For the development of plants and peduncles, the violet must be properly transplanted. There are several conditions that should be followed in this process. First you need to figure out why the plant needs a transplant?
There are the following reasons for transplanting violets:
- Soil depletion: the earth becomes dense and oxygen passes poorly to the root system. Violet begins to starve, because the earth has already given all the nutrients to the plant.
- If on the surface of the earth appeared light scurf.
- In the case when the root system is too developed and it has no place in the old pot.
- When the growth of a flower stops or when its general appearance deteriorates (leaves rot or dry out).
- The appearance of children who should be transplanted after a certain time.
- Flower update (for babies, flowering).
There are several ways to transplant synpoly at home:
- Transfer - the plant is removed from the old tank and, without releasing the roots from the ground, is transplanted into a more voluminous pot. Thus, a minimum of stress is applied to the plant, and there is more room for roots. In addition, added fresh soil, rich in nutrients, which will enrich the roots.
- Full transplant - the whole soil is replaced. The roots are cleared of the old land and planted in the fresh.
As a rule, they are transplanted in spring when the plant is at the peak of its growth and development. It is not recommended to replant the plant in the summer due to increased air temperature.
For a plant, this is a big stress and difficult adaptation, and some species do not survive. In winter, it is not advised because of the lack of sunlight and the plant is at rest.
The option of transplanting violets in the fall is possible if this procedure did not work out in the spring. For example, the violet was sick or bloomed.
Flowering flower should preferably not touch. Replace them only when the root system decays. In this case, it is necessary to remove all flowering stems, as they will take the vital energy of the flower, and dry the roots.
Transplantation should be planned on a mandatory basis, if the plant started to hurt or just got sick.
The preparatory stage is the most important in the process of transplantation, as it takes enough time. Preparation takes place in a few days, starting with watering the flower and preparing the pot and soil.
Violet pots should be well washed and disinfected. Shallow containers with a diameter of about 5-7 cm are suitable for small developing synpoles. For adults, larger containers are used: a diameter of 15-20 cm (always measured on the widest part of the pot, i.e. the tip).
The height of the pot should be no more than 10 cm. As a rule, the violet will bloom not immediately, but in a few months. The plant begins to release flowers only after the roots have filled the dishes.
Sometimes, ordinary single-use plastic cups are used to transplant babies. As a rule, they are high for this plant, so they fill the cavity below with drainage. These can be pebbles or pieces of foam.
For the earth to be saturated with moisture, from the bottom special wicks are fed into the holes of the cup or pot. They are lowered into the water, which moves up the fabric, moistening the soil.
It is not necessary for a violet to pick up a clay or ceramic pot. Such containers poorly retain moisture, and the earth dries quickly.
Violets grow well in a substrate containing chernozem, peat and river sand. Chernozem should have about half the capacity, peat occupies 2/3 of the remaining space, the rest is sand. Peat and sand perfectly pass moisture and air, creating a favorable microclimate to a plant.
Sometimes sphagnum (moss that perfectly retains moisture), brick chips, vermiculite, perlite or coconut fiber (retains moisture and prevents soil drying) are added to the substrate.
All components, except for drainage and moisture retaining, must be thoroughly mixed before transplanting the plant.
As a drainage, you can use expanded clay, small battered earthenware or pieces of foam. Drainage creates favorable conditions for the drying of the soil. Without drainage, the potted soil is not saturated with oxygen, stagnates, and the plant quickly decays.
The components of the future soil are mixed and disinfected with potassium permanganate. Before transplanting, wet but loose earth is taken. You can add biohumus to the soil.
Also in specialized stores you can buy ready-made substrate for violets. His purchase will relieve the search for all the components of the desired soil, disinfection and other things. In this case, the owner of the violet will be 100% sure that the soil is not contaminated and the violet will accept it.
- Preparatory stage. Disinfection of soil and suitable capacity. Preparation of the plant and soil.
- Through the holes at the bottom of the pot stretch the wick to moisten the soil.
- We cover the bottom of the pot with a fine mesh or sphagnum, so that the earth is not washed out with the water during watering.
- Lay on the bottom of the drainage.
- Cover half of the tank with earth and pass a wick through it. It should also slightly condense the ground with a stick or teaspoon.
- Seat the violet in the pot in the center, straightening the roots.
- Fill up the ground without falling asleep to the neck of the plant so that the lower leaves of the saintpaulia are not submerged in the ground.
- Water the flower, compacting the soil. If necessary, add more soil.
- For the first time, while the violet adapts, the ground is covered with moss or coconut fiber from above, so that the moisture does not evaporate so quickly. But you need to make sure that air gets to the ground and the roots do not rot.
Observing the rules of transplanting these amazing colors, you can achieve good results. Carrying out the recommendations of this article, this beauty will delight for a long time with flowering, the emergence of new leaves and children.
Signs of needing transplants and methods
There are several reasons when replacing land becomes necessary for a home plant. It is impossible to replace the top dressing composition of the soil, which is selected specifically so that in the wet state it can nourish the plant. Over time, the soil is depleted, compacted and the plant begins to starve.
Replant room violets need:
- after quarantine of a newly acquired plant,
- if white scurf appears on the top layer of the substrate,
- when looking at a plant taken out of a pot, it is clear that the root system is too dense:
- the plant has a depressed appearance, dying foliage and top dressing do not help,
- From the rooted leaflet came a young shoots of violet rosettes that need to be planted.
In these cases, plant transplantation can occur in various ways. The easiest and easiest is transshipment. Without destroying the coma of the excavated plant, it is carefully moved to another, slightly larger capacity and sprinkled with fresh earth. So they transplant a young flower, which grows quickly, and the substrate has not yet had time to be exhausted.
More often they carry out the transplant of violets at home with the complete replacement of the earth, and we will analyze this method in detail. To transplant a plant you will need:
- prepare the tank
- purchase or make nutrient soil,
- prepare a plant for transplant
- perform a transplant
- to take care of the plant before engraftment.
Favorable time for transplanting Saintpaulia is spring, when the plant has the greatest vital energy. If necessary, you can repot the plant in the fall. In the summer, survival rate is affected by increased temperature, and in winter a lack of sunny color. Flowering plants can be transplanted if they are flooded and the death of the roots is inevitable. A flowering plant should be removed from the flower stalks, dried in fresh wounds, and only then rooted.
Any dishes taken after transplanting should be thoroughly washed and disinfected. Bowls with drainage holes, up to 10 cm high, are suitable for saintpaulias. The diameter of the upper part should be 15-20 cm. In this pot, an adult plant grows well. For young rosettes need cups with a diameter of about 6 cm. Only after filling the container with roots can we expect the beginning of flowering of the transplanted plant.
If plastic cups are used to transplant the violets at home, the drainage layer must compensate for the depth in order to maintain the proportions. For better bottom irrigation, wicks can be inserted into the drainage holes, along which the earth will be squeezed faster.
Nutrient Substrate Composition
Violets love a light, acidic soil that includes:
- chernozem - 5 volumes,
- peat - 3 volumes,
- large river sand - 1 part.
In the composition it is necessary to add horse peat, decomposed peat or sphagnum moss, perlite and vermiculite, brick chips. The total amount of additives should not exceed the amount of sand taken. For drainage use expanded clay and shards of pottery. You can use the purchased ground for Saintpaulia.
Regardless of how the soil is obtained, it must be steamed and disinfected with potassium permanganate. Earth can be revived by adding EM-1 preparation 2 weeks prior to use, or just before planting some biohumus. Before using the primer should be moist but loose.
In order to make the old plant bloom profusely, it can be rejuvenated. Signs of aging will become a bare trunk that becomes well noticeable. When rejuvenating, you can remove some of the roots and leaves, then put in a smaller bowl. But usually they retain only the ground part, cutting off the stem with dried leaves from below with a sharp disinfected knife.
The plant is slightly attached, and then dipped in a glass of water. With the formation of a good root system, the plant is planted in a prepared container.
Transplants are the same as when rooting a plant in a step-by-step instruction. You need to take another dish, because the root system is small and until it fills the container, the violet will not bloom. At the same time, you can remove some of the sheets and propagate the plant you like.
How to plant young plants
The rosettes obtained from the rooted leaf are transplanted in 2–3 months into separate cups, where they will grow for a long time until they bloom and the pot becomes small.
The main thing in the content of such babies will be the creation of favorable conditions for development - good lighting, temperature conditions and moderate soil moisture.
When Violet Transplant is Needed
Violets transplantation is recommended once a year if at least one of the following factors is present:
- Bare stem in the lower part of the plant - transplanting will help make the plant more lush and flowering, which will enhance its decorative qualities and improve the appearance.
- Clogged soil with high acidity and low nutrient content.
- The formation of white deposits on the surface of the soil is in such a soil mixture an overabundance of mineral fertilizers, which damages the growth and development of the plant, as well as the low air permeability of the soil.
- An earthen clod, tightly entwined with numerous old roots and young root processes — the plant must be carefully removed from the flowerpot to detect this problem.
When can I repot violet
Transplantation is not recommended during the winter period, because at this time violets do not have enough solar lighting, and in hot summer weather due to poor plant survival at such temperatures. In the autumn and spring months it is possible to replant indoor flowers, but with additional lamp lighting. The most favorable time for transplantation is April, May.
It is undesirable to carry out a transplant of violets during budding and flowering. Firstly, a flowering plant is an indicator of its well-being that does not require transplantation, and secondly, it can suspend the flowering process for a long time. Repot the violet after the flowering period. Exceptions to the rules, of course, are. If the plant has been attacked by pests or a disease has appeared, then the flower must be transplanted, despite its period of development. Plant rescue should come first.
Emergency transfer should be carried out by way of transshipment. Earthen ball should be pulled out of the tank very carefully, without damaging its integrity, pre-moisten it. When preparing the soil for transshipment, care must be taken to ensure that moisture does not fall on the violet leaves. If the plant has buds or flowers, they must be cut off. This will facilitate the early survival of the indoor flower in the new pot.
How to transplant violet
It is recommended when transplanting violets at home strictly follow all the basic rules:
- When used for transplanting plants flower capacity used, you must take care of its careful processing. All salt deposits need to be cleaned and wash the container with laundry soap.
- Every plant transplant should involve the use of a flower pot, which will be slightly larger in height and width than the previous one.
- Since clay and ceramic pots contribute to the rapid drying of the soil, it is better to use plastic containers or vases for transplanting violets.
- The soil mixture for violets should be water- and breathable. The mixture should contain all the necessary nutrients and supplements. It is desirable to add peat and large river sand to such a soil mixture.
- The first layer in the flower pot should be a drainage consisting of expanded clay or moss, and then prepared soil.
- The plant should be buried in the ground so that the earth does not come into contact with its lower leaves. Contact of the soil with leaves will lead to their death.
- Before planting a violet in a new pot, it is necessary to rejuvenate the plant by cutting the largest foliage and root part.
- Watering immediately after transplantation is not carried out. It is recommended to cover the plant with a transparent film for some time to maintain the required level of moisture in the soil.
Violet Transplant Methods
Ways to transplant violets depend on the reasons why the plant must be moved to a new container. For each method, you will need plastic pots, soil mixture and free time.
Most often, transplanting is carried out in order to replace the old poor soil with a new nutrient. Such external signs of the plant as a bare stem, wilting, and souring of the soil indicate that you need to completely change the soil in the flower pot.
First, you must carefully remove the plant along with an earthy clod and carefully clean each root from soil. Peeled roots must be carefully inspected to get rid of rotten and damaged parts. The upper part of the plant also needs to be cleaned of yellowed leaves and dried out dried buds. After that all places of cuts on stalks and roots need to be sprinkled with powdered activated carbon.
If during transplantation most of the root system has been removed, then the capacity for the flower will require not more, but smaller. First, drainage is placed in the pot, then the soil mixture (two thirds of the total mass), then the plant is placed and the remaining soil is filled to the level of the lower leaves. The first watering is carried out only a day after transplantation. If necessary, after a few days, when the soil settles, you can add a little more soil.
If necessary, a partial update of the soil you need to take a larger pot and a suitable soil mixture. From the old pot, the violet is extracted together with the earthy clod, lightly brushing it off the old earth. In the new tank, a claydite drainage layer is required. This method is suitable for plants of miniature varieties.
Transfer of Saintpaulia by transshipment
The method of transshipment is used for transplanting violets during illness, as well as with a thickly expanded outlet. This flower transplant implies the complete preservation of the old earthen coma. A new pot should be filled with a good layer of drainage, then pour a part of fresh earth. In the new pot, insert the old one at the very center. Fill the space between the containers with soil, tapping on the walls for better compaction. After this, we remove the old container and in its place plant a violet together with an earthy clod. In this case, the surface of the new and old land should be on the same level.
At observance of all rules of care the violet will surely please with its lush flowering.
When to replant violets
Usually it is better to replant these flowers in early spring, when the plant is just beginning to “wake up” after a state of rest. The saintpaulia is moved from one tank to another by transshipment, having previously brought sufficient amount of water into the ground. In this case, the root system of violets practically does not suffer. При пересадке можно одновременно омолодить цветок, обрезав старые корни и слишком большую листву.
По лунному календарю
- В период с новолуния до полнолуния (в фазу растущей Луны) можно пересаживать сенполии в новые горшки (но тщательно следить за дальнейшим их ростом), а также сажать новые фиалки. Причем все эти комнатные растения требуют усиленного полива в эти дни.
- In the phase of the waning moon, these flowers actively develop the roots of violets. Also during this period, you can safely transplant and transplant Saintpaulias, because during the period of an aging Moon these plants will definitely take root. But to water these flowering perennials should be less. But if in the 3rd and 4th phases of the Moon to make additional dressing for violets, then in the future these bushes will actively grow and bloom profusely.
- But (according to the lunar calendar) there are days when it is absolutely impossible to transplant these perennial bushes - on the New Moon and the Full Moon. Most often, perennials transplanted these days will grow frail or will not take root at all.
How to transplant violets - step by step
When transplanting Saintpaulia usually change not only the pot, but completely the entire soil. Before transplanting should be prepared:
- new container for planting flower
- buy nutrient mixture for flowering room perennials (or do it yourself),
- prepare a violet for transplant,
- transplant a plant
- take care of him until the acclimatization process is over.
Step-by-step transplant of Saintpaulia includes:
- The transplanted flower is watered so that the earthy lump is wet, but the leaves and hands do not soil when transplanting.
- The wicks are usually pulled through the drainage hole, and covered with moss on top so that the ground does not clog them.
- The first layer that is laid on the bottom of the container is vermiculite. The thin roots of violets will quietly pass through it, filling the earthy bed. The next layer is clay shards or claydite, which will allow water to flow out.
- The next layer is a nutritious soil mixture, on which the plant is placed, gently straightening the root system on its surface. A little bit of earth is poured in from above, lightly tamped down with a pencil and periodically shaken.
- A layer of soil is poured over the root neck of the flower, leaving it on the surface. Then the flower is watered. At the same time, the ground sags slightly, thickening around the roots. If the roots are slightly bare, the ground should be filled, not falling asleep while the root neck.
- Then the pot should be slightly shaken to be sure. That violet does not fall on its side. Vermiculite is usually poured on top in a couple of centimeters as a mulching material.
- From above the flower is covered with a plastic bag so that it will take root better and faster. The next watering should be carried out after the plant takes root.
Violet transplant after purchase
After this blooming perennial is brought home, you should carefully examine it, remove all drying and rotting leaves, all fading buds and drying flower stalks. It is also better to remove all the buds so that the plant can calmly endure the process of transplantation and further acclimatization.
In the first days after the plant is brought into the apartment, it is usually not watered - you need to wait for the soil in the pot to dry enough.
Specialized stores sell Saintpaulias grown in the Netherlands, Germany and several other European countries. These plants are exported in pots filled with peat mixture, which is watered with a nutrient solution, since there is not a large amount of mineral substances in this very soil. Therefore, after the violets are brought from the store, these perennials need urgent transplantation, otherwise they will simply die without nutrients.
Saintpaulia grown in a greenhouse is best transplanted immediately after it is brought into the house. Usually in the soil in which these perennials grew in greenhouse conditions, they were heavily fed with fertilizers so that they began to bloom faster.
At home, it is better to prepare another nutrient mixture in which this lovely perennial will grow: you should mix high-moor peat and any baking powder like vermiculite. This soil will be quite loose, as well as moderately acidic - it is this type of soil that is suitable for growing Saintpaulia.
After transplantation, the flower is covered with polyethylene for several days to create the effect of a greenhouse. After 1-1.5 weeks, it is removed.
And if Saintpaulia is bought from friends or those who breed them, then immediate transplantation is not required. A young plant should not be in a hurry to replant, let its roots almost entwine the ground in a cup.
Replanting these flowers is recommended every 6-7 months.
Transplant during flowering
Usually, none of the indoor plants are transplanted during flowering, giving them the opportunity to calmly bloom. And if violets bloom, it means they have enough nutrients, and the root system has not grown too much. And only after the last buds fall, you can move the Saintpaulia to a more spacious flowerpot. And if you transplant this flower at the time when the buds begin to appear, the plant stops flowering while it takes root in the new flowerpot.
But if the potted soil turns sour, or the plant has been attacked by “harmful” bugs, then there is no time to think about whether it is possible to repot violet during flowering - you should save the flower. But during the flowering period, violets should be transferred from the flowerpot to the flowerpot in order to damage the roots as little as possible. And before transplanting, you need to cut off all the flowers and buds so that the saintpaulia has more strength to take root in the new pot.
Transplanting indoor plants is not a very complicated procedure that has to be carried out regularly, as perennials grow, and their roots fill the pot and begin to crawl through the drainage holes (or up to the foliage). Moreover, it depends on how carefully this event is held, how long this flower will later take root in a new pot.
Transplanting violets at home - tips and tricks
It is not enough to simply plant home-grown flower crops once in a beautiful container and allow them to grow as they should.
Over the years, the flowers become little room in their own pot, and they begin to grow very slowly, cease to delight with flowering or begins to die.
In particular, this refers to the flower culture - violet, which, with proper care, blooms very difficult.
Why do I need to transplant violets?
Every experienced grower knows that it is impossible to do without replanting room violets.
This is necessary because the soil in the pot with violet over time loses the desired indoor plants acidity is depleted and compressed.
All this leads to problems with the saturation of the soil with oxygen.
Also, the flowers lack nutrients and become ugly.
On how to properly transplant filaki talk more.
How to determine that the violet needs a transplant?
The main signs that the violets need to be transplanted will be as follows:
- It is possible to determine that it is time to transplant the indoor flowers on a white plaque on the surface of the earth - this signal of the negative air permeability of the substrate and the large amount of minerals in the substrate.
- Also, a lump of earth, thickly intertwined with a root system, tells you about the need for transplanting; you just need to get a flower from the pot to see that you need to perform a relocation.
What time of year do you need to replant violets?
Beginners in the cultivation of home flowers necessarily have a question: is it allowed to perform a transplant in the autumn period?
In general, transplantation can be done in any season, but in winter in our country there is a shortage of sun, so planting is best when the event takes place in spring.
If it is possible to create enough artificial light for violets, then you can perform the procedure in the autumn and in the winter period.
In the heat of summer, it is better not to engage in relocation, as the flowers may die.
Yes, and why hurry with the procedure - once the flower blooms, it means that it is enough for him and in this capacity, the plant must be “moved” when the color stops.
However, if the soil is sour in a pot or pests are wound up, do not waste time thinking about the question: "Is it allowed to transplant?"
It so happens that in order to save a home flower, on which there are already buds, you can use the method of transfer, only the buds need to be picked in advance, so that the plant has enough strength to take root.
How to replant violets correctly?
It is important to ensure that before planting a flower in another pot near the plants, the earth clod was wetted: not lindened to the hands, but it was not very dry, otherwise the root system would be damaged.
The foliage should not be wet, then it will not become dirty during the procedure.
Here are a few recommendations that you need to follow when performing an event:
- You should not take old containers with white bloom (it should be cleaned immediately, if you plan to use this container later).
- With each further procedure it is necessary to take a larger capacity, but at the same time understand that the violet must be 3 times larger than the diameter of the container.
- It is better to take containers from plastic, as in pots made of clay or ceramics, the soil dries faster, and the foliage of the culture from below will swell and spoil from touching the edges of the container.
- The land should be loose, breathable and moisture-permeable, with the inclusion of peat and sand.
- For indoor flowers is very important drainage layer of expanded clay stones or sphagnum, purchased in the store.
- The foliage below should slightly touch the surface of the soil.
- It is impossible to carry out watering in the first 24 hours after transplantation, it is better to cover the PE flower with a package, this will give hydration.
- Not sending a young room violet when it is sent to another pot is at the same time rejuvenated by cutting off parts of the root system and cutting off the largest leaves (they can be used to reproduce the flower culture with a leaf).
- If the florist wants to visualize how the procedure is performed, you can always watch the video instruction.
The main methods of transplanting violets
Having allocated a certain amount of time to carry out the “transfer” of the violet into the container of the required circumference and having prepared fresh soil, you can begin to perform a responsible process.
It remains only to understand which of the 3 existing methods of transplanting violets will be exactly suitable.
Experts offer three ways:
- Complete substrate change
For adult flower crops, in which the stem part is noticeably exposed, when the flower fades and when the substrate is souring, experts recommend choosing this method.
Its advantage is that the earth will be completely replaced, and the roots of the flower culture are cleaned, giving the florist an opportunity to actually examine the root system, removing rot and old roots.
To do this, the plant must be carefully removed from the tank, with its root system to remove the soil, remove all the yellow lower leaves and peduncles, sprinkle the sections with coal.
If the root system is cleaned very strongly, the capacity for replanting should be less than the previous one.
At the bottom it is necessary to arrange a drainage layer, then pour a hill of fresh earth and lay on it the root system of Saintpaulia, on top of the substrate should be poured to the level of foliage below, tapping on the capacity - so the ground will fall better.
After 24 hours, the plant culture can be watered and poured more soil so that the leg of the saintpaulia does not become bare.
- Not complete soil change
Often, with the planned replanting of young home flowers, especially very small ones, it is not enough to completely change the land. This method makes it possible to carefully send the flower to a larger container without damaging the roots.
The event is carried out similarly to the method described above, but when the plant comes out of the pot, only a little soil is shaken off the root system, leaving a small clod of earth.
- Handling method
As mentioned earlier, transshipment is preferable for urgent “relocation” of flowering violets, as well as for non-old plants and for flowers whose outlet has become 3 times more luxurious and larger than the circumference of the container in which it grows.
During the transshipment, the clod of the land of flower culture remains entirely the same - it is necessary to follow this carefully when removing the saintpaulia from the container.
The capacity for "moving" must be filled with 1/3 drainage, cover a small amount of fresh soil and, inserting a bare old pot in the central part of the new one, cover the whole space with soil. It is very important to knock on the walls of the container so that the soil is compacted.
Now it is not necessary to get a new container and arrange a plant with a clod of earth in its place so that the top of the old and fresh substrate is at the same level.
The procedure can be considered complete.
Replacing is allowed by any method that is suitable, the main thing is to prepare a good ground and sterile pots.
Yes, transplanting violets at home takes a certain amount of time, but your efforts will be rewarded, and your plants will bloom beautifully, pleasing the eye!
Why do I need a violet transplant
It is necessary to transplant the old violet in another pot, since the root system of this home plant is growing rapidly. This increases the need for nutrients derived from the soil. If they become insufficient, flowering will stop, the leaves will wither, will be smaller.
Lack of space leads to the fact that the roots can not increase in size. Therefore, the violet will wither; what to do in such cases must be solved by evaluating the appearance of the plants. In some cases, the problem is caused not by a small volume of the pot, but by disease, fertilizer change, improper care at home.
With a complete replacement of the soil
If all the nutrients from the soil have been used, it will be necessary to replace the soil completely. Such manipulation is also necessary when refusing to use hormonal fertilizers.
A thorough inspection of the roots will be required. Dry, rotting must be carefully trimmed. In order to prevent infection at the cut points, they are treated with a thin layer of crushed activated carbon.
The drainage layer is placed on the bottom of the container. Then spread the roots and add the earth. It is necessary to leave the violet in the new soil for the night and only then, in the morning, pour water at room temperature under the root. In addition, the next day is allowed to add a small amount of nutrient substrate.
With partial replacement of soil
The technique is used annually as the violet grows out of the pot. The flower must be watered, then removed from the container where it was located. Part of the old soil is removed. Cuddled with roots of the earth must be left. The flower is transferred to a larger container, the special nutrient mixture is filled up, and it is tamped down using a teaspoon.
If there is no larger pot, you will have to get rid of some of the roots. You can not cut more than 70%: the flower may die.
There are 2 situations when it is necessary to transplant room violets in this way. The plant is either flowering or grows out of a container in which it grew earlier. It is required to prepare a larger pot in advance. Bottom fall asleep drainage layer. Then set the violet in the container. Earth is poured into the space between the tanks. After that, the container is removed, the plant is removed from it along with the ground, transplanted into a large pot at the place where it was located in the container.
Step-by-step transplanting instructions
Conduct a transplant of violets, pre-defended with water for irrigation. You will also need to purchase a special feed mixture. The substrate should not be overly dense, dangerous and too high nutrient content. How to transplant violet at home step by step, depends on the method chosen.
- First, the plant is watered. The procedure must be performed in an old pot. Water is poured at the root. But the earth should not soften to a state of dirt.
- At the bottom of the new container must be made holes. You can buy in the store a pot in which the presence of such will be provided.
- It is necessary to place vermiculite on the bottom. This type of soil creates favorable conditions for the growth of the root system. After that, clay should be placed. You can use and shards. It is necessary to ensure the outflow of excess fluid in the pan.
- Then fall asleep ground. It is recommended to buy a special soil. Use taken in a greenhouse or greenhouse is not recommended: this soil contains nematode larvae, fungi, viruses and bacteria that can lead to disease and death of a flower. Violets during transplantation are placed above the soil layer, after which their roots are straightened. Then you need to add a substrate. Earth compacted with a teaspoon, then gently shake the container.
- If the plant was planted correctly, the ground will be at the level of the root collar. Too deep planting is wrong: the roots may rot. If the landing is too high, loosening of the outlet will occur.
- When the soil is compacted, shake the pot slightly again. If the plant starts to shake, add a small amount of the nutrient mixture, then ram it using a pencil or ice cream stick.
- At the end add mulch. The most commonly used vermiculite. The recommended layer thickness is 2 cm. Then the flower should be covered overnight with polyethylene. Watering is done in the morning.
Если фиалки после пересадки опустили листья, необходимо выкопать их и тщательно осмотреть корни. Гниющие, сухие, пораженные болезнью необходимо удалить. Избавиться следует и от пожухших листков.
Care after transplant
За пересаженным растением необходимо правильно ухаживать. Температура в комнате, где находится цветок, не должна превышать 24 °C. It is important to protect the leaves from direct sunlight. You can put the plant in a homemade greenhouse: for this it is covered with a film. If condensation appears on the surface, it is necessary to remove the flower and ventilate the room. The gentle treatment should be followed for at least 14 days. After this, the violet is returned to the window sill. However, to keep the flower under the scorching rays should not be.
Is it possible to replant blooming violet
To the question of whether it is possible to repot violets during flowering, the answer is no. If the plant buds appear, the soil is rich in nutrients, you do not need to change it.
The need for transplantation may occur in cases where the soil where the flower grew, began to sour. In addition, the need for transshipment is formed during infection by pests. The procedure should be carried out carefully so as not to harm the flower. It is important to minimize damage to the root system. In this case, the ground in the new pot should be fertilized with a small amount of phosphate fertilizers.
Violets are leading in the hearts of flower growers for several reasons. First, it is a compact plant that strictly keeps its pot and does not try to grow to the full shelf. Secondly, violets adore to bloom. Flowering - the meaning of life of this plant, which can not but rejoice the owner.
The plant itself is presented in the form of a small bush with densely planted leaves on low petioles. Violets have a creeping rhizome. The leaves have the shape of a rounded heart.
A huge range of colors allows you to choose for yourself any shade of a flower and even choose it for the interior. There are both bright white, striking in their tenderness, and dark, almost black, mysterious, like the night.
The most popular colors are classic purple, as well as blue and pink inflorescences. Breeders also brought out hybrid varieties, the flower of which is decorated with a fancy border or a simple drawing. In addition to the “make-up”, every look has a texture. Some flowers are smooth, others are velvety.
In short, the world of violets is varied and colorful. You can choose whatever your soul desires.
All home plants periodically need to replant. Violet is no exception. The change of soil is made for several reasons:
- As the plant grows, it takes up the entire area reserved for it. The rhizome has nowhere else to grow, so the growth of the plant itself also slows down.
- Some plants have special requirements for the soil. After all useful substances were removed from the soil, the plant has nowhere else to take vitality. Replacing the soil is necessary for the renewal of minerals and other elements.
- Flower growers often transplant the plant in order to give it a boost. Getting into the new soil, the flower begins to grow more actively.
The latter reason most often characterizes the violet case. The plant needs new soil for rapid growth. But sometimes violet is transplanted in the case of complete filling of the previous pot.
The most comfortable change of soil violet is experiencing in autumn or spring. If the flower becomes little room in the old habitat, wait for the season to change and feel free to relocate the green inhabitant to a new pot. It is possible to plant a flower in one or several containers.
By the way, you need to choose a special pot. For the violet transplant plastic container is best. This is true in the summer, because the flower does not like the heat, and the plastic pot will retain moisture longer, saving the plant from the heat.
Among the advantages of plastic capacity is its price. Inexpensive pot can be changed more often. You can also not be afraid that the cat or child will break the tub. Plastic pots are durable and practical. And if you do not like the look of too “cheap” capacity, you can decorate it with the help of available tools.
If you use pots in which plants previously lived, then before planting do not forget to disinfect the tank. This eliminates pests that could settle in the remnants of the soil on the walls. When transplanting violets need to take into account one feature. The plant will bloom only in a small pot. Therefore, when choosing a container, pay attention to the pots, which are three times smaller than the rosette of the plant. If you have a violet at home that refuses to give a flower, transplant it into a tight tub.
Beginning growers are wondering if it is possible to replant a blooming violet. It is possible, but not desirable. The fact is that the transplant procedure stops the flowering of the violet. In addition, if you think about it, the flower, and so comfortable, since he released the color.
There are situations when you need to transplant violet, not waiting for the end of flowering. This happens if the parasites have penetrated the soil or the plant itself has become infected with pests. Sometimes in the pot begins to sour the soil, which also serves as a reason for its replacement.
The difficulty of transplanting a blooming violet is that before the procedure you need to cut off all the buds, and the transplant itself must be carried out transshipment method. That is, the soil in which the plant is located, is maximally preserved.
Initially, prepare a new pot, placing on its bottom drainage and a little fresh soil. Then in the remaining space is placed the violets with the pot, forming in the new capacity a hole of the desired size. Having rammed the "form", the pot is taken out.
Flower "dumped" from the pot with a clod of earth. It is necessary to ensure that the soil does not crumble from the rhizome. Next, put a lump in the resulting "mold" in the new pot, making sure that the level of the new and old soil coincides in height.
Transplanting violets at home is a simple matter. With proper preparation, you can do the procedure in a few minutes. Remember that you should not “disturb” a blooming violet without an urgent need.