Today, there are about 170 subspecies of willow. Its Latin name is Salix. This tree is cold-loving and has come to us since the time of the Cretaceous period. Willow actively grows in the northern regions. There are even species that can grow freely around glaciers. Despite the fact that this tree has long been known to man, it is often used in landscape design as one of the main components. In particular, I would like to mention the willow purple nana. It is perfectly combined with trees and shrubs of other species, and the crown is amenable to shearing to give it the volume and the desired shape.
Willow nana in landscape design
Willow purple nana (Salix purpurea) or yellowing, as well as krasnothal, as a rule, has a natural rounded shape. It belongs to deciduous shrubs with numerous shoots and small leaves with a silvery sheen. Shrub reaches a height of one and a half to four meters. The species was named purple due to the light red shade of foliage and bark, as well as an interesting color during the flowering period.
This view is especially loved by landscape designers, as the tree is hardy to cut. In this subspecies there is a weeping form of Pendula. With it, you can create interesting solutions and give unusual decor options. By blending willow species, unusual combinations of garden designs can be created. For example, bush forms with spreading shrubs and creeping species will look good.
Willow dwarf rocks are used to create rock gardens and to give additional relief, volume of space. Shrubs in rocky gardens and near artificial lakes look good. In combination with trees of different height, they create successful compositions. Very good willow contrasts with flat lawn spaces.
Features in the flowering period
In Europe, grown special varieties of this species, which are specifically designed for planting on landscapes and personal plots. The reason for this popularity is compactness. Willows bloom very beautifully. And although this type of nana flowers are not as pronounced as in other forms, yet in the spring, they bring splendor in their own way.
This variety is remembered for its long lanceolate leaves up to 15 centimeters. The bark of the tree casts a different purple hues, and slightly silvered leaves give a special mood.
Landscape decoration with trees and bushes willow nana purple
Willow Nana can reach a height of up to four and a half meters. The branches of the tree while down. Each branch is long, and the leaves, with hues from dark green to bluish, are hanging. By adding such a tree to landscape design, you can give a smooth shape and smooth the plot. And using a bush form with a smooth lawn, you can create a classic landscape.
Compatibility with other plants, interior items
Willow has his own character. A slight purple tinge in combination with bright juicy greens gives a certain contrast to the landscape. Therefore, it is best to combine willow nana with flowers, lawn and coniferous trees. The only thing that gardeners do not advise to plant willow and any other trees, as well as shrubs near the walnut and birch. These are quite powerful varieties. They are bad for any green neighbors.
Willow and interior
Recently, willow can quite often be found in the home interior. Its branches not only decorate the room, but also depict it in paintings and objects. The branches of willow nana tend to be stored for a long time in a dried form. The most suitable period for collecting branches is the flowering of a tree or a bush. So they will look better. In the dried form, they can stand for a single year. Even home interior designers can additionally decorate the branches, covering them with silver or gold paint. So you can create a Christmas and Christmas mood.
Due to its plasticity, unusual elements of decor can be woven from willow. Branches are perfectly combined with ribbons and clear glass.
Subspecies and varieties of willow nana purple
Willow is quite diverse in the existence of subspecies. Of these, four basic forms can be distinguished:
Salix purpurea "Nana" - this species can be characterized by thinner shoots and small miniature size of the bush. The natural shape is semi-circular. The leaves are expressed in a slight silvery shade. The height does not exceed one and a half meters in height and two meters in diameter. Flowering begins from March to April. Light-requiring, withstands drought, but prefers moist places.
Salix purpurea "Nana"
Application in landscape design - design of the site in flooded parts, to create fences and impart geometry and shapes, and also serves to strengthen the coastline of the reservoir.
Willow purple weeping. This subspecies differs from others in that the tree looks more elegant. Willow looks like a small round shrub with elongated bluish leaves. The density of the foliage is quite large. Crohn, drooping down, because of this, she got the name weeping.
Willow purple weeping
Application in landscape design - organically, this variety looks around rivers, lakes and artificial ponds. This adds to the landscape of romance and tenderness. Very often it is the weeping willow that becomes the basis of the composition. The tree looks great in tandem with shrubs and conifers. Due to its endurance to temperature conditions and different humidity, the tree can be found in the urban flower beds.
"Endula" - has an elegant crown. Foliage color - light green. The bush is refined, with smooth lines, flexible branches with a slight purple tinge. When the willow blooms, large anthers are formed. The tree is resistant to both drought and high humidity.
Application in landscape design - this form is used on soliter landings and to create a composition of shrubs and trees of different shapes and heights.
Willow Salix Purpurea "Glacillus". This willow does not reach a height of more than one meter. It has the shape of a ball. The krone is dense and grows in diameter up to one and a half meters. Due to the thin leaves and light gray tint, the bush acquires a gentle silhouette. With the right haircut, it becomes like a cloud. This form of willow is best planted in spacious open spaces. To crown was as much as possible, in the spring bush must be cut.
Willow Salix Purpurea "Glacillus"
Application in landscape design - landed on alpine slides, as a soletara for lawns and create green fences. It is well combined with coniferous trees and bushes. Ideal for landing on large spaces to decorate the landscape.
Willow purple nana - care and reproduction
Trees after the age of two, as a rule, do not tolerate the transplant. But the younger ones are pleased with the resistance to the environment. Willow can be bred independently. The main thing when landing is to avoid places with standing of groundwater. When planting cuttings or stakes, it is recommended to make a trench about centimeters wide. The distance between the cuttings in a row should be about fifteen centimeters.
It is worth considering that the willow perfectly transfers the neighborhood with lawn grass and other plants. Only leek is detrimental to her. To willow is not sick, fall foliage needs to be removed in the fall.
As for the grown willow in nurseries, the subspecies of the willow nana purple well survive in the shade under the canopy of the trees, although the tree is considered light-loving. Willow requires constant watering, because it loves moisture. But water should not be excessive. The durability of the tree - up to thirty years of life.
Willow will always remain popular in landscape design. The tree is unpretentious and malleable to give shape and create branched copies. No wonder in England, willow has been used to decorate palace grounds for many centuries. The tree today is considered the undisputed classic in landscape design. Today, the use of willow in Russia is going through a certain stage of rebirth, which is well deserved for this species. That's why she plays one of the central preferences in choosing the design of a garden, a country flower garden, to complement an artificial lake and landscape in various styles.
Features and types of plants
It is a shrub with thin branches, most often not exceeding one meter in height and striking in its elegance. The bark is yellow with a gray tint. Thin branches hang almost to the ground. The crown of the bush is dense and consists of opposite leaves, having a length of 3 to 13 cm.
Linear lanceolate stipules reach lengths of up to 1.8 cm and fall very early. During flowering densely flowered, cylindrical earrings appear.
The plant tolerates both dry and wet periods. It feels great after trimming and is widely used in landscape design.
There are not many species of this plant. The following varieties are popular.
Low shrub spherical shape, reaching a height of 1.5 m and a width of up to two meters. The plant has a well-developed root system that allows the use of willow to strengthen soil cover. It shoots thinner than the main species. They are brown with a red tinge. Flowering plant begins in early spring, before the leaves or with them.
Shrub is characterized as frost-resistant and light-loving. It perfectly endures dry periods and quickly recovers from pruning. Purple willow Nana in landscape design is used to strengthen and design the shores of different reservoirs. And it can often be found in shrub groups on flooded areas. Nana is used in hedges, and gardeners create different shapes from it.
The shrub has a weeping crown with blue-green leaves. The plant tolerates long-term flooding well, but at the same time it is considered drought-resistant. Willow tolerates the cold season. It is used for decorative decoration of the garden plot and to strengthen the coastline of water bodies. Propagate this plant by grafting on shtamb.
Both species are distinguished by their simplicity. However, it should be borne in mind that when planted on the shadow side, the crown of these plants may change its shape and as a result will lose its attractiveness.
Reproduction by cuttings
The main method of growing willow, besides pendula, is reproduction by cuttings. You can grow shrubs and seed. But the fact is that their viability lasts only one week and a very low germination rate. Cuttings are usually harvested in the spring, before the leaves appear, when the plant does not yet produce a large amount of juice. For this process, instances older than two years are selected..
From the branches with a sharp knife cut off the billet length of 15-20 cm. Be sure that they must be from 5 to 7 buds. The upper cut should be straight, and the lower - under 45 °. Next, you need to germinate cuttings that can be done at home or in a greenhouse. Sprouting is carried out in several ways. The easiest way is to put the blanks in a jar of water until the roots appear.
Some gardeners plant pruning in a box with wet sand, and so that no more than two buds remain on the surface. And also this method is used for autumn cutting. At the same time it is necessary to carry out a constant watering of the sand so that it is always wet. Many gardeners recommend not to rush to plant seedlings in open ground.
First you need to root the young plant is strong. For this, separate containers are harvested for each cutting and filled with special soil for seedlings. The fact is that this soil contains all the necessary components for the development of a young plant. As a result, saplings are obtained completely ready for planting in open ground.
Planting seedlings in open ground
Purple willow can be planted almost throughout the season, but it is best to do it in spring. First, choose a place on the site. It must be light, and also partial shade will do. In the shade, these plants do not grow, even in the wild. Having chosen the place for planting, they start preparing the soil cover.
If the plants will be used as a single planting, the soil can not dig up, but for a hedge, you should dig a strip width of at least one meter. Further, for each plant, pits with a diameter of 0.5 m and a depth of 0.4 m are prepared. If the seedling is planted with a seedling ground, then the dimensions of the hole should correspond to the earth coma.
At the bottom of the pit lay a drainage layer of broken bricks or stones. Top poured a mixture of sand, peat and compost, as well as fertilizer containing nitrogen. Carefully place the seedling in the well and fill the remaining soil. The soil around the seedling is compacted to form a watering pit. Under the young plant is poured 20 liters of warm water.
Caring for willow purple
Willows grow quite quickly, some species can produce up to three meters of growth annually. Therefore, they require proper care during the season. It should be most actively looked after the first time after landing. You must perform the following activities:
- top dressing
- preparing for winter.
This plant, especially young, needs to be watered regularly at least once a week, pouring from 20 to 50 liters of water under each bush. Watering is done before sunrise or sunset. In this case, not only the root system is watered, but also the crown of the bush. After that you need to loosen the soil around each landing. During the season, planting is done two or three times. For this purpose, complex mineral fertilizers are used.
At the end of summer, the plants are fed with superphosphate and potassium sulphate. Trim the willow begin in the second or third year. The formation of the bushes is carried out in the spring and after flowering. Do not be afraid to cut the branches, willow tolerates pruning and quickly recovers. Purple willow is frost-resistant, but young plants should be covered for the winter.
Fight against diseases and pests
The plant is very resistant to various diseases, but some of them can still hit the shrub. These include:
When powdery mildew on the plant appears white bloom on the leaves. Treatment bushes produced using fungicides. When the weather is too wet, the leaves begin to turn black, and then they die off completely. These are the first signs of scab disease. The affected areas of the plant are removed, and the shrub is treated with a fungicide.
Rust is a leaf fungal disease. You can determine it by the appearance of red spots. The affected parts of the plant are removed and must be burned. Of the pests worth noting willowworm, leaf beetle and silkworm. The caterpillars of the butterfly butterfly eat the leaves of the shrub. To combat them spend spraying insecticides.
Also leaves are eating leaf beetles. For the winter, these bugs burrow into the ground near the plants. Therefore, it is recommended to make fires from straw and old leaves in these places. Silkworm moths lay eggs on the leaves of bushes. Emerging caterpillars destroy all green shoots. To combat them, it is recommended to attract sparrows and bats or to collect pests manually. With good care, willow grows into a very beautiful, ornamental shrub that can be used as a hedge or to strengthen the banks of the reservoir. He will decorate any area.
Planting purple willow
For the successful cultivation of willow purple nana, should pay attention to the following aspects:
- Soil features.
- Proper fit.
- Timely watering.
- Fertilizer and insect protection.
- Shrub trim.
Observing these points, you can grow a magnificent beauty willow Nanu with ease on your site.
When choosing a seedling, you should pay attention to the root system of the plant. Choose strong seedlings with a formed root. It should not be dried or rotted. Next you should determine the place for landing. Willow Nana is not whimsical to the composition of the soil, but still a quick increase will provide a fertile soil.
When choosing a place, preference should be given to semi-shaded or bright places. If the place is chosen incorrectly, willow leaves may fade and fall off.
The hole, about 50 centimeters deep, is richly moistened with water. When the water is absorbed a little, plant a seedling. A soil mixture of sand, compost, peat and earth is poured from above into the recess. Well tamped and re-watered.
It is worth remembering that if the planting is carried out in clay soil, you should take care of the drainage. The following materials can be used for drainage:
In the prepared hole, 30 centimeters thick, a layer of drainage is adjusted, then the plant is moistened and planted.
If you plant several seedlings of ornamental shrubs, it should be remembered that with the growth of the crown will be quite lush. And in order to avoid tangling the branches, the plant is planted no closer than 1 meter from each other.
Purple willow nana is a low deciduous shrub that can reach up to 1.5 meters. It has a semicircular rather wide crown with a diameter of up to 2 meters. Different from other subspecies of purple willow, thinner shoots of red-brown color. Older branches acquire an olive hue.
Листья кустарника имеют продолговатую форму и сочетают два цвета: поверхность бледно -зеленая, низ листа имеет голубоватый оттенок. The willow blossoms in April-May, throwing away greyish-white earrings with a delicate sweet aroma.
As mentioned earlier, planting ornamental shrubs, it is better to produce on the banks of reservoirs. In such conditions, the plant feels comfortable and this will prevent the soil from drying out. If it is not possible to provide such conditions to the shrub, sufficient watering should be established. In the summer, willow should be sprayed with a hose twice a day.
Watering should be abundant. It is produced as the top layer of soil dries. Water for irrigating a shrub can be taken either from the water supply system or from the reservoir.
Experienced gardeners are advised to produce peat mulching on the surface of the hole. This will ensure a slow drying of the soil, and thus reduce the irrigation regime. In addition, peat will be a good fertilizer for decorative beauty.
Fertilizer and pest protection
The first three years, after planting, the soil around the shrub must be regularly loosened to 20 centimeters in depth. After that, fertilizer is applied.
Fertilize the plant twice a year. In the spring they apply complex fertilizer, and in autumn - superphosphate. If you notice a slow growth of ornamental shrubs, fertilizer should be replaced, preferring nitroammofosku. Top dressing bring at the rate of no more than 80 grams on one bush.
Willow nana is immune to various types of diseases, and is not very prone to insect attacks. Nevertheless, the plant should be regularly inspected for damage.
Common diseases include:
- Black spot.
- Powdery mildew.
To avoid damage to the shrub, nitrogen-containing fertilizers can be added to the main feed.
With black spots, it helps a lot:
- Copper-containing fungicides.
- Systemic fungicides.
- System contact fungicides.
If the willow is affected by powdery mildew, sulfur-containing products should be used.
Willow Leaflets and Flower Flies - purple willow's main enemies. To combat these and other insects, you can use various insecticides that will destroy the parasites without harming the shrub.
Despite the fact that the crown of nature has a spherical shape, ornamental shrubs need regular pruning.
- The first two years, after planting, the branches of the shrub are shortened by a third of the entire length. This will ensure uniform growth of young shoots.
- In the spring, the so-called sanitary pruning is carried out, removing the damaged branches.
- Next, carry out decorative trimming, through which form the desired shape of the crown. But it should be remembered that during the formation one should not shorten more than 50 percent of the entire length of the branches.
- During the year, you need to remove uneven, randomly growing shoots to achieve a harmonious growth of willow.
After pruning, do not forget to handle the cutting sites with special disinfectants.
Reproduction willow purple
Shrubs that are at least two years old are suitable for breeding. In the spring, before the plant throws out the leaves, lignified cuttings are selected. They should be about 15 centimeters in length.
Then the branches are cut and added to the ground so that 3-4 buds remain above the ground. Alternatively, cut stalks can be placed in a container with water. Sprigs should be watered regularly and to prevent the soil from drying out.
Willow nana is well rooted, so it is enough to plant a cutting on the intended place of growth and cover with a can. For early rooting, experienced gardeners often use special tools.
If grafting has fallen in the autumn, shoots should be harvested before the foliage falls. And if necessary, stored in the basement - planting material is wrapped in sackcloth.
It should also be remembered that the first 2-3 years, until the root system is strong, the young shrub is wrapped, protecting it from frost.
Decorative compositions in landscape design
Thanks to willow purpurea, you can create various landscape compositions. It fits perfectly into the design when you make a miniature reservoirs. Due to its rapid growth, Nana is one of the sought-after shrubs to create a hedge.
- Flexible shoots of plants adorn arbors and even form arches.
- The shrub combines with various types of flowers, bushes and small trees.
Creating compositions using willow nans depends only on the desire and imagination of a specialist who works with the landscape design of your site.
Purple willow Nana: description, photo
Willow Nana belongs to the Willow family. This kind of willow is also called yellow frost. In nature, the tree grows in North Africa and temperate regions of Eurasia. The lifespan of a tree is 30 years.
Purple willow Nana is a short sprawling tree with numerous falling branches. The height of the shrub grown in country conditions varies from 1 to 3 meters.
Young smooth shoots have a red-brown shade. Growing up, they acquire olive green color, and inside the bark is lemon-yellow. Narrow-lanceolate leaves are characterized by an opposite arrangement and grow in length from 3 to 15 cm. By the autumn, they change their usual pale green color to golden.
Yves Nana is called purple because of her earringswhich are characterized by a reddish anther with a pleasant smell. The plant blooms from March to May, and bears fruit in May and June.
Yves Nana slowly but surely gaining popularity in landscape design.
With good care in gardens and parks, she lives to her characteristic life.
Features of the cultivation of Willow purple
Since this species of willow has a high frost and drought tolerance, it can be grown in regions where there are frosty winters and hot, dry summers. But best of all she will feel in a wet fertile soil. With a well-developed root system, it develops well on the banks of reservoirs, strengthening the soil of the coastline.
Plant is different unpretentiousness in the care, quick engraftment in the new place and the strengthening of the soil with its roots. From the reviews of some gardeners it is known that the purple willow can not be grown with birch and walnut, as the latter have a negative impact on the development of the shrub.
Buy purple willow saplings can be in the shop of goods for the garden and or ordered online.
Willow care Magenta consists in the following procedures:
- top dressing
- organization of winter dormancy.
If the willow grows far from groundwater, then it must be regularly watered. Young plants require abundant nourishment.
Watering is done only after complete drying the top layer. In hot periods, spraying the crown. If the willow is planted near water bodies, then it is not watered, as it takes moisture from moist soil.
To keep the water longer in the soil, commit mulching peat
For seedlings spend loosening the depth of the spade bayonet in the spring season.
With growing season Purple willow is fed two times: with complex fertilizers in spring and superphosphate in autumn. If shrubs have a weak growth, then they use nitroammofosku.
In winter, young plants in the first couple of years cover with burlap around the trunk in 1 or 2 layers so that they do not suffer from the winter cold and spring frosts. More mature shrubs already by myself endure the winter season with an increase in their frost resistance.
It is also necessary to inspect the plants for the presence of diseases and insectspests. Occasionally, willow Nana can become sick with powdery mildew or black spot. If willow-eaters or flower flies are seen on it, shrubs should be treated with insecticides.
Pruning willow purple
Spherical crown in shrubs, grown individually, can be achieved by regular trimming. Standard plants and trees with a crown in the shape of a ball look neat and attractive. However, the bushes give other forms: sometimes they are cut under a bonsai tree or animal figures.
Pruning needed so that the hedge grows on the same level and the single branches do not stick out beyond its borders. During the procedure, dried, weak and crooked branches are removed. Places sections necessarily treated with disinfectants. Old copies are cut to stump. Sanitary pruning is carried out in the spring and autumn.
Purple willow features
The plant belongs to the willow family and is a graceful shrub, which, depending on the species, can reach a height of 2 to 4 meters. The undersized tree is widespread in the southern regions of Russia, Central Asia, China, Western Siberia, Mongolia, North Africa, Western Europe. Favorite places of its growth - shores of lakes and rivers or valleys rich in moist soil.
Description and variations
Purple willow Nana has a lot of thin, red-brown shoots that acquire over time a gray-green tint. The inner part of the branches is painted in orange-lemon color, so this plant is also called yellow-yellow. Light green foliage is characterized by a narrow and elongated shape with a size of 3.5 to 12 cm. With the onset of cold weather, the leaves become golden in color, characteristic of the autumn period.
Willow acquired its name because of its earrings, which appear on the tree in spring, exuding a pleasant and sweetish aroma. They are large in size and red with a mother-of-pearl shade, beautifully shimmering in the light. The shrub begins to bloom in late March or early April, at which time young leaves usually bloom on the branches.
The root system of the plant has a rather powerful structure that requires a lot of moisture, thanks to which the tree can grow very well on the banks of ponds, lakes or artificial reservoirs. Therefore, it is desirable to plant young bushes in fertile soils that have a composition that is fully suitable for willow Nana. Planting and maintenance should be carried out according to certain rules, taking into account the needs of decorative plantings.
The tree is frost resistant, it can also tolerate drought well. But if willows provide comfortable living conditions and comply with all recommendations for cultivation, then she will be able to delight with her beauty for 25-30 years.
In nature, there are more than 150 varieties of this plant. Today, breeders have created various varieties that have a more compact crown, thanks to which trees are widely used for decorating street space. Especially popular are these types of purple willow:
- Nana. This bush has a miniature size and rather graceful shoots. Its height does not exceed 150 cm in height and 200 cm in width. The crown of the tree has a semi-circular shape, the leaves are long, narrow, painted in green with a silvery shade. The flowering period is from mid-March to the end of April. The tree-shrub grows well in illuminated areas, it is excellent in dry weather, but it feels best in places with wet soil.
- Rendula. It has a beautiful crown of blue-green color, with branches descending to the ground itself. The length of the shrub is from 1 to 2 meters, width - 2.5 -3 meters. Small foliage, shoots are flexible, painted in dark red. In the spring, the plant begins to bloom, at which time new leaves and earrings with reddish anthers appear on it.
- Glacillus. Very compact and neat bush, up to 1 meter high and round crown, with a diameter of not more than 130 cm. The tree looks very cute, has small and delicate leaves, thin shoots and its appearance resembles a lush cloud with indistinct edges. Due to its decorative nature, this type of willow is often used to decorate lawns, alpine slides and create hedges.
- Weeping This variety has a larger size and a very sophisticated appearance. Its height can reach 2−3 meters, width - 4−5 meters. The dense crown of the plant consists of bright green foliage with a bluish tinge, the length of which reaches 9 cm. The branches of the tree smoothly rush down, because of what it looks wilted and therefore is called a weeping willow. Slender plant looks gorgeous on the banks of ponds, lakes and rivers with a calm flow.
All species of purple willow are distinguished by their special endurance, the ability to endure any climatic conditions and the ability to grow in almost any soil. Therefore, tree bushes are the perfect decoration of summer cottages and are suitable for drawing up artistic compositions in the city.
Description and General Information
Willow nana has a small size and a semicircular crown. It has a height and diameter of crown from one and a half to two meters, so in the garden it looks like a decorative ball.
Unlike other, larger species, Nana shoots are thin and numerous. The color of the shoots is brown with a reddish tinge, which is why it is called reddish in some regions of Russia. In addition, the definition of "purple", willow received for earrings, with large, reddish anthers. Flowering begins in March or April, simultaneously with the blooming of the leaves, or a little earlier.
The leaves are silver-green in spring and silver-gray in summer, lanceolate, opposite, 4-14 cm long.
Purple willow nana has a high drought tolerance and winter hardiness, it can be used for gardening gardens in regions with a continental climate, which is characterized by frosty winters and hot, dry summers. However, it feels best on wet and fertile soil.
The root system of Nana is well developed, it can be planted on the banks of reservoirs to strengthen the soil.
Caring for a willow of this variety is no more difficult than for other plants in the garden. This unpretentious tree easily takes root in a new place, quickly grown young shoots retain dust and urban smog, and the roots strengthen the soil. In a garden or a park, with good care, the life span of a willow nana reaches 30 years or more.
For planting willow should choose a light or semi-shadowed place. In the shade, as well as in the absence of watering, her crown becomes rare, and the leaves - faded.
Planting takes place as follows: a hole is dug a little larger than an earthen clod, and some water is poured into it so that the roots are immediately in the wet ground. Then fall asleep with a mixture of garden soil, peat, compost and sand, and watered again. On a loamy, heavy soil in a hole, a drainage layer is made, up to 30 cm thick, of typical materials - sand, rubble, brick fragments.
Several seedlings in a group are placed at a distance of about 1 meter from each other so that, if they grow, they do not intertwine with branches.
Nana grows well in fertile and moist soil, but can survive without watering in arid climates. It grows on poor sandy or gravelly soil. The acidity of the soil should be in the range of pH from 5 to 7.5.
Willow Nana perfectly tolerates pruning, which is performed in early spring under the stump. For pruning use two pruners - large for large branches, small - for small ones. The cut is treated with pitch or any disinfectant, even ordinary brilliant green.
Radical pruning shrubs are not terrible - for the season its young shoots grow up to 1 meter or more, but most often it is used for old bushes. For young bushes enough sanitary pruning in the spring, and pruning too long shoots that go beyond the ball.
New shoots are distinguished by flexibility and subtlety; they sway from the easiest breeze, creating a feeling of a silky and soft bush. Lush krone willow can be given any shape, it is well suited for creating decorative figures that adorn the landscape. Moreover, pruning makes the bush even more dense and lush, so willows make a great hedge. Low shrub suitable for creating garden bonsai, growing in a decorative flowerpot or in open ground.
If a willow grows near a pond, it is not necessary to water it, especially if it rains often and the water level in the pond does not fall. In hot weather, it is enough to spray it with a hose in the evenings or early in the morning.
Willow, growing away from the water, is often watered in large quantities in the summer, with a spray from a hose. To avoid drying out of the soil, the circle at the roots is mulched with peat, which will simultaneously be a good fertilizer.
With regard to top dressing - in the spring you need to put in the soil nitroammofosku based on 60-80 grams per bush.
The soil around the bush is loosened in the spring at 20-25 cm, but only around the young landings. With age, the root system grows, it is easy to damage, so loosening should be no deeper than 5-10 cm.
Caring for willow includes protection from pests and diseases, the plant suffers from flower flies, willow moths, black spot and powdery mildew.
Young bushes, at the age of 2–3 years old, are wrapped in the fall with covering materials — agril, sacking, lutrasil, and spanbond. In the spring they are removed only after the threat of spring frosts. With age, the winter hardiness of the plant will increase, and wrapping will not be necessary.
Purple willow belongs to the willow family. In appearance is a shrub with thin reddish branches. Высота куста может достигать 4 м, но чаще всего вырастает не выше 1 метра. Листья густые, узкие и острые, синеватого цвета.
Красивый внешний вид растения вызвал ожидаемый интерес со стороны селекционеров. Ими были выведены различные сорта:
- purple willow "Nana" - grows to a height of one and a half meters, the diameter of the crown reaches two meters. It tolerates winter and is resistant to frost. In addition to landscape design is used to secure the banks of reservoirs from collapse,
- purple willow "Pendula" - differs in a weeping form of krone and small lime leaves. Small height
- purple willow "Glacilus" - up to one meter high, spherical. Elegant shrub with thin branches and small leaves. The shape resembles a cloud,
- purple willow "Lighthouse" - grown in the Urals, for weaving from the vine. Due to the fact that it turned out quite decorative shrub, it is also used to create hedges.
Use in landscape design
Plants with a lush crown look great in single plantings and group. Purple willow Nana in landscape design is used to design gardens and rose gardens, as well combined with various types of small trees and flowering plantations. And also it is ideal for creating a green hedge, decoration of arbors and borders in city parks.
Dense and branched willow roots are able to strengthen the soil well, so these trees are often used for planting on the banks of artificial reservoirs. In addition, the sprawling branches of the shrub are perfectly combined with the emerald surface of pure water.
The tree tolerates pruning very well, it can feel normal in rather damp soil and is a suitable option for decorating areas with earth that has high humidity.
With the help of a pruner from a spherical bush, artists create various shapes that, with their unusual appearance, raise the spirits of adults and children.
Purple tree is undemanding to the conditions of detention, special vitality and excellent rooting in a new place. But for the shrub to be cozy and comfortable, it is necessary to follow certain rules for planting and caring for them. Thanks to this, you can get a wonderful plant that can become a wonderful decoration of the garden plot.
Planting young trees
This strong shrub is able to grow well in regions with a cold climate, and in fairly arid areas. But it is best to plant the plant in a moderate zone, where there is good light and a moist, vitamin-rich soil. It should be borne in mind that willow saplings cannot be grown next to nuts and birches, since their presence can adversely affect the development of a young bush.
Choosing a sapling, you should pay attention to its roots - they must be strong and well-formed. It is recommended to purchase them in special shops or nurseries for plants.
Planting a young bush should be carried out in this way:
- It is necessary to dig a hole about 45 cm deep and 40 cm wide. If the ground is rather dense and contains a lot of sludge, then drainage from claydite, fragments of bricks or small stones should be placed at the bottom of the hole.
- The resulting recess should be filled with water so that the soil becomes wet and soft.
- Then pour a layer of humus, soil and peat.
- Now the root system of seedlings must be moistened, placed in a hole and covered with soil.
- After that, the soil should be tamped a little and water the plant well.
During group planting it is necessary to take into account that the crown of an ornamental shrub eventually becomes quite voluminous and fluffy. In this case, the distance between the seedlings should be no less than 100 cm, so that the branches of the trees do not interfere with each other during growth.
Care for purple willow is a snap. First of all, the plant needs regular watering, especially if the soil around it is not washed by groundwater. It is necessary to water a bush only after the top layer of the earth completely dries. In hot weather, the foliage should be further sprayed with water. If a willow grows on the bank of a pond, then it does not need moisture, since the soil in such places is able to provide it with everything necessary. It should also be borne in mind that newly planted plants require more thorough and frequent watering than adult shrubs.
Grow a bush can on almost any soil. But it is better to pick up a fertile soil with neutral acidity. If the site is dominated by heavy and clay soil, then in the planting pit it is necessary to arrange a drainage of stones and sand.
Plant a plant on the site can be not only cuttings, but also seeds.
Growing a tree from seeds is troublesome and long. But sometimes in another way to grow a willow just does not work.
Seeds in earrings appear after flowering. Another month they ripen and in May and June are ready to harvest.
It is much easier and faster to plant shrub cuttings.
Harvest them in the spring, before leafing. The material used annual twigs covered with bark. They are cut into twigs 15 cm long and placed in water, or instilled into damp earth.
Use of ornamental shrubs
Purple willow is used in landscape design to create a hedge, design rose gardens, to decorate ponds. In winter, it successfully stands out against the background of other bushes and trees with its neat crown.
You can form it in the form of a ball, and you can put it into free growth.