Choosing dieffenbachia as the “room friend”, we count on its exceptional decorative properties. This is a true miracle of nature with a spreading crown and veins on the leaves looks spectacular in any room. To care for dieffenbachia at home does not become a constant struggle for her "life", follow the simple tips. They will help to communicate with a tropical guest and grow from a tiny sprout a strong and luxurious plant.
The origin of dieffenbachia: a biological portrait
This flower culture is a typical representative of the tropical forests of South America with a large stem and a lush, spreading crown of different shades. It grows exclusively in height, actively drawing out of the base of the shoot. The warm and humid climate is a paradise for the fastidious beauty. In such conditions, it gains strength and reaches a height of more than 2 meters.
With proper care, dieffenbachia at home develops no worse. As it grows, the stem becomes bare, showing a lush cap of the variegated upper shoots. This shrub of the aroid family is named after the German botanist who took an active part in his cultivation (Dieffenbach). It was he who developed a number of rules for its content.
No matter how gratifying, but the room flower Dieffenbachia very rarely throws buds. Under natural conditions, this phenomenon occurs more often. Its inflorescences are reminiscent of a faint, inconspicuous among the lush greenery of the ear. At the end of the process in their place a bunch of red and orange berries appear.
The popularity of this decorative flower culture is directly related to its luxurious appearance. Large leaves with typical bright yellow, greenish stripes and spots are able to transform the most ordinary-looking room. Any kinds of dieffenbachia look great in the home environment or the interior of a public institution. And, most importantly, do not require special care.
Each of the species of this tropical plant (and there are more than 40) has a significant difference in color and has a unique beauty. But still, the brightest representatives of it have received greater recognition and prevalence:
- Dieffenbachia Oersted (Dieffenbachia oerstedii) is a culture with a dense, evenly colored crown. Its distinguishing feature is slightly elongated, pointed leaves with uniform green color and wide central vein.
- Dieffenbachia Seguine (Dieffenbachia seguine) has a characteristic stalk of greenish color with white patches on the entire base. Large leaves oblong shape, slightly rounded at the base.
- Dieffenbachia Bause (Dieffenbachia bausei) - one of the most popular shrub plants with a strong tree-like trunk. Even with the usual care, it grows up to 1 m in height, and the wide light green leaves have a characteristic “marble” ornament.
- Spotted Dieffenbachia (Dieffenbachia maculata) - the real queen of the tropics. On its dense, well-developed trunk, the luxurious crown is neatly placed - the main trump card of this flower culture. Cleverly adorned by nature itself, it frames the stem with a beautiful cascade and gives it a luxurious, majestic look. In a well-lit, humid place and with proper care reaches the apogee of its decoration.
Features of the growth and development of dieffenbachia
Indoor plant dieffenbachia in natural conditions live 10 years or more. Indoors, this period is reduced to 2–3 times (at home it grows quickly and reaches 1–2 m in height, not more). For 4 years of its existence, it turns into a lush, spreading shrub. Understand that the tree is no longer valid in appearance. Older subspecies gradually lose their decorativeness: they pull out and shed their leaves.
However, even with such a significant minus bush does not lose its relevance. After all, Dieffenbachia:
- absorbs and neutralizes toxins, improves air quality,
- destroys pathogenic microbes, reduces the number of staphylococci,
- moisturizes, absorbs small particles of dust.
Propagation of dieffenbachia involves cutting the tops of the plant and planting it (pre-shoots are rooted in water or are divided by the stem). How do they do it? The cut cuttings are dried, then instilled into the prepared substrate. Regularly watered. As the first shoots appear, fresh soil is filled.
A transplant of dieffenbachia should be annual. The most suitable time is from February to May (in hot months the plant takes root poorly).
The optimal average of its comfort for well-being - 20 degrees. But at 18-25 degrees, it develops no worse. The only thing that should be avoided when leaving is sudden temperature fluctuations and constant movements from one room to another.
Dieffenbachia loves moisture, so "include in her diet" daily spraying (pre-settled water). As an option: put the pot on wet gravel or wet peat. Periodically wipe the green part with a damp cloth or arrange a real rain shower for it (under running water jets).
Dieffenbachia loves the light, but the direct sun is dangerous for her. With an excess, it becomes shallow and loses its decorative effect. Therefore, abandon the idea of putting it on the south side. The best option is west, east or north.
Dieffenbachia soil should contain peat. This substance perfectly retains moisture and prevents the appearance of fungus. It is not bad to supplement the soil composition with leafy earth, sphagnum, pounded charcoal and sand.
Dieffenbachia during the period of active growth requires periodic soil moisture. Therefore, increase the volume, watering in summer and reduce their number in winter. Be sure to care when using purified and distilled water.
Top-dressings provide the diefenbachia the necessary amount of nutrition, so at the time of enhanced growth (spring, summer), care includes periodic fertilization in the soil (every 10 days).
How to prevent disease
To ensure proper care of this flower culture is possible only by a planned, competent and attentive attitude towards it. So, what can visible damage to a flower tell us:
- Dieffenbachia dry leaf tips. Check the level of humidity in the room, the acidity of the soil, the presence of drafts.
- The lower leaves quickly fall off - the plant does not have enough moisture or closely in the pot.
- Pale greens - an excess of light or phosphorus in the soil.
- The leaves were deformed and crushed due to an excess of alkali in the ground.
- Rotten roots - reduce the amount of watering.
- The folded lower shoots and brown spots that appear on them indicate a low temperature in the room.
- Thinned stem says obsolescence of the bush.
- Periodically appearing drops of moisture on the plant is a completely normal phenomenon.
Often with improper care, a plant infects a fungus (excess moisture in the soil). Uncharacteristic spots appear on the flower, the leaves turn yellow. If the crown and stem are damaged by a spider mite, aphids or shield, they are treated with soapy water, garlic juice or beer. Excessively pitted areas moistened with Carbofos.
Competent care of the deffinbachia at home will help to preserve its beauty, pomp and richness of greenery. And then you will be guaranteed full success in the cultivation of this tropical beauty!
In room conditions, some types of Dieffenbachy reach two meters in height. The root system is powerful, branched. At the top of the flower and at the base of the stem are seen growth points for the development of new shoots. Fleshy, straight, thick green stems are formed from the points of emergence. In some plant species, a leafy cap is formed at the top of the stem; in others, opposite leaves grow throughout the stem.
The leaves are wide, large, pointed or rounded at the edges, covered with a unique pattern. Lighter patches, stripes, spots, streaks of yellow, beige, light green, pink and white shades are visible on them. The length of the leaves in some varieties reaches 60 centimeters, width 40 centimeters.
Depending on the form dieffenbachy divided into tree and shrub.
The tree species has a strong and thick trunk, there are no branches. The trunk is exposed when the flower grows. An adult flower is similar to a palm tree.
The shrub variety of Dieffenbachia is low. It has branched stems and many leaves. Leaves form near the base of the trunk. Bushes are voluminous, dense.
The inflorescences of all species resemble the cobs, surrounded by a cream-green petal. The fruits that emerged from the flowers are orange or red berries.
Types and varieties with photos
In nature, there are about 50 species of dieffenbachia, but only a third of the total number of plants is suitable for growing a house. They, in turn, differ in the shape, size and color of the plant. Today there are a large number of new varieties and hybrids, which sometimes do not fit any specific description.
Spotted or Painted
The most popular type of dieffenbachia is Spotted or Painted, it is also the ancestor of other species of this plant. It includes 17 different varieties, such as: Camilla, Compact and others.
Spotted Dieffenbachia has a large green trunk. The stem in one year grows by 40-45 centimeters in height. Reaching one meter, plant growth stops.
The leaves reach 45-50 centimeters in length and 13-15 centimeters in width. Oblong, pointed at the edges of the leaves are green. The pattern on the leaves combines white and yellowish spots of irregular shape and clear stripes. To the touch, the foliage is rough, smooth, or covered with convex patterns. The surface is glossy or matte. In room conditions dieffenbachia rarely blooms. If this happened, the white-yellow, small flowers are almost not noticeable against the background of leaves. A flower pot must be placed at some distance from the window.
The most common color is marble. It can be identified by color transitions from pale green to dark green shades. These include bauze and bauman hybrids.
You can also find another color when the leaf is colorless in the middle (due to the lack of chlorophyll), and the edges are painted in a contrasting color.
Mars is a variety of Spotted Dieffenbachia. The leaves are dark green, decorated with a light marble pattern of dots and strokes, merging into a general tone. The grade badly reacts to organic fertilizers and drafts.
A common species is Dieffenbachia Seguin. This is a cluster view with large, wide, dark green foliage with not pronounced yellow jagged divorces in the middle of the leaf and a small number of veins. Compared with spotted dieffenbachia, the foliage of this species is smaller in size. Lateral veins a little. Short stalks.
This species is used to breed new varieties, hybrids, such as: Tropic Snow, Green Magic.
Leopold is a dwarf dieffenbachia with dark green ellipsoidal leaves. The length of the trunk reaches 5 centimeters, the diameter does not exceed 2 centimeters. The shoots are fleshy, short with burgundy and light green divorces. Dark green ellipsoidal leaves, wide, up to 30-35 centimeters long, up to 15 centimeters wide.
Central vein white, wide. Scapes are short, pale green with a lilac shade. The inflorescence is an ear of not more than 9 centimeters in size, covered with a white petal 17 centimeters long.
Camilla is a tall plant with succulent green lanceolate leaves, bordered with a rim of light or dark green tones and a beige or white center. With age, the white spots on the leaves disappear. The flower grows up to two meters in height. The stem is strong. The plant adapts to both wet and dry air in the room. The best place for a flower is a shaded corner.
Dieffenbachia Reflector demanding conditions of maintenance and care. Differs flower camouflage coloring velvety foliage. Yellowish or green spots on a dark green background stretched along the side veins or have a rounded shape. In the middle of the sheet is a white stripe.
With good care the plant bushes. The color of the leaves varies with different lighting and angles. The variety is moisture-loving, afraid of cold.
Compact is a small dense bush with green foliage. The plant looks similar to the variety Camilla, but differs in a white intermittent strip in the middle.
Interspersed main color in the form of islands, specks. Stems are short. Near the central furrow, beige spots are visible along the entire length of the sheet.
Oersted is a plant with heart-shaped or pointed leaves. In length, the leaves reach 30-35 centimeters. Color is light green or dark with a metallic sheen of gray-green color. Along the central vein there is a bright band.
At home, dieffenbachia grows in a moist and hot environment. In order for the plant to grow and delight with its beauty in room conditions, it needs to provide proper care.
During active growth the flower needs more attention.
In the dormant period due to the reduction of daylight care for flowers varies. If you continue active care, there are new small leaves that spoil the whole look.
A new leaf appears on the flower every week. In order for the plant to grow quickly and delight with its beauty, it needs to provide good lighting. Dieffenbachia is not afraid of the shadow, but it responds favorably to sufficient lighting. Direct sunlight when placing a pot with a plant should not fall on it. Best of all, the flower grows on the southeast or east side.
Larger varieties are best placed near daylight or fenced from the light with a curtain or white paper.
Transplant (how to transplant with a long trunk)
If the leaves lose their color, elasticity and fall off, then this is a clear sign of a tight pot. The plant needs a transplant.
Dieffenbachia is transplanted 1 time per year. An adult plant is transplanted at least once every 2-4 years. The best time for this is February - May. In the summer, in the heat it is better not to do it.
The roots of the flower are brittle, this procedure must be done carefully. The pot should be taken 2-3 cm more than the previous one.
Old and bare plants with a long stem are cut.
The flower is carefully removed from the pot and, together with the earthy lump, is transplanted into a larger container with a fresh substrate.
Fertilize the plant to spring and summer, once every 2 weeks. To do this, take mineral and organic fertilizers in low concentration. In winter, during dormancy, the plant does not need additional feeding.
How blooms Dieffenbachia photo
The flower blooms only in spring, flowering lasts a couple of days. Flowering occurs during April and early May. The growth of the plant will pause. Leaves may fall below. All forces are directed to the development of flowers. If it is a variety with inconspicuous flowers, it is better to cut them immediately.
Cob blossoms, similar to calla lilies or water lilies, covered with a cream-green petal. In some species of dieffenbachia, flowers are inconspicuous and are lost among the foliage. A withered flower stays on the stem for a long time.
How to trim
If the plant has a long, bare trunk with a rare bunch of leaves at the top, the flower needs pruning. The stem is cut at a height of 10 centimeters from the base. Below the cut point must remain a node. From it will grow new shoots that can later be transplanted. The trimmed stem can be divided into parts (leaving growth points) and sent for reproduction.
To breed a flower, you need to cut the top of an adult plant, dry it and sprinkle it with pounded activated carbon. The handle is lowered into a jar of water. Kornevin, Zircon or any other growth promoter is added to the water. The temperature in the room for germinating a flower should be at least 20 degrees Celsius. After the appearance of the roots, the plant can be planted in the ground.
A pot with drainage holes is taken, a layer of expanded clay, broken brick or perlite is poured to the bottom, and thoroughly mixed soil is poured in from above. The earth is shed by a warm solution of potassium permanganate and after running off excess moisture the flower is planted. With proper care, the plant quickly grows and grows.
Dieffenbachia can also be propagated by seed and air layering, but it takes a lot of time and labor, and therefore is used less frequently.
For plant propagation with seeds, you need to pollinate it. Female flowers are placed below, and male flowers are at the top. Female flowers are covered with the lower part of the mural. For pollination, you need to cut a petal-blanket and put a pollen from an inflorescence with a soft brush, the patch is sealed with tape. After the flower withers, the berries will ripen on the cob. After wrinkling, you can collect the seeds and sow them into the soil.
For air layers, if there are no adventitious roots on the stem, notches are made. This area of the trunk is covered with moist peat moss and covered with an opaque film. After the appearance of the roots, the film is removed, the stem along with the moss is cut off. Растение отделяется от материнского стебля ниже корней и высаживается в субстрат.
Diseases and pests
If the leaves lose color, grow slowly, lose elasticity, are deformed and fall off, you need to pay attention to the temperature of the content of the flower, lighting, watering, feeding and size of the pot. If all these indicators are normal, then it is quite possible the plant is damaged by such diseases as: root and brown rot, bacteriosis, anthracnose, bronze, fusarium, viral mosaic of leaves.
If dieffenbachia is affected by various diseases or pests, such as: spider mite, scab, thrips, aphid and mealybugs, then the flower must be removed from other flowers and its treatment should begin. To do this, take a solution of household soap. The leaves are wiped with a solution on both sides. Then the flower is sprayed with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, Karbofos, Aktellik or any other protective preparations.
Strongly affected plants can be transplanted or cut, if it does not help the flower should be thrown away.
Why leaves turn yellow
Excessive watering, hard water, sunburn, lack of space in the pot lead to yellowing of foliage. Draft and proximity to radiators can also damage the flower, while the leaves turn yellow and fall off.
If the leaves began to lose color, perhaps direct sunlight falls on them, which discolor them.
Illumination in the summer through a thin curtain is optimal for the plant. In winter, the flower requires additional lighting. The duration of a bright day should be about 10-12 hours.
If the leaves turned yellow, the stem became soft, began to rot, then this indicates improper watering and temperature. Reducing the number of waterings and increasing the temperature of the air helps to correct the problem. Damaged places are cut and sprinkled with charcoal. The soil in the pot needs to be replaced with a new one. If the plant is badly damaged, the healthy part of it is cut and rooted in water.
The leaves of the plant also turn yellow if they are affected by spider mites, scutes and aphids. Pests feed on flower juices, gradually destroy it.
Ticks can be recognized by small dots on the leaves. Frequent spraying and wiping the leaves with a damp cloth helps protect the plant from pests.
The shield is located on the stems, veins and forms brown spots on the leaves. Removed pest alcohol-soap solution.
Aphids are removed from the plant with soapy water. In case of severe damage, chemical preparations are used.
The leaves dry due to large temperature drops, dry soil in the pot. If the young leaves dry and fall off, this indicates low temperatures and a draft. Normalization of conditions of detention allows to avoid this problem.
Leaves dry and due to bacteriosis. The disease manifests itself with smarting ulcers and stains with an unpleasant odor. The disease is not treatable. Such a plant is removed, and the pot is disinfected from under it.
The leaves are curled or, as they grow, they do not open, due to irrigation with cold water. Water for watering the flower should be separated during the day.
Also, the leaves can dry and fall due to the natural aging process of the flower, the problem is eliminated by planting the flower.
Dry ends of leaves
The tips dry at the leaves that have a lower location. This situation is a sign of natural aging. If the process has affected all the leaves, then this is a sign that the flower suffers from a lack of moisture, dry air and high temperature in the room. The plant needs to be sprayed more often, remove from radiators.
If dieffenbachia fades, then this may be due to fusarium. The causative agents of this disease are in the ground, affect the roots, brown elongated spots appear on the trunk and leaves, the plant fades. To combat fusarium, the plant needs to be transplanted into another pot, rot from the roots is removed, the affected areas are treated with a fungicide.
Anthracnose forms on leaves black and brown spots with a yellow border. Leaves with a strong lesion wither. The disease occurs due to excessive watering, high temperature in the room and dry air. To get rid of the disease, you need to normalize watering and temperature control. Damaged leaves are treated with a fungicide.
Root rot first affects the roots, then affects the trunk, the plant fades and dies. It appears when there is an excess of fertilizer and moisture in the soil. With the defeat of rot, the plant must be transplanted, the roots cut, removing the affected places, process fungicide. Watering is reduced.
Why cries dieffenbachia
With frequent watering, high humidity, a sharp change in air pressure and in cloudy weather, the plant cries. This is due to high humidity. The leaves evaporate little moisture, and the roots from the soil absorb a lot of moisture. When the air is humid, the water released by the plant rolls off the leaves. To reduce crying need to reduce watering the flower.
Is it poisonous?
The only disadvantage of the plant is its toxicity. The fleshy stems of a flower contain thick white juice, which causes skin and mucous burns on contact. In a house with small children and pets, it is better not to plant a plant. When transplanting, pruning plants, you need to wear gloves.
Omens and superstitions
The plant enriches the room with positive energy, carries a positive attitude, invigorates. This flower can be wound up to people aspiring to victories and new challenges. With the help of a flower, you can resist the wiles of enemies, quickly find a way out of any situation. The flower can be kept both in the house and in the office, where various issues and problems are often solved. The plant helps to find the right solutions in controversial issues.
Dieffenbachia women retain youth and beauty, soothes. The best place to place a flower is the office and the kitchen. It is not recommended to install it in the bedroom and living room.
In addition to the positive impact, there is a negative impact of the flower.
There is a belief that where this flower grows, guests are rarely. They feel the negative energy of dieffenbachia, try to leave faster and not return.
Girls for marriage can not find a groom for a long time.
The flower is considered as a husband, he expels male persons from the house.
This plant brings men harm, weakening their potency, make them fruitless. The family at the same time for a long time can not get children. Husbands begin to change and leave wives.
If the plant has flowered, it indicates an unfavorable situation in the house. Dieffenbachia blooms when the house needs to change something. The plant at the same time sheds leaves and begins to rot.
Dieffenbachia care is not very difficult. Knowing all the rules for care, you can grow a beautiful and bright flower at home. This plant is surrounded by various beliefs, but its beauty is fascinating and many flower growers no matter what bring it to their home.
Is dieffenbachia juice poisonous and can it be kept at home?
Dieffenbachia juice is poisonous, in many countries it is used as a poison in rats. When the juice gets on the skin, irritation appears, contact with the mucous membrane causes swelling. Be extremely careful: during transplantation, plant reproduction, work in gloves, do not allow children and animals to the flower.
Dieffenbachia is a perennial plant with a massive stem and large leaves with different types of colors. It blooms only when all the conditions of care, the flower - the ear, covered with a veil.
The plant is poisonous, consider this fact, placing the flower in the house. Try to prevent children and animals from reaching him.
Diffenbachia home care
In terms of care, dieffenbachia is a rather problematic plant. It should not be allowed to fall on the leaves of the plant in direct sunlight, but, nevertheless, the lighting should be sufficient, otherwise the patterns on the foliage will begin to disappear. Diffenbachia Bauman has completely green foliage, so it needs less light than other species.
Dieffenbachia is quite sensitive to temperature changes and drafts. In spring and summer, the air temperature should be around 23 ° C, and in winter it should not be allowed to fall below 16 ° C, but it is best to keep the heat around 20 ° C.
Dieffenbachia can be watered only with separated soft water, preferably rainwater. All spring and summer the soil in the pot should be a little wet.
In the autumn-winter period, watering is reduced, allowing the upper soil ball to dry out. In order for the flower to develop normally, it is necessary to increase the humidity of the spraying air. You should also wipe the foliage with a damp cloth every seven days.
The whole spring and summer period Dieffenbachia needs fertilizer. For varieties with completely green leaves, they use exclusively lime-free feedings, which are applied every 10 days and bred twice as much as indicated in the instructions.
Variegated varieties are better to feed with mineral fertilizers, because with an excess of organic substances, their foliage loses variegation. Fertilizer in this case, you need every 20 days.
Pruning bushy dieffenbachia
The loss of the lower leaves of dieffenbachia indicates its aging and the need for pruning. The top of the plant is cut 2 cm below the node, the milk from the slice is wiped and treated with pounded charcoal.
This procedure will give rise to young shoots, which are formed on the remaining stem.
Dieffenbachia transplant at home
When filling the rhizome of the pot, dieffenbachia must be replanted. This is best done in the spring, but if the flower grows too fast, then you may need an additional summer transplant, which should be carried out in a transshipment way so as not to disturb the roots too much.
The pot needs to be taken slightly more than the previous one, be sure to add drainage. Dieffenbachia needs a soil of weak acidity, which can be made from leafy ground, peat, sphagnum and sand (4: 2: 2: 1). Also it will be good to interfere with the soil of crumbled coal.
Dieffenbachia reproduction by air layouts
Another breeding path for dieffenbachia is the use of air layering. You just need to incise the escape and wrap this area with raw moss, and wrap it over the top. When the roots appear, the cutoff is cut off and planted in a new pot.
Spruce dieffenbachia can be propagated by dividing the bush, which is performed during transplantation.
Dieffenbachia flower - an extraordinary plant, before growing which is to learn a number of features:
- Flower toxicity - pruning and transplanting should be carried out with strict observance of safety measures.
- Very fast growth rates - while ensuring the necessary conditions for development, a new leaf plate appears every week on the flower, while the lower part of the trunk becomes bare. This causes the loss of decorative properties and the need for pruning.
- Intolerance to the culture of sharp drops in temperature and drafts.
- The need for moisture.
- Lime intolerance - water for irrigation and spraying should be settled or filtered.
For the successful cultivation of plants used light, drained soil, providing free access of moisture and air to the root system, with weak acidity. Soil mixture can be prepared independently from peat, sand, hardwood and sod land at a ratio of 2: 1: 4: 2, or purchased in specialized stores.
Tip! If a universal substrate is used, its throughput should be improved by adding sand, perlite and charcoal.
Watering indoor flower
Before watering, water is prepared in advance - for a day. In the spring and summer, the soil is moistened regularly with plenty of water so that it does not have time to dry. With the arrival of cold weather between irrigations, it is worth maintaining a time interval of about 3-5 days for a slight drying of the earthy coma.
Important! Despite the need for a flower in a constantly wet ground, waterlogging can cause a plant to drop leaves.
Care activities include systematic supplemental feeding. During the period of intensive growth, liquid complexes for ornamental plants are used, with which the soil is enriched three times during the month with a half-dose reduction. Sometimes organic fertilizers are used, which contain no lime.
Tip! Varieties with white foliage organic fertilizer should not be fed up, because of the nitrogen color becomes green. For the same reason, the application of complex fertilizers for such varieties is reduced to once a month.
Transplant at home
The plant is transplanted after the pot is completely filled with the root system. The best time of year for the procedure is spring, but in some cases the transplant is carried out twice a year. The flower is rolled over into a new pot, larger in diameter by 2-3 cm and with a good drainage layer.
Protect Dieffenbachia from pests and diseases
Among the pests that infect the plant, there are spider mites, aphids, mealybugs, thrips, and scale insects. You can fight them with the help of a soap solution applied by a sponge, or spraying with an insecticidal preparation in case of a strong settlement. Bacteriosis is distinguished from diseases, the bacterial nature of which makes the disease incurable, and root rot. Treatment with systemic fungicide or pruning with rooting of the apical cutting will help.
The procedure is as follows:
- The resulting cuttings are kept for two days in the fresh air.
- After drying, parts of the shoot are laid out on a mixture of peat and sand with buds up, after which they are covered with film and kept at a temperature within 25 ° C.
- After rooting, new specimens are transplanted into separate pots.
If the gardener decided to implement this method of reproduction, then the following algorithm should be used:
- On the stalk, cuts are made and moistened with moss, which is fixed by a dark film.
- After the formation of the roots, the shoot is cut off with the polyethylene.
- When trimming is done, the film is removed.
- An escape with a sphagnum is planted in a prepared pot with soil.
Since the care of an exotic flower requires certain knowledge and skills, beginning growers face a number of problems, a possible solution of which is given below:
- Drying the tips of the leaf plates - stabilize the temperature, increase the humidity of the air or reduce the amount of watering.
- Leaf color in leaves - it is necessary to ensure good lighting, feed phosphate and potash fertilizers, limit the introduction of nitrogen-containing complexes.
- Wilting lower leaves - it is necessary to transplant the plant in a larger pot.
- Yellowing of the foliage - you should limit the access of the direct sun, carry out spraying, ensure the regularity of watering, adjust the additional power.
Attention! Adjusting the comprehensive care will solve all these problems.
Why can not keep at home dieffenbachia?
The tropical representative is a poisonous plant, but the poison is not dangerous to the body and animals. Cats love to eat leafy plates, which are only anthelmintic for pets. However, contact dieffenbachia with young children is better to limit. There are also superstitions that state that dieffenbachia is a “muzhegon” and the presence of a flower negatively affects a man’s ability to conceive and male potency as a whole. And if you believe some signs, the flower absorbs oxygen, which is contrary to the basics of botany.
So, dieffenbachia is a beautiful plant that requires constant attention. But with proper care, the flower will thank the owner, decorating the city apartment with tropical ornamentation.
Benefits of dieffenbachia
However, being a source of natural phytoncides, the plant destroys the pathogens next to it, which are in the air. Due to this property, dieffenbachia is even useful for a person if you don’t eat it and prevent the juice from getting on the skin. Well, if you were careless in the care of dieffenbachia, just rinse off the juice with water.
How to care for dieffenbachia at home
Like other indoor plants, the slave requires keeping close to tropical plants. The plant will attract beauty, if you create conditions that include:
- location, lighting,
- soil composition and capacity requirements
- watering and feeding,
- temperature conditions
- summer and winter maintenance,
The first step in the care of dieffenbachia will be the correct allocation of space. For it is suitable east or west window without direct sunlight. The beauty of the flower in the variegated large leaves. With a lack of light, the plant will lose contrast in color, and the leaves will become smaller.
Watering and water treatments
Watering dieffenbachia when you care at home you need to keep only soft water. Suited tap water is suitable and even boiled and cooled. The presence of magnesium and calcium salts in the water poisons the plant. Therefore, where drinking water appears scum on the kettle, you need to look for another water. It is necessary to water a plant often as soon as the top layer of the earth dries out.
Одним из методов промывания земли от солей является выдерживание кома земли в воде в течение 15 минут. Потом воду нужно убрать через дренажное отверстие. Такая процедура в летнее время нужна раз в месяц. Зимой достаточно просто обильного полива. Если растение залили, то листья у диффенбахии начинают буреть, желтеть, опадать.
Ежедневное опрыскивание цветка диффенбахия в уходе в домашних условиях полезно. Поддон со мхом, испаритель, аквариум – всё это создаёт нужную влажность вокруг растения.
During the period of active growth, dieffenbachia needs frequent fertilizing with organic and mineral fertilizers. Once every 7-10 days the addition to the irrigation water of the nutrition will create favorable conditions for the development of the flower.
Dieffenbachia flower how to care in winter and summer
In summer, when the lighting is sufficient, the flower can be placed in the back of the room. The determining factor will not burn the plants on a warm window. Increased temperature will inevitably lead to yellowing of the leaf blade. Dieffenbachia, home care requires a mild change in temperature within 22 degrees in summer and 18 in winter. Drafts are unacceptable. When ventilated, the plant should be protected from fresh air. It is better to move the pot to another room.
For the uniform formation of the bush, it requires lighting from all sides. Therefore, the container with the plant must be periodically turned over along the axis. With its broad leaves, dieffenbachia absorbs harmful excreta from the air, cleansing it.
Dieffanbachia is transplanted at home when the previous pot becomes cramped.
Purchased land is used for transplanting leaf plants or a mixture of equal shares:
The addition of activated birch charcoal helps in the purification of the substrate from harmful salts. The container can be used with a small margin, as the roots grow quickly. When planting, the stem deepens and gives rise to fresh roots. For quick survival in the first irrigation need to add stimulants rooting.
It is after transplantation, when the stem of the fallen leaves is exposed to the plant, it is necessary to trim the stem, leaving 10 cm on the surface. Fresh young leaves will appear on the exposed part of the sleeping buds. The crown can be rooted by getting a new plant.
When caring for dieffenbachia you must use protective equipment. When pruning a plant, remember that the slices are poisonous, and residues at work must be packed before throwing it in household garbage.
Failure to maintain the conditions of the flower leads to a change in the sheets, their yellowing or dropping. It is necessary to find the cause of the disease. If the disease is physiological - eliminate the cause, and the new leaves will be healthy. Remove old plates over time.
Diefenbachia care at home
How to care for dieffenbachia at home photo
Among flower growers dieffenbachia very popular. They need regular watering, lack of drafts and heat.
The soil in the pot should be constantly wet. In spring and summer, water the plant little by little, but regularly, in winter - less often. The main thing is to prevent drying or gulf roots: and that, and that is fraught with disease. In the warm season, watering is done every couple of days, with the onset of cold weather - about once a week. For irrigation, use softened, separated for 1-2 days water. It is possible to soften the hardness of the water by adding a small amount of citric acid at the tip of the knife, but this is not done every time, but somewhere through three waterings on the fourth.
The best place for dieffenbachia will be windows of western, eastern, northern orientation. South windows need protection from direct sunlight. If you place the plant away from the window, you will need additional artificial lighting. From a lack of light leaves shallow.
Mealybug on Dieffenbachia photo
Regularly inspect the leaves of the plant in time to detect pests. Dieffenbachia can be attacked by a spider mite, scutes, thrips, aphids. In case of revealed lesions, repeated treatment with insecticides will be required: do not rely on the soap solution, it will not help.
Mealybug pretends to be the appearance of white mealy flakes on the plant and in the soil. It will require treatment of both the plant and the soil itself by Aktara or Mospilan 3-4 times with an interval of 7-10 days.
How to treat dieffenbachia from pests photo
Do not worry that such an imprisonment will have a negative effect on the state of the plant: the two-day “sauna” will only benefit from dieffenbachia.
If black bugs appeared on dieffenbachia
Trips on Dieffenbachia photo
Leaves lose their attractiveness, covered with darkening drying spots. These are thrips, which are not so easy to get rid of. Multiple insecticide treatments are needed: spray the plant and cover it tightly with a package on top. Treatments repeat every two days 6-7 times. Then repeat the treatment after 10 days, because after this time new thrips from the last remaining larvae will hatch.
Spider mite on Dieffenbachia photo
The pest is almost invisible and you can guess about it by drying leaves and a barely visible web at the bottom of the leaves. To get rid of spider mites, it will take repeated treatment with insecticide, the plant is covered with a package for 1-2 days. Processing is repeated every 5-7 days, 3-4 times. This will require a wet treatment of the window, window sill and the entire room.
Dieffenbachia charming or pleasant Dieffenbachia amoena
Dieffenbachia charming or pleasant Dieffenbachia amoena variety ‘Tropic Snow’ photo
Kind unpretentious in the care. It tolerates shade and dry air. The stem reaches a height of about 70 cm. The leaves are large, about half a meter long. Sheet plate is painted in dark green color, along the veins are white stripes.
Dieffenbachia Spotted Dieffenbachia maculata
Dieffenbachia Spotted Dieffenbachia maculata photo
Diffenbachia spotted has a motley color with specks of various shades on a dark green background. In room conditions it requires constant attention: keep the soil moist, spray leaflets regularly, do not allow the air to dry out and the temperature to rise above 22 ° C.
The best varieties of dieffenbachia with photos and names
Dieffenbachia Green Magic Green Dieffenbachia Green Magic Photo
Camilla - reaches a height of about 2 m. The trunk is straight, woody. The leaves are elongated, oval-shaped. Leaf color evenly green with a fringing of a darker shade.
Dieffenbachia Camilla Dieffenbachia Camilla photo
Compact - about half a height with miniature leaves on short petioles.
Dieffenbachia Vesuvius Dieffenbachia Compacta Vesuvius photo
Snow tropic - about 80 cm high. The leaf plates are covered with large white spots, like snowballs.
Dieffenbachia Velvet Photo Reflector
The reflector is a rather capricious variety, which requires abundant watering and sufficient lighting, if there are shortcomings in the care, it will quickly die. The sheet plate is velvety, covered with a camouflage pattern, with a different angle of view, it visually changes color.
Dieffenbachia rudolph roehrs photo
Rudolph Roers is distinguished by a delicate light-green color with subtle dark-green borders along the leaf and central veins.
Dieffenbachia white flame photo
The white flame variety really resembles a white flame, levitating upward and shaded by the dark color of the saturated green edges of the leaves.
The best dieffenbachia hybrids:
Dieffenbachia mars dieffenbachia mars
Mars - has dark green leaves with a marble pattern,
Dieffenbachia Maroba Dieffenbachia Maroba photo
Maroba is similar in color to Mars, leaves are wider, slightly ribbed, slightly shining.
Feels great on a bright window, but it is worth considering that Dieffenbachia does not like the direct rays of the sun. If the open balcony is located on the south side, then this plant should not be put there for the summer.
In the event that he will not get the light, his stem will stretch in the shortest possible time and become very brittle and very thin, and only a few sheets will show off at the top.
How to water
When the plant begins to grow actively, it should be watered plentifully. However, in winter, watering is required to be significantly reduced. Do not over-wet the soil. Watering is done only after the soil dries not less than a couple of centimeters deep. To check, you can use the ground moisture meter or check with a finger.
What should be the humidity
The humidity in the room where this plant is located should be high enough. The thing is that in the homeland of Dieffenbachia is always high humidity. In this regard, the leaves should be sprayed, as often as possible with simple clean water, and this is especially true of winter, when the air is strongly dried with heating appliances and batteries. A sign that the humidity of the air is lower than necessary - dry edges of the leaves.
Transplantation is carried out in the spring months and only if necessary. Prepare a mixture of sand, peat, leaf soil and humus in advance. And you can take the soil universal for fruit-leaf plants. Take the pot a little more than the previous one, and deepen the stem during transplanting. This will contribute to the growth of new roots.
Carefully remove the earth ball from the old pot. Carefully inspect the roots. If they are completely healthy, they can be put in a pot along with old soil. Do not forget about the drainage layer. To do this, pour on the bottom a little claydite. Then it will be necessary to pour a small amount of fresh soil and fill it to the sides of the plant, slightly compacting it. It should be borne in mind that the soil during transplantation must be moistened (not wet). Very often, the damaged roots rot. Add to the water when watering a preparation that improves rooting, of your choice (Kornerost, Heteroauxin, Kornevin, Zircon).
In the event that there are rotten roots, then they should be carefully removed during transplantation, after shaking off the soil. Sprinkle the slices with activated carbon powder. You can wait until they dry out. After that, the plant can be planted in a new pot.
On Dieffenbachia, a spider mite (there is a spider web on the stems and leaves), a false shield or shield (a brown shade with sticky secretions), and a powdery mite (a white fluffy fuzz) appears.
Dilute Actellicus, taking 1–2 grams of product per liter of water, and treat the plant with it. Also suitable soapy solution and a warm wash.
Very common among dieffenbachy disease such as rot. And it occurs because of the abundant watering. In the case when the plant begins to wither, leaves fall, and the soil does not dry out even with rare watering - this is a reason to check the root system for the presence of rot. Remove ground from damaged roots and then rot. Sprinkle the slices with activated carbon powder (cinnamon or manganese potassium).
Spill a new soil with a small amount of a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Reduce the number of waterings, and they need to be made only after the topsoil dries a couple of centimeters.
Motley, or painted (Dieffenbachia picta)
This is one of the most popular species in home gardening. He likes many for its large size. Adult plants grow easily to a height of 2 meters. It seems that these plants just came off a photo of a rainforest. Effect and greenness of the plant: bright green leaves, having the shape of an oval, are decorated with an intricate pattern of their stripes and specks of white. Their leaf plate is long - about 40 cm and more, and wide - 15 cm.
Spotted or painted (Dieffenbachia maculata)
This species does not lag behind in popularity from dieffenbachia painted. It differs from it in height - it is shorter, its height does not exceed a meter. This is an attractive ornamental plant that will bring bright exotic colors to any room, be it a room or an office. Its sprawling oblong leaves, slightly pointed at the tips, reach a length of 45–50 cm, and their width is no more than 13 cm. An asymmetrical ornament flaunts their surface: on a green background (it can be dark or light) in a chaotic manner scattered white and yellow spots, and more than a dozen lateral veins.
Leopold (Dieffenbachia leipoldii Bull)
Quite rare in the amateur floriculture variety of the jungle of Costa Rica, which has a unique exotic look. A distinctive feature of Leopolda is a very short (5 cm) and thick (2 cm) trunk. The wide elliptical leaves are colored dark green, the median vein stands out due to the white color. The stalks are so short that they are hard to see, pale green, purple spots.
Pretty or Pleasant (Dieffenbachia amoena)
One more kind, extremely not capricious in the conditions of the maintenance of the house. Unlike its more demanding relatives, it withstands the lack of moisture, so its attractiveness does not suffer at all in the winter period when the heating is on. It is enough just to make sure that the soil does not dry out. Flower growers like it and for its height - up to 1.5 meters, and wide - up to 60 cm dark green leaves, which are pierced with veins with white stripes.
Seguina (Dieffenbachia seguina)
It is very similar to spotted Dieffenbachia, but differs from it in wider leaves on shorter petioles and fewer lateral veins (from 9 to 12 cm). This is a bush species, which managed to take an active part in breeding. For example, Seguina became the parent of a spectacular and widespread variety Green Magic, whose leaf plate is painted in a uniform dark green color with a sharp white vein in the middle.
Baumann (Dieffenbachia bowmannii)
An attractive variegated form, which differs from other room dieffenbachia by unusually large sheets, the length of which, with proper care and creation of suitable conditions, reaches 70–80 cm. This is a record among these plants grown at home. The color of the leaf plate is dark green with small bright spots.