Gooseberry is a tasty and healthy berry containing a large amount of vitamins and microelements. Keeps valuable properties after canning. That is why many gardeners devote a significant part of their land to this handsome man. If the main goals for you when choosing a variety are high-yielding and memorable taste, then the Ural Emerald will not disappoint.
What we know about him
Early and unpretentious variety was introduced to the State Register in 2000. Originally intended for cultivation in Siberia, but feels great in less severe climatic conditions.
Bush - slightly sprawling, medium height. The crown is thick. Thick green shoots are abundantly studded with thorns. Leaves - wrinkled, shiny, with jagged edges. Self-pollinating inflorescences - large, pinkish. The berries are smooth, large enough, emerald green with white stripes.
Differ in high commodity characteristics. Have pleasant sweetish taste with easy sourness. Contain the optimal amount of sugar and organic acids. Rich in vitamins, pectins and tannins.
Berries are used both fresh and for canning. Do not lose useful properties when frozen. The variety is valued for high yields. With one bush you can get up to 6 kg of berries. Gooseberries are not showered and easily collected from the branches. "Emerald" is resistant to diseases. Not affected by pests. It tolerates low temperatures.
How to plant gooseberries
Bushes in this variety - compact. You can plant plants near each other without fear - they will surely make friends. And self-pollination in combination with cross-pollination will significantly increase the yield.
For planting, choose open areas that are well lit by the sun. It is not recommended to plant on an elevation, as well as in the lowlands. In the first case, the gooseberry will suffer from a lack of moisture, in the second - from an overabundance. The plant is not afraid of temperature changes and open winds, but it is demanding to the ground. It develops well on loose loamy soils.
The optimal time for landing is the last days of September. Oriented should be predicted by weather forecasters. "Ural Emerald" is planted 3 weeks before the first cold snap. Then he will have time to take root and will easily endure the cold. Dig holes in advance - about 30 days before planting.
If the earth is poor, then after digging out the holes, it is mixed with compost, humus and ash. If you plant in the spring, after completion, add 200 grams to the soil. urea. Directly in the hole is not added. Chances are that the rains will wash away the nutrients and they will not reach the roots.
Seedlings deeply deepening is not necessary - side shoots grow very quickly. After planting gooseberries plentifully watered. You can form some kind of side so that the water does not soak into the ground too quickly.
How to care?
Care involves watering, pruning, weeding and fertilizing.
Watering too often is not necessary. The variety loves the land of moderate humidity. Pruning is done in order to avoid crown thickening and plant rejuvenation. The first applicants for removal are old shoots that do not give berries. At bushes older than 6 years, 2-3 branches are cut off every year. If the crown is too thick, such pruning can begin with 4 years. Unnecessary young shoots are also cut off without regret. On the bush should be from 8 to 18 branches. Do it regularly and the yield will always be at a high level.
Fertilization is carried out in 3 stages. In the spring the plant needs nitrogen-containing complexes. Use both organic and minerals. For fertilizer is not used fresh, and rotted manure. During the ripening of the fruits fed with potash-phosphate fertilizers. If the length of one-, two-, and three-year-old shoots is less than 20 cm, then some nitrogen-containing ones are added. Autumn make potassium. It strengthens the wood and increases the winter resistance of the gooseberry.
As already noted, the variety rarely gets sick, but prevention never hurts. Comprehensive protection measures are carried out in late autumn or early spring. Copper sulphate is most commonly used for spraying (150 g per 10 liters of water). Spray should be carefully, so that the solution flows freely along the branches. Processed strictly until the first buds. If this moment is missed, then preventive measures are postponed until autumn.
Drugs such as Aktara, Arrivo, Mospilan, Ridomil and others are approved for use. The main thing is that they do not contain sulfur - carefully get acquainted with the composition.
Do not forget to dig the ground and remove the weeds, often serving as a shelter for pests. Dig the ground deep in the spring and autumn, and then sprinkle with ashes. Cut dry and damaged shoots, collect fallen leaves.
Keep gooseberries properly
The variety ripens early - the crop can be harvested at the end of June. It is better to do it in dry weather, because the berries picked in the rain, then quickly deteriorate. Ripe gooseberries are stored in a cool room for 5-6 days.
You do not know how to increase the shelf life up to 2 months? Create suitable conditions for this - spacious boxes, about 90% air humidity and 0 ° C temperature. In plastic bags at a temperature of -2 ° C, gooseberries can be stored for up to 4 months. Before packing, the berries are laid out on a tray, cooled in a refrigerator and only then placed in bags.
"Ural Emerald" - a godsend for those who love gooseberries, but do not want to spend incredible power to grow it. The variety will appreciate unpretentiousness in cultivation, resistance to low temperatures and excellent taste.
The full name of the variety is gooseberry Ural Emerald Early Dark Green. The plant was bred by the breeder of the South Ural Scientific Research Institute of Horticulture and Potato, V. S. Il'in. Frost-resistant culture was specially created for growing in cold climatic conditions of Western Siberia. In the process of crossing, early maturing varieties “Nugget” and “Firstborn” were involved.
This variety gooseberry - strong srednerosly plant with a moderate spreading of branches. In the bush is formed a lot of green shoots, completely covered with small spikes. Distinctive external features of the variety are:
- Leaves. Dark green with a wrinkled surface of deciduous plates have pointed edges. At the same time on the bush can be located both sheets of small and large size. They are attached using a thin and long petiole green.
- Inflorescences Self-losing volume flowers matte with a pink tinge. Petals form one-flowered inflorescences.
- Fruit. Rounded berries of green color are large and medium. Fruit weight can reach up to 7.5 grams. The flesh is yellow, its ripe berries are clearly visible through the smooth surface of the skin. The taste of the fruit is high: the berries are sweet with a slight sour taste.
The main value of this variety of gooseberry is due to indicators such as:
- high yield - more than 6 kg from one bush,
- disease resistance - immunity to powdery mildew and fungal diseases,
- increased frost resistance - up to 30 ° C below zero,
- Early ripening - in mid-June.
The fruits are well preserved and perfectly tolerate transportation.
Planting and growing
Ural early gooseberry variety is planted in late autumn at least four weeks before the onset of frost. This period is necessary for rooting seedlings. The variety is not suitable for spring planting, as it is early, and the swelling of the kidneys begins in March.
Shrub though unpretentious, but still loves open sunny places and poorly tolerates drafts. The plant can grow well in the shade. Gooseberries are planted in the garden, keeping a distance of 1 meter between the bushes.
Fruit culture prefers grow on loose loamy soils with moderate moisture content. To provide the plant with nutrients in the prepared hole bring rotted manure and a little wood ash. Experienced gardeners recommend adding 50 grams of potassium sulphide and double superphosphate.
Before planting, dried parts of the root system are removed from the sapling and the tops on the branches are cut so that 5 buds remain on each. Bush is placed in the pit at a slight inclination. The post-root part is buried by 5 centimeters and covered with earth. After planting gooseberries should be watered.
The gooseberry bush develops at least 2 years and only after this period begins to form. The first fruiting occurs no earlier than 3 years. The plant yields stable yields for 15 years.
For normal development and good fruiting, appropriate care for the crop is needed, which consists of proper watering, timely pruning and fertilizing with fertilizer.
Young seedlings are watered twice a week until the plant finally takes root. Moisturizing the soil near the bush is carried out in arid weather. The plant is abundantly watered several times per season:
- during flowering,
- when ripe berries,
- at the end of summer when laying the next year’s harvest.
Under each plant pour 5 buckets of water. After the moisturizing procedure, fertilizer should be applied to the ground.
From the soil gooseberry gets the necessary nutrients for development. For the harvest to be rich, you should feed during the season. Under each bush is made:
- in the spring - 25 grams of ammonium sulfate, 50 grams of superphosphate and 25 grams of potassium sulphate,
- after flowering - mullein with water in a ratio of 1: 5,
- in the fall - 20 grams of superphosphate and 20 grams of potassium sulfate.
Fertilizers are added to the soil around the bush at a distance of occurrence of the roots. After that, the earth, along with useful substances, is dug up. In early autumn it is useful to implement foliar dressing. This method of supplementary feeding is carried out by spraying a plant with a mixture:
- 130 grams of potassium salt,
- 230 grams of superphosphate,
- 10 liters of water.
Foliar dressing can be applied only for plants that have reached the age of three.
Since the gooseberry Ural emerald is a variety of early ripening, it is difficult to prune in the spring before the start of sap flow. Late clearance of unwanted branches can weaken the plant. In order not to harm the shrubs, it is best to cut the gooseberries in the fall. Proper removal of branches will help the proper formation and development of the bush:
- all weakened, broken and flattened branches are cut off,
- sick and already unproductive shoots are removed,
- on pruning young bushes, three strong branches with four buds are preserved,
- cutting of shoots is carried out under the level of the soil,
- all sections of more than one centimeter are soaked in pitch,
- cut parts are removed from the site and burned.
In the autumn period, anti-aging removal of thickened branches is performed. This thinning is pruning half of the shoots under the root. All remaining old branches are removed in the next season. Only the young healthy shoots remain, which are shortened by a quarter to form a shrub.
Bottom annual shoots can not be cut in early autumn, so as not to provoke new growths. Removal of young branches is carried out three weeks before the frost, when the shrub is already at rest.
Preparing the bush for the winter period
For the next season to get a rich harvest, you should prepare the gooseberry for the winter. To do this, you must perform the following steps:
- weed the soil near the plant, removing all the weeds,
- to clear from the plants and foliage remaining on the earth,
- good water
- break the soil between the rows,
- to fertilize
- cut off all weak, broken and extra branches,
- mumble the ground.
Humidifying the ground in autumn helps to avoid drying of the remaining branches at low air temperatures. A sufficient amount of water in the soil protects the plant from freezing. Soil digging is carried out after a few days after watering, when the earth is dry and will not stick to garden tools.
Gooseberry Ural Emerald belongs to high-yielding varieties. The plant has excellent taste characteristics, resistance to disease, frost resistance and unpretentiousness in the care. This variety of gooseberry is perfect for both home and industrial cultivation.
Advantages of the Ural Emerald
The main advantages of this variety are:
- Taste qualities of berries, which are suitable for use both in raw form and in canned. Jams and preserves are especially tasty and healthy, but medicinal tinctures are no less popular. The fruits of the Ural emerald perfectly tolerate freezing, while retaining all of its beneficial properties.
- Not only is the variety high-yielding, its berries do not tend to crumble, but they are removed from the branches very easily.
- Good resistance to Siberian frosts minimizes their care.
- Resistance to diseases also frees summer residents from the extra costs of chemicals and time to spray.
Such advantages Ural emerald received from their "parents", because it is grown by crossing the famous variety Nugget with the Firstborn Minusinsk.
How to plant gooseberries
One of the advantages of this variety is its compactness, which especially attracts owners of small plots, because several bushes can be planted on a fairly small piece of land in order to collect 6 kg of crop from each in the future.
Practice shows that the bushes of the Ural emerald planted nearby give greater yield, as with the correct formation of the crown, they not only self-pollinate, but also pollinate each other, which leads to additional kilograms of berries.
The best place for planting this variety is the fertile soil on the sunny side of the plot.
Important: The lowlands are contraindicated in the Ural emerald, as moisture accumulates there, which leads to rotting of its roots. Hillocks also do not suit him, since here the other extreme is that the moisture quickly disappears from the soil.
The best month for planting is the end of September, but you need to navigate around the region. The main thing is that the landing takes place 3 weeks before the start of the first frosts. But for reproduction the best period is spring. The easiest way is to drop the cuttings from the mother bush with the subsequent separation when strong roots appear.
Planting seedlings produced in the prepared and fertilized organic fertilizer wells, followed by irrigation.
Care Ural emerald
If you believe what they say about gooseberries Ural emerald reviews gardeners, then care for him is minimal. As they say, planted and forgotten. In fact, it needs to be watered as the soil dries, to loosen the ground, weed weeds, and in the fall to trim the bushes for the correct formation of the crown.
Organic fertilizers are applied to the soil in the fall, while the bushes lack minerals in the spring. That's the whole care for the Ural emerald.
Pests and diseases
Although this variety is resistant to powdery mildew, and to anthracnose, and it is flown around with the side of a butterfly moth, it is necessary to monitor the health of the bushes.
The cause of the problems may be aphid or caterpillars, which, for all their slowness, are so voracious that they can destroy not only the harvest in a short time, but the bush as a whole. Therefore, with each watering you need to carefully inspect the leaves of the shrubs for damage.
At the first detection of "invaders", fungicides should be applied and sprayed both infected and healthy bushes.
Useful properties of the Ural emerald
Not only tastes attract summer residents to gooseberries, but also its beneficial properties. As you know, the berries of this shrub are rich in vitamin C, which has a beneficial effect on the immune system, and serotonin, which cancer cells do not like.
In the berries of the Ural emerald, in addition to this "wealth", there is a high level of vitamin P and pectins, which are capable of removing heavy metals from the liver, kidneys and other organs.
In folk medicine, these berries are used as a diuretic and choleretic agent, as well as an immunomodulator. That is why it is recommended to use the fruits of the Ural emerald primarily raw, but the frozen ones are also useful, they contribute to the maintenance of the body in the autumn-winter period.
Details about gooseberry Ural emerald
Gooseberry Ural emerald early dark green was bred by breeders of the South Ural Scientific Research Institute of Horticulture and Potato growing in the city of Chelyabinsk as a result of cross-crossing of such varieties as Nugget and Pervenets Minusinsk. This variety is intended for breeding in the West Siberian region. It multiplies well in more favorable climatic conditions.
Since the gooseberry cultivar Ural Emerald has a medium-shrub bush, then several seedlings can be planted at the same time in a small plot, as shown in the photo, the emerging bushes of which will not interfere with each other, but rather improve the result of cross-pollination along with self-pollination, due to which we can achieve the highest yields of gooseberry.
The Ural emerald gooseberry loves sunlight, is unpretentious to temperature extremes, but is very picky about soil fertility. It is excellently accepted on loamy, friable areas.
In no case should not be planted gooseberries Ural emerald in lowlands and on high-altitude canopies. Lowlands are saturated with moisture, and mounds are poor in moisture index, and this variety prefers moderate moisture content in the soil.
Plant this variety should be in the autumn, a good time for planting is the gap between the end of September and the beginning of October. The most important point in this matter is to navigate according to weather forecasts and to have time to plant a gooseberry about three weeks before the first frost.
Timely planting gooseberries provides seedlings rooting time. Properly planted gooseberries in the spring period expels young shoots perfectly and forms a strong productive shrub.
The spring period is more inclined not to planting, but to reproduce the Ural emerald. To plant a gooseberry, having a uterine root, it is possible by the method of horizontal cuttings.
The rooted cuttings of the gooseberry for the spring-summer period are cut off from the uterine bush in the fall and planted in areas of the garden favorable for their growth. During planting it is necessary to add organic fertilizers to the wells.
Reviews of summer residents and recommendations for growing crops
Most often, owners of household plots note such positive features of the Ural emerald:
- Pleasant taste and aroma of fruits.
- Great yield. From one bush can be collected from 2 to 5, or even up to 6 kg of berries. In addition, they are easily removed.
- Early ripening.
- Self-fertility - the bush can grow on the site alone.
- Resistance to frost.
- Resistance to diseases and pests. Ural emerald "do not take" powdery mildew and anthracnose, from insects pine sawfly and fire butterfly are not afraid.
- Easy reproduction by green cuttings.
The disadvantages of the variety, judging by the reviews, are less:
- Rough skin.
- Very thick crown.
- An abundance of thorns.
- The need to harvest in time - the variety does not tolerate overripening.
When growing the Ural emerald, it is worth considering the following recommendations of summer residents:
- Shrub loves sunbathing and is not afraid of drafts. You can plant in the penumbra, between the trees, but then do not count on the maximum yield.
- For gooseberries, it is important that the soil is fertile and moderately moist.
- It is better to plant the Ural emerald in the fall, to multiply in the spring.
- Basic care is reduced to not very frequent watering, pruning, removal of weeds and the periodic introduction of fertilizing. Do not use fresh manure for this - just rotted.
- To increase the yield, add to the bush "neighbors". Suitable gooseberry hybrids Beryl and Commander.
Fruiting grade starts 3-4 years after planting. After that, the shrub gives stable yields for 15-20 years. How rich they will be can be estimated by reproducing the Ural Emerald on your own.
History of breeding varieties
Gooseberry bushless "Emerald" ("Ural Emerald") - the result of the breeding work of the South Ural Research Institute in Chelyabinsk. The originator of the variety is considered V. S. Ilyin. The gooseberry is obtained from the “Pervents Minusinsk” and “Nugget”. A “Ural emerald” was created for growing in the West Siberian region. In 2000, the variety is listed in the State Register.
Yield and fruiting
Hybrid gooseberry "Ural emerald", according to gardeners, is a high-yielding variety. 40% samoplodny - increase the amount of the crop, if you plant other varieties nearby, for example, "Beryl". He will act as a pollinator. "Emerald" gives berries with high gastronomic and biological characteristics. Ripens evenly by the end of June mid July. The harvest from one bush is 4–5.5 kg, depending on the height of the berry crop.
Gooseberry "Ural emerald" early ripening, therefore, ripe berries are recommended to be removed immediately to prevent shedding. Fruits after reaching maturity in the parent shrub are not preserved. In the condition of hot summer without watering, the berries are prone to roasting in the sun.
Scope of fruit
The energy value of the culture is high, it is recommended to eat fresh gooseberry. Vitamins and trace elements are 50% lost after heat treatment. Jams and jams are prepared from the berries, but they turn out to be a liquid consistency and a nondescript gray-green color. In addition to household plots, gooseberry "Emerald" is grown on an industrial scale. With technical ripeness, the berry remains within 10 days, tolerates transportation well.
Disease and Pest Resistance
Gooseberry "Emerald" is genetically resistant to damage by pests and fungal infections. When non-compliance with the rules of agrotechnology (shaded places with closely located groundwater, irregular irrigation in arid summer, violations of the top dressing norms), the variety is affected by a number of diseases: septoria, powdery mildew, anthracnose.
Pests parasitic on the culture: spider mite, aphid, zlatka.
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Gooseberry "Ural emerald" meets all the declared characteristics:
- high frost resistance
- heavy fruiting,
- adapted to the climate of the Urals and Siberia
- terms of fruiting within 15 years,
- gives large berries with excellent gastronomic characteristics,
- disease resistant
- "Emerald" fruits in all weather conditions,
- low stucco
- gooseberry unpretentious in the care,
- the berries are stored for a long time, without losing taste,
- well transported over long distances.
The unstable quantity of the crop can be attributed to the conditional disadvantage of "Emerald". If in one season the harvest was up to 6 kg from one plant, then the next summer may be half as much. Also requires constant watering and too dense crown.
The optimal time for planting gooseberry "Emerald" is the end of September. You can cultivate a culture with an acquired sapling or prepare it yourself. If there is an adult bush "Emerald", then one year old layers are added from it in early spring. Over the summer, they will give the root system, ready in the fall to be placed on a permanent place.
Choosing the right place
It bears good fruit and does not suffer from the Emerald variety in the open areas for the sun on the south side. In the lowlands with similar groundwater, the plant loses the quantity and quality of the crop, there is a risk of fungal infections. The Ural emerald gooseberry is not afraid of a sharp temperature drop, the northern wind, but in the shaded places it feels uncomfortable.
Grade "Emerald" demanding to the composition of the soil. For good growing season, it is recommended to plant the plant in fertile loamy soil. On the wetland will not grow. If it is not possible to comply with the conditions, the seedling of the Ural Emerald variety is placed on an artificially prepared hill so that the distance to the subterranean water is not less than a meter.
Selection and preparation of planting material
When choosing a cutting, attention is paid to the appearance of the plant:
- the presence of at least three shoots
- they must be clipped,
- the presence of intact kidneys,
- the leaves are clean with no stains,
- bark smooth dark green color scheme,
- root system developed, without dry processes.
Before planting, cuttings of the variety "Emerald" are placed in a solution of manganese for 4 hours, then growth solution "HB-101" is placed in the solution.
Description of the sequence of planting gooseberry "Emerald":
- Prepare a place, dig up the soil, remove the weeds.
- Make a recess for planting a diameter of 40 cm, a depth of 60 cm.
- At the bottom pour 200 g of wood ash.
- The roots are evenly distributed in the planting pit.
- Separate shoots so that they do not touch.
- Fall asleep planting material "Emerald" soil.
- Abundantly watered.
Kidneys are removed on the ground line, taking into account that at least 4 pieces are left on the top of the cutting.
Aftercare for gooseberries
Gooseberry fruit “Ural emerald” within 15 years, to get the desired crop every year for the plant is recommended to take care:
- In the first 3 years in spring, the “Ural emerald” needs to be fed with nitrogenous fertilizer.
- Form a bush immediately after planting shortening 3-4 branches of a sapling to 5 buds. Next spring, 4 strong young shoots are added to the main crown, the rest are cut off. In the third year in the same way. In the end, should get a bush with 10 branches, forming a crown. Further formation, if necessary, is based on the replacement of old branches with young ones.
- Garter bush "Emerald" is not required, the branches hold ripe berries well.
- Watering is carried out throughout the growth at least 1 time in 7 days.
Grade "Ural Emerald" does not require shelter for the winter, enough to spud and cover with straw or fallen leaves of fruit trees. Rodents plant is not damaged.
Diseases and pests, methods of control and prevention
The gooseberry variety "Ural Emerald" is practically not affected by diseases, it is not afraid of garden pests. In the rare case of dark spots on the leaves, and a gray bloom on the berries, Emerald is infected with a fungus causing powdery mildew. To rid the gooseberry "Emerald" from the disease, it is recommended to treat the bush with "Fitosporin", "Oxy" or "Topaz" according to the instructions for the preparation.
As a preventive measure, before the appearance of buds, 70% of spores will be destroyed by watering the plant with hot water. Then the gooseberry "Emerald" is sprayed with a 3% solution of Bordeaux liquor or soda ash (25 g per 5 l of water), and wood ash is poured onto the root circle.
To combat parasites use special herbicides suitable for the type of pest.
Gooseberry "Emerald" due to its frost resistance is ideal for cultivation in regions with a cold climate. The early ripe grade completely ripens by the end of summer. "Emerald" Gives a good harvest of large, sweet, fragrant berries. Suitable for growing in personal and farm. For a long time lies and successfully transports transportation.
- During the fruiting period, the Ural emerald enters 3-4 years after planting,
- refers to varieties of early ripening, the harvest can be collected at the very beginning of July,
- gooseberry fruits for 15 - 20 years,
- yield, according to the State Register, - 87.8 c / ha. VNIISPK gives data on the average long-term yield, which is 7.0 t / ha, the maximum indicator is 18.6 t / ha. If you measure the usual measures for an ordinary gardener, then from the bush they remove from 2.1 to 5.6 kg of berries,
- self-fertility is not bad - the variety independently sets up about 38.9% of the crop. To increase this indicator and improve the quality of the berries, it is desirable to plant several varieties nearby, for example, Beryl or Komandor (Vladil),
- winter hardiness of the Ural emerald is excellent, for which it is valued. The bush can withstand temperatures down to -37 ° C, especially if there is snow cover,
- immunity is good - the gooseberry is weakly affected by powdery mildew and anthracnose, resistant to pests - firefight and sawflies,
- the harvest is well transported,
- the way of eating berries is universal. Dessert-flavored fruits are excellently refreshing in their natural form, strengthen the health of adults and children. In addition, suitable for various types of processing.
Planting and farming
Considering that in the regions of admission, autumn is not soft, planting seedlings is best done in spring. Before the winter period, the plant will have enough time to adapt to a new place. For good growth and fruiting varieties choose sunny, warm places, protected from the prevailing winter wind. It is categorically not suitable for planting lowlands, where cold air accumulates and periodically flooding occurs, and areas with a high, above 1 meter, level of subterranean water. To soils, the Ural emerald is not very demanding, but on acidified, heavy and cold soils it will not grow well or will completely die. Due to the increased thickening, the shrub will have to be thinned annually, it is best done in the spring, before the start of the growing season. But if it was not possible to conduct pruning during this period, it can be done in the fall. After the formation of the bush is recommended to leave 10 - 15 branches of different ages, annually adding to them 3 - 4 young shoots. To avoid scratches and cuts during harvest, many gardeners grow crops on the trellis or stambos. The standard gooseberry will also decorate the garden, as it looks unusual. The rest of the standard care - dressing, weeding, watering.
The Ural emerald is valued for its high yield, large-fruited and excellent taste. High winter hardiness and good immunity varieties are also noted gardeners. Spines, of course, are a minus, but small, in comparison with other characteristics.