Author: Lisyeva Lily September 06, 2016 Category: Garden Plants
What is the value of early vegetables? In that they appear when they want most. This is the reason for the popularity of the wintering of carrots - you can get it to the table 2 weeks earlier than the earliest varieties of spring planting carrots ripen. In addition, podzimny sowing will facilitate your spring work, freeing up a lot of time, which is so lacking at the beginning of the growing season. If you have never engaged in sowing vegetables before winter, then it is better to start the first podwinter with carrots. The goal we are pursuing in this article is to tell you in as much detail as possible about when to plant winter carrots, where to plant carrots and how to plant carrots in the fall.
The timing of planting carrots in the fall.
Planting carrots in the ground before winter is carried out under certain conditions. Planting time of carrots depends on the climate of the area and the autumn weather. In order to succeed in your work, sow the carrot only when there is a steady cold and the average daily temperature will be between 0-2 ºC. In 2018, the best to sow carrots in November 8, 9 and 16 numbers.
After what culture to plant carrots.
In order to grow a good crop of healthy root vegetables, you need to know, after which you can plant carrots. Such cultures as cucumbers, onions, tomatoes, zucchini, pumpkins, watermelons, squash, potatoes and cabbage are considered the best predecessors for carrots, especially if humus or compost was introduced into the soil. But after such crops as beans and parsley, carrots are not grown. Readers ask if you can plant carrots after carrots. Absolutely not - re-carrots in the same place can be planted only four years later. And after introducing fresh manure into the soil, it will be possible to sow carrots in this area only after two years.
Carrots before planting - preparation.
Planting carrots in open ground begins with the acquisition of inoculum. What sorts of carrots are better to sow before winter? For this purpose, suitable early varieties, for example, Vitamin-6, Shantane-2461, Losinoostrovskaya-13, Moscow winter A-545, Nantes-4 or Incomparable. For podzimnogo sowing you need a quarter more seed than in spring sowing, but do not strive to purchase coated seeds or those that are pasted on the tape - you need ordinary fresh seeds that have not been pretreated.
Soil for carrots.
Bed under the carrot must be prepared in advance, before the cold. Loosen deeply dug up soil, make grooves 3 cm deep in it, compact the bottom in the grooves and wait for the frosts. Separately prepare dry ground in bags for embedding grooves and organic fertilizer - humus, compost or their mixture with peat at the rate of 4-5 buckets per 1 m². Bags with soil and fertilizers should be stored in a non-freezing shed.
How to plant carrots before winter.
Planting carrots in the fall is done when the ground freezes to 5-8 cm. Even if snow falls by that time, it's okay - clear the bed of snow, sow dry carrot seeds in the grooves, cover them with dry earth, grind the area with a layer of harvested organic matter 3- 4 cm, compact it so that the mulch does not swell with the wind, and again throw the bed with snow.
Caring for carrots after planting in the fall.
If the snow has not yet fallen by the time the seeds are sown, cover the garden bed with mulch with spruce or pine spruce branches, but do not forget, after the first snowfall, sketch a small snowdrift on the garden bed.
In the spring, when the snow begins to melt, remove the lap branches, and if the snow has fallen too much, then a part of the snow will make it melt faster. When the snow melts, install metal arches on the bed and pull polyethylene or nonwoven fabric on them - this measure will speed up the process of sprouting.
Planting carrots in the winter in the suburbs.
Planting carrots in the fall and caring for them in the middle zone takes place around the end of October or early November, when the soil temperature drops to 2-3 ºС and steady, but weak frosts occur - before the onset of these frosts, the seeds sown should have time to swell. Of the varieties of carrots most suitable for autumn sowing in the suburbs Losinostrovskaya-13, Nantes-4, Incomparable, Moscow winter and Callisto hybrid. The depth of the seed grooves should be at least 5-6 cm. The order of sowing and subsequent maintenance of the podzimney carrot does not differ from those already described.
Planting carrots in the winter in the Urals.
Planting and caring for carrots in the fall in the Urals are identical to similar events in the Moscow region. As for the varieties, it is best to sow the varieties Nantes-4, Mo, Moscow Winter, Vitamin-6, Altai shortened and Incomparable under the winter. Do not forget to cover the garden bed with carrots for the winter with mulch and spruce branches.
Planting carrots for the winter in Siberia.
Sub-winter planting and carrot care in Siberia begins with the choice of variety. The best of them for growing in the harsh Siberian climate are Nastena-sweet tooth, Altai shortened, Dayana, Shantane, Queen of Autumn and all the same Nantes-4, Vitamin-6 and Losinoostrovskaya-13. The best time to plant carrots in Siberia is from about mid-October to mid-November.
For podzimnogo sowing need protected from the wind area with loose fertile loamy or sandy soil slightly acidic or neutral reaction, which is not too compacted during the winter. The beds are located on a hill so that the snow comes off faster in the spring. The sowing depth is at least 2 cm, and the distance between the seeds in the row is 15 cm. After sowing, cover the carrots well for the winter, and when the snow begins to melt, remove the shelter.
That is why every garden must always have a garden for this beloved vegetable, and experienced gardeners exchange with beginners how to plant carrots in order to get a rich harvest of healthy roots.
Under the carrot beds it is recommended to choose the area where there are not too many weeds.
If you didn’t have to grow vegetables before, and you have no idea how to plant carrots, or you’re unable to grow normal tasty root vegetables, our article will certainly prove useful to you. We will talk about how to plant carrots with seeds, how to care for young shoots, and how to protect the bed from diseases and pests of carrots.Video about the preparation of carrot seeds for planting
Depending on what sort of seeds you bought, the timing of their sowing will vary. So, in the twentieth of April, you can start sowing early-ripening varieties, from April 25 around mid-May 5, mid-ripening varieties begin to be sown, and carrots intended for winter storage are planted on June 10-15.
Under the carrot bed it is recommended to choose a plot where there are not too many weeds, because weeds will grow before the carrot and prevent it from growing. The soil should be loose, preferably with a sand content. In heavy ground, roots can turn out to be crooked, gnarled, shallow. If the soil is constantly elevated moisture level, roots will rot, and in dry ground carrot will turn out to be “wooden”.
Also consider, after what crops you will sow carrots. It is best to choose those areas in which cucumbers, tomatoes, garlic, onions, cabbage, potatoes or greens (except salad) were grown on last year. After parsley, it is better not to plant carrots, as pests may remain in the soil, which are dangerous for carrots.
In heavy ground, roots can turn out to be crooked, gnarled, shallow.
Dig the soil in the garden in the fall, and in the spring, walk on the ground with a flat-cutter. In addition to digging should not be - for carrots preferably settled ground. Most importantly, do not add fresh manure to the soil, as the carrot does not tolerate its acid. The bed can be fertilized with mineral fertilizers a couple of weeks before planting carrots.
Planting carrots made seeds immediately in open ground. Prepare the seeds in advance:
- soak for two hours in clean water at room temperature,
- scatter the seeds in a damp cloth and top with another wet cloth,
- keep the seeds in the room, periodically gently stirring them,
- fabric soak when drying,
- when the seeds have completely swollen and begin to spit up, move them to the refrigerator for 10 days for hardening.
Easy and affordable to plant carrots.
It is enough to maintain a distance between the seeds of 1.5 cm
Sprinkle ashes on the bed allotted for carrots, cut through it up to 2.5 cm deep through each groove, leaving 20 cm between rows and 12 cm along the edges of the ridge. Spill the grooves with water and sow the prepared seeds. It is enough to maintain a distance between the seeds of 1.5 cm. Furrows level with earth. Above the garden bed at a height of 15 cm it is recommended to stretch the film so that the seedlings appear faster, and with the appearance of greenery the film can be removed.
Experienced gardeners in an effort to simplify the process of sowing seeds, sometimes come up with quite unusual methods, how to plant carrots: someone sows seed with sand before sowing, while others pre-paste one seed on tape of thin paper (toilet paper can be used). Carrot seed hooked with a toothpick, dipped in paper glue or paste and applied every 5 cm on the paper. Such paper tapes are laid in the furrows and sprinkled on top of the ground.Video about growing carrots
At the edges of the garden you will land a radish, it will quickly rise, marking carrot rows, and you can begin loosening the rows between rows (carrot loves frequent loosening). It is also very useful to plant onions in the carrot beds, because its smell drives away the carrot flies, the most dangerous pest of carrots.
The first time the bed should be watered abundantly, and when the first shoots turn green, reduce watering to two times a week. Although the seed material does not rise all, but after the formation of the first leaf, it will be necessary to thin the seedlings, leaving the strongest plants.
When is it better to sow carrots - in the fall or spring and why
It is well known that carrots can be sown in the spring in the traditional way, as well as in the fall - before the winter. Sowing the root crop in the spring, we are always looking forward to when it is possible to try the first harvest of vitamin products. Time passes, and the root crop does not grow as fast as you want.
To bring the harvest time closer for 2-3 weeks, if you plant carrots not in the spring, as usual, but in the fall. This is the most important advantage of autumn sowing.
Benefits podzimney landing
Here are some advantages to keep in mind when planning the planting of carrots before winter:
- An earlier vegetable ripening period. This is very important in the early spring, when the human body lacks vitamins and so you want to quickly taste the first delicious vegetables from your own vegetable garden.
- Lack of pests. In the spring, when after-snow carrots begin to grow, most of the pests and pathogens have not yet intensified and therefore are not capable of harming the crop.
- Yield increase. Podzimnyaya carrot almost always gives more yield per unit of area, and the size of the root crops is higher compared to spring sowing.
- Save time in spring. Sowing a vegetable in the fall, you can save a lot of time in the spring, when there is enough trouble without that. In the fall, the vegetable grower has much more time, since all the work in the garden has already been completed. In addition, there is no need to soak and harden the seeds.
- Podzimnyaya carrot is harvested faster than spring and at the zenith of summer it frees up a plot in the garden. Until the fall, there is still quite a lot of time, enough to grow radishes, lettuce or dill.
Disadvantages of autumn sowing
With a large list of advantages, the autumn planting of the root has also some disadvantages:
- in case of an error in the choice of sowing time, the risk of death of shoots from autumn frosts remains,
- root crops are not suitable for long storage,
- it is necessary to choose an elevated site so that in the spring snow would quickly descend from it, and the seedlings would not be soaked from spring water.
There are no other significant differences between the carrots sown in autumn or spring. With the arrival of spring cultivation technology they will be united.
Necessary conditions for autumn sowing carrots
To sow carrots in the winter and rightfully hope for success, you must choose the right time. The most common mistake that growers often make is sowing before the optimal time.
If the weather was the same from year to year for any particular region, then it would be easy to determine the date of sowing and carry out the work at this particular moment. Therefore, there is no exact sowing date for all times and to determine it, it is necessary to monitor the weather forecast every fall.
The approximate sowing season for carrots is the time period from 12 to 28 November, when the temperature for the last 2 weeks is kept in the range from +2 to -5 degrees. Sowing is conducted in a slightly frozen, hardened and cold soil.
It is absolutely unacceptable to sow seeds in warmer weather, when the thermometer shows +6 degrees and more.
If you make a mistake and still sow beforehand, when a favorable temperature for the procedure has not yet been established - the result will be deplorable. Seed material, once in wet and warm soil, will begin to germinate. These young seedlings will live no more than 2 weeks until the frost hits.
Varieties suitable for underwintering
It should immediately make a reservation that not all varieties are suitable for sowing in the winter. We must pay attention to the early and frost-resistant varieties. Otherwise, crops will not stand in the winter cold and simply die.
While still in the store, read the text written on the package. It will definitely be written there: this variety is suitable for the given sowing period or not.
The most suitable varieties of carrots for planting in the winter are the following:
- Nantes 4,
- Vitamin 6,
- Losinoostrovskaya 13,
- NIIOH 36,
- Moscow winter A 515,
- Chantena 2461.
The farmers who buy carrot seeds in the drafted form do the right thing. They contain starter fertilizers and growth substances to stimulate spring germination and rapid growth.
The pelleted seeds are easy to sow because they are not so small, but the price for them will be higher.
When to plant carrots before winter
Sowing carrots in the winter is performed under certain conditions. The term of the procedure is determined by the climate of the area and the weather that developed in the fall in the year of planting. In order to get the expected result as a result, it is necessary to start sowing at the moment when the real cold is established and the average daily air temperature will vary from zero to minus 2 degrees.
In 2018, the best date for sowing carrots for the winter is the beginning of November. Sowing before the optimal time is unreasonable. Wait for the cold weather and start sowing.
Depending on the region
We have already mentioned above that the climatic conditions of the carrot growing region have a great influence on the time of planting. Each region has its own nuances of sowing these root crops.
When planting carrots in the fall and winter, depending on the region:
- In the suburbs and the middle zone, root crops are sown at the junction of October and November. During this period, as a rule, stable cold weather is established in the region without returning to thaws. Seeds are buried 5 cm in the soil.
- In the Urals, the sub-winter planting dates are the same as in the Central Belt of the country. But in this area there are winters with bitter frosts, because of which beds with carrots must necessarily be covered with sawdust or pine needles.
- In Siberia, the sowing of vegetables in the winter lead from October 10. At the same time it is important to choose the right plot for the root. It is better to place it on a certain elevation, then the snow will disappear faster and the seedlings will appear in early spring.
- In the Leningrad region and in Belarus, carrots are sown in winter in the middle of the last month of autumn.
- In Ukraine, Kuban and other regions of the South of Russia, root crops should be sown in December, when the danger of heat return will disappear. Sometimes in these regions, the autumn is so delayed that it is possible to sow the seeds only on the eve of the New Year. In any case, you need to wait until the soil is slightly frozen.
Attention! If you are late with seeding, and the bed is covered with snow, do not worry - all is not lost. Broom the soil from the snow and make seeds sown in advance prepared grooves.
According to the lunar calendar for 2018
We have already talked about the fact that the success of the carrot planting on the podzimney depends on the correct choice of the sowing date and root crop variety. Для приверженцев лунного календаря важным является также, в какой день производится посев семян – благоприятный или неблагоприятный.
Для тех людей, которые привыкли проводить все огородные работы в зависимости от фазы Луны, сообщаем, что благоприятными для посадки моркови под зиму по лунному календарю на 2018 год считаются следующие дни:
- сентябрь: 10-12, 17-20, 27-29,
- октябрь: 2, 3, 25, 26,
- ноябрь: 11, 12, 13, 17.
Having planted a root crop in one of these days, one can be sure that everything has been done correctly - in the best agronomic terms.
How to sow carrots in autumn
To achieve success when planting carrots before winter, it’s not enough to choose a suitable variety, to choose the right sowing date, taking into account the lunar calendar and the climate of the vegetable growing region.
Much still depends on the proper preparation of beds and the care of crops in the autumn of the same year.
Choosing a landing site
The place under the podzimny carrot is chosen well lit and not blown by cold winds. Well suited southern slope to spring spring water quickly descended.
The soil in the garden should be loose and fertile, and the mechanical composition - loamy or sandy. The reaction of the soil solution should be slightly acidic or neutral. Only, under these conditions, we can hope for a bountiful harvest.
The best predecessors of carrots
After the end of the next garden season, there are no growing garden crops on the site. It would seem that on any bed and after any culture you can sow carrots.
But this is not the case, as there are vegetable crops that are good precursors for carrots. And there are such vegetables, after which it is not recommended to sow this root crop.
The following vegetable crops are good precursors for the carrots in the winter:
It is not recommended to sow the root crop after peas or beans, because these crops greatly deplete the soil and there are few useful nutrients in it.
It is forbidden to plant carrots on the same bed for 2 seasons in a row, as there are pathogens and pests of this vegetable on it.
It is possible to sow carrots in the ground at the same place no earlier than after 4 years. But if after harvesting carrots organic matter was added, then it can be returned to the same place in 2 years.
Soil preparation for planting
The next step is to prepare the soil. Here are the works that need to be carried out, in order to rely on a decent and early harvest:
- after harvesting the previous crop, the soil in the area should be well digged, simultaneously removing all weed rhizomes and plant residues,
- if the soil is acidic, you should add mineral fertilizers and wood ash, otherwise the roots will have an irregular shape,
- it is necessary to make holes in the garden in such a way that 20 cm between the rows of plants, and 4 cm between plants,
- put the film on the prepared holes.
How to plant carrots before winter - video from Yulia Minyaeva
How to plant carrots in the fall before winter correctly
Having waited for suitable weather, it is necessary to start sowing seeds. It is carried out in this way:
- remove the protective film from the holes,
- in the pre-cooked wells 3 cm deep sift the carrot seeds,
- fill the grooves with the seeds of warm and dry earth,
- from above lay a three-centimeter layer of peat or humus,
- tamp the soil slightly.
Tip! To prevent sowing grooves before planting seeds are affected by the autumn rains, cover the bed with plastic wrap. Secure the corners of the film web with bricks so that it will not be blown away.
Useful video about planting carrots for the winter from the channel “Garden World”
Autumn care for carrots
After sowing seeds into the soil, no special care is required, since the planting material will be in a state of suspended animation until spring. In the spring, with the onset of heat, they will hatch and sprout. And then it will take some care for the crops of carrots.
And in the autumn after sowing, you only need to cover the bed with insulating material. The needles are used as such material.
In winter, after the snow falls, it will be good to cover the beds with carrots with a layer of snow.
In the spring, when warm weather is established, it is necessary to remove the shelter and stretch a plastic film over the garden bed, making a small greenhouse. Because of this, carrots will grow faster. Recall that for the sake of obtaining very early shoots, the underwintering of this vegetable is carried out.
Despite some risk, it’s still worth planting carrots for the winter. With the right sowing of seeds in the best agronomic terms, you can get friendly shoots in the spring, and in the beginning of summer to grow a crop of vitamin carrots. By applying in practice our advice and recommendations, you will definitely achieve the desired result.
When to plant carrots
In one season, planting material can be planted three times: in spring, summer and winter.
The time for sowing carrot seeds is chosen depending on the purpose and timing of the first crop:
- For early harvest, roots are sown in the fall.
- In early spring, you can sow carrots for seasonal consumption in the beds prepared from autumn.
- In late spring or early summer, seeds are planted for winter storage.
The most usual way for most gardeners is spring planting. Folk omens are advised to plant carrots after violet or aspen have blossomed. You can perform this procedure after the first leaves on the birch. All these recommendations are conditional: much depends on the variety and climatic conditions of the region.
When choosing the timing of planting seeds, you should not forget that for successful cultivation the soil must warm up well, but it does not dry out much. Otherwise, the seed will give minimal germination. Air temperature should be at least 8 ° С.
In the middle lane, it is possible to start sowing of early ripe varieties in the third decade of April, from about April 25 to May 5, mid-season varieties are sown. In the Urals, spring planting of carrots is carried out in the first half of May.
The summertime of planting carrot seeds usually falls on the second half of June. At this time, late-ripening varieties are sown for winter storage. Also, you can replant the plants, if not the seeds of early planting.
Before winter, carrots are planted to harvest early crops. Dry seeds in this case are sown a week before frost is established, usually in late October or early November.
For planting under winter, experts recommend varieties with good resistance to adverse weather conditions and frosts: Vitamin, Moscow Winter, Olympia, Leningradskaya, Incomparable, Shantane 2461, Nantes 14. The bed in this case should be small.
Already starting from June, it will be possible to eat the resulting crop. Carrots grown in this way should not be left for storage: due to overgrowing, it will become rough and tasteless.
Terms of planting carrots depend on the variety. It is possible to start sowing of early ripe varieties in the third decade of April. Mid-season varieties begin to sow from April 25 until about May 5. The carrots intended for winter storage are sown from June 10 to 15. The optimal timing of planting the planting material can be properly selected, focusing on the climatic conditions of cultivation of root crops.
The plant prefers loose fertile loamy or sandy soils with a high content of humus. In clay soils, seeds germinate and develop poorly.
For a carrot bed, you need to choose a plot where too many weeds do not appear, as they will grow earlier and will not allow the carrot to grow. In heavy ground, roots will grow short, shallow, gnarled. It is desirable that the soil was loose and contained sand. In dry land, vegetables are obtained "wooden", and with an increased level of moisture they rot.
It is important to consider the crops after which carrots will be sown. Best of all, she feels herself in areas where cucumbers, cabbage, potatoes, tomatoes, garlic, onions or greens (except for lettuce) were planted last year. It is better not to plant carrots after parsley, as pests may remain dangerous for carrots in the soil after it.
The soil in the garden is dug up in the fall and organic fertilizers are applied: 6-8 kilograms of humus or compost per 1 square meter. For the deoxidation of the soil, if necessary, add dolomite flour, chalk or ash.
In the spring, about a week before sowing, the plot is harrowed and leveled with a rake. If you have not previously applied fertilizers, add 3-4 kilograms of humus per 1 square meter of area. The main thing is not to add fresh manure to the soil, as the carrot does not tolerate its acid. A few weeks before planting carrots, you can add mineral fertilizers to a garden bed: 1 tablespoon of superphosphate and 1 teaspoon of urea per square meter.
How to prepare the seeds?
Carrots are a vegetable crop with a fairly long period of seed germination. The reason for this is the high content of essential oils in the seed material, which ensures good seed storage. To improve seed germination, it is necessary to lower the content of essential oils in them.
For spring and summer planting, it is recommended to use only soaked seeds in which essential oils are washed away.
In this case, the seeds are prepared for planting in the following sequence:
- Fall asleep planting material in a bag of flax.
- Dip it in a jar of warm water with a temperature of about 50 ° C.
- In water, the bag is well rinsed and left in the jar until the water cools.
- Then the seeds are washed again using the already cold water.
- After washing the planting material requires a little dry.
Another method is used to prepare carrot seeds for planting:
- soak for 2 hours in clean water at room temperature,
- sprinkle on a damp cloth and cover with another damp cloth on top,
- keep the seeds in the room, periodically gently stirring,
- to dry the fabric when drying,
- completely swollen seeds, which will begin to spit up, for 10 days, put in a refrigerator for hardening.
After completion of the preparatory procedure, the seeds can be planted in open ground.
The subsequent implementation of the sowing method directly affects the receipt of a rich harvest of carrots:
- Land in the garden should be sprinkled with ash and carefully loosen.
- Make it grooves to a depth of 2.5 centimeters, using the laid edge of the board.
- Leave 20 centimeters between the rows.
- Before sowing the furrow, water well.
- For sowing seeds, you can use a special tool.
- Small seeds before planting is recommended to mix with sand in the ratio of 1: 5.
- Carrots should not be thickened: between the seeds in the row there should be a distance of 2-3 centimeters, between the granules - about 5 centimeters.
- The planting material placed in the furrows is filled up with dry earth, biohumus or compost.
- The layer of poured soil thickness should not exceed 1 centimeter.
- After sowing, the soil is rolled by a board or roller.
Some experts recommend embedding seeds with a coconut substrate. To do this, the briquette is poured with water and kept until swelling. Coconut substrate retains moisture well, but it remains light. The seedlings make their way through it much easier, seed germination approximately doubles.
At a height of 15 centimeters above the garden bed, it is recommended to tension the film or covering material in order to accelerate the emergence of shoots. With the advent of green film must be removed. Covering material can be left to reduce the amount of watering, especially in the dry spring.
To simplify the process of sowing carrot seeds, experienced gardeners sometimes use various unusual methods. Some with a toothpick and paste paste each seed on thin paper tape every 5 centimeters. Having laid such tapes in furrows, they are covered with earth from above.
Along the edges of the beds it is recommended to plant a radish, which will quickly rise and mark carrot rows. Thus, it will be possible to start loosening the aisle earlier. Carrots frequent loosening loves. On the carrot bed it is very useful to plant onions, the smell of which drives away the carrot flies - the most dangerous pests of carrots.
Planting carrots in the winter
Planting seeds in the winter gardeners spend for early harvest. In this case, it is necessary to prepare the beds in September-October.
Carrots before winter are planted in the following sequence:
- Choose a flat, sheltered from the wind, cleared from weeds plot with light soil, which is not flooded with melt water (ice crust on it should not be formed).
- They dig up the soil to a depth of 22-25 centimeters, and, if necessary, add humus and phosphorus-potassium fertilizers.
- In dry weather, the prepared beds are watered.
- Before settled frosts level the surface of the beds on which there should be no cavities.
- Fissures are cut in depths of 4–5 centimeters; after compaction of the soil, their depths before planting will be 3 centimeters.
- A layer of humus, peat or compost 1-1.5 centimeters thick is poured on the bottom of the furrows before planting.
Until stable soil freezing, the furrows are left as such. Seeds are planted with the establishment of a constant temperature outside (not below 5 ° C).
Immediately before starting work, snow is swept out of the furrows and poured compost, humus or sand, onto the bottom of the furrow, placing seed inside.
After that, the beds are mulched with peat. When snow is formed on the bed, it is covered with lapnik branches. This will help prevent snow melting in the event of unexpected winter thaws.
Sown under winter carrot seeds must be dry, they do not require prior preparation. The seeding rate in this case is increased by 20-30% compared with the spring planting. Being exposed in the soil to the influence of cold and frost, the seeds undergo natural hardening. Plants grown from them are more resistant, with a strong root system. Such landings are much less affected by pest attacks.
The first shoots with properly organized and well-groomed beds appear 1-2 weeks earlier than during spring planting. The harvest will also ripen 2-3 times earlier. It will turn out more tasty and vitamin.
After sowing is completed, optimal planting care is required. It is very important to properly maintain the water regime. Carrots require uniform moisture throughout the growing season. With insufficient watering vegetables are tasteless and coarse. The bed is watered abundantly at first, and with the first shoots the number of irrigations is reduced to 2 times a week.
Approximately a fortnight after germination, after the formation of one leaf, the carrots need to be thinned, leaving the strongest plants. At the first thinning between carrots leave a distance of 4 centimeters. Later, thinned again, increasing the distance to 8 centimeters, and for large varieties - to 15. After rains and watering it is recommended to loosen the rows. Throughout the growing season should be engaged in weeding and destruction of weeds.
The main enemy of the root - carrot fly. In the spring about young carrots she lays eggs in the ground. The larvae gnaws in the roots. Carrots become tasteless and coarse, poorly grown and stored.
To protect the planting, it is recommended to thin the carrot in the evening and immediately remove the tops from the garden bed so as not to attract a carrot fly. A good result is given by mixed plantings with onions.
The plants at the same time protect each other: the onion fly does not tolerate the smell of carrots, and the carrot does not tolerate the smell of onions. Loosening the soil is another effective method for preventing carrot flies, which die in dry ground. To scare away pests, it is recommended to sprinkle the ground between rows with red ground pepper or ash mixed with tobacco.
Planting carrots in the soil: when is it better to do this?
Remember that seed culture will germinate only if the temperature of the soil varies from 4 to 6 degrees. That is why you should not sow the seeds in the cold. It is better to do this towards the end of the middle of spring. If the soil is average, then you can plant a culture in May. On light ground, it rises until the end of the month, and only then it will be possible to ask how to plant it on the garden bed.
If the seeds are already in the soil, they will not peremerznut even at -4 degrees. Some people try to sow carrots before they promise heavy rain. Otherwise, you will have to wait a long time for the harvest. When planning planting carrots, it is worthwhile to ask in advance how to plant carrots.
Rules for preparing the soil for carrots
It is necessary to grow vegetables on a sunny plot. The territory should be flat, without strong slopes. If dill, parsnip or beans grew on a certain piece of land, carrots should not be planted there. The fact is that such crops too quickly absorb the beneficial elements that make up the soil, so you will not have to wait for a good harvest. Carrots grow very well after potatoes, zucchini, tomatoes and garlic, that every gardener should take note of.
It is necessary to pre-identify the site. After that, prepare the soil in which you plant carrots. If you sow the seeds in the spring, then dig the soil in the fall. Because of this, she will have time to settle until spring. Make sure that the soil was dug up to a depth equal to one and a half spade bayonets. Only in this case, you can easily harvest in the future without encountering problems and difficulties.
Planting carrots should not be carried outuntil you put fertilizer in the soil. They must contain phosphate, potassium, nitrogen and humus. When fertilizer is applied, dig the soil. Не трогайте его до весны, чтобы все успело усвоиться. Когда придет весна, просто разровняйте участок с помощью граблей, чтобы подготовить участок к посеву семян. И тогда уже можно задаваться вопросом, как садить морковь.
Правила посадки моркови в открытую почву
Необходимо заранее подготовить посевной материалBecause it is from this process that the cultivation of carrots from acquired seeds begins. It is necessary to process the seeds to ensure that the germination of vegetables was optimal. This begins planting carrots in the spring. You can do this by arming the most common ways among gardeners:
- Soak the seeds for a day in water, the temperature of which is at least 30 degrees. Do not forget to change the liquid, because it must be done at least 6 times. When the day has passed, wash the seeds with water and wrap them in cloth. Let them stay in the fridge for at least two days
- Place the seeds in a soft cloth bag. Dip them in water for about 20 minutes. Fluid temperature should be 50 degrees. After that, cool the seeds in cool water for three minutes,
- Put the seeds in a bag of thick cloth. Dig them in the soil for about 10 days. The depth of the pit should be equal to the size of the spade bayonet,
- If you have a bubbler, process the seeds with it. They need to hold for about 20 hours, using Silk solution. It contains a lot of oxygen, which is necessary for carrot seeds.
After processing, the seeds are ready and you can be interested in planting carrots. Plant carrots in light soil need, adhering to a depth of 3 centimeters. When it comes to heavy ground, the embedment depth should reach 2 centimeters. Be sure to keep a distance of 20 centimeters so that the carrots grow.
The distance between the seeds should be up to 4 centimeters. In order not to be mistaken, you can use strips of toilet paper. They are applied droplets of paste, which should be located at a distance of 3 centimeters from each other. In these droplets laid out carrot seeds.
When the paste dries, it is necessary to bend the tape along the entire length in half. After that, it is rolled up. If it is time to sow, the ribbon must be unfolded and laid in the groove, which was moistened beforehand.
When the seeds are planted, the soil is mulched with a layer whose thickness is 3 centimeters. In this case, a crust will not appear on its surface, which does not allow the seedlings to germinate.
You can plant carrots and another method:
- Paper napkins are cut into square pieces.
- A paste is dripped into each of them, and after that several seeds of carrots are put.
- Be sure to add mineral fertilizer.
- All this rolls into small balls.
- They must be allowed to dry and also removed in a warm place before sowing.
- When it comes time to sow carrots, place the balls in the prepared furrows, keeping to an interval of 4 centimeters.
How to plant carrots before winter?
If you decide to plant a carrot in the winter, the crop will appear a few weeks earlier than in the case of spring sowing. However, in the fall you need to sow early varieties that will not be stored for too long. The best time for sowing will be mid-autumn or its end.
When the seeds are embedded in the soil, they are covered with a layer of peat, which is 3 centimeters thick. If spring has come, the area is covered with a film and wait until the first shoots appear. If you want to sow carrots in the fall, remember that this can only be done in light soil. However, do not worry, you can make a landing of carrots in the spring time.
How to water carrots?
Are you interested in growing large and sweet vegetables in your garden? In addition to planting carrots in the spring was carried out correctly, it is important to adhere to other recommendations. In particular, it is necessary to water the growing carrots. If the moisture is not enough, the fruits will become sluggish, and their taste will be bitter.
The earth should be soaked with water to a depth of 30 centimeters. If suddenly there is little moisture, then roots will appear on the roots, which negatively affect the taste of the fruit. At the same time, a poorly grown vegetable is unlikely to be stored for a long time if your plans include providing supplies for the winter.
If watering carrots is too abundant, then the roots will begin to crack and their planting as a whole will be useless. They will be covered with growths, and the growth of the tops is activated. To avoid such problems, it is worth watering the plant at the rate of 3 liters of water per square meter of land.
No other difficulties or problems with planting carrots and its cultivation will not. It is enough to follow the recommendations of experienced gardeners, many of whom are given in this article. As a result, during the harvest you will get juicy, tasty, sweet carrots. It is useful for first and second courses, for drinks and desserts. However, it will be stored for a long time, which means that you can use it in the winter.