With the onset of autumn reveal their numerous flower buds September flowers. Bright lilac inflorescences delight with beauty to the very frost and are not even afraid of the first snow. For late autumn flowering, this herbaceous plant of the Aster family was given such a wonderful name. The scientific name is Astra Novobelgiyskaya or Virginskaya. In this article we will talk about planting, care and reproduction of these lovely flowers.
Where is the flower planted?
September crops are grown in group plantings in flowerbeds. Along the garden paths and alleys, the culture is usually placed in one row. Throughout the summer time, due to the highly branched bush and ornamental leaves of the plant, they serve as a magnificent green border. And during the period of active flowering are a worthy decoration of the garden. A rich assortment of perennials allows you to make all sorts of compositions.
In the first year of the growing season does not give abundant flowering. Buds bloom only on individual bushes. Overgrown adult asters will delight a variety of medium-sized, but bright flowers of various shades. Over time, the number of peduncles decreases, so it is desirable to rejuvenate the culture at intervals of 3-4 years.
The expanded root system of an excavated plant is divided by a shovel into several parts according to the number of shoots. In September women with an age of more than 4-5 years, the lignified part is removed, weakened shoots are cut. The division of culture is best done in the spring due to the long autumn flowering, continuing until frost.
An overgrown flower bed with perennial or perennial asters
Cut off the plant during the growing season, the cuttings are placed in a container with water until the roots appear, then they are planted in open ground. This method is time consuming and not very effective.
To obtain seeds in a natural way from crops grown on the site is quite difficult. Due to late flowering, they do not have time to mature. Therefore, at home, seedlings are grown from seeds purchased in the store. Seeds should be placed in small containers with soil to a depth of about 5 mm.
When the first pair of true leaves appears, it spikes. Sowed in February September after the frosts in May can be planted in open ground.
Cut flowers adorning the room
Bushes are placed at a distance of 40-50 cm. Low-growing varieties need 20-25 cm. Land in a flower garden is dug up before planting. Young seedlings will quickly take root in the loose and fertile land. Therefore, compost or manure is applied and mineral fertilizers are added.
The sequence of planting plants in open ground:
- Dig holes for shoots.
- The soil is shed water.
- Plants are placed on the place of their further growth.
- The roots are covered with earth.
- Densely press the soil around a stalk.
- Planted September women shed plenty of water.
Subsequently, watering of planted crops is carried out regularly until it grows.
Plants of the aster family are unpretentious in care and undemanding to the composition of the soil. When landing, avoid places prone to flooding with melt water and provide protection from cold winds. Shrubs prefer well-lit sunny areas.
During the growing season, this flower culture requires some care:
- periodic weeding from weeds,
- loosening the top layer of the earth,
- timely watering.
From lack of moisture, asters develop a powerful root system to be able to extract water from the soil. Excessive moisture can trigger the development of the “black leg”.
For abundant flowering September women need to take care of regular dressings. In the spring, nitrogen-containing liquid fertilizers are obtained, obtained by diluting the infusion of manure or chicken manure. In summer, complex feedings are preferable. The introduction of potash and phosphate fertilizers contributes to the abundant autumn flowering plants. For the prevention of powdery mildew, asters are sprayed with Bordeaux mixture.
When dry and diseased stems appear on the bushes, sanitary pruning is carried out. In the late autumn, when the septibrynki ottsvetut and shoots wither, the entire ground part is cut off.
Preparing for the winter
Young septiabrinka, planted in early autumn, mulch. The fragile roots, covered with fallen leaves or spruce leaves, will survive the frosty winter painlessly. Adult bushes safely winter without shelter.
A little care and easy maintenance, and unpretentious cold-resistant beauties from September to November will prolong the pleasure of gardeners to enjoy gardening.
Sentyabrynki: description, popular varieties
Sentyabryinki (virgin asters) belong to the perennial bright-flowering genus Astrovykh and for several years now they have invariably remained “favorites” for gardeners (both experienced and novice) because of their simplicity and bright lush flowering.
There is a huge number of varieties and varieties of perennial asters, which are September, so it is quite difficult to classify them. Nevertheless, September women are considered a bushy perennial species.
So, September is a fairly well-developed shrub with strongly branched, but low stems and a powerful root system. The appearance may vary depending on the plant variety, but, in general, the height of the bush is small: the stem rarely grows above 40 cm. Despite the small size, the bushes are rather sprawling: one can occupy an area of about 20 square meters. cm (it is important to consider this when disembarking). Leaves dense "wall" cover up the entire stem. They have a lanceolate, slightly elongated shape and a saturated green color.
The flowers are highly decorative and small in size: the diameter of one flower does not exceed 4 cm. The color of the buds is very diverse and varies from white to delicate lilac, pink and rich purple.
There is a large variety of different varieties of virgin aster, among which the following can be particularly highlighted:
- Dick Ballard. The highly decorative honeycomb, reaching a height of 1 m. The inflorescences are small (only 3 cm in diameter), have two-row pale pink petals.
- Cassie. Sredneroslyy variety, reaching a height of not more than 80-85 cm. During the flowering period pleases with a thick cap of delicate white flowers, the diameter of which does not exceed 3 cm.
- Amethyst. The bush reaches 1 m in height, and during flowering it amazes with the luxurious look of its dense growing neat semi-double flowers with lilac-colored tongues and delicate lilac tubular petals. It is worth noting that the duration of flowering is quite small - only about 30 days.
- Elina. The bush can be safely called undersized - it is unlikely to exceed 0.7-0.8 m in height, but during the flowering period it will simply strike with the unusual beauty of a thick cap of pale pink flowers whose diameter reaches as much as 5 cm.
Sentyabrynki perfectly adapt to almost any conditions, but it is better to carry out their planting in the ground in the fall or spring, when the probability of frost on the ground is already minimal. The ideal place for planting is well protected from the cold wind, with fertile soil and minimal probability of accumulation of melt water on the surface (that is, the most even).
Council Remarkably, the composition of the soil on which the September crop is cultivated is practically unimportant, therefore, it is safe to plant a crop on almost any land plot.
In the pre-loosened soil, make holes about 20-25 cm deep. Try to keep the optimal distance between them: it should be at least 0.5 m. In the first couple of weeks after planting, water generously and regularly (the best option 1 time in 2 days) .
Be sure to protect each hole in order to prevent the growth of aster bushes, otherwise they will simply turn into a weed, overly developing its root system, and the site will be irretrievably damaged.
Subtleties of care
Although septibrinka is an unpretentious plant, it requires compliance with certain rules for care, otherwise you will receive not a decorative gentle shrub, but rather something that looks like a weed. So, to maintain health and stimulate active growth, Virginia Astra will require the following procedures:
- Watering. The plant tolerates a short-lived drought perfectly, but this does not mean that it does not need moisture: it is desirable to periodically bring water generously into the soil, and it is important to use not cold, but warmed by the sun.
- Feeding. Since the September women bloom very abundantly, they need a diverse and high-quality "nutrition." In the spring, it is better to give preference to nitrogen-containing fertilizers, in the summer - to potash. It reacts perfectly to organic matter: during the summer, at least twice please the plant by feeding the soil with chicken manure or mullein (fertilizers should be liquid).
- Loosening the soil. To prevent the growth of asters and their transformation into a weed, it is necessary after each watering and as weed grows, carefully thin out the rows with growing aster bushes, carefully loosen the soil (it is advisable to carry out the procedure at least once every 2 weeks).
- Crop. In spring or autumn, adult bushes need to be updated: it is important to remove all damaged, old or diseased shoots. This will help preserve the decorativeness of asters and the activity of their flowering.
- The fight against disease. Sentyabrynka not afraid of insect pests, as well as diseases, but there is one that, if oversized, can become a very serious threat. It is about powdery mildew. A sure sign of the presence of the disease is a white coating on the outer surface of the leaves, which is partly like flour (it can even be wiped with a finger). It is necessary to take into account the rapid rate of spread of fungal powdery mildew spores, which over time can spread to the stems and even flowers. Any fungicides based on copper or copper will help get rid of an unpleasant and dangerous disease.
Virtually any of the varieties successfully propagated by dividing the bush. You can try some other, for example, seed or grafting, but the probability of obtaining an adult plant is minimal, and these methods are lengthy and rather painstaking.
For reproduction by division, you need a healthy adult bush, which is completely dug out of the soil. So, the plant is divided into several equal parts. Each of them should have at least 2 full-fledged buds. The cuttings are planted in pre-prepared wells at a sufficient distance from each other. After landing, be sure to pour warm water. Further care coincides with the procedures for the care of an adult flower.
That's all the subtleties that should be known and observed for the successful cultivation of any of the varieties of the September women. Good luck!
September landing rules
Despite the unpretentiousness of the September women, proper planting and flower care will not be superfluous. Sentyabrynki can be planted in the garden at any time, as they are able to perfectly adapt. However, it is still preferable to plant the plants in spring or autumn.
It is preferable that the flowers have time to adapt before frost occurs.
This flower loves the direct rays of the sun, especially they are important for him in the fall. Therefore, September women should be planted in areas exposed to sunlight. In addition, the plant should be protected from drafts and cold wind at least the first year or two after planting.
The composition of the soil is not particularly important for September women, although, of course, the flower will feel better in the nutrient substrate. However, in a soil that is poor in nutrients, a flower will delight you with blooms.
Pits for landing September women need to be done at a sufficiently large distance from each other, not less than half a meter. The depth of such pits should be 25-30 cm. It is advisable to protect the landing places of the September girls so that they do not spread around the whole area, turning into a weed without leaving.
Water the planted flowers should be every other day until they do not fully adapt and grow. Then watering can be reduced, especially if you chose the fall planting time.
Proper care of september
For good flowering you need to follow simple rules:
- The septibrins should be divided into several parts once every three to four years. The plant must first be dug up, cut off the old and damaged shoots and transplanted to new places,
- These flowers do not like cold water, and prefer abundant, although not very frequent watering. But the water for irrigation should not be below room temperature,
- It is better to plant the Sesquipolo at some distance from other plants, because drought-resistant flowers take all the moisture, interfering with other flowers,
- flower for abundant flowering needs feeding. In the spring, the September should be fertilized with nitrogen fertilizers, and in the summer with fertilizers with a high potassium content. In addition, this plant loves and organics, it can be fed with liquid manure. During the summer, September should be fertilized at least three times,
- September must be carefully weeded, it is necessary to do so that the flower retains its attractiveness for a long time. Also this plant is very fond of loosening the soil under it,
- September women should be cut in spring and autumn, especially this procedure is needed for flowers that have not been transplanted for a long time. It should be remembered that too thick shoots give less flowers. After pruning, September should be fed with compost,
- despite the fact that septibrina is a frost-resistant plant, and adult bushes tolerate winter well without any shelter, young bushes are still desirable to shelter. It is possible to warm the roots with peat, compost or a layer of foliage.
To multiply these flowers is very simple - all types of September women breed by the usual division of the bush. It is simply completely dug up and divided into several parts. The only condition is that there must be several live kidneys on each plot for further growth.
If for some reason there is no possibility of digging up a bush, you can simply cut off a plot with a sharp shovel from the mother plant, slightly digging it up. The hole that is left must be filled with earth. After that, both the mother plant and the plots planted in a new place should be watered abundantly.
It is necessary to do this procedure at least once every three years, but it is advisable to do it annually.
The best time for breeding september is spring, after the frosts have already ended, or early autumn, when frosts are still far enough, and the flower will be able to settle down in a new place.
Of course, there are other ways of breeding September breeders - they are bred with cuttings, seeds, and also pieces of roots. However, all these methods are much more complex than the usual division of the bush.
Seeds from the store often do not sprout, and getting your planting material is quite difficult, because usually the seeds do not ripen and do not reach the desired state. Therefore, the best way of reproduction is division. If you follow all the rules, and root the plot in the fertile land, the flowering of your September land will not take long.
Where it is better to plant September
A place for these flowers is easy to find - they look good in every corner of the garden. They are good in themselves, and in mixed plantings. The September distant corners of the garden decorate very well - after the rest of the flowers bloom, the September borders will delight you with their lilac petals for a long time.
If you want to make mixed flower beds, you shouldn’t plant low annuals such as petunias or pansies next to September breezes - an active perennial will quickly displace them, taking up all the free space. It is preferable to plant near drought with the same drought-resistant and unpretentious flowers - for example, small chrysanthemums.
But the best of all, these plants still look in single plantings, or as a curb flower.
Pruning is not necessary for these flowers - the September shrubs form their own shrub beautifully, and are quite decorative without any outside intervention.
The bushes of September and without any pruning will have a beautiful spherical shape and bloom magnificently.
But the cleansing haircut, as we have already indicated, is necessary for flowers. If it is not carried out, flowering will decrease significantly. This is the so-called sanitary event that can be held at any time, regardless of the season. If septiberia, due to old or dry leaves and stems, began to look sloppy, it should be cut off, removing all the excess.
In addition, the September feels like a great autumn pruning - the bush winters better, blooms faster and blooms more abundantly. Autumn pruning is reduced to the complete removal of the upper part of the bush after the plant is completely withered. Острыми ножницами следует просто обрезать все стебли под корень, оставив над землей не более 3 см.
Pests and diseases
Сентябринки — одни из самых устойчивых к болезням цветы. Они стойко переносят инфекции, и обладают сильным иммунитетом.
Однако и этот выносливый цветок может пострадать, если не соблюдать правила ухода за ним. Если, к примеру, поливать его слишком холодной водой, он может заболеть ржавчиной, мучнистой росой, серой гнилью, фузариозом. Если не лечить свою сентябринку современными фунгицидами типа Фундазола, растение может погибнуть.
The pests, such as slugs, butterflies, spider mites, aphids, etc., also interfere with the normal development of the flower. At the first signs that your plant has been attacked by pests, it should be carefully sprayed with special preparations.
And if you follow all the rules, follow your flowers, do not allow too much thickening, water the September brimstone with warm water, feed and trim for the winter, your garden will have a beautiful decorative look all the way to the snow thanks to this wonderful flower.
Planting in open ground and caring for september
As a rule, these flowers are grown seedling method. Landing should be made in early May. If a seed method is chosen, then seeds should be sown in February. The first shoots will appear in three to four weeks. Strongly deepen the seeds in the soil is not worth it, 0.5 cm is enough.
In April, as soon as the first two full leaves appear, the plant should spike. After ten days, you can do feeding. Also in April, you can begin hardening seedlings, for this you need to take out the container with seedlings to fresh air and leave them there for 30-60 minutes every day.
It is not necessary to overdo it with watering, but it should not be allowed to dry out. May need additional coverage of seedlings until about the end of March.
Before any landing you need prepare the ground. To do this, you should not dig a lot deeply, introduce mineral fertilizer or organic matter into the soil and pour over the soil with clean water. After that, in the prepared pits need to plant the seedlings and apply primer well.
After planting and within two weeks the plants need water every other day. Plants should be planted no closer than 20 centimeters from each other. As a rule, September women are planted in one row near the curb or along the flower bed.
Flower care septenary is only in periodic loosening the soil, mineral dressing and watering. Even a newcomer to gardening can handle it.
Propagation of september flowers
The easiest way is to decorate your garden flowerbed with the September bones, by growing the seedlings in the month of February, but there are other methods for breeding the bones. The most popular is bush division. Incidentally, the division of the bush can not be avoided, even if the gardener does not require the propagation of flowers.
Thinning the bush is simply necessary, as the middle of the year women extremely quickly grow into a huge fluffy bush and in order to give the plant the opportunity to grow normally and bloom magnificently, need to periodically share.
Side root shoots are great for transplanting and will take root wonderfully in another place.
There is another interesting way of reproduction, but it is rather troublesome in comparison with the previous one. It is about rooting cuttings or cuttings. They are received from an adult bush by cutting. Cut the shoots descend into the water until the roots. It usually takes about twenty days.
For me, there is nothing better than these flowers. They have tremendous advantages over others:
- resistance to frost
- late bloom.
It seems to me that these are ideal plants for a flower bed. I have no troubles with them at all. They are extremely hardy and very beautiful!
I sowed in my country house all the colors of the September girls I could find on the market. In the fall, I was amazed at this beauty. Around everything turns yellow, the foliage falls, and in my garden there is a rainbow of september women. Perfect flowers. I will plant more and more. In general, I like asters very much, already all free sites were planted with octrids and perennial flowers. I have a real fairy tale at my dacha!
I am a fan of Octo, Asters and September. Constantly sit down and share with neighbors. I will say that the September women are a gift for the gardener. With them there is no hassle and worries. They are so easy to care that they have become my favorites. And their little flowers just look amazing in the role of framing a flower bed.
Sentyabrynki - very simple in the care of the plant, which at the same time just looks amazing on any flowerbed. They multiply, too, quite simply. Strictly speaking, even an inexperienced amateur grower will have no problems with them. They adapt very well and will give the site a colorful flowering in the spring golden season.
Unpretentious enough to grow like weeds
This member of the Astrovie family is from North America. Sentyabrynki perfectly got accustomed in our area, quickly run wild and can grow without any care for decades. Flowering bushes can be found on the approaches to the taiga zone.
Sentyabrynki in the wild photo
The shape of the bush is like an inverted pyramid. Stems are powerful, erect, well branched, densely covered with small leaves.
Huge variety of varieties
Perennial asters of September are many-sided: there are huge bushes about 2 m high and compact curtains that barely reach a height of 30 cm. At the end of August they are covered with numerous buds, and by mid-September the rampant bloom is breathtaking.
All the charm consists of a huge number of crowns with a diameter of about 1-5 cm, collected in basket inflorescences. The leaves fall off, and the flowers withstand a drop in temperature to -50 ° C. If the warm weather returns, they will continue their parade of beauty.
This unpretentious perennial will be a wonderful decoration of every corner of the garden.
On one bush about 200 inflorescences simultaneously open. The corollas look like daisies: the core (yellow-orange, less often red or burgundy) is framed by a large number of narrow petals. The most common lilac and purple colors.
Growing septiberin from seeds
Sentabryinki seed seedling photos
Seed propagation of the September women involves the cultivation of seedlings. It is hardly possible to collect the seeds on their own - they do not have time to ripen, and if they reach the desired state, they quickly lose their germination. For seed go to the flower shop.
- To sow the seeds of the September start in February.
- You will need wide containers or distribution boxes with a universal substrate.
- Seal the seeds to a depth of no more than 0.5 cm: it is enough to distribute over the surface of the soil, only slightly pressing into the soil.
- Spray from a fine sprayer, cover the top with film or glass, maintain the air temperature in the range of 22-25 ° C, provide diffused lighting.
After 3-4 weeks sprouts will seem, then the shelter can be removed. During this time, do not forget to regularly air crops, maintain soil moisture by spraying. Sprout water moderately. If sprouts are drawn, provide extra light. In the phase of the appearance of two true leaves, spread out in separate containers.
After about 10 days of growth, feed them with complex mineral fertilizers. From mid-April, begin hardening the seedlings: take them to the open air for 30–40 minutes a day. Transplant in open ground spend in May.
Vegetative reproduction of September
Shrub dividing is the most popular way of breeding septibrins. The procedure can be carried out in spring or autumn. Every 2-3 years, they completely dig up a bush, divide it into parts (the delenka must contain a part of the rhizome with 1-2 buds of growth) and are seated. The plant gives basal shoots - they can be deposited annually. Carefully undermine the edge of the maternal shrub, cut off the young plant with a sharp shovel.
After pruning, side shoots can be used as cuttings. Root in the water, the roots will appear in about 20 days - can be planted in open ground.
Site preparation is necessary to do in advance. A couple of weeks before planting, dig to the depth of the spade bayonet, while adding organic matter (humus) and a complex of mineral fertilizers. Directly on the day of planting, make holes on the size of the root system, spill well with water and let it soak. Then place the seedlings, fill in the missing amount of soil, carefully apply the soil with your palms.
How to water
The first 10-14 days after planting should be watered approximately every other day in order for the plants to successfully take root.
In the care of the plants do not deliver a lot of trouble, it is necessary to carry out basic procedures: watering, loosening the soil, feed fertilizer, carry out sanitary pruning.
Sentyabrynki perfectly tolerate temporary drought, and waterlogging of the soil can cause significant damage (disease). In principle, the plant can do without watering, but flowering will be scarce. Water about 1 time a week in dry, hot weather, with an average temperature and humidity range increasing to 16 days. For irrigation it is better to use warm water.
Feed enough 2-3 times per season. Use complex mineral fertilizers. Feed the first time in early spring, focusing on the proportion of nitrogen, spend the second feeding in the middle of summer, adding more potassium, a third can be done during budding or during flowering with a predominance of the phosphorus component.
Mandatory measures to maintain the plant in a healthy state is regular loosening of the soil and removal of weeds.
Sanitary pruning is carried out throughout the growing season: remove dried leaves and inflorescences, and cut off the damaged or out-of-sight shoots. In the fall, when the septembryes bloom, the shoots are cut to the root, leaving peneses about 2 cm high.
When to relocate septembero?
When it is necessary to seat the september women, the question is important. Bushes of asters of Virginia, long growing in one place, need to be transplanted. Over time, the soil is compacted, depleted, which prevents the normal access of oxygen to the roots. Bushes tend to grow - solid dense planting will interfere with each other. The situation will change the transplant, which is carried out about 1 time in 4 years (combine with the division of the bush).
As for the timing, it is preferable to do it in the spring: the bushes will have time to root well and get stronger for the winter. If you transplant in the fall, do it as early as possible - the plants should at least take root.
Diseases and pests
The plant has rather high resistance to diseases and pests.
Mealy dew is a disease typical of all members of the Astrovie family. If you do not respond immediately, a strong and beautiful bush can wither with lightning speed. It is difficult to prevent the disease: the spores of the pathogenic fungus are transmitted by air, get through the water or hands, objects (gloves, garden shears) that have been in contact with diseased plants. The main symptom is the appearance of stains in the form of a whitish plaque - it can be brushed away like dust. After a while they become more and more. It is necessary to process the fungicidal preparation based on copper. For the purpose of prophylaxis, treatment can be carried out with Bordeaux mixture or copper sulphate solution.
Other possible diseases: blackleg, fusarium, rust. Treat with a fungicide (foundation, scor, precursors, etc.).
Pests: meadow bugs, spider mites, aphids, earwigs, moths moths. Treat with insecticide. Sometimes you can find slugs - they are collected manually or use special traps.
Sentyabrynki in landscape design
Sentyabrynki in landscape design photo
Sentyabrynki give their beauty in the finals of the summer, without fear of even the first cold snaps and suddenly fallen first snow.
Sentyabrynki garden design photo
These unpretentious perennials are welcome guests in the garden. Bushes with delicate buds look great in single and group plantings, they are used to frame garden paths, curbs, foot of bushes (from the south).
Sentyabrynki landscape design photos
Look great in mixborder with brothers in the family. Resilient, drought-resistant plants such as chrysanthemums, rudbeckia, and anemones can be neighbors.
Sentyabrynki in floristics
From the cut-off inflorescences, you can create a gorgeous bouquet - an armful of modest, but bright flowers looks spectacular. When cut, they remain fresh for 2 weeks. To prolong this period, change the water daily, you can dissolve a pinch of sugar and a few manganese crystals in it.
Dwarf varieties (about 40 cm high):
Sentyabrynki grade Audrey Symphyotrichum novi-belgii Audrey photo of flowers
Audrey - lilac-pink color,
Sepyabinki Jenny Symphyotrichum novi-belgii Jenny photo
Jenny - miniature bushes with red inflorescences,
Sentyabrinki Snowsprite Symphyotrichum novi-belgii Snowsprite photo
Snowsprite - the bush is decorated with snow-white inflorescences.
Varieties of medium height:
Elina - bushes with a height of about 80 cm fascinate with lush flowering, rims reach a diameter of 5 cm, the color is bright pink.
Cassie - height of the bush is 85 cm. Snow-white beaters with a diameter of about 3 cm form a continuous coating.
Aster novi-belgii Сент Winston S. Churchill ’photos
Winston S. Churchill - plant height is limited to 70 cm. Flowers of ruby color.
Sentyabrynki Royal Velvet Aster novi-belgii ‘Royal Velvet’
Royal Velvet - purple color with a bluish tinge, the bush seems to glow.
Reach a height of 1 m or more, the diameter of the corolla is 3.5-4 cm:
White Ladys Sentyabryinki Symphyotrichum novi-belgii White Ladys photo
White Lady - the height of the bush is 1.1 m. The inflorescences are snow-white with a yellow core.
Sentyabrynki Lady in blue Aster novi-belgii Lady in Blue photo
Desertblue - blue-violet range of inflorescences.
Dastyrose - flowers of soft crimson hue.
Amethyst - semi-double inflorescences, dark lilac petals.
Dick Ballard Dick Ballard photos
Dick Ballard - petals of a gentle pink shade settle down in 2 rows.
New England or North American varieties of perennial asters
They are even higher: 1.4-1.7 m.
Sunset is a sprawling bush about 1.2 m high. Inflorescences of rich crimson hue.
Sepyabrinki September Rubin Symphyotrichum novi-belgii September rubin photo
Septemberrubin - flowers have a red-crimson hue.
Constance is a real giant, about 1.8 m high. Inflorescences of purple hue.
Browman - a plant with a height of 1.2 m. The color is lilac.
Description of the flower and its varieties
Oktyabrinka can live for a long time, it is important to provide it with proper care. Even a beginner amateur gardener will cope with growing.
The homeland of this unpretentious flower is the eastern part of North America. In Russia, the Sabbath spread quickly, is found even in the taiga zone.
The bush is shaped like a pyramid. The plant has a strong trunk, thick foliage. On one branch there are a lot of small flowers up to 5 cm in size. The buds are able to withstand frosts down to -5 degrees. When the temperature rises, they thaw, and in warm weather they will bloom further, even if it snows.
Cut bouquet lasts up to two weeks. And with a constant change of water and removal of the lower leaflets, the period can be increased.
Near virgin Asters, it is better to plant drought-resistant, hardy plants that can withstand the aggressive neighborhood of Octobrists. Anemones and chrysanthemums fit well.
There are many varieties of virgin asters. The most common are:
- Amethyst. It grows up to a meter in height, blooms longer than a month. The petals are light yellow and the flowers are purple.
- DickBallard. This variety grows to a meter, blooms a little longer than a month. The flowers are arranged in two rows, the petals are pink.
- White Lady. Reaching a height of 1.1 meters. The flowers are white with a yellow center.
- Elina. It grows up to 0.8 meters, bright pink flowers up to 5 cm, completely cover the petals.
- Cassie. Height - 0, 85 meters. White flowers, 3 cm in diameter
- Sunset. Tall variety (up to 1.2 meters), blooms just over a month. Crimson flowers.
Among the dwarf species distinguish pink Audrey, miniature red Jenny, white Snowsprite. Medium colors: ruby WinstonS and Churchill (up to 0.7 meters), violet-blue RoyalVelvet.
Planting and Care Rules
Sentyabrynki perfectly adapted. In this regard, they are planted at any time of the year. But it is best to do this in spring or early autumn. These flowers are very sun-loving.
For planting a perfect place protected from the wind, a place where the melt water will not accumulate. The soil composition for virgin asters does not matter.
For planting digging holes at a distance of half a meter from each other to a depth of 25 cm. The place immediately needs to be enclosed, as the plant has a very strong creeping root. If you do not, the flower will turn into a weed. During the first two weeks it is necessary to water every other day. Every 3-4 years the bush must be replanted. Do not neglect the rules of care for flowers:
- The septiabrins suffer a short-term drought. Watering should be plentiful, but not often. Cold water do not like. Therefore, it is worth warming in the sun.
- When transplanting, remove damaged and old stems. Each plot should have 3 buds. It promotes rapid growth.
- The plant must be fed. Then it will bloom profusely. In the spring it is fertilized with nitrogenous compounds, and in the summer with potassium-containing ones. You can add chicken manure or liquid mullein. In the summer they fertilize twice, well weeding the soil under the bushes.
- It is necessary to loosen the soil and remove weeds.
- Adult asters need pruning, which is carried out in spring or autumn. Strongly thick branches reduce the intensity of flowering.
- Молодые сентябринки следует укрывать на зимовку компостом или опавшей листвой.
- Не сажать растение после луковичных, гвоздик и любых пасленовых. Так как это увеличит риск заболевания цветка грибковым фузариозом.
- Если соцветия маленькие, деформированные, не раскрытые полностью, они нуждаются в питательных веществах.
If you follow these rules, reproduction, planting flowers of September women and caring for them will not be difficult.
Varieties and types of septebrinok and plant description
Sentyabrynki have a high decorative value, they can be planted in flower beds, along paths and borders. Originally from North America, this flower can still be found there in the wild. What now grows in parks, gardens and suburban areas is the merit of breeders. Flowering begins in late August., and ends only with the arrival of this winter, when the ground will be covered with snow. The color palette is quite wide, you can find purple, white, pink flowers. But, most often in the gardens there are lilac flowers.
Sentyabrynki divided into three groups:
Low-growing flowers are 20–25 cm tall, medium-grown 60–80 cm, tall 80–100 cm.
The undoubted advantage of the September flower is their resistance to frost, they easily tolerate frosts down to -5. And continue to bloom, until heavy snowfalls.
Sentyabrynki divided into the following varieties:
- Dick Ballard,
- White Lady
Amethyst bush up to one meter with semi-double flowers of dark lilac color. Middle of a yellow shade. This variety blooms for about a month.
Sort Sunset it is a sprawling bush with a height of more than 120 cm. The flowers very richly cover the bush and bloom with a bright crimson color. Such beauty blooms for about 35 days.
Shrub variety Dick ballard about a meter high, the petals of the flowers are arranged in two rows and have a delicate pink color.
Cassie refers to the medium tall species, during flowering white flowers cover the plant, like a bedspread.
By the tall species is the September White Lady. From the name you can guess that the flowers are white. But, they still have a very beautiful middle of yellow color.
Have The GreeksPerhaps the largest flowers, reaching a diameter of 5 cm. The plant of this variety blooms with bright pink flowers, due to its large size, they even cover the leaves. The bush itself has a height of 85 cm.
When is it best to land September women, features of planting and care
As you know, September women can be planted in spring, summer and autumn. But, best to plant all the same spring. Just need to wait until the end of the last spring frosts. If you decide to choose autumn for planting, then you need to plant this plant in early autumn, when the first frosts had not yet begun. September flowers, of course, tolerate cold temperatures well, but freshly transplanted flowers may die from the first autumn frosts.
In the first year of life, the plant does not bloom abundantly, and bloom in several pieces on a bush. The following year the number of flowers will be more. In adult bushes flowers are not large, therefore once every three years it must be divided. It is desirable to remove the old hardened roots and leave the younger and healthier. Sentyabrynki grow very well, so that they do not fill the entire area, it is desirable to put special separators. Otherwise, they will become a real weed on your site.
When choosing a place for September need to select a siteThis spring is not flooded with melt water. If plants stand for a long time in water, this can cause their rotting and death. Before planting these flowers, you must first prepare the soil. To do this, the proposed site is required to dig and apply organic fertilizer. It is good to spill the soil with water and plant the seedlings at a distance of 20 cm from each other, so that they do not interfere with each other in the future. In the further care there is nothing difficult, it consists in regular watering, loosening of the soil (approximately 1 time in 2 weeks) and in timely removal of weeds.
Sentyabrynki fairly drought resistant, and can do without watering for a long time, but it is better not to allow it. During the watering of the plants, watch the water temperature, it is better not to water with cold water. The optimal water for plants is warm water, in the summer you can easily heat the water in the sun, before pouring it into buckets. By evening, the water will warm up and it will be possible to water the bushes. Loosening should also be carried out with care so as not to damage the plant stems. And also it should be remembered that septebrynki very well take moisture from the soil, so they should be planted separately from other colors.
Caring for september in the fall
As well as any plant, September women need care even in the autumn. Since these flowers bloom for a very long time, until late autumn, their stems are cut off only after the end of flowering. Young bushes after removing the stems are required to cover for the winter. You can close the plant for the winter period by covering the soil with fallen leaves from above, or by closing it with mulch. An adult plant in shelter does not need, it will easily transfer frosts.