Large, juicy and tender leaves and charming large inflorescences of the most different colors ... Perhaps, there are no such flower growers who would not like begonia. Bright appearance and simplicity of character allows you to grow them not only on the windowsills. Beautiful bushes feel great in the garden. True, in the latter case it is necessary to tinker a bit. Juicy tubers absolutely do not tolerate wintering in open ground. For this reason, they need to dig in the fall. But already at the end of next spring, they will be pleased with lush flowering, if you know when to plant begonia tuber. Timely landing will allow you to grow a strong compact bush. It also matters with the further planting of a flower in the ground - then it will not suffer from return frosts.
So, the timing of planting begonias can be divided into two stages:
- planting tubers in germination pots,
- planting young bushes on the flower bed.
When to start sprouting tubers?
Begonia begins to wake up from hibernation around February. At this time, the tubers gradually swell the kidneys. This means that it is time to prepare for planting them in pots.
Most begonia varieties can be planted for germination in early March.
However, if the tubers with the arrival of spring, the buds do not hurry to appear, do not be upset. Perhaps this is the kind that rests until April. In this case, just need a little delay in landing.
When to plant tuberous begonia in open ground?
As already mentioned, all begonias are extremely heat-loving plants. If you plan to grow them as a garden crop, you should pay attention to the local climate. Immediately on a bed of tubers can not be planted - for the beginning they should be germinated in the house. Then the bushes need to gradually accustom to outdoor temperature. To do this, the pots with young begonias from the beginning of May begin to make a day on the veranda. If there is a glazed balcony, you can leave them there at night.
It is better to plant begonia into the soil towards the end of May, when the nights are already warm.
Also, plants can simply put on the terrace or in the garden with a pot, or just prikopat it on the garden. This option will reduce to a minimum the number of transplants and less traumatize the roots.
How to choose the tubers
First of all, it is important for the grower to choose the right begonia tubers (they are also called bulbs). As a rule, the material is purchased in specialized stores, the range in which is quite large. Therefore, the main task is not in the search for tubers, but in their proper selection. Here are the first things to notice:
- Of course, the bulb should have a normal appearance: without cracks, overgrowth, mold, etc.
- In size it is better to pick up those tubers with a diameter of more than 3-4 cm.
- It is not allowed to choose dry bulbs. Therefore, you should pay attention to their weight: healthy tubers are quite dense and heavy, and dry, on the contrary, light.
If you buy the bulbs in March, you can see how white or reddish buds are beginning to form on them. Therefore, it is optimal to buy material in January. There are no buds at this time - the tuber is in a state of physiological rest.
How to pick a pot
When selecting a pot, you can choose a product from any material (plastic, ceramic). Consider the following requirements:
- In size, the container should be wide enough and shallow (8-10 cm in diameter and in height). You should not get too spacious a pot - then the root system can grow large and rot. Subsequently, the begonia needs to be transplanted annually, and the value of the new dishes increases by about a third in all respects.
- When calculating the parameters of the pot, it is also important to proceed from the parameters of the tuber. If you plant 2 medium tubers with a diameter of up to 7 cm, you can take a pot with a diameter of up to 15 cm. The same capacity will work for one large onion. And for planting 3 medium tubers need to take dishes with a diameter of about 25 cm.
- At the bottom of the pot you need to make a few holes for drainage. They are necessary to ensure that the soil does not become too wet, because it rots the roots.
Optimal soil composition
As for the soil for the tuberous begonia, it can be purchased in special shops for gardeners, and make the mixture yourself. The ratios of the components are as follows:
- 2 parts peat,
- 2 pieces of leafy ground
- 1 part of coarse sand.
- 3 pieces of leafy ground
- 1 part of sand,
- 1 part peat,
- 1 part of the humus.
It will be correct to add a little charcoal to the mix. And if there is no peat at all, it is replaced with the same amount of coniferous land. In any case, fine claydite or other stones are laid at the bottom of the pot (up to one third of the height) - they will serve as drainage.
Often begonias are grown in large quantities. The desire of gardeners is easy to understand: bright, cheerful flowers always attract attention - even those who have never cultivated plants. In such cases, it is better to use a wooden shallow (10-15 cm) box - growing begonias much easier.
It is best to immediately imagine what a charming begonia will look like when it grows up. Since it gives flowers of bright shades, it is best to choose pots with no less bright decoration. It is desirable to achieve the effect of contrast: for example, in a light yellow pot will look good red flowers.
Planting dates: when to plant
As a rule, they try to purchase material in the middle of January. Store it in the refrigerator or in a cool place on the floor (for more details, see the section “How to store tubers correctly”). Features breeding depend on climate:
- In the cold climate of our latitudes, begonia bulbs begin to grow only indoors. Planting time - 1 month before the last expected frosts (this is the middle of February or the beginning of March).
- In tropical latitudes, you can immediately plant the bulbs in the soil. Term - a month before the first hot days. That is, the shoots should take root until the real heat comes.
Thus, for Russian latitudes, the dates for planting the tuber begonia at the turn of February-March are generally relevant.
Step 1. Preparation of tubers
It is useful to know not only how to plant a begonia in a pot, but also how to prepare it for planting in the ground. First, the tuber is completely cleaned of all rotted shoots. If the bulb is large (6 cm or more), you can cut it in half and sprinkle the surface with charcoal.
Next, the tuber is immersed in a solution of any fungicide (for example, "Maxim") and kept in it for half an hour. Instead of the fungicide, it is allowed to use a solution of potassium permanganate with a concentration of 1%. It is enough to hold 40-45 minutes.
All work with tubers should be done very carefully. It is not allowed to drop, hit or push on the bulbs.
Step 2. How to plant tubers
A pot or box must be put on a pallet - after all, it is supposed to water the future begonias abundantly. At the bottom lay drainage (expanded clay, pebbles), then - the ground. The surface of the earth should be 3-4 cm below the edge. A small depression is made in the center into which the tuber is planted.
Each tuberous begonia bulb has 2 sides - convex and concave. It is necessary to place into the ground only with the convex side (respectively, the concave will look upwards). It is important to note that the upper third will remain on the surface. When the first shoots appear, they can be slightly sprinkled with earth.
Step 3. Care for sprouts
Now it remains to carefully pour the soil - it should become noticeably wet (but not too much). Boxes or pots placed in a sunny place. However, direct rays must also be avoided.
To solve this problem, you can use the following tips:
- Optimally position the tank in the west or east.
- If too much sunlight comes in, you can create a penumbra with the help of a curtain or a shade from other plants.
- Well, in the case of the southern windows it is better to put the container a little further from the window sill.
As for the temperature, it should be at least 20-22 o C. After all, in order to understand how to put begonia in the pot in the pot and care for it, it is important to consider that this plant has come to us from the tropics. Therefore, in the home provide a sufficient level of humidity and light.
Irrigation mode is determined by the condition of the soil - it should always be moderately wet. At the same time it is not allowed to get water on the tuber itself - it can rot and die. Normally, the first shoots will appear in 5-7 days, and in another 15-20 days 2-3 leaves will show off on the tuber. Another month will pass, and the first flowers will appear, which will mark the beginning of spring.
If it is subsequently supposed to transplant the flower in the open ground (for example, to decorate the cottage), this can be done a month after the sprout appears. However, if there is no certainty that there will be no more frost, you can simply transplant the flower of the tuberous begonia in a pot with a diameter of 25-30 cm and wait for the final onset of the warm season.
How to store tubers
It is important to know not only how to plant the tuberous begonia, but also about the secrets of successful storage of tubers in the winter. The most important thing is to take into account a few simple tips that will allow you to keep the material well:
- Initially, all tubers are carefully inspected to immediately remove the damaged material.
- Storage temperature should be above zero, but at the same time no more than +9 o C. Otherwise, the tubers begin to germinate.
- Even a small amount of moisture on the material is not allowed. If possible, it should be stored in a dry place.
For planting the tuberous begonia material can be stored in basements or at home.
Storage in the apartment
In the apartment you need to find the coolest place - for example, under the window or under the balcony door. Pre-check the temperature (so that it is always in the range of 0-9 o C). There are three storage options:
- In a box or in a box in bulk: the tubers are placed, completely filled with sawdust, dry peat or sand.
- In pots, they are transported to a cool place, with the upper part being cut with a sharp knife flush with the ground. It is sometimes necessary to water the soil so that it is slightly wet (drying is not allowed).
- If the apartment is warm enough and there are no cool places in it, you can save the bulbs of the tuberous begonia for further planting and in the refrigerator. The material is dried, placed in bags with holes and covered with sawdust, or each tuber is wrapped in paper. Store in the door or at the bottom of the refrigerator (in the same place as vegetables and fruits).
If the tubers are stored in pots, it is better to water them through the pan to avoid possible rotting.
Storage in the basement
If you have access to a fairly dry, cool basement, you can save the begonia tubers there as well. They are also placed in a cardboard box or a wooden box, filled with peat, sand or sawdust so as to completely hide. It is important to understand that the cellar is definitely not suitable for such purposes. As a rule, the humidity in it is always increased due to the proximity of the earth, which will lead to rotting of the material.
Thus, planting and growing begonia from tubers is not that difficult. Both the gardener with the experience, and the beginner in this interesting business can cope with bulbs. It is easier to work with them than, for example, with seeds: the tubers are large, and when creating optimal conditions, they give fast-growing seedlings. That is why many flower lovers prefer to choose just this kind of breeding of the tuberous begonia.
How to choose tubers for planting
In winter, tuberous begonias have a rest period. Planting material is best purchased at specialized points of sale. Usually the tubers are packed in special bags with peat, sawdust, sphagnum (moss). Choose need dense, large tubers, without damage. It is very good when they already have awakened kidneys. If there are no kidneys, and it is too early to plant it in open ground, then it is placed in a cool place with an average temperature not higher than + 10C.
Before planting, the tubers are recommended to be kept in a disinfecting solution for 30 minutes. They are not fully immersed, with the convex side down. Tubers with buds can be immediately planted in a pot with a nutrient substrate. A pot for plants is better to choose a small size.
Soil before planting moisten and put the plant in a greenhouse. If one or two plants are planted, the greenhouse can be arranged by wrapping the pot with a plastic bag.
If there are many plants, a large plastic container can be used for the greenhouse, where small containers are placed. There, the plants are kept for 2–3 weeks until they build up the root system. During the week, seedlings are desirable to adapt to the natural humidity, slightly opening the lid of the container for some time. Then they are transplanted into another pot and placed under artificial lighting.
Begonias are very fond of light, but not the direct rays of the sun. Therefore, they are best planted on flat, slightly shaded areas, protected from drafts. The distance between the tubers depends on their size. When planting larger tubers, the distance should be greater. Smaller can be planted closer. Since the plants are thermophilic and are afraid of frost, planted their open ground in late May, June. Well-behaved tubers begonia in the garden. Planting and care are:
- in the right and timely watering,
- in constant feeding.
Watering is carried out between the rows or on the edge of the pot capacity, container. Regular watering is done as the top layer of soil dries. This rule applies to both young seedlings and adult plants.
Feed the plant to be phased. At first, fertilizers with low phosphorus content are used to increase the hardwood mass. Then twice a month, the begonia is fed with any complex fertilizers.
Spring is the most suitable period for plant reproduction due to a good percentage of rooting. Plant reproduction occurs in several ways:
Begonia seeds multiply quite troublesome, as they sometimes can not ascend. Decorative leafy varieties are mainly propagated in this way. The period of growing seedlings takes about two months. Seeds are sown in a well-moistened soil.
Use a plastic container to freeze fruit, suitable size. Sow on top of the ground, not falling asleep with the ground and not tamping. The container is closed and placed in a warm place for 2−3 weeks. After most shoots appear, they dive 2 times. The period between the first and second picks is about 1 month.
Cutting - the easiest and most common way. It is very effective, since it preserves all the signs of the mother plant. In this way, plants can be propagated in spring, summer and autumn. In the spring of a suitable stalk is broken off from the tuber and transplanted for rooting in a separate pot. Deepen is not much, the growth point should remain on the surface, not in contact with the ground. On the awakened tuber there are always several buds. If there are more than three, an extra sprout can always be used for breeding. Plant rooted for three weeks.
From time to time on the begonias appear cuttings in the leaf axils. They can also be used for breeding. They are cut off with a sharp knife, freed from buds and deposited for rooting in another pot. Cuttings in the leaf axils are formed when the plant enters the active flowering phase. In this way, begonia can be propagated in summer and early autumn.
Vegetative method is used for the rejuvenation of 2 - 3-year shoots. To do this, choose large tubers with three or four buds and carefully cut with a sharp knife into pieces so that each part has one kidney. The sections are treated with charcoal or covered with brilliant green, dried and planted in the ground.
Sheet tuberous begonia breeds very reluctantly. The leaf is germinated in a glass with water until the roots are formed, then planted in a pot. This method is sometimes used successfully, but it is quite difficult to grow a full-fledged tuber..
Tuberous begonias breed well. The cuttings of the first year are not retired, because they have not yet formed a tuber. The plant needs regular care and periodic handling. Observing the growth of the root system, it is just necessary to periodically replace it from a pot to a slightly larger pot. There may be two or three such transplants.
Before sending the tubs to rest (and this usually happens at the end of the fall) a preparation period follows when the frequency of watering is reduced.. Begonia leaves turn yellow and blotchy - all are signs of aging, not disease. When the main part of the leaves falls, the plant is cut, leaving a stump 5–10 cm high. Then the tubers are dug, trying not to break the stump, and put in a container for drying. Tuft from tuber will disappear in a few days.
After that, a few more days you need to wait until the place from hemp dries out. Теперь клубни можно упаковывать на зимнюю спячку. Лучше всего сложить их в целлофановые пакеты с небольшим количеством увлажненного мха или опилок, поместить в картонную коробку и убрать в прохладное место. Главное, чтобы свет не попадал на клубни, стимулируя их проснуться раньше времени.If you follow all the rules for growing begonias, the results will always delight with its beauty.
How to plant tuber begonias?
Planting home care and tuberous begonias. All tuberous begonias can be grown from tubers planted in spring (from January to May) in boxes with wet peat. The rounded side should be immersed in the soil - from here the roots will go, the concave, oblate side facing up. The tuber deepens in the ground by half, its upper part remains above the surface of the earth: it is easier to climb young shoots. If your tuber does not want to wake up, think about it - maybe it is planted upside down?
The boxes are kept at a temperature of 15-20 degrees, and when the shoots reach 5 cm in height, they are transplanted into pots with a diameter of 12 cm, deepening the tuber into the ground as a whole, or simply sprinkling it with earth. Somewhat later, they should be transplanted into pots with a diameter of 20 cm. Intensive growth begins, the leaves of the begonias will unfold one by one, many buds will appear. All begonia will be covered with flowers and it will bloom for quite a long time - all summer and autumn. After flowering, the begonia leaves fall off and a rest period begins for the plant: watering is stopped, the stems are cut, the tubers are removed from the ground and stored in peat. You can leave the tubers in a pot and also store in a dry and cool place, not allowing it to freeze.
Growing conditions and care for tuberous begonia
For the plant to be healthy and to delight us with its gorgeous flowering, it needs careful care. Begonia tubers can be planted from February to May in fresh nutrient mixture, and the upper part of the tuber cannot be covered with earth (see planting). Expose to a bright place, the plant begin to water poorly, as the shoots grow, gradually increasing the amount of water.
- Lighting for begonias.
Tuberous begonias love warm sunny places without access to direct sunlight or bright ambient light. It grows well and blooms in slightly shaded areas with a constant flow of fresh air. Be sure to make a "light" label and do not change the position of the pots in relation to the light, otherwise the buds will fall. In the garden, the begonia will feel good in the shade under the trees or higher plants.
For begonias, sudden changes in illumination are harmful. Suppose if you germinated it on the western window, and then the plant was transferred to the south balcony, then burns will appear on the leaves. On the dark northern window-sills begonia blooms rarely and poorly, but on the northern balconies it blooms beautifully, the main thing is not to pour the plant.
How to water the tuberous begonias
In the summer, the tuberous begonias water abundantly, especially during the flowering period (preferably with warm settled water), and are also fed with mineral fertilizers. Begonia roots are superficial, tender and very small, so when watering you should avoid over-wetting and ensure that water does not fall on the leaves. Two or three times a week, it is necessary to spray the air around the plant, a direct hit of water on the leaves and flowers is undesirable, this can cause flower rot, spots on the leaves, and powdery mildew. The ovary must be timely cut.
It is necessary to lightly dry the earthy coma between waterings. Especially you need to pay attention to watering during the active growing season. After the end of the flowering period, watering is gradually reduced, the ground part of the plant is cut and a pot of tubers is placed in a dry, cool place with a temperature of about 10 degrees and stored until spring.
On very hot days, pots with flowers should be cooled: put in wet peat, sawdust or a pallet with wet pebbles (peat or pebbles must be constantly wet). The plants will thank you if you regularly spray the air around them.
- Soil and fertilizing.
She needs regular complex mineral supplements from May to October (every two weeks), which alternate with organic supplements. Begonia successfully grows and blooms only in fertile, non-calcareous soil rich in organic matter. Soil for begonias can be bought in specialized stores. For planting, the usual floral soil can be mixed with sand. The planting pot should be taken wide, but not necessarily deep, since the root system of the plant is rather superficial.
Reproduction of tuberous begonia
In the case when it is necessary to preserve varietal characteristics, to propagate the tuberous begonias are seeds, although this is more troublesome. Usually, the reproduction of tuberous begonias is produced by tubers with small sprouts, but it is better to get new ones. Tuberous begonias can live 5-6 years. Before planting, a dense round tuber (two to three years old) is divided into parts so that each part has 1-2 developed buds. Sections are sprinkled with coal or ashes, and the "pruning" is planted in the soil. Strongly water the plants during this period is not worth it.
You can propagate by cuttings. In April-May, a strong shoot up to 10 cm long is cut off, placed in a mixture of sand and peat, and occasionally watered. Often cuttings rot from excessive moisture, poorly rooted. It is easier to buy tubers in a specialized store, especially since the range of begonias for sale is very large.
Potted begonias are usually bought with flowers, although some of them can be grown from seeds. In the spring you can buy non-blooming tuberous plants in pots. They are planted in the open ground when the danger of return frost has passed. Tuberous begonia - plant height 20-25 cm - while planting, the distance between plants is 30 cm. Multicolored begonia - plant height 25 cm - distance between plants 25 cm. Tuberous hanging begonia - stem length 25-50 cm - distance between plants 25 cm.
How to keep tuber begonias in winter
In their homeland, tuberous begonias tolerate seasonal climate change well. But in our conditions they need a period of rest. Therefore, after the first frost, the plant is dug out and, together with a clod of earth or in pots, is transferred to the house. Watering almost stop. Somewhere in a month, the aboveground part of the plant dies off, after which the tubers are taken out of the ground and laid out in boxes, sprinkled with sawdust. In this form, begonias are stored in the basement (or on the lower shelf of the refrigerator at t + 1-10 ° C) until spring. Substrate moistened from time to time.
Basic rules for planting tubers
The best time for planting tubers begonias at home will be the beginning of March. It was at this time that the first buds appear on them, of which sprouts will appear very soon. Moreover, if there is more than 7 buds on one tuber, then it can be divided into two and planted in the soil, having received another flower.
The best time to plant begonia tubers at home will be the beginning of March
All varieties of tuberous begonia, as well as ampelous begonia, love light
Watering tubers planted in peat should be poor, but as they grow, the intensity of watering should be increased. This will be care for them. And after the height of the stalks reaches 5 cm and the first leaflets appear on them, each plant should be planted in the ground, completely sprinkling their roots with earth and pouring plenty of water on it.
All varieties of tuberous begonia, as well as ampelous begonia, love light. Therefore, the tubers and seedlings should be planted at home and in the garden where there is a lot of sun, but at the same time avoiding direct sunlight. Alternatively, you can plant it in a slightly shaded, but always in a well-blown place. Changes in light, as well as overflow, are extremely harmful for begonias. Under adverse conditions, it can shed leaves and buds, wither away or get sunburn. This is especially true of young plants that have just been planted in the ground. Therefore, if the seedlings at home were grown on the southern side of the house, it is not recommended to transfer it to a flowerbed in the garden in the northern part of the garden plot.
Peculiarities of care
Tuberous begonia, if planted correctly, does not need special care. She, like garden lilies, can even be called a rather unpretentious plant, which will adorn a flowerbed for the entire summer season and will delight its owners with lush and bright flowering. But for this, taking care of her at home should be according to all the rules. This applies to:
With irrigation, it is important not to overdo it and not to pour on young plants whose roots are located near the surface
On hot summer days, tuberous begonia grown at home is recommended to be watered abundantly with warm, settled water. This is especially true during the flowering period, when the plant requires a lot of strength, moisture and nutrition. The same applies to dressing, which should be carried out regularly, using mineral fertilizers. However, with watering it is important not to overdo it and not to pour in young plants whose roots are located near the surface of the earth. In addition, water should not fall on the leaves, otherwise it is fraught with sunburn, rot or defeat powdery mildew.
At the end of flowering, watering correctly will gradually reduce until the stem is cut and the tubers are removed from the ground. In winter, the tubers are stored in the basement of the house, after placing them in boxes and sprinkled with sawdust. No extra care is needed at home.Video story on how to plant a tuberous begonia
Begonia should be fed with mineral and organic fertilizers, alternating them every 2 weeks. Start feeding in May, and finish in early October. By the way, it is recommended to plant begonia in the soil rich in organic matter, in a limestone soil this garden flower withers and blooms very poorly.
Reproduction of tuberous begonia at home with seeds is considered the most troublesome thing
Begonia is a very beautiful and quite sought-after flower among gardeners. It blooms profusely, and the carved leaves of its ornamental varieties allow it to participate in the landscape design elements of the backyard area of the house. Therefore, quite often the question arises about its reproduction at home. This can happen in two ways:
Reproduction of tuberous begonia at home with seeds is considered the most troublesome thing. The fact is that the seeds of this plant are very small and before they will be planted, for the best germination they need to undergo special care. After that, they can be planted in open ground under a film, having previously moistened them with a growth stimulator. This method is usually resorted to when it is required to preserve the varietal characteristics of this flower.
A simpler and more common method would be to breed it at home with tubers that live for about 5 years. It is enough to divide the tuber into 2 or 3 parts so that there are at least 2 buds on each of them, and plant them in peat or directly in the soil. After that, carrying out the elementary care of them, from one can get several plants.
Alternatively, begonia can be propagated by cuttings. This is usually done in May. The strongest shoot is cut from the plant, the height of which must be at least 10 cm, it is placed in moist peat and occasionally watered. In this case, too, the main thing is not to pour it, otherwise a planted cutting may rot and disappear.
Alternatively, begonia can be propagated and cuttings
But most often this garden flower is bought in pots and, after the danger of spring frost has passed, it is transplanted into a flowerbed in the garden. Thus, your bed can be begonia royal or any other sort of it.
It will be good to grow and bloom begonia planted at home in the soil in the ground only if favorable conditions are created for it and proper care is provided. If the planting was wrong and the plant is uncomfortable, it will immediately inform about this with changes in its appearance, to which an experienced grower will definitely pay attention, namely:
- Brown dry spots on its leaves indicate sunburns and that in this place begonia is under direct UV rays, from which it should be protected.
- Yellowing leaves may indicate either a lack of moisture and nutrients, or an oversupply of watering and a lack of light.
- Curling and drying leaves indicate that the plant is hot and requires urgent spraying.
- Falling buds - on excess watering.
A plant that decays from excessive watering can still be saved if the rotted parts and the top layer of the earth are removed in a timely manner, after which the fresh ones are filled and water is stopped so often.
Observing these simple rules of planting and caring for the tuberous begonia, it is possible to achieve its magnificent flowering throughout the summer season. And its competent reproduction will allow this garden flower to become an element of landscape design in the decorative design of the garden, which will attract the attention of guests and bystanders.