Nowadays, vertical landscaping of plots and greenhouses has become very popular. And flower growers pay special attention to flowing forms of plants, because they not only look decorative and beautiful, but also allow making unusual compositions and combinations with other flower cultures. Among these drop-down ample plants is the Dichondra “Emerald Falls” (“Emerald Falls”), which is also appreciated for its unpretentiousness and decorative effect.
Dichondra "Emerald Falls" is a plant with thin branching stems up to 1 m long and superficial root system. The stems are decorated with frequent heart-shaped emerald-green leaves about 3 mm each. The flowering of dichondra is not particularly decorative, as yellow-green flowers grow very small and inconspicuous. On the other hand, flowering does not spoil the appearance of the plant itself. Dichondra has another interesting feature - this culture is taking root very quickly, releasing new roots from the internodes of the leaves upon contact with the substrate. Therefore, flower growers usually do not have problems with its reproduction.
But dichondra "Emerald Falls" is not the only representative of this flower culture in Russia. There is another popular variety of dichondra called "Silver Falls" ("Silver Falls"), featuring an unusual silver leaf color. Most often it is used for vertical gardening, so if you want to have an alternative lawn of dichondra, which can also be a ground cover, then experts recommend choosing the Emerald Waterfall for this purpose.
In addition, these two varieties are distinguished by their landing site: for example, Silver Falls should be planted only in sunny areas, as in the shade the leaves may lose color, while the emerald dichondra is planted in shaded places and in partial shade. Watering when growing these varieties is also different: silver dichondra prefers drier soils, and emerald is very responsive to both watering and spraying the leaves.
Growing Dichondra seedlings from seed
Planting material can be purchased at specialized gardening shops.
Dates of sowing "Waterfall" directly depend on its permanent place of cultivation, since the full decorative effect will occur no less than four months after the appearance of the first shoots.
If you want to decorate this plant with a greenhouse or a glazed loggia, you should start planting dichondra seeds already in January, if it will be used for gardening the garden plot, the planting dates can be postponed even until the end of February - beginning of March.
Preparation of the substrate and planting material for sowing
Dichondra prefers loose, moisture-permeable soils, so you can use a mixture of turf soil and sand as a substrate, or buy ready-made soil in a store. Tanks for landing fit shallow and should provide drainage holes at the bottom for the outflow of excess moisture.
Preparing the dichondra seeds themselves for planting is not difficult - just dunk them in one of the growth stimulants according to the instructions. For these purposes, you can use one of the following drugs: "Zircon", "Epin", "Seedlings", "Ecosil", etc. This operation will help the seeds to grow faster and more friendly, as well as increase the percentage of germination.
Sowing seeds in prepared containers
Seeds are recommended to be planted shallowly, so a pencil or any other object in the ground makes grooves with a depth of no more than 0.5 cm and between rows of 2 ... 2.5 cm, carefully shed from room water with distilled water (you can add sodium humate to it) and sow seeds at a distance of 1.5 ... 2 cm from each other.
After all the seeds are in place, the grooves are sprinkled on top of the ground until a flat surface is obtained, and the top is moistened with a spray gun (a spray from the watering can can wash the planted seeds). After that, the container is signed and covered with glass on top or wrapped in a plastic bag.
A box with planted seeds should be placed in a warm place where the temperature will not fall below +25 0 C. Under all conditions, the seeds of dichondra will ascend after 7 ... 10 days after sowing. When shoots appear, glass (or polyethylene) is removed, and the container with plantings is put in a well-lit place.
Care for Dichondra seedlings
In the first days after emergence of shoots, it is recommended to keep the substrate in the box wet, periodically spraying it with water from a spray bottle. Then it is better to distract from soil moistening and more often to spray the leaves of dichondra themselves.
When the seedlings of dichondra appear on two or three true leaves (excluding the first cotyledons), you should think about the transplant.
- If the “Emerald Waterfall” is grown on a garden plot in the ground, then picking up the growing seedlings into separate pots with holes at the bottom is envisaged.
- If the plant will constantly grow in pots or a pot, then it is necessary to transplant the shoots to a permanent place.
In pots or pot
As mentioned above, it is possible to plant dichondra sprouts in a permanent place already with the appearance of several true leaves. For this, the pots (pot) are filled with a nutrient soil mixture, shallow holes are made in a flat surface, they are shed with water and seedlings are planted in them. When planting, planting seedlings is not recommended, since dichondra has a root system of the surface type.
It is best to replant with a fork, so as not to damage the young roots, while you must try to keep an earthen ball around the root. So the seedlings will experience less stress and take better root.
After planting in pots or a pot, the ground is shed and continues to care for young shoots in room conditions.
In order for the "Waterfall" to be voluminous during the spring, young shoots pin to the ground in a pot. They quickly give new roots and processes. On the loggia or in the greenhouse, the containers are exposed in early-mid-May, depending on weather conditions. By this time, the dichondra planted in January will already look as decorative as possible.
In the ground at the site
It is recommended to plant dichondra on the site only under the condition that there will be no return frost.
Depending on the climatic zone in which the garden is located, the timing of planting dichondra to a permanent location varies from the end of May to the beginning of June.
When choosing a planting site, they are guided primarily by light (the open shadow of trees or partial shade is suitable, as in such conditions the leaves become larger), soil composition (non-acidic soil with acidity level of 7-8 is suitable for dichondra, while the ground should be fertile and loose) and the appropriateness of landing (it is clear that to obtain a cascade, dichondra must be planted on a hill so that the whips descend).
The distance between adjacent seedlings during planting is 30 ... 35 cm, so it is more convenient to plant the seedlings in the wells, and not in the trenches. It is advisable to land the landing method of transshipment, without exposing the root and keeping an earthen ball around it.
Dichondra care in summer
This decorative culture is quite unpretentious, so there are no special requirements for care. Basically, care for dichondra is aimed at achieving the desired decorativeness of the plant, therefore, besides timely watering, the grower must pay attention to:
- Regular application feedings twice a month. Used fertilizers can be complex and at the same time must contain a large proportion of nitrogen for a constant set of green mass by the plant.
- Spraying the leaves, on which the Emerald Falls variety is particularly responsive and begins to grow much faster.
- Pruning and crown formation. Regular pruning in this case stimulates the density of the crown of dichondra - for its intensive branching, the shoots are shortened by 7 cm. Also pruning will be simply necessary when preparing the plant for the winter when transported to the room.
Dichondra can be propagated both by seed and rooting processes. It is clear that cutting the bush makes it possible to obtain seedlings more quickly, especially since dichondra pruning is carried out regularly during the summer season.
You can also take a single sturdy escape simply by pinning it to the ground and waiting for the moment of its rooting in the interstices of the leaf, and then simply cutting it off from the uterine bush and planting it in a container.
Diseases and pests
Dichondra "Emerald Falls" has a high resistance to the complex of pests and diseases.
The only pests that can cause significant damage to it are nematodes living in the soil. Fight with them is conducted by special chemical preparations.
Dichondra in landscape design
Most often it is used for vertical gardening, creating a unique view of the flowing stream. Dichondra not only looks very decorative as a tapeworm, falling, for example, from a high curb or wall, but it can also complement various floral arrangements in pots, drawers and pots.
Dichondra planting on alpine slides is very popular, as the plant is low (15 cm in height). In addition, in regions with a warm climate, dichondra can be grown as an alternative lawn as a perennial, and in places with colder weather conditions, dichondra can be used as a one-year ground cover under the trees.
Under conditions of natural growth, the number of varieties of this shrub is unknown. For decorative use florists and landscape designers grow two species.
- Emerald waterfall. Stems of plants reach an average length. The leaves are small, emerald green. Flowering lasts the entire summer. From time to time small bright yellow-green flowers bloom on the plant.
Under natural conditions, the vine grows in New Zealand, where it is considered a weed plant. Very often it is grown as a lawn plant, since it does not require periodic cutting. It is also used to create garden sculptures, fences and vertical surfaces.
Liana Emerald waterfall does not require the creation of special conditions for growing. It grows well in shaded and well-lit areas. To give the dichondra a well-groomed look and freshness, it should be periodically sprayed.
Emerald Waterfall Dichondra: growing from seed.
Growing dichondra is not difficult. Before planting should prepare a plot of soil. Soil dig and moisten. The soil for dichondra should be loose, nutritious, well pass moisture and air. Seeds are sown in open ground and lightly covered on top of the ground. Prior to germination of seedlings should maintain soil moisture. After the emergence of young plants care is in timely watering and fertilizing with mineral fertilizers.
- Liana Silver waterfall. This species of ampelous plant is distinguished by its silvery color of leaves. It is used as a pot plant, as well as for decoration of vertical walls, gazebos, verandas, and loggias. Dichondra does not need a lot of sunlight, but when grown in the shade, it quickly loses its decorative properties. Since Dichondra Silver Falls is a heat-loving plant, its use for decorating gardens can be seasonal. With the onset of cold weather, she needs additional shelter or keeping in a warm room.
Silver waterfall propagated by layering and seed. Reproduction by layering is the easiest way. To do this, in early spring or autumn, cuttings that are rooted in water are cut from an adult plant. Roots appear after 7-10 days. After that, young plants are planted on 3-5 shoots in small containers. After 2-3 weeks dichondra planted in a permanent place in flowerpots or pots. Reproduction by layering provides an opportunity to get healthy plants with high decorative qualities.
Herbaceous plant dichondra can be both long-term and annual, depending on the conditions. It has superficial roots and is notable for its graceful stems that reach one and a half meters in length and fall down beautifully, making the plant look like a waterfall, or crawl along the ground, forming a carpet. The branches are densely covered with small rounded leaves. Today, the two most popular varieties of dichondra, which are called Silver and Emerald Falls. Names are associated with the color of their leaves.
The first is especially attractive as a background for flowering plants. At hit on silvery leaflets of sunshine the impression of streaming water is made. From May to August, ampelous dichondra is covered with modest small flowers. Planting and caring for the plant do not present any particular difficulties, which further attracts the attention of florist to it.
The history of the origin of the species
For the first time this plant was discovered more than two centuries ago in East Asia. Of particular interest among botanists, it did not arouse, since the appearance of grass growing in natural conditions was not very beautiful. Later, dichondra became interested in landscape design experts who began to use it when creating rock gardens as a soil cover.
Thus, the seemingly inconspicuous culture of dichondra ampelous gradually began to gain popularity, the cultivation of which in Russia lasts only a dozen years. Her official debut in our country took place at a specialized exhibition held in 2004, where for the first time a plant shaped like a living waterfall was presented.
For the originality and universal purpose of the ampelous dichondra, received the highest marks. Since then, the demand for this plant among professional designers and amateur gardeners has increased with each passing year.
Both cuttings and seeds can multiply ampelous dichondra. Growing from seed will require some effort and patience. But in view of the fact that the purchase of cuttings is quite problematic, since the plant is not so common among gardeners, the planting method is more often used.
So that by the beginning of the summer season it was possible to decorate a balcony or a garden with a beautiful green screen, sowing of Dichondra seeds should be done in January or February. From the moment of planting and until the first shoots takes about 4 months.
For sowing seeds soil is prepared in advance. To do this, mix in equal parts sand and fertile soil. Seeds are sown to a depth of 5 mm, powdered with earth, watered and wrap the container with plastic wrap to prevent evaporation of moisture. Instead of film, you can use glass. Then the container is placed in a warm place, the air temperature in the room should be maintained at +25 С. After 10 days, the first shoots begin to appear, and the seedlings can already be put on the window, removing the film from it.
When 2 main leaves appear on sprouts, they are transplanted into small pots, the diameter of which is no more than 10 cm. The whole process is not particularly complex. Therefore, the optimal method of reproduction is for a plant such as ampelnaya dichondra, growing from seeds. Photos of well-arranged pots in combination with other colors show how great it is to create in your garden with this plant under your arms. Many reviews of amateur gardeners suggest that seed reproduction of dichondra is quite successful at home. According to them, the plants give friendly shoots and withstand further transplantation.
Transplantation in open ground
After 8-9 weeks from the moment of sowing the seeds, grown plants can be planted in pots. Three shoots are able to give one good bush. As they grow, they bend down to the ground and start new roots and shoots. With proper formation after 2 months, dichondra acquires a form that has a high decorative value.
In open ground it is better to plant this plant when the soil warms up quite well. The most suitable period is the beginning of June. When planting between plants must maintain a distance of about 30 centimeters. The place should be well lit by the sun, this is especially important for the variety Silver Falls.
Dichondra ampelous: care for a plant
Knowing some of the botanical features of Dichondra will help create a comfortable environment in order to grow a beautiful and healthy plant. The most important thing is to maintain the optimum air temperature. It should be not lower than +18 ⁰С and not higher than +26 ⁰С. Ampelnaya dichondra belongs to the genus of marsh plants, therefore air humidity is of great importance for its growth and development. Regular spraying with warm water greatly accelerates the growth of the plant. In this case, the leaves acquire extraordinary freshness and elasticity.
But the excess moisture in the soil is detrimental for such a plant as ampel dichondra. Выращивание его из семян требует достаточной влажности, но при появлении первых стебельков полив производится очень осторожно и умеренно. Однако и пересушивания почвы тоже не следует допускать.
For the full development of the plant and protect it from possible diseases, it is necessary to periodically fertilize and feed. Experts recommend Ideal liquid organic fertilizer, which is used 1 time in 2 weeks. In order to help the plant gain foliar mass, mineral fertilizer with a high nitrogen content is applied every week.
Trimming should be done regularly to form a lush crown. This procedure is also required when preparing the plant for wintering in a city apartment.
Under all conditions of care, it is capable of maintaining its decorative effect of ampel amhylase for 6–7 years. Care and cultivation in the winter will not cause much trouble. You can make a safe shelter for the plant for the winter, and it is best to bring it into the house, highlighting the brightest place there. During this period, very moderate watering is required to prevent excessive soil moisture. Otherwise, it may cause root rot. If there are heating devices in the house, then spraying of leaves and humidification of the air are always carried out.
In a warm room, ampelous dichondra tolerates wintering fairly well. Reviews that characterize the plant as fairly resistant to transplants and winterings, are very common. So, according to amateur flower growers, many of them didn’t hope that Dichondra would delight them with its appearance for more than one year. However, the result exceeded all expectations.
Dichondra ampelnaya recently appeared in our gardens, but has already gained great popularity among landscape designers. It is often used as a ground cover plant that forms a real carpet on the ground. Planted in pots and hanging baskets dichondra adorns the walls, terraces and balconies. It is recommended to place the Silver Dichondra in the beds of dry streams, which will imitate the flowing stream of water. Having sprigs of this plant on a stony surface, care should be taken to protect them from overheating.
Having once planted this plant and observing the simple rules of caring for it, it is possible to provide for each season an excellent decoration of your garden plot or balcony.
The unusual and exquisite appearance of the dichondra ampelous plant will help to decorate the flower garden of amazing beauty and originality. Cultivation from seeds or cuttings in combination with competent care allows you to create luxurious green waterfalls that attract the eye and amaze with its beauty.
Types and varieties
Ampel Dichondra (creeping) - one of the best decorative and deciduous crops, which is able to decorate even the most inconspicuous landscapes. It has a rich appearance, and this captivates many landscape designers and gardeners.
The special value of this vine is long falling shoots, giving the impression of a flowing waterfall. From what came the name of the two most popular varieties of amidel dichondra.
Dikhondra Emerald Falls - An evergreen creeping plant, has round green leaves located on short branches. It is worth noting that the foliage that gets more sunlight is smaller than the one in the shade. Blooms with inconspicuous small yellow-green flowers.
Dichondra Silver Falls - differs from the previous species in the color of the leaves, which has a silvery-ash tint, slightly pubescent surface and silky in appearance. The leaves are located on longer stems.
A characteristic feature is the fact that the leaves can lose their decorative effect, if you choose a place for location (or planting) in the shade. Lack of sunlight will lead to the loss of such a charming silvery shade of leaves.
Dichondra ampelous planting and care
For Dykhodra, which has green foliage, it is suitable for both a sunny place and a shade, while for silver species it is better to choose a well-lit place for location.
The optimum temperature can be considered in the range of 20-25 ° C, a drop below 15 ° C is undesirable, therefore, in winter, dichondra requires shelter. This is due to the fact that this delicate flower is quite thermophilic and in natural conditions it prefers to grow in moist soils and with high air temperature.
Therefore, those specimens that were planted directly in open ground, you must carefully dig, plant in a pot and bring into a room with a temperature of 18-20 ° C and store until spring. Shelters require and those copies that were on the street in pots or hanging pots. Otherwise, dichondra freezes and disappears, and in this case it can be considered an annual plant.
The plant is not particularly demanding to high humidity, but on particularly dry and sultry summer days it will be the right decision to spray dichondra from a sprayer (several times a day), for which it will thank you for its lush, active growth, flowering and rich color of foliage.
Abundant watering is preferable, but stagnation of water is not allowed, therefore, good drainage is necessary, and if water still remains after irrigation (not absorbed) in the pan, it must be drained. Water should be warm and settled. If possible, use settled rainwater.
Soil for dichondra
The soil is not demanding plant, so it is quite suitable universal substrate, which can be purchased at any specialty store. If, however, be planted in open ground, it is necessary to make a complex mineral fertilizer and disinfect each well with special means, from parasites.
Pruning is one of the important components of proper care. Thanks to this procedure, the growth of the plant is ensured not only in length, but also in breadth, thereby creating a density, so necessary, in the creation of compositions. In addition, pruning contributes to a variety of forms.
Dichondra ampelous cultivation from seeds
Seeds are sown in boxes with a pre-moistened substrate and pressed down slightly, but not covered with earth on top. After that, the box is covered with glass.
Within a week and a half, shoots begin to spit; during all this time, a temperature of 20-23 ° C should be maintained around the box; if there is no such possibility, then set the box closer to the window sill on sunny days.
After the emergence of seedlings for another two to three months, the growth of dichondra is insignificant (slowed down), only after at least 5-7 fully opened leaves appear, it means rooting is successful and you can replant young plants for permanent residence.
Dichondra breeding cuttings
Reproduction by cuttings is quite simple. Chopped (cut off) cuttings 5-7 cm long and rooted in moist soil under a can or cut plastic bottle. After 1-2 weeks rooting will occur and they can be transplanted into pots.
Ampere Dichondra: growing from seed
Sowing seeds is carried out in January-March. It depends on the time of dichondra landing in open ground. The ornamental qualities of the shrub fully manifest themselves 4 months after the seedlings emerge.
Conditions for growing dichondra are quite simple and do not require additional efforts.
Dichondra ampelous is one of the most unpretentious and easy to care varieties of plants, so most gardeners choose it for seed cultivation. Seeds of a plant differ in good viability.
When creating the right conditions, they emerge quickly enough..
Before sowing, it is necessary to prepare soil consisting of an equal amount of coarse sand and peat. In order to ensure the germination of the required nutrient, light, well breathable soil and moisture.
Before planting the seeds, the soil is placed in small containers and thoroughly moistened with a spray bottle. Seeds should be placed on the surface and sprinkled with a thin layer of soil or sand, then covered with glass on top to maintain temperature and humidity.
Within 10 days after the emergence of shoots, the glass is removed and the containers are taken out into a bright room with a low temperature.
In late May, seedlings are planted in open ground.. If there is no threat of frost, transplantation can be done in April.
Young bushes are planted in separate holes at a distance of 15-20 centimeters from each other. With the growth of shoots dichondra braid free space and form a spectacular carpet.
To care for the plant from gardeners do not require special knowledge or skills. In order for dichondra to please with its attractive appearance for a long time, Some simple rules should be followed:
- Despite the fact that the plant easily tolerates a lack of moisture, it is necessary to water the plant in a timely manner. This will help avoid drying out of the lower leaves and loss of decorative qualities,
- Ampel dichondra is fed once every 10-15 days using mineral and organic fertilizers.
- the plant needs periodic pruning, which helps not only to provide the necessary length of shoots, but also stimulates the growth of dichondra in width, creating the desired thickness. During pruning, you can create a variety of compositions.
Ampelnaya dichondra in garden design
The plant is used to form waterfall compositions.which are placed on elevated areas, flower beds, hanging pots or containers.
Looks good in group planting with an ampel begonia, petunia, lobelia or geranium. The silver leaves of dichondra will create a beautiful background for flowering plants.
Single planting culture can decorate areas around the house or hide the walls of buildings. For this purpose, a green waterfall Dichondra is planted, which is not afraid of shading and can be used as a ground cover plant among trees and shrubs.
Dichondra is used to decorate balconies, loggias and verandas, for planting along garden paths and hedges.
Growing from ambernoe dichondra seeds (photos, reviews are presented below) is a fascinating process that requires some knowledge from the gardener. The presented plant belongs to the genus of evergreen herbal perennial vines. Dichondra (lat. Dichondra) is a representative of the family Vyunkov. Its closest relatives are ipomoea, convolvulus, and calistegia.
The name of the presented plant is translated from Greek as “two grains”. This is due to the corresponding type of fruit. They look like a capsule with two cameras. Dichondra includes 10 varieties. They grow in the wild in a humid warm climate. These are the tropics and subtropics of New Zealand, Asia, America, Australia.
Today, the presented plant is widely used in landscape design. Due to its unique appearance, resembling a green waterfall of numerous leaves, Dichondra is a member of magnificent flower arrangements. Although this plant began to be applied relatively recently, it receives many laudatory statements from professional gardeners.
Dichondra ampelous (growing from seeds and photos are presented in the article) possesses curly stems. They can reach a length of 1.5 m. Therefore, in the design the plant is used as an ampelous species. It is noteworthy that creepers have roots on the surface. They are formed between the nodes and rooted easily.
This feature allows the plant to be used not only in ampelous compositions. It covers the site with a beautiful green carpet. The height of the dichondra will reach only 10 cm.
The leaves of the plant have a rounded shape, reaching a diameter of 0.5-2.5 cm. They form a dense structure. Leaves are the main decoration of vines. They cover the stems with a thick carpet. The ampelous dichondra blooms inconspicuously. Flowers have a light or green color. Their size rarely exceeds 3 mm.
Plant in landscape design
Considering the reviews on the cultivation of dichondra ampelous from seeds, it should be noted a lot of statements about the outstanding decorative qualities of the vine. This plant is cultivated in our country everywhere as an annual plant. In warm countries, dichondra can grow for many years. In Australia, this plant is recognized as a sanitary type weed.
Most often, amide-type dichondra is planted in pots or containers. They are located on a hill. This allows you to form a green "waterfall" of the leaves of this beautiful plant. Also presented liana is used in both individual and group plantings.
Grade Repens is used to create home-made compositions that envelop the plot with green cover. If the ground has slides, bumps, this carpet will look even more decorative.
With the help of dichondra complement the bed and balcony compositions of begonias or petunias, fuchsias or pelargoniums. The presented plant perfectly complements flowering plants.
It is possible to cultivate dichondra ampelous from seeds in peat tablets. This method has received great popularity. The tablets consist of pressed peat with added nutrients. This method gives a high percentage of seedlings and does not require the use of a pot. The tablet is poured over with water. It increases in the vertical plane. Further one seed is planted in it.
Regardless of the method chosen, the first shoots appear after about 7 days. The growth of the stems will be quite slow. The coating is removed only after the seedlings are stronger. Periodically the soil needs to be watered and carefully loosened. It is important to provide enough light. However, direct sunlight should be avoided.
When the plant has 3 or 4 leaves, hold a pick. If the plant is applied in an ampelous composition, it must be transplanted into a permanent pot or basket. If dichondra will be used as a cover plant, you need to plant it in a large container. Planting in open ground is carried out only in a warm climate and after the hardening of the plant.
Landing in the garden
Planting and cultivation of dichondra ampelous from seeds is a fairly simple process. Knowing all the nuances, there is no doubt that the new plant will harmoniously fit into the overall picture of landscape design. Planting in open ground can be made after 1.5-2 months after germination. At the same time it is necessary to take into account the peculiarities of the climate. If it is a warm region, seedlings are planted in mid-May. For the northern regions, this date shifts closer to the middle of June.
The plant grows well in the sun and in the shade. However, the view with silver leaves requires more light. Stagnant water in the soil the plant does not tolerate. Therefore, you should consider a quality drainage system. To soils dichondra undemanding.
To plant sprouts should be close to each other. The distance between them should be 10-15 cm. Seedlings are introduced into the prepared soil together with a root clod. The ground surface needs to be compacted and watered.
Cultivation of dichondra ampelous from seeds requires proper care of plants. With all the recommendations of experts, you can get beautiful flower arrangements that will decorate the garden, flower beds or flower garden.
The plant is resistant to drought, but it is recommended to water it regularly. It will improve the look of its leaves. Watering is carried out in the evening. This will avoid burning the leaves. It is better to spray the plant from the spray gun on a hot day, increasing the humidity of the air.
During the growing season, mineral fertilizers should be applied to the soil. The procedure is carried out 2 times a month. You can choose compositions with a high content of nitrogen, potassium. In the process of growth for the formation of beautiful bushes need to pruning leaves. The procedure is performed every two weeks.
Preparing for the winter
In the northern climate, there are some features of growing ampelous dichondra from seeds. Is it possible to preserve such a heat-loving plant in winter? There are ways to cultivate dichondra as a perennial plant. It withstands small frosts.
In a harsh climate, the represented plant will need to be brought inside the room. If the climate is warm and mild enough, you can cover the stems for the winter. Dichondra in such conditions can survive the frost.
Adult dichondra can be transferred to a winter garden, to a balcony or other room. It may be cool, but protected from frost. If dichondra did not grow in a pot, but in open ground, you can dig up its root. Together with the earthy clod, it is left in the basement or other cold and dark room. Here the plant will remain in a sleeping state until spring. When shoots appear in the spring, they are separated from the parent plant. That they subsequently planted on the site.
Flower grower reviews
Experienced specialists and ordinary gardeners claim that the plant is resistant to various adverse conditions. It is grown in many ways. At the same time, the beauty of Dichondra cannot be ignored. It is cultivated today everywhere.
Having considered the peculiarities of cultivation from the seeds of dichondra ampelous, you can independently cultivate this plant at home or in landscape design.
Ampelnaya dikhondra silver waterfall growing from seed photo
Дихондра (Dichondra) – представитель рода травянистых вечнозеленых многолетников семейства Вьюнковые, родственником которого является всем нам хорошо знакомая ипомея. Название навеяно греческими словами, которые в переводе означают “два зерна”, намекая на схожесть плодиков дихондры с двухкамерной капсулой. Under natural conditions, it lives in the humid tropics of Australia, New Zealand, East Asia, and America.
The root system of the plant is superficial, the height of the shoots is not more than 15 cm, and the length of the creeping and creeping shoots reaches 1.5, and sometimes - 8 m. The stems have branched and quickly rooting with the help of roots formed in the internodes. Round coin-like leaves abundantly cover shoots. Leaves with silky pubescence are silvery or bright green - it depends on the variety. Ugly flowers bloom from mid-May to August.
About 10 varieties are known, but the two most famous varieties of dichondra are: “Emerald Falls” and “Silver Falls”. With proper care, it is very quickly gaining a green mass - for a month it is possible to assemble from several bushes an imitation of a waterfall or stream on the backyard territory.
Lighting and soil
Dichondra care is not burdensome and is available to any grower. Dikhondra loves a lot of light - it is located in sunny areas, it is tolerant to partial shade. With a lack of lighting, the silver foliage becomes greenish, the twigs are drawn out, and the leaves become shallow. It grows on almost any soil, but develops better on well-drained loam.
Dichondra is a representative of marsh flora - for it the humidity of the surrounding atmosphere is of extraordinary importance. The mass of leafy leaves increases the more, the more often you spray your plant.
But the excess moisture in the soil can be detrimental, as well as the drying of the substrate. With the stagnation of the liquid surface roots rot. Water often and gradually, avoiding stagnant water.
Once every two weeks you can feed the plant with a solution of liquid fertilizer, it stimulates the formation of new shoots and leaves.
All operations associated with watering and feeding, it is better to carry out in the evening or in cloudy weather, because it is impossible to avoid moisture on the leaves. This should be avoided so as not to cause burns.
Dichondra creeping like a ground cover photo
If you plant a plant as a ground cover, do not forget to sprinkle it with earth in several places as the lashes grow. Such care allows rooting long processes: the plant grows stronger, giving additional offspring, the leaves become larger, evenly filling the allotted area.
Dichondra as a houseplant. Care and transplantation of dichondra in the apartment.
Dikhondra silver waterfall growing home photo
Often the flower is grown as a houseplant. Beauty care is simple: timely regular watering (without excess) and sufficient lighting. The air temperature in the room is quite comfortable for the plant; it should not be allowed to fall below 10 ° C. There are no special requirements for air humidity. The plant responds well to top dressing in spring and summer with a frequency of 1-2 times per month. Use complex fertilizers for decorative leafy plants according to the manufacturer's instructions. Soil for landing get nutritious, with a slightly acid reaction.
Perfectly transfers the neighborhood with other colors that is used for drawing up effective compositions. Dichondra is usually planted on the edge of a large pot, creating a falling waterfall of leaves that sets off decorative flowering plants.
Over time, the place of dichondra becomes small, it becomes necessary to transfer to a more spacious container. A flower is transplanted if necessary by the method of transshipment - when the roots are tightly woven over an earthen ball in a pot. The signal for this operation is the appearance of the roots of the drainage holes of the pot. To do this, pick up a larger dish, at the bottom of which lay expanded clay, sprinkling it on top of a small layer of soil.
Roots that protrude from drainage holes are pruned. With one hand, take the top of the pot, turn it over so that the container is at the top. With the other hand, the pot is removed from the plant as a hat from the head. Then gently turn the roots into a new dish, pouring fresh soil into the space between the walls of the pot and the roots.
If it is not possible to contain adult plants in an apartment, then many growers grow dichondra as an annual, therefore, in the fall they are grafted, rooting the lash, thereby rejuvenating the flower. Such landings take up very little space, and it is much easier to care for them.
Dichondra bushes do not lose their attractiveness for 6 years or more with proper, timely care.
In Australia and New Zealand, the plant is considered a malicious weed, ruthlessly exterminated by farmers and gardeners, but the Europeans have recognized Dichondra as one of the best plants for decorating vertical compositions.
Growing dichondra from seed to seedlings at home
Dichondra cultivation from seeds at home photo
The most affordable method when it is impossible to acquire a ready-made plant is to grow a flower from seeds. Sowing on seedlings produced from late January - mid February. The sooner you do this, the faster dichondra will gain vegetative mass in the first season.
For guaranteed germination, you can pre-process the seeds with a growth stimulator, for example, with epin. Agave juice is suitable for soaking (squeeze out a few drops from a leaf and add water) or hydrogen peroxide solution (1 tbsp. Spoon for 200 ml of liquid). It is enough to hold the seeds for about an hour in any of the solutions.
If you purchased granulated seeds, they are sown dry. For sowing suitable loose substrate. It is better to put the pips at once in 2-3 pots to a depth of no more than a centimeter. Crops are covered with glass, film or placed in a plastic bag. They begin to germinate in a week. The first time grow very slowly. To keep the sprouts from stretching, keep them closer to the light - you can arrange additional lighting with fluorescent lamps or special fitolamps.
If the seedlings are stretched, it can be saved by gently adding loose soil between the plants, sprinkling out of a spoon with a toothpick. So thin legs will not break and seedlings will not fall down, and over time the stems will become more powerful.
When 2-3 true leaves are formed, dichondra seedlings can be transplanted in one plant separately into cups, or immediately, several in hanging pots. Before you plant seedlings in open ground or take out the flowerpots on the balcony, be sure to temper the dichondra. In the first season, the seedlings do not develop actively enough, and they do not have time to increase the luxuriant vegetative mass.
How to keep dichondra silver in winter
Where the winters are cold, dichondra is grown as an annual plant, but it may well winter in a cool room. Too long shoots are pruned before wintering. All care is reduced to periodic watering and rare feeding. If there is an opportunity, it is better to place a pot with a flower on the porch window or on a heated loggia - it is light enough and the temperature is optimal. If the dichondra has to be kept in the room, then after turning on the central heating, the leaves should be sprayed with water several times a day. But most of all she suffers from a lack of lighting - take care of the organization of the backlight with special lamps.
You can try to keep dichondra in the basement. To do this, all the shoots are cut, the rhizome is carefully dug out, with a lump of earth transferred to the basement, covered with moist peat. In the spring on such a plant new stems with sprouts are formed. They can be used for grafting, and the bush is again planted in a flower bed.
- 1. Listen to the article (soon)
- 2. Description
- 3. Growing from seed
- 3.1. Sowing
- 3.2. Seedling care
- 4. Landing
- 4.1. When to land
- 4.2. How to plant
- 4.3. Garden care
- 5. Home care
- 5.1. How to care
- 5.2. Pruning
- 5.3. Accommodation
- 5.4. Pests and diseases
- 6. Reproduction
- 7. Perennial dichondra in winter
- 8. Types and varieties
Planting and caring for dichondra (in brief)
- Bloom: grown as a decorative leafy plant.
- Landing: sowing seeds for seedlings - in January-February, planting seedlings in open ground - from late May to mid-June.
- Lighting: bright sunlight, diffused light, partial shade and even shadow. Plants with silver leaves more light-loving.
- The soil: well drained loams with pH 6.6-8.0.
- Watering: regular, but moderate, in the evenings, so that there are no burns on the leaves.
- Air humidity: in the heat and drought, evening spraying of leaves is recommended.
- Top dressing: 2 times a month during the growing season with complex mineral fertilizer with a predominance of nitrogen and potassium.
- Pinching and trimming: in the developmental stage, 4 pairs of leaves shoots for better tillering pinch. As their shoots grow, they are pruned once every two weeks.
- Reproduction: seed and vegetative - cuttings and layering.
- Pests: nematodes, whiteflies, aphids and fleas.
- Diseases: practically not affected.
Ampelnaya Dichondra - description
The Dichondra flower is an evergreen creeping plant that forms a dense carpet on the soil surface. Dichondra root system is superficial. The height of the shoots is only 15 cm, but their length can reach from 1 to 1.5 m. The stalks of the plant are creeping, branched, quickly rooting with the help of superficial roots formed in internodes. Plain greenish, purple or yellowish flowers with a diameter of 2-3 mm bloom from May to August. Dichondra is pollinated by small insects. Its round, like coins with a diameter of 0.5 to 2.5 cm, leaves very densely cover the stems.
Ampelnaya dichondra is popular in culture: in areas with cold winters, it is grown as an annual plant, and in areas with warm and mild winters, as a perennial. Home Dichondra spends winter indoors, and summer on a balcony or terrace. Growing dichondra is easy and enjoyable, and we will tell you how to grow dichondra from seeds, how to plant and care for dichondra at home and in the garden.
Sowing seeds of dichondra.
For the cultivation of dichondra in the annual crop, both generative reproduction and vegetative propagation are used - rooting of cuttings and summer grafting, and seed propagation, seedless and seedlings are used for primary cultivation. Sow dichondra seedlings in the middle of winter, in January and February. Before sowing, the seeds of dichondra are soaked overnight in water with a growth stimulator. Dichondra sowing is carried out in a sterile soil peat substrate for seedlings, watered with sodium humate. The embedding depth is not more than 8 mm. As a container, it is better to use pots in which 2-3 seeds are placed. Crops are covered with film or glass, leaving a small opening for ventilation, and contain under diffused light at a temperature of 22-24 ºC.
When to plant dichondra.
In warm terrain, dichondra is often used to form an alternative lawn due to its cold resistance and resistance to trampling. Planting of ampelous dichondra in open ground is made in one and a half-two months after emergence of shoots. Approximate dates of planting seedlings for the southern regions - May, and for the northern - the beginning or middle of June.
Dichondra grows well both in the sun and in the shade, but the silver-leaved variety is more light-loving. The composition of the soil plant is undemanding, but prefers loamy, well-drained soils with a pH of 6.6-8.
How to plant dichondra.
If you want to use dichondra as a ground-cover plant, keep in mind that it grows very slowly, so seedlings should be planted close to each other - at a distance of 10-15 cm. Make holes so deep that the seedlings fit in them, Pass the seedlings, cover the holes with earth, compact the surface and pour.
Dichondra care in the garden.
Garden dichondra, subject to simple rules of care, is able to maintain decorative effect from 5 to 7 years. Despite the fact that the plant is resistant to drought, try to water it regularly, but waterlogging is not welcome. To avoid leaf burns, try to water the dichondra in the evenings. And do not forget about spraying the plants in the hot season - dichondra grows well with high humidity.
To achieve a high level of ornamental dichondra, it is necessary to apply complex mineral fertilizer with a predominance of potassium and nitrogen to the soil twice a month during the growing season.
After the appearance of eight leaves, it is advisable to pinch the stalks of dichondra, and later, as you grow and branch, you should prune the plant - usually one haircut per two weeks is enough during the summer.
Weed control requires caution, because it is very easy to damage the roots of dichondra, located at a shallow depth.
How to care for dichondra at home.
Caring for dichondra at home is simple, as is caring for other decorative leafy ampels - chlorophytum, creeping ficus, rooting ficus, asparagus, saxifrage, or zebra, but before growing dichondra at home, you need to study its botanical features and preferences . The level of illumination for dichondra is determined by the color of its leaves: for plants with a green color, both brightly lit places, penumbra, and even shade are suitable, and silver-leaved dichondra will not be more light-loving and will not grow in the shade. Temperature conditions require the level of 18-25 ºC at any time of the year, but if the dichondra is in an unheated room in winter, the temperature in it should not fall below 10 ºC, otherwise the plant may die. Dichondra grows poorly in conditions of constantly high temperature.
Dichondra can also grow at low air humidity, but daily spraying will benefit her - green mass growth will increase by 25%. If you spray dichondra twice a day (in the morning and in the evening), the process of formation of deciduous mass will be accelerated twice. Dichondra especially needs to be sprayed during the winter months if its wintering takes place at temperatures above 18 ºC.
As for irrigation, it should be abundant, however, the plant does not tolerate stagnant moisture in the roots, therefore there should be a thick layer of drainage material in the pot. If there is a long break between watering, and the substrate in the pot with the plant dries, dichondra can live for some time without water, and after watering it will quickly recover.
Twice a month from April to September should be applied under dichondra fertilizer for decorative leafy indoor plants, for example, Ideal. In addition, once a week to accelerate the formation of deciduous mass can be fed dichondra Agricola. In winter, if the plant is in a cool room, it does not need any additional feeding.
Placement of dichondra.
Dichondra grows equally well in the garden and in room culture. Superficial roots formed in the interstices of the stems, easily rooted, forming a solid green or silver carpet, not losing its color even in winter. And dichondra, grown as an ampel, flows down a silver or green waterfall. Cache pots or dichondra baskets decorate homes, terraces, verandas, balconies and loggias.
Pests and Dichondra Diseases.
Dichondra is resistant to any diseases and harmful insects, because it is essentially a weed, and if you comply with the conditions of its maintenance, then the health of the plant will not be harmed. The only danger that can threaten dichondra is nematodes - microscopic worms that develop in a humid environment, causing mutations that lead to the death of the plant. And nematodes amaze both garden, and room cultures. It is useless to fight them, so it’s better to immediately destroy the plants and the soil in which they grew.
In addition to nematodes, in rare cases, whiteflies, aphids and fleas can bother dichondra. These pests are destroyed by acaricides, and so that these problems do not arise, you can use the following preventive measures:
- - do not mulch the area where dichondra grows, and manually remove weeds,
- - if planting dichondra turned into a dense carpet, reduce the number of waterings,
- - Do not exceed a reasonable dose of nitrogen fertilizers.
Perennial dichondra in winter
In areas with warm winters, dichondra is left to winter in the garden, covered with earth, covered with foil, and thrown over the film with fallen leaves. Where it is cold in winter, perennial dichondra is transferred to a greenhouse with tropical or subtropical plants or to a room - on a closed veranda, on a glazed balcony or loggia. They contain the plant in a bright, cool place where the temperature is kept between 11-15 ºC. Watering dichondra greatly reduced, and feeding stopped completely. Garden dichondra is dug out and together with the earthy clod is placed in the basement, where it will be in suspended animation until spring. At the beginning of the next vegetative period, shoots with root shoots should be cut from the queen cell, and the root system should be planted in open ground.