As soon as they do not call this houseplant, often giving it the names of others, similar in appearance to the pot plants (elephant foot, bottle tree, horse or horse tail). Correctly, it should be called "Bokarney" or "nolina." Daily care at home behind this indoor flower does not require much effort, because at home it is not spoiled by nature, surviving in harsh places where rain happens once or twice a year. Due to its unusual form, it has a spectacular appearance that blends harmoniously with almost any modern interior, especially high-tech and fusion, giving it a special tropical "flavor".
The plant belongs to the agave family succulents and is able to accumulate a large amount of moisture for the future due to the trunk, strongly inflated in the lower part.
The consumption of moisture is controlled by a crown formed from narrow belt-like leaves. During drought and intense heat, the socket is compressed into a beam, further reducing the evaporating surface. At home (USA and northern Mexico), under favorable conditions, it forms a tall tree, from the bottom of a very thick bottle-shaped part of which several trunks grow, topped with picturesque falling rosettes of leaves. In room conditions, it is possible to grow a tree 0,5m in 5-6 years.
Branching usually occurs after flowering, which is extremely difficult to achieve at home. However, Dutch sapling growers achieve the desired branching with skillful pruning. It takes more than one season, so buying a ready copy is very expensive. More often on sale are young saplings with a bulbous stem.
The thickening of the trunk is called caudex. Not only rare rainwater is collected here, but also morning dew, which flows into the caudex along the grooved leaves.
Appreciated by home growers for the magnificent spectacular crown with straight, rigid leaves. The second most popular domestic species. Relatively winter-hardy, withstands short-term lowering of temperatures to -5 ° C.
Thickening of the trunk in this species is weak, the leaves have a bluish tint. In Mexico, this species is called bear grass. Winter hardiness is high, up to -12С.
Nolina thin (slim)
The name of this species sounds like irony, because the thickness of the trunk is a record holder in terms of volume - in the wild at the bottom it reaches 5-7m. It blooms only in adulthood and only in natural environment.
Small gravel poured into the pot or colored stones will prevent the formation of a soil crust and will emphasize the exoticism of the culture.
How to care for Nolina?
Care at home should be carried out taking into account the fact that the plant is a pronounced succulent.
The choice of location, light
If the majority of even light-loving indoor plants require light shading in hot midday hours from direct sunlight, nolina tolerates them calmly, so you need to place it on the lightest, southern window-sill. It will not be critical for her and small penumbra during the day. However, the less light the foliage receives, the less luxuriant it will grow. In the winter season, additional lighting is required on the windowsills of the eastern and northern orientations.
If the bokarney is completely undemanding to the nutritional value of the soil, then its water-carrying capacity and aeration makes high demands. In the wild nature, it has to be content with infertile soils on the stony grounds, therefore, to grow nolina at home should be as close to them as possible. At the same time, the plant is characterized by very unhurried growth, therefore, to obtain a faster result, it is necessary to create favorable conditions that do not run counter to the biological characteristics of the bottle tree. The substrate is composed of sheet and turf soil with a predominance of the first, peat and sand. You can add a little humus. At the bottom of the pot settles heavy drainage for the stability of the dishes. It is not recommended to use for this purpose expanded clay, if the height of the dishes is not commensurate with the height of the tree.
How to water?
The question of watering is the key to growing nolina. If you put it on the southern window-sill and water it very rarely, with a considerable restraint after the earthen coma is completely dry, a stressful situation will be created, similar to growth in the homeland. In response, the plant will begin to form a thick “leg” with decorative cracks and scars, which appear from the uneven expansion and contraction of the outer tissues. But the sheet rosette at the same time begins to thin and may wilt that will go to the detriment of decorativeness. To preserve the harmony of appearance should find a balance. Spraying the culture is usually not needed, but a rare wet treatment of the leaves will benefit.
Recommended bottom watering through the pan. Water should be well settled or filtered, without traces of chlorine.
Bokarneya loves summer sunny-air baths outside in dry and calm weather.
In the winter season, the plant has an unexpressed rest period, it is not necessary to water it at this time, it is enough to moisten the leaves occasionally, rubbing them with a damp sponge from dust.
Since the vegetative mass accumulates slowly, care should be taken that there is no excess nitrogen in the soil. This element provokes the softness of the leaves and their hanging, which negatively affects the decorative effect. Occasionally, and only in the warm season, the specimen can be fed with a liquid phosphate-potassium complex in half the recommended dose.
What form a noline will have depends on the conditions of its maintenance. Unlike other indoor exotic trees, the question is not how to cut the bulgaria to give it the desired shape, but how to water it and where to put it. If you put the pot farther from the light source and create extreme irrigation conditions, it will have a “leg”. Placing in a bright place and more frequent hydration will stimulate the growth of "hair". At the same time, the barrel can be completely flat. This adjustment can give the instance the desired shape.
In the sale of the usual containers with multiple copies of seedlings. They require settling in separate containers. But do not strive to transplant nolina as soon as possible after purchase. It should be transplanted only after a week (at least) quarantine period and adaptation to new conditions.
Roots require careful handling, so whenever possible you need to transfer seedlings transshipment. After the plant is transplanted into a new container, a bag is put on it, leaving access to fresh air. It is not necessary to remove it until signs of a gain of leaves appear.
Home copies require a transplant about once every 3 years, but should be guided by the root system, it should by this time completely take up the amount of dishes. An outward sign of the need for housewarming is the cessation of leaf growth. The procedure remains the same.
Important! The thickened part can not be buried! The stem should remain in the ground at the same level.
The roots of Nolina, despite the arid conditions of wild growth, do not grow inland, but in breadth due to the shallow fertile layer of stony soils. For this reason, she needs to select wide and fairly small bowls, paying particular attention to their stability. Sometimes, for this purpose, several heavy stones are placed on the bottom of the pot, which additionally perform a drainage function that is extremely necessary for the plant.
At the next transplant of age specimens, the diameter of the tank each time is increased by 4 cm.
When transplanting nolina do not water! The plant is not able to absorb moisture in a state of adaptation, it will remain in the soil and lead to rotting of the roots.
Reproduction by lateral processes
Planting material are sprouts that form on the trunk. They should be carefully broken off and rooted in a wet (but not wet!) Peat-sand substrate with the addition of perlite. In the tamped soil, a dimple is made with a peg into which a sprout is placed and gently pressed around the ground around it. Top landing covered with glass or plastic bag, leaving access to the air. The temperature is maintained within + 21 ... + 26C. Airing and spraying produced daily. As soon as the emergence of new leaves, the shelter is removed and the seedling begins to accustom to the usual conditions of keeping adult plants.
Growing nolins from seeds
Before sowing the seeds of the bokarnei, they need to soak for a couple of days in warm water. A good result is the addition of Epina water. The finished seeds are laid out on the compacted surface of the substrate, then sprinkled with a layer of earth, the thickness of which must be equal to the size of the seeds. Capacity is placed in a warm place, where the landing is provided with a constant temperature (approximately + 20 ° C) and humidity. You can wait for seedlings in a month. After the seedlings are stronger, they are seated in separate containers. For the first time, you can plant 3-4 seedlings in one bowl.
Possible problems with growing
- The barrel does not thicken, but grows up. The reason is the lack of lighting and too frequent watering. It is necessary to rearrange the plant to a bright place and practice regular, but moderately dry periods.
- Dry up and fall off the leaves of the lower tier. The situation is not a problem, since there is a natural process. It is better not to tear off the dried leaves, but carefully cut them with sharp scissors.
- Dry ends of leaves. Despite the drought resistance of the plant, sometimes it suffers from excessive dryness of the air, as it is naturally moistened with morning dew. Especially often the problem occurs in the winter when kept in a room with central heating. Help - easy spraying with soft distilled water without chlorine. The first time is daily in the morning.
- Wrinkles, decreases in volume and dries the trunk. Usually such a process is observed after a long wintering, in which case it is natural. In the spring the tree will begin to accumulate moisture again.
- The leaves are soft and do not form a beautiful "hair". The reason is an excess of nitrogen in the soil.
- Leaves that are not located at the bottom of the rosette dry up, or the whole foliage becomes more pale. This can be a sign of dangerous rotting of the roots. The reason may be excessive watering, especially during the cold season, as well as drafts, which the bokarney is very afraid of. If root rot is suspected, the plant should be removed and the roots inspected. Rotten parts are carefully removed. If rotting has touched the trunk, cut off the damaged part and powder it with ash. If the area of the rotted part is large, the plant is likely to die.
Culture is rarely damaged by insects. In some cases, the tree can inhabit such pests as scab, thrips or spider mite. The problem is solved by the use of insecticides that are permissible for use in enclosed spaces. The safest of them is Fitoverm.
Plants of the genus Nolin belong to the Agave family. And where do they still grow, if not in South America, and to be more precise, in Mexico. In addition, they are common in the southern states of the United States, especially in Texas. Nolina (a flower, or, if correctly said, a succulent plant) was first studied and described as far back as 1803 by the French traveler and botanist Andre Michaux. But he called the new species not in his own name, but in honor of the gardener and breeder P. Nolin. The whole genus includes about thirty varieties, but only one comes on sale - Bokarney is bent, the rest are less suitable for indoor cultivation.
Bokarneya (nolina): description
Bokarneya has a very interesting shape of the barrel in the form of a bottle with a thickened bottom and a narrow neck, for which, strictly speaking, is valued. At the top, as if in a crown, dark green arc-shaped, hanging leaves are collected. Their length in different species can reach one meter in natural environments. Nolina at home with good and proper care can grow to a height of 1.5-2 meters and have leaves 40-60 cm in length. A kind of thickening of the trunk - it can be said, the reserve of spare water. The climatic conditions of growth are very hot, sometimes with scanty precipitations for several months, so the plant adapted itself to endure difficult times. This feature is widely used by local Indians, in addition, from the dense and leathery leaves they weave mats and hats. Nolina grows slowly enough, the plant is a long-lived, it will be a long time to please with its unusual appearance. Unfortunately, at home nolina does not bloom, but in nature it is a very spectacular sight. Crohn blooming fragrant white tassels up to 60 cm long, consisting of many small flowers (in the photo it is presented in all its glory).
Place in the house
The best location is on the south side. Or where good bright lighting. Direct sun rays nolin (bottle tree) is not afraid, but on the contrary - loves. Only in this way can a characteristic thickening of the trunk be formed, in the shade it will be drawn out. In winter, she will be comfortable in the apartment, and in the summer she can put a plant pot on the balcony, loggia or take it to the garden. In general, Nolina is a flower that is well suited for our houses with hot central heating and often dry air. Worst of all for her is a combination of cold temperatures (about 10 ° C) and high humidity in the soil or atmosphere. Therefore, if for the winter you put nolin in a state of rest and keep it in a cool room, then you must first reduce watering and then completely stop it. Nolina looks great not only in houses and apartments, but also in an office setting.
Which soil to choose?
Nolina is a flower growing on rather scanty semi-desert soils. And in its characteristics and requirements, it is similar to cacti and succulents. Room content should be as close as possible to natural conditions. The choice of substrate is extremely important for the plant. Therefore, it is best for nolina to buy ready-made mixture. If you do not trust the stores, you can prepare the soil for planting yourself. The most suitable would be a mixture of the following components: coarse river sand, peat and good leafy ground (2: 1: 1 ratio). All components should be ignited for disinfection, then mix thoroughly. A pot for nolina should be wide and stable, but not too deep, as it has a shallow root system. Drainage is required at the bottom (expanded clay, crushed stone), the layer should occupy approximately of the total volume.
- A young plant requires an annual transplant, and an adult - in 2-3 years.
- A few days before and after transplantation, do not water the plant, nolin is a flower that is transplanted into dry soil.
- It is not necessary to transplant bokarnayu immediately in a large pot, as this at best slows growth until such time as the roots fill the whole space, and at worst lead to decay of the root system, choose a pot 2-3 cm larger than before.
- In no case can not be buried in the ground thickening at the bottom of the trunk.
Watering and fertilizing with mineral fertilizers
If you are just a beginner florist, then you will be fine nolina. Care at home does not take too much trouble. But it is important to remember that of all the factors, it is not so much the lighting or air temperature that is important as the water regime. The basic rules are as follows:
- watering should be abundant, but you can not flood the plant, let the earthen clod dry up a little, nothing terrible will happen - this is a succulent indoor flower, nolina with a lack of moisture will just start spending its reserves,
- if your plant has a clearly defined period of winter dormancy (at a low temperature, but not less than 10 ° C), then watering is stopped completely at this time,
- water is best poured into the pan, the plant itself will take as much moisture as he needs, and the excess must be drained,
- some plant growers say that the bocarnayu should sometimes be sprayed, but this should be done very carefully so that water drops do not fall on the trunk, or simply wipe the leaves periodically from dust with a damp sponge - this is something that loves nolina very much,
- home care also implies the application of complex fertilizers, this should be done every three weeks in the spring-summer period, alternating mineral and organic supplements, it is important that the concentration indicated on the package should be reduced twice.
- the most important rule is that as soon as the air temperature drops to 15 ° C, watering must be reduced, if it reaches 10 ° C, it stops completely.
Нолина – цветок (фото его имеется в обзоре), который можно вырастить из семян, но процесс этот очень длительный и не всегда успешный. Имейте в виду, что такое растение высоты в один метр достигнет не ранее чем через несколько лет. Семена можно найти в специализированном магазине. Чтобы проверить свежесть и всхожесть, замочите их в растворе марганцовки 1-1,5 суток, те, что опустятся на дно, вполне сгодятся, а вот те, которые всплывут, не дадут никаких всходов. The substrate for seedlings fit light and loose with the addition of river sand. Seeds are planted to a depth of one centimeter, moistened with a spray bottle and covered with glass, providing greenhouse conditions (20-25 ° C). It is best to place the box in a sunny, well-lit place, it is necessary to air it periodically and maintain constant humidity. If done correctly, the seeds are checked and fresh, then shoots will appear in 2-3 weeks. In the stage of two or three leaves of the plant should be seated. Young indoor flowers (nolin) self-care require the same as adult specimens.
Vegetative reproduction processes
The processes on the nolin are, but not often, they develop from dormant buds located under the bark of the plant. To grow a separate tree from them, first you need to separate the appendix with a sharp knife, and as close as possible to the trunk, then sprinkle it with activated charcoal. Leave the scion for 5-6 hours in the open air, after removing all the lower leaves, leaving them only at the very top, dip them into a growth stimulator (for example, "Appin"). Land in the prepared soil, but not at a right angle, but slightly tilted. Top close the jar or bag, but always with a small hole required for air circulation. Put the dishes with transplanted layers in a warm place with ambient light. The cap is removed when the first signs of growth appear - evidence that the plant has taken root. The soil for planting should be light, permeable, special mixtures for cacti and succulents are well suited.
Diseases and pests
The plant is very resistant to various diseases. And this is another plus that has nolina. Care in the home provides for the use of preventive measures, so that periodic treatments with fungicides will not be superfluous. Difficulties begin if the nolin is overfilled with water and kept in a cool room. In this case, it is easily affected by spider mites and various types of fungal diseases, causing the roots to rot, and then the stem of the plant. In both cases, the first thing to do is to return the plant to normal water and temperature conditions. In the case of the spider mite, you should not rely on popular methods; the best way is to immediately treat nolin with special preparations (Aktellik, Fitoverm, Neoron). The plant can be saved from rotting only at the earliest stage (it is necessary to transplant and prune damaged roots). But, as a rule, all signs become apparent when the process is already irreversible. One of the "symptoms" of imminent death in nolina is the loss of elasticity of the trunk.
The basis of competent nolina care is the correct watering. Not particularly demanding on soil and heat, it is very sensitive to waterlogging. Picking up for her individual, the most optimal irrigation mode, you can grow a beautiful and amazing plant.
What a plant species
Nolina, or Bokarneya, as they used to call the plant, belongs to the Agave family. Under natural conditions, it grows in northern Mexico or in the southern United States.
Nolina has an interesting trunk shape, for which she is called the "bottle tree".
In a thick barrel stores of water and nutrients that feed the plant during dry weather are stored. As a result of its particular structure, the Nolin plant is able to withstand dry air, lack of moisture and temperature changes.
House tree grows in sizes from a meter to two. The bloated base of the trunk is covered with a rough crust. The leaves, as if collected in a ponytail, have a long belt-like shape with a pointed end. They are painted in a gray-green color and hang from a socket on the top of the tree, as if drooped.
"Bottle tree" in nature exists in 30 varieties. But only some of them are in demand by florists:
- Nolina is thin - the trunk at its base is ball-shaped, and at the top there are bunches of leaves, thin and long. It rarely blooms with pink or red buds.
- Nolina dlinnolistaya - in natural conditions grows to several meters. She has a rounded stem, covered with thick rough bark, like a cork. The leaves are very long and tough, have a pointed end.
- Bokarneya bent or Recourse - in most cases it is grown in apartments and houses. The trunk of the plant is bottle-shaped, on top of it are bunches of hard, long, ribbon-like leaves of dark green color.
At home, it is impossible to make a flower to bloom, but this is not so important; with its unusual look and lush foliage, it completely compensates for its stay in the apartment.
Bokarnea: home care
The experienced plant grower can also grow the plant presented, and quite a novice in this matter. He is required to provide suitable conditions and maintain a normal state of care. A tree for a long time will please the eyes of households and their guests. Next, you should consider the features of care for Nolina.
Choice of location and lighting
It is possible to put the container with the “bottle tree” on the sunny side of the apartment, and in partial shade. It is important to know that to grow lush foliage it needs a lot of light. Even in direct sunlight, she feels great.
In the period of winter dormancy, the temperature in the room should be gradually reduced to 10 degrees, so it better tolerates hibernation. The plant does not tolerate drafts, so when choosing a place for a pot, it is necessary to take into account this condition, otherwise nolina will die.
Watering and moisture
During the warm period, the plant is required to be watered regularly, but not zealous. The soil between watering should have time to dry, because otherwise it will feel bad.
Before watering the finger is recommended to immerse in the ground by 3-4 cm, if it is completely dry, then re-wetting is required.
The plant perfectly carries the lower watering - it is immersion of the pot in a container with water. After finding the pot in the water for some time (sufficient moisture is determined by wet grounda) the pot should be placed in a dry dish so that excess moisture is glass.
A large plant is required to be watered in the usual way, but do not touch the trunk. The lack of moisture is not terrible to the nolina, but its surplus will simply kill the bush. In a period of rest at low temperatures, reduce watering or stop watering altogether.
It is not necessary to spray the leaves, just wipe them with a damp cloth once a week. Water the tree should be separated by water at room temperature.
The plant is required to replant when the roots fill the entire container. This happens to a young plant once a year, and the old one needs to be transplanted once every three years. If you want it to grow faster, then it is required to transfer the tree to the pot 3-4 cm more each previous spring.
To form the right soil you need to mix:
- sod land - 2 parts
- river sand - 1 part,
- humus from the greenhouse - 2 parts,
- leaf humus - 2 parts.
Mix all parts well and the soil is ready. A pot for a plant should be shallow, but wide, because its roots expand in width. So that the water in it does not stagnate and the roots do not rot, it is necessary to put claydite or other drainage on the bottom of the pot, at a third of the tank height.
When dragging a nolin into a new pot, it is important that the caudex not be buried. Planting is required in dry soil, placing the roots in a container and sprinkling them with earth. After that you can not water it for several days.
Under natural conditions of plant growth, the temperature even in winter time does not fall below 10 degrees Celsius, but in the summer heat it reaches 50 degrees. "Bottle tree" perfectly carries such vibrations in the apartment.
Since spring and all summer, when there is an active growth of the plant, it must be fertilized once every 3 weeks. Top dressing with alternation of organic and mineral fertilizers is suitable for it, but the concentration is recommended to be reduced twice from that indicated in the instructions on the package.
Nolina is not demanding in the choice of top dressing, it can be fertilized with solutions for cacti, mullein, manure. Repotting in the spring, it is nice to add wood ash to the pot.
Cultivation and care for home nolina
Nolina bottle tree growing at home
In the conditions of artificial growth the most popular is Noline bent. It will be discussed further, since other species are not cultivated or grow only in greenhouse conditions.
Nolina is an exotic tall plant. When a young sapling is bought, it seems as if it is a large specimen, although its length may not exceed a meter. But over the years, the plant develops, grows rapidly, ceases to fit on the window sill, and then it may even rest on the ceiling. Another feature cultivated noliny - the lack of flowering. Flowering occurs exclusively in the wild - in the greenhouse, this happens very rarely. In a residential environment it is completely unrealistic task.
Nolina has many positive qualities: she has a noble look, she practically does not need to be looked after. Even cacti that can survive in harsh conditions require more care than this plant. But there are some rules. They must be respected so that she does not die.
Temperature for bocarnay
The natural habitat of the nolina is desert. That means she loves warmth. In summer, the air temperature should be 20-25 degrees, in winter - 10-12. You can deviate from the recommendations - the main thing is not to be colder than 7 degrees. In the summer, Nolina feels comfortable in the garden outside, if there is no precipitation and high humidity.
For nolina it is very important to provide a well-lit place. This may be a south window, south-west. If the plant is grown on the floor, you need to put it in the brightest place. The pot can be placed under direct sunlight and not pritenyat it, because bright sun is not terrible in this valley.
With a slight lack of light green will not begin to fade. Just growing the body will send shoots to the window, which can lead to serious distortions of the trunk. To prevent this, you need to periodically rotate the pot. Experts recommend turning it 45 degrees clockwise once a week. This allows the plant to grow smooth. If some kind of distortion occurs, it can be easily corrected by turning the pot in the right direction.
How to water nolina
The plant is most afraid of excess moisture. This is the only way to destroy it. Even mechanical damage is not as terrible as excess water, because nolina grows in the desert and in natural conditions water is extremely rare.
In spring and summer, the amount of moisture should be small and controlled. In a month, organize a maximum of two watering. If water accumulates in the pan, it is immediately poured. With a decrease in air temperature, watering is reduced even more until it stops completely in winter. A cautious amount of water is stored in caudex, and leaves can get moisture from the air. Only if the trunk noliny lost elasticity and wrinkled, you can arrange a little watering.
This is an optional indicator that you can ignore. The plant feels great in any humidity, so it is not necessary to spray it. If you want to organize a similar procedure, you need to make sure that the water was only on the leaves and not on the trunk, because it can cause it to rot.
Nolina loves airy, light soil that is well saturated with air. The easiest option is to buy a ready-made substrate for succulents, which is sold in any flower shop. You need to fill it with gravel or expanded clay to make it more airy and light. If you want to cook it yourself, you need to mix clay soil, leaf humus, sand and clay in the ratio of 2: 2: 1: 1. It is also recommended to add activated or charcoal to the mixture - it will enrich the soil.
How often do the transplant?
A young plant requires a transplant every year in spring in order to slightly increase the pot. The more mature the nolin becomes, the less it requires transplants. When the plant reaches 15-20 years old, transplantation is almost impossible, since it is very large, with developed roots. They do this only in emergency cases, when the rotting of the trunk and root begins. In other cases, replace the upper part of the soil cover.
How to choose the right pot for the bokarnei?
How to care for Nolina at home Proper transplant
Not all pots are suitable for nolina, because the plant is caudex, some containers can be knocked over, and in others it will deteriorate. Choose a wide and low vessel, which has drainage holes at the bottom. Width with height should have a ratio of 1: 3. One third of the pot is filled with drainage (expanded clay or gravel).
If nolina is bought in a poor quality pot, you need to transplant it. Take out the plant with an earthy lump and plant it in a new pot for 1-2 days. A thick trunk with caudex will not perish if it is not in the soil for some time. Even if the transplant is carried out for a young plant, there is no particular danger.
Choose a wide pot, fill with drainage, pour in the ground and plant a plant. It should be understood that the land nolina need as much as the roots will be immersed in it. All the rest is filled with drainage. Otherwise, souring of excess earth may occur. It must be remembered: nolin has superficial roots, therefore it does not need a large amount of substrate. Excess soil will only harm.
Planting nolina in the pot
After preparing the pot and soil, you can plant a plant. It is taken from an old pot, cleaned from the substrate to inspect the roots and the trunk for rot. If nolina arrived after the store, she can be flooded with water, so she should stand and dry for several hours. If rot is detected, it is cut out with a sterile knife, the cut is treated with crushed activated carbon.
Over the drainage make a mound of soil, where the tree will be planted. Then they tamp this place, put a nolin, straighten the roots and sprinkle it on the ground so that the plant is vertical. If there is a person who can help, it is better to attract him.
It is necessary to follow when planting, so that the trunk does not go deep into the ground, otherwise it will be detrimental to the plant. It happens gardeners are trying to hide the decorative flaws of the trunk, hiding it in the ground. With nolina do it is strictly prohibited. Do not be afraid - over time, the flaw will grow, becoming almost imperceptible.
After planting, the ground is again tamped down to secure the plant. If this does not help, the trunk is decorated with beautiful stones of pebbles and heavy decorative material that can hold the weight of a young tree.
The first two or three days are stressful for a young tree, so it should be kept in the shade, left without watering. If you brought Nolina from the store where she was flooded, start to rot a little, watering is prohibited for 1-2 weeks.
Group landing nolin
Decorative Noliny no doubt. But if you plant a group of plants in one pot, you can get a truly unique look that will make your home corner special.
At once 3-5 healthy plants are planted in one pot, trying to pick up instances of nolins of the same age. Sit nolina at a minimum distance from each other, so that they are slightly in contact.
Gradually, the trunks grow in height and breadth, combining into one tree with an interesting appearance. A distinctive feature of the composition will be the presence of many tops that can be made on the same level or on different plants, consciously planting plants of various sizes. This will make the appearance more interesting. Many plants will unite in one powerful and thick, and at the top they will differ in many different bunches of narrow long leaves, falling down in the form of green lush panicles.
The main problems in the cultivation of nolina
This plant is distinguished by the fact that it is almost not subject to the attacks of dangerous diseases and pests. The main problems appear solely as a result of improper cultivation of nolina, and they can be quickly corrected.
Pests are extremely rare for nolin. If the plant is in low-light conditions or is over-watered, it can be attacked by scale insects, thrips, spider mites. The last parasite occurs most often, because in the hot summer it affects other plants from which it can move. It is necessary to remove all pests from the leaves. A cotton swab is moistened with soapy water and passed through green foliage. Then they purchase Actelic or other insecticides that process the plant. Then they correct the growing conditions (increase the humidity, if we are talking about spider mites) and make sure that the parasites do not appear.
The main mistakes in the care of home nolina
- Loss of leaf elasticity, their drying. Occurs due to elevated temperature and too dry air. Treat the nolin by rearranging the plant in a cool place and spray the leaves with water.
- Dry leaf tips, shrunken stem. Проблема в недостатке воды, которую пополняют методом простого полива.
- Окрашивание листьев в бурый цвет, опадание. Возникает из-за избытка влаги — полив сокращают.
- Ствол медленно растет. Нолина нуждается в удобрениях, поскольку нет питательных веществ для роста.
- Ствол покрывается гнилью. Возникает проблема из-за перелива. A simple reduction in moisture is not enough - you need to cut the affected place and sanitize it, dry it, be sure to transplant the plant.
- Caudex does not increase in thickness. The problem occurs with simultaneous overflow and insufficient light. After correction, watch for changes.
What if nolina rots root
Rot occurs only if the owners overdo it with watering. As soon as you notice the danger, you need to act immediately. The plant is released from the pot, carefully inspect the root, all rotten areas are cut out with a disinfected instrument, the cuts are treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Even if the nolina has no roots at all, do not despair: sanitize the trunk and re-root the plant. To do this, you should plant a bocarnay with clean fresh ground for cacti, and before doing this, disinfect the pot by either pouring boiling water on it, or washing it with a solution of potassium permanganate. After planting, in no case do not water the plant for one to two weeks. Watering is resumed gradually, only slightly wetting the soil, but not watering the stem of the plant in any case. Over time, the bottle tree will take on new roots.
Reproduction Noliny lateral processes
How to propagate nolina lateral processes
An interesting way of breeding nolina - the use of lateral processes. Many flower growers successfully obtain new plants from the processes appearing on the trunk of the ivory palm.
- To do this, it is enough to gently break the lateral process and put it in the root solution.
- Check whether rotting has occurred. If this happens, do not be upset: just remove the leaves damaged by rot and put the process in the water again.
- The roots will not appear immediately, you need to be patient, change the water so that it is fresh.
- When there are small roots, do not rush to plant a plant in a pot, let them grow a little more.
- When the roots grow at least half a centimeter, you can plant a new bottle tree and take care of it in the usual way: monitor the moisture of the substrate, but avoid stagnant water.
Nolina long-leaved Nolina longifolia
Nolina long leaf Nolina longifolia photo
Large plant, characterized by a powerful corky bark dotted with cracks. It grows up to 3-4 meters. Most of the trunk contains remnants of old dried leaves.
Nolina bent Nolina recurvata
Nolina bent Nolina recurvata photo
The trunk of the tree has a bottle-up bulge below. At the top of the plant weakly branches. The thickness of the stem reaches one meter. The top of the tree is formed of linear ribbon-like leaves, collected in the outlet. The characteristics of the leaves are as follows: dark green, leathery, winding, narrow (up to 2 cm), long - up to 1 m. Under natural conditions, when flowering in summer, nolin is covered with cream-colored flowers forming the panicle inflorescences. Folk name Nolina bent - "elephant foot" because of the shape of the trunk, and "pony tail," because the top is formed by a magnificent bundle of large long greens.
Nolina Lindemeira Nolina lindheimeriana
Nolina Lindemeira Nolina lindheimeriana photo
It is popularly called “diabolical lace”, because the dense leaves more than once became an obstacle to the wanderer and were not released from their arms. This is a very low plant, which has almost no visible trunk.
2 Comments on "Nolin or bocarnay Home care Growing seed from a photo of a bottle tree"
Good day! I bought Nolina 27.02.18g, in the bottom of the pot there are 3 tubers, the soil was dry. Transplanted 01.03.18 in a pot with a diameter of 23cm. and a height of 7cm. I did not water for 6 days and small reddish little dots appeared on the leaves (along the entire length of the leaves), and the tip of the leaves began to dry. Watering the bottom watering, but not plentiful. What do you think will help?
Alevtina, and where are your nolina? Keep them away from radiators, put a humidifier next to it or a plate with moss moistened with pebbles and so on. Do not water more until the earth dries out. If you notice that nolina continues to ache and dry, it means that during transplantation the plant got an infection. It will be necessary to remove the nolins from the ground, check the roots for rotting, cut off all damaged roots, treat with phytosporin or pink manganese, let the moisture dry slightly and plant in clean soil and disinfected pot. Do not water after this two weeks.
Avoid drafts and sudden changes in temperature, let nolina adapt a little. Must be all right with time. Share the results?
Origin and appearance
Delivered to us from the northern regions of Mexico and Texas. In nature, it easily adapts to the hot climate, withstands prolonged droughts. Thickening at the base of the trunk tends to accumulate moisture. Several torrential rains for the season for a long time protect the flower from drying out. Under natural conditions it grows up to 8 meters.
As a houseplant nolin valued for its high decorative. The trunk in appearance resembles a bottle, for which the flower was called the bottle tree. Thick stem extends to the base, forming a powerful caudex. The leaves are narrow, long, bundle collected on top. The color is dark, the length in some cases reaches a meter.
Nolina is considered an unpretentious, easy-to-care plant. The main requirement is not to overmoisten the soil. Excess moisture leads to decay of roots, caudex and death of the flower. Growth is slow. It is not recommended to stimulate it artificially.
Varieties of bokarney quite a lot. Some are grown at home, others only in greenhouses.
- Bokarney bent. The characteristic structure is a thick trunk that expands into an “onion”. The height in culture is up to 1.5 meters, in nature - up to 10 meters. The leaves are long, narrow, gathered in a thick sheaf on top. The stem is bare, covered with a grayish cork fabric. The second name is nolin recurve. At home, in Mexico, a sombrero is woven from the leaves of a flower.
- Nolina dlinnolistnaya. The apartments are usually not grown. More common in greenhouses. The trunk is massive, covered with cork bark. The lower leaves, as they dry out, do not fall down, but fall down, forming a kind of “skirt”. During flowering, produces large inflorescences-panicles of light cream flowers.
- Nolina Lindemeira. Trunk shortened. The leaves are long, narrow, very strong. Low plant Flowers are small, form small panicles. More often grown in greenhouses.
Favorable microclimate and care
Refers to succulents. This is taken into account when organizing care. It adapts well to the microclimate of the apartment.
- Temperature. Loves warmth. In summer, an average room temperature is suitable. It responds well to outdoor seating. Rest is required in winter - the flower is kept at 10-15 ° C.
- Lighting. Bright lighting is recommended. The midday sun can cause leaf burns - on the south side they lightly shade. During the rest period it can grow in a small penumbra.
- Watering. Watered with care. Like all succulents, does not like excessive waterlogging. It prefers a slight dryness of the soil moisture. The frequency of irrigation depends on the temperature of the content. In the summer - with a frequency of 5-7 days, in the winter - twice a month.
- Humidity. Gratefully responds to regular spraying. They maintain the decorative appearance of the plant, prevent the tips of the leaves from drying out. Water is used warm, defended.
- Top dressing. Only in the growth phase. Use mineral complexes with a high concentration of nitrogen. It is not recommended to overfeed. The optimal frequency of fertilizer application is 1 time per month.
- Transfer. Try not to disturb once again. Nolina transplantation takes place every 3 years. The pot is used small - the flower loves crampedness, content with poor soils. The soil is a soil for cacti with the addition of sphagnum and forest land. At the bottom of the pot make large drainage holes, the bottom layer is laid drainage.
With the reproduction of the bokarnei problems may arise. The main method is growing from seeds.
At home, nolina from seeds grows slowly. Seeds germinate reluctantly. It is recommended before planting for 1-2 days soak them in water with the addition of drugs "Epin" or "Zircon". The optimal substrate is a mixture of equal amounts of sand and peat. Seeds spread over the surface, powdered with soil. The thickness of the layer should not exceed the size of the seed. Germinated under cover, in the heat of 21-25 ° C, organized around the clock backlight with fluorescent lights. The first entrances appear approximately in a month, sometimes a bit earlier.
The soil is kept moderately wet. Continue to keep under the film or glass. Regularly air as condensation forms. Strengthened seedlings dive in separate pots.
Shoots neatly cut. The recommended composition of the substrate for rooting is a mixture of sand, peat and vermiculite. A layer of drainage is immediately poured into the pot, the prepared soil is moistened. A recess is made in the center, a cutting is placed in it, the substrate is slightly compacted around the seedling. Keep under cover - a can or a special cap. Conditions for successful rooting - 21-26 ° C, regular airing and spraying. The appearance of new leaves means that the stalk has taken root. Shelter can be removed. A young plant needs constant, attentive care.
Nolina care (bokarney)
This is a very light-loving plant. Provide a well-lit spot on the sideline. Contrary to the generally accepted opinion that direct sunshine is not for her, I want to note that the Redneys easily tolerate them, but within reasonable limits. It is better not to install it to the southern window without shading. But the southeast and southwest windows are just right, verified by personal experience. In winter, when the plant is resting, you can put it in partial shade.
Breeding nolina (bokarnei)
If you are lucky, and nolina will give the baby, then this is the most reliable way of reproduction. But you can't call it simple. It's all about the temperature needed for rooting young nolina. The temperature of the soil in which it takes root should not be below +25 degrees. In some cases, the bottom heating is indispensable.
The second method of breeding nolina, gaining popularity - seeds. Since the seeds have to buy, everything will depend on their quality. Before planting, they should be soaked in a stimulator solution (epine, heteroauxin, etc.) for 6-8 hours. After processing, the seeds are planted in a light peat mixture and covered with glass or film. The temperature should also be quite high. Further, as usual - airing, wetting the earth. When the seedlings grow up they can be planted.
If the air is dry, then the nolins not only dry the tips of the leaves, but there is also the danger of spider mites. Increase the air humidity and treat the plant with an appropriate insecticide. Can attack and shieldovka. It can be assembled by hand, since the leaves of the Nolina are narrow. Then treat the leaves with a solution of "Aktara" and pour it with the same solution.
Types and varieties
Nolina recurve (she nolina bent) - the most popular and not the only one on sale for some time now. Extensive swelling in the caudex zone is colored in a brownish-gray tone, and thin curved leaves crown a tuft on its top.
Nolina Standard - a tree with a short spherical trunk with age pulling into a “bottle”. Foliage on top collected in the outlet.
Nolina branched - the most enduring of all nolin. Even the beginning florist can take care of her.
Nolina Lindemeira almost does not have a trunk, but its leaves are extremely durable, and small flowers form paniculate inflorescences. This type of claim to the status of the smallest.
Nolina long-leaved named in accordance with its hanging foliage, reaching a length of 1 meter. A small stem can be completely hidden behind a leafy curtain.
Nolina Matapskaya although it is higher than the Lindemeira nolina, it is also considered a short representative — no more than 2 meters high. Old foliage shrinks and hangs to form a “skirt” on the trunk. White-yellow flowers are collected in large inflorescences-panicles. Not suitable for growing at home.
Nolina Nelson characterized by a practically unobstructed stem. Its height in natural conditions of growth can be several meters.
Nolina care at home
Nolina is unpretentious in care and is grown easily. It is better to place it in a bright place, where there are no direct sunlight and drafts.
In the summer, it is preferable to leave it outdoors, and in conditions of active growth it needs additional lighting.
This plant has adapted to collect moisture, in connection with which, during the summer months, moisture is reduced to moderate watering — the ground should be completely moistened and the procedure should be repeated only after the soil has fully dried, and not immediately, but after several days.
With the onset of winter and the establishment of a cool environment, watering finishes — these are the most pleasant conditions for the plant to rest. If the temperature has not dropped, continue to water in standard mode.
It is also worth noting that at home nolina does not require spraying, but the leaves should be systematically wiped with a soft, damp sponge.
Ground for nolina
The stores sell special ready-ground for nolin, but you can also use a mixture of succulents for cacti.
Composing the soil by hand, you should exclude compost and clay from the content and add some small stones to it.
Pot for nolina
Planting and transplanting nolina is carried out in low wide pots, ensuring the normal development of the superficial root system of the plant.
A roomy pot would be the best, but not spacious, with a width slightly larger than the height and an opening for draining water.
After purchase and disembarkation, the nolin must be replanted every year until it reaches adulthood. For adults, Nolin has enough transplants with an interval of once every 4 years. At the end of the transplant procedure, it is not allowed to water for 3-5 days.
Transfer soil should be loose. The most suitable substrate is a mixture of leafy soil, peat and sand in equal proportions, and garden soil and fine crushed stone will also deal well with this role. Ensuring good drainage is an important component of both growing and transplanting nolinae, therefore, a layer of small pebbles (which may be gravel) is indispensable.
Nolina top dressing
Growth nolin at a young age is characterized by fairly rapid rates. As a result, for 6-7 years with skillful care, they become large outdoor plants. This implies that there is no need for additional supplements, although, if desired, for these purposes it is possible periodically (once every 3 weeks).
Use liquid mineral mixtures, reducing the fertilizer concentration recommended in the instructions for use by 1.5-2 times. Making feedings can be relevant only during active growth and is done only after abundant watering.
Trimming nolina is not needed. The recommended measure for this plant is cutting the shrunken tips on the foliage to form a thin brown strip.
In some cases, for example, to awaken dormant buds and get twigs, like dracaena, the top with foliage is cut, exposing the plant to a high risk of infection through infection with a wound - this should be left to a professional.
For the winter, nolina needs dosachivanie based on fluorescent lamps and a smooth decrease in temperature to 10, so she turned into a state of rest.
If you have experience growing succulents cacti in November-January, you can set the temperature in the region of 3-5 - this will create the best nolin rest environment.
Nolina from seeds
Breeding nolin seeds usually does not cause difficulties. Before you sow, you need to disinfect them with a solution of potassium permanganate and disinfect the earth in the microwave.
Sowing is carried out at a depth of 1 cm in a moist substrate, then the sowing capacity is placed in heat, for example, above the heating pipes, and, further, prevent the soil from drying out.
The sprouts that appeared in a month should be identified in the most lighted place, in no case should they be fertilized. After another 1 month, the young stock should be seated in separate tanks.
Nolina in home growing conditions, looks like palm - A tree with a thick original trunk and hanging leaves.
Although caring for her and is considered easy, but still it must be carefully implemented, otherwise the following problems may arise:
- The leaves darkened and wilted. This is a lack of lighting. In this case, the pot must be moved to a more lighted room or make a lamp for additional lighting.
- Brown and dry patches appeared at the ends of the leaves. For adult plants is the norm. To prevent this, it is necessary to regularly spray the leaves.
- The stalk lost its elasticity and became soft. This suggests root decay due to excessive moisture. In this case, saving the plant is very difficult.
- The leaves become paler, and the new foliage leaves too shallow. Nolina needs a spacious pot, her roots in the old do not fit. Эта проблема может возникнуть в результате недостатка освещения или слишком высокой температуры.
- Ссохшийся и сморщенный ствол говорит о том, что закончились запасы влаги. Растение срочно нужно полить.
- Нижние листья высыхают и опадают. Если это происходит постепенно, то это естественный ход. If the leaves are completely dry, they should all be removed.
With poor-quality care of the plant may begin to rot trunk. This happens if the temperature is too low for it and excessive moisture is noted.
It is recommended to cut off all rotten areas with a sharp knife, process the cuts with charcoal and allow the plant to rest and dry. After transplanting the palm tree in a pot with fresh soil.
Insects seldom infect nolin because they have too hard leaves for them. In rare cases, thrips, spider mites and scale insects sit on it.
The leaves that hit the pests quickly turn yellow, deform and die.
To pests plants include domestic cats who love to feast on the leaves of a tree. To pests do not attack, it is necessary to wipe the leaves of the plant more often and keep it warm and with good lighting.
Bokarneya benefits human health. It nourishes the air with ozone and oxygen, improves immunity and calms the nervous system. Therefore, it should be grown in the house to improve the microclimate in it. Compliance with all requirements and recommendations for growing entails positive and rapid growth of the plant.