Many summer residents and gardeners allocate a site for planting with sweet pepper. This very tasty and healthy vegetable is an important ingredient for cooking many dishes.. It canned, frozen. Therefore, each plant grower wants to get a good harvest of vegetables. Variety Bogatyr fully corresponds to its name, the description and characteristics of which can be found below.
Description and characteristics of sweet pepper hero
Bell pepper The bogatyr is very popular with vegetable growers for its beautiful appearance., unpretentiousness and high yield. Refers to mid-season varieties.
Sweet pepper grade the Athlete
In the Russian state register of agricultural crops the variety Bogatyr appeared in 1996. His “parent” is a team of the Moldavian Scientific Research Institute. The creator of Bogatyr is the company “Agrofirm Poisk”, located in the Moscow region. Employees of agrofirms clearly identified the most successful regions for growing varieties:
- North Caucasus region,
- Lower Volga region.
Depending on the seed manufacturer, You can get fruits cuboid or conical shape weighing at least 150 grams. The bush has a height of about 60 centimeters with a large number of branches and branches. Crohn blooms violently, almost every flower has an ovary. With proper care from one square meter of a summer cottage, you can get 7 kilograms of fleshy fruit. With large-scale sowing, you can get 400 kilograms of fruit per hectare.
The first green fruits appear on the plant 130 days after the first growth. Full maturation - staining in red color for 15-30 days after technical ripeness.
Fruits are usually large in size, with a thick juicy skin of at least 0.5 centimeters, saturated with amino acids and vitamin C.
Summer residents love this variety for unpretentiousness and high resistance to diseases. Planting on seedlings made in mid-February, while there is a simultaneous germination of plants. As it grows, a strong stalk and an extensive root system is formed.
The first fruits are collected in August. Bulgarian pepper is resistant to frost, so it continues to bloom and bear fruit until the first frost.
The variety is suitable for cultivation in open ground and greenhouses.
The merits of the variety
This variety has many advantages:
- High yield,
- Simplicity in care,
- Bright red fruits beautiful shape
- Beautiful taste,
- Resilience to frosts and temperature drops,
- Ability resist diseases,
- High transportability,
- Universality of use: well suited for cooking salads, hot dishes, as well as for canning and freezing,
- Long shelf life fruits.
This variety has virtually no drawbacks. According to summer residents, there are only two of them:
- Afraid of droughttherefore needs regular watering,
- Does not bear fruit on darkened areas.
Planting seeds, growing plants
The period of fruiting in a vegetable is quite long, so it can only be grown seedlings. Sowing material can be different: both its own collection and acquired.
Existing seeds should be sorted, selecting only large and intact - this is a visual stage. Then it is necessary to make a rejection with saline. In 1000 ml of water, add 40 grams of salt, carefully re-mash and lower the previously selected seeds. Move the solution again. Raw materials suitable for planting will be at the bottom of the tank, unsuitable seeds will float.
Selected seeds are thoroughly washed with water and disinfected in a weak solution of manganese. Then put on the germination, spread out on a thoroughly soaked cotton fabric. The fabric is folded in several layers above and below the seed. Sprouting is carried out within 7 days, the fabric should be constantly moistened.
The room should be warm, in this case, the seedlings will appear in a week and they can be planted in containers prepared for this.
Pepper is very afraid of fungus, therefore soil for seedlings need to be sanitized. Seeds are placed at a distance of 2 centimeters from each other, the top layer of the earth is not more than one centimeter.
To create a greenhouse effect, containers with seedlings are covered with a film. As soon as the first shoots appear, the film is removed, and the containers are exposed to a well-lit place at a room temperature not lower than 17 degrees.
Sowing pepper seeds in a container
After about 30 days, a plant is obtained that has 3-4 leaflets formed and a good rhizome.. It is at this moment worth transplanting seedlings into separate containers. You can choose peat cups or plastic. When transplanting it is important not to affect the root system, otherwise the plant will be sick for a long time. Strongly sapling is not worth deepening.
It is not necessary seedlings have in the bright sun, it can outgrow. We make a slight darkening.
Saplings of pepper are fed twice:
- First time 14 days after the first shoots
- Second time two weeks after the first feeding.
At a permanent place of growth, seedlings are planted at the age of 2-2.5 months after preliminary hardening. Hardening is carried out within two to three weeks. To do this, the cups of plants are taken out of the room to the open air from the beginning for 30 minutes, and then every day we increase the time to whole days.
Planting pepper seedlings in open ground
Planting in open ground is made according to the scheme - 40 centimeters between plants, 60 centimeters between rows. Some gardeners prefer to plant two plants in one hole. Directly at the landing, fertilizer containing nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium can be applied to the recess.
Then the pepper must be watered every time the soil dries out and more often loosen the ground. Pepper loves nitrogen fertilizers, therefore, you can feed it twice a month with diluted chicken droppings in a ratio of 1 to 10.
The result is a strong, green bush that must be tied to the trellis.
Diseases and pests
Variety Bogatyr has resistance to the most frequent diseases, such as:
- verticillary wilt,
- tobacco mosaic,
- peak rot.
However, there are diseases and pests that can cause significant damage to the crop. Of the pests, this variety is most susceptible to the effects of peppermint.
The most dangerous diseases:
- Alternarosis. Symptoms: watery spots appear on the fruits, and dark brown on the leaves. Treatment: spraying of plants with maroon liquid,
- Septoria. Symptoms: the whole plant is covered with gray spots with a pronounced dark edging. For treatment, a solution of phytosporin 1 tablespoon per bucket of water is applied,
- Blackleg. Symptoms: the lower part of the stem begins to rot. Unfortunately, with this disease it is not possible to cure the plant. The seedling is removed and destroyed. The earth is disinfected with a solution of blue vitriol.
The most dangerous pests:
- Aphid. This pest can cover the entire plant and destroy it in a couple of days. For prophylaxis and during infection, you can use Karbofos solution in a proportion of 25 ml per 10 liters of water,
- Slugs. These pests are destroyed by frequent loosening of the soil around the seedlings. For prevention, you can sprinkle the ground with wood ash and dry bitter pepper,
- Spider mite. Folk remedies are perfectly suited to combat these pests: decoctions of onions, garlic or dandelion, a solution of laundry soap.
The best prevention of the appearance of diseases and pests - timely weed control. They should not be on the site during fasting plants, as well as careful cleaning and digging the soil to prepare for the winter.
Pepper Bogatyr does not require much effort to grow. A little care and attention and each bush of a plant can bring at least 2.5 kilograms tasty and beautiful fruits.
The bogatyr belongs to mid-season varieties, which was bred by breeders from the Research Institute of the Moscow Region. At the same time, its creators clearly determined the optimal regions for its cultivation:
- Lower Volga region,
- North Caucasus region.
Depending on where the seeds were produced, the fruits can grow cone-shaped and cuboid with a weight of 160 g. The bush itself grows up to 60 cm in height, has a large number of side branches with branches. The crown of the bush during the flowering period is densely strewn with flowers, each of which passes into the ovary.
Tip! Suitable soil and proper care can give about 7-8 kg of large fruits from 1 square meter. m
The first green pepper can be found 130 days after the appearance of the shoots. Full maturity occurs 2-3 weeks after they become red. Usually, the harvest of the first harvest falls on the last summer month and can last until the first frost.
The fruit itself has a large size and thick juicy skin, which is rich in vitamin C and saturated amino acids. The greatest benefit comes from the use of this vegetable fresh, because under the influence of high temperatures lost more than half of all the nutrients.
Advantages and disadvantages
Variety Bogatyr has a lot of advantages that favorably distinguish it over other varieties of pepper. Namely:
- High yields
- Relative simplicity to care,
- Large fruits of the presentation,
- Tastes at a high level,
- Sufficient immunity to diseases,
- The possibility of transportation
- Good frost tolerance,
- Universal application,
- The possibility of long-term storage.
Despite the large number of advantages, the variety has several disadvantages:
- Fear of drought, therefore, to grow a Bogatyr requires regular watering.
- The need for good lighting. On darkened areas, the pepper does not produce a crop.
Features of growing peppers
As a result of the high demand for seeds of this crop, a large number of large and small producers arose. Often on bags with seeds under different names there is one photo that does not correspond to the variety of pepper. That is why in the process of growing, it is important to purchase quality seeds from a reliable producer.
This crop can only be grown by seedlings. The best time for planting seeds is the end of winter - the beginning of spring. This stage can be done in two ways:
- Planting seeds in peat cups.
- Sowing seeds in boxes.
The first option is well suited if a small amount of seedlings is required. For planting seeds, you can use special tablets or cups for seedlings. Their advantage is the lack of need for picking and ease of disembarking in open ground.
The second option is appropriate for obtaining a large number of seedlings. It involves the early preparation of the land, because the frozen ground is not suitable for planting.
Pre-washed and dried boxes are filled with earth, after which they are watered with a solution of boiling water and manganese. When excess fluid is drained and the soil has cooled, you can start sowing.
Seeds 7 hours before planting are recommended to be placed in a weak solution of potassium permanganate in order to produce their disinfection. Over time, the planting material is washed under warm running water and landed in a box to a depth of about 1 cm.
Tip! It is better to leave a distance of 2 cm between the seeds, in which case they will grow harmoniously.
After planting, the box is covered with polyethylene to achieve the greenhouse effect. Rapid seed germination is possible only in optimal conditions, when the temperature regime is in the range of 29-30 0 C.
When all shoots appeared, the box can be moved to a cooler and well-lit place. The first moistening of the soil will be required after the appearance of sprouts and is repeated as it dries.
After the sprouts have two adult leaves, you can pick them. This process is accomplished with the use of a pointed stick and is a transplant of plants into peat pots or any other more spacious container.
Tip! If during a picking pinch off a small part of the root, it is possible to achieve a better formation of an extensive root system.
Planting seedlings in the ground
With the onset of spring, when the soil is warm enough, it is possible to plant seedlings in open ground. If there is a risk of night frosts, you can arrange for planting a greenhouse with wire arcs and polyethylene.
This variety is characterized by strong growth and planting closer than 50 cm from each other and 50 cm between rows; it will significantly reduce the amount of harvest and the volume of fruits.
The main stages of care are:
- Watering. Excessive respect for the pepper is not required, so watering should be done during feeding or drought.
- Fertilizer. It is enough to add fertilizing 3 times: with nitrogenous compounds after rooting of seedlings, with complex compositions before the appearance of the first flowers and during the development of the ovaries.
- Crop. To increase the yield experienced gardeners produce a partial cut of the tops.
The fruits of Bogatyr pepper can be used both fresh and canned. This variety belongs to the middle ripening, since it takes about 130-135 days from sprout to technical ripeness. Biological maturity comes to 150-155 days. From 1 square. m planting usually grows 7-8 kg of fruit.
Harvested during technical maturity, can lie up to two months in a cool place. If the fruits were harvested during biological maturity, they should be used immediately.
Artem, 52 years old
Having a dacha, I have been growing vegetables all my life for the whole family. As for the pepper, it was Bogatyr who advised me because it gives good volumes of the crop and is suitable for consumption both fresh and canned. All relatives are happy and I plan to plant only this variety in the future.
Description and characteristics
Bogatyr sweet pepper refers to mid-season varieties. The time between the first mass emergence of seedlings to ripeness (technical) of the fruit takes about 125-135 days, and biological ripeness occurs in 145-160 days.
Pepper bush is powerful, tall and spreading. The height can reach up to 60 cm. The fruits have a cone-prism shape, and are rather large. With technical ripeness, their skin acquires a light green color, and with a biological peel - red. The peel has a slight tuberosity. On average, the wall thickness is 5-5.5 mm. Up to 7 kg of crop can be harvested from one m 2. The weight of one pepper varies from 150 to 180 g. There is an accumulation of ascorbic acid in them, as well as routine and other useful trace elements. The taste characteristics of pepper are quite high. They can be eaten both fresh and canned.
For fruits is characterized by very high transportability. Due to this feature, this variety has excellent reviews and is recommended for cultivation in home gardens. There is a high resistance of this plant to verticillary wilting, mosaic, top rot.
The useful characteristics of this type of sweet pepper include its following characteristics:
- mass seed germination,
- middle ripeness
- powerful and tall bushes
- high plant resistance to disease,
- excellent taste characteristics of fruits,
- fruit richness in vitamin C.
It is because of the rich vitamin composition of the fruit that this type of pepper is most useful specifically for human health. Pepper fruits most strongly manifest their healing properties in such diseases as anemia, elevation of the immune status of a person, neuralgia, sciatica, arthritis, diseases of the cardiovascular system, disruption of hair structure (fragility, fatness, etc.). Eating this variety will help preserve the health of internal organs, skin and its derivatives (hair, nails), and will also contribute to their partial recovery. In addition, the components of pepper have a beneficial effect on the psycho-emotional state of a person. Also, this vegetable stimulates the appetite, because it has a positive effect on the pancreas and the gastrointestinal tract.
The presence of this product in the daily diet, especially for older people, will help maintain clarity of mind ¸ good memory and performance. Doctors recommend eating this vegetable during pregnancy. It is proved that its frequent use in food by men helps to prevent the appearance of bald patches. These statements are relevant for fresh pepper, because during its heat treatment there is a loss of up to 70% of useful substances.
Cultivation history and photos
Sweet variety "hero" treats mid-season types. Выведен овощ молдавскими селекционерами и считается неприхотливым в агротехнике. Отлично произрастает как в открытом грунте, так и в тепличных условиях.
Распространена культивация сорта в Молдове, Украине, России. The variety is resistant to temperature changes, common diseases of pepper, therefore it is considered high-yielding. In the middle belt conditions, this type of vegetables is best grown in greenhouses, and in the south - in the open field in the garden beds.
General characteristics of the variety
Bogatyr is the brainchild of Moldavian breeders of the Agrofirm Poisk company, which was registered in the crop register in 1996. Best of all, he “reveals” himself in the North Caucasus and Lower Volga regions. In the south, “Bogatyr” is grown mainly in open field, while in middle latitudes it grows best in a greenhouse.
This variety of pepper was given such a name for a reason: the bushes of this culture and the vegetable itself grow in truly heroic sizes. The bush grows up to 60 cm, and one fruit of pepper can weigh up to 200 g.
What else agronomists liked Bogatyr? For the glossy fruits of a cuboid and conical shape and for excellent yields - up to 10 kg from one bush can be collected with the observance of agrotechnology and care.
Pepper Bogatyr belongs to mid-season varieties. It ripens at 125-135 days, biological ripening will take another two weeks.
Features varieties Bogatyr:
With clear advantages, there is a pepper of this variety and a couple of disadvantages that, if properly cared for, will easily cope:
- In dry land grows poorly, requires regular watering.
- Growing in the shade gives little yield
Bogatyr sweet pepper got its name due to a strong, spreading shrub up to 65-70 centimeters tall, studded with large, one-dimensional fruits, up to 200 grams, with thick walls, 0.5-0.7 millimeters.
Truncated cone-shaped peppers are wide, ribbed, bright red in biological ripeness and light green in technical, juicy, sweet, fragrant. Pepper Bogatyr - a variety of medium ripening, technical ripeness occurs in 125-135 days, biological maturation will require another 10-15 days.
The harvest of our Bogatyr is also bogatyr - about 7 kilograms per square meter, but this is not the limit, with good care you can get much more, as a powerful bush after the first harvest actively grows the remaining fruits on the branches.
Next on the photo is presented the pepper heroes:
The great demand for seeds spawned an uncountable number of producers from private traders to large and well-known companies with well-established brands. When choosing the variety you need, pay attention to where and by whom the seeds are grown and packed.
You can find bags with the same photo and different names of varieties, immediately there are doubts, it is unclear whether the varieties are so similar or one photo for all varieties. And what about the bags themselves? Savings of several dozen rubles can bring great material and moral losses.
Read the description of the variety on the package and compare it with the photo, if the match is complete, in the package is probably the variety that is stated on the label. But before you pay the purchase, pay attention to the period by which the seeds should be sown.
Sowing seeds for seedlings
At home in America, pepper is a perennial plant, it has no place to hurry, it grows for itself without the threat of frost. In our natural environment, it can only be grown through seedlings and a statement about sowing in the ground in May, and the harvest in September is a cruel joke. Evil because someone may believe to get frustrated. Peppers - this is not for you tomatoes, which even self-seeding produce fruit.
The choice of packaging for planting seedlings
Sowing in peat pots and pills.
Currently, gardeners are offered a large selection of a wide variety of containers for growing seedlings, it all depends on the taste, capabilities and method of sowing seeds.
In that case, if you need a little seedling, and every seed counts, buy peat tablets, peat pots are good at work, they greatly facilitate the work, besides, there is no shortage of special prepared soil for seedlings.
The big plus of this growing method is that Plants do not need to dive, and should be planted directly in pots.Sowing in boxes.
In that case, if the seedlings need to get quite a lot, you need to use the boxes. Each gardener, after planting seedlings, washes, dries and puts them in storage, it remains only to fill them with soil.
The fertile, light soil for seedlings was prepared in the fall and kept in the basement. Frozen soil is not suitable for use for two weeks, soil bacteria in it are at rest, for their activation will take time.
We fill the boxes with soil and spill with boiling water with the addition of a small amount of potassium permanganate (bright pink color but not saturated) and leave to drain off excess water and cool the soil. This event is useful because fungal infection and all possible pests are destroyed in the soil.
Seeds for 6-8 hours before sowing can be soaked in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, in order to disinfect them, then rinse with running water and sow, do it better on a warm, moist soil, patching them no deeper than 1 centimeter.
The distance between the seeds should be about 1.5 or 2 centimeters. The boxes can be covered with foil, this will ensure the greenhouse effect and it will not be necessary to water the crops before the emergence of shoots, but it is necessary to control the humidity. For seed germination is necessary maintain a temperature regime of 28-30 degrees Celsius, then shoots will appear quickly. Germination rate depends on the variety.
The boxes with the emerged shoots are transferred to a cooler, lighter place. Watering crops need warm water and strictly as needed, waterlogging is unacceptable.
After regrowth of two true leaves of the plant, you can dive. For this work, it is convenient to use a wand with a slightly pointed working tip, similar to a peak, hence the name of the operation of transplanting seedlings - diving.
It is most convenient to transplant seedlings in peat cubes or pots, but in case of their absence any container of a larger area will do. When picking, pinch off the tip of the root, this will increase the growth of the side roots. During a dive, weak and diseased plants should be discarded.
Planting seedlings in the ground
With the advent of sustainable heat, the plants must be transplanted to a permanent place. You can sow the seeds in February, but be late with the landing in the ground, and the plant will not take the full force of growth.
If cold snaps are still possible, prepare wire arcs and film, a proven and reliable method.
The variety "Bogatyr" has a good growth force, thickening will reduce the yield and its quality, planting more than 50 to 50 centimeters is unacceptable for this variety.
Watering and feeding
Pepper does not need frequent watering, only during droughts and when fertilizing plants should be watered abundantly.
Fertilizers for the season are sufficient to be applied three times: after rooting, nitrogen fertilizers are applied, manure is better, complex fertilizer is necessary before flowering, and complex fertilizer is needed when setting fruits.
In the event that you like the variety and wish to grow your seeds, this is easy, but it is important to follow the necessary rules:
- Plant seedlings "Bogatyr" planted at a sufficient distance from the pepper of other varieties to avoid over-pollination.
- Select the best fruits in your opinion and wait for their biological maturity.
- Dry the seeds at room temperature, sign the variety and year of receipt and store.
Now it is difficult to imagine how we did without this valuable vegetable - and we eat it raw and preserve a lot of preparations in the winter on its basis or with its use.
And the thing is that Pepper contains almost all known beneficial substances that contribute to the normal metabolism and strengthen the immune system.
Fiber stimulates the bowels, rutin normalizes blood circulation, reduces blood pressure and blood clotting, strengthens the walls of blood vessels.
In diabetes, nutritionists recommend sweet peppers as part of a diet.
No harmful properties have been found in sweet pepper.
Every year the popularity of the variety “Bogatyr” is growing due to its remarkable properties, not so many varieties are able to compete with it. It is impossible to find a gardener who would refuse to grow this variety of pepper if he ever tried it.
Distinctive advantages of peppers "hero"
The positive qualities of this sweet variety are impressive., but there is only one drawback. In the description, experienced vegetable growers note not only the large size of the vegetables and the bright juicy color, but also a number of other advantages of the bogatyr peppers:
- Seeds of sown vegetables not only sprout actively, but at the same time.
- The term of ripening is described as average.
- Bushes grow quite tall, strong.
- Cultures are resistant to diseases, especially to rot, tobacco mosaic, verticillum wilt.
- High yield (7 kg per 1 sq. Meter).
- Excellent transportability.
- The content of many nutrients, their preservation in large quantities during heat treatment.
- High taste.
- Vegetables are resistant to temperature fluctuations.
- The variety is suitable for growing in open beds and in the greenhouse.
The only significant drawback of the “hero” pepper is its susceptibility to pest infestation, mainly aphids.
Before direct planting seeds need to germinate. Sowing on seedlings is produced in a tank approximately 17 cm long. For planting, a mixture of fertile soil, compost and sand is used. It is desirable to wash the containers with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Landing is carried out at the end of February or at the very beginning of March. Pots with planted seeds gently covered with foil, put in a warm place. 7 days after the first shoots appear, the shelter is removed.
Seedlings are kept for a week at a temperature of 17 degrees Celsius, and then gradually increase the regime to + 25 degrees. Humidity is provided indoors from 65 to 70%. Watering plants can be already after 2 - 3 days after germination of the separated water, while taking into account the sensitivity of the peppers to both the shortage and excess moisture.
To stimulate root development, seedlings pinch. Every day, light the plants for 14 hours. Before flower buds appear, seedlings are fed using potassium humate. To do this, dissolve 5 ml of this substance in two liters of water, watering is carried out 5 times a day. When forming cotyledon leaves, crops need continuous illumination for about 3 days.
Dive seedlings at the time of the appearance of two true leaves, deepening a maximum of 5 mm. They do it very carefully, seedlings must be watered before the procedure. After the dive, the peppers are kept warm, should be at least + 16 degrees, the optimum temperature is +25 degrees.
Before landing in open groundt seedlings need to feed twice. For the fertilizer, ready-made formulations are used, for example: “Fortress”, “Agricola”, “Fertika Lux”. Dose according to the instructions on the package. Feeding is conducted two weeks after the dive procedure, and then two weeks after the nutrient composition has been applied.
Stronger seedlings at the end of April is recommended to transplant into larger pots by way of transshipment up to 1 liter.
Planting open beds
A signal to transplant into open ground is considered the moment when cultures reach a height of 20 or 25 cm, and peppers already appear on 7 or 8 large sheets. For the “bogatyr” variety, the beds, where the harvest of cabbage vegetables, beans, cucumbers, root crops, and pumpkins was harvested, are well suited. The acidity of the soil should be pH 6 - 7. Landing is better to carry out on loamy soils or sandstones. Ten days before the procedure, the seedlings must be hardened.
Landings begin at a steady temperature of 13 degrees Celsius. After preliminary digging the soil, add 4 kg of compost per 1 sq. Km. meter, beds or plot level. Prepare holes for peppers at a distance of 10 to 14 cm. Between rows should be 40 or 50 cm. Seedlings should be carefully transferred by transshipment into the pits along with an earthy clod. Root neck should be located on the surface level. The wells are filled to one-third, then irrigated with 1/3 of the water from the bucket. After moisture is well absorbed, pour out the rest of the soil.
Care for sweet pepper varieties "hero"
Despite the fact that this type of vegetables is unpretentious to the conditions of cultivation, high-quality care will contribute to obtaining both tasty and abundant in its amount of harvest. The procedure includes several steps:
- watering vegetables
- high-quality top dressing,
- garter cultures,
- trimming peppers,
- disease prevention.
The first introduction of moisture is carried out during planting., then watered after 5 days, and the subsequent irrigation is done according to the schedule. Presumably, before the blooming of vegetables, watering is necessary every 7 days, at the stage of flower formation, in the peppers fruiting stage, 2 times in seven days.
To prevent the formation of a crust on the beds, bring moisture on one side of the bushes, and on the other, gently loosen the soil. The next day, the procedure is repeated, changing sides. It is important that watering is done only with warm water (about +25 degrees), otherwise the peppers will grow poorly. Irrigation rate is about 10 liters per 1 square. meter plot.
To grow weighty peppers, enhance the taste of vegetables, need feeding. 14 days after the direct planting, a solution of 5 grams of superphosphates and 10 grams of urea is introduced. During the formation of buds prepare a mixture of 10 liters of warm water, 1 tsp of potassium, 1 tsp of urea, 2 tbsp. spoons of superphosphate. At the stage of ripening peppers in 10 liters of water, dilute 2 teaspoons of potassium salt and high-quality superphosphates. The normalized dosage of such dressings is 1 liter of solution per plant. It is worth noting that all mixtures must be diluted only in warm water. Bring in nutrients carefully, without falling on the foliage.
In wet weather conditions, side shoots must be removed, in dry weather they are left, as there is a supply of moisture. The powerful bogatyr pepper bushes must be tied up when the culture reaches 60 or 70 cm (before the formation of vegetables). The stems are quite fragile, so it is advisable to prop up each twig. You can install supports.
To pepper did not hit the disease, it is necessary to carry out prevention in advance, at the stage of preparation of inoculum. For example, from the “black leg” seeds are soaked in a solution (0.05%) of potassium permanganate. Given the rules of crop rotation, protect crops from lesions Alternaria, Septoria. As a treatment for the “black leg”, damaged bushes are removed, and the soil is treated with a solution (3%) of copper sulphate. For Alternaria, apply a solution of Bordeaux liquid, diluting approximately 10 g of the substance in 10 liters. From septoria, cultures are treated with “phytosporin”, adding 1 large spoonful of this agent to 10 liters of water.
Technically ripe sweet pepper after germination becomes in 130 - 135 days. Biological maturity occurs in the period from 145 to 160 days. From one bush can collect up to 3 kg of peppers.
Vegetables harvested during the period of technical maturity are well stored in the refrigerator for about 2 months. Pepper "hero" is good for canning, cooking lecho, salads.
Given the characteristics of the variety, it is possible to carry out high-quality agrotechnology for the cultivation of sweet pepper, and therefore, to harvest high yields.
How to select and prepare seeds
The future harvest depends on properly prepared seeds. Therefore, the selection and preparation of planting material should be suitable carefully.
Seed preparation stages:
- Seeds must be young, not older than three years. Such seeds better sprout than the “aged”.
- Then a quality material is selected — the seeds are placed in a 5% saline solution for half an hour. Floated seeds - pacifiers, they need to throw.
- Next, the seeds are poured with a solution of 1 g of potassium permanganate and 100 ml of water. This is how disinfection takes place.
- To improve the performance of seeds, they are treated with a growth stimulant drug.
Sowing and caring for seedlings
You can sow seeds in different containers. If the seed is small, you can sit it in peat tablets or pots. Their use will facilitate planting, as the plant can be laid into the ground directly into them. For other cases, suitable boxes.
The land is harvested in advance. Keep it better in the basement, so it does not freeze through. Soil before use can be disinfected - pour boiling water over it with the addition of potassium permanganate solution.
Sowing must be done in a humid soft environment, to a depth of 1 centimeter. In order for crops to grow, you need to create a greenhouse effect: for this, the container is covered with a film and put in a warm, moist place. However, the degree of humidity should be monitored, otherwise the crops will begin to rot.
As soon as the first shoots appear, the film should be removed and the plants should be provided with plenty of sunlight. If the sun is not enough, then you can send a sunlight lamp to the shoots. The first days before germination should be at least 20 hours a day. После появления первых листочков световой день укорачивают.
Как только на стволах появится два-три листочка, нужно будет произвести пикировку. Каждый перчик высаживают в отдельную тару, в которой он будет расти до самой высадки. За неимением большого количества маленьких емкостей, можно пересадить рассаду в один просторный ящик с удобренной землей. It is necessary to select only strong, healthy-looking plants. Do not forget about the very large dimensions of the variety Bogatyr, so space for each individual pepper should be enough with a vengeance.
The bogatyr loves moisture, but not its surplus. Therefore, you need to ensure that the earth was always semi-moist. It is necessary to water with warm, settled water.
When the seedlings become stronger in the new soil and gain strength, they apply additional fertilizers - nitrogen-phosphorus fertilizers.
Saplings of pepper are fed twice all the time:
- the first time two weeks after the first shoots
- the second after 14 days after the first feeding.
Before the formation of flower ovaries, seedlings are fertilized with potassium humate (5 ml per 2 liters of water). Top dressing bring every 5 days. During flowering, the plant is fertilized with a solution of 1 g of manganese sulphate, 1.7 g of boric acid, 0.2 g of zinc sulphate and 10 liters of water.
Seedlings are best grown on the windowsill, but without exposing the plant to ultraviolet radiation. Glass is best shaded by paper or newspaper.
Trimming and Garter
For stimulation of productivity and branching of a bush, it is possible to make forming pruning. For this, the tips of the growing shoots need to be trimmed slightly.
Since the bush grows large, it must be tied, the trunk can not withstand its severity. You need to tie each skeletal branch separately.
Useful properties of Bogatyr
Pepper consumption is very beneficial for humans, due to the huge amount of ascorbic acid in it, as well as vitamins and substances such as folic acid, B vitamins and antioxidants. Fiber stimulates the bowels, rutin normalizes blood circulation, reduces pressure, strengthens the walls of blood vessels. Bogatyr is suitable for people suffering from diabetes, weakened immunity.
Reviews on variety Bogatyr
Last winter, acquired a variety of large sweet peppers - "Heroes". I learned about its merits that the fruits grow weighing up to 200 g. I wanted to see these miracle peppers with my own eyes. True, I doubted about a good harvest, as the land on our site is poor, sandy mostly. But the Bogatyr surprised me: they gathered a great harvest. All peppers as on selection - equal, red, tasty. You can eat and raw, and canned. The hero did not disappoint. This year I will plant only him.
Pepper is great. Never with him there is no problem: neither with the seeds, nor with their shoots. Seedlings grow strong, healthy, very few shoots had to be thrown away. Basically, all the shoots caught on. And what a crop comes out! From one bush we collect a whole bucket of peppers. I recommend everyone to this variety, you will not regret.
I am going to grow peppers of Bogatyr variety this year. In the past, too, it grew - really liked. And bought at random, really not knowing what to expect. As a result, a great harvest was gathered. Although there were some doubts in the cultivation of seedlings: the bushes did not grow as large as I expected, Bogatyr still. But, when planted in a greenhouse, the growth of the bushes is much faster. Almost all the seedlings caught on. There were no problems with care. Watered, loosened, all as with other varieties. Pepper began to bear fruit at the very end of summer. The fruits struck their beauty, juiciness. Very good taste. So there was no doubt what sort of crop will be planted this season. Definitely pepper varieties Bogatyr!