Garden plum Renklod is deservedly popular with gardeners, due to its high taste and easy maintenance. It has an attractive appearance and can compete with other famous varieties. This is an old variety, bred in France in the XVI century and received its name in honor of the daughter of King Louis. Translated from French, it means "Queen of Claire."
Renklod is grown in the countries of Western Europe, Central and South Russia. This variety is not recommended to grow in areas with frosty winters. The plant does not tolerate low temperatures below -25 degrees.
According to the description, the trees look very neat, but at the same time their crown needs to be formed. The height of the tree can reach seven meters. The crown is round. The shoots are elastic, strong, covered with reddish-brown bark. The branches of young trees have a slight short pubescence, which disappears with time, and the bark becomes gray.
- Dense leaves, slightly elongated, arranged on elongated petioles. Leaves and scapes have light pubescence.
- Flowering period falls at the end of spring. For pollination, plums next to it are planted pollinating plants or conducting artificial pollination.
- Fruiting comes depending on the air temperature in the summer. In cool weather, the period of fruiting comes later, plums become small and get a sour taste.
Fruits are oval, elliptical or round in size up to 5 centimeters in length. The color of the fruit is greenish yellow or dark purple with a red tinge. The skin is rough, with a small wax coating that quickly erases. Under the skin are many small black dots.
The flesh is juicy, sweet, has a high taste.
Currently, more than 200 species and subspecies are known, having common features and small differences.
- Plum Renklod Collective Farm
This is a hybrid variety that is grown in the central regions of Russia. This variety of Plum variety, home-bred in the Scientific Research Institute for Breeding of Fruit Plants named after Michurin as a result of breeding varieties Renklod green and dwarf. Variety Renklod collective farm refers to mid-season varieties. The height of the trees reaches 2.5–3 meters, the growth rate is moderate. The crown is sprawling, of a round shape slightly compressed from the sides, it is distinguished by medium dense and medium foliage. The bark has a light gray color.
The leaves are medium in size, slightly elongated. Sheet plate oval, light green color. Along the edges of the leaf plate there are small notches.
The flowers are small, painted white, gathered in inflorescences of medium size.
Fruits are small or medium, weighing up to 25 grams, rounded, slightly flattened near the stem. The color of the fruit is yellowish-green. Some fruits have a brownish blush. Plum skin Renklod collective farm thin, with small black dots, dull. There is a greyish wax on the plums, which disappears after harvest. The flesh is juicy, tender, with a light sour taste.
The flowering period falls on an average period. Fruiting begins in the fourth year. The harvest is quite abundant. On average, one tree is harvested up to 40 kilograms of fruit. Under the weight of the fruit branches bend, with the result that the crown may acquire a rounded flat shape. Ripened fruit on the tree are stored for a short time. The plum variety Kolkhoz has a high resistance to low temperatures and tolerates winters in temperate regions.
- Plum Renklod Sovetsky
This variety was bred in the 1980s for cultivation in the Central Black Earth region. Renklod Soviet differs in the small sizes of a tree with inaccurate krone. The number of leaves is small. Shoots grow vertically. In the wild, this species is not found. Plum varieties Renklod Soviet distinguishes high yield. Their flesh is rich in vitamins, pectin, fruit sugar and organic acids. The taste of the fruit is sweet with a slight sourness.
The disadvantages of the variety include low transportability of fruits, their excessive softness. Plums varieties Soviet suitable only for fresh consumption.
According to the description, the weight of the fruit reaches 35-40 grams. The skin is thin, painted in a rich purple color. On the surface there is a light wax coating. The flesh is bright yellow.
Plum of this variety tolerates winter frosts. Active fruiting comes in 4-5 year. Full harvest time comes at the end of the summer.
The height of an adult tree is 7 meters, and a spreading crown reaches the same size. The grade is intended for cultivation in the southern regions of Russia.
Fruiting Plum Greencloth comes in the fourth year. The yield of green plum is 30-40 kilograms of fruit. Harvest ripening occurs in August.
The mass of one fruit is 20 grams, plum painted yellowish green with greyish wax bloom. The pulp is transparent, delicate and sweet taste.
Variety Renklod Soviet resistant to fungal diseases.
Planting plum Renklod
Young plants are planted in mid-spring before budding. When choosing a landing site, it should be noted that the plant needs loose fertile, well-drained soil. Plum tolerates saline and acidic soils.
Seedlings are planted in an open, well-lit place. On shaded areas, trees can grow, but yields will be much lower.
Groundwater must lie very low, otherwise high humidity will cause root decay or the development of fungal diseases. Also should not be allowed to accumulate near the trees thawed or rainwater.
The landing site must be protected from drafts and cold winds, so trees are planted near buildings or a fence. Next to the trees, it is necessary to plant pollinating plants, since the plum of this variety is self-productive.
Preparation of the landing pit is carried out in the fall. Its depth should be 60 centimeters, diameter - 80 centimeters. Sadovaya land is laid separately, and the pit is filled with soil mixture consisting of humus, nutrient soil, organic fertilizers.
Before planting in the landing pit install installation pegs. Do not dig the root neck. It should be 5–7 centimeters above ground level. After planting around the seedlings make a groove depth of 40 centimeters. The seedling is fixed on the pegs.
After planting, the plant is abundantly watered. The soil around the trunk is mulched.
If several trees are planted, the distance between them should be at least three meters.
Pruning plants carried out in early spring or summer, because that time is the safest.
In the first year after planting, the plums form a round crown. To do this, distinguish the main skeletal branches, which have the same angle location. Next, pruned growth and pruned shoots that grew on the main branches.
Starting from the fourth year, the crown of the tree is formed. Therefore, only sanitary pruning is carried out, during which dry and damaged branches are removed. Also cut off new young shoots that can thicken the crown.
After the pruning, all the cuts are treated with garden pitch.
Since the root system of the plum is located near the surface of the soil, the plant needs regular and abundant watering. In case of a lack of moisture, plant growth slows down and yield decreases.
Watering is carried out before bud break and fruit ripening. Trees require a large amount of moisture during the growth of shoots and fruit set.
Before watering should be carefully loosen the soil. After watering, mulch the soil to prevent evaporation of moisture.
Plum varieties Renklod positively responds to the introduction of mineral and organic fertilizers. In the winter, organic fertilizers are applied, in the summer and spring of mineral nitrogen-containing supplements.
For the growth of fruit trees it is necessary to make fertilizers containing iron, nitrogen, potassium, sulfur, manganese, calcium, boron.
Preparing for the winter
Fruit trees have low frost resistance, so additional preparation is required for them. Young plants need additional shelter, for which they use hay, lapnik, burlap and other materials at hand. In adult trees, the stem is whitened with quicklime to protect against rodents and insect pests and sprinkled with sawdust and humus.
Fruits Renklod collective farm
Fruits are medium sized, yellow-green, rounded with flattened tops. Plum is sweet, but with a slight sourness. The side of the fetus, overlying the edge of the bone, is often better developed than near the blunt rib. Berries from the sunny side sometimes get a brownish blush. The skin of the plum is matte, thin, covered inside with small grayish points on the entire surface. Fruit weight - an average of 20 g. The abdominal suture does not stand out, unlike the lateral suture at the stone. Plums contain a huge amount of substances useful to the human body. It leads in the amount of substances such as potassium and vitamins of group P in the pulp. They have a positive effect on the work of the heart and strengthen the vascular system.
The main characteristic of plum Renklod collective farm - a bountiful harvest. The yellow flesh of the fruit is juicy, with a very delicate structure, medium density. A small bone is easily separated from the pulp. The fruits have a sweet taste with a slight sourness. The plum tastes very pleasant, juicy, it can be eaten fresh or made from jam, juice, marmalade and other preparations for the winter. A slight bitterness of the skin gives it a subtle shade. The flesh of the fruit is light green in color, tender and compacted. The variety begins to bloom late, the berries ripen in late August.
The beginning of the fruiting period depends on the method of planting: in root suckers, it begins at 6 years, when planting a grafted seedling - one or two years earlier. The harvest is plentiful, from one young tree, at the age of 6 years old, it is possible to gather up to 8 kg of plum, from an adult (more than 10 years old) - about 40 kg of fruits. The maximum yield possible is 51 kg. Due to the number of ovaries, branches may sag, because the crown becomes flat. Harvest must be collected quickly, otherwise the drain will begin to crumble.
Plum Renklod collective farm: pollinators and vaccination
This variety is self-infertile, that is, it needs pollinators to set fruit. Plum from the bone, can also be taken for stock. Seeds of this variety germinate and develop quickly. The plant can not pereopylit with the Chinese variety. The best pollinators are considered varieties Skorospelka red, Hungarian Moscow, Eurasia 21, Large-fruited turn, the Volga beauty. Optimal use of two types of home plums at the same time. Renklod collective farm is propagated most often with the help of grafting plums on another tree. The term of fruiting depends on the stock. The procedure is carried out in early spring, when the plants have not yet woken up. The most common way is graft plum splitting. Other options are possible, for example, grafting under the bark or in a slice on the side, but this method can be practiced only after the start of active sap flow.
Features varieties Renklod collective farm
One of the main advantages of the variety is a very high yield and ability to withstand severe cold. Other features:
- Thanks to the smooth trunk, the tree is not subject to sunburn.
- The bones of this home plum is an excellent material for stock. They sprout very well, they are easy to use for plant reproduction.
- The fruits are soft, tasty, medium size and attractive appearance.
- Fruiting comes early enough, and often already in the sixth year you can harvest a bountiful harvest of plums.
- The fruits begin to ripen around mid-August.
Among the shortcomings are the following:
- fruits loosely cling to the branches and crumble quickly when they have ripened,
- at own-rooted plums of this variety the strong growth is formed.
Planting and care
Planting plum yellow Renklod collective farm in central Russia begins in the spring. There is an option of autumn planting, but then the risk is great that the tree will not take root if it does not develop a root system of sufficient size. With this method, seedlings often freeze out, not having time to get strong enough for a full wintering. If there is no opportunity to wait until the spring thaw, to plant a plum, you will have to prikat it on the site and cover for the winter with a thick layer of coniferous branches, and in the winter to sprinkle with snow. In this way, you can increase the chance that the seedling will successfully survive the frost.
Place for planting plants choose the most well-lit, but with protection from cold drafts. It is best to choose the south-eastern part of the garden plot or plant a plum in the south. It is important to plant a tree in a place where it will not be closed by its branches other plants. In the shade it will develop more slowly and fruiting will not come soon. Before planting a plum seedling, you should choose the right soil and prepare the planting pit. For this variety, it is best to use loamy soil, the acidity of which is 6.5-7.0 pH. Groundwater should not be too close to the plant root system. The minimum distance to them is 1.5 m.
How to cook a landing pit
Preparation of the landing pit begins two weeks before the start of work, but sometimes it is better to do it in the fall. The diameter of the pit should be about 70-80 cm, and in depth - 0.5 m. If you plan to plant several seedlings together, the distance between them should be 3 meters. It is very important to properly prepare the soil, making it fertile and nutritious. For this, 8 kg of compost and humus are added to the freshly dug pit, adding 100 g of wood ash to the mixture. Organic matter can be replaced with a complex mineral fertilizer consisting of 200 g of superphosphate with the addition of 80 g of potassium sulfate. In the acidic soil contribute 50 g of lime fluff. The mixture of soil and fertilizer is thoroughly mixed and poured into the pit. A small slide is made in the center and a tree is placed on it, gently straightening the root system.
A peg is inserted from the south side so that the seedling is stable and does not break due to sudden gusts of wind. The pit is evenly filled with nutrient soil, the tree at this time you need to shake a little so that the soil fills all the voids between the roots. The root collar cannot be buried to avoid its rotting. It should be 6 cm above ground level. When planting is over, it remains to water the plant abundantly. To do this, you will need 2-3 buckets of water, which is poured near the trunk circle, having previously made a narrow furrow to facilitate irrigation. It is important to regularly moisten the soil around the tree in the hottest months, this also applies to mature trees, otherwise you can completely lose the crop: the fruits will begin to crack and fall off. Regular watering is required during the period of fruit set and the budding of flower buds.
Then the plum should be tied to a peg, and the soil around it should be mulched with peat chips, sawdust, humus or other material. Two weeks later, the sapling again will require abundant watering. Plum Renklod collective farm - moisture-loving variety, like most trees of this species. With insufficient watering, the soil around it cracks, and the foliage begins to turn yellow and fall off. The optimum amount of moisture - when the water goes 40 cm deep into the ground. Therefore, it is so important to mulch the tree trunk and keep it clean, eliminating grass and litter - this will help keep the water inside the soil. One of the mandatory rules of plum care is considered regular loosening the soil around. It eliminates the plant from weeds and is the prevention of the appearance of pests.
It is possible to decorate the barrel circle with the help of curb tape, but it is not recommended to use metal or concrete blocks. It is important to regularly remove excess shoots - about 5 times per season, otherwise the yield is greatly reduced, because the shoots require nutrients and take them from the parent plant. Cut it out entirely, leaving no stumps, cut-off sites are treated with garden pitch. Autumn ground around digging. Watering is stopped at the end of August, otherwise the shoots will continue to grow, but it is important to focus on weather conditions and regulate watering, depending on them. In dry years, the tree is better to continue to water until frost.
Top dressing plum begins in early spring. But, having acquired a sapling, he should prepare special conditions so that he would take root and abundantly bear fruit. A landing pit is prepared in advance by adding organic fertilizers, superphosphate and potassium sulphate. Nitrogen-containing substances are not included. Begin to feed the plum tree begin the next year after planting.
Площадь, с которой дерево получает питательные вещества — примерно 9 м 2 . Раз в 3 на питательных и ежегодно на бедных почвах под корень для подкормки сливы вносятся органическое удобрение, ведро компоста или перегноя на 2 м 2 . К органике можно добавить суперфосфат. В марте-апреле, когда дерево еще не начало цвести, в приствольный круг на 1 м 2 вносят 20 г аммиачной селитры и мочевины. When the fruits are poured, fertilize urea and nitrophoska, introducing 30 g of substance. After harvest, again fed with superphosphate and potassium sulfate. The last time fertilizers are applied in the fall, without adding nitrogen to the composition.
Proper pruning helps to regulate the size and taste of the fruit, the yield and size of the tree, and also to prevent the development of diseases. The shoots of young seedlings are shortened by a third to stimulate the laying of the crown. To shorten plum branches, without the risk of reducing the fruiting variety, it is necessary to take into account its specific feature: most of the fruit is tied to the bouquet shoots, and only a few - last year.
A young tree must be formed by cutting branches and leaving only 4-6 skeletal shoots. In adult plants, branches that are bent to the ground under the weight of fruits are removed. Every 3 years, the main shoots are cut to a third of the length, weak ones are removed, leaving only straight and strong ones. You need to carefully treat the tops and not to confuse them with strong branches when pruning. Sanitary pruning is also necessary to prevent the spread of insect pests and diseases. Krona thinned, remove diseased and broken branches, as well as non-fruiting shoots.
Begin to form plum Renklod collective farm should be in early spring and not in late autumn, so as not to harm the trees. If part of the tree needs to be removed, hemp is not left, cutting everything to the ground. When the annual growth began to decrease sharply, the shoots are shortened to two-year-old wood. But you can not immediately cut a lot of branches, otherwise the plum may die. At a time, remove no more than a quarter of the entire crown. With a seedling height of 2.5 meters, they begin to limit vertical growth so that the branches become more spreading and the sun's rays pass through them better. This will allow the development of lateral branches.
Once a tree has been planted, the lower branch is cut for a good bud to remove the top with undeveloped buds in the upper part of the growth. All other shoots are pruned at the bottom. You can turn branches that do not fall into the skeletal part of the crown into semi-skeletal, if you cut them more strongly or bend them, translating this into an inclined position. A narrow crown can be made wider if the main branches are cut to second-order shoots that are oriented in the opposite direction from the trunk.
Preparing for the winter
Renklod collective farm - one of the most winter-hardy plum varieties. It is characterized by excellent endurance performance. Normal frosts adult plums easily tolerate and practically do not freeze slightly without shelter, even in severe cold. But young saplings are not yet hardened, therefore they need additional shelter for the winter. Low temperatures can destroy delicate trees: they are warmed with a layer of sawdust and covered the trunk circle with spruce fur twigs. In severe winters, sometimes small branches freeze in adult plants, but this has practically no effect on the fruiting period, usually the plants are restored after a year. This plum variety is one of the most resistant to frost and a sharp temperature drop.
There is another option for preparing the seedling for the winter: a construction of arcuate guides is erected above the tree, covered with straw or hay from above and secured with a rope or twine. Snow will serve as additional insulation, because this design will reliably protect the sink from frost and drafts. You can use other covering materials. The trunk of the tree is also recommended to wrap with insulation, for example, nylon. This will protect the shtamb from the encroachment of rodents and other small animals.
Plum Renklod collective farm, planting and care for which are not difficult, almost not subject to fungal diseases: it can suffer from infection only in wet years. The tree is resistant to gums. For prophylaxis, rejuvenating pruning is carried out: diseased and dried branches, leaves and fruits are cut and burned. The resulting cuts and cracks are treated with garden pitch or a mixture of milk of lime and copper sulphate. Before the appearance of the first leaflets in spring, the whole tree is sprayed with a solution of Bordeaux liquids, and in the fall they are treated with urea to reduce the risk of developing nodules. It is important to properly observe the processing time and carry out prevention at least 30 days before the harvest begins.
Plum pests are most often found in the fruit and under the bark. The most dangerous for the variety Renklod collective farm plum sawfly and moth. Particularly affected by these insects are weakened plants, for example, after abundant fruiting. Plum pests should be started in early spring: Trees are sprayed with special preparations several times, depending on the phase of development of the larvae. For the control of the moth moth, about 5 treatments are performed for a better effect with a difference of 10 days. Adhesive traps made of burlap, preventive collection of fallen leaves, regular soil loosening work well. When fruits are tied up on a tree, it is necessary to regularly remove damaged plums with pests inside, collect and burn them. Moths can winter inside the bark of trees, therefore it is necessary to regularly remove exfoliated areas. In private farms it is recommended to carry out treatment with biological substances safe for humans, and not to use chemistry. Then the fruit will not contain dangerous impurities.
Renklod collective farm is a classic plum variety, not inferior in taste to most modern hybrids. The tree has a high winter hardiness, which is very important when grown in areas with a cold climate. The grade is checked by time and is still claimed by summer residents. Properly caring for him, every year for the season you can gather a rich harvest and enjoy the delicious fruits.
Description plum "Renklod collective farm"
Plum "Renklod collective farm" refers to a group of home-made plum varieties with early terms of fruit ripening. It is a tree with an average growth force, reaching 3 m in height.
Plum crown sprawling and not very thick. The bark on the tree trunk is smooth and painted gray. On the red-brown shoots in a small amount there are lentils.
Light green smooth foliage has an average size. The shape of the leaf plate is medium elliptical with a wavy edge. Plum flowers are small and white in color.
The weight of the round-shaped plum "Renkoda collective farm" ranges from 18 to 24 g. The color of the fruit is yellow with a slight greenish tint. Under the thin skin on the entire surface of the fetus there is a large number of gray subcutaneous points. The yellow flesh of the fruit is juicy with a very delicate structure of medium density. A small bone is easily separated from the pulp.
Fruits have a sweet, slightly sour taste.. A slight bitterness of the skin gives it a subtle shade. The sugar content in fruits is 8.9%, and the acidity is 1.4%. With a professional tasting plum received a score of 4 points.
Photos of plum variety "Renklod collective farm", see below:
Breeding history and breeding region
The creator of the “Renklod collective farm” is Ivan Vladimirovich Michurin himself. For obtaining the new plum, the scientist crossed the "Ternosliv" and the variety "Green Lack".
The result was a variety with remarkable characteristics, featuring good yield and excellent winter hardiness.
"Renklod collective farm" in 1947 was entered into the State Register and recommended for cultivation in the Central Black Earth, Central and North-West regions of Russia.
Characteristics of the variety
"Renklod collective farm" is characterized by high and stable annual yields. This is a skoroplodny variety, giving the first harvest for 4 or 5 years of life.
The six-year-old tree of the “collective farm collective farm” produces from 6 to 8 kg of fruit, eight-year-old from 9 to 18 kg, and an eleven-year-old tree from 39 to 51 kg. Plums ripen together in the second half of August. From the severity of the harvest, the branches of the tree hang down strongly and over the years it acquires a flat crown.
Frost resistance plums "Renklod collective farm" above lauding. In normal winter, flower buds do not freeze slightly. In especially severe winters, freezing of small branches and freezing of wood are observed. However, after a couple of years, the trees are restored and continue to produce good yields.
Another advantage of the “Renklod collective farm” variety is that it is not afraid of temperature drops. The smooth trunk of a tree is not damaged by freezers and sunburns.
“Renklod collective farm” is self-explosive, therefore it needs pollinator varieties. At the same time, he is not able to interbreed with a Chinese plum. For better pollination "Renklod collective farm" requires at least two varieties from the group of home plums.
Perfectly suited "Rapid Red", "Renklod thorny", "Hungarian Moscow", "Volga Beauty", "Eurasia 21", "Hungarian Pulkovo", etc.
Diseases and pests
“Renklod Collective Farm” is not susceptible to homozy (comedy) and rarely suffers from fungal infections. In order to completely eliminate possible ailments, preventive measures are taken.
The affected shoots are cut, diseased fruits and leaves are destroyed. When pruning trees, sections and cracks are disinfected with lime milk with the addition of copper sulfate to it.
In early spring, before foliage blooming and autumn after leaf fall, treatment with Bordeaux liquid or other fungicides. In addition, in the fall, the plum is sprayed with a solution of urea against cholesterol.
The most dangerous pests "Renkoda collective farm" - plum sawfly and plum moth.
Against the sawfly in spring, even before flowering, trees are treated with Karbofos, Chlorophos, Cyanox or Cydial. With a large accumulation of insects after flowering, processing is repeated. During the fruiting period, trees shake off the damaged plums containing the pest larvae and destroy them.
Against plum moths Biological preparations Bitoxibacillin, Gaupsin and Lepidocide are effective. It is carried out at least 4-6 treatments with an interval of 10 days. Application of trapping belts, pheromone traps, loosening, digging the soil and collecting carrion are also measures to combat the codwort.
As you can see, “Renklod Collective Farm” is a wonderful plum, in its merits not inferior to many modern varieties. With proper care, every year you can collect an excellent harvest of delicious fruits with a rare and unforgettable taste.
Description plum Renklod Sovetsky
Plum tree - low, even for a half dozen years, it rarely grows above 3 meters. The young plum in the shape of a crown resembles a panicle that is stuck in the ground and turned green.
Her foliage is rare, but the fruit gets more sun. The bark of the tree is smooth, gray-brown in longitudinal cracks. May plum blossoms in white flowers with round collection petals.
The fruits of this variety are large, dark-purple balls almost flattened laterally, about 4.5 cm in diameter, covered with a light wax coating. WITH
Average plum weighs just over 40g, and the largest - twice as heavy. The flesh of plums is brown-yellow, dull, bleeding juice. But if perezaret, it becomes very soft and loose. However, the taste of plums - sweet with refreshing sourness - it does not spoil.
When and where to plant?
The best time to plant a plum is in the spring, before the buds bloom. Planting in the fall is not worth it, even if the seedlings are already purchased, it is better to prikopat them, and plant them in March-April.
Finding the right place for plums is very important, because their taste will depend on it. If the tree is in the shade or in the wind, the sweet fruit from him not to wait. The warmer and lighter the plum is, the sweeter the harvest will be.
Good put the greengage in a bright place, so that from the north and west it was covered by some kind of construction or fence. If there is nothing to shelter from the wind, you can build a temporary greenhouse.
When planting several plants, you need to leave at least 3 meters between them so that the roots have room to grow and the crowns do not block the light to each other.
Sour soil for this plum is not suitable - she loves neutral moisture-absorbing and loose loams. At the same time, groundwater should lie no closer than 2 m. The hole for a seedling is needed half a meter deep. Place a peg near the tree and tie a plum to it from the north. It is not necessary to fertilize the soil during planting - sprinkle the roots with clean earth.
How to care?
Caring for the Soviet Renklod includes watering, dressing, crown formation, pinching of young shoots and thinning of fruits. Covering trees for the winter is not necessary.
Watering. Plum needs moisture more than other stone fruits, because its roots are shallow - 20-40 cm. If the tree lacks water, it grows poorly and produces little fruit.
Water plum (if the weather is dry) should be evenly, with bud break and before the fruits begin to ripen. Moisture is especially needed to green leaf while growing shoots and formation of ovaries. If you don’t water the plum during this period, the ovary may crumble.
Before watering the tree, always loosen the soil so that there is no crust overlying water and air access to the roots.
Top dressing. Sort Renklod Soviet loves feeding. In winter, organic fertilizers are good for him, and in spring and summer, when the plum grows actively, it is necessary to apply nitrogen fertilizers to the soil. The best composition of complex fertilizer for plums is as follows: nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus plus trace elements - iron, magnesium, zinc, calcium, copper, manganese, sulfur, boron, zinc.
Crop. It is necessary to prune the branches so that it is easier for the tree to bear the weight of the fruits. It is necessary to form the tree in the first year of its life. It is best to do this in the spring, when night frosts no longer exist, and the foliage has not yet blossomed.
It is necessary to cut the branches with a sharply sharpened knife, and to lubricate the sections with a garden pitch. Skeletal branches should be 7-10 pieces, they are shortened in a sapling. If there are branches sticking out at an acute angle on the trunk (parts of the trunk from the root collar to the first tier of the crown), they must be removed.
When the tree starts to give fruit, pruning is done at a minimum - thinning the crown, cutting off the weak, broken, as growing branches.
In the summer, young shoots on the plum pinch so that the crown does not thicken.
Thinning. Renklod bears fruit according to the principle: one year is thick, the other is empty. To avoid this and to preserve the tree's strength and nutrients for the next season, it is necessary to thin out the green plums until they begin to pour, so that the fruits do not touch each other.
If the crop, despite this, is very rich, and the branches hard - you need to put props, the ends of which wrap with a cloth, so as not to injure the branches.
The history of the variety begins in the Czech Republic in the 19th c. He appeared thanks to a self-mutation from the stones of Greenlead Green. The main characteristics of the subspecies:
- The height of the plum is 6.5 m. The crown is spherical.
- Large fruits. The weight of one is up to 40-45 g. Plum is a light green tint, the flesh is amber. Fruit juicy, sweet.
- Can grow on any soil.
- The variety is growing rapidly.
- Resistant to drought, frost.
- Altana is a self-fertile variety. To improve the number of fruits, Mirabelle Nancy, Victoria, Renklod Green, Hungarian Home are planted nearby.
- The first fruiting after 3 years. One plum brings about 30 kg of fruit. An adult tree increases this figure to 80 kg.
The matt-white color of the fruit is a distinctive feature of the White plum variety. Exotic shade does not affect the taste of fruit. They are sweet, juicy. The weight of one plum is 40-45 g. It bears fruit in the third year of life. The tree reaches 4-4.5 m in height. The variety is resistant to dry climate, frost.
Most often, the fruits are consumed fresh. Canned blanks from white plums have an unaesthetic appearance.
The species prefers a warm climate. Most often found in the Krasnodar Territory, in the North Caucasus. The Beauvais are characteristic features that distinguish it from other subspecies:
- Plum - the average height. Branches grow quickly, randomly. The crown is not thick.
- Samoplodny variety with large, sweet fruit. Plums Beauvais yellow-green hue, on the side - a purple spot.
- Fruit ripening occurs by September.
- The variety produces a bountiful harvest - from 50 to 100 kg of fruit per season.
Plums bove well transported. Keep a trade dress about two weeks.
Variety Enikeeva - a great option for a small area. Fruit ripening begins in mid-August. Fruits medium-sized fruits of lilac color. The weight of a plum is up to 25 g. Each tree has up to 10-15 kg of crop.
Subspecies resistant to drought, frost, the influence of pests. It is self-propelled, does not need pollinators.
Renklod Yellow is characterized by rapid growth. Plum reaches 6 m in height. Maturation occurs by the end of summer - the beginning of autumn. Fruits are small, round shape, slightly flattened on the sides. The flesh of the fruit is green with yellow. The taste of plums is sweet. Fruits can be transported over long distances. They are not deformed, preserve taste.
The Green variety is the ancestor of the other subspecies of the Renklod group. Plum is resistant to drought, frost. It can be grown in the southern, northern regions. It has low soil composition. Excessive moisture can adversely affect the health of the tree. It should be moderate watering.
Слива Ренклод Зеленый вырастает до 7 м. Ее крона раскидистая, широкая. Она предпочитает простор, обильное освещение.
Первое плодоношение происходит через 5 лет. Первые плоды спеют в августе. Урожай постепенно увеличивается от 30 до 50 кг.
Плоды небольшие – до 20 г. Желто-зеленые фрукты очень сочные, сладкие. Мякоть кажется полупрозрачной.
Сорт устойчив к болезням, вредным насекомым. Preventive measures exclude the possibility of the destruction of plums due to their fault.
The history of the subspecies begins in 1950 in Ukraine. The variety is fast growing. For the formation of the crown requires regular pruning of branches.
Plum Karbysheva prefers heat. At low temperatures severely damaged. Fruits of the first harvest weigh up to 50 g. Then they gradually decrease to 35 g. Dark-purple fruits with amber pulp are considered dessert fruits. They are highly appreciated by gardeners with experience.
The variety requires additional pollinators among other Renklod subspecies:
Renklod Collective Farm
The collective farm variety in the 19th century was derived by Michurin I. V. He has peculiar features that distinguish him from other varieties:
- Plum withstands low temperatures. It can be cultivated in the southern, northern regions.
- The tree reaches 3 m in height. Crohn spherical, slightly flattened.
- In mid-August, fruit ripens. The yield is annual, abundant. From one plum collect up to 40 kg of fruit.
- Yellow-green fruits weigh up to 20 g. Sweet and sour pulp is juicy, sweet.
- The subspecies is not resistant to diseases. It is recommended to carry out preventive measures regularly.
To improve the quality of the fruit, increase the yield next to plant varieties of pollinators:
- Red Rigging,
- Renklod Thorn,
- Hungarian Pulkovo.
Grade Redigt Red - sredneroslaya plum. His crown is wide, oval. It blooms in mid-May. The end of August is the fruiting period. Dark red plum elongated, weigh up to 15 g. First harvest in 4 years.
Variety - partially self-fruited. He needs pollinators:
- Renklod Collective Farm,
- The Golden Fleece,
- Hungarian Pulkovo.
Adult shoots are more resistant to frost.
In the 1950s, the Kuibyshevsky variety was bred specifically for the northern regions. Frost resistant plum. It reaches 6 m in height. Crohn subspecies sprawling, dense. Round fruits of a light green shade with spots. The weight of one - 25 g. Harvest in August. The young tree brings 6-8 kg, adult - 20-30 kg.
Important! Ripe plums hang on a tree for up to seven days. They need to be cleaned in a timely manner to avoid damage.
The fruits of the Kursakov variety are red with a purple tint. They are very soft, juicy, sweet. Plum is barren. She needs additional pollinators. They may be other subspecies of Renclod. With good care, careful shelter for the winter, the plant endures severe frosts without damage.
Variety Lia prefers a warm climate. The plant is resistant to diseases. First harvest in 3 years. Yellow fruits are not large. One plum weighs up to 12 g. Fruits are harvested at the end of August. Lia variety is stored for a long time - up to 25 days.
Michurinsky variety is quite young. He was taken out at the beginning of the 21st c. The trunk is low with a crown of a spherical shape. Dark purple fruits are harvested in September. The weight of one fruit - 25 g. Plum gives 20-25 kg of a crop.
The variety is characterized by high frost resistance. It can be transported over long distances without damage to the drain. A self-fertile subspecies with additional pollinators will produce a more abundant crop.
Opal varieties are characterized by high precocity, dessert taste of plums. A tree with a round crown grows to 3 m. It is easy to form with pruning. 3-4 years later, the first harvest is harvested.
It blooms in mid-May. The variety is not completely self-fertile. For a bountiful harvest, he needs pollinators. Fruits are round, small, dark purple with a yellow-green spot on the side. Mature in the middle of summer. One plum in a good year gives up to 20 kg of fruit.
Renklod Presidential grows to 4 m. Crohn reminds an inverted fan. Plums are sown in autumn. The weight of one - 55-60 g. Purple fruit with a yellow core. The taste is sweet, sour. Subspecies harvest is plentiful. Over the years, its volume increases. It is resistant to low temperatures, but is exposed to many diseases, the influence of pests.
The history of the variety Early begins in Ukraine in the second half of the 20th c. An important feature - fruiting comes earlier than others. In July, the first ripe fruit is harvested.
Plum resistant to frost, tolerates dry periods. It grows up to 6 m. Her crown is spreading. Shoots grow rapidly. They need regular pruning.
Yield varieties - average. The fruits of young plants are large. The weight of one plum is up to 50 g. Round fruits are yellow-green in color. Side seam noticeable. One half of the plum is bigger than the other.
For a bountiful harvest, additional pollinators are needed:
- Hungarian Donetsk Early,
- Renklod Karbysheva.
Grade Reform - thermophilic plum. She needs careful care, fertile soil, plenty of light, protection from wind, drafts. Height - up to 6 m. Crohn rare, branches grow chaotically. Productivity is not high - 8-10 kg. Fruits ripen in August-September. Round fruit yellow-green hue. One plum weighs - 20-25 g.
The grade Pink gives plentiful fructification, is steady against strong frosts. The first harvest brings in 3-4 years. Fruits are pink with purple tint. One plum weighs 25 g. The flesh is yellow with a green tint. The taste is sweet. The fruits ripen in late August. Fruits are stored for up to 20 days.
Blue variety resistant to frost. A characteristic feature is high immunity to disease and insect damage.
Plum fruits in 3 years. The weight of one fruit is 35 g. They grow close to each other. Oval plum dark blue. It tastes sweet, with a slight sourness.
The variety is widely distributed in Central Russia. The low plum has a spreading wide crown. Subspecies tolerates cold. The fruits are small. The weight of one is up to 20 g. The shape is elongated, the color is purple. The golden flesh is sweet and sour.
Three years later, the first harvest is harvested. Plums ripen by September. One tree gives 15-25 kg of plums. Variety - samobozplodny. For abundant fruiting pollinators are needed.
Renklod plum pollinators
The flowering period of the Renklod variety is different for each subspecies. The average flowering period is May-June. For abundant harvest, individual species do not require additional pollination. Self-sown varieties include:
- Renclod de Beauvais,
- Enikeeva, others.
Many subspecies of pollination is necessary to increase the volume of fruiting. Renklod Kolkhoz prefers Red Skorospelka, Renklod Thorn, Pulkovskaya Hungarian next to it. The subspecies Soviet is perfectly pollinated by similar Rencods. To improve fruiting, Mirabelle Nancy, Victoria, Renklod Green, Hungarian Homemade are located near the Altana variety.
Renklod is popular among gardeners for its abundant annual crops. The number of plums collected from the tree increases depending on the age of the plant. The fruits of the green leaf are sweet, sometimes sour. The size depends on the subspecies, the correct care. Fruiting occurs in the second half of summer. Late varieties yield early autumn.
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
The variety Renklod has indisputable advantages compared to other garden crops:
- Abundant annual harvest.
- Unpretentious care.
- Delicious large fruits.
- Resistance to diseases.
- The ability to tolerate low temperatures, drought.
Plum does not like drafts, winds. The site should be well protected.
Choosing the right place
When choosing a suitable place in the garden plot it is worth considering a number of factors:
- The soil should be loose, fertile.
- The tree prefers an abundance of sun.
- High groundwater levels should be avoided.
- The place should be located on a hill.
Planting cutting Renklod begins in the fall. The algorithm is very simple:
- Holes for seedlings are prepared in the fall. Depth is not less than 60 cm. Diameter - more than 70 cm.
- Preparation of soil mixture. The soil from the pit is mixed with humus, potassium.
- Two pegs are lowered into the pit.
- Next set stalk. Its roots should be at a distance of 5 cm from the bottom of the pit. Sprinkled with earth, rammed.
- A young tree is tied with a soft rope to the stakes.
- Each landing abundantly watered.
Plum Renklod - unpretentious plant. Care of him will not require large time, material costs:
- Watering. Renklod does not like excessive moisture. It is recommended to water regularly, but moderately.
- Fertilizer. Plant nutrition begins 3 years after planting. Before flowering, saltpeter, potassium salt, and mineral fertilizers are poured into the soil next to the tree. During flowering plum fed with urea. After flowering, the tree make a solution of mullein, superphosphate.
- Crop. The procedure is performed before the appearance of the first foliage and in early June.
- Preparing for the winter. Young seedlings are covered with spruce branches, needles. Mature trees are enough to whitewash, cover the roots with sawdust.
- Prevention of diseases, pests.
Features of the Renklod group: size, pollination, yield
The Renklod group includes many varieties of plums, which combine such distinctive features as the average height of the bush (4-6 meters), fruiting for 3-4 years after planting, the ability to yield up to 100 kg at the age of 25 years and the indispensable spheric shape of the fruit (tip slightly flattened). Flowering of these plums begins in April and passes violently. Fruiting occurs at the end of summer, however, there are early and late ripe variants in the group.
Plums of the Renklod group give beautiful smooth fruits with juicy dense pulp and dessert taste. The color of the peel is dark red, mauve or yellow of varying degrees of intensity, there are small maroon patches. Fruits of this group are smooth, richly coated with wax, which is easily washed off.
Renklod plums were originally distributed in Greece, Spain, Italy and Germany. On the territory of modern Russia, many cultivated varieties of this group appeared in the second half of the 20th century as a result of selection. In the northern regions of our country Renklodies are practically not found: most varieties are intended for areas with mild winters - Rostov, Kursk, Volgograd. In Moscow, their cultivation can be successful, subject to the specific characteristics of the species.
With proper care, plum saplings grow fairly quickly: by the age of 3-4 they give the first crop
Among plums Renklod there are barren, partially and completely self-fertile varieties. Gardeners use them for pollination of other varieties, for example, White Honey. Reproduction is carried out by grafting on more hardy and frost-resistant varieties, in exceptional cases - seeds (Renklod Green). Under decent growing conditions, plums of this group are practically not susceptible to diseases.
Renklod group plums feel best in regions with mild winters
How to choose for your site the most suitable variety of plums from the Renklod group? It is necessary to know what kind of conditions each of them requires (and most importantly - what you can offer), and understand what a gardener should expect from a particular variety.
The Soviet variety is distinguished by an average yield of 10–15 kg per tree. Fruits are dark purple in color, the bone is easily separated from the pulp. Suitable for human consumption without processing (when cooking the pulp instantly falls apart). The taste is not too sweet, but without sour. Fruits in 4-5 year. The main advantage of the variety is high frost resistance and disease resistance.
The tree, in particular the crown, grows quickly, so before the fruiting period, the branches are greatly shortened, and some are cut off completely. Pruning is carried out in April before the appearance of the kidneys. This procedure helps not only to correctly form the crown of the tree, but also to reduce the risks of disease, as well as to increase the yield and quality of fruits.
Fruits of plum Renklod Soviet round, with dense skin
Variety Kolkhoz - early maturing, ripening plums can be expected from mid-August. It gives about 10 kg of yellow-green fruit, when overriding, they quickly fall off. Next to this variety, the Thorn Large-fruited or the Hungarian Moskovskaya is planted, since the Renklod Collective Farm is referred to as self-fruitless plums. The flowers are resistant to moderate spring frosts.
Collective farm is used as a stock. The tree grows at an average speed, the crown is compact. The high resistance of Renklod Kolkhoz to frosts in the middle lane was noted. After injuries in the harsh winter, this drain quickly recovers.
Weight plum Renklod Collective Farm - 16-18 g
Renklod Yellow quickly grows from a seedling into a full-fledged garden tree with a crown of medium density (pruning is done in the spring to maintain shape). Fruits appear after 4 years of growth. It tolerates cold, if there is protection from drafts, resistant to frost and does not require special care. Needs pollination by other varieties of plums. Gives a harvest every year. Fruits are yellow with light pulp (the weight of each plum is more than 20 g). Fruit ripening begins in late August or early September.
Renklod Yellow variety plum at the end of August produces large juicy fruits
The main advantages of Renklod Early - unpretentiousness and early ripeness (the period of fructification falls on the end of July or the beginning of August). The variety produces large fruits (up to 40 g), and plum trees grow on young trees even more. The color of the skin is pale yellow, the pulp is aromatic with a fresh taste. There is a slight pubescence.
Renklod Early is suitable for planting in the steppe zone, tolerates drought and moderate frosts. The tree is medium with a rounded crown. Fruits regularly and abundantly.
Early variety suitable for large gardens with rare irrigation
Altana Renklod Plum is popular with many gardeners, although this variety has an average resistance to frost and drought. In addition, the tree is often infected with gray rot, so it is necessary to regularly inspect the inflorescences, utilization of carrion and treating the tree from insect pests that contribute to infection. Altana fructifies pink plums weighing 40–50 g. Fruits can be consumed fresh or compote prepared from them.
Renklod Altana is recommended for areas of the southern and central part of the country. The tree is vigorous, next to it you can plant young cherry plum and felt cherries.
On average, the height of the tree in August, large pink fruits ripen
Renklod Kharitonovskiy (Renklod Kharitonovaya) is poorly acclimatized in the northern regions due to low winter hardiness. Trees are low, with rare leaves, pyramidal crown. Differs annual high yields. Renklod Kharitonovsky produces large, fleshy fruits with an average weight of 45 g. Plums are eaten fresh and are used to make compote and jam.
An important characteristic of the cultivar is its resistance to klyasterosporia (a fungal disease),which affects most plums. An additional advantage of the variety is resistance to dry weather or lack of irrigation.
Renklod Kharitonovsky plums have a tender flesh and a sour-sweet taste.
Tatarsky, or Tenkovsky
Renklod Tatarsky (or Tenkovsky) will delight the harvest at the very end of summer. The variety will give off a dark red color with gray dots. To taste, these plums are sour, but they are characterized by a long storage period. The trees themselves without sprawling dense crown, with a low trunk. A distinctive feature of the variety - resistance to cold in winter.
Such a drain is growing mainly in the territory of Tatarstan. The period of fruiting begins at 5-6 year.
Fruits of a grade of Renklod the Tatar rounded shape, when ripening get dark red color
Renklod Ulen is not afraid of illness and frost. In these trees, massive trunks, sprawling crown, care such plum requires a minimum, including due to self-fertility. The period of fruiting begins in late August. Ripe fruits weighing 45 g can be stored without refrigeration for up to 5 days after harvest.
Soft juicy plum yellow color Renklod Ulen stored without refrigeration for several days
The nuances of care and fit
In general, the Renklood plums are unpretentious, most of them calmly enduring winter. However, best of all, the Greens feel in a mild climate with hot summers. When planting and caring for these trees, you must observe the following rules:
- Provide a sapling no drafts.
- Consider the possibility of selfing.
- Plant Renclod plums above groundwater level (1–1.5 m).
- Propagate mainly by stock on frost-resistant varieties.
Watering Renklod carried out in standard mode, and the fruits are torn together with the stalk, as plnoklod plums are not stored for a long time. As for pruning trees, it is carried out regularly in accordance with the characteristics of the variety and the age of the plum.
Experienced gardeners reviews
About Renklod Altana variety:
This variety has been growing for a long time, but the impressions are ambivalent. It looks like it is beautiful in appearance, rather large and sweet - even when overriding it is very honey-sweet, but we have a painful every year, despite spraying and good care. But on the market, it is out of competition due to the very beautiful pink color: it is literally swept away for this reason, even despite the fact that it is not Ugorka, but Renklod!
About Renklod Green variety:
Indeed, the skin is edible and chewing, and also very tasty fruits. Plus, the bone is very well separated. Плоды поспевают в конце августа, мякоть нежно-волокнистая, а при неполном созревании немножко хрустящая и тоже вкусная. Сорт обладает хорошей транспортабельностью.
О сорте Ренклод Колхозный:
А вот Ренклод колхозный как раз чисто-жёлтого цвета. Висят плоды зелёные, висят, как будто и не спеют. And then you come back to the country, and suddenly they are all golden. Round, juicy, sweet with a pleasant sourness. Yes, not large, but perfection itself.
Plums of the Renklod group are found in almost every garden in central Russia. These trees are compact, do not require specific treatment, and their yield always remains at a high level. And no less important - among the many varieties of this group there are options for each gardener: early ripe, sour, for the preparation of dried fruits and preservation. Have you already decided which of the Tenclodes to be settled on your plot?