden.
Planting in regions with a warm climate is carried out in loamy soil saturated with nutrients, in the north it is desirable to use loose sandy soils, which will preserve the root system during severe frosts and facilitate plant care.
If several specimens are planted, the distance between them should be about 1 meter. Like other conifers, Lawson's cypress Elwoodi prefers an acidic soil, with a pH of 4.5-5.5. This shrub is undemanding to the choice of place and will grow equally well both in the sun and in the shade. The only thing that should be avoided when landing is lowland places where water and cold air stagnates. He transfers transplants easily, quickly adapts to new conditions and practically does not get sick. Planting is carried out with the observance of one rule: the root neck is not deepened.
The pit is prepared in the fall so that the soil has time to settle. The value depends on the size of the root system, you need to dig a little more than an earthen ball with roots. At the bottom of the pit put a mixture of peat, leaf and sod land, add fertilizers and minerals, as a drainage using broken brick, crushed stone, expanded clay or pebbles. The drainage layer must be thick to protect the plant from rotting. The surface is mulched to retain moisture.
Lawson's cypress Elwoodi is planted in the spring, usually at the end of April, when the threat of frost is over, and the earth warms up, and then it is watered abundantly and pritinyat first time from direct sunlight. It is advisable to spray the needles regularly until the bush is rooted. This bail loves abundant watering, because even the top layer of soil should not dry out. Do not tolerate this plant and stagnant water, so you need to be careful when watering, trying not to turn the soil around in a swamp. To prevent the soil from drying out, the tree trunk circle is mulched with sawdust, foliage and peat crumb.
Caring for Lawson Cypress Elwood
Caring for Lawson's cypress, Elwoodi poses no particular problems. Landing on a permanent place occurs in the autumn, before the first frost. At the same time, sanitary pruning is carried out, dried branches are removed, you can give the crown the desired shape, otherwise uneven branches will reduce the decorativeness of the plant. Sections and wounds must be processed to prevent infection. In the autumn, cypress is pulled over a wire construction - to regulate the growth of new shoots.
Young seedlings will need shelter for the winter, usually for this they use a fabric cover. Adult plants are frost resistant. But in the 3rd and 4th climatic zones there is a danger of freezing: the bushes are covered with special materials, snow, spruce branches and peat crumb. Caring for young plants includes regular fertilization. It is necessary to fertilize bushes only during the first years of life, until they build up a strong root system and begin to extract nutrients on their own.
Seedlings are fed from the spring, when the snow cover comes down, every 2 weeks, until the middle of summer. To do this, use special mineral fertilizers for coniferous plants. It is not necessary to increase the dose recommended on the package, it can not only cause root burns, but also provoke various diseases. The soil should not dry out, because it is important to organize regular watering and care for the crown, consisting in spraying it with a spray gun once a week. Adult plants can tolerate a slight dryness, but if you overlook young saplings, this can lead to dire consequences.
Cypress can be subject to the onslaught of pests such as spider mites, scale insects. Often, when the plants are excessively wetted, they become ill with fungal infections: root rot and brown shutte, in which the needles become brownish and dry out. To control pests, you should use special solutions of chemicals, spraying them until insects die. Fungal diseases can be cured using fungicides. Important and proper care. With root rot, cypress can only be saved by transplanting, removing the affected part of the root system and processing it in a fungicide.
Breeding Lawson Cypress Elwood
There are several ways to propagate Lawson's cypress Elwood:
- with the help of layering
In the latter case, shoots are cut from the bush up to 12 cm long and rooted in open ground in greenhouse conditions. A teplichka can be made from a plastic bottle - this facilitates the ventilation of the cuttings. Care is to maintain the same temperature and regular watering, it does not stop until the emergence of new green shoots.
The layering of Lawson's cypress, Elwoodi, is propagated as follows: the lower shoots bend down to the ground, fixed with staples, and the place of fracture is treated with root formation stimulants. When the root system of a young plant develops sufficiently, it is cut from the mother liquor. This usually happens in about a year. Planting and further care for cuttings - the same as for ordinary seedlings. Installing greenhouses with this method is not necessary.
Cypress trees can be propagated by seeds, but for this they must undergo a cold stratification - in open ground or in the vegetable section of the refrigerator. Planting material of this conifer does not lose germination for 15 years, but the varietal characteristics with this method of reproduction are usually not transmitted. Planting seeds is carried out in a container with a light ground, if you plan to grow seedlings at home, or immediately into the soil.
Planting seeds in the ground is carried out in the middle of autumn. If the gardener prefers to plant seedlings in boxes, they are dropped in snow until spring. Seedlings germinate at a temperature of +23 ºC, they are placed in a bright place where there is no direct sunlight, for example in a greenhouse. Caring for seedlings is a regular watering, picking and hardening. After the young plants are planted in the ground and winter there under shelter.
Caring for Lawson's Cypress Elwoody is pretty simple. This shrub will delight its owners for a long time, if you choose the right place for its planting: you can choose a shady corner of the garden or place a conifer in the sun, the main thing is to find a place without stagnant cold air and moisture, and put a thick drainage layer on the bottom of the pit. The soil must be acidic.
Young plants need regular abundant watering - the stem should not dry out. An important component of the care of seedlings in the first years of life is regular feeding. In the spring, formative and sanitary pruning is carried out in order to preserve the decorative appearance of the crown. For the winter young cypress harbor. Propagated plants seeds, layering, cuttings. Since in the first case the varietal characteristics are not preserved, the second and third are especially popular.
Difficulties and problems of cultivation
Very often there are situations when Lawson's cypress Elwoodi dries up or dries out. What to do? The plant can still be saved, although extremely problematic. This usually occurs when grown at home.
The main reasons are dry air in the room, too high temperatures. Unfortunately, it is not always and not everyone can grow a beautiful and healthy cypress in room conditions. Therefore, in such situations it is necessary to increase the humidity of the air, to provide the plant with regular spraying and watering. At home, the plant overwinters quite well at a fairly low (about 10-15 degrees) temperature. Cypress heat does not stand.
If Lawson's cypress turned yellow after winter, then the culture probably got a spring burn, this happens very often.
Biostimulants, for example, Epin, will also help.
Probably root decay, so you may have to get the plant out of the ground and examine the root system for rot.
When growing a plant in central Russia or in the northern regions of cypress it is advisable to cover for the winter. As a shelter, you can use laptnik.
Despite the good winter hardiness of varieties, it should be remembered that Lawson's cypress itself can withstand temperatures as low as -29 degrees and no lower.
So, a horticulturist from central Russia at one of the horticultural forums under the nickname Margola argues that the probability of frosting of a plant in winter is very high, despite some positive growing experiences. First, it is necessary to shower the plants with snow and cover with spruce branches. In addition, the plant must be protected from cold winds, otherwise the death of the culture is inevitable. In any case, in the garden plot the culture will grow better than at home.
Application in landscape design
Lawson's cypress is used for single and group plantings. Looks very good on the background plan in the flower beds. Perhaps its use in multi-contrast compositions.
But more often cypress is used. to create high and low hedges, to design alleys (especially dwarf varieties).
Cypress can be grown next to artificial and natural ponds in the garden plot, as well as decorate them with rock gardens, rocky and Japanese gardens.
A hedge of cypress trees of different colors.
Cypress Stardust looks very impressive in flower beds mixed plantings with flower and shrub crops.
Lawson's cypress on a shtambe.
The story of Elwoodi cypress trees began in the distant 1929 year. Its creator was the famous English gardener with the same name Evlud. Coniferous culture has a beautiful cone-shaped crown with dark red-brown bark and elegant vertical branches.
The shoots have slightly dangling ends, and the needles are gray-blue, relatively thin and pinnate. In the autumn it is painted in blue-steel color. In addition, there are varieties with golden tips and white needles, such as Elwood Gold and Elwood White.
Cypress Elwoodi Empire - also a very interesting variety that has earned worldwide recognition due to the unique green and blue needles. Cypress has a superficial root system, which consists of a large number of thin roots.
It is important to note that this cypress is a slow growing plant. At the age of 10, its maximum height is 1.5 meters. In one year it grows by 3-5 centimeters. The grade is famous for excellent frost resistance.
Care and planting Elwoodi cypress
To say that Elwoodi cypress is absolutely not a capricious representative of indoor plants, it is impossible. But too naughty, too, you will not name it. Basically, the entire care of the culture at home is in compliance with some key rules that contribute to a healthy and comfortable existence of a green handsome in a residential environment.
Cypress grows freely in a cool environment with fresh and well-moistened air. The optimum temperature range is kept at around 17 degrees Celsius, with the maximum allowable values not higher than 20 degrees in the summer, and 10-15 in the winter.
Based on these biological features, in the summer cypress better to keep in fresh air, or conduct regular spraying of the room. In winter, the tree should be placed on a heated loggia.
Ephedra preferred high humidity with a rate of 70%. To improve performance, you can put a pot with a branch on a pallet with moistened pebbles or expanded clay. In the heating season, you can put it in small portions in the pot.
And also the option of placing frozen ice cubes in a container with a plant shows itself well. In the absence of comfortable humidity, cypress needles will turn yellow and begin to fall.
Culture grows freely in places with plenty of light or slight shading. If we are talking about a strong shadow, then the crown will get an irregular elongated shape. Some varieties have golden and white-green needles, retaining their decorative appearance only when kept in high light conditions, with the exception of places with direct sunlight. In this case, there is a risk of burns.
In winter, it is better to place the plant on the windowsill, and then move it to the north window with the arrival of spring. It is important that the cypress was reliably protected from the damaging effects of direct sunlight, causing burns and a lot of other troubles.
The ideal solution is to place a pot with a flower on the balcony with a slight shading. It is important that the culture is away from heating and heating systems.
With regard to the choice of a suitable substrate for planting, then to him the culture does not show high requirements. Regardless of the habitat, whether it is an open area, or a closed ground, the plant grows freely in any fertile soil. For this reason, it is recommended to give preference to universal formulations with a high content of nutrients.
You can prepare a light and nutritious soil with your own hands using:
- two pieces of leafy ground
- one piece of turf land,
- one piece of river sand.
Many beginning flower growers buy ready-made seedlings in planting tanks in specialized nurseries and stores. In this case, such a plant can be quickly and successfully transplanted into another pot.
However, many enthusiasts refuse such a decision, and try to grow their own culture. cutting method. In this case, it is necessary to start preparing the cuttings in the summer, when the strongest branches are selected, from which cuttings are cut by 10-12 centimeters. At the bottom you need to get rid of pine needles.
After successful selection of planting material, it remains to move the cuttings into a light substrate for more productive rooting, ensuring them the conditions of mini-greenhouses, where the optimum temperature and humidity of the air will be maintained by spraying. For arranging greenhouses, you can use ordinary plastic bottles, cut in half.
In this position, the cuttings should remain until spring. As soon as new needles appear, shelters in the form of greenhouses can be removed by planting cuttings in pots.
If the planting and rooting of the cypress were successful, it remains to take care of the necessary care for the culture. Care components:
- regular watering
- additional feeding activities
- sanitary and decorative trimming,
- fight against diseases, if they arise.
To give the crown the expected shape and to provide stable access to the source of light, it is enough to rotate the pot once or twice a month by 10-50 degrees.
Concerning glaze, it should be especially abundant in the summer. Do not allow the slightest drying of the soil, because it can lead to a fatal outcome. The plant reacts to the absence of moisture very poorly, showing drying of the leaves and withering of the shoots. If you do not take action, perhaps it will die at all.
In winter, watering is done moderately, spraying the culture only with a significant drying of the upper layer. Moisture stagnation is also undesirable, so in order to prevent it, it is enough to use a dispenser for indoor crops.
As mentioned above, ice cubes can be used for irrigationthat fit into the pot. In this case, the soil will be moistened evenly and gradually, which will allow to achieve lower temperatures, which are so important for the cypress during the winter dormancy period.
Feed the plant need from late spring to late summer. In the process it is better to use ready-made mineral supplements for indoor ornamental crops, reducing the dose by half. And also complex feeding for bonsai well manifest themselves.
Already in September, all dressing activities are terminated. В противном случае растение плохо перенесет на зимний период и может подвергнуться всевозможным заболеваниям.
Когда наступит весна, растение нужно тщательно осмотреть на наличие сухих, старых или поврежденных ветвей. During this period, you can spend a decorative haircut, which will give the bush an attractive look and well-groomed shape. With the right approach to such works, cypress can be a real boon for fans of the art of bansai.
Today flower growers give culture the shape of a pyramid or cones. And also practiced all sorts of other forms. With a single haircut can be cut no more than 1/3 of green.
Cypress badly reacts to frequent transplantstherefore, it is extremely rare to move it from one place to another - no more than once every two years. Nevertheless, transplants are really needed, since over time, the level of nutrients significantly decreases, so you cannot restore the supply of minerals and vitamins even with the help of dressings. And also the rhizome grows rapidly in breadth, becoming very large.
Cypress transfer is best done from late May to mid-June. It is best to carry out the operation by transshipment.
It is important that the new pot was 3-4 centimeters wider than the root system. Experts advise planting potted plants in clay containers, since the moisture in them lasts much longer, and in winter time the optimum temperature is maintained.
To get a cypress from an old pot, you need to move it to a basin with water or to the bathroom. In this case, the soil will soften and remove the plant will be much easier.
At the bottom of the new tank, it is necessary to lay out a 5-centimeter drainage layer using the following materials:
- expanded clay
- broken brick
- smooth stones and others.
Above it is necessary to pour out the soil composition, which is covered with an earthy clod with roots.
Emerging voids are filled with prepared light or loose soil. At the final stage, the earth will have to be sealed with hands and watered abundantly.
After successful transplanting work, the culture needs to be covered from aggressive exposure to sunlight for two weeks. The intensity of watering increases in 2-3 days. Before that, it is enough to spray the leaves with a spray bottle. It is possible to start feeding only in 2-3 months.
Problems with home growing cypress
Growing a colorful and healthy cypress tree on your own is easy. It is enough to know what all the agrotechnical methods are and to act correctly. Despite the hardy nature, cypress can be subject to the following diseases and pests:
- root rot,
- drying of the branches
- yellowing and falling needles,
- spider mite attack,
- scout attack.
Most of the problems occur when improper care of the hodge. Root rot - a sign of excess moisture in the soil, because of what the roots begin to rot.
If you notice that the appearance of cypress has deteriorated significantly, but at the same time any pests are missing, be sure to inspect the root system by digging it out. If the degree of damage is small, it is enough to cut off the diseased roots by treating the lesion sites with a fungicide.
After that, the culture needs to be transplanted into a completely new soil and new capacity. If the problem progresses very much, the ephedron will have to be destroyed.
If it is noticed intense yellowing and falling needlesneed to inspect the culture. If a spider web has formed on the branches, the presence of the spider mite most likely explains the problem. To solve the problem, it is enough to apply highly effective chemicals, including acaricides for indoor crops.
The rapid drying of the branches and the fall of the needles manifests itself with the appearance of scytology. If the infection is minor, you can apply mechanical methods, scraping sucking insects with a brush.
At the initial stage of the progression of the problem, you can apply soap and oil products. If the infection is too severe, you will have to use chemicals such as Actellic, Phosbecid and others.
If you responsibly treat all the peculiarities of growing Lawson's cypress tree Elwoodi at home, following the agrotechnical rules and techniques, this will allow you to grow an amazing coniferous shrub and make your interior design truly irresistible. Just be ready to be patient and willing, and the end result will meet your expectations.
Description of features cypress Elwoodi
Lawson's cypress Elwoodi originally grew on the slopes of North America and in the eastern strip of Asia.
- This evergreen tree, reaching a height of about 3.5 m.
- In a year, the growth of the tree is about 5 (in rare cases, 10), see. Growth is slow, as in the Canadian conic spruce tree, so you need patience to grow an adult plant.
- Even at the age of 10 years, the height of the plant will not exceed one and a half meters.
- As seen in the photo, the crown in shape resembles a wide cone with a diameter of 1-1.2 m with vertical, tightly closed shoots.
- Young trees have needle leaves, which distinguishes Elwood cypress from other conifers.
- You can buy a cypress in the garden store or on the Internet. Price depends on the age and growth of the plant. The cost of 80 cm sapling Elwoodi is 350 rubles.
Care for cypress Elwoodi at home
Care at home for cypress Elwoodi is quite simple, so the plant can be easily wound up even to beginner gardeners.
- Location The tree is more suitable a little shaded places. In the summer heat, the crown must be sprayed, but the over-wetting of the soil cannot be allowed.
- Lighting. For placement it is worth choosing shady sites. The plant reacts negatively to the direct rays of the sun, and as a result of their impact on the leaves, burns can appear. The best place for a window-pot, facing north, or a glazed loggia with protective windows. It is impossible to admit the dark darkness, otherwise the needles may change color.
Important! When cold weather prefers diffused light.
- The temperature is better reduced. In the summer, no higher than 15 degrees, and in winter not lower than 10.
- Humidity should also be elevated. The plant does not like dry and hot places. At home, it reacts poorly to the activation and active operation of heaters, to their close accommodation. That is why in the winter the pot should be removed away from the radiator, and placed in the garden in the shaded areas in the summer.
- Watering. The tree loves water. In the summer and spring, he needs frequent watering so that the substrate does not dry out. But an excessive amount of water can adversely affect the condition of the plant, so that in irrigation it is better to follow the measure. During the period of autumn and winter watering should be reduced, it is done only when the top layer of soil is dry.
Interesting! The cypress tree reacts very well to this trick: freeze the water, then arrange the ice cubes around the tree. This will help moisten the soil and the air.
- Top dressing. The period for fertilization is from late spring to mid-October at intervals of 1 every 14 days. In winter, it is better not to feed.
Important! The dose of fertilizer should be halved from the amount indicated on the package.
- Crop. It is better to start pruning old and dry branches in March. At the same time, you can arrange and crown. Often it gives the appearance of an elongated cone. At a time you can remove no more than 1/3 of the total mass of foliage. Bare branches should not be left, because they will soon dry out. Trimming should be performed only one year after disembarkation.
- Priming. Elwood prefers drained, loose soil, so when planting it should not be greatly deepened, because it can lead to the death of the tree. The land should consist of peat, turf, sand and leafy earth (1/1/1/2).
Breeding cypress Elwoodi
The reproduction of the plant occurs in the following ways:
In the first case, wild crops are taken. Germination of such seeds lasts about 15 years. Planting seeds takes place in the winter according to this scheme:
- Before planting, the seeds undergo a growth-accelerating stratification procedure.
- Seated in containers with loosened soil, and are taken out on the street, covered with a layer of snow and left until spring.
- In the spring, containers are brought into heat and warmed before germination. Juveniles are systematically watered and transplanted as necessary.
- When the onset of heat pots carried out to fresh air in places without drafts.
The cutting method is:
Cuttings are selected from lateral shoots in early spring with a length of no more than 15 cm. Leaves are removed from the bottom, planted into the ground from equal parts of perlite, sand and small impurities of pine bark. Young animals are covered with a film for 2 months.
The tap method is suitable for creeping, weeping varieties growing outdoors in the open field.
How to make a transplant cypress
If you are interested in how to care for Elwoodi cypress, then it is necessary to study the technology of transplantation, as it is extremely painful to tolerate this procedure due to the delicate system of roots. This manipulation should be carried out only in extreme cases, choosing a pot a couple centimeters more.
Your attention transplant instructions:
- Take a pot of a little more volume.
- Carefully transfer the tree from the old container to the new one without disturbing the earthy clod.
- Do not deepen the root neck so as not to destroy the plant.
- Put Elwoodi in the shade, reduce watering and resume only after the painful period has passed.
- Remember that cypress prefers fertile, loose and drained soil.
Landing Elwoodi in open ground
Cypress pot can be moved to the site.
- A transplant of a plant into the ground is possible in April, when the ground hedgehog manages to warm up after winter, but it is better to prepare a hole 90 cm deep and 20 cm wide for planting in the fall so that the soil has time to sit down.
- At the bottom, place a layer of broken brick and sand with a thickness of 20 cm and pour in the composition of turf soil, humus, peat and sand (3/3/2/1). During the winter, it will perepret and heats up quickly in spring.
- Planting begins by watering the hole with water and coma on the seedling rhizome with a solution of root at the rate of 5 liters of water - 1 package of the product.
- Place the seedling in the center of the fossa, and cover the soil with layers, mixing it in advance with 300 g of nitroammophoska.
- After planting the soil will sit down, so place the seedling so that its root neck is 10-20 cm below the soil level. Water the entire landing. Fill the earth, so that the neck is flush with it.
- Grouch the area around the cypress, and tie it to the support.
- For the winter, just wrap the crown with non-woven fabric.
Cypress diseases and their treatment
- Burn. Yellow and brown spots may appear from the sun and from the fungus. The affected areas need only be removed.
- Late blight appears due to increased moisture in the soil.
- A black fungus in the form of plaque appears due to poor ventilation and excessive humidity. Treated with insecticides.
- Shaggy lice and worms are immediately visible in the form of a “cotton” coating and stickiness. They appear due to excessive humidity and low temperatures. You can clean the plant by hand using soap and a sponge, followed by spraying with a solution of garlic and tobacco.
- Thuy mining mole. The larvae are poorly visible, do not exceed 3 mm in length. Shoots turn brown and fly around. You can see the gnawed insects.
Plant growing reviews
Reviews about the features of growing prickly coniferous plants are positive.
- Irina: I just adore this decorative Christmas tree. I grow a plant in the street, cover the crown with a cloth for the winter, and by the New Year I dress a tree with garlands.
- Vladimir: Cypress Elwood is our home pet. It is so dense and fluffy that it adorns our garden, being in the most prominent place.
- Olga: I thought that this was exclusively a cypress room, but in winter it almost disappeared in a warm room. I had to take it to the balcony, and in the spring to plant it in the garden, choosing a shady place. Outdoors it still grows well, for the winter I protect against frost, and in the summer I increase the spraying of the crown.
This plant is loved by Russian flower growers for its beauty and unpretentiousness in grooming. Observing the elementary rules, you can give a fluffy bush a long life. Have you ever had any experience growing Elwoodi cypress? Share your experiences in the comments.
Planting and care
Elwoodi prefers fertile loamy soil. It grows in open sunny places, protected from gusts of cold wind. Shade-tolerant, in the shade the leaves darken and thicken. The plant does not tolerate stagnant groundwater.
- Dig a hole 50-60 cm deep.
- At the bottom of the hole, pour a mixture of peat, leaf soil, turf and broken bricks.
- Place the rhizome of the plant along with the earthy ball into the pit.
- Water the cypress and cover the hole with earth.
Water Elwudi 2-3 times a week. After rooting, spray leaves with cool water. Feed cypress mineral and organic fertilizers 2 times per season.
Elwoodi bears a transplant. The fragile root system is deformed and dies. Do not replant a plant older than 4-5 years.
The tree is frost-resistant, transfers frosts to -15 ° C. In the winter, cover young cypress trees with rags, dry sawdust or hay. Wrap the trunks of adult plants with straw or covering material.
Cypress breeds matured seeds. Stratify the seed in the refrigerator for 2-4 days before planting. Seeds do not lose their germination 12-16 years.
Elwoodi cypress is an ornamental plant planted in gardens and parks. Unpretentiousness and frost resistance made the tree popular in the southern and central regions of Russia.
Humidity and temperature
For cypress, cool temperatures and fresh, well-moistened air are very important. The optimum temperature for its growth in summer is not higher than 20 ° С, better around + 17 ° С, in winter - + 10-15 ° С (but not lower than + 8 ° С).
Therefore, in the summer it is better to keep the plant in the fresh air or to spray the room more often. In winter, the ideal tree for living will not be a cold loggia. Ephedra just loves high humidity in the room. Therefore, acquiring this plant in the apartment, you should also get a humidifier.
If you do not have such a device, you will often have to moisten the room and the plant with a spray bottle. The optimum level of humidity will not be below 70%.
It is also possible to increase the humidity by placing a pot with a branch on a pallet with wet pebbles or expanded clay. In the heating season, if it is snowing outside, you can put it in small portions in a pot.
At other times, you can freeze ice in the freezer and also place it in a container with a plant. If the moisture regime is not observed, cypress needles will turn yellow and crumble.
Lighting and location
The plant loves bright places or slightly shaded. In a strong shadow, his crown will acquire an irregular elongated shape. Some varieties - with golden and white-green needles - retain their decorative effect only in well-lit places, but not under the direct rays of the sun, because in this case burns can occur.
For the winter period, cypress can be placed on the windowsill. In the spring move to the window on the north side or make a protective shelter from direct rays.
In summer, the balcony is ideal for living plants, but also only with shading. Pot plant must be located away from heating appliances.
Soil for the plant
The composition of the soil cypress almost indifferent. Both on the open district, and in the closed ground can grow in any fertile garden earth. Therefore, the land for planting can be purchased in the gardening shop universal.
You can also make a light and nutritious substrate with your own hands. For this you will need:
- leafy ground - two parts
- turf ground - one part,
- river sand - one part.
Growing cypress stalk
Of course, it is better and easier to buy in the garden center a ready young plant in a pot, which can later be transplanted into the necessary soil and its capacity without any problems. However, there is another, more long-term method of growing cypress - from the cutting.
The cutting procedure is carried out in the summer. They choose the strongest branches and cut off cuttings of 10-12 cm from the tops of the shoots. On the lower part of them, the needles should be removed.
The cuttings are placed in a light substrate for rooting and create mini-greenhouses for them, in which they maintain the same temperature and humidity, as well as carry out frequent watering. For example, such greenhouses can be built from plastic bottles. In this state, the cuttings should stay until spring. After the appearance of new needles, shelter in the form of a greenhouse is removed, and cuttings are planted in pots or planted in the country.
After the successful planting and rooting of the cypress Elwoodi, the matter will remain small - for the care, which will include:
- sanitary and decorative trimming,
- treatment in case of diseases or attacks of pests.
In the summer, homemade cypress Elwoodi will need to be watered plentifully and often. It is important not to allow even the slightest drying out of the soil - the plant will immediately react badly to it, and if it does not take action in time, it may even die.
In winter, require moderate watering. It is necessary to carry out it only when the top layer of soil dries out. It is not necessary to flood the plant - this can be avoided by using a dispenser for indoor plants.
Неплохо в качестве полива помещать в горшок кубики льда — это поможет как равномерно и постепенно увлажнить хвойник, так и добиться более низкой температуры.
Fertilize the ephedra recommended from May to August. For him suitable liquid mineral fertilizer for indoor ornamental plants (the dose will need to be halved) and dressing for bonsai.
Starting from September, all feeding should be stopped, otherwise the cypress can endure the winter period and become ill.
In early spring, the plant will need to inspect and trim dry, old branches on it. Cypress also perfectly tolerates a decorative haircut. He is a boon for art lovers bansai.
You can form a crown in the form of a pyramid or a cone, to give it other interesting shapes. For one shearing cut no more than one third of the greens.
The hairstyle can be made a year after planting or transplanting the conifer. At home, pruning can and not produce, and do only nip.
Cypress does not like transplants, so it should be done as little as possible - no more than once every two years. But it is still necessary to replant the plant, since the earth in the pot is depleted, and the supply of minerals and vitamins can no longer even replenish top dressing.
In addition, over time, the root system of the ephedra grows, and it simply does not fit in the pot.
The best time for the transplant procedure is from the end of May to mid-June. The best way is transshipment.
A new pot should be 3-4 cm wider than the root system. Flower growers recommend planting potted plants in earthen vessels, since it can better retain moisture in the soil in summer and warm the roots in winter.
To remove the plant from the old tank, it must be placed in the bathroom or in a basin of water. So the soil is well soaked, and the plant will come out of the pot easier. At the bottom of the new tank for planting should put a five-centimeter layer of drainage in the form of expanded clay, broken bricks, smooth stones, etc. From above, you need to pour a small layer of soil substrate on which to place a clod of earth with roots.
To fill the hollows with light, loose soil prepared for planting. In the end, the ground will need to be slightly sealed with your hands and shed abundantly.
After transplanting the first two weeks, the plant will need to be covered from sunlight. Full watering begin in two or three days. Prior to this plant enough spray spray. It will be possible to fertilize only in two-three months.
Possible problems with growing
The following problems are typical for cypress trees:
- root rot infection,
- shrinking branches
- yellowing and falling needles,
- spider mite attacks
- harmful activities
Root rot appears in the case when the plant is often susceptible to waterlogging, with the result that the roots are constantly stagnant moisture. If you notice that the cypress looks unhealthy and after the inspection you were convinced that there are no pests on it, try digging up the plant and inspect its roots. With a slight lesion, the diseased roots are cut, and the cut points are treated with fungicide.
Then the plant is transplanted into a completely new soil and new capacity. With a strong defeat from the ephedra will have to get rid of.
In case of sudden yellowing and falling off of the needles, the plant should be carefully examined. If there is a web on the branches, then a spider mite infection has occurred. To get rid of it, you will need the use of chemicals - acaricides, which are allowed for spraying room crops.
The shrinking of the branches and the falling off of the needles also occurs when the scythos attack. With a slight infection from this pest, you can try to get rid of it mechanically - by scraping off a sucking insect with a brush.
Also at the initial stage of infection may help processing soap-oil solution. With a strong infection without chemistry can not do. The drugs Actellic, Phosbecid and others will help. Having grown such a beautiful and original plant, like Lawson's cypress Elwood, and carrying out its proper planting and care, you will get an amazing coniferous corner in the house and, in addition, a live Christmas tree for the New Year - it is for such purposes that this plant is most often used in winter.