Garden flowers, plants and shrubs

Summary of NOD on speech development in the senior group “Flowers on flowerbed”


It only seems to us that only trees grow in the forests. In fact, a huge number of flowers are growing there, which cover the earth with blue, white and yellow "carpet". It happens that you walk in the middle of a forest and suddenly you find yourself on an amazing glade, on which bells, chamomiles, St. John's wort, cornflower and many others grow.

Forest flowers are different from others in that they require special habitat conditions. In the wild, they are under the protection of trees, they are not scorched by the sun, they are not exposed to strong winds. Forest flowers are also very fond of shade, during periods of cold weather they do not freeze due to the fact that they are covered with fallen foliage.

Recently, designers are trying to introduce forest flowers in the design of urban and park flower beds. Not every plant takes root in such conditions, and yet there are a great many species that quietly moved from the forests to the cities. Most often in the cities you can find a bell, a forest geranium, and the willowy aster is generally considered the progenitor of most of the modern colors of the Aster family.

This is due to the fact that many forest flowers are so good that you can admire them for a very long time. It is surprising that no one waters them, does not weed, and doesn’t care for them at all, but they grow beautifully themselves. At the same time, almost any forest flower can compete in beauty with indoor or garden flowers.

How to properly transplant

It is very important to transplant forest cultures due to all the rules, this will significantly reduce the time required for their adaptation in a new place.

Correct action:

  • Not completely digging up large flower bushes, this can severely damage the roots,
  • Carry out breeding sparing ways
  • Digging a flower is important in early spring or autumn, as this is the most favorable time for transplanting,
  • It is important to remember in what conditions it grew and try to recreate everything completely to the smallest detail,
  • It is necessary to dig up the roots of forest flowers with a large lump of earth, as in this case, for them the usual composition of the soil will remain. You do not need to shake off the excess with rhizomes, because if you damage the roots, the bush can disappear immediately,
  • Immediately after planting, the seedlings must be constantly watered in order for them to take root in a new place,
  • There is no need to hurry with fertilization, because during adaptation they are simply not perceived properly,
  • It is important to carry out measures to curb the growth of wild flowers, as they develop much faster on fertile soil.

Spring flowers

Immediately after the snow melts in the forests, the first flowers appear. It:

  • Snowdrops,
  • Scillae
  • Muscari,
  • Lilies of the valley
  • Violets,
  • Anemones.

These plants are familiar to many people, if they have ever been to the forest. For many years, breeders have worked to bring their varieties suitable for planting in garden plots.

Noble liverworm belongs to the buttercup family. It is a small bush, from five to ten centimeters high. The liverworm blooms, usually in early April and has petals of white or beige-yellow color.

The flower has a large corolla and several three-lobed leaves. The flowers of the liver are shaped like a human liver, so they got their name.

Leaves may be under the snow for a long time. They can save their attractive view throughout the winter. They are helped to cope with the cold a large number of villi that cover all surfaces of the leaves.

After flowering of the liver, fruits are formed with seeds that can have a rather large diameter - up to ten centimeters. Flowers have no smell and often attract insects with their pollen.

The plant needs fertile soil with a high content of humus. Important provide the liver composition with the correct soil composition and select the appropriate terrain for planting. It is necessary that the site for planting a flower had a lot of sunlight in the morning.

Crested it is a shrub of the family Dymiankovye, it is a herbaceous plant ten or twenty centimeters high. Leaves dissected large. The flowers of this plant are usually white, red or light purple. This plant has tuberous roots. The crested hen grows in mixed forests. Its flowering begins in mid-April and lasts until June.

The plant grows on soils of subacid or humus composition. It is important to constantly monitor its growth, as it can spread throughout the garden very quickly. The crested hen doesn’t like wetlands and too much watering.

Chistyak spring - refers to the family of buttercups. This is a low perennial, growing no more than ten centimeters. The plant has unusual shiny leaves, the shape of which resembles a hoof. The flowers are like stars.

The plant is blooming before all forest flowersIn some places, even snowdrops bloom after it. Chistyak multiplies very quickly and can turn from decorating the site into an all-consuming weed. It is important to monitor the growth rate of this forest flower, as they are very fast.

Chistyak used in traditional medicine.

Summer flowers

In the warmest time, in the woods, also quite colorfully, as in this period a large number of plants blooms.

In the summer, attention should be paid to:

  • Gentian,
  • Niwynik,
  • Wild bergenia,
  • Veronica officinalis,
  • Lunik,
  • Mack and others.

Kiprey narrow-leaved, or Ivan Chai - It is a plant of the Onargic family. At Kiprei, as a rule, a high erect stem with lanceolate leaves.

Inflorescences of Ivan-tea are a brush of bright crimson flowers, which gradually bloom one by one in the same way, wither after. The plant blooms, usually at the end of summer, the period lasts about a month.

Ivan-tea usually grows on forest edges, cut down areas, slopes of precipices and ravines. It is very unpretentious to the conditions of growth and tolerates frost well. The root of the plant grows strongly and must be thinned from time to time. This flower has many beneficial properties.

Kupena, or Solomon's seal -belongs to the family of the lilyns. This plant is herbaceous with a large curved stem and small oval leaves. The flowers of this plant are odorless, but attract by their appearance all who see them.

Cupena in appearance resembles lily of the valleybut has a different color of petals. They can be cream, or white-yellow.

The plant is poisonous, you should avoid getting its juice on the hands, and then in the mouth. But it also has medicinal properties.

Autumn flowers

In the autumn time the forest is also amazing and attractive, as before. It is decorated with a large variety of colors. The peculiarity of this period is that flowering plants have calmer colors.

In the autumn forest, as a rule, mostly summer flowers bloom, which are able to continue this period as long as possible. For example:

  • Autumn anemone,
  • Gentian,
  • Sivec meadow,
  • Niwynik,
  • Clover,
  • Bloodroot,
  • Kulbaba
  • Klopogon and others.

Oregano ordinary - This plant, which belongs to the family Gubotsvetnye. A small but very pretty perennial will always attract the attention of others with its appearance and fragrance.

Small blue flowers of this plant are collected in oval inflorescences, which in turn form panicles.

Oregano blooms all summer and early autumn, in late August, seeds begin to ripen. As a rule, this plant loves a large amount of sunlight and does not tolerate shady areas of the terrain.

This plant is very widespread in our country, as a rule, it can be found on the forest edges, glades, steppes. It has a strongly pronounced tart flavor that often attracts a large number of bees and other insects.

Oregano is a well-known medicinal plant. which is often used in traditional medicine to eliminate the symptoms of many diseases.

Colchicum, or Kolhikum. This plant belongs to the family Lily. It has a bulbous root and tuberous system. The Colchicum grows, usually about ten centimeters high. Bushes are small and very neat.

They have low stems and three or four leaves of bright pink color, which can often be mistaken for whitewash itself. An autumn crocus blossoms at the end of summer and continues until late autumn, until severe frosts occur.

Colchicon flowers can have white, pastel or light pink shades.

It is by nature very unpretentious plantwhich grows well and develops on all types of soil. It is important to remember that autumn crocus can be harmful to humans and therefore it is necessary to work with it only with full compliance with safety standards. Gardeners who love to grow bushes of this plant, you must use gloves when in contact with him.

An autumn crocus, like all flowers in a forest, grows much slower than in a garden plot, therefore it is necessary to constantly monitor its growth in flowerbeds. As needed, the bushes are thinned out so that enough light and nutrients are supplied to the roots.

Non-flowering plants

Walking through the forest, in addition to traditional flowers, you can find a large number of non-flowering plants. Yes, they never form inflorescences and flowers in spring, summer or autumn, but always perfectly look like

TO non-flowering forest plants relate:

If you love forest flowers and want to decorate your garden area with them, in a large variety of species of these beautiful plants you will definitely find something that suits you.

It may be a spring primrose or an autumn shrub, perhaps a non-flowering ornamental plant in general, but they will all be united, then they will perfectly decorate the landscape around them and easily fit into any floral arrangement.

Course occupation

- Guys, look at me. I will try on your faces to determine what your mood today. I see that the majority of it is good, fun. I have a good mood today too. Let's give our cheerful mood to each other. Look at the one who stands next to you, smile at him and mentally wish for something good.

- I want to tell you today one very interesting story that was told to us by our little friends - ekolyata. They are nature conservationists. Let's get acquainted with them (Children get acquainted with ecological friends). Guys tell me which seasons do you know? (Winter spring Summer Autumn.) (A story about the controversy of the seasons "Whose flowers are better» B. Vovk)

The seasons once argued - who has the best flowers? Spring thrust with her heel - and where the snow lay, the streams rang. Green grass. The ground was covered with snowdrops, lilies of the valley, coltsfoot flowers, anemones, daffodils ...

- my the most beautiful flowers- says Spring.

“No,” Leto objects to her. - Flowers you are really beautiful, but only mine are better! Summer shook her hat, woven from the sun, and scattered, not stingy, their flowers everywhere. The wind will blow - the bells are ringing. With fragrant clover collects sweet nectar bumblebee. Wherever you look - everywhere cornflowers, Ivan-tea, carnations, nasturtiums, chamomiles ... The autumn blew with envy. And the colors of the summer faded.

- my flowers are not worse- so said Autumn and led with a crimson sleeve. Here heather, chicory, crow's feet, chrysanthemums bloomed ...

And what about Winter? The forest, meadows, and fields, roads covered with snow, covered the roofs with snow. Only the winter garden is not afraid of either snow or frost. Behind the glass of the greenhouse bloom begoniascyclamens, orchids ...

- People have grown a garden, but still it is winter. Here the most beautiful flowers- Winter is praised. So still seasons argue - who the flowers are the best.

- And what do you guys think? the most beautiful flowers? (Everything beautiful flowers).

Guys at all times of the year every the flower is beautiful in its own way: spring - spring, summer - summer, autumn - autumn, and in winter - room on the window sill.

-Did you guess what we are going to talk about today in class? (ABOUT flowers)

- right, today we will talk about flowers.

- What are we for flowers? (For beauty, to make a gift to mom, grandmother).

- And what flowers Did you give your mothers and grandmothers?

- And how do we call these flowers, in a word? (Garden)

- Where garden grow flowers? (In the garden, on flower beds, in greenhouses, greenhouses.)

- What are some other garden? flowers you know. (Rose, dahlia, gladiolus, poppy, carnation, etc.)

- Who usually cares for flowers in the garden? (Gardener)

- What are the names flowersthat grow in a field or in a forest? (Field, meadow flowers)

- Name the field, forest flowers. (Bell, chamomile, cornflower, etc.)

- What benefits bring flowers? (Flowers can be pet food, they can be put in a vase, from flowers get drugs.)

- you guys know some flowers listed in the Red Book. What do you think this book is? (A book in which rare plants are listed, of which there are very few on earth.)

- Right. And we in group grow garden or field flowers? (AT the group grow indoor flowers).

- Why are they so called? (Children's answers)

- How do we care for flowers? (We water, loosen the earth, wipe the dust from the leaves, remove the dried leaves).

- Each flower, consists of several parts.

A game "Name the parts flower»

- What is the most important part? flower? (Root).

- What comes after the root? (Stem)

- On the stalk there ... (Leaves.)

- Next after the leaves? (Bud)

- What is a bud? (Unexplored flower)

Development logical thinking. A game "Fold flower».

Guys, let us play another game with you and for this we must break into groups.

Each group will be your envelope.

- Remove the contents of the envelope and try to fold the pieces soto get the picture. (After they have collected all the pictures, they call flower and where grows).

Scarlet flowers

Our red flowers

Open the petals (Open your fingers)

The breeze breathes a little

Petals wiggles (Move your fingers).

Our red flowers

Close petals (Fingers squeeze into cam)

Quietly fall asleep (Wiggle cams)

-And now, I propose to play the game "Guess a riddle".

Beautiful flowers

Bloomed in the garden

And autumn is coming

Bright blue flowerfluffy.

On the wheat field will be born,

And the very same food is not good.

On the pole - flags

Under the pole - swords

I found a hat of gold.

Ah, bells, blue Colour,

With a tongue, but no ringing.

Lot colors we have already called today. But there are those that we know, but have not yet been remembered today. And who can say what flowers in the spring we planted on flower bed?

Kids call flowersif not cope, the tutor helps.

-Guys and what is needed in order that flowers good and fast growing (Children's answers). And you can tear or stomp flowers(Children's answers)

- Right, well done, the folks really liked your answers. And now, I suggest you sculpt plasticine flowersand donate to ekolyat. And later, we'll show you how well we looked after our flowersand what our flower bed.

Landing colors

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Forest treasures

In the secluded lighting, cool and quiet forests lurk many bright plants, cultural relatives who have long settled in the gardens. The forest flora is the ancestor of the majority of decorative leafy and woody stars of landscape design, but the native wild plants have not lost their beauty from this.

Ancient and majestic inhabitants of forest thickets

Ferns - the most vivid and easy to carry forest plants. These lovers of wet soils and secluded lighting, even in basic forms, conquer the beauty of the carved wai and the luxury of green colors. Forest ferns will help to decorate the shady corners of the garden, bring the mystery and magical beauty of the ancient thickets to your garden. If you do not injure the roots, then the fern will quickly start growing and will delight for decades.

Trembling bells

The touching flowering of wild bells in the silence of the forest seems radiant and especially expressive. These plants also feel good in the gardens, easily fit into any landscape composition. Ideal, exemplary corolla shapes that are not spoiled by selection and the delicate blue colors of wild bluebells bring magical accents to the nooks of the garden.

On a note: the bells are also found in the meadow flora, while looking carefully, you will surely find an unexpected variety of colors and species adapted to different lighting.


Perfect partner

Dense thickets tansy able to contend with garden sage and veronica in the density and beauty of the green "pillow". This is a medicinal, but therefore no less beautiful plant with carved greens forms dense ferns, on which small yellow flowers in the apical inflorescences glow like buttons. Tansy will bring a completely new texture, an unusual dark color of greenery, intense and rich in rabatki and flower beds.

Tansy. © Kurt Bauschardt

Gentle forget-me-nots

Bright spots create forget-me-nots on forest lawns and in the intervals between large trees. These biennials take care of themselves: they easily multiply by self-sowing and migrate from place to place. Delicate small flowers and the brightest blue colors will bring wild charm into your garden, never tired of surprising you with your abilities to appear in the most unpredictable places.

Forget-me-not. © Dean Franklin

Forest drapery

Dense covers in the forest often creates wild periwinkle. It grows well in the sun and in dense shade, it likes moist light soils. This is a unique plant, in many countries, symbolic - not only evergreen, but also unpretentious. And how much periwinkle is good as a groundcover and a background plant!

It is necessary to poikat in the forest and vines. Tireless ivydraping all surfaces wild grapessome honeysuckle can also be found on a walk. If you need to drape a shady wall or an empty corner, create a canopy quickly and without spending - use their services.

Pay attention to primroses

A walk through the spring forest that is just waking up will give you the opportunity to admire the real wonders. Lilac blooming fragrant lungfish albeit modest, but bright and unique. Huge flowers lumbago with bright yellow cores seem no less than forest treasures. And the first wild fragrant violets, Siberian forests, crested, goose onions, snowdrops and crocuses seem too tender for harsh landscapes. All of them will gladly settle in your garden, creating blooming spots in spring on the still bare soil.

Lent open, or sleep-grass. © Unomano

Wild Veronica

Veronica is represented in the forest flora more than widely. Shade-tolerant high species and more light-loving low bloom from June to September. Look at Veronica, threadlike, the ground cover, which should not be taken as a weed, and the bush Veronica gray and large - they deserve a place in the flowering compositions of your garden.

Veronica prostrate. © Hans Hillewaertx

Wild berries on the site

In a walk through the forest you can get berry bushes - forest raspberry and lingonberries, cuttings or layering blueberries and many other plants. After all viburnum, mountain ash, Irga in the forest grow no less willingly.

Please yourself and a small bush forest strawberry. In contrast to the shrub garden, she weaves and creates rugs. Its berries are more fragrant and very tasty, they can be dried for winter tea, like the leaves of the plant.

Wild strawberry, or wild strawberry. © Anita

Also, the forest collection can be replenished:

  • lilies of the valley and very similar to them wild leek,
  • wonderful shade-loving groundcover hoofed european with dense reniform leaves,
  • forest geraniums,
  • woody - young pine trees, fir trees, birch trees, rowan.
Lily of the valley. © Amanda Slater

Steppe and meadow garden stars

In the summer, meadows and fields captivate not only with a variety of colors and shapes, but also with unusual scent. Simple, pretty, unassuming plants, real modest in nature create truly unique landscapes that you cannot admire. And every flower, every blade of grass is good in its own way. But the beauty of wild grasses does not exhaust the merits of these plants:

  • field and meadow flowers attract bees and butterflies to the garden,
  • they do not need watering, feeding and pruning, they create a corner that does not require almost any maintenance,
  • serve as a source of medicinal herbs
  • protect other plants from insect pests and fungal diseases.

Favorite wildflowers

The first to come to mind at the mention of the flowering meadows are, of course, the wild daisies, poppies and cornflowers. These ancient, but therefore no less beautiful plants can not enchant their simple cheerfulness. Having noticed a flowering bush for a walk, dig it out and transfer it to the garden. And wild wild flowers in comfortable and fertile soils will bloom even more beautiful, will become for many years a real highlight of your flower beds and rabatok. These are great partners for all garden crops.

Common nivyanik, or Popovnik. © M a n u e l

Fragrant Oregano

In every corner of the sunny place you will find flowering bushes oreganoor motherboard. This fast growing, surprisingly beautiful and southern in nature plant forms neat, low bushes and fills the space well. Oregano is a wild ancestor of oregano, and it can be fully used for tea and as a seasoning. And the small dense foliage and bright pink-purple bloom will attract admiring glances and attention of butterflies. She is good in the garden, in flowerbeds, in rocky gardens and even as a placeholder of voids.

Field competitors of recognized favorites

Wormwood Today, they are rapidly gaining popularity: all the ornamental forms of this plant are considered to be one of the best silver-bearing crops for the garden. But wild wormwood is also lovely. They have an edge on the foliage no less than silver, and the smell is much richer. Having noticed wormwood on a walk, try to transfer a small bush to your garden. Wild wormwood will set off the color of the leaves of neighboring plants, decorate a rock garden or rock arias, adding to it organicity, naturalness and natural wildness.

Wild yarrow also no worse than their cultural counterparts. They are less whimsical, create a sense of natural design, more effectively improve the soil and protect neighboring plants. They can be used as a partner in flower beds, and in rocky gardens. A better soil than in usual conditions will invariably affect the beauty of snow-white bloom.

Wormwood therapeutic. © M a n u e l

Rugs of meadow stars

Large leaves plantain famous for their healing properties. But for the treatment of wounds, cuts and other skin problems, this plant is used less and less today, replacing traditional methods with modern means. Revive the tradition and plant a plantain bush in your garden: so you will be confident in the environmental friendliness of the material and fully appreciate all its properties. Plantain in high-quality garden soil will surprise with the beauty of large sheets, the power of green bushes and surprisingly bright color. And if you wish, it will become a ground cover.

Thick and walkable carpets in the garden will easily create and coltsfoot, no less valuable medicinal culture. It is too aggressive and quickly captures the area in the nutrient soil, but a simple curb around the landings will help limit it to only the allocated area. Soft to the touch, but large and spectacular leaves look amazingly original in the gardens. And how nice to walk on them!

Budra, or Catnip. © 영철 이

Try to replace spectacular ampels with Bedera, whose flexible shoots are simple beauty look amazingly touching. This “wilderness” will decorate both containers and potted gardens, and if you use it instead of a lawn, you will drape any area effectively with a curly pictorial rug.

Sunbearing geranium

Walking along the meadow, you will definitely notice bright blue flowers with a white eye - a distinctive feature of the wild meadow geraniums. In nature, this beauty is modest, albeit pretty. But it is necessary to move it to a better soil, as it instantly forms lush bushes with a bright color of leaves, which will envy all your neighbors. Meadow geranium can not only replenish the collection of garden sisters, but will also become the best textural partner on flower beds.

Meadow geranium, or meadow crane. © Nigel Jones