It is believed that the fern - is one of the oldest plants on Earth. He appeared in the Devonian period. In Russia, it was believed that any secrets and castles would be revealed to the person who found the flowers of the fern. According to legend, the plant originated from the goddess Venus, who dropped her hair. According to another version, the girl fell from a cliff, and a spring appeared there, and her beautiful hair turned into a leaf of fern, which resembles a bird's wing.
Let us distract from the legends and consider how the plant grows in nature, and also what you need to know before you start a homemade fern. The benefits and harms of it have been studied since ancient times and, as people say, the plant is truly mysterious. Nevertheless, he is often kept at home, used in cooking, and heal diseases for them.
The plant we are looking at looks like a shrub. In nature, eaglet usually grows in whole colonies. It is a viable plant that can live even in stony and sandy soil. If the fern once begins to grow in the country, then it is very difficult to bring it out, for which summer residents, of course, do not favor it. He is so tenacious that even after a fire that squinted everything around, he will first give his shoots.
One of the herbaceous plants of the Osmundov family is the bracken fern. It traditionally grows in the Far East, in China and Korea. In addition, it is found in Russia, Finland, Asia, Mexico, Ukraine. The plant consists of many stems with feathery leaves.
First, the fern begins its life underground. Leaves form here - fronds that look like a snail. Then, turning, they begin to resemble a hook. The reproduction of a plant does not occur at the expense of flowers, but at the expense of spores. Its name was due to the similarity of the leaves with the wing of a large bird. That is why it bears the name of the fern Orlyak. The benefits and harms of it are revealed in many folk legends, which are retold from generation to generation to this day.
When the fern blooms
People have always been wary of him. In ancient times, they did not understand how the fern multiplied, because they did not see flowering. This time waited as a holiday. There is a belief that the one who will find a flowering fern will become fabulously wealthy, since the Earth itself will show man its mysterious wealth. People have long believed in the fact that there is at the same time harm and benefit of a fern. What is it expressed in? This will be discussed further.
Today, science can justify the benefits of fern in terms of composition. The plant is very valuable. It is rich in starch, alkaloids, flavonoids, essential oils and tannins. In the shoots there is carotene, riboflavin, tocopherol and other useful vitamins and trace elements.
It also contains a lot of proteins, the same as in cereals. They are easily absorbed by the body and have a beneficial effect on it. The positive effect of fern is seen in the work of the nervous system and in raising the overall tone. There is evidence that the fern helps to remove radionuclides from the human body.
Preparation from rhizomes for treatment is done in September. It is used for problems with the sciatic nerve, calf muscle (convulsions). Those who tried to be treated with fern, note the benefit of the course, the duration of which is usually three weeks. But remember: do not self-medicate. Before using any drug or drug, consult a specialist.
Fern is not the only beneficial action. Its benefits and harms are revealed most of all in popular beliefs. This is what the article is about today. Let's take a look at how this plant is used in cooking.
In ancient times, fern was used for culinary purposes. In food use such species as the ostrich and bracken, namely their shoots. The leaves are edible too. They are good to add to salads or other dishes in the form of seasoning. Fern shoots taste like mushrooms. They are very loved in Japan and Korea. This is a diet food. 100 grams of the product contains 34 kilocalories.
The plant canned or boiled. Raw shoots, or, as they are also called, rachises, are not consumed, as they have a bitter taste. In cooking, the harm and use of the fern were also investigated. As mentioned above, the plant is saturated with a variety of trace elements that can be valuable to the body, and quite the opposite.
Cook the plant as follows: the leaves are placed in water, salt is added. Then boil for several minutes, drain the water and pour fresh. Boil the second time before readiness. Finished rachises should not break, but bend easily. When this condition of the shoots is reached, water is drained through a colander and then the fern is used according to the recipe.
A favorite dish for many housewives is salting. The billet will not spoil for a long time and will retain all the useful properties. Its preparation is very simple: a fern is placed in layers in a glass jar, not forgetting to fill it with salt each time. Then the jar is covered with a capron lid and left for two weeks in a cool dark place. After this, the brine is drained and the shoots are shifted to another container, only in the reverse order, where the top layer should eventually be the bottom. The jar is filled with brine, on the basis that salt should be 22%. Then roll up the lids and keep in a dark and cool place. The billet can be eaten for several years.
The harm and benefits of a fern have been studied for a very long time and it is about the salting that the mistress responds most positively, as they say that the greatest amount of useful substances is saved in this way.
Billet plants and you can buy. Before using such a product, it is first soaked for several hours so that the salt and bitterness is gone. Then the water is drained and poured fresh. Two hours later, the fern can boil a quarter of an hour without adding spices to it. A plant is added, for example, to fried meat at the end of cooking, cut into pieces and left on the fire for a few more minutes.
Known recipe for cooking "in Korean." To do this, first separate the carrot and onion straws, then add the fern with spices and stew for another quarter of an hour.
The harm and benefits of ferns are widely known in traditional medicine. It is used as an effective painkiller, for example, for pain in the joints. When rheumatism will help the bath with a decoction of herbs. Outside fern is used for boils, eczema and scrofula. Also, decoctions of the plant treat diseases of the intestine, spleen, jaundice.
Fern is an excellent anthelmintic agent. Acids contained in it, can destroy all intestinal parasites. However, one should be careful when applying the fern. Benefit and harm he coexist with each other. And the latter manifests itself due to toxicity. Therefore, it is safer to use outdoors when treating convulsions, purulent wounds and rheumatism.
At home, you can cook a decoction of rhizomes. To do this, ten grams of boiled in two hundred milliliters of water, and drink a teaspoon of honey. You can also add flour to the decoction. Sometimes during treatment you should do an enema or take a laxative after using a fern. Health benefits and harm, as people say, manifest themselves immediately after application. The main thing is to use the remedy correctly, namely, only after consulting a doctor.
With the proper use of such a plant as a fern, the benefits to humans become apparent. However, as mentioned above, the use of the plant must be strictly controlled, as it is poisonous and the harm from it also does not keep itself waiting.
Fern is forbidden, for example, to pregnant women. In addition, you can not use the plant for fever, kidney disease, ulcers, liver, tuberculosis and a number of other diseases, especially those that are chronic.
In case of overdose, it is imperative to wash the stomach and consult a doctor.
Home fern: use
And the harm and benefit there is from houseplants. People have long known about this. House plants improve energy. Fern is also one of them. Many people believe that he is capable of performing miracles.
However, opinions on this subject are rather ambiguous. Some believe that where the fern grows, energy is improved, while others, on the contrary, claim that it brings some misfortune. If you look at it simply as a houseplant, it turns out that it is completely unpretentious and can easily live in the shade.
Those who believe in positive qualities say that the fern has an excellent ability to pacify people. Aggressive and quick-tempered natures change their mood for a more friendly and relaxed mood. Therefore, where family members often quarrel, it is recommended to have this plant.
The same applies to the general atmosphere. In the house with a fern like harmony appears. And still people believe that the plant brings good luck both in personal and business life, and also improves the financial situation. Previously, for example, very often the leaves of a plant were put in a wallet, believing that money would be spent there more often.
Home fern: harm
Before deciding whether or not to keep a fern in an apartment, the harm and benefits of the plant must be studied fully.
There is a point of view according to which this plant is an energetic vampire that takes energy from family members, which makes them drowsy, tired and unhappy.
Those who believe in spirits should know: it has long been believed that along with the plant brought from the mysterious forests to the house, people brought with them all evil spirits that also later took energy from them.
If we analyze all the information received, it turns out that, nevertheless, a plant such as a room fern has more positive features (its benefits and harms were presented to your attention in the article). If you use the plant correctly, it has an excellent therapeutic effect. If you start a fern in the house - peace and tranquility prevail. How to treat this plant is a purely individual matter.
Description and characteristics of indoor fern
The fern belongs to the family of ferns, which are distributed throughout the world. The room fern is an unpretentious and ornamental plant, with wide and spreading leaves.
One of the characteristic features of a fern is its lack of seeds. Despite this, the plant has the ability to multiply due to the presence of special spores (sorus) near its roots.
The appearance of a fern is very different from the usual indoor flowers. The leaves of the plant are like dissected feathers. The color of a room fern is usually light green, and its height can reach 1 meter.
The benefits of indoor ferns
Fern has many beneficial properties. The root of this plant is widely used in traditional medicine, and amazing leaves are used in cooking.
An ordinary room fern absorbs dust and cleans the air. In addition, the flower neutralizes the electromagnetic rays that come from the TV, computer monitor, microwave oven. Putting a pot with this plant in close proximity with a source of electromagnetic radiation, you can get rid of headaches, fatigue and many other consequences of using electronics.
Fern in the treatment: properties and benefits
In addition to the absorption of electromagnetic rays and dust particles, fern is widely used in traditional medicine, as it has analgesic, diuretic and laxative effects, and also removes all harmful toxins from the body.
Particular attention is paid to the root of this plant. From different parts of the home fern prepare a variety of tools for the treatment of helminthiasis, removal of the chain and tapeworm.
With the help of fern varicose veins are treated, as well as enhance immunity and strengthen the body. Salted shoots of fern perfectly relieve tension and have a positive effect on the nervous system. Fern root powder is used to eliminate inguinal hernia in men.
It should be noted that the fern has a lot of useful qualities, so it is used in the treatment of cancer, gastrointestinal dysfunction, oophoritis, ulcer, rheumatism and migraine.
How to care for a fern that does not harm him?
Deciding to purchase a room fern, you need to consider that he, like any plant, needs a list of important conditions for successful development and living. The fern will not feel well in a house in which the following conditions are not met:
2. Air temperature
3. Regular watering
4. Air humidity
For home fern, the optimum temperature is 15-24 degrees. If the temperature of the habitat of a fern in the house is below 12 or above 25, then the plant will most likely wither.
An important point for the life of a fern is humidity. Feel good plant will be in space with 40-60% humidity. In order to increase the humidity in the room, you can purchase a special humidifier, but simply sprinkle the leaves of the plant regularly.
As for watering, it all depends on the season and the humidity in the house. Basically, the fern is watered 1-2 times a week, but you can also focus on the soil moisture: when the soil in the pot has dried, you can water it. It should be noted that such amounts of irrigation are optimal, since both dry and too moist soil can lead to disastrous consequences for the plant. Excessive watering, for example, will lead to rotting of the roots of the flower. Also, the fern needs watering exclusively with “soft” water. To do this, let the water stand for several days at room temperature.
Flower growers often like to fertilize their plants, but does the fern need it? Of course. To fertilize this flower, it is enough to add mineral or organic fertilizers once a month. It is important to note that the winter season does not fertilize the fern.
If we consider the question of lighting, in which this plant will live comfortably, it is important to bear in mind that the fern does not like direct sunlight. Due to excessive sunlight, the leaves of the flower may become dull and yellow. The best place for a fern is a flower stand. It provides comfortable for this plant diffused sunlight.
The need for transplanting fern signals a light green leaf color, but such signs are often found only in young shoots. Usually, the plant is transplanted every two to three years in the spring, when the flower ceases to fit in its pot.
The fern family includes over a thousand species of this plant. But which ones can be grown at home? The following types of fern are adapted for living in close proximity with people:
This type of fern is famous for its unpretentiousness. It performs well the decorative function of indoor plants, forming a lush and spreading shrub. Also, one of the advantages of this type is rapid growth.
This type of fern family, has similarities with palm trees and requires a lot of space in the house.
This species is also called "Venus hair", as it has rather thin stems and small leaves. In contrast to the above described brethren, it needs thorough care and care for itself.
What harm can fern cause?
Normal room fern does not bring much harm. The only points can be identified allergic reaction to this flower, which is quite rare, and the release of carbon dioxide. As for the second statement, this item applies to all indoor plants, since absorbing oxygen, they release carbon dioxide, which can provoke headaches and dizziness in humans. It is very easy to avoid harmful effects - do not put a flower in the bedroom.
If the indoor fern, standing in a flowerpot does not cause much harm, then eating or treating a home flower can harm human health and also has contraindications. It is important to note that the fern is a poisonous plant.
It should be noted that the reception of tinctures and decoctions based on indoor fern can lead to intoxication of the body. When poisoning by means of fern, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, convulsions and fainting are characteristic. In the case of a sad outcome of the use of plants, you must quickly remove it from the body and clean the stomach.
Taking home cactus for food or for treatment purposes is strictly prohibited if the following factors exist:
• Diseases of the kidneys and liver
• Age up to two years
• Weakened immune system
• Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract in the acute stage of development
Если учитывать все вышеописанные рекомендации, то папоротник будет не только украшать дом, но и дарить домочадцам пользу и положительные эмоции.
Калорийность и пищевая ценность
Орляк имеет довольно низкую калорийность, это делает его привлекательным компонентом диетического меню. By the way, many nutritionists successfully use this plant in their practice: they recommend that patients add it to salads and to meat dishes, drink healthy infusions and decoctions.
Calorie bracketed - 34 kcal per 100 g. If we talk about the nutritional value of this miraculous in its properties of the plant, it is amazing due to the unusual percentage:
- carbohydrates - 5.54 g,
- fat - 0.4 g,
- proteins - 4.55 g
The rhizome of this plant contains medicinal ingredients:
- tannins that provide excellent digestion,
- various essential oils and fats,
- Orlyakovich tannic, glutamic, aspartic, nicotinic and hydrocyanic acids,
- starchy substances and saponins,
- Riboflavin, tocopherol and carotene (found in young shoots),
- various enzymes, in particular glycoside and thiaminase (an enzyme involved in the hydrolysis of thiamine).
The valuable composition of eaglet is represented by the following microelements:
- nickel and potassium,
- magnesium, copper and sulfur,
- phosphorus, sodium and manganese,
- calcium and iodine.
The proteins that make up the bracken are, by their properties, something akin to cereals (wheat, oats). But the most important use of fern is associated with a high concentration of biologically active elements.
Striking beneficial properties
Doctors have been using fern bracken in their practice for a long time and very successfully: the beneficial properties of this plant help to cure many diseases. For example, it is indicated for patients who suffer from:
- dry and wet pleurisy,
- headaches and chest pains,
- jaundice (Botkin's disease),
- aching joints and bone pains,
- noises in the ears
- malfunctions of the intestines, stomach and spleen.
At this therapeutic properties brackens do not end. Well helps decoction, made from its leaves and roots, with constipation. The plant is used to alleviate pain, getting rid of worms, urine excretion (in violation of diuretic function).
By the way, people knew about the analgesic ability of this plant for a long time. Many centuries ago, the fern was applied to wounds, burns, bruises. And he shot even the most severe pain.
- Especially useful for those people who lead a sedentary lifestyle. For example, he spends a lot of time at the computer or at the TV.
- Due to the content of iodine in its composition, brace saves a person from leukemia and radiation sickness.
- In the accelerated mode restores the disturbed metabolism, thereby contributes to a quick and comfortable weight loss.
- Superbly removes the excitation of the nervous system and strong tension, leads to a normal state of the pulse.
- Restores in full the lack of vitamins in the spring of vitamin deficiency.
- Removes heavy and harmful metals, radionuclides, improves the activity of the endocrine system. Human performance after applying brace increases significantly.
- Brackens are also used for ulcerative manifestations and convulsions. He actively treats rheumatism, hemorrhoids, sciatica.
As you can see, the healing properties of this species of fern are truly endless. The main thing is to learn how to harvest the plant and how to properly apply it.
Terms of collection and use
If fern leaves are young, they are used to make salads. In addition, brace can be prepared for future use - pickle or pickle. This is a great seasoning for meat and fish dishes. But the old leaves of the plant should not be eaten, they can be dried and later used for infusions, lotions and decoctions.
If a person is worried about sciatica, rheumatic and other painful sensations, herbal raw materials should be steamed and added to the bathroom.
In order for the fern to benefit, it should be harvested in early spring. After all, in summer and autumn, he loses some of the healing properties.
Young shoots need to be stored in the refrigerator, and not longer than 2 days. If you do not have time to use eaglet within the specified period - it will become poisonous and harmful to the body.
About 10560 plant species belong to the fern family. They are distributed throughout the world and may differ in appearance.
The room fern, like its other species, is unusual in that it has no seeds. But near its roots are the sori, the spores that allow it to multiply.
The leaves of the plant are dissected and pinnate, they have a light green color. Fern height - from 30 to 90 cm.
There are many types of ancient herbaceous perennial. The most common room types:
- Adiantum or veren hair.
The most common species of ancient plants in Russia and countries closely located to it is the bracken fern. It can be recognized by feathery wyam growing in different directions.
Because of the similarity of the cut of the stem with the eagle, located on the state emblem and the similarity of the leaf plate on the wings of the bird, the plant is called the eagle. But what is useful for fern Pteridium aquilinum?
The plant is used in cooking, and in eastern countries it is a delicacy.
But in the process of cooking it is important to observe certain conditions, as the perennial is poisonous. You can use only young shoots after special treatment.
If we talk about a houseplant, then there is practically no negative impact on the human body from it. But there is a perception that ferns are energy vampires, and their presence in the house leads to failure and illness.
This is a scientific explanation. The whole thing in the structure of the plant: on the bottom of the leaves are going to spores, which can provoke an allergic reaction.
Another nuance - fern absorbs oxygen and emits carbon dioxide, which often causes headaches. Therefore, it is not recommended to put a flower in the bedroom, in particular, next to the bed.
The most harmful plant can be when used internally, as it is poisonous. Contraindications to the use of fern:
- kidney and liver disease,
- weakened immunity
- acute diseases of the digestive tract.
Internal medication on the basis of fern is contraindicated without prior medical consultation. When intolerance or abuse of funds may develop acute intoxication.
It is manifested by convulsions, frequent heartbeat, vomiting, fainting, nervous disorders, and abnormalities in the kidneys and liver.
Use in traditional medicine and cooking
In the pharmacy, you can purchase extract of male fern in the form of tablets and infusion. And at home on the basis of dried and shredded roots of the plant they prepare medicinal decoctions.
In case of worm infestation and nervous disorders, 10 g of powder of dry and crushed raw materials are placed in water and boiled for 10 minutes. The drug is drunk with honey in 10 ml at one time.
With varicose veins, a slurry of crushed fern and yogurt is applied to the affected areas. Compress wrapped with film and hold for 6 hours.
To strengthen the body, prevent cancer and improve digestion, an infusion of fern will do. It is taken before meals three times a day and 1 spoon.
Dry powder or fern extract, sold in a pharmacy, is used for inguinal hernia, inflammation of the appendages, oncology and jaundice. And with leukemia, it is recommended to eat salads every day with the addition of the leaves of the plant.
Eagle fern is edible and is often used in cooking, especially in Eastern cuisine. The smell and taste of its leaves resembles mushrooms, and dried roots - baked potatoes.
Pteridium is added to various dishes - appetizers, soups and bean curd. In Japan and China, it is fried and seasoned with walnuts. But the most common recipe for using brace is a Korean salad from plant shoots.
Edible fern: species
In the world there are about 10 thousand different types of ferns. Such plants can be found anywhere, including in swampy places and even deserts. But most often they grow in the forest zone.
Different habitats of ferns directly contributed to their diversity. They can vary considerably not only in their external shape and size, but also in their internal structure, as well as in chemical and physiological characteristics.
What edible fern do you know? The most popular plant that is used to prepare various dishes is the bracken. Also used in food osmunds Asian and ostrich.
So that after cooking, the edible fern is tasty and tender, its shoots are harvested at a young age, until they become tough.
The season of gathering such plants is early spring, when leaves start to bloom in the trees and juicy grass appears. Edible fern should be immediately used for the preparation of various dishes or processed to a semi-finished product that will be stored for a long time. To semi-finished products include three types of plants: frozen fern, salted and dried. The first option - the easiest and most common among housewives. However, it is not used on an industrial scale.
Now you know which fern is edible. Where does this plant grow? Orlyak, Osmund Asiatic and Ostrich are widespread throughout the globe, except for the steppes, arctic regions and deserts.
In Russia, such plants can be found in the European part, in the Far East, in Siberia and in the Urals. They also grow in Europe, Asia and North America.
The edible bracken fern, Osmunda Asiatic and Ostrich are very often found in forest zones, on open elevations and in thickets of bushes.
Fern of edible species is actively used in cooking. Of the young leaves are often prepared various salads. In addition, peculiar "snails" are fried, boiled, salted and pickled for the winter, and also used as a special seasoning for meat.
The most popular among culinary edible ferns is the bracken. It received its unusual name due to its similarity with the wing of a bird of prey.
Such a plant is quite common throughout Russia, and it is not difficult to find it.
Young shoots, which are used to prepare various dishes, are formed in May. At first they resemble a kind of "snail", and in the process of development they turn around and become like a hook.
The stalk of edible leaf is called rachis. It tastes very much like white mushrooms. Raw rachis are poisonous, therefore it is necessary to subject them to heat treatment.
Edible fern: how to cook?
As mentioned above, a fresh plant can not be stored. This is due to the fact that it hardens very quickly, with the result that it is simply impossible to eat it. Therefore, the newly collected shoots of fern should be immediately salted or boiled in salted water, and then dried.
If you decide to use the last cooking option, then fresh leaves should be thoroughly washed and put into a pot of boiling salted water. In this form, the plant should be cooked no more than 5 minutes. After that, it is required to fold to a colander and shake vigorously.
As for salting, this process is carried out as follows: fresh and thoroughly washed greens are placed in enameled container, poured with ordinary table salt (250 g of spices per 1 kg of plant), covered with a wooden lid, smaller in diameter, and then pressed down. In this case, the weight of the latter must necessarily be equal to the weight of the product used. In this form, salted greens are left for 7-8 days.
After the pickle begins to cover the wooden cover, it is slowly poured. Together with him will go and all the bitterness inherent in the young shoots.
The product prepared in this way can be extinguished. It is first fried with onions, and then poured with fresh sour cream and cooked in this form for several minutes. To the table ready stew is served with greens and roasted tomatoes.
Also, salted fern can be deep-fried, after dipping it into pancake dough.
If none of the presented methods are suitable for you, then the salted product can be simply chopped and added to salads, pizza, soup, etc.
In Slavic mythology, fern flowers have always been endowed with magical properties, although these plants do not bloom. On the night of Ivan Kupala, couples in love are actively looking for this mythical flower, believing that it will surely bring them eternal happiness (according to legend, such a flower only disperses for a moment).
The benefits and harms of home fern
A fern is a flower that not only absorbs dust, but also absorbs electromagnetic radiation emitted from household appliances that are in close proximity to it. Therefore, placing it at home, amateur growers can significantly clean and facilitate the surrounding space.
In addition, the fern is actively and effectively used in home medicine, many popular recipes include its juice or shredded leaves. Even some culinary dishes contain processed fern leaves.
As for the harm or negative effect of the plant on humans, it was not noticed. The only recommendation of professional florist, which should adhere, is not to have a fern in the bedroom, especially close to the bed. Although this rule applies to almost all domestic plants, no matter how useful they are, they do not belong in the bedroom.
The benefits or harm of a flower largely depend on the attitude to it; if a plant is loved and given attention to it, it will give only positive energy.
Varieties of ferns
Few growers can name the exact number of fern species that exist. This concerns not only the total number of species in the world, but even the number of domestic plants. You can list only the main and most common of them. Most often these types of ferns are grown at home:
- Nephrolepis - one of the largest domestic flowers, hard bright green leaves of which grow up, and then bent to the side.
- Ostrich bird - so named because of the similarity of the leaves with the feathers of a large bird, multiplies rapidly and is completely unpretentious in the care.
- Male thyroid plate - grows slowly, forming a goblet outlet, sporiferous organs form on the underside of the leaves.
- Adiantum - it feels best at high humidity and low air temperature, fern leaves are twisted at the ends.
Whatever flower you want to grow, an amateur flower grower, they will all be a worthy decoration of an apartment or house, complementing the decor of any room with its beautiful color and lush growth. The main thing is to learn how to care for him, although it does not have to do too much.
Temperature and humidity for fern
Bright green sprawling bush grows well at moderate air temperatures. The optimal mode for a fern is from 15 to 23 degrees. When the temperature drops below 12 degrees, the plant will wither and lower the leaves. It is also undesirable a significant increase in temperature above 25 degrees.
Dry air is also detrimental to the plant. To absorb dust and grow healthy, the flower must be in a moderately humid space. The optimal level of humidity for ferns is 45-60%. If it drops, it is worth spraying the flower with water at room temperature.
In general, the fern is considered an indicator of the atmosphere in the house: if the space is dusty and unfavorable, the plant will begin to ache.
Regular watering and fertilizer fern
The frequency and intensity of irrigation depends on the season and humidity in the apartment. It is important not to let the soil dry where the fern grows, that is, on average, watering is carried out 1-2 times a week. Too intensive watering is also undesirable for the plant, rotting of the root system may begin.
For moistening the land, use defended soft water. Once a month, mineral fertilizers can be added to irrigation, except for the winter period of the year. In winter, the plant slows growth and should rest.
In order to enjoy the bright green color of the plant all year round, you should not place it on the south side - direct sunlight will affect the fading and yellowing of the fern. Moreover, if the fern grows on the windowsill, it will not have enough space for the leaves, so the best place for its location is a flower stand.
But putting the flower away from natural light is not recommended. The optimal conditions for the growth of ferns are scattered sunlight.
Reproduction and transplanting ferns
Plant transplantation is required in cases where the flower does not fit in your pot, and often takes place once a year in spring. Land for transplantation should be loose and well drained. Since a fern is a forest plant, the soil in which it grows best should include a small amount of peat, rotted foliage or needles.
Put pebbles or small stones in the prepared pot to the bottom, add a small amount of sand to the ground. Чтобы не травмировать корни папоротника, растение можно перевалить с имеющейся землей в новую емкость, а затем добавить нужное количество грунта сверху и полить.
Во время пересадки можно заняться и размножением папоротника. For this you need to carefully consider the roots of the plant, after it is pulled out of the pot. If there are small processes in the root system, they can be carefully detached and planted separately. If the "kids" are not, you can simply divide the bush into two parts and plant each in a separate pot.
Thus, the conditions of care for any species of fern do not pose any particular difficulty even for novice amateur gardeners. But if you provide the flower with the right conditions, it will grow in a lush, bright bush, refreshing the surrounding air and delighting everyone who will be able to admire it.
Fern - calorie and properties. The benefits and harms of the fern
The scientific name of this plant comes from pteron, which translated from Greek means "wing", and aquila - "eagle" in Latin. Fern leaves actually resemble the wings of a huge bird. As you know, the fern stem grows underground, and at the end of spring, fronds begin to form - young leaves that initially look like a snail, and then, growing and turning, resemble a hook.
For a long time this plant is included in the diet of the Far Eastern taiga, as well as the inhabitants of Korea and Japan. Today, interest in the fern, as a food product, and show domestic consumers. By the way, the protein content in the fern in its composition and properties is close to those in grain crops, and therefore this product is easily absorbed by the human body. Calorie fern, namely 100 grams of plant shoots, an average of 34 kcal.
Different nations of the world know and appreciate not only the beneficial properties of the fern, but also its gastronomic qualities. On the basis of shoots and young fern leaves, they often cook delicious salads, while the snails themselves boil, fry, pickle and salt for the winter, and then use them as seasoning for meat. By the way, to taste the cooked shoots of a fern something like mushrooms. However, remember that without heat treatment fern do not eat.
It has been established that fern (in particular, its rhizomes) contains substances such as saponins, alkaloids, starch, bracken and tannic acid, flavonoids, fat, essential oils and tannins. Meanwhile, the young shoots of ferns are rich in vitamins, tocopherols, riboflavin, carotene and nicotinic acid.
In medicine, the use of bracken fern has long been known. This plant is effective in diseases of the spleen and intestines, with aching in joints and diarrhea, head and chest pains, jaundice, dry pleurisy, with noise in the head and ears, as well as laxative, analgesic, anthelmintic and diuretic. Then it is recommended to use inside as a decoction of grass and rhizome of a fern.
However, the use of infusions and decoctions of bracken fern is advised with great care. The fact is that this plant is poisonous, and therefore it is quite probable that the fern is harmful to humans. By the way, during pregnancy it is forbidden to use it.
The energy value of the product Fern (The ratio of proteins, fats, carbohydrates):
Energy ratio (b | W | y): 54% | 11% | 65%
Description and characteristics of the fern
The home fern is part of the genus Adiantum, which includes more than 200 species growing throughout the world. The genus name comes from the Greek word adiantos, which means "unidentified."
The leaves of the plant have unique properties - they reflect the water. The plant has thin fan-shaped leaf segments, which are usually grouped by hard black stalks.
It is known that ferns of this species grow in places where there are usually no other plants. Therefore, there is a perception that they can harm a person.
In nature, they can be found on rocky walls and between rocks, where they feed on the moisture of seeping water.
What are the beneficial substances contained in fern
As a rule, wild bracken fern is used as food.
By chemical composition, fern is an excellent source of protein, along with nuts. Other beneficial substances include fats, flavonoids, tannins and saponins.
Young shoots of plants contain many vitamin compounds, including riboflavin, tocopherol, nicotinic acid and carotene.
The benefits and harms of ferns for the human body are ambiguous, so it’s best not to abuse this edible plant.
Healing properties of fern
Bracken fern is used in folk medicine since antiquity. It is considered useful in the treatment of problems with the intestines and spleen, for the treatment of diarrhea, jaundice, pain in the joints.
It is used as an analgesic, diuretic and anthelmintic agent. The healing properties of fern are especially often mentioned in the fight against any parasites.
Fern-based traditional medicine recipes
In traditional folk medicine, it is believed that the medicinal properties of the fern can quickly rid the body of parasites.
To do this, the powder from the fern root is mixed with the ether infusion of the plant. The mixture is then drawn into a syringe of 2 cu. see. All medication is divided into 30 servings.
The day before the treatment, the food should be replaced with liquid: kefir, juice, etc.
On the second day, instead of breakfast, take one serving of the medicine every two minutes for one hour.
Five hours after ingestion, be sure to drink a spoonful of castorca.
The healing properties of the fern root are in its use for varicose veins. To do this, the root of the plant is ground into a mush, mixed with sour milk and applied to the skin. After you wrap the place with a mixture of bandage and leave for 5 - 6 hours.
Eating a fern
Bracken fern has long been consumed by the people of Japan and Korea. It is distributed as a food product in the Far East. Currently, it is used in many different ways.
The health benefits of bracken are explained by its high content of protein and vitamins.
Young shoots and leaves are used to prepare snacks and salads. Thick stems pickle or salt, fry or boil. Often they are used as seasoning for various dishes: the fern stems taste like mushrooms.
Application of fern in the farm
Speaking of home fern, it is worth mentioning separately the beneficial properties of the plant. It can not only absorb dust, but also is capable of attracting to itself electromagnetic radiation, which usually comes from various household appliances. This means that the indoor plant not only improves the interior, but also benefits by clearing the space around it. This is the main beneficial property of the fern for the body.
Plant properties are used in traditional medicine. In such cases, apply the crushed leaves of the plant or fresh juice. However, it is worthwhile to carefully study the probable benefits and harm, especially when using the plant's product inside: most often, in this case, edible bracken is used.
Signs and superstitions about the fern
The use of a fern as a home flower is estimated differently by signs. Some believe that it is able to benefit and generally has positive properties (for example, it helps to avoid trouble, protects the owner, and so on).
Other superstitious people argue that the plant is harmful because it attracts a lot of negativity.
What are the benefits and harm of a fern in an apartment, according to popular belief?
For skeptical people, the harm and health benefits of fern do not mean anything by signs.
But some popular beliefs about the beneficial properties of the plant still deserve attention. For example:
- The fern is able to bring harmony to the family, as it can charge the atmosphere in the house with its positive energy. All this leads to the elimination of negativity, reconciliation of quarrels, and so on. As a result, trust is established in the family.
- The benefits of the fern will be in improving relations between the spouses. Most of all, it is suitable for couples with different temperaments. Beliefs say that this plant helps people to better find compromises.
- One of the most common signs about the benefits of indoor fern is that this indoor flower is capable of making a profit, including for gambling people.
- In general, the beneficial properties of fern are to attract good luck to the house. But do not forget that the plant does not help in the case of constant rash spending.
- Signs speak about the benefits of transplanting a flower from a pot to an open ground: then it becomes a talisman. This should pay special attention to the owners of dacha plots.
- If the home flower suddenly began to fade, signs say that, in defending its owner, it absorbed the negative.
- It is argued that the plant is able to fulfill desires. However, for this we need to wait for it to bloom. A flowering plant is considered particularly useful on the night of Ivan Kupala. If during this period to find him and bring him home, then he will become a reliable amulet for a whole year.
There are also stereotypes that this flower is capable of causing harm, since it carries negative energy.
What do negative signs say:
- The plant can cause headaches. This opinion is justified, since the harm may be caused to the owner with allergies or idiosyncrasies.
- The belief is widespread that a fern is capable of pulling negative and sickness in a person. If after the purchase of this flower, the owner begins to feel good, do not keep the plant in the house.
- Some signs concern also a garden plant: the cultures growing next to it can start to wither. In this case, you just need to transplant it to another territory of the suburban area.
- There is also a sign of how to avoid possible harm from domestic fern. To do this, it is best to place it in the part of the apartment where there are many electrical appliances. So the plant will begin to draw energy from them, and will not cause harm to the owner.
Where better to put a fern
These plants require certain conditions so that they can grow indoors. Fern home needs a shade. It should not be exposed to direct sunlight, and especially to avoid bright light.
This plant requires moist warm air. It will die or wither with dry, hot air. To achieve the right moisture conditions, it should be watered with warm water a couple of times a day. This will keep the moisture on the leaves. In addition, the soil should be kept moist, but not moist.
Why can not keep the fern at home
Regarding the benefits and harms of the contents of the fern house signs vary greatly. However, explanations of its negative properties are quite logical.
The most common esoteric opinions are as follows:
- It is believed that it is impossible to plant in your plot a plant that was extracted in the forest. From the point of view of the esoteric, the fern has magical properties, especially in the wild. If you pick up a flower from the "native" place, it will start to bring trouble.
- Regarding the transfer to your site of the plant previously contained in the apartment, opinions are also divided. The main reason is the property of a fern to draw in energy from space. If at home the plant can be powered by household appliances, in the garden it will begin to draw vitality from the crops growing nearby.
- Fern absorbs a large amount of oxygen, so do not put it in the bedroom. Otherwise, it will cause harm in the form of headaches.
- If the plant causes poor health, do not continue to keep it in the house. In the future, the harm from it will only increase. If this happens, you should get rid of the flower.
Since beliefs do not exclude contradictions, it is worth paying attention only to your well-being: if everything is good, then the plant can be considered useful. The same can be attributed to the flower at the dacha.