Somehow I didn’t have money, and, like evil, my mother asked me to grow something good for her on the balcony, and my mother-in-law, a new flower for the garden. I went with this question to my favorite flower shop, and they offered a bag of seed mandeville. True, they immediately warned: the plant has “heavy” fame.
Flower "Famm Fatal" in all its glory
This climbing plant came to us from South and Central America.
Depending on the species, the plant can be both a perennial and an annual (botanists still argue about its numbers, while the numbers from 120 to 190 are called - just as many species are attributed to diplomatic).
Cultural forms of plants are apartment, greenhouse and garden. They quickly grow and twist, so they are often planted next to supports or arches.
Folk flower names:
- bolivian rose,
- Chilean love tree
- Chilean (Brazilian) jasmine,
- Brazilian balsam.
Nowadays, this flower is considered popular, but to grow it, you will have to try, as it is very capricious.
This plant blooms from late March until the beginning of November. On the bush blooms at once a lot of bright flowers.
Dangerous flower is called because of the whitish juice, considered to be poisonous.
How can you grow this flower: basic care
- Lighting. The western and eastern windows of the apartment, the balcony will suit the flower best: here the light is bright, but not “smashing”, but diffused.
- Temperature. Diplomatic rights do not like heat. Keep it at a temperature of 18 to 26 degrees, and in hibernation - at 12-14 degrees.
- Watering. As soon as the soil dries one centimeter, water is poured into the pot without saving. This should be done from 2 to 3 times a week (and in the heat - every day). In winter, starting from September, watering is significantly reduced. The colder the room where Mandeville is contained, the less often you need to water it.
- Humidity. Everything should be “on top”, as the plant will not survive in dry air. Many growers grow diplopadiyu in boxes of glass (box, florarium). However, the plant will be enough and just a pallet with wet claydite - just water it more often.
- Nutrition. Before flowering (from March), nutrient mixtures with nitrogen are introduced into the soil. This should be done 4 times a month. But as soon as you see the buds (even small ones, not opened), buy a new composition, the base of which is potassium and phosphorus. Bring it into the soil, too, once a week, until August inclusive.
- Crop. In the fall, the flower stops growing. This season, you can remove the extra, ugly shoots. This is a mandatory procedure for this type. If you do not get rid of old twigs, you can not see the flowers - the buds bloom only on the freshest branches.
- Special growing conditions. In principle, the plant does not have a strongly pronounced "hibernation". But from the middle of autumn and in the winter it is better to keep it in a cooler room, rarely water it and not feed at all. Watering Mandeville is only when all the soil in the pot is dry - and then wait three days first, and only then carry a watering can. “Wintering” is officially over when you see the first growing leaves of dipload.
Does this plant hurt
Yes, powdery mildew, a fungal disease that can be recognized by white spots, can start from the excess moisture in the pot on the leaves.
As for insects, spider mites, whiteflies, mealybugs are interested in mandeville. From the first, purchased acaricides drugs help, from the second - insecticides. If you do not understand what to attack creeps on the leaves of the flower, buy insecticide-acaricide.
However, if you keep the plant at high humidity, as it should, then the pests are unlikely to cling to it - they prefer dry air.
In this regard, this plant is different from most home flowerpots.
- Young diploidia transplanted as soon as they outgrow the pot (this is evident from the roots, which begin to stick out of the holes in the bottom of the pot).
- "Old men" are not taken at all to replant. They simply collect the top soil in a pot (it is depleted and becomes “empty”, besides, it can acidify when it collects heavy substances with watering - the acidified soil is whitish). Instead, add fresh soil to the pot.
Good soil for this plant: peat + deciduous land + sod land + humus + sand or fine perlite (in equal shares).
Take a pot deep and wide, volumetric (after all, it is “for growth”).
You can see room transplant transplant in this video:
Nowadays, you can buy a pot with an adult plant, and cuttings. But many people still grow diploadia from seeds - it really saves a lot of money ... But not time and effort!
- They are sown in a light, slightly acidic, slightly moist soil. The pot with them is kept warm - from 22 to 28 degrees (it is easier to create such conditions in a homemade greenhouse, that is, by covering the pot with glass). Light should be diffused, but bright.
- Carefully water the soil, and wipe the drops of condensate deposited on the glass.
- Seeds germinate for a long time - from 2 to 4 months. When you see a lot of green heads in the bowl, you can remove the glass.
- Seedlings grow a pair of these leaves? Dive them. You can even use homemade cups for this, but be sure to make holes from the bottom so that excess moisture comes out.
- When the sprouts give 5 sturdy leaves, they can be transplanted into “adult” soil and pots.
- The cuttings are cut in the spring (young shoots) or in the summer (by this season, the manevilla branches mature and lumber).
- All work is carried out in gloves - remember the bad reputation of the plant, that is, its poisonous juice.
- Cuttings rooted in a mixture of wet peat and sand, deepening to the lowest leaves. It is better to do this in a greenhouse (inverted can) so that the cutting is kept warm - about 25 degrees. The pot with the baby should have holes at the bottom - through this hole the cutting and watering (by pouring water into the pan).
- The roots of the baby grow in a month. When he shows signs of life (after the roots, the stalk builds up young leaves), it can be transferred to a personal pot filled with a more nutritious substrate (I spoke about it above).
- Sometimes cuttings are rooted in a regular glass of water. Most varieties quickly grow in the water roots a couple of centimeters long, suitable for life in the ground.
However, some varieties (for example, terry) are very rarely amenable to grafting. They have to be propagated by seed.
Diplomatic possesses the second botanical name - Mandeville. Most often, such tropical grapes in their natural environment can be found in the northern part of Brazil.
The plant has dark green foliage and large flowers. In diameter, they can reach about 7 cm. Flowers can be pink or white shades. If properly care for the plant at home, the flowering period can last from May to November. One flower can live from 2 to 4 week.
Mandeville has many varieties that are perfect for growing on the terrace or in containers on the balcony. Dipladenia and Sundaville are among the most popular varieties.
Creating a comfortable environment
In its natural environment, such tropical grapes grow on lawns, which are well protected from drafts and direct sunlight. Because of the short daylight in our latitudes, the plant can not bloom for a year, but under properly selected conditions, it can rejoice with rather long flowering.
It should be remembered that mandeville is a poisonous plant, so it can be grown at home if there are no children or domestic animals in the house.
For normal growth, the flower should receive the right amount of sunlight, and the room should be warm. It is important to regularly cut the flower and create a support for it.
Optimal lighting and temperature
The flower likes sunlight, but direct rays can burn the leaves.. Therefore, it is best to place it on the east window. If the plant does not have enough light, then the stems will begin to stretch, and the flower itself will grow very slowly.
An important factor for normal growth are daily ventilation. However, do not allow drafts. Diplomatic love loves warm air. In winter, the temperature decreases, the amount of sunlight decreases, so the growth of the plant begins to slow down. The minimum air temperature in winter should fall lower than 13 degrees.
Humidity and watering
Such an indicator as humidity, you need to constantly monitor. For this, it is recommended to use a humidifier. The optimum level of air humidity is 70%.
Every day, it is recommended to spray. It is especially important to carry out such a procedure during the period of bud formation and flowering. Experienced growers recommend putting near a pot with a plant with wet gravel.
During watering should remember that this is a tropical plant. Therefore, it requires a fairly abundant moisture. However, the soil should not be too wet. You need to give a little time to the top layer of time to dry out.
It is also important to use water that contains the minimum amount of lime. Best suited rain and filtered water. You can also use plumbing, but add some citric acid to it.
In summer, exotic grapes need to be watered more often. The optimal interval is 2−3 times a day. In winter, diploadiya needs watering only once every 3 days.
Ground selection and transplanting
For normal plant growth, it is better to choose a sour soil.. Experienced growers recommend using a mixture of the following components:
- peat ground
- humus earth
- sand coarse fraction.
All components need to be taken in the same proportion.. Another option for soil preparation involves the use of leaf soil, perlite, sand, peat and turf soil.
For transplanting you need to choose a pot with a hole. It is also necessary to create a good drainage layer. For this you can use clay shards, small pebbles or expanded clay.
A transplant of such a plant is carried out every year in spring. A new pot should be larger than the old one. If diploadgia is adult and grows very slowly, then the annual transplant can be avoided. It is enough to periodically update the top layer of soil. Young plants sometimes have to be transplanted several times a year, as they grow very quickly.
Fertilization and pruning
It is necessary to fertilize a plant during its active growth, budding and flowering. The optimum fertilizer spacing is 3-4 times a month. For the rapid growth of foliage need to use drugs based on nitrogen. To activate the process of bud formation, it is best to use phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. Periodically it is recommended to carry out complex feeding.
Taking care of diplomacy in winter implies the refusal to make any preparations, since the plant is at rest during this period.
The peculiarity of the flower is that the buds are formed only on young shoots, so for good flowering you need to regularly prune. Old shoots are recommended to shorten by ⅔, if they did not have time to fork. Such a procedure will not only help to get more flowers, but also allow the plant to winter well.
It is also important to create special supports that will be higher than the liana itself. This is necessary so that the plant grows smoothly and does not lose its decorative qualities.
Taking care of diplomanding at home in winter suggests reducing the frequency of irrigation. Due to the fact that during this period of light becomes less, the plant hibernates. Before it needs to be cut. Store the pot is recommended in a cool place where the air temperature does not fall below 15 degrees. It is better not to leave the pot on the balcony, as the plant may overcool and die. Spraying and dressing need to stop right up to spring.
Possible diseases and pests
Mandeville is quite demanding to the conditions of detention, therefore, if they are disturbed, the plant may be sick and be affected by pests. In winter, diplomatic deposits can be affected by nematodes, which damage the root system, and as a result, the flower gradually begins to fade. In this case, save the plant is impossible.
This plant belongs to the family Kutrov. Its homeland is considered to be Central and South America.
In some countries, several other local names of plants can be observed, for example:
- mexican love tree
- bolivian rose,
- Brazilian balsam,
- chilean jasmine
Diploadia is a flowering vine. At the moment there are more than 40 of its species only in the wild.
Leaves Diplomatic green and shiny, mounted on climbing stems, which in length can reach 4 meters.
Flowers The color of flowers can be completely different from white to bright red.
On one liana can be located up to 50 colors with a size of 5-12 centimeters in diameter. One flower diplodheny lives about two weeks.
Aroma. Some species in addition to aesthetic beauty also have a pleasant aroma.
It can be grown as a houseplant or as a garden plant. Differs in accelerated growth and large stems up to 4 meters, flowers are fragrant in diameter up to 5 centimeters, are collected in inflorescences of white or cream color.
The leaves are grayish-green to 15 centimeters in length. Differs in the increased cold resistance. In the open ground leaves sheds, at home the whole period of rest turns green.
Diplomatic Alice du Pont
It is a 3 meter long vine with a stiff stem, for growth you need a reliable support. It has funnel-shaped large flowers of various shades - pink, white, red, which gather in inflorescences - brushes. The leaves are oval.
Care for a diplomatic home
There are no particular difficulties in the care of the diplomatic one.
A place. Like other plants, it is important for her to choose the right place, water in a timely manner, observe the temperature regime and maintain the necessary humidity.
Illumination. Best of all diploidy feel on the east side of the apartment.
Diplodena feels comfortable in a well-lit room, but does not tolerate direct sunlight.
In the warm season, the plant is recommended to take out onto the street, balcony, garden and place on shaded areas.
Temperature. Diploadia develops well at room temperature from + 25 degrees; in winter, the rest should be + 15 degrees.
Humidity. Under natural conditions, diploid grows in tropical forests, so it is important for it to maintain a constant air humidity. Especially during the flowering period, when the buds are just beginning to open. This is achieved by spraying or placing a pot with a flower in a pan with a moistened drainage.
Watering. During the flowering period, diploadeniya should be watered a couple of times a week, when the soil dries out by 1-2 centimeters. During the dormant period, the plant can survive up to 4 days without any particular consequences in completely dried ground. Quality of water is important for diploadia.
For irrigation, use boiled and drained water. Since in natural conditions, diplolada grows on acidic soils, sometimes water for irrigation should be added lemon juice or vinegar (the smell of vinegar should disappear by the time of irrigation).
Top dressing and soil. The soil for diploadieniya should be loose and easy to pass water and air. For this, river sand or red brick chips are commonly used. In the soil should be present fertile layer - humus, greenhouse earth or the earth after the cultivation of cucumbers. It is necessary to feed the plant only when it blooms twice a month with any complex fertilizer.
Pruningdiplomatic Pruning plants should be carried out after completion of flowering, it is October - November. It is necessary to completely remove all old branches, unbranched shoots pruned to 23 lengths.
To get a new plant is best from cuttings already existing.
- Cuttings 8-12 centimeters long with a stem node and 3-4 leaves should be collected in spring from young shoots or in summer from already woody ones.
- Cuttings are cut at an angle, treated with growth simulators, and planted in peat mixture from sphagnum, peat and sand.
- Planted stalk cover package and moved to a constant temperature of 25 degrees.
- Periodically opening the bag for airing.
Rooting occurs in a month and a half. After rooting, the plant can be transplanted into a permanent flower pot.
Such a bloom will bloom in a year!
It is recommended to replant the plant every 1-2 years, renewing the soil provides the plant with nutrients for the active development of the crown.
For planting diplolady suitable mixture of leaf earth, humus, turf, peat and sand. In the spring, the plant must be removed from the pot and cleaned as much as possible from the earthy coma.
Drainage is placed in a new tank (fragments of red brick, expanded clay), a prepared mixture of soil and a plant is planted.
Features of breeding diploladiya at home
Diplomatic juice has poisonous juicetherefore, the work on transplanting, pruning and processing plants is best done with gloves.
Diplomatic Grows Up, therefore, it needs a reliable support, which should immediately be one and a half times higher than the intended growth of the plant.
Possible difficulties of cultivating diploadiya:
- Diploidia has yellowing and wrapping of leaves. Violation of the care of the plant during the period of rest - excessive watering or too cold temperature in the winter.
- Diplomatic rights do not bloom. The plant lacks either light or a nutrient substrate.
- Flowers fall off quickly and take away the leaves. Causes can be very dry air, insufficient watering or lack of nutrients.
- Leaves curl in dry air or in direct sunlight.
- Root decay occurs when the soil is unsuitable or when it is wetted
Despite the presence of types of diploadia for cultivation in open ground, it is important to remember that there is an opportunity to plant it on your own plot.
In addition, remember that it is very thermophilic and does not tolerate cold nights in open space.
You can grow it on the street only in the south of the country.
As you can see, caring for an unusually beautiful liana diploidenia is not difficult.
Attentive and caring attitude will give you a luxurious flowering and aroma in summer and evergreen beautiful foliage throughout the year.
Selection and lighting
The room is ideal for diploadiya fit east side. A gentle morning sun will give the flower enough warmth and light. On the southern windows, the plant will constantly struggle for survival, as it will feel constant discomfort, especially in hot weather. From overheating, its foliage may turn yellow and flower stalks fall off. If the stems are very long and few buds have formed, the mandeville flower is poorly lit. The amount of light received is of particular importance in the period from mid-spring to mid-autumn, when the pot is blooming. Experts advise in the summer to put the plant in the garden under the branched tree. There diplomatic deposits will be sheltered from drafts and direct sunlight. Some florist for the season planted it with a pot. According to experts, this should not be done, since on cold nights the plant is being seriously tested. As a result, it can stop blooming.
If the flower is grown in the conditions of an apartment, in the summer it will be comfortable on a slightly shaded balcony. Regular airing is also important. In winter, the culture needs additional lighting and moisture. With the help of fluorescent lamps, working for 14 - 16 hours, with proper care, you can achieve year-round flowering. But this hard work can only be done by experienced flower growers. In most cases, lovers of decorative gardening suspend the development of culture, sending it to a state of stagnation.
Heat-loving mandeville for full development it is necessary to ensure the temperature regime in the range of 20 - 26 degrees. By the way, the higher the temperature, the brighter the color of the petals. In the shade in summer, the plant can even adapt to the 36-degree heat, and in winter the thermometer mark should not fall below 15 degrees. This is the optimum temperature for a hibernating pot. If you set a goal to achieve year-round flowering, the room temperature should be at 25 degrees.
Rules for the care of diplomaenia at home
If you know how to care for decorative people from tropical latitudes, then diplomatic rights will not give you additional trouble in care and cultivation. This flower needs enough moisture in the soil and air, timely feeding and forming pruning are needed to support the decorative form.
Watering and humidity
For good growth the flower needs moderate systematic moisture, loose soil and good drainage. Soil between watering should be slightly dried. During the growing season, the amount of water absorbed by the roots increases. The plant does not like swampy substrate in a pot, in such conditions it can get sick and die. Make sure that at the bottom of the tank there are special openings for draining excess water into the pan.
Humidity is also moderate. In the summer, one or two irrigations per day are sufficient. Since the beginning of the period of stagnation, the plant is watered less often, reducing to once a week. In winter, the pot is kept in cool conditions, they are watered only after the land has dried in the pot and is not sprayed until awakening.
Water for moistening should stand and be at room temperature. It can be slightly diluted with lemon juice or acid, since Mandeville prefers an acidic environment. Acidification can be carried out even with vinegar, provided that the water for irrigation is well settled and loses odor. Not suitable for watering hard water with a significant amount of lime. It is better to irrigate and irrigate the southern beauty with rain water, and in flat conditions it is recommended to boil tap water and let it stand.
Top dressing of a flower
Fertilizing the flower is recommended at the beginning of the growing season, when buds are formed and during flowering. Begin monthly feeding from the moment of active growth of the plant, making every week complex mineral fertilizers. Alternatively, any nitrogen-containing supplements will do. In the future, when green biomass develops sufficiently, the plant must be watered with a phosphorus-potassium solution. Feed continues until the dormant period. Diplodation in winter in terms of growth inhibition does not need good nutrition.
Given the ampelous properties of Mandeville, no matter what form you dress it, you should take care of reliable supports for the flower. Even if in the future you see it only a small bush, props for tender stems are required. In its natural environment, the vine is drawn up to two meters. It can reach the same length in favorable conditions at room cultivation. When buying a ladder for diploadia, consider its age, length of sprouts and root system, as well as the volume of the pot.
Tropical guest is developing very quickly. A small sprout after planting soon branched out strongly, but not all shoots manage to bloom before the period of stagnation.
Inexperienced growers are sometimes lost: what to do with a liana that has lost its shape, how and when to trim diplomatic. All the more, a non-cut plant hibernates poorly and loses its decorative effect.
Pruning recommended after flowering before the beginning of a period of calm. Optimum dates: mid-October - early November. First of all, 2/3 sprouts are removed, which did not have time to develop. Then proceed to the formed stems, shortening them by a third or half after the fork. In spring, expect the appearance of buds only on young branches. This fact is worth considering when forming a flower-shaped crown. Experienced gardeners refuse it, because they do not want to sacrifice the main advantage of culture - its flowering. It is better to form a compact crown by winding the pruned sprouts on a support.
Features care in a dormant period
In the winter, diploadineniya often suspend the growth of shoots, reducing the number of waterings. As a result, with insufficient light of the bottom of the plant hibernates until spring. Previously it is cut and sent to a cool room, where the temperature is not lower than 15 degrees. It is strictly not recommended to put a container with an earthen tuber on a window sill in a cold room or on a balcony. Supercooled soil will inevitably lead to the death of the roots.
Mandevilla is poured over at rest as the ground is dried in a pot. Spraying and dressing stop altogether until full awakening.
Fight against diseases and pests
Gentle mandeville is extremely sensitive to cultivation conditions. The slightest flaws, especially in winter, are fraught with the development of root nematodes, which is manifested by the withering of stems and the formation of galls on rhizomes. To save an infected flower, unfortunately, is no longer possible.
All diseases of diploadia are caused by improper care. Insect pests of the flower are spider mites and mealybugs. At the first signs of their vital activity, the stalks should be treated with the insecticides "Aktellik", "Aktara", "Agravertin". Do not forget to regularly inspect the pot. Often, indoor plant lovers pay attention to the problem when the deposit has already turned yellow and the leaves have fallen off or the flower stalks have withered. And in fact, the reason for this behavior was in the wrong temperature.
With a lack of light, the leaves become a pale lifeless color, the pot does not bloom. If the leaves are rushing down, and young cuttings fade, it is worthwhile to increase the humidity in the room and the soil. Do not interfere with additional feeding. Twisted semi-dry foliage indicates dryness in the room and the wrong arrangement of the flower.
Perhaps he is under direct ultraviolet rays, it is hot. If the dry deposit dries, look: if there are any pests on it, if the roots have not rotted from an excess of moisture. If you are sure that you did not make mistakes in the care, and did not detect the vital activity of harmful insects, the cause of flower discomfort in a poor-quality substrate. Pot need to transplant.
When and how to transplant: soil and pot for growing
Mandeville needs a transplant as the root system grows. This is evidenced by the roots sticking out of the drainage holes. The ideal capacity for landing is 30 cm in diameter and 15 cm deep. It is important to take this into account in order to avoid problems with the adaptation of the supports.
It is characteristic that young plants root and grow better in peat substrates, and more mature specimens in turf. In all cases, the land for transplantation should be enriched with useful substances, slightly sour. Universal soil is prepared from equal parts of river sand, humus, peat, sod (hardwood) soil. All components are well mixed, loosened. At the bottom of the tank, which is several centimeters more than the previous one, clay or brick chips are laid. If transplantation is not caused by plant diseases, the earthen tuber is transferred to a new pot and the upper layer of soil is renewed.
Transplantation is better to do in early spring.
At home diplopentine reproduction is characteristic of cuttings. Young sprouts in the spring are cut from the mother bush, leaving three to four leaves on the cuttings. For rooting, the branches are placed in a peat substrate and covered with a plastic cup or plastic bag. Capacity put in a warm place for a month and a half. At the same time the greenhouse is regularly watered and ventilated.
When the cuttings are fully rooted, they are planted in separate containers. In one pot you can put several stems to create a dense flowering crown.
Diplomatic: popular flower varieties
The genus Diplomaticia unites about 200 species of climbing or clinging evergreen vines, numerous varieties of which are grown as garden, greenhouse or indoor crops. The most popular are 5 of them.
- Mandeville is brilliant. This is a spectacular spelnik, grown at home, with long (3-5 m), pubescent in a young state and naked in a mature, shoots. The branches are covered with large (up to 20 cm) leaves of an ellipsoid shape, with a wide heart-shaped base and a pointed tip. The underside of leafy plates is pubescent. Blossoms, forming racemes of 3-6 large bright orange outside and white inside the funnel-shaped buds, surrounded by red bracts.
- Bolivian diplomatic rights. It differs from its relatives by smooth shoots that carry small (up to 4 cm), oval, glossy leaves. Axillary flowers of medium size (about 5 cm), clustered in racemes of 3-4 pieces. The corollas are painted in white color. Zev yellow shades.
- Mandeville is superb. Graceful vine with thin, smooth or slightly pubescent pinkish shoots, bearing small (up to 4 cm) rounded leaves. Large flowers of red shades differ in a long (5 cm) corolla tube.
- Diplomatic Sunder. A very common species with smooth shoots that carry dense, pointed leaves of emerald hues. Floral brushes are formed 3-5 bright, pink with yellow throat, halos.
- Diplomatic friable. Differs powerful, fast-growing branching warty shoots, stretching for a length of 6-7 m. The leaves are large (up to 15 cm) gray-green, ovate, with a slight pubescence on the lower side. Small (up to 5 cm in diameter) corolla flowers are painted white or cream-colored and very fragrant. This view, due to the impressive size, requiring appropriate space, contain in greenhouses.
Diplomatic - "paradise" flower of great beauty
Diplomatic deposits, or as it is called Mandeville, belong to the family of lianas. The plant has about 40 species.
Mandeville has long stems, up to 2 meters long. The leaves of the oval-shaped plant, pointed at the end, are dark green in color. Funnel-shaped flowers and have five petals. The color of the flowers of the plant depends on its variety. They can be yellow, red, pink and others.
It blooms with proper care for about 10 days from spring to autumn. During the flowering period, a mandeville can emit from 70 to 80 beautiful fragrant flowers. Characteristically, at home it is possible to grow up a diplomatic deposit not only as a curling liana, but also to form from it a beautiful compact bush.
Variety of Diplomatic
As mentioned earlier, there are about 40 different types of diplomatic rights. All of them nwith proper careFeel great at home.
Allocate a number of the most popular types:
- Diplomadeniya sander. This creeper has spiky leaves. Flowers pink, with a yellow center. Inflorescences can bloom along the entire length of the plant.
- Excellent. The species has pinkish stems, the cover of which resembles guns. The leaves are small, and the flowers are collected in brushes of 5–8 pieces.
- Loose. Diplodation of this species is characterized by rapid growth and resistance to drought. It has gray-green leaves with pointed edges. The length of the shoot is usually about 4 meters. The flowers of the plant are collected in brushes of 9 pieces. The color of flowers is cream or pure white.
- Bolivian. A small creeper has small leaves with a glossy finish, which are collected in a small brush of 5 pieces. Buds are large, have wavy edges.
- Brilliant. The leaves of the plant are about 20 centimeters in length. Flowers have a sweet aroma, have a pink color. Shoots of this variety reach 4 meters in length.
Deposits - home care
Mandevilla flower is thermophilic, so it is not worth growing it in open field on the garden plot. That's how indoor or greenhouse plantit fits perfectly. In spite of its beauty and fragrance, diplomatic elements are poisonous. Therefore, in any contact with the flower, you should observe precautions.
For diplomadeniya care is not required.
It is enough to follow the main rules of care at home:
- Timely watering.
- Required humidity and room temperature.
- Sufficient illumination.
For top dressing of lianas, preference should be given to complex mineral or nitrogenous substances. Best period to make feeding - the growing season, when the plant is in a state of active growth. Feeding should be done every 7-10 days.
With the onset of cold weather, the procedure should be discontinued, since in the period of rest the plant does not need additional nutrition.
Watering evergreen vines
When watering it is worth remembering that the plant is moisture-loving, and therefore needs frequent watering. Water should be warm and soft. To get the necessary water for irrigation at home, you need to boil the liquid from the tap and defend, thereby getting rid of the sediment and lime content.
In the summer, watering is worth up to 1-2 times a day to avoid drying out the soil. At an average temperature, it is worth monitor the condition top layer of earth. When planting diploadieniya take care of good drainage and additional holes in the bottom of the pot. They will ensure the correct distribution of moisture.
In winter, watering should be reduced. During the rest period, mandeville needs watering no more than 1 time in three days.
Optimum humidity and temperature
The temperature of the content of diploadiya during the period of active growth should be 21-27 degrees. If the temperature is higher, you can not fear for the plant, provided that it does not allow the soil to dry out.
With the arrival of winter, the temperature in which the plant is contained should be carefully controlled. It should be strictly from 12 to 17 degrees. If not to observe temperature condition, then at temperatures below 12 degrees, diploadieniya can shed leaves. And if the temperature regime rises to 18–20, the flower will once again go into active growth and the growing season, which can adversely affect the general condition of the plant.
Regarding humidity, diploadiya feels comfortable and in normal air condition. But if you spray the leaves during the growing season 1-2 times a day, its flowering will be more abundant.
При опрыскивании следует соблюдать осторожность, не попадать на цветки и бутоны. Это может привести к их порче.
Когда цветок уходит в состояние покоя, опрыскивать его не нужно.
Лучшим местом для выращивания лианы будет окно с восточной стороны квартиры. If it is not possible to provide a good illumination, the plant will start to reach up and it will be scarce to bloom. To avoid this, you should think about additional lighting.
But you also need to be careful to put the plant in direct sunlight, as this can harm the leaves, flowers and mandeville as a whole.
In the middle of autumn it is worth taking care of the plant and preparing it for winter rest. It was during this period that all young shoots that had not yet developed should be pruned. When pruning need to leave only a third of their length.
As for the formed branches, they are cut half as long after the branching points. This should be done not only to shape the appearance, but also for abundant flowering next year.
When growing diploadaniya it should be remembered that it is a vine, and it needs additional support. therefore after trimming is necessary Attach all the treated branches to the prepared support, which should be one and a half times higher than the plant.
In order for the plant to enjoy abundant flowering, you need to take care of its transplanting in time. It is worth doing when you notice a slow growth or plant roots have little space in the tank.
To make the plant comfortable, it is worth taking a large pot for planting. For this fit a capacity of at least 30 centimeters. Priming for diplomatic must be nutritious. Therefore, preference should be given to the following components for soil formation:
Sand and humus are best taken in equal proportions of 1: 1, but there should be twice as much peat and sheet soil. Worthless in the preparation of peat mixture, will be the addition of clay and bone meal. Thanks to these ingredients, the plant will be further fertilized.
As mentioned earlier, when planting a diplomatic deposit, it is worth taking care of the drainage, which prevents the plant from drying out or decaying the root system.
Despite the right care, the flower can ache and wither. This is usually due to pests that devour the vine. Dangerous insects include:
- Spider mite
To avoid the death of the plant, you need to take immediate action. Good decision pest control will become the universal remedy "Aktellik" or its analogue "Aktara".
If you notice external changes in the plant, it can also signal the wrong content.
- At low temperature - the leaves turn yellow and fall off.
- With insufficient air humidity - the leaves can curl and dry.
- With insufficient lighting - the plant ceases to please with abundant flowering and loses the saturated color of the leaves.
- In case of improper watering or lack of fertilizers, the leaves of the liana fall and the color quickly drops.
So that the tropical beauty would delight you with lush growth and fragrant beautiful flowers, it is enough to follow simple rules of care. And then diplomatic ownership will be the pride of your greenhouse.