Crassula Room CultureThe cultivation of which at home does not require much trouble, is very popular among gardeners. This plant can often be found on the windows of both experienced gardeners and beginners. A special love for this plant can be explained by the fact that, according to the rules of Feng Shui, it brings material well-being to the owner’s house, as well as a large amount of money. It is for this reason that the folk name Krassoula is considered Money Tree.
What new varieties of this succulents can you grow at home? Basic rules for the care and cultivation of plants, as well as what difficulties may occur.
Modern varieties of crassula flower
Crassula plant is unpretentious to care, but at the same time each species has its own biological characteristics, knowledge and understanding of which will help to maintain this plant in the best condition throughout all the years of its life. Crassoulou varieties which can be both decorative and original, are especially popular with experienced flower growers, therefore they are widespread.
A large number of varieties of this hunkers able to grow even with large errors in the process of care. In any case, they will not wither if they stand for some time on the direct rays of the sun. Succulent plant is not afraid of temporary shading around. This plant can be purchased by those people who are often not at home and who leave for various business trips, because the plant can also survive the drought phase.
Crassula has a very attractive appearance, and if you start to deal with the shape of the crown of the culture, it is possible to get an exciting composition in the form of bonsai. Not only the classic money tree can be effectively cut, there are a large number of hybrid varieties that also have a rather beautiful appearance.
Crassula - species:
Simple Crassula Aboressens
Crassoulou tree type can be called a truly classic type of this succulent. It is this kind of bastard that is popularly called the money tree. Culture can reach up to 1.2 meters in height, and the crown of this plant is perfect for the formation of bonsai. A tree species of crassula has a wide crown, which is formed by thickened shoots on the plant.
Most often leaflets possesses rounded by form. They grow from the stem itself and are most often arranged in pairs: opposite each other at each level of the shoots. Everything else, each subsequent level of sheets located crosswise with respect to two adjacent ones.
For a treelike money tree, an indicator of total illumination is very important. It should be that sunlight gets onto the leaflets of the culture, because it will depend directly on this brightness coloring of leaves of a plant. If you correctly follow all the conditions for the content of the culture, the juicy leaves of the fathead will have a rich green color. At the top of the sheet you can distinguish small red blotches and the same border color. If the sun becomes too little sun, then it will form a simple green leaves.
Oval crassula, differently Obvat - This is a densely branching plant that is able to reach a height of 1 meter. The culture is able to develop at a fast pace, and also has a rather wide crown. It is most often formed shoots together with succulent leaves. Such leaves, most often, have an oval or ovoid shape. At first, the shoots of the culture have a gray-green color, over time they begin to darken and become completely brown.
Culture leaves have a green color, and are located opposite each other. The leaflets of the oval crassula are directed all the time as they grow upwards, which is why their bases are able to coalesce slightly. Only developed leaves have a pointed end, which over time begins to fall off. Oval Crassula is unpretentious, therefore, is able to quickly adapt to the home conditions of growth. It can grow in the shade for a long time, so this arrangement of the plant will not change the color of the leaves. This culture can be grown qualitatively not only at home, but also in flowerbeds.
Crassula minor - This is the variety Ovata, which was obtained artificially. Low-growing culture has green leaves with a reddish color. In addition, they are able to actively change their color depending on the level of lighting in the place of growth. The oblong leaves of a culture most often grow to a length of not more than one centimeter, and 1.5 centimeters wide.
The table at this crassula is quite juicy to the touch, has a green color. At that moment when the sheets below begin to die, the stem will become woody actively. It is with this quality that the culture looks most compact in a pot. Experts recommend making timely pruning of this plant. If it is carried out in due time, then a miniature tree will be able to competently decorate the interior of any apartment.
If you prefer to relax in countries with a warm climate, and love everything that even remotely looks like the seashore and beaches, then you should definitely buy this kind of crassula. This culture on the appearance is very reminds sea corals. For this, it is best to put crassula in a pot-sink, and you should stick a simple knitting needle with a toy in the shape of a fish into the ground and enjoy the beautiful view of the flower.
Crassula the hobbit able to form a later crossing of the dairy and oval species of the plant. The leaves of this fathead often have a strange shape: they grow from the base to the very middle, with all this they are turned on the outside. This plant grows for a long time, but from an early age it is worth making it pruned. If the culture reaches a height of 15 centimeters - you can safely pinch the crown. Most often, two small leaves should be left at the top of the Krassula, because then it is from them that an active branching process will occur. If you need Crassula to have a bushy crown, then you should re-prune the plant.
Crassula mix like to breed as experienced growers and lovers. This variety came from a family of the most unpretentious plants, so it easily continues its development in the home growing conditions.
The trunk of this culture is quite strong and thick, the leaves have a dark green color. The form of the leaves - oval. Without the pruning process, the crown of this culture will begin to form a bushy shape. If you make timely nip shoots, you can get a very attractive on the appearance of a tree or bonsai.
Tricolor Crassoule Saint
- This crassula differs from other plant varieties in its coloring. In this culture, unusual white stripes run along green leaves, and a beautiful border runs along the edges. In some cases, yellow stripes may appear in place of white stripes.
- The culture of this variety can bloom at a great age. Typically, the flowering process can last up to 7-10 years of cultural life. As a rule, the process of active flowering develops in late autumn. At this time white-purple flowers begin to appear on the shoots, which resemble small stars.
If we talk about the features of the cultivation and care of this crop, it is worth noting that it does not need to be fed in the winter period of time, that is, in the autumn and winter period, it is not necessary to use top dressing for the plant.
Features of temperature for the plant
Such a plant does not need to create shading. In such a culture should be a significant period of time to get bright sunlight. If your windows are located on the north side, then you should not think that bright and unusual leaves will appear on the plant, which are inherent in some varieties of Crassula.
In the summer, the jerky, the species and varieties of which grow beautifully in fresh air, should be brought out into the street. On open balconies and terraces of houses, the plant will develop as well as in open space.
After a rather harsh winter without much sunlight, the plant should eventually get used to the sun again, otherwise burns can develop on the leaves of the plant. Sometimes on the leaves you can see wax bloom (treelike and oval varieties of Crassula are particularly susceptible to this process). This sign indicates that the plant is not prone to burns.
It should not be thought that if a plant receives less than a certain illumination, then in the near future it will start to die and not survive. It's not like that at all. The lack of general lighting in the room can only adversely affect the appearance of the plant. As a rule, for this reason, the leaves of the plant begin to turn pale, and the shoots stretch in length.
The temperature regime for the qualitative development of culture in the summer period and the winter period differs from each other. While the culture is actively growing, it should provide a stream of fresh air. The optimum temperature for growing a flower in spring and summer is a period of 20 to 25 degrees Celsius. In winter, Krassula is in a state of complete rest. The pot together with this plant will be best placed in a cool place, where the total temperature will vary from 10 to 15 degrees Celsius. Also, the culture can safely withstand a decrease in temperature for a while by two degrees.
In the winter period of time it is not necessary to place the culture next to batteries and heaters. It is best to rest time culture in a cool place. If the florist does not adhere to this rule for growing a flower, then it, of course, will not perish, but the shoots can be very strong stretched.
Watering and feeding plants, care
- Crassula is able to react negatively to the dried air in the place of its growth. For her, as for a large number of other succulents, the moisture index is not very wet. But to wipe the surface of sheets of dust over time still stands.
- To clean the leaf plates of the plant is using a wet wipe or sprayer. You can also arrange a shower for the plant, but in this case it is imperative to cover the pot with a plastic film. If a large amount of liquid gets on the ground, the culture may begin to actively rot.
- Do not pour Crassula, because it is the main principle during the irrigation, which is mandatory to observe stoic. Moisten the soil is only when it is completely dried out to a depth of 3-4 centimeters. It would be best if your plant will suffer drought than excessive watering.
In the winter time to water the plant is very rare. Most often, the number of waterings should be reduced to one per month. At the same time, the florist must still ensure that the soil in the pot does not dry out at all. Dry soil can affect not only the critical lack of moisture in the plant, but also the leaves of Crassula. Her sheets with a lack of moisture are beginning to become softer to the touch.
For watering Krassula should use water at room temperature, while the procedure of moisture will be better carried out in the evening. If we talk about fertilizer and fertilizing the soil, the plant is considered extremely unpretentious. The fat woman does not need to arrange frequent feeding.
Planting and care for Krassula (in brief)
- Bloom: the plant is grown as a decorative leafy.
- Lighting: bright sunlight, bright diffused light or penumbra (southern, eastern and south-western windowsills).
- Temperature: in summer time - usual for residential premises, in winter - 10-15 ˚C.
- Watering: after drying the substrate to a depth of 2-3 cm.
- Air humidity: irrelevant.
- Top dressing: during the period of active growth once a month with fertilizer solution for cacti and succulents. Autumn and winter do not contribute to top dressing.
- Rest period: not pronounced, but rest in winter time is desirable.
- Transfer: at least once every two years, in the spring, at the very beginning of active growth.
- Breeding: cuttings, less seeds.
- Pests: Mealy and root worms, scale insects, spider mites.
- Diseases: gray rot, root rot, rot of the base of the trunk, late blight.
- Properties: releases substances with antifungal, antiviral and antibacterial effects into the air. The sap of the plant is used in folk medicine outwardly in the same cases and with the same result as aloe juice, however, it is impossible to take the juice inside, because it contains arsenic.
Crassula flower - description
Both in nature and in culture, there are treelike bushes, aquatic and even herbaceous plants among the crassulae, there are giants and tiny succulents, but they are united by one common feature: their leaves are cross-wise on the stem against each other. Crassula Succulent at home, of course, does not reach the same size as in nature, because the Crassula houseplant is limited in space and amount of soil, and other conditions necessary for intensive growth, but, nevertheless, home crassula gradually turns into a tree with a thick stem. The leaves are simple, entire, in some species ciliate. Crassula tree blossoms with white, yellow, bluish or red flowers, collected in the terminal or side umbellate-paniculate or racemose inflorescences, but at home the flowering crassula is a rare sight. The popularity of the flower Krassula acquired due to its endurance, unpretentiousness and ease of care.
How to care for crassula.
For most crassula, direct sunlight will not harm, so you can easily put a plant pot on the south window, although the best place for crassula is the window sill facing south-west or east. The lack of light adversely affects the decorativeness of the crassula - the shoots are drawn out, the leaves fall. If you have the opportunity in the summer to keep Crassoul in the fresh air - on the balcony or terrace - it will benefit the plant. Crassules are thermophilic, so the summer heat is transferred normally, and in winter they do not suffer from the neighborhood with working heaters like other plants, at the same time they feel great in winter and in cool rooms at a temperature of 10-15 ºC. Low humidity is also not a problem for Crassula.
In fact, the constant care for Crassula includes only not very frequent watering of the plant, washing the leaves and feeding. How to water Crassula, which, as already mentioned, is a succulent? How often do this? In summer, moisten the plant only after the topsoil has dried, in the winter, allow the soil to dry 2-3 cm deep. Crassula is much more afraid of waterlogging than drought, so she will calmly transfer your departure to summer vacation for 3-4 weeks.
In spring and summer once a month, Crassula is fertilized with liquid fertilizer for succulent and cacti. In autumn and winter, the plant does not need any additional feeding.
Tree formation should be started when the plant is still young, since the formation of an already adult tree at the site of leaf removal and truncation of the shoots leaves hemp, and the decorative crassula suffers from it. The first thing you need to choose the right pot for the plant: the crassula root in an overly large vessel tends to go deep, and the crassula itself rises upwards, causing the trunk to stretch, becoming weak and thin, therefore the crassula pot needs a small and shallow one. As for the composition of the soil, the soil for Crassula must contain three parts of sod land, one part of humus soil, leaf soil, sand and fine gravel or brick dust. When Crassula reaches a height of 15 cm, pinch off the two smallest upper leaves - a branching should begin at this place, that is, two pairs of leaves should appear instead of two. As the Crassula grows, remove the upper leaves in places where, in your opinion, the shoots should branch - so you will form the crown of your money tree.
Crassula is transplanted as needed, when the roots fill the entire pot, not necessarily annually, but if you want to see the flowering of Crassula, then transplant it at least once every two years. Do it better in the spring, at the beginning of active growth. How do you need to transplant crassula? Возьмите горшок чуть большего размера, чем предыдущий, уложите в него приличный слой дренажного материала – керамзита или колотых черепков, затем перевалите крассулу из старого горшка в новый с комом земли и добавьте свежего субстрата, сколько потребуется, чтобы заполнить пустоты. Если корень крассулы стал слишком длинным, укоротите его перед пересадкой, чтобы он поместился в новый горшок. Если же вы стремитесь сохранить компактные размеры крассулы, старайтесь вообще обойтись без пересадки растения, ежегодно заменяя только верхний слой субстрата в горшке.
Crassula is the guardian of your health: it releases substances with strong antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal effects into the air. In addition, the juice of the leaves of crassula, as well as aloe juice, is used in folk medicine in the form of lotions for the treatment of herpes, bee stings and wasps, as well as for bruises, cuts and abscesses, in the form of rinsing for the treatment of angina and gum inflammation, in the form of grinding overnight with arthritis. However, it should be remembered that crassula juice cannot be taken inwards, because it contains high concentrations of arsenic.
Crassula is believed to bring good luck in business and well-being to a home, which is why, and also because of its unpretentiousness in care, crassula can often be seen not only in apartments, but also in the offices of trading firms and stores.
Reproduction of crassula seeds.
Crassula seeds are sown in wide bowls with the ground of such composition: leaf ground - 1 part, sand 0.5 parts. The plates are covered with glass, which is removed daily to remove condensation and air the crops. Seeds germinate in two weeks. Slightly grown shoots dive at a distance of 1 cm from each other into a container with soil from one part of leafy ground and partly of sand and light turfy ground. They contain wheeled seedlings under a bright diffused light. Strengthened and grown up Crassulas are seated in pots 5-7 cm in diameter in soil consisting of sheet, turf soil and sand in equal parts, and they are kept for the first time while they take root at a temperature of 16-18 ºC and then transferred to a permanent place. .
Reproduction crassula cuttings.
If you are thinking about how best to propagate Crassula, then, of course, the method of propagation by cuttings is more reliable and easier than seed. How to root Crassula and what parts of the plant are suitable for cuttings? Both stem sections and leaves are suitable for this breeding method. A large shoot or a large leaf is cut with a sharp knife, having processed the cut with crushed charcoal, it is cured for two to three days and planted for rooting in a mixture of sand and leafy ground. You can root cuttings in water with the addition of charcoal. When the cuttings have roots, they are planted in pots 5-7 cm in diameter in the soil of leaf, turfy ground and sand in equal proportions, placed in a permanent place and looked after as an adult plant.
Crassula pests and diseases
The most terrible thing for Crassula is an excess of moisture, from which rotting of the roots and even the base of the trunk can happen, because Crassula is one of those colors that it is better to forget to water than to water twice. Dangers for crassula are also drafts - the plant gets cold, its leaves dry and fall.
From insects crassule can be caused by mealybugs - they are removed from the leaves with cotton swab dipped in medical alcohol. Sometimes the plant has a scythe, and in this case it will be necessary to process the crassula with the actor. If you don’t water the plant for a long time, spider mites can live on it - you will learn about their presence by a light thin web that appeared on the crassula leaves. This nuisance is eliminated by treating the crown of the plant with the same actallic or fitoverm.
Crassula oval (Crassula ovata),
it is ovoid, the most common species in culture from the south-west of Africa. Under natural conditions, this Crassoule reaches a three-meter height, but in an ordinary apartment it grows no higher than one and a half meters. Its leaves are shiny, oval, silver-gray or green. This species forms a set of shoots and is characterized by rapid growth. White or pink small flowers are collected in apical umbellate inflorescences. This species is the most shade tolerant, which is important for growing in indoor conditions. Crassula oval became the basis for the breeding of many varieties that even lovers grow with pleasure and ease. Among them:
- - Crassula Minor is a compact form of Crassula oval, especially the variety “Krosbis Compact”, the reddish leaves of which are no longer than one and a half and not wider than one centimeter. Perfect plant for minisade,
- - Crassula The Hobbit and Crassula Gollum - two very similar to each other American hybrid Crassula oval and Crassula dairy with the original, as if with the shape of leaves turned out from the middle to the base - from the Hobbit and with folded and expanding funnel-shaped leaves at the ends of the Gollum ,
- - Crassula Sunset is a tricolor cultivar, in which white (or yellow) stripes run along green leaves, and the edges are encircled with a red border.
Crassula treelike (Crassula arborescens)
- similar to crassula oval, with bare branches and trunk, round obovate fleshy flat leaves with a length from 3.5 to 7 cm of light gray color with a bluish tint and with a red border along the edges. Pale pink and white flowers are gathered in panicles, although at home Crassula trees rarely bloom. Unlike the oval Crassula, it does not tolerate a shadow at all - it needs a bright light. In the culture of the following varieties of Crassula tree:
- - Crassula undulatifolia - leaves of this species have narrow, flat, silver-blue tint with a red tip. There is a variegated form
- - Krassula is curly with large wavy leaves.
Crassula Lymphoid (Crassula lycopodioides),
or mossy (crassula muscosa) - compact shrub up to 25 cm tall with tetrahedral fleshy creeping shoots with wrapped tops. The characteristic structure and location of the leaves makes this Crassoul look like a moss. The view is undemanding, tolerates shading normally, and in bright light, leafy scales become red.
Crassula point (Crassula picturata)
- a highly decorative plant with branching lodging shoots and leaves with original coloring - on the green surface there are numerous red dots that look purple on the underside of the leaf. On the edge of the sheet - transparent cilia.
In addition to these species, Krassula Cooper and tetrahedral are grown from creeping in culture.
Of the columnar crassula in home floriculture more popular than others:
Crassula perforate, or holed (crassula perforata)
- a medium-sized plant with diamond-shaped leaves, covering the stems as if they were strung on it. The color of the leaves is light green with a bluish bloom, along the edge of the leaf is a red cartilaginous border.
Crassula buddha, although it would be more correct to call this hybrid of the pyramidal crassula and the crassula perfoliate “Buddha’s Temple”. This plant looks like columns of tightly pressed triangular leaves of dark green color strung on a stalk. When the "column" reaches a height of 15 cm, it can fall on its side under its own weight. This cultivar blooms with red flowers in short apical inflorescences.
Also in the home floriculture, Krassules are grown on the edge (or bordered), spatula, crayfish, rounded, offspring, rosette, sickle-shaped, grouped, pierced, woolly, Schmidt and others. Sometimes in a flower shop you can see the sale of a plant called Crassula Mix. You should know that this is not the name of the variety or form, but the marking of the Crassul batch, meaning that it consisted of different types and varieties.
Description of this variety of fathead
Crassula ovata Gollum (Hobbit) is a variety of succulent plants from the Crassula family Crassula ovoid (oval). Crassules (Cholya) grow in dry and stony areas, highlands of the Southern Hemisphere. Succulent plants store water "for the future" in their succulent shoots, thick pulp of leaves.
Crassula Gollum (Hobbit) - a hybrid variety of fatty meat, bred by American breeders in the 70s of the twentieth century. The basis for the new variety forms are believed to be Crassula Ovata and Crassula Laktea (Milk). In general, the plants visually resemble the “classic” fatty oval. At first it is a shrub with succulent shoots, then, as it grows, the trunks and branches woody. It can be cultivated in the form of both shrubs and trees. In nature, it grows up to 180 cm, but at home it can reach a height of 80 cm.
Differences from crassula ovata are primarily in the leaves. Crassula Gollum (the Hobbit), they can be in two versions. In the first leaflets turned out and fused from the base to the middle. For the second option is characterized by a complete accretion of the leaves into tubes, which expand upward, like funnels. The tips of the leaves are green, often with a reddish tinge. There are also variegated forms with various coloring of fleshy juicy leaves.
These very ornamental and pretty plants are easy to grow, they are unpretentious and do not need to create special conditions for successful development. Crassula ovata Gollum (Hobbit) blooms with small pink flowers, gathered in inflorescences. Like other variations of the Krassula ovata, “hobbits” can live on the windowsill for a long time (two decades or longer), please the hosts and surprise the guests.
Look further at the photo of the money tree called Crassula ovata Gollum (Hobbit).
Botanical description crassula
All representatives belonging to the genus Spicy, very diverse in external characteristics. A significant number of species are room perennials with monocarpic shoots of different heights. The foliage is opposite, in some species it is collected in a peculiar basal rosette, simple, entire, often ciliate. Leaves at the base free or accrete type.
Flowers of small size, white, whitish, yellowish, red or bluish coloring, collected in the final or lateral, paniculate-umbellate or racemose inflorescences. There are varieties with single axillary flowers. It is very easy to care for a plant and propagate Crassum.
Popular types, varieties and hybrids
The genus Tolstyanka includes more than two hundred species, many of which are very popular in home floriculture. For the external similarity of leaves with coins, plants of this genus are often called the "money tree". In addition to the popular fringe, there are many decent, highly decorative and relatively unpretentious varieties, forms and cultivars.
Krassula perforated (perforated)
S. rerforate is a short-growing variety with diamond-shaped leaves arranged in pairs. Stem part of a little branchy and tough. Coloring is bright green with a characteristic bluish bloom. At the edges of the leaves there is a reddish edging. The height of the aerial part does not exceed a quarter of a meter. Variate forms have yellowish stripes on foliage.
Crassula spiderlike (mossy)
C.lysorodioids, or C.mussosa, is a compact plant with an aerial part of a shrub type, not more than a quarter of a meter high, with fleshy, tetrahedral, creeping shoots and a slightly rising apical part. The leaves are small, scaly, tiled, folded in several rows.
Krassula the Milky (Laktea)
C. lastea Ait. - shrub and shrub plant, with the height of the aerial part a little more than half a meter. Creeping shoots, with thick, obovate, accrete at the base, bare leaves. Leaf plate green coloring, with the presence of whitish points at the edge. Paniculate inflorescences, represented by numerous white flowers.
Krassula oval (ovata gollum)
Svatat is a bush-like plant with the height of the aerial part not more than a meter and strongly branching woody stems. The foliage is oval-shaped, fleshy, with a green upper leaf plate and a reddish tinge at the bottom.
Crassula Buddha Temple
S. Wooddha’s Temple - the above-ground shoots of the cultivar are represented by a so-called column of tightly pressed, as if strung on stem leaves bases of a triangular shape and dark green coloring. The height of the aerial part does not exceed 10-15 cm. Blossoming is represented by apical inflorescences collected from red flowers.
This group combines several hybrid forms and cultivars.who have an original appearance and undemanding in the care. Most often the group is represented by the popular highly decorative varieties Minor, The Hobbit and Oblikva.
Krassula Spring Time
S. sv. Spring Timing is a hybrid form, characterized by a compact above-ground part and related to highly succulent plants. Adult plant prone to lodging. The foliage is very juicy, bright green staining. In the process of flowering attractive light purple flowers are formed.
C. marniеriana is a variety characterized by a straight, slightly branched stem stem and oppositely located, sedentary, heart-shaped foliage of bluish coloring. Numerous flowers whitish, located in the apical part of the plant.
C. fаlсat Wеndl - one of the most spectacular representatives, having rather large, scarlet-red coloring, umbrella-shaped inflorescences, which bloom on the top of a fleshy and high stem. The foliage is very thick, characteristic sickle-shaped with blunt ends. Flowering occurs every year.
This variety is favorably distinguished by relatively small leaves that densely sit on relatively numerous stems. Grown shoots hang very effectively over the edges of a flowerpottherefore, the species is very often grown in hanging pots.
Lighting, temperature and humidity
All species need sufficiently bright natural light, even at the stage of winter dormancy. The stems and foliage of the plant does not need special shading from direct sunlight. Perfect south and southeast windows. The lack of light causes thinning of the stems and chopping the foliage.
The optimum temperature regime for a bastard in the spring and summer is approximately 20-25 ° C, and in the winter - 10-15 ° C. Humidity does not matter, so the decorative perennial easily tolerates dry but fresh air. Foliage is periodically wiped with a damp soft cloth, which will keep an attractive and well-groomed appearance.
Ground and planting pothead
The soil in the flower pot should be special, suitable for growing succulents. Culture has a shallow root system, so the planting pot should not be too high.
Nutrient soil substrates based on four parts of sod land, one part of humus soil, one part of leafy ground and one part of sand with the addition of pieces of coal and brick dust are perfect for planting and growing. There should be enough drainage at the bottom of the flower pot.
Rules of irrigation of the money tree
Perennial is watered during the autumn and winter seldom, and in spring and summer - much more often, but after checking the soil moisture in a flower pot at a depth of two fingers. Need to remember that excess moisture often becomes the cause of fungal diseases. Water for irrigation should be well settled, room temperature, without a high chlorine content.
When and how to replant Crassula
To properly transplant a jerk, you need to comply with a number of specific requirements. Young plants are transplanted annually, and adult specimens approximately once every two or three years. Transplantation should be carried out in the spring, by transferring the root system with an earthy ball into a new flower pot.
In the process of transplanting is recommended to carefully examine the root system.. At excessive lengthening of the roots, they should be cut, and the sections of slices sprinkled with powdered charcoal. After planting, the plant is carefully watered with separated water at room temperature. To preserve the compactness of the plant, transplantation should be performed extremely rarely. A good result is the partial replacement of the top layer of soil in the flower pot.
If you need to get the thickest stem part and dense crown, regular trimming and nipping of the tips of the shoots is performed. Regular pruning with sharp and clean shears causes the correct formation of the aerial part.
Feeding perennial should be a solution based on universal fertilizer, or using for this purpose a special fertilizer for cactus and succulents. Feeding is carried out in the period from April to September, about one or two times a month. In the autumn and winter, fertilizing is done once a month.fertilizer in half concentration.
The plant feels better in a bright and warm place. He loves the sun, but the heat and burning summer rays can cause yellowing and wrinkling of the leaves. Perfectly transfers dry air, does not demand spraying. It grows well on sandy clay soil, the soil should be permeable, for better drainage the bottom of the pot is filled with expanded clay. In summer, the plant can be put on the balcony or in the garden, but it is worth to provide protection from rain. In winter, it is better to move to a cool place and reduce watering, so that the fatty woman will go into a state of rest, otherwise it may wither and lose leaves.
Fatty "Hobbit" like other members of the genus Krassula is easy to grow. В теплое время года требует умеренного полива. Поливать обильно, затем подождать, пока грунт хорошо высохнет. С весны до осени удобрять раз в месяц удобрением, предназначенным для кактусов. Пересаживать если возникнет необходимость, когда корни перестают помещаться в горшке. Лучше пересаживать весной или летом.Large and strongly branched specimens should be planted in heavy and resistant pots to protect the plants from overturning.
Features of the plant
Krassula flower is a representative of the genus of succulents. Succulent - means "juicy", in the composition of the flower there is a tricky fabric that holds moisture. And it is this property that explains much in the rules of watering, care, and protecting the flower from diseases.
Externally, houseplants Krassuly differ in diversity - tree-like shrubs, grassy, creeping. But there is one thing in common: the leaves grow in pairs opposite each other, and crosswise in relation to the previous pair. Biological features of different types are almost the same - similar care methods, requirements for irrigation and lighting.
On sale is the plant "Crassula mix." This is not a view, but only a labeling of the whole lot. This means that in the same delivery there were several different varieties. And to determine the type of acquired plants, will have to compare with photos.
The most popular varieties in Russia, bred by breeders:
Ovata (Crassula ovata) is a type so named because of its oval-shaped leaves (ovata literally means “oval”). And due to the fact that the color of the leaves is green with a silvery touch, an association with coins has arisen among the people. That is why this type of crassula began to be called the “money tree”. Oats have many subspecies. One of the most popular is Crassula Ovata Minor (lat. C. ovata minor). It grows slowly, which is why it received the name "minor". Leaf color is slightly reddish due to anthocyanins. Cluster species can grow up to 100 cm tall, so it is great for a mini-garden.
Crassula Hobbit (C. ovata cv. Hobbit) is a hybrid variety. He was bred by American breeders in the 70s of the last century, crossing a fat woman: Ovata and Dairy. The "Hobbit" original leaf shape - fused from the base to the middle. The plant resembles coral polyps. Very branchy, suitable for making bonsai.
The houseplant Crassoula Muskosa (C. muscosa), it is mossy and scrawny. Completely different in appearance from the previous ones. This is a small shrub with shoots creeping on the ground. Therefore, it is sometimes called the "lizard tail" or "lightning." The leaves resemble tile, folded in four rows. In bright light, these "tiles" become reddish.
There are three ways of reproduction of crassula:
The best and most reliable way is considered to be a cherenkov.
You need to cut off the shoot about 10 cm, you can less, and dip the cut in the solution of activated carbon. To prepare the solution, you need to crush a tablet of coal and dilute with water (1 tablet per 50 ml of water). Leave the plant in the air for 2−3 days to cut a little "withered", as they say flower growers. After that, transfer to the flatbed with leaf earth. In a bright place, growth should begin in 2–3 weeks.
For reproduction by a leaf it is necessary to make the same manipulations.
More laborious occupation - reproduction by seeds. To begin with, the seeds of buckwheat need to be planted in shallow bowls with the substrate (a mixture of peat and sand), watered and put in a warm place.
After 2−3 weeks, the seedlings are moved to a larger container. And in the fall - in a permanent pot.
What to consider when growing poatension: how to care at home, do you need to pruning, and how to propagate the flower?
What conditions are required for the cultivation of callas, and why it is considered a funeral flower, read here.
Major Diseases and Pests
The flower, though not whimsical, can also hurt. The fat woman has three main enemies:
Excess moisture is most dangerous, can lead to rotting of the roots and even the trunk. As a result, the fat woman perishes. In second place - drafts. If the temperature drop tempers, then drafts lead to a cold, the leaves dry and fall.
From insects harm mealybugs. They are clearly visible to the naked eye on the stems and leaves - white, hairy bugs, suck young shoots. They are removed with cotton moistened with medical alcohol.
No less dangerous are shchitovki, which also feed on plant sap. You can get rid of them only with the help of toxic chemicals from the discharge of pesticides, which are sold in flower shops.
If the plant is not watered for a long time, spider mites can live in it. About such neighbors says the web on the leaves. To help cope with insecticides, which are also available for sale in specialized stores.
Despite the large number of subtleties of care, in general, Crassula is ideal for home breeding. This is a great option for those who often leave for a long time, for business or forgetful florist. With a minimum of time and effort, you can get a good result for decorating your home.
The ideal shape of the plant attached with pruning. When the fat man grows to 25-30 cm, the top is cut off and the bush takes on a decorative appearance.
Crassula can form a bonsai, on this video:
Brief description of cultivation
- Bloom. Crassula is grown as an ornamental leafy plant.
- Illumination. It grows well in bright light the sun, and even in bright but diffused light, as well as in shading. To do this, fit the windows of the east, south and south-west orientation.
- Temperature conditions. In the summer - the usual room temperature, and in the winter - from 10 to 15 degrees.
- Watering. Immediately after the surface of the soil mixture in the pot dries to a depth of 20 to 30 mm.
- Air humidity. Any suitable.
- Fertilizer. During intensive growth, top dressing is carried out 1 time in 4 weeks; for this purpose, a fertilizer solution for succulents and cacti is used. In the autumn-winter period, the plant is not fed.
- Rest period. Not pronounced. However, it will be better if such a succulent rests in the winter.
- Transfer. About 1 time in a couple of years. Transplantation is carried out in the spring at the beginning of the intensive growth of the bush.
- Breeding. Seed (generative) method and grafting.
- Harmful insects. Mealy and root worms, scale insects, spider mites.
- Diseases. Gray rot, root rot, rot of the base of the trunk, late blight.
- Properties. This succulent is able to release into the air substances that differ in antiviral, antifungal and antibacterial effects. In alternative medicine, its juice is used externally in the same cases as aloe juice, while in terms of effectiveness, they are also the same. But it should be noted that it is forbidden to take this juice inside, since arsenic is part of it.
In culture, as in natural conditions, one can meet Krassula represented by grass and water plants, tree-like shrubs, there are both very small succulents, and large ones, but they have one common feature: on the shoot their leaf plates are placed opposite each other cross-wise . Such a succulent plant when grown under room conditions has a smaller value as compared with those that grow in nature, the fact is that such crassula is limited by the volume of soil mixture, space and other conditions that are necessary for active growth. However, over time, such a flower still becomes a tree with a thick stem. The leaf plates are entire and simple, in some species they are ciliate. The lateral or final inflorescences can be racemes or umbellate paniculate, they consist of flowers of yellow, red, white or pale blue color. But it should be noted that in the indoor environment the fatty pot almost never blooms. This culture is very popular among florists due to the fact that it is unpretentious, hardy and very easy to maintain.
Most of the Crassulum species cannot be harmed by the direct rays of the sun, so a container with a flower can be placed on a window sill of a southern orientation. However, this culture will best grow in the east or south-west window. If the bush will feel a lack of light, it will have an extremely negative impact on its decorative effect, namely: the foliage will fly around, and the shoots will become elongated. In the summer, it is recommended to take the fat woman to the street, where she will feel great.
The fat woman is distinguished by her thermophilicity, and in connection with this summer she feels good on hot days. And in winter, it can grow quite normally next to heating devices. However, in winter, such a culture feels quite comfortable in the cool (from 10 to 15 degrees). Humidity in the room can be high or low, the bush will grow equally well.
How to water
In summer, watering Krassula should be carried out immediately after the top layer of the soil mix dries. In winter, you need to wait until the substrate dries to a depth of 20 to 30 mm. Such a plant is not as scary drying of the substrate as the stagnation of water in it. In this regard, it will be able to quietly stand for 20-30 days while you are away or on summer vacation.
Feed the bush in the spring and summer 1 time in 4 weeks, for this purpose they use a fertilizer solution for cacti or succulent plants. In the autumn-winter period, all feeding stops.
The formation of the fatty
It is necessary to start forming a tree when the bush is still relatively young. The fact is that if you form an adult plant, then in those places where the stalks were cut off or the leaf plates were cut off, the stumps will remain, which will have a very negative effect on the decorativeness of the bush.
First you need to choose the right capacity for landing. If the pot is too large, then the root of the bush will tend to the depths, and he himself will begin to actively grow upwards, because of which the trunk will become elongated thin and weakened. In this regard, it is recommended to use a small enough and low pot for planting. It is important to prepare a proper soil mixture, which should consist of leaf, humus and sod land, as well as brick chips (fine gravel) and sand (1: 1: 3: 1: 1). After the height of the bush is equal to 15 centimeters, it is necessary to pinch 2 of the smallest leaf plates located at the very top, in this place it will start branching, namely, instead of one pair of leaves it will grow two. At the growing bush it is necessary to systematically tear off the upper leaves in those places where you want the stems to branch. Thus, you will be able to give the growing tree the desired shape.
This hybrid of crassula perfoliate and crassula pyramidal is more correctly called crassula “Buddha’s Temple”. Such a bush looks similar to the columns, which consist of tightly pressed triangular-shaped leaf plates and a dark green color strung onto the shoot. After the height of such a "column" exceeds 15 centimeters, it is able to fall on its side under its own weight. Short apical inflorescences consist of red flowers.
Even at room conditions such species are cultivated: Crassula marginal (or edged), spatula, rock, rounded, offal, rosette, sickle-shaped, grouped, pierced, woolly, Schmidt, etc. Crassula Mix. In this case, we must bear in mind that this is not the name of the form or variety, but simply the marking of a batch of crassulas, which means that it consisted of various species and varieties.